SPARC: an answer to costly scientific...
 Frequently asked questions
 Latin American Collection active...
 Proxy sever improves remote access...

Group Title: Library news : for faculty of the University of Florida
Title: Library news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00017067/00006
 Material Information
Title: Library news for faculty of the University of Florida
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: George A. Smathers Libraries
Publisher: The Libraries
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 3, no. 1 (summer 1991); title from caption.
General Note: "A publication of the George A. Smathers Libraries."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00017067
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001927378
oclc - 30684097
notis - AKA3361
lccn - sn 94026904
 Related Items
Preceded by: Library news

Table of Contents
    SPARC: an answer to costly scientific journals
        Page 1
    Frequently asked questions
        Page 2
    Latin American Collection active in many projects
        Page 3
    Proxy sever improves remote access to library resources
        Page 4
Full Text




SPARC: An Answer to Costly Scientific Journals

There has been much lively discussion of late in scientific
and library journals regarding the crisis in scientific
periodicals. Staggering price increases for such publications
combined with very modest increases in academic library
materials budgets have led scientists and librarians alike to
question the status quo of the scholarly publication process
and to look for new alternatives. Many factors have been
adduced as factors in the equation: massive increases in the
number of scientific articles submitted to journals and
concomitant growth of them in number of volumes and
pages; predatory pricing tactics on the part of commercial
publishers seeking greater profit margins and societies
seeking increased revenue streams; fluctuations in exchange
rates which radically affect prices from year to year, and so
on. One major factor which has been noted is the lack of
competition in the marketplace to pricey titles in specialized
areas--the idea that in some cases individual journals are
virtual monopolies in certain fields, leading publishers to
charge what they will.
As an answer to some of these questions, the Association of
Research Libraries (ARL) has created SPARC, the Scholarly
Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition. The
immediate goal of SPARC is to introduce competition in the
publication of scientific information. SPARC encourages
partnerships with publishers who share the goals and values
of the coalition, to produce lower cost alternative publications
to what already exists. In doing so, SPARC intends to
promote the use of new electronic technologies such as the
Web, as well as traditional print mechanisms, to promote the
creation of alternative scientific journals. The SPARC
coalition seeks members among libraries (especially academic
and research libraries), regional consortia, and affiliates.
Each member commits a relatively small amount of its
materials budget to the purchase of SPARC-partnered new
publications. This provides a ready market for the publisher/
partner, reducing risk of market entry, promoting faster
breakeven points, and helping the new titles grow and gain
market share against their more costly counterparts. Based
upon endorsements and support, SPARC must be considered
a substantial success so far.




Already SPARC membership has doubled since its launch in
mid-1997. It numbers over 150 institutions and library
consortia--including the University of Florida--and has been
endorsed by such luminary groups as the Association of
American Universities, the National Association of State
Universities & Land Grant Colleges, and international groups
from the UK and Europe, Canada and Australia. Recently
the Medical Library Association and a major group of health
sciences library directors have joined the coalition. The
collective purchasing power of these supporting groups is
huge, attesting to their overall concern for the scientific
serials crisis and their backing of the creative SPARC market
model to deal with it.
Initially, three new journals in varying stages of publication
have decided to partner with SPARC. Evolutionary Ecology
Research has been launched by a former editor of a more
expensive title from the commercial sector. PhysChemComm
has emerged from the Royal Society of Chemistry in the UK,
as a unique, refereed, rapid communication alternative
journal which is available in electronic form only, as HTML
text on the Web, and with perpetual access. The new title
Organic Letters will be coming in mid-1999 sponsored by the
American Chemical Society, a society well known for high
quality publications. Additional significant titles are sure to
But what of the initial question of the crisis in scientific
journal publication? Are there equally important issues
regarding which University of Florida faculty should become
involved? Indeed there are. Faculty members may need to re-
examine current publication patterns in their fields and seek
a reduction
(Continued on page 2)

Inside this issue:


Latin American Collection 3

Proqx Server 4

New Electronic Databases 4


Q. What services can the library provide for me while I am off campus for the summer term?
A. Through your Gatorlink account and/or using your library-activated Gator I card you can remotely access
many library services such as index databases, interlibrary loan and full text of many electronic journals and other
resources as well as submit reference questions by e-mail. For access details see: http://www. uflib.ufl.edu/access.
Q. What are some unique resources of the Smathers Libraries Latin American Collection?
A. In addition to enormous amounts of books and journals, we are fortunate to hold many resources on
microfilm such as newspapers from major cities throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. These cover many
years of news reporting and some are only available here. There are also many dissertations from other universities
and important archival material. We have done preservation microfilming to rescue the content of many books that
had deteriorated with age. See the article on the Latin American Collection in this issue for more.
Q. It seems ironic that university faculty typically give away copyright to scholarly journal articles they write,
while their university library then pays high subscription rates to provide those same journals. Is the library
community trying to do anything to improve its position in this market?
A. There are cooperative efforts underway. One of them, SPARC, is described in an article by Barry Hartigan in
this issue.
Q. When and how should I submit materials for Course Reserves for summer or fall term courses I will be
A. You may submit these materials in paper or as computer files when you have them ready, remembering to
allow at least 2 weeks before they are needed. Instructions fr Course Reserves are at: http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/
ersvinst. html
Q. Does the library have a place where I can connect my laptop computer to the Internet?
A. Yes, the First Floor Reading Room in Smathers Library [formerly Library East] offers 36 UF network and
power connections for laptops as well as study space; find out more at http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/laptop.html

Q. What software is needed to make full use of electronic resources provided through the library from my office
or home computer?
A. UF Software CD provides all the software necessary to access library-based services. Instructions and
documentation are available at: http:// www. circa.ufl. edu/ cd-rom/ The Libraries install both Netscape 4.x and
Internet Explorer 4.x since some services work and print significantly better with a particular browser.

Jimmie Lundgren
Resource Services

(Corniraed from.page 1)
in quantity of scientific publication in favor of quality. To this end, some
major universities hate taken the initiative to limit the number of
publications submitted for faculty rewards such as tenure/promotion to
those efforts which the applicant deems most significant. There have also
been discussions of decoupling the peer-review process-a necessity for
approved, significant scientific research publication-from the publication
process itself. There have even been suggestions of "approved preprints" on
the Web which would count as true scientific articles. Key among such
suggestions is the whole issue of returning copyright to professors and
academic institutions which support their work, rather than signing away
such rights to commercial publishers. But we must recognize that such
ideas remain as potential solutions demanding long-term changes to a
generally successful dissemination process. Sorting out proposals of this
kind in a judicious manner, balancing short-term opportunities for faster,
broader dissemination against long-term archival considerations, will
remain a challenge for all faculty members for years to come.
Barry Hartican
Science Bibliographer

Page 2

Volume 9. Iss e 5

Library News Page 3


The Latin American [LA] Collection at
the University of Florida Libraries is
engaged more than ever in efforts to extend
information resources to campus users
and beyond. These efforts include projects
on the national and state levels. UF's LA
Collection has a long history of such
endeavors, from the Farmington Plan of the
post WW2 era [that gave UF the
responsibility to collect Caribbeana] to on-
going involvement with preservation
microfilming of books and newspapers.
These newest projects are different
however, in that efforts are now being
made to analyze the strengths of national
and state holdings within the obvious role
and framework that major, established
collections such as UF play on those wider
On the national level, under the
leadership of the Association of Research
Libraries [ARL], some 40 libraries with
significant interest in collecting and
making available Latin American library
materials hawe joined together to work for a
better coordination of acquisitions. Given
the decline of support for library materials
and personnel nationally, there has been a
tendency over the past years bfr libraries
to: [1] do less and less actual selection of
specific titles, resulting in a rising reliance
on interlibrary loan to supplement local
holdings, and [2] create deeper ties to
outside book vendors to fill needs through
use of general campus profiles. The
product of this type of 'intellectual
delegation' with book sellers is that many
of the great Latin American Studies
collections were beginning to mirror each
other to a certain degree, losing their
uniqueness, and sacrificing the broad
national coverage essential fr true
academic scholarship on such a wide level
Interlibrary loan will always be with us -
no library can collect everything from the
diverse areas and cultures of the Americas.
But, settling for redundancy in library
holdings across the span of research
collections of Latin Americana was
reaching the point of compromising
academic quality and needed to be
To counter this tendency, the 40
libraries within the ARL work plan
committed themselves to take on the
responsibility of giving priority to broader
collecting within certain parameters. For us

here at UF, the Latin American Collection
actually made a re-commitment to its
Caribbean priorities of the past. This we
will do without overlooking our campus
needs, which are varied and widespread
throughout the Western Hemisphere, well
beyond the Caribbean. As has been the
policy in the past, UF's Latin American
Collection will work carefully with our
academic departments and faculty to make
sure their library needs are being met
Areas of strength will remain strong.
Funding for needed materials will
continue ; enhanced funding for Caribbean
acquisitions will be from a greater control
of spending in areas of little use.
Additional projects with ARL colleagues
are also developing. There is a targeted
interest in serials, with three countries
[Argentina, Mexico and Brazil] being the
focus of intense review and enhanced
collecting. Other countries will later
become priorities of serials collecting
coordination. The ARL libraries are also in
the process of building a table-of-contents
database for Argentine, Mexican and
Brazilian serials to complement the
already successful Hispanic American
Periodicals Index [HAPI] now heavily used
here at UF and at many other libraries.
That emerging table-of-contents database
can be found at LANIC (http://lanic.
utexas.edu] under ARL projects.
Another effort of coordination is on the
state level. Within the university system of
Florida, UF's LA Collection stands as the
statewide resource for use in Latin
American research. UF's Center for Latin
American Studies has worked closely with
counterparts at Florida International
University in a consortial arrangement to
foster high level work in Latin American
content teaching and research. Other SUS
members have similar links to UF's Center
as well. UF's Latin American Collection, in
parallel, works within that logic.
Our holdings are the product of
decades of intensive work and commitment
by UF Libraries. Recognizing that, and
with the intense links of our state to the
Caribbean and Latin America in mind, this
Collection promotes and welcomes its role
as the major supplier of materials to the
entire Florida academic community.

Richard Phillips
Latin America Collection Head

Library News

Page 3

Univerrity of Florida
Georae A. Smather Libraxzie
PO BOX 117001
Gaineiille, FL 32611-7001

Phone: 352-392-0342
Fa': 352-392-7251
Email: ca.mtazmf.il.uflb .u n.t d


Shelley Arn
Joyce Dewsbuy
Annr lmde
Jimmie Lundgren
Alice Pma-ck
Carol Turner

Design: Sty Wall

Many library resources available from
the UF Libraries' Home Page are licensed
from commercial vendors for use by
current UF students, staff, and faculty. In
order to enforce these access limits, valid
UF workstation address numbers are
supplied to vendors from whom the
resources are licensed. When you connect
from a UF workstation the vendor
recognizes as valid, you are allowed to use
the resource without having to show proof
of your UF affiliation. When dialing up from
off campus to NERDC for Internet access
using your GatorLink account, you should
also be allowed to use library resources
without further proof.
However, when you try to connect from
an unknown workstation number [e.g. by
dialing up using an Internet Service
Provider (ISP] other than NERDC], you will
be blocked from entry by the vendor. While
some UF Libraries' resources can be
accessed by entering your "activated" 14
digit library number for direct access when
using any ISP, some others (e.g.
Britannica, Academic Universe] do not. To

The Health Science Center
Databases that were available previously
via the Florida Health Information
Network [FHIN] can now be accessed via
the Internet. These databases are
Medline, Aidsline, Genetics and
Biotechnology (GenRej, Agric/Nutr/
VetMed [CAB], Nursing and Allied Health
[Cinahl], He althStar, International
Pharmacy Abstracts [IPA), PsycLit, and
Ulrich's International Periodicals
Directory is now available online. In
addition to the address and telephone
number for a journal or magazine,
Ulrich's also lists the indexes that cover
each periodical.
GenderWatch and Ethnic
NewsWatch are two full-text collections
of articles, editorials, and reviews in
specialty publications devoted to gender
and minority issues, respectively. These
periodicals are generally published by
small and local presses and are difficult
to obtain as they are frequently not
found in libraries.

meet this need to allow use of other ISP's
and provide a way to access library
resources remotely without having to dial
long distance when you are out of local
dial-up range, a Proxy Server has been
installed. When you have configured your
web browser to connect through the UF
Libraries' Proxy Server, you will be
prompted to enter your activated 14-digit
library number to validate your current UF
affiliation. Then all of your Internet activity
will be routed through the Proxy Server
workstation address which the vendor
recognizes as valid] until you turn off the
"proxy" setting on your web browser.
Full details for setting up your web
browser to use the UF Libraries' Proxy
Server are available at http: //www.uflib.
ufl.edulufproxy.html. While many
databases are not yet accessible in this
way, more will become available as licenses
are reviewed and vendors authorize access
via the Proxy Server.
Rich Bennett

Two new files provide citations to
Dissertations and Theses:
Current research @ [from UMI]. Not
only is this a finding aid, but it also
offers the option of downloading recent
[1996-on] UF Dissertations from UF
workstations; this service is free.
Dissertations from other universities may
be ordered online for a fee [or borrowed
through the UF Libraries' Interlibrary
Loan Department for free].
Index to Theses This database
covers theses accepted for higher degrees
[1970-1997] by the Universities of Great
Britain and Ireland and is available only
from UF Library Workstations. Most
have abstracts. You may borrow a thesis
through ILL.
All of these indexes are currently
featured [with links] on the UF Libraries
"Whats New" website: http://www.uflib.
ufl. edu/whatnew. html.
Shelley Arlen
Humanities and Social Sciences Services



University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs