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Group Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00091
 Material Information
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: K.L. Wilson
Place of Publication: Falls Church Va
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 94/95 called also no. 94/95.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020235
Volume ID: VID00091
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05843071
lccn - sn 80008626
issn - 0035-8363

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Main
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
Full Text
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COA.EP)KAHIE NI 15.


1. IO6nefinhbie ro6.i MapoKi Poccificxofi
HunepiH
2. I.lHpKynspa, 1857 roAa.
3. BoasiHbe 3HBKH H HX'b noAoeieRtia
4. HeHnB'crTib5l MapKH FAOBa
5. H'cCKoabKO npo6HbixI MapoKcb PocciH
6. BapiaHT-b 3 KOn. MapKH BbnycKa 1909
7. XpoiHKa HOBbIXb BbnyCKOBb.
9. Pa3Hoe.
8. )KH3Hb 06ulecTBa.
10. 06,bHaseHis.


3. r-aH3 e 3 .

C. MaHmejiefi.
M. lcaKoaBbi,
C. MaH ene li


I PEA CTABHTEJIH
PYCCKArO OBIEICTBA DHJIATEJIHCTOBb
,,P C HK A"

3aMtcrTTeab FaB'Haro PyKOBoAnAreast O-Ba ,,PoccHKa" H reHe-
pajibHb, flpeacTaBalTeib Ha rf1pH6;j.ITiiicKiF n CKaHuAliHaBChiH
rocyaapcTBa-BHTKOBCKII I, KOHCTaHTHH-b KOHCTaHTIIHOBHq'b.
Ero nOMoHHMKH B ;IaTBiH: Riga, Ernestines iela 22.
PyKOBoAiTeJIb P'B)HIKOt rpynnu -
CYAPABCb, HreTp- AH)KeBHsb, Rezekne, P. 0. B. 70.
PyKOBOBHTeab JBH1BHCKOi rpynnr --
KJIElMAH'b, A.ni pea-b 3pHeCTOBH4qb, Daugavpils Muitnica.
PyKOBOAHTena BoabMapcKoi rpynnb -
BP'B-HC'b, A b4)pea-b KoHCTauHTHHOBoIWb, Valmiera, P. B. 11.
PyKoBoanTeiab A.I'nyhHeHcKoli rpynnH -
BHUIIOOCb, BnibreabMbI MapKo BH'in, Aluksne, Darza iell. 25.

n p e a c T a B H T e A H:
Bb HonAbuetm -
PAXMAHOB'b, BaanHMuHp AaeKcaHApoBH-b, .
Warszawa, Wiejska, 1, m. 10.
Bb 3TOHin H PyKOBOA. PeBeAbcK. rpynnb. -
COKOJIOB'b, AHaToaifi BacHAbeBHtbs,
Tallinn, V. Parnui mnt. 18-1..
PyKosBol.ltre.b HapacKoi rpynnbi .-
4HEFEJIb, ApBHaa, Narva, Peetri pl. 6A, K. 4.






POCCHKA
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B'b IOFOC/IBIM


BELA CRKVA,
Kr. Petra 40,
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JUGOSLAVIA.
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Yearly subscription, Jahresbeitrag 25 francs.

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06njaeHbie roAbl Mapoub Poccificuofl
HMnepin.

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ii aTepia.xb, noalTrepKa.lalouiii npIandlluFIocTh MToei lrl.'l 'ileii-
SCTaTbil .rIeppBan noq0TOR MapKa Poccihi" 1 ei ioIp'13!11.-
Bb: ,,BblnycK-b B- o6paueHle" ') ii, noh'a.>yi. ,,l'aLu~ Hie nep-
Xb Mapohi'.
HajiaeHHb ll N MHOI Ionhlii ne'ianibili ,i~ Tepid.i, -- Om.Ai.e
Oe O poraa ,.iorPii.qipi", a HMeHH''- :10 intIll.'ii.I llbiliI i'i[',lli]..i
O KOBCKaro OoIU ecTIH. (:CoinpaTC liei Ii'l i ii.]'.:i 1. 11 i.Ii.
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nuHb apxiini 1 l .i l A.., ;ici, .iaK 'pi l bl ri' l l'][i''ii 'illM .ll
') Bb MoeM pacnopncniln pa3yllbeeTcq e i- Tr "bnra nilConbl.
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iTb6
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HaXOtilMb ino'!l, _',lC l.A c Lut'>,riel i n op i. i.i I c fl( i b!. b Pocci
H MHOrO IIHT(-pFe'l ihI\i hailiibh'-, O olfCn c'F bl.'L Hi'epTa3.'.-., not
TOBbIX1b 11llHHaX.h It T. II.
O nepBbhi.\' PyccKIN.\ Mbpla.\'b b-b CTITbtL y'-.33alHO, I4T
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o6meilie no.lTBepAt ,iae'TC IHTC-ptCHi-i oG0lueii CBoll'KOIi Ipona)
nepBiX-h pyccKriNxi MapOK'h 3a 1857-1 865 r. r:

LIOCTOIIHCTPO NM.lpOK'b:
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1860 10.,781.0- 184 55(; 7S.q83
1861 11.115 801 1 .02.3 SO 310
1862 11.307.287 173.017 78 461
186.3 1 I.l92.4,' 165.785 85 635
1864 12.575.159 207.296 96 819

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xeib .'Ia:-khc HaL.iner- Aih 14 inoi6psn).
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75 5 ,AItniii Kf11ilieii Hl 33JC'Vi, fIIRal OTI, no10plnlti dro onirc.iHi5.
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TOB'b, IIpO.3HHhb-l P\CCKOi Nol1OI[010.


10 Kon. 20 KO'I. 30 ionl

1848 r. 128.530 8.348 1.700
1858 r. 9 659 136 171.786 68 722
1859 r. 2.916.742 10.658 1.373




[ .T nponycTiln b 1UH4(pbl npoMe)KyroTHbIx-b a-JbT OTb 1848
|no 1858 r KaKh He OTHOCRMiCflRCI K'b TeM'. B'b nocatayioumie
rol-bi KOHBCPl]h CIIOBa nHOnyq~JI oqenb WHpoKii C6bIT'b (B'b
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H 899 uIT'K'bh.
SKOHBepli., IaK-b H lnOTOBble RIUIHKH, KOTOpbie 6blIH TOr-
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ifi H ao6pbix- TpaA.HiH.
MocCKOBCKoe O6miecTBo 6blio OCHOBaHO Bb 1883 roAy H,
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T. h., alh MOMeIn'h yqpe>aneHia o6mecTBa, co6Hpanie MapoKb
nO'lliMa3.OCb TO.qrhKO 3a6aBOii MHJ, BtbpHe, npeAioroMb avis
[ycTpoficrTa TaiiHiIX noa.nTHecuKHX- co6panif, O-BO He 6bio
e|era.qlI30BaHo, a B-b 1887 roAy H 'lacTHbis co6pania 'JIeHOB'b
nplHu.och npeKpaTRTb, noKa, a-b 1888 roay, He 6bino, HaKo-
lneu', nonyJieHo pa3p'tueHie MocKOBcKaro reH. Fy6epHaTopa.
5 HaBapi 1898 r. pasap'beHie 6bJno noTpe6oBaHO o6paTHo, HO,
npeKpaTim'- CBOIO o6umeCTBeHHyIO )KH3Hb, IO6HaSp-b He npeKpa-
ImuaA. 3HepriMHOfi BHyTpeHHefi pa6oTbl. Ocenbro 1907 roAa
.06mLecTBo HaKoHeull B03pOAHoJIOCb o 4HniaabHo, noA'b HanMe-
sIoBanieMb ,,Mocu. O-BO co6HpaTeaefi nOqTOBbIXb 3HaKOB'b".
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aHneprnlto pa6ola.qb MOCKOBCKii OTA 'b C. fleTep6yprciaro
06muecTua co6npareanet noqTOBbIX'b 3HaKOBi, KOTOpOe Bi
1894 95 r. r. octuoimanj neTep6yprCKie KOaJIeKuioHepbI: A. K. (Da-
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Aeci" n, 114a neiuet, 6c'% o6 bintlCHis 0 TOM-b np I noAAqo nOOTy1lfl'TI. Ila
OCHlORiaIill CT. 25/0-il YAOiW. 0 1aKA3. YrOA. HI HCIIPARaTeCbi. (C3I:

upti6aucaulic wi, o6rnetry quoicyapy UO C'AamliOmy Ynpaumhlio UOwri 18t5

rosa 9.A 30).

12) Inoma a) aemeaxcxan it Cnmpaxotila: 6) .siuiia co e.o3oice-

uie.j.a opaitpeanu.ra notqcCr, it) nasc.ma C.uboytlonqix,&pn iwcuma I-)

nocto sik t ipanniy ii A) oLoMa nf eoC t tanun tit 11.110 m i ct 'titi-

21I.T0 OCo00, ilpHUMMITI Ila OpeACiiH0ci UClHOallill, C0 11bICHil4llb1 YCTa-

Io0iACHllUVxh IInaTCi(!eii 1 OTIp11DARTI. 6C31 11A0W611(CIIII 111 IIHX'hl apOWa.

I3) Ic.ii Iboln pronan,,itn 1. npcwbIAylu(',m i1ILl0a 6YAYTI1 liO/ailIuk

Ila lOq~y C1. lll illlli 41RC tapautiC OapgaMn, TO 111. iploMi liX'h 110

OTICiltJl3I6L, 110 TOKO II AtO 1I0IIPHUHM11Th it., paic'lcrb OTOUMOCTII DTHXI. bra-

pOIlC1, a UIkiCIIIaTtl Cb IIocb1AaTCAi cuooma UlpRUiT8lOui0CR 311 IICPCCI.ARY

3TIIXML 111CO I'l, iI aTMMUl

14) llpion. ii oTnpalmelii K113 l[ii KOpPCCBOIIACHItiIl IIPOI3BOAiTL

lc3xl. Iicpitllti~li, n 11W3 Iilem(l ,I Ociloiialill I.

11.- 3aiKAidO'Ci C jeiiapjTaM(!l1T%. i'pCenaraeri. rybipnoi(1111I, Oct6lacT-

mlx.w, IOiBCKOila\lI. II ItloiaillliliHMb I 11011O7T01116.4% KOUTOpafI o amelllAcnih

hMapon'!, IR 0 U iipaPilV, FOU AOAwalll GCO6AIOA116Aa U ayiKa 111. OTili)-

awn,,ill IIX'I, O6nl8IITI, 'h1)1% M31 TIIUIIba r6iipioitn oiIXA0MI0TI. /Lin
pa:iE 1,1, Ica %e i.n, Y avjitr Kiowropim, IIOMTOBLWi OTALCHliN II lilH 0:T.llh1lliI

wt. alpiemovi, r oppetajoaxaitin l lip n~llral'ACTOR y "170 UUMMnlAPO~ll

iiacircliinkao 0 itp('jjiiC n 1 II CISiTO.I1,(O AIWi tDi30IlI,8POII'l, YTHIipWiACHMlIIIXh

r. I'AiyiIIniitllHl' l. flOAPOIIMIX1,i IplliliL6 0 IIOPHAK%( IlIpiItl, Xpii-


'liPlIIItrli II: i)T13rlCTIII1OCTIH 110 C01' IipCAIICTY.





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ABTopctui npaea coxpantim.

BoAflHbie 3HaKH H MX'h nojiowemia.

I.*)

BORLHHbIM'b 3HaKOM'b (CoKpaMgeHHo B. 3.) Ha3blBaeTCS oco-
S6aro pos itHeBno pHcyHOK'b, 3aMITHbIRl a 6yMart BCJI- ICT-
. Bie pa33tJULl Bb e nlpo3paIHOCTH.
flpi 1I3roTOBjneniH 6yMarH, 6yManHan Macca npoxoAtiT'
Sqepe3"b u 1..bli pi PA'b BaJIbKOB-, H3'b KOTOpblX'b OAHH7b CHa6-
) eHb~ pe.'be(DOM'b, COOTB'tTCTBylOI0HM'b no pHcyHKy meaaeMoMy
B. 3. 3 rOTb peJbe4'b ynnoTHRleTr Bb HyMaHbixZb MtCTaXb 6y-
Ma;nhylpo Maccy, KOTOpaR, 3aTBepAt'Baa, CTaHOBHTCH B'b 3TH4X'
Mit.cri.ax 6o.ate TOHKOF H npo3paIHOQi.
Oallob H TOT'b )Ke B. 3. npOH3BOAHTb pa3aHqHOe SpHrelb-
Hoe Bne3Tar.1b ie, npn pascMaTpHBaHiH Bs npoxonrmeMb HJIan OT-
paMenHHOMs CB'bT. B'b nepBOM' cnyqaat, KorAa B. 3. noMt-
umaerc5i MtexAay ra30M'b H HCTOqHHKOM'b CB3eTa, TOHKI'H MICTa
6yMarH, KaKb 6ontbe npo3paqHbIa, nOKaXyTC5i 6o0xe CBtTJIbIMH,
qtmrb iMbra yToanmeHHba H MeHHfe npo3paqHbim. FpH oTpa-
)eHHOMs- CBtTIS nonyiaeTcs npoTHBonOIOOKHoe BneqaTAiHHie H
yTO.IwmeHbll M'CTa 6yMarH KaCKYTCR f 6o0ite CB'TJIbMH, WtbM-b
Mtcra TOHKiR. TO BnfeqaTJIfHie ycnanHTCa, ecaI B. 3. noMt-
CTHTb Ha qepHyO HJIH TeMHYio nOBepxHOCTb.
FnpIhBHaa TepMHHbI, npHHITbIe Bab 4OTOrpa4)in, ycjIOBtMCa
cqIITaTb 11306paMxeHie B. 3. B'b npoxoA LnteMb CB'tI3 no -
3 II T II B H bi M b, a npH OTpa>KeHHOM' He r a T H b M b.
BIIaIiMOCTb B. 3. 6bIBaeTb pa3AHqHOi; HHOrAa OH'b BHAeH ,'
SICHO, IIHor.a -- cpeAHe, H HHorAa OH'b TpyAHO yjOBHM'b. Bb
TalKIIXb C.1y'-aoxb nOJIb3yIOTrc H c K aT e e b, KaKOBbIMb
MOcieT'b OblITb BCSKan qepHna HAJH TeMHaH nOBepxHOCTb, Ha KO-
Topy0 o h.falUy'rb MapKy, CMoqeHHyKo 6eH3HHOM'6. Hao6paKeHie
Bb HChaT .. nonyqaeTcs neraTHBHoe.
ErsponcicKie KaTaJIorn B'b 6OJIbTUHHCTB- cjiyaeBb, a Ka-
Tanioftb 3e.Hia BcerAa H3o6paxaKoT-b B. 3. nO3HTHBHO H TaK'b,
Kai..i, OHb BaAeH'b, KOAa K'b raa3y o6paineHa AHueBan CTOpOHa
Mapkii. ,'C'OBHMCH H Mbi npHAep)KHBaTbCa 3TOro npHHAnnua.
Haor6porT, aMepHKaHCKiif KaTaJIof'b CKOTTa, a3o6pa)maeT, B. 3.
no (ti:)r,).rpjaipiaMb, CHHTbIM'b Cb MapOK'b, Iaema1Hx'b Bb HCKa-
Te.nL i nl.OjaKeCHHbIX'b o6opOTHOic CTOpOHOi K'b Hs3CJIAOBaTeJto,
no:lqeM. l, H3o6pa)eHis y CKOTTa HeraTHBHbIl H C'b o6paTHoii
cropo' ll MalpKH.
'i no 3aMbIcny aeTopa, 3Ta CTaTbl AOnIHKN 6bilna fORaHTbCt Bb ne-
'arm par ie ero aH3Cn-AOBaHa[ .B. a. MeanAipa m LUBtaro K", HanerqaTaHmarO
Bl Kl'.. 14 .PoCCWKm". BnaroAaps nepecTaHos K' pa6oTb, H-hOTropbrn MtcTa "b
hd3Bana rlMb n1 H tc OBean i MoryT-b no 310 y nOKa3aiTbCR HeAOCTaTO MO RCNblMM.
PeA.




HHorga Ha MapKax-b BcTpqaiOTCR H3o6pa)seHiH, HaIIoMR.
HaIoinia co6oio B. 3. H npHpaBHHBaeMbI K'b noca$aIlHiMb db.
JaTen HcTaMH, KaK'b HanpM'hppb: 1) penbepHO-BnpeccoBaHHb bla
H3o6pa>eHiH nayae roTOBbIxb MapKaxb (rep6, Ha BblnvyKt 1S89 r.
PyMbiHii), Hn/ 2) 6e3ILsBtTHbIR M'oJIOBb1q HaArIe'aTKHn (pok16a.
qecKaa crTKa Ha BbInycKb 1909 r. PocciH, unH npH NoyroJnbHaa
C'TKa Ha BbInycKt 1892 r. IpaHuin H Ha H'KForopbix', b.
nycKax'b 4(paHLUy3CKNX'b KOIOHii).
Hiqero ofi6aro C' B. 3. He HMtiOTb H3o6pa>ieHIR, oTne.
qaTaHHbI Ha o6paTHofl cTopoHt MapoK'b, Hanp. Ha BbRhycK
KBHHCJieHAa 1894/5 r. Hin MOHorpaMMa .CSR" Ha HhinycCK
1923 r. '-exocnoBaKiH (nocAtAHRa, Me)axy npoqiNhi, crMbBaeTRca
BM'hCT C'b KAeeM-).
II.
flo CBoeMy pacnoAoAeHi[o Ha AnHCT MapoK 1, 1. 3. Mo-
KeT'b 6bITb CJItAyOLnHX'b BHAOB'b:
1). PHCyHOK'b B. 3. U,>JIHKOM'b noM1-IaeTCfl Ha H UHOf
MapKI' H BCt MapKH B'b JICTI HMtIOT'b OAIHHb 11 TOI b We B.
3. ipHpMbpbI: PoCCiH B. 3. UbibpbI y nepBbl.X aBy.Xb Bbl-
nycKOBl ; QOHHAiRH)a nOqTOBbfi pOKOK-b; AHFrin KopoHn;
UlBefluapia Kpecrb B'b oaa$t.
2). B. 3. pacnpocTpaHsercC Ha Becb JIHCTt'. BoaMonHb
Asa cjyqaa:
a) PHCyHOK'b B. 3. 3aHHMaeT-b co6oio BeCb ,lllCTb GyMa', 3
Hanp., B. 3. 06t x'b CHunMAi HJIa B. 3. BpHTaHCho i IIH.Alih Ha
BblnycKX 1854 r. (nocatAHiii HHTepeceHSb TtM'b, TITO, 6.iaroaap
6OJIblUOMy pa3CTOIHiio MeW)Ly OTAIabHblMH ero ANHiaMH, no-
naAaioTca Ha TOMb e nJICT'3 MapI( 6e3b B. 3.).
b). PHCyHOK' B. 3. COCTOHT'b H3'b HenpepLBHO nOBTropS-
IOLHIXCH 3SJeMeHTOB'b, TO)KAeCTBeHHbIX'b HJI p a3J]HqHbIX., B'b
nocaI'nHeM'b cjnyqat o6pa3yiouHX'b co60oo H3Bt CTH'yif cepilO
HAIH rpynny 3aeMeHTOB'b, noBTOpmIOInyIoca B'b II3BtCTHOII n1O-
cJItAfOBaTenAbHOCTH. fIpHM'pbI: Poccia mecT r.O.1bHilhil (B.
3. rep6osBix-b MapoKb a pqai afimaro BapiaHTa 7 i.on. 1879
r.), pOM6bI, yrOjIbHHKH, MeaHapa m IBtTOK'b H pbtuerha (t. 3.
MapoK-b Cb LIennelMHHOMNb -b 40 H 80 Kon ); Poccia (Vkp3aHa)
- B. 3. Bbu ycKa B'b lnoJb3y roaonaioiaHxb (sb KapioBBJdH .lb);
QHHanJIHia -- caacTHKa; JlaTBifI BCa B. 3.; lIITBa BCt B.
3.; Tysa B. 3. 3Bt3AbtI pOM6b.
DSeMeaHT nepBbX'b Tpex-b yKa3aHHbIXb 3A'bCb B. 3. PoCCiH'
MeHbuIe p4opMaTa MapoK'b H nO3TOMy BC'I MaphnI Bb lnniCTt
HM3IOTb no H-CKOJIbKO u BJbIX'b IieMeHTOB'b B. 3.; HallpOTIlBb,
y A~yxb noca'tfIax'b B. 3. POCCiH, E3neMeHTb pHCyIhI, mil' rpyn-
na pa3HbIx'a 3seMeHTOB'b, 6oA0ble bopMaTa MapolKb, noiermy oT-
AJltbHblIR MapKH BCTrptqalOrCH TOJbKO Cb KaKOiH-HIIHyd, qLCTblIO
aneMeHTa B. 3. anH rpylnnrlb 9AeMeHTOBb. Oco6eliHo 6,u.IbuIl
3neMeHT'b y B. 3. 60obmUOi rep6-b PyMbUHi 1900 r., rnoih'pU
BaioitiH 25 MapoKb H noaropatoURific 6 pa3s b aii ncr co
150 MapKaMH.
70




SKb 3TONly me BHay npHHaa1ienCHT'b H PyccKifi B. s. -
no.rlOCbl Cht BOJIHHCTbIMH JIHHiHMH H 6yKBaMH 3. 3. r. B. (onH-
caH- 3. nl. I'aH3eHOMb B-b Nj 5 PoccHIKH"), XOTR 6yKBbl BCTpt-
qafOTCr He Ha BC'Xb MapKaxb JIHCTa.
3). PuIcyHOK' B. 3. 3aHHMaeT'b TOlbKO orpanHneHHnyl
qaCTb .IiCTa I Ha OAHOM'b H TOM'b xe JIHCT' HMMIOTCH MapKH
c-b B. 3 in 6e3b TaKOBorO; Hanp. BC' B. 3. AacTPiH, BOCHiH H
qepHoropiH.
4) B. 3. noM-biaeTC5f TOJIbKO na Kpaix-b HJIH nojIfXlb
.riincT;a ij MapKax'b He AOuKeHnb BCTptqaTbCfl, HO 6jiaroiaps
cam~Ry 6 ~Marh npn neqaTaHiH, qaCTb B. 3. MOeeTb HHorAJa OKa-
3aTL.CT Hi M3pKth. TaKOfi B. 3., Ha3bIBaeMbil K p a e B bI M -b,
HMueTCf H3 6yMar-B, Ha KOTopOii neqaTancb PyccKia MapKH
Btinycla 1909 r., HO He Ha BC-X'b JIHCTaX'b. HnorAa TaKOBOFi
BcTptqaeTC Ha Ha KOTOpbIX'b AOCTOHHCTBaX'b BTOporo COBtT-
chk'ro bhin .iCKa H Ha MapKaxa-b B rnoJb3y ronoialotaiHx'b no-
aBO.IKIH, ornelaTaHHbIx'b na pa3HblX-b copTax'b 6yMarI H Ha
ocraThaxb 6yMarH BbinycKa 1909.
5). q a 6 p q H bl i B. 3. H3rOTOBjIHeTCe 4)a6pnHaHTOM'b
II.nl nOCCTa8tiliKOMb 6yMarH no co6cTBeHHoI HHHIjiaTHBt H 6e3b
pacnopAmeHIR IIOqTOBarO BtAOMCTBa. BcTpbqaerc5 o6bl9HO He
am.e O0HOro pa3a Bab JIHCTt He o6slaaTejbHo Ha BCtX'b JIH-
CTaxb; nanp., B. 3. 4)Hpmb LACROIX. OTJaIJlbHbIl 6yKBbl Ha3-
BaHil 4'TO ()HpMbI BCTptiqalOTCSl Ha HtKOTOpux-b MapKaxb (PpaH-
uin c' HanoneoHoMa' III.
6). C .1 y i a i H bi i B. 3., Bab BHAt npsIMOI JIHHiH, 06-
pa33eeTC5 Ha 6yMarB OTb HaAaBanHBaHiS HHTKH, Beaym2ei H noA-
AepiHBaiomel t eure He ycntBmifi OTBepa'tTb 6yMaKHbIt JIHCT3b.
BcTp-tiaercsq a THnorpaqCKOM'b H33AaHiH IOrocnaaiH ,Paapbu-
3aTe b ukneil" (HBep'b NNo9 71 H catA.).
III.
To.jbhO 'TO H3rOTOBJIeHHaa 6yMara HM'IeT'b BH'b nOJOCbi
).all .eHrTbl 3HaqHTeJIbHOi AJJIHbI H HMaMaTbBaeTC Ha pyJOH'b
.H.Ih iKe pa3p1$3bIaeTCH Ha JIHCTbi.
B. 3. Ha Hepa3pa3aHHoi nojoct 6yMarH HM-eT'b Bceraa onpe-
at.ieHHoe HanpaBneHie no oTHoomeHiIo KI' AJIHH' ITIOOCbi, ecIH
6yMara 1n3rOTOBJseHa OAHOfi H Toii )e ManLIHOH H eCJII noIo-
aCHle OTAbibHbiXlb qacTeif noCJInhAHeii oCTaaocb 6e3'b H3Mt-
HeHiii.
Pa3ph3Jaie nojocbi 6yMarH Ha JIHCTb (ecaJH nOCa, AHie H e
6yyVTr3 hiaapaTaMH) Mo)KeT-, y)Ke H3M',HHTb noAoiKeHie B. 3.
no OTHoujeHi) K'b 4)OpMaTy JiHCTa, eCJH AJIHHaf cTOpona nJHCTa
He corna.aeTh C'b AJIHHOIO nOJIOCbl.
lpeann.(lOK0HMb, ITO Mbl HMleM'b atnO C'b K B a p a T-
H bl M1 b .bliCTOM'b 6yMarH H Cb B. 3. pHcyHKa, Aaou~aaro n03-
MO'KHOCrb onpeA~tHTb BC'h 1eTblpe Kpas JIHCTa, a TaKKe anH-
LteBoe 1 oopaTHoe nonioxeHie nocabAaHro. HpH neqaTaHiH
Mapok-, rakoii JIHCTb MOm)eT'b nOnacTb B'b neIaTHbIi CTaHoK'b
B'b IO6OM3h H3"b CA AAylOUaHX'b BOCbMH nojoIKeHiIl no OTHOe-
toi' Kb HanpaBaeHiio neqaTaeMaro PHcyHKa MapoK'b:






Ha KaO CO- KaKHMb KpaeMb
Ha K i CTO- .HCTb 6Mar
S pOHt jiMCTa ne- o6pauxeH'b Kb Ha3BaHie no1aoeeHii
o q3aaeTrcl pnl- HanpaBnen o .iITa.
o Cy'HOK-b. BepxHsro pafl
pnicyHKa MapKH.

1-oe. Ha ns leBOli BepxHHMNib npnloe
2-oe. i, BItMhi1 .-ewKaIee npaBoe
3-oe. I, HID)HHML ncpeaepHyTc'e
4-oe. upaBbIb .'ie;?a'iee IBoe

5 oe. na o6opOT7Hor RepxHHM'b O6paTHoe npanMoe
6-oe. ,, npaBbl b o6paTHoe .IViCaqee
npaBoe
7-oe. H1miliM'b o6pa rHoe nepeBep-
Hyroe
8,oe. 1 .'It BbLt Mn o6paTHoe .qenaqee
jitnoe


Jlpyrnx-b nojnowieiii 6bTrr He MO)eT'b. flo.0o0eHiR 2, 4,
6 if 8 6yayTb roplI30HTa. bHblS HM .jne1a'lan, a noJO)KeHii 1,
3, 5 U 7 BepTHKa.lbHbI 1 1H CTO rliS..
Ecnn anicTnb 6ymari He KBanpaTHblii, a npoao.,roBaTbli, TO
KOlICTpyKuti H.Wm pa3NIp'b neqaTHaro CTaHKa MoryT'b nOMi'-
lIaTb raKOMy .JlICTy nlOIlCTb Bb CTaIHOk BO BctX'b BOCbMil no-
1no)eHiiSx-b, a TO-bKO .lfUWb B-b qeTThpex-b. Pa3pt3aHie 6yMarH
Ha MllCTbl, cnoco6b eas Vrn1KOBH H1 nojaqHM hKb craHKy TahTb ewe
MorVTb HCKO.llOWIrb Cy'AeCTBOBaHie HbkOTopbIXlb nonoJKeHiH.
IV.
.0.HaKO He BCIKi'ii pHICVHOK-b B. 3. AaeT-b BORMOAhHOCTb
onpeetb.rHTb 3Ct S noloTIO Hili .IHCTa, T. K. H'tiKOTOphi ns13b HIlTiX,
110 pHIcHKy B. 3., MOrVTb 6blTb TOwAeCTBCHHlbl. Bce 3aBhlCHTS'
OTh x a p a K T epa pn cy H Ka AaHH3ro B. 3, KOTOpblij MO-
>KeT1, 6blTh qeTblpex'L pa3HbIXL' THnOBb.
fl.,1a 60onbieii HCHOCTII pa3CMOTpHM'b CH3aqa.a .iullb OalHH
.lep.eeHTbl B. 3 He o6pauita noHa BHHMaHlia, Kak'b OHH p3n0o-
JnOweHbi Ha .qrCTth.
4eTrwIpe Tuna B. 3. 6yn.yT-b C.AtaylioUiCe:
1). PIcy'HOKhb D. 3. TII a a H o r o n o.1 o w e H i R,
hor1ia BO BC'xX- BOCbMli nrO.rOeHIX.em'b JHCTa, pICyHUK'b B. 3.
6yAeTI, OIIHaKOB'b. CxCMaTi'lecKiNr l, npiMltpOM-l. ?jneMeHTa
sroro THna MioweTb C.r9y'MilTb 6pyrvb pr H. KBaapa tb. (Bo BCtx>x
npiMBO.aMMblb cxeMaTHLeCKIIX'b fnpiHtpax-b npeano.naraerc5,
qro OHHi H306paKxeHb .I'HHiRhH OAHHaKOBO0 TOJImHHbI).




2). PHCVyHOK'b IB. r rm na A l yx lb rr on w eH i W
11coman BO Bc-bxb BOCbMH noao~eHmxbb JlHCTaI B. 3. 6YAeT'b HMtTb
rAE33 Pa3.q'1Hbl.('b nOJIOH(eHig. B03MO>KHb ABa CJIyqa5i:
a) wi;oaa o6a pa3HblX-b noJIQ)xeHi51 B. 3. nojiyqaiOTC51 Ha
KapfjiOrl CIOPOH' JlHCTa. CxeMaTrHsqecle nplpMtpbi: npIIwMU
*nap3.VjeJlbHbIl lJlHHiH, HpqMoyrOJIbHH~'b, paBHoyrOJlIbHbll IueCTTH-
yrojlbHllfKb. poM6'b, oBaA'b. Bib 9TOM-b eny'at, 02U1 nonomite-
Hie B. 3., uie)Kaee HJim FP30HTaJbHoe, rioJIyqaeTcA npH
now1?0eHi9-xl b c'rTa 2, 4, 6 H 8, a Apyroe, CTO.9'ee HJIH BCp-
TlfIJ.qblle. R1b nono)ReHiSxh 1, 3, 5 H 7.
b) Kuor!a Ka)KAoe H3'b BYX'b HOJIO)CHeiiA B. 3. COOTBtTCT-
BVeTi) onpenat)IeHHo CTOPOHt JIHCTa. CxeMaTm'ecKiA npHMtpb:
uJpaBl.9lhHa3 ii paBHOCTOPOHHIH. CBaCT1IKa, OAHO nOJIO)ieHie 1<-
TOPOll, .qJlueBOe, nojyryaeTcH B'b noJoaKeHNixb JICTa 1, 2, 3 H
4, a apf'Foe-o6paTHoe, B- HnoJio>KeHiHX'b 5, 6, 7 H 8.
3). PIICN'HOIc'B. 3. T HIH a qe T Mi p e xb n o jio e -
H i (1, Koriia BO BCIX'b BOCbMH noAomeH*isxb JlHCTa, B. 3. 63y-
UIeTb 1.latTb qeTbIpe pa3HbIXb non oweHig. B03MO>XbI ABa

ai i imuACTcprC'Ht JIHCTa. CXeMaTHqeCKirl npHMtp'b: pa3BOCTO-
POHHlii -peyiOJIbHHK'b. B'b 3TOM'b cny'iat Tieblpe noAomremiN
1B. 3. 11, li, Iii, IV) nOnyqaIOTcq npH c.TIl noJoXleHiRuc'b JIHCTa

rcLpI130HoaaJTbHoe rpaBoe, BepLuHHOA Tpeyr0AbHHKa HanpaBo
-- 2 m
i tBoe HaJIxBo
--4H8
Hl HpMOe ,, HBepx'b

I V nepe~epsyioe BHH31
-3 7.
Tb) ora Ha oapaA CTOPOB3 JIHCTa BCTP'bBaOTC9 TOnbKO
Aea nO.IOWhCHiq B. 3., a OCTanbb~b]R Asa -- Ha apyroil CTOPOHt
JlHCra. C~enlasT~qeCFiienIpHMtpbl: HapanneeorpaMMI> Hjl naTHH-
CKiA1 6VIyKLi S HJIH Z, npH yCJIOBiH CHMMeTpHqH0CTH BepxHeh H
HMiiHeii 'lBCTII COOTB-TCTBYIoLweA 6yKBbIl. B'b 3TOM'b cJly.at
liemilpe no'.rqoIeaisi B. 3. (1, II, III, IV) COOTBtTCTByIOT'b CJI-bny-
lO.IAMN, lOTi .rOWKeHislM'b JiHCTa (1--8):
ropI43oHTaJlbHoe Him Jie)Ka'ee niueBoe 2 H 4
IL ,v o6parHoe- 6 H 8
III EepTlKajibHoe HJH CTo05Iee amileaoe 1 H 3
IV o6pa'rnoe- 5 H 7.
-1). PIICYHOKI'b B. 3. THHfl a B oc b M H n o a o )x e -
H I Koraa Ka)K1oMy H3'b BCLX'b BOCbMH nonowKeHiii IHCTa co-
PTB-LTCLT3VC.T1 paP3oeH H4 BIOJIH ofpeAtJeHHoe noJo)Jwesie B. 3.
:CxemIar'L 4eciie npHmtpN: ui44Jpa 4 HnM naTHBCKiSI 6yIabi F, G,
!'t. L n R t KA~asiq Bib OTA2tJbHOCTH).
73




OAHaKO THIb B. 3. onpeAhnaeTCH He TOnbKO pncyHKOM',
ero eneMeHTa, HO H pacnonoKaeHieMb 9AeeMeHTOB' Ha utAnOM-b
anCTt, ApyrHMH CAOBaMH, 0 6 in H M b BHAO 'b B. 3. a
a H CT '.
KonJH'iecTBo BO3MO>KHbtIXb KOMOHHaliii BeCbLa Be.lliKO H
Ani noLTBepme.eHit cKa3aHHaro, i orpanHMycb ,ayMsi npiHMt-
paMH.
1). Kpyr, THna oHoro nojioKeHig. EcAni me lpyrm
pa3CnoJImeHbi KaK'b Ha B. 3. FOJnaHAiH 1926 r., To Mbl 6yaeM'b
HM'bTb B. 3. THna AByX' noaomeHini, n6o, pacnono>lieniHble pa.
AaMH, Kpyra onpeAaorSOT'b co6oio HanpaBleHie ropl30HTaJib.
Hoe HJH BepTHKanIbHoe.
2). OBajnb THna lByxb nonomeHii. Oanuaimo B. 3.
oBan6 JIHTBbI 1932 r. 6yaeT,- THna oAHoro no.omceml, 116o
OTA-eJIbHbe oBanbi, tepeAyqcb aB pa3Hblxb no.iomeHisI.xb, He
AaIOTIb B03MOiHiOCTH onpeAtAHTb noJIoaeHie B, 3. Ila .ilicTt.
V.
HTaK', npH BOCbMH pa3HbIX'b noJIO)eHiiHXi .TflCTa, B. 3,
no xapaKTepy CBoero pHcyHKa, MOryT'b HM-TIb 1111io 0n110, O 6.'mo
ABa, Jn6o IeTblpe, Ai6o BoceMb paaHbxi, noiomi.mi; ipyr)r
KonJaeCTBa nonoweHifti BCTpt' aTbCH He MOryT'b.
Ann1 HnJIocTpaJniH CKaaaHHnaro, unpHBOMy AnI han:t; .ro'rlna
B. 3. Ht CKOJibKO npHMnpOBnb, HCXOAH a3'b o6naro nH14a a. 3. ila
ntIOM'b JIHCTt Hne npHHHMaR B BBHHMaHie, Cy3lmeCCT HyiT, liH
BC'H BO3MO)KHbfl noJI)omeHig Bs .lfiiCTBHTeabHOCTI. H MO)KHO Jil
Ha iaR 1). B. 3. THna oAHOro noAjoe)Ki i n:s Pocci
(YipaHHa) B. 3. BbinycKa 1923 r. B'b nojb3y ro.notaiomiM b
(Bb Kap6oBaHnuax'b); JInTBa B. 3. BbinycKa 1932 I.; I'pMaHifl
- B. 3. ,,C" no Iaepy.
2-a). B. 3. THna a B y x, n o o e i ii. na TOi
)Ke CTOpoHt lHCTa: Poccin nojocbi c C BOAHHCrIMIIU .IHIIMH,
HO TOJibXo Ha MapKaxib 6e3'b 6yKBb 3. 3. F. B; ,IU('C riyroJIb-
HIKH H pOM6bi; JInTBa 5 BbInylelIHblXb OAHI'H 33a .'ipyM'b
B. 3., naMHHaa C'b Ns_ 35 no Haepy; TyBa B. a. .a B,1 3a 1
pOM6bI (3TOT'b npnHMtpb q laio, BnpO'eM'b, C'b oro0BphoH;
BCAJItCTBie H3BtCTHOiH HeCHMMeTpHqHOCTH Jyqefi 3Bt133bl, B03-
MO)KHO, 4TO 9TOT'b B. 3. MO)meT' HM-tTb H 6oJIblJe AIBVXL no-1
AnoceHifi); LUleiiBapi.f B. 3. KpecTbI (6e3'b oBa.qa) 1905 r.;
3AbCb TOT'b 2-b). B.3. THna n By x yx n o i o )Ke i ri no oA
HOMy Ha KaI AOf c CTOpOH- naCTa: LaHi5a B. 3. KpecTii. Hf.a
BbinycKb 1913 r. (Toce H asb MHcaHAii). Ha Pyccicnxi MaP-
Kax' Hie BCTplqaeTCq.
3-a). B. 3. THuna qeT b p e x non o e ni i a
TOil me CTopOHt JIHCTa: Poccin B. 3. yronJIbniil (,eyaWa4HO
Ha3BaHHbIif KaTaaorOM,' C. (. A. ,,T'rlleBbIMH nalpa raIMi");
JInTBa nepBbli B. 3. (MIepi, MN2 25-34); Kuo nuiin s'
3. Ha BbinycKt 1926 r.
74




3-b). B.3. T n a lr eTupex n noji o eHif no
ABa Ha KaBKayIo CTOpOHny nCTa: Poccia B. 3. Meanspa H
UBaTOK'b; JIaTBia n. 3. CBacTHKa; (Ic)MHiHtiHAi cBacTHKa. Y
noca larAHH'b AByx'h B. 3., IIOMHMO nonomieHiii mnHeBoro H 06-
paTHaro, MO)KHIO yJIOBHTb noJIO)Kenias -- Jletale H CTonqeCe,
KaK' Bb B. 3. ,,Kpyi'H" FonaHniH.
4). B. 3. T H n a B c b M n o o K e H i : Poccia
- nOAOCbI C'b BOJIHHCTblMH JfHHl$IMH, HO TOJIbKO Ha MapKaxb C'b
qaCTSaMH 6yI<'b 3. 3. F. B.; llojrbiaa B. 3. ,,nouTOnBbe pow-
Ki" 1932 r.; JIuTBa B 3. ,D" (no HBepy); ArAnis--B. 3. G.
V. R. C'b KOpOHOii (B'b pa3HbIXt' HcCnonHeHinX'b); HexocenOBaKiR
- B. 3. JIHCTb5 cHpenH.
4HTaTelH, nOflb3yloomiecH TOIbKO OAHHM'b KaTanoroM'b
(Hanp. HBepa), MoryT'b H'IKOTOpubX'b npHM'pOB'b He noHlTb, H6o
B. 3. Bb KaTanorax'b He BcerAa B'BpHO Hao6paxeeHbl.
VI.
B. 3., atnLHKOM'b noMtJalOutiaiinH Ha OOAHOi MapKt (nep-
Bbul onHcaHilbi BHsa'b BO 1I rinaBn~), o6mblqH H3rOTOBJ1IeTCH A!.Dnn
onpeAnejieHHaro popMaTa MapOK'b H HO3TOMy ero pa3Mtp'b
BnonlH' cooTBtTCTByeT'b pa3MtpaMt nocJrliAlHX'b. TaKnHMI
o6pa30Mob, (BCa'BACTcie yAnMaHeHHaro (oOpMaTa MapOKnb), BCt
ropH30HTaibHbll nIOJIO)KeHil B. 3. y 3Toro nBAa He IAomKiib
CqHTaTbCh BO3MO)KHbIMH, IIOCKOJIbKO opMaT'b MapKH CTOR3ifi H
CBOHMH pa3MtpaMH cOOTB',TCTByeT, pa3M'bpy B. 3. Ca~Aoaa-
TeJlbHO, y 3TOro BHAa B03MOKHbIX'b IlnoJIOeHiri B. 3. Ha MapKl'
Bs AB a paaa MeHbwme, q'M'b Ha AHCTe.
TaKHM'b o6pa30M'i, B. 3. THna AJByXb noJIomeHiH (Ha iHCTb)
Ha MapKaxb 6yAerTb B03MOa eHWb TOJIbKO Bb OAHIOMb no.oxe-
HiH, Hanp. B. 3. MaabTitcKiii KpecT, BenHKo6pHTaHiH; B. 3.
- po3eTKa 3aH3n6apa 1897 r.
B. 3. THna qeTbipex'b nonowoeHif (Ha JIHCT') Ha Mapxax'b
6yAeTb BO3MOMeH'b TOJIbKO B'b AByX'b nOjOHCeHinx'b, Hanp. B. 3.
- 6amwi HcnaHiH 1876 r. HJan 301oTHK' Koqana.
B. 3. THna BOCbMH fnono)CeHiin (Ha JIHCT) 6yAeT' B03-
MOKeH'b Ha MapKaxb TOJIbKO B-b qeTbipex'b nonaoJeHiaxix. lpH-
Mtpbi: Poccia B a. mli)pbi nepBbixb AByx'b BbInyCKOB'b; OA-
nalio, IH3b 'IteTbIpex'b B03MO<)oHbiX'h BepTHKaJlbHbX'b nOJIOeHii,
H3b'crHO, K;pOMt HopMaJlbHarO, TOJbKO nepeBepHyToe H TO
TOJIbhO y 20 KOn.; laHHflHAiia B. 3. nOqTOBblfi pO)KOKb;
JloKceMb6ypr-b B. 3. nepaaro BbInycKa; HOBbli IO)KHbIiI BaJnHC'
- B. 3. NSW C'b KOpOHOii.
VII.
Bi, c.,'yqaB, KorAa aneeMeHT'b B. 3., HJIH rpynna njeMemHTOBb,
no CBoeMy pa3M'bpy 6oibme (J)opMaTa MapKH H iorua iaCTb
3nIMeCIITi, oipeA'bJtmotuag co6oio TO HJm HHoe nonom>KeHie B. 3.,
Ha IH3C.r hlJyMOH MapuK' oTcyTcTByeT, T To TorAa onpetkuJITb
HbKOTopiil 113'bc BCTptBiaiom1HXC nOJIO)KeHifi CTaHIOBHTCR HenoB3-
MOtW'HlM-n,. InpHM'bpbl: Poccij B. 3. MeaHApa H ulB'TO<'b
(CM. orTil;n loe H3cJa-hoOBaHie); Benrpi -- B. 3. Kopona Bb
oBa.n 1898 r.; onpeA'filHTb nonoxeHie AHueBoe H o6paTHoe




MOatHO Tonb1o Ha sKs3eMininpaXrb Cb KpecToM%, B'IHatotaHM'b
KOpOHy.
VIII.
B'b 3aKJIoqeHie, npotuy nTaTejneai e ynpeKaTb MeH5, WTo
n, onpeAt'en15a B03MO)KHbIfl nonoWenii B. 3., He yKas3bBato, xaKis
H3'b HHX'b cyIteCTByIoT'b 13b .ab CTBHTeanbHOCTH, 160 9TO pac-
mHnpuno 6bH Moe H3caJIaoBaHie InITH AO 6e3KOHeqHOCTH. OA-
HaKO, BcnItcTBie HeAoCTaTKa B'b MaTepiajit, s 6blJI'b jHUIeH'b
B03MOXKHOCTH onpeA'bnHTb THnbi B. 3. ptimeTKH PocciH n
nepBbIx'b AByx'b B. 3. JIaTBiH.
B'b HaCTO.meM'b H3CJratAOBaHiH a1 KOCHyJIC JIHnb o6uAHxi,
BOnpocoab, CBa3aHHbIXb C'b BOAHHblMH 3HaKaMH H CLb mxb no-
nowmeHiaMH. FloApo6Hoe >Ke onHcaHie HtKOTOpbIX'b B. 3. Poccia
MHOIO AaeTC5 OTA.JIbHO.
C. M a iwe it e nt.
~---**----
-U.-

loqTOBbIl Mapca rop. rAoBa.



BpemeH.eti BpeueHHum i
nOMTOBbIl 3HAH1b ROnTOBubll 3HARHb
CB0O0O r cJIHOCTe. OMCBO Ohi HAcm. McThOCTTe.




rop. ro






top. FUo t.

1Jo cero BpeeMelIH H OAHH'b H33b H3B"CTHblX, aRropy C0i-
LIJalIbHbIX'b KaTajloroB'b MapOK'b PocciH He iOM'inaJIr OincaHia
x1,. JIa6,Io BocIoJIHHTb 3TOTb npo6"tA1,, npHBoKy onhicaHie
HX'b C'b KpaTKO~i HCTopHqeCKOH 3aMtTKoii o nOflB.,eHuI tX'b.
Kora 4aCTH 3cTOHCKOfi apMiH COBMIaCTHO Ci qa3CT]MII.
OT,..rhlbHaro Kopnyca CtBepHOti ApMiH, noAolaIIH Kb Iop. [';iO-
By H O6CTp'BJafnIH ero, TO 60oabUeBHIH, B'b HO'b Hd 15 MWIa
1919 roAa, cn'iHuHo aBaKyHpoBa3H rop.rFAOBb, BbIBe3SH itC CBOH
ympe>KleHia H B13 TOMub qHCl' rI nOTOBylO KOHTOpy CO BC"fMlb
apXHBOMu 1 3anacoM'b noIqTOBbx1'b MapoK'b. 15 Man. BCTnntil
B'b rop. FrOBA PYCCKTH 3CTOHCKO~ H 6not rO PycCKOe H apiel. He-
MeAJIeHHO lO3B BH/IaCb Heo6xoAIHMOCTb lnOqTOBbIX'b oiTfpaB.'eHii
KaKe'b B'b CTOHiIO, TaK'b H B'b napyriH rocyAapcTBa. Op raBaB-
miftica, TOTqac'b e nocaIep yxoAa 6opibmeaHoBji, c,O6LecrBe1n-
WiAC51,CR TOTqac'b )Re nocirb; yxona 60.RbeseBHI



F Hlii F[;a8i norpailim TohrcoHa, B'b IAOB-b, OTneRaTaTb BpeMeHHbIe noqTO-
Bhie HKifl ocFio6o)KxteHHb]X-b MtCTHOCTeri. TaKie 3HaKiH 6bIAH
OTFLCqaTdlHbl CrTO[IMOCTbIO B-b 30 KOn. Ha 6ymarl opaH)KeBo-LKeJI-
Taro IIetTa 11 LRb 1 py6. Ha 6yMart cB-TJIo-3eieHaro 3BITa,
o6a AOCTUHJHCrBal pa3M-hpoMb 32X41 MM. KpOM+> TOrO, nepeA-u
BbIflVNCKri(:Nb B'h npolaacy, Ha 3TH 3HaKH Haio)iKeHa 6bina MacTHtq-
HajIi KpN'r.riasI ri(eaab (jioneTOBaro LXBtTa, AiaMeTpoM'b 35 MM.,
Rb tieHTPL KOTrOPOAi HaxOaIU4Jacb HaAnHCb ,neIaTb", a BO-
Kpyr--b .. O6c1cCTeeHibfi FpaxKAaHCKiiA COBhT-b r. rToBa H
vt3aa
3TH1 nriqTrOBbIe 3HaKH npoAaBajiHCb Bcero H-hCKOJbKO AHeri,
TOK'b KuK-b Bb ,KOHQI3 MasI Mwbcjia, KOMaHAHPOMb OTA)EIbHaro
KopnvcNa CtBepHor ApMiH, nOIKOBHHKOM-b J3ep)RHWCKHM'b, 6bAnH
npliC.93HbI ah VIIOB'I, BblnY~fIH HbJ5l HMb, l0'TOBbIH MapKH, a
ocra1UieCsi 3K'ieIrIJI51pbI BpeMeHHbix'b noqTOBbIX'b 3HaKOB'b 6UAjH
NHIIjqTO>Ke~ibI.
1I3Rt1Crim. 'TO OKOJIO 10 3X3eMn.I5pOB'b 9THXb 3HaKOBb
IitteTCrIN' IiHifheHepa FOJIOBa, npOX(HBirolixarO B-b HaPBeb H
2 -K.3. Y '4* TPOLNHMOna, npoXKHiBaIouarO B'b Pio-Ae->KaHe~po.
floc.idtaiiii Ait6e3Ho ripeAoCTaBBHjb aBTOpy 3TOR 3aMtTKXH 0603-
PtrIie jTIIXb 3HaKOB b H 4oTorpa4)iH Cb HHX'b KOTOPOMY MbN H
O6933HuI 6.laaroaapHoCT bm.
4ororpa(ii HCI1OJHeHa npa~pacHo H MapKH H306pa)KeHbi
TOqHO Bb HaTYPaJlbHYIO BenwiHHy.
OCTa.lbUb.ie )e HeMHorie 3fK3MflAIpbI 3THX'b BpeMeHHbIXb
fOqTjPhSI- 3HaKOBb, BHI4HMO, C0BepIileHHO YTePRHU iZAHJ KOJI-
.eF~lliOIepoi-b.
c. acaKO0'b.



-CiCOJmIbO lpO6HbIX'b Mapowb PocciH.

COBepwleHJo CyII4aAHO nonanacb MHt B-b PYKH KHHra Ha
HtMeuUoNVb 5I3hiKt: ,KpaTKoe oriHcaHie KOJIJIeKuiH npo6HbIX'b
MapoK-b MaPrrrnia [pe~Apa. Kb onHcaliH PeWtHxeilMepa" (Kurz-
gefasste Be~chreibung der Essays-Sammlung von Martin Schroe-
der, Leipzig. Beschrieben von A. Reinheimer, Frankfurt aIM.),
13JIRHHoe B-b 1903 rozy B'b Aeiinw.irt.
3ra hOJIJeK[Xif B'b 10 ajib6oMax-b, AWii4CTBHTeAbHO, 3aMt-
qaTe.UlHa En onmcaHie, 13O36Hiyq npeKpacHbiMH penpoayKutif-
hIll, npeAci-aB.Ieqr'i co6oro He MajBIb HHTepec'b.
HUt Kx>i..CTCH, WTO qHTaTenuM-b PocCHi 6e31HrepecHo 13HaTb, qTO HMeHHO YAanOCb 1. WIpeaepy co-
6paTb I*i3,b npo6HbIxi MapOK'b PocciH. HH)Ke q npHBO)Ky BbI-
UepWKH 113-b Ha3RaHHOI MOHOrpaAIH, RacariomicfI PocciH. Cut,-
Alyerb foi* TOab ii CmiuiwtiOMb CKyni'b Ha o6-bsicHeHiHl.




rIpI4BO.aHMbxR BbJAeP)RKH Aato Bb nepeBo.t, B'b nopsAK+.
opHrHHanaa. Bce HeHMmtouleecH B-b nOAJlHHHHKt nOMthtalo B-b
CKo6Kaxb. HyMcpafili BapiaHToB-b I PHCYHKOB'b MOR, KKnb
x yKaaaHii pa3MtPOBlb pHCYHKOb,





















POCCI5I. HM-hOuOiHCH (Bb RoJ1ieKaiHi) npo6Hbiq MapKIl
PocciH Aonwt'bIii 6bITb OCO6eHHO OTMbtqeHbI, BcAt2cTaie HX-b
'pe3BbIamriHOi PtAKOCTH H Bb BbICmlerl CTeneHH xyAo)KecTBeH-
Haro CcnJIHeHiH, KaKb B'b CMb]CJIt PHCYHKa, TaWb H nefaTH.
1) (Plc. 1, pa3Mtp'b 163,4X221/2 MM.) 4 LuTYxH Bb 2 Kon.
Wb ABYlkBl3THOA neqaTH, Ha 6oibLnmx-b OTPI31aXrb 6yMarH. (B'b
3TOM-b PHCYHiih 6bImH BbInylmeHbI MaPKH In1'eNine.15 Ha 6.nti
iaxb .eHe)KHbIx-b nepeBoAoBwb).
2) (PHc. 1.) 4 WIT.Bb 2 KOn. 13b OAH1OfljrlHOiA neqaTll.
3) (PHc. 1.) 1 IlWT. Bb 2 KOn. 13- O2IHOUBILTHorl ne-IaTH.
Bb HtCKOJlbKO H3MtHeHHoMb PHCYHKt.
4) (Ptc. 1.) 3 WIT. B'b 3 KOn. Bb O2AHOURBLTHoi neqaTH.
5) 1 WIT. 6e3-b 0603HaqeHiN AOCTOHHCTBa Hb 9IBNUlhTHOIi
neqaTH. (B-b nOAnHHHHWIb AaeTcH pHCyHoK'b paM LpOM-b 16i' 211 2
MM., YN*e Hao6paxKeHHbIli Ha CTp. 168, Bb X2lb ii Y PocC11KH. Ilpil
onpea-hanefiH pa3m-pa He npfHH3TbI BO BHHMaHIC BIIHLeTKH Ha
yroax-b).
6) (Pmc. 3, pa3M. 163/4X21',2 MM.) 3 WlT. 1b 5 XOn. .LB35-
11BtTHOfl nefaTH X leJIKOJIHHoM HcnojiHeHiII no penponyK-
UiH B'b MOHOrpacjPiH, C'b OqeHb wIpFIOKHMMH noNflliO.
7) (PHC. 5, pa3M. 163/4X22'/2 MM.) 3 UnT. Wb h7 ion.
To)1e. aTOTb PHCYHOI Mapicy Bb 5 1(1. repBbIx'b BbIryCKOlB7.
8) (PHc. 2, pa3Mtp'b napbi 381/4X25 Mm ) 6 WuT. Bb b
K(1, Bb PHCYHK, BbinyciKH 1864 r., Ho c'b iJpattlpoBaHHblbM
noJInfMH (H Ha~nHCiMH EPREUVE DE TIMBRE it !1POIA).




91 t-b pacyHKi' BblnycKa 1864 r., 3 UrT. 'b 3 H 7 Kon.
B-b A BYtBWtTHOH neqaTH.
10) B-b pHcyHKwc BbnycKa 1883 r., 1 rIT. BTa 14 KOn. Bb
AByulBtTHOti neIaTn.
11 1 WT. OAHORsBTHaa, 6e3"b o6o3HaqeHii nOCTOHHCTBa,
c-b 3y6uaMH. (B'b MOHorpa4)iH 6eacnopHo onyuMeHa4 ouH6iKa,
1160 noa-b 3TIHM'b HOMepOM-b AaeTcs H3o6pa)Kelie MapnH Bn 10
son. 3a .qOTb, HopMaJbHaro pncyHKa, c'b 3y6liaMH P. 3.
14' -=14' A, HO 6e3ab oaana).
12) B'b pHcyHKt MapOKI, 1858 r. 7 mUT. B'b 20 Kon. Bb
aByuB'THOil nearTH, Ha 6thoii 6yMart, cb 3y6UaMH.
13) 3roro ae pacyHKa 2 rUT. Bb 10 H 20 Kon., 6e3'b
3y6Uloab.
14) B-b pHcyHKn MapOK'b 1875 r., 3 UT. B-b 7 KIon. B'b
BayUBtTHOir neqaTH H 1 IIT. 'b 8 KOn. TO)ce B'b AByLrBoTHOR
neqaTH.
15) B-b pHcyHKt MapOKi 1858 r. 1 urT. BW 10 Kon. B
oanouBtTHOi neqaTHl, Ha 6AecTaueie 6yMar', c'b 3y6uaMH.
16) B'b pHcyHKt MapoK-b 1864 r. 6 WT. Bb 1, 3 H 5 Kon.,
Bab AByIrBTHOi neqaTH.
17) Toroe, 2 UIT. Bb 5 KOn., Cb 3y6tiaMH.
18) MapKa ropoACKOAi nIOTbl C. 1HeTep6ypra, 1 IUT. C'b
ay6uaMn.
19) Bb PHcyHKt MapoKI, 1864 r. 5 rUT. B-b 5 Kon., oA-
HOutB-THal9, Cb 3y6laMH. (3Acb nOBHnAHMOMy ynonMHHaOTCSr
SH3BICTHbIR flpo6HbIl MapK no pHcyHKy, 6yMar' H 3y6uaMb
iTowmecTBeHHbiR Clb N2 20, c-b rop30OHT. nonOCaMH, no Haepy
i. 21x no 3eHcy, HO Bab UBtTaxab MapOKb B'b 1, 2, 3, 5 H 7
KOn. Bbly3'CK3 1883 roaa).
20) (PIc. 6, pa3M. 27X31). 3 IuT. (ab 1 py6nib) B'b Be-
IHKRO.'i'nHofi TpexuBtTHOfi neIaTH, Ha 6oAbmniHXb OTpt3Kaxab 6y-
Mart. Ope.n-b acnonJIeHb Bs peAbe()'.
21) tiPc. 4, pa3M. 293/4X293/4 MM.) 1 rT. B-b 3 p. 50
Hon. (c b 3y')UaMH Jl. 3. 13'/!), B-b TpeX[tB-THOif neraTH, npoH3-
BOa.LLte'i Lipe3BbiqafHO npinTHoe BneqaTJItHie. Pejbe4)Hoe HC-
no.aueHie op.ia BejinKOn InHO.
22) fOL4TA B-b TYPLIH. 3 urT. pa3HbiX'b UBbTOB'b, Ha
cBThraroMb L.BtTHOM'b (OHi, B'b pHCcyHK BbInycKa 1865 r. (B-b
.MOHoupaiii aaeTCH H3o6paxaeHie, TOxKecTBeHHRoe c'b manoMb d
no KaTraory Ilsepa).
23) FEPBOBblI MAPKH. 2 WuT. AByuB-THbltr Cb 30JnO-
TOM-, CL 3y6uLaMH. OqeHb KpacHBbl.
S 24 InIPOBA IITEMHEJIbHbIXb KOHBEPTOB'b. 2 IIT.
B 10 hKOn., B ABa pBtTa, b OpnOM'b pHCynHa 3B'ICTHarO
I KOHBepra iieparo BbInycKa H cb roaoBOfi MepiypiR, HaA'b
AByVr.aI nIOlTOBblMH poKKaMH.
25) D'IIHJIHHIll (CM. pHCyHOK b; pa3Mtpib 18X221/2MM.).
SBb K o.'aeleuiln HM'tIOTCR 4 TaKia nOiOCbI (KaHKaHR no 6 393., BCt
J (OCTOHHCTBOMb B'b OAHy MapKy) H AOnKHbI 6bITb OTM qeHbI
IaKr. lepB~LuiW p' tKOCTH. JBynIBbTHaa neiaTb na 6ftofi
6yMart.




26) 3 orTA2tbHbIx'b 9 t3eMnaipa B'baaKOM'bHe HCno.'ieHiH.










27) BEHJEH'b. 1 ruT. qepHaro IB-bTa, O'IeHL Trihoii
pa6oTbi, B'b pHcyHK' MaeHbKOHf KpyrAnoH MapKH.

Onacaiocb, HTO npHBOAHMuIe 3ALtCb pHcynIK, C.'i t. illble
C'b 4JOTorpa4)if, CHfTbIXI C'b penponyKuiii Ha3b IIIIIInpoIallllon
MoHorpac)iH, He nepeAaAyyTr Bc'-x' TOHKOCTef ;i c :i.'iien opn.
rHHaJOB'b, H qTO Ha pHC. 2 ne 6yAeCTb BHAeH1 (1oi0, i.)100-
HtHi 4OHy BbmnyueeHHbIX'b MapOKCb, HO B'b HtCKOAJtIO ynie.',;i'eH-
HOM'b MacIuTa6tf; qTO Ha pHc. 4 He 6YAYyTb BilAHII 3j\6,l;
WTO Ha pHC. 5 Henhb35 6yAeT'b IpoqecTb BepilT a.'bLu.LIX-b
HaanHcel ,noqTOBa" a ,,MapKa"Cta cilpaa, a Ha
pHC. 6 He 6YAeT'b 3aMtTa udppa 1 nOA'b no' rB'ioaumN poit-
KaMH.
C. M a H e j e ii.




"' -' BapiaHTb 3 Kon.

MapKH BbinycKa
S1909 roaa.


Ha npHBOJAMOM'b pHCyHK L jitBa MapKa HOpM:.n.hi,:.i, Ipa-
Ban }Ke OTJrHaeTCH TM'b, qTO, 6naroAapa HeHcnpalHocrTII .rl-
me, 6yKBa ,0" B'b cnooa ,Kon." noxoa K a ,C".
3TOTb BapiaHTb, aflaBJCb, KOHeqHO. cjyqaiHOiifbO, 6Oti.'b
o6HapymxenH, af TOMb 1910 roAa, ab nlpHBHnIMHCICK.M, Kpart,
Ha utHIOM'b pHAt AHCTOB'b, HMtBWIUHX'I Ha HHmHHl:l, hpa'.Lb
HfAntHCb ,KpeIHT. THn. 1909." H bi4)Ppy ,5" (HOMC-L, 'iii[e)
Ha AHCT', 3TOT'b BapiaHT, s3aHHMaeTb 48-e MtCTO.
MO)KHO nOCOB'ITOBaT'b IOJIneKliOiepaM'b Iplc-CMclr pi, rb
CBOH 3anacbi MapoK'b H 6blrb Mo>(erTb KOMy-HH6y,aL, oIIOCcI'IH-
BHTCaf HaTH 3TOT'b HHTepeciHiti BapiarT'b. 0 Hai.unIIHIJ.I' ra-
weHbIlXb sK3eMnnrJpax'b lpOCHMb Coo6l uHTb B'b i),C1.ll.lll) Cb
yKa3aHieM'b MtCTa H BpeMeHn raweHin.





XpOHHKa HOBblX'b BbllyCKOB'b.
















601rFAPIFI. BbinyuieHa HaAneqaTKa 2iHa 3 neeax- KopH4-
HeBO4, a TaKwe 4 neea opaHmeBai. (Coof0LHnI- B. B. 5o-
pslesa).
FEPMAHIR. Bbinyu.eHbi nOqTOBbi$l MapKn cb nopTpeTOMb
rFHAeH6ypra c-b BOAqMHbM Ha3KaMH ,,CBacTHKa" AOCTOHHCTBa
3, 4, 6, 12 n4).
BbnyueHa cepin MapOKub Bo3AyUWHOf nO4Tbl Bb 5, 10, 15,
20, 25, 40, 50, 80, 100 n4., 2 H 3 M. Ha AocTOHHCTBax- AO
100 nj. pHcyHOKb neTaiouPin open-b y rno6yca a ceepxy, Bs yrny,
conHUe co CBacTMHOi; Ha 2 M. nopTperb repM. BO3A. nioHepa
OTTO JlnnieHTanb c'b rnHAepOMb; Ha 3 M. noprperT rpata LUen-
nenWHa c'b B03AyUIHbIMb Kopa6neMb.
11TBA. JHrTOscKoe rocyCapcTBo 3aKnimoqno KOHTpaKTrb Cb
c4)pMoto Bradbury B'b J0HAOH-t Ha neqaTaHie no4TOBba'b MapOKb
C'b nopTpeTOMb npe3HAeHTa CMeTOHa H Mapox Bs03AYWUHOf nO'Tbl
Cb- nopTpeTaMH Lapiyca H rmpeHaca.
MAHHWRYO. FrocTeneHHo ebinycHaeTrc Bb o6paLUeHie, cb
3aMtHOA TeHyi.ue cepiH, cepia nO4TOBbiX'b MapotKb Cb TtMM we
pHCyHHaMH H Bab Tof we paCuBatTHtb KaKH H nepBbiA BbinycKR, HO
Ha 6yMart c'b wuenROBHHKaMH H Cob BO FIHbIMH 3HaKaMH BOIIHHC-
TbiR npepblBqaTbl5 !1HHIH, PWCyHORb 6onte TOHHif H OTHeTJHIBb4l.
Bb Te4eHie FIHBapR BbluwnH AOCTOHHCTBa Bb 1, 2, 4 4eHa.
npoeKTHpoBaH'b KOMMeMOpaTHBHbIA BbinycKb no cnyHaio o6b-
RBneHia MaHnwyro-HMnepiei cb nopTpeTOMb HMnepaTopa fly-H.
(Coo6mlHn B. C. KonoonowbnoB QD. H. CTporaHOB-).
BPA3HJ1nI. BbinyAneHa HOMMeMopaTHBHaf cepin no cny-
4ato noctiLeHiR Bpa3HniH npe3HAeHTOMb ApreHTHHbl Ha oRpaLUeH-
HOi TOHKOR 6yMart cCb ropH3OHT. nonOCaMH, 11 3yO6., -- 200,
400, 600 M 1000 peicoa b c b ao6pameHieM-b weHUIMHbi H lna-
raMH Bpa3sniH H ApreHTHHbi, HanwHcb. ,,Bce Hacb COeAHH1IeT-b
H HHMTO He pa3"beAMHHT'b.
Bb ORTS6pt 1933 r. binyuleHbl AB MapKH AOCTOHHCTBOMb
no 200 p., KpacHaR H 4)ioneTOBas cCb BOAIH. 3HaKaMH, 11 3y6iA.,




pHMyHOH'b pa604iH c-b MOnJOTOMb Bb pywt H u,4nyKtoLLUi KpecTb
c-b HaAnHcbIO ,,B-tpa" ,3Heprii" (coo6gLn-a M. 4>.
MeaHIOR').




PasHoe.


OuLnt a Hawuero )ypHana.

Cb 60olbUJWHM yAOBOIbCTBieM'b npHBOAHM-u necTHylO OLUtHHy
Hawero WypHana, noMtLqeHHylO B'b nonjbCKOMb )mnaT, WypHanIt
,,Ikaros" MN 37 3a HOR6pb 1933 roAa (HSAaTenb B. FepMaHoacifi-
BtnocroKtb), sa noAnHcbKo npo)eccopa BapwuaacKaro YHMBepcH-
TeTa A. JIauKeBLH4a, KoToparo Mbi HcRpeHHO 6naroAapHMb.
,MHt npwcnaH-b pyccKii (mHiaT. WypHan-I ,,PoccHHa" AByxb
nocntAHHMx- nltT- c- npocb6oM) AaTb peeH3aiio. locnt npocMo-
Tpa TaHOBoro, xoqy nOA t1HTbCf BneHaTntHiRMM C'b 4HTaTenSMH.
npemAe Bcero AOtnmeHb noAqepKHyrb 3CTeTH4eCHyio, XOTr H
cHpOMHyKO, HapymHyiO o0nowNy mypHana. ganbuwe 6oraToe co-
AepwaHie H TIUJaTenbHbIA ero nof6op-b. ],OCTOMHw nlpH3HaHiF yme
TOT-b PpaHT-b, 4TO 4)HjiaTenHCTbi pyccKoA 3MHrpauin, pa36pocaHHOA
no BceMy CBtTy, cMOrnH CnnOTHTbCg BOKpyrb OAHOrO 06ULLeCTBa H
H3AaBaTb CBO C06CTBeHHbji oprairb. HaM'b xopowO H3BtCTHO,
aK'b TpyAHO Bb flonbwit w3AaBaTb H noAAepMHBaTb (HnaaT.
MypHaibl.

KTO HHTepecyeTrc PoccieA, co6wpae-b ee Hun cneLian3sw-
pyeTrc, TOMy HeO6XOAMMO 3HaKOMCTBO Cb TexyLney HlnaT. liHTepa-
TypoAi, a cb Heio npewte Bcero c-b WypHanoM-b ,PoccwHa". Cne-
1uianbHbie KaTanorw MapoK- PocciH Ha~aerT CoBtTCh(a' "4 (laT.
AccoAialins. Ecin KTO-IM160 3aXOTtir-b 6W onepeTbcR HCKnIOqHTenb-
HO Ha 3TH KaTanorH, nonanib 6b B-b OAHOCTOpOHHOCTb.

ToJbKo JnHUb KpWnTMy B-b mypanlt, He3aaHCHMarO OTb Co-
etT. Q4nar. AccoL. noceBRLe1HHaro rlaBHbIMb o6pa30M- pyc-
CKHMb MapKaMb, 4iTaTenlb MOBeTb Ha3rT nopo*O o0TpyIO, HO Becb-
Ma cnpaBeAnwHyio. TaRyio I pHTHy 4gs~rpraro W3AaHis caranora
ca3BTCKHX'b Map3Kb, o0eHb CTaoaTenbH3 H3nOHMeHHyKo H noppo6-
Hylo, lwTaTenb HaBAeTb B'b N~ '13 .POCCHCM'.

lonbsKaro ()HnaTenJHcra HeCOMHtHHO 3aHHTepecyeT- CTaTbF
o nepBbiXb MapKaxb PocciH, Ha KrTOpbiX-b H3)6p3aeHb pHCyHOK'b
nofbCKOi MapHm 1860 roAa.
],3int3 HHTepecHbl HOSbR H3CitAOBIH;FR o pyccIKHXb MapKaxb,
M)Hrpa34IR o MIpKaXb AnSm6HiH, OTArtnb ReaHearH3 53)HHbli MHO-
ro Apyrx-b.




ropM4o peKOMeHAyo 'sHTaTensfliM nO3HaKOMHTbCF c-b yRasaH-
HbIMb H3AaTenbCTBOM-b H yxa3bseaio aApecb peflaKLin.


Coo06ualoT-b, tTO PyMblHCHOe npasBTenibCTBO CH1no 3anpeTb
Ha nepecbiumy n04TOBblx-b MapoKib KOji1neHioHepaM'b B"b 3aa3HbIXb
nHcbMaxb, no4eMy o6MUH-b Tenepb coBepuaeTrc 6e3npenTCTBeeH-
HO (Coootnn-b H. H. Wano4HHH-b).



BH6niorpaoin.
1. B'b peaaKLui'o npwcnaHb AnA peLeH3in: The Regent
Priced catalogue of the postage stamps of the British Common-
wealth of Nations, 1933-34 Edition, Published by Robson
Lowe, 93 Regent street, London, W. 1. Price 5 sh.
KaTanorb aKKypaTHO H3AaHb, Ha xopoweA 6yMart c-b 4eTKH-
MM penpoJAyKuiFMH MapoK", Ba HoneHIop. nepenneTt, 422 CTp., Cb
pbIHOMHOM pacutHHO MapoKib. nocnt 3aronoBsa HamAoH KonoHiM
yKaa3sbaeTcR: COcTaBab AaHHO KOinOHiH, nnoLLaAb, HaceneCie, rnaB-
HbIl ropOA-b, MOHeTHaR CMCTeMa H HMR aBTOpa. B-b Ha4ant Kaw-
AoA cepin npHBOARTCH: npo6Hbli, acce, o6pa34Ui, pa3HOBHAHOCTH,
6nOKH M nOJIOCKH, Ha ROHBepTaxb, pbHO'IHHb cnpoPb. b CTeneHb
ptAlOCTM MapoKb o6o3Ha4eHa nflTbIK CTyneHRMH, nepBan cTyneHb
pacutHHBaeTCFI AO 1 (). CT., a nRfTa CBblUe 50 (. CT.
KaTanor-b peKoMeHAyeTCR co6HparouHM-b Mapn 6BpHTaH-
CRHX'b KOJOHiA.
2. Bb SIHBapt eblwuen-b 3w"b neqaTH Catalogue Histo-
rique et Descriptif de la Poste Asrienne. septieme edition 1934,
Theodore Champion, Paris, prix 30 fr. KaTancr-b H3AaH'b Ha 4)p.
13. Bb Tpex-b 4acTRX-b 1. oQ44LAiaJibHbIf MapKH; 2. nonyo4qnui-
anbHbIl MapRw; 3. raweHifl. Xopowuan 6yMara, 4eTRie pWcynHK,
427 CTp.




)KH3Hb 06muecTa.


Bcnt AcTBle yiacTMnluHxcr cnyqaeeB HpanH TerpajeAe c- MapKaMH Hsm
KoMBepTOB-b c-b KpyrOBbiM nOCblinaMH 3a apeMA HX'b nepecbilKH, 10 .npa-
BHnab o6MtHa mpyrOBbiMH nocbinaMM" (nfepBoe npHnox0eHie K'b YcTaey) H3Mb-
hene B-b ecnAyroueei peAaKLkiH:
10. A. Bb cnyiat, ecnH ea OAlnMob Maceenn eoM- nyniT' npoKH-
BaeaTb ntcKOnbHO 4nenoaBb, nonyWamouwHX' KpyrOBbln nOCbinKH TO Rawmla no.
(biln a AOJnfna nepeAaearTbc no o-epeAH, Ba ycTaHnoBnemnomb nopPrAft cnHcma,
H3Mb pywKb 'b pymH, noAb cTporog OTBtTCTBenHOCTbIO 'HafAaro npeAblAyu.aro
4nena.
5. 1. "M3b OaHOro ropoAa oB ApyroA H H3a OAHoro rocyAapCTBa Bb
A~Pyroe, KpyrOBbml nOCbliKH AOnlnbi nepecbinaTbCR Ba npOMblX'b H nnOTfbIXb




xOHBepTax- (noKynHbMXb Hnml CaMOAtnbHbIX'b H3b npoinoA o6epTO4HOR 6yMarH)
Hnn, np'AnrO4THTMenbHte acero, B-b nonOTH RHbX-b oneBepTax- 3 a K a 3 n bi.
M H O T n p a B n e i i M m, npH4eM-b opMaTb HXb AoneH'enb TO'MO
noAXOAHTb Kb (opMaiy TeTpa e K. KoheepTbl AonwMbi 6blTb TLUaTenbHO H
HptnxKo aaKneeHM n saneaaTaHbl (nrTbWo) cyprynHblMH neIaTrAM; eBMCTO cyp.
ry4Hbixb neqareT momno eca Hnanahbl KOhepTa OKineHBaTb pa3fnHMblMH Map.
KaMH.
2. Ba fOrocnaBin KpyrOBbil nocblnKH AOnanib o6n3aTaenbmo nocbrnaTbCt
.n o 4 T O B O iA n o C bl 1n K O i" (noWLTancKH naKerTb), cab o6bRBFJneHOrt
6tHMOCTbIO B 490 qHtap-b, cab ocTaTO4HblMb qHCnOMb cypryHnbixb ne4aTeA,
TO wCHunlO4HT'b BO3MOMHOCTb nponawH MHn KpaHw 3a ee pen nepecnKH H
O0oiAeTCR AeUesne nepecblnKH 3aKa3sHbiMM nHCbMaMH.
3. npw npleMt ornpaeneHi' ci- KpyroBblMH nocbinKaMH (3aKa3MstbH HnH
nouITOBbiM nocbsnKaMH), nony4aTenb AonIHeHb yAOCTOBStpHTbcR B'b LtnocTH Ha.
noenHHb'xb ne4aTeR (Hnn Henospe)KAeHHOCTH MapoK-b, KOTOpbMMH 6tOln aanee-
biu nanabi KOHaMepTa) H Bcero KoMtepra. npn o6napyweniH manftfleR te-
HcnpaeBOCTH sB OnBeepTt CntAyeT-b OTKa3blBaTb B-b npie t oTnpaeneMtlA H
Tpe6oBaTb cocraaneHiF nporoxona Ma nor4T. 0 KawAOM- TaKOMb cnyI4a ne-
MeAnenHo H3sBtuaeaTb FnaBaro PyoeBoAHTenJ H OTnpaeHTeni, a nocntflMl
eMeMfneHHO noAaeTb Ha no41y 3auBneHie.

4. EcnH nonyqaTenb pacnHLercTC Bb nony4eHIH noBpewAennarooTnpaB-
neHi C-b Kpyrosol nocbunKO, TO 3THMb OHb npHMHMaeTb na ce6RA e8 OT.
BTrcTBreetOCTb nepeA' OO(lecroobM 3a LB34nocTb M coxpaHMocTb Bcero coAep-
Hwmaro. OTb 3TOi oTaBETCrBenHOCTH nony4arenb ne oceoo60)aeTc1F, ecn" na.
HerTb 6blb npb HHRTb He HM-b nlHHO, a KHs-b nHOO H3b AOMaWHHXb HMH
npHcnyrof.

5. Bb cnyqia Hapywuetni MacTOlnulHxb npaBknab Ha eBHOBnaro Bo3na.
raercA nontan MaTepianbHal OTBtTCTB HHMO moryyinon OTb 3TOro nlpOH30THn y6biTKH, KOTOpble oHb o6R3yeTCH BOaMotCTHTb
u-b TeleHle OAHoro Mtcn a.
B. EcnHM neHb o6u~ecrea OTnpaBsn-b Kpyrosyio nocbuny npocTtIM- T-
npasnenieMb H TaKOBaH nponana nonnocTbiO Mni'H ac-THMr o, TO On"b OArnlb
oTBS4aeT-b nepeAb O6iLecTBOM- 3a noTepo H 803MtL4aaeT'b CTOHMOCTb inpo
nasuaro 8 b retenie AByxb neAlenb co An nponamH.
F. EcnH 4nen- o6LOecTBa nOTepn-b Kpyroeyo nocblnHy (HnH OrTA6nb-
HblR TeTpaA ) no HeOCTopOH(HOCTH HnH BClntCTSie He4CTriblX-b cny4aeB KaKb
nanp. KpaKH, noKapa H T. n., T- OHb OTBtqaeT-b nepeAb 6OUmecTBOMb 3a no-
Tepo m Bos3MtuiaeTb CTOHMOCTb nponaBearo ab Tre'Hnie oAHoro Mtcfrna co
AHR nonyienif nocbinKn.
A. Bo3HarpaAenHi co6cTBeHMHHKaM'b 3a nponasiuiR TeTpaAH cb Map-
KamH (yAyrfb BblAaBaTbcR nflHb no nonyenmliH eo3MtLLeHIR OT-b norTb' jiM
B HOBHblX'b.


npeAnaraerc( 4neHaMb Bb TOIHOCTH BblnOnlHiTb BCb npaeBna cu Eb.a,
H60 TOnbKO TOIMoe BbinonHeHie TaKOBbixb o6e3nfeHHT-b npanHnbHOCTb o6mnba
H tHpKynRLUH.

Bb AeKa6pt 1933 roAa 06LuecEBO PoccHKa BCTynlno BHl RKaecTaT8 ne'
ha BRb )0rocnaBRHCKii eHmnaTenMCTH'ecXia Co0o03b, BXOARuaii Bb MeRAynIapOA-
HyKo 't)uaTenHCTHqecKylo IbeAepauio (uLeTp-b 6pioccenb)M o65beAHfnn KoLi s(t,
HnnaTej.ICTnH ecRin oprahs3auiH HrocnaBHl.
K)OronwBannCKRij 'HnaTenVCT rHeCKIH Co03-b COCTOHT-b nOAb BbICOHIHMI
noKpo8HTenC TBOcMb E. K. B. npecTonolacntAiAnna neTpa M opranH3OBanci asb
1933 rcAy. rlpeActAaTeneMb Co3osa nanneTCR mauWb noqeTmblu Hnen' H peA-
c(*taTenb Cep6cKaro (HmaTr. Kny6a -- E. JAepOKO, BHLe-npeAcbAaTenH: B rpe-
rop'H4b -- npeAct aTenb XcpBaTrcKao Hfnn. OO6tecToa Bb 3arpedit Pn N.
rpaccennH npeactAaTenb CnOBencKaro JjHn. O GaecTBa Ba JlIo6nolti

3a TeHyLulki roa- (OKTRupb 1933 -- ORKTOpb 1934). 06OwecisO POC(IHa
o63aati BlneCTH Bb C0103-b eAHnOBpeMeHHOi B3HOC- B'b 100 AHHapb H 3a
KawAaro 4nena, npomKHBaiouaro B'b OrocnaalM, no 24 AHwapa b roA'b





flo CeoHnb 3aaBnenim Mb HcHnIoMaOTCR 3nsb cnHCKOBeb: N 176 Svlk
c-b 1/V1ll-33 r., NM 280 von Jacyna c-b 1/V-33.; 3a cmepTrio 'N 2 114
- Skangals H N2 151 RySkus, o3MnaHeHHblx- b JlH npoclHM-b abbepKlyTb
H3"b cnMcxa N9 2.

nonyeniu manodtb Be saAeepatxK oo6mta oi-b:
1. A. Freze Sao Paulo N. 301 Ma
1) V. Vislniakoff-Sophla bt 1/XII-32 r. FR. 252.- (Hcnto4ent-b)
2) S. Lobacov-Tiglina XN 183 ,, FR. 265.-
3) H. Tylhkeviclh-Teheran M215 ,, FR. 274.-
4) A. Bilimovi&-Be'grad ,, FR. 363.- (HCKHntoenb)
5) F. Ciiiniu, PtRusie 144 FR. 169.-
6) V. SclirecdLr -- N 218 ,, FR. 169.-
7) S. Sieroff-Paris ,, FR. 319.- (mcxKnmo4eb)
2. P. Beloff-Sao Paulo NM 184 na:
8) A Bondareff KM 117 31 r. FR. 210.-
9) S. Lobacov-Tighina XN 183 ,, FR. -
npeAnaraemb nepeHCneHnblM'b nuHLantb HeMeeAneHto OTnpaBHTb O(SMin-
Hbie OTBtTbl.

HwHecnt~blAyltMHX' nLk-b npoclM"b B b MBtCAlnbli cpOH ynnaTHTb OOLe-
cTBy CBOH 3aTnAyBLuiecA ACnri: 1) XN 23 HI. M. BonHOBeb 1015 AHH.;
2) M- 79 Dr A. f. noxpoBcKiM 135 AMM.; 3) Nb 188 6panHo LUnH-
Lepb 281 AMn.; 4) Mim. P. B. Kpmrep-b 362 Aun.; 5) KN 19 A. H.
MouiKanoBb 5. Aon.; 6) XN 85 F. H. Bonnos- 5.25 AOn.: 7) X 291
- B. E. naneecKn i -- 3.38 Acn.; 8) Ns 118 TypHant-CypHHoeHw'- 20.50 AOn.

flpHHOCHM' HauJy rny6oKyo OnaroAapHoCTb:
1. 3a aep6oBKy hOBbix-b 4neHOBs: B. B. Bopieey (2), A. A. qeOorKe-
BeHy (2), A. B. CoHonoey (2), A. A. Caaonosy, K. K. BHTKOBCKOMy(6), rpatpHnt
C. A. KponrenbMb, E. f. Bana6aneHKO.
2. 3a nomepreosanie Bab wypnanbntb 4oHA'b C. UpaMHenHo(MapKH
YHpaHnbi na 150 pp.).
3. 3a npHcbinKy claTel: 3. n. ran3aeHy, C. H, MaHmenelo, H. M.
KyTrataney, H. H. McaKosy.
4. 3a npHcbinKHy nOBHHOKb Ann OTneraTaHIR: B. B. BopResy, M. 4.
MIBaHOKy.


OTieTer o A0 ITenTbHOCTM PeenibCKaro M HeMMeBcKoA
rpynnu o-Ba ,,PocCMKa" 3a 1933 roA'b,

B-b Te'4eHle 1933 roAa ab O-iO ,PoCCHKHa no Peeento H Henme sCTy-
nHno 15 HOBblX-b 4neHOabl, BblObilO MqTBepo: 1 3a CMepTIrO H 3 3a neynnaTy
4neHncaro eBaoca, Hpom Toro OAMHIT H3b qneHOB-b nepe8xan- Bse Mapey, 4TO
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TeneM- PeBenbCKaro o-Ba iHnaTefnlCTOBab r. KneMaH-b.




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B'b 4bHHJn2AiH -
CAMCOHOB'b EBreHifi AneKcaHApoBHsb,
Viipuri, Neisytniemi katu 3.
Bi, repMaHni -
UIMM.HT'b, Kapanb KapnoBsrb,
Berlin-Lichterfelde-Ost, Waltroper Platz 4.
Bab qexocnoBaaiH -
KOCHHA, Feoprif KOHCTaHTHIaOBH'b,,
Praha III, Petrinska 20.
B-b roinaHAia -
JY)KELUKI~ H aBeab kiBaHOBHq-b,
Den Haag, Prins Mauritsplein 21.
B'b BoarapiH -
EOPflEB-b, BacHAifi BacHanbeBHnb,
Sofia 5, ul. Rusalka 1.
B'b FpeuiH -
BEPUIKOBCK~I, Feoprif MHxafiosuBHi,,
Pirte (Tabouria), 96, rue Agiu Dimitriou.
B KIOrocaaBin H PyKOBOAnTeab BbArpaAcKoi rpynnHi -
MAHKEJIEIl, Ceprtfi HBaHOBHinb,
Beograd, Ul. Jovana Ristiia 27.
B- MaHnqiyro -
KOJIOKOJOB'b, BopHC'b CeprteBnHqb,
Moukden, Socony Vacuum.
PyKoBOQATe.ib Xap6nHCKcOf rpynnbi -
CTPOFAHOB-b, (. H., Xap6HHb, Moaroy, Pa3aAbHana 15.
B'b HepciH -
BbIFOPHHUKIl~I, AneKcaHnap'b HBaHoBHsb,
Teheran Societ6 des Tramways.
FewepaAbHbnif npeacTaBHTenJb Ha IOaH HCAKOB'b, HBawH HMBaHOBHq'b,
Rio-de Janeiro, Bresil, 36, RuaClarisse Jndio do Brasil.
Bb BpasuniH -
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Sao-Paulo, Rua 11 Mayo 24, Caixa 2960.
SB' AprerHTHn -
HHKOJIAEB'b, BAaaXMHp-b HHKo.jaeBHaE b,
San Martin, 44, calle Ayacucno.
B'b Ilaparsat- -
PEItHBOTlb, rleTp- PoCTllCJiaBOBHq'b,
Asuncion, Calle 15 de Agosto Nq 774.
B'b MapoKKo -
,lEBECCb, AaeKcaHapib BnaaAIHMpoBHsb,
Casablanca, Rue de Tanger.

PeAaKTopb H M3AaTenR-E. M. FAPXAHFEnlbCKIA, 6ena Lpnaa (K)roonaeil).





06-BJaneHiRf
TapnmH( o61'bSa eHif:
1 CTpanHma 150 cpaHRKo; I/' cTpaMnntitb t HonoHna.- 75 tpaHKOB-b; 1'4
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10 4panKOBeb. CRHAKa 250/0 Ha 4 o6aRBnenin.
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3a CTpOHKy- 2 #ppanHa; nbrOTrbInR qJieMamb Ao 5 CTPpon 5 4lpaHKOB'b, KaK-
Aaa cnt-. cTpoKa 1 paHK-b.
Advertising rates, Anzeigenpreis:
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A'. PUCUIKA2l
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3Ha4oK1b O-Ba

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h'b neICTI.m y I(pN :m: ihl.), o-i rpex:i[ -rno Tlii .Ma.'1i (Gitilbll,
clIHill pacn ul), ilMioA o nrO.'iy'lTI. 110no ItH'h 20 qpaHkO-b
--4 4'p. nolrnBLIe pac.xo!hia oruh Ipe,'cTCnTJTeq BIb 3ic-
rOHill no 3ipecy:
Mr. A. B. Sokololi, Tallinn. Pirnu 18--1 Estonie.

,Ke.1aTe.ilHbl CKiphliiiui t :3dhaAbi, 33nacb Bceru 100
3H It'I OBb


Aamo -
PyMbIHilo H BIorapilo. Bbhi
nycKH: -- KxaccHKy, io6wn.,
6naroTB., BO3A. InoI., HO-
BHHKH 1!!

bepy -
BpCb CBtT'b, OTb 1 AO 5
OAHHaKOBbIXb,
Joseph M. Schwartz,
Tighina, str. Lermonloff,
N, 109, Roumanie.


HtCKOJIbKO HaTaAOTrOB-b
nORTOBblXb MapOKb

PC< CP H CCCP.
H3A. 1933 r.
MOMRHO no cjyqaio nony-
RHTb y 3aM. ianBH. PyK.
K. BHTKOBCKaro,
Rigi, Ernestines ielg 22.
UI.Ha Frs. 15- (Ls. 3.--)
+nopTO.


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KaT. MHxeab 1934 r. ftaIo HOBHHKH CCCP.
3aM. FraaeH. PyK. K. BHTKOBCKifl
Riga, Ernestines lelA 22.




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