Group Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00088
 Material Information
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: K.L. Wilson
Place of Publication: Falls Church Va
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 94/95 called also no. 94/95.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020235
Volume ID: VID00088
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05843071
lccn - sn 80008626
issn - 0035-8363

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== POCCHKA ==
OPrAHb PYCCKArO OB6LUECTBAR HMJITE/IMCTOB'b
B'b o)rOCII BIM
noAs pyKOBOACTBOMb E. M. ApxaHrenbCKaro

BELA CRKVA, Kr. Petra 40. JUGOSLAVIA

roAoBofI qaeHcKiM B3HOC'b 1 aM. aoanap'b.
Yearly subscription, Jahresbeitrag U. S. A. Dol. 1:00.

06'bslBeHi : 1 cTpaHnna 8.00 aM. flon.; '!2 CTpaiHHbli lnn HxnoMnKa
-- 4.50 aM. Alon.; 1 crpan. Hnn '12 KononMK 2.50 aM. Aon.; 's CTpaH. -
1.50 aM. Aon.; 'i16 CTpaH. 0.75 aM. Aon. CKHAKa 200!1 Ha 3 o6dRanenli.
MeJKii 06L'baleHiH a CTpoHKy 0.10 am. Aon.; nbrTHblr 4neHaM-b:
Ao 5 CTpoKb 0.25 aM. AOn., KaWAaR cnta. CTpoKa 0.05 am. Aon.
Advertising rates, Anzeigenpreis: 1 page U. S. A. Dol. 8.00, 'I2 page 4.50,
2.50, 's 1.50, 1i16 0.75. Discount-Rabatt 20 per cent on 3
insertions. Small advertisements Kleine Anzeigen 0.10 dollars per line.
All net and prepaid.


S 12 $eepanb 1933 roAa. 4- roa a


KATAJnOFL13ALI j
PYCCKMXLb MAPOK'b.

II. nponyu eHHbli Bbinycmb 1905-1906 r. r.
B'b HameMwb nepBOM' oqepK' noA' TtM t me 3arnaBieMb
(,PoccHKa" JN 9) MbI ycTaHOBHJa oTCyTcTBie cnerIiaJbHaro Ka-
Tajora CTapbIXb PyccKHx'b MapOK-b 1, pa3o6paBl b aHHbMu
pa3JIHqHbIX- HCToqHHKOBb OTHOCHTeAbHO BbInyCKOBb MapOK'-
cb 1857 Ao 1888 r., oTMtTHJIH cymuecTBeHHbI5 pacxoxAeHniH
Memay ueeCTboL noABeprHyBUIHMIHCa paa6opy KaTaJoraMH.
Ec.n Mbs nepekiAeM-b AaJlbHt'iUmHM'b BblrycKaM'b Pyc-
CKHX'b MapoK', TO MbI H 3AtCb HaTOJKHeMC5 Ha pa3Horiacia,
HeTOsHOCTH H nponycKH.
Oco6eHHo 6pocaeTrcs Ba rnaaa nAHOoe OTcyTcBie B' Kara-
noraxb yKa3aHif Ha pa3HOBHAHOCTH MapOKSb AOCTOHHCTBOMb B'b
1, 2, 3, 5 H 7 Kon. (sbinycKa 1902 roaa), KOTOpbl5, HatHHas c-b
1905-1906 r. r. neiaTajiHCb HOBbiMb H 3 M HeHHbM-'b
KJINIe.







MOCKOBCKifi KaTaJIOrb, yme oxapaKTepao3BaHHbig HaMH Bas
nepBOM-b oqepKi, npaBaa ynoMHHaeTrb MHMOXOAOM'b, MTO ,B'b
Haqajnt ABtHaAUaTblX'b (?) rOAOB'b" OTM$4eHbI HOBblf KJIHUme
MapOKb MlJ_ 45B-49B, HO Bas aBHy HneICHOCTH H HeTO-qHOCT
9TOro npHMItaHis, H6o Ki a9TOMy BpeMeHH yKe Tpa roAa 6na-
rononyMHO o6pautaacs BblnycK'b 1909 roAa, Mbi n03BOJHM'b ce-
6t noApo6Hte ocTaHOBHTbCr Ha aTOHi pa3HOBHAHOCTH BnblyCKa,
o KOTOpOi BO BCtX'b OCTanbHbIXb KaTanorax-b BOO6lae He yno-
MHHaeTCH.
Bc'l PyccKil MapKH AOCTOHHCTBOM'o OTb 1 Ao 7 KonfeKcb
neqaTaiaHcb (HaqHHas cb BbinyCKa 1864 roaa H KOHqan 1908 r,)
Ba A.Ba npieMa. CnepBa neqaTaanc 4)OH'b OqeHb TOHKarO
yaopa a 3aTtMa' pHcyHOK, MapKH. 3TOMy o6cTOHTeInbCTBy
o6s3aHa CBOHM-b npOHcxoxA eHieM' 3HaMeHHTaR onetaTKa Bbl-
nycKa 1866 r., KorTa pHCyHOK-b 3 Kon. MapaK 6bl'b B'b 3naqH-
TeAbHOM'b KOJIHNeCTBt JIHCTOBb OTfleiaTaHb Ha OWOH' MapKH 5
KOn. IOCTOHHCTBa. TOMy xKe npoleccy neqaTaHia o6s3aHmI
cqacraTaHBbI-KoaJneKLiOHepbi, HM'iomie Bb anb6OMb p-aiaimuie
3K3eMnInpbi MapOK-b ,,Cb nepeBepHyTblMb 4OHOM-b". HaKOHeual
cee TIMa w e 06'baCH5HOTCF 6ontee qacTo BcTptqaloMliecH CAib-
Hble canBHrH 4OHa, HecoBnaalOutaro cb, pHcyHKOMa, MapKH H
HcKa)maiowaro ero. Han6onte qacro npH TaKHXLb CABHrax'b
BHtWuHRa paMKa S4OHa (c'b lBtTHbIMH yroJKaMH) He coBnaAaeT
C'b paMKOi pHcyHKa H ICHO BHAHa Ha 6h$R blXa KpymKax'b, B'b
yrnaxa, MapKH B KOTOpbIX' o603Ha'eHO e L aOCTOHHCTBO. KaK'b
y)Ke OTMqeHO Ba- ,,POCCHKS'", oco6eHHo He6peKHO neqaTa-
n.HCb PyccxKi MapKH B-b nepioAb nocAt FInoOHCKOff. BOaHbI, H
HMeHHo AnA H36t)KaHia aToro He)KenaTejbHaro BineHia, 3Kcne-
anuin 3aroTOBA. FocyA. ByMar-b pimHInacb y6aBHTb npoileHT-
6paKa neqaTaeMblx, MapOKb BHAOH3MIbHHB'b HXI 4)OH'b.
1 1










YCTaHOBHTb TOtHYIO AaTy yKasaHHaro Ha pHcyHKt H3Mt-
neHiS Mb1 He 6epeMca, Ho co6paHHbl HaMH B'b TeqeHie 10 anTTb
3HaqHTeJabHbI MapOaHbJi MaTepianjb Ino3BonIaHb HaMb yCTaHO-
BHTb 6e3, oco6oC norplUmHOCTH, TO MapK K HOBarO H3M'HeH-
Haro Trna noHBH.HCb He pae pab nepBOfi qerTepTH 1905 roAa
H He noa3)e BTOpOfi nonJOBUHb 1906 roAa, npHTOMUa MapKH
B C tb X b AOCTOHHCTBb aTOrO pHCyHKa OTrb 1 AO 7 xonteKwb.







nfoc.A H3M-HHeHihf K.nHmie 4)OH3 H ycTpaHeHifl ,UB-THbX'b
yro.'KOB'b", aawe npin CH.1bHblX'b CaBHFraxb 0OHa, 3TOTb A e-
4)eKT7 fneqaTaHii nIOTH COBepimeHHO He 6pocaeTCH Bb rmasa H
TaK~HMr o6paaoM'b nitbb H3MbeHeHHaro BinycKa yjaymeHie
iBHIH T a MH BHA MapoK-b 6ixna BnonHI AocTHTrHyTa.
OTJIHqTb Ha MapKax ,HOBOe" KjiHIme OTb ,CTaparo" -
pyKOBOACTByICb BnepBbie BOCnpOH3BOsAHMbIM% B'b neqaTH pn-
CYHKOM'b He. TpyaHO, H rameHbie 3aKeMnnJpbI KJIHue I H 11
noIxo6paTb oqeHb nerKO. TpyaH-e, oAHaKO, HafiTH HeraTmeHblH
MapKH BC- xb AOCTOHHCTB'b o6Bx'b pa3HOBHaHOCTefi. HerameH-
HbIe aK3eMnanRpbi Cb .uBtTHIbIMH yroJKaMH", KaKb 6oAibe p.uA-
Kie MOWKHO OLXHHBaTb Bb 0 5-10 pa3ab AopoKe, qiM'b apKH C'b
,.HOBblN'b" 40HOMIb. Mapo4Hbl.Mb KaTajoraM'b He MimaaIo-6bI,
no aHanoriH xoTr 6bI c'b MapKaMH repMaHiH 1920 r. (neqaTaB-
maHMHC5 C'b AByXb pa3HbIXb KJIHme) OTM-THTb COOTBtTCTByIO-
mie HOMepa onIcaHHbIxb HaMH PycCKHX'b MapoKb pHMCKHMH
uH4npaMH I H II.
PHra. '- 9., rFaH'enwb.


Mano HSBtCTHbifl BbinyCKb Poccim 1905 r.

CqHTaio 60ojbmofi sacayrofi 3 n. FaaHeHa, B3flBiarocu
3a onucanie AByx-b paaHbIXb THnOB'b, BCTph'3qaloMHXCfl y Mapok-b
AOCTOHHCTBOM' B-b 1, 2,'3, 5 H 7 honteKb co CTptA.KaMH (no
Haepy N.N 38-40, 42 H 43), H6o sTH Becbna cymIecTBeHHbl
pasajnqi coBepmeHHO He H3BcCTHbI noAaBaHsIOmIeMy 6o0bmUHH-
CTBy 4nHJIaTeaCTOB'b. 3Ta pa3HOBHAHOCTb HaCTOA nbO HHTepecHa,
iTO H n03BOAIIHO ce6b ao6aBHTb HbCKOabKO CAIOsb.
PaaHHuna Me~)ay AByMy THnaMHl ym 3eHO'M, H saKaJIoaeTca B7b TOMb, ITO oqepTaHie ponHa npea-
craasneTca y THra I Bb BHAn qeTbpexyrOAbHHKa, a y THna
II BB BHAt HenpaBHsibHaro BOCbMHyrOnbHHKa.
THnb II noaHBaseTca JIHUb sanepsbe BT 1905 roay, KO-
Topbiill H HaAO CqHTaTb rOAOM'b ero BbInycKa. 3TOTb THmn
BCTptqaeTCH scKJIIOrqTe.abHO Ha MapKaX'b Cb BepTHKaIbHbIMH
noJocaMUi 6bIBi mHX B'bb 6paeHiH B'b yKaaaHHOe. BpeMs. BCe
ocTaJlbHbiH MapKH 3TOrO-)Ke pHCyHKa, BbInyIneHHbIl HaiHHa8 Cl
1864 roaa, H3BsCTHbI TOJIbKO JIHJLb B'b THIIn I. TaKHMb o6pa-
30Mb, TOJbKO MapKH C'b BepTHKa.lbHblMH IOJIOCaMH BcrptqaloT-
CH B'b O6OHX'b THnax'b.
o-... ,i6MHMo KOHTypa 4)OHa, o6a THna Bs 60AbiumHCTB cjy-
qaeasb OTjaialOTca OAHHb OTh Apyroro H CBOHM-b o6IHMb
BHAOM%, a HMeHHO BeCb 4OH'b THna II MeHie SaMTCH'-b H Ka-
MeTCR KiaK'b 6bi 6ojie 6JItAHhlM'b, Cb M-Hte ptSKHM% InyHKTH-
pOM7b.
Ha mIocTpauil o6oHXS THnOB'b, BocnpOH3BOAIHiaa MacTepcKH
ca't$aHHbIf pyKoIo 3. H. raH3eHa iepTercb, K-b coca.nbHilo,
He MOWeT-b nepenaTb TOqHO xapaxrepbnyHKTHpoBaHHaro 4OHa.





B' KaIKAOM'b H3- AByX'b THIIOB'b SaMtqaIOTCH, Bb CBOIO
oqepeab, H3BaCTHblH OTKJ1OHeHiH Bb pHcyHKtb nyHKTHpa, npo-
Hcmuiemia noDHnHMOMy OTh ynoTpe6AeHii pa3HbX-b KJAHUe, Ha-
xoARlIHxc npS a1H TOM-b B-b pasHofi cTeneHH H3HauHBaHia. 3TH
OTKnoHeHil KpafiHb HHTepecHbi, HO noKa qTO OHH e1me
)mtyTh CBOHaxb H3cAJ'OBaTenetH.
qTO KacaeTc5 onpea'bjeHiH, K'b KaKOMy 3'b AByXb, TH-
noB-b npHnaaHeJKHTb AaHHaa MapKa, TO B-b 60obWHHCTBt CJIy-
qaeB-,, 3TO CAhaTb aerKo. Ho HHorxa nonaaaioTca sK3seMnapbi,
onpeataeHie KOTOpbIxb noAAaeTcR TpyJLHOCTH, a HMeHHO,
KOr'Aa OHH O'ieHb XOpoUmO ueHTpHpOBaHb H B-b TO )Ke BpeMs
xapaKTepb HNXb nyHKTHpa HeAocTaTO4HO BbspaeaeHb.
C. MaHtienei.









Flepean
nO4TOBai

mapka
Poccim.

3aMt4aHiR r. KneMana, npeAc'AaarenR
PeBenbCKaro 06tuecrBa 1) CTaTbH 3. raH3eHa B'b ,PoccHmKa-,,FepBas noiTOBaai
MapKa PocciH" HasbalaeTb 10-oe[22-oe aeKa6p asHaMeHaTeIbHbIM'-
AHeM'b, nOTOMy 'TO 3TOT' AeHb -- eH n powAeHia nepBofi
PyccKoA MapKH.
no Moy oe MH-Hilo, BpnHte 6bizo 6bi 1113 saHapj o6o-
3Ha9HT'b IO6HIefHblM'b AHeM'b, HOTOMy qTO IlHpKyJIapOM'b non-
ToBaro ,enapTaMeHTa OT'b 10/22 AeKa6pa 1857 r. coo6manocb
BC'sM'b InOTOBbIM'b yqpe)K eniHM'b 0 BBejeHiH nO9TOBbX'b Ma-
pOK'b, O HX,' npoaaai ceiiqac'b-Ke no nonyqeHiH HXb, HO
4)paHKNpoBKa HMH paaptmuanacb B'b EBponeiecKof PocciH Toab-
KO Cb 1/13 aHBapa 1858, Bb Cn6Hpn, na KaBKaaf H ab 3a-
KaBKa3bB Cb 1/13 MapTa 1858; nIOTOMy AyMaKt a 1/13 aHBap -
eeHb pO)KAeHiH Haimefr Io6HiapunH.
2) To o neM-b a AO CHXb, nopjb roBopmHi, MOmHO 6bijio
6bi Ha3BaTb ,,TOqiKOfl pi HiS", nO Tenepb aomAeHnb a BHecTH
ManeHbKyIO nonpaBKy Bb npHBeAeHHyIO CTaTblO, B'b KOTOpoi
rOBOpHTCRS, qTO ,BWb 9TOM'b OTHOIUeHli Poccia 6blIa TpeTbefi







c'rpaHofi B'b Mip' nocan AHrJIH (1840) H Bpa3sHni (1843),
KOTOpal BBenaa 3SIaK nOqrTOBOl onnlaTbl. ]atfICTBHTenbHO Poc-
cif HaxoaHTcA Hnanr TOMS M-CTt, a UMeHHO: 6 Man 1840 AHr-
niia, Maprb 1843 UljopiX', 1 iionn 1843 Bpa3Hlai 1 OKTa6ps
1843 )KeHeBa H Bb 1845 roAy Pocci Co CBOHMH ImTeMnejmb-
HblMH KOHBepTaMH.
KneMaHb,

---l---
U.M-
OTraB'bT 3. Fana3ea, Bcentno npH-
BeTCTBytOLuaro od6M Hb MWlHiFMH.
1) ABTOpi' oqepma noaTBepmAaeT'b, WTO eMy BCt o6CTo-
sTeaibCTBa, H3Ao)KeHHbiH B'b saMtqaHiH r. KJIEMAHA, 6banH H3-
BtCTHbi, KaK'b 9TO RBCTByeT'b H3'b pa3sAia, nocB5UmeHHaro ,Bbi-
nycKy Bb o6paimeHie". H TtM'b He MeH-e ,poArnjacb" nepBaf
PyccKaR MapKa H B p e M e H H 0 Cb no eHieM-b UPnpKy-
anpa OTb 10-ro (22) AeKa6pI 1857, H, KaKhb ynOMHHyTO HaMm,
nepBb]a PyCCKi nlOqTOBblR MapKH nonaIHH B'b pyKH iacTHOfi
ny6alHKH OAHoBpeMeHHO ci ony6aHoKBaHieMb UlHpKyaJpa.
B'b KOHL1i CBoero oqepKa aBTOp'b 3aM'bTHI'b, rTO ,,oco6oe
MICTO HaAie)KHT'b OTBeCTHM IUTeMneIIMb CLb AaTaMH 1857 roAa..."
Ecai 6b nepBaa PyccKa5i MapKa porHaacb TOJbKO 1/13 HH-
BapR 1858 r., TO ynOMSHyTbi$ MapKH, H M t 10 i a C 5 y H'b-
CKOabKHX'b KOJIJeKqiOHepOB'b-He MOrJIH 6bl cyiteCTBOBaTb.
A B T o p b oqepKa cTapajnc AaTb o 6 m i iA o 6 3 p
B'b KpaTKOil 4opMt, noqeMy BbIfnycTHJ b HM'abBuyIbcR B- nep-
BoHaqanjbHOM'b TeKCTI ckpa3y: ECJIH HE CMqTATb MBCT-
HbIX'b KAHTOHAJIbHbIXb BbHYCKOB-b LIBEHITAP1H".
9TH MapiKH A-L$CTBHTeJbHO npHpaBHHBsaOTCs o H'KOTOpbMH Ka-
TaioraMH H cneuiaJIHCTaMH MapOK'b LUBerilapiH KWb BblnyCKaM'b
cy B epe H H n X b rocyAapCTB'b, HO Apyrie cneirianMHTb nep-
BbIMH MapKaMH LUBeritapiH cqHTaIoT' ,,rojy6KOB-b" Ba3enbcKOfi
nOqTbl.
B'i qacTHOCTH Blab H ,nepBaa PyccKas noITOBas MapKa"
B35Ta HbIHt no'b COMHIHie, nOCAJ OTKpbITiH MapKH THAHjc-
KOf ropOACKOH nOfTbI (no MHxealo; HOS6pb 1857 r.).
ran3se-b.,

3AMtqAHIF C. MAHMKEJlER.
flpeKAe q$M-b yBHA Tb CBbT', KaKAxxa Mapxa npoxoAHTb
WlhabpiA PRUb CTaAifi. fIpex Ae Bcero, sapozaaeTcR MblCJlb O eC
co03aHiH. 3aTbM'b npHCTynarOTb Kb COCTaBjeHiio npoecToa'b
pHcyHKa, saKa3blBaeTCH KjHIUe H npiCTynaol'b Kb npo6HOMy
neqaTaHilO. Rpo6Hbie OTTHCKH, o6b1qHO Bb pa3HbIX-b IJB-TTaXLb,
pa3cMaTpHBaiOTcR, noHpaBHBmuiecH yTBepmKaK)lTCH H TOJIbKO
Toraa yxKe npHCTyrnaIOT K'b oKOHqaTenbHOMy neqaTaHilo. OT-
neqaTaHHJe JIaCTb MapOKb nepeaaioTcs H3'b THnorpaa4iH noq-
TOBOMy B ,OMCTBy, KOTOpoe HX'b pascbilaeTb OTAtJIbHbIMn',


201







noqTOBbiM'b KOHTOpaM'b; nocJIrAHifl me npHCTynatbOTr Kb np0-
Aa)Kt MapoK'b ny6fHK'. HapaRy c'b 3THM'b, Ka)KAbIi o HOBblf BbI-
nycK'b MapoKb o6HapoAbisaeTcI 3aKOHOM'b HJIH paBHTeAb-
CTBeHHbIMH aKTaMH H pacnopIKxeHiHMH.
KaKofi )Ke MOMeHT'b CninyeTrb CmHTaTb MOMeHTOM'b. Bbl-
nycKa MapKH? no MoeMy, nepBblfi aeHb npoAaa AaHHaro BubnycKa ny6inHKt, m60 cb 3TOro-TO MOMeHTa OHW H
nycKaioTCH B'h o6pamUeHie.
HTO KacaeTCs B03HHKmIaro no 9TOMy noBoAy pa3HorJacis
Me)Kfy r. KnieMaHOM-b H 3. 11. FaH3eHOMb, TO p-umHTb ero
MOKHO JIMilb, yCTaHOBHB'b TOqHO, Kora HMeHHO HaqaJiacb npo-
AaxKa nepBOfi PyccKOi MapKH.
K'b coManjHilO, R JIHmeHl KaK' HI MHOrie H3'b HaC,
BO3MOWKHOCTH npoH3BeCTH HeO6XOAHMbIS apXHBHblI H3bICKaHiH
AJia 6e3cnopHaro ycTaHOBeHi5 nepsaro AH5I npoAa>nH nepBofi
MaprK. OAHaKO, He MailO PyccKHx'b nHiaTeJIHCTOB-b xKHByTb B-b
OTTOpa)eHHbIX'b OTb PocciH o61jacTHX-b, rAt coxpaHHJiHCb Pyc-
CKie apxaBbi. Kb HHM'b-TO H o6paiaiaOCb fl Cb npH3bIBOM-b, He
nOJIA-HHTbCH H AJI o6ilaro Hamero Abja, nopblTbCR HeMHoro
B-b apXHBHO1I nblJIH.
FIpexe Bcero caitzyeTr OTbICKaTb B' ,Co6paHiH Ysa-
KOHeHifi H PacnopKmeHii flpaBHTeJIbCTBa" RHpKynJIap'b OTb
10/22 aeKa6pH 1857 roAa. 3aTrM'b, B-b TOM'b Ke ,,Co6paHiH"
cat-byeTb noHcKaTb, H'T'b JIn eume H Apyrnx I IHpKyJIIOB'b,
OTHOCH tHXCH K'b HHTepecyio ieMy HacI Bonpocy, 3a BpeMH,
HanpHMtp-b, c'b 1-ro oKTAI6ps 1857 r. Ao 1 MapTa 1858 r. 3a
9TOT'b nepiOA'b peMeHH OqeHb RKeaaTeAbHO nepeiHCTaTb rase-
Tbh nerep6yprcKiS H MOCKOBCKia H a yBtpeH'b, qTO MOWHO
6yAeTab HaHTH He Mano HHTepecHbIX-b H qeHb HfHHbIX'b AJIA
BCtXb Hac' CB2'flHii, H B'b qaCTHOCTH TOqHO yCTaHOBHTb
nepB bi aeHb npoAa>KH nepBoH PyccKOi MapKH.
HTo KacaeTCa yTBep)mAeHia 3. 11. FaH3eHa, qTO nepnaq
PyccKas MapKa BcTp'IbaeTcS cb imTenejaiM raimeHiR 1857
roAa, TO H no 3TOMy nOBOAy a o6paLuaiocb C'b npIH3bBOM'b KO
BC'M'b CqaCTIHBbMMb Hx-b o6aiaAaTeJIHM'b, cPOTorpaIHpOBaTb
HXe' H rpHcJIaTb CHHMKH Bb peaaKLi1O ,,POCCHKa" iAn ony6nH-
KOBaHiH. HHTepeCHo 6yreT-b yCTaHOBHTb, C'b KaKHM'b CTapt$i-
IUHM'b LUTeMnejieM'b Aoiuia ,o Hact nepBaa PyccKas MapKa.


He 6e3rHTepeceHb H Bonpocb, KaKoe no nopAKxy M'CTO
3aHHMaeT'b Poccia Bib qHcaJ cTpaH'b, BbJnIyTHBIIHX'b 3naKH
nIIOTOBOf onJaTbI. Ha STOTb BonpOCh MOMXHO OTBI'THTb pas-
JIH9HO, B'b 3aBHCHMOCTH OTb TOTO, 1TO Mbl nOA'b 3THM-b Ha3Ba-
HieM-b 6yAeM- noApa3yMsBaTb, a MMeHHO, OAHt JIHulb MapKH,
OAHI AHUIlb IJIbHbSl BelIUH, HJIH BCI 3HaKH nOqTOBOI OlJiaTbI
Bb HX'b COBOKynHOCTH, TO-eCTb H MapKH, H IULJIbHbII BeuiH.
I1pHnBoKy 3aeCb Ha3BaHia rocyaapCTB'b, pacnoJi)KeHHbIX'b
B'b xpoaHoorHqecKoM'b nopflAK' BblnyCKa nepBbIxa CBOHX'b
MapoK'b (roAa rpHBOARTCa no KaTaaory 3eH(ba 1933 r.)







rOCYAAPCTBR
1840 BejnHKO6pHTanIn
1843 LUWBeAapiR (B-bsaniik KanHo-
Moa-b L~opHxa m >KeneBb)
pa3HniR
1845 C. LW. C. A. (b1 nHLAt .noIr-
MekCTepcKHxa x MapoK-b)


1849



1850



1850
1851




1852





1853


1855



1856
,

*85
B


BaBapiR
Benbrfl
Tocxana
4paMLnk
ABCTplR
rannoBep'b
McnaHnlF
rpyccis
CaKcoHIn
LUnee3Bnr-b rFonTeMi-b
BaAen b
BiopTeM6epra
AanlIR
raBaH
CapAHnir
L4epKxonaf O6nacTb
BpayMluseera-
ronnaHAIM
nh Ocem6yprb
MoneHa
OnbASe 6ypr-
napma
Typ-b H TaKcHC-b
ilopTyraniA
YMnnH


BpeMeHwb
HopserlH
LUaseLia

ApreMTHHa (Bsb nHwu Kop-
pleHTeca)
MecnHKa
MeKneH6yprFb-U BepM"b
Ypyrsal
4HMnnHnlIR


ROflOHIM


1847 0. Cs. MaspHKiA
1848 BepMyAa
1849 HobIolA OwH. Yanbcb



1850 BpHT. FeiaHa
1850 BHKTopIR


1851




1852





1853

1854

1855



1856


KanaAa
MOBaR LUoTnaHAin
HOBbi BpayMLweefrb
PelOMionb
TpHnHAaAb

Bap6aaoc-b
BpHT. MnAIR




Mblci, AodpoA HaAeWAub
TacmaHia
3anaAnaR AecTpanin
tbHnMnnHHbl
AaTcHaR BecTnb-MiAI|
McnancrKa
HoBaR 3enan'IR
OK)mna AecTpania
CB. EneHa


1857 nepy 1857 Haranb
Pocci HbWopaynHAnenAb
eflnonab
H3a 3TOro nepeiHSi BHAHO, HTO Poccis 3aHHMaeT' 39-e
MtCTO, a ecnI CqHTaTb H KOJIOHUi, TO 63-e.
Bb nopHAKt BbInycKa tInAbHbX'b BeuIef, rocyAapcTBa
pacnonaraioTcr C,~'AyIOIujHM' o6pa30M'b (roAa no 3eH4)y
1914 r.):
1838 Hoabbi IOHtibtiR Y3nbcb (ropOACK. noHTa)
1840 BennHo6pHTanHI
1844 6payHiuaer'b (ropoAcnaR nosta)
1845 PocclI (ropoAcxaR no4Ta)
1845 HninRlHAIRf
1845 LUseeiap[R (Bta nMUA >KenescKaro Kantona).






aKb, BHAHO, Poccia 3aHHMaeTb 4-oe MtCTO, a ecna He
CIHTaTb HoBaro IO)KHaro YsAbca, KaK-b KOAOHiKO, TO 3-e. OA-
HaKo 9TO npH yCJnoBiH, ecaJI Q~HHJIaHAi Bn HH HBeeiuapin, bI-
nycTHBIsiHi CBOH qtJlbHbl5 BemAnl B'b TOMa, we 1845 r. He CAb-
aanAH TOro H-CKOAJbKO paHbuie.
ECJIH coenaHHHTb o6a npHBeaeHHbia nepetqcjieHis BM CT'T,
TO rocyAapCTBa pacnono>KaTCH cJIaSayIro.HMa' o6pa30Mb:
1838840 BenwHK6pHTaHlt (MapKH) H eR KOOOHIR II. K. Y3nbc-b (tLnb-
Han BeL4b ropoACKoA noITbl)
1843 WaeAieapiR (MapKH nanmonoBab )eiieBbi L4 mpHxa)
1843 Epa3HnlH (mapKH)
1844 5payMuWBefrb (Lunbnan BeLAb ropoAcxoA no4Tbl)
1845 Poccis (LOtnbHbIR BeLUH ropOACKOh nO'Tbi)
1845 HninRntAi (LkbnbHblf BeLuH)
1845 C. W. C. A. (.no4TMeAcTepctiH" MapxH)
TaKHMab 06pa30Mob, He A- aa pa3Anqqmi MeKay MapKaMH H
ltjibHblMH BeIraMH, PocciH npHHaAnIeMHT' naTOe M'CTO cpeaH
rocyaapcTBIa HaqaBiLHXab BblnyCKaTb 3HaKH IlOqTOBOf OnaaTbl,
npf ycnOBiH OAnaKO, ecJnH HH 4)HHJSIHAiI, HH C. A. C. III. He
onepewAniH ee. K-b comKantHio, a He pacnonaraio HY)KHbiMH
AaHHbiMH, nO3BOJIflIOUHMH onpeAJHTb, KaKas H3'b Tpexb
CTpaHb PocciS, Q>HHnRnAisa Hni C. A. C. III. onepeAHuJ
Apyrb Apyra.
B'b MOuHX' pacqeTax'b a paaomenics H cb r. KAeMaHOMb,
CqHTaioiuHM'b KaimKbI bf eiefiapcKii KaHTOHab OTAJAbHO, H C'b
3. n. faHaeHOMb, He npHHHMaioLUHM'b Boo6me BH pacqeTb
KaHTOHajibHbX'b MapOKa'. ceaepaTHBHoe rocyaapcTBeHHoe
yCTpofiCTBO IlsBefapiH H C. A. C. L. 5BA IroaIXC COiosoM'b
60jite jinH MeHee CaMOCTOSITejbHblX'b KaHTOHOB'b HJIH MTaTOB'b,
yCTPOaCTBO CTOJIb pasjiaHHoe OT'b ApyrNHX rocyAapcTBb, ynpaB-
JI5eMbiX'b BjiaTblO qeHTpanH3OBaHHOnf, He AaeTb HHKaKoro OC-
HOBaHiS He npHHHMaTb B'b pacseTt MapOK'b KaHTOHaJIbHblX
HJIH ,,nOqTMeACTepcKHX'b", HO Bb TO )Ke BpeMn HejIb35 CqHTaTb
KaKiAbibI KaHTOH'b HAH .InOqTMefCTepCKii OKpyr'b HapaBHn C'b
ApyrHMH cyBepeHHbIMH rocyxapCTBaMH. TIo9Tomy a cqHTaIO
LUBeAuHapilo, co BCt3MH e KraHToHaMH, 3a OAHO rocyaapCTBO,
TOIHO TaKb )Ke KaK', H C. A. C. UI. co BCtMH lUTaTaMH H
,nolTMeiCTepCKHMH" OKpyraMH.
qTO KacaeTcH MapKH TH4HJICKOii ropoAcKoR nOqTbI; TO 51
6bia- BbIHy)Kneub ocTaBHTb ee 6e31 BHHMaHiR, 3a OTcyTCTBieM'b
TOqHblXa AaHHbIX'b O BpeMeHH eg Bblnycxa. Ecan MO)KHO Bt-
pHTb 3eHq)y, TO oHa BbinymeHa B-b HOS6pt 1858 r., TO-eCTb
nocit nepBofi o6LuerocyAapcTBeHHno MapKH H, Bb 3TOM'b Cy-
qat, MOM pacqeTbl He TepslOT'b CBOei upaBH bHOCTH.
C. MaHwenei.

OTI PeAaiuin.
Bceunsio pa3Anfsi npeAnowetile, cAtnaHHoe C. M. MaHmeneeM-b, Pe-
AaKula 6yaeTr- BecbMa npMH3aTenlba aclMb qnentama ,PoccCHKH, nowenas-
IJHMb B3RTb Ha ce6~ TpyA-b nopbrbc B-b apxMHaxa H nocTapaTbCF IaiaTM
AonKyeMTanbtibJH 0anniblR OTHOcalRUfFIR Kb nepaol PyccHoA MapKt. Co ectxa






tarAeHtlbixb Aomymet-1ToBb, cJtMyeTb CHSTb HOniH m npmcna~rb Hxb Db Penax-
WfO AnR ony6nmKoBamiR Bb iawem-b xyptianb.
To'mo TaK-b me, PegaKxuR (YA(eT- BecbMa 6naronaptia Bctm- bfl)naTe-
JHcTam-b, KoTopue nppwflFOT'b eA tororpraiH nepBoA PycCKor MapKI cb ra-
LuemieM-b 1857 ro~a.
Pe~aKRLin.



3anpeweHHbR mapKH Eonrapit.

HOqTH KaaKAoe rocyaapCTBO c~apaeq BbInyciKaTb KOMMe-
MOpaTHBHbI5I MapKH, IM-LIOtifl, [VnbKO tianOMHHITb 6yaIyuu1M1-
fO}COJItHiSiM'b TO JIMA HHOe 43-b Ba2xHbix'b co6bITifi rocyJiapcTBa,
HO eABa 14H cymeCTByeTb emle rocyaapcTBO, KPOMt BionrapiI4,
LIt BblnyCK'b TaKHX1b MapOK-b NOBJleK'b 3a co6oio aHfijiOMaTH-
YeciKoe BMtLUaTenbCTBO COC&MH51O rOCyfl~apCTBa, Bbi pe3ylbTaTt
qero BbnflYll HHbfl Bb nrOTOBOe o6pauieHie MapKH 6bInH H3'b-
SITbI H3-h ynOTpe6aeHif.
Ta (IIep-i4. HocAt BcTynJieHifl BOnrapiH B-b 1915 roMy B-b BOiHY
Ha CTOpOHt qeHTpaJlbHbIX-b rOCy.apCTB-b H BoeHHOiA y24H B'b
HaTqaat CBOHXb onepauifi, ixorana 10onrapil OBJnaatJIa fO'TH Bceii
MaKeAOHiei IH qo6pyawKeg, nOqTOBOe B-bAOMCTBO IPeAJIO)1xHJI
MtCTHbIM-b XYAO)OHHIKaM'b KOHKYPC'b aLn H3roTOBzeHiq Io31KTa
ceMm Mapowb, ,oAx)ceHCTByIOJILHX-b HaiOMHIHaTb r1O6bAOHOCHYIO
BO!Hsy BonrapiH. Flocjib yrBep)KAeHiiI CeMl UPO9KTOWb, TaLo-
BbIe 6bIaH 0TfpaeBj1Hbl An.I netLaTaHi5I MapOK-B T11norpacPCK1M-b
Cnoco6OMib Bb 1epMaHilo Bb 1916 roAy.



hA-


icy. I





- - -





MapKH DTH cn'bJyIoauil5. HepaasR, ROCTOHHCTBOM- BWb 10
CTOTHHKH, BiHHHOKPaCHaq, pa3M-p'b MaPim 20,5X27 MM., 13:131/2
rpe6exnKosaa 3y61jOB1a, H3o6pa},KaeTl b 61oCTb gapH q~epAHHaHna





B'b MaKeAOHCKOMaI OA ,LHiH Cb aeKauiHM'b BHHay AbBOMab. HaA-
nHCb: .le6(-bpb 1915 r." ,lapcTBo BbarapaH".
BTopaH mapxa Toro me AocTOHHCTBa, Ta )e 3y6utoBKa H
paa3Mtp paMKH nony6iocT'b Uapsa epHnHaHAa Ha KapTt cb
Ao6aBneeHieMWb oTBoeBaHHblXb tlacTeA~ capofi BonrapiH c'b HaAnH-
CaIMHLt ,,jnoynHa B-BarapHm 1915-1916, Jo6pyaa, MaKenoHs".
TpeTbR MapKa TorO )e AOCTOHHCTBa, Ta e 3y6tOBKa H pas-
Mtpb paMKH-MaKeAOHCKifi nefia3awb C'b HaanIHCiMH-,LUap'b na."
H .OcBo6OAHTeaHa BO~Ha 1915-1916"
HeTBepTaa MapKa Toro me AcOCTOHHCTBa, pa3M'p'b paMKH
27X20,5 MM (nemaqifi 4)opMaT'), 131/2: 13 3y6uosb, KpaCHo-
JIHaoBaH npeAcTaBJAieT'b pHMCKif MOCTb qepes-b ptKy BapAapb
y rop. CKonIbe Cb HaAnUcfIMH LI,apCTBO BoarapHa 1915-1916"
H ,CKonHe, CTapHrT. MOCT'b".
nfTaa MapKa, aOCTOHHCTBOM'b Ba 20 CTOTHHKH, CHHIR,
Tawe 3y6JtOBKa H pasMtp'p paMKH ropoa'b OxpHA, na OxpHA-
CKOM, osept c'b 6oarapCKHM'b qaCOBbIM'b y CTapnHHaro opy-
Ais B03JIt epKBH CB. KniHMeHTa cb HaaIIHcfMH ,B'bjrapHa,
OxpnHA' 1915, CB. KnaHeHT'b".
Ca'bfayomiau MapKH mecTa~ H cenbMaa y Haepa He c)H-
rypHpyioTb. IecTara MapKa AOCTOHHCTBOM'b Bb 50 CTOTHHKH,
4)ioneToBaa, pasMtpab paMKH 27X20,5 MM., 131/: 13 3y6IJOBsb-
OKonbI y aaBopoTa pt K4H MepHofi, rat oqeHb MacTo rponHxo-
AAHAH KpOBonponATHbie 6oH, BecbMa qacTO ynOMHnaBmifCH B'b
ToramauHHx'b BoeHHbiX'b coo6igeHiiXa C'b MaKeAOHCKaro 4(pon-
Ta. Heo6biqHaS paMKa 3aa nyzJeMeTHof nAeHTbl. BorapcKif
rep6ab--neB, a B cepealnHH cBepxy opAeHb sa xpa6pocTb cb
naBpaMH H HanHCH: ,,P. lepHa 1916 r. BanrapHa".
CeAbMaa MapKa AOCTOHHCTBOM', Bb 1 nIeBb, CHHe-3eAeHaro
uI$ra, pas3M'p' paMKH 22,5X32 MM., 12s/4: 12/2 3y6uoB'b,
npeacTaBA neT5b aaieropio BoarapCKaro tapcTBa B'b BHA K meH-
IUlHHb, CHa2auef Ha TpoH-b H Aepwamefi B'b pyK- CTar'b c,
HaannCb!o ,,OcBo60oHTeJnHa BofHa 1915-1917", a y Hors ne-
mamifi jnesb.
CepiH 3Ta, no c.jyqazo npoaonjaioLmnxcH BoeHHbix'b A i-
CTBifi H nocJI'b.yIOLmHXb 3a BOiHOIK Co6bITifi, H3rOTOBnafaCb B'b
repMaHil caHumKM'b npOAnoKmTeabHoe BpeMn H TOJnbKO JIiUb
Ba 1921 roly TaKOBaaf Morma nOCTynHTb Bb noMTOBoe o6pamue-
Hie. HocaItaHig ABt MapxtH 6brani saaep(laHn B'b rocyi. apxH-
Bt H e 6binmI BbinymeHbI Bb npoaa(xy. FlepBb fl SInTb MapOKb
6bumi Bbnymeiibi anumb An1 BHyTpeHHro o6pameHiH, oAHaKO
npomLuo Jiumb HtCKOJIbKO Hefi, KaKb 1OrocanaBHncKa i eragiI
o6paTHnacb cab npOTecromb npoTHBnb nxa o6pameHis H Hnacran-
Bana Ha sa'bifTiH Ha TOM'b OCHOBaHiH, qTO TaKOBbl5l H3o6paH{anH
oTpeKmarocf OTb npecToaa a'b 1918 roay uapF QepAHHaHAa H
KpOMt Toro BHAbl MaKeAOHni, oTowmeuaei nocat BofiHbi Kb
IOroJzaBiH.
BcJ'tacTie 3Toro npoTecTa MapKH, BbnymenHHbfl ye B)a
npo.aaay, 6bImI HeMeAIeHHno OTOBCIOAy co6paHn H aanbHtruiee






o6paumelne TaKOBbIxb 6biAo npeKpameHO. BnOCAtJ'CTBiH a3t
cepia noanyHAna HasBanie 3.anpemeHHOfi H KOHcbHCKOBaHHOfi".
KonancKaliaf H BeCbMa KOpOTKOe nO9TOBoe o6pamenie co3AaJIH
STHMB MapKaaMb Bb CBOe BpeMH xopomyio peKAaMy.
LUecTaa MapKa B'b 50 CTOTHHKH, KaK'b He BbinymieHHa3 B'b
o6paueNinH, 'b KaTajiorax-b OTyTCTByeT'b (Co(is--KoqaHoBo--
npoAaeT' no 2 (pp. a<3.)
CeAbMaa MaDKa B'b 1 JIeBOb nOM'txUeHa Bb KaTaAort MHxe-
aR H nIOM'qeHa 1921 roAOM'b, c'b OjtbHKOfi B'b 50 R. M. OAH-
HoaHbIe 9K3eMnflapbI npoAaBalIHCb B'b TO BpeMA B'b BepJMHan no
200 panHKOB'b, a B'b Co4iH, Ha 6blBrmeM'b QHnaT. ayKIioH-i B,
1928 roay, npoaaBanHCb no 260 4)p. sa aK3aeMnajHpa (HMHn Co-
Q)i--KoqaHnoBb-10 (paHKOB').
P. S. K' coKmanHilO, apxHBa Haxo.lHTCR Bab BeCbMa
)JaaKOM'b COCTOHHiH, noqeMy HeJIb3 noqepnnyTb TOTHblX' AaH-
HbIX'b O KoJIHqec'TB BblnycKa.
Co4bi. B. BopeB-b.




0 no atJKax'b.

Beabria 1914. r.
Bb nocJItAHee BpeMR MHt AOBOAJbHO qaCTo npnm1nocb
6paTb Ha ce6H 3KcnepTH3y MHorHXb MapoK'b BeabriH, cpeAH Ko-
Topblux qalue Bcero nonaAanjHb 6JIaroTBOpHT. BbIlycKH Kpa-
cHaro KpecTa 1914 roaa (HBepi M~N1 126-131) 3eHrnb
XF9N9 104-109). MOseTr 6blTb He BC'M'b HaIIHM'b HTaTeJIM'b
H3BtCTHO, HTO IIOTH 95010 npeAnxaraeMbIxb Bs o6m-bGH'b 3THX'b
MapoK'b KpacHaro KpecTa -noAAn KH, a 50 T. H. .Neudruck"
HJIH HOBOabJIbI.
OHuliaJIbHo H3B'SCTHO, WTO 6eabrificKOfi noITOfi npoAaHbI
HHa)eca'tAylormi KonAsHecTaa 9THX'b aByXb cepifi;
JN 126 23.214 3K3. Ms 129 5.631 3K3.
X9 127 14.650 ,, N 130 12.161 ,
XN 128 8.663 JM 131 9.130 ,,
B'b HacToainee me BpeMR Bb npOWAaxK'a o6pautaeTca Ao
200.000 cepii ?!
HHKecnj-hylomiwMH CTpOK Cb HamIHMH qHTaTearMH o cnOCO6b onpextiaeHia noaAIBJoKwb.
CHaIuaa B03bMeM'b nepByio cepilo XN 126-128. lepBaR
xapaKTepHaR OTAiHqHTeJIbHas npHMtTa OTcyTcTBie B'b 6yKB'
,Q" ab CJIOB- ,,Belgique" R3bIqKa BHH3y, noqeMy 6yKBa ,,Q"
BbIraMaHT-b KaKI ,,O". 3aT'rM'b Hy(HO 06paTHTb BHI4MaHie Ha
npaBbIfi BepxHii yronb, rAI paMKa BOKpyrF IrI~Hpbi HM'eT'
catBa yKpalueHie Bb BHat s3arnaTOi, pacnonoaoeHenHO Bs o6paT-
HYIo CTOpOHy ,c"; 3TO yKpareHie !Ha noAnwHuH ax'b Ha
Tpexb AOCTOHHCTBaX'b pa3AMJ Hoe. Ha 5 caHT. MapK'l TaKO-






aBe HMieT'b HaKnIH'b CAIBa Hanpano H cmnMBaeTCa BHH8y C'b
paMKOH; Ha 10 caHT. MapK'b ropI3sHTaJIbHO II He COnpHKa-
caeTca cb paMKOfl; Haa20 CaHT. MapKx noxoxe Ha 5 caHT.
MapKy, HO aaTO OTyTCTByeT'b 6onbima5irojoBKa 3ana1Toi.

























B'b noAAAjiKax' yxpameHie 3TO Ha BC-X'b Tpex' ao-
CTOHHCTBax'b coBepmeHHO OAHHaKOBoe, T. e. KaK'b Ha 5 caHT.
61-



















Hie Ha BepxHIoo sacTb MapKH. TaK, Ha 5 caHT. MapKt no-
cJitAHRH 6yKBa ,,E" Ba cAoBst Belgique" HaxoaHTCH HnO'TH y
npaBaro KpaA mapoo6pa3Haro yKpamneHiH, KOTpoe HaxoHHarc
Ha.ab 3TOH 6yKBOi; Ha 10 caHT. Mapxt 6yKaa ,,E" HaxoaHTcC
HaC'b cepeTBaHH yKpameHHi, a Ha 20 caHT. MapKe 6yKK a ,,E"
He AoxoAIHTb Ao yKpalmeHia (CMOTpH pHcyHOK'b H KJIHWUe).
Ecna H cpaoHTb pa3MK 10 CaHt. MapKH no BepTHKajaH c-
OCTaJIbHblMH ABYMH MapKaMH, TO ec1H l nocJ'iaHHia Ha OAHHb
uTrpHX'b HHHKe, TO TaKOBbIH olOAAJzAIKH; ecJiH ae BCt Tpa
MapKH no epTHKamn. aMKH OIHaKOBbI, TO BCO, -K nO34 mH-
HHKH HJIH HOBOAHJIbI.
TpyAHtoe Te Bcero OTJIHHTb HOBOAt'AbI OT'b OOA.l cHHH-
KOH', rAt12 13, raITByeT pas1aHHb a TOJIbKo B'b OTTHKpaX'b KpaCKH,
HO o6ab STOM' n6orBO;pHMa b B'b Map~ni' 6yoiii a pasb.
Ho o6a, .9TOMb HoroBopHiM, h-, tjitytoifl pa3,b.






XoMy TOAbkO O1ge AO6aa rb II: cUat HolMhoXy, 'fT6 ~c~iu wR6
.IH6O H3'1 qHTaTeaeif nony'qHTb oft cepiH H no 6yKBwb ,,Q ycCra-
HOBHT'b nHAAtJIIy nepsoil cepie, TO HecoMHbHHO H' BTOpaH Ce-
pisi TaK>Ke nOAA-IJIKa.
PeioMeH)XyIO mwKaLoMy qHTaTeJIIO npOB'bpHTb CBOH MaPKH
Bb KomaeKiqiH H coo06urH MHt CBOH Ha6jnOAeHiq.
K. BwTKOBCKik.


0 nOAAtjiKax-b 0ootie.
Hapsuty cis MOHeTaMm, MapiC 3aHHMaIOT'b nepaoe MIsCTO
no Ko[HqeCTBY nOHO)LJIOK'b. Co3HaHie Toro, no KxaHHmi He-
BtPORTHbiM'Ib untaMb npio6ptTaloTcq pIUisR MapKM, no6yic-
,aaeT'b atTeJlbHOCTb nOAA-JbUAMKOB'b oco6eHio Bwb STOM-b Ha-
npaBjeHiH. ;flR 3rTOrO HtT'b Heo6xOAMOCTH noAAtJIaTb MaPKY
1bJInHoM'Ib; 'laCTO AOCTaTOqHO noCP)eACTBOM'b qaCTH'IHOfi DOA-
AHJIKHx MeHle p1lKHix'b Map0Kob IPOH3BeCTH 6onte Aopori H
ljtHHb1H. HenorauleHHblli MapxI cHa6)KaIOTcq noAAbaJaHHbIM'b
llTeMneJieM-b; 3y6'aTbIH H nPOKOJOTbl. MapKH JierKo npeapa-
mLUaIoTC nocpeACTBCOMb o6p-b3KH HpaeI3b Bib 6onte [tHHJhl
He3y6'aTbFIH MapKH, HIH xce Hao6opoT'b; BOALIHbie 3HaKH HHOF-
Aa IOAntJIb1Ba1OTCl ch flOMOiIIb0 MacJia; Ha MapKax'b A-bJaIoT-
cAi HaAnefLaTRC H up.
06HapyleHie noAAljniob oaHa H3'b 3aaAarb 4)HjiaTe-
?IHCTHqeCKHX'b o611AecCTB- H 2HaaTeJIH'lecKxof npeccbi. lMaCTO
rocytapcTBo npHHMaeT'b Mtpbl rIIOTHBb BO3MO)KHbIX'10 n)1-
)1tAOK'b IOCpeACTBOM'b OCO6biXb npexoxpaHHTezbHblXb 3HaKOB'b
Ha pHCyHK'b Mapoich. Tai<;, Haip., Ha BCtX'b CTapbIXL aHrjiiif-
CKHX'b MapKax OT'b 1840 r. ao 1887 r. HaXOA5ITCH B'b yrJlaxb
6YKBbl, npe>HAe RB .ZBYX-b HH)CHHX'b, a fOTOM~b BO BCtX'b 4-x-b
yriax-. -a utaJoM-b JHCTt, COCTOSgeM~b H3'bb 240 MapOK'b,
pa3MtbweHbI 6YKBbI B'b aIb()aBiHTHomb IIOPSULKI H B'b pa3HblX'b
co4eTaHisrx'b, TaKb, WTO Ha Ka)K2orl OTI~JIbHOH MapK'b )1aHHaro
JIHCTa Haxo2UHrC51 Apyras napa 6YKB-b. HoAAunbjibIHK-b o6bIKHo-
BeHHo nO2ltJlblBaeTb He UbJlbir JIAHCT'b, COCTOS] iii -hS'b 240
IUTYK'b (Taki mawb 3TO o6o0lJIOCb 6bI e~y CJIIHIUKOM'-b AOpOrO),
a OAHH'b 5K3eMfJslp-, KOTOPbIA H BOCnPOH3BO)1HTh B'b IO6OM'b
KOJIneCTBi3; npH ero *KeJiaHiH c6brTb 60JIbIfliq KOAHqeCTBa, OH'b
cTa.71HBaeTCSI C'b fo.o3pilliemb noKyiaTejif, K0TOfbIA nermo
3aMtTHT'b, WTO BO BCtXlb MapKaX'b HaXOA51TCq oAHt H Tt Kwe
6yKBwL; TaKHM'b o6pa3oM'b nerKo o6Hapy&HaaeTcq noAAJAIca*)
H-hKOTOpblI Ma aKH HyMepoBaHbi Ang 9TORi xRe IhaH Ha
allleeBOR HJJ Ha 3a)lHeH CTOPOH-.
LITo6bI 3aTPYAHHTb noAIjiIKy mapoic a TaK~xe BTOPHI-
Hoe yroTpe6jeHie yxe noraiueHHblX'b MapOx'b, nIpHHHMBJOTCH

*) ni p H M % a H i e: Cb 1887 r. alrniHCHoe npaBHTejibcTso nepe.
Tanlo fofbSOBaTbCS BblweonmcaHHbIM (6yHBaMW e- KaqeCTni npeA0oxpaI1H
Tenbmaro cpeAcTsa.


209






Wb Hnafoatifee DpeMta lnph ReaTaHiK cJraiAyiomui npeAoctopo*-
HOCTH: Ha 6yMarl oTneqaTbIBalOTCr f BOA5Hble 3HaKH, B'b 6y-
Ma)aHYIO Maccy BKJaAbIBalOTCHI IeaKKOBbIR HHTH (T. Ha3. AHKHH-
COHOBCKaH 6yMara), HHorUa ynoTpe6na5Io Tc Ha MapKaxb oco6bie
TafiHbIe 3HaaKH, 3aMtTHble TOJIbKO nOA'b MHKpOCKOnOM'b MHA
npH BecbMa TIIaTeaJbHOMb Ha6nmoeHiH, a TaKiKe TaKie 3HaMKH,
KOTOpbie o6HapyMHBaIOTcH npx ynoTpe6JeHiH H3B'CTHbIX'b XH-
MHqecKHx'b BeLIecTB'b; Ha MHorHX'b MapKax-b HaxoAnTCIa HMeHa
qepTeaCHHKOBb HIH rpaBepoa, HxA me TOJibKO HaqaAbHbn i
6yKaBb HXbi HMeH'b, nOMtlweHHbsl B'b KaKOM'b-HIH6yAb TafiHOM'b,
TpyAHO HaxOAHMOMb MtCTeh.
QHJiaTenaCTb Bs- cocTORHiH, npH H3B-tCTHOM'b BHHMaTeIb=
HOM'b HsyieHiH, OTJAHHTb noAAlnKy OT'b nOAnHHHOf MapKH.
HnoJb3ayHcb CBtAtaHiHMH, yKa3aHHbIMH Bb nOJIHblX'b HHOCTpaH-
HbIX' KaTaJIOrax'b Ka)KAOfO MapKt Bsb OTAJibHOCTH, OH'> MO-
HmeTb H3scatAoBaTb nOCJAiAOBaTeAbHo, coriacyOTCo{ JIH B'b Toq-
HOCTH aaHHbia KaTanora o UsB-bT (qacTo IB'3T'b nojAtAaHHOf
MapKH HeMHorO TeMHie HJHM CBlTJI3e), O qi4HCJ 3y6tBHKOB'b
(HeptAKo OHI y)Ke HAH m Ipe Bb noflOta2Kax7b), 06o oqepTaHiH
BOIHHblX'b 3HaKOBI (qacTO noAA aJaHHaM MapKa Boace aumieHa
BOA HOro 3HaKa, HJIH Ke, ecJ1H nOCA-AHifi H noAAJ haH'b no-
Momblo Macaa, TO oqepTaHie ero JnHib B'b PtAKHX'b cJyqaasxb
Mot)eT'b 6blTb coBepmeHHO TOIHO noopa}KaeMo no JIHHHHKy) H,
HaKOHeuA', AaHHbi KaTanora o 6yMart H poAt neqaTaHira aH-
HOR MapKH.
PasyMteTca, TaKia caMOCTOTTenbHblI HM3CAAOBaHia MO-
ryT'b npeanpHH5aTb nUmb KpynHbe KOJIJeKuioHepi, H3yqaBiuie
nonsHbe KaTanorn H Boo6Ime HMtbomLiie sanac~ TeopeTHnecKHx'b
H npaKTHaecKHX'b no3HaHifA B'b Halei o6nacTH. BnponeMb, H
KpynHOMy, OnbITHOMy QHAnaTeiHCTy HHorAa He yaaeTca noao6-
Hoe H3CJIosBaHie. BBHay aToro, cyuiecTByIOT'b HHTepHalioHanb
Hbln 6opo, saaHMai>oUiaca cneqiaAbHO H3CAtnAOBaHieM-b Ma-
pOK'b. TaK'b xaK'b o6blKHOBeHHO noABepraiOTC~ nOAAtAKt .io-
poria H ptAKiH MapKH, TO KawAbi HJInaTejnHCTb npeanoqHTa-
eTb nonb30BaTbCH yciyraMH TaKoro 61opo, ratb sa MenKoe BO3-
HarpaKAeHie coo6muatoT' TO4HbIn H KOMneTeHTHbIq CBh~AtHis o
MapKax-b coMHHTeabHaro npOHcxo>KAeHim.
KpOM- nOAAinOKb, cyluecTBryoT'b eume H T. Ha3bIB. MO-
meHHHqecKia MapKH, T. e. MapKH, KOTOpblH He npeacTaBJIRiOT'b
(B'b i'l;JIOCTH HAl TOAlhKO 'IaCTHqHyKlO, HOAAtAJKy IInOAHHOio
MapKH, a SBJIAIOTCa npoCTO H3o6ptTeHieM'b q4aHTa3iH KaKoro-
Hn6yab o6MaHImHKa H HmKOrAa He cyuecTBOBaanj Ha ahAi. Bb
HacTorlmee BpeMa TaKie o6MaHbl CTAH1 noqTH HeBO3MO)KHbIMH
H BO BCHKOM'b canyat o6HapyKHBaKoTcc npH CaMOMb nosBJeHin
HX)b.
fIOCaI- BCerO H3JIoKeHHaro BHAHO, KaKoe Ba)HOe 3Ha-
lqeie ARI KaamAaro g(HnaTeiHcTa NHMteTb BIonpoc-b o HaAem-
HOM'b HCTOqHHKI nOKynKH HAM o6MbHa MapoKb.
(MHa ,,CoOHpatnie MapOK-b AnR KonnexitH" A. I. BonKb).






,EHEE>RHO-BOHHbllA OT,,Jt'b.

AeHemHbe 3HaKH r. JIn aBl.

FopoAcroe CaMoynpaBaeHie r. JIH6aB He Mano BbJnycTH-
no CBOHax AeHerb. K' comaJA'Hiio xaTanor-b C4A. 1927 r. He
yKa3bIBaeTb BapiaHTOB', a cTaTba r. KpaBeua Bt, NX 10 Poc-
CHKH", TaKwKe He nepeqHCIaersb BCt Ha3BBCTHbiX'b paa3OBHA-
HocTefi.
HHue npHBOAUITCa BCt H3BCCTHbie Ao cero BpeMeHH BH-
nyciK, c-b yKa3aHieMb AOCTOMHHCTBs H HXb pa3HOBHAHocTefi.
Bb ( ) N KaT. CSA.
Se p B bi B b n y C K b. Bb Haaaan$ 60-Tbixb rOAZosB
npomru. CTOJItTia.
06s3aTeabcTBa. 15 Kon. H 25 Kon.
BTppo i BbnycK'1. 1915 r. Ha 3naHaxLb roab
OTCyTCTByeT'b.
Ha npocToiR 6yMarb, aByxcTopoHHie Han oAHOCTOpoHHie.
HepnHbI pyCCKifi TeKCT' Ha qB'ITHOii C'fTK'f.
Pa3MtHHbie 3HaKH: 6e3-b roAa. JLByxcTOpOHHie.
1 KOn. KopnqH. 100X49 mm. (No 12009)
3 (X2 12010)
5 C-po-oJnHB (S2 12011)
10 (N2 12012)
20 cepo-KopHMH. (N 12013)
IoaJroBbia pocnrHKH: 6e3' roAa, AByxcTOpOHHia.
50 Kon. KOpHqH. 117X57 mm. (Je 12014)
1 py6. opaHceB. ,, (JN2 12015)
2 ,, cpeHeB. ,, ,, ( 12016)
3 3, aejene ,, (-e 12017)
JlojiroBbin pocnHCKH: 6e3'b roAa. OAHOCTOPOHHia
1 py6. opaH>KeB. 117X57 mm. (X2 12014)
2 CHpeneB. (.2 12015)
3 ,, 3eneHbIH ,, (Ne 12016)
,AoJIroBbi pacnHCKH 6e3ab roAa, BC- AOBOJIbHO pIAKH, H qaLme
BCTp-BqaIoTCI norameHHUb c-b ABYMs npo6HTblMH KpyrnabMH OT-
BepCTieMH.
TpeTi i B bl ny K -, 1915 r. Ha 6yMart 6e3-b BOAHH.
3naKOB-b (He CqHTaS cjyqaiaHbIM 6yKBb 3a BOA. 3HaKH), HJH C'
BOA. 3HaKaMH (CtTKa-nJIeTeHKa). BCt TOJIbKO AByXCTOpOHHie,
OAnHaxoBbie c' 06tlbx-' CTOpOH'b. TeKCT'b H roAb~ qepHue, y
HOMHHaAOB b OT- 25 KOn. AO 5 py6.-no pyccKH, H y 10 py6.
no H-MelUKx. H epHbIH NX TOJIbKO C'b OAHOi CTOpOHb, 60Ab-
mof HAH MajeHbKii, B'b nOCAtAHeM-b cnyqa'B BcerAa co 3Ba3-
AOiKofi. HyMepaqia 6e3'b, HJH cb JlHTepoi% cepin. CtTKa
IBtTHasI.


211







J(oarOBbis pacnHcKH: 1915 r.


25 Kon.


a n
,, 1,,


50 ,,
, ,,

,, It

9, I



n, H

1 py6.


A ,
B ,
C ,
CI ,
MaBn.
A .




Man.

B ,
C ,

CI ,
CI,,


n
11
C'b I
6e3-b



C'b

6e3'b




11


120X68 mm.6o0Abm. XJ 6e3"b
,, A ,,
,, Man. No* ,
A ,,

123/72 mm. 6oabml. N ,,
) o A ,
S ,, I ,, Cb'
O Man. 2* 6e3-b
I A O I


clpo-Kopua. 100X49mm. 6e3"b F, 6e3-b
a ) n Ob nb X 2,
.," ,, ,,
Man. Jo* ,
,, ,, A ,, ,, ,,


A
kopurwHesas 106X58mm.6onabm.M ,,

,, ,, B ,, ,,
> *,, ,, C ,, ,,
,, ,, Man. No ,,
,, ,, ,, A ,, ,,
n no n A OF I,

,, CI ,,


opaHneB. 118X68 mm. 6oAbm.NN, 6e3"b


oA
BO,



BO

BO
t30


BO


10 py6. KpacHbil 132X78mm. 6oabm.juN O


M
, ,
, ,




.. 3H.
A.3H.




9 n
, ,






O (12021)
)X. 3H.







0 w
,, 0
(12021)
n n



(12022)

a.. 3H. ,,
,
n a

S (12023)


O, ,, ,, Maan. No* Cb BO. 3H. .

KpOM' Toro y 3HaKa B'b 5 py6. cb A HTepoH I, 6oabumoi
JN HM"ieTCH B'a AByX'b pasanaHbix-b mpHqTax-b.


H, Poc6epi.


BOA.3H. (,N 12018)

,, 1,
,, 5,









,, I



BO a (e X12020)
,, ,,
,, ,,








Bota3. (?12020)


,t
,,




n



11
I,





py6.




py6.

9,

IF


i,
















3ejeHbI5l









19
,, i



,

















XPOHMKA.
HOBblX'b BbInyKOB'b


1. ABCTpiR. BbinyUeHa cepiR Mapo-b MeWAyHapolHaro
KOHrpecca JblWHaro cnopTa MS"b 4 AOCTOHHCTB-b C'b paanHW4HblMW
pHcynKaMH nblWHaro cnopra: 12 rp. seneHai, 24 rp. c)ioneToBas,
30 rp. KapMHHOBaq, 50 rp. rony6as; npoAaBanHcb no ABOAHOAi
CTOHMOCTH.
2. Boarapis. BbinyL,eHa ,AnI BHyTpZHHFRro o6pauLeHIs cepisi
6annaHcKoA onlHMniaAbi Ha noRpblTie y6blTHOB'b no cnHMnizAt 1931
r. (50"',, AoxoAa nocrynaeT-b Bb HOMHTeT'b onHMniaAbl, 450o -
rocyAapcTry w 500 B-b nonbay no4Tbl), cb TtMH me pHcyHKaMH
4TO H B"b 1931 roAly HO Bb H3MNHeHHblX'b LBTaX'b: 1 n. CHHe-
seneHas (150.000), 2 n. CHHw (150.000), 4 n. KopHMHeso-c1ione-
ToBaf (150.000), 6 1. po3oBas (150.000), 10 n. KopHHHesa;
(50.000), 12 n KpacHo-opaHweBaa (50.000), 50 neBa HopHMHeBo-
KpacHas (5.000). Bct MapHm 6unn pacnpoAaHbi o 8re4eHie AeCFITH
AHeA.
,fonnaTHbia MapmH Bb 1, 2 H 6 nesa 6bmn sBbnyUeHbi euie
Bb 1926 roAy, HO BcntAcTBie sanpeuieHig OTnpaBsH nHceM"b 6e3b
onnaTbi, Ba npoAaWy He nOCTynHiln, HbHt me, no HOBOMy 6ioAHe-
Ty, pasptWueHb BbinycRl'b onnaTHblXb MapoK-b, no3TOMy BbinycTHnn
-b npoAawy BbinycKtb 1926 roAa OTnearaHHbi~ B-b KonJ1iecTBt
100.000 3K3. HO yme AasHO pa3oueALuiica, BnpeAb AO OTneHaTaHiM
HOBUX-b AonnaTHbIx-b Mapo-b.
(Coo6uHMn-b B. B. BopaeB-b).
3. PyMblHis. Bbinyu eHa no cny4ato 4)naTen. BbICTaBKH B-b
ByxapecTt MapKa cb nopTpeTOM-b Koponl AOCTOHHCTBOMb
6+5 nei HopWH'HeBo-iepHaR.
B'b naMrTb CeMHAeCFTH4nfTH4nTTifl BbinycKa nepBbUxb MapoK-b
MonAaBiH BblnyueHa cepifR HaS 7 AOCTOHhCTB-b c-b pHcyHKaMm
1858 roAa: 25 6. repHal, 1 n. nHnoBafl, 2 n. sensHa1, 3 n. Kpac-
Has, 6 n. KOpH4Heso-RpacHa5s, 7.50 n. rony6aS, 10 n. CHHFRSI,-Bct
ptsaHUSl.
B-b naMRTb 30-ntbTiR OTHpbTiS riaBHof noTbl sab ByxapecTt
BbinyLueHa MapKa sb 16 neJi seneHaS cb pHCyHXOMb 1903 roAa,
131 2 3y64OB'b (Coo6LLUHIb HHweHepb H. M. Wlano0KMHHb).






0. C. C. P. 0I-bdaneHa wnaten/. nflTHnJiTKa 1933 1937
r. Ha L tnlbl pfUAb BbinycRoa-b nO4TOBblXb MapoKH: 1 Ha 1933
roA'b: 1) 15 ntTHi 6OHJlneA KpacHofI aplMiw (23 ceepanR) -
ceplm H3b 6 AocTOHHCTBbs; 2) 50-ntTie CMepTH Kapna MapKca -
cepli MH3s 6 AocTOHHCTBrb; 3) B-b nafMRTb pa3CTptna 26 apMaH-
cxHX'b KOMMHcapOB'b B'b BaKy; 4) Bs naMTfb y6iBcTaa BonoAap-
cKaro m YpHu4Karo -cepii Hsb 2 AOCTOWHCTB'b; 5) B-b naMRTb
y4peHAeHi5l opAeHa ,KpacHoe 3HaMR"; 6) 350-ntrie pyccKaro KHHro-
ner3TaHia; 7) M H Maasones cepii M31b 3 AOCTOHHCTB'b; II Ha 1934 roA-: 9)
B-b naMfTb OTHpbiTifl nepBoi noA3eMHO8 Hten. Aoporn B-b MocKBt;
10) 10 tTle cMepTr JleHMHa cepil wH3 6 AOCTOWHCTB'b; 11)
10-nthrie cMepTH B. HorMHa KoMMcapa; 12) 10-Jntrie cMepTH
CBepAnoBa; 13) 60ntTHifP Ko6HneB BceMipHaro noHToBaro coi03a;
14) io6wneie 6e360HoHMKOB-b cepi M3-b 8 AocTOHHCTBSb; III Ha
1935 roAb: 15) 40-ntrie CMepTH 4~p wpHxa 9Hrenbca cepif
H3b 6 AOCT.; 16) 15-ntTie KpuMcKo 3snonew cepi HM3b 3
AocTOMHCTBb; 17) 10-nitie CMepTH Mmxawna 4)pyH3e; 18) Bb na-
MRTb HOMMHcapa HaplMaHOBa; 19) 30-ntTie CMepTH BayMaHa;
IV Ha 1936 ro-b: 20) 10-ntrie CMepTH dPenmnca A]sepmHHCcaro
-qeKMcTa; 21) 10-ntTie cMepTH KpacHHa; 22) -b naMRTb co-
uianncTa flnexaHOBa; 23) 100-ntrTiB to6nei mien~t3Hbux Aopor-
sb PocciM-cepiR H3"b 4 AOCTOHHCTB'b, 24) 60-Jl THi i o6mnei
nepBso nonwTHreCKoi AeMOHCTpaUimH BH Poccin; V Ha 1937
roAb: 25) 20-ntTie ONT5r6pbCKOR peBonJloLiH cepi wa3b 12
AOCTOHCTB'b; 26) 20-nt-ie nepearo cab3Aa coBtTOBe-; 15-niTie
MOnP'A; 28) B-b naMliTb y6HTaro nonnpeAa BoMHosa; 29) 30-
ntTie cMepTHr eHAejiteBa; 30) 60-ntTie cMepTM no3Ta HeKpacoBa;
31) 100 ntTie CMepTH nyUKMHa. Kb yAMBneHitO Bce we B-b 3Tro
4aHTaCTHMecKOg nRTHMntTKR nfTb HaCTOFLJHXb pyCCKHX'b cepiA.
B-b naMfTb 4L4naTen. BblcTaBKH Sb MOCKBt B'b 1932 roAy
BbinyuLeHa cepiRe W3b 2 AOCTOHHCTBb 15 R. 4epHaR H 35 Kon.
rony6a- BWMAb My3ei MmnepaTopa AneJcaHApa 111. (Coo6uAtnib
K. K. Bw 5. IOrocniaBia. Ha TOHKO 6yMartc nORBHInacb TeKywtasR 50
napa 3eneHaR i 5 AHHap-b ()iOneTOBsaF 6es-b noAnwCH ,BarHep-b".
(Coo61Uina- A. A. 4e6oTeueBH').
6. JIaTBsa. 15 MapTa IOHBHTCS HOBbIis 6aaroTBopH-
TenabHbI sbinycK'i, COCTO5Iui 113'b 4-Xb ,TpaypHblX'" MapOKb
B'b nonfb3y toHuaa noMOIuH CHpOTaM'b norH6LuHxb naTBiAiKHx'b
neTqHKOsB. HnoMtumeHHbe Ha MapKaxb 6y o3HamaiOTb: (DOHA, nOMOImH nOCTpaAaBmiHM'b AeTqEKaM'b aaia-
IioHHaro nonKa.
Ha nepBoi MapK'- B'b 2 CaHTHMa H3o6pa>meHa ri-
6eAib HKapa. (PHC. CKyJbnTopa T. 3aaKaiaHa). Ha MapKt Bb
3 caHT. H3o6pafKeHn naMHTHHK'b reposai Ha 6paTCKOM'b KnaA-
6fHub Ba' PHr-. (PHC. xyA. HnaAAepa, PHra).
MapKa aBb 10 caHT. H3o6pa>KaeTb HaArpOAHbift naMSTHHK'b
qHHOB'b aBialioHHaro noaKa(pHc. npog. B. ~aeHMca).







noc JIfbaHSi Mapka tepwa B 20 camt. HSo6paKaeT-
MOrFay neTwHKa c-' CHMBOJIEqeCKHM' opJOM'b, c6pacuBsaiom HM
BHOK'b. (PHc. npo4. P. 3appHHS Bo03araBansfoiaro rocyA.
THnorpa(iMo B]b PHrt).
Pa3Mtp'b MapoK', 3aKJ 22X30 mm. THpamb: 10.420 cepifl 3y6meHbIXb H 8.420 cepiri
ptiaHHbuxb.
LABITa: 2 caHT. aKeATa I qepiaa
3 opaHKeBa ,
10 ,, saeHa i
20 ,, posona ,
K'b Ka CAOMy AOCTOIHHCTBy npHCqHTbIBaeTCa no 50 caHTH-
MOB' B'b nonb3y <4OHWa noOMOIUH.
(Coo6uii-b TF. FeepATb)




)KH3Hb 0O6uecTBa.

14 anptna O-BO ,PoccuIa" 6yAeT'b npa3AHOBaTb qeTBepryiO
rOAOBLUHHy CBoero OCHOBaHIsi, npwrnaiaeMb r. r. tneHOB'b Bblpa-
3HTb CBOH noI(enjaHiS l w npHBtrTCTBii 6YAeMb secbMa nps3Ha-
TeJbHbl.

flpeAnaraeM-b r. r. qneHaMwb cnpo60BaTb CBOH CHJnbi Ha
nMTepaTypHoM- nonpplHt (HnaTeJlni H npMCblnaTb Ba peAaKuilo
,,POCCHHM" CBOH 3aMtTRM H CTaTbH, 'TO 3aCTaBHT"b ropAHTbCR
KawmAaro 4neHa, a Mbi 6yAeeMb BeCbMa 6naroAapHbl,

npocHMms npHCblnaTb HOBHHKM Alnl OTneqaTaHiF Bb HMypHant
ca coo06UeHifIMH o K(OnwecTBt BbinycKa,-Gynemb npH3HaTe~bHbl.

flpocwM1' r. r. qneHOB-, KOHMM KOHqHWnc cpoRb nOAnHCRM,
npHCJnaTb qneHCKie B3HOCbl.

flpHHOCHMb Hauy rJiy6goHyo 6naroAapHocTb:
1. 3a nowtepTBOBaHie B'b wypHajibHbilB OHAb: E;
M. BoroMonoay (60 neBa); R. KpyMHHb (5 narb).
fl,-p-b E. B. n0o3HFKOBy (Ae4)eHTHBHble1 MapKH Ha
cyMMy 21 Aon. no RaT. CKOTTa); C. UpaMqeHKo
(2 njCTa yKpaMHC.H rep6. MapoKb). ByRyMc- (100
UIT. MapOKi.).
2. 3a aep6oBKy HOBbIXb nJieHOBb: K. K. BHTKOBCKOMy
(12), A. B. CoKonoBy (3), E. n. CaMcoHOBy, n. A.
CyApa6cy, bpaHKO lUlnHtepy, F. l. ABaeBy, C. H.
MaHeenelo, C. M. Jlo6aKoBy, n. H. JlyteAKRomy,
M. FaynHHrcy, A. EptAHCy.






3. 8a npicbinRy CTaTeA: 3. l. faHaeHy, C. M.
MaHweneKo, F. KeMaH'b, B. B. OpReeBy, H. M.
Poc6epy, K. BMTKOBCROMy.

FlonyteHbi (j)MlaT. wypHanubl: 1) L'Echo de la Timbrologie
(Amiens), 2) Bulletin Mensuel de la Maison Theodore Cham.
pion (Paris), 3) Estonia (PeBenb), 4) Filatelia pentru "toti (By-
xapecTb). 5) Ikaros (Bt;nocTOK-), 6) Suomi-Viesti (Hanko 4MH-
1nHAiN), 7) YRpaWHCRiA HwnaTenlHCT-b (BtHa), 8) Kolektor (lOro-
cnasif) M npeMCKypaHTbi 1) Lauri Peltonen (Hanko--OHnSHAil)
MapiM dH HnRHAiH (xopuo MAaH-b). 2) Bros. Wallace (London),
3) A. H. MypaBbeBs (PHra), 4) Yvert Co (Amiens), 5) Jourdain
(Rueil Malmaison, France), 6) Paul Huttmann (Hamburg). By-
ACM-b npHBtTCTBOBaTb npfcblIny BCfIRHXb npec-b-KypaHTOBb B'b o6M-tH Ha xMypHanb ,,PoccwHa".

CnitAy~alui HoMep-b MypHana ,,PoccMKa" MN 13 BbliAeT-b
Bb KOHLt anptnR.

,.Wipa 1933" coo6waerT, Tro Bct npocneRTbI, BbinyLueH-
Hble B-b eKaa6pt 1932 roAa, pasolwnHCb nOJIHOCTblO, 4TO yRa-
3blBaeTt Ha OFpOMHbli HHTepeca KonJneKuioHepOB'b Wb BblCTaBKt.
HeTBepTbi Hw nOCnfjAHiP npocneKTib, cb noApo6HOCTRiMH o Bb-
CTaBKtI, CKHARaMM C-b LUtH-b H OKOHqaTenbHoN nporpaMMo0, 6y-
AeTb pa3CblnaTbCR TOJbKO y3aCTHK aM'b BbICTaBKW H nOCfTHMTenRM'b.
BHneTbl Ha BblCTaBRy no IAtHt 3.50 R. M. MO0(HO nonyqaTb
Wipa 1933, Wien, Wallnerstrasse, Oesterreich.

HaMI coo6LUaoT-b, 4TO 4)HnjaTen. BbICTaBKa 'b Peeent OT-
noeHSa Ha cntAyiOoiA 1934 roA'b.




OTqeT'
o ATRITejbHOCTH peBenbCKOi rpynnb

,,POCCHKA"
sa 1932 roAjb.


3a 1932 roA'b onmHecTBo 4neHOBn .PocCHmHw no Peeenio Hemme
AOCTHmlO 38-MH, yBeenMHBLUHCb Ha 14, SBb TOMb qHCnt H TpeMR IopHAH-
HecKHMH jImuQaMH MtCTH. O-BaMM ,,Estonia', .Eesto" H ,Revalia", s-b KawAce
H3b KOTOpbIXb H 0-BO .POCCHKa", BCTynflnO BSb nleMbl. Cb MOMeNTa BO3MMK-
HOBeMle rpynnbl, T. e. c- anptfnA 1931 roAa. KorAa aBb nocntAtiel 6binO J1HUJb
10 IneMOB'b, KOnlH"ecTBO qneMoB'b nO4TH y4eTBepHnocb.
no npnHMpy npeauwecTBosaeBaro ropa ycTpaHBanIHCb Berepa coBrwbT-
Haro o6Mtha netiOB'b rpynnbi ntnaTen THreCKHM"b MaTeplanoMb, KaROBbX'b
3a HCTeKLLift rOAb 6bno 23 npm 336 nockieHinxb mnelnoeb, TaHb 4Toeab cpeA-




wem-b Ha Kaw)AOMb saeept npHcyrcTBOBano 15 neno-b. KpoNt 4neHOBSb rpyn-
nbi" Ma Be'epax'b o6mtna npHnnHManH y4ac Te TaHene nb ApyrHx-b sab H
ne cociRonule aB o-sax-b HJnaTenHCTbI, H3b KOHXb 7 NenOBtK-b BCTynlno B-b
Tee-iie rola B'b snenbi .POCCHH'.
3naIHTenbnoe (60nbiuHICTBO rneiio-b npHmnnano OHwmneHHOe ytacrie
Bb KpyroeBbx' nocblnax'b, KaKxoBbixb sa rOA-b 6bino nony4eHo sb KOnHHecTBt
20-TH (16 H3ta LeHTpa M 4 oTb reHepanbmaro npeACTaBHTenR Ha npw6anTHKy),
npmHeM-b -b KonMIy roAa 3aRKomwno uLnpynRnuio 17 Kpyr. nocblnOK-b, W3-b RO-
10pblX-b 4neHatM npio0ptTeno MaponKb ta o6uyto cyMmy 2709,71 #p. OTb
reHepanbMaro npeACTasHTRln Ha lnpM6anTHKy nonyJanHCb AnR HneHOBb peenjb-
CKOA rpynnbi 7asie nOBseIKH JlaTBiH H JHTBbi, B-b cpeAnem-b no 20 cepii Kaw-
Aaro sbinycKa. lneMbi rpynnbi ornpaBnann Hepe3sb M-cTrharo npeAcrTaBHTenJ,
,POCCHIH" TeTpal H cb MapKaMM AnR LHMpynaIRLiH Bb 4eHTTpb, renepanbhOMy
npeACTaBHTenlO H Bb Mtsa T mbir o6M4~nb.
16 anptnA, na o4epeatnoMb se4ept oOMBHa, ma 4lawuy 4an, no cny4alo
3-eA1 roAOBLuHlibI o-Ba ,PocCHKa', (binH npHrnawtutb npeACTaBHTenH Bctxb
MtETHbIXTb Hmnaien1HCTHMcKHx-b O-B'b, npH 3TOM-b pyKBOAHTenreMb rpynnbi
6blno npo4Treo co6paswBumcR npHBs~TCTBeniOe nHCbMO FnaBMaro PyKCso-
AHTenR.
HapaBHi C-b ApyrHMm MtCTHblMI O-saMH, O-BO .POccHHa", Sb nHLkB
npeAcrTaeHTene OT-b pesenbCKOi rpynnbu neioe-b, byAeT-b npHHMMaTb yracrie
B- KOMMTeTtr no ycTpoAicTBy 6yAyuweP (HnaTenHCTH4eCKOi sbbCTasKH -b Pe-
aenA. KpoMt Toro pesenbcKor rpynnoA AenerHposan-b npeAcrTaSHTenb SB Ko-
MHTeTt no y'pewAeHito coioaa 4njaTentHTHreCHHX-b O--b Bi- CTOHIH.
B-b AeHb 75-TH ntTlrnro io6Hnes co AFn BisnycHa I- pycciKoP MapKH,
10 AeKa6pf npeACTaBHTenb o-sa ,PoccHKa' A. CoKonosab dbunb pipHraenawe
PesenbcKHm-b uHnaTen. o-Bon-b (Rev. Phil. Verein) ta Tosapw.uecHoe co6pa-
Hle, Ha HoeMb npeActAaTeneM-b nasBan aro o-Ba r-noM-b KneMan-b n-b cAt-
naHnb HnMTpecnbbli H O6CTORlTeinbnO AOKnaA-b o6-b CTOpmecKrHXb AaHMiX-b
I-ol pyccKom~ MapHH. npHcyTCTBOBaBHStW M Ha 3TOMb co6panl npeAc-bfaTens
MH ApyrHX-b o--b, pasnto m npeAciaBHTenem-b POCCHKH" 6brnin CKasnbl cnOBsa
npMHB'TCTBai OTb HMenH npe~CTaBsl ReMmXb MMH OO6LeCT-b.
Bb saKntoileHle pyKOBOsAonTelb peBenbcKol rpynnbl C4MTaereT CBOM-bM
AonroMb BblpaSHTb rny6ofyIo npH3HaTelbHOCTb sa npeAocraenemie nomLgie-
min: r-wmt ~ A. FR.ypbe H r-ny 3. A. Bpynb Apnn ycTpoicTra Be4epoBb o6-
MtHa, H r-ny Ao0posonbcKOMy Anf 3anHCH HOBblX-b rlneOB-b H Hmwi0pMaJiH
O61b .POCCHIt'.
R. COKOJ1OB b.
PyKOBOAHTenb pee. rpynnb.

Pe enb
14 tieaps 1933 r.





OnelaTKH.

rpocHMMb rHTaTeneAl cnpaBHTb AOcamAlnbf oneraTKH S-b N2 11 mypHana
,PoccHKa';
CTp. 173, 10 crpoia csepxy, nane'arano TOHtbI-b, taAo nonHnbi w
B-b TaOnHqL Ha CTp. 174:
PyccKan noira s-b TypLiH, rpa4a III, OTne'aTaHO 71, HaAO 73.
KHTa, 60,, -- 61.
S. KHTt, 13, 10.
MtITHbie BbinycKH I, 224, 244.
3eMCKiR MapKH II, 3502, 3592.
HToro ,, I, 3087, 6087.
MToro II, 9379, 9375.
CTp. 175, 4 H 5 CTpOKH ceepxy, sa~epKHyTb ,KaAaHiR"
S 20 CTpoKa ceepxy iJirnnblx'b Beiuei, nao -- 4lnbHblXb
seeueA.












CTp. 187,


HTor-b menpaBmneH-b,- HaAO 120.807.000
1 crpoHa caepxy, MaAn ,Be3b 6yK8bi".
3 cH3y MTor-b, na o 430.598.400.
15 caepxy 331!20ao, naAo 331/3:o.
HaAO -- N9 49 5 1898 r.
49-a ,
NM 49-6
9 CTpoKa cnH3y BCTaeBTb .Kam" nepe b


CTp. 189, 12
S 11
p. 190, 829 ,,
CTp. 190, 27 CTpowa


naHaalbHHb.


MN 80 50 saHepKHyTb.
a i81, MaAO AN 80.
S 3aaepxKyTb.
ceepxy CHw6pt, naAo Caeept.
PE AR K I Fl.


Mein Maerz Angebot:

Nie wieder kOmmt

diese Gelegenheit!
Aus einem Nachlass wurde mir ein Posten Lettland Rotes Kreuz un-
gebraucht zur Liquidation uebergeben. (Michel MN 51/54 III Katalogwert
pro 10 Satz Mk. 16.-). Ich offeriere
10 Satz Ls 3.- resp. Rm 2.40. 100 Satz 25.- resp. Rm. 20.-
Porto extra. Zahlungen erbeten auf Postschekkonti Riga 1066, Hamburg
54628. Frau HELENE HEERDT, Riga- Lettl. Briefm.-Exp. Scheunenstr. 6.


Meo6xoAHMoe noco6ie Ann pyccKnx'boHnaTenICTOB-b:
B. H. RITA-bEB'b -

,,JAPYFb HMJIATEJIHCTA"
PyKOBOAlCTBO JIan KOJioneKiiOHHpOBaHiq nHOqTO-
Bbx'b MapOK-. fapm)Kb 1929 roAa, 149 cTpa-
HHu'b. LAIHa 21 (paHK. L-jIeHaM'b ,POCCHKH"
npoAaeTcr sa 19 Qp. (HepecbMlKa 3 4pp.).
3anpaHBarTb FraBHaro PyKOBOaHTengl.





LATFIL
HeaasBMcMbli cHmnaTenHCTHNeC- CoapeMeMHan MewayHapoaHl
lIA mypHan-b. opramnH3aua Ans o6mtna
MHTepecMbib coAepwaTenbHbll MapoK-b.
CTaTbM. nepsoun. aApeca cepbea3. Kon-
Jly4uwaR HHoppmaauin. neKLl.npH6anTHKH H Apyr.cTpawb
flpo6Hbift WypHaJ'b BblCbiJaerTCf 6e3nAaTHO.
,,LRTFIL", Riga, Latvia. P, O. Box 534






Die Mitgliedschaft bei der

,,SU OM I" VEREINIGUNG
kostet Sie nichts! Sie bekommen als Mitglied die
,,SU O M I -KU R I ER"
gratis. Welter steht Ihnen im Jahr Gratis anzeige zu. Sie zahlen
jihrlich nur 2 Rmk. Beitrag, dass Ihnen die Mitgliederschaft nach
Abrechnung der Leistungen keinen Pfennig kostet.
Darun chicken Sie heute noch Ihre Beitrittserklirung ab! Adresse:
Int. Tauschvereinigung "SUOMI", Hanko, Finnland.



IN LETTLAND

erscheinen am 15. M&rz 1933
neue Wohlfahrtsmarken zu Gunsten des Hilfsfond gefallener Flie"
ger. Der komplette Satz besteht aus 4 Werten geschnitten, sowie
4 Werten gez~hnt. Wertstufen zu 2,3, 10 und 20 santimi mit
einem Wohlfartsaufschlage von 50 Santimi pro Marke
Auflageb6he: 10 420 Satz gezihnt
8 420 Satz geschnitten
Nominalpreis des kompl. Satzes von 8 Werten Ls 4.70 oder Rm. 3A0.
Urn den wilden Oeriichten einiger sich scheinbar benachteiligt
fihlender Markenhandler wirksam entgegenzutreten liefert der
Fond also jeden Zwischenhandel ausschaltend obigeMarken,
soweit der kleine, for den Fond reservierte Vorrat reicht
zum Nominalpreise ohne jeden weiteren Aufschlag
unter der Voraussetzung, dass der Betrag bis zum 15. 3. a. c. in Lett-
land eingetroffen ist. Porto extra. Erledigung erfolgt am Tage des
Ueberweisungseinganges.
Von den vorjihrigen Luftpostwohlfahrt-Marken ist noch ein kleiner
Vorrat greifbar, der ebenfalls zum Schalternennwert abgebbar ist. No-
minal Ls 7.50 resp. RM 6.-
Briefanschrift:
Aviacijas Pulka ,,Cietuso Lidotaju Palidzibas Fonda" Komiteja
Riga (Lettland), Pulka setas ield.
AviaCijs ---a-- it------------i- oda Ii


FINNLAND:
gegen 500-5000
gemischte Briefmarken
Jhres Landes sende Finn-
land und Skandinavien.
LAURI PELTONEN,
HANKO, FINNLAND.
opwn onoo


PYMbIHII !!!
KIO6HJ. BbInyCKH,
ABiauii, HOBHHKHI
npe.zaraio cepbeaHbii
OSMt-b'H.
HBep'b 1933.
J. Schwarz, Tighina,
rue Lermontoff 109,
Roumanle.






















































Sp., HEROLD" L. Miesnieku4 iell


HoKynaTe BBC !
PaAHMKajbHOe cpeacTBO OTb BCtXb 3aGo0Tb M npiFsTHoe
BpeMfnpenpoeow AeHie.
MOAHbl MypHanlb Ha pyccHOMb 3SbiRt

,,rFOiOBO10OMKF"
CoAepHtHT-a KpeCToc/IOBMHUL, 3aAa4H cnoroB-, )HnbMOBbI 3a-
Aa4M u4tneB, saAa4w na6HpHHTbi, uapaAbl, OCTpoyMHbI MaTe
MaTH4ecKi LU yTKI M T. A.
Tpe6y~re Bsb wentS3HO-Aopo 0HblX-b H ropoACKHux- KiocKaxab a
TaR$e Bsb KHHMHbMX' Mara3SHaxb.
Bblwmej B- npowamy IX-l HOMepb.
Litma B'b 3cTOnin 20 cNT. 3arpanIueli 2 #p.
3a npaBwnbHoe ptweHie 3aAa4-b MHOFO UtHHbixb npeMiA.
PeAaKAin.
3CTOHIq. nepHOB'b. Eesti. PArnu
PbiuapcK. yj. 53. Tea. 3-52. Riliitli tin 53. Tel. 3-52.


IHOJb3yfTeCb cjiyqaeMb!
TOJIbKO AJII qJeHoB'b!

Ha KOpOTKid cpoR-b AO nonHaro H3pacxoAoBaHiI ocTaBwaa-
rocF He6olnbUOFO 3anaca!
KoMnnefHT-b ypHana ,,POCCHKA' MNNe 2-10 npoAaeTcA
3s 20 #paHROB- ci- nepecblnKoP.
N_ 1 MypHana ,,POCCHKMR', KaKRb 65niorpa w4ectanF ptA-
KOCTb npoAaeTcR no 10 #paHKOB-b c nepecbilnoO
(ocTanOCb HtCKOflbKO 3K3.).
fepeBOA-b Ha pyccri 5 936UM BCTynneHiA H cnoBapa Ib RaTano-
ry MBepa npoAaeTCi no 4.50 #p3HKa cb nepecnRKoi.

MOWHO npHCblnaTb TeKRyLLnMH HeraweHbIMM (6n1arOTBOpHT.)
MapRKaM no Kypcy Ha.

10 aHrJniicKHx-b TeTpaAoeRK- B-b nitTKy Anr KpyrOBblX'b nocbu-
nonKb wHnH AnF o0MtHa pa3MtpoM- 9X1312 cM. 4 50 #paHMa,
0,50 cpaHKa nepecubia.




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