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Group Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00085
 Material Information
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: K.L. Wilson
Place of Publication: Falls Church Va
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 94/95 called also no. 94/95.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020235
Volume ID: VID00085
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05843071
lccn - sn 80008626
issn - 0035-8363

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Main
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
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        Page 134
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        Page 136
Full Text

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nHCbro ,Postat e Qeverries se Perkohishme" H Bb, teHTrpB te
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rara, rapa, pra, rpa, pta, p ra, pa a, pa, a; groci, grocj, griah,
frosh, gros, grsch, brgosh, brosh, grosg, grooh, broosh, gro s, ho-
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rpouefi 4, 6, 5 Ha 4, 19.
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V Bh nyCK'b.
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BepHyTOMi sitalB.
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noTOMI, ywe Ha HHX-b HaKJiaAhlBalJH OTneqaTKH. OTneiaTowK
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AHH' i-b Jaro JIHCTa MOWHO HaaiTH BepTHKaJlbHbIl He npoay6io-
BaHHbIH napu. CylUecTBYKIOT a8KeMnjiapbi BbI 10 H 20 napa
coBeptueHHO He IpoSy6ioOBaHHie (oeHub pAaKie H Aoporie). Cy-
uMecTBylOTb TaKwKe Hpo6Hbe aK(eMnJlapu: 10 napa KpacHas;
30 napa CHHaI, 1 rpouiw aeJieHas, 2 H 3 rpoma 4io-
:IeTOBai.
Bc3 cepiu npojaBaanacb TOJIbKO Bb noSTOBofi KOHTOpt B'H
BanoH h u axoAHnaCb Bsb o6patueHin no 29 AeKa6pa 1913 roaa.
rameHie BCtxx n5TH BbInyCKOBS BO BCX'b1 aJliaHCKHx'b
nOqTOBbIX'b KOHTOpaXb npOH3BOAHJIOCb BbM Heia Hepe)IHO H He-
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KpacKaMH -CHHei, qepHnol, pioJneTOBoI HJIMH pacHO-KHpnaqnHi.
IlpoHcxOHJIo aTO BCJI'tACTBie TOrO, qTO nO9TOBbIe 'IHHOBHHKi
ynoTpe6jiRam Ain rameHnia IpacKH, ocTaBaBIuiacn OT'b neqaTaHij
Mapowc, npHIfeM'b, KpoMIt Toro, no BOCTOqHOmy o6bbqaio, onH
BC'b KpacKH nepeMI3IuI1Bannj Me)y co6doo.
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op44naHianbHO BbInycKajiHCL npaBHTejbCTBOMIb 6e3b KJlea; HO
me)Ay npo0HMu B s HtI(OTOpbIXbl nrOTOBbIX o KOHTOpaX- (3Jlb-
6acaHa H BepaTn) cjyn AaBaJnx MapKH Bs, rOTOBOMb ywe sBnt.
VI BM n yc 1(.
Bct nepobje naTb BbinycIOB-b 6hJiu CJIyqaiHbIMH H B pe-
MeHHnuMH, lacTOaRlifi e nOCTOaHHbIi BbInycKb npeAcrTauiaeTr
co6o1i no pHcyn HTaJIbHHCKoe npaBITejibCTBO BeJiHKOAy[UHO npejtNjiouH(IO
AjiaHi6 aTy npeKpacHyio cepiio, HarpaBHpoBaHHnyo Bas TypMtA
B' ,,L'All officina Carte Valori". PHCyHOKb npeACTaBJiaeTr co-
6oto B'b MeAanoibOH nOPTpeT'b CKantep6era c-, KpyroBott HaA-
nHcM o: ,,Skanderbergu Mbreti i Shqipetarevet", CHH3y neHTa C-b
HaAnHCb[o: ,,Gjergji Kastrioti", a BBepxy: ,Shqipenia e lire" (CBo-
6o0AHa A.6aHia). Me)KRy lnpoqHMb Bsa TeKCTi MapoKi, onymena
omu6j6a: cnJJoBaJno ,,Skanderbegu", a HaneqaTaHo ,,Skan-
derbergu", HO TaKIb Karcb'h TO 6bIJi'b Aapi, TO onT nepeAmjin
HaAnHcH B'b KJIHHmI oTKa3ajHCb. MapKH HMtioTi' ay6qonBKy
14 BsunymneHbI 1 Aeia6pa 1913 roAa.
Becb BblIyCKc1 COCTOHT-b lH3b CJl'ayIOllHx'h MapOKIb:
Mcnonb3oBaHO tiicTBiHT-
AnJI Hatne'laT. HapacxoA.
2 KHHTapI, Ka uiTa. n KweJIT. 480.813 a3<3. 278.250 202.568
5 aeJenaa 480.391 330.400 149.991
10 ,, Kpacnaa n posoBa 481.329 ,, 330.900 150.429

104






25 CHHna H rony6aa 487.061 404.150 82.91
50 JloaioBaa H 4iojeT. 485.151 426.500 58.651
1 4paHKti KopHqH. H CHHaa 99.638 58.500 41.13&
MapKn oTneiaTaHbi THnorpacJKHMz- cnoco6oM'b na MtJIO-
aoio 6yMart, paaMsp'- paMiKH 22X28 MM. B'b aTOM'b Hblnyculk
OTCyTCTBylOT'b OUII6KH H pa3HOBHNHOCTH.
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6oraro oAapeHHaro TaJiaHTaMH H yMOMIb.
Feopriii KacTpioTHc, no npo3Baniio CKaHAep6er', wanC-b
B-b nepioA'b, KorAa MorywmecTuo TypoKb BeoapacTajo Cb Heo6bi-
qaHinoii CHJnoi. nocat noKopenia TypKaMH Majiofi AaiH nocai -
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no(opeHie MaKeAoniH, Qeccanii, Cep6in, BojirapiH, 6HTBa
na KoccoBOMib noni na y HIKononj, BaaTie KOHCTaHTHHOnonJI
N paapymenie BOCTOqHOi HMnepiH. Mypaw II1, nepeKpaHBaa
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nlhaMn rieAaMaaM Ai6aNHiH, rAt aacBJIn cBooAo;i:ro6uiHBbe uIKH-
nerapH (aji6anub).
B'b OAHOM' H3ab aaTHx'b rHtasAb, Bb ceMb-t BaaltTeJibHaro
KHaaa KPOiH, HIana KacTpioTHca H ero weHbi, cep6cKofi KHRW-
Hbn BojicaBb, 7 mapTa 1414 roaa poAHJIIc CblHnb reoprif, 6yAy-
mifi BOwn 6bui HenpHMHpHMbnMb BparoMb TypoK'i, a Kpola BcerAa 6bina
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WarT ero opy>eiema H AeHbraaM. YentxH, oAepXaHHMe uHMl






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no BsITiN TOIopHKH, UOCJIbAHeii unTafleJl TypOKS B,-
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HtKOTopbie aJ6aHcKie KHa8bs, nplHHFBuie ICJIaM-b. He B3sipaa
Ha noMouib Kopojin c1epAaHHaHAa HeanoJIITaHcMaro, CKaHaep6er-b,
norepTBsb Kpoiho, B IHy~KeH% 6buri- nOKIiHyrb Aji6aHiFo t nICKaTb
BpeMeHHaro npitoTa Ba Urailin. lepea- rojAb OHb BoaBpatuaeTcH
Ha poAHHy H CHOBa Boao6HOBJ1I eTb 6opb6y cb TypRaMi, HO Ha
8TOTr pa3a, 6yAyqu noAftepwanHl BeHeuiaHCKliMb I.'ITOMro OH b
ocBoo60WaeT' K'poHFo, nocaii 9ero MaroMer- II, nnJIqo pyKOBO-
pamiBuiK BoeHHbIMa onepaLnisM, noRKtuaer- An6aniio. OnnTb Ha
CT'Hax'I CB'BTrpaApa, KpIBnocTH Kpoii, B3BBaaerca anoe 3tHna
CKaHAep6era c- qepHbM epH ByrJnaBbIMb opJnom nocpeaitiHl H
CHosa Ai6ania cTaHOBsHTCr TeT,-Ae-noHOM xpiicriaHcKoli Eu-
ponsb (a~ 1456 roay).
CKOHnanjca reopritt KacTpioTuiic 7 Mapra 1467 roaa B-
caMalti paarapi pa6oTm no o6SeanlHeHiIo In cnnio4eHil Bopaw)KAy)-
umHXi Meway co6oto an6aHcKHxb nruree-eH. An6aHnUb mlKorJa
ne sa6yayTm CKaHAep6era, aToro Hautione sipgaro BblpaanTejr
max jyqlmHX'b ynoBaHifi, a ero iiin Bceraa ocTaHeTCR CHMBO-
JIOMu CBsoo60AHO An6aHilH.
HeflocpeaTBeHHO sa nOCTOIHHHbiMb BbnyCKOM1 nor0TOBbIX'b
MapoK-b, 23 epeBpaj8l 1914 roaa nocnb-sosanjb BbnycK-b aonniaT-
Hbuxb Mapoic, npeajTaBJIrolujHXb co6oio HaaneqaTKII pylHbiM'
KayCyKoBbIM% ulTemneneMb Ha MapKaxi c-b noprperoM- CKaH-
aep6era 6o0aibuof 6yKBsb T, KOTopyIO HaNCKocb nepect-aeT-b
npaMan JaIHi 9Hf CJIOBO Takse".
B, aTOTr BublnycKb BxoA %T- c-i-ayioutif apKi:
2 KHHT. HaAn. ,Takse" CHHaI 13.100 aKa.
5 ,, KpacHaa 11.700 ,,
10 CIIHas 12.150 ,
25 KpacHaa 10.350 ,
50 ,, ,, epHal 10.250 ,,
Ma1sBCTHO HeMaJloe Koj elecTBo omWioK-a i pa3HOBMAHo-
CTeii H Bb OnHCbBaeMOM'b BbnycKu. TaK-b Ha MapK-B Bs 2 KHHT.
cyMecTByebr HaAneqaiKa (iojieTOBOl n i epHoii KpacKam (no-
CJif AH l oqeHb ptAKa); Ha MapKi B-b 5 KHHT. 'CHHRl H 10
RKHT. IiojieToBaai H pyrie OTTBHKII; KpoMI Toro nepeuep-
HyTTbhi' HaneqaTKH ch oaHoii 6ysKoii ,T" 6e3- cjioaa ,,Takse".
CyIeCTBylOT'r H noAA b K ynpMSIHyTbI-b HaAneqaTOKb.






Vll Ba.fnycxK..
BI, HHBapt 1914 rofa MeWayHapoanaH KOMmCCiR Bs- BaJnoH'~
Ha'ana pa6oTbi no BBeAeilo IouHcrirytiH B-b An6aHiH H nocnana
generaihoo KIb KHRH8s BuAY, njeMaHHnKy liMnepaTopa Blnbrenb-
Ma, cb npeAJnomeHieb npflHHATb THTyJlb KHR3R AJi6aHCKaro.
KRnb B BHA-BbLcalHJica BaI Jypaiuo 7 MapTa, it no 8TOMy cJy-
qaro MHHHCTepcTBO noOT'b catglaJlo HagnetaTKy pyMHbIUM Me-
TanlHqeCKHM' KJIHUle Ha MapKaxa BbinycKa 1913 rona c-b nop-
TperoMs CKaHaep6era: ,7 Mars 1467 Brofte Mbreti 1914" (aa
aaaBCTByeT'b KHub), 1467 ro'b rogA' cMepTl Cl 1914 BoacTaHOBJIeHie ft npa6blTie HoBaro KH13H.
HaAneqaTKiH cnJtAyyomHXab IlB'TOB's:
2 KHHT. -- 4iOJieToBai
5 ,, ,epHas
10 -
25 lonjeToBaa
50 epHaa
I paHK--
Bca cepia BbnytueHa Bs KOJIHqeTBt 8500 aK8. H 6uJna B'
o6pauxeniH c, .7 no 15 Mapra 1914 roAa. CymuecTByeTI no HS-
CKOJIbKO aKaeMnflJpoBe BctX'b HOMHHaJIOBb 6ea' HaAneqaTKK
,7 Mars"; -Apyrax' paaHoaBnHocTei H OUIIoma6o B'b aTOM'N Haga-
HiH He 661iio. B'b npogam$ MO*nHO HanTH noaA.w JbHbi Hagne-
qaTKH.
VIII BbinycY b.
npH nepeMnHib AeHenKHoi cucTeMbi cepin MapoK'b 1913 ro-
Aa 6uina no npeanomeHiaIo noTroearo BtAOMCTBa HcnonbsoBaHa
nocpeACTBOM' HaAneqaTKH HOBORi BajAIOTMb Bs napaxib H rpoiaxb.,
HoB1ia MapKiH 6biM BbunyumeHu Ba 06pauAeHie 2 anptjin 1914 ro-
aa. HaAneqaTKa ,para" HMaerle Bb UHpuiHy 13 MM., no BbiCOTI
3 MM., nepeA% CJIOBOMb ,para" a nocnJ Hero nocpeAlHHi5 WKp-
Hbfi KOPOTKif lepTbi AnJHHOlo P'/ MM., BCO HaAneqaTKa saHaHa-
erb no AgiHHh 18 MM. HaAneqaTKa ,grosh" MxteTb no uiHPHHtb
17 aM. H no BbICOTb 3 MM.; BicoTa IHtppb 31/g MM.
Becb BbInyCK'b no HaAneqaTKaMi, H KOJIHqeCTBy pacnpeAt--
JAeTcs TaK'b:
5 napa Ha 2 KHHT. 269.750 Ka.
10 5 321.900 ,
20 ,, 10 322.400
I rpourm 25 395.650 ,
2 50 418.000
5 1 panHKi 50.000 6
14Toro 1.7T7.700 8K8.
Bb HaAneqgarKax- nppouaoman HbKOTOpbiA OmwI6KH. TaKb,,
nMBBCTHbi AgBOiHbi N nepeBepHyTbiH HaaneiaTKM 5, 10, 20 na-






pa, I n 2 rpoma, HO nOBHJuHMOMy OH CylneCTBYIOTbh Ha BCtxib
HOMHraJax'b, ABOlHaa naHAneqaTKa HOMHHaja BBepxy MapKu,
TOJIbKO HaAneqaTKa uH4pbI HoMHHajia 6ea3' CJIOBb ,para" umJ
,,grosh" HJI me Ton bKo cinoa ,para" HJIH ,grosh" 6es'h utnpbib
HOMHHajia. To'Hoe KOJImecHCTRo aTHXb OIUH60K'b HeH3BtCTHO.
ioBHsnlomy act nepeqacnjieHHn oumnHna cymecTByIOTr- Ha
BCtX'h HOMHHallaXh'b TOH cepiH, XOTRa H B B'ecbMa HeaHa'iHTejib-
HMIX' KOJiHEeCTHax1b, 6blTb MO)KeTb, Aawe Ha eAHHHMHblX-b aKSeM-
nanpaxa; B-a npoaaWt TaKia MapaK HHraB He BCTpt'laiOTC5H aate
Ha 3HB'tCTHbiX'b 6ojibunHx' ayKuIioHaxab.
HaAne'aTKa nponasBeena B'b rocyaapcTBeHHoi THnorpauiH
Bab ]ypaulo. MapKH o6pautaJnucb no 27 iIoHH 1915 roAa, T. e.
141/ Micanes-b.
16 anpmi 1914 roaa cocTOaica BbinycK'b HOBbIxb horonnarT-
Hbux' MapOKhb CJI'1aylOI HX'h qeTbipex'b AOCTOHHCTBH:
10 napa Ha 5 KHHT. 19.619 ana.
20 10 18.671
1 rpolin, 25 12.939
2 50 14.849
HToro 66.078 aKa.
Ha BCBX'b aTHX'b AOlOHJaTHbiXb MapKax~- HBasBCTHa nepesep-
HyTaa HaAneqarKa ,takse".
B-, npoAa*B1 HMtUiOTCa H 4)ajibllHBbuit HaanevaTKI.

IX Bbanyc-b.
KaKb TOJIbKO KH9ab BH a BCTynNIJIb B'b ynpaBJieHie CTpa-
HOIO, Bb rocyaapCTBeHHOOi THnorpagiHa ab BU1HB, HeMeeAneeHHo
65bua saKasaHa cepia MapoK0 c'h ero nopTpeTOM-b: I KRHT. -
cipaa, 5 HHT. -- aeneHan, 10 KHHT. poaoBaa, 20 KHHT. KO-
puHHesaa, 25 K HT.- CHHana, 50 KHHT.- 4)iojieTOBaa, I 4parHK' -
ctpan. a3T MapKH 6buJ npeAJnowIeHbi Aji6anii aBCTpi~tcKM1b
npaBHTeJlbCTBOM'h I nppH6blJIH Bi /ypaiuio Ba1 ceHTa6pt 1914 ro-
Aa (TpH MapKH BbICWBHX1 JOCTOHHCTBb 2, 3 H 5 4PpaHKoaB He
6biJH BbnynenHb). MapaK oTneqaTaHn Ha xopomefi MtjioBofi 6y-
Mart Cb ay6gqoBKOi 13X121//.
BI CeHTs6pt 1914 roaa B'b Aji6aHiH paspaasiac pesoiro--
Hia H KH8ab BHa' BHaesanHo noCnnyjb Ajn6aHio H noTOMy o0p4H-
qiaJInao aTa cepia He noaBHnJacb Bs o6pameHin.
B-, cenTal6p- Toro we roAla Bi' Aln6aHiIo BCTynunI HTaJIbaH-
cKis BoficKa, 3aHnjn roFpoa'b Aypaqito H aaxBaTHJIH Becb bflnycK-b
aTHXi- Mapowb (no OKOJiO 'IeTBepTH THpawa OCTranocb B'b nowro-
BOM'b MHHHCTepCTB'b).
TonaKo aB 1020 rQay Ha ocTaTKax- arTOi cepin BbinymeHb
HaAneJaTKH 8b CKyrapH. BMaCTe C-b YIIynoMHyTbMH MapkaMH
ITanbaHCaHMH BoiiCKaMH 6ujb, TaIoKe peaKBH poBanwI, sanac,
mapoJnb, orneqaTaHHnux Tunorpa4diei S. Modiano Bb TpiecT1B,
no saxasy TpeTbaro a:i6aincaro KoHrpecca (esBpaib 1913 roAa).






3TH MapKH 6bJlHa OTneqaraHbl Ha O0eHb TOHKOR 6yMarb. Ha
HHx- Bb uierHTpt Hao6paKeHb qsepHoi KpacKofi aji6aHCKii opejl,
H BOKpyr, Hero Ha 6BOoMM-b @OHb Hananrcs: .1ndependance Al-
banaise"; sBepxy MapKH Ha IepHOMtu 4OHt iiiia HaAnHCb 6'jibi-
MH 6yKBaMH: .Posta e Shqyperise", a BHn3y no yrjnaMi, epHblS
uIH4pbi HOMHHaJIOBb H CJIOBO ,cts", a nocpeaHHt MewH y HMMI
Ha aejieHno ) #OHt posters" KpoM1h Toro BBepxy paaA5tineHHnU
UHQpbM roaa 19 12 (Aara o06bsBjieHi e HeaaBHCMMocTH).
nlocl tBejlHKOH BOiiHbl ypaqio 66l1 o0KKynHpoBano ascTpii-
CKHMH BOHCKaMH, KOTOpusl TaKl)e 3aXBaTHJIH BCe oCTaBuiec%
sanacu ynnOMRHyTbux MapoK% m npoaaa1BJI HX'b KaKb B- AnGa-
Hin, TaKx> H Bb ABCTpo-BeHrpin.
Cb CeHTaI6p 1914 rosa no aHsapb 1919 rona Ani6aHni 6bina
OKKynapoBaHa paa3JHHblnMH BoiiCKaMH aBCTpitiCKHMH, HtMelq-
KHMH, 6ojirapcKHMH, PpaHnyscKHMM H uTanbblHCKHMH. Bo speMH
oKKynauiu Bba o6paigeHiH 6b6Jlm BHaajin TonJblO aBCTpiiicKia
MapKu, HO Booi6Ue aa Bce BpeMR OKKyna[liH He 6blJoM npaBe Jb-
Haro noTrosaro coo6uleHiia H Jilib TOJIbKO H*KOTOpbIe OTAl'JIb-
Hbie ropoAa An6aHin HMMBJ CBOH BbnyCKH (o KOTopuxI, H 6y-
ReM-b AepfwaTb pb'Bb 8 cJtiAYiolueii cBoeii aaMtITK'b), KOTOPMMH
MH HOJb30BaJIHCb HCKJIIOIHTejIbHO Bb CBOeii 3OHt.
(HpoAonweHie cntAyeT).
E. Apxanzejbcuxii.
----ess-



KATAlMOFrM3MI,
PYCC(MX'b MRPOH'b

I. BbinycKH c'b 1857 AO 1888 r.
BnoJIHB noHqTHbbli, HOCTORHHbhl HHTepec, rpoMaAHaro
60oJbtURHHCTBa 91eHOB'b ,PoccuKH" KI pyccKHMI MapKaMb ycy-
ry6JiaeTca TtbMl TO HMHBhtlHifi 1932-it roa'b AHBaHeTcH io6Hjaet-
HbuIMb Ajia MapoKb PoccificKoil HnepiH. 10 AeKa6pa IcnoJIHHTca
pOBHO 75 aJItT Co AHR BbIXOa nepBOi pyccKOfi MapKH B-b 10 ROn.
(ptaanoii). Mbl He 3HaeM'hb He nbTaeMca npegyraaaTb KaKi,
6yAeT- oanaMenHOBau' aTroTb o6nHjefi Ha Hametf PoanHHB H B'
Sapy6ewbH, H Hatiub o0epKcb BT CytIHHOCTH He npiypouHBaerca
KI aToMy ro6HJero H He nocBauiaeTca eNy, a aBJaercg npocro
nonbITKOiH nofBecTH HTorM HamIaHM anaHinaM o npeipaCHblux
crapblxb pyccIuxas MapKax-b.
3naniR a8T, yBbl, oqeHb HenoniHbl, nocrKOJibKy OHH He oc-
HOBaHbI Ha JIm'IHOM', MHOrOJI'fTHeM' OnblTt H CHCTeMaTHMeCKOMi'
HayqeHia MapoIHaro MarepiaJIa, a TaKWe H cnegiainbHOHi JHTe-
paTypbl. BOJIb[UIHCTBO HauKnxI o oJa ers co6HpaeTb pyccKII
MapKH, pyKOBOACTByICb, cygecTByiOIrHMH KaTanoraMH HAn oco-






6blMH aJIb6OMHbiMH JIHCTaMH KpynHiX'b MapOuHblX-l 4HpM',. 3a-
AaqelO Hamero oqepKa an BaIneTrcs aayenie H cpaBHeHie AaHHIx'b,
KOTopub Mu MOmb CeMl noHepnHyTb H3ab ylKaaaHHM-b pyKOBOACTBRh.
Hama MapoqlHbe KaTajiorH BbisnoJIHnlOT-b B'b cyUIHOCTH Ha
naaHaIeHia. OHH AaaoT'b HaMI onwcaTenblHbl cBte$taui o0 TOM'b,
KgaKi MapKH laHHOf CTpaHbi Cy-4ecTBYIOT n H CKOAbKO OH1B CTO-
aTS. PaayMsteTca Ka>i orpaHHnIenH MifCTOM'b KOTOpoe OH1, Mo)eeT-b yA-JiHTb TOil 11JH
HHOH cTpaHt, HO N CB53aH'b Heo6xOAHMOCTbIO C'lHTaTrC2 C% HIH-
TepecoMb npeo6iaaaioigaro qHcCJa KOJ JeKRioHepoB' TOFH JIM
HHOH cTpaHbi. 3TO OTHOCHTCa K-b nepBOi aaaqa3 KaiawAaro KaTa-
nora onucanio MapoK' H Hx-b pa3HOBHAiHOcTefi, HOcqIlUeMy
ionle HaJI MeHte HayHbnii, crTopMHecuKii xapaKTep,. B-b OltbHKfb
MapoK' KaTarJorn cBuasian, nowaJyfi, eme CHjnbH'e. ilpH Bbnon-
HeHin cBoeAi BTOPOi salnaqm cocTaB4TejinaM npHaxonHTa cI CLTaThc5
ywe c-h IoHCTO aKOHOMitiecoti( noaonjieKOf Bonpoca. 'oqTOBbris
mapKH B'h1b nlOTH ci caMaro noaBAJeniH Ha CB'BTl CTaji ,,TO-
BapoMNb", o6-eKTOM'b MUBHb, Kynjim H npoJawx. HeyAsHBuTejibHo,
qTO COCTaBHTeJIH KaTaJIOFOB' H MX'i .yqeHbie COBtT' lHUi" pyio-
BOACTByIOTCR MHorAa He CTOJIb(O ,,HayqHbiMM" COO6paweHniMH,
CKOAlbKO MepKaHTHnIbHbIMH, qaCTO BblbiBaeMbiMM npaMofI KOH-
KypeHniefi Me>Kly KpynH'HIuHMH MipOBbIMH MapO'IHbMH 4IHPMaMH,
OTKprTO, a HHorfa H TaAino CTOaIIHIMH sa HaAaTejibCTBaMH ra-
TajorosBb H Mapoq'nHbixb WypHa]jOBi. 3a npmrHmpaMH n AoKasa-
TeJnbCTBaMH gAaAeo xoAHiT He npnxoAITCH. B'b ,PoccaRK" yw npHBOAHncs u4inBbi p'RA'b ghHHbX1~ 1 yKa3aHi OTHOCMTelnbHO OIUH-
60K-b, a HHofi pa3s H HeKi ppeKTHocTei KaTaiaoroBi, npeBoano-
caHllfX', OAH't MapKH Bb yumep6b Apyram s. Ho caMbat npocToki
cnoco6'b ARoiaaaTeJibCTBa KpoeTca B' cpaBHeHiH Me>)ay co6olo
paHUbIX'b KaTaJIOrOB-.
IlepBoe, rTO 6pocaeTca un riiaaa aTo ecTecTBeHHlas rn-
neprpo4)iar B, KaTaJIormSamiH OTA BjibHbuXb CTpan'b. HIMeiKie
Karanorn yAtJIRlOT' nornTHoe BHHMaHie repMaHCKHM1 MapKaM'b
(Mi ywe He roBopnHM, o cneuiaJlbHbiXh, KaTajiorax- H pyKIOBOA-
crTaxa K'b co6npaHiio H'Benuinx' MapoK,); aHrjiHraHe BblAtl-
JIlIOT'b BejiHKo6pHTaHiio sB' OTAJjbHylO IHHWKKy; aMepHaHuanib
AoBoJATa cneqHjHKanitio aMepHKancKHnx' mapoK'i Ao KpaiiHHx,-
npeAIJno'b B03MoWHaro H T. a. [aawe cnegiajnbHbii KaTaJIorF'
pyCCKHx'b MapoKI, BKrIoqaioulif H MaprH COBhrTCKia n Ha3laHHbnui
COB~iTCKOii Q4HnaTejnaCTIn. Accouiagieii B- 1928 roay, yatBaeTi
KaaccHIecKHM-b MapKaM- Poccin McrTa He 6oabmue, '4sM'b Jo6ofi
xopomiii 8arpaHHqHbMi KaTaaor-b, noTOMy qTO aTOT MOCROBCsKii
KaTajior'h B'b CyIMHOCTH BBJIaeTCR JIHTepaTypHo H Aa)e noJIHTH-
IecKH 06pa6oTaHHbIM'b ponaraHaHbIAm npeftcKypanTOMi, coBTbm-
CKlux MapoWi, KOTOPhlMH caNa COBsTC(Ka ~IHJiaTejHCTFHqeciCKa
AccoIianiR TopryeT onTOM'b 4 B-b poa3Hty, mJaBHbIuM o6pa-
3ombh arpaHHMnei.
HepexoAa Ku- paadopy oncaHifi pyccKHX'b MapoKl, Bm paa-
HhlX-h KaTaJlOrax-b, MM CqHTaeMb AOJIrOM'b nOAqepIHyTb, HTO He
co6npaeMca al8aMejHOBaTb COCTaBHTejeni H peaaKTOpOBs H CTa-






BHTb IMI. AYPHbig HAMI XOPOWIN OTM'%Tmi. HaIpOTHB-b, Mb AOJIDKHbI
H rOTOBbI BblPaBITb HMb 6jiar0JaPHOCTb 3a TO, 'To PYCCjig
mapt1H 130 BCIbXb KacmaA0Uax HaXOART%1 cpaBHHTeJnbHO doirle HAM
MeHite cnpa~eA]nBeyiO O 1tHKY H HM'b OTBOAHTCH 11 CHJIaM1, Sa-
CjlyWeHHoe m'bCTO. HaAanie *ce cnexialIbHaro RaTauiora cUapiix
PyCC1(Xb Mapo1(b A'151o camiix-b PYCCRHX. 4jHjiaTeJIHCTOB-L!
[loKa *(e rionpOCHM'b qHTaTeJI$ pacupblTb CBOr4 C06CTBeHHlbi
Rarajior- (KaKoBb 6b1 OH-h HH 6bunnB) Ha CTpaHHwh: ,Russie",
,Russia", ,Russland", Hml ,Pocc1iicKas i Mnepr".

HymepaI.U H AaHwe1 o6iiee IHCAO 3aHyMePOBaHHb1X' MapoK7,
Ha9HHa51 c-b nepaoii pt3aHo9 10 Ron. mapKH 1857 r. H KoH'1a5
CB'HTJo-meileH. 2 Ron. (6eea- CTpBnOKb) 1888 r. B% paasrjH-
Hb1X'Ib JaTaJiorax-b paaJIHqHo H Kojie6jieTCH Bb HHX- Me)K(AY 37
H 821 HoMepaMH, B'h aaBlICHMOCT14 OT- TOrO, ITO HtKOTOpw5If
mnapiH OTAJibHbIMM COCTaBHTeAIMH Boo6uxe He ynoMHmaiaOTcl, a
APYrHMH noM~bwmalOTCH fOA-b CO6CTeIeIIUbMll HOMepaMMH paa-
HOBNAHOCTI MapKI4 OAHoro H Toro we BbilnycKa.
Heep-b nepeHocCT'I, MapKy ropoJcK. no'limi 1863 r. B% Apy-
roii noRoTA-b. 1 % 2 Ron. MepHO-KpaCHal Aiapma mamIa'TCH y Hero
noA'i, NL 18 cpaay nocirb I Ro1. 1866 r., XOTH O11 BblnytyeHa2
9 JBT'L CnyCTR. MapKa Bsb 2 KOH1. cwBTJTo-aejieeaff, 3binyumeH-
Ham B-h 1888 r. AAMR OTJIH'If nf4H HC1YCCTBeHHOMb CB3T't OT%
MaP1(H B'b 7 icon. (1883 r.) nom'hulefa maK-b Pa3HOBHAHOCTb
NQ 29 noA-b 1883 roaOM'b. Bbinyuxeiian B'b mapTt 1879 r.
11% BHAY n0HHH(eHiri nOtT. Tapm4)a rapica ei, 7 KOH. nooMBsakela
panibie ceoeg apeAuiecTseHIIq b (8 1(1. itoJib 1875 r.). Pas-
HOBHAHOCTb T09i )Ce AiapmH Bb 7 Ron. Ha t6yMarit rep6oBbIx1,
Mapomi1 Boofte He ynoMHyTa. Y Ta1(HX-L 1~tHHMX'b MapOxb,
xaic'i 31/, H 7 py6. 6ea% cTptJIOwKb (1884 r.) HBm3b coBepueHHO
Heo6xojimaro yica3alliil Ha cyiIJeCTB0BaHie noAA0tJ]0K1( Ha
6yMart 6e3-b mtJIoBoro CJIOA oT1JIHqa1loUIIxc M MeHLWHM'b 4op-
MaTomx HM 1IorAa 3yti0Boii (14 BMtcTO 131/2).
MHxejjb, YOOMHHaM B', OTJIH'Iie OT'b OCTaJibt1biX'b R(aTajio-
0B1B tie HcKJIo'iM Aa>ace MOC1oBCKaro 0 TOMI, '4TO PHCY-
HO"1 nepBH# PYCCKOR MapKH HCnOAHeHI (P. M. Iennepomb, H3'b
roja B-b rFA'b YnOPHo COnp0H0B)1 aeT-b 8TOT'b TeKCTb PHCYHKOM%,
Hao6paw1atoigiHM- noxo)xyio 10 Ron. mapicy LapcTBa nIol6C1aro
1860 r. Bb oTJH'ie 0T-1 npo0Hx-b KaTanor. M. YDOMlHHaeT'b
0 cyI1ecTBoBaHiH npo6nofi map2c1(H B 20 K. (N2 3) aeJieHo-cHpe-
Heearo lAWhTa (Rat(% 25 K. abinycica 1905 r.), HO He ynoMHHaeTb,
ITO aTa np06Ha51 mapra 6biBaeT% H 6e'hb BOA. 3HaKa, T. e. Ha
6ymartb cji'Bj. BbinycCKa, HO C% 3y6511B1(ofl He 12'/2, a 15. -
HepnaRi pyCC1(as Mapia B'b 2 Ron. y M. nOKa3aHa jaaice cb ne-
peBepnyTblM'h ii~eHTPOM-, (IPOMrt nepesepHyTaro 4oiia), OTo cO-
Bepiienno tie BtPHO, T. K. ileHTPi 11 e'iaTajicq B-b OAHHI- npieMb
cVb PHCYHKOM'b. [iepeqHCnIl1 H1tOTOPbl1R np061Hbl MapKi4, M.
orpaHH'HBaeTC5 yma~aiieM'b Ha paaJIHtie B'b IABITUxb, HO MOA-
IHT', 0 PHCYH1(i (HanpHM. 1 Ron. C'b Te(cTOM-, IPOBA" Ha
MI'CTI OAHA ROn. H T. A.






SeH437b HanpacHo HapyulaeT'b npHHgTyIO Hymepauiio mapoica,
BKmnoDqa noA-b N2 8 MapRy Pyccicoil HOqTbI 81 Typiiw. He-
BtPHO yicaaaw- rO.'b Bbinyci(a nepBog pyccioii MapKH. PacAUHia
,HeralueHbix'b pycciuixi mNapoKb no 1875- 1879 r. r. CJImmoImo.b
114Ka.
AW4K66OHC-b 6beT'b peJKOpw- BI CMlICJ*B HymepaltiH. XOTH
oH011 H nponycicaeT- bapicy ropolcKc. fotiobi (Ns? 8), CTaeB ee
aaTlIM-b nog'i N2 951, OHWL HaC'ITbiBaerb 82 NSNN MapoK-b Bbi-
fnyCKOB'b Ao 1884 r. BcJI[O'HT. Ka~ic H Muxensb OWI yKaablBaeT-h
AaTy IUnyciCa riepBhlx-b 3Y60OIBIX-b pyccKHx-b MapOimh 4 %HB.
1858 r., XOTH Ha TaKoBbIX'b HMtIOTCH wUTemnei$ rawuenig, AaTH-
poBaHHbie 1857 roAo1b (Bwb 10 Ron.). Awc. y~aa~bBaeT'L, 9TO CB-
paq 7 con. mapia (nepmcKaA paanoBHAHOCT b) OTneqaTaHa Ha
6yMari5 80 con. repbooblx'b maporK7b H norawena [uTeMne~ilemb
BL [lepmH.
CI(OTT'- eAH CTBeIIbiA [IoMwBu[aeT'b PaBHOBIMAHOCTb 10 ion.
Bbin. 1865 r. cb sezetmia (Bib CYIAHOCTH aeeieHoBaTbIM-b)
BMUcTO cHiaro I~eHTPOM-b. (K'b aTOii MapK'b Mbi emie BepHeNmC
BfOCJIhJACTBiH, oroBapHBasCb, 4TO MWHHiR o Heil Beebma KoM-
OeTeHTHbIX1b Ko1IJIeKIliOHepOBb pacxoA0TC1). CKOTT'L yiaai1-
BaeTrb B-b OTJIH'ie OTI, MOCKoICKaro 1 npoi, i(aTajioroB'b, qTO
mapica B-b 7 py6. 6e3b CTptiJIoK-b BcTpI3'IaeTCI Co cMmI1aHHOR
ay6txoeicofi 131/2XI1 '/, (y /1,WH6oHCa BiJlb3g paao6paTb OT-
HOCHTCH J114 COOTB3TCTBeHHbiR fOA3aroJIOBOWJ, 0 Cmlh1aHHOgA
By5L(OBKt I'b aToiR mapw'b HJIK K% mapi(13 Bb 31/2py6., uHm we
R-b O6OHM'h AOCT0HHCTBaMb.
1('b cowiawBrnio, CROTTI, iie nPNue'PWcBaeTCS XPOHOJiOrt-
'eciaro nopguica BbnyCcoBb. MapKH 1864 r. (1, 3 H 5 K.) HAYT'b
y Hero BnepeAK MapoKEb B' 10, 20 H 30 tc. 1858 r. Bb AaHHnomi
cjiyqat CKOTT-h, FOOA66IiO H4epy, ynuieKaeTcni FcpacHBblMb pac-
npeJtuleHiem-6 Mapoicb na aulb6OMHOM-b jiICT'h.
MOcKoBclKCi IaTajnor% ywie oxapa'KTepHaoBaH) H-iaAIH B-b
Ha'aJI' Haniero oqeprca. FJraBHBwiwie ero HeAOCTaTKH Bb OTljUiJtt I
,PoccHIcicam HMriepHRn" B%' TOMI,, 4TO OH'b 9aCTO OTCTaeT'b Aawe
OTh 3arpaHHlHbIIb KaTajiorOB'b. A B'b HeMIb HeBOJIbHO tiuemb
Toro, qTO uIiomCrpatLfa.1 HeN3BlTCTHO HAH HelIBTepeCHO.
ut XOTR1 6bi flpH6JIH3FlTeJIbnblf AaHHbI1I 0 THpa)wB? FjIt
ylca3anie o icouII'eCTBh mapoI(' B'h JIHCTtb? Mb PHCYHKH H rpa-
BfOpb1 yBbicOBtqeHbl Ha 1yccKiixb mapicax-b1? IB nepe'eHb H
onHcaHie upo6Hbnx'j mapOK-b? r t TOHHblg AaTbI OCHOBIIIX' Bbl-
uyCKOBTb? (Aawe Mnxejir H A/WM(4660oHc'b HXL HeptAKo yl(aablBa-
OTh).
Ciia6bir~a MhCTOM'b BCtXi, K(aTajIOrOB-b IBJIHIOTC31 npHMt-
maHin 0 3yt5IOBK'h PYCCKI'6b MapOKI'. 14 TYThb MOCKBCH'I HrAeTYTCR
noaa"n HHocTpa-1eiieBb. He MtIIRaJIO 6bi r. r, pejaKTOpaM-b npo-
lieCTb CTaTblO ,,Pa3MI'lie Bn- ay(uosBI(t" nauiero PyI(oBoAHTeiJa
Bn, Ng 3 ,,POCCHKH". Ecnu Iv3mrgy tun a~eprncauiay iiefrfiepecto
8HaTb, i(aim aytiLeBaJIl4Cb pyCCKiR MapMM, TO COCTaBHTeJIM'-b
pyccicaro ifaTaJiora 3TO onfcaTb Iieo6xoAMMo. B-bjb Wb OTAU13'
CO BTC(LX'b mapoKI 01114 3a6aTJIlHo yi(a3bIBaIOTb, 4TO ,,3yUORiKa






12 BCTpeqaeTcH AByx BIHjOB: mUpoKHe OTBepCTMFI H yaKae oT-
BepcTra"...
1Ha MHorHaxa paaHOBHAHocTefi MOCK. KaTaJIorb BuxBaTbi-
BaeTrb H onlacbaeT-b Hs3BtCTHyo paSHOBHAHOCTb 10 KOn. MapKH
1866 rona cb ,,KanaoiaoMb" BMBCTO i4Pbli ,,10" 8a JI-BOM'b
sepxH. yrjiy, a aaTBM% 20 Kon. MapKy c- TOKuOMi HaaZ T BIs
cjInoB ABAAIATb, HO MOJIaIT- o Kypbea3Huxb Mapuax- ca HaA-
nHcaMH SOCEMb HnJ COCEMb, BMaCTO BOCEMb, aim KOM.
BMoCTO KOn. i npoq. n npoH.
OTcyTCTByeT- Ba nepe9Ht 8 Kon. mapca ca nepeB. reH-
TPOM% (ecTb y CKOTTa). HtT, nocHeHiia nplluHH H3MsaiHeHiq
ilBI'Ta c'poH 7 Kon. MapKH Ha 4epHbl' (B' 1881 r.). Bb CBoe
Bpemn mhapKa ara 6fna npn3HaHa ,,TpaypHoi" B~I naMaTh co-
6MTia 1 mapTa.
BM-aCTOMaJIOROKa3aTelbHoii KpHTHK(H KaBKaacKOi BcnoMoraT.
mapiH Bw 14 K., paaWlIeHHOH B't, 1883 roAy Ha AB'b AiaroHanb-
HbIX% nOJIOBHHKn Cb KpacHOR HaAne'aTKoiL ,7" 6bIJio 6b
m)eJlaTejJoHo BocnpOH3BeCTH aTy HaAneqaTKy, KoTopan pa3yAmieTca
HeolHOKpaTHO 4a.bcHjn4HIwpoBanacb. Meway npoqgHM, npHMnt-
qaHie MOCKiBHNei 06% BTOi MapK'i He COBCBMl TOqHO. BubBllij
B-i TO BpeMR Ha KarBaa'B neTep6yprcKifi co6HpaTejib He 6hni
nHHt4iaTOpOMB aToro npoBanopin, KOTopbi 6buhi Bbinylmen B'b
BHay OTCYTCTBai MapoK'b AaHHaro cOCTOHHCTBa. CnopHTb MOWHO
TOIbKO npOTHBua Heo6xOUHMOCTH Hadne'amKu, T. K. MOW)HO 6bl10
orpaHu 4HTbC fl tienieM-b nnonoAaMb, 'ITO HeOAnopaTHo npojth-
JinsaJocb c-h pyccKHMH MapKaMHj No 5 H No 6, KOTOphbI pa3p'B-
aanti nonepeKi H I no AiaroHaJIa H ynoTpe6nJni TaKOBbig
KaKR nOJIOBIHHYIO CTOHMOCTb.
He OTB'a,jaq cooeMy HaaHaieHiio 6bITb onucameAhHbuq
opHrHHajnbHb M' KaTaJloroM% pyccKnx'1 MapoKI', KaTajior, COA,
KI cocKaJiiBHilo, He MOWeT- 6blTb 1cnOJlb30oBaH'n H Kua~ oqmb-
HOqHblii KaTajiorb, aB BxH1y p'a3KHx KOJie6anHii qepBoHaa n ero
SqCTO yCJioBHaro Kypca.

Bo BTOpoH 'acTH Hamero oqepKa Mb BocnpOHasBeAeM,
CBOAKy pa3HoBHlHOcTefi nepBbxab pyccKux MapoKR (Ao 1888 r.),
a ecaiH HnauH 4HTaTenj nposBBaTb HHTepec-% Ka coo6itaeMOMy,
TO nepehiAeMb H R-b paa6opy onHcanifi noc.q-Tylory~nxb BbinyCKOBb.
3. Faiesem.
----- -sesas~-~-----


YrojnoKiw AJn Mapoi-b PocciH H C.C.C.P.

1. Mapia py6neBbux A OCTOHHCTBI Cc' nopTpeTOMIb JIeHHHa
HMtIOT-b paan8JqHylo 3y6AOBKy H paaHOBHnHOCTH BIa oWtHHKax%:
5 py6. KpacHo-KopHsHeBaaa 10 py6. TeMHoCHHr a BbnyIneHbi a1 S
iioHn 1925 roAa c% 3y6uamn 12%/2 H 13/, a aB 1927 roay H 10V%,
aB Kono 1927 roaa 10 py6. B qSepHocHHeM- OTTBrHKb. Cyine-





CTByIOTr' H 6esay6qOoBbu, BblnymteHHId5 cnegiajibHO A J~ KOJIJieK-
tioHepOB, Bnb oqeHn MaaJoMi' KRonHqecTB't.
B'b 1926 rory BbinylenHbi 1 p. KopHHneBaa H CBtTJIO-KopH'l-
HeBaa, 2 py6. JmHJOBo-qepHaa i 3 p. TeMHo-aeneHaa ci sy64aMH
10%a, a aB 1928 roay Bbjiuna 2 p. c-' ay6aaMHn lil/, (oqeHb pbtanaa).
Bi KOHiBh 1928 roaa slimJIH 3, 5 H 10 py6inet ci bBOflfHbIM'b
a3aKomto TtnHebie KBaApaTbI c'b npenKHefi 3y6iqoBKoi, a 10 py6.
(pOMb Toro eane cL 3y6vqOBKOfi 10'/,X12/2 (caMan ptAlKaa).

2. MapKH AeCRTHJITiTii peBojnoLUit HMtrIOT'b 3y6tIoBKy:
3 (Ron. 13%; 5 Kon. 10'/, 10/2X12 H 12%/, 6eaay6qoBasi;
7 Kon. 10/ H I11%; 8 Kon. 13'/2 H 10'X121/2; 14 Kon. -
12X12/; 18 Kon. 12X12'/.; 28 Kon. 10'/2; a TaiKwe etme a
cJtAayIoitia paaHoBHnHocTH: 3 Kon. 6ea3, ctrIT H co CtBH-
iHyroli cT'Koi; 5 (on. c1 6t$LjinM rjaiaaKHM b KJleeM- H cejn-
TOBaTbiM'b, HepoBHbIM'; 7 Kon. 6eaay6loBan; 8 i(on. -- caBT-
Jio-KopHlHeBalan cItpo-.KopH'lieBaa; 14 Kon. KpacuaH n Kip-
nanHo-1KpacIaa; 18 ton. cMina H 6n iAnorojoy6as.

3. MapKH ynyqmieHHio cepii (M4eph N2NQ 392- 405) HM'b-
or-h' MHOro OrrTlHKOB'b: I Kon. wellTaR, opaH)ceBaa; 2 Kon.-
CB'BTJo-eJIeHana, )KejlTo-3eeIHaa H TeMHos3eJeHaa; 4 Kon. ro-
Jy6afa I TeMHo-rojiy6aa; 5 rcon. cBtTJIO-KopHeqHeBa, KOpAq-
HeBaa, TeMHO-KIopH~nHeaa H iiJ )KejiTo-3eeeHaR n TeMHO-aeJleHaa; 10 Icon. CBtTJIO H TeMHO-
KopAqHeBaq; 18 Kon. Cs~TJIO A TeMHOCHHI I; 18 Icon. CBTnIO
I TeMHOoJnBKROBaq; 20 Kon0. OJIHBKOBaq H sejeHoonHBK(oBaa;
40 Kon. cBtTJo-Kpacnaa H KmapMHHo-KpacHas.

4. B' nojbh3y 6eanpHaopHhixb 20+2 Kon. cHaaH H cenia
(N2 420) HMteT-1, 3Yy64oBKy 10, 10'/2 H 12'/2.

5. MapIH niotepcKaro cjieTa (6oii-cKayTih) B' 10 1 14 KI0.
HM'bIOT'b 8y6(OBity 12, HO Mapxa Bs 10 rion. chb sy6qIaMH 10,
10%'/a 12'/2X12 a KpoIM'b Toro cMnIanHaas: HepTaLK. 12, rop3a.
BBepxy 12, BHHay 10'/ anmI BepTHI. 12, ropia. usepxy 12'/2, HHi-
3y 10Y. CMmILaHHaH 3y6IoBKa nojinyMHjach BCA'ACTBie Toro,
qTO mapBa Ba 10 Kon. neraTajIacb Ha AByx'h nHOiyJlHCTax' -
5 paqnosB no 10 saK. aBb ia>K RAoM 1 MapKH c-b ay6qaMH 12 a
12'/2X12 HM-nOT'b Bechb rHHIHifi pal-b (10 liT.) 3y6dOBKy 10%'/,
BMebCTO 12 4JImA 12'/.

6. MapiK Teiymegi cTaHAapTHofi cepin HMtIonT y6ROBKy
12 H 12X12'/s, a rai;a HO >wejlran, 2 Ron. 6J1BAHno3ejienaR a 4 pKo3eJleHaa, 3 Kon. -
cB'bTJlorojly6aal roJiy6al, 10 KOI. CBcTJIOOJi4HBOBag H TeM-
HoojInBoBaa, 15 Kon. ,epno-ojiMBioBaa H cpo-onnjiKOaa
(nojjBepweHa 61bCTpoMY Bblt aB'TaHilo).
K. C.






ABTopCKiS npana coxpaHeHbI


rPELU17
BbinycK'b 1927 ro0fl.

Hac'romaiii BunyCK MapoKc rpeitiH, npeanojarasulifics uKb
BbsxoAY B-b o6paneHie euIe B'b MapTr 1925 roAa, asanoalaB-
uiii BcsitrbTBie paansJHHbIux noJIHTHqecKHXsb ocjnowHeniii BHYTPH
rpegiu, npeACTaBJiseT'b BeJnHKonJlnHbii o6pas3qHKb 4QiuiaTeJnICTn-
lecKaro HCyccYTBa n Ba- qaCTHOCTH naHa8nJHHCKoH nponaraHAbi.
B' aTOM Bhi aunycrc CTOJIbRO e CnpOCTOTbl H BKyCa, CKOJIbKO
aSamuecTBa Bi BbinoJHeHiHn KpacoTbI no aaMbicjiy. PaMnK npeA-
CTaBJInoT'b co6ioO yAlHBHTejibHO KpaciHoe ynpotLeHie, a ciomeTbr
qpeaBbi'aiiHo npnanBei(aTejinbbi 1 HHTepecnibu.
Bech HbnycKi COCTOHT'b aM31 14 OCTOHIHCTB'b H no ti.H-
HOCTIM'b, Kpcacicb, cloweraMh H KojinhecTay pacnoljaraeTcH cIt-
AyloutMw'h o6paaoMb:
5 nenTa aeineaa, napoxoau npoxon. KopHne. KaHanjr loo.ooo.oooa3a.
10 ,, KpacHaa, AoAeKaHeaKa B-b HaaioHainb. KocTroMt loo.ooo.ooo
20 ,, -- 4ioneTroaa, MaKReoHaHKa B- Haq. KOCTIOM 10000ooo.ooo ,,
25 cHne3eneH.,MOHaCT. CnMoHa-rleTpa Ha AeooH 50.ooo.oo00
40 ,, cwieaeneuaa, 6tnas 6aura B'b CanoHHKax,- loo.ooo.ooo ,
50 )ioneTOBaa, napoxonA B'b KopHHecKOM'i KaH. 100oo.ooo.ooo000
80 ,, CHHan Hn qepHa, 50.ooo.ooo000
1 Apaxma cautl a cenia, xpaMi Teaes ib AetHaxb 50.ooo.ooo ,,
2 cHnnieneHaa RH epHan, aKpononb 5o.ooo.ooo,
3 ()ioneT. n qepH., Kpeticep% ,reoprii AepoB 1.o.ooo.oo ,,
5 opan>C. qiep., aviaAeMis Hay'1 B-h AeIHaxb 5.ooo.ooo ,,
10 ,, KauTanHOBan H cpHa, xpaMb Teaea Soo.ooo0
15 ,, --enToseneHan t qepHan, aKaaemia HayK 00oo.ooo000
25 ,, -- ae3 HaI m qepHan, apononb 100o.ooo ,,
BbinycwKb aaroTOBJeHb 6blJI/l AIR o6paMueHi Ha BecbMa
npoaonmji reJIbHoe BpeMa, no yW1e B'b Mat 1928 roaa n BlAg'Ab
10 j1paXMi B'b HOBOil paClB'eTKI(% 60pgO Cb qepHblM'b, nOBH-
AMoaNy mapKia HapacxoAosaHa. HrpeAnojarajocb BbanycK6, AononHHTb eune suc-
LUIIMM HOCTOHHCTBaMH Bb He3HaqHTeJlbHOMb KOJIIeCTB'b -
50 apaxM'b cCb HSo6paxaeoHKemX apOOHmCKHXb loHOilei, 75 Ap.
aamiipaja KoH lypioT4ca H 100 apax-b -- 6ornHH AoeHbi, 1o
TaIOBbiH a BbiiiytleHbl He 6bMJIH.
BcTpBhaIOTCH a hlbKOTOpbia paaHOBHAHOCTr Bab qBtTt,
TaI-K nanp. Bs I apaxMt BM'BCTO ceninH BMAAtArb HMCTbI
KopnrHleBbli lB~ltTb H B'h 2 lpaXMax'h BMBCTO CHieaeJieii. -
OJIHBROblii; OBHHeHMMy CyuleCTByiOTa I P pyris pa3nouHAHOCTH.
K(achb CKasaaH Bbiue, H3AaHie ubnyuleno Bah o6painenie
TOJlbKO B'b anpaiB MtCqcat 1927 roaa, BUcrTo Mapra 1925 roaa.
Knarme rpasuposaHo Btb JIOHAOH ( 4HnpMoIo OoMa MaKAOHajlbAb,






a secb BbInycK% oTneiaTaH-b Ha ocTpoWr
Kop4y HnB'eCTHoii cnpsMfi rpa4iHfecKrx-b
HCKyccTBb 65p. AcnioTH. Bb KawAom'b jHCT'h
06hblHO HaxoAHTCR 100 aK3., HO cyYIeCTBy-
IOTr' JIHCTbI no 50 aKa. Bb IKa)KOM-b (100/,
Ka)KAOi UtHHOCTH).
lAo cero BpeMeHH BCt rpevecKia Map-
K OTneqaTaHHbiu Ha Kop4y, BMiCTO 06bq-
HO aY615OBKHn, HpIHHfTOIT BC'eMH rocyajap-
cTBaMH, BblasHBJUBaji4Ch a3Meo6pa3Holi
njHHieg, HacTroRMlif we BbinycKCb npeAcTaB-
jineTrb nepaylo nonbITy Y aTb A-hBCTBHTeJIb-
HnyI ay6qoaBKy, noieMy BCb MapKH npoay6-
ioeaHbi ay6iosBajbHOi MaualHno. 044~aii-
anJlHaan y6toXoBKa 13 ay6ioB'b, B'b i-
CTBHTejibHocTH we nepBaa nonlbTKa HaTro-
S uteNei 3y6qoBKH Rana Maccy paanoBnAliocTeH,
noaTOMy cyriecTBylOTb a8aeMnJ]nphl, KaK',
npoay6qoBaHHanse KpyroM'h oAHa(KoBO, TaKh
a cmn'uaHno.
Ha3MipsHBsl HKOTOpbl IqBiHHOCTH, H
noiyq4Hj cJitAyiouifI pa3HOBUHHOCTH B'b
ay6l4OBKIa, KpOM'b O6bI4HbUlX 13 3y6UOBab
S pyroMI: 1) 5 ienua 121/2Il131/; 2)
10 aenTa 13, 131/2X13, 121'/X13; 3) 20
jenTa 131/,X13, 131/,X121/. H 13; 4) 25
nJenTa 13'/IX13, 13, 13X121/A; 5) 40 nen-
Kf Ta- 131/2X12, 121/2X13, 13, 121/,; 6) 50 ien-
Ta 121/2X13, 13; 7) 80 jienTa 131/,;
8) 1 ApaxMa 121/,X13, 131/,X121/2; 9)
2 apaxmi 13X131/,; 10) 3 Apaxma -
13XI3'/2, 121/2; 11) 5 apaxM- -- 12'/.; 12)
10 ApaxM-b 121/,X131/ ; 13) 15 apaxM- --
121/AX131/A 121/,. HOBHaHMOMy HM1io0TCH H
Apyria pasajiHHbg KoM6Inaiuin paaHOBH -
nocTel B- 3y6 AoBKlh.
Bech BbnycK'b HMiBeT'b TPI paa3tpa
no BeJMiHHH: 1) 5-80 nenTa 17,75X24,
5 MM.; 2) 1- 3 apaxMbi 24, 5X17,75 MM.;
3) 5-25 Apaxmb 30,5X21, 5 MM. Han-
nMcb cBepxy-- EAAA2 B- pa3.nuiaxHbx'
CTHJIflX'b B HMH3UHX'b Ih'HHOCTRXIb AO 1 Apax-
Mb. LQM4pbP [,WtHHOCTH paCHOno>reHMb Bs
HnHwneHi 4acTH paMKH cJItBa H cnpasa a-b
KBaapaTax7b; TOJIbKO Bi, 10 nienTa uHapa
nAnHHOCTH Be JaIBOM' HnHHeM'b yrjiy, a
B- 25 JienTa nocepeAnniH HH)nHeI paMuH.
rTo6b HlbcKoJIbKO nOHlTh rpesecKyio ncHxoio.rio, noremy
rpeKH Bbi6paJIH HMeHHO TaKie pacyHKH, HaM' neo6xoAMo KOC-
lyTbca apeBHe-rpei'ecKoi HCTOpiM H Apyrnxb HCTopiHecKuHx-






4aKTOBb no cfoIeTraMS aToro 8ubnycKa H o6pacoBaTb a pHHHdbi
TaKOBblX'b.
Ha MapKaxi, ai, 5, 50 H 80 aenra Hao6pa)KeHa 'acTb Ko-
pHHecicaro KaHaJia ci% npoxopniMuHM' napoxoAoM-. Heo6xoAH-
MOCTb ianajia qyBCTBOBaJlaCb ywe aB'b TbJC5IH JIAT-I, TOMy Ha-
saa'b, no KaHaim 6b1J npopblT'b JIHInb B-1, 1893 roAY. Bb ApeBHia
BpemeHa MopcKia cyAa At3fbCTBHTejibHo npoxoAJnH nepetueei'i
BIa AioJlbKyci, ITO OBHaqaeT-b npoBaojaKHBaTb. HoBHaHMOMy
Bsb aTOMs MBCTt cyAa upoTacKHBa'iHCb BOJIKOMiVb. BnepBbie
Ha4ajn npopMBKy KaHajia HepoHn aB s 67 roay xpHCTiaHncKoi
apb, HO no HeHeB'sCTHOi npHSa4HH BCKOpt pOCHin Bact pa6OTbl.
CnycTR 1800 JIATI oAHa 4paHiyacyKa KoMnania nonubTanacb
npoAOJIwaTrb pa6orTb, Ho Ba 1889 roAy npoerKTb OJITb 6bulA
OTinoweHb, nocajl qero ywe rpeqecKir KOHLepH'b B3anl9b pa6omT
B'b CBOH pyKA H 6OjaronoJiynHo 3aKon'Hnri npopblTie Kaanaia 8s
1893 roAy. Ianajib TaneTca nbA aJInny ia ieprpe MOpCKKMXb MHiA,
Inupaia ero no 70 #yTOBR H rniy6nHa 26 4)YTOB'. FIpoxogi e-
pea% KopHHnCKii KanHajib, cyAa yKopaqHBaior'b Mopcioe nyTe-
IIecTBie orb 6eperoB'b APipiaraTHK o Inpea (raBanh Aenit,)
Ha 200 MopCKH4X' MHJb. Y'acTOKb KaHadia, noKaSailbiHi na Mapi(t,
HaxoAHrcTC Bb oaHOi MUItf OT-b aanaaHaro KOHia ero B'b TOM-%
MiCTt', rA'h B6JIH3H npOXOAHT'b mwejlBaHO-AOpOKHbIH MOCT'b aeHH-
CRO-KopnHOCKOH >Kej. AoporH.
Ha MapKb B'b 10 JienTa noKaaana oqaposarenibHsaa A~BymI-
Ka RoAeiaHeaKa Bs iauiioHanbHOM'b KOCTIOMI'. B% TO BpeMa,
KorAa saroTOBjiaJIHCh STH MapKH, T. e. Bab KOHnII 1924 roaa, Ri-tr
HaataTh ocTpoOBOBb /oAeKaaieaa npHaiatJie)aJiM eue HTajin H
noTOMy, Hso6pawaa AoaeKane3Ky, rpel(n aBa:in a8THMi noIlOya-
CTBOBa'rh, qTO OCTpOBa OTHRTbl OT1b IHXh itesaKOHHO H lOJn0JIm(
BceusBio npaHajaieM(aTh ToJhiuo rpetin. B-b Rannoe BpeMa a3T
ocTpOBa ywe ei BOSBpaiUeHbl. BC' OHH, aa MCKnio'emlieM'b Tpexb,
npeaCTaUJisnOT'b co6o0o 6e3nljOAHblI citajibi. )KHTeJIH 3iTX'h OCTpO-
BOwB-, rpeKH pbl6allaTb I JIOBMT' Mopcuin ry6I(H. HMa ceM-
HaAgaTH ocTpoBOB- apxtnenara ABtBlaAuaTb npewlne npH-
naAniewanj MrTanii, a aHeHHo: KajmMHo, Kaso, Koci, KapKa,
JIepocb, JInco, Hsaapoc%, naTMoc1 (caMbmi aHaMeHaTbii), IlHCKo-
nu, ClapnaHTo, CHMa H CTaMnajibm; s 1925 roAy TaIoaBbe 8os-
BpauleHb rpeKaM-. POAoc' we nojlyqsnHJ njie6HcriiT-1 Ha narb-
Haj aTr Ji-BT-h, B Teenie KOTOpblX'b JOJiJKieH paapniluThca
Bonpoci o B ajx-bniH HMb. Tpw ocTpoBa --TeneAoc'b, HM6poc'b
H JIeMHoc' 6bIum O catanlHefi tonH, HO Bh 1921 roly BoaBpaumenbu rpelia; oKK 6bma BsEanaHa TtM'b, qTO aTH ocTpoBa saKphBaJiH BXOa'b B'b
AaapaaHeJcibcKi nponaJ'b.
Ha MapKi aH 20 aenTa aao6pawenHb Apyroii npHBjteiaTeJb-
Hbli >elIcKiHi TrHnL MaKeAOHInHKH Bb natliOiajbnOM'b KOCTIOMtb.
MaKeAOHHaaMa B, AjpenBHei rpeuii eiue cb HesanaMaTHbixI', ape'
meH' paapimeno 6buno y'iacTBOBaTb Bi ojmMnificKHx'b Mrpaxb,
rat OHN oco6o OTJiHRaJaiCb. Bb HacToatiee BpeMs 6ojiihnaa mIacTb





MaKejonHiH npuHllane)uHTrb rpergi, noqeMy a Bbl6paH-b aTOTr'
pbicyHOK(b.
Ha Mapi'B B'h 25 neuira H3o6paeieno Becbha HHTepecHoe
3falaie rpei'ecKii MOHaCTrbpb CnMonia-fleTpa a AeoHCOil(
ropt, THTaUIHecKan IIocTpoiHKa KOToparo OTHIOCMTCH ic( XIII BtlIy.
OnUb pacnoio0)KeHhb na OTBICHOii cKaJIb H C'b Mopa HeipHnCTy-
nea,. BoannHHosBeiiio MoHacTbup CHJIbHO COA'0lcTBOBaJi'b Ae-
CIOT}, cep6cicii loanwb Yrjileub. Bh BHay TtCHOTrh npocTpali-
CTBa MOIlaCTbiph CTPOHJICh Bb BbICOTy, nIo'eMy Bb HeMb OleHb
Maioro aTa5efi c'b nepexoAaMi, cnycKaMH, noAbeMaM4, BHC59HMH
6aJiKOHaMi; Bce aAaHie 3aKjKloIeo noAJb oAHy KpoBIIO.
AeooHCxii nonJyocTpoI',, caMbig BOCTOquHri nasb BCtX'b Tpexb
ntioyocTPOBOBI XajiKeaoHi4, npoTRaeHieM' 50 KM. Ba, AnJIHy H
5-10 KM. Bb mp1111pi y, cTaI.'1b InpHafJie~aTTb rpetkiH nocjiB Bain-
KaHCKo-TypeiKOHi BOHfin Hh 1912 ro0ty. CaMoe y3Koe MhcTO (OKoJIo
2 KM.) HaxoA ATCR Me)KAy 6yxTaI4 ,Jerissos" H ,,Malicini", rAt
ente jo cero HpeMeim BNMHhb CJitgb KaanaJia. 3TO TOTIb caMbli
Kanallr,, KOTOphlii npwmKaaajr npopb1Tb (cepKc'b, 'TO6hl H3Ma6s'aTb
nfo xona AeooicKaro nlltlyir Tpioia, iIl.'mii'IaBIulaii~ Ci. CTpallm bliMH
6ypsmi. B-b jpeBHAi Bpemena noJIyocTpoB'b 6lj'b H3wB'IcTet'b
no'Vib MMelletMvb ,,AiTe", tTO rno-rpe'iecKi oataqaeTi. -- 6eper-i,
nso 6eperoBaa .1Hiin IIoJyocTpoBa OeeHb Be~AiKa H BbipawaeTCR
OTiHOieHieieM%: na ,Ba (KM. 6epera OnpXOAJTCH ABa KBaAp. KM.
noBepxHocTH no1:yocTpOBa.
Aeonci 1935 meTposB ci, BepuIIiHnoi, cocTosirmeei 3'b qHCTfchiiaro Mpa-
Mopa, KOTOpbIh Ao6blBaJ1cfl eime B'b apeBntfitili BspeMea H menj-b
Ha IiOCTpOEiH Hia OJI4MnIIb B'b Tporo. B'h ApeBHOCTR Ha Bep-
iHHIM'i r(opb CTRosIa IO:IoccajIbIlan cTa'Tyn epai(ificiaro 3eBca.
Ha AeooHi; axoArrcs oiono 20 MoHacTlpeii, KoropTbe saH1Tbi
rpe'fecKHMiH MOIaxaMH, aa HCI(IIIO'IClieM'1, TpeXb, KOTopbie lpH-
ita;iew)aT'h cep6aMt', pyMhlllaM-b 1 rpy3HLaM'b H Oulioro
(IlaHTe:ienMonoBcicaro) pyccI(HM'b. AeoHncie MoHac'rTbp npeA-
CTaBjIaIOTr BecbMa 60obioiln MHTepecb anJIH Haylaioniux BH13an-
Tificioe n4CiyccrBo, 160 BC-, MonacTbipn uniaa~biOTr' orpoMHMbMH
KOJnIJieKliMIM, paHHio KaKh H TbIlCqaaMi Aparohi.BHH'HmInxb Ma-
HyCIpHnlTOBb Ha rpeqeCKoM'b, CJIaBRHCKOM'b H rpy3HHCKOM'
1m3biKaxb.
ApxBhil H 616n11ioTeKH HaxoAllTCa Ba, npeHe6peKeHin H BWh
nrioxo saaunnueHHbX1, M'BcTax'b, TaK'b KaKr MOHaxH JI-OH
6o0ibuei qacTblo Majoo6paaoBaHHbie. HaH6oJiie 6oraTM~ 6H6JIio-
TeKH HaxoJuTCn B'b MOHaCTbupax'h: 1) B'h pyCCKOM U nlaHTeJieH-
MOHlOBCKOM', OCHOBaHHOM'h enie npH CBaTOMb BjiaIaMHapi, OKOJIO
20.000 TOMOBb ApeBHia pyKonm4C, enaHreJiii, rpaMOTh pyc-
CKMuxbt apei 14 naTpiapxa lona; 2) CTaBponHrificKOMb ncai-
Tbpb Ca. loamia 3JIaToycTa; 3) HlaHTOKpaTop,' eBaureniie V w-b-
xa; 4) Baroneltb 1000 pyK'on)ceCi IX-XI BBKOBLb, BeaJIHMaIuaH
MipoBan pI)4KOcTb reorpadpia fIToJomea, naRTMu KH ie Moncea
VII Bi a, ncaJiTbipb c, noanWicEbo BjiaAHMHpa MonoMaxa; 5) Xm-
aHniapb eBaureniie, HanacanHoe 3aoJoTUM1 6yKBaMH; 6) 0io-






vinnaaT'b ncanJTblpb C-b fOA(fHCbiO A,;eici~c IMoMoeHa XIII B.,
gapcreeHHaa OCHOBaTejRi MOHaCTblPq HmnepaTopa Anent-H III
KomeleHa H T. A.
MapKa B'b 40 jjenfa Llao6pawaeT'b Omipyio 6auiio B-b Ca-
jjoHmKax-b, coxpasHHBIfYIOC51 'iacb APeBHeAi 4opTT14)KKaaiiOHHoi
rIOClpoAiH, [1BHAJ1MMOMY BpeMeH-h mOrytIleCTBa BeHerkn XI XII
Biwra. Bbj ApeBHOCTM Ha 9TOM-b M-hCTI3 6b JG a pacnoiio)leia rpe-
xieciaq KOIAOHiR TepMe (OTmb Tenjbix-b HICTO'JHHKOB'b), no noagiite
B-b 315 rogy Ao XPHCTiaHCmogi apbi ropoA-b neperecewb 6b.l rnl
IBtCKOJlbKO CtBepnte KaccaHIgPOMb, *eHaTblM'b Ha OeccajioHwid,
*cecrpb AneKcallgpa MaKeAorcKaro H noi0y1Hji-b wi eq meCTb
Ha3BaHie. B-b 148 rogy Ao xpHcTiaHcloii Apbl OeccamoHio a 6mjIa
saBoeBalla plMJIMAR.aia, H B-b 58 roMy AO XPHCT. apbl agtCb npO-
HacUosiutaro Bpememn H TpiyMclaiHfag apia raiie p15 8% naMgTb
ero 1o716bgbi HaJlb HapcecoMb HepcP6clIM-lb (297-7311). 13'bjiag
*6amii ---- oAAia 1431 ceMn eh Hogo6HbSIX-, HITepeC11blX- CTPYK-
Typ'b B'h CaJIOHHKaX-). rOpOR'b IpeACTaBJISJCT'b 6ojzbiiiofi IATepecb
gJRl aHTHKIBapieB'b H apxeoiroroB-h m nanoJmiet'1, pejIllKBiRMH npo-
fi1e~i1HXbh wbKOwB!, ii 6biloii KYJlbTyp~b: MameAgOHsH'b, rpet(OB'b,
PHIMJISiLb, BH3aHTiAteB-b, TYPOK'b H BCeBO3MO)iibJXl'b APyrlX'b
aoeBaTe;ien, KOTOPbIe IooliepeAH ero aaXBaTbjBajii.
CaJoiHYiAK BaMwlibiA MOPCKOil nOpT-b 131h Bctx-b nOpT0B-b-
3rericKaro MOPR, BbIXOA) Agirn 6oninieii tlaCTH FBaJKaHci~aro no-
.nyocrpoBa H npeAcTaB;s:1eT-b 60JlbLIlyO CUpa~ertimecyigo d3HHOCTb.
OTcroga JierKo HO11SITh 1YBCTBO yAOBJleTBOPeHiq rpeKoBb, floJiy-
9IBIIIHX1) B11 CBOH PYI(K Cano]uPIsH noC06 BCtX-& nepsne'ig,
KOTOPblSI OHH nepe-ecuii B-b TeqeHie fl0CJI-hjtI1Xb CTa JAtTh.
ffl9iuagb BceAi npOBHriHgil gocT'raeT- 13000 1(8. I(HJIOMeTPOB1)
H B'b npewtJlax'b eg Haxo0uTcm 3iiaMelilTaSI IaBaJia, xoponIo
13BbcTHaSI BCthM'I 4JHJlaTeJIlHCTamh rno Bb]flYc(MN c10 C11OMX'b MA )OK'i(
HTCFJOJlbI(HMH 1OCygapcTHa~ mH.
Mapia B-b I gpaxmy npoAouirosaTaro 4)opMaTa m306pa)l nHaMelHiTbr i xpaM'b Teaesi. H3BtcTHtrilie apxeojiorN Becbma
COMHfaalOTCR, lTO.6b aTa nOCTj)OgtKa hiJiia xpaMom, TeaeH, TaKb
iKasxi HacToquiA xpaM-b I'eaem xonJwlIb 6bIfTb I)Cano0JI)i(eH-b Ht-
CKO.IbKO BOCTOqHte 3TOfO M-bCTa Ha HpOTHBOHOnJIOMOii CTO0)OIt'
nn]u6aAH (aropd). IIoCTpoAia, HaablBaeMaql XpaM0M'b Teaes, no-
BHAHMOMY xpaM], 6or0HH AeHilb. OHa coxpaHHmiacu uiytiie 1c'xbx1
OCTajlbHblxb rCpe'ieCRKx-b xpaMOBb, BCJIr-hCTBie Toro, qTO SqBl5Jiacb
He TOJIbKO XpaMOM-b, HO u MyaeeM-b, noqeMy H 6o.,rhe o6epera-
Jlacb. [IocTpoeHa B'h jiopwleciKOMi CTH4wB C-b TpHa3lBaThlO 1(0-
JIOHHaMH c1 KicawAog CTOPOIfbi. HaCTOHnijee Ha3Basiie xpama TeaeRi
OTHOCI4TC3 TOJ1bIO K-b 1500 rogy, qTo nflOTHHOpt'llHTb BCAM'b
ApeBHHM*b AOKaa MTejiCTBam'h 1 06o.snCHieTCS T'hM'b, qTO Teaeifi
tsi,6b, rpeqecI(HM 6h Haiti o a:IbHblM'b repoeM'b H oJIH ieTBOPJI'b
co6olo BC- ih yqlnie rpeqecicie uigearim. CaMblii .3BUcTHIShI noA-
BIurl ero noHAWa Fialt- MHHOTaBpoM-b H aaTlMb- nocjJI'hona-
TejibHoe npecpaHieHie roAgH'moI AaHH aeoi4cKHx1. riobileg H
lbHj,4-1, ROTOpbJe AO Toro 6buIK IIOCbmim3Mb1 Haa RpHT-b l(OPMHTb







co60o SyAOBHine. PaacKasu o npHKlJIoieHi~xb TeaeR MorCJ 661
coCTaBHTb HCKIOJIbKO TOMOB%. PaacKaam aTH coAepKaTrb Ba'
3HaqiTe;lbHOii cTeneHHi RCTOpH'ecKyio IpaBAY CO 3Haan4TejibHoii
fpiiMtcbKjo MIeoOBb, paa8IHnHblX-b AoraAoK'b H q4CThiliiaro BAM-
MbiCJia, KOTOppue H BBOfAHTl Hac- B-h a iapCTBo cneiKynaiHi H
yBJleKaTeJlbHOCTH, nH coBepiueHHO He yROBJieTBopafOT-% 3aopoBaro
HHTepeca.
Mapia B' 2 lpaxMbi npeAcTaBJIaeTb co6oio nanopamy aKpo-
noJi, unpH qeM- Bepuinay ero BbHqaeT'b opHriHnajbHRa HTaaeJib,
nocTpoeHHaa BO BpeMena IlepKjia. BepuinHa cKanb 6bluia CBR-
ineHHblM'b MicTOMi', nocBHiueHHbiMN 6oraM1 aSJIIHHCKaro naH-
Teona. Ha aTOM-b M-iCT% 6bimH BoaBHrnHyTb xpaMbi AenHu -
HapTeHouH', JAbBb l aJi'iaAbi 3 pexTeiioHa; SpexTei 6bJnJ' CM-
HnoMi ocefiaona H Fen, BocnMTaHHbiMi. 6oraHei AoeHoig-Hajn-
naAoji n CqITaJICn naTpoHOMI aeHHCKoil arpiKyJIbTypbh; ManeHb-
Kii xpamb Hut- AHTepoci, KpbIuaTOi no6fAt; aJiTapn H )epT-
BeHHHKH, nOCBaIienHHbie ApTeMHOa1H apyrHa-b 6o>wecTBamb.
BonbulmncTBo opnrHHaJlbHbux'h xpaMoaB 6u6J1j coBepmeHHO paa-
pyumeaH nepcaMH aB 480 -479 r.r. ao xpHcriancKogi apbi, pecra-
Bpania peKOHCTpyKttifi KOHxa npoHao3iiua npH eMMcTOK!C nt,
CaMOHt n HepnHKj h, HaqHHaR c 437 roAa ao PoKA. Xp., no
BecbMa COMHHTeJIbHO, 'TOtblE BCt nOCTpofiIK 6ObIH nOCTRaBJIeHb
Ha npewHni MihCTa. MoHyMeHTI%) epTBonpHHomenifi aeHHaH-b
2300 JlibTr TOMy HaaaRj.
Ha MapKA-b 3 ApaxMb nao6pameHb Kpeiicepi ,,Feoprii
AaepoBa" rpeqecKiii o6paasMKb naTpioTa3Ma. FpeqecKiig 60-
raTb1i 4qHJaHTponb reopriAi Asepons ocTaBHJIB saB-utaHie rpe-
secKOMy npaBaTejIbCTBy, noepTBOBaB-b B 1910 roay na no-
cTpOiKy icpeficepa 140.000 4)ynTroa1 cTepJnHrroHB, neaocTaioumii
>e ocTaTOK, B8b 680.000 4). cTepiniuroBi 6ubin nOKpuT'h npa-
BHTeJIbCTBOM'b H Kpegicepl- 6ubij nocTpoeH'b B-h MTaliaH Bs JIN-
BOPHO KOMnaHiet OpnjaHno.
BoJlbia nPpoAonroBaTaro 4)opMaTa MapKH Bs- 5 H 10 Apaxa-m
Hao6pawaloTob aKaaeMilo Hay'Ka BA Aeinax-b. FpeKlpacoe 3Aaiie
nocrpoeno AtiHnKOM'b HSIa neHTeJIHKOHCi cHqeCKOM'b CTHJI-.
E. ApxanzeAbCKia.




ABTopCKii npaBa coxpaHeHi.

CaMas pPtAKsa mapKa IOrocnaBiH.

KaK% ywe H8B3BCTHO HaWHMI qHTaTeJlaMs, MapiKH H3Aal-
HUb B'b 1929 roAYy Bab naMRTb TbicaiqeJ TiR XopaaTcKaro Kopo-
JIeBCTBa, noapo6no onucaHHnl B'b nepBOM-b HOMept Haniero






MKypHaJa, noinyHniax s 1931 rojly HaAne-
qaTKy: ,KIPAJbEBHHA JYrOCJIABMJA"
(cM. No 8 CTp. 92).
MoeMy npilTeJto H. H. P. nocqacTJn-
Bmnocb nonyqKTb Ha noqTB B-b HaHqeBo
TpexnHHapHyIo Mapiy aToro HSAaHis c%
nepeBepHyroii HaanevaTKioi, np qeMMb aTa
omnw6Ka o HacTor5Iaro BpeMeHm n3BRCTHa
TOJibKO B% e cHHCTBeHHOM'b ar(aeMnjnpt.
Tro6b( IIOHHT, KaKI MorNa npon3aoi-
TH 3Ta OIIuH6Ka, Heo6XOAHMO ci CK.OIbKO CJIOBeb O neqaTaHi 0 aToro H3aaHiR.
HaaneqaTKa oTa npOH3BORHJIacb Ha MaJieHbKOM-b THnorpa4-
CKOM'b CTanHK, no 50 ILTyK'i sa paas, afJa ero JIHCT' MapiOKb,
npeaHa3Ha4eHHbAi KW HanneqaTblBaHiio H cocTOmalig H3b 100
aKaeMnajipoBb, pa3stljiHnc nonojaiamb x Kagaan nooaoBHHa no
50 uiTyKra HaeneqaTbusanjacb OTRvAfsHO.
H/13BeCTHO, C'b Kaxoic CTpOrOCTbKO unpOH3BOAHTCa Bb HaCTORI-
mee spe~a npocMoTp-b H 6paKOB(Ka noHTOBbiX'b MapoK Bb
BtEarpancKoi4 ,MapiapnH4g" nepeAl nx1' BbinycKoMi B- o6pa-
mIeHie. EcJIH 6yAeTrb 3aM'beHa Kaacaa-JiH6O HeHcnpaBHOCTh Ha
xKaKOHi-J60o MapKh, TO TaKOBaa BbpuiBaeTCH H3-b JIHCTa H aa-
MiHSIeTCRI jpyrogi HcnnpBHOp, UpH njpiaeotto Ha cooTBrTCTByIo-
Iuee MiCTO TOHKHMH nOjnOCKaMi, BbIpt3aaHHbuMH Has ryMMHpO-
BaHHbIx% KpaeBs nccTa. H CJIyqHaocb, TO B% neqaTHbii CTaHOKI
nonanai nonynjiICT Bib 50 aK3. C B MapKaMH no, 3 AHH., Bs KO-
TopoM-b oAHa MapKa 6Mhia BKJieena AononHHTeJibHO, HO, no
omuH6K, BBepx%' HoraMH. TaKHMn o6pasoM', nocwit neqaTania
nojinyq4Jca nonynaHCT% HaaneqaTaHHbux- MapoK-,, H3s8 KOTOpbXI
OAIHHb JIHUb aK3eMJMnj1ipb HMt-in nepeBepHyTyo HananeqaTKy, a
ocTanbHbie 49 aKseMnJsIpoB' 6biua c'b HopMan6JHOi HaaneqaTKoii.
He HcKt1roeHa BOaMOM(HOCTb, HTO CO BpemeHemr 6yAyT%
osHapyweHn H jpyrie aK3eMnanapbI a TO ptAqatiHuei o0lH6KH,
Ho no a STO eAHHCTBeHHbIM H3BtCTHbiH arKaeMnnap% a nIOTO-
My 6eas coMHtHig camas ptBgKag mapRa IOrocnaain, oco6eHHo
ptBAKa ente H noTOMy, HTO 3TO eA4HHCTBeHHa IOroCJlaBanHcKaa
MapKa HaiSB'THan B% OAHOMN'b aKaeMnlapih.
C. Manxce.nef.

----csi-----




PacnpocTpaHRHfTe HamuIb ypHanjb cpegu CBOHX'b

ApyaeH H anaKRoMbix'b naTeniCTOsBb.






Heu BtCTHaR ouwH6Ka PyMbHiH.


SCpeAlH MapoK cBoefi Kon-
nieKmiH PyMbnHi, a cinyaiiHo
o6Hapy)KHJIb BecbMa HHTepecHbli
a8R3eMnap% B-I 3 6aiH 3eJIeHaro
S ItbTa, KaK'b MapKa No 237 (HBepb)
Bai cepih 1916-1918 r.
BeasyJIoBHO TyTh npOH3OWJna
omu6Ka npH neqaTaniH n BMBCTO
IA4npbp ,,5"-nonaJia iuH4pa ,3".
1fo aTOMy noBOay a aanpo-
cHII acKcnepTa B- ByxapecTI
r. 3ocKcaKa, KOTOpblH H OTBtTHJIl,
qTO cytLeCTBOBaHie TalKoi owit6-
KH eMy HeHSBtCTHO, H OH1 npeA-
noJIaraeT'b, qTO TaKaa otIIH6Ka Boo6iie He MoweT'b cyule-
CTBOBaTb.
I(awb AoKaaaTejnbcTBo TaKONi OHm6KH, npHjiaraio yBeJiH-
qeHnHbui 4)TO-CHHMOK'b arTOf apKH.
TaKHM o6paaoM'b Ao cero BpemeHH HaBECTeH-h nOKa JnumiU
eAHHCTBeHHbenn aaeMnnaipb BTOii MaprH, nosemy TaKOBaR H
sBJneTrc OAHOHi Ha 6oJibIImx% pt RaoCTei.
He Mo)KeT' JIH KTO-JIHaO6 HS1 srTaTenef npOJlnrb cB'hTa
na nponHxoWcaeie aToii omnH6K?
C. JIo6alona (183).





JIfTBIl1,
nonlPAfBHt 0 CEIM ,,flHlnnECMC(b".

BbnyCWrb 6jnaroTBopHTenbHOfl cepi ,,JIaqnneHcb" no TexHHmecKH1M npnmnHaMb asanoiaaan. Xora Mapea a 6nbia nepegaHbl FocygapcTBeeHO#
Tunorpajiefi noqTOBOMy BtAOMCTBy BO-BpeMHI, HO dpOHA-b AfacaprosB OT-
Rasaanc npHHSHTb HXI, nIOTOMy OHt 6bnn o6paTao BoaBpameHbi THnorpa-
qin AnJia noaro nelaTaHiR.
KneeBaa cTopoHa njCTa 6bina HacTOAbKO TBepAa, ITO MapKH nO ma-
nlHCb, KpOMb Toro 6ontbwaa qacTb cepig 6bina cKBepHo nposy6boinaHa u
no Bcen BtpORTHOCTH MapKH 6bIan BBHyTbr HBm npecca B cbwpoM s~1ub,
Ha3-aa qero OHt csepTbIBaaHcb. CornacHo npeAnHcaHiM mapKiu AonIaKH
6bITb OTneqaTaHbI HCKnIaoqITenjbHO B- rocygapcTseHHOi THnorpa#hi a
nOTOMy HOBoe neqaraHie MapOKr CHOBa nepenaHO yKaaaHHOft THnorpa4tiH.
HcnopieHHbia we MapKH yHnqTOweHb IIOJIHOCTbIO B'b npHCyTCTBIH rocy-
aapcTBeHHaro KOHTponII.
TepntHie KonneKmionepoBo nocTasjneHo a oaonJIHO nppoAoniH-
Te]bHoe ncnuiaHie; BbwueyxasaHHbhn MaprtH AtiCTBHTejibHO npeAcTasna-
IoTr co6olo OAHy naHI pacuBbixb cepil JIaTBiH, a 6onWhuo ecnpocS Ha
HHX'b AOKaabiaeTb O W(HBOMI MHTepect oonneKiuioHepoBn. PsaaHaa cepin
aRnyuIeHa 22 MapTa, a ay6ioaan 2 anp-'na.







HOBBbli BbinyCK-b 6JiaroTBOpHTe:IbHOH cepin MapOK-b Ki
10-JitHeMy ilo6b ero ApMin CaMooxpaneHi3 ,,Aiacaprnc"'.


25 anptan npeanonomeHa K-b Bblnycry 6naroTopifiTenbHaa cepia
BbuleyKaaaHHoa opraHHaaiaiH B-b AByX -i Kpac ia X'b.
Cepif asTa COCTOuHT Hna3 5 HHwecntjayiotmHx. I4"HHOCTeg:
(tpaHKHpo0HqHaR Iatna 6 canT. Haa6aBKa 19 caHT. rlpolam. utta 25 canr.
S 7 ,, 28 ,, 35 ,
,, 10 ,, 35 ,, 45 ,,
,, 12 ,, 43 ,, ,, 55
,. 15 ,, 60 ,, 75 ,,


4bpaHKHposBOHaa wHua 50 caHT.


1IpoAawH. trtHa AIc. 2.35 caHr.


OpmrHHanbHaal BenHrllHa BliueyKaaaHHraro BblnyCla Ih Ra y X
Kpaciax-b ceatyliomas:
Ann RBepTIlaanjbHaro ropaTa 23X32 MM.
Anj ropHaoHranbH. (plopMaTa 22X34 MM.
A3t nepBblxh icHHOCTII neIaTaIOTCe Bb ropHaOHTa.nbHOM'b IopMaT't,
TpH nocAtA~uIIxI MapKn Oyay I, HaneaTaHhi B B epTIHKabHOM1Mb 40opMaTt.
PncyHKH nepBn x-i 4eTbIpexLb MapoKb nIpe cTaBRIOT-b co060o KapTHHbu
uas, waman yKasaHHof ApMin, Bb TO BpeMA iaaK-b Ha nIocflitlAHei 'iHHOCTH
n3o6paxwe'b nopTpeTb reHepana BaanoAnca, rnaBsoKoMaHJAyiotuaro ApMin
CaMooxpaHeHis (HbMHn BoeHnb mn MinHHTpb JIaTBiH).
ScKahii MapOKI- Bi 25, 45 H 75 caHT. Ha6pocanji xyAO)aiHHOMI
H. UITepHn6eprom'b B Par', KOTOpbhii npeKpacHo HcnonHi.nn pHcyHKH Ha





6aaroTBoptTenbHOR cepin nJIaqnnecuc-b". I[HHOCTIH we B'b 35 H 55 CanT.
Ha6pocaHbi npo BappsHeMib Wb PHrt.
BunycK'b BIs KonuecTBtf no 12.000 KomnneKTHbIux cepiii 3y6u.osblXb
i piaaHbixb (no 12.000 cep. Kam A.).
r. reepdms.




AeHeWHO 6OHHbfiH OTAgtJn

I.
lTO cJrbAyeTb 8HaTb KoJIneKIioHepy AeHewCHbl'b 8HaKOB'b

BoHHCTb, nojbsaylomiecs o6bn4HO KaTanoro'b 6oHb C Ha3. 1927 r. 'lacro BI, CBOHXb MaHKoJIHCTrax ynoMHHaloTs NgN2-pa
SHanOB1', KOTOpuxbIX OHH HMKorAa He nojiyqaT'b He noTOMy,
TO OHH p1hKuH, a npocTo noTOMy, qTO HXb He 6binO Boo6ule.
noa-b HtKOTOpbMHn NQoN-paMH Bb KaTaJIor'h TaKwe sHaqaTcR
8HaKH, H3B'CTHble JHmlb, KalKb 4)aJbIllHBbe, HeAjoneqaTlM, qacT-
Hue, HuJ HaKOHeQ' He OTHOCHLuieCR Kb AeHeIHblMMb aHaKaM'b -
6aHKOBb~e ,IeK H saatiMb, B-' KaSeCTB-h AeHerb He xoAHBwie. Bct
aTH N2N2-pa, nepeaHcameMue HH)ce CJi~byeTr HCKJIIroqTb H'3b
Karajora C4A H CBOHXI MaHKoJIHCTOB'b. AJia 6obonmeii cHOCTH
aftcb aHaKH paa tjeHbi Ha rpynnu:
1) 3HaKH HHKoraa He cyleecTBoBaBmie: 1188, 1189, 1190, 2018,
2021, 3100, 4075, 4104, 4221, 5041, 5063, 5145, 5146, 6140, 6141,
6152, 6153, 6194, 8109, 10417, 10419, 10421, 10422, 10423, 10425,
10426, 10448, 10449, 10450, 10467, 10468, 12117, 12118 n 12121.
2) 3naKH, He 6mabiie aeHeKHbIMH: 1202, 1203, 1204, 1205,
4129, 4130, 4131, set cl 4280 no 4295, 9120, 9121, 9122, 9123,
9124 H 10110.
3) 3HaiK, H3B. TOAbKO 4BajbuiBbie: 4009, 4226, 4227, 4313,
5055, A 5065.
4) HeonerraTKa: 10055 (HeaaKoHqenHHbi No 10066).
5) HacTHbie HaaKi: 10539, 10540, 10541, 10542, 10543 H 10544.
ECTb eme prAb 3SHaKosB, BbinycKI KOTOPMX' eiue He ycTa-
HOBJieH' H 3HaKH He IH3B'CTHbl. 3TH NoNQ-pa CJI'hAyeT-b OTHeCTH
Kb ,COMHMTenibHHMTb": 1033, 4066, 4157, 4256, 4304, 5113, 6078,
7188, 8063, 8161, 8162, 8163, 10460 H 12122.
Bi KaTaJiorb C4A HMseTCR He Mano oneqaTOKi- Beb No-pax%,
HoMHHajiaxb, Ha3BaHiax'b, roAaxb, a TaKwie nponycKOB- OTA'Bib-
Hbuxb Kyniopb HAni caMocToqTeJIbHbIXb BbInyCIOB-b, CBS ABHis 0
KoTopbx'b nocTapaemc IaaTb B~ nocJitAyrot~ xa No-paxi Hame-
ro >RypHana.
H. Poc6ep5.








nloMtrmeHHbe B-b N2 7 (cenTr6pi 1931 r.) Hauiero wypnaJ(a,
cBAhHil o a3HaKaxlb jaBH. KoMaHa. BCIOP, Hajan MHt B03-
MO(HOCTb BbIhCHHTb noApo6HocTH O HByxb 3HaKaxb, KOTOpVMXI
npemfAe a He BHAana,. fepBbsli H3a HHX- 10000 py6. 1919 r.
6e3'b BOA. 3HaKOB'b, aMlTepM H5A. 3HaKw cJit-AyeTr H3aI cnHcica
HCrKJIOOHTb, T. K. OHb 4aJlIbmHBbli. JiaBHble npH3HaKH ero 0a:jlh-
tIU JierKO 3aM iTHbl, BTO ,TOqKa", CTOaslaaI nIOCJih CJIOBh rlaB-
Haro TeKcTa: ,BHJieT'b rocyAapcTBeHHaro KaanaHeficTBa iiaeH.
KomaHA. Boopyp. CmjiaMH Ha IOrB Poccim.", a TaKiKe pa3HHnaa
s- TOHIKX'b JInHiRXtb AeTraJi5x pHcyHja, KoTopble Ha aTOMLb
aaHaKt aMtTHo rpy6,be.
BTopoli 8HaKb 100 py6. 1920 r. 6e3-b BOA. 3HaKOB'h, JIK-
Tepbu: IA. 3HaK'b BHea5Tb MHt He yAajiocb, no no coo6uieHiio
oAHoro aBTopaTeTHaro 6oHHcTa, SaTlH HaH 6n eaycJoBHo no-
AJinHHbie.
OTHOCKTenIbHO AaJllIH'BhlUHX'b HaXOKWAeHif pa3HOBHAHOCTeki
no jrHTepawM, MOH npearnoAjioeHi onpaBAa:Iacb, H Ki' nepe-
qHacjeHHbiMa paHne 3HaKaM'- BCIOP, npa6aB:iocb enie 12 ,BTO-
pux-b" 6yKB'e. 3TH no6aBjieHia He HnaMtHRI ocT' OCOBHoro nc-
paica, H 6yAyrT coo006eHbM aonOJIHHTeJnbHO nocirii AaJIblfiiumxb
H3bacKaHifi aH MX npOBepKH.
H. Poc6epa.

-------@^a9~----




X P 0 H M K A
HOBblX'b BblnyCHOB'b.

1. An6aHia. Bct sanacb npe-Hiixb BliycKOBb npeAxbnOxneHO ny-
CTHTb BSb o6paueHaie cb HpeMeHHb!MMH Hafne'laTKaMii.
2. romiaHAgi. nloTrOBbbIM, BtAOnCTBOMi npeano)KcHa noAaqa Io*-
MypcHbix- pHcyHKOBab Ha mapKy asT 121/2 ,nponaraHAa MHpa".
3. HcnaHdI. lpeanonaraeTca BblnycK'b MapoK-b c-i HanaCblO ,Re-
publica Catalana".
4. HrTani. HaLtioHaabHoe jMTepaTypHoe o6L[ecrTo uMeHHa AaHTe
sblnycrTno cepiio noqTOrBbixi' 6aroTropHTenbHbix-b MapOK' c' nopTpeTaMH
aHaMeHaITIx' HUTanAiHCKHX'b nHcaTeefli Hwti 12 I tHHOCTrei: 10 q. BoR-
xaqio, 15 H. MaKKiaBenna, 20 i. Capnn, 25 q. Anj4iepM, 30 L. -
<>ocKono, 50 q. JIeonapau, 75 q.- KapAyq4H, 1.25 n. BorTa, 1.75 n. -
Tacco, 2.75 n. fleTpapKa, 5.-2. J. -- ApHcroTenb, 10.+ 2.50 n. -
JaHTe. Bosaymnas cepia Hs 6 wnHHoCTel 1, 3, 5 n 10 +25 n. ,oTe4s
noneTa" JIeonapAo na BIIqn, a 50 q. H 7.70 + 2 n. nso6paiaaOT' nieTa-
TenbHyIO MauHHy H3o6prTeHis JIeonapAo.
5. Hopseria. Bb AeKRa6p'p npeAnonaraeTC BsbnyCKI, cnetiaa.bHOf
MapcH no cayqalo npaaBHoBaHis cTOanTiH CO AHn poneHaia aHaMeHliTaro
poMaHHcTa BbOpHcoHa.






6. PyxhbHil. An% uct'X'b neIaTaiuiomxc nolrTOBbi'b H Bos~OByHblX'b
mapowib BBOAHTCI HOBbI8i THnfb BOAlHblXSb aHaKOBb. CKopo BblnyKaIOTC5I -
100 ne n oaAyymnas noqTa n 30 ne ii cnRmuHaI AQcTaBKa".
7. Q)InHInIHnin. B'b TCKymel cepiH nostlanacb HOBan 1'/ M. po3oso-
aapNHHHoBaH c'i 8y6gaMn 14, BOAHHOA aHaK'b TonbhKO no KpanrMb JlHCTa.
8. qexocjnonaKia. BcnJaCTBie npeAcTToamaro npaaAHoaaHia WBb iiOH'
ui> I1pari 9 coKOflbCKaro KOHrpecca, 16 MapTa no aToMy cnyalio JbnyleneHa
6bina cneiaianAea cepi > a, 4 'nHHOCTefl 50 x. seneHag, 1 Kp KpacHal,
2 'p. CHnaH, 3 t:p. KopHnHeBaa ci, nAuyMn pa3an4IHblM nopTpeTaMH MH-
pocnania THpca, ocHOitaTren coKOJlhcKaro o BH)IWCHiH, poflHBIlarOCs CTO JihTi
Tomy Hasangb.
9. IOrocnaain. B-h TeKyIylo cepiio Ao6aBjneHbi ABat UHHHOCTH c-b
nopTpeTOMb Kopoan AneKcaHApa 75 napa anJ OTKpbITOK'b H I1/, anH.
XiJ DInceMhb A.lI BHyTpenHHro coo6uteHis.
10. nlepcin. TenerpaMMa Ma'b TerepaHa oT. 25 mapra coo6macTb,
4To hoayuinaa Komnania IO)Hepca (Aeccay repMania) pkmnna npetpa-
TiTb OBAYyuHbIl COO6IiJCHin Bi. flepciH in nopbmaeT'b KOHTpaKT'b, ccnItA-
clBie 4 ero aoaiaylnbHh MIapKH npeKpauinaoTr cBOe cyuIecTBOBaHie, a ro-
TO ullaiC,! Ki'h I.Vi.t!i v noBaia Boayyumaa cepia He Bbl ieTl, B'b o6palmcnie.
11. IOWnaa A4prna. lHoian MOHCTHasl CHCTCMa 6yacTr-i cocTOaTb
MR'b (PnopIHHoHb 'b 100 t1) CTOa'b. (I)JIOpHHlb paBlCH', 11 3.Ilili rpaH'I qH-
craro .sonora, a lLenTi. paBeum '/" neHca aHr.iitcKoMy. 3onoTra MOHeTa
BI, 10 (IjIOpiHiHOBb HaablaeTCSI ,,paHZlH aI palnHsleTCil aHrniiiCKOMy ywrTy
cTepalHHroBi. Ccpe6pHmln MoRneT-: I'b -ua jclopnHa, o pHH'b (OnopHH'b, 50,
20) a I0 uCHTr.; 6pOHaO3Bbl 4, 2 H 1 ICHT'b. FloaTOMy B'b 6nHwa a ee
BpeMn npelACTOIIT'b abnycKi~ MapOKIb C'h HOBblMMH R1HHOCTHMH MOHeTHOI
encTeMbi, a npe)AapUTvcJbH no IflOTCH Ha)aneIaTRt HOBOf I-iHHIIOCTH na
Teiyiutet cepin.

------ssCss-~-------



)KH3Hb 06umecTBa.


PyKOodumenelb 06uqecmna cepOenHo nos3panBiems
q.et'IOBn 11 qumamenieil c, npasdHUKaAiu CBurbn azo
Xplicinona BocKpecenHi ca noxacenlamieMa Bceeo nau-



1. 14 cero anpini O6mecTBo ,,Poccuia" Becbma CKpoMHo ornpaaA-
nosano CBon iiMeHUHbI TpeXJnrTHIOIO Ir6OBA(HHy ocHOBaian. H'hcKOKOKO
npH6miBBnx'b no aToMy cnyarlo snjeHowb 6bun caBHAlTenJaMH TopmecTa
,,PoccHK." Ha cKpoMHOtI Tpaneast B AomatWHelI o06cTaHOBar. Bcero 6uno
noQ.ayqeHo 8 TenerpaMM'b H 18 noa3paaBTeJibHbIxb nHcem-,. CepAeHno 6na-
roaapaNM, ictxb npacnaBUinx'b CBOH npHBtTcTaiH Ka A6pub nowenaHia,
4TO CHHan TeJIbCTayeTb o ciMnaTisIX1, Kb ,,POCCHK", KOTOphbi npoAonfKa-
iorT, pacTtl II Kptn yTh.
S2. Halin' HbIcoKoyHaBaaeMbil qnjeH. Kapnib Kapnoeiusb IlaunmT'b,
aa AOironlTH iolo 6eanpepbBHylo pa6oTy Ha nonbay pyccxKOfi fHnaTenin
B. -6,>nIrprt.il CninH cuoiIx'b "rpyntOBb no 3eMCKdMb Mapiam-b, H86paH'b 1 Map-
Ta c. r. Bab noqeTHble qJIeHbi.
HCKPCHHO npIe-i;Tc'TlyeMb Hamero HOBaro noqeTHaro qsnea cib no-
ae.aHieMej, icero HaHayqmaro a anajbHtu e eii nJOAOTBOpHOA pa6oTbi Ha
non j3y pyccCKO (Q).naTvein.u.







3. CepAeqHo 6narogap- nh amuero yeaaaeMaro npeRcTasHTele n Ha
U. S. A. A-pa E. B. FloaHRiOBaa a ero HCKnioqrRTejnbHyIO pa6oTy Ha noaay
,POCCRHa a 3a aHepr'oe ne npHneReeHi noBbIXs qaeHosb.


CaH-b-(paHiAncKa$ rpynna, -- ab teHTp CeAHT-I, PyKos. rpynnhl
SA, -p- E. B. Hoa3HRsOBb.

4. IpHHocCHM-b Hamy rny6oKyio 6naroAapHocTb t npHaHaTenbHOCTb--
HaueMy nloqernoMy tneHy A H. Mypasbeay aa nowepTBosanie paaiuxi.
MapoITa Ha 1000 (IpaHKOB-b no KaTanory Haepa n 8. F. raHseHy -3 a
nomepTBOsBaie 40 naT-b Ha neiaraHie wypuana ,PoccmKa" N2 9. Tro no-
KaSbisaeT', HTO pyccKifl Yyxb aH coinaapHOcTb cptenKH eute.
5. 4 MapTa BIb lOrocnaBia nocnit$osano pacnopHeHine npaBHsTeb-
cTBa o aanpeueHni BMscunbnH aarpaHnny BCaKOf BanJOTbl KaKi AeHewaHbulXb
nepeBOOB-b,, AeHeWHnemAx nHceMsb, Taxb qe KOBT- eo R eHerb BS- aaKaa8HbIx
uacbmaxb; BCe saaKaaHbuH ncIbMa CAaIOTcH Ha noqT OTKpblTbiH IAnn npo-
BtpaH. OanaIeHHoe aanpenleHeie CHJabHO 3aTpyAHHno AtnoBWb CHoLneniR
c-b 4 pmaMH H rnaBHbIM. o6pa3som OCnoHHnno utHnpynaRiio KipyroaBuxI
noCbnJOKb, noqeMy cn.tyeMbif co6cTBeHHMKaM b AeHbrH aa Ba5RHTb MaTe-
pranjb na-i TeTpanefi OTHbIH- He MOryT-b 6blTb nocMuaeMbi n n0noT'Tt. po-
CHMn HaRTfu pyrie nyrn nepeAaqin AeHer'b qepes3b 3HaIKOMbxi BTb IOro-
cnaBiH H T. n.
6. BcntjacTie npeacTomauaro 10 aeia6pH c. r. 75-njribaro io6Haea
rwnycKa nepBoii pyccKOA IIOITO1BOi MapKH, npocHMT BC' Haum rpynnbt
. ecBxb qaneHoB pacnarb npceanonowenia n npennoweHia o npaaA-
BOBaHiH lo6HneHi, KRKaF MM Boo6iue. noJIHbi OTHecTHCb. q'Mab AOJIHMHn
npoa HTb H noKaaarT ce6a BWb 3apy6e)bM, TO onfWibm npeAnpHHrTb H
gaicb AlonwHbl, BblBiHTb ero. MHtHiI OTAtJlbHblX-b qJIeHOB'b rpynna
Ao.~nKHbi 6bITh npacnaHbi Hb O6uecrT He noame I aBrycTa.







7. BurbgcTuie IIoJIHaro m12paCxOAOHaHi5] YcTaaa O-Ba, TalKOBOI
iIIp' b He 6ygeT-h BbicbjjajTbcM HCTynaHoiUIHM1, qneHaml, AO OTneIaTali:
Hosaro bilnycica, no'emy npocimt- Bcix-b )KejialOUHXEb nJIeHOH% npHiCnaTb
CBOH noI(enaaHia o)KenaTenbHbiXhI. 1I3MHCHNHX- H AononHeHiSlXb [Cb I ilOHi,
nocnt q6, o co6epeTc' C 0MHCCi~I no nepecMOTpy maTepiana iI aar-oToBrd
YCTaHa KIb neqaTalHio.
S. 'Kpyroias nocumxa N2 90 oTnpaineHa 6bmarla b CaH-L-(DpaHi-ucrc
Am rpynnbi 17 aBryCTa 1931 rOla 1 Ao Cel-o HpeMcHH He Boaspau~eua Br-h
0-HO. 7JHraH aTO HapyuleHieM-b OCHOHHbIX-b npaBHnlb YCTaHa npeIjlaraem-f
npencTaBI1Temr o Q-py E. B. r1o3H1iioHy HemCAnCHHO TaKOByL) BepHyTb Is-
0-Ho C'b nPOHHOhCTBOM H paaciitAoHaHiR o npHqIHax-b 3aAepwI{K qjieHamu,
HanOwilTb Ha BHHOBHbIX'I, IUTpaMJh Ha OCHoBaHill 12 Hp noweHi% icb
YcTauy H fnplJb cnltAHTh aa aKKYPaTHbIMb inomHcHieeM-H qJieHaMI cHO-o
Pxir o65aaHHocTeiA, OCTam1i{s y ce651 An'H ICOHTPOJiS KOfilO COUI)OBOgNT.
micra MpyiooBog nocbwlni.
9. HPOCIIM-a F. r. 41IeHoBh no BO3MOwIIOCTH nOMO'ib WYpnHajy no-
CTOSHHOg npHCb]JIKOKi HOHHHOK-b 031, Kag(Aal-O r0CyAaPCTaa Co CRFhMHjtJ$:
o BbinYCKll ArnI oTne'aTaHi5l TaKOBhhXb Bb XPOHNKIt HO~bIXI, RhIflyCKOBI.
10. Bnarogapm HeyToMHMOA 'HepriB HaLuvix% yia~aaeMbjx%1 TIeHOB-b
B. 1. BHunIJwoiHa, B. B. BopseBa H B. C. KyjtbHeHa, 7 cero anptal no-'
1101(eHo ocHolaHie Co4IiicKoh1 rpynirb I-I, cocTaII 7 mietoii IIOA-b py-
ROBOgCTBOMHb 10. K. HnoTHtIKakaro, KOTOpblMb npHHOCIM'h, Hawy rjIy6osyiO
it cePAeqHYio 6JaroaapHOCTh it npHtBogHM-i HblgeP)I<{Y H3P1" nPOTOKola op-
raH~aaikioHHarO co6paHig.

Bbirepwuca Hs-b fpoTocona opraHH8aqioHHaro co6paHi,1 PYCCI(HXI
4)JmaTeanCcTOB-1-nH)o6HTejiei Bb Co4iH, 7 anphjig 1932 roAa.
nplpCYTCTBHOaA": fln'iOTH114(iii reoprift KOHCTaHTHHOHH4H, BImust-
KoBb BnaAtimip'b lHaHosnqvb, Bopse8iei BaCHJhig Bac"1betniib, rpliHeB i
AqpaHacisi c1~eAgToBIq-b, 1yabHewb BacHigt1 CeMCHOBH b,, HeA-LnKoBwb ETre--
Hil 11CTPOIMq-F., ChmomI'Ii SaaItimip't, b aHoBa rBi.


Caymainai:
1. Bb16op-b IlpegclJAaTexi N Ce-
KpeTapx o)raHuaatJiOHHaI'o
corpatli1.
2. O6paiueHie PyRoBoAHTenH
4MA. O6wecTsa ,,Poccmcra" o-b
10Iocnasihi Kb PYCCICIM-b f111-
JnaTe.TIHCTam-b HI, Co*IN wi
AeHb o6pasomia~i% ixm rpyn-
IlbI, Cb npOCb6OA o iRcynne-
HiH B-b BbIWeHaaBaHHOe 0-Ho
U o iioggepwicls TamoBOro.




3. 0 6Oiixalwr xi pa6oTax-1
rpy u n bi.


HOCTaHOBHJIH:
I. IpegctAaTenehieMI [IpOCWTb 6bI-tb r-iia
1'. K. IJJOTHII.Kai-,o, a Celp(eTapemi.
V-Ha rpTHCHH.
2. a) OTf~pbiTb B-b Co(ii (pltinian-b o6iue-
CTra ,,PocCKa". [IpOCIiTb r-Ha r. K,
1AoTHfIIUmaro npIIHHHrb Ha ce6i pyK(o-
iioAcTBo oTAsnommb, a F-Ha B. M. Bini-
Hsi oia cehpeTapemi-KcaHaqeem-b rpyr.7
Ilbi B-1. COIiil.
6) CmuTaeM-b, 'TO 1-pynrila iib Co)iii
;o.nwita 6b1Tb JeH rpanbHo6 jAjI Bjn
Lapin, I1 hb 3TOM-, CMIIC.tl CBMaaTbC-I
cl- InoHpoHmiieij 11 Ch y)te ;IIBhCTHtAMO
ti.k A i (j)IfinaTe:tiHcTaMII, An o6paaoia-
Hi11 KIpyWROsB Ha M-bCTaX'b.
3. a) 0 cOCIroIBweCnCm opraHHaaqiH rpyn-
nbl OIIOBtCT-I'rb IICtX-b IIHTCPeCYOIflHXCz
AtnoMb (I)sijiaTenim Ii.b Co(aiH npc-

6) Haaiia'iHTH co5paii iineH'01o3b rpyF-
[N II1 IiHTepeC poIUIuXncT OgHIH' pa3b fHi,
MtCS1ikU B-b KaWAOe TpeTHb eoCKpeceHbe
Mtcsiqa. Cnt13yIoaee co6paHie Ha3Ha-
KIHTh Ha 29 anp. wib 7 iacowb B-b Pi,
CKOM-b C06paHi H 11pocKmb 6oIm B HXC.
ItITepeCylo HxcH 43HIaTenieA.






c) IlpoCHTb. IpesHAiy*M Bbipa6oTaTb K-T
npeACToniM, ey co6panito npaBnHa Bay-
TpeHH-ro pacnopan(a Bi rpynnt, co-
9eTaBHh ero cCi, yCTaBOMh o06mecTaa
,PoccnKa".
A) KpOMtf qneHCKHX, HaHOCOaB-Wb O-BO
PoccHta as paaMtp-h 150 nea B-h roA~
(naHaMl,, He moryiannp AtJnaTb TaKofi
B3HOCi- ReHhraMH, npeoc-raHiTb npaso
oanOMy. HMa3 nR5TH qreuHOB' ynnlaqHBaT
ero ralmeiuHbiM Map KaMin).ans o6paaona-
Hig we *(OHA oTi';na, o6nowm(nTh Bctx-
qjieHOWb ,OnOflOIHHTe.nbHlIM' B3HOCOMb
Bi pas3Mp-t 60 neBa, KOTOphbI MOWHO
BHOCHTb WIh TeqeniHe uiecTH M'Bhcs eBB,.
flpcAccaTeajb nI mronuifil. CeKpeTaph rpiunehl.


Co4)itfcKas rpynnr:. B3i iItcTp t; CIIIyT'I- PyKonoBnTelnh 1. K. IInOTHHRKii,
no nl iyio pyiy ero --- ccipcrapi ripyn.l B. Biu-inHRKOBi,.

11. flpocuHMi npHcnaTb nieHc(ie BSHOCbi Ha 1932 rO'b.
12. H1pocuiM npIt iru Hamiy 6.naronapHOCTb n lp3HaTe.n6HOCTb:
a) 3a IIep6o0Kiy tlOq:bt~h qaeCHOII.: Ap. E. B. floa3ins BmTKOBCIOMy (4), A. B. CoKOoosBy (3), B. H. BimIunml meItcoMy (2), 11. F. CaralAatiomcRomy (1), A. q. Kniaply (1), A. H. Map-
IHnenacy (1), A. nl. YnAbHoBy (1), A. A. He60oTcBIiy (1), B. H. HnKO-
naeBy (2), B. B. Bopneny (I), E. n. M-me nnaTonoHo~ (1).
6) 3a no)cepTBOBaHie MapOK-b B'b wypHaabHblAt 4OHAb: A. 1. Mypa-
Bbeiy (62 4)p.), B. C. KyabH ey (75 ()p. Boarapia), C. IUpaIeIHKo (nHCTm%






no 50 lu. YKpaHna teHbrH-MapKH I nJCT'b rep6. mapoic c'b Haanem. ,XoJIM-
iuHka"), r. M. BepmuoscCtomy (50 )p. rpenia).
B) 3a nppcImKy cTaTeA: :. FanseHy, H. H. Poc6epy, C. H. Man-
jreneio, C. M. JIo6atOBy, r. FeepgTy.



iHOITOBbI RUMHK'b.

A. H. BoHapesy. TerepaH b. gonweeHCTByiomi oTsyAa-To npH6uTb, BaLu:
TeTpaAH cb MapKaMH nepciw Ha nponaay, ; o cero BpeMenH He no-
JnyeHbi aB O-B-k. Hpocuw HMa 3BteieHiq.
H. H. CpnHHurcy. PtwHua. PyrOBoauTenb O-aa npoc rb npHncnaT OTB'T-
HMf O6IMtHb a niCbhmo oT' 16 AeKa6pfa sa N2 1219.


O6Ib aneHis


KoxUniewsTb wypana ,PoceHKa" N2NS 2-8 npoAaeTcn
Bb O6iecTB' sa 22 4paHKa ci nepecbujOA. OTRBn'bHbie
Houepa no 3.25 op. cis nepecbwKoii. N2 1 wypHnaja, KaRW
6n6aiorpa4puqecxKa pbtAOCTb, npoAaerc no 12.504ip. c%
nepecbhlnKo (ocTanocb HtcKonaJo SKs.)
HepeBsoAi Ha pyccKift 5a. BCTynneHila H cnosapp K-, KaTanory
HBepa npoAaeTcs no 5 pp. cb nepecbnKoil.



LETTLAND NEUHEITENDIENST I
Nur fuer Haendler und Vereine. Sammler bediene ich
nicht! Verlangen Sie meine festen Lieferungsbedin-
gungen. Wie urteilen die auslaendis:hen Haendler?
Die bekannte Neuheitenfirma Hans Froede- Duesseldorf:
,Es ist garnicht notwendig, dass Sie auf irgend-
welche irrefuehrende Konkurrenzangebote hinwei-
sen. Sie haben mir his jetzt lhre UNBEDINGTE
ZUVERLAESSIGKEIT erwiesen und habe ich nicht
die geringste Ursache meine Bezugsquelle zu
wechseln."
Beste Haendler Referenzen Europas zur Verfuegung!

FRAU HELENE HEERDT. Riga. Scheunenstr. 6.
Lettland.












BCTOHi| Kp. KpecTb NS 47, 48 no 1,50 (6.75
47a, 48a 1.80 (9.-
S84, 85 2.40 (11.50
,, cepim ropoAOB., 86-90 6.-- (22.50
B, BTaBKa 96 1.40 (3.75
S narerT 40 pa3aHMXl 4.20 -
JIaTBif laKcTe 132/6 9.- (40.-
o,, 6nei M 1928 143/8 14.- (44.-
MeepoBHw-l 149/53 8.50 (37.50
S PanlHaHC 154/6 3.40 (10.-
naKeTl 50 pasHblX'b 5.- -
JIHTBa IO6naetHMa 1920 67/77 8.- (30.75
S poM6u 188/200 45.- (150.-
,, BosaymHa no4Ta 15/17 4.- (11.25
0 42/4 2.70 (8.25
0 45/51 6.50 (16.35
S naxeTr 50 paaHblX'b 5.50 -
Poccia JleHxH-b 3, 5, 10 py6.o 416/8 32.- (122.50
1, 3 Py6. 1930 r. 0 447/8 17.- (80.--
g. noqTa N I 12.50 (60.-
14/17 0 3.- (21.--
20/21 26.- (75.-
S 22/26 25.- (50.--
naxeTm 100 pasHbixl
(cTapoli COB. Poc.) 6.- -

ltHb1 BO 4p. dpp. Bi cof6Kaxb tihxbi Haepa 1932.
IlpoAaio TonbIO sa HanlqHbia. rIepecbiaKa sa
cqeT'b saKaasaqa (npocTMMs 4p. 1.75, 3aKais. 3.75).
iJeabra MOXHO nocbiiaTb PyKosooAaHTeno O-sa,
ero 3aMlcTHTej lo n.IH MHt.
HMtio Ana npoAaWNH Bc MapKH JIaTBin, 3CTOHiH,
JIHTBb i Poccia.
OT'i o06Mta MapKaM sa HenocTaTKaOMb speMeHaI,
OTKa3blBaIOCb.
A. MURAVIOFF. Riga. Latvia.
P. 0. Box 567.
(floqeTHbft qneH-n 06necTBa ,PoccnKa")

11________________





r===---ms--I-O-- -----

ESTLAND ROTES KREUZ
I. 10.


1920 geschnitten 2'/2---1. 5+2 Mk. Yvwrt
47, 48. Michel 30A, 31A. Scott255, 256


-.30 2.10


1920 gezahnt 2'/2- 1, 5+2 Mk. Yvert
47a, 48a. Mihel 30B, 31 B. Scott 257, 258 -.40 2.8(
1926 Aufdrucke 5-6 u. 10- 12Mk. Yvert
84, 85. Michel 65, 66. Scott 263, 264 -.60 4.-


1931 2+3, 5+3, 10+3, 20+3 Sent.


-.60 5.5(


16.50

) 21.-

32.- E
0 53. W


Preise netto in estnischen Kronen. Andere Valuten zum
Tageskurs, 1 Dollar U. S. A.=3,72 Ekr. 100 Schweizer Fr.=
Ekr. 72.- Kasse voraus oder Nachnahme. Porto stets extra.
Zahlungen per Checks oder Banknoten per E. Brief. ,,Estonia"
Mitgliedern 50/ Rabatt.
INTERNATIONALER PHILATELISTEN VEREIN ,,ESTONIA" e. V.


Tallinn, Kinga tan. 10. Estland.

El[ mm I=


- Alles von ESTLAND in gr6sster Auswahl
Preisliste gratis auf Verlangen.
III. Spezial Katalog der Estland Marken 150 estn. sent.
EWALD EICHENTHAL, Tallin, Kuninga 6, Eesti
Mitgliedern der ,,Rossica" und anderer estn. philat. Vereine 15% Nachlas

3a MapIm Bcero CBtTa AaM'b q~IHHAiHHlo. HBepb, Mnxenb 1932.
J. Heinonen, Vyikatu 10-13, Helsingfors, Finlande.


I


A I;
fa







j ,,, ,~ -----^
1 908 < ,,U nj a" < 1932
S MeW~ yHapOAHoe O-BO QnHJIaTeJ1HCTOB '
Ow )taiafbHu t opraHb ,Filatelista" eceM'ic5tIHbit


ujlnniooTpHpoBaHHbufl xypnaanl.
roJoaoBl qjneHcKiti nBsoc- 1 am. Aojnnap-b HnH 60 AHHapb
(TaKxe MOKHO BHOCHTb aysIWIHM raweH. MapKaMH Ha 150
4jp. no Haepy).
lpocneKTM H WypHanji ubcubnaIOTcH 6eainarHO.
PeaaKtqis wtypHana .Filatelista" Ciechocinek Pologne.


j


jI


II r. r. KonneiotioHepbl I
Ecni BaMt HCeocTaloT-b Kapis n6o MapraH JIHTBU, Meaean,
acTOHiH, JIaTBiH, PocciH 1n anHnra, TO MOmeTe HXI nony-
4HTb no o'eHb Ae1eBMM'-b lAHaM1b.
BonbWoi Bbu6op'b MapOKi, EuponbM aaMopcKixi, cTpanb.
Bblcunaio nan bu6opa.
Wenn was fehit Ihnen von Litauen, Memel, Estland, Lettland,
Russland u. Danzig, so kOnnen Sie billig kaufen. Grosse Aus-
whal von Europa u. Ueberscemarken. Versende Auswahlen,
Litauen 100 verschiede U. am. dol. 1.-
150 1.75
2W0 5.50
The reference from ,Rossica"
R. REDEN KALINOWSKY
Kaunas, Kautostr. 3. Litauen.

WHenato nonyqiTb OaTOHilO (no MHepy): NN' 70, 109, air 6; JIHTBy:
NN2 7-10, 63, 237-249 (6eas, 244), 250-262, 299, 302, air-34, 37-40.
flpeAnaralo B1, O6XiH'b IOrocnanho nyqmia cepin 31-34, 182-193,
194-203 R Boo6uie BCIo IOrocnaBizo -- noITOBIub H onaaTHua no MaHKo-
nucry, a TaKwe BocHilo NN 64-84.
A. A. Cebotkjev i, Kueevo-Poiarevafko, Moravska banovina, Jugoslavia
Bb O6UtecTBtk PoccHKa" HMtioTCH gnlibHbla BeMnH IrTeMnejibHbe KOH-
sepTbh 10 KOn. I KOn. 1849 roAa, no KaTanory C. Q. A. NR 7, c-b outH-
KOIO 50 aon. py6nefl, c- ramlenieMM 1854 H 1857 r.r., utHa 4 am. Aon.
3anpausBaTb PyKo0oA.HTena.
BI O06UecCTB-; PoccaKa" npoaaloTcn AJnn qnenoBb aHuriilcia o6MtHHhIl
TeTpaAoqKH Ann MapoKb,-6yMara sB' KA TKy, pasMpI% 9X13'/ cM., ut-
Ha sa 10 mTyK'b 5 (IpaHKOB, c'b nepecunKxol (MOwHO npHCblsaTb reKy-
uUMH Hnera.mebiMM MapKaMH no xypcy).


I


z,









* nPOAAIO sa HaJIHnHblf paceT'b: LEVANTE RUSSE U
N2N2 190, 198, 202, 206, 210, 214, 219, 224, 192, 200, 204, 208,
212,216,221,226,194,218,223, 228, 195,229, 196, 20, 197, 160, 161,
167, 162, 1I8, 163, 169-172, 164-1(6, 233-240, 187, 188, 43 i 44.
Russie: NN 73,121,75d 127,128, ABenHHKHH: NN- 34-38,40-44,
44a; RUSSIE de SUD: (BpanreJb) N2 3 (5 py6. Ha 5 Rion. 6ea
3y6,) n N2 31(35 Kon. Ha 1 Ron. 6ea sy6.). U.R S.S. NN2 150-152,
157, 157a, 157B, 158,158R, 158c, 53-55, 159-161, 16CB, 162, 16", 163H,
165, 167, IPYSI3 : NN2 10-18 (nonHan ccpia).
- Ha ec'B nepemcmjeHIHbIH Bbiie Mapim( cKnHlma 800/ --
no Karanjory IBepa 1931 r. sa naJi'mubi pac'eT-b.
GRE C E: Revolution 1922 r, cepia 58 IT. HCTTO Frs. 225,
a TaKwe en OTA ,nbH. a31(eMnjiapb 1H B'I npoqiH MapKH rpeuin
HbIHH HMtl omiU xo)Aeeie. CKii (a 551/o. GRECE: Bayron
aa cepiio 2 WIT. HeTTO Frs. 1. 0.
npogaro TaK e( OTKPMuTbil KapTO'~1 (iB-hTHnMH)
C7. BHsamfH rpeiin H ena peBHocTef
no 100 @ppaHKOB'b aa 100 mT.
MenHe 300 4p. aaKaaa He BbInoJInHlO He OTB'sqaio.
06 h'HHBaiOCb BC-me ynoMaHyThiMH MapiaMn i p om t Levante
Russe n Grece Ha a) pan.qeuqna MapKi Bctx' CTpaHH, a
TarKe Opamn, HTanbaH. H AHrnific. KOJIOH., Poccia io6ji.
PoMaHOBCKia, HCKnIIOqHTenbHO HeraleHbia MapKH H Ha MapKn
B03AYlUHOf nOqTrb, 6) AeHaHaKH (KaTan. C.F.A.) NN9 2001-
2020, 2006-2044, 2052-2055, 3001-3005, 3016-3024, 6001-6016,
6043-6055, 8106-8121, 9032-9064, 9077-9081,1001-1003, 10069-
10085, 10166-10172, 10176-10206.
Snlpeanarato TaKOe nmrhoiuieca y MeHna y6neTbI AeH3HaI(OBU. B.
npogawa i o6ba'hb MapoKh jn eH3Ha1IOB b He menOHe 300 )p. HeTTO.
P.S. Bc' HMiLoU1m1iC y MeHR MapiciK HOBbiH (He rameLiHblH)
HBhb BeHKOnhJinHOMb Buwt. (FIpogafo BCO) napTiro c-b 6ojibmog
ycTynKoA).
Ha HecepbeCHbIH nHCbMa He orB Tqalo. KoppecnoHAeHtiR Ha pyc-
CKOM- H rpeIecKOM-b FaSblaxi. AgpecoBaTbcs:
D. G. DOUKELIS. ATHENES- GRECE. P.O. Box 53.
* Rue Stade N 35. (Telephon 69/21 n 50/21. U






no TexHHiqeCKHMb o6cTORTejnbCTBaaM-b 8aepwKa Rb
HaroTOBjneHiH IKie N2 9 ,PoccHKH" BbImen'b c'b
He6ojibnhM' ono3gaHieM'b.


PeAaRTop'b H HanaTeab E. M. ApxaHreabcKii.
Btaan URepionb, IOrocnaBis.
Pyccxaa THnorpaqia C. 8. ctHOIoHOBa, Hoblii CaA-b, TeMepHHcKas, 25.







B-, iexocjiosaKiH -
KOCHHA, reoprii KOHCTaHTHHOBHq'b, npara.
Bo AFAII'B'b, BceBoJIoAJu HHKoJiaesBHb, napHWb.
B LUiBeflitapiH -
De LAFONTAIN, ApManHa' ApmaHnABHM b, lropHX'b.
Bob rojAaHniH -
AY)KELK, Il, naBejlb HIBaHOBH4', raara.
B- BonrapiH -
EBPEMOB'b, HHKojnai AaeposBHa-, liepHHKb.
B-i rpeiiH -
BEPLUKOBCKll, reoprigi MuxafiiaoBsa, nHpeR.
B-b PyMblHiH -
TAKAH'b, JAoAiBHrr MHxafinosBrb, iaHKOTa a' ApawAb.
Bb IOrocjiaBim -
lo r. 3arpe6y -
KOJIMAKOBTb, BachJiii neTPpoBMHn, 3arpe6i.
B'b [epciH -
BbirOPHH'wKIIl, AiieKcaHtp- H4BaHosBHab, TerepaH n.
B-, U. S. A. -
fIO3HSIKOB'b, EBreHifi BacHjbeBMq-S, Ap-b, C. 4ApaHuHCKO.
reHepaJnbHhlf lpeacTaRMTeJlb Ha IOKHyio AmepHKy:
HCAKOB'b, MBaaH% BaHaosBH-b, AcyHcioH-.
B'b BpaaHniH -
'B5JIOB'b, FleTp-b BacHnabeamlu-, C. naono.
B-h ApreHTHH1 -
HHKOJAE7Bb, Bjana)aipb HHKOJiaeBHiq', ByeHoc'-A Bpec-h.

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