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Group Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00084
 Material Information
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: K.L. Wilson
Place of Publication: Falls Church Va
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 94/95 called also no. 94/95.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020235
Volume ID: VID00084
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05843071
lccn - sn 80008626
issn - 0035-8363

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Main
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
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Full Text
LhHna HoMepa: B IO)rocinaniH 6 AiH., sarpaHHief~ 3 4paHKa, 12 aM. geHT.


1932


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na cBoewi TeppHTOpin TypeUKnx1- MapoK b 6eas-b naneaTRKu AnI
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KOHTopax'- eite ocTaBaBsmHMHcn Ha rocyAapCTBeHHoe i cjiyty65,
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MaTepianibi HenoJ Hb, BCJItACTBie iero 6OJIbuiHHCTBO nepBbx'b
caMocToRTejIbHbIX7b BbinycKoBb An6ania coBepumenio HeHastBCTHN
KaKb no KOJIHqecTBy BbinymieHHbIX'b MapoKib, TaK'b H no CBOHMb
ouHo6aM's H paaHOBIHAHOCTRMI, TaK'b iaiK' o(4HgiaJlbHblaR Ma-
povqHbi HaaaHin aaMaajiqBanjCb aj6aHCKHM-b nOHTOBblM'b Bi-
ROMCTBOM'b.
Meway npoasHM- aJ6aHncKiH MapKH BecbMa HHTepeCHb no
CBOHMI opnrHHanjbHbIM' OUHl6KaM, Hm noyqaTeAbHbI no ciome-
TaM-b, XOTrI 6oJIiHaHHCTBO (4HJiaTeJIHCTOBI noqeMy-TO nposaBJeTrb
K'b HnHM BecbMa Mano HHTepeca a Aawe npeHe6peraeT% HMH.
CTpeMnacih b nonbI Tb yasaaHHbli npo6baJ'b Bb naHJlaTeancTrqe-
CKOi rHTepaTypt H saaHTepecosaTb coBpeMeHHbix'b )HJiaTejiH-
CTOBsb BsnycKaHni apoK' An6aHin, a Bba TeqeHie naT4H jiTrb
co6HpaJI- Heo6xoAHMbIe MaTepiaJub H AaHHbau H, name ana aSTO
ultj npeAnpHauRn b pacKBaaHHoe nyTemecTBie. B 1925 roay Bl
CKyrapa. Pesyn bTaTaMH MOHux HacnA osaHnif a H xosy noat-
JIHTbCR Clb IHTaTeJIsMH ,,POCCHKH", nHOJIsyBCb B'h KaqeCTB- noA-
co6naro MaTepiana TpyAOM- Mr. Brunel'a.

I. BbinycKa gooKKynagiH Anj6aHi BO BpeM BsenJIxo BOHHib
I BbinycKb.
[epBbIi caMocTOsTeJIbHbli BbinyCK'b aJI6aHCI Bsumejinb B o6parmeie 5 maa 1913 roaa. MapKa npeAcTaBJI~reTb
co6oio aBa Kpyra oAHH'b B Apyrowb, Me ay KOTOpbIMH HaanHcb
LepHoiR KpacKoii ,,Ministeria e post-teleg. e telefonevet; B6, ReHTpb
taxogHTrcHa aBOiHot repaJbaauHecKifi IUHaT, BHyTpH KoToparo an-
6aHCKi4i AByrInaBbli opej'b (repajnbAe ecKiii imHT'b C' opAOM'b
npeACTasBJaRn co6o0o pHCYHOKib cJIy)e6HOi neqaTH noHTOBaro
MHHHCTepCTBa An6aHiH). -OCTOHHCTBO He yKaaaHO, Ho MapKH
a3T npoasanauchO no OAHOMy niacTpy (B' TypeqKOi~ BaJlOTt) H
npHTOM-b TOJIbKO B'b CAJIr'Byr1HX'- InIOTOBbIX'b KOHTOpaxb: Ba-
jiOa, AIroqaHba, BepaTr, CKpanap-b, 3jb6acaHa, THpaHa, KpoHli,
KyKemu, KaseJia, Aaeccio, rleKani, LUbhaKb H Q~iepib. AiameTpS
mapKH 38 MM. BbinyCKi OTneqaTaH-b Bb PHMt B-b KO.IHqeCTBt
2443 aKa. Ha 6yMaria pasHbX'b OTTtHKOB7b OT-b caywe6Hbx'b
KOHBepTOB' norToBaro MHHHCTepCTBa. MapKH BblrptbaanaIH B




BnHiA% KsBaJppTOHb, HO MOWIHO BCTJ-bTHT16 It '18HbI11 no xpyry
oTne'iaTua; 11OC RAHifl BCTpt'a[OTCcR PtAKO. BbinyuCrb otipainancs
c-b 5 mall no 30 itoim 1913 roja.

11 B bI nYC 1('h.
CJtIBAyIoiuiii BbnnyCWI, O6wrI'b npoIaBeAewb 1 imow 1913 roAa
B-h BHA%1 TaKoro we upyruaro luTeMnejis c~b gIIyMsI KpyraMH,
Mewiy 1(0TOphIMII no OKPY*HOCTH HaJn1ch: Postat e Qeverries
sE Perkoheshme" BI, ae[tpI13 we ,te Shqipenies". Mapfwa OTne-
4aTaHa npi: Homo0Li1u iay'y:(ouaro IJTemneJIm 6ea-b o6oaHaqe~ii
AOCTOHHIICTBa. 1aie ceero BcTJypBaeTCH o6ptaa ::iao no ipyry;
ptaati KijnaApaTOwb 3HaiiTeiikHo pliwe. Mapia 6inna BbI-
nyleuea B-b KojmH'leCTH' 2433 ata. H npojaeauJacb Blt, nOqTOBbIX1b
IOHTOpaxbh 110 OAHOMY rpouny (niacTpy) c-b 1 no 30 ihomi 1913 ro-
Ra. 14 we OlRTMOpMI 1913 roia aTa Maptta 6buaa npo3y6IJOBaHa
Ha Uejilloli maIIIllH-h ii IfhmnyueHa ecero JIHUIkb B% KOJIM'IeCTHi
800 aMc. CyIuecTHYeT'b 11011LT TaKas we MapKa, HO OTlle'IaTaH-
nam wi KOtpltmeBOMmb IltBhTt, KoTopan ;I npejc'raBJige-im co6olo
*rtlltMYHYIO nr ln kiry.
Ho wBirnll~emy HBny o6KabMI1C~ icpaigie HenpHlPJ1eKaTeJibHbl
it k1mnqHin)6pa ii .i

III Bhinyy c iuib.
CiiLayi,1di0ll TpeTiii BhlnyCI(h, CaMbil HllTepeclblfi HWE HC'hXlF,
BhinycCKoB- Aji:aini, 6bJlnb npPOH3BeAeHwb 16 iiolrN 1913 roaa IR-
BHA-h IHaAnejlaTK1C HIa TypeltKilX7i Mapicax-b.
no OK.u;:4aHil 6aii icatiii commiaiiectcoii oticyllnalit 11
yxo;a C1h c:IlajiCI;IIi1 rePPiiOPiu Cep6cKHX'b, gepHOropCi(imX l it
rpeiiecimmx h omrcynalionibix'l, BOiiCi(mb, a!6aIlciwoe npaBllTeJlrcr'ro
fleMeJiJleuio paaociiaiio 1I0il) vJI%'BC 4C3'I, aJitlaHC(IIM'b IHOMTO-
BhIM1b lco11TOPaMlM C'I rpeCooa iieM'h TOiIa ITc. we(C BhicjiaT H'h
CTOJINIIY Bpe.metllaro rpaBHiTe:IhcTHa Bajioiy HCli Hahi'llikC 3a-
nacm OCTaHlIlXCO9 R'h IIO'-ITOHlIX'h KOtITOpaX'u TyPeUKIIX'bh map Ok1
AIRu HlpoHla4owC-r a HaJne'laToK b It nI'c.liityiolIIari, BbmfycaK BOh
o(5pauteidie.
Rllm IiaJtle'laTOKW. aTlIX'i lIpaBlHTe:lhCT~i :lal(a~al()0 B'h Hea-
lioirb l(JlIIlme c%. )lByrIiaBhlM-b aJl6uIlCI(mi OjJIOM'l., fOaLh MoTO-
pt1M~b noM-lIlaJiaCb iaRlnntch ilojIytcpyrOm-.: ,,Shqipl)nia".
T'aKw, mal<- Hi, yKa3aHloe BpeMl HCH Anianig 4)aKTLrlecKi4
HaXoA1l:laCb Rb CaMOMb xaOTHtleClOMb cuOlcllil,, nyTI4 coo6le-
H1ll thl6llf 1 1lO4TII II'HCIOA! ;allCplTbl ii 11O'iTOHhIR cNitioeubls CO-
BepmlleHllo He uIpIOuli Ilfl H If., no uceh cTpailli onepipoBaiIm
pa a''' imimii i.H Imlaili git, iiauoiielig, 11 Il'rhfOTOpblX'I i AAcTaxb C etu
aaAepwI1BaJl1HCb panJinhlllble OTXOAI)llLie ovicynawoic, iHe OTP ItI.
TO HCJIIbJ1L1Rii arl,'.h op!'14HHJ l(iui~llie H MapK" npH6wuuiH C'b
(obnhintiM-b olo.3AaHieMi TOJhcO 'iepeai TPH c'I. nOjOBHHOIO
MtcH ia. H-aanetlaTbI Hal ie mapow, HpOII3BOAlHlOcb B'b CTOJIHrrB
BaJiOHi, HRI- Te-IeHie Tpcx-b mticmklelI'b BecbMa fpHMHTIIBHhIMl.
cnoco6oMl.. R13 peayjibTaTh Talcoro BecbMa npoAoJl)IdnTe.1bnaro
HagnetlaTblHai~i$ otcoJio 37.000 Mapoic':. no"BHHjucb 6eatitic:jHWflg





Pa3HO8tHAHOCTH M OUWH6KH. lPO430oWJIO 3TO BCJI-hCTBie TOrO,
qTO RJIHIwe 6b.l.O TOJILKO B'h elHHCTBeHHOM'b aKaeMnumpt, pa-
6oTa )Hwe np0H3BOi HjiacL B-b PytHYIO, KpaCKN 3a CTO6b nPOAOJI-
>RHTeJIbqbI1 nepiOJib BpeMeHH 8(4J0H3MtH'1RJHCb (BCJItJACTBie AO-
6atiteii K-b CTapo14 H3HOIeHHO( KpaCIcl3 HOB0iR), pa6oqie
wre '3T1M-b eAHHCTBeHIbIMb KJm1l c~apajincb HaarieqaTbIBaTb
OAHo1peMeHHO Ana-TpH aKaemnim1oa 6e3'b npon~mbJBaHi5 KiHue
,kpac~oii. TaKR' Hanp., Ha Tpex-b aKaeMmraipaX'1 B'b OAHOM'b PRAY
noJIytIaJillcb ABg )1(14pHb]X-b HaAlnexaTIaII opjia M TpeTb5 -6JI-EA
HaR, a Mniorga ene 3aM'bTHag (nPl'TOM'b TOJnbKO nOJIOBI4Ha opuia).
1(pacca Haar1esaTOI'b paajimiaiiaCb HO LtB'hTy Mapomb. BoJIbuajl
,facri HaAnelaTOV'b uOJiyIu4jiCb B-b CtpO-iepHOPI qeptoio KpacKb,
HO MOIHO 8CTPtTHTb TalOwe CHH1110, KpacHyIo, rpanaToRylo,
43 ioijeToByIo B'b pa3j141HbIX'b MacijRHiCTbIX% TOHax'b. 14mI.-OTCH
B'% He6olbluIMtX' KOjiH'leCTBax-b nepei3epHyTblg HaJneiaTH14 tipa3-
JIIqbJib OmUMftmI. Ho oKoHqaHiH Haaule'laTriTaHiq BCt JIICTb lma-
pOK'h 6b1Jt4 OTnpaBJIeHbI H'b nO'ITOBOe AIffHHCTepCTBO3. no 143pac-
xo)jjoRaHiH aTHX'b Mafpo1(1 KimJe 6bIjtO yHNEITO>KelO.
Mewgy flpOrMub TypeqrOe npaBHTenhcbCTBO He oIp1al-aiio
BbIune)uaro aJi6aHcKaro Bbiriycia A BCt nOtrTOBWR OTflpa3JIeHjii,
a~pecosauiHbrr Bb Typiiio N 43paHMIulpaDaHrblR HagneqaTaiiHbIMH
Type[LK(LMI Map'.-MHl, no noJlyqeIiHl Ha'MICT-B oIJaq'iBa3JIlCb
ronytiayeiiemh BIJUOaHiI, KaK% O T.paBjieHH bin 6eq-, OnrJaTbi noq-
TOBaro c6opa.
Becb BbinyCI(cb COCTONT-b 1,13'b 11 AOCTO14HCTB-1 14 pacnoita-
raeTcR no [UtHHOCTRM'b, rLwTy H Tl4PawRy CJI'bJlyfOUHuMis oepaaok-b:
2 napa 1911 r. OJI4BXOBO- 3eiieHia 1909 aK3.
5 ,, 1909 r1. IKop141HeBaqI 1983
10 aeiieiasi 4252
20 ,Po80o8 11607
I riiacTphI. ,, roiiy6ag 11375
2 CNHe-4epHaR 3758
2 L/2 TeMHo- KOpN4HeBaR 1137
5 ,, ,, rpi443ejbiHo -rypmlyp. 650
10 ,, ,, 241
25 ,eneuaji 35
50 ,, opaHweB0-1(0pM4qHel4 16
Pa3cmaTplBaeMbI5I MapmH nP0~aBanjcb Bo BC'hX'b 15 anI-
6aHcRux-b IO4T0B]XbIX KOHTOpax-b. Mapia Bb 10 niaCTPOB% npo-
JaBajiacb TOJILbO B-1 CKYTapH H BaJo$t. Mapmui B-b 25 H 50 nia-
CTPOB-b, BCAIt)XCT~ie KpaRHe He3Haqt]TeJIbHaro KOAL eCTBa, Hte
6b1JIH Bb61nyiqeHbl B-i, fpopmRy H coxpaHRSJHCb JlIfIIb B% n6qTo-
BOM'b NLHHHCTePCtBt Bih BaJIOht Ha BCsRIig ciyqaiA. Htsawie HO-
MHHaJIb1 cjiyHCHAn rjlaBHb1Mb o6pa3om-b Agji onnaTbI no nep-
CBXJU( ra3erb.
MPOM1t nfqT'OBbIX'b mapoK'b 6uiJIo euke tiaAtreqaTa.Ho To'"
>Ke HaaneqaTxogi 2490 OTKPb1TbiX-b nHCeM-b B% 20 napa tiHL
H0CTW1O.
a4 BcTptqarouwtxcq oIIItr50'KII n'epeqHCJIHM-b cUyiotAYii:


~~ ~_ _~I_ I





nepesepHyTaa HaalneqaTKa Ha 2, 5, 10, 20 napa, 1 5 niacTpoab
a na 2 napa raaeTHOii; KpoM-b TOro 6bno cag~inaHO BecbMa
HeaHaqHTeJlbHOe ROJIHqeCTBO HaAneiaTOKI' Ha TypeQuKHXab Map-
aax'b BbnyciKa 1908 roAa Ha 5, 10, 20 napa, I N 2 niacTpa
(10 8aK.); ABOfiHaa najneqaTKa Ha 1 niacTpt; TOJILKO opeJI-, 6es8
HaAInncH, na 20 napa.
KpoM1h Toro 6ijio eue HauaeqaTaHO Heo60ibine KOJiHqe-
CTBO na qeTbipexbh rypeu.mKHx' MapKaxa- ,,B" (Behie), HMBIsmuxx
HaflneqaTKH KcpacnoH Kpacr apaaMi 1 TOsKOHR nOA- HKMHn 10 m 20 napa, I t 2 niacTpa
(ab o6meii cyMMt HaqneqaTOKio npN6Jma13Tejlno 20%0/). Mapau
aTr BecbMa pAimgK, a nOTOMy oqeHb gopora. Ha 10 n 20 napa
BCTpi aaoTca nepeBepHyTbma HaaneraTKn.
BCjiBtaCTBie cBoero He3Ha'n TenjLHaro bt 10 napa 6bijia BechMa 6blCTpo .HapacxooBanHa, a noTOMyj
sBanacb nOTpe6HOCTm Bb AonOJIHHTeJnbHOM-b BblfiycKce. CL arTOi
lUtjblbo' Ha MapKtax'b a- 20 napa cAIajnaj HaaaneqaTKy HOBOt
tBHHOCTa. B'b 10 napa BnycTm blBlyC 4 KOJInqecTH 1440 atK.,
KOTOpblR npoAaBanjHacb CKJIIOqHTejIbHO B- BainoHm KpOM- Toro
Sa MapKax% 'b 5 napa HaAneqaTaji HOBsyo WtHHocTb 2 na-
pa B'b na 20 napa M-nntoTca :tom11KM: ,,11" BMaCTO ,,10" TOJIbKO
~eiCkOJbKo aK3eMnuiapoBwb nepeBepHyTaa uin4pa ,,10" (Bcero
odzh 1b n1ICTb).
AonnjaTH4hl MapKH Typ[im 1909 roAa TaiOKe nojiyg4lHi Ty
jAe HaaneqaTKy 1 niacrp-b, s"epHaa Ha KpacHOf, B'b oJnHe-
CTB e 345 aia., a 2 niacTpa, qepnaa Ha IpacHoiR Bcero 2 aK-
3eMnnJapa; noc.natHra Hie nocTynania B'b npoawHy, a coxpaHIaacb
'b n6O'TOBOi KOHTOp' wi Ba ioHBh. BCJItACTBie BbMtieyKa3aHHbHI-b
npara4H', qBa3Ta HalAneaTOK-b MO)WHO BCTptTHTb CJI'BAYiOUlie:
c4Hie, (|iojneTOBbie, KpacaHbe a KpacHo-Kop sHHeBbie.
Ty-b Heo6xoAHuMo OTM THTb, -TO B'b HOR6p'h M'3ca1tLb Torb
'ie 1913 roaa ani6aacKoe noHrosoe BS13AOMCTBO BbinyCTHJIo cne-
qiaJlnbo Ann KOJuIeKiqioHHbIX-b ninei He6ojibHmoe KOJiHneCTBO
(nwosAeaMoy no 100 aKa. Ka;i(oil uIHHOCTH) HOBOAB JIOBIb Biti-
iueyKasaHHaro Bbinycica HaAneqaTORb Ha 19 JOCTOHHCTBax%: -
2, 2 Ha 5, 5, 10, 10 Ha 20, 20 napa, 1, 2, 21/2, 5, 10, 25 m 56
niacTpoBb, ,,Behie" 10 a 20 napa, 1 a 2 niacTpa, AoniiaTa
1 a 2 niacrpa. rMT HBoa$oabi MO(KHO OTJIHqIHTb OT'b nOAIHH-
Hbiw- HaAlneqaToKI TOJIbKO TtM'-, HTO HaAlnesaTKa Hna HiHX'b i
Haucuei cTeneHH MacJIaHHCTaa H a mapKy. Ha HOBsoAlbjaxl MOWKHO BCTphTHTb H (aJIblaHBbil raui-
H1a (iOHhrs irIonb 1913 roaa),KOTopbia npoH3BeneHbi He B'b M'bpy
yCAyM(JIAHBMH TypeqFKHM CJIywaiHuMHn B-' nOqTOBOAi KOHTOp't 81
BajIoHt gnJI aMepHKaHCKHx- TopronieBib MapiaMA.
(npoAon~texiFe CnA-yeT. ).. ,
'" E. Apsatet*b i. '
aODA.~ar~bc~i- -I!


li_ ~___ ~~





Ioe-qTO 06' ,,HHTepeCHblX'b MapKax'b" OCTOHiH.

I.
Bb No 7 wypna)ia ,,PoccHKa" aa ceHTa6pb MtI cnb M. r.
aa nomnnchio F. (. B4TTe 6b Ia HaneqaTaa aa CTaTL O nOA na-
aBaHieM- ,,HepBbi$ IlnoTOBb i5 apKi SCTOHni4". ABTOP' )ejaeT-
CBoeio cTaTbero ,,cioco6cTBOBaTb yBeJiH4eHilo HHTepeca R acCTOH-
CKAM'b MapKaMa- BTb 3HjiaTeJiHMCTHqeCKMHXb ipyraxi, HO no Moemy
MH-liliO MMeHHO CBOMMI4 wte pa3cymAeHniaM OHn cnoco6el Ao-
6MITbca JIHlbU a6COJHOTHaro paBHnoAY1lii Kb MapiaM"b 3CTOHiM.
Ben ero CTaTba HanoJIHeHa 1Hc4paMH H pacqeTaMH, KOTopue
AOJnD norax-b AByx'b BecbMa npecJIOByTbIX'h HaaaHii 3cTOHiH. ABTOP'%
cTapaeTca aoIasaTb, qTO aTH MapKB Hanp'tqnaimiia B-b Mipt,
caMbil toporia (KJaccHneCKia, OBsaBHHbi opeojioM' nepBbiMaRt
o-Ba MaBpHKina T13 MoJ'b xywe 1 AemeB e) -- noaToMy ca-
MblR HHTepecHbIN. MH'- Kaw eTCR, qTO RJIA BCI(arO HOpMajlbHarO
iKonejreioHepa, a TaKHnx- noaasBJiomee o60oJIbUCTBO, Bcerga
HHTepecHbI O6bIKHOBeHnHbl Map aI Aelieimea pa3HoBLHAOCTM
HXb. BliIb BCHKii Koj1JIeKuioHeph' XoqeT-b ao6H4TbCR HaHM03MO)HO
nOJIHOi KOjuIeKqi 1KawKAoi CTpaHbI. KaKan eMy pasanLa -
CKOJIb(O CTOHT' ,,3Ta BeJI iaIaHlan pUiAKOCTb", eCJIm KOJIH4eCTBO
HAaHHbiux- (iKai'b Hanp. aaaHie ,,3cTH nocT") ceMh, oauHHa-
AqaTb HJIH ABHa84agaTb aK3eMlnjIpOBpb HaCTOJIb MHHNIMajlbHOe,
tTO BCe paBHO BC'X'b He yAOBJneTBOpHulb.
3CTOHiA AHnfl eTCrI o6JiaAaTeJlbHH4le CBMbie CTa HopMajib-
HbIx'b MapoK'b (HBep7 Bct, KpOMt No 23 no NQ 39), BnoQiHI
saKOHHO nH3AaHHblX'h H 6bBImUHX'b B%' npoAam3R nOWTH BO ecei
cTpawb. CaMan ioporaa na HnXjb HI4ep- No 70 (Tnpaaw 6ead
4aIjbUHBbIX'b OKOJO 9500 aKseMnnJipoB),) CTOHT1- ceroRAH
Ba npolaaw 12 acT. IpoH- =- 80 4panI. L4paHKaM-b. Bc' aTH
HOpMaJIbHblJ MapIK BHOJIH'b AOCTynHbIl ARa KaWAaro cpeAHFaro
KonneieKtionepa. CpeAm a3THXT Mapo('b eCTb IaIaHinf OTJIrqaIo-
utiaca cBoeii cBoeo6pasHocTblo OTb ApyrHx'b copoRAlqei. TaK-w
No 10 5 neHHnI WeJ Taa, pHCyHOKR -- ,a8Ka Ha'b MopeMnl
(ceromAHRns aa 1NtHa aTOR MapKa Bcero OIOJIO Tpex%' 4paHKOBIb
RypCHposania TOJblK( napy aHef, 46o KpacKa oKasaanach Henpa-
rouHnoi AJI neqaTaHba H pHCYHOK-b nOJIlyYMIC nOqTH Hepas-
6opqlBblM'-, Aa a KJIHMe 6umr nocaweHbi HacTOnb 63iHSKO Apyr'b
Kb Apyry, qTO nOqTH He 6bIJIO BOSMOWHOCTH OTA fJIfTb HO)HM-
aaMH OAHy MapKy OTb apyrof. N2No 86- 90 HHTepecHbi He TOjibK
no CBOHM% pHCYHKaMn CTapHHHb]Xb opweHCKHX'b aMKOB'% aCTO-
Hin, no rjiaBHbuIM o6paao30M no HoMepaM% na JriqeBsol CTOpOHa
MapoKb (cie BnepsBbe s Mip-b), onpeabBJinioInlx'b MtcTopacno-
jnoeHie OTAJI6JbHbiXb MapoK-b B'b JICTr%. KPOtM1 Tbro, aTO emHn-
CTBeHHbIH MapKA SCTOHni oTnemaTaHHbl Ha 6yMart c- BOJAs-
HbIM:b 3HaKOM', npHqeM'b cet SHaKl COCTOMHTI H83% napajilejib-
Hbixt JHnifi, Tb eHnTpt KOTOpbixb pacnojiomeHb rocygapcTseHHul
rep6'b 6. Beji Haro KHaweCTBea 4





6nuIIcn Ia 6yMarB c'h rep6oMi.h 60JIblie le cyuIecTByioiuaro i'y-
)o'ro icm(lIcecTBa. PasB' 3TO ne iiHTepeclrue ulln)pIrh c ncKyc-
cTBreiniblX'b p-tAKOCTeii r-la BUTTe? HaiiIm Mapi1 Bos yiiimoii
no'ITbi Bh cBoeii TpeyrojlhiOii (J)opMri pIecTa npl)poBanri nocJi'
Ho0111i1 iJlaccHlqeclcyio (j)opmy neplBbix' MapoRic. Mhica ,ljr poih
IHaliteKRl hI,, i a3TIIM'h ripiiLecni 60oJi nlyio pI)alocTi', AOJiO bhlI'b
KoJiJle(ixioliepaMi-, nierjl a c'b Bo)iclteJrh ieM'b MtenlaBIIxIb 06)61,
TIIX'I OCoiuixb 1 no (I)opM'b MapK TpeyronjibHlli ilopMla'I'Ib 61urB. lpmIlpIRT1 RJAln M apoil('r> soayWlllOil
IlOlurhi HpeMtteHHO B'b JIITITIi II nepMaleHriTlo H'b JIaTBnil. PaaBt
ie opuriimnla.iHbH noepa no lli.epy 3, 5 1t 6 i0o3olyilnnoi rnolTbi
no cioeii ilne'i coaAauis nyTeLh ilamnelaTKiI 118r h jnByx'h Mapoich-
oniiori IIOHBO; wB'l o6ioiiloBeHilo npaIKTliKyeTc in'h cjllyanx'b
lHy>itUi pap'ls;aHie Mapoici, !a JAB' I- Ila)Re ila eTblpe IacTn, -
3cTOHia We coasania in B,'h 3Toai o(5jiacTu ICOC-TO noBoe. He
mielt he H1irTCepeclhb no CBOHiM'h tellTpanbbHl-blM'h MOTIMBIM'b BOS-
tylllllblg MapKic 1924 rola c'h piicyyil aaMH ljeTa'rejinbll 'b anna-
paroB-h Ila Kionecaxb, jioiOlrax i H bll)l(ax-b, yI(a3blBa$l CHMI- Ha
reorparnln'ecKin in inmaTirneciin YCJIOHIia CTpanlll.
PHcyHiiu MapOKb 3CTOHiH iliTepecHIbI a pamioo6pa3Hbl:
TyTh I HIICTOpHqeCKii KOpa6inh apeHtilX-bx BIIKlHrOHb, 1! CaMO
BoJIInyoiuleecn Mope c- JieTalOliltum Iiaj-b HIIM-b 'IanIuaMu; apeB-
Hie 8aMKII opjiena MeqeHocueB'b, KpaCHiBbiH roTHqecKii CHJiyaTr
PeBeJia (co CTOpoiibl Mop); IHnlli Tpyla; MOHyMeHTaJIbnoe sAaHie
HauiontiaJliaro TeaTpa Bs- PeHeJen, InaK(onellb caimo reorpa(iH-
qecKoe pacnoiowtenie ScToni[4 Ha no6epenwbt BaJiTifcicaro Mopsl.
BJIaroTBopHTeJlbHbIf HaaaHi A ooIIIIjnIOT'b aTOTh bKaJefioCKt(onW
HopMaJibHO ialJaHtHbixb H Ha CaMOM'I, An'IlI HHTepeCHbix'b MapQK,'
3CTOllinI.
II.
"qTO-we tipelIcTaBJI3IOT'b M13'h cei61in aHia Pailsepe 11 3CTH
rocT?
Bi cepeitH'mi Hon6p5s 'rtcnqia 1918 rola, B'1 MoMelrITr yxola
repMaHncKI(x1 oK (ynalioHHbix'b BOiCICI, 1M8'b ropola Pal Kepe
(Beaei6eprb,), Haanmiac cpeagr Ml'bCTaro nacejleHia yiian rojnoBa,
KOTOpa5t I p'BIIlHJa IlCnOJIh3OBaTb CeCi MOMeHT'- AJInI CBOIHX
cneXKyJafTiiB1ibX'b Ui' eii. Bca ScToliI 0o Bihxola CBOIIx'h nep-
BblX'b MapOK-h (n e p B bl X b HBepb N2oN 1 4) rinpiHMana
notTOBblf oTnpaB!jeHin jinMu aa Haljlli'tiHbi pacqe'b y Kaccbi
nO'lTOBOfi KOHTOpbl, 11 nplHulMalouIif 'lHlOBHHWn b jljlaiib COOT-
BbTCTByIOLtylO nOMTBTKy Ha nol'TOBOM-b oTnpaBJieuili, nlalaran
M'bCTHbii IlOqTOHblli lliTeMnellb raweiiini, corJiacio npeajincanilo
rFaBHaro flo'lTosaro YnpaBAleniH. ropoRa PeBenb H IO pbewhb,
o6jiapaioinie HaceJeieime'b BltecnTepo 60onjilHM'h 'hM'b, ParKBepe,
o6ouiln1HCb eas oco6bIX'b Mapoi-b JIIblllh noTOMy, qTO I B' ro-
.ioBy nHmomey ne npuxo ino B'b TO T)O Tceioe Bpemar, i 4)ponTaxb uIna ocuo6o0AITe.:IHa~ o Boltia, eaue cneKyjiupoBaTb
MapKaMH. Bct IcOHBepTu c-b MapKaMH PaKBepe HagAnncaHwh (ag-
pecoBaibI?) Ha unMea liniaTerncrTOB'sh I3 l XopouIIIXb 3Hal(OMblX'





HHHmiarTOpa CHXUI, MapIK'b. M3b BbbIlue citaaanHaro BIuIIO, lia-
CKOJIbKO moryT'b (dblTb IIHTepecHbl TaRifA mapKH, s 3alalblbI BP>
KoJinHecTB-s orib 26 jo 402 3K3emnjfnpoBn 'tT etue 6ojiine
noAsepKHBaeTh ux'i, lie rnoTOByto, a C n e K y Ji 1 T 1 B H y to Ha-
jo6ItOCTb (Mth'blie r-ta BuTTe oilpaiilLi: MoeMy- BechbMa cnoe-
o6pa3HOe nolilrie o cnlery:tiITHBilibi' Mapo'tiblx'b .ix.;i illi; i- ,).
I4aganie EcCTri IlocT (IIBeps' NNo2 23 39) 6hijbo IIHano
na PeBeJncKtoM' nt IrlTaMTf 8 Ma 1919 roAa, rA'h in, Tructlie
2 (lByx-b) 'acoB'b :ili 1i npoAano iwhCI(ojibKO Mapoic :m111llb MeJI-
Iaro aocTOlHCTBa, JItni cosAaniti Hinlt tai Ji nera:b.'boCTii CIIX'b
MapOKcb. Han;unIlia r:iiii 6bumn m>a:;iiie ocTaTIKi, eute coxpatiiB-
Wuixc2 Ba, nOtiTOtOOi KOHTOpt pyccl (uxb mapowch. lHaimLlciaKa
6b11a a npoI3eAela pytlHbl.n'a Cnoco6ooMh, tIpocTblM'i pea:nulltI)blI
illTeMfnel eM'b, TaicK 'ITO 7 Jia .iort0li [tr .t.ii L3rOTOB:Ietl H iii I t i ill-
BblX'b MapOIcb, -- TO caMOe ilp ui'ii'lr iike Mapo'itoe lnaai ie.
KR MieTHt CHX'b IH3roTOBHTeJIen OTM'hbial, HTO 011O cyry6o Hc-
nojibao3BanJI cCl iiernii cIoci.'ib aapa6oTKa. Bce aTO HSIaliie
6b110 a6COJIIOTIIO IIaJIimuHe, H6o iBc' nO'lTOBblI( KOIITOphi 3CToNiH
6bninH BiOJllm o6enneIeHbi nlIop binlblMiI KypcnpyioutnMn Map-
KaMH 3CToHiH. CaMO KOJlHLecTHO nepleneqaTaHHblx'b Mapo(ch OblJlO
TaK h HtHTO)IHIO, 'TO 0 HOpMaIbHlOMbh fOqTOBOM' yilO I(i.'eH ill
HXb HI pB'hIH 6blTb e MOrjI. Ilb TOMy we 6butJI rJiare:TIHCTU-
qecIKH OTA'tJI,HO nflOACqHTaHlbl :iyi iHbUlh H Heay6[LuoHbb MapKH,
H6o HMeHno aTTHM-b OTA.7'f~bliblMh CiMi cJjienieM'w Moria 6blTb
OTMtaella BceMipHaa ptAKocTb namo6neHHON .MIi F. K. BHiTTe
oAHoKiorrhe'Hoi ay6tqoBof MapcHu. Bcs cymma nepenei'aTaHHbix'b
noqTOBhiX'b MapoiKb cOCTaIUJIta OKOJIO 1500 --- acTonicinxi Ma-
poIb, n'TO no 1cypcy Toro Bpemetr 6blJIO MeHle I'lTII 4)yHTOBb
cTepJitnrowB. AJIn qero 6blJIH nepeneqaTaHnb 1, 2 n 3 (on'timn -
Boo6u1e HenOHaTHo (ceMb IITYK'b OAHOKOHne'lHtbmXb 3y6tLOBbIX'b
H 46 IUTYI( gayxKontheIHbIx'h 6e33y6UOBblX'b), n6o M0 HHMa:ib-
H'-ihiiii O nOSTOBbli TapHibQh 6biJl'b -- fnRTb (5) netnl, rITO nuA-
TBeptKaaeTca OTcyTCTBieM'b 6ojile MeJIKHXhL JAOCTOIIIICTB'I cpegiu
HopMaJibtlMX'b MapoK(. K'b TOMy we Bce Haganie ,,cJly'aaHbiMb
o6paaoAw'" nonajio B'b unB- TpI npHBHnJeripoBaIllib H pyKH,
KOTOpbI HM coaAaji cef64 na BTHX'b mapKax'h KpyniiblI coc'roaHia.
MH'I I()KTCI, qTO o6-h HHTepec'b pAni KORJleiltionepoBb Tai Mapoib roBOpHrTb He npIxoMATrcI. M BeCbMa AOCaJkIO, HTO HOBbli
KaTajior' Muxejna sa 1932 roi0- onycTHJin CBoe npnMtqaHnie o
cneKYJaiHTBHOCTH cero Hnaania. IKyaa npaBHJIbHtIe 6(5bno 6b paB-
nyo saM-bTKy npip6auh H1 H3I naaHiro PaKaepe, n6o H cie HH-
Nero Jiynuaro He aaciaymsHBaerTb. iepetnacienie me apotRc Bi
KaTajnorax'b eume He jieraJiHanpyeT-b ax'h, 116o Hjlb noMtmueHb
y>e :ierbATh ecaTb B'I, Hept pycccin MapKn c'h iaajne'arToi
,,OKKynauqi A3ep6eiiAauiaa", KOTOpb1I, iKaKi aTO HaBACTHO BC'3M-b
cephean~unbib ronJneiutiolepaM'h pyccKHxa Mapol~<, 6bIJIH ,,H3AaHbi"
oAHnoi qacTHOi 4)HpMOi H'h 3anaAHoi EBpoint Ib libltIx' co6-
CTiBenaro aapa6oTt(a.
Ha ocHOBaHiH BbluiecKa3aHHaro npeiu .ciJ.B.lIIO caMam-b ro-
cnoAaM-b oojinn eKlionepaM'b paacyARTb, ialda aKCTOHCKil MapK(1






n II7epecrii-e aim (0oJm2eKiOHH pOBaHiq, i6o KaIKoioMy xonjieKqio-
Hepy npegocTauJirieTc5 co6tpaTlb, 4T0 emy IlpalHUTCH, Ho 3iiaTb
:Pdr.iv 6 11' T eI1)e c If bi Xb Ni a p iK a xb" He mitIaer-b
IIIIKIII.


1'. K. BHTTe, Me)K)ly IIPOuilmMb, up CcooMLIteiJ4 0 Tupa}Iwli
MapoI(it, 3AaHiJA ,aC ,,3C'rll U T" ccbijrae-rcl iHa I tiyiu w1i, OpLbeHt Wb 1925 rolly 6potitiopy. TIi..ti;iiir 6poinloporl
.MO)weT'b (bIlTb TO:Ibl(O icaTaJIOrb, blIlllhlli .rappl A. Ma~lbM' OM-f
(Oclloliwre '11, (P w!a retji uc~rwiecicaro 0 6LreCT~a ,a3CTO" B1h 1918 r.)
1t0eiiiio BN, 1925 roly irw, lOpbeiA. 1 m, a -r o ii 6poiuiop-h iia
CTpaIM11lnji IIMeCTOO (6) Ylaial[O, 'ITO MBepb N---' 23, o,1lHioKOnheHq-
nai q6TitIw:vir Mapi(a 6ihIJa iiaj~aiia B-b KOIWAIlleCTw1i Ce Mi (7)
al(aeMulimpowbb, a iie iiOChMii, Kay-h cKaaalio y r. R(. BHTTe; o
cemu M K3eAlf1 lr,11pax h, coo~lldae'Fh H JIyq'-1IIiiij 3laTOch MvapOKCI,
3ICTOll141 novo((tibifi Jj ]p. B. LUeiireje~p'h B-b i(a'lranorT' RO~uq (BTO-
poiR TOM'h, cip. 381, 1-Toe Ita~jatiie). HacI(onbhco RB- PeBe~ir
maBuCTo, TO 113-b CeMit aicaemnImIIpOBb aTOrl mapmH Hcero oRHa
6bina coxpanieta r-m-b A. IeeTCoBbIM-b B-b HeraweN omw BuRt
Ails] CHiiOeu K o~i iTietitt. 1a(aOBO npocxowJeHie BTOporo Herawue-
Haro a313eMniJ1mIpa, H8BtCTHaro r. K(. BHTTe He 3Hato; 6Wiib
6b1 emy o0eHb 60Iarojlapenb aa COOTBtTCTByloulee pa3vIclcHeHie .

14. BeifiHepz, itaH-IgaT'-b npaB-b.



Oigisi CBtJptHi5l 0 Mapmax'b B03AYWHORi IO'IT'bl.
COBtTbl HaqMHaqnaouwemy aap04)IjiaTeAuCTY.

B-b AaHlloe Bpenm5 aapocujlrnaTeflH (T. e. KoJxieKiiOHNPOBaHie
Mapoi~i m I'hbJIbIiblX-h Beuwegi Bo3llynlJoi nOqTbI noiiy'riia Ila-
CTOJIbIZO IUHPOKOC pa3BmTie, qTO tipM4HaeTC51 coBepiIeHHO OT-
AtJlbHblM-i, H BnOJIIt CaMOCTOsReJIhlblM'b BMAOM'b iOJIjieI poBaliiq Co cneUiaJlh~oi9 JINTepaTrypo i, KBTjioraMH (Champion,
Field, Sieger, Senf, Gibbons, etc.) H o6uLlecTsaMe fpaHeM% J1 Ang
JHO6HTeJIefi aTOrO BeCbMa iopororo IIJo~eKIUIOH1pOBaHiR cylue-
CTBYJOT-b Jaawe cneujaJIbHble TOprOmiI M apKaMH BoaAyIIIIH
no4TbI.
K-b cowlaJilmilo H no BecbMa nenOHHTHbJ~b npfiHlaM-b,
6ojibtUHHCTBO aapoqwM~ aTej1IaCTOB- nOqeMy-TO CTpeMHTCH Co6H-
paTh nerainenuii MapiKH, rauielIbbi we( BO3)IyIIHbIq MaPi(l Hi
rJiaBHblM-b o6paROM'h, n-hifHb1I I3CIltH nOJlh8yfOTCfl cpaB-IITeJlbHO
HC6onblnoti nouynpiiHoctuo.
LT-bJIbHbI51 Beult B03Ay1I-OiH IlOqTbI nipeACTaBJI5IoT'b C060o0:
1) OTKPbITKI, 2) MoHBepTbI, 3) ra3eTnfbn 6aHnlepojni H T. n. HaAo
HM'bTb B-b BlgY, 'ITO Hejib3q CHIfIMaTb Cb QBtnbHOff B03AlyW1HOi
He=I mapoKb HJIHH fMphabIBaTb HX-I,, a Taixce YHHITo)m(aTh aA-






pec-b u I(oilBePT-b C-b BO3AYIIIHbIMb nO(ITOBbIM-b WTemineJiem'b
i6o oA~a Mapia 6e3'b IOHlepTa Hie Tawcb NHTepFia f1 OtHl1ia,
KiaIcb IAl3IhHblg iOH1ePT'b C-b ahpecowMb 4 B03AYWIJy1blM -nO4TO-
BbIMM IUTeMfleJIqM m oTnpaBjieai5i, flepeA4aq H 14 npl6bITiT.
AJAi BO8JAII I-IX'b OTflpaBJIell pi1 a3 mHb1M 4 roCYAapCTBam
BbInyciamorcH, i(poMt ocpi~qiajIbHbIX'b B03AYWHb]X'b AMapoKb, euj~e
mi nonyo4rntianIbnui1. IIOCJI-hAHbl BblnycicabOaTCH BO3AYWIHbIMH
KominaHiUiM1I (aapoicomIaHim), aBiaLilbIMiIJ I(oMAMTeTaMI l4 pa3-
JIIHh1MM )pyrN4MH opraiiHlaqiqM1. F1i4ltoTop WI4 rHoJlyOcmluia}1bHbIs
B03AYL11HbIH MPI(m C-b TegeHieM'b BpemealH npI4BIIBOTC5 o4,HI1i-
aJlbHblIMH, 1(aK-b inap., Bo3AyLllbi51 mBPIH IKOjiym6iH, KOTOpblR
6b1:1H BbinYweHbl repmaIwCoi E10311YWHO KomlnaHieii nOA'b na-
3BaHieNeb ,,Scadta", BeCbMa o6pa3EoJo opratlaoBalinheil B03AYW-
Hoe coo6u-Xeiie OT'b KapTareHbl, BA0JIb p-him Mar~aJieHa, go
CTO2Ilqbl IKOuxYM~il --- BoroTa, a TaKH(We H 11o gpyf1M'b 601Jb-
IHIM'b 1 rlOPTOBbIl~ib ropoJam-b. Ijim o06c1yW(HBaHiI aTHX4b JI1HIW
6bJ1in npi4IiaIIetihI jlyqtwie IHJIOTbl (MeNxAy nPO'lflMfb 3TY J114Iuo
~cjiy)irHBJn-b Ao 1927 roaa 113B'hCTHblii pyCCidli ,ieTLIlll(-b B. Cep-
riescliH), a mapiii wIte ,,Scadta" ripogalauaivcm to iBc-'bx noqTO-
BbhIX1 b(OHTOpaXb H raCImjilCb T'MHM wIe [os1rQITbIA1H WTeMneJicmH,
9TO 1 O6b1qHbll MapKH, 11Im we Hao60POT'b, O6blHblR nOqTOBblfl
mapKH noanymani raweHie cneilia.qbHbIMH aapoIITeM11ensMic
.ocyJYapcTBo, HMtCTO CO6CTBeH arO Bbinyc~a B03AYIIHbIX'b
mapooib 1 yniiHJi i(omfaIHi AeHer-b 3a nepesou~y fo0TbI, npe-
AoCTaBlJ4o caMoii iomnaHiH netaTaTb 1 BbTInYCi(aTb B03AYwHblg
MapKH ([(OHeqHO, nOAb CBO4Mb KOHTpoJIeM'I) m TaRic-1) o6pa-
30M-b nojiyaTb Aox0J-b-. KoJlym6igc1(iR1 BOBAYWlHbl MaPKH, Bbl-
nyuxeHfHbI5 KomnaHief ,,Scadta", HbIHt npIHaliaHbl o4iliaJIbHbIMH
m4 nepe4HcjieHbl BO BCtX'b Bo3gAYWHibIx- I(aTaJlorax'b H gaae'
14Bepib OTB0AHT'b HM-b oco6oe MIICTO.
CyumecTnyloT'b eme oco6bie Abl1I(II Bo3ByIUHoiR nlO'fTbl,
BblnycKaehlbie q1cTrb1M1 JII4IqaMH 1431 I(oMI4TeTaMH, KOTOPbie go
HtBl(OTOPOH CTeneHi CB5i3aHbI C-b B03JyUHlofi noqToH, Ho He IImt-
IOrb aa co6oio 4)paHKHPOBo'101 CmIbi. floc31tAHie te npeACTa-
BJIR1OT'b H14Kaioro HTepeca AJim aapo(PJnaTejiHCTa H 6oJIbulel
IaCTblaCOBbiriyci(a0TCH co lCe(YJ151TML BHblIi 1 QJI51MN.
Mewijny kByMn nOCJI'bAH14MI4 BF1aMi4 noojyoHlqiLaJlbHblX-b
BO3AYLUHbX'hb mapoI(-b CyIgeCTBYIOTb ewie pawJlHtiibIl mapI(H, Bbl-
nylUHHbMI B'b CBHI3H Cb pa3njirHbiMH noqToBo-BoaJYWHb1M1Ir
clbi3AMH 14 cnei.ia.1bHb1MH noneTamI4. EcJiH cyLueCTBoBaHie OjHOfi
xaKog-31H60 MapKH 13-b aTHX'b cepill 6bi310 Heo6xoAIMo gisi ne-
peBo31( iRaKoro-iii460 nHCbMa BoSAY1JHblM'b HyTeM-b, TO HaAO
rojiaraTb, qTO TaIoBaq mapica BbIUOJIHHJia caoe cneLkianbHoe
HasHaqeiie m HMteT'b npaBO Ha cyureCTBoBaHie. R6 aTOi fl10-
cjrliieg i(aTeropiN OTHOCHTCH npo6Hble nojieTbl, rpenplpHHHmae-
Mbie co cneitiajibHor l I3JrbIo.
B-b Whi4CTBHTejIbHOCTK4 nepsbIl o#4JHiaB3bHb315 B03AYUIHbI5I
MapICH BfnepBb1e 6biji Bb111yUleHbl Bb 1917 rogy, Ho nepe'Bo31(
IIOITbl B03AYUIHb1W-b nyTeNI% MHtjia MBCTO BO BCIX'b qaCTRX'b
Cb13Ta BO BpeMRi npO6HbIX-b OInbTHbiX7. nOJieTOBb eume aaojnro





AO aTOil omHA ianbHOH AaTbI. ECnJH we aapobaJiaTeniHcT'b sagaaica
q'BjiIo coi6paTb IHCKjIOqrITeJILbH o muiajnbHble BblnycKH, TO
MapKH C'b raieHiemM' H LTeMnenJIMH npo6Hux' onbITHblxt no-
jJeTOB'b oHb nponycTHTb n TaKHiMb o6pa0oM' K.gojneKmisl ero
6yAeT'S MeHte HHTepecHOt H ne CTOJIb q~HHOH.
HbIH- IOTTH BCt OnbITHbie aapoHnJiaTeJnICTmI cof6paioTIb
I4 JIbHbIfl BeHH Bo03AlyHOl nOqTbl, KOTOpbI5I HeCOMHI-nHHO 6ojte
HHTepeCHbi, Hewejim HerafleHbI aBioMapKiI. Ll-bJIbHbl BetuIH MO-
ryT'b 6bITh noApaat'JlejiHb Ha H'wcKOJIbKO KaTeropifi, KaK'b Hanp.,
KOHBepTbI C'b OcHIqiaJIbHMHm B 03SyUlHblMH MapKaMH, C'b IIOJy-
o HALianlbHbjMH, CO CnetiajibHblM'b rameHieM'S OC06MbMH LITeM-
neJIMH cnegiaJlbHbiX'b [IOJeTOB's, C'b O6bIlHblM'b IIOTOBblM'
rauleHieMT Hm nOOTOBbIMH MapKaMH, c'h OTnpaBJeHieM'b o6biNHbiM'b
InorTOBbIM- nyTeMTL C'b BO63AylHblM MapiaMH H T. A. Ha at-
KOTOphNX'b IOHBepTaX'-, nOJiyqeHHbIX'h HBOAYUIHbIM'b nyTeM'b,
6blBaeT'b OHeHL TpyAHO 3SHaTb, HTO TaKOBble npHm6bJlm no BOB-
Ayxy, TabS itaKi Ha HHX'b HaxoASTcs O06blHbH flOI TOBbIR MapKH
ci o6biqHblM'b rameHieM'b nOqTOBMbM'b lTeMlnejeM'b H eAHH-
CTBeHHOe OTJIHqie oCO6blik IuBfTHOi npJIbK'- (o6bltHo )KeJI-
Taro qsbTa C'- KpaCHoPi lIumpOKOH KaHMofI, HnorAa rojy6bie) c'
HaAnhCblo ,,Par Avion" ian ,,By Air Mail", rTO oHanaaeT, ,,aa-
pOnjiaHOMTh" HJI1H ,,B03AyiUHOiI nOqTOH".
Bo BpeMn IpaHKo-npyccKoi BOHiHbl 1870-71 r., npn ocaAg
napHwa HtMLuaMH, ocaw eHHbie 0paHtuy3bI BbMHy)HeHbI 6MnJI
BCiO nOYTOByIO KOppecnOHAeHIitO H npmiKaba no apMiH ornpa-
BJRTb npn nocTpeAcTB'h BoaymUHbiXb ImapoBS, KOTopbie ony-
CKajinc Ha iort 4bpaHUia; TaKid oTnpaJeHia MOrryT-b 6bTb onpe-
agineHbl j M Ib no HaanHCH: ,,Par Ballon Montd", 16o na HmX'-
HaKijeHBaJIaCb O6bIqHaH nOqTOBafl MapKa C'b nIOTOBblM'S rame-
HieM'. Ba gaHHOe BpemI MHorie aapo4)HJaTeJIcTbl yBJneKaroTCH
co6npaHieM'b aTHX'- nepablx' HcCTOpHIecKHxab 'utJibHbIX'b Belefi,
noaTOMy TaKOBbIH CHibHO Jlopo)waIoT'b.
ITa AeHiRIMI, [IthibHbl] BO3AYLIHbIH BeUIH BCe 6oJIblle BbipacTaTOT'
B'Sh i'tt, Hewenim T' mee HeraWeHbIt Bo03AYIUHbII MapKH, Bi
oco6eHHOCTH we CKiaqynT B' nijt H -llJIbHblH Belu4 nepBbIxa-
np0o6HblX'b OrlbTHblXb nOJIeTOB'b. A'tJIO B'b TOM'b, HTO BblnyCKa-
eTc5 Ha3BtCTHOe KOJnIqeCTBO cepif BoagymnHbIXsb apoKI' AnJ
noJeTo (Hanp., 250.000), SaT-M'b coBepmaeTCa nepeBbi npo6Hblr
nojieTr C'b mapKaMH aTTO cepia Ha KOHBepTax'b, npl4eMLb TOHO
perncTpyeTcx o6Inee KOJiHnecTBO UBtJIbHblXb Beimeri (KOJIHqecTBO
8TO 6bIBaeT-b oqeHb HeBeJHIKO, Hanp. 1800), nepeBeseHHbix'b c'b
8THM'S nepBbiM-, noIIeTOM'b. SaKoHMHJICR nepBbFi noJIeT', Torga
AJi cjn-byilinaro nonjeTa HosBa ynoTpe6nJIioTSb Tt we Herame-
Hbil MapKH H3a ocTaBmarocs sanaca n oTnpaBJlsiOTI C'b HHM%'
li' lIbHbl BeliAH, HO STO ywe BTOPOH nJieTrb, a nepBbif KOH-
qHjIC HM 6o.btu He nOBTopHTCa. BOTb noriqey H ltbJlbHbi Be-
ItH nepBaro npoH6aro onbiTHaro none'fa BO MHOro pa3a a opome,
4q mt HeraweHbn m MapKH Toro we BbinycRa.
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MTOBOBH KOHTOpt KynHTb, InpH 'tpHO, HtCKOJIbKO COT'h cepii Ma-
poKb B03BAYlyII- nOqaTbI Hoiaro Bbliyc[a. 4anlbiue OH'L nOCTY-
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KoBbie o6paTHo TOprOBuy npu cieTh- Ha nosTOBbi5 usA3ep)aH,
3saaana KOMaCCiOHHbia B pa3ip'b 10%0/. Ho BecbMa qacro Top-
roBert, TepiAlr'b y6blTOK'b, m60 6o0Jbtuaa qatCTb KOHBepTOB'b
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nieMh HIA1 6ea.b npu3naKoBb TaKOBoro; B% TaKi(nx- cJIyqaaxi,
nollotHbie KoHBepTbi ne MOryT'h 6biTb npoAalHb. I(poMBi Toro,
BeCbMa '3atlHMTeJIbHa8 riaCTb oTnpaBHeHii AtOBOJihno qacTo Te-
paeTcI Hh s nyTH 11n1J npH neperpyr3ls Ha Apyrie aBionbi, a TaKwe
noxnunaerci JlIo6rMTejMH. Fo HM'bjio1HMca CB'ian'BHiM'bh s3- 60
oT[ipaaB;leii B'b cpeAueM-b TOJIbKO OAHlO rFOAHTCH AJI nlpojaMaH.
3TIM'b M Ob 1C1hfleTC4l cpaBHHTe.lbinaI AoporoBH31a Ha pbIil(B
raIueHbIx-b B03ajlyHIibl'b Mapor 'b Ii iAbHbiX'h BeLmei B3oaAyuIHOi
no10 'TI.
K(olBepTI, nMA3Eou10Ui Ha 6pO6pTHOH CTopoH'l nOqrTOBbii
mTeMurmnej npH6bl~riIH BMbCTt C'b ApyrHM'b AopoWHblM'b ilTeMne-
JieMb rpn neperpya3lch u nepeta,'1 na Apyryro JInHi0o Hni c-
B03ayllmnoAi jiHi- nIa OOblliiylo noiTOBylo JlHlilO, npeAinoqHTaeTCH
Apyr4M'b B03Ay1iHbM'b lIt3!ibHbIM'b BenllaM', He iHM'blOlHM'b Ta-
KHX'b IImTeMlelenen, w;IH we TOJIIKO Cb nepBoHaqajibHblMb oTnpa-
BHTeJIbHbIM'b llTeMnnejieM'. BonJbmeH acTbIO lITeMnejib Ha 06o-
POTHOfi CTOpOH-o KotliepTa CJIy)WHT'b HCHblMib iOKa3aTeJIbCTBOM'b
TOro, 4TO aaHIhbli KOHIBepTb npH6blJI'b B03AyllIHblM'b IHyTeMb H
aTO aBJImeTCR OAHM-h H13b caMbIX'b y6- jlTeJIbHbIX'b lOKaaa-
TeJIbCTB-b, noqeMy BO8AymIHblHf oTnpaBJIeHia AOJI)iHbl io:IJeKqio-
HHpoBaTbCH B'h QU'hOM- Ba'1111. MHoraa 6'hBaeTb IteB03MO)WHO
HnoJy'(HTh KoHBepT-b cb nO'lTOBbiM-b IiTeMneneM-b Ha o6paTnoii
CTopoHt, nolrTBepAnaiouiHM'b aaHHbil nOJleT%; TorjAa KonJIeicIio-
Hep-b Iomji BepT'h HInH we o6>owAaTb, noKa He yAacTca aanojiyMHTb TaKofH
KOHBepT'b Co BCtfH ulTeMnenaMt oTnpaBnjeHi a H npH6bTiR.
Moi COBtT'b BctiM- aapou4)jiaTejiHCTaM'b Ha'amHaTb KOI-
ine lioHHpoHaHie c HerameHbuxb MapOl(i BosAyWHnof noqTbi, a
3aTtMb ywe nepexoAHTb Ha ItJIbHbln BeuH4 C'b T'BMH )e Map-
KaMH. EcnJ no RaKHM~b-nnj6o coo6pa>KeniaM' HeBoaMOWQHO cpasy
HaqaTb RO2I.ieriio4HHpoBaHie H-hJlbHblXIb BeUeiie, BCJi[t'CTBie HX'b
BbICOKON 11'Hbl, TO MOWHO CO6ipaTh TaKOBblr C-6 HOa13HtHUlHX'h
nojieTOBnb, IOTOPbIfI 06bIqHO npoAalOTCS cpaaBHIuTejbHiO lAeLieBo.
Ho npHn cJiyqa-n HHKorla He cJh-ByeT-b orKasbIBaThbCH OT'b qH.Jb-
HbIX1b BeuieH nepBbix'h npo6Hbix-b nonjeTroB, KOTopbln 311aqHTeJlb-
no HHTepecH3e ocTaJlHbIx-h. npH aTOMI. He Haao ynyCr qaRn ajn oTpa)Kenia Brb cBoeii KolieKtui HCTops4IecKaro xona
pa3BHTin B03aymWHO O nOMTbl.
B'b oco6eHHoCTH )Ke COBtLTyro RKawaoMy cepbea3oMy aapo-
4)MrJaTeJnHCTy HMM Tb B'I CBoefi KoJlJeKIuia cnjayiouLia tljihuHbia
seiHm: 1) napimHcKis mapoBbis oTnpaBneHia 1870- 1871 r.;
2) BenHKo6pHTaHcKiAi nojieTob 1911 r. JIoHROH-b BnHao0p'b;
3) repMalncii fnonjeT' 1912 r. PeiHi'b MafiHu n 4) miBefitap-
CKei noJeT'l, 1913 r. (OTKrpbTK), K(aKOBbi MoryT'b 6blTb npio-
6ptTaeMbi Ba cpeAHeM1, no 1it-h OTb 12 Ao 200 ()panKorro -
Ka*KAoe.
HTaKb, J~yqIme Bcero co6HpafiTe ugtBJbHblR BeuIm c'b o)H-
1iaJIbHbIMH BoaByIlHHbilMH MapKaMH H npH MaJ'ifiuieli B80MOW-
HOCTi npio6p'hTafiTe Beus nepBbix' npo6HblX'b OnblTHblX'b nO-
AleTOBb Ha Ba)wHblX'b BO8aJylllHblX, JI1libX'h CO CfneiajIbHblMHl





1ITeMlnejAMH. KoJuireKi[ioHlep-, wejaatoifi B'b ,"jYnyjitem,, MM'hTh
qiiHylO H iHHTepeclyli KO 1 m'ieKtilo aapotaJlareJi tii, ne ojirom)ce'b
nOMt1rtaTh B'b CBOii aJlbiohM KOHBepToBbh C'h Heo(l)l, liajIbtlbIM
B03ayllliblMil MapKaMH, BbliylleHHbIMlH qaCTIMlMH JIH4aMH H TOp-
roBblMII tipllanpi'rl'r MIf, Taih Ial-b Tal(iH MA'bllii 11OC5 T' otipe-
a-ihieHtlH cfnelyJirflTe Blhli xapaKTep-b i nolaTOMy lie npejiCTaBJin-
IOT'b IIllil,( Oil I(0':JleKllOHhtOiH ,qLtHHOCTI, a B'b TO )Ke BpeMIl
CTOHMOCTb AX'hi Hep-hlllO BecbMa 3HaqHTeJIblHa.
B-b 8aiKJnOieHie c'IHTalo IY)KHblM-b yKa3aTb laliy'liniii it
carMblii aeuleBbli CnIocoi-b noM'-lIeHiai BO3Jlyi hlix'b I.,JlblhlXh
Bemeii BSb CBOIO I aJibl6OM'b HJIH CaMH ero clJiafTie, 3aTh M-b BO3bMilTe OAil'fb npo-
apaqHbli (TOIIKlfi) KOlBepT'b, aai ceiiTe ero H cpt )bTe BCt Ic-
Tbipe yr.na Bb BRI 'h TpeyrOlIbnil nOTOM'h BOSbMHTe JBa TaKlItX TpeyrOJIbHHKa H BJIO)WHTe B'b
OAHHIb 11'b HHX1'b I-blMi b epXHifi yroJr'b KOHBepTa (IriJM OTKpblTlH),
a B-b apyroi npaBblri ml)l(tlin yroJ-lb KOHBepTa. Haiconleqb
BO3bMHTe BCIO UB1iIbllylo Hellb fn n11oAO Te Ha CTpaHil y aj)b-
SoMa, KaKhb HaM-h HpaBHTCR; odMaRHHTe KHCTOqKy BI, t'ICTbli
ryMMHapa6onK(b H upmuitieflTe aajHimI CTopoIllh npospaqrlb)X'b Tpe-
yrobfJlibHKOHb I' J)IHCTy a)Ib6OMi8. ipI TKraiOMb UtIIeiecoo6paaHOMvb
noM'BaleHimH UItnllbblxb Beuleei Ith cBoeM'h aJlb6OMfe Bbl CMO)(eTe
HMXb CBO60JIHO HblHItMaTb H BK IiaBiBaTb 6e38b noBpe)>KeHnis H
TaKOBbia Bceraa 6yayT'b HMt'Tb catwii BHWA'b.
3aTt~ M Heo6xoAtuMO, B- irthllx-i, nplLtaHia KtoJuImeKlti ia-
y'uaro coaep)lanHia H yrJly65Jleii en HHat'enis, noAb (Ka)loil
q'j21bHOfi BeIJblO noM'bularh caMblH no0po6Hbi CB't~i-Hifl OTHO-
CHTejibHo aaHHaro noJICTa (gaTa, M1BCTO, JMHIHI noejeTa, KonJiHe-
CTBO OTupaBjieHHblX'h HeUeii, nHMIOT'h, MaiuHHa n eH cIICTeMi
H T. A.).
E. ApxanzeAbcKiii.

----sa-----

POTOTeXHH-ecKii cnoco6'b yBenjHqeHis MapoK-b.

MHorig OCO6eHHOCTlH i oTrjini no1O'ITOBhiX'b Mapoicl MOWHHO
YCTaHOBHTb HeBOOpymeHtHhlM'b rjia3oMvl. Bl Ilit'3OTOpbix'b cJAy-
,iaax'1 Heo6xoAHIMo 0blBaeT'i npHOtrllynyTh b Ib OMOH11 yBejieqH-
TeJiblaro CTeKlia, aBJImlOltlarocI TaKOIO )0 e ieo06XOiaHMoii npH-
HanIne)IHOCTbIO KaiKaaro cepheaiaro iKoJleKriiollepa, KaiKh H' iHH-
ueTh, o6eperatromifi mapKHt OT'b npMKOCtnoBeilii najaibieB'b.
Ho noTrn 1 RalWoMy Mapo,'iI11y-cnettiaJMHCTy Mo>(eT-b no-
Haf0o6HTbCH 3aa1KCupoBaTb TO, '1TO e\Ay UHano iepea3 nJyny,
T. e. nony'lHTb yBei4eHSeuoe noo6pa)Kenie n1i epecyioiteii ero
MapKH (oco6elHHo KorAa OH'b COMH'HaeTCII 1n IIOAJIHIIHOCTH Ca-
MOli MapKH MIJI HaIHneqaTKH Ha Hell, HJIm KorAa MapKa naxo-
AHTCf B-b ero pacnopa )eHiM TOIbKO BpeMeino).





PncyHK-u OT'b pyK MO)(eT'b BOCnpo143BeCTIH TOJIbKO onlbITHbli
xyon oq'eHb goporo, T. K. obIlHblil nporecc'b 4ororpacalpoRaHia i o-
Jior b H Tpe6yeTr HaJniqia HtbcKOjibKIHx annapaToBi. HalKoHe-lb,
He BC9Kylo MapKy MOWHtO OB'oLpHTb B'b 'yWKia pyKH.
nepeAt- oAHuof H3b MapoqtHblX% BblCTaBOb nmyllueMy aTH
CTpoKH j0oBeJloch o6paTHTbC5I aa InoMOimblO K'b OTorpac4y, 1no
OKaaaiocb,, qro HaroToBjienie yenjineieH (Ba 3 w4mJ 4 paaa) 16
MapoKi o6oumJiocb 6bI Bi RAeClTOK'b-Apyroi ARoJIJapoBT-, npwHeM'b
4oTorpa4'b He pyqanca sa xopouie pesyJibTaTbl, T. IK. HanpfHMmp'
pajanIsi 6yMart njioxo HJIH COBCtMcb He yjiaBjiHBalOTCq o6b-
e'T IHBOMlb.
nIpHxogHnocb HJI OTKa3aTbCa OT'h HenOClJIbHOIi pOCKOuIH,
MH14 we yAeileBHTb yBejinqeHie. rlocjnb H'CKO ObKIHX'b lonbl-
TOih npo6jieMy ygajiOCb pa3ptII4Tb 14 BeeCb npoiecce yBejiHe-
Hia MapOK'b yrn)OCTMTh M yAgeleBHTh nO MIHHHMyMa. AJiF ,,4o-
Torpa4)Iuecl(aro" cnoco6a, olHCblBaeMaro HHte, He HYWRHO aa(ce
pacnoJiaraTb 4OTorpa4JHMecKHM'b annapaTOM-b, a AocTaTOqHO
nplH6trHyTb IKb annapaTy Ag's yIBeiiHieHia cOTorpa4ifI, upHTosM
caMaro erllieBaro THna, HJIH 4 aawe caMoll;JbLOMy.


I ,















P'tg iai pa3HOUBgOCcTb 7-AH Kon-he9HOt MapKi
Rhn. 1902 r. c'b 6-hnbimi yrojnKaa
(cntBa Baepxy i cnpaBa BHusy).


Ponjb nera-
THBa (TOsH-ie -
kianos031a Ba) Mrpa-
er'h caMa FroqTOBaa
MapKa (ecin TOJIb-
iO OHa He OTrne'a-
Taiia Ha CJa cLUKOMb
TOJICTOH I Hie npo-
spa'iHOti 6yMart).
3aAMfTHIrlb,i-TO yBe-
jiua ietie flnoly aeT-
cn ticeraa odpaT-
ioe, TO Mbl C%
MapKm ('aianoaHTH-
Ba) MOWeMii- nony-
H1HTb y B eAj H q e H-
Hb1l HteraTHB't,
M C'b IIOC)I' "gHMrO
npoH3BecTH nmofoe
KOJIH'eCTBO KOllif
II03HTHBOB'b, laJI
tlero Hy Ha upo-
cTan KonHpOBaJIb-
Has pawKa. Ilpo-
ileAypa eute 6onite
ygenIeSJigeTCI, ec-
J1H yBeJinqeHHoe
HeraTHBHoe 30o6-
paKeIlie nonjyqaTb
nplMO Ha CB-To-







qyBCTBHTeJLbHylO TOiIKyIo 6yMary, KOTOpaa 3aTtM'h- MO)IeT- 3a-
IMHHTb o6bIqHO npHMtHgeMylo (OTOrpa@tiqecKylo niiacTnHKy
($4aJlbMy INm CTeiKJIO).
Hau6ojire npnroAlen% ajii yBeJimenis MapoiC KapTOHHbli
annapa'rn leiic-b-HRon-,. CTOuT1 OH'b TOJI(KO 10 repM. MapOKb


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i, npaBAa, gaeT'- TOJnbIO OAIHTb paasMp'b yBejiHLqenHI B'b 31/2 paaa,
HO ajiI HauII1mx al(CnepkeMeHTOB-b aTOT- HegoCTaTOKIb npeBpa-
uiaeTcH B'b AOCTO HCTBO, TaIb Kai <' CKjuloaeT'b BOBMOH(-
HOCTb oImu6oiK, uii pa3HHItH b B'b yCTaHOBK'e.
SICHO, qTO nyTeMA npcOCB'qHBaHigI Ha CB1'iTOyBCTBHTeJIbHyIO
6yMary MOMIHno KonHpoaaTb MapKH (6e3ah yBeJlqeHiia). TaKHMx b
>e ynpoIeteHHblM- cInoco6OM' MO(HO BOCnpOH3SBOAHTh oqeHb
KpaCHBblH HaAnHCH JIA1n aJIb6oMa (i(ponOTvmiBaH o6blHo pa6oTa).
Ha TOHKyIO 6ynary nHIumeTCr Ha nHIuyieii MammuiHK (M Ji OT'b
pyKH) TefKCT, KOTOpbII 3 ariaMb KonapyeTca B'b 110o60M'b q'CJit
aK3eMnijipOB'b Ha sBtToqyBCTrTTeJIbHyIO, Jiyqtue Bcero rnaHHqe-
BHTryo 6yMary. flojyqaeTca oqeHb KpacusBa 6 t ji a Haanucb
Ha qepHOi b 40'lo ce6'CTOOHMOCTb KOTOPOi COBepmeHHO
HMHTO)RHa.
3. rFasen .
Pnra.
-----3?5------~-(~



BOJlF Pl i.
MCTOPi MRPHM No 108
(no KaT. 1HBepa n Maxena).

Bojirapia B'b oTHomeniH CBOMHX H3nSamHbIX'b H I(pacnBbiX'
MaapoR-b IBJifeTC BecbMa )CejiaTeJIbHOi CTpaHOHi B' aJib6oMt y
BCiaiaro 4pHJaTeJimCTa, HO KW BecbMa 6o IbuoMy cowanjiHilO
MapKH BojirapiB B'b HnbiH' HHX'b KaTajioraxb pacuBHHBaIOTC5a
HaCTOJIbICO HHSKO, HTO alawe B'b CaMOv BoiIrapiM WHbKOTOpbIl
MapKHI MOWHO lnojyq[lTb TOJIbKO no kniHaMi, Bbs nonJTopa pasa
Bblmwe qH'bHb IaTajIoro8b, cqHTaq (paHic'b no HOMHaanjy, a He
KaIK 06bliKHOBeHHo IIpiHRTO iOKynaiaTb OTI, '/, RAO 1/ 'bH'b
KaTaJiorOB'h.
Ha3b BC'x'b 298,pRAOBbix-b 6OJirapcKl(X'b MapoKu (lie CqiHTaI
oUwn6iOKb oco6eHHOCTei),BblmueauHx'b B'h o6pautenie c' 1879 r.,
Bcero TOJIbKO 7 MapowIb pacuLneHbl no 100 j)paHKoBs- H Bblute.
Bojirapin AoJicHa 6blTb OTHeceHa K'b TIMEb HeMHorH4Mb
cTpaHaMb, 1KOTOpbIf He H1MtJIH CHneKyjl1THBHbX'b BblnyCKOBhb, i
TOJIbKO nMUJ b oRHa Mapi AtJbjio, noTH q'l JIHKOMtb nonaina B'b pyiM CneKyjIHHTOB'b, H ne-
cnpaBeajiHB outHnena B'b 100 )paHKOB'b, o ROTopofi Mbl H
JonJI>rHb nOBtCTBOBaTb.
HcTOpin BbinycKa aTOf MapiK (No 108 HBepb Hm Mnxeib)
TaKoBa: BolnrapcKoe npaBMTejbCTBO B'b 1916 roAy, wejiai no-
MOqb repMaHCKHM'b BOiicaM,'b, BOeBaBIIHM-h B'b KOJIOHI5X'-, CO-
rjacHJIocb Ha BbnlycKl-b H3aaaHia, B-a nonJbsy repMapHcaro Kpac-
Haro KpecTa, B-b KoJnqIecTB1' 100000 a3 6bmjn npolaaaTbcH Ha 6JiaroTBOpHTebJIHbIX'h OTI IltH', onpeArnjeHHOVi KpaCHbIM'b KpeCTOM'b. ]JIH aTOfi qUtjIH B'b






CoificKofi rocygapcTBenHHo THnorpacin lHaneriaTaHa 6bJia BIb
aeJneHof Kpaciw jniiHioBa Mapica OCTOHHCTBOM'I B'b 1 CTO-
TIaHIy Ha 3 CTOTHHKH B'b JBa npieMa, Bcero B'b KOJIHHeCTBt
110.000 aKseMnHlpOB-b. [epBan napTi B'b 100.000 ai. 6ibna
nepejaHa 9 MapTa 1916 roja HauaJIbHHUy repMaHnc HOi MHCCiH B'b Co iH rpa4y Vitsdum, lOTopbii s3a BCIO napTilo
8 MapTa Bnecl Bb rocyTapCTBeHHbIr 6aHr1K CTOHMOCTb 1X'b --
3000 neBa (oionoI 1128 py6inei nro TOMy BpeMein). IHai aTOfi
napTi4 olelib HeMHoro MapoK'h nomIno no CBoeMy HasaHeHito,
a ac'h OCTanJbHblI IIOnaJI B'b pyKH OAHO~ oi 6OJibIlO depjiHHCKi SMapoIIoi [IpMbl. 'aCTb MapoKi- 6blJIa HaKjieeta Ha OTIpbITRKH
c'b BniaMn Bonrapia, MaxKeonHiU n OpaKia H COTHIIMHI Bb crie-
tia:Ib sbIxb rKpo6Kax- 6bIuJH OTnpaBeaeMbI iia CTaHrin B'h Co)ii0o,
Cnonnre, FroMfoJnbibawHa H 4p. c'b nopyseHieM-b nIaJIow)HTh Ha
HMX' nOqTOble IUTeMnejia H BepHyTb 6opaTHO. Taikia OTKpbTKH
nocjin 3Toro npoaBajimcbr no u H'B 5 repM. Mapowb sa 10 ITyK'b.
ctnpMa, B- pyi(n IOTOpofi nonaJI anTH MapKI, Hasqaja yMhjio
noBbliimaTb MX'b qHy H AocTHrlJa Toro, qTO OT'b nepBoHaajnbH~oi
orttHKi 25-30 n4)eHaroB'b outi- nOBbICIIIMCb AO 12- 15 repM.
Mapousb m 100 jppaHKOB'b mTyRa.
Ha3b 4aKra nepetnaq acero ibliyci(a B'b pyY .opraHa3aniH, anaJibHflneefi nepeycTynKHI ea B' py (apMbi, BbinycK0aiouefl MapKH Ha pbi HORKb oaHy sa Apyrof, no
rluH't, KOTOpy1o nIM 6blno yroAHO ycTaHOBHTb, BHAHO, ITO
aTa MapKa cTaJla I1HCTO CIneKylJIITHBHOti TM'bb 6oji'je, qTO OHa
InolTH He 4HMtjia noqToBaro o6paulenia.
BTopan napTis aToro BmhnycKa BT, KOJiHqecrTB', 10.000 3K-
aeMnJInpoB', aa-HCKJiioqeiieM'b 252 ITyKI'b, xpanHHJach B'b cKJIaait
rocyAapcTeHnHbix'b 6yMar%, H nmub aa nocJI tnee BpeMn Ha-
tani npoAasaTb MapK b api ob aTOJf napTi JIepjeiOHepaMb, no
ToKwe no BbiCOQKORH I'bH 40 QcpaHKOBi b a aKaeMinnap'b.
B' Bonrapin HMI31OTCR MapKH, BbinyuneHHbIl nOITH B'b Ta-
KHX'b >le (KoJIHecTBaxia KaK'b H No 108 H HMmBUIi4x' yCTaHO-
BjieHHoe UOo'TOBoe o6palleHie, qaCTb K(OTOpbIX'b cjitgoBaTeJbHO
HaBcerJfa 6hbia ynHIqToeHa, nponania, paaopBaHaa H T. H Bce-
TaK1 pacq'nHeHbi oH-h OqeHb HH3KO, Hanp.: No 77 (100.000) -
3 0p., NQ 93 (100.000) 30 c)p., AonrnaTa NO 19 (83.500) -
1.75 c~p., No 24 (50.000) 3.75 q4p., No 25 (100.000) 1.50-
1.75 cPp.
HacTromine4 3aMTKOTri MHOIO npecji1nyeTc9 'Jlbjb BbIHCHMTb
npoicxo>KAeHie MaptKa NQ 108 H 3THM-b npeaocTepeqb pyCCKHXb
(KoJiei(uioHepOB'b OTh1 nOKynUI(TH TOH MapKI y ToproBRieB%, T. K.
paHo nHJI no3~HO OHa TopwecTBeHHo cJIeTHT'b BHH13b CT CBOero
HCKyccTBeHHaro nbeAecTanla, Kaui 3TO paHbiie 6biBajio C'b gpy-
rHMI4 MapKaMH, HanpnIHMtp c'b Mapl(oi Fnepcix No 282, Koropaa
c'b 35 4paHKOBsa (1925-1928 r.), Tenepb pacqnBHnBaeTca y Hae-.
pa B'b 0.75 cjp.
B. BopneBs (208).
Cocin.






flmTBi i,
BblnYCHM OPFAHMSI3UIM ,,CRMOS.3RLMTbl",

I bi n y c i h.
B'h eiea6pt 1931 roAa -b JIaTrBin 6bJ1u BbinyUteHbt B'-
o6pauAeHie 6jiaroTBopHTeibtinblH Mapi~n Ani BoaayuIHaro coo6LLe-
Hig B'b nOJIhay JIaTRsiicKOi opraHH3aali ,,caMOaartHTbl" c'b HaA-
neqartam4H ia TeicyueMli HaRaHia BO3AyuLIHOi nlO1Tbl:
10 caHT. 3eneHaro uB. (Ha;6aBKa 40 caHT.) JIaT. 0.50 nann. iopHq.
15 ,, pacnaro ,, 85 ,, ,, 1.00 ,, cH n.
25 ,, cm-fro ,, 1.25 ,, ,, 1.50 ,, pacH.

50 caHT. no'TOBbiH HOMMHaJnb npoga)>KH. HOMII. JIar. 3.00
MapiK BblnyilelIi c'b 3y6qamH u 6eabh 3y6oBouns no 15.000
a(3. i(anaaro BHAa. Mapir 6e3ab sy6qou-h IOCTynHJIH B'b npo-
Aamy na norITt 5 ReKa6pa 1931 roga, a c-b ay6qaMn JiHLtu
15 AeKa6pa Toro we roga.
HaAnHCb Ha ipaax-b mapKn: ,,Latvijas Aizsargi" o6o3naaa-
eT'b: JIaTBiHCKa camoaautMTa, a ABa AyGOBbiX'b JHCTKa no
Kpana b htbHHOCTH HBJIalOTCR OTrJIHnqTeJIbHbIM' CHMBOJIOM'b Bbl-
mueyKaaaHHof opraHH4aaQi.

11 BbIHnyCIb.
flpeAnojarajnocb BbinycTHTb MapK 10 4espaJIR, no OTne-
laTaHHan napTis 6bl.11 3I ari|pJaiiO:iBalla IROMIiccii II ia.i liO- i', paR-
CqITblBaTb, qTO OH'a bbllfl Tb Bl 1:IiLUt' tieplsall'It;. M~p11li r.vllTt-.
OTnegaTaHbi B'b AByx'I. 1:pacKh'ax., UlMIIItuLpyhAO if UBe T.', i;Iah'b
u npe>rge, T. e.: 1/11 caHI ,'jiii~.er oia: 2, 17 LaHT ....pan-
Wesaa a T. n. Ii-tHa cepin 15 can., iart6iai-Kna .ia I. 15,
HOMHHaJlbHaia il Ha jiai 1.30. BC, Cl;ll'ibl L"jiaii .y ,Jn.lKIlll-
KoM' fl. LlTepnHeprMm, -kt Piur nio narbiLumcK.1ri rib jilli
,,JIaqnJlecuc'b" (no6tiiii eji Mvlrtio.'r Paam3hpb Mapfhi1 Ip,-
ROJiroBaTblii 22)X34 mM. I(-.lniecrinv, no' 2500111 ceplI ci a3riua-
MM H 6ea' 3 y6IobBb.

06'bRCHeHie pIl'yHh'OB L Ha Map'ax-b.
I (I iaHT..II I aHT )
B-i ApeBHOCTH Jia l bbll l 'blilil Cip.,)r,_-tlHHbIM b H1-1,1l)I: iM I bb
CBoet cTpaH'b. CblHObb 1 II I,'Iepl Jia'trifin coilipa.11 nc n,,, l i. Cb'-
lmeHHblM'b Ry60Mb H FtHIMnilll piaaci'iaaMb 1C p II B bi (H3piUHbii'
n'be-b) o repoqx Hm nri i cn n-ii nolb aIh'Konaiiemenl i. cho-
Iaxb HHCTpyMeHTOBtb.
2. ('2 cLanT. 17 caHr.)
IC, 6eperamb ABIviHhl npiil'a.l'iiia.,iii Kopa .Il; l ii H crpl iihbi.-:I:
KyrniOB'b. OAHaWAHbi, HOCnlil.IbOr aBaIIIIC-b A(UiBSpiem-b .iaThblieil,




























rynitbbi npiBenuH B'b cTpanly, CBOMX, BOHHOB'b, IKOTOpbe ornleM'h
a MelOM-b npeBpaTHJI HapoA'b wh pa6CTBO.
IHHOCTpanaqbI nIocTeneHHO yKptornjii coe MoryiueCTBO, iaRC-
6jaroAapn 6oraTCTBy nplpoAbi Bb CTpantf, TaiKb H HCnOJIb803BaBi,
pa6oqyio cniy naTbitueg, onpHqeM'b a aTo BpeMn OHII'noTpoiJOHI
3aMKI4 1H pfnocTH.
3. (3 caniT./23 caHT.)
MHoro coTeihb JIT'b JIaTbImu1 cTapajHCb BepiiyTb ce6't rio
TepnHHyrO cBo6ogy H nenJhanM MeT'ry oCB060AlHTb CBOIO CTpaHy
OT'b InpHT-CHnTeJle. O TOMm me Me'TraJr H HapoAlfbl repoh
,,Jl aqnn oe CH4c", yt0HIqTOfKHBlii BUCtX- JIFOTblX'b 3B-wpei Bih
CBoeM'bh paio.
4. (4 caHT./34 canr.)
HaKonHeqb siepHMii pbluapb (cHMBoJI'b qy)Roro MurymecTBa)
6buJr no6tce-wAe: JIflaHioTa (,CejnfuHTacT.), noAto6o JIaTaifi-
CKOMy HapoAly OCBo6O KAeHa, Hno sepHbli pbiaapb em e Abi-
IUHT-b Hi 4ueT'b yAo6Haro cjiy'an BepnyTb CBoe MoryitecTBo.
5. (5 caHT./45 caHT.)
JIaTBia npHHaAjiewMbITb ,onTb njiaTbinam'b. Ayx- JIainjieca-
ca oxpanHeTb CBo6oAy HapoAa.
r. reepdma.







XPO H M K
HOBblXb BbilYCKOBb.


1. FepmaHia. B o HOBOR ccpiln qo6atsneHbl BbnyUieHHba H bl B'et 'H-
HOCTIH: 6 ntj. MnunoBaa (6epT'b), 12 lnc. opaHMteBaI (rHHreH6ypr-b).
2 IlenaHisi. B i iClki u'Li:I L C' ill 0 ''.1- 11 lir.hti b .u lii, rii I b n'.'p-
i'' aitMli -- :. .i ,ncic' i IP i'.iig IIlli, 1t cI. ma. Ml ,llli:', l l i Pabl.. i1gl.'3iasp.
H- M N [, .i ,i lI...IlL ,i.u ili :( i(.,l l U:i' Id 1.l i b- rnl iL .Hi.I i,' u:I.I'I 'TV ..', L. fl -
KHIJp"1I I'. I I' .1 -p'. rIl Il:r'i l ii 1 Ci 1 lh.i': p l :i:'11 1'i l. 1l X i i L1; :T .p' p iii]: -
lif-i' I p l. ,,il |,.. I[. llb ..II ial. I IV tAlM I fli1. lp, lslu.'1t lILI.'.lI HlH IH I1.M,'i.
miii f0l I *'lTll .'ilblh.: I i-pi ., *.jH'.i IIa; l(_'l.il' I 1i I i'p 3ilij .t ..u-.IlHOMT"

( liIlt i' l' I,- I 11 ui. .ll \iil I ih i ln I I li i 11 .11 1 i i i I Jii ( C. Ii Jl P; .1.- 1. 1 .I i\ 1-
I p il- '3 -]L.i Ii 'I' II- 1 I i W.: il.'-p li -i_ li. i-l. i \ .T I blpr
pJ,; l l.::l ij: mT. n i i-, l l I, IlI l O ji I | I |i. I ill ll i -'i.'4 i r l ;-,' 'l L,
T -n13 :I ,I1nf lll:i
3. JlaTBiI. bb.iuLiji ril.I i I'l L t let'i 'i ul we.' lriiAl ..- l in M F-art.
L L. i-' I H '.'ii i 11i',1
4 IoJlbula E. b ia',..iI a.Li ,'l'il 11 "I011'.',l .'.uu I:H.i I .tiniVc l- i ,ir-
il.iill I'I,i i M'1 r'I.1' f Ci l I.'lu-u IQLV''c'. i*T r -Ii C.' ,. II.i rj,. ,]eHi-i r '..|ra Ba-
llll i I'iH'I iAllpl',! '"Vile i il np CTILTat.lI rh Tpil nI.IPIr ,.T. -.b IiHT' -
I. B, niIIInT- w'bh I :' i'''i"IML ef io Li'.'al i Hill1 i nFi.-jblbCii- rI i .paii. I -
Ihu.u. l .'.lll I' 1 [ Iai' i ll *- I. pLt I 3: lI' ..i IC, IlMOLTi: CL, A L l,.li l.
5 (-iHIH J.Hi$iH i Bbl l'JiI 1 h.i 1 i l -I.1 IiI H I I HiIj Itit''li '.1.1 i.
rH -41i.i 1P e.' ie lil U i ii.1 ll_ ,1 1.2.. -13 l.i n. .r.u r,:.' 14.'3i.it.i 1i Nl), P r-, F I-
laIt lii I M I I 4 M. 'i,.- Hasi IIl .li.It.') .1 ,. CiiHeCli bH.i, I iMlieT. npe-
. 1i:l-Jel- I lili ,v O 'ad ( 1n.i l-. .i i Hi' ,' i' i H i,:- l "1 rliC H Ti (:- 11. iiil .





2.50 CHHwa (5.000.000), 25 n. KopHnHeBaa (2.000.000); KpacHaro KpecTa -
1. 25 + 10 n., 2 M. +20 n., 2. 50+ 25 n. (no 320.000).
6. IlBeigaphi. CocTOsncl BuinyciKb cepin ,KoHpepeinin paaopy-
eRiseH" nH3 9 AOCTOHHCTB'b cb HaiAnHCbHO Conference du Desarmement,
Geneve, 1932". na 6ymarB C. BO RH. aHaKamH (MHorOKpaTnue KpecrTb),
12'/ a8y6qOB-b: 5 c. aenenaa, 10 c. opareBaas, 20 c. poaoBaa, 30 c. rony-
das, 60 c. onJHsOBO-KOpHHaeBaa, (rony6b c-b BtTKOA Mnpa na nonoMaH-
noRl mnar-i), 1 4pp. cmHHa n aeaeHaa (Ayuya MHpa); Bsoa3ymLHa nouqa: 15 c.
seneHas, 20 c. KpacHas, 90 c. casis.
7. -OroeaBiai. Bcn'hacTuie CMepTH rpaeepa Barnepa, MapKH Te-
Kymeit cepin cTanjH BrnycKaTbcI 6eai, nOAnncn ,BarHep".
-------(35ftS -----



ESm6niorpa is.

PeaaKuieh noinyeino anjis peen3ain:
Ksiega adresova filatelist6w polskich. Rocznik 1932. War-
szawa-Ciechocinek. Nakladem Adelajdy Szezerban. Msaaaie H-
jaT. IIoJbcKaro wypIiaJia ,Filatelista". LIHa 18 4#p. HInn 0.75
aM. AOI.. 172 cTp. TeKcra.
AfpecHaa KHnra nonbbCxrx-b gbunaTeJncToB'b cocTaBaneHa H nonb-
cuOM*b sabuict cb AaHHbalM no 15 Aexa6pH 1931 roAa; naflana AouonabH
xopomo, Ha unTnolo 6ymart, noM'tugeno oKono 5.000 aapecoul. noab-
CHHXl, 4H-aTenJHCTOB-, Bi, anj)aBHTHOMh nopRARK ropoAoB'b c'. paanHbiM
o6,bHBneHisaMn 4jinaT. o6tmecTT., ToproHtueirb H Kionnel noneanoe noco6ie gna iama aro (jIJIaTcHncTa, wenalomuaro nonyrHTb nn 1
o6M'hna Konner,.
Bbjno6bi wenaaTenbno, npi niaaHin KH~iUm Ha 1933 roAl,, An. 6onite
ab'CTBHrTenbHOfl noMOUmH aciiOMy ([HjinaTcnaCTy, yKasaTb npOTHIIhb tjIMa-
nfi KTonneKrLioHepa, HTo KTO co6ipacTI,, qTo RaeTI, as, o6mB n H' s Kaa-
nown)Hbi 6a3nuc,; Bai HacTonuleMeb we cooeMI an't, npn nepet'cnejieHi ro-
nbix-b aApecoBli (uHnaTenJicToub, KHuIra ne AaeTi. -t;xi Ca1f,1tHiii, KOTOPhsi
HywHbl ini, oGeHHOCTe KIoonJInICKiOHCepV.
E. A.
----- sesas)---- -



)KH3Hb 06wmecTBa.


1. BcntacTsie nepe'I'aga O-una a naOHoc MHCTo a Btb nyo IepKRow>
N ciiuHaHHaro C% a3THIM 6ojibi0ninx'b pacXOAOb, Mbhl BbiHyw)AeHbi 6bihlrH aa
'roT'b npoMneMyToKI- bpemeHn (0on6ph Reia6ph) noTrn npe(paTMTh CHOIo
AbMTeinbIOCTb nH gaae He cMornjH HbilnyCTilb o'lepejHOfi HOMep'b )ypHanaa
WB'I ROHII ro a, noveMy npoCIIM-b HauliHxib qneHOB'b H MHTaTenei OTHecTHCh
R'h taM'h CHHCXOAHTenbHO T HC C'-TOi aTh H;i Hauy RpeMeHayio 6earl-
TCehHOCTb.
2. HamI- reHepaJbHblmi peACTaHiTejb na Hlpa6a.nITiiy ir [lo'ernTHt
wneIt Fny6oRoyBaaxaembui KoHCTaHTHHI K OHCTaHTIIHOBHq-' BHTKOBCclIH,
NmtiouLi 6ionhimis aacjyrn nepeA 066ecT o*1. ,Poccnwa" n oraa3ieah-
miui 6eanpepMuuo aR' TeqeHie AByxi. ntTi, 6iolbuiyio noui.epwiiv O-ty






mopanbHo H MaTepiaJubHO, 1 Hon16pg 1931 roga iitpaH'i% -
3aMtCTHTeJaeM-B PyHoBoANTeasi Or6UMeCTBa ,Poccti~a"
C'lbocTaBjeieHieb reHepaibHbIm-b flpeAcvaBIITejiemb Ha HpH4ajalTuy.
3. Biiaro~apsi BHepriH if HaCTOAqHBocTIi HaHwx'b pyKoBoaIITehek
rpynnfb K. K. BRTKioHcKaro, E_ B. Ho3H511COua, A. H. CoionoBa,
F. K. Bojibmaita rpynibtl 3TH nOCTeneHHO yBennHtHBaloTC5 B-b C6OeMbv
cOCTa~lit1 OB AMIoTC1 ClinblihIM-b aICTopPOM-b WEj, 4EHJaTeM. )KH3HH Aanu r o
M'hcTa; wI, oco6cHHli0CTP 6OJnhWOrI A-TeflbHOCTH AOcT~rna rpynna wib Pe-
iJent', cHqaaamfl~icb CO BCliMII fi)jiaT. MtCTHbIMH o6tmecTnaMii, IpHMmip'i
OCTOAHbIA rIOAPa)fallil.
4. Bcrynafl Il. Tperiii rOb ne'aTaHiN )KypHaia ,,Poccuica", Mw
o6pataecnm HHHMattie jiawnx'i I1]TaTe.leBt, 'ITO Halwb ccpbe3Hblt w(ypHanIb
He TOJIbRO nOIePXIIHOCTHO npOIHTbIBaeTC lIMimi, HO H nURHAWIMOMY He HE-
TepeceH-b iiwi HiIxi, Io!(aaaTeneM-b 9TOFOO(I AOBOnbHO HarnlsJlHbIM-b) cRy-
WIIT{b, o6-bfineHHbllA HaMm Bi N2 6 ,PocciiKH", KoHgypCjI nyjuwet1 CTaTbH,
OTWITbt Ha ROTOpwAii nopy'ieHm JU IH11b...0TT I3-X-b 'ICHOB-b (NN2 13, 65,68 -
FcoTopbix-b Mb! nflOCHMbI, lIpHHITb HaUly GnarogapHOCmb 3a HHtMaHle, a
npmCnaHHuHi Heraul. majcI(H 3atmcnflcm-b Kawcb nowepTfIoBaHie), notemy
KOHIYPCCb H He COCTORIRC, -- TO UPH HaniHiiH !('b I iionq npoujiiaro roja
170 tineloIB; CTOJIb 6onbUoe rpeHe6pewKeHie I fiOnHoe HeBHlMaHie 10,
ciioemy 06illeCTHy HaaAO oTHec'rH i'a IHCPTHOCTH Hatlixim' flpe~cra0HreJeen
A PyYROBOANTeJct rpynnh.. Mi cJiHwKomoMih riepeoq'H iilAn Haunxi, 'jIeHoowb
5. C-1, RHBap! IeKYllcaI'o roaa uc-b nHcbma c-i mapiaMll TSDCeRie
80 rp. npOXOpRT, 1i1. I~rociajaiii 'lepe3i; TaMoIKHIO, [npwiemi, noIUjiHHa
HaxiajabiaeTCR na KawAbiri nxKCTI He MeHte OAH1Or Aoanapa, LITO He-
of6XOMIMO IItMhTb RHb BiIAY BCtM-b HaUJHM-b qEI CHaM-b Kalcb ymaCTByIo1UImb
wI Kpyrowbxab iocblaicaxb, TaK KamH AJaI npOjamwf, IO3TOMY nUOCHMh HaUIIIXb qlleHOB% oTnpaBnwrh no-
o6iHbIe nalteTbi C-b o6-1,51SJCHHOti qtHHOCTbtO ([Caib qg-biHHOC I1HCbMO);,, I-i
11''C Ititium i. cayla8i uHMcbO me nPOXOAHT'% qepeaSb TaMO1(HIo.
6. Bceo6uiik 3iwHoMmqecKrik ip4HsHcb, cnafati gmpKy iUqiR xpyia-
4ihlX%, nOCb[JOI'-b, ike3Ha'IHTenbIOC, ICOJIU4CCTHO npO~aBaemb1i. HI(HeMillfl-
POBI hKypnaiia, Majioe [COJIHCCTRO 'uInoCI0.,, aaTsrwtllaHie qneucHIExbHHHO-
CO-lb H Heynnaiaa iiieHant Ha BHeTblg maTepian-b aa-i. KpyrOihIx-b nOCbl
.10'I. COBJanH OqeHb TFl>(ejiOe nonowelie Hi. 06meTB-h; sa 3TH TPH
roga TSHIe)loBi i ynopnog pa6om MItl He mOw(eMif nOX~aCTaTbCq He I OJlbKO
CBOHMi.bl 6narOCOCTORHiCA~b, HO 11, HCCIBiiCTie yKa3aHHblX'b npHq4Hb It ie-
peaypkh PaHHHHfO BbinyCKa iI ypHana, sanJtiiH Rb KpynHble AoCIil; BCl
ulpeAnOnO)KeHui, no yny'WCeHilo WypHaija H 6onwe 4acTomy ero eBblryCKy,
YgAeeIIuieHie no11ynoiY MapOK'b H?. n., TaK-b we AajiCKH OThb BbinoIHeHiH,
KarlL. If iipn OCHOHHHiH O-Ha. Efrfe pa3-b HacTollulo IpOCHMI. HauwaxI.
4neHoH-b nOAIepm(aTb HaC'b ycijeeHHoM Bep6oBKOI HOBbIX-b LlaeHO'b, .LTO06b
R-1, I(OH1ky roga Atbi CMOIrJIH 6bi yBIIRtTb I(OJIH'ieCT130 HaiffiX'I JiieHOB'I, RI,
qH(ppBt 400, a Tai{oe aXKYp-aTHO yniaiaHBaTb AOJIH, nomoralT yBeAH'IH-
HaTh THpa)KRI, wypHana It T. A., lCce aTO BHIITOe BMI3CT'i 1OH1BORIItb HaMI.
8bilnO)IHTb CIIt HawUm npegnotioweHig.
7. OcoOyIO BHeprilo B1, nplBjieqeHiiH HOsbIXI. qjIeHOHB, npO5sHiI$IOT~b:
K. K. BHfTKOBC16i, A. H. CoKonoBi.. Ap-. E. B. F1OaHjKOBi, itB. A. go-
Op0BOJbcKiii, I(OTOpbIM-I. I IIPHHOCIIMb rJny6OKylO 6JnarOgapHOCTb IT gpo-
aHaTeJlbHOCTb.
8. BHORb BcTynaio.LtiML. HO~bIMb jijeHaM-b-nOAPOCTi(aM'b AO 16
ItTi,' JIcHC~ig roAoBoi l i8HOC'b cb I cero MapTa yCTaHaIJIHBaeTC5I Bl,
oG am. HeHTOBL. Hul 15 *paHKOB'b (gOnOJIHHTb 13 YCTaRa).
9. 3a nepioAi. HBpeM~H ci, 15 anpbni 11o 031 geKa6piI 1931 roAa
o6paulanoch mewAy qneCamaM 33 KpyroBbix-b n[ocBinxiiHa '06ouy10 cymm~
74,970 rHHapi, F13%. ROTOphIX7, KyIIjieHo. qneuaMH MaPOWb Ha-.10.238 Atln,
Lia noLTOBbie pacxoabI 1OHXI HcTpaqeiio 436 uIIH., HOMHCCiOHHbIg -7i HC'1II
Cnli6TCs HBb CyMMt 794 AHH., 'ITO COCTaBHT-b AOXOAI. 358 AHH., HO BM-






n4raR y6blTOKb 232 AHH. (N2 7 mypHana), a Tenepb eme 128 .HH. ( 10),
T. e. ncero 360 gHH., cnj'hOBaTejnbHo nacccHB% B cyalMM 2 aHH., T. e.
HHKaKoro xoxoAa aa 3T0 pemw He nonyqeHo.
10. B-, KpyroBbixi, nocbniKax, N2 86 (c'paniuii) n N 100 (IOro-
cnasBi) aaM-BqeHa noAMtuHa Mapoi'% Ha cyMMy 128 UHHap%. 3To noxa-
abriaeT'L Ha Mopan~bHylo HeycTOliqHBocTb HaIamHxb 1eICHnoBI. 1 6e3a Toro
Haum MaJnble oxoAub npenipaulaioTcB 6eanpepbuiBo B, y6bTTInH, a TyrTb elwe
noltaBsIBaeTcs npH aTOMT, OTlpaTHaan cTOpoHa nutKorophblxi, Hatunx sne-
noRh,. OeHb npocHMI,, npH6ibtHaomiLi KpyroBYtFb nocblhJI, noistpaTb no-
cn'AyLYomeMy jnuy npaBHniIocTh, B3nTaro npea4h lyilHAl, mIn. lom9 -.n ocMaT-
pmH aTh II-iT1T nH rOApMI Hbl.
II. flpocHM-E Hauuix-, qIneCHo B03MOKHO laC ile npHiCbaTb CHOH
TeTpaAnp ci, Maprann Ha npoJAawy jAnH yBe.IqeHne nii TCJInnhHoCT O-na i
nonyqeHi! AoxoRa, 460 O-no, sa OTcyTrcTieMh PIaniITana, tne o6naaaeTn,
3anacom-h Mapoib nJ fl npeanowmeniil.
12. AnCHCHO-o06MtHHbi ()OHn', ocTaeTc BI, 1p 113HeM nojno>eHiu
(nepcqHcneJei MtypHan-b Ng 7).
13. HlpoCHM-b HawnHX'h 4IeHOUI, npHCblnaTb wii, 0-no ([)lMaT. myp-
Hanit pawIanqiiHbix o06uiecTwB n gns 6n6nioTeCK.
14. Hgeuecn'tgyroiMnx-, qnenoawi. npocMi-s BaMO)(nHO CKop'he ynna-
THTb CBOlH AonrJ no Ba1TOMy MaTepiaJy Ha% KupyroBbixi1 nOCblJnOKb:
N2 5 93 IIH., N2 9 343 A Im, N 25 364 AnH., N2 23 915 AnH.,
N2 30 70 AIIm., N" 187 70 Atn., No 99 39.70 ()p., NO 192 95 dpp.,
No 89 18.60 tp.
15. Ilpoc"mb r. r. qnenHOB% noaa6oTHTbHn o06, ynnaTt qneH-
CIHX'b BBHOCOB'b Ha 1932 rog'b.
16. BubirpbwiUn III noTepen nanna Ha cnapAyMoiic Homepa 6unIeTOBI
(B, nopsIlrtc' 120 HomeposB, nepeqicnenHHbIX, B-b npocneKT-'): N'NO 409,
417, 579, 1, 585, 4, 103, 8, 121, 438, 141, 239, 559, 267, 276, 259, 2, 276, 183,
557, 11, 528, 510, 355, 143, 486, 506, 363, 401, 270, 204, 387, 181, 160, 170,
95, 554, 54, 40, Ill, 14, 335, 194, 125, 101, 142, 301, 277, 172, 223, 109, 292,
36, 600, 280, 235, 7, 237, 422, 12 205, 13, 209, 297, 15, 550, 23, 74, 451, 412,
-33, 39, 99, 169, 57, 151, 62, 266, 592, 248, 3, 526, 91, 85, 216, :0, 577, 275,
440, 433, 362, 480, 53, 404, 244, 2'i, 541, 500, 60, 361, 572, 102, 226, 118,
281, 321, 489, 251, 344, 590, 501, 5, 55, 85, 188, 197, 48, 236, 372, E82.
HnaBmic BbiiirphimIH pasocnanHbi RBCtMim BbiurpaBimuiMI. 'InelaMi.
PeaynbTaT'b III JnoTcpei: pacxOA-b 3890 gHHap-b [1) ilhmirpbi llHmbfi
Marepian- -3270(MnH., 2) nepecbilnla pocneKToub I 6SHeTOB-i, 6ymara Anf
npocneKTOH', It unaeTroB m oHBepTbr n T. n. 334 A:nH., 3) nepech nKa BbmH-
rpbinefi 286 AaN.]; npIxo'wb 3393 AInHapi. (nponaHo 322 6iIneTa);
cn.'1cTBie: y6biTOKl 497 gI1Hap-,.
17. PyoinoourTeJb O-aa HanparacTt- B c yCHniM, ga6bi c-, 6ygyUaro
roAa o6paaoBaTi, npn O6UiecT'f o6MIunMHHbl MapOqHbili FOHA il' Wb 60ote
.miHpOKOMI, pa3Mlspi* uph IlpaIlHllabHOM'b ()yHlcgioHnpoBanI, iMI, ti, Ha'nH-
TenbHo o6neeri-iTcn nt ynpocTHTCRI o06ti-IHl, aJ Haulxx, qJneHOB-b no yKOM-
nIeKToBaHirO CBOHX'b IKOjieKxqif, lAn qero upeAnaraem-, HaulHMb qJ1eHaM-'
noMosb HaM-b npHcMnKOf maTepianom'b i AeneHrraMn.
18. HocTynHnH wailo6bi B' a3aAepWHBaHin oTBtTHaro o6MoHua
na cnityroulHux'b qjeHOB': NO 48 Ji. A. KyninKOBCKaro (orb NP 42),
No 99 B. B. q'imooa (oTb NP 42 n NP 1); NO 115 K. H. XpHcTiaHca
(oT., N- 84); NO 107 E. M. HeBcKaro (Trb NP 84); N2 61 .1. JI. FaHo
(oTb NM 1); N 170 A. EnencKaro (OTn. N 1). FlpocHM-t HeMeaneHHO
npHJcnaTb o6MtH'b nepeqIncjeHHbMo qmjenaHamtb n aepHyTb o6paTHO MaprcH,
16o BIa cjnaylo nemb HoMept BCt yxaaaHHbla an a 6yAyTt- noMttmeHbi
Ha qepnoi AoOClC; Ta~KCe Ha qepHYjo AocXy.6ygYTyr, noMtJueHbl nieHbi He
ynnaraHuie a-b 06uLecTBo aa BaaTubi maTeplaiab H83, KpyroBbIxi, nocinoKl,.
19. HHwecniyiouiie lineHbl Ha ocHuoaHni COUx-b saasneniHi c-h





1 aHBapa c. r. HCKjIOqalOTC~ Ca Cni ClKOBb O-Ba: B. K. MaiaKHH-b (NO 29);
K. H. MapOHOB-b (39), K. r. HoBanriti (57); A. K. CagoBcKif (81), 3. A.
J.IapeoBs1 (92); A. B. AnbhTaTep-i (5) aa cMepTblo.
20. Anai tenaiomuxi qineHOB B- O-Bs ripogaeTc5 no 5 *paHKOB'b
ci nepecbinaoti nepeBsoA BcTynneHi5 H cnoBaps iKs aTanory Haepa.
IpocHM'b IppHHaTb Haiuy rJly6oKyio 6nJaroaapiHoTb:
1. 3a Bep6oBKy HOBbIXb qeieHOB'b: B. A. KoabTionHra (1); A. H. Bu-
Horpagosa (2); 1. H. CnpHHraca (1); n. H. JlymweqKaro (1); B. B. 4HWo-
sa (1); A. B. CoKonosa (3); K. K. BawKoBcKaro (6); 3. A Bpyna (2); H. 1I.
Ecpemo'aa (1); E. A. fnosHa OBa (4); I. M. flanAyno (1); A. H. BbrropaHq-
iaro (1); Q(. A. 4HuiaHTbeBa (2); E. 1n. Bana6aHneoH (1); A. A. BInaMo-
Basa (1); B. H. TBenbKMeitepa (1); B. A. Ao6pOBonibciaro (4); A. A. He-
6oTReBHqa (1); H. A. 1Uyp--MioneHa (1); A. H. MapTnHeHaca (I).
2. Ba noWepTBOBaie A;eHbraMu B-W wypHanblblif 4OHnAb: B. H. Ulpe-
Aepa (100 AHH.); n. A. IUyp---MioneHa (1 aM. 0on.); B. 1 BHwmiHosBa (50nHH.);
JL C. BepeaoBcKaro (14 LHH.); A. H. MapTMnenaca (17 AtH.).
3. Ba nomtepTBoBaHie mapoKi: A1. M. TaKaqa (Ha76 pp.); nf. A. Mo-
l Mioneja (6onjbmoi naKeT1b Mapori-); H. F. Cara~aaoBcK8aro (na 112 4)p);
n. B. BtnoBa (Bpaasnia 140 aK3.); B. A. o6poBonbmcKaro (na 60 4pp.).
4. 3a np ~Cbilny CTarTeC ansi ypHana: a. aaensa, M. C. Ben-
nepa, B. B. BopneBa, r. FeeparT.
5. 3a nomepTBOBanie KaTanora SCTOHCKHX'b M!apoit (2 KHFIrH) -
PeHenbcKoi rpynn'b qneHOB'b.

nHCbMo Bb PeaKi)o.
MJlOCTTlBblfl rocygapb FocnoaH-b PegaKTop'b!
npomy Bacb He orTaaaTb B'h noMtaienin B-b 6nnwIafimeM'b we Ho-
Mept wypHana ,,Poccina" Moero sanpoca qjney O-Ba ,,PoccKia" N9 99-
B. B. qHImosy.
)KenaeT-b nMi HaKOHenr'b r. lIIWOBab npnlcnaTb Ml'-h o6iamanHblfl HMi
Mapl(n 3CTOHiH (no MoeMy MaHRKonHCTy) B'b O6MtH-b na nOCniaHHbIfl eMV
28 V 1q31 r. BWROBblH OTKpbhTKR? -
Ha BCt MOH nlcbMa no aTOMy noaogy r. 'IKOB'b He HuaenI% Hyw-
HbIM-1, O'rB'biTb, q~Mi, ii BbiHygHnib MeHn ir'h o6paleHilo qepea S Hamu-i
wypHanj' ,,PoccHKa".
C- coneplleHHblM-b InOqTeHieMh
.L(. CasonoB.


15 OKTsi6pa 1931 roga aB Wernigerode (FepMaHiB) BaHeaanHo
cKoHqancc Haum yBaHtaeMbi qEneH-b a flpeAcTaBaTensb na
repMaHnio reHepana-Maiopb
AMHTpifi BactnIbeBH-rT AJlbTc~aTep-
H norpefeaHb Bb oltersen bei Liineburg.
lnorTHM-b naMaTb ymwegiuaro, aa 6ygeTL. eMy seMTn nyxoM-b!


OTieT-b
o AtLfTeJlbHOCTH peBenjcuoti rpynnbi ,Poccina"
c'b anptna no 30 geKa6pi 1931 r.
PesenacKas rpynna qIeHOBb O-Ba ,,PoccHKa" Bo03HKKta I anpta$
l d3 roga. Bb aTo BpeMB at rpynn'h (no PeBenjI a HeMme) 6bino 10 qne-
HI)I, ,; K'b KOHy AeKa6psi KoniHqeCTBO HX'b ROCTmHrio 24.

































rpynna peaenbcKHX-b qneHOBb ,,PoccaKa", Bsb IeHTpt (canHTib)
pyKOBOJHTejlb rpynnu A. B. CoiconoBb.

Ab$RTeJbHOCTb rpynnbl sa HCTeKmii nepioAb npoiB1nacb B 3-x-b
HanpasneHigxb: 1. Bb ycTpoicTBt' coBM'cTHb]X- sBeepoe-b o6MtHa Map-
KaMH, 2. B'b yqacTiH B-b KpyroBbIX'b nocbjnKaxb, 3. B'b o6memHi rpynni,
KaKm TaKOBOl, C-b MtCTHbl lM n )HaTenaHCT8qeciKHMH o6uAeCTBaMH no ycTpoii-
CTBy COBMtCTHbiX'b co6paHigl.
1. Ansa coBMacTHaro o6MiHa MqeHbi rpynnlb co6Hpaincb 16 pasa,
npH aTOMb B'b cpeAHems yqacTBOBano na KaKawOM'b co6paHiH OKOJIO 10 qe-
.nOBsiK-. HepBhWf TaKoA Bemepl o6mtHa COCTOanIC 15 ionsa.
RpoMt qaeHOBI ,,PoccIKIs" npnmi.Manj ysacTie B o6gM'Ht KaK'b
qneHblI M'-lTHbIXI, O6iHeCTB7,, TaKi'b m He COCTORaiie BT o06ecTBaxL, *H-
naTenicTbi.
Ha co6paHin 4-X-31 npHcyTCTBoBana Hami.U reHepajibH iu npeAcra-
BHTenA Ha pH6anTHxy r. K. BHTKrOBCfi. 31-X-31 npAcyTCTBOBajni Bb i~a-
qecTBt rocTm npeAcbAaTenb o-Ba ,Revalia" r. TomacoB~; na aTOM~ me
Beqep'h qneHom-b O-Ba r. 3. Bpynb 6bin~ nponeMoUcrppoBaHbi 4anbcH-
(Pnaagin acT. Mapor'i KpacHaro KpecTa (BsnyCKa 1921 r.) npa nomouli
yJnbTpa-PionjieToBbx'Ix nyqei.
qneuamH rpynnbi BbipameHo nowenaHie, qTo6bi HeAo6pocoB'CTnHle
qneHbl, o qemi- ywe coo6uanocb B' mypHanax's O-Ba, 6bnu aaHeceHbi Ha
qepHylo gocRy nls npeKpaileHia CHOueHiii C'l, TaKOBblMH.
2. KpyroBbixi nocblnoKi ci MapKaMH na Bbi6op% nonyieno rpyn-
noIl sa BTOT', nepiogib 7 (4 Ha-8 eeHTpa m 3 Hepesi reuepanjbaro npeg-
cTaBHTens Ha nIpn6anTRKy), Ha'b HHnx I nocbija nonysena Bb ceCHTa6pt
Mitca5lr 4 B% HORaOpt a 2 B- Haqanjt AexKa6ps. HaiS 9THxI nocI-
no~Kt B. o06feii CnOWHOCTH Kynneno JneHaMn Ha cyMMy 597 (IpaHOBas.
Oepeb qneHaMIO' no nocbinKaM b pacnpeAtnseTc pyK0BO1HTeneM- rpynnbi.
CaMHM ijieHaMN TaKKe oTnpaBneHbl TeTpagnK cs mapKamu fAni
KpyroBbixi nocbunoKI o6mBna qepes-b pyKoI(olATejia rpynnb,, Kari Py-
KOBogHTenI O-sa, TaxKa renepanbHomv npeAcTaaBTenro.






3. C's HOH6pR MiicH[La peB. rpyrina nP[IHIMaeTs, yIacTie Bb COB-
Mt.CTHbJX'b co6p;1HiffX-i Ci, APYPHM1I 4hlnaTenHCriqecKHM m O-BaMu Pefeim.
TaKoBbis co6paaiAl 6YAYT' npOHCXOAITb pa3a- Hi% Arcssw. 3arh-b, 2 Ae-
Ra6pa pyrIOBtoAHTejib rpynnbi A. COrIOJIOI, H tJICHb o-Ha 9. Bpynb npsi-
CyTCTHOBajiH, KaKib upeACTaHHTejiH ,,POCCIIKIIs", Ha 4smnaTeanrCTuqeCl{OM-
co6paHim o-Ba ,,Revalia" Hwi i(aleTB-h rOcTef flpeAcTaH4TCJIH ,PocCHIu'
C-b CHOeg CTOPOHbI npJamlajIH 'uieHow1 ,,Revalia" noctxIamb Betepa o6-
M-hHa pen. pyiinsi ,,Poccitia", WTO 6b1IO IMAH c-.i 6nar-OgapHOCTmlo nPH1HHTO.
6 Aexa6pg PYKOBOARTCeJb rpynnbi npHCyTCT0B8oJII Ha yqpeAHTeJb-
HOMb co6paHin HOi~aro M'tCTH. q)HuiaTemIcTHqIeclaro o-Ha ,Estonia", Ha
Koemwb fipaasiri, noweuIaHie, qTo6bi osoe, Kairs, TaROBOe, BCTynrHJIO Ene-.
HOMb ,,POCCHICcsH" H 3anpOCHT-b PYROBOAMTeJi ,PoccHRR" 0 BCTyflJICI
nocnJYAHeft cb Caoefi CTOPoHbI qJIeHOAI *,Estonia"; 9TO OmmBHinO 6bl A-q-
TeJbHOCTb O6O0XiX O-Bi- Hi, CMACJit o6m-hHa MapKaMnH H 1nTepaTyPOA, T. K.
-BO ,,Estonia" TamKe 6ygCTi n3gaHaTb cB0o )KypHan-h Ha aCT. H HAM. RR8.
H, 6hiTh MO)I(eThI,, s3i- ganbHil-biiM-b Ha acnepaHTO.
Ba 3aK3ilo'ieHie AOnw)Ieirb go6aHlTb, qTO qneHamn peBe11bcKOf rpynnsis
6bIJo 1iahWBniieHo mKeJiaHie, 'To6b[ OcyllmeCTBIuIOCb o6-eAMHeHiel HpYCCI(HX'I
fj3HJaTeJIIc'IIecicrxi, 0-BHj aarpa1ii4qeA B-b CMb]Cn- coagaHifl coioaa pyc-
Ct(Xbk chJ*aTaeJnI1CTHeCR CIIXT, O-Bi,, MTO Aano 6ws BOBMOMI(HOCTb HbinycmaTb
eAiHbLilqiiqaTmbAi opraH-i, K0TOpbIAi 6bUI, 6bi He CTOJII o6peMenHTejieH-I
ansi traaiaro VARh O-R-, [4 6iCRVCJ1OnHn YBPP1HHIJIf-. 6b Tfipalt'b
P. S CrI' T.- V) CPI0I1M j!uA1lOI- L b pa 1Ti 15jria rojii~pCicii, r. p yp'ii
3a: nl1ConnL,311vHie ncsamtLueM1V1 LD, U[iu YPLIHI6 rp rlnll
P o,,, ii-rT1'15. ,es, nviritcrin~( rpv'nr~im. Poc fw.




O61biBjneHi'5



KROInM!MierN BktCpHaj1a ,,Pocciiica" N2N2 2-7 npojaeieq
B-b OdLLxeCTB- 3aa 19 (PpHaOBb C-b nepeCblilKOII OT-bnb-
HbIe Homepa no 3.25 -lip. c-b nepecbuiJllF NW I wIcypua11,
uau-b 6niI6iorpaj(11l1ecjcas phbAioci-. npoAaeTcm no 12 50
it~p. c-b nepeCblil l11(Oi`I lis OCI-3 10C .) ,;~





1908 a ,,LztInj aY U n 1932
MeWAy Hapo AHoe 0-BO cI'IJaTeJ1ICTOB-b
i11j1hU 1-111 1.1 ral-IL, ,wFi late I ist;C

'lbac-P, I.0 kI BI 'HOC I I3 .1J ]p 1 i.A di II LI LfHjpb
(7T11."Oe 'IC *,K IIi l-'J CIfib J1)Ld jkI.I radWeH AP1 F-dIW i Ha I.i


pen~aivilki )vypH. ,.Filair-lim~j" -Cic'cliocik -- PcIlogiic







mm II--I [ ] mI mm n muumg I
* IPOAAIO sa HaJiHHHbliH pacieT-b: LEVANTE RUSSE -
NN2- 190, 198, 202, 206, 210, 214, 219, 224, 192, 200, 204, 208,
212, 216, 221, 226, 194, 218, 223, 228, 195, 229, 196, 230, 197, 160, 161,
167, 162, lt8, 163, 169-172, 164-1l6, 233-240, 187, 188, 43 n 44.
RUSSIE: N9N2 73,121, 75d 127, 128, DENIKIN: NN234-38,40-44,
44a; RUSSIE de SUD: (Wrangel) N2 3 (5 py6. Ha 5 Kon. 6ea.
sy6,) N N2 31(35 Kon. Ha 1 ion. 6ea. ay6.). U.R.S.S. NN- 150-152,
157, 157a, 157B, 158, 1588, 158c, 53-55, 159-161, 160B, 162,163, 163B,
165, 167, FPY31H: NNO 10-18 (no.nias cepia).
Ha s3c- nepeqMcnietmbH Bbluie MapKI cK iAita 80 /o
no FaTa:iory MBepa 1931 r. 8a HaJnIH hblii paceT'h.
GREC E: Revolution 1922 r., cepia 58 I:r. HeTro Frs. 225,
a Tat(re e OT-ihJbH: smKaeMnHJIpbI M Bc'h -tpo'wi MaprK Fpeijin
HbIHi Hml iOmiH xow eHie. CKIHKa 55%0/. GRECE: Bayron
aa cepiro 2 MIT. HeTTO Frs. 1.30.
flpoAalo TaIKe OTI(pbTbIA KaprTOWn (ABTHh U)
c%' BHAaMH rpeiHn H ea ApeBHocTef
no 100 Q4paHI(OBb aa 100 mT.
MeHte 300 4)p. saaasa He BbinojnHIO H He OTB'Halao.
06M'rHHBalocb BC-Ihe ynOMilHyTbhMH MapKaMM i p OM Levante
Russe H Grece Ha a) pasnilHba H MapKs Bc-bxb CTpaHb, a
Taiote ctpaHq, ITanbHH. H AHrniic. KOJIOH., Poccisf io6Hn.
PoMaHoBCKiI, HcijOjHTenbHO HeCeHHT HO blH mapaHm Ha maprH
BO ytwHOfi nOqTbl, 6) AleHaHaKH (KaTan. C.<4.A.) NN 2001-
2020, 2006-2044,2052-2055, 3001-3005, 3016-1024, 6001-6016,
6043-6055, 8106-8121, 9032-9064, 9077-9081, 1001-1003, 10069-
10085, 10166-10172, 10176- 10206.
SIlnpefnararo TaKxe HnmtioniecH y MeHm Ay6JbeTbl AeHaHaK(oB,.
ipoAaNa n o6mat Hi MapoKb 1I, eHaHaIKOB-i He MenHe 300 4cp. HeTTO
P. S. Bchb MvhtomioCi y MeHy MapKH HOBblq (He raU1eHMbH),
-b BenmxIonjinHOMb iiAt. (Hpopaio i CIO nlapTilo C'b 60nJlbluO
yCTynlKo().
Ha HecepbeaHbmi nHMCbMa He OTB~qaio. KoppcPcnoHeHnqi Ha pyc-
CcioM-, H rpeqecKOiM, HabLKax-b. AgiecosaTbcc:
D: G. D OUKELIS. ATHENES- GRECE. P. O.Box 53.
a/ Rue-Stade N2 35. (Telephon 69/21 H.50/21. U
I m n uIi mmu Hm mII n m


99









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CnHcoKwb qneHoB'b P.O. No 8.

236. International Philat. Society ,,Estonia", Tallinn, Kinga, 10
E. Estonle
b.237. Wol k o w sk i, J. S., (35), p. Monki, woj. Bialostockie,
Pologne.
O:A: 1, 2, 8; E; F; 01: Pologne; K: Yvert; L: I, III, IV,
IX.- 8- 2 -1933.


nepeMBHna aapecoBs' New address.
a.117. Bondaref f, A. N. (16), Teheran, koutche Badiol-Mama-
lek, manzel Avakian, Perse.
c.128. Beresovsky, L. S. (46), 10, rue de la Grande Cein-
ture, Argenteil (S. et 0.) France.
------65a9~~L-------

PegaxTopap. n HBAaTeab E. M. ApxaHrenbcKii.
B-bnaan lepKosB, IOrocnaaia.
Pyccxas THnorpag4ia C. 8. QHnOHOBa, Homri CaR~A, TeMepmHucKa, 26







B'b MexocjiosaKin -
KOCMHA, reoprifi KoHCTaHTHHOQBHb,
Praha III, Petrinska 20.
Bo 4panuin -
AFA[IBB'b, BceBsonJoa HHaonJaeBnsb,
Paris 9, rue de la Tour d'Ouvergne
B'b LUeBeapin [29.
De LAFONTAIN, ApManA~ ApMaHAosBnb,
Ziirich 2, Bluntschlisteig 1,
B- rojnaHnai -
JIYW)KEIK, flaeJinL MBanHOBsRb,
Den Haag, Prins-Mauritsplein 21.
B- BojirapiH -
Eq)PEMOB'b, HiKonaji JIaepoBHNab,
HepHuk-b, XyMH joJnI 436-7.
Bi rpeiin -
BEPUUKOBCKIH, reoprif Mmxafi.noBaI,
Pirbe (Tabouria), Rue Agiou
Dimitriou 96.
B-b PyMbHiH -
TA(KAH', JI8onsr-b MaxafinojnHqb,
Pankota d' Arad.
B- K)Orociasin -
flo r. 3arpe6y -
KOJIMAKOB'b, BacHaifi feTpoBHq4b,
Zagreb, Njegogeva 5.
B'b nepciH -
BbIFOPHHLARKlt, Aine Teheran, Socidte des Tramways.
B'b U. S. A. -
Il03SH5I1OB'b, EBreHifi BacnJIbeBHaTb, p'h,
S. Francisco, 2149, Clement str.
FeHepanbHbJfi FlpeACTaBsTeJib Ha IO KHyro AMepuly:
HCAKOB'b, MBaHrn HBeaHosBH'1,
Asuncion, Departamento Nacional
de Obras Publicas, Paraguay, S.A.
B-b BpasaniA -
B'JIOB'b, -eTp-b BacHnbeBIn-n,
Sao Paulo
B'b ApreHTIlHt -
HHKOJIAEB'b, BjaAffMipsb HKxonaeBHsb,
Buenos-Aires, 1656, Calle Seaver

















01 J
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00





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