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Group Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00086
 Material Information
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: K.L. Wilson
Place of Publication: Falls Church Va
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 94/95 called also no. 94/95.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020235
Volume ID: VID00086
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05843071
lccn - sn 80008626
issn - 0035-8363

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Main
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
Full Text












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ict4 MeeblIJe JjRaMerpa tipo6HlmIx-b OTsepcTig, cntgayeT-b Ha [LITPH-
xo H1y 3yotQeMtpa H(mnaRbIBaTh cepeAMHbI 3y611OXw. Hao6opo'b,
eciii iiiapaHa ay6aoa'b 6olibwle RiaMeTpa oTBepCTi14, RaK-b Ha-
npHM-hPb y A. 3. 10 1411 101/4, Ha IUTP1XOBKY 3y6tjeMtpa Ha-
x1aAbiBafoT'b cepeARH-b OTBepCTiA. AJnI AOCTI4H)eHigl 6OJrblleii
TOIHOCT 4i Mitperiii, MOW1HO petcOMeHAOsaTh yfOTpe6ljenie 3y6-
IeMtbpa c- ujiKa11M14 11BORiHOA UI14KHbi (Bb 40 M.M. BMtCTO 20)
H H13V1'bpTb Mapmu, oco6eHHO manaro 4lopMaTa, Bb HeoTgbJneH-
HbIX'b napaxi>. 02UaKo, rpu t3amKpeHiAXI. P. 3. cjIAyeTrr npeg-
,BapffTenbHo y6tAHTbCI, 'TO H3MtpseMag napa He HmtneT'b He-





paBHOAitpHOH 3Y6LIOBKI, nOCTO0IHHOti, KaRwb y P. 3. IVb H c, puii
M(e TOlb(O CJIy'aaHO9, Hdo MapKH Cb HepaBHOMtPHOil P. 3.
Boo6iIe He MOrYT'b H3MthPHTbC5 B-b napaxb )iepea'b MtCTO He-
paBHomtpHOCTU.
Toqrioe I43M'bpeHie 3y64Of3'h 3aTPYAHSIeTC3 TtA-lb, HTO OT-
WUijbHbie ax3eMfjiqpbi OAHOA H TOR wie MapKM, ay6LioBaHH be
6eacHopHo QAHOA H TOR )w(e nepl3ol)alUOHIIO MaLUMHHOR He HMt-
IOTb a6COJJiOTHO TO)icjeCTBeHHO9 3y6LXOBKH. [Iowb BJiZIHieM'b pa3-
JIHgHbix-b AaHEecmi(x-b H XHmiWeCRix-b fpH9iHH-, OtyCenoBJIBa-
embix-b Hpoi4eCCOMmb Ha3rTOBJIeHiA MapOK'b (Kai<- HanpMLitpMb,
OTb cnoco6a mx'i neqaTaHhx, I~aqecTsa KpacoKwb, KaseTsa H
TOJIUIHHbi 6yMarH, HaJiinlqi HJ114 OTCyTCTBiS HojAiioro BHa1(a H
OTr ero HanpaBneHbl, gaqecCTa iieq H T. A.), a TaKmwe nPwiHib
)AtJCTBy1OuU1x4b Ha Mapmki yWe nocuir LXMb marOTOBJlernsi, (I(aKcl
HanptMtp-b, noA-b BiJiHHieMb BO3JAyxa, cB-hTa, cpeJ~bl B-b KOTOPOA
mapcKH xpaHHJI14cb, BOAbl npll MblTbt, XMH~qeCKOa qHCTKHI H T. A.),
6ymara OTJItJIbHbIX-b MaPOib C'b TeqeHieM'b BpeMeHi noitBepraerH
HaBtCTHOMy CTsirmiaHiio, npH aTOM-b y pa3Hb)xb aIceMnrmJpOBi
Wb paaBoi Mtph, HHorPa wRe TOJIbKO B-b OAHOM'b HanpaejieHi4,
'ITO mOHeqfO He ,AooeT'b He OTpa3HTbC5 Ha paaMtpax-b mapowb,
a T-LM'b caMbIM'b M Ha HIX'b 3y6iBoBKax-tb. MapKT4 C~b miJe eM'b nOj-
BepraloTcR 6OJIbHieMy cTIrHHaHi1O, lithMb MaPKK 6e3'b I(JeR H
MOryTb HOaToMy NiMtTb H'bCROJflbTO 6oui1e yaiyio !y6normcy,
wLSM'b Tt Ke MapKH 6e37. m<.ieai. HatucefiKa, npHKptniImloula%
Mlapl(y B-b aJlb6OMt, m1ot(eT'b BbJ3BaTb 60J1bIIuee CTRcHBaHie TOR
CTOPOHbI MaPIK, Kb KOTOPOR ona npimpInneHa, oco6eHHO ecJIH
ofia IIIupoifa H 6buIa CHIUbHO cMo-eHa.
Oco6eHHo aaM!tTHblH OTKJIOHeHiq ot5apywmBalOTCX y P. 3.
IX., 6uiaro~apA: 1) yaOTpe6JIeullo 6yMarx paasH'mtioH HbIKbJIt1(H
Hajiivie Pa3IHlIbl S-b ToJIMIHHIH 6ymarm m B'b CTeneHI4 BMIHIMOCTU
HOJJquoro nai~a He rnoRjie)tcHT.I, Bt4, COMHtIHiio; 2) paajIHlHOMY
HatlPapleHihO BOgNhOoro 3faKa ,,Meahiipa 14 IUltTOwb" n0 OTHO-
Hriico K'h cpopMaTy MaPKH a 3) pa3jllqH0My tm3WqecKOmy m
xHMH'iec ROA-y BfogliRilO Ha 6yhiary pa3ImbiXv COPTOB'b iciies (6t-
Aaro, nerio pacTBop5iiourarocn oiB BoAI' H wehlroBaTaro, pacTHO-
prmoruaroH TpyJ[ite).
3aMwbTHbM OT1(JloIHe-ii O6HN ~pyWl{HafoTC2 Taime y P. 3. X.
It y JI. 3. V., BCAlACTcie T'I1X'b Mwe npH4tHH'b, 'ITO M y P. 3. IX.
4TO we KacaeTci A. 3. V, BCTpt~IalOL1~eHCq Ha Tpex-b pa3tibixb
6yiarax-b (C'b BO)J,]HbIMH 3Hai1~aM u ,,yrOJAbHHKH" II ,,MeaHu]Pa N
1XBtTOI-b" H Ha mtumOBOgi tyimarrt 6ewib B01nHorO aHahca), TO y
Hei, 611aroijapm aTOMY, MmteTCA enle 6011b11ne Hp144hlb Bblh3bl
BaiOmimxib HeOmIa1OIOe CTs1ruHaHie 6ymarm.
OcoOo CHnbiIoe CTqrI4aHie 6ymarm o6hiapypiNmiaeTcH Ha
HT1OTOPblXb aK3eMnin2qpax'b MapouI- C.-X. RIACTaBim, OcO6emhIO
y HeraumeinHbix-b. 3To CTiroHaHie HHorJa 6bIBaeT-b HaCTOJIbEco
3Ha'IIITejibHblM'b, 'TO A. 3. 1 MO)i(eTb AOXOg14Tb Ao 131/2, a
A. 3. 11 Ao 12%/,. 061%cH3]eTC2 3T0 Bllit~iieM'b iciei1 Ha ogleHb
nopHcTyio 6ymary.
13'-b cia3aaHaro BbITeKaeT-b, tTO AmJI5 npaHJbHaro M TO14




Haro onpeAjiJeHiia KaKol n.6o 3y61qotKK, cjIntyeTb na3M peHia
npoHasBOAHTb MHoroKpaTHO, nOlJnb3SyCb KaK'h MOWHO 60oJbIlHM'b
KOJnIHeCTBOM'b MapOK'b Clb TOl we camoi 3y6uolBoio. H14orAa
jiawe 6bBsaeTr Hy)MHbiMb nOBTOPHTb HrM'tpeHie oAHorO H Toro
>e aK3emnmjipa.
AJIRn 3MpeHia 3y6iOBOK'b He COOTB'tTCTByOIOIMX'b TOIHO
HH OAHOi iuca1'.h sy6gieMtpa, MHOIO Bceraa 6pajncb o6oaHaqe-
HIH IuKaJIlb Sy6IeMtpa, 6JIme Bcero lnofJXOnAlllIIX'b IK laHHblMb
3y6roBKaM-b, pyKOBOACTByacb npH aTOM% pe3yJlbTaTaMH MHoro-
KpaTHbIX'b 3MitpenHi. Bo BC'x'b cJiyqaX'hb, Korga OTAtJIbHble
aK3eMmnipbI MapoK', HMblOI\Iie OAHy H Ty we 3y6QLOBKy, o6Ha-
pywimaana H'iwoTopoe pacxo)KjeHie, MHOIO 6paJocb o6o3Ha4eHie
TOl miani b 3y6ieM-tpa, K'b KOTOPOH 6njiae acero noAxotnjno
60oJblllHHCTBO H3MpeHHbIX-b MHOlO aKaeMnjlmpoBb.
Tenepb nepexowy K- nepe'acneHito BCtX- ay6gosoK-b,
BCTptqalomuHxca Ha PyccicHxi MapKaxi' o6ue-rocypapcTseHHbi x
BbnycKOB-. Bi Kawmaofi rpynni" 3y6qoBIH pacnoJioweHbi B'b
xpoIonorHlecKOM'b nopafla( HX'b nHRBJieHif Ha noqTOBblX'b Map-
Kax, H noapa3yM'lf BaIOTcHa Jnan CTosI aX'b (opMaTOB'h pHcyHKIOB-b,
RpoMt oTrAtjbHo yKa3aHHbixb. [ipHH5TMbIA coKpauLeHiq: q. n. 3.-
qlHCJO 'bijnhIX'b 3y6[OB'b y COOTBJTCTByrOIIHX'b P. 3.; B. A. -
BCtf ROCT04HCTBa yKasaHHaro BblnyCKia; B. 3. BORAHOfH 3HaKb;
p. py6Ji; K. KoneiHi.

A. PRAiOBbI, (HJIH rpe6eimKBbil) aBy6IOBKH
I. P. 3. 14/1 :143/4 (q. L. 3. 13: 18) crapaa ysK Maanaro 4popmaTa. BcTpthaeTrc y BCtbX K0oneeDHbl-X A)O-
CTOHHCTB'T:
1) BMtnycCoaB- 1858, 1865, 1866, 1875 H 1879 roaoB-a;
2) pamtxxb H3saaHnii BbinycKa ,,6e3h CTp'tIOKb" (1883 roga).
II. P. 3 121/ :221/, (q. q. a. 11:15) cTapaa iiipoKaa 3y6-
UoK(a majdaro (PopMaTa. Bcrp'tqaerca:
1) y 8. Ia BbIInycKOB 1858, 1863 H 1864 rotoIri.
Ilia. P. 3. I41/ :141/, (q. q. 3. 13:18) HOBan ya3Ka 3y6uoBKa
Maiaro 4opMaTa. OTJIHMaeTca OT, P. 3. I H'CI(KotnblO 60-
jiBe AJIHmIHbiMwb 4OpMaTOM1'. BcTp$LaeTCH y:
1) BCf'XT' KOneeqHblX'h AOCTOHHCTB-b rl1,3!lI.lil1t\hb 3AaaHiti
BhbnycKa ,6e83b CTpJnoKIKb";
2) BCx'b KoneelHbix-b AocTOHHCTBa BbinycKOwt, 1889, 1905
H 1909 roowB'b;
3) 1, 5 H 10 1. c6eperaTeJlbHhbIx- MapoiOK,;
4) 10-100 p. B-b AeHeWHbiux- 3HaKaxm 1922 r;
5) 3-20 p. Bi aeHewnHbMx'b 3nalax', 1923 r.;
6) 30 M 40 K. aonJoTOM-b (JiHTorpa4in);
7) B. A. KoneeKm 380IOTOM'b N y 1 H 2 p. 3soJ0OTOMb 6ea'b
B. a. (THnorpa4is);
8) 1 H 2 p. 30JIOTOM-b C' B. 3.





Illb. 141/: 141/,. lKaKb Ilia, HO Jtna Jiemwaqaro opMaTa:
1) 3, 7, 10 1 14 K. lonnuaTHbix-b apoKi (JnTorpa4iN).
IVa P. 3. 12:121/, (q. I4. a. 14:27) sy61oBKsa rep6OBbh-b
Mapoib:
1) B. Ai. 6j.aroTBoplTeJnHbIx'b S1HnoHCKORi BOHbl;
2) ,B'h nojibay noTaJiioHa", NoNo 1 1 2.
IVb. 12: 121/h. Kaicb IVa, HO cb H-hcKOJIbKO paclUHpeHHMblMl paa-
TroHHieM'b Mewmy aByMqa yAapanM ay6iLeBaJ bHOA MamiHM,
6JiaroAapa ieeAy 4opMaT'b MapoI c CTajn H'BCKOJlbl(O 6o0i'le
IIuipoKntM'b. IloaTOMy, P. 3. IVb. (Tarcb we KaKb, H P. 3.
IVc.) Bceraa HM'seT-b IInpHaKl HepaBHOWItpHOCTH. BcTp't-
qaeTCH:
1) 3 i 7 K. 20 nrTia peBOJiFo0ia 1905 r.:
2) B. A. 3cnepaHTuCTCKaro i lVc. 12'/: 12. l(aKa IVb., Ho aJIn newaqaro 4opMaTa:
1) 3 K. 200-- J'Tin AKaaeMiH HayKb;
2) B. it. aBio 1noqTOBOf KOHgepeHqiH;
3) 14 H 18 K. 10-JI'tTig peBojioinH 1917 r.
V. P. 3. 131/, (q. I. a. 16: 20) ay6qoBKa PoMaHOBCaKHX- KoneeKb:
1) B. A. PoMaHOBCKHX1. KOneewKb;
2) B. A. MapKO- AeHer'- ;
3) B IA. BbunycKa ,,(epencKaro";
4) B. A. TpaypuHbIX- C-b JIeHmHiM'b;
5) a. fA. ct lionoBbIM, ;
6) B. A. Cb /jeKa6p5cCTaMH;
7) B. A. ,,6eanpH3opHbMIb ITaMtib" 1926 H 1927 r.;
8) B. a. ,no4Ta 6e3npnaopnHbIMb" 1927 r.;
9) 3 B 8 K. 10 JTiq peBojiioqi 1917 r.;
10) B. A. peryji5pHaro Bbiiycxa 1927- 1928 r.;
11) B. A. 10- jITin KpacuoH apMim.
Via. P. 3. 131/,:131/, (q. t. a. 18:22) 3y6toRv CK(X'h py6inei:
1) 5 p. PoMaHnocKaro ro6anefiHaro BbinycKa;
5) 1, 31/, M 7 p. C-b ropI4oHTaJIbHOf MIlOBOFI CbTKOIf.
Vlb. 131/4: 131/,. (Kawcb Via., HO Afl JIe i(aOaro iopMaTa:
1) 1, 2 n 3 p. PoMaHoBcKaro ro6HJ efiaro BbnycKa;
2) B. A. c'b MaBsoneeMb JIenHHa.
VII. P. 3. 13 (q. t. 3. 32: 17) ay6IosBKa KOHTponjibIbx'b Ma-
po('b, BCTpimaeTC51 TOJIbKO BT' jie)maeMI' 4iopMaTr':
1) B. A. KOHTpOJIbnbIX~- MapOKw';
2) 25 1 50 K. c6eperaTeJibHbiX-h MapOKb.
Villa. P. 3. 12:121/4 (q. I. a. 11:15)- COBtTCKa LIIHpOKaq
3y6iOBKa Majiaro f)opMaTa:
1) 1 a 2 p, B-T AeHeOuHbix- 3HaKax- 1923 r.;
2) B. Rt. fKOneeKI 30JIOTOM'b (Sa 1HCKJIIoqeHieMi 6 K.) H 1 p.
O3JIOTOMIo 6eat B. 3. (Tanorpaiaq);





3) B. A. KoneeKb snIOTOM'b, I H 2 p. SOJIOTOM'b C B. 3.
(TunorpaeliI);
4) 8 K. 30oIOTOM'b B JiHTorpa4iH, o6a Tuna.
Villb. 121/4:12. Kawb Villa., HO aj ii Jiewaqaro opMaTa:
1) B. A. AnoraTHbx'b MapoKt B-i JITOrpa iH H THnorpa4PiH,
c'b B. 3. H 6ea3 Hero.
IXa. P. 3. 121/4:12 (q. u. a. 16:22) cOBtTCKaH 3y6~oBKa 60ojb-
uoro 4opMaTa:
1) B. A. niOHepcKaro c:ieTa;
2) 20 H 28 K. nHTHJIATKH;
3) 10 K. 25-. I TiRf peBaojtoIni 1905 r.,
4) 20 K. AHp1HKa6dBecTpoenif.
lXb. 12:121/4 KaK-h IXa., no anifl jewaiaro 4>opMaTa:
1) 5 H 10 I. nCrTI4ITKH;
2) B. a. 10-JIlTiq nepBoi KOHHOih apmin;
3) 10 K. neAaroruqecKogi BblCTaBIKH;
4) 3 H 5 K. 25-Ji TiR peBonlOLiu 1905 r.;
5) 10 K. H 1 p. ;Hpun>a6iecTpoeHifl;
6) B. A. C bepHaro nonioca.
X. P. 3. 12 :121/4 (q. i. a. 11: 16) COBaTCKta 3y6qoBKa Ma-
naro yAinMHeHHaro ciopMaTa. B-b oTJiHqie OTrb P. 3. VIii,
4OpMaTr MapOK'h C'b P. 3 X. RJIHHHBe pOBHO Ha OHH'b
sy6eq-b. KpoMit Toro, lopMaT'b MapOKn cb P. 3. X. (B'-
CTOaReM', nojno(eHia) poBHO B'b sBa pasa MeHbube (op-
MaTa MapoK' ci P. 3. IX. (a-b eJi(aieM' nonowenin).
BcTptqaeTCl:
1) y B. a. peryJIbpHaro BbinycKa 1929 r.

B. npocTbl5I JIHNeHHblrl y6uIOBKH
I. I. 3. 131/4:
1) 31/, H 7 p. 6e3at CTptJIOKb;
2) 1, 31/2 H 7 p. co CTpntJKaMH (1889- 1904 r.);
3) 3, 7 H 10 t. 6njaroTBopIHTe.nbHubXb SnoHCKOi BOlHbU;
4) 5 x 10 p. c' BepTHKanjiHbin noiocaMH;
5) .,B- nonh3y noqTajioHa" No 2;
6) 6jaroTBopHTejbHbIl 1914 r. (B. a.) H 1915r. (1,3 H 10 i.);
7) BCt py6PneBbIH AoCTOHHCTBa C'b BepTHKaJIbHOH Mt$jOBOH
CtTKOHi;
8) B. A. Boa3AynIIHO noqTbI Ba repMaHCKHX'b apKaxb;
9) 10 p. B-b AeneneHHbI'b a3naaxb 1922 r.;
10) c.-x. BbcrTaBKa (no HeaoCTaTOtHo npoBtpeHHblMi', aH-
HbIM-, 1, 5 M 7 p.);
11) 3 H 5 p. 3OJIOTOM'b (KpacloapMeewb H pa6oifiH) 6eab
B. 3. H C-b HHM%;
12) 5 H 10 p. c'h JIeHHHblM'b (B. ,MeaHAnpa H 1ABiTOK'b");
13) B. A. 200-ntTis AKaoeMiH Hay19b;
14) B. A. 20-JItTig peBsojonui 1905 r.






II. J1. 3. 121/2:
I) B. A. 6aaroTBopNTehbHblX'b 1914 1 1915 r.;
2) 1, 31/,, 5 H 7 p. C-b BepTHKajlbHOg MAJIOBOI CtTKOi
(7 p. TOJnKO C'b ABOiHOH paMlMIo);
3) py6JI B'b AeHe)KlHblX-b 3HaKax- 1922 r. (no HeAocra-
TO4HO npOBtpeHHblM'b AaHHblMh, 10, 50 x 70 p.);
4) c.- x. BbICTaBKa (no HeAocTaToHHo npoBtpeHHblM'b AmH-
HbIM'b, 2, 5 H 7 p);
5) 5 H 10 p. c-b JeHHHnblMb (B. a. ,,MeaHApa It uwBTOK'b");
6) 3 p. sojOTOM'b (KpacHoapMee-b ) Cb B. 3.;
7) B. A. 200 JItTia AKaJgeMiH Hayi i;
8) B. A. 20-JitTig peBOJIIoui4 1905 r.;
9) 8 K. 10- jitria peBoJioriV 1917 r.;
10) B. ,,6e3npH30opHblM'h AtTRaMb" 1928 r,
Ill. Al. 3. 11/i,:
1) 3 K. OiaroTBopNTeJIbHux'b hFlnOHCKOHi OIHbI;
2) 1 H 5 p. cb BepTHKaiJbHblMHI noJIocaMH;
3) 6jiaroTBopeTeJmbHbua 1914 r. (0. g.) n 1915 r. (1, 3 H 10 K.;
TaK>Ke 7 K., HO TOJiLbO c-b HaAl[IeaTK oH 06pa3eib).
IV. 1. 3. 10:
1) 3 m 5 p. 30nITOM-b (KpacHoapMeeIb n1 pa6osifi) 6eab B. a.;
2) 20-+-2 K. ,6e3np43opHblM'b AtTHM,'b" 1928 r.;
3) 10 K. nioHepcKaro cjera;
4) 1 a 14 K. peryjinpHaro Bunycua 1929 r.
V. Jl. 3. 10 /,:
1) Bct py6ni ci AeHHHbIM-b (I 10 p. cb B. 3. ,,MeaHapa
n LUtBTOK('b'" 3- 10 P. Cb B. 3. ,,yroniHHK(u");
2) 3aMenrot$)b c'b B. 8. m 6e3i Hero;
3) 5, 7 n 28 K. 10-jnitria peBomoJoin 1917 r.;
4) 20--2 K. ,,6eanpHaopHbiM'Nb l TrTH'b" 1928 r;
5) 10 K. nioHepcKaro cjnea;
6) 14 i. perynjpHaro BhinycKa 1929 r.;
7) B. A. ,6eanpn3opHbuM', AtTM'b" 1930 r.;
8) 40 H 80 K. ci, [IenneJImHOM,;
9) 1 p. cL ieHTp. TeJnerpaq4oM-b, c-b B. 3. ,,yroJImHMK".

C. MtmuaHHbiRn aHHeHHblR By6IOBKnH
A. 3. 111/4:131/, 3 K. 6JIaroTHopeTejibuHbIX'b IlnOHCKONi BOIHbl.
A. 3. 121/ :131/4 3 i. 200-Jit'rin AKaaeMia Haym-,.
A. 3. 10:101/4 3aMeHro4(b 6ies- B. a.
.l. 3. 12'/, : 10/4 -- 5 I. 10 iTiaI peBOJInoIil 1917 r.

D. Cno) P. 3. 121/4 :12 (IXa) c'b Tpex-h cropoHnh, a BHn3y A. 3. 103/4 (V):
B. l. ioHepcKaro cJneTa.





MsAaTenaMb o6utixi, KaTaioIs%, menloUIM'1m JpH o6o-
B1aqeliH 3y64OBOl('b orPaHH4ITbCC1 nOJJOBl4HOfi eAHHHq11 no 3Y6-
qemtpy (a He qeTBepTbIo), MO)KHO npeAnJO>)KHTb CJ tYIOUliR 060-
SHaqeHiH:
1) Ann' P. 3:1 14W/2, 11 12'/,, Illa H b 14'1, V -
13'/2, Via Hi b 1312, Villa H b 12, IXa x b -12, X- 12;
2) Aim A. 3.:l IT/2, IHI 111/2, V 10'/2-1
3) Anq Mt$UaHHbIX'b sy6IO8OKlb: I'I/2:13%/2; 12'/2:13'12; 10:
-1%H 12'/,: 10%/.
MapKti C-h HaCi nemmraMl He yi(aaa3Hb1 b nepe-H'L, 60o Bct
0Ht MMtIOT'b Tt W.Re 3y640BKH, 'ITO M COOTBtTCTBYIOUUH MaP1{H
6e3a HaAne'JaToK-b. l4cK(JIIo eHie cocTaBjineTb To3ibKo 8 1(. Ha 7 K.
'20 JAtTig peBOjOiioi.j 1905 r., H3BtCT~ag MHt JJIH~b C- P. 3. lVb.
Tenepb Hf.CKO31bKo CAOB-b 0 H e 043 H A i a .Ii b H bIX b fep-
43 opaji1Ixi, BCTpt9a0HM14XC1 Ha mapKiX-b He3y6IOBaH Haro Bbl-
nyci~a 1917 r. (I,- c0}IwaniHil0, CB%;BJtHi 0 HIX'b OTCYTCTBYIOThb,
H OHl etlle )KLAYTI CBOIIX-b HacJ'tAOBaTeJleg. 51 wce orpaH14qyCh
on~ca Hiem,, ci'hjyIoIu1ix'b BapiaHToBwb, HaXOAH1IA1XC5 Bbn Moeg
Ko3iJieKuiH H Hie BblI3b]Baloll4x-b y MeHR HK14 Majitgiuaro COMiHtHig
,b flOAAJlHHHCTM: 1) 35 K. C-b Hepa36opqklblMim UITeMneilem-b,
2) 3 p. 50 K. (riapa) Co 1nTeMneJilIie ,,AaBt4A-b- rOpojOK-b M14ci(.-
18. 10. 18", 3) 3 p. 50 K. (napa) Co 1UTeMneneM% ,,EIaTepmHo-
cnaBh 29. 8. 18" n 4) 5 p. (napa) c-b TtM'b wKe mTeMrie.1M'b.
Bct aTH MapKH 14MilOT}b 3y6UOBKY 0qeHb rPY6YIO, Hn9eTKRF0 11
HepaBHOMtPHYIO, Ko~le6jJIoLuytocq mewi~jy 8 m 8W/,. Hpoi4cxOI(eHie
HX-b Mltt He yAajioc, yCTaHOBKwb. Memjiy TtIi-b,, AJIM m3yxeHig
'aCTHbIX'h B3Y61OBOIrb, Bcerjxa KpaiiHe HHTepeCHO OflpeAbJIHTh BI.
xamKoM-1 OTgLJIHOMb Ccjyqath, KtM-b iHMeHHO OHwL 6db]In CgtulaHbI,
MICTHbIMHl 31m nf0TOBbIMH yqpeH(IAeHiHMH 114 we IaCTHbIMIf 3114-
uaMH. Bnonitw nOHATHO, 9TO 9aCTHb1R 3y6LAOBK1H c314yeTb co-
6HpaTb 3141b iia Ilt3IJXb coHBepTaXlb H Ha nepeBo~ax'b, 1411
we Ha HX'b OTftRbKax'b, H BO BCS1KOM'b cnygat c-b raweniem-b, He
-BbI3b1HaioI1umi, COMHtHRiq B-b HOAI1HHTOCTl4.
KaKcb yme cIta3aHo, HacTomutee BC3ItJAo~aHie orpaHMH9-
BaeTc91 MtapKa~M o6aMe- rocyaapCTBeHHb]X-b HbIlyCKOBb. 3y61AoBRH
MaPOK-b He ot1JIe-rOCyAapCTBeHHbIX'b, T. e. He xOAI4BIUHXb Ha
BCeg4 TeppHTojiH PocciH, 6YAYT'b OHHCaHbl B-b OAHOO 143'b MOKX1b
c311yIoUMXi, cTaTeA.
AJo0)KeH-b Bce we np4BHaTb, MTO Ranaemoe AMHOIO fepeq14-
ciieHie BapiaHToBh 3y6LAOB0K'b He R1B31oeTCR 6eaycjloHo no.rOHbliM.
rlpemjae i3cetO, He y[10MHHa1OTC B0Bce HKMOTOpbJH MapKH, Him1
HX'b HapiaI4Tbl, n03AHtr4IW1X-b HbinyCKOw-b, o 3y6UOBRaX'b ROTO-
pbIX-b 2 eu~e He ycnrlib co6paTh Heo6xo)114mbixb AaHHbix-b, a
-1meHHO:
1) 40 K 80 K. Ci, VennemiHOMi,, C'b 6onte ya3o1 9y6qo0Bwif (no
MBepy 12):
2) 3 p. BonxoBn;
-3) 15 1H 50 K. AtpipKa63ieCTpoeHiH1;
4) 1 p. cL iel -rp. TeJierpa4oM-b, ci B. 3. ,,MeaHgpa m qqtiLT(ic";





5) B. g. aKcnpeCHN X' MapoK b
6) B. a. 2-ro MewAyHapoAttaro nonapHaro rojla.
TaKwe He BKJIoIeHbi B-b Moe nepequcJieHie HnaecJJ1i'tAyloie
BapianTb ay6L(OBOK'b, ynoMHHaeMbie HKI(OTopuMHI KaTajoraMi
HJIa we coo6teeHHbie MOHMH KOppecnoHJeHTaMH, BapiarTbl, cy-
utecTBOBaHie KOTOpbIX'b HnywaeTca elie -b npoB'pKt, TO4HO
TaXKe KaKW H npaBaaLHoe o6oaHnaeHie HXT 3y6to0BOnKb. BapiaH-
Tbi aTA cjahAyioiie:
1) 7 p. 6ea3- CTptJIOrKb-13 1/2:11 1/2, T. e. JI.3. 131/4:11 1/4
(yKaabiaaeT- Gibbons);
2) 7 p. co CTpthIKaMH Cb, Tpexb CTOPOH' 13 1/2, T. e. 3. 3.
13 1/4, a Hasepxy 11 1/2, T. e. 3. 3. 11 1/4 (P. Kohl);
3) 1 p. Cb BepTHu 13 1/2, T. e. A. 3. 13 1/4: 11 1/4H 3. 11 /4:13 1/4 (P. Kohl
H COA);
4) 3 K. 6IaroTBOp. 51nOHCKOAi BOiHMh 13 1/2:11 1/2, T. e. A1. 3.
13 1/4: 11 1/4 (COA);
5) 10 p. C-b BepTHKaJIbHbMH noJIocaMH 11 1/2, T. e. Jl. 3.
S1 1/4 (P. Kohl);
6) 4 H 10 K. 3onoTOMI,, B-b mJHTorpa4)iH 14:14 1/2, T. e. P. 3
14 1/4:14 1/2 (CQA);
7) 3 p. 30JIOTOMr (c- KpacHoapMetigeMb) 6eas' B. 3. 13 1/2 :
10, T. e. 13 1/4:10 (Yvert);
8) 10 p. cb JeHHHbIMu' 10 1/2:12 1/2 (,PoccHKa NQ 9);
9) 14 K. 20 JrBTi peBOnroNiH 1905 r. 12:12 1/2, T. e. noBH-
atiMOMy 12 1/2 :12 (P. 3. IVc) (CDA);
10) 2 p. c-b JeHHHblM- 111/2 (,Poccnua" NO 9);
11) Ta we mapKa c-b A. 3. 13 1/4 H c-. 3. 3. 12 1/2;
12) 3aMeHro4,) ca B. a. ci. JI. 3. 10:10 3/4;
13) 5 K. 10- JiTia peBoJno1iH 1917 r. 12 1/2, T. e. J1. 3. 12 1/2
(CQA);
14) Ta we Mapra 10 1/2 :12 1/2, T. e. 1. 3. 10 3/4:12 1/2 (COA.
IGoBHanMoMy oneqaTKa, noflpaayM$Bajoc.b J. 3.12 1/2:10 3/4)-
15) 8 K. 10-XJITia peBonJoin4 1917 r. 101/2:12 1/2 (,,PoccrHa"
No 9);
16) 10+2 K. 6e3np3aopHbiM' lT3TaMi 1928 r. c-b A. 3. 10 H cb.
A. 3. 10 3/4).
MHn He XOTJIOCb BBOJAHTb Bb nepeensb nHiero, qTO He
661iio MHOIO CaMHM'b TOHHO npoBtpeHo. foaTOMy a H BMbAtJflfio
aTH BapiaHTb OTrlnjIbHO, TIM'b 6onte, qTO He rHCKJnHoeHa Boa-
MOIKHOCTb, TO HtKOTOpbie BapiauTbl BOo6IHe He cyUiecTBylOTa',.
KaWi HanpHMtftpb yKaaaHHbe Bai nyHHTaxab 5, 14 H 15, H 'TO pe-
rHcTpaniar nocj$taHHXab 6bOha ocHOBaHa Ha omKH6Kt.
BoaMoRHO, HTO cyulecTByIOT'b eiue H tpyrie BapiaHTbi By6-
IOBOKl, OCTaBmieCa MHt COBepUIHHO HeHMBtCTHbIMMH H nOTOMy
Booo6ie He ynoManyTUaM aBi arTOH CTaTbbf. InoTOMoy oqeHb npomy
BCtxa- qHTaTeJleg ,,PoccHKH", pacnojiaraiouItax. TOqHO npoaBpen-
HbIMH AaHHbiMH, MoryluHMH IInoOJIHHTb Hu A awe HcnpasBTb Moe-
HscJrtaoaaHie, cooi06LHTL TaKOBbi PeAaK in Hamero )KypHaJia,
HJIH we HenocpeacTBeHHo MHt.





YntpeHl,, qTO HkwKOTOpbIff H3- MOHX'b oo60HaeieHlit 3y6L0-
wBoi notNayTC3 HtCKOJlbKO He0fCHIJaHHbwM H i He COOTBtTCTBYIO-
UtHMH 0otlenpHPHIITEbJMb. OJ~aKo, oJIWCeH-b ciCKaaTh, WTO BCi3 OHH
OCHOBaHbI Ha AmHOrO'xCjieHHbIX-b H3MtpeHiRX-b, RPHTOMNI- He TOJIhKO
MO4X'b, 110 H MOHX'b Ipy3eI, A-pa H. A. 3H re ejib r a PATa K
HHfKiHwPi A. M. K y K A M It a, KOTOpbIM-h C'HTatO CBOHMmb AOjliroMb
BbIPa3HTb MOIO HCKPeHH1OfO 6flarOAaPHOCTh aa 14x-b necbma 1tH-
ByfO HOMOUtb.
C. Maxezeiel





HoBIbi mapicf Beb U1aneCTI4Ht

lanieTnHcKa5i nol1Ta He H3o6Iinyerb, noo6H0 ApyrIw'a.
rocygapcTBaM-b, 'acrbIMH BbmyCKaiMH MaPOKb.
C-6 1918 r., flocJit aHFriiicKoH oxKynaiJji, Bh ,lanleTNH1B
flnepBble IIORB4JIHCb CB0o MapKH. Ha 8THX-, MapKax- uepTHKajmb-
Ho c1113y BBepxb o6o.gHaqajiaCb HXb tltHa B-b erHimeTCl(X'b MR-
JIHMaxbh m niacTpax-b, 6bIBwHx-b B'b aTO Bpemqi Bb obpamueHiR BI-,
cTpaHt; ropHi3OlTa.lbHO Bb ABh CTPOKH 6blJIo HaneqaTaHO: ,PO-
:stage paid" (nowroBhbm H3J1APHC1CH ynJna'eHbl); HaA-b 3T01 Hak.
IHCbIO cBepxy, a TamKe 1 410Ab nemo cHH8y rOpH3oHTajibHO OT-
neqaTaHhI 6yRBbl: ,E.E.F." (Egyptian Expeditionary Force -
ErHIueTcKId 3fCneAMHiOH Hb1 BohCKa).
Bb 1920-21 r. nO$1BI1JIfCb Na 3THx9h MapKaxb mr 'aAneaTRH
Ha Tpmexb o43qHiaJlbH~bXb 13bliKxb naneTHHbl (apa6cKoM%,
alrJiiiAcKoMb H ApeBMe-eBpeifiCKOM%): ,Palestine". B'b 1920-wi
ro~y HagnetiaTKm npOH3BOgHJlHCb B% IepycaJJMt. a W- 1921-m'b
rogy B-b JIOigOHt.
JIAImb I-ro Holp6pa 1927 r., cb MoomeHTa KOrAa 6bmIa BbI-
nyuueua nanecrmHicaia M.oHeTa, 6bh1J1b npoi43eIer1i OCHOBHO
BbIf]YCKbh najieCTMHCI(HXlb mAapOK (QHpI(yJIUPpyIoUeXHb H no cefi
JeHb), H3o6pawKaioHuHxIb NCTOPHqeC~il1 MICTa CTpaHbi. Ha Map-
Rax-b Hb 2, 3, 10 naii. NwjmJ*) 13o6paiieuea rpoAHLRa npamaTepH
PaxluIb; Ha tapKax-b H'B 5, 7, 20 MHJ4b 6aU1HR qlap5 AaBPU.a;
Hia Mapiax'b B-b 4, 6, 8, 13 MU)lb- meeTb OMapa; Ha MapKaxb-
B-b 50, 90, 100 H 200 MHI4JIb BAab Ha THBepiaiy y no6epeHibg
reHHcapeTcKaro oaepa.
FlocJIat nRTH JItTI, OTCYTCTBiR BC$CIHX-b H3MIHeHiA Bb na-
JieCTHHCKHX-b MapKax-h, najieTTHHCKOr noqToi9, He mSoJinyioImeg,
KaKb 6b1JIO BbiulecKaaaHO, taCTbIM11 Bb1nyciKaMn MapOKb, 6bUIH
BBeAeiibi 3a I0CJltJHie M$iCH1Ab HtKKOTOpbIR MHMtfHeHifl.

4) C-b I Ho056pS 1927 r. Be~eee-b npaBKTenbcTBoM1b ,ii o6paiueiiie
nanecThHcOiii 4YHT-b, paBuiU1 aHlriiiicKoMy JYHTY CTepiHrH'O bm Atfflf-
uEiHi Ha ThXC31ty MHfb.




Cb 1-ro ifOna c. r. ynpaBjeHie nos4Tb H Tenerpa4poBl Bia
naanecTHHr ysejaiHqHo TapHa)b Ha HHocTpaHHYIl KoppecnoHAeH-
ifro. loqToBaa nliaTa sa OTKpblTOe nHCbMO noBbwllea c'b 7-Ma
Ha 8 MHanb, a sa saKpbToe unHCbMO Cb 13-TH Ha 15 MHIib. B'b
CBa3H C'b 8THMa 1-ro ilOHli 6blan Ha3,MHeHIM rB-sTa RByX'b Ma-
poKb: 7 MHJib Ha (4iojieTOBbiH (BMtCTO npe(Haaro KpacHaro) H
8 MHuJb Ha KpacHbii kBS1T'b npnHHRTbi BceMipHbIM-' nlOTO-
B IAb coosoN-3b AlJa #PpaHi Higi IBtT-b 8-MN MHJIb 6bulnb KOptqHeBblM%,).
1-ro aerycra 6bum n poHaBeAeHhb elie HOBbIR HnaMIHeHia.
1. LBtTab mapKH B-b 13 AMHJb 6bian, HMh3MHeHb nla OJIHBKO-
Bblii BMiCTO npeWHaro CHHaro.
2. BbinyieHa Hosaa Mapra a 15 MHJlb, Hao6pam;aotuaa
MeqeTb OMapa, cinsro laB'Ta (npnHararo BceMipbUM'b nosTo-
BblMI colosoMM BI KaSecTBt 4B18tTa flAa #apaHKHpoaaHia saKpbi-
TbiXb nHCeMb).
CnJfAyerT nonaraTm, MTO c'b aTHMH HN3MtHeHiMH aaaep-
maTCH BCt HBOBBeAeHiN B-b naAecTHHCKOl (HJAaTenin onrITb na
AonrirH CPOK(b.
31. rFIuKcoma.






HOBbI JI HTOBCKiR MapKH


.JITsa BblnyCTraa Bai iroit c. r. gBt cepiH noqTOBylo H
BoayymHyO ch IIOBblMH BOanbasNH 1nai


MapRH BoaaymUHof norTbi
5 L. poaoBasa N 3ejiena 75.000 c' ay6Lu., 75.000 p'a.
10 I. KopuHqHeBas H jiojieT. ,
15 L. CaHnaa m wKeJITaR ,,
20 i. qepHsa N KOpH'IHeBan 30.000 ,, 30000
40 i. 4)ioljeToBas a H)eJTra ,,
60 i. CHHena H ceJTO iopnq.- 20.000 ,, 20.000
1 JeTb KopM4iHeB. H sejeH.- ,,
2 JIHTa CHHRs, w)eJT. H aeJieH. ,, ,,-

TaKHM-b o6pa3aoMb cytecTByeT-b Bcero 1nubl 20000 noni-
HbIX-b cepifi c b ay6qLaMH a croJIbKO we 6e3b s3y6iosiB.
Bct MapKH TpeyronIbHaro ()opMara cb Haanlacho ,,Oro pal-
tas" B3osayUnaa noqTa, c'b no1nachCbL BHaY c'b npaBso CTO-



















poHbi A. )KeMaHTHC% (KpoM, 5 a 20 ieHT.). HOMHHanbHan CTOH-
MOCTb BCeii cepia 4 JIHTa 50 xeHTOB-b (10 JIHTOB'b = 1on. 1. 00).
Ha MapKax'b Ba 5 H 10 ieHTToaB H3o6pawena reorpa4Htq.
Kapra bJHTBbi; qacTb TeppHTOpin C'b ropoAOM- BHnbHa, aanHTaa
nonaKaMH B-b 1920 r., B ,lAneHa oco6o0 UITpHXOBKO i. Bb ieHTrpt
ropoa i Kosuo, HbiHu, tiHlIa BpeMeHiaaH cTOJIHLa .JIHTB; cnBaa-
BaJiTiicKoe Mope. PacyHOK'b paMKH AJ1l aTHX'b MapowK cocTa-
BJeHnl H3'b peBHHX-b JITOBCKHX'L Hapo0HbUX'b aCKH30BTb.
Ha Maprax' Bb 15 H 20 neHTOBs nao6pawena KapTHHa
H3BtCTHaro JIHTOBCKaro xYAOmKHHKa A. )KeMafiTHca ,YTpeHHna
nIcHn JHTBbi" C'b JjeTarioiHM'b aaponiaHnoM.. KapTHHla 3o6pa-
)iaeT'b co6oio oaepo cib paaBanaiHHa aaama Bi TpoKaxi, B6JIH31
KoToparo KypraH-b c- KpecTOM'b, KOTOpbie BCTptHqalOTC nOBC1OAY
Ha nonjaxib JyraxIb 'b JIHTBt; Ha Kyprant CTroTb Monogoii
repoii C'b eui uHHnno B'b nagioHaJnbHbux'b KocTioMax'b, a paoMi',
CHan1HT HapoAHbuii ntBeLab, aKKOMnaHHpya Ha ryc1Rax'b, Bocnlt-
BaeTa cjnasy CBOHIMh npetKaM-b, 6opOBUIaHMc nOAI, BOAHITenb-
CTBOM'I CBOHX'b Bejmnx KHaX laef KeficTyTa H BHTOBTa, npH Ko-
TOpblX'b JIHTBa pacnpocTpaHRuiacc OTT EanTificuaro Ao iepHaro
Mopn. PHCYHOK' MapKi B3aaT- H3a HapOAHblX'b opHaMeHTOB-,.
Ha Mapmax- BT 40 H 60 ieHTOB'b Ha36pa)>eHa paTyma B'b
r. KoHno. KOBHO, CTapIHHhJi nHTOBCKII rOpob, OCHOBaHb B'b
1030 rosy, HaxoAHTc fl pH BnaAeHi pt K BnHJIH B'b HZMaH'b H
Jle)KHIT'b B'b reHTpt aTHorpaciuqecKoi JHlTBbi. l go Beji H ( BOiHbl
ropoa- KOBHO 6biJI'b pyccKOH KptlnoCTbTo C'b HaceJeHieM'b B~a
50.000, HblHf. e HacqMTblBaeT' AO 120.000 mUTrenei.
Ha MapKax'b Bsb 1 2 JuTa KaTonAJecKift KOCTejri HMeHH
BHTOBTa, nOCTpOeHHbIi Ba XV B'Kt B' rOTHIecIKOM'b CT1JIt, C'
vacThio ropoaa KOBHO. BHTOBTI ocB060aoUon1 .laTBy OTr- nonb-
CKOi aBIHCHMOCTM 1 n pH nocpe1tcTBa BOAiib H Hn jnIOMaTHqe-
CKHM, nyTema 3Ha4qTeJlbHO paCwunpHJJI rpaHHqbl .IIHTBbl, cTaJ-
HapoAHbiM'b repoeM'b H Ha3BaH'b Bs' HCTOpiH BejIKHiab.








II
K L OHTObl MapH






5 0o' ,'l, ,.' 5 0 ,i ,= '










OAHOBpeMeHHno Cb MapiaMH BoaayumoI nHOrTb 6gbJIH Bbl-
nyureHbI H nOITOBblH MapKH no pHcyHKaM'b xyaom)Hnua A. )Ke-
MafiTHca:
5 q. CHHan w KeJITO- KopHu.- 50.000 c-b ay6I. n 50.000 p 3.
10 q. niojeTroaa H KOPHqH.- ,, ,,
15 i. -- pacHO-~KpHs. H OJIHBK.- ,, ,, ,,
25 i. CHHHH a aelleHaa 30.000 ,,,,,, 30.000 ,,
50 LA. TeMH.-CHH3a3IHOJIHB(OB.- ,, ,
60 [. TeMH.-3enieH. H 43iojeT. 24.000 ,, ,, ,
1 nJHT' CHHaa H ctpaa ,, ,, ,,
3 JiaTa KOPSIH. H ctpoaejieH.- ,, ,, ,,

nflonHbux cepifi HMteTCH Bcero 24.000 c- ay6anaMa H CTOJIIKO
ae pt3aHbixi. HOMmlnaJaHaa CTOIMOCTI, i 65 eHrT.
Ha MapKax'b Bb 5 1 10 u. H3o6pawmelb BOK3saJib h KBHt,
nocTpoeHnu[bi Bs 1931 roAy no HOBt lulmMb njiaHaM-b. MapiKn B-
15 H 25 i. noKasblBaIoTb xapaKTepHbml ajTOBCKii naHaLmatllaI:-
BMAHbI XOJIMbMM, BbICOKifl COCHbI, oaepo c' 6eperaMH nOKpblTbiMH
rycTbiMrb jitcoMN B'- paMtdH no o6bnHMl- cTopoHaMb THnHrIHble
RopowHble xpecTbl, KlOTOpbe BCTpthaIOTcH Ha nepeipecTKax-i
AoporI 4 npn BXoAtb a gepeBHro, H13' TOHKaro Aepeea c1- ptab-
6oi. Ha MapKt B'3 50 1r. HOBoe o06il4pHoe 8aaHie noqTbI B'i
KoBHu, HeaaBHo saKOHNeHOo nocTpo lKOi. MaplKH Bb 60 t., 1 H
3 JIHTa 3ao6pawaloT'b KaToJI. iKaeeap. co60op'- c'b IoJnoKonbJHel
B'b BHJlbH~, nOCTpoeHHbl JI HTOBqaMH Ha Mt'CTt' 3bHlSecKaro
xpaMa. Becb HHab (KOJIOKOnobHH COCTOHT'b a-b (yHfaMeHTa ynn-
oMTOWeHHaro a3iqSecKaro xpama. Bib 6Obijib Bpemena r. BHanbHo





flBJIaJIC peJinrioaHOi, nonlaHTHqeCKoR IH HCTop4ecKo0 CB~TblHef
AJIl JIHTOBLteB' H OCTanIC TaKHa-b We H nOHblHt.

III
HOBbIs lo6nnefiiHbIt JIHTOBCKii MapKH
OceHio TeKymuaro roRa AJTOBcKaS pecny6rjHKa npa3JalyeT-b
CBOh 15-JI THii lo6HJiei CO AHR B0opo0iAeHia. o aTo y nosogy
Ba KOHt, OKT%16p HJIIM Ha'qait HoaRip BbUiAWeTIb Io6nineiiHbi
BblnyCK'b MapOK'b. Bb RaHHoe BpeMg .IATBa noKa enHHCTBeHHoe
rocyaapcTBo B'b EBpont, rAt HWET' BaajlOTHbix'b orpalnneHikl
rat He qyBCTByeTCH TaKb CHJIbiO aKOHOMaqecKiH KPH3HC'b, KaK~l
BO BCtx' Apyr1x'b rocyaapCTBaxT EBponbl.
HeAaBHtig llOTOBblH BbilyC(in b Iio(a3aairh CTpOHTeJIbCTBO MO-
JIoAoi pecnyjimKin, a lo6nlneiHbli BbiiycK'hb aeTn, nojiHylO Kap-
THny HCTopit JIITBbl OTrb naqalja co6~IpaHil Be;HInKO JIHTBbl ,O
ea aaBoeBaHia Pocciefi.
1. MapKH B03oaymuHOH nO'Tbi 6ygyT'b Tpeyronjilaro op-
MaTa, atyuiH'THbinH, cepig nH3b 8 ROCTOHHCTB' Co CJl't. CioleTaMH:
5 H 10 IIeHWTOBb r o6tAa JIHTOBQeB'b HaAb MeHenociraMH
y Cayne a-, 1236 roay npM Ben. KH. MHnAoBrr'; nocjrI aroil no-
6taBbl'Kcb JIHTBt npacoeljlneua 6buJa JIaTraJnii, qacTr, KypJiMHui
H UP. o6niacTH.
15 H 20 QenTOB b KopoHOBaHie Bej. KH. MHnourBa B'b
1251 roty. Ben. KHi3b MHHaoBr- (MeHHOArB 1240 1263), o6-henA-
HHMJl' nOA'b CHoei BjIacThbO BCtO J.HTay, cocTO8nslyliO 1H3 yAt-
jiosB, H nonowMnH'b eanHOAepKaaBHoe Hasajio; OBJlajttl-lb HwKO-
TOpbMM pyccCCKHM o0jiacTaM, BoeBaa.b C'b JIMOHaMH H n npHHy-
wtlAeH'b 6biJul BI CTtCHHTenJIhHbiXIb 06CToaTeJbCTBaXb InpHHIsT
KaTOJnlqeCTBO; no MHHOBaHiH We onIacHocTH CHoa o6paTHJiCH
B'b a3biMeCTBO; y6fTW CBOHMb TIJIeMSHHHKOMb KHR3eM-b AOBMOH-
TOM'h.
40 IeHTOB-h Beji. KH. reAWMIlA'b, 3aKllmoqa oti ttlblhi
pHA'b TOprOBblX'b H KyJIbTypBaro xapaKTepa jIoroBoposb noqTH
co BCtIM rocynapCTBaMi 3an. EHponM B'b 1323 r.
60 ReHTOBb Beji. rH. reaHMHHlb, yqpe>Ktaio1mi ropoAL
BajbHo cTronJl4ei JIHTBbl Bs 1321 r.
I JiT'b 3aBoeBaHie Ben. KH. FeAtMMHHOMb KieBCKOil Kpt-
nocrT Bb 1318 rony.
2 JHTa Beni. KH. OJbrepai nepej'b MocKBoA BWb 1358 r.
HoMHNajiHaia iBHa cepin 4 JMTa 50 qenTOB-s (=45 aMep.
tleHToB0b); 6yyrT'b o'rneaTaHbi Ha 6yMart cl HO1bliMH BOalaHblNIH
anaKaMH c-b sy6uaMa Ha 6eas 3y6ioB-b.
2. MapKH noITOBblR TOwe AByrBtTHbIa, cepia Hta' 8 Ao-
CTOIHCTB1, CO CJIAt. clo>eTaMH:
5 H 10 qeHTOB-h -- Io6trb seBe. uK. BHrTOBTa HM3 TIOpbMbl.
15 H 25 neHroBa KpeuieHie IHTroaseB BseJ RHas3baM
5Irejnno H BHTOBTOMnb.




50 qeHToB~ ipHcara Beni. KH. BRTOBTa nOA'b KOBHO.
60 tIeHTOB-b flo6t-aa IHTOBsLeB'b Ha'b KupecTOHocutaM
noA'b rploHeBaJ1ioMb.
I JIHTb Me)KlyHapOAHblii C'b5aAb Bsb JHQLK'I B'b 1328 r.
3 JIHTa CaepTb Bell. KH. BHTOBTa. BITOBT'h mi1 Bi-
TOJblo'b, CbiHb K(eicTyTa, njeieMaHHnlK Ojibrepla (1350-1430), c
1392 r. cranoIBTCa Bei. KH. JIHTOBCKHMa H BCKeopt npacoejn-
HeeTb K>b JHTBt' n[OqTH BCIO IO)KHyiO Poccito; nbITaJIC9 BoaBpa-
THTh npecTOJIb xaHy ToxTaMbily, M3rHaHHoMy TaMepianoMlb,
HO 6billJ paa6HTb TaTapaMH npp p. BopcKnit (1399); Bs 1410 r.
Bia coiosa c-b irejio paa6HJ-b TeBTOHCKHx-b pbluapeii nOA- TaH-
HeH6eproM-b; Bb 1420 roAy xoAnIsn- BOiHOIO Ha ICKOBIb H B'b
1428 roay na Hoeropoa-i.
HoMNHHanal,Haa ufHa cepiH 5 Ji. 65 i. (57 aM. QeHT) cb sy6-
taMM H ptaanaa.
TapaKb npfH6JIa3HTeJlhHO OKOJlo 50.000 cepil BoaaylwHoH
nOTbl H nO4TOBbUXb.
K. BumKcoBcKii.





YronoK'b Ang mapot(b PocciH

Bi- npoiinouoM HoMept ,,PocCHKH" BnepBbie noaspjiaci, a-
MtTKa lnoAb 3THMb sarJiaBieM- aaiouxaa KpaTicoe onncaHie HNt-
KOTOpblXb BapiaHTOBh- PycCKIx'b MapOK'b.
Mitt KaweTCH, iTO Mbi BCt AOJD>IKHbl upHBtTCTBOBaTb aBe-
aeHie B'b HaineM-b mypuHaJit aTOi py6ptian, rgAt Ka)KAlbi ()INIa-
TeJIHCT'h MOri, (Shl tMMtri B03MO)I(HOCTb nOAJIWflTILC nIOla)aMH
CHBOIMX MHOPO)I.THHX'b TpyAOBSb H KpOIIOTJIIBOH pa6OTbl.
OAnaiao, Bb aaMtTK't, HarneqaTaHHioi Bb npouIllIOMi HOMept
noi n HiitiiiajaMH I. C., HM'leTCa HtCKOJIhKO OluH6OK-b H HeTO4-
HocTeI, K oropubi a c'iraio HyWHbIMh'b McnpaBHTI,, npHnepsHBaaqcb
nopaAKa HMaowetiin npunaTaro asTOpOM'b TOl saMTK Tn.
OtHu6Kioig alJleeTCL yKasanie K. C., qTO 14 n 18 KoneeK'b
Io6HJefieHO cepin AecHTHjIrtTig peBonllOliH y6osaaHu 12: 12/2.
Ha caMOM'b A iJilt, 3y6LOoBa 3Tanx- Mapolcb 121/ : 12. 3t3Aci
K. C. noHropaeTr, otn0116Ky aonyi~eHHnny KaTajioroM'b C. Q. A.
CnjthyeTrh IM1ntTi B'b BHIl, TO no 061UetlpHllflTOMy Bi, (miluaTe-
JII1 o6o0iialeHiio, npH cM'illuaInHOH ay6uoBKh Bcerja coHaaiia yKa-
8blBaeTCH ropH3OHTaJhlHoe, a 3aT'.iTVh BpTHi(aJMK.He HanpaBjieHie.
HeTOqHOCTH Bi, aaMT3TKt K. C. a o06HapyWnHl'rb CJItayioiuisA:
Mapma rtecalTHIIJTi9 peBol ioUiU B' 5 Kon. CylleCTByeT'
TaK<)Ke 1 B"b ay6uOBKl I2'/2 : 10'/, (atpite 121/2 : 10./,) He
yKtaaaHHOi BTb 8aMAVTKt; BnpoIeAnrb, KaTajior'b C. Q>. A. Tai ee He ynOMHHaeTb. /oJD)ueHnb npanHaTbca, HTO a He BH)Aan'
yKasaHHFHi B'b 3amaMTt H Bi KaTaJnort C. Q). A. sy6tOB1KH




10' : 12%1. He HcKJIIO9eHa BO3MO)I(HOCTb, 4TO H B'b 8TOMb CJiy-
4at H K. C. H C. Qb. A. omIu6ncb H HanHcajin 10'/: 12'/,,
BMUCTO 12%1/ : 10'/s.
Y 8 KoneeqHoii MapKH TOi we cepin, K. C. He yKas3baeBT
3sy6oBKy 12V/, 6eacnopuo cymecTayBlomyio. HTO KacaeTca 3y6-
UOBKH 10V: 12'/, ynoM4HyTOAH Wh aaMtTK'h K. C., HO HeyKa-
aaHHOl y C. t). A., TO l ee He B1AaJi'b H te H.wM'sb 6h( OCHO-
BaHia cOnMHtBaTbC5a Ba eC cymecTrsosaHi, ecai 6u K. C. He
AonycTHJnb apyrHXb HeToqHOCTefi.
1HMtpa15 3y6Mbl MapoKQb flioHepcKaro cjieTa, MHi He YAa-
Jocb o6HapywHTb~ HH 12 HH 12'/:12, a TOJLbKO 12'/4:12, y
OOOHx'b AOCTOHHCTBIb. l]pH ,TpOlHOH" CMtuIlaHHOH 8y61OBK'd
BcerAa npi HaMipeHiax'b nonyqajinb BHH3y 103/4, na Bepxy 12'/4,
a c'b 6oKoawb 12, a HHnoraa MHt He npHxOAHJIOCb BHAtTb Ha
oepxy 12/% JIm 12. BnposqeM, B'b aTOi ,TipoiHOhi" CMLmaIHHOH
3y60IoBKa cyynecTBYIOT'b o6a AocroHHCTBa, a He TOJJhKO 10 ion.,
Kawn yKa3aBaeT'b K. C.
lpH H3M'speHiH HbliH' HaxoAHRuarocs B'b o6palmeHi pery-
aipnHaro BunycKa y MeHa Bceraa nojiyiajoch 12:12'/4, a He
12 Jin 12:12!2. Bapo'eM-, HtKOTOpbUl AOCTOHHCTBa aTOH
cepin cymecTBrayrb TaKa e H c-h y6aoBKof 10; (MHli H3BtCTHbl
1 H 14 Kon.) H 10%Y (14 ton).
C. Manxceneii.






,reHe>HO 6OHHbl OTrtnl'b

eHe>1Hble snaI(H ropOAa JIn6aBbi
Bhb tiaTaJlorI C. Q4. A. 13A. 1927 r. Aeen. 3HaiH JIn6aBbi He-
JOcraTOqHO OCB-nleHbn I nlOTOMly CqHTalO HyWKHblMb RaTh Ht$IO-
TOpbiS pa3sAcHenild.
Ha npMJiaraemoMb cnHMdu ti e BKauiioeHn NQ 12023, T. i.
OH'b C1 HtMeIjKHM1b TeKCTOM-b H BbluleJI'h HlCKOJbhKO M'3C5UeB'b
noa3e.
N9No 12009-017 oAHoro o6paasa, BellHMqHbi H OTneTaTaHb
Ha IpocrTOA ncHieHi 6yMart.
No 12014 BbinvimeWh OCTOHHCTBOMr Mh s h 50 Ron. (He py6neii).
NNoQ 12013-017 6bICTpo Tpenajnch H 6blaIo TpyAHO OTIH-
qHTb HOMMHnaJI', CTaJIH AOBOJIhHO ptAKM T. K. no pac(Iopal5eHito
repM. OKKynanionUHHoi BJnacTa, MHXb 3aMNIHHjiH NON 12018 023,
OTneqaTaHHbaMP Ha xopouleA n:.OTHOi 6yMart, Bi oco6eHHocTH
60HbM C'- BOAIAHblM 3HaKaMH.
Pa3HOBHAnocTH npHBO)y caMMH xapaKTepHba:








wV


12018 1915 r.


12019

12020


12021

12022

12023


25 Kon. 6ea'b


C'b
S 50 A. Mail.
,, B.
,, C. ,,
I p6n. 6ojimu.
C
C1
CI Man .
3 5 60o1,11.
A Maji.
S 5 n.
, 10 6ojb, u.
10 6Mail.
maji.


No 6ea, BOA. 3H.
N ,, ,, (6oamu. No)
No C'b 3aBtaA.. 6eab BOA. 3H.
No
No ... ,,Cb
N- ch .
No 6e3b 3Bias3t. 6e3'b BOA. 3n.
No
No ,,
Ng Cb ,,
No 6ea, ast3an. 6e3-, BOA. 3H.
No c- ) t
No 6ea' asHat. 6ea3' BOA. nH.
No c ,,
No 6ea3- a3t3al. 6e3ba BOl. 3n.
No c-b cb ,, ,


Kpaneqs.


PacnpocTpaHriHTe Hamub WypHajnb cpean CBOHX'b
Apyaefi n aKoMbixb (HjsaTeJIHCToB'b.









HO5bIXbDb flY m nO.b
















S.....







1. Btonxraphi. BcJI1RcTHie HosbIueHiA no4iTosaIo Tap~rpa 6y~yT1
Rblnylfesbl MapKH in, 3, 7 H 14 liesa.
2. PonjJaHR1s.Ri, x OHI4Y roga 6ygyTl, sBhnyu~erthI 6b'aroTBopHTeJnb-
HhI2 MIIIKH Cl. MtCTHb1MH BHgaMH: 2 C.I C. (fpionet~. H ceni~i (500.000),
5 c. ae -eHa- cenis (300.000), 12'- -2'-- c. -pac-a-- ceni-
(750.000), 15 c.+-5 C. CUHH~ H cenisi (400.000).
3. rpeq1i,. B-b CI(opoml, HpCmeHH 6ygyT1~ BbIIyu1Hbi 1.50 Rp. xpac-
Ho-Kop1iHesHea Ci. BHaaHTilc~oti ieprtosbio saMHCTpt H 4 .p. cTagiy*i,.
Bnw-- Ha-ne a-K -2 p. Ha 3 p. C-HH5 a-Be, 2 -p. Ha 5 P- Ko- -
PMHHTOHb H 2 gp. Ha 5 Ap. C3P1, KOgPlHrTOHi..
4. B aTH Ha Teiyiuixi rmapinaxi. e- 3, 10, 20 H 35 c. npoeaae-
geHa Ha~neqaTJ~a B'1. TPH CTPOIKH .Latvijas razojumu irstade Riga 1932. g.
10-18 IX". no canyaaio K-bIcOaBKH iii. P6irt
5. moiiaK o C MapCHb MoHalo iipeiHpaT .Ii c.oe cyu(ecTBo5aHie H H0
Bce5 Tepp2Topi, c.- CTBY oTI, TOHbIO cjlpaHIMyaC.1 / map CH. m
6. Hoperisi. 8 eia p a BelmeTb cepi6 H81. 4 goctonHcT1.5 10,
15, 20 Ii 30 ope -b flamliAh CT0InTi 1 Co RHbI POH(geHi5t ti43Ta -bOPHCOHa.
7. Honmuia. B-b ge~a6Pt HblgeT'b Mapna gocToHHcTBOM1, ima 60 rp.
cbj HaOHpawnelaIeMC. pa2y Ha. TopH-k wH5 HaMHT 702-.ArP.TiH TopHa.
8. C. C. C. P. BbHnyz5eHa ccpi I HOAYmHO'l nbqTbI H3aI .BYX- go-
CTOHHCTYB~ JIl 5Ha KOfl. H 1 p. no mIICmHKa xYg. 3,y1aCo,2a tb Ko3.necTa
10.000 Cep-1 n TopoI4 l nO lpHbicl peib Jet.oIoJa .MaJbrrHt"; Cepi
cneKyn'ITHBHalI.
9. Pyiiuiisi. flo ciy aio MexHlHHcKaro coHrpeCca i. Fyxape H rH
6.IuJa cepi sH. 8 'r pex'b gocToHHCTEVL. 1, 6 H 10 OT.i -0
B7.nybueHa BTo-bH cepiat 6Ob-CKayrOwi. Cai HagaBIHCoMl 25, 50 6.,
1, 2, 3, 6 jie#1
10S. CroC. a C i. MapB H Teicyamee cepia Bc1. 11/2 gatI. p1.osb-AHJIO-
Baa BCb pt4aIoTcH Ha TopToie OAbIEaoaeaaOTi H O'IeHb TOHKOR 6y11a1 ;





wt 25 napa qpHaA Ha o6blKHoBeHHorl m o'eHb TOHROA 6yMarll (coo6-
tJin-b A. A. qe6oTieBItb).
1-ro ceHT96PR c. r. hilnyUICHhi 6flarOTBlOpHTenbHbI2 MaprH B-b nonb3y
rnpoiicxogHwuaro wi BtjirpaUt 2, 3 m 4 Toro-wie M1csiqa EBponericKaro
rpe6Horo qeMnioHaTa. HaneqaTanhi oQ-h Bb B- nrpaAciol ,,Mapi~apHHgt"
THnOrpa4CciiM % CfOCO6OM-b, B-b ARa 4B'Wa, no 25 MapoKi cntpyHoIIx-b wecTH AOCTOHHCTBhb:
0.75+0.50 A,41H. qepHo-aenCHai, (tOH-b CiHffi, (CTapnHHag RPlbfOCTb B-b
Cmcepewt), TMpawiu 100.000.
i.- 0.50 giH. RapMHHOBag, OH-b CHiHitt (Binegco oaepo), Tp1pawb l100.000.
1,50+ 0.50 AIaH. Maj1HHoBo-po3Oeaq, Cj30Hih 3eueHbi0 (naHopam a tairpaga).
Tupawca 100.000.
3.-+1.- JI TemHO-c"IHoi2, (q~OH% CKHiA (naHopama CnAinTa), T1npaw
80.00W.
4.-+1.- AHH. opaHHeBaq, FOHwb CnHin (3arpe6lh), Tiipawb 60.000.
5.-+1.- AKH. jiOJeTOUaR, cjOHh ctHiA (nopTpeT-b E. B. HpecTo.lonacntp-
HmIa neTpa), Tvpawi% 60.000.
CTOMMOCTb AJoA1 ceepi 15.254.50 19,75 AMH_ QIOpMaTb
nepnblx~b qeTblpex'h 40 X 28, 5 Mm., a AByx-b nocnIAHgx'i 28, 5 X 40.
3y6qo1Bta II/2,.
HaRfaltotHam CTOOMOCTh HMeT-b Ha YCTPOHCTBO qeMnioHaTa. Mapimi
6yAYTyT nPOAabaTbCq TOJlbIO 2 MtsCsiua, Ao 31 OKi6pq H MhTh xow1eHie
Ao 30 HORI6p C. r., corAa Becb HepacnpoAaHHbiA aanacib 6yAeTib nepenaaH-
opraHa3aqiOHHOMY KOMHTeTy qemtioHaTa. (Coo6tUnni, C. M. Maaweneg).





WIPA 1933 BtiiHcvaq MewKjyxyapoAH)ag 43IIaTeJi. BbICTaB-
xa. Pa3ocnaH-b KTOPOR npocne(T'b 6yAyu~eA BbCiraKM. B'b no-
qeTHOMlb KOMA1TeTt cpejt4 yqaCTHHIOB'b HaxOAg4Ab HaWBHXb qie-
HOH7, K. K. LHXIUgT'b, E AepoiO 14 B. A. PaxMaHoBw1,.
(oMI4TeToM% Bb1lnyukeHbI uponaraHAHbgi MapKI4, cepig KOTO-
pblX'b CTOITib 20 aHCT. rpoweii (I. 60 AM). Pa3Banwa niiipoima
pel~naiva no BceMy Mipy AiJm npBJeqeHi- 1 BosMOM(HO 6ojlhtaro
gojIHqeCTBa ytaCTHHMMOBb 14 nOCtTHTeJierl. flpegnolaraema5i Bbl-
cTaBra noBHJJHMOMY aaTMlI) BCt npeAbily[iii BbIcTaBI(H no
cBoeMy paa3Maxy A YCTPOHCThy. Tperi~A npocnein. BbI ~eT'b 113-b
ne'aT11 B-b HOi6pt c. r.
Allpec-b: Internat. Postwertzeichen austellung, Wien, Wall-
nerstrasse 6.
0-BOMb noIyqeIHo iqupiynmpuoe nIchmo OTbh K(oMnTeTa
[prOTHB'b 1oJ4tJICl1h mapoK'h 133b BMim CJIetYiOularo cogep)ia-
Hig: KOMHTeT'b 1POTHMb rIO, ngtbJOib mapOwb cPe~epaqi14 aBcTpiA-
cKimxX'b 4"iJaTen. RPYy)KKOBT, H 0iMeCTBo aBCTpi4CK14X-b nIpolaB-
UOH'h rIOITOBbIX-b MaPOKbh nOCblijaeT'b Cjitjl. iiHwcopMatjio: He-
6ojnhuiaq opraHH3aqiH npoLaBI.OB-b MapoK'b noVb mMeHeMwb B. H. G.
Ein und Verkaufsgenossenschaft von Briefmarkenhandlern Oster-
reichs B-b B-bH'; ocHOBaJla IaipalI(ailo r1OAtjftJlbHbXlb Alapowih
ABcrpin Bb![IYCI( 1910 ro;a wh 2, 5 H 10 KPOH'- H 1908 r. 10
KPOHRT C-b npOWaIefl TaKOBblX'b noA'b o6MaHqTABbiMI, tiamlmeHoBa-





tieM'b .nepeneqaTKa" no aOBOJlbH BbuCOK Mapr UtHHOCTH. ABCTpiicKoe O61ieeTBo npojaBIaOB'b noIT. MapoK-b,
cyutecTByiouiee 6ojfte 30 JntTh, aanpeinaeTb npoAasaTr CBOHMb
qJleHaM-b 8TH noaatjinH. TaKioe IIn0BHJMIHCh balbliHBbfi Mapl(H
C. C. C. P. N2N9 139- 142, 144- 156, 157-163, 168, 169, 170-
174 H B03o. noqTa No 1 (no iMepy).






)KH3Hb 06uiecTBa


1. llami, IhlCOI(OSTHMblii qieH'L r. EBresiH lepoxo, nonyqHiBmuif
uuHpoiKyo N3BfI3cTHOCTb CBOHMH HayqHblMti TpyAaMg Ha nonpHRiH clunaTe-
nia, 1 Mas c. r. H36paHa, loieTHblM'b qjeHOMxb.
14cxpeHHo npuBItTCTByeMb Hamero HOBaro MacTHTarO noqeTHaro
qjneHa c',I nomenaHieMb ucero jnysqaro n ,anjbH'tl eB nhilOAOTBOpHoO
pa60oT.
2. Bb TeqeHie nocJVlHiHHXb nriTH MtcinheBi, mat-ceuTa6pb 06ue-
CTBO noTepnlno y6blTORr, Ha Ron. 34. npn nonnoM OTCyTCTBil gnOXO-
AOB'b: aHb v saKas3HOro nlcbMa yKpaeHa BWb aoport TeTpagb Ng 261 Hia Hab Tpextb sai nonyqalroca iIs3B hTi oi qacThlIXb nponarKaxb mapoia Has aaa3sHblx'b
nIceMtb.
3TOTb nooKaaTeajb yKaa3bBae'ra, iTO KpawH MapOKi In3-b nH ceMi
nporpccCHBHo 3heajlll'iuibaioiK noaTOmy 06iAecTBo cKnaAblBaeT-h ci ce6a
OTBRTCTBeHHOCTb C'b I cero OKTR6pq K BH aanJbH'-flieM'I He OTBr aeTI
3a nponawy n He HbinaeT-h HHIKaKHxi KOMneHcauiat. OTnpaBliTejnM-b re-
Tpagek HO A36t aaHie nponaiH Ha neKtHT-b BblculiaTb TaKOBbISi C-b 6'bflB-
njeHHOlH WiHHOCTblK, a eeHbrH AeHe HiHbMH nepeBOgaMHn geeHe(HN IMH
nfHCbMaMH.
3. nlocTyniiin wano6b iu, 3saAepwmBaHie o6M nHa: ua N2N- 12, 115,
132, 85, 153, 170 (OTr, N 111); Ha NON9 19, 60, 132 (orb N 82); Ha N299
(oTb N2 158); Ha N2 131 (oTi, N2 1).
4. HHwmec.aAyloir ie ilneHbi, Ka ic HeyrnnanTMBie qneeHCaro BiHOca
Ha 1932 rOA-b aBTOMaTHIqeCKHn CKjHIoqaloTC 1 H3h COCTaBa qneHOB'b C'b
1 aBrycTa c. r.
1) B-b IOrocnaBin N2N2 30, 78, 87, 166, 187; 2) Bb repMaHai -
NO2N 112, 179; 3) B- Benbrin N-N9 109, 146; 4) is- Bonrapin N2N
84, 161; 5) B-h HcnaHia N2 171; 6) i, 3CTOHni NQN2 89, 90, 99; 7)
BO ()paHqii -N2N 12, 141, 181; 8) Ri, 'petin-- N2 147; 9) B-b JIHTRt -
NO 61, 8); 10) nlepcini NO 103; 11) iWh flnonbmu N2 62, 96, 12) BHb
Hopuerin N2 192.
Bhb meoaHaqeHHbtc ICKnlO'leHHble 'lr.l OCTaJIHCb aOJ)i Hb 06ue-
CTBy: NP 78 18 FHH., NP 89 18 (pp., N- 99 40 4)p., N' 181 40 qp.,
NP 192-95 (p., NP 12 304 tp., HToro 505 )panKOBT,.
5. nfpocrMi, ynaaTHlTb O.JrH no KpyrbOHblMbi, nOCbliJaM'b NP 23
(915 ApH.), N9 25 (269 anH.), NP 170 (48 (p.), NP 9 (126 ARH.).
6. HanoMiuHaeM-b o6b ylnaT-h qneHcKaro BaHoca NgN9 79, 186,
182, 175, 160, 193, 122, 1,'", 66, 173; Sam-l;cTrena FrnaBnaro PyKOBOAtTena
npOuy HanoMHIlTb, qne Iab i'a JIaTBil, 3CTOHiH H JIHTBb.
7. flpocuiiM r r. aBTopoWb npilcnaTb CBOH pyKonuncn 5a N- 11
,,PocciKa" K(1 10 Ho0d6pH.





8. BjiarpaAcKas rpynna ,PoccHKuH. flob npeAcrtaTenbCTBOM%
C. Un. MaHnenee, PoKBoAoHTaea Bs-inrpaAcKoi rpynnbi ,POCCHIH", 9 Maa
c. r. COCTOSnOCh OpranHsaaiioHHoe Co6paHie aTOH rpynnbi, Bb. OTOpylO
BxoAFITb BC$i qjieHb ,PoccHKU", atHBymie B'b Bt'nrpat nH 3emyHt.
KpOM-b qunenosb rpynnbi, Ha 9TO Co6paHie 6anu npiamrauembl H
HtCKOJIbKO 8HaKOMblXb M4nJIaTeJnHCTOB-b, KaHIAHATOBSb Bb qIieHbl nPOCCaHm .
nocjnI BcTynaHTcJbHOR ptbi PyKosogHTean H paacMOTptaHi pas-
HbiXI BOnpocoB-b, CBsaaHHbix-b CI ocnoBaHieMb rpynnbl, 6bhlo Bbiaeceno
ptmeHie co6HpaTbcacaan ewteHeAt-hbHbixi BCTp'ti'b KawAm bs cTepr-b, B*I
7 qac. seqepa, HaqHHaa c'h 12 Ma5.
9. ipocMzmb npPHHTb Hauy rjty6oiylo 6JiaroAapnocTb:
1. 3a nomWepTBoeaaie aeHbraMH Bb WypHanbHbl (OHa-b: r. K. Ko-
cuHa 175 EppaHxotB,.
2. 3a Bep6B0Xy HOsbIX'b neHOB'h: E. B. liosaxtosy (10), K. K.
BHTKOBCKOMy (8), C. H. Maweneelo (8), A. B. CoKonoBy (4), H. B. HoTH-
Hy (2), 10. K. njOTHHaI 8. H. raseHy, 1. K). 51gnba, H. K. ByoPopAy, A. A. 4e6oTKeJaHy, n. B.
BtjnoBy, B. H. HKKonaeBy, B. 4D. rpumroci, A. H. MaprTHeHacy, B. C.
rop6aTosy, H. JI. EppeMoBy.
3. 3a nowepTBosaaie MapoKb: K. K. UlnHTy (150 axa. seMCKHXi,
mapoI); C. H. MaHneneeo (Ha 34.75 py6. no KaT. C. Q. A.); A. H. Bon-
KOBy (4)p. 20.); A. B. Re6ecci (Q)p. 28), H. r. CaraBfnaxosBCoMy (pBa
6oabIunxI, naKeTa AemeBbIx- MapoK-b).
4. 3a npHCbln y HOBUHOKI Afna wypiana: n. H. JlyweLutoMy, B. A.
PaxmaHosy, n. B. BAnoBy, r. M. BepmKoRcKOMy, H. r. CaragAaKoBCKOMy.
5. 3a npacbnKy cTaTeii AnJi wypHana: C. H MaHwenelo, 51. M.
rHnHcoHy, M. C. KpaaBoBy, K. K. BHTKOBCKOMy.
























A. H. MapT iHeHac. A. A. qe6oTKeBHq,.

10. lnpHecbaeMbia JieHaaMH sBT O-bs TeTpaAH c- MapKas H a npo-
Aawy, o6gaaTenbno HOaoAtHM nocbjnaTbcaI C'b o6f-blaJleHHOii A-HHOCTblO,
Aa6ii, BO-nepBbixb, npeAynpeAHTb yiaCTHluWyioca noxpawy Mapo-K, HIs
saKaaHbIX-b nBHeMlb U, BO-BTopbixb, npeoTBpaTrITb BcalKi past Hanom)eHie





(1-poOM-b BHYTpeHHHXb nrICeM-b) TaMoHmeHHoi nOuliHHbI (Ha BCRKoe nmcbmo
tswente 20 rp. He meHte 22 cIpaHKOm ); ny'{uie aannarTHT aa o6-bgBneH-
HLVO AtHHOCTb JrnWiijX- 5 4P., qlim-b nnaTHTb noliiHHY B'b 'eTbipe paTa
6onbiue, i(OTOpasi H Hbl1qHTaeTCH HSI, nPOAaHHOe CeMmbi aa mapKH. 4TO
OTHOCHTCH Taxwe H Wh KPYpOIbltN-b noCbmlKaMb. To w~e camoe HeO06XOAHMO
co)6niogaTb 4JIeHam-b UpH o6m-hi Meiqy co6oto MapxaMm; Bb Cnyqat we
rlojjyqeHiH Mapoi(b Bb 3aKaa3hbix-b nlcbmaxi, 31PHHiimaTb TaKOwbI H IxCKpbI-
banTb B'b IIpHCYTCTHiM flOqTanboHa mnHu Ha nOqTt H 3a oTCYTCT-ieMh Ma-
r)O'Kb COCTaBJ]5lTb aKT6t, KOTOpIbH lAPM aa$wieHiH noAaHaTb Ha nowry, gaabl
V)iKa3aTb #NaKTb Henony'eHig mapoic1h (notira He 0Tw13acT-b aa RIbiHyTie
cogepmiHMaro).
11. BcutgcmTie Tflwenaro 3KoHoMH'ecKaro KpmaHca, nepewtiIaevia-
ro BC-hMH HaMH, CHJ~bHarO coxpauxeHiR nlOKynOK1b Mapoiwt, H'b hpyI`OBbIX'b
nocbinoxwb, IonoweHie POCCHKH" cTaJo Becbma OCTPbIM-b. 06ilecRBo He
MmeTmb HHI~aKiHxb AOXOAOBB In aaKe TcpnfHTb y6MTKH, HO HeCMOTP51 Ha
8TH T5I~enh2l o6cTORTenbCTBa mb) 6ygcmi, npogouiamTb pa6oTy Ao KoHIoa
roga Ha npemtHHx~b ocHooaHiRixb, nbbItHTal H31, npHcbliiaemhlxx -Ha npoga-
wy TeTpageft cb HapxaMK nHIUb 10% KOMiCCiOHH1,IX6 rCilOc-h nOiTOwbic
pacxogbl.
12. Eme paWn HanoMwHaeMi, ir r. x4eHamb, WTO C'b 4 MapTa C. r.
uepeBoglr AeHeri ti nocbjjica Rb UtHHbiXib H 3aKa3HbIxb nHchmax'b ACHer'b,
'eKOBb H M tHHbIXb 6yMar'b Ma.3b I~rociaBin. aa rpasiiuy cTporO BoCnpe-
uteHa, inpegb go M3MI3HeCHi 3TOP-O nOnoMeulsi.
13. flpoctm-b HtawmlIxi 'JeHOwb npHcbhiiaTb HOBMOWHO 6o0nbwuee
KOaH'eCTRo TeTpageft cl MaPKaMH Ha npogawy ARA yIej]HqeHij AOXOAHO-
CTH O-Ba H IOMOUcH 8THMAb HawHam-b qne'a,%-Mb wib nOnOZiHeHiH CHOHX-b
ionneKkill.
14. BcJItgCTrie ycTaHo5JleHiR i#KaKTa, 4TO r. 1'. qjiewbi saAepwIIaiato'r
y ce6si KtpyrOBb Is noCuIIKH Wb 6onfbWiC4RHTt cjiy'aeB-b 6onte ycTanojineH-
Haro cpoxa B'b 5 AHeAi HForga go qtnaro Mtcgqa, To TaKoro HapyiujeHiq
ripasBHJb O6Laecmno He MoeT-b AOnyCTHMTb, no'emy C-h I cero OKTR5p5I
cpoWb Haxo)mAeHIR Ha py=ax'b KpyFoHo foA nocblnKH yCTaHauiIHHaeTCs He
6ouite 4 AHeiH, a aa KtawgbI1 npocpoqeHHbIA JeHb 6yAeT'h 33hiCKtHIaTbcH
UlTpatfrb no 2 fpaHma.








Biw6niorpacfiRi


1. B,,ituem, H3 ne'aTH 1 CeHTm6psi KaTanor-b PHiepa Ha 1933 r-og-
(4-bHa 42 4p. 6e3i, nepecbun{H) Ha 1306 CTpaHHqLax-b (Ha 50 CTP. 6onbWe,
HeweJiH B-b npOWnJOMvb rogy). npo~aomnu i8M13HeHisi B-b HymepagiH Ma-
poI('b HtKOT. r-OCYAaPCTrII., Ao6alneHO Mworo penpoAyI(Rill mapoKia, a At-
Hbl B006ule I HAoHeHbm, 3HaqtiTenbHo ynaIH 4JtHbi Ha [Orocnaeiio, rlonb-
Illy H HtKOT. mapKH PocciH (HaBoAHeHic ynano Cit. 120.- Ha 62. 50 jip.).
a Hao6opoT1, CHJnbHo nOAHRTbI WbHbI Ha Uct hmapIH U. S. A. 'neHbi )Ke-
naioatie nony'HTb KaTauiorb Msepa Ha 1933 rogi, no cHiNieHHOtl 4tHt
(36 p. KaTanor-b+9 #p. repechulrKa) 621ar0oziiRT-b npHcnaTb B-b 0-Ho
45 4)paHIOB'b.
2. 0- BOM-i Iio.,IyqeH-b OUTOBbIR npeAc'b-KypaHr-b Ng 2 MapoK b Poc-
Cim H CCCP OTb rnaBHaro eBponeAciaro areHiTa CowhTCKoAl 4DonaTen.
Accoqiauin B'b .Toioe'pHt cpatna CeKyna (Frank Sekula, Lucerne). flpo-
AaHHbI5 JU!Hbl Bb py6ngxlb, 100 py6netl S= oA. 51.53 Him (4)YHT. 14.6.0.
lA-HbI HaCTOJnbKO BbICOKH, 'TO eAsa RK HaAyTrCH uio6HTeJH noKynaTb.




Ec.nu cpatHllITb tBIHbi na rauleHbi) MapKH CCCP ci KaTaaorOM-h HPepa
193;3, To iii, 6ojibUIIHCTB'h f IllUb aaCTCA CKnIHKa 500/o la 10 sK3., Ha nt-
KOTOphIb ',, a sarTfi, na 200-n'hTie aKageMinl 400!',. Aecnrirbt-rie
oKTrs6p. peloni. 30%U; AecCr. Ip. apMiH ..11 .. neAarorlii. BtcTaBKa m
6esnpuaopn. 1926 r., no iKaTanory, 6ese-hc BCHKO CKI(IHAH.
3. Bi, OKTH6p't; BbliAeT.', 1131 ne'faTr Ha cep6CKOM'b 53bilid Bi, 113-
,aTenlbCTrlh; A. Ctiajth ul, PyMb ,jOK)ocnaHl HCKia (HilaTCJenCTHneCKiB
IroAUluin aU IH1 KapMaHHOM-b ( opMaTt (I1 '1 X6'. CM.), OKlOno 250 CTp.
IIocBHnILteHHblI (jnaTenjin HBb IOrocnaaiin ci agpecamii (|nlilaTenlCTOwl' nI
o6ilIaIM craTbS1MH; 'tnHaa 30 AlnIap,..




O6 baBineHia


KoMnieHierT ypnana ,Poceela" N2N2 2-9 npooaeTca
B'b 06uecTBaw aa 25 tpaHi<. cb nepecbuni(oH. OTn-nbHbie
Homepa no 3.25 4ip. c-b nepecbnaoi. N2 I wypHana, KaKb
6H6niorpa4anqectan pBtAoROCT, npoAaeTca no 12.50 )p. cd
nepecbilanoi (ocTanoci. HtcKOjbibO 1KI.)
HrepecOai-t Ha pyccKiti sl ~.I Ii'. N ~t nii I cinoapn K KaTajnory
HMepa npojtacTcn no 5 ([p. ci, nepecbmnwoi.





ESTLAND ROTES KREUZ
1. 10. 100.
1920 geschnitten 21/-+l, 5+2 Mk. Yvert
47, 48. Michel 30A,31A. Scott255,256 -.30 2.10 16.50
1920 gezahnt 2'1/2 1, 5--2 Mk. Yvert
47a, 48a. MiLhel 30B, 31B. Scott257, 258 -.40 2.80 21.-
1926 Aufdrucke 5- 6 u. 10- 12 Mk. Yvert
3 84, 85. Michel 65, 66. Scott 263, 264 -.60 4.-- 32.-
1931 2+-3, 5+3, 10+3, 20+3 Sent. -.60 5.50 53.

Tageskurs. 1 Dollar U.S. A=3.72 Ekr. 100 Schweizer Fr.=
Ekr. 72.- Kasse voraus oder Nachnahme. Porto stets extra.
Zahlungen per Checks oder Banknoten per E. Brief. ,,Estonia"
Mitgliedern 50/ Rabatt.
INTERNATIONALER PHILATELISTEN VEREIN ,,ESTONIA" e. V.
I\ A Tallinn, Kinga tan. 10. Estland.




EXPERTS SIT)CILISTI-S
EN TIMIWM-S DE KU55SIF
. ET EI.ATS I r.SUSl )E -
LANCIiN I:MI\IKr IN lSSI ,
. = CIIOIX NORMI -
, IDE TIMBIS-T'lPlS.
- RAKITIS. VARIrT.S I
ERREUKS. ESSAIS cIS 0,
.-rrm ---^ Cdntrr prC Z


m-12, rue de Biecaremt PMI!" (') 2. rue de Bucarest- PARIS ,8')--

Caa5an cTapan M KpynHan pycci
cyutecTBy1oiMaf 11 ia'tTb.
CneriajtICTub-aKCcepTbr n1o MapKam'h Pocci u t Iooc6paao3auit,
e.'liC bi CInH;iKa'TOHB Toproiiite]'Bi-41j)H aTeC1iCTOubh llapip Ka,
Bpioccean a npo0.
CaMblI KpyHHbH B'b Mipt CTOK'b

I MapOKlb POCCi H HOB00pa3oBaHia.
rpoMaiubiti bi6op-b cepiA, ptli(ocTelf
oneqaToK-b I BapiaHTOBs'.
-'L- ~tHbI BH' KOHKypeHIuiH I
n1oxynKa, ipoal
IIOChli]iII Ila B13 6op0p., 9KCIICpT1ll~bi.
CfnEUIAJIbHbIH KATAJIOFb POCCIH H HOBOOBPA30BAHIiM
(HM itaie 1927 r. Ha (PpanuyacKOM i, ~8bi8Ki)
f-clilli ui eAlricTBeHHb i Tpy- cneiLianhno nocunineHHtitt
pyccIatIM MapKaM '. Bonxite 500 ,nmioc'rpaili. Bct cnparun.
Bct paanoBHaWHocTn.
IUiHa Ci nepecbmlKo Bo H (paHnli 15 (p.; aarpaHnnty 16 ()p. 50.
Oco6,i T pawi,: 1(0 HyMpolanHHblix, aaeMIInpoW, na pocKoul-
HOl M-anoHoio 6yMart. LI;nHa c-b nepechiuKOa 35 (ip.
lo nepBomy Tpe6onaHnio mbu b]cbjacM I, 6eannaaTro namH 6tonneTeHn
pacnpoAax-b no noHHnen. utlinaMrb (Offres d'occasions)
(Haimu lnoJiHblI npeHicKypaHT% BbbimAeT'b ocenbwo)
JInrLaM-b, npIucjJIaioHL I M cnncMn aM CCHTpcpcyi0,oInx1. xl, MapOKr I
(mancolistes), Mbi nocniaeM', cIneliajibmllH npeAnoloeHii,.
11pi aanpocaxl, upocIIM npInaraTI, MapKy na OTihT'iI,
unn Me lityHapoAIIbiA Kynoil.
Maison ROMEKO, 12, Rue de Bucarest PARIS 8c K
E* n@1 EBil5 W IN


S~aON

OM~EREB
lit's o S T R
COLC 10 S^


* ENVOIS A CHOIX *
EXECUTION SOIGNEE DE
* MANCO-LISTES -
SERVICE SPECIAL DE
- NOUVEAUTES. PRIX
HOR.S CONCURRENCE
- GARANTIE ABSOLUE -
DE L AUTHENTICITY

SA rvk ("A**? u.. PARIS S,.:,







,,ct>l)1ATEJ IFl"
ToproB.JsI nIIOqTOBbIMIi MapKaMn

OcKapa KHnMeqKaro
B'bJIFPA/tb (BEUGRAD, Terasije 5)
Bojnbmof Bbl6Opp nrOqTOBhiXb, MapOKb BC'xb CTpaH'b, raaB-
HbIMb o6pa3aom BajKaHcIKnx' rocygapcTBb, oco6eHHO -
Cep6iu, IOrocnaBin, BocHiH H qepHoropiH.
F[ouynra 11pogawa MiHa


Huiy cepbeaHbixt ineHOBb, KenairoAiHx-b o6MHIHHBaTbCf TOJIbKO
MapKaMH. Aato C-'eepHyio A opnxy, a TaKme paa3HbI cTpaHbl.
>Kejnao TOJbl(O EBpony, C.-Il.TaTbl, ApreHTHHy, MHin, a
TaKme BCt KOnOHiH.
npomy He npHcbnaTh MapoKh CL HanneqaTKaMH
6esE npeRBapnTenbHaro cornacifl.
06MtHr no HBepy MHHHMyM-b 300 4pamncob.
A. B. REBECC'b, Rue de Tanger, Casablanka, (Maroc).
fpeCTaBHTeen b ,,PoccuHim B-a MapoKKo.


eBponecLRaxb CTpaH- B03AlI 1HO IO T
n1 p ena rato no ayiHayIo noTry Euponb (MapaCH
nHcbMa), Kpo'b1 To01 Pocciro n 9)CTOHiu no MaHnojniCTy.
He HcKnioqena noiyntia Mapow'b
tjeH-b Int. Aero Phil. Club 295. ,,PoccnKa" 197.
Iona PANDULO. Tallin. Koleri 16, k. 9. Estonie.


D~~~gi-------1 I -------l 1 ---- -----'[

1908 mz ,,UNJA" 6-6 1932

H Me>AyHapoAHoe O-BO HnajIaTeanCTO


B'b


UOi)iuanbHhin opraw'b ,,rilatelista" eCKeMtcnllHi1l
uJnmJocTpHpoBaHHblfl McypHanrb.
Fo1goont qnenHCIit B3HOCh' 1 aM. AoInnap'b Ini 60 C nH.
(TaKuie MOAHO 1BHOCcTb nyquHluMI InaleHblMMH MapKaMpe
Ha 150 Op. no 1Hepy).
\l UipocneKTbl H W3ypHanib BbCbjlnaioTcai 6e3nrnaTHO.
Peatui HypHnaa ,,Filatelista"-Ciechocinek-Pologne

I--mir------











IOrocnaBlaHCKiMi ~IHuaTejnHCTHecRiH


rOAM1HHMK-b

FlepBbig BbllyCK b noKaaaTeJlbHOR iOrOC1jaBfHCKOH
4 jia'rTeJiif


FO)tM'HHKHb ;y;Ierb OT(levaTa'HJ, B% KOJIM'leCTBi
6ojrhbe 1000 aK3. na cep6cKOMi b 1fabKt, B'h Ht-
CKOJIhKO CO'Tell'l CTpaH14Mll', CO cneliajllhblMM
IHay HllhblMHlI CTaThRIMH, M.I.II p1 ),lliiti\I M aApecaMn
IOrOCJiaBnHiHCKi( (4)nJIJTelIlCTOIHb M 4HIlaTeJIlCT.
S0 o()'baBileielnlMH.

XL tHa 06ftiBneHili:
1 cTpaulta pon. 5.-
2 ,, 3.-
~, .-


06bglBjieHii npIIHHHMaRoTCfl o 15 OKTf6. c.r.

FOAHtuHHu'b Bblii eT-b HM'b neqaTH BTb IOHIUt
oIT56pI, u IHa 30 AHHapl' .

3aBineHiI n AeHbrH nOCblJIaTb HCKJ.IOHH-
TeJbHO no atpecy:

r. AHMtTpHje B. C AJ H T.
PyMa, IOrocnaBHja,






































KTO MHI npliitneT'r, 500 IlT. MapoKi cuoero rocynapCTBa nn Afpyroro
Ao 10 r3K. KawAlaro copra, nojnyqrT'h u'b O6MH-bh TO 1e KOnjqecTUO
In CTOIMOCTb BI nOJIbCKIHX'b Mapiaxi, AaHiUHr'b, Mexif, repManil 1
ABCTpin.
Juljusz JURASZKO, Biala kolo Bielska, ul. Halcnowska 31a. Pologne.


BTi O6UAecTBk ,,PoccnKa" nponaIoTCsI r ln An neCHOB- airnitcFci o6MtbnHHM
reTpaAo4KH Ann MapoOJi,-6yMara B, KIr'!Try, pasaMtpp 9X131/, cM., Ih-
Ha sa 10 tuTywi, 5 4bpaHKOWi, C'b nepecbialjoi (MOWHO npHCbinaTb TeKy-
I HMiI HeramCenH MHa MapKaMI no icypcy).


B-b 06tecTh-b ,,Pocc ta" HIIMtIOTCA It.i'hHbI1 ,II CwI UITeMnejlbble KOH-
BepThr 10 Ron.-I-1 on. 1819 roa;l, no iaTa.aory C. c. A. N2 7, c-b ottH-
Rolo 50 aon. py.nele, c-h rauteHien-b 1854 n 1857 r.r., --- tHa 4 aM. aon.
3anpauiHBaTb PyKloanonenni.




PeaxTop- n H aAaTejub E. M. ApxaHrenbcKii.
B'natn lepKoBh, IOrocnaeis.
PyccRan TnnorpasiH C. 0. Q'InIOHOBa, HoBbib Caab, TeMepniHcaq, 25










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