• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Main






Group Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PDF VIEWER THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00089
 Material Information
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: K.L. Wilson
Place of Publication: Falls Church Va
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 94/95 called also no. 94/95.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020235
Volume ID: VID00089
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05843071
lccn - sn 80008626
issn - 0035-8363

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

RossikaNumber13 ( PDF )


Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
Full Text

-UHa 2.50 .paaHH.



I W



Iws |


1IA
i IWJ m~i







COPREP)KAHIE kN 13.

1. fpH3blB'b Kw PyccKHM-b QbHnaTejiHCTaM'b. C. M aH Ke Ce f
2! KaKb saaenacb norTa Ha PycH. 3. Fa H3 e H b.
3. OCTaTKH BMiyCKOB'b BeHAeHCKHX', MapoK'b. B. C B e H Co Hb
4. H'-KOTOpbIe BapiaHTbl Poccin. C. M a H xe a e it.
5. Htbbie irTeMneJa. 3. B p y a b
6. HoBbni KaTaAorvb C. 0. A. C. MaH H e i.
7. MaHqyKyo H ero MapKH. B. 30HHeH6eprb-(eaopoBCKiAi.
8. Jelee)Ho-6oHHmbi OTA -b. 4TO CJiltayeT'b 3HaTb KOJJIeK-
UioHepy AeHe)KHbIx'b 3HaKOBb. H. P o c 6 e p b.
9. XpOHHKa HOBbIX'b BbInyCKOBb.
10. >KH3Hb o6mecrTa.
11. PasHoe.
12. MeXAyHapoaHa5 cQHJiaTeJI. BbICTaBKa ,Wipa 1933" s'
BtHt. B. PaxMaHOBI,.
13. S:4. nlCbMO Bab peAaKliim.
14. BH6aiorpac)iq.
15. 06bsanieHi.


n1PEA CTABHTEJIH
PYCCKAFO >HJIATEJIHCTHqECKArO OBI.IECTBA
,,P 0 C C H K A"

3aMicTHTenAb rAaBHaro PyKOBOAHTean O-Ba ,PoccHKa" H
FeHepaabHbIi lpeaCTaBHTejib Ha JIaTBiro, JIHTBy, 3CTOHilO,
Q4HHAHnHlHil, nofnbIy H HopBerio -
BHTKOBCKll, KOHCTaHTHH-b KOIICTaHTHHOBHT>I,
Riga, P. O. B. 35 Ham Ernestines iell 22.
Hpe CT aB HTeaH:
B'b nojibwu -
PAXMAHOBb, BaaaHMHp-b AaeKcaHApOBHq'b, Warszawa.
Wiejska, 1, m. 10.
B'b 3CTOHiH H PyKOBOA. PeBembCK. rpynnbi --
COKOJIOBb, AHaTonifi BacnjbeBHnb, Tallin, V. P~rnu mnt.
18 1.
PyKOBOAn2Teab HapBcKoii rpynnb -
4HrEJIb, ApBHa', Narva, Peetri pl. 6A, K. 4.
Bb JlaTBi -
KJIAPK'b, UhaOH-b Mapab30BHm-b, Riga, Elizabetes iela 35, dz. 5,
PyKOBOAHTeab Pt'aHUKofi rpynnbi: -
CYPABCb, HeTp'b AHaceBH'b, Rezekne, P. O B. 70.
PyKOBOAHTeAb JIBHHCKOfi rpynnbi -
KJIEFlMAHb, Aabppeb SpHecTOBHib, Daugavpils Muilnica.
PyKOBOAHTe.nb BoAbMapcKoi rpynnbi -
BP'BAMC'b, Anlb(pe'b KOHCTaHTHHOBHq'b, Valmiera P. O. B. 11.
PyKOBOAHTeab AnyKCHeHCKofi rpynni, -
BHmIO(QPCb, BanbreJIbM' MapKOBHqb, Aluksne, Darza iell i5,










== POCCHKA ==
OPrAHS' PYCCKFrQ OEBIECTBR 0Hi/nTETlMCTOB-b
B'b IOFOC/IHBIM

noAb pyKOBOACTBOmi E. M. ApxaHreibCKaro

BELA CRKVA, Kr. Petra 40. JUGOSLAVIA


roAOBofa qJeHCKill B3HOC-b 25 fp. (cpaHKOB'b.
Yearly subscription, Jahresbeitrag 25 francs.

06'bBJAeHil : 1 CTpatnna 150 #paHMOBb; 12 CTpanHmUb nl HO KonoKa
75 cpanKOs-b; 14 cTpan. Hn 2 x KonOhKm 40 (pahKO'8b; '18 CTpaH. -
25 4paHKoeb; 'ie CTpaH. 10 apanHOBs CMHAKa 2500 Ha 4 o6"banenin.
MejKiKB 06'SBJAeHig aa CTposKy 2 jpanxa; nbrOTHbfl IneMaM-b:
Ao 5 cTpoxb 5 4paMKoea., xamwan cntA., cTpoKa 1 #apanK'.
Advertising rates, Anzeigenpreis: 1 page 150 fr., '2 page 75 fr.,
1/4 40 fr., 's 25 fr., 1t6 i0 r. Discount-Rabatt 25 per cent on 4
insertions. Small advertisements Kleine Anzeigen 2 franks per line.
All net and prepaid.


Xo 13, CeHT6pb 1933 roAa. 4-" rounA
BTopoAi TOM-1 H 3 a a aH i


InpH3bIB'. Kb PyCCKIHM' 4)HJaaTeJIHCTaib.

BcsIKOMy KonqaIJKiOHepy, 3HaKOMOMy C'b (p)HIaTeJniCTI4ecKOfi
nHTepaTypofI, HeBOJIbHo 6pocaeTca BI rjnasa cpaBHHTealbHaf ea
6tzianocTb T'L, 'ICTH, 0nocBlmueInIof PyccKHMW' MapKn M',. 3TO
Bceuthio or'HuiclTCH II K'b I..Taloraw.i. .IuCTa'TOIIO Cpa3BHIHTb,
HanpuMNtpb -l: hara.aort, 3eHnila, pajpa60orhy Mlapou'i, Pocciin I
lOroc.iaiin. qro6bi y6ti,1Thbc,, HnaC'o.ll.KO c.1ia6o paspa6oTaHa
nepua[in 1 BRChbtM. xopoulO noc.'I'Ih.niH ine ronopn yVe o utnbOM'b
pansi otnllorOh II nponychflR1, K;~ i nl'pii'tp'bb, \ I:n~iy TL)IbKO,
LITO 110 CHOlIO 1131 iaifi 19 3'] r rC a VI,'1 It TIITe.i 110, 3ellt4"b He
nOrTpy'llal.lCn 1d. ( OrnTuCTb T3ikOi Cy'LtCi'THHHlii p3~HOBPIIIIOCTH.
lal.b .1l roip:i CK3La If iin r.a j )ci,:1n rr 'nTl b1 ,i lni.' iaTiEI IXb-
m1apha,.h (". C C P. Me.,hayV r M-b bb .1-oi.'H.nHciOMi. ii.ialill
IOroc. 'niI. 3u1'4b ynOMniHa:Tb Aame O pa3HbL.\b IinldXb.'II'4C1,
OKpyVki.:3aoliuI'b Ut1)pbI.





Ha nonHoe OTcyTcTBie cnei4ianbHaro KaTanora MapK'b Poc-
cia HeOAHOKpaTHo y yt Ka3biabIan 3. H. raHaeH'b. H no He-
BOa$ HBInaeTCR 3aBHCTb, Korea ,epHIIImb Bb pyKax'b npeKpacHo
cocTaBneHHbnl cneIlianbbHnbi KaTanor-b TaK'b Ke noAHHMaeTCH 3aBHCTb H npH cpaBHeHiH PyccKOR
qPHAaTeaHCTHqecKoFt aiTepaTypbi cb HHOCTpaHHoft. npe>xe Bcero
6pocaeTca B'b raasa noqTH nonHoe OTCyTCTBie o61menpnsHHTOA
PyccKOr q)HnaTejHCTHqecKoi TepMHHOJOriH. OAHHn HTt me nOHa-
Ti5 qaCTO Ha3bIBaIOTC pas3HbMH mNeHaMH, npIHqeM'b 9TO BCTpt-
qaeTcI aame B~ CTaTbax-b OAHOrO H TorO xe aBTopa.
BoTb ,n03TOM y H o6paumaocb K-b PycCIKHM (QB aTeanC-
TaM'b, Aa6bI Ka)KAbli no Mtp CHJI'b H 3HaHifA COA fiCTBOBal'b
6b nOA)nlHTi)l Pyccxo 4HunaTeieiH, noHHMai noAnb aTHM'b Bblpa-
KeHiaM', Bce TO, MTO OTHOCHTC K'b MapKaM'b H LkUbnbHbJMb Be-
maM, PocciH.
SOTJIHnHO noHHMarO, rTO STa pa6oTa BecbMa He nierKag,
oco6eHHO HaM'b-3MHrpaHTaM'b. noAHoe OTcyTCTBie BO3MOXKHeCTH
apXHBHbIXb HnbICKaHiH TpyAHOCTH nonJb3oBaHia 4nHmlaTetJHCTHqeCKOf
6n6nioTeKoi~, pa36poCaHHOCTb PyccKHX b 4)AInaTejHCTOB'b no nt-
noMy CBtTy, exCweAHeBHn i uKHTeicKia 3a6oTbl HeB3roAw, He
MOryT-b, KOHeqHO, 6naronpiaTCTBOBaTb aTOi nnOAOTBOpHOpi
pa6oTb.
A Bce me npH wKejaHiH MOcHO *CA'InaTb oqeHb MHorO.
Ilpe Ae Bcero, MHorie H3'b HaC'b 6bIjH )KHBbMH CBHA'TenalMH
MHOrHXab CO6bITift, BbI3BaBmIHXb nOHBaeHie Ha CB'T'T TtXb HIH
nHbX'b MapOK'b 9nOXH BOiHSI H peBonJ Iui. 06a3aHHOCTb Ta-
KHXL KOJIAeKliOHepOB'b nOA'AHTbCH CBOHMH CBtAeHiSMH H OC-
TaBHTb AARI HOBbIXLb nOKOAI o6-b H3BaCTHbIXb HM'b BblnyCKaXb. 0 H-KKOTOpbIX'b BbinyCKaX'
Mb nOqTH eute nHHero He 3HaeM'b. MexAY TtM-b, BpeMfl npo-
xonXHT', MHorii CO6biTif HcqesalOTb H3'b n-aMTSTH HameAi H ecaIH
Tenepb we He Bo3CTaHOBHTb BTH CB-baeHii, TO CO BpeMeHeMb
TaKlOBbII 6e3CJ.AHo HCe3HyT'b 6e3' nOnjb3bI A I HaC'b.
C' Apyrofi cTOpoHbi, MHorie H3'b Hac'b, 3aHHMaacb KOx-
aeKxlioHNpoBaHieMwb MapoKb Agorie roabI, Cenana He MaJlo HH-
TepecHbIXb Ha6aiOAeniHi HAH OTKpbTi~i, 4TO o6aIbIBaeTb Kaa)a-
ro noA2'IjHTbCH TaKOBbIMH H C'b ApyrnHM KoaneKxLioHepaMH.
Ony6.abKOBaHie Aame Ha3HansHTeaJbHaro Ha6AIOAeHis MOKeT'b
nOAcTpeKHyTb APyruHX- OT3bIBIaMBbIX'b 4qHaTeAHCTOB'b Ha anAb-
Htifmia us H3CAJlABaHiif H noBecTH eme K'b HOBbiM'b OTKpbITiRMb.
HTo6bI coriacoaaTb Hamy o61uyro pa6oTy na nonpHut'
PyCCKOi (pHjiaTeiH H cAtaJaTb ee AOJiie nAOiOTBOpHoi, Ay-
Maio, 6biao 6bi noJneaHO, KamAOMy H3'b Hac' Coo06IaTb Pea.K-
uin nauiero Wypiana Bbl6paHHbl5 Ag Fl pa3pa6OTKH TeMbI. Pe-
AaKLia, HAR 3TOMy Ha BCTptqy, OTKpblBaeTb B'b aKypHaJt HO-
BbIH OTA'I 'b nOA.'b 3arinaBieMb ,QHHnaTeAnHecKiq pa6oTi", rt
6yAeT-b coo6araTb qHTaTenja'b pa3pa6aTbIBaeMbmI HaMH TeMbi.
3TO AaeT'b TO npeHMyiecTBO, qTO BnpeAb HHKTO H3'b xKeuao-
UlXXb He OCTaHOBHTb cBoero BHHMaHiS Ha TOM'b Bonpoct, KO-





TOPMbi B3STb B-b o6pa60TKy ApyrHM'b. Ci Apyroit )e CTOpOHM
ecAH H'CKOJbKO KO IeKUioHepoB'b Bce me 3aHHTepecyroTCq oA-
HOi~ H TOil ce TeMofl, TO pa3pa6oTKa ea TOAbKO 6oAbme BbIHF-
paeT', ecaH OHa 6yAerb BeCTHTb KOAIeKTHBHO, cOeAHHeHHbIMH
BMUCT-t CHnaMH H xacTS HaHJIyqulie nIoAbI.
MHt OqeHb xOqeTCH BtpHTb, qTO Moe o6pameHie Haii-
eeThb KHBOfi H 6blCTpbli OTKAJHK-b B- Hamefi cpeA' H o6nIHMH
HamuHMH ycHai5MH npHBeAeT'b K- nOAHHTilO PyccKoRi (uH aTeAiH,
CTOJIb BaMKHOR HbJH AJlSa HaC'b.
C. MaHcee ae.



lthia aaBHO MHHyBIHX'b AHerl.

(KaKi' 3aBeiacb noqTa Ha Pyc)).

OsHaKoM eHie C'b AHTepaTyp ofi, nocBnaseHHoi norTOBOMy
AJIy B'b PCCiH B'b TaK'b Ha3bIBaeMbif ,,AOIHJIaTeJHCTHqeCKifi"
nepioA'b, OKa3biBaeTCH OTHIOAb He CKyqHbM'b saHITie'b, no-
CKOJIbKy, HapHAy C' cepbe3HbIMI- HCTOpHqeCKHM'b MaTepiaaOMb,
npHXOAHeTCH 3HaKOMHTbCH C'b ,,IOqTOBOI" npaKTHKOiH H ,nlOTO-
BIMH" HpaBaMH CtAOA pyccKOi CTapHHII.
nHumyutii 3TH CTPOKH B'b BHIa npeanocbia.KH u bf noA-
roTOBjI eMOMy A4i ,PoccHKH" ,KpaTKOMy oqepKy pyccKofi noq-
TbI" no03BonfeTlr ce6f o3HaKOMHTb qHTaTejeAi cb H'BKOTO-
pbM JIKH6onbITHbITMH 4)aKTaMH H AOKyMeHTaMH, He yKJaAbIBa-
IOItHMHCH B's HaM$s qeHn yo cxeMy oqepKa.

B'b Haum' Bt 'b paxio-Tenerpa(4a, paaio-Tene4)OHa H B03-
LyUlHOIi nOqTbl Ha8MI TpyAHO ce6B npeacTaBHTb TO BpeMr5, Kor-
Aa He cymlecTBOBaao Aaame npocTOA nOqTbI. A Me)KAY Tt'b
co6cTBeHHO nOqTa" Bb PocciH yqpe)ceHa 6bina TOolbKO B'b
1665 roAy, a Ao TOFO BpeMeHH nepecbiaKy rpaMOT'b H rpaMo-
TOK'b" BtaaaH floCOjibCKii npiHKa'3*) H lMCKOfI npHKa3sb**).
HnoqTOBbIM'b CTaHuinM'b Ha PycH npeAWecTBOBaaNH Mbi"
H ,.RMCKie ABOpbl".
MHorie, npH yIoMHHaHiH TepMHHOB'b: ,, MCKOi npHKa3 '",
,,MCKas nOBHHHOCTb", ,5IMIItHK'b", nOIaralOT'b, TOCJIOBO ,,IM'b"
npOHCXOAHT'b OTb RMbl, pBa, Me)KH, Ha TOM' ocHOBaHiH, qTO
,,IMCKaZ" nOBHHOCTb HaXOAHTCf B'b CBf3H Cb H3Bt>CTHbIMb pas-
CTORHieM'b. Apyroe npeAnoJIoreHie: ,,M-b" npoHCxoAHTI OT

*) no sanHmicaMb apxmsa KonneriH HnocTpaHHnbx-b Atn'b maHmenosatle
noconbCKaro npHKa3a ynoMHaeTCR anepsBe ae- 1584 roAy, TO ecTb cb naHaana
rocyYapcTeosanin Luaps 4eoAopa loMnnoswa, no yme asb 1556 roAy AK-b MeaH'b
MnxaRnose-, bIH-b BHCKosaTaro, mmeMyeTcR AbRKOMb floconbCKaro npHKasa.
**) nepBbM' nmHLOMU, BtAa mfHMb FlncKO npHnaa3 ynOMwHaeTcR 60-
RpwMb KMf13b AmHTpifi MHxaginoe sb lnowapcHKi sBb 1619-1628 r.





rnaroia HMaTH-lTH. lno -TOMy TO,rIKOBaHJiO SM'b 03HaqaeTb no-
BHHHOCTb, KaKb CJIOBO ALHb -- nOOaTb. TpeTbH rTHlOTe3a: cjio-
BO IM-b npOH3BOAHOe OT'b Ha3BaHia Hapoaa EM'b, niaTHBiuaro
6yYTo 6bl ,aHb JIOUJIaAMH BenHxoMy HoByropony a 6yTO 6bi
npH HBaH-B Ill pac'tfHHOMy no paaHbIMb MiCTaMb Poccij Aan
Bbilno0HeHi H5MCKOi IIOBHHOCTH, KOTOpaI H nonyqHaa CBoe
Ha3BaHie OT'b 3TOO CJIOBa eMb HAM qMb-HM'b.
BbjlenpHBeAeHHbia rHnoTea3b o pycciOMn- npoHCxo>xeHia
.TOro CJnOBa He BbiAepJfKBaIOTr' cepbe3Hof KpHTHIKH. fM'b -
TaTapcKaro npoHCxoaKAeHil H 3aHMCTBOBaHO OTb CJIOBa A3fMb
- aopora, npH CJIOB's sM-H'I fpOBOAHHK'-, nyTeBOIAHTeab.
,,IM'b" H ,TaMra" 6brniH BHAbI ycTpoeHHOi TaTapaMH AaHu a
OTb HHX'b )Ke nonyqHn4JI CBOH Ha3BaHin. HepBbie ,,aMbI" cTaH-
u1iH yCTaHOBHnlab BB nOKOpenHHbIX'b Mb 3eMJnIX'b 4HHrHC'b-xaHb
(1206-1227). Mapro-floao, nyTemecTBOBaBmifi no Asin BO
BTOpoi nIoaOBHHost XIll CTOnrTis, onrCbIBaeTTh TO no BCAM'bS Ha-
npaBneHislM'b MOHrojibCKaro Mipa Ao camIux' OTjaaeHHblx-b 3e-
MeAb H opA'b HM-3sIHCb no AoporaMb, sepes3 KaaAbie 25 MHJlb,
oco6eHHble AOMa, npn KOTOpbIX'b coAepmaaINHcb nomaaif Ani
pa3'b'o3AOB'b rOHuOB-b XaHCKHX'b.
Ha PycH nIOBHHHOCTb HMa HknH SMCKoro AnBpa 6bua o6-
uIafl, H BM'CTe Ccb Th'bM 6bmina H JIHHaa nOBHHHOCTb, H no-
BHHHOCTb HaTypolo, nrOTOMy 1TO Ka)KAbIlH AoameH-b 6bArSb AO-
CTaBA1Tb cpeACTBa npot3)aK M'b romIaM'b, 6acKaKaM-b H KHRT)b-
HM'b AIoAiMib.

B'n XVI CTOJISTiH aIMIuHKH yXe cocTaBHJIH KaK'b 6bi OCO.
6blii KJIacc' H CTORHJH Mem)Ay KpecTbaHaMH-3eMjenalIiaMH H
CJIY)KHJIbIMH JIIOAbMH. OHH CTalIH WIHTb 6jiarOycTpoeHHblMH CJIO-
6oAaMH, MorAIH HaHHMaTbCH y ,,rocTer1" H y BC5KHX'b AJIOAe HOnAl'b
ToBapbi. KapaMSHHwb npinHCbiBaanb nepeMilHy B', MCKOM'b
ycTpOiCTB-t HBany III, sa6oTa KoToparoo HMaXb BHlAHa H3'b
saB-tLaHia ero (1504):
,,a cMni MoD BacHnii 8-b CBoeMb BenHKOM"b K t-eCTBeb AepWrHTb MbI
H nOABOAbi Ha TtXb MBcTaxb no AOporaMb, rAg dbinH FIMbi H nflOABOA npn
MHm, a AtkTH MOM no CBOHM'b BOTHHnaMb AepHaT'b fRMM M nOfBOAbl".
H3B'CTHbi. nyTeLeCTBeHHHK-b repepIepTefH'b Tartb OnHCbI-
BaeT'b pyccKylo uMCKyIO t3'ay (B'b HaqaJn' XVI), nopa3~HBsyro
npocB'uieHHaro eBponefiua CBoef Heo6bItHOCTbio.
,BeJIHKiH KHI3b MOCKOBCKi(f HM-eT'b nO pa3HbIM" M-hCTaMb
CBOero KHR KCCTBa RMIJAHKOB'b C'b AOCTaTOqHbIM'b KOJIHneCTBOM'-
jnoma)efi, TaK'b qTO Kyaa 6bI HH nocnaf'b KHR3b CBoero roHta,
BesAt afJI Hero HafilayTCa nouIanr FonHeu HMteT'b npaso
Bbl6HpaTb KOH5, KOTOpbifi eMy noKaweT nAyquiHM'b. Ha KaK-
AOMMb aMy jnomarefi MmtHIJIH; B' CB)(WHX'b jIOUaaHX'b He 6biao
HenocTaTKa. KTO Tpe6oBanrb HXv 10 BnIm 12, TOMy nppBOlaH.H
40 H 50. YCTaibix'b KHAajAH na AOpor t H aMIH aH n pyrHMH,
KOTopblXb 6paan Bab nepBOM'b cent, nrIH y npoh3atoIomx'b".






rep6epurTeHiH' roBopHTr, MTO oamItH H3'b erTO tay TeneAe
Ipitxajnb H3'b HoBropoaa Bb MOCKBy Bs 52 qaca, XOT anowa-
an ,,BecbMa Majibi, H sa HHMH Htl'b HaAneaKamuaro yxoAa".

HaianoMs' noqToBaro yqpe>KAeHils Bb PocciH MOWHO Ha3-
BaTb noqHHs roxnauHAta HBaHa onI-b-CBeAeHa, KOTOpb]i B'b
1665 roAy npeainom~aw sepe3s' KaxabI AB' HeeAt 'H AOCTaB-
JHTb B-b TaliHbI npHKa3'b, CBOHMH JIOAbMH H Ha CBOHX'b JIO-
uaalgX'b, B'AOMOCTH H3Sb 3a rpaHHubI qepes3 PHry, sa qrTO no-
ayqanb no 1200 p. roab. aIo 1-ro iiOHH 1667 roaa noqTa Bb
HoAbumy sqepes~ BeaiHKif HoBropona B KypanflHiIo 6bijia
Ha oTB'TCTBeHHOCTH q4OH'b CBeaeHa, no 6bIJna nJnoxo opraHH3o-
BaHa, o6xoANiaacb aoporo H He YAoBjaeTBopina HymAaM-b npa-
BHTelbCTBa.

Ha Aep>KaBumaro noqTy nocir (onH'b-CBeAeHa, no napcxo-
My nOBejaHilO, B'b MOCKB't .LaTqaHHHa Mapceinca (1668-1670),
nepeBOAqHKH nocoAibCKaro npHKasa B b nepBOMb >e roay no-
anJI BH ) Kajno6bi 3a TO, qTO OH'b pacneqaTbIBaeT'b KypaHTbi"
(uHOCTpaHHbi neaTHMRb ra3eTbl), npem~e npea'bsBnJeHisa HXb B
noconbCKift npHa3sb.
flepBbIM' 3BaHie noqTMeicTepa Bb Poccin noayqm~nb ne-
peBoAI'HK'b locoJbcKaro npnuasa AHapei~ BHHiyc- (1675 -1690).
OH' 6blb no Toro HeOAHOKpaTHO oTnpaBJIHeMlb nIOCjiOMb uapf
Kb eBponeficKHM'b MoHapxaMb. B'b 1673 roay, Koraa TypKH
HanajH Ha Ao.bonIy, nocui AHnapycoBcKaro MHpa,'napb pt'i n'b
npHBneqsb Bc-x-b eBponeficKHX' rocyAapefi Kb oKa3aHiio rOMo-
UiH FOJIbIm h' BHHiyc'b, Wb KaqecTBa uapcKaro nocjia, no6bi-
BaJn a'b AHrFii, 3aT'tM' y JIIoaoBHKa XVI H HaKoneH'b, B'b
HcnaHiH, y Kapna II,

MocKOBCKoe npasBHTenbCTBO AO l eTpa BeiHKaro OTHOCH-
JIOCb K'b lnOqTOBblM'b CHOmneHisMt C'b H3BtCTHIbIMb HeOBatpieMb.
.a H TorAamHee pyccKoe o61IecTBOo ro pa3HbiMi npHwiHaM'b
BbICKa3biBaJiOCb npOTHB-b nOqTb. BOT'-, ITO nrHCan'b 3HaMeHH-
TbIH H1aHb HOCOHlKOB'b Bb CBoemb COBe HHeHiH O paTHOM'b no-
BeAeHiH:
,HMIIbi nowanoannH, npopy6HnH H3-b naaero rocyAapciea BO BCtCBOH
3eMnH AJpy*), TqO BCt MaLuw rocynaprTsen tibi npOMbiMunenHbl] Afna Rcho
3pT-b. Ablpa we ecTb ciA: cAtnanm no4Ty. A HTO B-b ne~ BenHKOMy rocyAa-
plo npH6blin, npo To Bor- BtCTb, a KonRbO rH6ent OTb TOI nO'Tbi B Bce
LapCTBO qHHHTCR, TOFO H HCIHCHnHTb HeBO3MOWHO. -ITO B-b MaweMb L apCT'B
HM cAtnaeTcS, TOO B BCt 3eMnH pa3necercR; OP'H HHO3eMLIbl TOpryO)Tb w3At-
BaO4MHcb, a pyccKie n oAH KHnbi H3-b Ce6R H3pbiBalOMH. A ecIH 6bi nOqTbl
MHH3eMHoi He 6bino, TOob H TOprb pOBhb1I Gbij-b: Ka b HMaLu pyccxie nfloA
o HXb TOBapax-b me 3anaor-b, TaRom pe H OnH o taLaHXb Tosapax- He 3nann
b 6b,, H TOpr-b 6bin-b 6e3-b 0HAbl. MM-, rocypapb, MHHTCfI, HITO ny4ule 6b
T3 Ablpa 3aropoHTb. HaKptrno, a Kptnre TOro nenb3R, HTO noqTa 6yAe MOlMO,
TO OCTaBHTb ee BOBce".

*) Y nocoWrKOBa BMrCTO Ablpa marlncaHO BCIOAy .AHpa".




OTE> 1691 roAa AomAo Ao Hac' A $o o npona ct nowTo-
BbIub cyMa. 'b, nOCOIbCKiI npHKa3ab, Kb AbaKy YKpamnteBy,
npHumenAb, AbfKa AHnpea BHHiyca, enJOBtK'b CeMKa HeTpoB'b
H npsHBeai cCb co6oio )AoprOMHnaBCKOfi CJO6oAbI RMItNHKa TH-
MomKy EJaHapbeBcKaro H cKa3aaajb: ,BqepamlHaro iIOHs 14 BH-
Hiyc'b nocaan' Toro sMMm~Ka no CMOneHCKOfi AOport Ao Mo-
maftlca C'b noTOBbIMH cyMaMi, a Bb TtX'b cyMaxab noAoacenH
6blAH nHCbMa nobcKaro pe3HneHTa ABaAuaTb InTb CBH3OK'b, Aa
rpaMOTa Ba CMoneHCKi,, flMUIHKb npitxaAnb Ha3aA2b H cKasanLb,
qTO BqepaUmHro AHJH no Aopor', ,txaB'b OT, MocKBb B'b Ma-
MIOHOBCKHX'b ropaxb, y coHHaro, y Hero CyMbi C'b aoma.H
nponana".
Ha noApo6Hbie paacnpocab THMoImKa OTB9qaaji: ,,notxajib
a OTT' MOCKBbi no MoaiACKOf Aoport, 12 Bepcrb Bab Mamno-
HOBCKHX'b ropaxb, He AOtxaBs, AO BOTqHHbl OKOAibHHqarO AH-
Apes ApTeMOHOBHqa MaTBteBa, cejo OAHHuOBO, BepCTbl 3a AB',
CTa.'i Bb nojIh H XOTtJIlb nKOMHTb nomKaAeie H caMb oTAoX-
HyTb, H CJal3'b Cb AowaAH, noBoA'b 3aTSIHyJnb sa noslCb, a caMni
aerb cnaTb. A noqTOBbH CyMbI H nITOTOBbiif roHe6Hbli Ka4)TaH'b
c-b opnOM'b Ha TO i nomansH CBR3aHbI 6bInIH Bab TopoKax-b. Y
coHHaro Ae Ta notuaab OTopBaaacb H KaK'b Ae OH'b THMOmKa,
npocHyJcsR H Ta nouuaAb H ceJoM'b XOaHTa, oT' Hero cam)eHax'b
B'b IflTH, a cyM'b H Ka(TaHa B'b TOpOKaxb He cTano, a KTO HX'b
BbIlBH3aI'b, Toro He 3HaeTb.
Y a9THX' pacnpocHbIX,' pthqel aMmlHKa THMOIKH npHnHc-
Ka: CyMbl CbICKaIHCb TaKoro-TO AHH, BB rpeqi".

B-b 1701 roAy, HreTpb BeHnKifl cA-haaJab roqTb-MeAcTe-
pOMlb nepeBoAqHKa noCOJbCKaro npHKa3a lneipa IIa4)nposa,
Lepeai 21 roAb noca- Toro, 6aponH UIIa#HpoBb, A~MCTBHTenb-
HbIH TaftHbaI COB-tTHHKb H nOAKaHLtLep-b, 6bIJl'b nIHUeH'b BCtX'b
CBOHX'b AOAmKHOCTeA H OTH b Hero noTpe6oBaAI OTqeTb Bab seAe-
HiH nOqTOBaro Alaa. LUa4qHpoB a an'b ce6s BOBaesib B 6opb-
6y napTifi, npHeieab OH'b, BM'bCT c'b ApyrHMH ceHaTopaMH,
BbICTynHnb npoTHB, CB-bTJtflHmaro KHaR3 MeHmiHKoa. BcKopt
UIa4HppoBb 3JnoynoTpe6Hnb CBOHMhb nojowKeHieM'b AJa Toro,
Tro6bI ero 6paTy MnxaHky 6bino BbIaHO JnImHee K npH nepeMtHt cany6bi. 3aumaiualcb, IIIa4)poa'b BAanlb 6pa-
ra caoero 3a HHo0eMia.
Bonpoc-b o6-b HHo3eMHOMab npoUcxo>KAeHiH UIla4)pBbIXo b
Aaa~j nOBOA'b K'b BbIHCHeHilo pOAOCIaBHoi 6apoHa H noA.b-KaH-
aepa. CenaTy 6bijo noacueHo, HTO MHxaHunb Illa4)HpoBb He
HHo3eMeI'b, HO )KnHOBCKaro npoHcxo)KAeHiS xonona 6onpcKaro.
nposBaHbeMb UIaiouKH, cbH-b. OTeu-b LUla4HpoBbIx'b cay)Kan'b
B'b AOMB 6oaHHaa BorAaHa XHTpoBO, a no CMepTH ero 6bu:Ai
CHAtwbjeMs' Bsb UweKOBOM'b pBAy Bab JaBK '.
lIaqbHpoB'b aauLmancas Bb CeHaTl BecbMa HeyAaiHo.
06epi,-npoKypopa OH' o6pyrana BOpOM-p He noxenasa noKH-
HYTb coBtInaHie ceHaTopoBb, Ha KOTOpOM'b He HMta3Ab npaaa





npHcyTcTBoBaTb. OHbn He npeKpamuanb nepe6panMH Cb CBOHMH
BparaMx n 3a'rpornBaTb sa KHBoe MeHUHKOBa. 9-ro RHBaps
1723 roaa, rocyAapb npHCJan- CeHaTy yKa3b o HapqiKeHiH BIbm-
Huro cyAa.
Cya'b npHroBopnHJ UJagpapoBa Kb cMepTHOil Ka3HH, HO
He sa ynyuweHia B- nIOqTOBOM'b atnA, a 3a m3BpamteHie B-b
CBOlo nOnb3ay perJaMeHTa, sa noBexeHie Bb CeHaTt, 3a BblIaqy
JHuHuaro )aanOBaHba 6paTy H 3a pacTpaTy AeHer-b Ha CBOH pac.
XOrbH BO BpeMa no$af3KH BO OpaHLito. HaKoHel'b, OH'b B3HA'b
B'b 3aKniaAb AepeBHIO y oAHoro nlOAKOBHHKa, He AaB'b eMy HH
KaKHX-h AeHerb.
15-ro qeapana 1723 roAf LIaHpHpoBs 61b0 B3BeAeH'b Ha
sua4oT'b, HO nOMHJiOBaaHb HMnepaTOpOMb. nleTpb BenHlKii He
npOCTHJIob oaHaKO UIaauHpoBy ,,6paTHHro HKaJIoBaHb5" H cocnania
ero B'b CH6Hpb. 3. r a H 3 e H "b.




O-BO ,,POCCHKa"

npOAaeT-b no AeUweBO UqtHt:

A. MapKH Bb naKeTaxb:
I EBpona 700 pa3HblX'b 25 )p.
11 IOrocnaBis 100 8 (p.
SIII Q)HHAnHHAiN 60 ,, 2 p.
IV 3aMopbe 200 15 c4p.
V U. S. A. 50 1922-1933 r. r. 5 c lp.
VI BpHTaHcKia KOAOHin 100 pa3HbIXb 10 4p.
B. Ha6op'b nOLT. KapTOqeK rameH. CCCP.
1926-1932 r. r.
15 pa3HbIa 4 p.
B. , rocyAapcTB. 20 pa3Hsb'b 3 (pp.
F. STHKeTKH OT'b 3aKa3HbIXb nHCCMb -
100 pa3HblX'b 250 4p.
| ,. LITeMnela (6e3b MapOK') pa3H. rocyA.
100 pa3Hblxb 3 pp.


Ha nepecbiAKy Ao6asB5ITb oTAitbHO.
3anpauHBaTb FAaBHaro PyKOBOAHTesa5.



7




OCTaTKH BbinyCKOBsb BeHAeHCKIX'b MapORKb.


Bb 1906 rosy rpynna qneHOBib ,,PHnfCKaro 06mecTBa mo=
6fiTeinef nOqTOBblXbMapOK'b" npio6ptl a Becb ocTaTOK'b BeHAeH-
CKHX'b MapOK', a HMeHHO opHrHIIHaJnb, HOBOAtAJIb, Q4aKCHMHJie H
MaKynaTypHble OTTHCKH THnorpaq4)i 5ypxapa'b-UITaJIb, B KOJH-
qeCTBt 220,500 mTyK-b. 10 Ma5 1906 r., no cocToHBlueMyci
corinaueHilo, B'b rpHyrTCTBiH npeAcTaBHTeAnef n4ajHimaciKaro
ABOp51HCTBa H rpynnbi qsneHOBb OG6ecTBa, 6bWan cox)KeHbl
85.000 ruTyK'b, KaKOBOMy CO6bITiio 6bIma noCBanMeHa saM'ITKa-
HeKpoaor'b: ,,rH6elb Bsb orHt" (,,I11. Briefm, Journal", Nr. 17,
1906 r.)
CoxmKeHbI 6birn (no KaTaJory Mmxens) cAjtAyoriisia MapiH:
gM 126. 1903 r. (4)ioneToBaa pyHHa) 26.000 mtryKb
HOBOA'2bL rFpmixeiiATa *) 40.650
qaKCHMHie KaMnerayseHa **) 18.350
85.000 WTyK'b.
IIIecmT aT-b cnycTH, 9 cjeBp. 1912 r. no priuenHio rpyn-
nbu qaeHoB'b O6mecTBa, npio6pt'Tmei MapKH, 6bfli BO 43-
6tgbatie naAeHi5 3THX'b MapOK' B'b H'Ht BHOBb coM (eHbI
78.700 IlTyK'b, a HMeHHo:
Ne 9. 1878 2 Kon. SeieH. . .. . 10.684 UrT.
S11 z 1894 2 Kon. qepH.. . .. 945 ,
,, 12 a, b 1902/03 KpacH. pynHa H qion. pyHHa 27.666 ,
, 8a 1875 o4aHIX. HOBoanot'b cb )KeJIT. KJeeM'b 7.023 ,,
, 6, 8, 8a, 9 HOBon2tIi rHXpmxefiaTa 11.590 ,
, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 (paKCHM. KaMneHrayea . 18.644 ,
,, 12 KopaqHeBaa5 pyHHa, 6paK-b, pt3aHb 424
12 KopHlqHeB. pyHna co CABHroMNa oBa:la (6paKb) 263 .
,, 12 KOpHqiHeB. pyHHa, 6e3s% pncyHKa B oBaJIt, 6paKcb 693 ,
, 12a KpacHaa pynHa, 6paKw .. . 400 ,
, 12a Kpacnaa pyana co cuBHroM- osana, 6paK 26 ,
, 12b )ioneTos. pyHna, 6pawK . .. 342 ,
78.700 rHT.

n pt M 4 a H i e. nOnbSySCb rnO6e3HbiM-b pa3ptLetle-b aeropa, 'pe-
AaKNlW .POCCHKH" c- oco6bima yAoBsonbCTuBi M yYAnRneTrb MCTOo nacro-
fti4ek CTaTbt nyqmaro 3naTroa MapoKb BeHAencHaro OHpyra, r. B. C e H-
co i a, RBnsioutaroca omnwMb 3ab nepebixb H cepbe3 omtiLHub X HnnaTenHCTOBb
H3Cn-AoeaTeneA ab PocciH.
*) HOBOApni, Bb nyLieHhble o4LwianbMO a-b 1893 r. cb coxpanBluHxcR
oprHManbfHbjxb KlnHMe Mapob N~bMN 6, 8 H 9. (fpnMt4. peA.)
**) xnHue NM 1, 2, 3, 4 H 6 6binH yTeprnH. B' iiont 1880 MapwH 3TH
6bbnH BocnpOH3BeAeMbi rpaBepoMb H oTnew'aTantb Al pn onneKioHe-
poBb, no ycntxa 3TH nonyo 4HLMian.Hble .MOBOAtnbl" KOHeiHO ne
HMtnn. (npHwMtb. peA.).





PIHwecnlAyiouanr Ta6nHna noRaabsuaeT-
commenHbixb H pacnpeAtneHiuxb MapoK-b.
N2 1. OpWrHHaAJb
9 1878 2 Kon. sea.
llz 1894 2 xon. qepn.
llz 1894 2 Kon. qepH. rpy6. sy6u.
12 1901 KopHqH. pynHa, 3y6IA. cb Ka.
12 1901 qeTmpe 6Aoxa no 25 MapOK-b
nepeBepH. MapKaMH, cb KJeeM'b
12 1901 Heay6u. cb KneeMwb
12 1901 ABofiHaa, 3y6i. c'b KneeMmb
12 1901 onHHb 6AOKIb Bs 25 MapOK'b
c- nepeBepH. MapK., Heay6l. cb Kn.
12a 1902/03 Kpaci. H (Ilon. pyHHa,
3y6u. c'b K'eeMb
12a KpacH. pyHta, He3y6a, c'b KAeeM'-
12b npo6H. MapKH, qepH. pynHa Bs
qepH. paMKi
12b ,, epH. pyHHa B b
aeneH. paMK-'
8a 1875 o0(4HQ. HOBOa.gt'b se3ie
c' xmcenT. KjeeM'b
II. BpaKoB. MapKH 6e3 3y6uoB'b H
6e3'e KAea
12 1901 KopIIH. pyHHa, 21 ajncT'
(42 nepeB. MapKH)
12 1901 KopHUH. pyHHa, 16 aHCTOB'b
(6e3"b nepeBepH.)
12 1901 ABoAiHaa pyHHa
12 1901 CBABHHyTaA pynHa
12 1901 6e3ab pyHHb
12 1901 paMKa H pyHHa qepH.
(2 nepeBepH.)
12a 1902 xpacH. H p03oB. pyHna
12a HaoA aa pyHHa
12a ., TpOHiHa paMKa
12o 1903 DioneT. pyHna
12b ,, AaoHaa pyHHa
12b ABOAHaS paMKa
12b CHnAbHbI CABHr'b pyHHbI
12b oBaIab 6e3~b paMKH
III. (paKCHMHnJe KaMneHrayseHa
1 2 KOI. KpacH.
2 4 Kon. seaeH.
3 2 Kon. KpacH.
4 2 Kon. xpacn. cb JlnHn. rep6.
6 2 Kon. KpacH.
IV. HoBo .mnb rHHpLuxeBATa
6, 8, 8a, 9
B. CBEHCOH'b. HTOrO |


KOnHleCTBO npio6ptTrenrnixb,


Hynneno
18.000
4.555
95
555

100
70
30

25

65.271
264

300

390

10.000


3.150

2.400
150
225
2 484

150
2.000
30
150
1.497
150
300
117
2

9.200
9.200
9.200
9.200
9.200

62.040


comwOeHo pacnpeA.
10.684 7.316
945 3.610
95
555


53.666





7.023



263

450


693


400


342




7.369
7.368
7.396
7.537
7.324

52.240


100
70
30

25

11.605
264

300

390

2.977



2.887

1.950
150
225
1.791

150
1.600
30
150
1.155
150
300
117
2

1.831
1.832
1.804
1.663
1.876

9.800


220.5001163.7001 56.800





HtKOTopble BapiaHTbl PocciH.

B-f 9TOi CTaTbt 5 xoYy nOABJIHTbCH C>b qHTaTeJfIMH ,POC-
CHKH" CBI'.tHiMfMH 0 H-KOTOpblX-b BapiaHTax-b PyCCKHX'l Ma-
pOK', He OHHCaHHbIXb BI KxaTaorax-b H nOTOMy, He H3BbCT-
HbIxb 6o0bmw HHCTBy KOAieKiiOHepoBb,. on>Hen'b Bee eHe npH-
3HaTbCf, qTO co6paHHbIu MHOIO CB'tAtHiA AaAeKO He nOJHbi, HO
1 BceTaKH pt$nuHncfl Ha HXa only6JHKOBaHie Bas HaAeKAa, ITO
Apyrie KoJIneKlioHepbl, HMutI, 6bITb MoceTb,, 6onabie MaTepiana
qBtMb H, CMOryT'b B-b 6onbbiuei cTeneHH OCBaTHTb saTpoHyTble
MHOIO BOnpoCi.
1. BbnycK-b 1889 r. (Marl).
Ba 3TOM'b BbinyCKt nIfTb MapOK-b, aOCTOHHCTBOM'b B'b 4,
10, 20 H 50 Kon. H Ba, 1 p. (9.NJV no HBepy 41, 44, 47, 50 H
52). FepBbIa Bas H3'b HHX'b neqaTanHcb Bs AHa npieMa, CHa-
qana 4OHab, 3aTSM-b BOCbMHyrOnbHafl paMKa Cb pHCyHKOM'b;
ocTaAsbHb B'b TpH npieMa: 1) 4OH'b, 2) paMKa H 3) osanJ
C-b opAOM'b H UHQ4pbl 2OCTOHHrTBa.
KaK-b H3BI-CTHO, (cOHb B'b py6AeBOM.b AOCTOHHCTBt, JfA
Ka2KAOH MapKH OTJlatAbHblA H OrpaHHeH'b CO BCtX'b CTOpOH'b
ToHqariueHr AIHHiefi. PaacTORHic Mea)Ky 4)OHaMH COCI'AHHX'b Ma-
pOK-b He3HaqHTeabHO H paaHO nonoBHH-s MaJI HMeTpa. y KO-
nte4HbIx-b wKe AOCTOHHCTBab 4OH-b cAnjioHOR H He npepHBancb
nepexoaHT, c'b oAHofi MapKH a Apyrypo BI uIaOMb 6a0OKh
25-TH MapOKb, T. e. Ha AiJaor eTBepTymUK' nHCTa, H no CBO-
HMb, pasMa He HMu'eTr' orpaHHnHTeaJbHOH AHHiH. lo3TaOMy y
AeBaTH MapOKb, HaXOARIHuXCH Bb cepeanHH- qeTBepTyUmUH, BC'
3y6ubi CnorIOb noKpbITbi (OHOMb. iTO KacaeTca ocTaabHbix'b
MapOK'b, T. e. qeTbIpex'b yrnJoaBbix H ABwbHas aTH 6OKOBbjx-b,
TO, npH Maantrmel-b CABHrt, 3y6 bI HtKOTOpbIX'b H3sb HHX-
MoryTa, OCTaTbCI HenOKpbITbIMH (~OHOMIb, npH aTOMb yraIOBbe-
Ha OAHOA HnJH AByx'b CMe)KHb]Xb cTopoHax'b, a 6OKOBbie -
TOnbKO Ha OAHOR.
Y 20 Kon-eK-b MHI yaa1ocb 40HapyKUHTb BapiaHT-b c'b
OTA,.rlbHbIM-b c(OHOM'b, qTO BHAHO H3-b TOrO, ITO 3y6L~bI He no-
KpbITbI 4)OHOM'b Ha Tpexb CTOpoHaX-b TORi Ke MapKH.
H3a' BC'X'b KOnl'eqHblXb AOCTOHHCTBIb 5 o6sapyHanib oT-
AtbnlbHbIi 4OH'b TOJIKO y 20 KOn. H TO TO bKO C'b ropH3OH-
TalbHbIMH nonJOCaMH. K'b COmanJIHilO, HH Ha OAHOM'b H3'b BH-
AjHHbIXIb MHOIO aK3eMnanpOB'b C'b 3THM-b BapiaHTOMIb HeJlb3
6bino npoqecTb BpeMeHH ramueHis H Ti5M'b onpeA$nJIHTb BpeM
ero xoHKAeHiq. Bce aKe MHI KameeTCI; qTO 3TOT'b BapiaHTb MO-
>XeTb 6blTb OTHeCeHb wb CaMblM'b paHHHM-b H3AaHiHMab 9TOrO
AocTOHHCTBa.
TOT'b BapiaHTub HHTepeceHb eme H T3MIa, qTO OH'b AaeTb
B03MO)KHOCTb npeAnOJIoKHTb cyIueCTBOBaHie aHaaorHqiaro Ba-
piaHTa H y ApyrHx'b KOIn'beHbI'b AOCTOHHCTBb STOTO BbinycKa,






OuHaKO BC6f MOH nrOHCKH Bb 3TOM' HanpaBAeHiH noKa qTO
He yB-BiFaaHCbe ycnlxoMb. MoKteTr 6blTb KTO-anI6 H3'b HITa-
TeJef nPocCHKH" oKamKeTCH 6oAje CqaCTJHBblM'b. B'b 3TOM'
cayqat OH'b HaC' BCtXb OCeHb O6aXIeTb, lOAJAHBLUHCb CBO-
HMH CBtAX' HiqMH.
)Jan$e, y 4 Kon-neKwb 3TOro BbinycKa c'b ropH3sHTaabHbIMH
nnJOCaMH, MOKHO 3aM'THTb pa3HOBHAHOCTH B'b ib qbpt 4, a y
Tpex-b nOCn$aLHHX'b AOCTOHHCTB-b H3BtBCTHBIl pa3JIHqi B'b
pHcyHK$ H Bb peabe4)t opna.
II. 20 H 50 Kon. 6e3' 3y6uoBb (1915/17).
CnaomIHOAi QOH'b 9THXb MapoKb (HBep'b WN 116 H 119)
6biBaeT'b B'- AByxb BapiaHTax-, Bsb 3aBHCHMOCTH onT Toro, sa-
KaHqHBaeTCS AH OH'b OrpaHHqHTeAbHO~ JIHHiefi HAI H-Tb. Bbl-
no 6bl OmeHb HHTepeCHO yCTAHOBHTb C'b KaKHMH HOMepaMH KIH-
me BcTpt'aeTca Ka)Abrfi H3b HHX-b.
III. Homepa KAHnue.
Hi-OTopbe JIHCTb nOCJltAHHX'b AOpeBOnIOiOHHblX~ Bbl-
nycKOsB cHa6aKeHbl, o6bmlHO Ha HHn)HeM'b xpaio cnpaBa Hun
crABa, IUbI4)paMH HJIH 6yKBaMH B b UBtTt MapoKX. 9TH ItbUppbl
H 6yKBbi sBARIOTCR5 HOMepaMH KwHme. Y MHOrOUB'THbIX'b Ma-
pOKb TaKHX-b HOMepOBb MOeKeTb 6blTb Ha OAHOM'b JIHCTt- Ht-
CKOAbKO, B'b pa3HbIX'b UBtTaXb.
HM3CaJtOBaHie THXb HnoMepoB'b npHBjseKaJo MeHn aaBHO.
Ki coKajtHilo, co6paHHbIi MHOIO no 3TOMy nOBOAy CB~i$n-is
HeAocTaToMHbl Ha1s9 HXb ony6AjKOBaHii. 3aTpOHyn'b Ke 3TT'b
BonpocS cefiqac'b TOAbK) B'b HaAe)KA, 4TO cpean Hamnx'b
qnTaTene nHaniyTCH cpuaTe IcTbl, ycntemie co6paTb KaKia-
Jln60 AaHHbrn H KenaaoIie B'b COBM'tCTHOf Co MHOI pa6ort
npoAoa)KaTb 3TH H3CJ'LBAOBaHia.
IV. 20 py6. nepsaro coBtTCKaro BbnycKa.
6OublHO Cu'TaOT'b, qTO 9Ta MapKa (MBep'b MN 142) cyme-
CTByeT'b Ha AByX'b pa3Hbixb 6yMaraxb. MHb we Kam)eTcI, qTO
pa3HOBHiAHOCTeH 6yMare Tpn, a HMeHHO: 6yMara cpe~aefi TOn-
IIHHbl, AOBOJIbHO TOHKafl H oqeHb TOHKaR. HTO KacaeTCH OT-
TbHKOBb, o6Hapy>KeHHBIX'b MHOIO Ha KamuoIi a3b HiHXb, TO OHH
ca.tyoIgie:
1) 6yMara cpeaHefi TOImHHbl Bt-hT'b MapOKb CHHiii,
pa3HbJXl OTTUHKOB'b, HO HH OAHH-b H3'b HHX'b He MO-
KCeTb 6bITb HasBaHb rony6biM-b;
2) 6yMara nOBOJnbHo TOHKa5 IIB T'b CBtTfO yAbTpa-
MapHHOBbfi H
3) 6yMara oqeHb TOHKas UB-LT'b TeMHO ylbTpaMapH-
HOBbIH.
V. 1000 py6. BblnycKa 1921 r.
3Ta MapKa (HBep-b NJ 149) BCTpqHaeTC5 OTneqaTaHHOfi Ha
o6paTHoii CTOpOH, MtaJOBOi 6yMarH. KoneuHO, sTOT- Bapi-





aHTb MowmeTb 6urTb o6HapymeH'b TOAbKO Ha sK3eMnJHpax-b 6e3b
Knea, 60o 6AnecKrb Knea cKpaeaeTb 6.necK'b MtaOBOH 6yMara.
BapiaHT-b 8TOTb Henb3R Ha3BaTb p-AKHMI, H BCTphqaJICa OHb
MH' TOAbKO B-b KpoBaBO-KpaCHOM-b IBtTt.
VI. COBtTCKit BblnycK'b 1927/28.
CoBCtM'b HeaaBHo a noayHwn'b OAH'b 3K3eMna.p'b 7 Kon.
(Hsep- N' 396) sToro BbnycKa co mTeMneneMs MocKBa Ae-
Ka6pb 1929 r. Ha coBCtM-b Heo6bIqHoiA 6yMar', a HMeHHO not-
TH 6e3s 6i ecKa, AOBOAbHO TOACTOiH a pbIXAOAi Cb 3aMITHOiH
CtTqaToil CTpyKTypofi. KpoM1 Toro pasMdp'b pHcyHKa Ha
aTOM'b aKseMnaapt OTlaHqaeTeR oTrb HopMaabHaro, 6yayiH Ha
noan' MHunHMeTPpa mnpe, qTO o6-sICHHeTcR pacmipeHieMa 6y-
MarH. AJtsno Bb TOM'b, qTO pbxaaa1 6yMara, noAb BJiiHieMb
HaHeceHHaro Ha nee Kaea, cwHMaeTcI. flocat CHRTiR Kaes,
3TO CKaTie HCqeaaeT, H 6yMara pacmHpseTca. Tancb H Ham'b
9K3eMnFajpb, HaneqaTaHHblfi Ha 6yMart c- KneeMb, T. e. B-b
C)maTOMb COCTOSHiH, nocIat yaaneHi5i KAee pacwupHJaca, oTqero
H3M'BHHaCH H pa3Mtpp' pHCyHKa. OAHaKO, B- 3TOM-b canyiat, H
cmaTie H pacumapeHie nposomUIO TOAbKO B'b OAHOM-b HanpaB-
neHiH.
OT' pacmHpeHia 6yMarH H3MtHHnacb H 3y6uxoBKa; P. 3. V
- 131/4 npeapaTHAacb a-b 13:131/4.
mHTepecHo BbIHCHHTb, He HaiueAi'b av KrO-aH60 H3b Kon-
jeKuioHepOBb ons ncaHHofi puxaofi 6yMarH Ha ApyrHX'b AOCTO-
HHCTBaX'b 5TorO BbinycKa.
C. MaHmenefi.




HtfMbie mTeMnejiI.

OqeHb HHTepecHyIo, HO coBepmueIiH He M3CaatAoBaHHyio,
o6~acTb B'b (HunaTeniH npeAcTaBjiasIOTb co6oio ,H'be"le pyc-
CKie 1uTeMneaA snoxH BeJHKofi BOfiHu 1914-1917 r. r. flo
HenOHIaTHbIMb npHqHnHaM'b STa 6OnacTb AO CHX'b nop-b OCTaBa-
Jacb KaK'b-TO Bb CTOPOHt H H Hee 4)HAaTeJIHCTbl MaAO o6pa-
laniH BHHMaHia. XOTR H MaJno CyLteCTByeT' TaKHX'b KOJMeK-
UioHepoB'b, KOTopbe aTHM'b BOnpOCOM' 6bi HHTepecoBaAHCb,
HO BCe Ke nopa y pecoii, no MoeMy MH-tHii, o6aacTH no6onabme BHHMaHia., no-
qeMy TaK'b o6'b 3TOM'b MbI HOrOBOpHM' B'b carayIouliii
pas-b.
1o1A'b H-tMbIMH mTeMneaaMH noppasyM-balOTca Taxie
UlTeMneJa, KOTOpbIMH noAb3oBaaHCb noqTaMTbl, 6laH3b eacKamie
K-b TeaTpy BOeHHblXb tWiCTBif B nepioAbb Bemaoin ofiHbt,





roAb3sOBaAHtb HMM AJI TbrO, WTOdb SK6bi ee BblaaTb Ht-
npisTemno MtcTOHaxo KCeHia TOi HMJa Apyrofi onepaTHBHOfl
rpynnb. JlocTuranacb an 3THM-B IlaJb 9TO Bronpocb, H60 MHO-
rie nHCbMa oTnpaBHjsnnHb 4)HPMaMH, aApeca KOTOpbIXb 6bijma
OTneqaTaHbT Ha KOHBepTaxib. Y MeH1 HMleTCTi KOHBepTb, Ha
KOTOPOM'b MapKa norameHa uTeMneieeM' C' CeMblo KOHmieHrpH-
qeCKlMH KpyraMH, pAUOM'b me Cb MapKOfi HaXOdAHTCH He TOAb-
KO TOqHbfi aapecb 4apMbI, HO H Kpyrajifi noTroaBbi uWTeMneAb
,BapmaBa I amcn. 4. 4. 15." m 3aa3Hasa sTHKeTKa ,3. NM 155.
BapmaBa IeHTapaibHaH".
LUTeMnean 3TaH H3rOTOBaIJIHCb CaMblM-b npHMHTHBH M'b
cnoco6oM H3bS npo6KH, peSHHbi, aepeBa, MeTaAia H T. n., H
H3o6pa)KaAH co6oio pas3Hbl reoMeTpaHecKis H He reoMeTpHqe-
CKiia 4rypi, KaK'b-TO TpeyroJIbHHKH, Kpyrm, 3Bt3Abi, pOM6bi,
TOqKH, a HHorAa 6ooxe cao)KHbie pHcyHKH (qepena, noqTOBbie
POaKKH H T. A.).
Hama saaaqa o6paTHTb BHHMaHie 4HAaTemiHCTOB', qTO
sanaCbl HMbIXrb rameifi c'b Kax~bIM- rOAOMb yMeHbmaIrTCH.
3TO o6,'bCHReTca rt Mi, qTO MHorie KonaeKUi'OHepbi He npHAa-
an 6onAbuoro 3HaqeHiH MapKaM' Ha KOHBepTaxr (q)MIu Cb Hc3-
MbIMH lTeMneaSnMH, noqeMy H 6OJIbnHHCTBO HX 1 Hnn COBC'M-b
Bb6pOCHAH KOHBepTb C'b MapIaMH (Ba 6o0abmIHHCTB 9TO Map-
KH MeaKHXb AOCTOHHCTrb ,A 10 KOn.) HAHJI w CHSIH MapKH, a
KOHBepTbi yHHarTOMHaJ, MeCKAy TMhb H1Moe cpHrypHoe raueHie
TOAbKO H IB'HHTCH Ha KOHBepTaX'h 4)HpM'b.
ITo6bI OCB'ATHTb 9TOTb Bonpochb KaKb MOKHO 6oabme n
03HaKOMHTb 4HAaTenHCTOB'b, HHTepecyiomHxc H'IMbIMH 4UHryp-
HbUMH UTeMneanMH, Cb TM'b MaTepiaAoM'-, KOTOphbf HaxOAHTCR
B'b Moem' pacnopaaceHiH, a ptlIuHlnb CHCTeMaTHqeCKH Bocnpo-
H3BOAHTb 9TH H'MbIAH 4HrypHbIR rameHisi Ha CTpaHHuax1b
.POCCHKH".
,a6u o6aeruqTb MOIO saaaqy n co6paTb B03MOHHO 6oab-
me Matepiaaa Aan neqaTH, H o6paumaIocb KO BCtMib 9HTaTe-
JIIM' c'bpb6o noCb IopacJarb MHn ()OTorpa4)Hq- CHHMKH Cib (Qnp-
MOBbIX'b KoHBePTOBb (HAH we HpMOBbie KOHBepTbI C'b H'MbIM'b
ramueHieM'b BosBpamy Bsb htJIOCTH) 6yAy BecbMa npH3Ha-
TeaeHb 3a nOMOIqb. MaTepiani npomy OTnpaBafsTb no aApecy:
E. Bruhl, Taliinn, V. Parnu 19-a, Estonie.
JlA~a nepBaro paaa MbI noMuijUaeM'b 3A&Cb CHHMKH HEMbIX-b
uiaeMnaeaeifr. Peaeasa Ha ..-4 MOBbiXbh- Ko.KaeXpaxa.,

(flpoAoamxeHie cnajyeTb)
3. Bpyab.


w





HOBbsIi KaiaJIorb C.4d. A.

Tojbibo MTO BbIIUJIO HOBOe, 'IeTBepToe H32aHie KaTaJioi-a
COBITCKHX'b MapOK'b, cOcTaBACHHoe C. (D. A. HpHxoAHTc2 no-
Mwaji'Tb, MITO HEBMMi KaTanOrb h143AaH'b B-h C0KPalueHHOMOb o6ib-
eMl, OXBaTbiBaq co6oi JInHIlb MaKxH nocjitpeBOAIo1ioHHaro
BpemeHH.
HOBOe H3AaHie KaTaiora BO BCtX', OTHolileHi9X'b BhIrOAHO
OT1IH'aeTCSI 0Th BCbX'b npeabiAYU jHx'b. Paspa6oTKa u pacnoao-
)IeHie MaTepiana, o6IbsrcHeHie BapiaHToB'b, IUpli)TLb, PHCHKXH H
CTHJlb 5i3bIxa BCe 3Ha'IHTenJbHO jiytIwe, t'IM'b B-b npe)KHHX'b
H3,aHiqX'b. OCO6eHHO HpiqTHO BHHZTb BWb 3TOMSb KaTaJort
MHOrO, paHte Heo6bSIBJIHHbIx-I, pa3H0BHzIHOCTef4.
OAHHMI3 CZOBOMh, HOBbIR KaTa0Fo'b M0ICHO Ha3BaTb XO-
POIUHM'b KaTaAOrOM'b.
Ho cneiaJlbHbIM'b KaTajioroM'b Ha3BaTb ero OTHIOjb Heab-
351, H60 OH'b He AaeTb OTBITa Ha 0'IeHb MHOrie BOIIpOCu, HH-
Tepecyiomie KoxjieKg1ioHepa-dcneLtiaAIHCTa PyccxmX'b Map0Iob H He
CoenIep)EHT- B-b ce6l MHOrTHXb CBt$eHiif, KOTOPbIX'b C'a npaBOMl
AOAH{HO Tpe6osaTb Thb cneeiianbHaro KaTaaora. KpoMt TOM0,
HtKOTOpbAIq HenPaBBHJbHOCTH B'b j)HaTeJIHCTHqeCKoif o6pa6oTKt II
B'b KjiaccH4U4KauiH 0IHCbBlaemaro MaTepiana, CHJbhHO YM~a510T-
ero aHa'eHie.
OxaaTbIaBI cofoto amub MapXH nocntpeBoxioUiOHHaro
BpeMeHH, 9TOTh KaTaJOr'b He BIb COCTOIHIH BIIOJIHt YAOBHjeTBO-
PIM Tb HCtlb mo06HTeiefl H LUtHHTeJerl PyccKiHx' MapoK'b.
CnltiyeT'b TaKb we nIO)KJIlTb, tITO Kawaoe Ho3oe H131a-
Hie C. 4V. A. cy~LIeCTBeHHO OTJIH'I3aeTCq OThb rreAbiAYLUH no
CBoe0my o6bemy. TaK-b, HO BTOPOM'b H3AaHiH 6mbJIo riOMtfLeHO
onHcaHie nITemneneJi norarueHiR, 6e3cJlt)XHo HcIcq3HyBmee B'b
HocaptypoIIx-b H3AaHi5ix%. B-b TpelTbeb H3,RaHiH 6bIAJI BKJIIO-
qeH'b oco6bii OTA)IbJb, nOCBqiueHHIbhii UtJnbHbIM- BemiaM-b, o
KOTOPbIX'b HH CJIOBa He rOBOPHTCR B-b 'ieTBepTOM'b. ECAH OnIH-
caHie IIITeMiieJIeH H Ilt&bHbIX'b Bemrle BbrlnJIy Ho C-b L-tJIbIO H3'
AaTb ero OTJhitbHO, TaKoe no[ceJiaHie MOKHO JIHIUb flpH-
BtTCTBOBaTb; Bb IpOTHHHOM'b cAyaIA HY)KHO DOX*C2JbTb, 'ITO H
TeMrnenji H UJlbHbIHR BeMI npepaIOTCH 3a6BeHi)o.
COspeMeHHaq 4)HJIaTeJiui siBimeTCH HayKOi C'b TO'IHO yCTa-
HOBHBLUHMHC$1 B3A5IAaMH Ha 13ytiaeMbie eio BOIpoCbI H C'b
BflOAWJ3 YCTaHOBHBU2IHMHCIi npH4HqlnaMH. BcuKoe oTKnoHeHie
OT-b HHX'b cJItbyeT'b C'IHTaTb H e r B p a B HJ b Ho0CT 5 MI H H A
o 11 H 6 x a M H 4) H aT e a HCT H'i e C Ka r o x a pa K T e p a.
B-b pa3cMaTpEBaeMOM'b HaMH KaTaAor-h TaImX'b OTKJOHeHiA Ht-
CKOJbKO, KOTObIfl 51 H nepemrincimi noCAtaoBaTeJIbHO, a
HMeHHO:





1). HyMepauia MapOKS B, Kat'aiOrnb AoaxHa C.yKviHTb
BHuIUHHMa'b npH3HaKOM'b OT.rHqil ,,OCHOBHbIXb MapOK'" OT' HX'
,BapiaHTOBb", npHqeM-b OTAIAJIbHbIMH HoMepaMH AOJIKHbI 060-
3HaqaTbca TOJIbKO ,OCHOBHbIa MapKH." Bb HyMepawiH pascMa-
TpHBaeMarO KaTanora He BHAHO HH CHCTeMbi, HH nOCJ]AoBa-
TeAbHOCTH. HanpHMtpb, BC BapiaHTbl 3y6uOBOK-b 200-.nrTia
AKaaeMiH HayKwb, HAI 20-atTiH peBOJiOljiH 1905 r. o6o3HaqeHbi
OT)rtAJbHbIMH HoMepaMH, a aaanorHqHbie BapiaHTbI MapoKi 10-
atTia peBOjnioui 1917 r. OTI'anbHbIXb HOMepOB'b He HM'btOT'b.
Apyroi npHMp'-b: B'b npeaHcaoJiH KaTaaora yKa3aHo, qTO
OTA'babHbIe HOMepa AalOTCc TtMb pa3HOBHAHOCTHM'b, KOTOpbIR
BMCT-e C'b TiM'b SIaBRIOTCH npH3HaKaMH caMOCTORTejibHbIX'b BbI-
nyCKOB'b; Me)xay TIM'b, o6t MapKH nioHepcKaro cnIeTa co CJo>-
HOH M- uaHHOH 3y6uOBKOfi OTMtieHbI B'b KaTaJIor-b OTAtabHbI-
MH HuMepaMH (NeNg 472 H 473), XOTR ETH BapiaHTbl caMocTOs-
TeJbHbIM'b BbInyCKOM'b HHKOHM'b o6pa3oM' 6blTb He MOryT'b,
npoHCxoa orT JIHCTOB-b Cb paAOBof 3y6toBKOfi IXa.
2). HHaKaiK' Heab35 COTFraCHTbCH C' OCo6blM'b HCKmjIOte-
HieM'b, AOnyIueHHHMl, b AA qeTbIpex'b ,MtCTHbIX'b BbInyCKOB'b
SnOXH HHjnRIHiiH", a HMeHHo, KieBcKaro, CB5lTOmHHCKaro,
CMOaeHcKaro H Cepa4QHMo-,1HBeaeBcKaro, nOM-iUewHHbX'b cpeaH
o6miIe-rocyAapCTBeHHbIx'b BbnycKOBs. M'tCTO BCX'b 3THX'b
,,MtCTHbIX'b npOBH30piia cpeAH aHaOFrHqHbIX'b BbinyCKOB-b HH-
4aJInlioHHaro BpeMeHH )apyrHxb r'opoaOB'b, JIA KOTOpbIX'b OT-
BeAeHe b nocJaI-bHifi pas3tJp~ III BbsnycKa KaTaiora. EcaIi no
pa3HbIM'b npHaHHaM'b Ha3BaHHbIH npOBH30piH TaMnb He 6bIJIH
nOMtIeeHbI H ecAH HXb HymKHO 6biAO HenpeMtHHo nOMtCTHTb
B ob HOBOM'b KaTaaort, TO TaKOBbH Hnaao 6WIO 6l BbIAtAHTb B'b
oco6ibfi OTA ''b. H CMonJeHcKa5i npoBH3opiH He Mo)eT'b CO-
CTaBHTb HCKJIioqeHiH, TOJIbKO 6JIaroAapH cBOeMy CxoACTBy 'b
XN.Nt 77 H 78, catAoBajo 6bi Ba oco6OM'b npHMtiaHiH, nocat
9THXb HOMepOBb. ynoMHTyTb 06'b esy cyLuecTBoBaHiH, Cb CCblA-
KOi Ha TO MBCTO, rA- OHa KaTaJIorH3HpoBaHa.
3). He nOHRTHO, noqeMy MapKH BO3aymHOi nOqTbi, AOC-
TOHHCTBOMb Bb repMaHCKHX'b MapKaxb, npeAHasHaqeHHbRa anA
c"y>Ke6Hotg KoppecnoHAeHuiH,, noMtiUeHbl Mem nycKaMH, a He B'b OTA'-bn' cjnyxKe6Hbux' MapoKb.
4). He BHnHO nocajbaoBaTeJbHOCTH B'b pacnpeAeneHiH
OTA/tAbHbIX'b MapOKb no cepisaMb. TaK'b HanpnMtp', Heno-
HSTHO, noqeMy 3JM' 225-232 H 279--286 pa3A nleHbi Ha ABst
cepiH, MexlAy TtM'b STH me MapKH c'b 3y6uaMH, TaKb >e Bbi-
nycKaBmi5clC B'b TeqeHiH AByx'b ,A'TS', o6-beaUHeHbl B'b OHny
o6tmyr cepiho (NN.M 241-260). EcaH n a orov 6bIlIH B-tCKil
ocHOBaHif, CJltAOBano 6bi ynOM5IHyTb HXi. ],pyroii npHMtp':
HenoHRTeH'b nopagoK'b iaTajorn3aiiH Jii.2 474-494, 6tnaro-
tapa KOTOpOMy MapKa AOCTOHHCTBOM'b BI 1 py6ib 1932 r. no-
MtsieHa paHbme 1 py6aH 1929 roAa.





5). abHaaTenHcTHqecKaR o6pa6oTKa BOAR b x% 3Hal5o'b oc-
TaBJaeT% mKejaTb MHOrO ayqmaro. He yKa3bIBaIOTCH BC$ H3-
BItCTHbIs pa3HOBHAHQCTH (Hanp. Ns 461-463). He yKa3b-
BaeTC caBB3b Me)Kay InoJIoeHiSlMH BOAIHbIX'b 3HaKOB- H 4)op-
MaTOM'b pHcyHKa MapKH. HHTepeCHO OTMTTHTb, qTO Bb npe-
AAymleMub HaaHiH aTa caBab 6wna yia3aHa y 40-py6aeBof
MapKH nepaaro coaBTCKaro BHnycKa. Hao6pameHisI BOAHblX'b
3HaKOB'b CAainaHb He BcerAa xopomo He COBC-htM B'PHO, B b
qeMb nerKo MONKHO y6AHTwbCc, ecan cpaBHHTb H3o6paNKeHia
BOARHblX'b 3HaKOB'b ,MeaHApa H I HtTOKb"U H HOBarO, fOslBHB-
maroca Ha MapKax'b C I[ enneaHHOMMb B I 40 H 80 KOn. (pHc.
120 H 198), c'b H3o6paa)eHi MH KaTajora CKOTTa, B-b KOTOPOMI
BCI BOARHbIe 3HaKH BOcnpoH3BexeHbI c'b 4OTorpa4iiH, CHSTbIXa
c'b MapOKC-, AIe~KaIHHXb B'b ,HCKaTejt', qTO CaMO no ce6f HC-
K JIIaeT' B03MO)KHOCTb OuHn6iK'b.
6). B'b HtKOTOpblX'b cnyqaax'b B03HHKaROT-b Aaxe COMHI-
HiSa B~ npaBHaaHOCTH AaBaeMbixs caBaeHii. Hanp., o6f MapKH
io6Haes ropbKaro yKa3aHbi BbinymeHHbuMH 25-ro ceHTas6p 1932
r.; MeXaAy TIM'b 3eH4'b Ha CTp. 124 Ns 8 CBoero xypHana OT'
15-ro anptna 1933 r. coo6wqaeT'b o MapKic Bs 35 Kon. aToro
aBbnyCKa, RaK'b 0 TOJbKO HTO BblnyIeeHHOi H TOabKO WTO 'HM%
noAyqeHHOi OT' C. Q. A. Ipyroii npHMtip: io6HAefHbRi
BbinycK'b 15 afTia peBOJIIOIIH; HeyHKeAH Bct ero 7 AoCTOHHCTBTb
AiRCTBHTeJabHO 6bisH BbanyimeHb B'b Hos6pt 1932 r.?
7). CoaepmeHHo HeenoHTHo, noieMy MapKH ,KOHTpOAJ
aarpaHHqHaro o6M'BHa Ha3BaHbI ,ciyme6HbIMH'. Hnoab no-
CAnnlHHMb TepMHHOM'b Bb 4QHJaTerAi noApa3yMt-BaiOTCa oco6bMa
MapKH, cneuiabsHO npeAHa3HaqeHHbI Anrn 4paHKHpoaaHia Ka-
3eHHbMH yqpexaceHiMiH CBOHX' cayxKe6Hbux oTnpaBneHiri no
noqT', T. e. MapKH, aaM'HaSioIiaH co6oio o6biqHua nOTOBbI u
MapKH Ha Ka3eHHblX'b naKeTaX'b.
MeaAy T Mtb, MapKH ,KOHTpona sarpaHHqnaro o6M- na"
o6ihlHbiX'b nO'TOBblXl MapOK'b CO6OIO He 3aMIHSIOT'b, HHKaKOrf
noqTOBOf onJaTbu co6oio He npeacTaBA5an1Ts H ynorpe6nuloTcl
aHUIb Anr nepenacKHn aCTHbIuxb nHq'b. He npeAcTaBsna co6oio
Boo6rIe 3HaKOBb nOqTOBOi OnJaTbI, 3TH MapKH HaxOArTCa co-
BepmeHHo BH'% 4HaTejiHn. 3TO HaAo 6biio yKa3aTb.
8). He yxaaaHO, HTO peKiaMHblHa THKeTKH (KCTaTH CKa-
3aTb, He COBCtM'b yAaqHO Ha3BaHHbla MapKaMH), He HM3IOT'b
HHKaKoro QHaaTeAHCTHqecKaro sHaqeHiil. JIHqHO A c' yAo-
BOJIbCTBieM'b npoqenb HX'Ox onucaHie, H60 a Nx' co6Hparo, KaxK
H rep6oBbIl MapKH H 60Hbl, HO aTH o6e'beKT KOJIJeKIxioHHpo-
BaHiH HaxoAflTCa BHt c4HJIaTeniH. Pa3a Mbl y)K KOCHyaHCb
MapOK'b He HOqTOBbIX'b, TO COitAyeTyb nO)KaJITTb O6b OTCyTCTBiH
B'b KaTaAort H 6JarOTBOpHTejbHbIX'b MapOKx, He HMwaBIuHX'b
nIIOTOBaro 3HaieHiA, XOTr H HaKAeHBaBImHXCq Ha lHCbMa, KaK'b
Hanp., B% nflnb3y HHBajnIHOB'b, .,,tTKOMHCCiH" H. T. n., H60 H
3TH MapKHw CO6HpaIOTCa MHorHMH, XOTR H HHaXOAHTCH BH'
QunaTeaiH.





InoMHMO BbImeyKaaaHHbIXb HenpaBHjsbHOCTefi n4)HjaTeaHCTH-
qecKaro xapaKTepa, KaTaJorb HMBeTrb l1tabi pA'b n p o 6 t -
o 0 B 'b, KOTOpbIX'b B'b cnelaiabHOM'b KaTanort coBepimeHHO He
Ao~ojnKH 6blTb OTM'tqy HIKOTOpbe H3'b HHXb:
1). OTcyTcTBie CBtlteHiH o IItJbHbIX'h BeMlax'b H JuTeM-
nejaax norameHia yxe 6bi o OTMttqeHO Bblme. 06oiieHbl co-
BepmeHHo MonqaHieMab uITeMneJIH 4paHKHpOBaJbHbiXb MarniHH
- caMan MonoAaR oTpacajb 4uHnaTeniH, HeIaBHO HOJIyqIHBuma
npH3HaHie c nOHBHBImHMCH OCo6blMH KaTaaioraMH.
2). Bi, qeTBepTOM'b HsaaHiH snepsBe B- npeaHcJOBiH
AaioTcH o6miia yKaaaHii qHJnaTeJHcTH1ecKaro xapaKTepa. PasHbe
cnoco6bi neqaTaHia onHcaHbI noApo6Ho H B-b o6meM-b npaBHsb-
HO. OaHaKO He noHCHHeTCH KamgbIit pas-, q'tMb HMeHHO OHH
OTJrHqaIOTCH OAHH' OTTb Apyroro, Hanp. MeTannorpaqis oThb
rpaBropbI H He npHBOaTca npHMtpbil AJi1 Ka)a Hy.KHO nocantTb, qTO B'b npeAHInJOBia Haqero He CKa3aHO o
HaAineaTKax' (Ha6op'b HAH KIHrue), o copTaxb 6ymarH, o BO-
IHHbIX'b 3HaKaX'b H HXb pa3HOBHAHOCTSX'b, O IlBhTaX'b H OT-
TIHKax'b, o6- oneqaTKaxb H cnyaiaaHOCTX'b nerqaTaHis.
3). He BcerAa yKa3abiaeTCH ToqHOe BpeMa nocTynneHis
Bb o6paieHie OTAtbHbIX'b MapOKW HnJH BbInyCKOB'b. OqeHb
)KeaaTeabHO BcerAa HaiTH B'b KaTajor-' yKia3aHil TOqHaro AHH,
MtcRt~a H roAa Haqafa npoAaXKH KaKarof MapKHI Ha noqTI,
ECJIH noqeMy aH60 He npeACTaBnaeTcq B03MOKHbIM'b TOqHO
yma3aTb AeHb, BCe ce )KeJIaTeJIbHbI CBbaeHiH O MtCfll.t HaqaJIa
npoxamKH. Bb Bb1nyCKaX'b, OTAJIHbHblH AOCTOHHCTBa KOTOpbIX'b
noCTynaJlH B'b o6paLgeHie He oaHoBpeMeHHO, HHorAa aaxe B'b
pa3Hbie roabl, Bceraa xaeaaTejibHbl yKa3aHiS, KorAa HMeHHO
KaKi I OCTOHHCTBa 6biIH BbInyiueHbl. Hanp., N 126-139.
198-207, 241-260, 305-328 H Ap.
4). CoBepmeHHo He yKas3bIaeTCe BpeMH H3'bsTia MapoKI
H3' o6paimeHil.
5). He yKa3blBaeTC51 BejitHHa THpapma MapoKb, HH KO-
nIHqeCTBO HiH pacnoJao)eHie MapoK-b Bb JIHCTr. A 3TH CB-bAe-
HiH HMtnIHCb BO BTOPOM'b Hs3aHiH.
6). He Bceraa yKas3bBaeTca B'b KaKOMb MMeHHO pHcyHKn
HaneqaTaHO TO HJH HHOe AOCTOHHCTBO aaHHaro BbinycKa. Hanp.
KonneKiHioHep'b He BH2aBmiii MapKH B-T 80 KOn. 1931 r. (J2
487) H He 3Haioiii ea pHcyHKa, He MOaKeT'- 3Toro yCMOTp-,Tb
H3'b KaTanora. TaKHXi cayiaeB3 BHb KaTaJort MHOrO.
7);. He yKa3blBaioTeC HoMepa KinHme, BCTrp-qaloiiec5 BHa
BA'b IBtTHbIX'b abI4P'b Ha Kpaaxs aHCTOeBb HblKOTOpbX'b BbI-
nycKOBsb, A 9TH CBt2eHia BeCbMa HHTepecHbI aJIl cneyia-
JIHCTOB'b.
8). B'b HaaneqaTKax-b He Bceraa yKa3blBaeTca, cAnbaHb.
a OH- Ha6OpOM-b HJIH KJIHlle, a 9TO OqeHb Ba)KHO 3HaTb AnAI
onpedatJeHia HXb noAnnuHHOCTH.
9). He yKasaHbi BCt H3B-CTHbI ,,06pa3LbI" (Hanp. MapKi
NX 83) HH BCt H3BtCTHbIH npo6Hbln MapKH (acce).




10). OnHcaHie noAAInoK'b H HX'b np3Hi npHaK poa.naHo
6e3eb oa)CKHOi noaHOTbl.
11). He Bcerna yKasaHO, B'b KaKHX'b lAHeaKHbIX'b 3HaKax'b
BbInycKanIHCb Tt HnIH HHbI5 MapKH H KaKaI qa3CTb AOCTOHHCTBa
umna a 6a aroTBopHTenabHbia itinH. HpuMIP'b: ,QH;aaTeaifl
A- A$THM'b'.
12). Bi, noqTOBO-6naroTBOpHTeanbHbiXb BbinycKax'b He
BcerAa yKa3biBaeTca, KaKOMy yipe)aeHiio nepeLasaanacb Bl-
pyqKa H Ha KaKiHa rUAH ynoTpe6iaamacb, npHMp-p'b: ,Hajia-
Teanis-TpyanafH MCAl".
13). 06paiCHeo CAIIIKOM'b MaIO BBHMaHil Ha BO3aylyI-
HYIO noITy, 3Ty H3aIo6AeHHyIO H Noporyio OTpacab coBpeMeH-
HOIr 4()HaaTeJiiH. 5I aHHO BOJIH'O cornaaceH'b c' COCTaBHTeAIMH
KaTaaora, He Bb l'AbHBUiHX'b MapoKb B03AJymI oi nOtlTbi B'
oco6bI't oTAt'Jb*). OAHaKO, aaBaeMbliR KaTaaoroMb CBt-beHis
HaAO CqHTaTb COBCtM'b HeAOCTaTOqHbIMH. TaKI HanpiHMSp'b, He
BcerAa yKasaHO, Ha KaKHXl BO3AymlHbIX'b jlHHiRX'b ynoTpe6,a
IHCb Ti HAH HHbIH MapKH B03symIHOri noqTbI; BOo6le He yxa-
3aHO BpeMm nepBaro noneTa na KamAOfi JHHiH, HH BpeMH no-
neTa, c- KOTOpbM'b 6bIJIH nepeBeseHbi nOqrTOBbfl oTnpaBaeHiTl,
BnepBbie onnaaeHHbHI AaHHbIMH MapxaMH; B'b 60Jb1IbHHCTB'
catyqaeB'b HHiero He roBopHTC5 o cneiiajbHbixb mrTeMnejifaxb
B03,symHO noqTbl; He yKa3biBaeTca KaawAbIfi pa3b, AonycKauHcb
aH Tt HH Ha HHbI MapKH BOLyu1Hoi flnMTb K'b onnIaTr o6blq-
HbX'b n0qTOBbIXb OTnpaBJIeHigi; He AaeTCa pacgtiHKa aaporpaMMb.
14). HHorAa oTCyTCTBYIOT'b Heo6xoAHMbIa nocHeHiia 06-
CTORTeAbCTB'b, Bbl3BaBUmX'b noABjeHie Ha CBIT'b TrX' HAJI
UHbiXb BbInycKOB'b, Hanp., MapOK' Bo03ymLHoOi nOqTbl B'b rep-
MaHCKHXb MapKax-b HnJH ce MtCTHbIX'b npOBHs3piii.
15). He BcerAa naorTca o6'bclHeHia 3HaqeHil HaAnHceri
na MapKaxb, Hanp., 3HaqeHia 6yKBnb SAT" Ha MapKaxb acne-
paHTCKaro KoHrpecca.
16). ,HHora OTcyTCTByIOT'b 06blCHeHia, qBMtb HMeHHO
sia neTCH gaaHHbli BapiaHTb, OTA'bnbHbIM'b JIH BbInyCKOM'b HaH
pa3HOBHAHOCTbIO B'b aHCTt A)pyroro THna. HIpHM-p-b:--N 217 A.-
17). He Bceraa yKa3blBaeTca9, HMtJIIaH AH MapKH HopMaJb-
Hoe xo)aeHie H npoxaBaiHCb JIA Ha nIOqT. IpHM-Spbl: -
NNg 36, 50, 58, 65, 133, 134, 225, 228, 230, 232, 233, 234,
279-286, 361-382 H H-KOTOpblt Apyril He3y6uoBaHHbIa Map-
KH. OTcyrcTBie TaKoro yKa3aHii 3acTaB.IHeTb npeanoJaraTb,
qTO 9TH MapKH HaaO CqHTaTb HOpManbHO BinyUeHHbIMH H HOp-
MajbHo npo)xaBaBmHMHCH. MeM ay T'Mb, HiKOTOpbie KaTanorH
3TO ocnapHBaaOTb,.KaK'b Hanp., 3eH4)fr NoN_ 225, 228, 230, 232,

*) n p Mt a nie PeAa LKi H. Bb AaHHOMb cny'at PegaKInAl
coBepwuenno me cornacHa cb MntileM-b asropa. Hao6oporT. neo6xoAnmo 6bl-
no BbiAfltTb MapKH Bo03sAylWHO nOfTbi Bb OCO6blbI OTA bInb, npHJnOWMTb cxemy
8o03AYuwtbixb coo6uenit cb nepeAaTOMhblMM ny*tTaM AaTb o6pasEAbi a3po-
rpam-b H fleperHMcMTb BosAywInbifl 3TMKeTKH c'b yKasaaieMb Hxb pasmtpa H
3y6oaBHM. E, R.






279-286. H KaTaaor,- C. c. A. He AonA~)eH 6bin 6cOoTH
3TO MOAqaieM-,.
18). Hanero He roBopHTCS o0 HtKOTOpbi x BapiaHTaxTb,
onucaHHbnIx B'b ApyrHxTb pacnpocTpaneHHbIx'b KaTaaoraxb.
Hanp., KaTajorb 3eH1)a yKa3blaeT'b Ha cymnecTBOBanie KopH-
HeBO Hi se aeHoi MapoK1b Bb nOMoI1mb ronOAaIoiuiiM'b lnoBOn-
)Kbsr, a TaK'b 4AeHieMb. CneuiaAbHNii KaTaJIorb AoniKeH'b B'b TaKHX, cny-
qax'b BblcKa3blBaTb CBoe MH-Hie.
19). MHorAa He aIOTCr H3B-BCTHbIa CB$iAeiHSa HJIH Heo6-
XOaHMMS yKa3aHiS. TaK'b Hanp., He ynoMHHaeTca o cymecTBO-
BaHiH py6aeBbixob AOCTOHHCTB'b c6eperaTeabHbIxb MapOK'b, He
HMtBWIHX OAHaKO noqTOBaro xO)KAeHiil; He AaeTcR onHcaHie
HeoQ4)HiajbHnbux nep4)opauiii nepsaro BbinycKa aBb 30IOTOM'b
HClHcjeHiH H TpaypHbi'b MapOK1; HeAOCTaTOqHO TOIHO cocTa-
BJeH'b 3aroaoBOK'b Ha.ab TNi'N 399-422; He yKasaHbu BapiaHTbl
3y6uOBOKIC, BCTptqaioigieca y MapOK'm KOHTpOJIH 3arpaHHnuaro
o6M-lHa 1923 r. n 1925 r., a y BbinycKa 1928 r. 3y66iOBKa BO-
o6mte He o6os3aqeHa.
H-TO KacaeTca 0603HaeHifi 3y6aOBOK'b, XOTR H He BcerAa
coBnaAaIouluHx'b Cb MOHMH, TO H B'b aTOM-b OTHOmIeHiH HOBOe
H3AaHie KaTanora BbjrOAHO OTJIHlaeTCq OT'b npeAbIAymHx'b.
HymKHO oqeHb nO)KaaJTb, ITO He A- aeTc pa3AHnqi MeKeAy
aHHefHof H papAOBOi 3y6UOBKaMH, HM-biomee He TOJAbKO Teope-
THqeCKOe, HO H npaKTHiecKoe 3HaqeHie. HanpiM'bpi, Bap3A'
A MHoro c4)JIaTenHCTOB'b H AaaKe onbITHbIX'b, CMOryT'b 6e3b
3y61ueMtpa 3aMtTHTb pasHHLUy Me>)Ky 3y6ItOBKaMH 12 i 121/2.
Ho ecnH OHH 6yAyT'b 3HaTb, ITO N2 337, 347 H 358 HMBIOTT'
3y6qoBKy paIOBYIO, a BCt ocrTaJIbHbe HOMepa TtX'b we Bbl-
nyCKOBSb 3y6UOBKy AHHefiHyIO, TO OHH nerKO CMoryT'b OTJIH-
qHTb Ha3BaHHbie HOMepa 6e3'b BCSKiar 3y6rueMtpa. KaK'b Bb-
me cKa3aHO, pa3acaTpHBaeMbri KaTaAorb AaeTb He MaJIo HO-
BblXb, He o6i'HBJBeHHbIXb paHblue, pa3HOBHAHOCTefl. Ho BMI'CT-
'b TsM'b, OH'b He ynOMHHaeT'b HtKOTOpux'b BapiaHTOB1', yKa-
3aHHblX' B'b TpeTbeMb, H32AaHiH OTcioaa Ha8lO noAaraTb, ITO BCt
TH noca$)lAHie HaAo CqHTaTb HecyLmeCTBcOylIo MH H KaTaJorH-
3HpOBaHHbIMH panHbte no oIItH6K. oa10TOMy BO3HHKaeT'b He-
o6xoaHMOCTb nepecMoTpa Moero Hs3CJieAOBaHil o 3y6UOBKaXb,
OTneqaTaHHuaro Bab X 10 Hamero )ypHaJa, qitM'b Ia 1 3afiMyCb
Ba CJI yIouiiH paasb.
OXOTHO BtBpI, ITO ALJIA BOCnOJIHeHi BCHXXb yKa3aHbHHbIX
MHOIO Bfb KaTaJIort npo6tbOB-, noTpe6yeTca He ManO TpyAa H
KponoTAHBOfi pa6oTi. Ho noKa aTa pa6oTa He 6yAeT7b Bbinon-
HeHa, KaTajOr'b He MO)KeT', CHTaTbcSI xopomInM' cnerianbHbIM'b
KaTaJIorOM'b PyccKHX' MapOKb.
B' 3aKaioqOeHie cJtyeT'b npH3HaTb, 'ITO qeTBepTOC 13-
AaHie KaTalora C. 4'. A., XOTH HHe AaeTb OTBtTa Ha OqeHb
MHorie Bonpocbl, HHTepecyiotite KOJIJeKulioHepa-cneuiajHcTa





PyccKnx-b MapoKb, Bce-mce Aona)no c4HTaTbcH caMbIM- Heo6xo-
aHMbiM'b noco6ieMb Amnn HXl Hn3yueHiia. nofBjAeHie KaTaJIOra
6eaycAOBHo HBARCTCH KpyInHbIMb uaroM-b Bnepe' BH' CMbICJIh
pasBHTia PyccKofi 4pnaTeniH, 60o OH-, He CMOTpS Ha CBOH y3-
Kia paMKH, HIKOTOpbl5 HenpaBHUbHOCTH H npo6' lb, Ba, cBoeH
o6nacTH 6e3snopHo HBJIReTC5I JIyqmHM H3'b Bc x' HbIH' cy-
uLecTByIOMLHX'b KaTaIorOB-b.
CanayeTb OAHaKO no)eJIaTb, qTO6bl Bb BO3MOXHHO CKO-
poM'b BpeMeHH H BC' OCTaJLbHbIa PyccKis MapKH AOXKAaIMCh
CBoerO HOBaro KaTaJTora, He ycTynaIiomaro KaqeCTBOM'b OInCaH-
HOMy.
C. MaHxmeae.




ManHyKyo n ero MapuH.

HexaBHO C'b nbLWHOfi nOMne3HOCTBIO OTnIpasIHOBaJIO cBoe
roA1iHoe cymecTBOaaHie MapioHeTHoe rocyaapCTBO, Ha3blBa-
eMoe MaHqyKyo. CosaaHHoe no BonJt fnoHiH, HOBOHCneqeHHoe
rdcyAapcTBo BCTynlJIO BO BTOpo roA'b cBOero cymleCTBOBaHia.
He6oabmauH TeppaTopil, OXIono 969.000 KB. KHJI. cb Haceae-
HieM'b 24.041.000 sei., AaeTb B03MO)KHOCTb H npaBO Ha npH3Ha-
Hie aToro rocyAapCTBa a A aanbueMb BocTOKi asiaTCxaro Ma-
TepHKa. Manqyxyo saHHMaeT' TeppNTopilo 6bmmefi MaHIKy-
pin, KOTopas rpaHHqHTr- Ha CtBepo-BOCTOkR C-b pHaMypCiKHMb
KpaeMb, Ha aanaat-MoHroaieft n KHTaeM-b H c' BOCTOKa OMbI-
BaeTCH MOpfMH IHnOHCKHM'b H )KeATbIM'b HMteT'b OrpOMHOe H
Ba)KHOe 3HaqeHie Co CTpaTerHqecKOi TOqKH sp-His Ha AaJIb-
HeM' BOCTOK-. TaMb mwe npopt$bIaeTb cTpany BOCTOqHO-KH-
TaiicKas mena. gopora, coenaHHInaLOa IHTy c'b BnaAzIBOCTOKOM'b
H BaMiHtrimie ropoAa Xap6HHb, MyxAeHn, rFnpnHb H ap.
HnoTOMy- TO 5IlnoHisl H lBJIHeTCH BeJIHKHMb noIpoBHTeaeM'b eio
co3AaHHaFo rocyaapCTBa.
Yme 15 iiOHH 6bria BblHecena napjaMeHTOMb pesoJ3onia,
Tpe6yioimaH HeMeAJieHHaro npHanaHi ,de jure" HOsaro rocy-
aapCTBa. HeMHoro nos3Xe rInoHiI, BonpeKH yrpoaaub Han-
KHHCKaro npaBHTeabCTBa H JIMHN Hagi%, o(ptaiafbHO npH3Hajna
HoBoe rocyaapCTBo n HasHaana a CBOHMob HaMiCTHHKOM'b e-
6et3H3B~CTHaro renepana MyTO. fIpeaHaeHT- HOBOfi pecny6.nH-
KH ny H, 6baUlif KHTafcCKif HMnepaTop', HBHJICS JIOBKOi Ma-
piOHeTKOfi Bb pyax'b HIIOHCKHX'b MHJIHTapHCTOB'.
BMtCTh Co BCIMH HOBOBBeAeHiaMH 3apa6OTaJa H noqTa,
noqeMy 25 irOHH BCt KIHTaficKi fl lOTOBbI5 KOHTOpul 6biji sa-
KpbITblH npogAaKa KHTaiCKHX'b MapoK'b C'b HaAneqaTKOi
,MaHquiypiH" 6bina BocnpeineHa. Ha cntayoriifi AeHb, T. e.
26 iionH 1932 roAa, c'h neo6blKHOBeHHOfi 6bCTpOTOfi pacnpo-





CTpaHnaacb npoaa)Ka HOBbXb nOrTOBbIM'b Mapowb, OpirIHa.ab-
Haro pHcyHKa, cnIuIHo 3arOTOBAieHHblX'b B'b SInHiH.
IeqaTanucb 9TH MapKH B'b ToKio Bs rocyAapCTBeHHOf4
THnorpa4)iH ,,Jmperial Japanese Bureaux of Printing and En-
graving" Ha HHOHCKOi 6yMart, 6e31, BOAHHbIX'b 3HKOB'b, no-
Ao6HO BbMycKy 1923 r. no 100 UIT. B'b JIHCT, :y6iOBKxa 13:131/2
RnoHCKaR.
Becb BbInyCK'b COCTOHT'b H3b 18 ,OCTOHHCTB'b;
1/2 4). OJHBKOBaf 5 4). seneHaa 15 4). opaHxKesaa
1 ,, KapMHHb 5 opaHieBaa 15 ,, cHHe-3eJieHa
1 1/2, f )ioaeTOBaS 7 ,, chpaa 20 OJIHBKOBO-KOpHqH.
2 ctpo-cHHaa 8 oxpa 30 ,, opaH1eBan
3 KopHHe Baa 10 opaHxeBai 50 ,, onHBKOBaR
4 ,, OJIHBKOBaI 13 ,, KOpHqneBaas 1 ioanb ioneToBan
,TeHeKHof eaHHHIue, noAo6HO InOHiH, 6b2ia BBaeeHa pas-
MtHHas MOHeTa 1 IoaH'b = 100 cenwb.
THpa>,b MapoK' HeH3BbCTeHb. Ha AOCTOHHCTBaX'b
OTI 112 ,o 10 )eH'b H3o6pa)KeHa MaHIsypCKas naroaa B'b JIr-
ouHH, caMaa XApeBHsna B'b MaHtmypiH, KOTOPbII Koraa-TO 6biJ'b
CTOAHuefi MaHqncypiH H pe3HAeHqiiei HMnepaTopOBl,.
HaroAa aTa socnpoH3BeAeHa Ha MapKaxb C'b C Ab o, )ta-
6bi BO36yAHTb naTpioTatecKil qyaBCTBa HapoAa H aaTb TOn-
tOK'b K- caMoonpeA'bneeHilo MaHaHXypCKOf HariH H He3aBHCH-
MOCTH.
Ha ocTaabHbX'b MapKax'b, HaqHHas cb 13 ()eH'b H KOHqaR
1 ioaHOM7b HaXOAHTCf nopTpeT'b npe3aweHTa fy-H, 6biBmaro KH-
TaficKaro MajoJAhTHMro HMnepaTopa. ly-H noAyqHj'b eaponeH-
cKoe o6pa30BaHie H B'b HaqaJ$ 1932 roAa, noca't noctmeHin
lnoHiH, flB1ICS ynoJlHOMmoeHHblMb BOSHH1KaioIIaro rocyAapCTaa
H 3aTvMb 6bIJ'b BO3BeAeH"b B'b npe3MaeHTbl. PesHA eHniefi HO-
Baro rocyAapcTBa 6biab H36paH'b ropoiiA, qaHqyHb HJIH no KH-
Tai cKH CHHKHH'b, IrAE HHaXOARTCS BCt npaBHTenbCTBeHHUHI
yqpe)wAeHisl. Lo cero BpeMeHH B'b ManHyKyo IapHT'b HeBt-
posTHb1it xaoc'b. IlOqTOBbIu CHomLeHia OqeHb cjia6br; saqacTyo
BO MHOrHX' ropoAax'b, KaKim MyKeH'b, cEeHTieH'b H Ap., KOp-
pecnoH~eHn[a 3anle HBaeTcfl MhcaIuaMH. AHrjififi )KypHan jCT'
FeHpH BHnb.HpA,, noc-bTHBIuiH MaHqyXyo, nmneTb: ,,>KeJt3-
HbI aoporH nnoxo ()yHKUiOHHpyIOT'b, notsAa 3143 Manqyan Bbs
MyKAeH'b XOaHT'b OqeHb pt.KO. 51, xenajia npo'xaTb OT'b MaH-
MynIH, o)HAan-b not'3a Il'bJyio HeAhalo. KoppecnongeHaisi AO-
erTaBJIeTn naoxo H HeaKKypaTHO. CTapbe KHTafiCKie qHHOB-
HHKH OCTaBHJIH CBOH MtCTa. Ha noqTb Jem)aTb TbICH1qH M'LU--
KOB'b, HanojiHeHHbIX' nHCbMaMH. EJIH Bbi normenaeTe nony-
qETb Bame nHCbMo, BaMb nOKa3bIBaIOTb rpyay H npeAjiaraOT'b
BbI6paTb CBOH, a TaKwe npocaHT B3aTb nHCbMa AnRJ CBOHX'b
3HaKOMblX'b. Ha nHOil TOJIbKO CT. MaHlyniH AneaHTb 1500
M'iuIKOBb c'b no4TOfi. 3TO 6binlo oceHblO npomnaro roAa".
Ho 1 Tenepi nono>KeHie He ynysImuaocb. TYT, HaAo Ao6a-
BHTb, 4TO MaitqyKyo HesBJIaeTca qaeHOMb BceMipHaro IlouTO-





'aro Coiosa n ntCbMa, ppanHKMnpBaHnuH THMI h1apuaml, He
BesAt npHHHMatOTCH.
HoBoe rocyAapCTBO, oTnpa3sIHOaBsb ron~l cBoero cymie-
CTBOBaHia, 1 Mapra 1933 roAa, Bsb eCTb aToro Co06bTia Bbiny-
CTHAn cepilo H3b 4 AOCTOHHCTB'b:
1 4). oxpa, 2 4). cIpo-se.neHas, 4 04. pacaai, 10 4). CHHas.
THpawb Hen3BacTeH'b. MapKH neiaTaanHb THnorpa4)CKHM'b
cnoco6oMb, BI, rocyAapCTBeHHoA THnorpa4)in Bna ToKio, Ha 61-
aofi 6yMar'h, 3y6tuoBb 121/2. Ha 1 H 4 4(. rep6,b pecny6-
uJIHH CK ABYMH C'bByM KpeiBaiOU HMHCfl )naraMH H naBpOBblMb
BtHKOM'b; Ha 2 H 10 4,. ABOpenA- npea3AeHTa Bab aHqyHnB.
B' saaKIoqeHie ocTaeTca 3aMtTHTb o mTeMnemax'b rame-
His. BoAbinefti acTbhK ynoTpe6aaeTca ABa mTeMnenR: 1) Kay-
qyKOBbUi, Kpyramb pa3MspOM- 34,5 MM. CI- KHTafiCKHMH HaA-
nHCaMH ntJIHKOM'b, IqBbT'b 4)ioaeTOBbli, ynoTpe6AnneTca BS? Qen-
TieHt; 2) cKea'$sHbui, AiaMeTpoMb Ao 40 MM. Cb' aHrjiicKOfi
HaAtnHCbIO ,,Haicheng, Mukden HJH Harbin", BCTpt aeTCq TaK-
we ,Manchuli" aH acTb TeKCTa Ha KHTailcK. S3blIK, qepHbUfi.
KpoMt Toro eme mTeMneIb MygKeHa, Heo4HLiaabHb m, HO 3Ha-
qHTCs Ha MHOrHXb MapKax'b MaHnayyo, Kpyraufl, co IUHTOM'b
nocepeAHHnb HaAnnCbiO no KHTaficKH, Clb AaTOf .18 AHi 9
Man nepioAa Ta-TYHwI 1-ro roAa", T. e.=,,18. 12. 32" AaTa
Haqaja o4)HqianbHaro cyierTBOBaHia pecny6nHKu. KOHeIHO,
rTOT'b nepeqenb mTeMnejeie He noAnoH H MOsI npocb6a Ki KO-
AeraM-b 4Hn.aTe.IHCTaMib AaTb CBOH AonoJHHTeJIbHbie MaTepianbI
Ha CTpaHHLax'b ,PoCCHKH".
B.CT. 3oHHeH6eprnb-leAopoBCKii.




eeHeKHO 6OHHblfi OTAhJI'b.

qTO cnAyeT'b 3HaTb KOJIieKLiJOHepy Aene)mHbIXb 3HaKOBab.

()IonoaHeHie Ka CTaTbt Toro Ke HaHMeHOBaHiH B'b N2 9
,,PoccHKH", anp-bib 1932 r.)
HcTeKuili rOA'b BbIflBHl'b HOBble AaHHbe o pH e A.eHem-
HbIXb 3HaKOB-b, 0 CylUHOCTH KOTOpbTX' He 6bijiO AOCTaTOqHOfi
HCHOCTH. TaKHMTm o6pa30Mb OKasaaOCb B03MO>KHbIM'b BHeCTH
aonojiHeHis Ki Hamuei npomrnOroAHefi CTaTb', a paaHO HC-
npaBHTb CooTBtTCTByIomiie HoMepa B'b aTajiort 6o0Hl CQA Ha
1927 r., HyMepaUiH Koero Mb npHAep)nHBaeMcH a 3AICb.
1) 3HaKH ne cymecTBayouoie: 3063, 3067, 4122 H 4123.
r p H MI q a H i e. 3HaK'b XN 10423 no coo6mteHilo aBTO-
pHTeTHbIX'b JIn'b 6yATO-6bi cyUlecTByeTb.





2) 3HaKH B'b KaqeCTBt AeHerb He xoAHaMie, eCJa OHH
He HMAJiH OCO6blX'b HaAneqaTOKb .o xo)KAeHiH": *) 1033, 1034,
1035, 1036, 1037, 1038, 1039, 1059, 1060, 1061, 1062 H 1063.
K'b qHCJIy .COMHHTeJIbHbIX'b", B'b CMbICJIL HXb CyleCTBO-
BaHia cjbtye'b Ao6aBHTb: 4165, 7070, 7077 H 10436.
OKa3aaHCb cyI3ecTByIouHMH Ha'b s. CJa .COMHHTeAbHbix'b":
4066, H3BtCTeH'b, KaK'b yHHnKyml 4304 H 8163 o6a Ano lonb-
HO p'hAKH.
H. Poc6epb .















XpoHHKa
HOBblX'b BbinyCKOBb.

ABCTPIR 7 CeTnR6pF a'b naMATb ocoB60mAeHiR
B'Hbl OTb TypOK-b sa 1683 rOAy Bbjmna KCMMeMopaTrBeno-penMrloa3na 6na-
roTBOp. cepi H3-b 6 AOCTOHMCTB-b cb MaAnHcbO .Katholikentag" 12 rp. se-
neHaR BH-b CTapoA BbHu a-b 1683 r. cb co6opOM-b CB. CTe ana; 24 rp. 4io-
neTosaR MapKo A' FRlano nanCKn neraT-b; 30 rp. KapMHmnoan rpa4-b
PyAHrep-b; 40 rp. ctpan HOponb l-b Co6tccKIH; 50 rp. CHHRR repuorb
IorTapHHrcKif; 64 rp. ceniR 6yproMHCTp-b OHb Jle6em6epr'b.
nOnlbAl. BbIWmnH cnyee6nWbt Mapnm nHnosan (30 rp,) H Kpacnan
(80 rp.).
PYMblMII. 25 cenTR6pa abMuna KOM MOeopaTHSin a cepira Sl naMRTb
50 ntTif peKoncTpyKLuin geopLa -b CHnait, 1 n. tioneTosaR cb nopTpeTa-
MM EnHcaBerTb (KapMe'b CHnbea) H Kapna I; 3 n. cenia ronoebi Tpex'b Ko-
poneA; 6 n. KpacMo-opaHweeaR C:Hny3T'b ABopua nenea-b.
2. FEPMAHIR. nonHaT'b Bonpoc' o eBbnyCK't apkH cb nopTpeTOM"b
AAOnblia XHTnepa. Bb OTTR6pe Bbrl/eT-b 6narOTSOpHTenbhna cepln B- na-
MRTb 50 nJ6T[R cMepTH Kono03Htopa PMxapAa Barnepa, B3RTbi cLCeHb H3b
onepb 3HaMenHTaro KOMnO3HTOpa.
K-b 1 rsnapq 1934 r. 3aroToBnReTrcn mBan cepla nO4TOBblXb MapOK-b C
noprpeTaMH Bb.lAIOLAHxcR MtMeuKHXb renepanosb
4. FPELIFI. OpeAnonomeMa K-b BbnycKy KOMMeMgpaTHBMaR cepln s'
namnTb npH6b~TI nepearo rpe4ecKaro Kopons OTTOMa 1. B-b ciOpoA-b epeMe-
MH BblXOART-b BCblCIR AOCTOHHCTBa nOT. MapOK-b 50, 75 H 100 ApaxMs H
AonnaTa 50 H 100 Apax-b.
5. CJIIAHAIR. KonWHecTBo Bo3AyuJHbix-b apox-b MaAneraTatnbix-b
Ann noneTa HTanbRHncKOf 3cKaApbi reHepana Banb6o 1 Kp. 5900 Ma., 5
Kp. 4600 eH3., 10 Kp. 4000 aKa. fHcemb 6bino nepee'3eio scero 28~





8. nOInbLUA. no cnytawo 250 ntkTiF oceo6owAenia Btnibi KOponem-b
nonlbcHHM'b RHOM'b CO6tCCKHM'b OTb TypOKb, Bb CeMTiF6pib BblIPeT-b OMMeM.
Mapxa Beb 1.20 rp. penpopyKLui MH3stBTHO R apTMHbl xyAO HnMKa FIa Ma-
TeHKO ocBO6mpReMie Bthbl B-b KonH'ecTBt 2.000.000 a33.
7. MOHAKO. Bblnyiuena BosAyLuna MapKa 1.50 tp. na 5 tp. aene-
HOO H KpacHoA cb HaAne4aTaHNblmb a3ponnaoMab.
10. FOrOCnABII. Bb cKOpow speMenH 6yAerTb Bblnyluena cepis Bos"
AyuIMblX1' MapO-b. BbIlunH HaAne4aTKH ,JyrocnaBHja" na MapKax- 1926
roAa Ha BCx-b AOCTOHHCTBax'b 25, 50 napa, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 15, 20, 30
yHHL't, Ha Tpex-b AocOHHCTBax'b 1928 rofa HaBOAHeHie 25+25 napa,
50+25 napa, 1 AHHn50 napa H ma AoniaTlHblXb 1923 roAa 50 napa, 1,5,
10 AHHap-b (coo6wHn-b A. A. '-e6OTKeBH-b).
11. U. S. A. HoeaR B03AyLujan MapKa AOCTOHHCTBOM- Bb 8 c. cb AH-
pHwmaneM-b .ARpon-b" BbinycK(aeTC Bsb KOniHecTBf' 5.000.000 3K3.
rOnnAMAIR. B'b OHTflopR dyAeT'b Bblny4enHa cneqlanbrHa BOSAyLuwMa
mapKa Bb 30 c. no cnytaio nporKTHpoBaHnaro esocTaHOBOnHaro nepenera na
FBy BByXb asiaTopoBb.
6. JI1TBIR. 3aKnlOlHTenbnas 6OnaroTB. Bo3AyiinHaR cepli H3a 4 AO-
CTOHHCTBi BbinyuLieHa 5 ceHTFI6)pR Bb ROflHqecTB-s 7000 cepiA 3y6u,. H 5700 ce-
pii Oe33y64. cb aaponn., rnAponn. H LuennenHnoMb.
9, C. C.C.. P. BbrmnH AanbHftbPiR AOCTOHHCTBa 3THorpa)wecKori
cepiH: 1 Kon. ceniR, 5 Kon. 6opAo, 6 K. ctpocHHia, 7 R. cenin, 9
K. ronyS6a, 10 K. cenis, 14 K. aeneHap, 15 K. KOpH4 ., 15 H. se-
nenaR, 15 K. KapMHn-b, 20 KOn. ctPOCHHRR.





)KH3Hb 06lIeCTBa.

K'b qeTBepTOH rOAOBIUHHHt ,,POCCHKH", HCnOJIHHBUIeHCI H
14-ro anp-ns, PeIaKuieil H JlHqHO rJIaBHbIM'b PyKOBOAnTeJIeM',
nonjyqeHbl MHOroIHCJIeHHbIH no3AJpaBjieHit (OKOIo 40), npHB-T-
CTBji H noKeiaHnif, I]nocJaHHbI OTAnJIaMH, FpyirnaMH H OTa'bIb-
HbIMH qJieHaMH ,,POCCHKH" FjiaBHbIi PyKOBO.IHTejIb raJyGOKO
TpOIyTIb BCeo6tuHMM a K'b HeMy BHHMaHieMIb H BblpaxKeHieMwb oco-
6bix'b qyCTB'b, B'b qeM' OH'b H qepnraeT'b 60apOCTb H CHJy 2AJ
anabHrhiwuefi cBoei TxImejoi pa60Tbl Ha O6Iltyio nonb3y n,
BCetM'b BCnIOMHHBIHM'b ero H T1M'b nIpeACTaBHTeJIHM'b H OT-
AtlibHblM'b qIneaM-b, KOTOpbIe noAgepKcHBaIOTb ero Bb TpyAHoA
pa6oTt, wu.eT'b CBOIO HCKpeHIIO-O 6naro.xapHocTb H npH3Ha-
TeJIbHOCTb.

HamUH Bbr iaaioiecf pa6OTHMKH-nIOMOIHII H H lpeacTaBHTenH
AnaTOJiiH BacHJbeBHr-b COKOJIOBw H Cepr'll MBaHOBHqb MaH-
Kenefl,KaK-' OKa3bIBaiOi ie 6e3npecTaHHyio MOpaJIbHyIO noAAepKKy
,PoCCHnH", nepBbliH-CBoel 3a60TOi o npecrH)K-b POCCHKH H
yBeaiiqeHiIo KonJHqecTBa qsneHOB'b Bb 3C'TOHiH, BTOPOi -CBOHMH
HayqHbiMH pa60TaMH Bub KypHanJI H yBejiHqeHieM'b KOJIHqecTBa
qleHOBs- H36paHbI 8 irnHH C. r. B'b loqeTHbie qieHbi o6uie-
CTBa ,,POCCHKH".





CepAeqHo npHBa'TCTByeM% HamHx's HOBbwxb noqeTHblX'%
IqenoB'b cb noamenaHieMb no6paro saoposBb nH an nbH'fimei
naoIOTBspHOfi pa6oTbI Ha noJIb3y pyccKofi 4)HnaTeniH.
-N.-
B'b Teqenie MapTa n anp.aH TeKyinaro roAa H37' ABYyxi
3aKa3HbIX'b nHCeMlb, OTnpaBJeHHbIXb B'b noJIbuy, 6bmII BMbpa-
AeHbU B'b Aoport MapKH H3'b KpyrOBbx'b nOCbIuOK'b: 1) Ha HMR
H. r. 'CarafRnaaKoaCKaro-ConHHMb, Ha 224 4)paHKa HaJIUHquIM
H 2) Ha HMa C. n. 54ceHerKaro-XoTbmJOBi' Ha 43 4>paHKa Ha-
JIHHbIMH.
HHKaKiSI OQ4)HiaJbHbIS 3alBjIeHi He noMoraIOTb npeKpa-
umeHilo Kpa)cb, a IIOJICKoe fnOqTOBoe B'AOMCTBO coo6mtaeTb
HOHHqecKH, HTO HHKaKHX'b Kpa a'b H3'b nHCeM He Ha6.loAa-
nocb, HMiS MHoroKpaTHbfa 3aflBeHiFl ymae no eTblpeM'b Ka-
aKaMi' HaiHX'b qJeHOB'b CBOHX'b )Ke noAAaHHbX'b. 06umecTBO
npeAynpeA.aeT-b cesoHX'h qjieHOB'b H cKjiaablBaeT'b c'b ce6a BCH-
KyIO OTB"TCTBeHHOCTb 3a nponaaxy MapO'b H npeKpar~aeT'b
HapKyyn iLio KpyrOBbIX'b nOCbijoK'b H BOo6lle MapOKb H3'b
IOrocjaBiH Bb IHonbly, Ao ycTaHOBneHi5 HOpMaabHbIX'b AocTa-
BOK'b 6e3'b noKpacH.

)KypHaa'b ,PoccHKa" Ha BCeMipH0fi 4)HlnaTe l BbICTaBKt
,Wipa" s B BtH Bb iKoJt C. r. HarpamceHWb 6pOH30Bot Me-
annbio, cqacTrni~ o6'bBHTb o6-b 3TOM'b H cepAeqHo 6naroAa-
pHM'b HatuUHXb nOMOUIHHKOB'b, COTpyAHHKOB'h OCB'AOMHTeaerI.

HacToRlnifi HOMepb )KypHaaa, BCJ'IACTBie THa)ejiof 6o-
aJI-nH 3aMnCTHTeJIs FrJaBHaro PyKOBOAHTeJa K. K. BHTKOBCKarO
B'b PHar, rAt no-b ero Ha6nloAeHieM' neqaTaeTca acypHajib,
BbXOAUHTb CL ono3AaHieMb Ha qeTbipe Mtcua.

rnaBHbiM'b PyKOBon2TezeMb noayqenHb mKanjo6u OT'b qjie-
HOB'b:
1) C.'-. Banouwoa-Ma n. M. Jlyx euLaro(1Nbl13)sab enony4eHiH o6m~Ma Ma 600#p.
2) A. B. Koanoea-Ma M-me nfonneHb (N51) C Fb M6p
1932 r.
3) B. B. Bopaeea--a r. Ao6pOBOnbCKaro(Ni77), 259 #p. cb
20/I
4)A,. M. Ponnepa-Ha F. KonMaKOBa (N178) m T. Haraburda (N268) -
5),1. M. 3enxesBwa-na F. CMpHH4HCa(.N' 131) 66 #p,
6) -Ha van Reimus (N?223) ,8 Aon. netto H
8 Aon. O6meimb
7) -ma F. FpHneBa (N 270) 208 #p cb
mno6pn 1931 r.
Ecu oa3HaqeHHbIe qiICHbl- He JIHKBHAHpyIOT'b B'b M-CSlqHHbI
cpoKCb CBOIX'b .oJroBb, TO Kb HHM'b 6yAeTb npHM'bHeHb 9
YcraBa CT. 2.
Ha OCHOBaHiH CBOHX' 3asaneHiH HCKJlmoalOTCl H31b cnIcKa
qjneoa-b: N 256 (Schuberth--Argentina) cb 29/111-33; XN 120





(Alferaki-Greece) c-b 1/IV-33 r.; N1295 (Goudim-Levkovich -
Jougoslavie) cb 30/V-33 r.; JNg 299 (M-me Bartzevitsch-Jougo-
slavie) cb 10/VI-33 r.

Ha ocHoBaHiH 9 YcTasa no CTaTbt 3 H 5 HCKJIK)-
qaIOTCH H31' CnHCKa qaleHOBb:
N. 72-Pogoiev, JM 235-Tchernitchin, .N 237-Wolkowski,
NH 243-Pawloff; M 209-Michaels; NJ 219-Graham; NM 223
- A. Reimus; MN 224-Mitchel; NJ2 239--Sarabun; AN 240-
Polnianov; N2o 241-Contz; XNL 242-Woo; Nr. 244-Burns;
Nr. 260-Llnggi; Nr. 261 Murray; Nr. 262-Butterworth;
Nr. 275-Waters; Nr. 276-Waters; Nr. 277- Eilken; Nr. 278
-Dolliver; Nr. 257-D. Platonoff; H Ha ocHOBaHiH cTaTeii 3-4-5
HCKAiIoqaloTcs Nr. 136-Koltiugin; Nr. 160-Butford; Nr. 175
- Reimus.

F. r. qjieHbi, )Kejamomuie npio6ptcTH no yAemeBsJeHHofi t-
Ht KaTajorb> Hepa na 1934 roAn aa 45 4(PaHKOB- (36 (#p. +
9 ()p. nepecblJKa), 6naroBoAnaT 03HaqeHHyIO CyMMy npHCjnaTb
FraBHOMy PyKOBOAHTeI0o.

BcatACTBie OTKa3a A-pa E. B. Ho3HHKOBa OTS npeAcTa-
BHTejbCTBa Ha U. S. A. H OTKpbiTiH HM'b co6cTBeHHaro Q4)HJaT.
Kay6a, nama C. >ppaHuHCKaa rpyana, K sBeAnHafueMy coma-
jiHilO, OKOHqaTejibHo pacnanacb 1 H a B'b HaCTo ee BpeMH ocra-
eTCH J1IHWb HICKOJIbKO OTAIbHbIX'b qJIeHOBIb, He CnaB1HHbX'b
Mei OqeHb npocHMb KorO-BH60 H3'a OCTaBmHXCs qjneHOB-
B3$Tb Ha ce6a HHHnLiaTHBy H opraH1H30BaTb CHOBa Hay rpynny
,PoCCHKH".

rFaBHblA PyKOBOAHTenb He HM-eTb HHHKaKHX'b CB'BCeHifi O
a,'aTeJIbHOCTH rpynn-b, noeeMy BChuM'b PyKOBOAHITejiRaM rpynn-
o6H3aTenbHO K,' 1 SHBapa Ka>xEaro roaa npeacTaBsniTb OTqeTb
Bb LeHTp'b. 3TO KacaeTca rpynnr: PHWCKOf, HapBCKOl,
JIBHHCKOf, P'twHUKOft, AjyKCHeHCKOff, BOAbMapcKoft, Bta-
rpaacKofi, CoPifIcKofl, HeMMeBcKOfi, FaarcKOft, CaHb-nayab-
CKOR, Xap6HHCKOrt.
-IpHHOcHM'b Hamy ray6oxoK 6AaroAapHocTb:
1. 3a nomepTBoBaHie B'b )ypHaAJbHbi )pOH-'b: A. B. Je6ecc'b
(MapoK- Ha 132 ()p.); F. M. BepmuKOBCKOMy (TpH naKeTa rpeq.
MapoK,); I. M. flanHyno (naKeT AfemueBbx'b MapOK-b BeJlbriH).
2. 3a Bep6oBKy HOBbIX' L eHonBb: A. B. CoKOAoBy (5), K. K.
BHTKOBCKOMy (5), B. H. TBsebKMefiepy (4), C. H. MaHMenero (3),
A. K. SBpanicy (2), Q. M. M-me Jlypbe (2), M. M. 4(OH, Fa(p-
(PHepy, B. K. EeBncKOMy, H. H. HcaKoBy, A. B. Re6eccib, K. K.





IlMHUTy, >KyA-i-6aHmo, n. B. B-knony, A. A. 4Hre"*b,' -. M.
3eHKeBHiy.
3. 3a npHcbiKy cTaTefi: B. CBeHcoHy, C. H. MaHwenelo, E.
A. Bpyab, H. H. Poc6epy, 3. F. FaH3eHy, B. A. PaxMaHOBy,
B. 3oHHeH6eprb-4eAopoBCKOMy.
4. 3a npHCbIhKy HOBHHOK' nAIn xypHaaa: H. B. BjonBy, B.
B. BopHeBy, H. r. CarafiAaKOBCKOMy.

lepHasl AocHa, Schwarze Liste, Black list.
HHKecjrhayoLmie HCKjIoqeHHble qJIeHbI oCTaJHCb AOJ NHbI
0-By HanIHHbIMH E eHbraMH: nf. 3. A'Jl~OBb 304 qpaHKa;
H. Cp6HHOBHaq' 269 AHHap-b; B. B. qHmOB1s 40 4paHK.;
A. EnjeHcKi 48 @paHKOB'b; n. A. MomaeBb 95 opaxH.;
Jng. G. Messens 126 4panROBnl; H qaeHbI N2 136 B.
KajibTiorHHb dol. 5.88; NM 160 H. By4)popab- dol.
6. 38 H NM 175 R. Reimus dol. 2.25. nocabHnie TPH q jeHa
HCKaioqalOTCa H3b cnHCKa qjeHOBb Ha OCHOBaHiH 9 YCTaBa
no CTaTbHMH 3, 4, 5.

HpOCHMT- r. r. 3HaiOaIHXb qIneHOB-h npaHraTb HaM' AnI
)KypHaaa AIm npeACTOaIUHX'b KOHKypcoBb I JaTeri. KpecTOCJIo-
BHLsbl, 3aAaqH, pe6ycbl H T. A.




Pa3Hoe.

KoMHTeTb BceMipHofi qnJaT. BbICTaBKH Wipa" B-b BHwb
coo6(laeTr, ITO 6yaeT' BbsnylneHO eute nocan-caoBie BbCTaBKH
,Wipa-Gedenkschrift" co CTaTHCTHqecKI:M'b MaTepiaaOM'b, 6ora-
TO HjnIOCTpHpOBaHHoe no ituH' 2.50 aBCTp. uMWHJIHHra.
Bct Harpanbi AOJamHbi 6hTb paaocjaHbi AO KOHua aBrycTa.

HtlaaTenKCTMqecKin pao6Tbl.
PeaaKuief noayqeHbi CJ$iyioriia ausiH3B eHi OT'S HamuHXb.
nAeHOBeb o HaqaTbIX'b HMH HujiaTeCJICTHi'eCKHxb pa6oTaxb AJI
,;POCCHKH": -
1) OT'b J. M. KyKJIHHa, Btnrpaa'b:-UIBbTa H OTTIHKH B'b
QnHaaTeIiiH.
2) OT' C. H. MaHnenes, B1nrpaAb: 1) 3y6uoBKH Pyc-
CKHX'b MapOKxb He o6auerocyaapcTBeHHbIx nBbinyCKOnb; 2) Bo-
AHHbie 3HaKH PyccKIHX' MapOKb; 3) MapKH KpblMa; 4) Cno-
Bapb PyccKoH 4HaaTeniCTHqiecKOr TepMHHojoriH.
3) OTn H. A. 3HreAbrapATa, LeJebe: He3y6ioBanHbw
MapKH PocciH,




PeaaKaui npocrwb BC'bk CBoXB* tITaeaT6e e He O' TKawa'rb
B-b mo6e3HOCTH coo6wUHTb 0 HaqaTbIX'bHMH Q4)HaaTenaHcTaHecKHx-
pa6oTax-b XAR ony6AHKOBaHia.

3aTpygHeHiR o6MtHa 'b Py~buin.
Haurb HpeacTaBHTeab Bb PyMMHiH HHK. H. M. WUanoq-
KHHb>, coo6laeTr, qTO rocyAapCTBao H3AaAO 3aKOHb, noABoAa-
miii noqroBbla MapKH (raweHbi H H erameHbls) nol'b py6pHKy
BaJIOTbl. 4To6b OTnpaBHTb sarpaHnuy aaKa3Hoe nfcbMO cb
MapKaMH HyaKHO npoA-biTb HYAHyio H AOporo croiomylo npo-
rueAypy Bs rocyA. 6aHK' AAR noayqeeia pasp$iueHis Ha OT-
npaBKy, rpHieM-b eme Hy)HO QaaKTHiec KH AOKa3aTb, HTO MapKH
nocbmnaiTcar AA o6MtHa, a He jai npoAaaKH, AOKTasaTebcTBa
pyMIH. nOAAaHCTBa H T. n., H Boo6lte Ha MapKH HaaaraeTCH
nIOIAHHa.
Coo6JiaeTCa HamHMnb qHTaTeAnM'b Anj CBa'AeHia.

Hau ib peacTaBHTenb Bb MapoKKo A. B. Ae6eccb, coo6-
igae'b, mTO OnIb MoCerBT BbiCbnaJTb aneHaM-, Bact HOBHHKH Ma-
pOKKO c'b Ao6aBeHieMb 50/ KOMHCCioHHbi'b naioc'b onaaTa sa-
Ka3HOrO nHcbMa.

C.C.C.P. YBenAHeH'b nOqTOBNbit TapnHb Ha BHyTpeaHHioo
KoppecnoHAeHjilo MICTHoe nHCbMO Tenepb CTOHTb 10 Kon.
(6bino 5 KOn.), HHoropOAHee 20 Kon. (6bino 15 Kon.),



MemAynapoAHan ouHnaenHCTMrecKan BWbcraBKa Bb BEtHt
,Wipa 1933".

OTm 24 iona ao 9 ional c. r. Bab cTonutk AscTpiH npowc-
xoAnno caMoe KpynHoe 4lwnaTenwcTHrecKoe co6brTie noc0ftAgHHXi
ntT--rpaHAio3Haf saucTasia Mapo-b .Wipa 1933", KOTOpyfO CMtno
MOHMO Haa3aTb BCeMHPHOfi HlnaT. BblCTaBaKOf, H60 oHa KaK'b CBO-
-WMH pasMtpaMH, TaKb H Ka4eCTBOM-b 3KcnoHaTOBb npeB3ouna Bce,
4TO AO cx'b nop'b 6no opraHH3OBaHO ApyrHMM rocyAapCTBaMH.
,],ocTaTOqHO CKa3aTb, HTO nnoLlaA6b 3aHMMaeMbx'b KonneKmifA
6buna caBbue 3000 KB. MeTpoeBb H qTO nOHaAo6HnoCb TpH cneui-
anbHblX'b SAaHiR, 4TO6bl pa3MtCTHTb BCf 3TH COKpoBmUaIa. B'b
rnaBHOMb 3AaHiM ,Kiinstlerhaus" pa3MtLueHbl 6bJnHM iaCTHble aKC-
noHaTbi, Bb ApyrOM-b 3aHiH ,Secession" 3acnOHaTbi npaBw-
TenbCTB-b H THnorpa ifI neiaTaiouaHwxb nO4TOBbi0 MapRH. HaKo-
Heu'b TpeTbe SaaHie ,MilitBrkasino" npeAHa3HaaeHO W6no Uiltln-
KOM'b AnR Mapo0qHO 6MHpmH CTOJOBb H KioCKOB'b TOprOBeeBrb, a
TaKwe AnFi co6paHiA, CbtS3AOB-b H T. n.





24 lOHfl, nocnnt TOpmeCTBeHHarO c06paHiR a b 6onQbWOM-b
3ant ,,Musikverein" (KOHcepBaTopiH), npe3AeHT-b aBCTpifcKoo
pecnyoinHK, Bb npwcyTCTBriH AonH(HOCTHblXb IJMLHb H CBblJe 2000
npHrnaJleHHbIX'b, TOpweCTBeHHO OTRpbln-b BbICTBtty, KOtOpyto C'b
3TOR MHHyTbl B-b TeteHie 16 AHei nOCtTHJIO CBbllue 40.000 qe-
JIOBt -b.
He HMM B03MOWHOCTH B-b KPaTfOMsb 0630pt OnlHCaTb BCt
nepBOKnaccHble 3HCnOHaTbI, BbICTaBJieHHble B'b BWTpMHaX-b H anb-
60Max-b, crpaHHMycb rOnbHO TtMH KHOneRHL4jMH, ROTOpbIR Bb nepBOA
cTeneHH HHTepecyiOT'b HaC-b, pyccKwx'b B-b nepeayo o4epeAb HajfneWTT-b o6paTHTb BHmMaHIe Ha 3KC-
noHaTbi A. K. A.a6epme wH3b FelbCHHr opca, BblCTaaBHBmaro BHt
KOHKypca "KonneKLIiH PocciH, ctMH1flIHAi, rIOlinbwU, 3eMCTBa H Pyc-
CKaro JleeaHTa. KonneKLiHm 3TH, BnepeBbe noKa3aHHblR ny6nHist,
saHMMantH nnou0aAb CBirue 50 KB. MeTpOBsb M cOAepwanm MaTe-
piai-b. B'b 60onbLuHCTBa cnyqaesab fo CHXb nop-b HeW3BbCTHbiH.
fpo6Hbil MapKH POCCiM, KOH8sepTbl reTep6yprcKoP M MOCKOBCKORo
ropoAcKWX- nOTrb, nepeB MapKw >HHnaRHAin4 B-b nepBonaccCHOM-b
coAepWaHiH, peKOHCTpyKL'fl nMcTOB'b nepBbix-b 1MaaHiI (DHHJ1HAiH
H PycCKaro ]eBaHTa, a paBHo 4yAHa5 KonnieKL15l 3eMCiRX'b Mapohb,
3acTaBn1nH He OAHoro cnelianjcTa PocciH H oKpaHH'b C-b nK6OBbIK
BSAbIxaTb W no HtCROJlbKO pa3-b noApo6HO ocMaTpHBaTb BbICTaB-
neHHbtR coRpoBsHLta. TaKb KaR-b 3MCnOHaTbi A. K. 4a6epme 6bl u
BbICTaBneHbl, cornaCHO ero nomenaHii, BHt KOHKypca, Jury He
MornH nps3HaTb 3a HHMM BceL ,no 3aacjyweHHbiXb 30flOTblXb MeAJa-
ne t H noeTHblX-b HarpaAb, noieMy AOWHbl 6bllH OrpaHWHHTbCfl
cne8LianbHoQ 6Mnaro1fapHocTbIO H no3ApaBneHiRMH1 BnaJ1Atnby, Bbipa-
ReHHbIMM Bb ne4aTHOM'b OTqeTt Jury.
PaBHblM'b o6pa3oM'b BHt kOHKypca 6blla BblCTaBneHa on01-
neKAnif npo6Hbixb MapoKb PocciM, H3AaHiR 1913 rOAa (POMaHoac-
KHXb), KOTOpaR npHHaAnemWHTb OAHOMy FIoHAOHCKOMy Honnex1io-
Hepy (r. HHTe), HynnHBueMy ee OT-b 6onbIweBHOB-. KonnexLkia
3Ta, HatuyMtBUJas aBb CBoe BpepM, no cnyxaM- npHHaAnetmana
rocyAapio HMnepaTopy HwKona io II.
3ono0TyIo Melanb m nOqeTHyIO HarpaAy nonyf4n-b Hau-b no-
4eTHblp qneH-b K. K. LUWMAT'b, H3-b BepnHHa, 3a Konne0KuIo 3eMc-
KHXb MeapOK- H TpyA-b 06'b K3CntAOBaHiH 3eMCKHX'b MapoRb.
no3onoqeHHbiMM MeAaRfl.MH HarpPHmeHbi cnatAytoLiu RoJineiuiH:
1. n. BeiMapa, Bapuaea, nonbtua.
2. E. Bblposoro, Ifpara, YHpaHHa.
Cepe6pRHbwl MeAanH nony lnw:
3. r. EniOMenb, repMania, sa BeHAeH-b.
4. r. Jlerepne-b, Hbio-IopK-b 33 (HHnRHAifO.
5. FI. K. ManefKa, BepnMHHb, 3a dwpn Awio.
6. B. g65nOHCHif, KeHHrc6epr-, 3a Pocciio.
7. R. 5pax-, Ape3AeHb, 3a KaBsa3cKi pecny6SnHn.
8. C. Cepe6pa1iaHw, 6pioccenb, 3a PpMIeHio.
9. 5. B. BoprecT-b, epiHH'b, 3a MapKH C6WHpR.




10. A. Me~epraHCb, Ut)pHnxb, 3a YipaHHy.
11. H. lynie, AMCTepAaMb, 3a flaTBio.
12. F. 6nioMenb, repMania, sa JHTBy.
13. E. FelnbMaH-, rejibCHHr)opc-b, sa urTeMnensi nRHAiH.
14. F. EJnOMenb, FepMaHiS, aa 3eMCKif MapKH.
15. C. KHHHyHeH-b, MHDHnRHAil, 3a lUTeMn. MapKH QHH-
nRH4iH.
BpOHSOBb1R MeAanH noinyiHnn:
16. C. PeM6enHHCKii, Bapuwaa, sa nonbWy.
17. K. flxnep-b, BtHa, aa PoccitO.
18. C. CTpaHACepr-, A6o, 3a cOHHnRHAJIO.
19. P. FlHTTHep-b, BtHa, sa PocciKo.
20. H. nynie, AMCTepAaMw-, sa Poccih.
21. A. LUTaMaHHb, BtHa, 3a YipaHay.
22. P. rpaH6epra-, renbcwHr4opc-b, 3a 0MHHfRHAiiO.
23. Ap opejiHx, BepiHH'b, sa Pocciio.
24. E. ApxaHrenbcKifi, Bena-L4pKBa, sa MypHan-b ,Poc-
CHHa,
25. jp. M. K. TypwHa- BtHa -, 3a mypHarnb ,YKpaHHCKiH
4 HnaTenwncTb".
-Ha nepBeHcTBo BbiCTaBKH KOHKypHpOBanof ABa s3cnoHaTa, a
HMeHHO AHrn--f-CeRMypa H YpyrBai-flH; noclnt Aonrtx bAe6aTOBe
KOHKypCHbiR cyA'b npHCyAmHnb Grand-Prix BbICTaBHM 30o10TyIO
MeAanb c b nopTpeTOM-b npe3HAeHTa pecny6nwHH r. CefMypy 3a
ero KonneqJito AHrniM, nonyiHBlweMy HpoMt Toro euLe 30sOTyio
BblCTaBOMHyto nnaKeTy. KpoMt Hero TaHiF 30nOTbIl nnaKeTbI no-
nyMHnw AfMBRTb RKOnneKUll, SanHCaHHbiX' Bb 4aMniOHHOM-b Kniacct H
Bbl6paHHblX-b M3b 4wcna 33 KOHMypHpOBaBwUxX-b.
KpoM't acTHbix-b 3KcnOHaTOBs B b sanax-b ,,Secession" bi-
CTaBneHb 6buJ1H 3KCnOHaTbI npaBHTenbCTBeHHbX'b Myaeets- H THno-
rpapiM. Ha nepeBomb MfCTt no CBoeMy o6beMy H 6oraTCTBy Mar
Tepiana 6bunb 3KcnOHaTb ABCTpiicHaro no4Tosaro ynpaaneHiFl, 3a-
HHMaBwuiAi 6nblUOB san-b. Rante cntAyeTb OTMtTHTb npeKpacHO
o6pa6oTaHHyKO KonnemLiK) nonbcKaro norTOBaro My3eB Ha 20 KB.
MeTpax-b, KonJneiIiH BeHrpiw, ~LaHin, lexin, AHrniH H Ap. lnobc-
KaR THnorpa ia utHHblXb GyMar-b BblCTaBMla Ha 5 KB. MeTpaXb
nepeoonacHbiP 3KCnOHaTb H3o6paHwaK)Lii Bcio npoueAypy neraTa-
Hif nocitAHMX-b nonlbCHX-b Mapo-b rpaBKspHbliMb cnOCO60Mb, a
paSHO npOeHT. H npo6Hbie OTTHCRH HOBO MapKH AOCTOMHCTBOM-b
S- 1 3n. 20 rp. c-b H3o6paHweHieMb Hop. FIHa Co6tcKaro noA-b
BtHOK) c'b KapTHHbl q. MaTeKO. MapKa 3Ta, BbinycxaeMaR 12
ceHTFI6pR B'b rOAOBL1uHHy H36aBneHif BtbHb OTrb TypeL6KO ocaAbi,
nonb3O3anacb Ha BbICTaKBRt 60onbUMM'b BHHMaHieMb pHnJaTenMCTOBb
H aBCTpiccKof neqarT.
no cnyaK)O BbICTaBKH aBCTpiicRadR noHTa BbinyCTUna cneLiaJib-
HyIO nOqTOByK) MapKy AOCTOHHCTBOMb Bb 50 rp. cb H3o6paweHieM-b
crapoi nolTOBOA KapeTbI no RapTHHt, Bab RonH4ecTBt 100,000 3K3.
MapHa 3Ta npoAaeaemasica no cneLianbHblM'b KynOHaMb no qUtH




2.60 rn. sa wrTyny, 6blna yme pacnpoAaHa sa 5 AHeR AO saKpbTiin
BbICTaSKH, npw CeMb nIoM6HTenwH AonIHbtl 6binH MHorFAa npocTaHBaTb
B'b o'epeARx'b no HtCKORbKO MaCOB-b, 4TO6bl nonywMTb oAHy UTyKy.
BbcTaBsa saROHMlnwaCb 9 honS TopHecTBeHHblMb 6aHKeTOM-b
B-b sanaxb HOBaro ro46ypra, so BpeMR KOToparo 6bimn po3saHbi
rnaBHbl9 HarpaAbl y4acTHHRKamb. PaBHblM' o6pa3oMb BO spewM
6aHHeTa MHHMCTp-b ToproBnw H nyTeA cooo6ueHiA .HarpaAHn-b opra-
HH3aTOpOB-b BblCTaBKH OpfeHaMM M 3HaHaMH OTJ1HMMii.
B. A. PaxMaHOB b,
'neH-b ItopH BbICTaBKH.




S:4.
(HHCbMO B'b PeAaKIimo).

.POCCHKA" CHOBa nopaAxoBaa CBOHX'b w4Hraeneaei qC-
TeHbKO H3aaHHbIM-b HOBblM'b CIHCKOM'b mIeHOB'b 06uIecTBa, pas-
ocaaHHbiM' npH No. 12 mypHana.
TonbKo nocBsiueHHbie a-b TnorpajciKoe nhaJo 3Hatorb,
KaK'b aoporo O6XOAHTC H KaKxb Tpyana pa60Ta no Iu3aHito
TaKoro poAa cnpaBOIHHKOB-b, rAb Ha6opilUHKH HaTalKHBaioTCH
Ha pa3Hoa3blqie H pa3Hbl .3aroryAJHHb H 3aKOBbiKH", noxomdia
Ha xHMHqecKiH 4QopMyJIb, H rut ,,aeMOHnb onefaTOK'b" MOiKeTb
oco6eHHo jerKo cbirpaTb 3Ay1o myKry Haa 'b HTaTeJIeMb-Kon-
JeKxuioHepoM-b, KOTOpbl, BMICTO qaeMbl-b MapOK'b CTOHiH,
noAyqHT'b MapKH BOCtiH, a BMBCTO HapBi notumeT-r CBOlO u'hH-
HnyI nocblKy B'b PyMbiHilo.
Ho, cnaBa Bory, TaKHx- oOWH6oK'b B-b cnHcKax- .POC-
CHKH" o6HapyuHAocb Mano, a ecnH ITO H 6bino HaAiieHo He-
IaAHaro TO nOBO3MO)KHOCTH HcnpaBneno a ocTaBmiac5 no-
rpUnHocTH MOKnHO H npOCTHTb. OcTaeTc aIHllub norpy3HTbCSI
B'b qTeHie H noHHTepecoBaTbcn, 'TO MOmeT'h K.amwOMy laeny
AaTb HOBbIf ClHCOKb.
Ka~.noMy, HeCOMHnHHO aopora ceos KonnaeKigin, CBOH H3-
Ilo6nieHHblI CTpaHbh H I n0TOMy n, Boopy)sHBWUHCb KpacHbiMb
KapaHnameM'b, npHHiJicS noALepsaHBaTb Bs CnHCKi- BC-bXb nMe-
HOBI, HutyULHX'b o6MtHa, o6bfIBHB-b CBOeIo CneUianbHOCTbIO POC-
ciIo S:4. 51 Hac'IHTaJIb 6e3s Ma.aro c e M b e c T 'b
nieHOB'b, cneLtiana3HpyioixHxc Ha co6HpaHiH pyccKHx'b MapOKb.
3TO MeHa npiaiTHo nopa3Hno, H60 He BCaKifi MapoIHblu Kay6b
HMteTb B o O 6 um e CTonbKO qareHOBb. A noTOM'b. no-
TOM'b MeHa B3a51o CoMHWHie, ne omH6c-anJH nacqHTaBb CTOnb-
KO cneiliaIHCTOBb. 51 npOCMOTcpptJl eme pa3s cnucoKi cb
TtM'b pe3yJIbTaTOMb, ITO Ha6pe'b eme Ha aaMHnilo MaCTHTaro





KoaneKirioHepa (eBponercKsH H3BOicTHaro) He o6bamoJIloaro
ce6d S:4, HO HMymuaro MapKH POCCiH Cb HnoAbCKHMH ImTeMne-
AIMH. 3aTtM'b yCMOTpinJ'b, TO Hamiu mOm6nHMmfi Dl. PyKOBO-
AuTenb HmueTrb IBtTHblu ramueHiA Ha Mapax- PocciH H C.C.C.P
TyTb BCnoMHHJacS MHt H cneIuHimuupOBaHHbli neqaTHbifi MaH-
KO-jnHCTb MapOK'- POCCiH. PyKOBo1AnTe.iB BE1trpaAcKoil rpynnb,
C. H. MaHKe.eae, H MHt HeBOJibHO yanbi6Hynacb MblCnb rpOMKO
KJIHKHYTb KalH'b: ,S:4, O6'beAHHiA'TeCb".
npHnouAHHToe HacTpoenie moe oupaqanocb, caerRa. npH
BOCnoMHHaHiH o HtKOTOpbiX'- KOppecnoHaeHTaxb, ciaBaIHxl
MHt (a S:4) MapKH (QHHJIHIHAiH, HOJbIIH HJIH HCKAIOIHTeAbHO
C.C.C.P. H Tpe60BaBluHX' TaKOBbx-b-e OT'b MeHr.
S:4. He camJIUKOM'b JnH mIpoKO caMoe noHTie, KOTOpoe
MO)KHO TOJIKOBaTb no pa3HOMy. H, BCTBHTeJIbHO, BCt aH Ha-
Umr ,,S:4" cneHiajnI3HpyyOTca Ha PocciH Han, CKaKeM-b, Ha Poc-
ciu, P.C.O.C.P. a C.C.C.P.? H 3sa'Cb H n03BOJAHJHn ce6b, KaK'b
HsaBaBHa cneqiajHllpoBaBsu iiCl Ha POCCI'H MapoqHHK'b (a C'
1933 r. Aaxe 6e3b P.C.O.C.P. H C.C.C P.), ycyMHHTbCH Bb npa-
BHIobHOM'b rnoHHMaHiH HtKOTOpbIMH /neHaMH TepMHHa S:4 H. ca-
Maro TepMHHa: ,,cneLiaasH3atia". Tt MacTHTbIe HamiH MqeHbl,
Ha KOTOpIX'b H cocaaacH Bsb Haqaan Moero nlHcbMa- AIHCTBH-
TeAbHO cnelqiaJHCTbi, nocTaBHBmie ce6b cepbesHbla saaaH, yrJly-
6HaBieca B-b o06acTb co6HpaHiH MapoKb onpeah ieHHoif KaTe-
ropiH OaHOil CTpaHb. A apyrie? Ocrajibnie? 0 HHX'b, 3a
MaJbMMH HCKJIOOqeHiIMH, OCTaeTCH TOAbKO raAaTb npocTO IH
OHH np e A n o q H T a to T 'b pycCKi~ MapKH npOqHM'bI,
HnIH xe a'nicTBHTeabHO cne u i a H 3 Hp y 0 T C
Ba onpeAnieHHbx'b KaTeropisx' pyccKHxx MapoKb, co6npaa H
pa3HOBHAHOCTH, ramneHbe H HerameHbie SK3eMniapbI, 6AJOKH,
na3HOBHsAHOCTH uTeMnenefi, npo6Hbu MapKH, HeKaTaiorHT3Hpo-
BaHHbIH MapKH H. T. A., H. T. A.?
B-b POCCHK-B" upHBBOAHnHch uHNpoBbIla aHHbIl 06'b
o6ireMb KonAJIecTBt cymecTByIOmiHxV pyccKHX'b MapOKb (BKJIO-
'laa H C.C.C.P. H. T. A.). ,CneuianicTa" rpoMaaHaa uLMHqpa He
MOmeT'b OTnyrHyTb. Ho OH' 3HaeTb, 4TO sBaHie cneIiaJ Hcra
o6i3blBaeT'b ero caMoro nOCTaBHTb H3BtCTHblfi rpaHHuib CBOeA
KOJiaeKqiH. 3HaH, qTO CMy HyaKHbi pa3HOBHAHOCTH lUTeMnneJef
Ha nepBblX-b MapKax-b PocciHL OHh He 6yAeT'b HCKaTb MapKH
A3ep6efitaaHa, a co6npaa TOJIbro HeratueHbi MapKH, OHb He
6yAerb yeaeKaTbCH OTTIHKaMH OKpacKH raumeHblXb 3K3eMnDa-
pOB'b, HAH TOHKOCTHMH pasalqii B'a 6yMart H aBb 3y6UOBKt.
H BOT-b T. K. 3aAaaqeo Moero nlHCbMa He HBameTCH KpH-
THKa qyMKHX'b B3rA jAOB'b H BKyCOBa, a HanpOTHB'b MHOIO pyKO
BOA HT' orpoMHoe )enaHie cnoco6cTBOBaTb HHTepecaM'b BCX'b
qjneHOBsb, npHmHCJ/IIOLHXi ce6f K-' ceKTopy S:4- HaCTOIIUHM'b
npea arato BCtM'b coqyBCTByIOLUHM'b nO2xaepa)KTb MOe HaCTO-
luee o6parueHie K'b HameMy jI. PyKoBsorTeato, ray6oKoyBa-
>KaeMony EBreHilo MnxainOBMniy ApxaHreabcKoMy H ero no-
MOinHHKaMa C'b noKopntruieie npocb6olo: y A t A" nH b





Hi a M "b, 70 cneIliaJIHCTaM'b, qaCTb O)HOrO H3'b OceHHIX'b Ho-
MepoBb ,,POCCMKH' ~a A o6MtHa CBabAHiSMM KTO H qTO
nueHHO IllLeTb nppH 06.M-bH hapKaMH PocciH (c'b C.C.C,P., HJIH
6e3b OHbTXb).
Pa3yMNleTcH, sa5Hln eHie KaxKxaro qjena He AOJmHo 3aHH-
MaTb CJIIWlUKOM' MHOrO MtCTa H, B'b CyMLHOCTH, MOm CTHCb Khb ipaTKOMy o6f~aBneHiio, aa KOTOpoe )xypHan'b HM'eT'b
npaBO H AaCe aaoJaKeH-b IOJIy'IHTb CooTB-lTCTByiOIIuee BO3Ha-
rpa;i emHe. CyTb Abna Bb TOMb, qTO6bI noI1OKenaH H 06'bHB-
aeHil qeeHOB- ,,POCCHI H", o6a-eAnHenHHbXb AHTepofi S:4,
6blwIH CKOHLteHTpHpoBaHbI no BO3MO)HOCTH B'b OAHOM'b NO.
,,POCCI IKM".
fIpHMHTe yBtpeHifs B'b HCTHHHOM'b yBa)eHiH
IAneH, POCCHKY S:4.
n1 p m Mb t e H i e P e A a K u i H: HaxoAR H3noWeennyo MblCnb.
Ba'roR 6b uriTepecaxab HnenOB'b-cneiUianaHCTOBb PocciH. PePaKLniR Hawlna sos-
Mn,.ObliMb ya fnHTb gnR o6mRaRneHi B'b Cnt6AyoLMeMMb moMep ,,PoccMHK" m' 214
cOnry HEnn l B CTpaHMubi: S06'bBneHiFl AOnrJHbi ObiTb npHcnambi KH7 1 MOR6pR





BH6JiiorpaAiR.


1. Karanorn- no4TOBblxab mapKO-b PCCP M CCCP,
1917-1933. MocKBa.

MI3naHle TersepToe C. (4. A- LAtBa 4 py6na. PeAaKTop'b B. B. Ma-
AecTOBb. OrneaTaH-b Ba KoJlnHqeTBet 6500 313. B-b MocKBt Bb THnorpa ljH
, nonMrpaqp 'ra". 112 CTpanMHLU cb 249 pmcyMKcaH.
BnepBble CoeST. HmnaT. accoiliau4i xopouo MH3AaeT'b maTanorb xo-
powuan nnorinaR yMara, xopouwan neva-Hb H 4eTtie picytnii. f1onMaS KpHTHKa
na crp 14. PeKOMeNAyeTCF C BCtMb cnelianHCTaM~ PocciH.

2. Frelstempel-General-Katalog der ganzen Welt. Glazewald.
I M3naaie-Moser-Immenstadt. Lhna 2.50 repm. MapHn.
Flepe.a OnbITb aTanorHs3poBaniR HOBOH OTpacnH pHnaTeninH #panho-
In.noeb 160 rocyAapcTB-b). Xopowo MH3aalb, ieTRie pHCyHHH, MO yKa3blsaeT4r
.tano pa3nOB-sHnOCTe H Mano pHCyHKOBb.






S, BETRUGER

und



von denen ich leader in letter Zeit In empfind-
licher Weise geschiidlgt wurde, davor warne ich.
Um dies in ZuRunft zu vermciden, habe ich mich
entschlossen, meine Ware lieber zu jedem Preis,
jedoch ohne Risiko zu verkaufen. Von meinem
enormen Lager, bestehend aus aufgelisten Sam-
mlungen, Restbestanden usw., habe ich ein Lot zusammengestellt, was einzig
in seiner Art ist und iiber dessen Wert ich auch kein weiteres Wort verlieren
will! Sammler, Hind!er, Spekulanten priifen Sle selbst! Geniigend ist, dass
ich wie immer fiir den vollen Inhalt garantiere !

Stock Nr, 6: Komp Sdtze Blocs,Streien Katalog Michel wenigstens
Paare usw. gebr. und ungebr.,
Mk, 282.95 fiir nur RM, 7.50
Inhalt: Montenegro, Jubiliumsausg. Pallistina, versch. Egypten Kanig Fuad
usw., Brasilien, auch Flugpost, Ethyopien Kaiserin, Mexlko 1924 Flugpost-
wie auch Pesowert, Tiirkei BildErserie, 4 kpl. Satz Luboml Stadtpost, 5, 10,
20, 25 u. 50 Heller, Rumlnien versch. Ausg., Cochin mit Fiirsten, Wiirttem-
berg 1869, Argentinien, Finnland, versch. Norwegen. ,,Armenien Seltenhel-
ten" Seltene Ausgabe vor der turk. Occupation: Selbst davon die grossen
Seltenhelten ohne Aufdruck! Kat. Michel schreibt: ,,Nur in elnigen Exem-
plaren auch ohne Aufdruck bekannt", Wert total nach Kat. Michel 1931 Mk.
123.- Diese beiden Serien allein sind schon mehr wert, als Sie fur das
ganze Lot bezahlen. Japan, Irland, versch. Costa Rica, Venezuela, 25 er-
Block Siidslawien Kettensprenger, Australien versch. schine Ausg. wie Gedenk,
Official usw., Polen Porto usw. Algerien, Russland gebr. u. ungebr., Travancore
mehrere Sorten, auch Official usw., Ecuador, Nicaragua. Wieder ein sehr sel-
tener Satz! Ungefihr das doppelte wert, was Sie fiir das Lot bezahlen:
,,Charkhari" kpl. Satz der wundervollen Bilderausgabe 12 Anna bis 5 Rupien I
Kat. Michel 1933 Mk. 35.95. Ungarn versch., Schweiz, Guatemala, England,
Franz.-Sudan Telegr., Slowenien Ausg. 1920 auch hohe Dinarwerte. Seltene
Ukraine, Kat. Sent. 1933 schreibt: ,,Eine als entgiiltig vorbereitete Ausg., besteh.
aus 5 Werten, zweifarbig, gezahnt u. geschnitten, gelangte nicht mehr zur Aus-
gabe'". Sie erhalten davon 6 kompl. Satz im Block, 10, 20, 50 Kop., 1 u. 10
Rubel. Belgien, Italien sehr schon, versch. Gedankmarken, Express etc.,
Niederl.-lndien. Schweden. Ukraine 1918 im 25-er Block, Niederland, Dine-
mark, Tschechoslowakei versch. Ausg. Wieder etwas ganz besonderes: Versch.
sehr seltene deutsche Inflations-Abarten, in Blocks, Streiten, Einzelstiicken
etc. Wert nach Kat. Senf 1933 55.- Mk., diese allein werten wiederum welt
mehr als der Betrag far das ganze Lot! Haiti, 1 Prachtmischung postfri-
siher Oesterreich, viele Ausg., gez. u. geschn., dar.: Porto, Zeitung. Parlament
etc. etc. Weitere Seltenheit: Paraguay 2 Reales der Ausg. 1870, Kat. Senf 1933
bewertet diesen gesuchten Neudr. mit Mk. 4.-. Prachtmischung Persien, be-
liebte u. ges. Bilder-Ausg., wie Official, Controlle, Teheran Prov. sow. auch
30 Kran mit Bildn. des Schah! Kleine Quantittt Dt. Reich, viele versch. Ausg.
etc. etc. Wiederum etwas Aussergewohnliches ,Ukrainische Seepost" f.
d. Verkehr der Stadt-Verwaltung bis zur Ankunft der bolschewist. Truppen !
Alle Marken, 17 versch., mit dem Prachtblld der Korvette ,,Dneystr", sehr
farbenprichtig, Gross- u. Klelnform.. Kat. Michel 1931 bewertet diese iuss.
selt. u. sehr gesuchten Marken, die selbst dem gr6ssten u. fortgeschnitte-
nen Sammler fehlen, mit Rk. 68.75. Das Postnaminale ist unglaublich hoch
u. sind darunt. vertret.: 10 u. 20 Para, 1 Pia, 112 Pla., 2 Pia. viol. u. rot. wel-





ter 2 Pial grau u. lila, 3112 Pia., 5 Pia., 7 Pia., 10 Pia., 30 Pta., 50 Pia., 70 Pa.
blau u. rot, 100 Pla. grau u. blau, welter 100 Pla. rot u. blau etc. etc.
Lieferung: Wie immer: Gegen Vorauskassa, picht ans Misstrauen, well niit
jeder Bestellung eine Auswahl in Kommision sende unter de. Bedingung,
dass die Ware bis zur definitive Erledigung mein Eigentum bleibt, was
durch Bestellung ausdriicklich anerkannt wird. Bitte um Angabe Ihler
spez. Sammelgeblete!
Frankatur extra: Neue Pracht-Juventute: 5, 10, 20, 30 R. RM. 1.20
Abrilstung und Juventute gemischt. RM. 1.- Abristung Flugpost ,, 1.25
seltene tite-beche RM. .80 Geza Sukula, Luzern 2 (Schweiz), Villa Fontaneck.
Kelne ungebrauchten Marken als Zahlung senden !
Zahlungen erbeten auf meine Postschekkonti: Luzern, VII 964. Berlin 220 73,
's Gravenhage 145 573. Kopenhagen 24 908, Warschau 191 574, Zagreb 410 41,
Prag 501.418.







3Ha4OK'b O-Ba
= POC-HK O-
,,POCC=K A"

Bb neTrnUy (pHcyHOKb), B'b TpeXu1t.THO 9ManJ (6t.nbr,
CHHifi, KpacHbli), MO)KHO nOfJlyqHTb no qtHt 20 Q)paHKOB'b
+4 (pp. noTroBbe pacxoAbI OT'L F1peACTaBHTejna Bb C-
TOHiH no axpecy:

SMr B. Sokoloff, Tallinn, Pirnu 18-1, Estonie.


)KenaTeajbHbi croptiinmie saKa3bl, 3anacb ncero 100
3HaqKOB'b.

IIIIIIIIIIlllll lIIIIIIIIIIIllIIIIllilluIIIIIIIIIIIII fi IIIIII I llIIIIIII ll II IIIIIIIIIIll IIIIIIIlIIIIIIIIlliIIllI IIIIIIIl lilthillli


S Was ist der Schmuck einer Jeden

SBriefmarkensammlung ?? ?

Eine Sammlung von 105 alles verschiedene
GEDENKMARKEN y von: Spanien Exposition bis zur 4
Pesetas, C. S. R. Ungarn, Fiume Regno Italia, Montenegro,
Persien alle Kronungsmarken, Rumanien, Russland, Turkei
bis zu den hochsten Werten, (Adrianopol), Yougoslavien,
Armenien etc. etc. nach Yvert Katalog frs. 175.- was
mehr als
Dinare 550.- ausmacht fir netto nur Dinare 90.-
Gleichzeitig versende reiche Auswahl ohne Kaufzwang.
Gratis philatelistische Frankatur und Preisliste.
Korrespondenz auf deutsch. franzisisch und english.
CHARLES SEKULA LUZERN SCHWEIZ
(Postcheckkentis: Jugoslavien ZAGREB 41188, Tschecho-
slowakei Prag 59510 Schweiz Luzern VII 5146),






WKelalO HynHTb -- naKeTbl 10-200 pasnHuaHux Oanoro ro-
cynapcTsa Bb CBAS3Kaxb no 100-2000. CepiH no 100-1000. Mennin
OwnMObins AocrTOHHCTea no 100-5000 3K3. MapKH no st cy Ha
K H nO OT" nOCbinOK'b, no BO3MOWHOCTH OOflnbWHXb nOHTO8blX'b KOnTOpb.
q1 o 6 M ti H B a b TaxKe cb ToprOBUaMH H KonneKHlionepaMH.
AocTaBs nio an b6OMb AnR Map o b no 4a pH H blb itb-
Mamb. TpeO6yTe npeitcHypaHTb. KaTanorb M H xenb 1934 r. -
Espona R.M. 3.50; aecb Mips R. M. 5.- --nepecunna R. M. 1.-
4panKHpowBa LtennenHomab.
Karl Walter
Aschaffenburg, Deutschland.


S reprise Your Fr nds! Make them think you are in
Surprise Your Friends Colombia, South America.
Your name and address (No Letter Necessary) with 15c. U. S. or Cana-
dian stamps, o 2 International Reply Coupons brings a Beautiful View
Postcard of Barranquilla. You return it with your message and I will
mail it for you. Everyone will think you were really in this city.
TWO FOR 25c OR 3 COUPONS.
If you wish to send letter, JUST send it to me with lOc in stamps or
1 Coupon for each letter. Date 15 days in advance.
BERNRRDO RODRIGUEZ (Dept. 4)
Apartado 225
Barranquilla, COLOMBIA, S. A.



IHOJb3SyTeCb cay'aeM'b!

TOJIBKO AnJn aJeHOB't!

Ha HOPOTHKi cpOHb, AO nonTHaro w3pacxoAOBaHia ocTaBtua-
rocR He6onbUJorO 3anaca!
KoMnneRKT MypHana ,,POCCHKA" N5Ni_ 2-12 npoAaeTcc
3a 28 c~paHKOB-b c nepecbinRoN.
OTAtnibHbie 33eMnnflpbl no 3 4paHRa cb nepecbinRKO.
N16 1 wypHana ,,POCCHKA", nonHOCTblo pacnpoAaH-b 6e3b
ocTaTHa.
nepeBsoAb na pyccRi F13biKWb BcTynneHiI H cnOBapui Rl KaTano-
ry Meepa npoAaeTcf no 4.50 c~paHKa c nepecblntKoi.

MOWHO npHCblnaTb TeP'yLUMMM HeraWeHblMH (6jnaroTBOpHT.)
MapNaMM no Kypcy AHR.

10 aHriiiCKHX-b TeTpaAo04eKb B-b KntTHy An HpyroBbix-b no-
CblnoRKb Hn1 Anln O6MtHa pa3MtpoM-b 91T3' 2 CM. 4.50 )paH-
Ra, 0,50 (I)paHRa nepecbirnla.
3anpauwMBaTb FnaHaro PyHOBOAHTenR.







R'b JIHTB' -
MAPTHHEHACb, Anb6HHi' HHKOuHMOBHqU Kaunas, Laisves
aleja 56.
'b Q4HHIHuainH -
CAMCOHOB-b, EBreHif AAeKcaH posH'Fb ,Viipuri, Neisytniemi
katu 3.
B'b repManii -
IlIMHIT-b, Kapaib KapnoaHqn, Berlin -Lichterfelde Ost, Wal-
troper Platz 4.
B-, YexocJIoBaKiH -
KOCHHA, Feoprif KOHCTaHTHHOBHI,b, Praha III, Petrinska 20.
B'b FroAaHAiH -
JIY>KELIKlf, FaBenab MBaHOBanHb, Den Haag, Prins Maurits-
plein 21.
B'b BoarapiH -
BOPIEBb, Bacnaiil BacHn.beBHMh, Sofia 5, ul. Rusalka 1.
Bi, rpeuiH -
BEPLUKOBCKlft, Feoprifi MHxaitaouBHb, Pirie (Tabouria),
96, rue Agiu Dimitriou.
B'b IOrocJaBiH H PyKOBOAUzTeab BjirpaciCoii rpynnbi.
MAHKEJIEC1, Cepri"tii HMaHoBHwb, Beograd, UI. Jovana
Ristica 27.
B'b MaHqyKyo -
KOJIOKOJIOB'b, BopHc- CepreeaHqb, Moukden, Socony
Vacuum.
B'b HepciH -
BbirOPHHU KIIi, AneKcaHap7, HBaHOBHIwb, Teheran Societ6 des
Tramways.
reHepaAbHbli npeacTaBHTejb Ha IOxHyio AMepHny -
HCAKOBb, HBaH- HBaHOBHnqb, Rio-de Janeiro, Bresil,
36, Rua Clarisse Jndio de Brasil.
B1b Bpas3HiH -
B'JIOB'b, IeTp-b BacHnbeBHwb, Sao-Paulo, Rua 11 Mayo 24,
Caixa 2960.
B'b ApreHTHHt -
HHKOJIAEB'b, BIaaUHMHpb HHiKOAaeBHqb, San Martin,
44, calle Ayacucno.
Bb FlaparBat -
PEiRHBOT'b, FeTpb PocTHcaJaBOBHsb, Asuncion Calle 15 de
Agosto Nr. 774.
BTb MapoKKo -
IIEBECC'b, AaeKcaHap'b BaanHMHpOBHqus, Casablanca,
Roe de Tanger.
Bi, HaaecTHru -
FJIHKCOH'b, IKOB'b MapKOBHnb, Tel-Aviv, P. O. B. 27.

PeAaKTopb m MH3aTenf-E. M.APXAHIEnlbCKIVl. Bena LpnBea IkOro.namBI).













Am 7. September erschien in Lettland die IV. und
letzte Fliegerausgabe. Zeichnungen: ,,Graf Zeppe-
lin", Dornier Do X etc.

Auflage 5700 Setz geschnitten, Nennwert Ls. 5.- 4 Werte
7000 gezahnt 5.- 4 ,
komplett Ls. 10- 8 ,
Ich liefere diese Markcn wie auch die I, II, und 111 Flieger-
ausgabe mit Nominal plus 1001o.


Flugpost Latvia-Rfrika. Mittikdem Ung-
.GAMBIA" echt geflogene Karten, welche den nur am 28. Mai
1933 giltigen Sonderstempel mit Flugzeug und Posthorn tragen
kosten: Rink. 3.-
Es ksnnen Karten geliefert werden, welche den Flughafen
Danzig erreichten und auch solche, welche mit den Flugzeug in
Deutschland abstitrzten und splterhin mit der Bahn weiterbef6r-
dert wtirden. Alle Karten sind mit Wohlfahtts- und Flugpost-
marken frankiert, welche Frankatur einen hoheren Katalogwert hat,
als die ganze Karte kostet.

Folgende Satze sind vorratig und billig lieferbar:
L e ttlan d: Rainis komplett. Latvia-Afrika, alle Wohlfarts- und
Gedenkausgaben.
E s t I a n d: Rotes Kreuz 6 Werte, Fiugpost gezlmhnt und ge-
schnitten, Stadteserie, Rotes Kreuz 4 Werte
(Leuchtturm).
Litauen und Finnland: lezte Neuheiten.
R us s a n d; Zeppelin grob und fein gezihnt, Lultschiffbau ge-
zahnt und geschnitten, lal, gin gezlhnt und ge-
schnitten, 2. Polarjahr, Express, Hochwasser, 10-
Jahr-Jubillum, Lenin hohe Werte, 15-Jahr-Jubi-
laum, MOPR, Moskauer Briefmarkenausstellung,
Karl Marx, Lenlngrader Briefmarkenausstellung.
Nach einiger Zeit lieferbar: Volkstypen kompl.
Prelse auf Anfrage.
Prima Auswahlen in Europamaterial, Randstaaten, Russland
und Lettlandabarten stehen zur Verfiigung.
Genaue Fehllistenerledigung in Marken Russlands und der
Oststaaten.
Ku r t Gal it
Riga Schiitzenstr. 13 Wg. 7
Tel. 31835.


__




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs