The Rossica society of Russian...
 Table of Contents
 From the editor's desk
 From France to North Russia with...
 Petrograd issues of postal stationery...
 Zemstvo mail to a foreign country,...
 Our ranks have grown by one, by...
 Zemstvo stamps used as postage...
 Some interesting Zemstvo cancels,...
 Gan'ko brothers at work, by E....
 Puzzle solved, by George G....
 The name game: Russian placename...
 To be or not to be: Real or forgery,...
 Ukraine: Postal history 1900-1945,...
 A new constant flaw?, by Ged...
 From the president
 National meeting at SESCAL...
 Library notes
 Member-to-member adlets
 Dealer-member ads, Back issues...
 Society publications for sale
 The Rossica specialized catalog...
 Reviews of philatelic publicat...


Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00076
 Material Information
Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: no. in v. : illus. ; 29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Creation Date: 2001
Publication Date: [n.d.]
Frequency: unknown
Subjects / Keywords: Stamp collecting -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Postage-stamps -- Periodicals -- Russia   ( lcsh )
Stamp collections -- Russia   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
Funding: Made available to the University of Florida Digital Collections under special distribution agreement with the <a href="http://www.rossica.org">Rossica Society</a>.
 Record Information
Source Institution: <a href="http://www.rossica.org">Rossica Society</a> Library.
Holding Location: <a href="http://www.rossica.org">Rossica Society</a> Library.
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAB2397
lccn - 59037768
issn - 0035-8363
System ID: UF00020235:00076

Table of Contents
    The Rossica society of Russian philately
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    From the editor's desk
        Page 2
    From France to North Russia with the army postal service, by J. Smith
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Petrograd issues of postal stationery cards, by Alexander Epstein
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Zemstvo mail to a foreign country, by George G. Werbizky
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Our ranks have grown by one, by George G. Werbizky
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Zemstvo stamps used as postage due, by George G. Werbizky
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Some interesting Zemstvo cancels, by Bill Nickle
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
    Gan'ko brothers at work, by E. Mirzoev; translated by George G. Werbizky
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Puzzle solved, by George G. Werbizky
        Page 35
    The name game: Russian placename changes, by Ivo Steijn
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
    To be or not to be: Real or forgery, by Alexander Safonoff
        Page 43
    Ukraine: Postal history 1900-1945, by Andrew Oleksiuk
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    A new constant flaw?, by Ged Seiflow
        Page 57
    From the president
        Page 58
    National meeting at SESCAL 2001
        Page 59
    Library notes
        Page 60
    Member-to-member adlets
        Page 61
    Dealer-member ads, Back issues of the Rossica Journal
        Page 62
    Society publications for sale
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
    The Rossica specialized catalog of the RSFSR
        Page 67
    Reviews of philatelic publications
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
Full Text


APRIL 2001 No. 136

The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately


OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY All rights reserved. No part of this journal may be
President: Gary A. Combs reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means
8241 Chalet Ct., Millersville, MD 21108, USA without permission in writing from the journal editor.
Vice President: Raymond Pietruszka The views expressed by the authors in this journal are
211 Evalyn Street, Madison, AL 35758, USA their own and the editor disclaims all responsibility.
Secretary: Gerald (Ged) Seiflow
27 N. Wacker Dr. #167, Chicago, IL 60606
Treasurer: Gary A. Combs The Rossica Society of Russian Philately, Inc. is
8241 Chalet Ct., Millersville, MD 21108, USA a non-profit, non-political organization incorporated in
Librarian: Gerald (Ged) Seiflow the state of Maryland, USA, and affiliated with the
27 N. Wacker Dr. #167, Chicago, IL 60606 American Philatelic Society. The RossicaJournal is the
Auditor: Webster Stickney official periodic publication of the Rossica Society of
7590 Windlawn, Parker, CO 80134, USA Russian Philately, Inc., published twice a year in April
and October and mailed "surface rate" from the
BOARD OF DIRECTORS Editor's residence. Price for non-members is US $15
George G. Werbizky per issue. For air mail delivery, please add US $5.
409 Jones Road, Vestal, NY 13850, USA
Sone oad, ea, A Subscriptions are available for US $40 which includes
Dr. G. Adolph Ackerman
9 Sanbridge Circle E, Wot OH air mail postage. Available back issues are listed in the
629 Sanbridge Circle E., Worthington, OH
43085, USA section titled "Society Publications for Sale." Submit ar-
Dr. RayJ. Ceresa tides for consideration directly to the Editor.
Spinnaker House, 7 Jacken Close, Felpham, Periodically, other Rossica publications are listed in the
Bognor Regis, West Sussex, PO22 7DU, back of the Journal. Information is available from the
United Kingdom Editor or Secretary.
Society dues are US $25 per year with a discount
PUBLICATIONS for early renewal. Membership applications can be ob-
Bulletin: Raymond Pietruszka tamed from the Treasurer or Secretary at the addresses
211 Evalyn Street, Madison, AL 35758, USA ld u r o t
listed under "Officers of the Society.
Journal: Karen Lemiski
a E on Ae 8 A Dealers wishing to advertise in the Journal are
2641 S. Emerson St., Chandler, AZ 85248, USA
welcomed. Information pertaining to advertising can be
REPRESENTATIVES OF THE SOCIETY found in the back of the Journal.
USA Checks and money orders submitted should be
Washington-Baltimore Chapter: Vacant made payable to The Rossica Socety of Russian Philately
Northern California Chapter: Ed Laveroni and not to any officer. Checks not drawn on a US bank
860 East Remington Drive No. A, Sunnyvale, must include an additional US $20 for processing fees.
CA 94087, USA Sorry, no credit cards are accepted. Please make all
Mid-West Chapter: Gerald (Ged) Seiflow checks payable to:
27 N. Wacker Dr. #167, Chicago, IL 60606

Jack G.Moyes c/o Gary A. Combs
23 Stonywood, Harlow, Essex, CM18 6AU, 8241 Chalet Court
United Kingdom Millersville, MD 21108

The ROSSICA homepage may be accessed at: http://www.rossica.org

Copyright 2001
The Rossica Society
ISSN 0035-8363


Journal No. 136 for April 2001

Editor: Karen Lemiski



From the Editor's Desk 2
From France to North Russia with the Army Postal Service, by J. Smith 3
Petrograd Issues of Postal Stationery Cards, by Alexander Epstein 8
Zemstvo Mail to a Foreign Country, by George G. Werbizky 12
Our Ranks Have Grown By One, by George G. Werbizky 19
Zemstvo Stamps Used as Postage Due, by George G. Werbizky 23
Some Interesting Zemstvo Cancels, by Bill Nickle 25
Gan 'ko Brothers at Work,
by E. Mirzoev; translated by George G. Werbizky 32
Puzzle Solved, by George G. Werbizky 35
The Name Game: Russian Placename Changes, by Ivo Steijn 36
To Be or Not to Be: Real or Forgery, by Alexander Safonoff 43
Ukraine: Postal History 1900-1945, by Andrew Oleksiuk 44
A New Constant Flaw?, by Ged Seiflow 57


From the President 58
National Meeting at SESCAL 2001 59
Library Notes 60
Member-to-Member Adlets 61
Dealer-Member Ads 62
Back Issues of the Rossica Journal 62
Society Publications For Sale 63
The Rossica Specialized Catalog of the RSFSR 67
Reviews of Philatelic Publications 68

From the Editor's Desk

Additional Information 2. Have the printer set his reproduction mach-
The concluding paragraph from Ian Rob- ine so that it OVEREXPOSES. What will
erts' article, "A Russian Prisoner of War's Cor- remain is black and white, and that's what
respondence during the Crimean War" (Rossica you need. Black and dark tones will be en-
135, page 34) was inadvertently omitted. It hanced, and all other shades will disappear.
The only remaining problem will be with
On 24 April 1855, Zagorodnikov re- red, which reproduces as black on black and
ceived the first reply from his aunt for white copiers. Thus a black cancel on a red
which he was required to pay Popov stamp will disappear most of the time. If any
the sum of one shilling (the equivalent Rossica reader has a solution, please contact the
of thirty-one silver kopecks). Several journal editor.
other letters were exchanged through- Editor's Comment: Thanks, George, for shar-
out the remaining months of 1855. On ing this information.
15 April 1856, the Russian prisoners
left Britain for Russia after the war had Article Reprint
ended. Sailing from Portsmouth, they Philip E. Robinson sent in the article
reached the port of Libau (the modern "From France to North Russia with the Army
Liepja) on 26 April. At the beginning Postal Service," which begins on page 1. Martin
of May, Zagorodnikov was transferred Evans supplied Philip with the transcript of the
to the Prince Karl regiment stationed original article, published in GPO magazine St.
in Riga, the capital of Latvia. His Martin's-le-Grand in 1919. (The journal was
memoir about his experiences as a pris- named after the GPO headquarters and is long
oner of war, which included a detailed defunct.) It gives a rare insight into the practical
account of the church services, food, side of organizing a postal service under difficult
and outings in Plymouth, was pub- conditions, in northern Russia in a time of war.
lished in the Russian historical journal The terminology is a little odd in places. For
Russkaya Starina (Russian Antiquity) in example, wooden houses are described as being
October 1893. "covered with an ornate on the dressing of
wood." But the text has been carefully checked
Tips on Illustrations and is exactly as in the original article, with the
A local printer provided George Werbizky exception of a few changes in punctuation to
with two steps for producing clear illustrations make it easier to read. As this is a transcription,
from dark originals, the original spellings have been preserved.

1. Make a copy of the item on a GOOD Fakes and Forgeries
color copier, but set the copier to the For those members without access to the
"black and white" mode. The print will Internet, I am reproducing Alex Safonoffs com-
come out grayish. Don't panic. A person ments on fakes and forgeries that were originally
with a good background in printing will distributed to Rossica members via email in
recognize this situation. early January 2001.

2 Rossica Journal Number 134
April 2000

From France to North Russia
with the Army Postal Service

by Major J. Smith, R.E.,
Deputy Assistant Director Army Postal Service Archangel

~--I--n~,; .aWig ..

Figure 1: Field Post Office P.B. 55, Beresnik and staff.

With the conditions under which the Army miles from home in a distinctly hostile climate,
Postal Service in France made its wonderful among a people whose ways are certainly not
daily distribution of mails, the tonic which did our ways, and whose language is like nothing
so much to maintain the spirits of our troops, else on earth, for news of those they have left
most people are now familiar. But one has to behind them.
travel a long way backwards to realise the condi- We arrived in Archangel in middle Oc-
tions under which we carry on here in what at tober, last year one officer and six men to
times appears to be a hopeless endeavour to sat- look after the mail for a contingent which in-
isfy the craving of men, removed about 2,000 cluded British, Canadian, America, French, Ital-

Rossica Journal Number 136 3
"April 2001

ian and Serbian troops, as well as that for all the routes, due to the fact that the Russian auth-
Embassies ousted from Petrograd in the summer. orities had placed their Civil Departments under
As far as mails were concerned, we found very military law. The Civil Post Office in this way
considerable room for improvement. Mails were came under the orders of the D.A.D.P.S., and
disposed of through the Base Commandant's they placed their routes and services at my dis-
office and, owing to lack of postal staff there was posal. By this means, we were able to give to
a good deal of delay in disposing of it, particu- Pinega, Dvina, Vaga and Onega fronts, a service
larly for units up country. Matters were further three times a week, the Vologda (or Railway)
complicated by the absence of complete records Front already had a daily service by rail. The
at the Base. The intervals between the arrivals of trip to Dvina and Vaga Fronts more than 200
mails from home were often long, and this miles from the Base was accomplished in
added to the dissatisfaction with the service, three and a half days.
With six men fortunately these were ex- By November, the Arctic winter was com-
cellent indeed we made an effort to establish ing down apace and snow that had come to stay
order. About half a dozen soldiers, who had was falling most days. Ice was forming on the
been postmen in pre-war days, were with diffi- river and, generally speaking, things were look-
culty located, and were with greater difficulty ing rather difficult to newcomers to the country.
their services were obtained. With these condi- There is only one railway line in this part of the
tions, Field Post Offices were opened at impor- country a single track between Bakharitza on
tant points, i.e., Bakharitza, Obozerskaya and the other side of the river and Vologda over bad
Beresnik [Bereznik, ed.]. Even then the staff at marsh land all the way. There are no real roads
the Base was insufficient for the amount of except during winter. Communications during
work, as practically every letter had to be sorted, the summer are mainly by river. These are won-
not as in France according to unit, but accord- derfully broad sheets of water capable of carrying
ing to information contained in Nominal Rolls river vessels of light draft for hundreds of miles
at the Base Office. into the interior. Most places can be reached by
Our next step was to establish a reasonable this means, as all the villages cling precariously
service between England and here, and between to the marshy banks and always appear to be
the Base and the fronts, which were roughly on in imminent danger of slipping in and being
an arc commencing at Onega, passing through washed bodily down to the sea. In passing I may
Shenkhurst [Shenkursk, ed.] and coming up to say it is possible to travel in a decent sized river
Pinega and Mezen. Our communications from craft all the way from Archangel to the Caspian
home were infrequent, and it was at that time without going ashore.
impossible to arrange for every boat from home During the winter the railway has been kept
to bring a mail. Communications between open, and the service, despite a very poor track,
G.H.Q. and the Base with the fronts was not and still poorer rolling-stock, has been fairly
much better, and was done by Despatch Rider good. Only wood fuel is used, and this consti-
Letter Service. Delivery between offices in tutes an element of serious risk, as so many
Archangel even were made in the same way, sparks are thrown off. We lost the great part of
and all the youth of the town appeared to be one mail on the way to the Base. This mail had
engaged in running about with official letters. In been placed on a platform of the train owing to
November, however, the Army Postal Service lack of accommodation inside, and the train had
absorbed practically all the D.R.L.S. at least to be stopped in the forest to have the burning
we carried these letters in our despatches. This mail salved. Fortunately this is the only loss we
was rather a significant fact, and indicated that have had. To the other Fronts during the winter
we had organised the services by the quickest mail has had to be sent by sleigh all the way.

4 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

White Sea Mr

Soroka Archangel Pinega



Bereznik *


50 miles to

The trails wind over land and river; and it is dif- ordinary shipping had ceased, we were entirely
ficult at most times to tell whether one is tray- dependent upon a sleigh service between Soro-
elling over one or the other. The time occupied ka, an old-fashioned town on the south-western
in these journeys is not so long as one might shore of the White Sea, and Archangel. The dis-
think, as the sleighs travel all day and all night, tance is about 300 miles, with twenty-four re-
changing horses and sleighs at each zemstvo or lays, and the time taken was about four days.
post-house these are usually at intervals of One of these mails was within a mile or so of
about fifteen to sixteen miles. Unfortunately, capture, but the Russian mail guard, acting on
owing to the scarcity of fodder, the condition of the principle that discretion was the better part
the horses has not been too good, but even so of valour, turned and reached safety. My assis-
I have sat behind the small shaggy pony of the tant, Lieut. Kelly, passing through in the other
district, which has never known a "dandy" direction got past an hour or two before the
brush, while it contentedly trotted the whole capture ofBolshe Ozerki by the Bolsheviks. The
distance without a touch of a whip an instru- first news I got was a telephone enquiry asking
ment very rarely carried in this country. While if I had any word of Mr. Kelly as he had left
the ice was troublesome in the White Sea and there (Obozerskaya), and the trail had been cut

Rossica Journal Number 136 5
April 2001

very soon after. It was not until two days after almost call them seasons Autumn and Spring.
that I received with considerable relief a tele- In November the snow begins and the rivers
gram from him at Onega. freeze up. But until sufficient snow has fallen
About the scenery here one cannot say and the ice on the rivers is sufficiently strong to
much more than it differs in places from light carry traffic there is nothing to be done. Spring,
pine forest to bleak open marsh. The country is or the thaw, occurs in April. The packed snow
very flat. The dark green of the pines with a on the trails gives way, and the ice on the rivers
heavy coating of snow that is almost blue in its becomes waterlogged, making the use of any
coldness is quite pretty until one tires of it, and kind of transport impossible. The two periods
that happens very soon when one is travelling last about a month or six weeks. Even when the
for perhaps eight days at a stretch. The villages ice on the rivers breaks, several days must elapse
and the houses might all have been designed by before a boat can move in it for fear of being
the same architect, so much so that once, while crumpled up. We thought to be able to make
out inspecting, I got into my sleigh and dropped use of aeroplanes during these spells, and did so
off to sleep before we started. I woke up at the to a very limited extent, but here again we are
next stopping place quite unconscious that we faced with the difficulties of landing on mud, or
had even moved and in fact full of grumbles that seaplanes landing in the rivers, when there was
we had stayed so long, only to find the ponies ice about. A more hopeless state of communi-
perspiring and that we had really travelled cations I leave to the imagination of the reader.
twenty-two versts. In Archangel I hardly think I had rather a quaint complaint from an of-
there are more than twenty buildings of stone or ficer a month or so after our arrival; it was that
brick; in the villages there are none. The houses before we came he was always expecting a letter
are built of logs and the more pretentious in the to turn up, but after we got to work and he got
towns are covered with an ornate on the dress- his mail he knew of a certainty he need look for
ing of wood. no more until another boat came in.
Game and animal life is very scarce every- "The winter is past, the rain is over and
where, with the exception, perhaps, ofrabschik, gone." I cannot finish the quotation, for there
a species of small woodcock, which might al- are neither birds to sing nor flowers to appear in
most be said to have been the staple food of the this land. We are doing our best to get through
Allied troops during their stay. Unfortunately for the extremely inconvenient period of thaw. The
this poor bird there is no close season and now Bolshevik has not done the things he threatened
one hears it said the species is almost extinct. I to do, and our rather anxious time, of which
remember when visiting Pinega in January my people at home have no doubt heard enough, is
driver became almost extraordinarily excited practically over. The Russians are now mobilis-
about something in the forest. I immediately ing fast, and in a short time an excellent army
thought of bears or, at least, wolves. Can you trained to a great extent by British non-commis-
imagine my disappointment when I discovered sioned officers will be able to take the field,
the cause of his gesticulations to be three birds properly clothed, fed and equipped. They have,
about the size of blackbirds sitting on a tree. My however, no Army Postal Service, and this work
driver was intensely disappointed and disgusted also has fallen upon the British Army Postal
because I did not take up my gun and slay the Service.
poor things. That was the only wild animal life In spite of everything it would be difficult
I saw in a journey of about 300 miles. I had had to find on any of our far flung fronts a happier
such great hopes of something better. or healthier company of men than the Royal
In the matter of transport there are two ex- Engineers Postal Section, and if I may say so a
traordinary periods in this climate, one might body of men who are out to make the lives of

6 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Figure 2: The Army Post Office in North Russia; The Archangel-Bakharitza post sleigh.

Rossica Journal Number 136 7
April 2001

their fellows as bearable as possible. I am glad to send us mail, for that is the panacea for all ills,
record the unswerving loyalty and the helpful- send us mail and we will gladly pass it on to
ness which the whole staff displayed throughout those depending on us for such comfort as only
and without which the position of the troops mail from home can give.
out here would not have been enviable.
Our thoughts turn now towards home. The J. Smith, Major, R.E.
winter we have enjoyed to a certain extent, but
we hold no such hope for the summer when we Reprinted from the G.P.O. magazine
may be eaten inch by inch by mosquitoes. But St Martin's-le-Grand, July 1919

Petrograd Issues of Postal Stationery Cards

by Alexander Epstein

Postal stationery catalogs usually list the Pet- and Telegraphs, dated 21 March 1919. This
rograd issues of postal stationery cards as a full- circular ordered all available postal stationery,
value issue of the Russian State post. My interest including stamped postal stationery cards and
here concerns the imperial and Kerenski postal formula cards, to be sold at post offices as blanks
stationery cards revalued to 10 kopecks by a at the standard price of 10 kopecks (or 20 ko-
violet handstamp surcharge in 2 lines "10 / KOnI" pecks for double postal stationery cards). The
over the imprinted stamp design. These cards are circular also instructed postal employees to cross
listed as numbers 30A to 35 in the Higgins & out by pen or, at the particular post office's dis-
Gage catalog. creation, invalidate the imprinted stamp design in
There are two principal theories related to some other way. When purchasing the cards,
the origin of this issue. The first connects it with buyers were to be informed that they were
a new set of postal rates introduced by the being charged only the procurement price, not
Soviet Russia Postal Administration on 15 Sep- the tariff payment. According to Mogil'nyi, the
tember 1918, when the rates for an ordinary 10-kopeck surcharge of this issue was just a way
postcard were reduced from 20 to 10 kopecks. of invalidating the postal stationery and indi-
However, I have never seen a single postal sta- rating the cost of the postcards as blanks. In
tionery card used in these last months of 1918, such a case, these postcards should be considered
which would be the case if the postcards were formula cards rather than true stamped postcards.
issued shortly after the new rates came into It should also be emphasized that all postally
effect. All available copies are known used be- used copies of these postcards known to collec-
ginning from May 1919 when the ordinary mail tors were posted in Petrograd. This circumstance
was granted free postage. Figure 1 shows such a points to Petrograd as the place where the
postcard (H&G No. 32) sent as ordinary mail postcards were overprinted.
from Petrograd to Kiev on 26 July 1919. This opinion was expressed also by V.
The second theory was developed by V. Pantiukhin,2 who followed the same logic and
Mogil'nyi.1 It is based on circular No. IL- proposed excluding this issue from postal sta-
357/1762 of the People's Commissariat of Posts tionery catalogs. However, the postcard shown

8 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001


it.... .... .d .. .. -s....
.... ..... .. .. ....... .. ...... ..

At .j.......d.-

",''/ / / / 'i
."'- .............. .
-A -/.

Figure 1


ossica Journal Number 136 9
April 2001

C h (.I.AtlIEHHlIM b OTB'rOMh

Figure 3

in figure 2 seems to contradict Mogil'nyi and pected introduction on 1 January 1919 of free
Pantiukhin. postage for ordinary mail. Nevertheless, the post-
It is postal stationery card H&G No. 32, card revaluation was acknowledged and the new
sent registered locally in Petrograd on 16 August value entered into rate books. In other words, the
1919. The postcard is franked with stamps total- post office recognized the postal stationery cards
ling 25 kopecks. Keeping in mind that the con- of this issue as full-value postal stationery when
temporary postal rate for registered postcards was bringing them into use in the late spring or early
35 kopecks, the only possible conclusion is that summer of 1919. It is also significant that this
the 10-kopeck surcharge was included when the surcharge was not the product of a single post
sender purchased the postage. This is the only office: these postcards were apparently sold
known example of the registered use of this pos- throughout Petrograd. Consequently, this issue
tal stationery card. However, we have no reason should occupy its legal place in the catalogs but
to suspect that the postal clerk in Petrograd did as a local provisional issue of, most likely, the
not know the true status of these surcharged Petrograd Main Post Office rather than among
postcards, which were widely used in Petrograd the Central Postal Administration issues.
at this time. It is this example that causes me to To the postcards listed in the H&G catalog,
doubt Mogil'nyi's "blank" theory. Pantiukhin2 also adds the 4-kopeck single postal
In my opinion, the truth lies somewhere stationery card of the Romanov Jubilee issue
between the two theories described above. It (H&G No. 26) with this surcharge. The same
could be that the issue was actually prepared to postcard is also included in the new Russian
meet the 10-kopeck postal rate but not brought catalog of RSFSR stamps and postal stationery,3
into use in time, probably because of the ex- which additionally lists two different formula

10 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001


S.... ....... .. ... .
A g 4." ........... _.._ __

n. ,n-

Figure 4

postcards marked with the same surcharge. Al- No. 23: 3-kopeck + 3-kopeck red card
though I have not personally seen all these No. 28: 4-kopeck + 4-kopeck red card
newly discovered items, I am including them in No. 30: 5-kopeck + 5-kopeck brown-
the list of this issue given at the end of the ar- violet card
ticle. The new Russian catalog does list the 4 **: red formula card of Petrograd Post/
kopeck + 4 kopeck double postal stationery card Telegraph District
of the 1909 issue (H&G No. 24) that is sur- the brown formula card with the Provi-
charged "10 KOP." But this is evidently a mis- sional Government coat-of-arms *** re-
take because its existing counterpart from the ported by Pantykhin2 and ** listed in the
Romanov Jubilee issue is omitted. RSFSR Specialized Catalog

The Local Provisional Issue of the
Petrograd Main Post Office However, this is not the end of the history
(with the handstamp surcharge "10 KOP." in of the Petrograd postal stationery card issues. For
violet over the imprinted stamp on Russian a long time, I had in my collection a mint 3 ko-
postal stationery cards of the 1909, 1913, and peck + 3 kopeck double postal stationery card
1917 issues): of the 1909 issue (H&G No. 23) with a hand-
stamped surcharge "10" in blue (figure 3). I had
* No. 21 (H&G): 3-kopeck red card no idea about its origin until I acquired a Petro-
* No. 22: 4-kopeck red card grad Post/Telegraph District formula card with
* No. 26 *, **: 4-kopeck red card the same surcharge but used locally in Petrograd
* No. 29: 5-kopeck brown-violet card on 20 October 1919 (figure 4). Thus, I feel safe

Rossica Journal Number 136 11
April 2001

in assuming that this is another Petrograd postal References
stationery issue, which could include other, still V. Mogil'nyi. "Postal nature of the 10-kop
undiscovered basic postcards. What remains surcharge." Filateliya SSSR, 3 (1989): 44. (in
open to question with this new example is Russian)
whether or not the surcharge is something other
than a sign of invalidation. V. Pantiukhin. "Error in the catalogs is 70 years
The other question is whether or not the old!" Filateliya, 3 (1995): 47-49. (in Russian)
formula cards marked with the "10" or "10
KOP." surcharge of this or the previous issue R.S.F.S.R. Specialized Catalog of Postage Stamps
should be considered full-value postal stationery 1918-1923. St. Petersburg: Standard-Kollektsiya,
cards instead of blanks. Seemingly, this is the 1997. (in Russian)
case, at least, for those with the "10 KOP." sur-

Zemstvo Mail to a Foreign Country

by George G. Werbizky

It is well known that mail from a foreign indeed, I have found several covers that have a
country to a place served by the zemstvo postal zemstvo administration office as the return
system is rare. Such mail had to be handled by address. This group consists of sixteen self-
three postal authorities: first in the originating addressed covers, sent from various zemstvos to
country, then the imperial Russian post office, Mr. Eduard Kerber in Germany. To the best of
and finally by the zemstvo post office. my knowledge, Mr. Kerber was a stamp dealer
In December 1999, Corinphila Auctions and, in all probability, was searching for zemstvo
Ltd. sold the fabulous Faberg6 collection, material. This would explain the pre-printed
Among many zemstvo rarities were two covers addresses and the use of stationery covers. I
that sold as follows: thank our Rossica member Leon Finik for add-
ing fifteen covers to the one Kerber item I had.
"* USA to Totma zemstvo, bearing US and All covers in this group were mailed in
Totma stamps: more than $6.000; October and November 1911. The following
"* Japan to Vesegonsk zemstvo, bearingJapan- zemstvos are represented:
ese and Vesegonsk stamps: more than
$16,000. 1. Balashov
2. Belebey
Both lots were described as "one of two 3. Chembary
recorded covers from an overseas destination." 4. Cherepovets
Covers from more frequently found destinations 5. Chistopol'
each sell for about $1000. Because mail travels 6. Gadyach
in both directions, there should be postal items 7. Pavlograd (registered cover in figure 1)
that left a zemstvo for a foreign country. And 8. Perm' (registered cover in figure 2)

12 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

- -~ ~ ~ - "- '---

f4 o-


Eduard Kerber

EEaaTep. ry6.


rEPMAHIII. bei Mflnchen.

Figure 1: Cover sent from the Pavlograd zemstvo. The back of the cover in the center shows the round handstamp that
reads "The mail of the Pavlograd zemstvo administration." In the middle is the coat of arms, which depicts a running
horse, and below it a river signifying pastures and horse farms. Just below and to the left of the zemstvo handstamp is
that from the Gauting, Germany post office, a requirement because the letter was registered.

Rossica Journal Number 136 13
April 2001

a hr-d Rerb h_.


.tA U
( 1 :. .
'\..-. .-.,_:.. -' > K -- --.---.
.rEPMAHmL bei Mf"nche

K-d..'' . f.

Figure 2: Cover sent from the Perm' zemstvo. The back of the cover has the round handstamp with the word "ri na x e r "
and below it the address of the sender: "Perm' district zemstvo administration."

14 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

.... -- 7-

Figure 3: Front and back of a zemstvo cover sent from Krasny to Belgium.

Rossica Journal Number 136 15
April 2001


S .* _^: _[' ^ li -. il.

Figure 4: Top: A postcard addressed to the Red Cross in Petrograd (St. Petersburg), which was then forwarded to
Germany. Bottom: A postcard addressed directly to Germany. The numeral "6" (or an inverted "9") in the circle is the
identification mark of a German postal employee. The text on both postcards is in German.

16 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

9. Priluki city while below would be the coat of arms of
10. Pudozh the city with the smaller administrative unit.
11. Rostov The cover from Krasny has a clear Antwerp
12. Saratov receiving postmark with the date 28 November
13. Smolensk 1897. Adding twelve days to the Russian date
14. Syzran' (old style), this is a remarkably swift journey for
15. Tver' the letter! The numeral "67" in the circle is the
16. Vesegonsk identification mark of the Belgian postman.

POW Postcards
Because the zemstvos had free-frank rights, POW is our second source ofzemstvo mail
there is a handstamp on the back of each cover sent abroad. (The third source, examples of
asserting that privilege. Figures 1 and 2 show the which occasionally appear at auction, is private
fronts and backs of two typical Kerber covers, mail.)
As a rule, these handstamps are round and carry During the course of World War I, both
the word "rr a e T ," which at the time meant Russia and Germany/Austro-Hungary had to
"letter"; today, this word in Russian means deal with prisoners of war. In Russia, POW
"parcel" or "package." camps were established in fairly remote loca-
All the covers discussed here were for- tions. POWs were permitted to write home, ap-
warded through the imperial post office because parently using only postcards. For obvious rea-
the zemstvo system was allowed to handle mail sons, such mail was censored. Two postcards,
traveling only inside the empire. Nevertheless, sent to Germany from Ust'sysol'sk zemstvo,
the covers shown here have their origins in the Vologda province, are shown in figure 4.
zemstvos. It is conceivable that a mailing could The last item shown, in figure 5, is a cover
originate at a zemstvo station, but in order to addressed to a Ukrainian POW in Germany. It
travel abroad, imperial stamps had to be added. appears that another POW is the sender. There
The imperial post office would transfer the item are two triangular censorship handstamps: the
to a foreign post office. Zemstvo stamps were lower one reads (in translation) "checked, Uk-
valid only within a given zemstvo and nowhere rainian camp Rastatt," while the upper one was
else. Thus what is shown in this article is applied by the censorship office in Vienna. There
probably the closest we can come to zemstvo is also a faint zemstvo post office datestamp:
mail with foreign destinations. What is the value Er'oTrHCI of such covers? It is ruled by supply and demand [Yagotin Zemstvo Post] 27-?-18. Directly be-
and what is in the eye of the beholder. low it is the standard Yagotin post office date-
A cover sent from Krasny zemstvo to Bel- stamp. On the back of the cover is a 10-kopeck
gium (the letter did not survive) is shown in arms-type stamp with the trident overprint in
figure 3. It was canceled on 12 November 1897 violet.
at the Krasny imperial post office. On the back There are at least two reasons why this
of the cover is a paper seal that serves the same cover is of special interest. First, it was sent from
purpose as the round handstamp. The top por- a to-date unrecorded zemstvo that had its own
tion depicts the coat of arms of the city of Smo- postal system but did not issue stamps. Second,
lensk: a cannon with the mythical bird gamayn. it was forwarded with a Ukrainian stamp! Are
The gate shown on the bottom portion is the there more examples of this zemstvo-Ukrainian
coat of arms of the city Krasny. It was common combination?
for Russian cities to show a "split" coat of arms: Figure 6 shows an enlarged 10-kopeck
on the top is that of the larger administrative stamp with a trident overprint. The base of the

Rossica Journal Number 136 17
April 2001

trident is toward the numeral 10 at the right. A 1955 Soviet map still shows it to have less
The trident itself is at an approximate angle of than 10,000 inhabitants. In 1918, the population
forty-five degrees. Touching the oval are two of this village must have been significantly less.
arms and the center post. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the only
Yagotin is located about sixty miles south- postal system providing mail service was that of
west of Kiev, with no main roads leading to it. the zemstvo administration.

Figure 5 (top): World War I prisoner-of-war
cover from Ukraine with a Yagotin zemstvo

Figure 6 (right): Enlarged Ukrainian stamp
canceled at the Yagotin post office.

18 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Our Ranks Have Grown By One

by George G. Werbizky

In the Rossica journal nos. 131/132 and 134, (Chuchin no. 18). The post office is the same
I reported on zemstvo bisects used on cover, village post office and the cancel reads 19 July
Altogether, six zemstvos used bisects, four in 1914, a few weeks before the ides of August and
Perm' province and two in Vyatka province (a the outbreak of World War I.
neighbor to Perm'). To this short list we can So what are we to conclude from the mat-
now add one more zemstvo: Solikamsk, Perm' erial shown? Early in 1914, the Rozhdestven-
province. As noted before, the use of bisected skoe post office, Solikamsk zemstvo, ran out of
stamps has been found in only two provinces to 5-kopeck stamps and, like their neighbors, began
date! using bisects. It was also probably at this same
Figure 1 shows a registered cover with time that the Rozhdestvenskoe post office asked
three Chuchin no. 12, 2-kopeck stamps, one the other Solikamsk zemstvo post offices for
bisected. The stamps were canceled on 13 Janu- help: we need 5-kopeck stamps and if you have
ary 1914. No catalog lists this stamp used any to spare, send them to us!
bisected as 1 kopeck, and there is no mention in The stamp used in January was issued in the
the William Baughman collection of such a use. 1895-1911 timeframe (that's the stamp that was
The cover is registered and the total fee bisected). The stamp used on the cover in figure
paid was 5 kopecks. It contained a petition 2 was issued in 1906. The stamps on the cover
(fIpomeHze). The following questions in figure 3 were issued in 1890 and 1906 res-
still need to be resolved: was 5 kopecks the pectively (the dates of issues in the Chuchin
proper fee? what was the name of the post of- catalog are not very precise).
fice? and can the validity of the use of the It was possible to establish that the fee for a
bisected stamp be substantiated? registered letter was 5 kopecks and that the
Two additional registered covers that were name of the Solikamsk zemstvo post office was
examined help answer the above questions. Rozhdestvenskoe. The dates of the stamp issues
Based on the markings on the cover shown in do not help much; in this case, one has to ac-
figure 2, we can clearly determine that the name cept that the zemstvo post offices had in stock
of the post office was c. [ceJro = village] stamps issued over a period of time, just like
Po>Kc ecr Te H c e [Rozhdestvenskoe], modem post offices.
Solikamsk zemstvo post, canceled 14 July 1914. With some hesitation, I conclude that the
The cover shown in figure 3 is similar to use of the bisected stamp was valid and is not a
the covers already shown, except that the 5- philatelic whim. Readers' comments are certain-
kopeck fee was paid with two stamps: a 1- ly welcome.
kopeck (Chuchin no. 4) and a 4-kopeck stamp

Rossica Journal Number 136 19
April 2001

Figure 1: Solikamsk zemstvo cover, shown reduced, front and back, with a bisected 2-kopeck stamp.

20 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001



Kp. BocEpeeeHKxoi Bon. HaBsa AzeKcneBa HvOmHOBA

TpfcacaLioHHHx'b aipd5u cs npHAoxeHinRH.

with a single Chuchin no. 19 stamp.

Rossica Journal Number 136 21
April 2001

^Y ./


Figure 3: A third registered cover, shown reduced, front and back, with a 5-kopeck fee.

22 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Zemstvo Stamps Used as Postage Due

by George G. Werbizky

-- -------. .

Figure 1: Postcard sent to a zemstvo location.

In the Rossica Journal no. 135, my article be added to pay for the service of the
"The Imperial Stationery Zemstvo Connec- zemstvo post. The recipient then
tion" appeared. Mr. A. S. Ilyushin, president of would have to pay the amount equal
the Union of Russian Philatelists (Moscow), was to the affixed stamps. In this manner,
kind enough to make valuable comments about zemstvo stamps served as postage due
my research and to illustrate them with a very stamps."
interesting postcard. The comments are as

"When mailing an item from an im- the Novgorod imperial post office to the village
.. ............

peal post office to a location that was Ushakoa zemstvo in Gryazovets zemstvo, Vologda pro-
In the Rossica journal no. 135, my article be added to pay for the service of the

"served only by the zemstvo postal sysConnec- vince. Interestingly, the recipient refused to pay
tion" appeared. Mr. A. S. Ilyushin, president of would have to pay the amount equal

te, the of Russian Philately had the required the 2-kopecks poed stamps.ge due and the district clmannerk
kind enough to make valuable comments about zemstvo stamps servedaffixed. There was no made the following notation in the upper left-
straightforward to illustrate the sender to hand oer: "Refused to accept. District clerkstamps.
interesting postcard. The comments are as

followpurchase the zemstvo stamp. Mr. Ilyushin is, of course, absolutely right.
a postcard, shown above in figure 1, sent from
"When mailing an item from an im- the Novgorod imperial post office to the village
perial post office to a location that was Ushakovo in Gryazovets zemstvo, Vologda pro-
served only by the zemstvo postal sys- vince. Interestingly, the recipient refused to pay
tem, the sender rarely had the required the 2-kopecks postage due and the district clerk
zemstvo stamps affixed. There was no made the following notation in the upper left-
straightforward way for the sender to hand comer: "Refused to accept. District clerk."
purchase the zemstvo stamp. Mr. Ilyushin is, of course, absolutely right.
"When the postal item entered the Frequently, the same zemstvo stamps served dual
zemstvo post, a zemstvo stamp would purposes: either regular postage or postage due.

Rossica Journal Number 136 23
April 2001

One exception was the Bogorodsk zemstvo, ters "TI 3 Il" [Dankov zemstvo administration],
Moscow province, which in addition to regular as shown in figure 2. The amount due would be
stamps also issued stamps with the inscription handwritten within the oval, which was 3 ko-
"otrrnoTeHIa [paid] and "zno roBsa R" pecks in this case. Ves'egonsk zemstvo, Tver'
[postage due]. Dankov zemstvo, Ryazan' prov- province, used the straight-line handstamp 'He
ince, used an oval handstamp with the word o rrnjio i e Ho" [not paid] for the same purpose
" 3 a I

-OT.E {-14 0-,2

----3 ------ -- -. -^- -1%

-- - -- ----. ^ ^-. -. -.-..--- ---------------- .- .

------ ---- ---- 4b --------- -- ----------:------- ---------- -

9 ilc0oamoi caoporIb nuicencn mCino.tbO a0pecs.

Figure 2 (top): A postcard with the Dankov zemstvo postage due handstamp.
Figure 3 (bottom): Ves'egonsk zemstvo "not paid" handstamp.

24 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Some Interesting Zemstvo Cancels

by Bill Nickle

The postal history of Russian zemstvo 7. Byelozersk 77. Gavrinskoe volostnoe
stamps (1865-1918) is rich in the variety of can- pravolenie.
cels. These cancels resemble and often include 8. Bogorodsk 89 [1894]. Lavender. Bogor-
imperial Russian cancels. They function in the odsk district zemstvo board.
same manner as cancels from other European 9. Borovichy 4. Pen cancel. Probably init-
countries and the Western world. They range ials of postal person.
from early pen cancels to cancels with the coat 10. Bugul'ma 17 [1908]. Large. Black. Bu-
of arms of the zemstvo district and to even more gul'ma zemstvo post.
elaborate designs. 11. Buzuluk 8 [1889]. Blue. Buzuluk zem-
The purpose of this article is mainly to stvo post.
show actual cancels from many of the zemstvo 12. Buzuluk 15 [1895]. Black. Buzuluk zem-
districts. Some of these cancels were recently stvo post.
obtained from the Faberg6 auction. They were 13. Byezhetsk 8 [1893]. Imperial post Bye-
in the residual material at the end of each dis- zhetsk Tver' Gov. 10 Jan., 1893. Pocht.
trict's stamps. Apparently, Faberg6 liked to col- Tel. Kont. 3.
lect cancels. The stamps shown in the following 14. Byezhetsk 15 [1894]. Blue and black.
figures are identified by Chuchin numbers. BZP at top. Date in single line. P. at
Hall's treatise of the Baughman collection was bottom.
the main reference used to identify some of 15. Cherdyn' 9. Kutim post office.
these cancels. The author also acknowledges the 16. Cherdyn' 13. Bakhary post office.
help of David Skipton, who translated some of 17. Cherdyn' 13. Kurenino post office.
the more difficult Russian words, and Leon 18. Cherdyn' 15 [1898]. Yurdinsk rural dis-
Finik, who provided much of the material. trict administration.
19. Dankov 1. Usual pen cancel.
20. Dukhovshchina 8b [1880]. Pen date can-
Captions cel.
1. Ardatov 12 [1892]. Blue coat of arms, top 21. Gadyach 1 [1884]. Gadyach zemstvo
center. Ardatov district zemstvo post. Date post. Gadyach.
in straight line. 22. Gadyach 45. Gadyach zemstvo post. Sarai.
2. Arzamas 8. AZ for Arzamaskoye Zemstvo 23. Gdov 9. Wheat stack cancel.
in blue or black. 24. Glazov 9 [1896]. Pen cancel.
3. Arzamas 9 [1897]. Consisting of the large 25. Gryazovets 97. Avnegskoe.
year date of cancel. 26. Gryazovets 116-121 [1916]. Straight line
4. Byelozersk 29 [1885]. Black circular cancel date.
of Byelozersk. Also in 3 lines the date. 27. Gryazovets 69. Negative seal-type
5. Byelozersk 29 [1886]. Pen date cancel plus cancel. Pravlenie volost.
a circular cancel. 28. Gryazovets 59. Negative seal-type
6. Byelozersk 81 [1914]. Large double circle, cancel. Ernokovo volost.
lavender. 29. Irbit 18 [1913]. Irbit zemstvo post.

Rossica Journal Number 136 25
April 2001

2 3 4 5
1 B. 92

.AnP. 1914 7 8

14 ;,. .I .[

18n 8
1 0' 1'.'>- ;- '98 iz- L' ... -* H6 -

2April 2001
Aprl 00

27 289


32 34w

36 ....
35 38

"" I 'A
41 42

479 40

Rossica Journal Number 136 27
April 2001

30. Kadnikov 10 [1897]. 57. Pereyaslav 20 [1911]. Pen date cancel.
31. Kadnikov 8 [1893]. Large. Received 58. Petrozavodsk 3 & 4. Oval with saw-
March 24, 1893. toothed outer frame. Petrazavodsk zem-
32. Kadnikov 8 [1887]. Straight line cancel, stvo post.
33. Kadnikov 10 [1894]. Box. Kadnikov 59. Podol'sk 4. All stamps cancelled in pen
zemstvo post. and ink.
34. Kadnikov 10 [1897]. Box. Shapsha post 60. Poltava 20. Elizabetino branch office of
office. the zemstvo post.
35. Kadnikov 8 [1903]. Box. Zubovo post 61. Poltava 25a [1909]. Office of the Poltava
office. zemstvo post.
36. Kadnikov 22 [1915]. Kadnikov zemstvo 62. Poltava 262 [1909]. Boxed commemora-
post. tive cancel. Poltava zemstvo district.
37. Kherson 1 [1867]. Typical pen cancel. 63. Porkhov 1 [1881]. Circular cancel.
38. Kherson 2. Rare numbered dot cancel, 64. Pskov [1871]. Blue. Pskov district zem-
Maksimovskaya (568). stvo post.
39. Kremenchug 22 [1914]. Fancy box, 65. Pskov 2 [1875]. Blue Pskov district zem-
maybe registered, stvo post. Also with pen cancel.
40. Kungur 3 [1893]. Kungur zemstvo post. 66. Pskov [1894]. Lavender. Pskov district
41. Kuznetsk 3-5 [1891]. Kuznetskaya, Sarat. zemstvo post.
Gub. Uyerzdaya. Zemskaya Uprava. Bx. 67. Pskov 31a [1896]. Black. Pskov district
No., Vtch. No. Entry No. zemstvo post.
42. Lebedyan 11 [1890]. Pen cancel. 68. Pskov 9. Riga city post office.
43. Livny 9 [1900]. Negative seal of the 69. Pskov 16. Concentric circles, blue. Early
Livny zemstvo post. mute?
44. Lokhvitsa 46 [1912]. Post of the Lokh- 70. Pskov 14. Rectangular with bars, black.
vitsa zemstvo. Early mute?
45. Luga 17 [1911]. Postcard cancel. Luga 71. Pskov 16 [1894]. Black. P.Z.P. Pskov
zemstvo post. zemstvo post.
46. Morshansk 12 [18-]. Morshansk zem- 72. Pskov 15 [1894]. Large circular, lav-
stvo post. ender.
47. Nikol'sk 2 [1905]. Large box. Nikol'- 73. Pskov 28 [1896]. Circular, black.
skaya zemskaya post. Volgodskaya. 74. Pskov 39 [1907]. Large circular,
48. Nolinsk 17 [1915]. Large oval. Nolinsk lavender. Pskov district. Zemstvo post.
zemstvo post. 75. Rzhev 9. Signed by post office clerk,
49. Orgheev 14. Handstamp, Orgheev. Mironov.
Zemstvo post office. 76. Rzhev 11 [1891]. Blue. Rzhev zemstvo
50. Osa 9 [1895]. Uinskoe. authority.
51. Osa 10 [1896]. Osa zemstvo post. 79. Sapozhok 7 [1892]. Lavender. Sapozhok
52. Osa 2 [1891]. Bisect. Osa zemstvo post. zemstvo post.
53. Osa 8 [1895]. Bisect. Osa zemstvo post. 78. Shadrinsk 27 [1894]. Lavender.
54. Perm' 6 [1892]. Perm' district, zemstvo 79. Shatsk 6. Black. RYB. for post office
post. manager, Ryabinski.
55. Ostrov 7 [1913]. Large oval, violet. 80. Shatsk 15 [1882]. Black. Shatsk zemstvo
Ostrov district zemstvo post. post.
56. Penza 11. Large square, violet. Paid, 81. Simbirsk 10K. Rectangle, lavender. Sim-
Penza district, zemstvo post. birsk zemstvo administration.

28 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

52 54
51 53 Jo

56 5.7 58 59

L 2 -- -- ""':"" .... "


60 1

64 65 66 ,7
63 P, 1

68 69 70 71 72

73 75 --

Rossica Journal Number 136 29
April 2001

82. Solikamsk 8 [1897]. Lavender. Zemstvo 94. Ust'sysol'sk 19. Lavender. Pechora
post in village. Kudymkore Solikamsk. volost administration.
83. Solikamsk 19 [1914]. Lavender. Soli- 95. Valki 10 [1908]. Oval, lavender. Valki
kamsk zemstvo post, Factory Cermoz. zemstvo post. Valki P.O.
84. Stavropol' 6 [1896]. Oval, black. Stav- 96. Velikii Ustyug 1. Box, violet. Velikii
ropol zemstvo. Samara Gub. Ustyug zemstvo post.
85. Sudzha 3a. Pen cancel. 97. Velsk 3 [1888]. Pen date.
86. Tot'ma 2 [1895]. Lavender. Totma 98. Verkhotur'e 4 [1899]. Oval, lavender.
zemstvo post. Verkhotur'e zemstvo post.
87. Tula 12 [1889]. Rectangular, lavender. 99. Vyatka 1 [1896]. Diamond-shaped, lav-
Straight line date only. ender. Vyatka district post in 3 lines.
88. Urzhum 7 [1899]. Circle. Urzhum zem- 100. Zadonsk 24 [1893]. Lavender. Zadonsk
stvo post. Date in center, without year district zemstvo, with Uprava in center
date. in tall narrow lines.
89. Urzhum 8 [1909]. Oval, black. To 101. Zen'kov 21 [1913]. Rectangle, tan.
Kuzhnursk. Zen'kov zemstvo post. Date in center.
90. Ustinzhna 1 [1889]. Pen cancel. 102. Zen'kov 36 [1893]. Pen cancel. Date
91. Ust'sysol'sk [1898]. Ust'sysol'sk zem- and signature of postal clerk.
stvo post. Greenish. 103. Zen'kov 54 [1912]. Rectangle, lav-
92. Ust'sysol'sk 15 [1893]. Lavender. Large ender. Zen'kov zemstvo administration.
St. Andrew's cross-like, with date in rec- Date in black.
tangle. Also Ust'sysol'sk zemstvo post. 104. Zolotonosha 1 [1880]. Rectangle, lav-
93. Ust'sysol'sk 15. Oval, Lavender. "Neo- ender. In 4 lines. Zolotonosha zemstvo
placheno" [Not paid]. post.

30 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

80 81
77 78 7 9 -M -'-
Big, --- U

82 83 85 86

987 -9 _8 91

1 ra
92 93 94 95

i----- ------

96 98 99 100
TfoM 97

101 102 1034
: "', ,+ .tEr 4 -. I

Rossica Journal Number 136 31
April 2001

Gan 'ko Brothers at Work

by E. Mirzoev;
translated by George G. Werbizky

IlipeAc aAatrea"b
.,, .epi"'..
(Om. Hmauo oK oppe-
Toao-ro asaP aqUasw wepeaoe
noramamoe yIoioe seIcoe .o6psaie
aorpHao' tBs fwx> vpew;SIEay yyspa u ILI.
rain' &a aces afe IoTaTuMB iapsaxx.
eTlrrilwHaa sonwaiat anfraw enao-
KoeaBm TOB Son m aemWO erb seY I
zojn rwr onepliai.

Figure 1: Part of the newspaper clipping dated 7 November 1912.

Translator's Comments
The activity of the Gan'ko brothers has of the Gan'ko brothers has to do with attempts
been described in several philatelic journals: to establish democracy in modern Russia. We
Rossica 127, "Stamps of Poltava Zemstvo and leave that to the conscience of the author.
Their Peculiarities," by G. G. Werbizky; Rossica
130, "The Gan'ko Riddle," by T. Page; and Translated Article
Rossica 131/132, "Additional Comments on Leafing through my archives I found a clip-
Postmaster Gan'ko's Activities," by G. G. ping from an old newspaper that describes in
Werbizky. A Russian article and its translation detail how "rarities" of Poltava zemstvo were
"Poltava Priorities in Philately," by F. Vanius, created. Here is the text.
appeared in The Postrider 41. The latest article on
the subject appeared in Philately 1 (2001, Mos- The chairman of the zemstvo
cow), with the peculiar tite "P. Gan'ko as administration is a "collector"
Prototype Father of Russian Democracy," by E. (by our Poltava correspondent)
Mirzoev. It is not at all clear what the chicanery

32 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

A4flA oAR maSmaG

.l .4 L -. ... ...'. .T.. .-..

Figure 2: 1939 Postcard mailed by P. P. Gan'ko to a potential stamp customer.

At the just concluded regular session of the In order to increase the value of zemstvo
district zemstvo, a spicy "operation" of the stamps as far as collectors were concerned, each
chairman of the administration P. P. Gan'ko issue was intentionally small, significantly less
was discovered, than the real postal need required. The purpose
The audit commission in a calm, epic voice was to exhaust stamp supplies quickly and to
describes the conduct of this operation. create rarities. The price of these intentionally
The zemstvo stamps were introduced for created rare stamps would increase to unimag-
payment of mail that was handled by the zem- inable heights: 100 rubles for a 3-kopeck stamp.
stvo postal system. There were no specific rules At times, the chairman of the administration
for stamp business [issuing of stamps]; the zem- used the following trick, a stroke of genius: in
stvo governing body failed to establish any rules, addition to ordering regular stamps, he would
and thus this business was at the mercy of the also order stamps with special peculiarities, such
local management. In the beginning, stamps as inverted overprints, different colors, imperfor-
were produced as required by the volume of ate, etc., in small quantities. He would purchase
mail. Later, as collectors began to be interested these error stamps at their nominal value and
in these issues and were willing to pay high later sell them at a very high price.
prices for rare items, the issues began to be pro- In addition, stamps ordered by the zemstvo
duced to satisfy collectors regardless of postal administration for its own use were made with
needs. A whole industry arose that dealt with peculiarities in order to attract collectors.
zemstvo stamps. The main monopolist became The dealings with stamps are being con-
the brother of the former chairman P. P. ducted on a grand scale by the chairman of the
Gan'ko, who, in his turn, did not abandon this administration P. P. Gan'ko. He has published
enriching operation even when he himself be- a stamp catalogue where 1-kopeck stamps are
came the chairman. valued at 40 rubles. All of the stamps with in-

Rossica Journal Number 136 33
April 2001

tentionally created errors inverted overprints, [The Canadian Society of Russian Philately,
imperforate, changed colors, and so on are P.O. Box 5722, Station "A", Toronto, Ontario,
sold (with the exception of stamps that sell for Canada, M5W 1P2, has reprinted P. P.
hundreds of ruble) for 476.10 rubles, while he Gan'ko's catalogue; the reprint is about 100
bought these stamps for 5.75 rubles. pages long and is available for $25.00 US post-
Incidentally, in one of the foreign publica- paid.]
tions, Poltava zemstvo stamps are advertised can-
celed with this zemstvo handstamp.
Citing many characteristic dealings of the 0 P
"collector-monopolist" P. P. Gan'ko, the audit
commission states that the working environment 1 CEHf1913)1
of zemstvo employees is extremely poor and1 1sA A
demoralizing. -- -
A member of the audit committee, Mr.
Bykov, while being abroad, accidentally found K a.Ci-i "
out about Mr. Gan'ko's activities. It turns out HH& 9>3
that among foreign collectors the modest name -
of the chairman of the zemstvo administration is -- Ot *
well known. Serious Russian collectors are also
well acquainted with Mr. Gan'ko's affairs. E r
The report of the audit commission resulted 0 IBH
in a heated discussion. opot',
When asked to explain himself, Mr. Gan' ko \
stated that he did not pursue monetary gain. _KI.A M, 40
"I'm a collector, as are many other [folks]." AfcKiOil
The audit commission suggested that the
[zemstvo] administration recognize the activities 31 A A' 3 O H i
of P. P. Gan'ko as lacking dignity for a chair- 34
man. At the administration meeting, this sugges- 123
tion was accepted. a
I also have the catalogue, published by P. P. r
Gan'ko, with a curious supplement, which be- p t.a
gins with Poltava zemstvo post bylaws (1886) 20Kxo.20
and minutes of the meetings that "justify" vari-
ous stamps issues. 0 Ommucwu wmeAneleg u oadneaomox,
However, the most intriguing item in this caenoutame c opunzuiao8 umaunoS.
story is a 1939 document: a postcard sent to
Moscow from Rybinsk by the same P. P.
Gan'ko. He is offering, on an exchange basis,
the stamps of Poltava zemstvo.
Enclosed is a copy of the postcard and over-
print and handstamp impressions, which appear
in the additional portion of the catalogue.
in the additional p ion of the catalogue. Figure 3: Impressions of date stamps and stamp overprints
End of translation, made from original handstamps.

34 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Puzzle Solved

by George G. Werbizky

"C" -L i -

Figure 1: Tula zemstvo cover. It is addressed to Baron Rosen, village of Sviridovo. There is no receiving datestamp.
The second Tula datestamp is on the back of the cover and is also shown.

The zemstvo cover shown above has one the Corinphila cover to Mr. Epstein, and here is
puzzling feature. It is a stamped envelope of the his answer:
Tula zemstvo, Tula province. Used stamp covers
are fairly scarce, and obviously, I was enticed to "According to Russian postal rules, the
establish if this cover did provide the intended items sent by mail had to be canceled wtih one
service and if it is genuine. The problem was datestamp showing arrival at the PO, then with
that there were two Tula PO datestamps, which a second datestamp showing departure from the
were one day apart; I could not explain these PO, and finally with the destination cancel.
datestamps. In order not to guess, I asked 'Arrival' meant the removal of the item from the
Alexander Epstein, the well-known author of mail box, the handing of the letter to the clerk
many in-depth articles published in philatelic at the PO, or the receipt of the letter from an-
journals, for an explanation of the two date- other PO including from a zemstvo PO.
stamps. A similar cover was offered in the 9-10 "Most of the time the dates of arrival and
December Corinphilia auction (lot no. 359, departure coincided, i.e., the letter was dis-
opening bid 500 SFr, selling price 5,000 SFr or patched on the same day. However, fairly fre-
$2,941!). quently the forwarding of the letter took place
Along with my question, I sent a copy of the following day, and sometimes even later. In

Rossica Journal Number 136 35
April 2001

this case, the Tula post and telegraph office re- Baron Rosen (1847-1922) was a well-
ceived the letter (apparently from the zemstvo known Russian diplomat. He, along with Sergei
PO) on 22 April and sent it to Venev on the Witte, negotiated the peace treaty with Japan at
next day, 23 April 1889, where it arrived on Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
April ? [date not discernable]. This explanation and comparison to other
"The numeral on the datestamp does not Tula covers with the same markings allows me
signify a different PO branch, but is the number to accept this cover as genuine. Because the
of the datestamp. Each postal clerk who handled zemstvo postage was paid, this cover apparently
mail had a handstamp assigned to him. Appar- required no other zemstvo notations.
ently, two postal clerks handled this letter and
therefore there are two handstamps with differ-
ent numerals."

The Name Game:
Russian Placename Changes

by Ivo Steijn

If you collect Soviet postmarks or have an that the German colonists originally gave to
interest in Soviet geography, then you will have towns were replaced by Russian names in almost
encountered the phenomenon of placename all cases. However, this mostly took place before
changes with great regularity. The most obvious postmarks were introduced there, so you'll look
example and the one we all know is, of course, in vain for a postmark from, say Zeelmann. By
St. Petersburg, renamed Petrograd in 1914, re- the time that town got a postmark it had already
renamed Leningrad in 1924 and re-re-renamed been renamed Rovnoe.
St. Petersburg in 1992. And that city on the
Volga called Tsaritsyn, no, hang on, Stalingrad Imperial Russia: Degermanification
(1925), excuse me, Volgograd (1961): you'll be A variant of this was triggered by World
familiar with that one as well. But there are so War I when St. Petersburg became Petrograd to
many more ... eradicate the unpopular German name. How-
ever, there were also other towns that were de-
Imperial Russia: Russification germanized around the same time. Ekaterinen-
Placename changes really started in imperial shtadt (again in the Volga German area) became
Russia. Although examples are fairly hard to Ekaterinograd in 1914. Elenendorf and Annen-
find, there were cases where a "native" name fel'd (in Elisavetpol' guberniya) became Ele-
was replaced by a Russian name because the nino and Annenskoe around the same time. And
authorities actively pursued a policy of Russi- I'm sure there were other examples, particularly
fiction. Most examples I know are from the among the many German settlements in Ukraine
area around Saratov, where the German names and Bessarabia.

36 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Figure 1: Registered cover sent from Taldom.

Soviet Russia: Sovietization after tsars will have acquired new names around
After the Revolution, a small but distinct this time as well.
wave of renamings celebrated the Soviet victory
in the Civil War. Ekaterinodar became Red in Soviet Russia: Adulation
name as Krasnodar in 1920. In the Far East, The first big wave of Soviet renamings were
Imperatorskaya Gavan' became Sovetskaya expressions of adulation (if not from the
Gavan' around 1923. And Port Imperator Alek- population then from a few well-placed party
sandr III was spared the indignity of a Soviet officials) for the new heroes of the Soviet world.
name only by virtue of its ending up in another Lenin was reluctant to accept such expressions of
country altogether. adulation but even while he was alive towns
There must have been many cases where were being named after him. Early examples are
the name or title of the tsar was removed. One Taldom in Moscow guberniya (figure 1), which
example is Tsarskoe Selo, which became Det- changed its name to Leninsk in 1918 (and back
skoe Selo in 1918. And many villages named again to Taldom in 1929, oddly enough), and

Rossica Journal Number 136 37
April 2001

i .... *
egiiq -'1 l.7

f)IWT.MT' -911126

Figure 2: Registered cover sent from Trotsk.

Kolchugino in the Kemerovo area, which be- fell from grace, while Gatchina near Leningrad
came Lenino in 1922 and Leninsk-Kuznetskii in became Trotsk in 1923, Krasnogvardeisk in
1925. Lenin's death in 1924 opened the flood- 1929, and Gatchina again in 1944.
gates, of course. Grigoryi Zinoviev, Lenin's confidante and
But other officials were also honored with most prominent member (he thought) of the
their very own city. Stalingrad is an early exam- anti-Trotskii triumvirate that also included
ple of Stalin-worship (considering the fight over Stalin, had his own city: Elisavetgrad in Ukraine
Lenin's succession was only starting in 1925). It became Zinovievsk in 1924 (figure 3) (and Ki-
had been preceded by Yuzovka (renamed Stalin rovo in 1936, Kirovograd in 1939, and back to
in 1924, Stalino in 1935, and Donetsk in 1961) Elisavetgrad in 1991 ...).
in Ukraine. Other examples are more difficult to find.
Lev Trotskii had at least two cities of his The only one I am aware of is a small place in
own: the town of Ivashchenko in Samara oblast' Belgorod oblast' called Biryuch which was
was renamed Trotsk in 1919 (!) (figure 2) and named Budyonnoe after the later Marshal Sem-
re-renamed Chapaevsk in 1927 when Trotskii yon Budyonny in the 1920s.

38 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Figure 3: Registered cover sent from Zinovievsk.

Soviet Russia: Stalinist Adulation vezhe (Stavropol' Krai) named after him in
When the cult of personality broke loose 1936, and hurriedly changed to Molotovskoe in
(going nuclear from Stalin's 50th birthday in 1939 when Evdokimov was executed for trea-
1929 onwards) the renamings followed hard and son. And try finding a postmark from Ezhovo-
fast. Stalin had a LOT of places named after Cherkessk (Batalpashinsk prior to 1936, Sulimov
him. Stalinabad, Staliniri, Stalinogorsk, etc. ... in 1936-1937, and Cherkessk from 1939 on-
the list is endless. But Stalin's henchmen also en- wards), named after NKVD chief Yezhov .
joyed their day (and it wasn't much longer than
a day for some of them) as well. Sergei Kirov, Soviet Russia: Indigenization and
assassinated in 1934, scored big: Kirov, Kirova, De-indigenization
Kirovabad, Kirovakan, Kirovgrad, Kirovo, The various ethnic minorities in the Soviet
Kirovo-Chepetsk, Kirovsk (dozens), Kirovskoe, Union not only got their "autonomous" repub-
Kirovsky ... Molotov is also well represented. lics and provinces, they also were allowed to
The challenge is finding traces of Stalin's lesser give some towns indigenous names in place of
henchmen. Evdokimov had the town of Med- the Russian "colonialist" names. For instance,

Rossica Journal Number 136 39
April 2001

Figure 4: Postal card sent from Krasnoarmeisk.

Ko Vernyi in Central Asia became Alma-Ata in geographical features named after Stalin were
the Kazakh ASSR in 1921, Ust'-Sysol'sk be- renamed during the 1960s. When his surviving
came Syktyvkar (1930), and so on. henchmen were lumped together as the "Anti-
The reverse of this process took place when Party Group" and purged (mostly bloodlessly),
some ethnic minorities fell out of favor. Towns towns named after them often, but not always,
in the Volga German, Crimean, and Chechen chose new names as well. A good example is
areas had their indigenous names stripped and Lugansk in Ukraine, which had been renamed
replaced by generic Soviet placenames such as Voroshilovgrad (after Stalin's toady, Marshal
Pervomaisk, Sovetsk, Krasnoarmeisk (figure 4), Kliment Voroshilov) in 1938, which regained its
etc. Some towns disappeared altogether as their original name in 1958. But when the political
population was deported to Central Asia. Con- mood changed again at the end of the 1960s,
fusingly, when some of these ethnic groups were Lugansk became Voroshilovgrad once more
quietly rehabilitated in the 1960s, the Soviet (1970), only to become Lugansk again in 1991
placenames were not replaced again by the in- ...
digenous names. Stalin's successors also played the name
game, but on a much more modest scale.
Soviet Russia: Destalinization, Khrushchev was not honored with any towns as
Restalinization and Brezhnevization far as I can tell, but the town of Naberezhnye
After Khrushchev's devastating "Secret Chelny in the Tatar ASSR became Brezhnev in
Speech" in 1956, destalinization quietly took 1982 (and went back to its original name in
hold. Most (perhaps all) of the towns and 1988), while doddering Konstantin Chernenko

40 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Figure 5: Cover sent from Mikoyan.

got Sharypovo (Krasnodar Krai, 1985) and Shol- names, eradicating the lingering Russian name.
daneshty (Moldavian ASSR, 1985) named after But you can still find the odd town named after
him. Both the latter reverted to their original an Old Bolshevik here and there, and there are
names in 1988. simply too many Pervomaisks, Sovetsks, and
Partisansks to be renamed. And frankly, the
Post-Soviet Russia and the CIS: inhabitants of the CIS have other things to
A Mixed Bag worry about.
That the city of St. Petersburg lies in Len-
ingrad oblast' says much about the post-Soviet A Note on Sources
confusion. There have been massive campaigns So where do you go to check all this stuff
of renaming, mostly indigenization. Many towns out? This is one of the rare occasions where the
in Kazakhstan now bear proud Kazakh names Internet does not seem to be much help. The
(Almaty rather than Alma-Ata, Oskemen rather single most helpful source is an incomplete and
than Ust'-Kamenogorsk, etc.), Armenia has outdated book by Adrian Room, Place-name
given many cities their Armenian names back changes, 1900-1991 (London: Scarecrow Press,
(so Gyumry rather than Leninakan) and of 1993) of which a copy can be found with a little
course Ukraine has Ukrainianized all place- luck (and an Internet connection does help

Rossica Journal Number 136 41
April 2001

Soviet pre-war atlases are very hard to find. To
give you an idea of the scale of the problem: I
have been working for four years on an index of
placename changes in the Volga German ASSR
alone ...
A good knowledge of Soviet history is very
useful in spotting placename changes and judg-
ing their scarcity. Any good history book will
help there. For the heyday of Stalinist renaming,
I can recommend the biography by Robert
Tucker, Stalin in Power, 1929-1941.

42 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

To Be or Not To Be:
Real or Forgery

by Alexander Safonoff

With the unfortunate demise of the Rossica collection or have never seen one before" or "It
Society's Expertization Committee, the indi- must be a forgery because it is so rare, it cannot
vidual collector is left in a very precarious posi- be real" and on and on. You have all heard
tion. There no longer are the great mentors of them before. The question is further compli-
the past with whom one could have appren- cated with used material, in part because of can-
ticed. Gone are the likes of Rosselevitch and cellations. With various printing plates in use of
Lipschutz, and even Mikulski has now faded individual issues, coupled with normal wear and
into retirement. printing distortions, one can not dismiss offhand
Then how does one determine if an item is an item because it does not exactly match a
real or a fake/forgery? The obvious solution is known genuine example, especially when com-
to become your own expert. However, this very paring used with mint. Examples of known for-
simplistic answer is not easily put into practice. series may offer a better light on the subject, if
As a collector for the past thirty plus years of and when available. With the advance of exper-
imperial Russia used, with a modest collection, tization tools, so is the advance of forgeries.
an assortment of scientific tools and gadgets, If others are also perplexed by this dilemma,
various philatelic reference publications, and maybe we can work together to solve or at least
possessing average intelligence, other than the attack this question. To this end, I offer the four
very obvious I am quite frankly at a loss as to items shown above for thought.
how to even begin. The hair on the back of my I look forward to hearing any and all
neck stands up when I hear comments like "It comments. I can be contacted through email at:
must be a fake because I do not have it in my The_Tsar@pacbell.net.

Rossica Journal Number 136 43
April 2001

Ukraine: Postal History 1900-1945

by Andrew Oleksiuk

Ukraine's statehood dates
back to the eleventh century. Ukraine 1900
The country most recently
gained independence with the
breakup of the Soviet Union in Lemberg
1991. Ukraine is located in Kiev
east-central Europe, bordered
by Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Austria Kharkiv
Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Hun- C zernowitz ssiaBachmut
gary, and the Black Sea. It has Ungvar
historically been an important Hungary
trading area, being centrally lo- Odessa
cated on the Eurasian landmass.
Its location north of the Black
Sea provides a connection for
both overland and sea travel east
to the Caucasus, west to Eur- Sevastepol
ope, north to the Baltics, and
south to the Middle East.
Ukraine's political and phi-
latelic history for 1900-1945 Ukraine: Approximate Areas of Control, Spring 1919
can be divided as follows:
1900-1914 Lemberg Kiev
Ukraine was split between the Poland Ukraine
Russian and Austro-Hungarian State Khakiv
empires. Czenowitz Bachmuth

1914-1920 Ungvar I White
Czecho- Army
World War I and the subse- slovakia Romania Odessa
quent Ukrainian and Russian
revolutions destroyed the near-
term possibility of self-deter-
mination. The independence France
period lasted only briefly. Phila- Sevastepol
telically, it is a very confusing
period, termed "classic
Ukraine," which has been
deemed a philatelic curiosity
overshadowed by forgery.

44 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

In the interwar period, Ukraine
could have been a modern state
such as Poland or Czechoslo-
vakia, but it was instead an-
Ukraine 1921-1938 nexed to the Soviet Union,
Poland, Czechoslovakia, and
SKiev 1939-1945
Poland Soviet Kha kiv Ukraine was again a battle-
ioo Kharkvground. Having won the war,
Cernauti Bachmuth the Soviets defined Ukraine's
Uzhoro contemporary borders.
Czecho- Romania
lovaka Odessa During these four periods,
Ukraine had twenty-eight dif-
ferent postal systems. The mul-
titude of political entities that
existed in these forty-five years
Sevastepol has resulted in a panoply of
rates, markings, routes, and
usages to be studied. However,
as a group they are mostly ig-
nored primarily because Ukraine
Ukraine: Approximate Areas of Control, Fall 1942 constituted a single page in
Many catalogs. According to
many sources, Ukraine's phi-
L g Soviet extent lately was a subject only for ex-
Zone Kiev affront perts on overprints, experts on
(1939- \-
S\1941) German \,h.k v forgeries, or for experts on for-
Dienstpost hark series of experts' markings.
Cernauti Bachmuth( Since 1991, a new perspec-
Ungvar tive has been gained on what
Romanian exactly is Ukraine's postal his-
Trans a Odessa tory. This article clarifies its
Breadth for the period 1900-


In the early part of the
century, Ukraine was divided
between Austria, Hungary, and

Rossica Journal Number 136 45
April 2001

(SBft ft' ,c. W

Figure 1: Kharkov (Russian Empire) "vokzal" markings on postcard, 1914. The card may have been posted
at a station or in transit. The 3-kopeck stamp paid the domestic postcard rate.

Russia. The Austro-Hungarian combined mon- stationery of Austria were used in this part of
archy had separate postal systems at this time. Ukraine. Nearly all can be found with postmarks
Austrian Ukraine enjoyed some self- of Ukrainian cities. Prestamp material also exists.
government, being far from the capital in The extent of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Vienna. As such, the region later became a was such that domestic rates could be used to
model of political self-determination for send items to places as far as Venice and Verona.
Ukraine. Multilingual postmarks from Austrian Because the Austro-German postal union was in
Ukraine reflect the empire's cultural enlight- effect until 1914, even mail to Germany and
enment. Although the official language was Liechtenstein was considered domestic. While
German, Polish, Ukrainian, Yiddish, and Rus- postal couriers had been operating throughout
sian were also spoken. The province of Galicia Eastern Europe for centuries, the Austrian
was in Austrian Ukraine; its capital was Lem- system brought modern advances to Ukraine.
berg, today called Lviv. Roughly eighty-five percent of Ukraine was
Rail lines from Vienna connected Lemberg part of the Russian Empire. Ukraine was made
to Halych, for which the area is named (Halych- up of the administrative districts either in
yna = Galicia). Kolomea, Stanislau, and Brody part or in whole of Ekaterinoslav, Podolia,
were also towns connected by rail early on. Kiev, Poltava, Kherson, Kharkov, Bessarabia,
Czemowitz, which later passed to Romania, was Volhynia, Chernigov, Taurida (Crimea), Koursk,
also part of Austrian Ukraine. Many smaller and Voronezh. These names are in many cases
towns in eastern Galicia also had post offices. derived from or similar to major cities in their
Austria had in years past introduced the respective regions.
postal card to the world. Most stamps and postal Odessa, a port on the Black Sea, was a

46 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Figure 2: Czernowitz (Austrian Empire) cancels on a money letter to Romania, 1907.
The 85-heller franking paid for postage and insurance.
The front of the letter states that its content was 780 kroner.

boomtown in Russian Ukraine (Kherson region) world, and used the post extensively for intemrna-
with maritime connections to nearly every part tional banking.
of the world. R.O.P.iT., the Russian Steamship The discovery of coal in the same period
and Navigation Company, moved much of the made southeastern cities like Bachmuth (now
mail abroad, and operated extensively through- Donetsk coalfields) attractive to industrialists.
out the Black Sea, Mediterranean, and, after the Railways played an important part in moving
opening of the Suez Canal, in the Arabian and raw capital from Russian Ukraine to more rap-
South China seas. Alternately, steamships trav- idly industrializing nations.
eled from Odessa as part of a local service to The earliest railway ran from Odessa north
Alexandrovsk (inland) and Batum (now in to Zhmerinka. Eventually, Kharkov and Kiev
Georgia). were connected to Moscow via Kursk. By 1900
Southern Ukraine was cosmopolitan: Ger- railroads crisscrossed Ukraine and moved the
mans, Greeks, Jews, Turks, Cossacks, and Uk- mail. Railway postmarks read "vokzal" (station)
rainians had settled there. Many of these people or "eksp.," an abbreviation for "ekspeditsia."
had business connections in other parts of the Hungarian Ukraine is also known as Car-

Rossica Journal Number 136 47
April 2001
:i-'~~~~l~iId K r .~~cii~' ;~t

~~T:gb '~~_~...,,,';.g .~j;K '

April 2001

^ .... ..... ... ....,

"rA "A

I I a.. .N. . ..

D p r ,IIA.. ?n. 9. I ,'

Figure 3: Austrian KUK Hauptfeldpostamt (fieldpost) 351 postmarks on a postcard to Krakow,
with an additional cachet of Feldtransportleitung Nr. VI, 1916.
The Seventh Army was stationed near Stanislau. Soldiers had free-franking privileges.

patho-Ukraine, Transcarpathia, Subcarpathia, or EMPIRE, REVOLUTION,
Ruthenia. The Carpathians are a dense moun- SOVEREIGNTY, AND WAR 1914-1920
tain range that runs through this area from the
northwest to the southeast and into Romania. The war and revolutionary period offers
Made up of parts of four Hungarian counties, glimpses into this explosive and troubled area
this area subsequently became part of Czechoslo- between 1914 and 1920. The Eastern Front of
vakia by treaty in the interwar period. World War I, between the Austrian, Hungarian,
Three of its main town settlements, Ungvar and German armies on one hand, and the Russian
(Uzhorod), Beregszach (Berehovo), and Mun- army on the other, didn't move much; relatively
kacs (Mukachevo), were connected by rail to little territory changed hands. After some initial
Budapest by 1900. Russian successes in 1914 the front was fought
The search for material from the turn-of-the roughly along the border established at the start
century period is greatly aided by early maps of the war.
that show spellings of towns in the language of All four armies operated fieldposts during
the administration in charge. Because many the war. In many cases the civilian mails oper-
towns changed names over the years, placenames ated simultaneously, although away from the
are next to impossible to identify on present-day front. Extensive research has been done to iden-
maps. Check the "historical atlas" section of tify units in specific regions during the war. For
your local library, example, Russian fieldpost 114 was assigned to
Lemberg and was used during its occupation in
1915. Generally, as with much wartime mail, no
stamps were used, as soldiers had free-franking

48 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

"D" 'TouB541A KAPI bLIKA.
r,! ,1-r*RT" ; Mrc- ITAfh.[X i.
4 a ; -. '*
-rc4.^ 3/ VI -

Figure 4: Deutsche Feldpost cancel on a postcard to Posen, 1917.

Figure : eldpost cancel on a postcard to 191

4ossica Journal Number 136 49
The fieldpost location is identified by the sender as Strij (undoubtedly against regulation).

Figue : R fi ui tcco sad Kv915.

The 42nd Division was part of the Third Army. The sender mentioned having been near Odessa.

Rossica Journal Number 136 49
April 2001

I /
v',. '. (

Figure 6: Kiev cancels on postal stationery, Kiev local, 1919.
The 7-kopeck Russian postal stationery is overprinted with the trident and surcharged 35 kopecks.

privileges. Locations can often be identified, the wartime fieldposts and the civilian posts
where the fieldpost numbers are obscured by were in operation simultaneously.
unit cachets and interpolations. Censor marks Research has recently shed some light on
with placenames also give locational clues, the use of German stamps in Ukraine during this
The Ukrainian and Russian revolutions oc- period. While "Polen" overprints and "Gen.
curred simultaneously in March 1917. Russia's Govt. Warschau" were used elsewhere, non-
Provisional Government and Ukraine's Central Rada overprinted German stamps were used by the
had mutually recognized each other by July German fieldposts in this period; covers were
1917. With the collapse of the Provisional Gov- marked with identifiable Ukrainian placenames,
emrnent and the October Revolution, the Bol- such as Kiew.
shevik government came- to power. Bolshevik Similarly, Austrian airmail flights were
Russia signed a truce with the Central Powers launched from Lemberg via Krakow to Vienna,
(Germany, Austro-Hungary, Bulgaria, and and some regular flights went as far as Kiev.
Turkey) in November 1917, effectively ending Although these flights were operated by the
the war on the Eastern Front. military, they used civilian stamps and markings.
Stamps of the Provisional Government were Meanwhile, to the southeast in "South Rus-
used in much of Ukraine, eventually replaced by sia," Denikin's White Russian and subsequent
the famed "trident overprints" in the indepen- Wrangel armies were raised in the continuing
dence period. civil war against the Bolsheviks. Their operations
After some deliberation, Ukraine declared were centered in Crimea and Caucasia, but they
full independence in January 1918 and signed a fought as far north as Kharkov and Kiev.
peace treaty with the Central Powers. Germany The German occupation of Ukraine quickly
and Austro-Hungary occupied Ukraine on the culminated in a German orchestrated coup, and
basis of this treaty in the spring of 1918. Thus, a second Ukrainian government, the Hetmanate,

50 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Figure 7: Warsaw cancels on a postcard to Czernowitz, 1919. Due to occupation conditions,
this postcard had to go through Bucharest, the Romanian capital. Formerly Austrian,
Czemowitz had just become part of Romania, although the receiving marks had not yet been changed
to Cernauti. A Polish censor mark is also visible.

was established April-December 1918. In No- witz and Pokuttia for a few months, until
vember 1918, Western Ukraine declared its in- Poland drove them out of Pokuttia. Romania
dependence from Austria and the Hetmanate. overprinted Austrian stamps with CMT (Co-
Western Ukraine issued its own set of over- mandemental Militar Teritorial) for the tempora-
printed Austrian stamps and registration labels. ry occupation of Pokuttia.
Eventually, the Germans, Austrians, and Hun- Similarly, beginning in May 1919, Czecho-
garians began their evacuations as an armistice slovakia occupied Carpatho-Ukraine. Holding off
was signed between the Allies and the Central all these armies for a short while, and negotiat-
Powers to end World War I. ing with Poland and the White Army, the Uk-
Allied ships appeared on the Black Sea, and rainian State Directory eventually capitulated.
the French landed at Odessa. Western Ukraine The Bolsheviks eventually drove out the White
eventually helped overthrow the Hetmanate, Army; the USS St. Louis and USS Overton assist-
and then united with the third Ukrainian gov- ed in the evacuation of the White Army on 15
emrnment, the State Directory, in January 1919. November 1920 from Sevastopol' and Yalta.
The Bolsheviks invaded again from the north in The Poles and the Russians signed an agreement
an attempt to maintain control; trying to gain dividing Ukraine, without Ukraine's participa-
control of Austrian lands, Poland invaded Wes- tion on 18 March 1921.
tern Ukraine from the west; aided by the French Postal history materials from the empire,
and no longer friendly to the changing Ukrain- revolution, sovereignty, and war period are not
ian administrations, Wrangel's Army attacked difficult to find, but desirable. Wartime materials
from the south and east. are not necessarily immediately identifiable
In spring 1919, Romania occupied Czero- as Ukrainian, as the Eastern Front ran far to the

Rossica Journal Number 136 51
April 2001

Figure 8: RSFSR Kharkov "vokzal" markings on a registered letter to Germany, 1921.
The registration label was applied in Berlin. The sender paid the rate of 10,000 rubles.

north, and the German and Austrian armies op- yielded examples of large multiples on cover and
rated on three fronts. Ukrainian postal history bizarre surcharges. The Stalinization of Soviet
is difficult to authenticate, although it is easier to Ukraine focused on the possibility of industry
authenticate than stamps from the period. taking hold, although collectivization instead of
commerce was now emphasized. Kharkov was
BETWEEN THE GREAT WARS made the capital shortly after the Soviet
1920-1938 stabilization.
Soviet propaganda is apparent on postal sta-
The interwar period is characterized by in- tionery. Propagandistic cachets depicted young
flation and oppression. Romania, the new communist children, collectivized potato farms,
Czechoslovakia, a modem Poland, and the new and similar themes. The forcible change of the
Soviet Union moved Ukraine into the heart of cultural mindset is reflected in the change in
the century. In Polish Ukraine and Russian town names to reflect the Leninist, and later
Ukraine especially, the wildly rising postal rates Stalinist, regimes (for example, Ekaterinoslav to

52 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001
i':-:i,' : 'iC. "-
S.. .._P"T . :-

April 2001

,y.I. t a/-.*e d -3-

............. ....

Figure 9: Lwow cancel on an airmail postcard to Berlin, 1930.
The additional markings are Berlin flight, Berlin receiving, and Luftpost cancels.

Dnipropetrovsk). These changes were also re- war began receiving Bucharest censor markings.
flected in philatelic markings. In 1934, the capi- The Romanian name for Czernowitz is Cer-
tal was moved back to Kiev. nauti. The postal routes that had formerly gone
In Poland, Ukrainian nationalism was also over the border at Burdujeni were adjusted
suppressed, especially where the Ukrainian un- accordingly.
derground was most active in the former Aus- The condition of materials from this period
trian province. Only Polish town cancels were is worse than in previous years. The reason is
used, and the former German spellings of towns that inflation and collectivization forced the use
were obliterated from the cancels. Lemberg offi- of a much lower quality paper than was com-
cially became Lwow. only available in the early 1900s. Similarly,
Carpatho-Ukraine had become part of due to the forced famine and worldwide depres-
Czechoslovakia with the idea that it would be sion, mail from this period is not especially
mostly self-governed. This turned out not to be abundant.
the case until the eve of World War II.
However, cancellations from the former Hun- WORLD WAR II IN UKRAINE
garian territories were changed to reflect the 1939-1945
languages spoken there, and were, therefore,
often multilingual. Beregszach became Bere- Parts of Carpatho-Ukraine and Polish
hovo, Ungvar became Uzhorod, and Munkacs Ukraine became peacetime victims of the rising
became Mukachevo. terror in Europe in the late 1930s. The indepen-
Mail going to Czernowitz and smaller dence of Carpatho-Ukraine came only on the
towns in Romanian Bukowina shortly after the eve of World War II and the Hungarian take-

Rossica Journal Number 136 53
April 2001



.- 1'i- .,-

Figure 10: Romania (Transnistria) Oceacov postmarks on postal stationery to Bucharest, 1943,
with an Oceacov censor mark. Oceacov is halfway between Odessa and Kherson on the Black Sea.

over. This is known as the "Vissaszert" or "re- three distinct postal districts. L 'vov became
turned" period of Hungarian philately. Hungary Lemberg again. The SS operated its own postal
claimed about half of Carpatho-Ukraine as Hit- system.
ler was carving up the Sudetenland and then The rest of the territories away from the
subsequently occupied all of its territory. The front were known as Reichskommissariat Ukraine.
Czech spellings of town names were rewritten The Third Reich's Hitler Head definitive were
in Hungarian. overprinted "Ukraine," and constitute an eerily
In Poland, the Ribbentrop-Molotov non- identifiable period of Ukraine's history. Cyrillic
aggression pact that divided Poland gave western marking devices were outlawed and replaced by
Ukraine to the Soviet Union, and the rest of German ones. Severe restrictions were placed on
Poland went to Germany. This short period of civilian mail. Writing in Yiddish was outlawed.
Soviet-German cooperation yielded multiple On the other hand, Romania occupied
censorships. Lwow became L'vov. Odessa and Transnistria, and operated postal
The German invasion of the USSR in 1941 systems for four years there. New research has
again shows the strategic-geopolitical position of shown that Transnistrian postal issues were valid
Ukraine as central to Eastern Europe and as a only for postage in Transnistria and not every-
highway to the Baiku oil fields. The Germans where in Romania as previously thought. In
incorporated western Ukraine (former Polish addition to military and censor markings, Ro-
area) into its Generalgouvernment. There were manian spellings for town names were used. As

54 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001


............. ......

S. .... ............... ..... ................ --..................... .... ......

0 e xpa---iteur--- ------- ...... ...... .. ..........................

Figure 11: Deutsche Dienstpost cancels on invalidated Soviet postal stationery, Rowno to Vienna, 1941.
Only one of the four definitive is overprinted "Ukraine." Notice that the eagle and swastikas
obliterate the postal imprint and Soviet arms (in purple ink). Posted on Christmas Day.

under the Germans, the Romanian authorities CONCLUSION
obliterated Cyrillic markings from all canceling
devices. Collecting the postal history of Ukraine has
During the Great Patriotic War, the Soviet many aspects. From the imperial period, through
Army united the territories now known as the battleground that was the Eastern Front in
Ukraine. Soviet mail back home from the front World War I, to the revolutions and the begin-
to cities in Ukraine after 1943 show the front nings of communism in Eastern Europe, to the
had moved east, far into Polish and German ter- explosive conclusions of World War II and the
ritory. Eventually, the Soviet spelling of Cher- start of the Cold War, Ukraine's postal history is
novtsi (the former Romanian Cernauti and Aus- rich with much more than forgeries. A unique
trian Czernowitz) was evidenced in the postal young nation in 1918, many nationalities
markings there, participated in its creation and eventual defeat,
and later in putting Ukraine back on the map in
the modern era. Looking back at the circum-
stances of the national prison that the Soviet
Union represented, it is no wonder that this fas-
cinating history, rich as it is, can be fathomed
only by a few.

Rossica Journal Number 136 55
April 2001

Uhanrd NovA budova poov a Ieilt iteheg du I t*T __^ t

Figure 12: Ungvar and special Ungvar Vissaszert (Hungary) markings on a postcard sent to Budapest, 1938.
The printed caption on the postcard reads "Uzhorod" in Russian and Czechoslovakian.

Bylen, Peter. Soviet Ukraine: A Catalog Checklist Kubijovyc, Volodymyr, ed. Ukraine: A Concise
of National and Local Postage Stamp Issues In- Encyclopedia. University of Toronto Press,
uding Occupational Issues of 1919-1923 and ar1963.
1941-1944. Ukrainian Philatelic Resources, Kuzych, Ingert. "The First International Airmail
1995. Service in the World," Ukrainian Weekly
Epstein, Alexander. "Observations on the Postal (31 December 2000).
Rates in the Ukrain re during 1918-1920," Marinescu, Calin. "The Romanian Postal Ser-
Yamshchik, The Post Rider (July 1993). vice in Transnistria 1941-1944," The Ro-
Fedotowsky, A. "Soviet Postal Rates," Rossica manian Postal History Bulletin, 4, no. 1 (anu-
Journal 93 (1978). ary 1993) (whole #10).
Giblin. "Austrian Postal Rates up to 31 January Michalove, Peter A. "The Soviet Occupation of
1921," Austria Bulletin 49, 53, 55, 56. the Western Ukraine and Western Belorus-
Grecu, Dan. "The Austro-Hungarian Army in sia," RossicaJournal 113, 114 (1990).
the Ukraine: March-November 1918." Page, Juan. Carpatho-Ukraine, Postal Markings of
http://www.multimania.com/dgrecu/ the Years 1938-1945. Czechoslovak Phila-
AUtext.Htm. telic Society of Great Britain, 1984.
Huysman, Fr. "The Post in the Russian Seichter, R. Ukraine: Classic Trident Overprints.
Empire," Yamshchik, The Post-Rider, no. 2: Ukrainian Philatelic Resources, 1998
7-19; no. 3: 42-53. (repr.).
Krynski, T. L. Polish Postal Rates. Polish Phila- Tiutko, Eugene. Atlas of Ukrainian History. 1995.
telic Society, 1967.

56 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

A New Constant Flaw?

by Ged Seiflow

One of the facets of this hobby that I find
most interesting is "fly speaking." For me, this .......... ..
includes looking for printing flaws that occur .
with some frequency. These are usually because
of a printing plate "error." The "best" error
(from a philatelic perspective) is where the de- .... .
sign of one stamp is slightly, but noticeably, dif-
ferent from the others. Other equally interesting i
"errors" can be caused by damage to the print-
ing plate: the plate could be cracked, or a piece
of it broken off, and so on. ,
So, when the urge catches me, I will exam-
ine portions of my collection, looking for these
elusive flaws. It certainly is fun when I come
across a previously undiscovered flaw. Depend-
ing on the type of flaw, a second example must ...... 1'
be found to prove that it is a constant flaw. Sev-
eral times in the past I have "discovered" a new .|. ?
flaw only to find that other collectors have al-
ready found and documented it, in some cases
just a matter of weeks earlier.
A couple of months ago I was examining
my 3-kopeck imperial stamps (Scott #75), when
I found a flaw in one stamp in a block of ten:
the Russian letter "P" had an additional hori-
zontal line that caused it to look like a rounded
"A" (figure 1). Because of the gutter pieces at-
tached to this block, I knew that this stamp was Position 59 on a 100-stamp sheet with plate number 1.
in position 59 on a sheet of 100 stamps. Could
I would count this as a good flaw in the
this be the great find? I examined all the other th d i
sense that it visible with the naked eye, it occurs
singles and blocks I had and found no other
les n s d on frequently (this adds to the enjoyment of having
examples. I then started looking at the various
an example), and it involves change to a word
sheets I have of this particular stamp. Each sheet a
("KOP" becomes "KOA").
I examined added to the proof that this was not ("KOP" becomes "KOA").
,* What I hope happens is that readers will
a constant flaw. And then, yes! I found an iden- a oe aes tha readers w
more closely examine copies of the 3-kopeck
tical flaw in the correct position on the sheet! I more csely emine coie of he o
stamp. Perhaps you might find you have an
had finally found a flaw that I had never seen amp eh you might id ve a
any documentation on! This error occurs on example of this flaw. Or you might discover a
any documentation on! This error occurs on .
sheets with plate nuber "" locad n t. new flaw. Maybe this brief article will inspire
sheets with plate number "1" located m the
bottom right c mer you to look at your other stamps for flaws. As
always, the bottom line is to have fun collecting!

Rossica Journal Number 136 57
April 2001

From the President

Rossica has enjoyed another fine year and Have you noticed the journal is becoming
I am proud to be a part of it. Our members smaller in size and that the number of articles by
continue to gather awards at exhibitions. Mem- the same authors is increasing in each issue? The
bers are sharing knowledge with other members. answer to this problem is simple. If nobody
Communications have increased via the Internet. writes articles, there is nothing to publish. Hint,
Has anyone noticed that the amount of hint!
available material seems to have peaks and val- Rossica is seeking a new editor. Karen in-
leys? One could say the same applies to the formed me this would be her last issue. We
prices for available material. The Faberg6 sale need an editor or there will be no journal.
opened a floodgate for the zemstvo collector. This year our national meeting will be held
Suddenly, there was more material available than at SESCAL in Los Angeles October 5-7. I am
ever before. Now it is drying up. The revenues, looking for 2-3 speakers who would like to take
although not postal, are enjoying a decent the time to share philatelic knowledge with
amount of available material. Now we are seeing others. If you would like to help and can give a
the overprinted material emerging. 30-minute or an hour presentation on your fav-
This almost reminds me of the stock mar- orite philatelic topic, please let me know as soon
kets and how one area rises while another falls. as possible.
I certainly hope that all collectors are able to Members have expressed not liking the idea
buy when the prices are low and sell when they of needing a password to access the Rossica web-
are high, if that is their motive. I continue to site. We are removing the requirement for the
urge caution since the number of forged/faked password for all but a small portion of the site.
items rises proportionally with each swell in the Contact Jeff for more information.
material available. For the average collector, de- Please take a look at the articles published
termining what is real can be very difficult when at the Rossica website (www.rossica.org). If any
the material is mixed with bad material, member would like to contribute a small article,
Ged has two new sections of his catalog please contact Jeff. This is an excellent way to
ready. This time we will not order as many cop- present short topics and it is instantly available
ies since sales do not support such a move. This around the world.
is an excellent effort and I encourage all mem- We are working on making the journals
bers who collect this area to ensure you have all available on CD ROM. Ged has undertaken the
the parts issued. very ambitious task of scanning and converting
We are working on an outstanding book by the entire run of journals into Adobe PDF for-
Arnold Levin on the World-War I mute cancels. mat. Stay tuned.
It is a first on the subject and promises to be a I hope to see all of you at SESCAL. It will
requirement for every serious collector's book- be great to rekindle old friendships, start new
shelf. The book will be offered in black and ones, and enjoy the sharing of knowledge. It
white on paper and in color on CD ROM. We would be wonderful if every dealer had more
hope to have it ready for publication before the stock than all of us could afford at reasonable
end of the year. Stay tuned, prices.

58 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

National Meeting at SESCAL 2001

The Rossica Society's national meeting will
be held at SESCAL 2001 on Saturday, 6 Octo-
ber 2001. SESCAL is being held this year at the
Radisson Hotel at the Los Angeles Airport, 6225
West Century Boulevard, from 5-7 October.
Hotel rates have yet to be announced, but they
will be posted in the next bulletin and on the
website as soon as they are available.
This year's meeting will include the follow-
ing events: a business meeting (not to last more
than 30 minutes, I promise); a program on a
philatelic subject (to be announced in the bul-
letin; any volunteers or suggested topics wel-
come); and a walkthrough of at least one of the
exhibits with the exhibitor explaining his or her
work. In addition to these, there will be oppor-
tunities to get together and talk to fellow collec-
tors and search for that elusive stamp or postal
history item.
This year, Rossica is making a coordinated
effort to increase the number of Russian area
exhibits. As you well know, Russian philately is
a complex and fascinating field. However, it is
little appreciated in the collecting community. contact me by mail or e-mail. I have copies of
One way of changing this is by having members the exhibit prospectus (cut-off date is 23 July).
of Rossica show their collections at shows and If you want to show your collection as a work
be willing to talk about them to our fellow col- in progress, we can make it part of the meeting's
lectors. As vice president of the society, I have program.
asked members who have exhibited in the past Last year, we had a good turnout at Phila-
to show their collections this year at SESCAL. delphia, with more than ten members attending.
To help encourage this, Rossica has added a This year, I would like to meet at least twenty
new award: the Rossica National Award. This members at the meeting and find out what you
award will be given to the best overall exhibit want our society to do to help Russian philately
by a Rossica member devoted to an area of and help you to enjoy it more.
Russian philately. This year, the award is a
crystal paperweight engraved with the Romanov Raymond J. Pietruszka
eagle (pictured at right). Vice President
If there are other members who wish to 211 Evalyn Street
show off their collections either formally at the Madison, AL 35758
exhibit or informally at the meeting, please pietrj@mindspring.com

Rossica Journal Number 136 59
April 2001

Library Notes

by Ged Seiflow

I am pleased to report that there have been Please note: It is library policy not to lend very
quite a few library requests in the last six recent journals; we encourage our members to
months. Several were from members who had join (and therefore support) these other societies.
not previously taken advantage of this valuable If you would like copies of specific articles,
service Rossica membership offers. Requests for please inquire as to their availability.
photocopies of articles relating to mute cancella-
tions are popular as usual, followed closely by Rossica Journals Available on CD
catalog loan requests and dot cancels photo- I am in the process of scanning in all Ros-
copies. If you have a specific interest and would sica journals (as of March 17 I have scanned in
like more information, contact me either via e- numbers 1 through 30). The original journals
mail or normal mail, and I will do the best I can are in Russian and therefore are stored as images
to help you. (not text). The first 28 journals are on four CDs.
Please check the Rossica website, or contact
New Additions to the Library Gary Combs, for availability and cost when
We have several new additions to the published.
library including the following:
Lobachevski Monograph Reprint
Sovetskii Kollektsioner (Soviet Collector): numbers Lobachevksi originally published a series of
30 through 35 (for additional information, articles in Sovetskii Kollektsioner on the imperial
see the review in this journal); Russian postage stamps. This series of articles
Filateliya: I acquired back issues of this philatelic (written in Russian) was later translated into
magazine through a contact I made in Rus- English by George Shalimoff and Robert Trbo-
sia through eBay purchases. It has been a vich and republished in several Rossica journals
rather slow process but I have received 9 between 1978 and 1984. I am in the process of
issues for 1992, all 12 issues for 1999, 5 republishing this epic monograph with assistance
issues for 2000, with others on the way. from several Rossica members. This new version
The articles will be added to the Library will have almost all the images in color and
Subject Index during the next months; many more varieties will be illustrated. It will be
Russian Philately by Michael Kuhn (for informa- a wonderful item for everyone's personal library
tion, see the review in this journal); collection! I am hoping that this effort will be
Pochtovaya Taksa (Postage Tariffs) (a copy of the completed by November 2001 (it will make a
booklet issued in 1790); GREAT holiday present!)
Pochta The Journal of the Australia and New Zea- There are 39 sections with approximately
land Society of Russian Philately: issues 280 pages, of which 120 pages have been com-
through January 2001 (#29); pleted. As with all Rossica publications, this
Yamshchik (The Post Rider) The Journal of the monograph will be offered at a substantially
Canadian Society of Russian Philately: issues lower rate to members as compared to non-
through November 2000 (#47); members.
The British Journal of Russian Philately: issues
through Autumn 2000 (#85). As always, have fun collecting!!!

60 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Member-to-Member Adlets

Rossica cannot assume any liability for Wanted: To sell, trade, or buy: Ukraine
transactions resulting from member responses to (1918-1920) Western Ukraine (1918-1919)
adlets nor get involved with mediating disputes. Carpatho-Ukraine (1944-1945). Available: a
Members are cautioned to be fair in offering and lifetime of material in all specialities and areas,
in responding. Any material considered to be of 1000s of stamps and 100s of postal history items.
value by the sender sent through the mails Contact: Ron Zelonka, 1274 Monks Passage,
should be insured or registered for your own Oakville, Ontario, Canada, L6M 1R4.
The regulations and prices are as follows: Wanted: Mute cancellations of Russia during
World War I. Send me photocopies. I would
"* Member adlets are free with the following also like to correspond with other collectors of
limitations: they must not exceed 480 World War I mute cancellations from Russia.
characters. A character is defined as a letter, Contact: Arnold Levin, 26-19 Fair Lawn Ave-
number, space, or punctuation mark. The nue, Apt. E2, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410, tel: (201)
member's name and addresses are NOT 791-6987.
included in this 480-character limitation.
"* For adlets that exceed the 480-character For Sale: Ukrainian Philatelist 1984-1996 (vols.
limitation, the price is 10 cents per word, 47-78), $115 postpaid; Trident Visnyk (Ukrainian
no matter how long the word may be. Society Newsletter) 1984-1998 (nos. 38-122,
"* Each adlet must include the name and missing no. 57), $110 postpaid; 1980 Moscow
address of the member placing the ad. Olympics Paramount Album with 79 FDC's,
"* No dealer ads will be accepted as adlets. including semi-posts, ruble Golden Ring, text,
The journal makes other provisions for slip case, new condition, $250 postpaid; Illus-
strictly commercial advertisements, treated Postage Stamp History of Western Ukraine
"* Adlet service is available to Rossica mem- 1918-1919, byJohn Bulat (1973), $20 postpaid;
bers only. Ukrainian Postage Stamps Catalog, 1991-1995, by
"* All adlets exceeding the 480-character Ingert Kuzych, $5. Contact: G. V. Shalimoff,
limitation must be accompanied by a check 5820 Ross Branch Road, Sebastopol, CA 95472.
for the correct amount made out to the
Rossica Society. For Sale: Copy of Vitas Fugalevicius, P.O.
"* Adlets for the April journal must reach the Cancels ofLithuania (Lithuanian Philatelic Society
editor by 15 February. of New York, 1984). Any reasonable offer ac-
"* Adlets for the October journal must reach cepted. Contact: Karen Lemiski, 2641 South
the editor by 15 August. Emerson Street, Chandler, AZ 85248.
"* Mail all adlets and checks to:

c/o Gary Combs
8241 Chalet Court
Millersville, MD 21108

Rossica Journal Number 136 61
April 2001

Dealer-Member Ads Back Issues of the Rossica Journal

The Editorial Board of the Rossica Journal We have a limited number of back issues of
invites advertisements from our dealer-members the journal for sale, both in English and Russian
as well as nonmembers who conduct the occa- language editions. Russian editions available are
sional auction or mail-sale with a strong offering numbers 44-69 (see list below for availability):
of Russian and related-areas material. TheJournal English editions available are numbers 70-127.
appears twice a year, and reaches over 400 Unfortunately, there are many holes and some
members and affiliates worldwide in April and issues have less than three in stock. Prices listed
October. Deadlines for submission of ads are for back issues are in US dollars. To order,
February 15 for the April issue and August 15 please contact the treasurer.
for the October issue. We strongly prefer com-
mitments for ads in three consecutive issues or Single Issues
more (except for the back cover) to aid us in Member: $7.50
planning. However, onetime ads for upcoming Non-member: $15.00
auctions or mail-sales can be accommodated and
are welcome. Singles issues currently available are: 44, 45, 54,
62-71, 73-75, 79, 80, 88, 89, 93, 110-112,
Rates: 115-117, 119-127, 130-135
1/4 page $15 per issue
1/2 page $25 per issue
full page $50 per issue Double Issues
Member: $15.00
Full page does not include the inside or outside Non-member: $30.00
of the back cover. The back cover is first come,
first served. The rates for these are: Double issues currently available are: 46/47,
76/77, 94/95, 98/99, 100/101, 102/103,
Inside back cover $100 104/105, 106/107, 108/109, 113/114, 131/132
Outside back cover $150

If you have any questions, please contact the Copies of issue 128/129 are available at a charge
journal editor. of $20 for members and $40 for non-members.

62 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Society Publications For Sale

The Russian Post in the Empire, Turkey, China and The Russian Posts in the XIX Century
the Post in The Kingdom of Poland by S.V. Prigara. by K.V. Bazilevich, trans. by Dave Skipton
trans. by Dave Skipton


I- F..93mma ne

This is the standard upon which many studies and The original work, published in 1927 in Moscow, is
conclusions have been established. Written in 1941, the today almost impossible to find. It is one of the most
book is considered by many to be the authoritative guide detailed overviews of the imperial Russian postal system
for Russian postal history. Any serious collector of to be found under one cover, and contains a wealth of
Russian postal history must have this book on his shelf, information and illustrations. Dave has provided many
The translation can be purchased from the Treasurer at illustrations not in the original. If you want to learn about
the following rates: the whys and wherefores of old Russia's communica-
tions system, this book will oblige.
Non-Rossica member $40 postpaid Intended as companion to the Prigara translation, the
Rossica members $35 postpaid Bazilevich book will be a handsome addition to your
Dealer rate $24 per copy for single orders of shelf: 165 pages on semi-gloss paper, casebound, with a
5 or more. purple-and-white dust jacket. Also available on CD
ROM in PDF or HTML format. Please indicate choice
when ordering. Members may order directly from the
Available in paper, CD-ROM in Treasurer. Prices are as follows:
HTML or PDF format. Please Non-Rossica member $50 postpaid
specify. Rossica members $45 postpaid
Dealer rate $30 per copy for single orders of
5 or more.

Available in paper, CD-ROM in
HTML or PDF format. Please

Rossica Journal Number 136 63
April 2001

Imperial Russian Postal Placename List, Reverse Cumulative Alphabetical List 1858-1916, by Gary
Sort (1858-1915) compiled by David Skipton. Combs. 138 double-sided pages plus four introduction
pages. Cost: $45 for Rossica members, $50 for non-
Have you ever had a partial strike on a loose stamp or members. Sent post paid at surface rate. Available from
cover, where the first few letters of the placename are the author on floppy or CD ROM in Adobe Acrobat
missing? If so, and you collect imperial Russian cancel- format.
lations, this working aid is a must for you. It contains
18,187 postal placenames gleaned from ten sources, In 1984 Dave Skipton introduced the Reverse Sort,
ranging from the Prigara book to the official 1916 Postal which is used by Russian philatelists around the world.
List. The Reverse Sort is 379 pages long, photocopy, Nearly a decade later Gary Combs has taken this massive
printed on one side only, and unbound. It contains an work--over 18,600 entries-and rendered a "forward
introduction, an explanation of how to use the RS, sort" of the information and corrected a few minor
compiler's notes, a list of cancellation abbreviations, discrepancies.
formatexplanation, a list of sources, province and oblast' This work first appeared in English, and subse-
trigraph listings, a cyrillic-latin alphabet conversion quently reworked to produce a Cyrillic version thanks to
chart, and 361 pages of cross-referenced placenames. A computer support provided by Pat Eppel. This version is
must for the serious cancellation collector. Members better than the original.
may order directly from the Treasurer of the society. As often as I use the Reverse Sort to find a location
Available on CD ROM. Prices are as follows: when only the last part of the placename is visible, I
found a definite need for a work that provided the same
Non-Rossica member- $45 postpaid information, but in a left-to-right or "forward" order.
Rossica members $40 postpaid (Overseas This work precisely fills that void.
orders please add $3 for surface mail on Both the Cumulative Alphabetical List and its part-
all orders.) ner publication the Reverse Sort offer the postal historian
Dealer and bulk purchase rates are available upon and cancellation collector the most comprehensive list-
request. ing of locations available, albeit not a complete listing of
all possible locations. An effort to produce a document of
Currently only available on CD that magnitude would clearly exceed the size of this
ROM. Gary has done an impressive job with this work and
filled a void that has existed since day one of collecting
for those without access to State archives in Russia or
numerous postal listings. This work represents the larg-
est single cumulative listing of Russian locations in
existence in the Western world.
This publication is highly recommended for the
serious postal historian or cancellation collector. Let him
know if you want it sent via a faster method (and include
extra postage).

Currently only available on CD
ROM or sent via email.

64 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

Rossica is pleased to announce the long awaited "A Study of the Postmarks of Moscow, 1765-1917, Part One"
by Gary Combs and Noel Warr. Over a decade has passed since the effort began. During the ensuing years, the scope
of the work has grown tremendously with input from some of the world's best-known philatelists. Now Part One
is ready for publication and comes in at nearly 300 pages.

Gary and Noel have captured information from many sources in their attempt to bring together information in
English about this overlooked subject. Part One is just the tip of the iceberg. It is richly illustrated where possible.
The amount of information contained in this study is staggering. However, as Gary and Noel say, "...there is still
so much we do not know. If we hold off publishing waiting for more information, we would be re-writing the study
over and over. It is now time to turn it over to the philatelic community and openly solicit their further input into
the effort."

The study opens with a brief historical synopsis of the Russian postal system from the 1660s to roughly the 20th
century. After the historical section, they launch into an incredibly detailed presentation of the post within Moscow
proper. They include: the design of the city, locations of all the gates, a bit on the environs, and introduce the
telegraph. Once all this is said and done, they get down to the main subject of this study, Moscow Postmarks. They
have borrowed heavily from publications in Russian and include illustrations of rarely seen items where possible.

Links have been provided from theTable of Contents as well as the postmark reference tables to the appropriate page
within the study. To view the study, you must have Adobe's Acrobat Reader installed on your computer. This
software is also provided on the CD ROM.

This study will be available only on CD ROM to start in order to keep costs down. Publishing a 300-page document
with a lot of illustrations can be very expensive. It will be offered in a paper addition at a later date. Cost for the CD
ROM version is set at US $40 for Rossica members and $60 for non-members, which includes Air Mail shipping
anywhere. Pricing for the paper version will be set later.

Anyone interested in purchasing this Rossica publication on CD ROM should contact Gary Combs at the address
listed below or via email at gcombs@erols.com. Cash, money order, or check drawn on a US bank and made payable
to Rossica are accepted. Sorry, no credit cards or stamps or non-US currency are accepted.

Gary A. Combs
8241 Chalet Ct.
Millersville, MD 21108

Currently only available on CD

Rossica Journal Number 136 65
April 2001

In 1993, Peter Michalove published his epic work "The Philatelist's Guide to Maps, Atlases, and Gazetteers of
Russia." It was a limited edition and sold out over the years. Rossica is pleased to announce it is again available for
publication in CD ROM format only. Anyone interested should contact Gary Combs.

The Philatelist's Guide to Maps, Atlases, and Gazetteers of Russia, by Peter A. Michalove. 134 pages and 23
illustrations. Cost is $22 for active Rossica members, $30 for non-members.

This excellent reference book is a must for all serious Russian postal historians. The book contains three parts with
topics as follows:

Part One: The Classic Cartography of Russia
"* Contacts Between Russia and the West
"* The Late 16th and the 17th Centuries
"* The Reign of Peter the Great and Beyond
"* References for Part One

Part Two: The Period of Imperial Russian Postal History
"* Russian Postal Guides, Postal Lists, and Related Sources
"* Other Sources for the Empire as a Whole
"* European Russia
"* Poland, The Baltic, and Finland
"* The Caucasus, Central Asia, and Siberia
"* Railway Routes

Part Three: The Soviet Period
"* External Border Changes
"* Placename Changes and Spellings
"* Cartography in the Soviet Union
"* Sources on the Soviet Union as a Whole
"* European Russia, Ukraine, Belorussia, and Moldova
"* The Baltic
"* The Caucasus and Central Asia
"* Siberia
"* Railway Routes
"* Epilogue

A transliteration guide and a list of Russian geographical terms also is included.

Note: All CD ROM publications can be provided on a single CD ROM
or separate CD-ROMs. Please indicate your choice when ordering.
Also, you can print these items should you desire a paper copy.

66 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

The Rossica Specialized Catalog of the RSFSR

Ged Seiflow, the Rossica librarian, has now completed six sections of the highly acclaimed
Rossica Specialized Catalog of the RSFSR. This series, which has been several years in the making, is
special and represents the fulfillment of a need that has existed for a long time. Ged has started the
most comprehensive catalog of the RSFSR issues that has yet been published. This catalog is ideal
for the specialist as well as for the new collector. It is profusely illustrated most catalogs are lacking
in this respect when discussing varieties and lists every known variety.

The complete catalog will consist of 29 sections. It is being produced unbound so that members
can store the catalog as they see fit. In order to keep costs as reasonable as possible, updates will be
available either as a complete section or as individual pages. The first updates should be available in
late 2001.

Each section is divided into three parts:
"* Introduction
"* Detailed illustrations of varieties
"* Detailed catalog entries with prices

The first six sections that have been released are:
* Section 0, Introduction: 10 pages (free with first section ordered)
* Section 3, 1st Issue of the RSFSR, The Chainbreakers (35 and 70 kop.) of 1918: 82 pages (US
$10 for members, US $20 for non-members)
"* Section 7, 1st Standard Issue of 1921 (1, 2, 5, 20, and 40 rub.): 58 pages (US $9 for members,
US $18 for non-members)
" Section 10, 2nd Standard Issue of 1921 (100 through 1000 rub.): 133 pages (US $14 for
members, US $28 for non-members)
" Section 11, 4th Anniversary of October Revolution (100 through 1000 rub.): 41 pages (US $7
for members, US $14 for non-members)
"* Section 12, Volga Relief (Charity stamps): 33 pages (US $6.50 for members, US $13 for non-

Prices include surface mailing costs. Dealers interested in lots of 10 or more should inquire.

For sales, send a check (drawn on a US bank and made payable to Rossica), or a money order to
the Rossica treasurer (Gary A. Combs. 8241 Chalet Court, Millersville, MD 21108, USA). Orders
can also be placed using PayPal at the Rossica web site (www.rossica.org).

Don't delay, supplies are limited!

Rossica Journal Number 136 67
April 2001

Reviews of Philatelic Publications

BOOKS AND CATALOGS This is a good effort, and anything that fur-
thers interest in literature on Russian philately
Russian Philately: Literature, Auction Cata- gets my vote. To be more useful to the philate-
logs, Journals and their Development, Bio- list, the author will need to add some informa-
graphical Notes to Philatelists (September tion on the content of the item being listed.
2000), compiled by Michael Kuhn. Contact This would allow the reader to determine
Burkhard Schneider, P.O. Box 63557, Geln- whether or not the item is germane to his/her
hausen, Germany or Info@philabooks.com for collecting interests.
additional information. submitted by Ged Seiflow

A 74-page soft cover book covering the
following topics: Mariupol: Specialized Catalogue of View-
cards, compiled by Leonid Morozov (2000).
A. Literature on "Classical Russian Philately" Contact: UPNEC Azov, PO Box 15009,
(imperial period including the civil war): Mariupol 15, Donetska oblast, Ukraine 87515.
bibliographies, indexes, monographs, cata-
logs, price lists, literature of general interest, This is the English edition of Morozov's
atlases, maps, exhibition catalogs catalogue, which was first printed in Russian in
1998. Over the last thirty years, Morozov has
B. Literature on Philately of Soviet Union and collected more than four hundred different post-
Successors: monographs, catalogs, articles (in cards featuring scenes of Mariupol and its sub-
other philatelicjournals), exhibition catalogs urbs between 1898 amd 1917.
The first postcards ofMariupol were printed
C. Auction Catalogs at the end of the nineteenth century. In the
brief introduction to the catalog, Serhij Jarmak
D. Journals and their Development: journals in identifies several local shopowners who placed
Russia and journals outside Russia special orders for postcards for visitors. The cards
were printed from the pictures of three local
E. Biographical Notes on philatelists that ap- photographers: A. Stoyanovskiy, A. Zelinskiy,
pear in auction catalogs and M. Ulakhov. The Mariupol uyezd zemstvo
was also an active manufacturer and trader of
As Michael Kuhn states in his foreword, postcards.
"the following listings, they are not more, will Morozov begins his catalog with infor-
give the collector some orientation in the lit- mation for collectors. He has systematized the
erature of Russian philately." This is a good postcards into four editions, based on the date of
description of the contents of this book: it com- production and contents: 1898-1904, 1905-
prises a series of listings with very brief descrip- 1909, 1909-1917, and 1917-1919. For each of
tions (similar to the heading of this review) writ- these categories, he then provides the basic de-
ten primarily in German with some English, sign of the "mail" face and a key to the mark-
depending on the origin of the reference. ings that would identify the source of produc-

68 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

tion of the image (i.e., numeral edition of Field Post of Russian Army on the Territory of
Mariupol's zemstvo bookshop or edition of Ne- Galicia 1914-1915, by A. Epstein
rofidi's tobacco shop). Morozov then gives a Stamps and seal of legal and prison censorship
numbered list, with description, of each different on the post correspondence of Russia, by
postcard he has found. V. Kalmykov
The bulk of the catalog is formed by repro- Post communication lines in Estonia: Swedish
ductions (two per page) of about 150 postcards. period, by A. Saardson
These images are presented by category: sou- Illustrated stationery covers of the USSR, 1918-
venir cards; general views of town and suburbs; 1952: Catalogs and hand-book, by A. Lap-
streets; buildings (schools, churches); town gar- kin and J. Modin
dens and parks; wharfs and the port; Nikopol Postcards for clearing: giro order and advertise-
works and Providence works. ments 1929-1940, by V. Pantiukhin
The first two sections themselves make the
booklet an important addition to any collector's The article by Lapkin and Modin is a de-
library, while the reproductions just add to its tailed 60-page list (no illustrations) of illustrated
value. I hope that Morozov continues his work stationery covers; the details listed include date
to produce similar volumes devoted to other of issue, a one-line description, and price.
cities and their postcards. submitted by Ged Seiflow
submitted by Karen Lemiski

Kollektsioner (Collector), No. 33, 1997
Kollektsioner (Collector), No. 30, 1995 (Moscow, in Russian). 320 pages.
(Moscow, in Russian). 144 pages.
The following philatelic subjects are covered:
The following philatelic subjects are covered: Meter postage stamps of Moscow's post, by L.
Definitive stamps of the USSR, by V. Karlinsky Iljichev
Half-snipped stamps of Russia, by B. Kaminsky On censorship of post correspondence in Russia,
Censor Postmarks, by V. Kalmykov by V. Kalmykov
Zemstvo-mail ofOsinsky district, by M. Minsky On systemization and edition numbers of zem-
A supplement to the catalog, by J. Turchinsky stvo stamps of Solikamsk, by M. Minsky
Private mail in Kharkov and Petrograd, by M. Again on "Russian Levant," by F. Zinko
Pejsik Issue of the "Three-cogs" of Ukraine by the
An unknown provisory or mystification?, by M. Odessa-Post district in 1918, by N. Lukanev
Pejsik On first issues ofpoststamps of Armenia, by Kh.
Not too many illustrations in this issue; a good Post Chronicle of BAM, by V. Bojko
knowledge of Russian is definitely required. Express mail, by I. Drushinin
submitted by Ged Seiflow On the history of airmail in Jakutia, by E.
Airline Irkutsk-Jakutsk, by I. Drushinin
Kollektsioner (Collector), Nos. 31-32, 1996 Cataloguing of the set "Pochtovaya marka Kop.
(Moscow, in Russian). 240 pages. 8 Kop.," by V. Alojz and V. Karlinsky
Last provisories of the USSR, by V. Florensky
The following philatelic subjects are covered: and P. Florensky
Some varieties of Soviet stamps of early issues, Post communication lines in Estonia. Part 2, by
by B. Kaminsky A. Saardson

Rossica Journal Number 136 69
April 2001

Occupation years: LVF: Inconvenient Souvenirs, Another excellent volume. The article on
by B. Sinais and P. Salanne Ukraine's "three-cogs" (tridents) is as lavishly
illustrated as the article on tridents in the
There is also an article on Old Moscow in previous issue and would be just as appealing to
viewcards by E. Sashenkov that has fifteen illus- a specialized collector of this area. The article by
trations. Mikulski is also nicely illustrated with 7-kopeck
This is another excellent volume. The and 3.50-ruble counterfeits. Karlinsky's article
article on Ukraine's "three-cogs" (tridents) (38 also has fairly clear illustrations showing typo-
pages) is lavishly illustrated and would certainly graphed and lithographed stamps side by side to
appeal to a specialized collector of this area. make identification easier. The ability to read
There are many examples of the various tridents and understand Russian is required in order to
and their details. The article on the cataloguing benefit from these articles.
of the "Kop. 8 Kop." has no illustrations and is submitted by Ged Seiflow
only useful to those who can read Russian.
submitted by Ged Seflow

Kollektsioner (Collector), Nos. 34-35, 2000 British Journal of Russian Philately, No. 85,
(Moscow, in Russian). 324 pages. Autumn 2000. Subscriptions are $30 per year.
The BSRP website is at http://nestor/minsk.by/
The following philatelic subjects are covered: ph/society/index.html.

Lithographic and typographic stamps of the first Another packed issue. Derek Savory takes a
definitive issue of the USSR, by V. Kar- long look at "Lockie and the Lanchesters: The
linsky R.N.A.S. in Tsarist Russia," which revisits that
The method of determination of the first and mysterious British armored car division that
following issues of Russia stamps traveled and fought in Russia during the closing
1908/1922, by A. Semenov year of World War I. Lenard Tiller presents a
Provisional issue of the Odessa-Government, by timetable for the Transsiberian route, while Leo-
A. Epstein nard Tann analyzes "The Chernigov Railway
Charity letters with advertisements in favor of Branch and Some Nearby Branch Lines in the
orphanages, by A. Ryss Ukraine Province." Alexander Epstein makes
Proofs of the Tuvininan People's Republic, by short work of the status of the "Miropol'e
V. Ustinovsky Bisects," while R. L. Joseph asks for help in
Swindle with post stamps, by Z. Mikulski locating Makachevka, Kokchetav' Oblast'
Last provisories of the USSR, by Y. Florensky (which has since been found). Tony Speeckaert
and P. Florensky digs out UPU statistics for 1879 (in which I was
The post of the Irkutsk-Government (1922- amazed to see that the Netherlands actually pro-
1999), by A. and J. Serebrjakov duced more international mail than did Russia;
Issue of the "Three-cogs" of Ukraine by the given the relative size of the two countries, this
Odessa-Post district in 1918, by N. Lukanev summarizes the relative isolation of Russia). They
Sets of the double sides illustrated (art) stationery then launch into a 4-page color section with an
postcards of the USSR in covers: check of outstanding Rosenberg cover of the Levanevskii
completeness, by Y. Golubev issue, a remarkable "mute" postmark from 1852
The enigma of the local war stamp issue (courtesy of Manfred Dobin), an eye-popping
"Ljady," by K. Heimann (Germany) insured cover bearing all three Romanov high

70 Rossica Journal Number 136
April 2001

values that will have undoubtedly caused cries of cusses the taxing of unpaid or insufficiently
dismay in Birmingham (courtesy of Eric Peel), paid postal items
and some lusciously used zemstvo postal statio- Fournier Forgeries, by Kennedy Wilson, an in-
nery illustrated by Terry Page. Wonderful to see teresting article on forgeries with some nice
that Pskov postcard used at last! color illustrations
Meer Kossoy reviews telegraph forms of Early Russian Airmails, by Norman Banfield, a
imperial Russia; the Used Abroad Chronicles continuation of an article in Pochta 27 with
continue to describe nice covers from distant several color illustrations
places; while Leonard Tann returns with five in- Provisional Use of RSFSR and Imperial Stamps
teresting postcards. Noel Warr illustrates tele- in Odessa Province 1922, by Alexander
gram forms and receipts. A number of shorter Epstein, which discusses the provisional use
articles and a hefty review section round out this of some stamps officially declared invalid for
wonderful issue. postage or being unsuitable for postage be-
submitted by Ivo Steijn cause the face value was too low.
submitted by Ged Seiflow

Pochta, No. 29, January 2001. The Journal of
the Australia & New Zealand Society of Russian Ukrainian Philatelist, vol. 49, no. 1 (84),
Philately. Editor, Dr. Ross Marshall, P.O. Box 2001. Journal of the Ukrainian Philatelic and
7, Ototohanga, New Zealand 2564; email: Numismatic Society. Editor: George Fedyk, PO
Marshall.R@xtra.co.nz Box 466, Woodville, SA 5011, Australia. Email:
Ross continues to produce a very high qual-
ity journal (four pages in color) in addition to This is the latest journal from the Ukrainian
offering the previous 28 issues on CD ROM. society. The articles include:
This is a good example of how technology
should be used. The Regional Costume Series from Regens-
burg, Camp Ganghofersiedlung: An Expres-
Sixty pages including: To Russia with sion of National Identity, by Karen Lemiski
Love??; Taxing Letters in Russia; The Russian Philatelic Points to Ponder: PPP-5, Ukrainian
Report; Italian Ambassador Mail from Moscow Coats of Arms, by George Fedyk
1970: Postage Due; The Fournier Forgeries; Coat of Arms of Carpatho-Ukraine on Czecho-
Russian Day NZ, 5 May 1916; Early Russian slovak Postal Issues, by Andrij Solchanyk
Airmails; Amateur Radio-QSL Cards; Provi- Romanian Fieldpost in Lviv During World War
sional Use of RSFSR and Imperial Stamps in II, by Krzysztof Ceremuga
Odessa Province 1922; Drift Station 10: First More Ukrainica Miscellany: Classical Issues, by
Shift 7.11.1969-29.10.1970; Julian to Gregorian Alexander Epstein
Calendar in Russia; Russians in Alaska; Kharkov Czechoslovakia: Interwar Flights with Ukrainian
& Trostyanets Photo-Chromo-Litho Postcards Connections, by Andrij Solchanyk
1900/1901; The Stampsshow 2000; Literature Reflections on the Classification ofPodolia Tri-
Reviews; and Ukrainian Ministerial Council dents, by Ingert Kuzych (reprinted from the
Decisions of October 4, 2000. Rossica Journal, 131-132 [1998-1999])
Ukrainian Commemorative Postmarks,
The articles I found especially interesting 1992-1999: Part I: Fixed Date Pictorial
were: Postmarks, by George Fedyk
Taxing Letters, by Y. Freundlich, which dis- submitted by Karen Lemiski

Rossica Journal Number 136 71
April 2001


What Do You Collect?

I stock Russian Postal History items from the Imperial
and Soviet periods


Airmails, Republics, Space, Zemstvos,
Semi-Postals, Inflation, Stations, TPOs,
Interventions and Offices Abroad

I also stock the Baltic Countries
Let me know what you are searching for.
Material sent on approval.
I am always searching for material to buy and
offer top dollar.
Please include references or Rossica number.

Member: Rossica Society, Canadian Society of Russian Philately,
British Society of Russian Philately, Australian & New
Zealand Society of Russian Philately, APS, NSDA, PTS
and others.
Webster F. Stickney
7590 Windlawn Way
Parker, CO 80134
La _----------------------------------------_------- J