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Group Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00096
 Material Information
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: K.L. Wilson
Place of Publication: Falls Church Va
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 94/95 called also no. 94/95.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020235
Volume ID: VID00096
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05843071
lccn - sn 80008626
issn - 0035-8363

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
        Front Cover 3
    Main
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
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9







POCCMKA
OPFRH-b PYCCKiRO OB6U ECTBAi 4MIITEIMCTOB-b
Bb IOFOCJ1RBIM



pYoeo CTBOb Kr. Petra 40,
E. M. ARp x a H-SAI
JUGOSLAVIA.
re lbcKaro

Bponmosap meganb Ha BStHCOI MewRynapoAn oA BblCTaBit ,WIPA 1933."
roAoBoio qAeHCKiR B3HOC'b 25 4)p. 4)paHKOB'b.
Yearly subscription, Jahresbeitrag 25 Fr. francs.

N2 20, I Anpha- 193r5 roaa. 6tro, I









1860 B" IN '
t~A ,v








HCTopia Bblnycua nepBof nOJIbCKof
MapKH 1860 r.
(K-b en 75 atTHeMy Io6Hmelo).


1-ro HHBaps c. r. HlCnoaHHJIOCb 75 JImT CO AHuI BBeAeHiH
Bb ynoTpe6jienie cnelianjbHbix'b MapoKab H KOHBepTOBsb A~si noq-
Tb I UapcTBa FIOJbcKaro. Co6Hpa8H Bb TeqeHie MHorHX'b JIT'b
HCKnrIOqHTejAbHO 3TOT'b nepioAb H neiaaTa HlnbIwt B BHCKOM'b
c4)HaT. aYypHanj ,,Die Postmarke", BMIMCTE Cb M3BtCTHbIM I
3HaTOKOM'b HCTOPiH InOJIbCKOi nOITbI B. B. FOJIiHHCKHM'b, HCTO-
pilo nonJbCKOfi nrOTb, es MapOK'b, KOHBepTOB' H M TeMneaefi sa
BpeMa c, 1770 no 1870 r.. a xoqy noA-JiHTbCa C'b 'IHTaTeajM
.,POCCHKH" HIKOTOpbIMH CB'tAHiHMH, KacaOll1HMHCs BbInycKa
nepBbux'b nonIbCKHX' 3HaKOBb nOqTOBO OnrJaTbI.
Ci 1-ro ceHTR6ps 1858 r. noqTa IapcTsa HonAbcKaro, noHA-
qHHeHHa AO, Toro rpeMeHH FloqTOBOMy JIenapTaMeHTy noa'b
Ha3BaHieM b ,YnpaBaeHia HoqToBaro OKpyra I[apcTBa noJIb-
CKaro", nepeumja B' HenocpeAcTBeHnoe B-$aeHie HaM'bCTHHKa H
CoBtTa YnpaBneHia UapcTBa flonbcKaro (B. YKams 19/31 Mas
1858 r.).
BcKopt nocJn aToro ptmreHo 6bIo BBeCTH a. n noJibu
co6CTBeHHblH MapKH, B3aM'MH'b o6IleHMnepcKHX'b, HMIBBIUMX'b AO
Toro BpeMeHH xoKaeeHie H Ha TeppHTOpiH UI. Fn. H3aaHHoe no
ceMy cjyqaio nocraHOBJIeHie OTa 2/14 AeKa6ps 1859 r. (iup-
KyJnapb YnpaBneHiH floqT-s U. H. 1859 r. M2 13), o cnoco6ax'b
KOHTpOJIf HOBbIX'b MapoK'b H IlTeMlnejbHblXl KOHBepTOB'b, Bab
nepeBoat Ha pycCKifi 3SbiKb, rAacHTb:
.BcjnntcTBie nepexoAa noqToBaro oxpyra IU. 1. ci 20
aBrycTa 1 ceHTr6pS 1858 r. noA' HenocpeACTBeHHoe E. C.
HaMtCTHHia H CoBaTa YnpaBjneiH U. l., YnpaBsneie 3Toro
oKpyra o6paTHJiocb B'b HpaBHTenbCTBeHHyto KouMHciro QPHHaH-
COB'b Cb npocb60oo H3aaTb LUTeMneJIbHble KOHBepTbI H MapKH
2JIs nIpocTbIXb nnceM'b, OTnpaBnaeMbix'b noqTolo, KOTopbUe 3a-
M$uHHuH 6bl KOHBepTbI H MapKH, aoceiiA AOCTaBJIeMble rIoq-
TOBbIM'b JenapTaMeHTOM-b.
npHHHMa5fl TO BO BHHMaHie, Ha3BaHHaH KOMHCCis yBt2xo-
MHaa fnoqTOsoe YnpaBJeHie, ITO ynOMHHyTble KOHBepTbl H Map-
KH y)Ke H3roTOBIeHbl. 3TH HOBbie KOHBepTbI H MapKH CHa6-
meiibl UITaMnoM'b Cb rep6OMab L.,apcTBa lonbcKaro.
Iloca~I noJnryeHia HOBbIXb KOHBepTOBa' H MapOK'b OT'
HpaBHTeJbCTBeHHOfH KOMHcciH i- HaHCOBa', YnpaBJineie I]onsT'b
paaoiujeT'b HX' Bab 6jrnKailueMa- 6yayuneMab BapmaBcKoMy
IoqTaMTy, a paBHO BCtMab nlO'TOBbIM'b OTAneJIeHiBM'b H SKCne-
AHiHiM'b .,apcTBa lHojbCKaro, aJI5 BBeAeHi5 TaKOBblX'b Bb yno-
Tpe6aeHie c-b 20 AeKa6pq 1 snHBap 1859-60 r., co6paBeb
oAHOBpeMeHHO 3anacub pyccKHX'b KOHBepTOB-b H MapOK'b Hni
BO3BpameHir TaKOBlX'b ilo0TOBOMy .AenapTaMeHTy.







TaK'b KaK'b H-KOTOpbie 3anacbi pyccKHX'b MapoWb H KOH-
BepTOB-b MOryT'b HaXOAHTbCS1 y 4aCTHbIX'b .HUr ', KOTOpbie noKy-
nanH HXab B'L CBOe BpeMH B'b noqTOBbiX'b yqpexcAeHiax'b npo
3anac-b, YnpasaeHie FIorToBaro OKpyra AaeTb TpexMtcalHbif
CpOK',b Aa HCnOJIb3OBaHiH 9THX'b KOHBepTOB'b H MapoKb H
ycTaHaBnHBaeT'b aeHb 20 MapTa 1 anp-Aji 1860 r. AJeMb
H3'bHTis HX'b H3'b o6paumeHif, o qeM'b OAHoBpeMeHHO C'b CHM'b
o6-bHBJieTCH B' opraHax'- neqaTH.
Coo6aa0 o6a 9TOM'b BapImaBCKOMy IHOTaMTy, a Taiie
BCtM'b noqTOBbIMa oTAneieHiSaMb H aKcneanUtiIM' LI. n., YnpaB-
lneie flioTosaro OKpyra npeannucbaaeTb npeAynpeAHTb KOp-
pecnoHAHpyiomyio ny6njiy, Ws oco6eHHOCTH' BOeHHbHX-b, 06-b
3TOM'b pacnopfmieHiH H, noca t HCTeqeHis! o3HaqeHHaro cpoKa,
He upHHHMaTb K'b OTnpaBKX nmceM-b B'b pyccKHXb, mTeMneab-
HbIX'h KOHBepTaX' HInH C'b HaKaeeHHbIMH pyCCKHMH MapKaMH.
KpOMt Toro npeArnHcbiaeTCq, qTo6bi BapuiaBcKifi noI-
TaMT'b H noqTOBbIq OTAineHis, npHH1i 'b OT'b YnpaBneHis OKpy-
ra HOBble luTeMneAbHble KOHBepTbi H nOqTOBbIR f MapKH, Heo6-
XOAHMOe KOJiHqeCTBO TaKOBbIX'b pa3ocJanJ1H nOAs HHeHHblM'b kM'b
SKcneHeAHgiIMb i4 no.nysqHB- OT'b HX'b o6paTHO sanacbi pyccKHXb
KOHBepTOBb H MapOK'b, TaKOBble, BMbCTt CO CBOHMH, OTOCJaJlH
B'b FJIaBHOe FO4qTOBOe Ka3HaqeriCTBO InpH COOTB'TCTBeHHbIX'b
OTqeTHOCTrX'b H oaHoBpeMeHHo 067b 3TOM'b AOHeCTH YnpaBJie-
HiIO foqToaBaro Oxpyra. flp npeacTaBneHiH npHxoAo-pacxoA-
HbIX-b KHMT'b AH KOHBepTOBsb H MapoK'b, AOJIKHbi 6bITb 3ane-
CeHbl TaKKe BCB OTOCJlaHHbe B'b Ka3HateIHCTBO KOHBepTbI H
MapKH TaKHM'b o6pao30M', qTo6bl HmKaKOFO OCTaTKa He 6bJIO,
npHqeM-b Bce Aon>mrH 6bITb CKptnneHO InonnHCHMH: B'b nO1TO-
BblX'b OTAnaeHifX'b HaqaJIbHHKOB'b H ceKpeTapefi, a Bb nOq-
TOBbIX'b a KCIeAHUiR'b noqTOBarO SKCrneaHTOpa.

YnpaBJeHie fnoToBaro OKpyra npexynpewaaeTab Bap-
ImaBCKir nIOqTaMT'b, IIOqTOBblH OTAt'eHiH H SKCrneTERiH, ITO
HOBbIe mITeMnejbHble KOHBepTH H MapKH cjy)KaTb xJIH nHceM-b
BtCOM'b Bb 1 JnOTb: B'b BHAy cero, nepBbie MoryT-b CJIy)HTb
TOJIbKO JIaf HCeM'b AJO 1 AOTa, a BTOpbIX'b HaanJe)KHT'b HaKIeH-
BaTb Ha IIHHCbMO CTOJIbKO, CKOJIbKO JIOTOB-b TaKOBOe 6yAeT'b Bt-
CHTb, a paBHO, qTO Ha KOHBepTaxb o6o3HaqeHa TOJbKO qbHa
BtCOBoro c6opa 10 Korn cep., catlyeTb we B3aMaTb eme 1
KOn. 3a caMblf KOHBepT'b, TaKb tITO noKynaloMift TaKoil mTeM-
nealbHbiif KOHBepT'b Aon me, 11 Kon. cep."

HauaanbHuHK OKpyra: A. Ma c c o H 7b.
HaiqabHHK'b KaHuenjpiN: K a p n H C K i f.

KaK b BHnHO 13'b npuHeneHHaro noKyMeHTa, 3HaKH nIOqTO-
BO0 onnlaTbl Ajti noqToBaro Oipyra ULapCTBa flojbCKaro BBe-
,eHbI 6bluH MtCTHOfH BJIaCTblO, T. e. COB'TOM'b YnpaBseHil
LapcTBa liolbcKaro, C' pa3p- meHiH TorAauHmnro HaMtCTHHKa







KH. FopqaKoBa, oaHaKO 6e3b npesBapHTeIbHaro HcnpamuHBaHia
cornacia neHTpanbHblXb BJaacTeri B'b C. HeTep6yprt. Ioa3TOMy
TOabKO 4/16 MapTa 1860 r., IUpKynapOMb s3a N2 55, FiaBHoe
HloTOBoe YnpaBaeHie B'b C. neTep6yprt o6sIaHJno o cytecTBo-
BaHiH 93TtrX MapoK%, nocnJI TOro, KaK'b OHt yAe Tpn Mtc5IAa
C'b JIHIIIHHM' 6bIJIH B'b o6pameHiH.
Kb coanjaIHilO, MHA He yJaaocb 03HaKOMHTbCa C'b nOA-
JIHHHbM'b TeKCTOM'b nOCjItafHrO qHpKynaipa, no~TOMy MHA He-
H3BbCTHO, yB'tAOMJnaIb anJ 3TOT'b LnpKynap- HMinepcKif H nOTO-
BbIFI ympe KAeHia o6'b H3aaHiH cneLiaabHbIxfb nOqTOBbIX'b KOH-
BepToB'b H MapoK-b anJ L[apCTBa nHAbcKtaro, HJIH me ,post
factum" BBOAHJI'b HX'b B' o6pamLeHie, He cqHTaa oieBHiAHo no-
cTaHOBJieHni HaM-CTHHKa H COBtTa YipaBnieHiF U-apcTBa Honb-
CKarO 3a AOCTaTOqHO KOMneTeHTHbie npaBlHTeIbCTBenHbe aKTbl.
H3BICTHO TOJIbKO, qTO no noBOAy BbInycKa l THXb cneuiaib-
HblX'b 3HaKOB'b nOqTOBOIl OnjiaTb, Me)Ray BbiCUMIM npaBHTeAb-
CTBeHHbIMH OpraHaMH Bb C. H. B. H HaMcCTHHKOM'b U n-. KH.
ropqaKOBbIM'b HtKOTOpoe BpeMn BeJIaCb nepenHcxa H iTO no-
CJ'taAHHM'b, KaK-b onpaBrlaHie Hi3aHif oco6bIX'- MapOK'b AnJ1 U.
H., 6bIl'b BbIABHHyT'b TOT'b nOBOA'b, qTO BBeCeHie OCo6blX'b
MapOK'b o6(erqaio 6o0te TO0Hylo npHxoao pacxozIHyo OT'eT-
HOCTb nOTITbI U. n.
BIpOHTHO 13-b-3a 3TOrO tHpKyanpa NQ 55 FiaBHaro non-
TOBaro YnpaBieHiH B'b H-bKOTOpbIXb cTapux'b KaTaorax'b, H
jaame -b COBtTCKOM'b KaTajiort 1925 r. AaTa BbinycKa nepBOAi
nonabCKOH MapKH o6o3HaqeHa 4/16 MapTa 1860 r., Toraa KaKwb
B'b AtICTBHTeJibHOCTH OHa 6bila BblnymeHa Bs o6palmeHie ywe
1 SHBapsi 1860 r.
(OKoHMaHie catAyeT'b).
B. A. PaxMaHOB




ropoAcKie mTeMneasI CaHKT'b-neTep-
6ypra.
(1880-1905 r. r.)


CopoKi, nIATb TOMy HasaAlb, OAIHHb H31b nymIIHXb 3HaTO-
KOB'b MapOKbc PocciH, pHH peAaKTHpoBanJb nn repMaHcKaro 3usaTee]bCTBa ,,Hugo Krotzsch"
TpyAIb, osarjaBjeHHbIA ,Die Postmarken von Russland" (1895),
KOTOpbai emue Ao cuxb nop MOeKeT' cIayXUTb 06pasuOM'b Ha-
yqHaro nofxoAa Kb ormcaHio pyccCKHX'b Mapoxb. U.py Box-
MaHy npHHaajne)maa. recTb TaKxme 6bITb nioHepoMb sBb o6aJacTH
43yqenia H cucTeMaTHMaaui nosTOBbIX'b uTeMnenefi Poccin. H
B'b aTOAi OTpacjH ero pa6oTa HBaneTrc Heo6xoAHMbIMb noA-


II.-XL.......__. -






cnopbeMI AnR KxoaeKLiOHepoBb, HHTepecyioi Hxca pycCKHMHI
IiTeMneAfHMH.
HaM-b, pH>KaHawb, H3BICTHO, ITO A-p'b BoxMaH-b npoAon-
Kajn-b CBOHo pa60Tbl H noc~TaBHi o. ce6r ps~r HaqaTbix'b
HscnaABaHiiH, HO, K-b COKwajiHiIO, 3TH MaTepiaibl AO Hacb AO-
I1JIH iAHRIb B'b BH1A pa3po3HeHHbIX-b 3aMTOK'b.
BI HacTOrfueM'b HoMept MM nHs3BOJIeM'b ce6l sanOJHHTb
OAHHI H3'b MajbIxbk npo6tBaoB'b onrIHaHiH pyccKHXIEb UTeM-
neine, BtpH-e-anonoiHHTb nepeqeHb mTeMnenefi ropoacxoil noq-
Tbl C. HeTep6ypra TtMH, KOTOpbie 6bIJIH BBeaeHbI nocMA ony-
6a 4KoBaHi H3cjItAAOBaHiI 3HaMeHHTaro pH)CKCaro xonneKuio-
Hepa.
Bsb BHAy TOrO, qTO Tpya'b A-pa BoxMana yxe LxasHO CTaJrb
6H6niorpa4HqlecKofi pi3AKOCTM, Mbl BOCnpon3BOanM'b Ha nep-
BOH Hamefi Ta6oIu-b AeBHTb mTeMneaeft C. H. B. noqTOBsIX-b
OTAhnesii, 6ibm~BnX'b B-b ynoTpe6neHiH Ao 1894 r., npH6aBHBa
K'b HHM'b H TpH urTeMnen rop. MOCKBb (AAI cpaBHeHia).





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1 2 2 3



Ha cj'hAyiometi II Ta6ajinmu MLI BocnpoH3BOAHM'b TpH pas-
HOBHAHOCTH npeKHHX'b H BOCeMb HOBbIX'b LuTeMnejefi C. n. B.
ropoAcKHxb noqTOBbIX-b OTAJieHif, npHCOBOKynlBb Ann CBt-
ABHis Haauimxb nHTaTeAef, qTO H3'b cTapbIxb LmTeMneJefi ptKe
Bcero BCTp-tqaeTCH 2-oe noqT. OTA., a H3'b no03AH'tfilmHX -
16-oe, 17-oe H o6B paasOBHnHUCTH 31-ro nowT. OTA. ClIBypra.


- -- ~" 1111 ~





i.


He HCKJlioeiHa BO3MO)KHOCTb, TITO CyLeCTBYKIT'b TaKwe He-
H38aCTHble aBTOpy 3THX'b CTpOKI' mUeMnenn 9TOfi )Ke KaTerO-
* pili H nO3TOMy Mbl npocHMab qHTaTenel, uMtiomuHx-b y ce6a Ta-
Kie Hen3BACTHble lTeMneai, npHcaaTb TaKOBbie AnnI BocnpOH3-
BeAeHia B'b peAaKqilo ,POCCHKH".
a H 3 e H b.


nepeneraTaa BocnpeuaeTrcl.
HtiMbIe mTeMnejfl.

IpoAoniKeHie.
B'b HaCTO2IteM'b HOMep- MM BOCnpOH3BOAHM'b HnMbie
mTeMnenJi HtKOTOpbIX'b ropoOB'b JIHIanJHACKOiH H KypJIaHACKoH
ry6epHin, o6pa3yloUmHx'b HuIH pecnyi6aruy JIaTBiIo.


~_~_ ~ ~ ~I_


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Ha pHc. 1. H3o6paKeHbi mTeMneJI rop. PHrn. Heo6xo-
AHMO o6paTHTb BHHMaHie Ha nepBme TpH inreMneni. Ha nep-
BbIH B3IIHAJL'b MOWHO nlOyMaT'b, qTO 3TO OAHH'b H TOTb CKe
IITeMneJlb, KOTOpbIh CO BpeMeneMb CTacln BCe 6ojine H 6on-,e
,,HtMbIM'b". Ho, no HMm'OLUHMCa Ha i npH6blTiTI, a TaKmie H no 3aKa3HbiM'b 9THKeTKaMb, BHMHO, 'TO
BCt 3TH LmTeMnena 6bmla OAHOBpeMeHHO Bb ynoTpe6jeHiH (cb
aBrycTa Ao HoaI6pa 1914 r.). LUTeMneJb Ha pHc. 1-a ynoTpe-
6JIfJIC B-ba PHcKCKOI raIaBHQai nIOTOBOA KOHTOpt (PHra-LUeH-
TpaibHaa).
B'b MOeM'b paCnfopRIKeHi HM'teTCa OAHHL-b Q4HpMOBblri KOH-
BepTb H3Na IOpbeBa (Tartu) co lrTeMnejeM'-b PHrn. HKOTOplMe
(JIHBaTeAHCTbI noJiaralOT', HTO lnOTOBbIl KOHTOpbI M-tHSIHCb
ImTeMneaIHMH H OTCIOAa oAHH' H TOT'I, )e ITeMnlenb H B'b
PHrt H B-b IOpbeBl. 5I we Aepwycb HHbro MHtHiN, a HMeHHo:
rIHCbMo 6bblO KaKHM'b-HH6yAb o6paaoM'b oTnpaaeeHO H3'bIOpb-
eBa Ba Pary H 3atCb yaKe onymieHo BIB IOqTOBbIHi IU.HK'b.
(KaKb H3B'tCTHO, nIOIb3OBaJIHCb BCt npeACTaBHTeaJ pa3HbIX'b
ToprOBbIXb Q4HpM-b Ha CBOHXb nOt3AaxKaX CBOHMH wKe 4)HpMo-
BbIMHI KOHBepTaMH).
PHC. I Para Pac. 5 ByiMyfiAKa (BoKeHroq-b)
2 JITnan (JIH6aBa) ,, 6 AayraBrpHBa (CTb-IBHHCK-b)
S 3 Ejiraia (MHTaBa) 7 TyKKyMCTb (Ty'KKV~ybb)
4 PyaHe (PyaBH) 8 EKa6nHJ.bCb (FIKO6iTaAT'b).
(nlpoAoameHie ca'tayeT').
3. Bpya b.


I 1 3~







HlOTOBblIl KOHTOpbl BtarpaIcKofi OKKy-
natiH Bb Cep6iH.


FlocaJ- OKKynaHiUH 6o0rapCKHMH
BOficKaMH Cep6iH ocenblO 1915 roAa,
S6onrapcKuHM BJaaCTsMH 6blIJH OTKpbI-
Tbl nOqTOBbIn KOHTOpbI Ha 3aHflTOH
S TeppHTOpil Bab O)KHOfi qaCTH Cep6iH
SHa BOCTOK'b OTb p. MopaBbI.
KOHTOpbI 3TH 6biAH OTKpbITbI
AaA o6mtaro nonb3oBaniH, a Koppec-
SnoHAOeHiAL (H)paHKHpOBanacb 06b1q-
HblMH nIOTOBbIMH 60orapCKHMH Map-
,M KaMH, 6blBmIMH Bb TO BpeMR B-b yno-
Tpe6neHii. B-b 1917--1918 r. r. Bon-
rapieii 6bisH BbTnyumeHb cneCiajnbHbi
cepiH Mapoib c'b HaAnrHcHMH ,,OcBo6oawTeaHa BOHHa" H ,,OCBO-
6oaeHa MaKeAOHHM" cb paa3JaHHbIMH pIcyHKaMH 3aHHTbIX'
MtCTHOCTefi, KaKRh TO Beneca, Hnua, Oxpiaa, )I.eMHp--Ka-
nie, reBrean, CB. loaHHa OxpHAcKaro, KaKOBbil TaKKe 6bijnH
Bb ynoTpe6JeHiH Bs nOqTOBbXlb KOHTOpaX'b Ha OKKynIpoBaH-
HOH TeppHTopiH.
BonrapcKin nHOTOBbII KOHTOpbI HM-'bl mTeMneji o6biM-
Haro 6oarapcKaro THna c-b .aTOR H Ha3BaHieM'b MIcTa Bs oA-
HOM-b Kpyrt: Biepxy Ha 60orapcKOM-b, a BHH3y Ha 4paH-
IIy3CKOM'b H3bIKt nepBbIa 6JarapCKil nHOTOBbIH KOHTOpbI
6barn OTKpblTbl 1 HOa6pH 1915 roAa nAo KOHua 1916 roAa
Hxtb 6bmO Bcero KOJIHneCTBOM'b 88, 3a He6onibmHM' HCKJlIOqe-
HieMb, B-b T-bX'b caMbx-b MtCTaX'-, r- t no OKKynauiH cymIecTBO-
BaJIH Taiia Hme cep6cKia noqTOBblia KOHTOpbl.
9TH lnOqTOBbIH KOHTOpbI cymeCTBOBaJiH Ao OCBO60KA eHiH
Cep6iH, a HMeHHO no OCeHH 1918 roaa.
BoT'b crcOK'b 6o0arapcKHnxb noqTOBbixb KOHTOpb, c-b yxa-
3aHieM'b, Bb CKO6KaX'b, BpeMeHM HX'b OTKpblTI: -
1. AjeKCHHeub ( (OTKpbITa 11.XI.1915.), 2. Ba6ymuHua
(1.V.16.), 3. B iena naaaHKa (1.XI.15.), 4. Beposo (17.X11.15.),
5. BwHTOnR (17.XII.15.), 6. 3BojieBea- (19.11.15.), 7. BpoAb
(10.111.16.), 8. Bp3a flanaHu a (20.X.15.), 9. BanaHn oBo (9.111.16.),
10. Benecb (26.X.15.), 11. Bnanmumu XaHone (3.12.15.), 12. Baa-
COT1HHUH (11.X1.15.), 13. BpaHH 14. FanjiHHK'b (OTK.?), 15. ra-
pa apeHono (MaK.) (1.X1l.16.), 16. Fapa Hp-tueso (17.Xll.15.),
17. Fearena (17.XII.15.), 18. FAnaHn (26.XI.15.), 19. roiny6eum
(20.1V.16.), 20. ron$tMO rpaIHme (9.111.16), 21. rocTHBap'b
(19.XI.15), 22. FpancKO (10.111.16.), 23. Ae6pb (17.Xll.15.),
24. leMinp-b Kann (9.V111.16.), 25. LepBeHTb (,epseHb ?) (18.111.
16.), 26. UecnoToneu-b uJH AecnoTOBO (27.VI.16.), 27. HJInHH
MnlaHoBaum (9.111.16.), 28. JOHpaH-b (10.111.16.), 29. lIy6paBH-
ua (7.X11.16.), 30. )Ka6ape (18.111.16.), 31. )Kary6Hua (7.111.16.),







32. 3ariapb (26.X.15.), 33. KaBaAapun (17.X11.15.), 34. Ka'a-
HHKa (11.X1.15.), 35. KHqeBO (17.X1l.15.), 36. KiaaoBo (10.111.15.),
37. KHSmeBeu -b (31.X.15.), 38. KotaHe (23.X.15.), 39. Kpeneeo
Cejo (9.V.16.), 40. KpaToBO (20.X.15.), 41. KpHBa HaaJraKa
(11.X.15.), 42. KprBonaK'b (oTKp.?), 43. KpymeBo (31.X11.15.),
44. KyMaHoBO(20.X.15.), 45. KypmyMju (ll.XI.15.), 46. Ky'eBo
(18.111.16), 47. Kionpus (17.111,16.), 48. JIe6HHe (JIe6amH) (1.V.16.),
49. JIhcKoOBaLu'-MopaBCKO (11.XIV 15.), 50. MaapoBH XaHoBe
(9.V.16.), 51. MaHAenneK-b (9.V.16.), 52. MaIHa Bopb (Bop)
(7.111.16.), 53. HeroTHIHb (14 X.15.), 54. HeroTMHH' (BapAapCKo)
(17.Xll.15.), 55. HHimb (11.XI.15.), 56. HOBO CeJo (CTpyMHmKo),
57. Oxpuib (17.X1 15.), 58. napaqHmHb (0.111.16.), 59. fleTpo-
Beq (10.11116.), 60. fIexqeBo (26.X.15.), 61. InpoT-b(26.X.15.),
62. floayeBo (21.V1.16), 63. nfoxapeseuI- (7.111.16.). 64. Hpaxo-
BO (23.X.15.), 65. FnpH3peH- (17.X1.15.), 66. lpcHjioBrga
(npHUnoBHua) (1.V.16), 67. FIpHaenb (26.X1.15.), 68. npHmiuHna
(17.X11.15.), 69. HpoKynje (11,XI,15.), 70. PaaoBHme (11.XI.15.),
71. Pa.nyeBaR' (20.X.15.), 72. Paa-aHb (0.111 16.), 73. PaxoBMuaa
(OpaxoBau-b?) (20.1V.16.), 74. Pecewb (17.X1.15.), 75. Ca.nam-
(31.V.16.), 76. CB. HHKona (Knacern) (17.X11.15.), 77. CBHae-
Haub (10111.16.), 78. CKonHe (26X.15.), 79. Coo6aHa (19.Xll.
15.), 80. CTpyra (31.X1I.15), 81. Cyp.a, in.a (20.1V.16.), 82. Cy-
xa PeKa (1.V.16.) 83. TeKHH (9.111.16.), 84. TeTOBO (1.XI.15.),
85. YAOBo(9.111.16.), 86. Qeps3OBO (26.X1.15.), 87. lUapeBo Ce-
no (11.X.15.), 88. IliUHn (23 X.15.).
aK3aHHblA cnncCOK' Cb a aTaMH OTKpblTil 5 nonyJaj'b
H3'b Co4q)i 6naroAaps mno6e3socTH r. OpaHna 3ee.

















Kpo. Tor, r. 3ee, a coe 6ni Koneu Te-
,,/ ..: .- .. ........

KpoMtf TOrO, r. 3ee, uiai3 cBoeHfi 6OLUJOM KoJaaeIttiH mlTeM-
nenefi Ha nHCbMaXb, npaHccaan MHt ATiH 03HaKOMAeHi OAHO
nIHCbMO MH3b BpeMeHH 6onrapcKor oKKynaniH rop. HIpoTa, BO






BpeMH Cep6o-BoarapcKoKi BOfiHb 1885 roaa. flapoT'b Tora
HaxoaHJiCH BI 6oArapcKHX'b pyKaxb cb 16 HoH6ps 1885 roAa
ao cepeAHHbi aeKa6p: Toro we roAa, Koraa TaMb H cymecTBo-
Bana 6o0rapcKaa notTOBaa KOHTopa. nHCbMO STO, CHHMOK1
Koero npHjiaraeTca, 6bino ornpaBneHo H3sb CaHseHa Bb fIHpOT'b,
KyAa H npH6bIno 4 AeKa6ps 1885 roAa, HTO BHAwHO H3'b tueM-
nefia npIH6bTiF. UITeMnejb TaOT'b He 6bIa-b MH B H3B-CTeH'-b
Boo6l6me"HaLUHM'b (HJiaTejiHCTaM' He 6bijno H3B-CTHO, qTO BO
apeMs OKKynauiH 1885 roAa cymiecTBOBa8ia Bb nHpOTt 60n-
rapcKasf noITOBa2 KOHTOpa.
E. I e p o K O.


BHAHMOCTh pHcyHua Ha o6paTHnof
pOHi' MapKH.


CTO-


B-b HacTOIIuefi 3aMnTKl- MbI 3aiiMeMCMaapKaMH, pHCyHO'b
KOTopbIX a 3aM'hTeH'b Ha o6opoTHOic CTOpOHb. BHAHMOCTb pH-
cyHKa Ha o6opOTHOA CTOpOHt MapKH MO)KeT' 6biTb BecbMa
paaJIHqHnof, B' 3aBHCHMOCTH OT'b HHTeHCHBHOCTH OKpaCKH, OT'b
TOrO, noKpb aeT'b JIH BHAHMbIfi pHCyHOK'b BCIO O060pTHyIO CTO-


_







pony UItnHKOMSb, Han TOJnbKO qaCTHq4H, H coBnauaer, nH OH'b
CBOHMHt KoHTypaM c'b- pHcyHKOMlb Ha JIAeeBOi CTOPOHpo HJU
HBJIReTCfl no oTHomeHiro K'b HeMy cBHHyTbiM'b, a Bb p7lxKH'b
cayqaSx'b aate a nepeBepHyTbIMb.
BcntACTBie pa3Jn4HHbIX-b TeXHAqeCKHx'b npHnHH'b, noBJii-
RBUmHX'b Ha Hx'b nponCXOxaLeHie, MbI HM-CeMT: 1) C K B O 3-
H y IK n H n p o c T y n a B tL Y n e a T b
(durchschlagender Druck), 2) n p o c B at q n B a io mi y to
n e q a T b (durchscheinender Druck) n 3) o T n e T a T Ky
(Abklatsch).
O6utee MexAy HHMH TO clyqaniHOCTb h H, BIpHte,
OTcyTCTBie npeAHaMlpeHHOCTH B'b npoHcxo)aijeHiH TaxKOBbuxb.


C B o 3 a R a H H po cTyn HB a a n e-
q a T b noAyqaeTca npH TOHKOii HAH HeAOCTaTOqHO npoKiae-
enHoHf 6yMart HAH OT'b ynoTpe6aeHis cAIHrKOM'b IHpHOil Kpac-
KH, KOrAa nOCAI AHIH TaKb ray6oKo BXOAHTb Bb 6yMary Map-
KH, WTO CTaHOBHTCS BHAHOFI Ha o6opOTHOI CTOpOHt. TaKHM%
o6pa30oMb, Ha o6opoT' MapKH nonJyqaeTca 6onte HJIH MeHte
HCHO BHaHMOe noBTopeHie pncyHKa MapKH, npH nporB'nqnBa-
iorieM'b CBeT- CBOHMH KOHTypaMH Bb TOqHOCTH coBnaAaIoLuee
C'b pHCyHKOMwb JniHeBso CTOpOHbl. KaKwb 6b HSCHO He 6bna
BHLHa CKB03Haf neqaTb Ha 060pOTHOfi CTopOH't MapKH, AeTanA
pHCyHKa BbIXOAHT'b BcerAa 6onjie HAmI Mente pacnablBmaTO, HTO
H nOHITHO, H60 KpacKa npOHH3blBaeTb 6yMary He no OAHOMy
HanpaBaeHiiO (no BepTHIanaJ Kb nlaOCKOCTH 6yMarH), HO OT-b
Ka>KAoi TOqKH pHCYHKa pacxOARTCS KOHueHTpHweCKHI: CKB03-
Haf neqaTb BCTpt'qaeTca, Bb o6ueM'b, oenHb p1,3KO H B'b 60ob-
WuHHCTBt cayqaeBb RBnHeTcn xapaxTepHbiM'b npi3HaKOM'b Ut-
naro H3aIani, HIH gtjiaro TMpaxKa cooTBtTCTByioLuaro BapiaHTa.
B- KaqeCTBt npPHM-pOB'- Mbl AaeMb: 1) MapKy 'b 2250
py6. BbInycKa B'b nOjb3y rojnoaiouIHuxb HOBOJI)b HR a xAonqa-
TO-pbIxnoii 6yMar$t (COA 1933 r. XJ 51, CM. pnc. 1), 2) napy
BH 3 Kon. BysyayKccaro seMCTBa 1883--92 r. r. (C(PA X'_ 12,
CM. piC. 2), 3) 2 Kon. ByrypycnaHccaro 3eMCTBa 1884-89 r. r.
(COA No 5, CM. pHc. 3). KCTaTH: KaTajors 3eMCKHxb MapoKx
COA Ha3biBaeTc CKBO3HyIO neqaTb BecbMa npaBHAbHO, XOTH H
MHOrOCJIOBHO: ,C'b npomeaueih HaCKB03b KpaCKOA", HO BMICT'
C'b ThM'b nyTaeTrb nOHSTiH CKBO3HOf H n pocBt'IHBaiou LeH ne-
qaTH.
F p ocB' B H a io n e i n e q a Tb IO Ha3bi.
BaeTcs neqaTb Ha oqeHb TOHKOfi 6yMart, KorAa pncyHOK' npo-
CB-$bHBaeT-b epes- 6yMary, HO KpacKa He npoxoAHTb CKB03b
Hee. ECTeCTBeHHO, 9TO KOHTypbI pHcyHKa Cb o6'Hnx'b CTOpoH'
MapKH Bb TOqHOCTH COBnaAaiOT'b.
B'b KaqeCTBt npHM'lpoB'b Mbl gaeM'b: 1) 250 py6. co.
BtTCKaro BbinyCKa 1921 r. Ha oieHb TOHKOiH 6yMart (CI)A
1933 r. JN 35, CM. pac. 4) H 2) 5 Kon. CapaToBcKaro seMCTBa
1874 r. (C(A N2 3, CM. pHC. 5).







O T n e q a T K a RBAleTCf nOH5TieM'b npOTHBynolnoK-
HbIM'b OTTHCKy. OTTHCKOMb Ha3bIBaeTCH u3o6paKeHie nonysnao-
ijeecfI HenocpeacTBeHHO OT'b KJInHLe. Mexay TwM'b OTneiaTKa
sBAIleTcs cJyqaiHbIM'b H306pa>KeHieM'b, lnonyqaloMInMCH He He-
nocpeacTBeHHO OTb KJIHe, a nocpeacTBeHHO JIH60 OT' KaKOfi-
HH6yAb HHOfi qacTH neqaTHaro cTaHKa, JH60 OTTI apyroro, CBw-
me-oTneqaTaHHaro tHCTa. lo cBoeMy npoHcxox)AeHilO, OTne-
laTKH MOryT' 6bITb pa3HbIX' BHAOB'b, a HMeHHO:
1. n p c T a R M ai HI H H a F OT ne qa T Ka
nonyqaeTrc npn HenpaBHJIbHOf noAaqih 6yMarH B'b nfeqaTHbli
CTaHOK-b, Koraa nOCaitHifi AHnJaeTb CBOi OTTHCK'b He Ha 6y-
Mary, a Ha noAKjAaAKy cTaHKa. Torna cji~Ayiomii iHcrtb nojy-
qaeT-b OAHOBpeMeHHO C'b HOpMaIbHbIM' OTTHCKOM-' Ha JIHUeBOH
CTOpOHp H OTneqaTKy c-b noAKnaaKH Ha o6opoTHo e CTOpOH't.
MamnHHaa OTneqaTKa MOtmeTab 6bITb nHOJHOi T. e. Ha IufjiOM-b
JIHCTt, HJIH 'aCTHIHOiH, T. e. OTfleqaTKy noinyaeTb He u JIblii
JIHCT', a TOJIbKO HIKOTOpan ero qaCTb, npHqeM-b OT.A JbIbisb
MapKH TaKxKe MOryTb HMU-Tb OTneIaTKy He iunaro pHcyHKa
(eCJm npeabiaymii nHCT'b nonanab Ba CTaHOK-' He IIAIHKOM'b,
HJIH me sarHyjca). Ma3HHHaa oTneqaTKa Bceraa coBnaAaeTb
CBOHMH KOHTypaMH C'b KOHTypaMH pHCyHKa, eciH OHa catjaHa
T'hAb )Ke yaapoM'b cTaHKa, OTreqaTaBUIHM'b pHCyHOK'b. 06b1lHO
OHa nOBTOpAeTCa Ha HtCKOJIbKHX'b JHCTaX'b, Kaw)bliH pas- BbI-
xola Bce caa6te H cna6fhe no TIXb nop'b, foKa Ha noaKJjIA-
K He OCTaHeTC51 60 Ibme KpacKH. nlpH MHorouBtTHOV neqaTH,
OTneqaTKa nonyqaeTc qalue Bcero TOJIbKO C'b oaHoro KMaHie,
OAHorO TOJIbKO HBtTa, KaKb Hanp. Ha pHC. 6, H3o6paKmatonHMab
oTneiaTKy paMKH MapKH B'b 7 py6. c'b ropH30HTaJibHOf MtaO-
BOa CtTKOi (CQA 1933 r. N2 5, Yvert No 127a.).
2. OTnetaTKa MOmeTb 6blTb H H C H T O B O H, KOr-
Aa, npH HaKjiaAbIBaHiH zpyr' Ha apyra JIHCTOBH' C'b eme He
npocoxuiei KpacKof, xpacKa c'b HOpMalbHaro PHcyHKa oaHoro
nHCTa aaeT'b o6paTHoe H3o6paxeHie Ha o6opOTHOH CTOpOHt
nOKpbliBiuaro ero JIHCTa. JIHCTOBasi OTneqaTKa, TaK' mh e KaK'b
H MaI~IHHHaf, MOKeT'b 6blTb nOJIHOi H qaCTHqHOH, HO CBOHMH
KOHTypaMH HOqTH HHKOrAa He COBnaaaeTb C'b KOHTypaMH jiUne-
BOro OTTHCKa. BOJIte Toro, OHa MO>KeT' 6blTb oqeHb CABHHyTa
no OTHomeHiKo plcyHKa MapKH H Aamae MO nepeBepHyTOM-b nonoaceHiH.
3. Puc. 7 AaeTb H3o6pa>KeHie MapKH BH 5 py6. c-b Mt-
nOBOii CITKOH C'b OTneqaTKOH ,,M a iU H H H O if C -b A H -
C T a". 3TOTa TpeTiii BHa'b oTneqaTKH nonIyqaeTca, Koraa noA'b
nelaTHbIi JIHCT-b OuIH6OOHO nonaaaeT'b Apyroi~, c'b eme He
npocoxmeHi KpacKof. flpH HaKaTiH neiqaTHaro CTaHKa, KpacKa
C'b OTTHCKa HHXKHFO JIHCTa AaeTb oTneqaTKy Ha o6opOTHOH
CTOpOHpB BepxHaro JIHCTa, HO TOJIbKO B'b TtX'b MBCTaX', KOTO-
pbiq 6bijnH npHKaTbI Co CTOpOHbl KJinme. MeWay TtM', M-hCTa
He npHaKaTbIla, nio60 coBac'Mb He nonyqalOT'b OTneraTKH, J7160
oTneqaTKa Ha HHnx e)Ba 3aM THa, KaK'b Hanp. Ha npHBeaeH-
HOMu pHcyHKt- B'b neHTp, H no Kpa5Mhi MapKH. OTnesaTKa







3TOr0 BHAa TaK'b Ke He COBlnaAaeTb KOHTypaMH Cb flmaeBbIMb
OTTHCKOM'b.
KpoMI npHBeaeHHbLXb Tpex- rnaBHbIexb HpocTbIX- BHsuOB'
OTneqaTOK-, cymeCTByeT eme HtCKOjibKO ApyriH 6oate
cJIofHbIxb no1 CBoeMy npoHCxo)tceHiio H nOSTOMy BCTrptIaIo-
mHXCa 3HaqHTeabHO 6oane ptAKO, KaK' Hanp. cAtuyiolmie
BHAbl:
Mai HHHaa OTn e q aTKa C'b KOHTy-
paMw H e coBna a IoI MH c'b OTT H C-
K O M p i HeT% noAny4HTbcs ecnH BsB cTa-
HOK', AtJiaoLtifi OTfneqaTKy, oAHOBpemeHHO nonaaaeT'b Aaa
qHCTbIX'b aJICTa. Tora BepXHii JHlCTb BsbiiAeTrb HOpManMbH
OTneqaTaHHbnMb, a HHnHitl nOJny4HTb Ha o6opoTHoi CTOpOH'
MaiLHHnyIo OTneqaTKy, a Ha anHueBoi ,Blinddruck", T. e.
6ea3UIaTHblf OTTHCK-Wb Cb 6oJ-he HuJH MeHte 3aMTHblM'b peabe-
S4OM-b. EcaI HHWmHii JIHCT' 6yAeT'b BTOpHIHO nymeaHb Bab
CTSHOK-b, TO OH'b, eCJIH BC1 KpacKa Ha noAKnaJAK BblCoxna, -
noJIyyHT'b HopManAblHbi OTTHCK'b C'b JnHIa, KOTOpbul He 6yeTb
coBnaaaTb C'b nonJIymqHOH paHbiue OTneqaTKOAi. EcJH )e Kpac-
Ka Ha rnoAKJaA~ He BbICOX.qa, TO OAHOBpeMeHHO Cb OTTHCKOMeo
Ha lHULesBOi CTOpOH', 3TOT'b JIHCT'b nOJiyqIHTb H BTOpyIO OTne-
qaTKy, coBnaAaKoiiylKo C' p4CYHKOM-b Ha jisHeBof CTOpOH-, nO-
MHMO nepBofi oTneqaTKH, C-b HeH He COBnaiaaioIefi.
TaKHM- o6pa30M- Mot>eTb nIOBHTbCRf A B O i H a A
0 T n e q a T K a, npHMtp'b KaKOBO' AaeM'b Ha pnc. 8, H30-
6pamatouumMb a oInHyIo OTneqaTKy KpblMCKOi HaAlneqaTKH B%'
35 KOn. Ha 1 Kon. 6e3'b ay6lloBb. HWKHMaa oTneqaTKa KOHTy-
paMH coBnaaaeT- cM HaAneqaTKOf Ha nIHh.
PHcyHOKi 9 AaeT-b H3o6paK(eHie BecbMa ptAlxaro coBna-
)eHi A Bayx'b p a 3 H b X b O T n e q a TO K b Ha
oiHof MapKt. 3TO KpbiMCKag HaAneqaTKa 35 Kon. Ha 1 Kon.
6e3-b 3y6uOB', y KOTOpof H MapKa H HaaneqaTKa BbimaIH cCb
MamuHHHO OTTneqaTKOfI.
Bct pa3cMOTptHHblf HaMH OTIeqaTKH HM'3IOT'b H3o6pa-
2eeHie pHcyHKa 3epKanbHO-o6paTHoe Tenepb nepei~teMl K
B T O p H q H O T n e q a T K 7, qbe H306pa)KeHie npi-
Moe, a He 3epKaJbHO o6paTHoe. BTOpHqHafl oTneqaTKa nony-
qaeTCa, ecJIH CBha KpacKoig nonaAaeTTi BTOpHqHO B'b CTaHOK'b, KpaCKOf BHH3'b.
KpacKa cb JIHCTa npOH3BOa.HTb OTneqaTKy Ha noAKJaAKt (aep-
KaabHO.O6paTHyIo), a 3Ta nocltAfHRn AaeTb B'b CBOIO oqepeAb
orneqaTKy ia c.abayloiteMeb JIHCT- nipiMyiO, He 3epKanbHylo.
TaKas BTOpHUHa oTneqaTKa MO)*eTi 6bITb Bb nepeBepHyTOMi
m B'b aewaieM'b nono>KeHiH, no pHCYHOK'- en BcerAa 6yAeT'b
nplMoft, He 3epKaJIbHbit. BTopwHiyro oTneqaTKy He ierKo OT-
AH4HTb OTa HopMaAbHaro OTTHCKa, CAtJIaHHaro omnIi6oHO H
Ha o0opoOTHOi CTOpOHB MapKH.
Bo3MO)KHbI H eme 6oate cjio)Hube BHnb oTrneqaToK-b, a
TaXKme KOM6HiHauiH Ha OAHOfi H TOil )e MapK+ pas3HbIX- BH-
AOB-b OTneqaTOKi,, Hanp. MaulHHHOi H aHCTOBOi, 06bIKHOBeHHOHt


II -








MaLiHHHOH H BTOpHqHOfI H T. n., HJImH aa)Ke OTneqaTKH OAHOro
)OCTOHHCTBa HHaMapKxt pyroro H T. H. HeHOpMaJlbHOCTH.

XOTS aTO BbIXOAHT'b 3a rpea-ibI Haijmei TeMbi ca'JtyeTb
BCC Ae CKa3aTb, qTO OTneqaTKa MOaKeT'b npOH3OiTH1 Ha Jin4He-
BOi CTOpOHt MapiH. Bb KaaieCTB- rnpHMtpa AaAnM'b onHca-
Hie unjaro nJHCTa MapOKb B'b 15 KOn. BbinycKa 1917 r., 6e3'
3y6u B'b C'b ,,JIHUeBOH AByXULB'THOi MamHHHOf OTneqaTKOH C'b
JHCTa" (H3'b KOJAieKUiiH aBTopa). STOT'b JIHCT, Cb eIe Henpo-
COXJHMU KpacKaMH, OmnH6OHO nonana BTOpHqHO B'b CTaHOK'b,
HO B'b corHyTOM' BHo-b (no 2IHHiH Hayumet ropH30HTaabHO no
Bepxy 7-ro paa MapOKb) H 6bIib npHa)aT-b CTaHKOM', HO He
HenocpeacTBeHHO, a sepe3a apyrofi HCTh (BHAHO asM Toro,
MTO OT' BTOporo OTTHCKa HMIeeTcS ,Blinddruck"). Bb pe3yab-
TaTa, BCt 'IeTbIpe HaHMie pqaa, onHCbiBaeMaro JIHCTa, anJI
aBByxrIBtTHyIO oTneqaTKy Ha BepxHefi qaCTH .IHCTa, nelmanieii
Bbine JIHHiH neperm6a, HO Bb TO >Ke BpeMS caMH nonJiyq'IH OT-
neqaTKy OT Bsepxnefi qacTH nHCTa. TaKHM'- o6pa3OM'b, ABa
BepxHHX'b pflAa sToro JHCTa OCTaJnHCb HopMaJnbbiMH, a HnaMHi1
80 MapOKb nOayqHJiH oTneqaTKy Ha nMHIB, B'b nepeBepHyTOM'b
H BM'CT' C'b T-M'b 3epKanbHO-o6paTHOM'b BHA,'. HOMep'b KfIH-
me, ubI)pa 1, B'b npaBOM'b HH)HeM' yra.y, TO)ie zaaa OTne-
qaTKy. no ,Blinddruck"'y BnnHO, -To npH BTOPi4MHOMb HamaTiH,
KJHIime yAapHjo no 3TOMy JIHCTy CBOHMH qeTbIPbMH HHKHHMH
paAaMH.

CyMMHpyf cKa3aHHOe, Mbl HHCKOJIbKO He npeTeH3yeMb,
qTO onHCanIH BCh B03MOs(Hbie BHAbl OTnemaTOK'b H BCb B03-
MOM)Hbu HXob KOM6HHaIaiH. BCB OTnerlaTKH MOryTb 6blTb nOJI-
HbMMH H qTaCTHMHblMH, 6ojIe gpKaHMH HnI 6AlaHbIMH, Bb 3aBH-
CHMOCTH OTb Toro, HacKOJIbKO xpacKa, aaOLLiaH OTneiaTKy,
ycn$na BbICOXHyTb. y MapOK'b, IeqaTaeMbiX'b HICKOJIbKHMH
KnHme, B' HICKOJIbKO KpaCOKb, OTneqaTKa MOECeT' 6blTb HJIH
TOJIbKO OTh OaHOFr KJiHue, JIHO OT'b H'CKOJIbKHXb H Aawe
OTb actx-b. Flo o6imeMy npaBHay, aeTain pHcyHKa OTIneqaTOKb
BHAJHbI OqeHb xopoiuo, 3a HCKJIIqeHieMhb cjnyqai, Korja rpH
MamIHHHOi OTneiaTKI HOAKIlaaKa He MeTaJIJIHqeCKaH, a BOAJIO'-
Has. ECJIH MapKH neqaTalOTCr5 Ao ryMMHpOBKH TaKOBblXb, -
OTneqraTKa HaXOAHTCHI nOAb xJeeM-b BH aabIbH-tfiUeM'b He
CMbIBaeTC5I. EcaJH mKe MapKH neqaTaIoTCe nocaB ryMMHpOBKH,
HaAneqaTRa noInaaerT Ha CJIOi KAieH a CMbIBaeTCa BMBCT'B C'b
HHM'b. 3TO BCerAa 6bIlaeTr y OTneqaTOKb HaAnleqaTOKb, 160
noca$AHis neIaTalOTCr Ha HnonJIH rOTOBbix'b, a cajtAOBaTeabHO
H ryMMHpOBaHHbX'b JIHCTaXb.

Bct OTneqaTKH BcerAa npOHCXOLaIT cnyqafiHO, H3'b-3a pa3-
HblX'b HeaOCTaTKOB'b pa6oTbI neqaTHaFO CTaHKa- EcaH neIaTa-
Hie MapOK'b nHOHCXOAHT'b B'b HOpMaJlbHblXb yCAOBiHX'b H KOH-
TpOJib HaAb pa6oTOl CTpor-b,-BC-B OTneqaTKH 6paKylKTCH n
yHHITO)KaIOTCI. FpH HeLOCTaTOHOM'b o Ke KOHTpOJI OTneqaTKH
ocTaIOTCR He3aM-hBeHHbIMH nOnaAaIOT'b Ha HnoTy a Bs pyKH
HjinaTejHCTOB'b.









KpOM- oTneiaTOK'b, CKBO3HOi H npocBhqJHBaiomefi nelaTH,
MOryT'b BCTp'haTbCR Ha o6oport M OapOb TaK)Ke H H3o6pax)K-
Hi1 HHOrO xapaKTepa, KaK'b HanpMmtpb:
1) JBYyxcTOOHHiopo neqaTb, Koraa pHcyHOK- MapKH Hane-
qaTaH'b Ha o06'tmb CTOpoHaxb JIHCTa, T. e. KorAa KamKaai CTO-
poHa nocajtamHro HMteT'b nO OHHOMy HopManJbHOMy OTTHCIK
pHcyHKa;
2) Oco6bl3s BHHbeTKH HJIH HaA IIHCH, npeAM-pe-HHo cAb-
JaaHHbl Ha o6opOTHofi CTOpOIH MapKH, KaK'b Hanp.: Poccis,
MapKIH-(eHbrH BOeHHaro BpeMeHH; McnaHiI, BbinycKx 1865 r.;
nTopTyranif, cepin CB. AHTOHia 1894 r. C'b MOnHTBOi Ha 060-
pOT13 H T. n.
3) HeqaTaHie MapOKb Ha 6yMart, o6opoTHaR CTOpOHa,
KOTOpoft yKe 6bina pante cnonlb3oBaHa ARaa HHbiX'b Ibneii,
KaKb Hanp. MapKH JIaTBiH, HalneaTaHHbli Ha 060pOTHOf CTO-
poHw repMaHCKHXb KapTa b AeHeeHblXIb 3HaKOB'b.

C. M a H )f ea e f.




PasHoe.

hawub H3BsCTrnbiA flOeTHbll qneHi-, Kapn", KapnOBMHqb WMHMATb,, yfo-
CTOhIJK BbblAaioUlarocRa HaT. OTnH'iR nlHHAen6eproaofi MeAanH 3a 1935
rfAb. nOMmMO CBOHXb MMOrOIHClneHHblX-b JHnaT. TpyAos-b, Kapn-b Kapnoam-b
coo6eMHO H3SBicTeH- KaRnb BbiAatOLLlIc 3 aHaTOR-b 3eMCKHX-I MaPOKb H CTapblxb
PyccKHXb U5flbHblXb seLLei.
CepAe'no no3appaenRem"b Mawero MacTHTaro H3cnfiOBaTenf C'b BbICO-
KHM-b OTinHqeMb m HHCHpHMO menaem-b AanbHt fle~ nrnoAOTBOpHori pa6oTbl Ma
nonpMfut (HnflaTeniH.

.O s t r o p a' K e H H r c 6 e p r b, Ha Mex naT. BblcTaas .Ostropa" ar KeHnrc6eprt (fepMaHin) 23 ItonR 3 Itonr c.
r. yIacrTaytOTb b RaqeCTBt HneMos-Ob wiopPH nauH flOreTHble WneHbi: K. K.
LUMHT-b, B. A. PaxMatnosb E. H. eepOKo.

SH n a r. B bb C T a a I m a -b r o cn a Bai B-b reKy-
LuJeMb roAy 1-b tOrocnaBiH ycTpaeBalOTcF 3 MtCTHbIR HmaT. BbicTaBBRe 1) a-
HOBOMb CaAy 8, 9 H 10 IonHR, 2) a- Cy6GoTHugt 28 H 29 i4OHR m 3)
a- 3arpe6--8, 9 H 10 CeHTRSp c-b rOAH'IMbl mb C-b-iAOM-b AeneraToBb lOro-
cnaBRHcKaro PHfnaT. Coioaa.


O n a c H C T b O T b 6 e H 3 H H a. HanoMHHaeM-b inawL -b
wHTaTenRM-b o6b onaCHOCTH ynOTpe6neniR 6ert3HMa na MapKax-b, oTneraTaH-
HblX-b paanHHbIMH MOBeHLUHMMH Cnoco6aMH neiaTH, mHaKb reniorpaaiopa, Ao-
TOTHniF, Meuk.O-THHTO H ,Rastertiefdruck". YnoTpe6nReMbti npH aTHX-b cno-
co6ax'b neraTaHli, KpaciH Bab 6onbLUHMncrtB cjnyaea-b paCTBOpRIOTCfR Beb 6en-
S3Hit H ,TeKyTb'. o103TOMy npM menanim onpeAfnHTb Bb TaKHX-b MapKaxb
BOARNMoP 3Ha'b, MH Bb KOeM-b Cny'at menb3a npmHO~6raTb K'b O6en3Hy.
(C. M.).








B el a, Eu ge n, Geza H C h a r le s Se k u l a L u-
c e r n e. Hau-b BiHCKiR co6paT-b ,Die Postmarke" cood6aeTrb o pacnpo-
cTpamenim 3THMH TOropoBuamM hosBOfnOB-b COmtHTenbtaro npo-cxoKAeHIl
AecTpiH m A6Hcci-nii noA-b BHAOM-b HacTOFLU HMXb, a TaRwMe O pa3CbinKi Kon-
neKqioHepa-b nocblnoKl C(b MapKEMM Ha Bbioopb, CpeAH KOTOpblX-b HMseTCR
me Mano HiBOA-inoB-b w noAAfl nowKb. peAynpeAaeM-b namwIx-b .wTaTeneA
OT"b nOKynonK TaKOBblX"b M OTCb CHOLUeHIA CTb OSaa'IeHlbiMH ToprOBLaMH.


n o A 9 i n K M. noIBenHcb repMatncKii MapHn c- noprpeTom-b rln-
AenOypra cb nOAA'bnbHOA TpaypnOA paMKO'.





XpoHHIKa

HOBbIX'b BbllyCKOB'b.


nOnbLUf. BbnytLeHui A"B HOBbIXb MapRk 55 rp. cb nopTpeTOMb
Mapuana nHncynCKaro x 1 an. c-b nopTpeO peO ne3 AenaTd MocuHmKaro.
Bc- mapKn c'b ,N 287 no Ns 355 (no Meepy) HsbnTbl M3-b ynoTpe6ne-
Hls. flpHBOAHTCf BbIAepRKKa H3"b cooi.Lenii MnHHCTepcTea no' b o THpawb
nocntAHnx-b BblnyROB-b: 15 rp. nHnoean N's 358 70.000000 3H3.; 80 rp.
mopHqHeBo-HpacHasa JM 366 10.000.000 3K3.; 1.20 an. CHnf M. 367 -
2.000.000; 30 rp. HpacnaH N 368 30.000.000; 20 H 30 rp. BbITaBKa aBb
KaToBtuax-b no 40.000 3H3.; 30 rp. RopuwHeBO-qepHan N& 369 2.000.000;
30 rp. c-b HaAn. ,Challenge 1934" -- 2.000.000; 20 rp. onsBKoBan c HbaAnei.
,Challenge 1934" 200.000; 25 rp. Ha 80 rp. KOpMI -Hp. N2 370 7.000.000;
55 rp. Ha 60 rp. Hwn e N 371 3.000.000; 1 an. Ha 1.20 an. cmHe i N? 372
500.000; 25 rp. cHHnR N_ 373 -- 3.000.000; AonnaTa 20 rp. na 5 an.
XN 87 1.000.000; AonnaTa 25 rp. Ha 1 an. NS 88 1.000.000.
PYMblHIR. B-b naMRTb 150 ntrTii ocBOo60K eHII BbinyuLeHa KommemO-
paTeBHna cepin M3-b 4 AOCTOHHCTB'b a-b one4ecTBt- 200.000 cepic; 1 n. c~io-
neToBaa c-b 7peM nopTpeTaMH; 2 n. 3eneHna nopTpeT- KpwaaHa; 6 n. Ro-
pHimneBa noprpeT-b Knowma; 10 n. CMnil nopTpeT-b Xopin.
H MIH.-fHIR. B-b namqTb 100 n. co AHf ony6nMHOBaHiM 4Hm~c(aro Ma-
poAnaro anoca Kanesana, coOpaHnaro nmcaTeneM-b 3. fenpOTb, Bb B KOhU,
cpeBpans M. C r.BbnyiLena cneqiuanbnaF cepin MapoRKb nab 3 AOCTOHHCTB-s:
11/4 MK. KapMMHO-RopHnIHeBaa -- jltBbl KaneBana. BblnyL, eno 1.500.000 lUT.
2 MK. cBpan. Kopa6nb CaMno. 3.000.000 LuT.
21,2 MK. TeMnocM1HlI. BbIf3Ab Kynnepao Ha Bsory. BbinyLueHO 1.500.000 LT.
PHcytiH B3RTbl M3b KapTHH-b xyAOwHMHa a Fannec--Kannena. -
BonaHbiRt 3rnaxM : H .-nl J [1,l. l ui... ...rl..i H .Suomen Leimakonttori"
TOnbKO Ha nonRaxb flCTa. (Cooba.. KyTTa Hen-b)

IOrOCnfABIRF. axonARslanC Hbunt Bb o6pau-eHiH TpaypiMa cepin no
CBOHM-b pa3aOBMAnHOCTRIMb 6e3nopio npHHaAnnewHT-b Xb HMTepeCHib ILUMM1b Bbl-
nycKam-b OrocnaBixH W Mbl y e He pas3b aBaanH o HeA cB-Abtiii. Bce spemF
npogonwawoT-b oSHapywHBaTbcA Bae MOBbIa pa3sOBHAtnoCTn, pHm npem npoHc-
xomAenie HBROTOpblX-b Wb M3 Xb eLe e He BnonfI BblflC eno, qTO nHluaeT-
Hac-b BOSMOMHOCTH AaTb AeTanbHyKi o6paboTKy aToro Bblnycia. OrpanHMcimc
nmHLb cooG6u niem b nltOTOpblX-b AaHHbix-b. FlpecAe Bcero, CBtAbfisn o TH-
pawfe 3THX b MapOK'b ma cTp 137 No 18 yme He BtpHbl, M150 tKROTOpblR AO-
CTOrHCTBa 6biHn OTneMaTaMbi RonornMHTenbhO. ,OCTOHMCTBO B-b 30 AmHap-b
cyuJeCTByeT-b cb nognHCbio rpasepa HM e3-b TaHKoBO. BHyTpeMHifn pa3Mtpbi
TpaypnoA pam a BCTptiakOTrcR AByx-b paaMtpOB'b, OTnMraioKLAHxcR no BbICOT'
onono 1 MM. ,,OCTOHnCTBO B-b 25 napa MaRPemo c-b AeoInoA neraTbro Tpayp-
rioA paMRl. (C. M.).









)KH3Hb 06uecTBa.



rnaeHbbi PyxOBoAHTenb cepAeHno no3ApaBnFerTb scBx'b nenoeB H 4H-
TaTenei c-b npaaflnHHaM CebTnaro XpHCTOBa BocOpecenlr cb nomenanieM"
BCerO HaHJy4uaro.


14 anptnA ,PoccKa" B-b cmpoMHuxab ycnOBllsxb oTnpa3AHOBana CBOH
HMeCHMbl -- LetTHnTMHtOo rOOBp~o HHy csoero ocfooaani,. FnaHbIl PyKOBo-
AHTenb cepeqHno 6JnarogapHTb B tx'b npmnasunxaB b CBOM TenJnbin npmaB'T-
CTBJR 1 0oo6pbil noxenaMi,ia Tatue wLneT' CBO80 HcKpeMHiOK)o ~aroAapHOCTb H
npIaHaTenbhn.CTb BC-bMb CBOHM-b rOMOLLHMMaM'b, PyHOBOAMTefRM-b rpynnb,
Apya3bfRM H InanarowenaTennMb Pyccxaro QiHnnaTenHlTHnecaro 06utecTBa ,Poc-
CHnMa" MH ypHana ,,PoccHKa" 3a noMoUIb H noAAepmHy Bb CTOnb -pyAHO ne-
pewHBaeMOe Mamm BpeMf 3aTRH IorO KpmaHca.


O4enb npocwHMb HnawHxb ApyseP H 6narowenaTenel MaPTH rlpeAcTaBH-
TeneI HI noMOb HaM-b a-b npoAawm H pacnpocTpaMeHiH mypHana ,PoccuHa"
aBb BenbrIH, cpalwin, mrniH, McnamIl, lWBek1apiH, MTanlIH, RBCrpiH, BeH-
rplI, PyMbiHIH, TypulMA, l4exin, LUBeUin, HopseriH, AaiilH, nnHMIHAim, MapoKHO,
AnmHpt, TynHct, ErnnTt, AoHcC nii, nepcin, nanecTHM-, MnAiH, FnoHIH,
RecTpaniw, KaHaAt H USA., -l4mn, BonHsim, nepy, KonymGiH, 6ygemb
OHeMb OnaroAapMbi H npH3aaTenbHb! 3a 3Ty noMOu b.


HanoMHHaeM- y4acTHHKaM-b pyroBbixt nOCbinowb bc MapKaMl, HTO Oe3-
nOMeqHoe saTRrHBaMie AOnroBsb a B3RTbl Marepianb Bba HaCToRLLee TpyaHOe
BpemR craBHT'r 06iecTBO Bb TpyAnoe nonomeHie, noremy npocHwmb AonJwHH-
KOBb yperynJposaTb 3aTRHyBLUjecR FlonrH -b TpexM'CFcnHbli cpoH-b, T. e. AO
1 aBrycTa c. r., no HcreTeHI~ KOToparo Mbl BbInymAeHbI 6yAeMb OG-bFIBHTb
HMena HeaKKypaTHblx-b AOnHKHHNHOB Bb mHypnant.


Mnorle HaLUH 4neMbi npHcbfnaloTb saRBneniR, wanyRcD Ma HeaKKypaT-
MOCTb 4neHOBb.OOMtHiHHHOB-b, 3aAepHiwBaoL4"HX-b OTBrtbl Ma BeCbMa npoAOn-
HHTenbnoe spe6MR Hn COBCtM'b He OTBt 4aOLU4HXb Ha nocBaMHbli OO6M hb.
Eu4e paa3b ranOMHinaeMb, 4TO BCeKii qinenM-b O63antb OTBt4aTb Ha 06oM-b
aBb ecRTHtAleBHbbAf cporb, ecnH me Ma HeaxKyparTaro IneMa nocTynlrTb AB-
manojbl, TO na ochoBaniH 9 YCTaea TaRle 4neHbl GyAyrl HClntmoqaTbCRfl m-b
CnHCKOBb.


06-saneniiR u Hpmbi reaa CeKyna es nrlloiepHAit ab JbRj 17 H 18 myp-
Hana .PoccmHa", OTnelarantnbl no neAopasyM'fHio, c4HTaTb HMeAtriTBHTenb-
HbIlM H aHlHynlpOe HMblnH.


rlpHnocuHMb Mauy rny6oyyo dnaroAapHOCTb;
1. 3a sep6oBKy rOBbixb 4neHosb: M. M. AMTHnoey, I. 4). MBeamOIy,
A. F. TrmHpFRAno, M. C. BpyNMepTy, 5. C. KonoRonosy, n. CyApa6y, R. B.
CoKonoey.
2. 3a nomepTeosaMie s'b )ypnanbHb[i cOHA-b: B. R.PaxManosy (map-
KM nonbiL H H UJBeeqlapiH na 2260 #p. no BMepy); 4. CTporaHoay (MapKH
PocciH, ABP H Ap. Ma 475 pp. H nOAAftnKH ABP.); E. R. leTpoacKOMy (Map-
RM JlMTBbl H AP. Ha 1000 #p.).
3. 3a npMCblnny cTaTeA: B. A. PaxmaMosy, E. M. AepoHo, 3. H. ran-
aeHy, C. M. MaMwenele, 3. A. BpynKo.
4. 3a npHCblnKy MHOMMOK-b H CBs'AtHii: I MBaHK)oy, 6. C. Kono-
Honosy, C. M. Manmenelo.


__ _~1~~~1~~







P. O. '. ,,PoccHKa"

CnHCOK'b qJIeHOB'b.

(AononHeHie Ni 1 K'b cncKy N' 3).

b. 505. Sarkangalvis, R K. (29), R i g L. Palisades ielI
32-3., Lettonie
0: F: 5; CIQA; I, II, XII. 3.36
b. 506. Valters, T. V. (33), R i g a, Merlela iela 11-22.,
Lettonie
O; A: 1, 2, 8; B; C; F; Y, Mi; I, II, IV, XII. 3.36
b. 507. Nedelsky, A. T. ( ), H a r bi n, Chernogorskaya
7-4, Manchutikuo
O: A; 4 B'b nonHOMa- o6eMt, 9; 01: 23a, b, c;
Y; I, III. M.
a. 508. Erchoff, B. N. (46), Sa o P aul o, Caixa post. 2784,
Brasil
O: A: 1, 2, 8; F; S: 4, 9; I, XVII. HMtlo AIm
cnpaBOKb KaTaoIOFH no HyMH3MaTHKI. 2.36
a. 509. Trojicki, N. N. (30), Krag u jevac, RadniEka
kolonija 50/200, Yougoslavie
O: A: 1, 2, 8; S: 6a, b; 01: 6a; Y, Mi, C4OA; I, II,
IV, VII. 3.36
c. 510. Pappadopulo, S. A. ( ), Shang ha i, P. O. Box
843, Chine
O: A: 1, 2, 8; S: 4, 23a B I- -; 01; 23a, b, 4d,
e, h; Y, Sc. G; I, 111, IV, XX, XXIII. 3.36
H3saTeab ,Standard catalogue China and Treaty
Ports". )Kejnao noJIyqaTb cepbe3HbI5 nOCbIJIKH
BCtX'b CTpaH' Cb MapKaMH KapTHHKaMH ABy-
UIB'THblMH, MJIbMH H nIOJIHbIMH cepisiMH, TaKxme
BbInycKH PocciH H KHTas ao 1900 roaa B'b Heram.

b. 511. Ossipoff, N. P. (29), Ing., M u k d e n, San Wei Loo
96, Manchutikuo
0: A: 1, 2, 8; S: 4, 23a 4d; 01: 23a, b, c; Y; I,111.
3.36
b 512. Mamonoff, A. P. (33), R e z e k n e, Atbrivosanas ale-
ja 11, Lettonie '
0: A: 1, 2, 3; S: 4, 5; 01: 5a, c, 7a, Mi; I, 11, IV,
XII. 3.36
b. 513. Kusik, V, T. (48), T a Ii n n, Toompuiestee 12-4,
Estonie
0: A: 2, 3; B; D; S: 5c, B-D; 01: 5c, B; Y, Mi,
Sc; I, II, XIII. 3 6
c. 514, Mateucci, E. Marco (33), C o 1 e v a d e s a, ca-
sella postal 33, Italie
O: A: 1, 8, 9; S: KOMMeMopaTHBHb1R. 9 noanbiMiN
cepisMH; 01: 8; Y; IV, V, VI. HaaTeareb )cypHaJia
,,I1 Bolletino Filatelico". M
















































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