• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Preface
 A voyage to Lilliput
 A voyage to Brobdingnag
 Notes






Title: Gulliver's travels
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 Material Information
Title: Gulliver's travels A voyage to Lippiput and A voyage to Brobdingnag
Physical Description: vi, 257 p. : illus. ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Swift, Jonathan, 1667-1745
Robinson, Edward Kilburn, 1883- ( ed )
Publisher: Ginn
Place of Publication: Boston
Publication Date: 1914
Copyright Date: 1914
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Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by Jonathan Swift. (Lemuel Gulliver) ed. by Edward K. Robinson; illus. by Charles Copeland.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00016838
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA9504
notis - ADD4292
alephbibnum - 000605216
oclc - 79742662
lccn - 14019282

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Preface
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    A voyage to Lilliput
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
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    A voyage to Brobdingnag
        Page 119
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    Notes
        Page 251
        Page 252
        Page 253
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Full Text

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A Voyage to Lilliput
and AVoyage to
Brobdingnag joy



Jonathan aft, D.D.
(Lemuel Gulliver)
irst a Surgeon and then
a Captain of Several Ships

S Edited by Edward K.Robinson
SIllustrated by Charles Copeland /

A A


0 ,^' ^ .^

Ginn and Company
Boston NewYork Chicago London
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COPYRIGHT, 1914, BY GINN AND COMPANY
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

515.1I









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G be Stbennum Jres;
GINN AND COMPANY PRO-
PRIETORS BOSTON U.S.A.











PREFACE

G ULlIE--R waAS-sw--nt en
by Jonathan wift as a satire upon the
people and customs of his time, but it
was unquestionably the fascinating originality of
the tale, rather than its keen satire, which won
widespread interest immediately upon publication.
Members of the royal family read the book and
avowed their admiration for it, although some of
them came in for a share of the ridicule that
abounded throughout its pages. Others of lower
rank read it with equal enjoyment, although in
some cases with less understanding. A master
of a ship is said to have declared that he was
very well acquainted with Gulliver, but that the
printer had been mistaken about his residence,
for he knew that Gulliver lived in Wapping.
Swift did not at first acknowledge the author-
ship of the book, preferring to let the fictitious
SLemuel Gulliver bear the responsibility until it
became clear whether or not the real author was
likely to become an object for the revenge of
[iii]
9'?





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


those whom the book had ridiculed. Events soon
proved that Swift had little more to fear than
popularity, but it was too late for this to do him
much good or much harm. Although he lived
nineteen years after the publication of Gulliver's
Tiavels," his work practically ended at this time,
the last years of his life being a period of sad
decadence of mind and of spirit.
Swift's earlier years gave evidence of the ability
which is fully revealed in "Gulliver's Travels."
His wtigsrshiefl f a r-u nd political
chara-cte-, phe r and
sharp wit, but their virulence created many oppo-
nents who stood in the way of his advancement
in the Church or in politics. In spite of many
attempts to secure a distinguished position, the
highest office that he ever held was that of Dean
of St. Patrick's Cathedral, a place by no means
commensurate with his abilities or ambitions. His
blighted hopes made him a confirmed misanthrope
and were responsible at least for those parts of
"Gulliver's Travels" in which he berates his
countrymen with the greatest severity.
Although bitter in his hatred and denunciation
of many classes, Swift could be a warm friend and
an enthusiastic admirer. He seemed to explain
[iv]






PREFACE


himself best in a letter to Pope, when he said:
"I have ever hated all nations, professions, and
communities, and my love is towards individuals;
for instance, I hate the tribe of lawyers, but I love
Counsellor Such-a-one and Judge Such-a-one...."
Unmistakably, "Gulliver's Travels" reveals the
truth of this, for in it Swift dwells, for the most
part, upon the weaknesses not of individuals but
of classes. ( A study of the book as a piece of
satire is an interesting revelation of many phases
of Swift's own character. In its nice distinction
between the right and the wrong, the worthy and
the mean, "Gulliver's Travels" is inspiring; in
its too frequent tendency to place mankind on
the wrong or the mean side the book is itself un-
worthy. It is chiefly in the last two "Voyages"
that satire and cynicism predominate) In the first
two, which make up this volume, the author's
delightful imagination is not dimmed by his
arraignment of his fellow men.
The first edition of the "Travels" contained
errors and alterations, partly due to the publisher,
who did not have the courage to print the work
just as Swift wrote it. A second edition, corrected
in part, appeared in I727. Later editions em-
bodied other corrections made by Swift. In the
[v]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


preparation of the present edition a copy of the
one of 1727 has been found serviceable, also
one edited by G. Ravenscroft Dennis, who made
a careful comparison of all the early editions,
together with a large paper copy of the first edi-
tion, in which one of Swift's friends made nu-
merous alterations and additions from Swift's own
list of corrections. Practically all of the modern
editions of Gulliver" contain inaccuracies and
alterations that have been handed down from
one editor to another, until they have become far
too numerous.
With the belief that the reader prefers to know
the work of an author at first hand, the two voy-
ages of Gulliver's Travels" that are included in
this volume have been kept as much like their
original form as practicable, only such alterations
having been made as were demanded by modern
ideas of good taste and decorum.
E. K. R.


[vi]





















A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT











Plate.l Parti


>
.^s


MAP SHOWING SUPPOSED LOCATION OF LILLIPUT
From the second edition of "Gulliver's Travels," London, 1727

















A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT

CHAPTER I

The author gives some account of himself and family, his
first inducements to travel. He is shipwrecked, and
swims for his life, gets safe on shore in the country of
Lilliput, is made prisoner, and is carried up the country.

MY FATHER had a small estate in Not-
tinghamshire; I was the third of five sons.
He sent me to Emmanuel College in
Cambridge, at fourteen years old, where I resided
three years, and applied myself close to my stud-
ies; but the charge of maintaining me (although
I had a very scanty allowance) being too great for
a narrow fortune, I was bound apprentice to Mr.
James Bates, an eminent surgeon in London, with
whom I continued four years; and my father now
[31






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS

and then sending me small sums of money, I laid
them- out in learning navigation, and other parts
of the mathematics, useful to those who intend
to travel, as I always believed it would be some
time or other my fortune to do. When I left
Mr. Bates, I went down to my father; where, by
the assistance of him and my uncle John, and
some other relations, I got forty pounds, and a
promise of thirty pounds a year, to maintain me
at Leyden: there I studied physic two years
and seven months, knowing it would be useful
in long voyages.
Soon after my return from Leyden, I was recom-
mended by my good master, Mr. Bates, to be sur-
geon to the Swallow, Captain Abraham Pannell,
commander; with whom I continued three years
and a half, making a voyage or two into the Le-
vant, and some other parts. When I came back,
I resolved to settle in London, to which Mr. Bates,
my master, encouraged me, and by him I was rec-
ommended to several patients. I took part of a
small house in the Old Jury; and being advised to
alter my condition, I married Mrs. Mary Burton,
second daughter to Mr. Edmund Burton, hosier,
in Newgate-street, with whom I received four hun-
dred pounds for a portion.
[4]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


Btit, my good master Bates dying in two years
after, and I having few friends, my business began
to fail; for my conscience would not suffer me to
imitate the bad practice of too many among my
brethren. Having therefore consulted with my
wife, and some of my acquaintance, I determined
to go again to sea. I was surgeon successively in
two ships, and made several voyages, for six years,
to the East and West-Indies, by which I got some
addition to my fortune. My hours of leisure I
spent in reading the best authors, ancient and
modern, being always provided with a good num-
ber of books; and when I was ashore, in observ-
ing the manners and dispositions of the people, as
well as learning their language, wherein I had a
great facility by the 'strength of my memory.
The last of these voyages not proving very for-
tunate, I grew weary of the sea, and intended to
stay at home with my wife and family. I removed
from the Old Jury to Fetter-Lane, and from thence
to Wapping, hoping to get business among the
sailors; but it would not turn to account. After
three years' expectation that things would mend,
I accepted an advantageous offer 'from Captain
William Prichard, master of the Antelope, who
was making a voyage to the South-Sea. We set
[5]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


sail from Bristol, May 4, 1699, and our voyage at
first was very prosperous.
It would not be proper, from some reasons, to
trouble the reader with the particulars of our
adventures in those seas: let it suffice to inform
him, that in our passage from thence to the East
Indies, we were driven by a violent storm to the
north-west of Van Diemnp's Land. By an obser-
vation, we found ourselves in the latitude of 30
degrees 2 minutes south. Twelve of our crew
were dead by immoderate labor, and ill food, the
rest were in a very weak condition. On the fifth
of November, which was the beginning of summer
in those parts, the weather being very hazy, the
seamen spied a rock, within half a cable's length
of the ship; but the wind was so strong, that we
were driven directly upon it, and immediately split.
Six of the crew, of whom I was one, having let
down the boat into the sea, made a shift to get
clear of the ship, and the rock. We rowed, by my
computation, about three leagues, till we were
able to work no longer, being already spent with
labor while we were in the ship. We therefore
trusted ourselves to the mercy of the waves, and
in about half an hour the boat was overset by a
sudden flurry from the north. What became of
[6]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


my companions in the boat, as well as of those
who escaped on the rock, or were left in the
vessel, I cannot tell; but conclude they were all
lost. For my own part, I swam as fortune directed
me, and was pushed forward by wind and tide. I
often let my legs drop, and could feel no bottom:
but when I was almost gone, and able to struggle
no longer, I found myself within my depth; and
by this time the storm was much abated. The
declivity was so small, that I walked near a mile
before I got to the shore, which I conjectured was
about eight a-clock in the evening. I then ad-
vanced forward near half a mile, but could not
discover any sign of houses or inhabitants; at
least I was in so weak a condition, that I did not
observe them. I was extremely tired, and with
that, and the heat of the weather, and about half a
pint of brandy that I drank as I left the ship, I
found myself much inclined to sleep. I lay down
on the grass, which was very short and soft, where
I slept sounder than ever I remembered to have
done in my life, and, as I reckoned, about nine
hours; for when I awaked it was just day-light. I
attempted to rise, but was not able to stir; for as
I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms
and legs were strongly fastened on each side to
[71






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS
the ground; and my hair, which was long and
thick, tied down in the same manner. I likewise
felt several slender ligatures across my body, from
my arm-pits to my thighs. I could only look up-
wards, the sun began to grow hot, and the light
offended my eyes. I heard a confused noise about
me, but in the posture I lay, could see nothing
except the sky. In a little time I felt something
alive moving on my left leg, which advancing
gently forward over my breast, came almost up to
my chin; when bending my eyes downward as
much as I could, I perceived it to be a human
creature not six inches high, with a bow and arrow
in his hands, and a quiver at his back. In the mean
time, I felt at least forty more of the same kind
(as I conjectured) following the first. I was in the
utmost astonishment, and roared so loud, that they
all ran back in a fright; and some of them, as I
was afterwards told, were hurt with the falls they
got by leaping from my sides upon the ground.
However, they soon returned, and one of them,
who ventured so far as to get a full sight of my
face, lifting up his hands and eyes by way of
admiration, cried out, in a shrill but distinct voice,
Hekinak degul: the others repeated the same
words several times, but then I knew not what
[8]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


they meant. I lay all this while, as the reader may
believe, in great uneasiness: at length, struggling
to get loose, I had the fortune to break the strings,
and wrench out the pegs that fastened my left arm
to the ground; for, by lifting it up to my face, I
discovered the methods they had taken to bind
me, and at the same time with a violent pull,
which gave me excessive pain, I a little loosened
the strings that tied down my hair on the left side,
so that I was just able to turn my head about two
inches. But the creatures ran off a second time,
before I could seize them; whereupon there was
a great shout in a very shrill accent, and after it
ceased, I heard one of them cry aloud Tolgophonac;
when in an instant I felt above an hundred arrows
discharged on my left hand, which pricked me like
so many needles; and besides, they shot another
flight into the air, as we do bombs in Europe,
whereof many, I suppose, fell on my body (though
I felt them not) and some on my face, which I
immediately covered with my left hand. When
this shower of arrows was over, I fell a groaning
with grief and pain, and then striving again to get
loose, they discharged another volley larger than
the first, and some of them attempted with spears
to stick me in the sides; but, by good luck, I had
[ o]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


on a buff jerkin, which they could not pierce. I
thought it the most prudent method to lie still,
and my design was to continue so till night, when,
my left hand being already loose, I could easily
free myself: and as for the inhabitants, I had
reason to believe I might be a match for the
greatest armies they could bring against me, if
they were all of the same size with him that I saw.
But fortune disposed otherwise of me. When the
people observed I was quiet, they discharged no
more arrows; but, by the noise I heard, I knew
their numbers increased; and about four yards
from me, over against my right ear, I heard a
knocking for above an hour, like that of people at
work; when turning my head that way, as well as
the pegs and strings would permit me, I saw a
stage erected, about a foot and a half from the
ground, capable of holding four of the inhabitants,
with two or three ladders to mount it: from
whence one of them, who seemed to be a person
of quality, made me a long speech, whereof I
understood not one syllable. But I should have
mentioned, that before the principal person began
his oration, he cried out three times, Langro dehul
san: (these words and the former were after-
wards repeated and explained to me.) Whereupon
[ ]




'p


GULLIVER'S TRAVELS

Immediately about fifty of the inhabitants came
and cut the strings that fastened the left side of
my head, which gave me the liberty of turning
it to the right, and of observing the person and
gesture of him that was to speak. He appeared
to be of a middle age, and taller than any of the
other three who attended him, whereof one was
a page, that held up his train and seemed to
be somewhat longer than my middle finger; the
other two stood one on each side to support him.
He acted every part of an orator; and I could
observe many periods of threatening, and others
of promises, pity, and kindness. I answered in a
few words, but in the most submissive manner,
lifting up my left hand, and both my eyes to the
sun, as calling him for a witness; and being almost
famished with hunger, having not eaten a morsel
for some hours before I left the ship, I found the
demands of nature so strong upon me, that I
could not forbear showing my impatience (perhaps
against the strict rules of decency) by putting my
finger frequently to my mouth, to signify that I
wanted food. The Hurgo (for so they call a great
lord, as I afterwards learnt) understood me very
well. He descended from the stage, and com-
manded that several ladders should be applied to
[ I2]




M .


A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT

my sides, on which above an hundred of the inhab-
itants mounted and walked towards my mouth,
laden with baskets full of meat, which had been
provided and sent thither by the King's orders,
upon the first intelligence he received of me. I
observed there was the
flesh of several animals,
but could not distin-
guish them by the taste.
There were shoulders,
legs, and loins, shaped
like those of mutton,
and very well dressed,
but smaller than the
wings of a lark. I ate
them by two or three at
a mouthful, and took -
three loaves at a time,
about the bigness of
musket bullets. They supplied me as fast as
they could, showing a thousand marks of won-
der and astonishment at my bulk and appetite.
I then made another sign, that I wanted drink.
They found by my eating, that a small quantity
would not suffice me; and being a most ingen-
ious people, they slung up with great dexterity
[ 3]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


one of their largest hogsheads, then rolled it
towards my'hand, and beat out the top; I drank
it off at a draught, which I might well do, for it
did not hold half a pint, and tasted like a small
wine of Burgundy, but much more delicious.
They brought me a second hogshead, which I
drank in the same manner, and made signs for
more, but they had none to give me. When I had
performed these wonders, they shouted for joy,
and danced upon my breast, repeating several
times as they did at first, Hekinah degul. They
made me a sign that I should throw down the two
hogsheads, but first warning the people below to
stand out of the way, crying aloud Borach mivolak,
and when they saw the vessels in the air, there
was an universal shout of Hekinah degul. I con-
fess I was often tempted, while they were passing
backwards and forwards on my body, to seize forty
or fifty of the first that came in my reach, and
dash them against the ground. But the re-
membrance of what I had felt, which probably
might not be the worst they could do, and the
promise of honor I made them, for so I inter-
preted my submissive behavior, soon drove out
these imaginations. Besides, I now considered
myself as bound by the laws of hospitality to a
[ 14]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


people who had treated me with so much expense
and magnificence. However, in my thoughts, I
could not sufficiently wonder at the intrepidity of
these diminutive mortals, who durst venture to
mount and walk upon my body, while one of my
hands was at liberty, without trembling at the
very sight of so prodigious a creature as I must
appear to them. After some time, when they ob-
served that I made no more demands for meat,
there appeared before me a person of high
rank from his Imperial Majesty. His Excellency,
having mounted on the small of my right leg,
advanced forwards up to my face, with about a
dozen of his retinue. And producing his creden-
tials under the Signet Royal, which he applied
close to my eyes, spoke about ten minutes, with-
out any signs of anger, but with a kind of
determinate resolution; often pointing forwards,
which, as I afterwards found, was towards the
capital city, about half a mile distant, whither it
was agreed by his Majesty in council that I must
be conveyed. I answered in few words, but to no
purpose, and made a sign with my hand that was
loose, putting it to the other (but over his Excel-
lency's head for fear of hurting him or his train)
and then to my own head and body, to signify that
[ I5 1






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


I desired my liberty. It appeared that he under-
stood me well enough, for he shook his head by
way of disapprobation, and held his hand ir a
posture to show that I must be carried as a pris-
oner. However, he made other signs to let me
understand that I should have meat and drink
enough, and very good treatment. Whereupon, I
once more thought of attempting to break my
bonds; but again, when I felt the smart of their
arrows, upon my face and hands, which were all in
blisters, and many of the darts still sticking in
them, and observing likewise that the number of
my enemies increased, I gave tokens to let them
know that they might do with me what they
pleased. Upon this, the Hurgo and his train
withdrew, with much civility and cheerful counte-
nances. Soon after I heard a general shout, with
frequent repetitions of the words Peplom selan,
and I felt great numbers of people on my left
side relaxing the cords to such a degree, that I
was able to turn upon my right. But before this,
they had daubed my face and both my hands
with a sort of ointment very pleasant to the smell,
which in a few minutes removed all the smart
of their arrows. These circumstances, added to
the refreshment I had received by their victuals
[ 16]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUTt


and drink, which were very nourishing, disposed
me to sleep. I slept about eight hours, as I was
afterwards assured; and it was no wonder, for
the physicians, by the Emperor's orders, had
mingled a sleepy potion in the hogsheads of wine.
It seems that upon the first moment I was dis-
covered sleeping on the ground after my lan~dng,
the Emperor had early notice of it by an express;
and determined in council that I should be tied
in the manner I have related, (which was done in
the night while I slept) that plenty of meat and
drink should be sent me, and a machine prepared
to carry me to the capital city.
This resolution perhaps may appear very bold
and dangerous, and I am confident would not be
imitated by any prince in Europe, on the like oc-
casion; however, in my opinion, it was extremely
prudent, as well as generous: foer supposing these
people had endeavored to kill me with their spears
and arrows while I was asleep, I should certainly
have awaked vith the first sense of smart, which
might so far have roused my rage and strength,
as to have enabled me to break the strings where-
with I was tied; after which, as they were not
able to make resistance, so they could expect no
mercy.
[ 7]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS
These people are most excellent mathemati-
cians, and arrived to a great perfection in me-
chanics, by the countenance and encouragement
of the Emperor, who is a renowned patron of
learning. This prince hath several machines fixed
on wheels, for the carriage of trees and other
great weights. He often builds his largest men of
war, whereof some are nine foot long, in the
woods where the timber grows, and has them
carried on these engines three or four hundred
yards to the sea. Five hundred carpenters and
engineers were immediately set at work to pre-
pare the greatest engine they had. It was a frame
of wood raised three inches from the ground,
about seven foot long, and four wide, moving
upon twenty-two wheels. The shout I heard was
upon the arrival of this engine, which it seems
set out in four hours after my landing. It was
brought parallel to me as I lay. But the principal
difficulty was to raise and place me in this vehicle.
Eighty poles, each of one foot high, were erected for
this purpose, and very strong cords of the bigness
of pack-thread, were fastened by hooks to many
bandages, which the workmen had girt round my
neck, my hands, my body, and my legs. Nine
hundred of the strongest men were employed to
[ 18]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


draw up these cords by many pulleys fastened on
the poles, and thus, in less than three hours, I was
raised and slung into the engine, and there tied
fast. All this I was told, for, while the operation
was performing, I lay in a profound sleep, by the
force of that soporiferous medicine infused into
my liquor. Fifteen hundred of the Emperor's
largest horses, each about four inches and a half
high, were employed to draw me towards the
metropolis, which, as I said, was half a mile distant.
About four hours after we began our journey, I
awaked by a very ridiculous accident; for the
carriage being stopped a while to adjust some-
thing that was out of order, two or three of the
young natives had the curiosity to see how I
looked when I was asleep; they climbed up into
the engine, and advancing very softly to my face,
one of them, an officer in the guards, put the sharp
end of his half-pike a good way up into my left
nostril, which tickled my nose like a straw, and
made me sneeze violently; whereupon they stole
off unperceived, and it was three weeks before I
knew the cause of my awaking so suddenly. We
made a long march the remaining part of that
day, and rested at night with five hundred guards
on each side of me, half with torches, and half
[20]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


with bows and arrows, ready to shoot me if I
should offer to stir. The next morning at sun-rise
we continued our march, and arrived within two
hundred yards of the city gates about noon. The
Emperor, and all his court, came out to meet us,
but his great officers would by no means suffer
his Majesty to endanger his person by mounting
on my body.
At the place where the carriage stopped, there
stood an ancient temple, esteemed to be the
largest in the whole kingdom; which, having been
polluted some years before by an unnatural
murder, was, according to the zeal of those people,
looked upon as profane, and therefore had been
applied to common uses, and all the ornaments
and furniture carried away. In this edifice it was
determined I should lodge. The great gate
fronting to the north was about four foot high,
and almost two foot wide, through which I could
easily creep. On each side of the gate was a small
window not above six inches from the ground:
into that on the left side, the King's smiths con-
veyed fourscore and eleven chains, like those that
hang to a lady's watch in Europe, and almost as
large, which were locked to my left leg with six
and thirty padlocks. Over-against this temple, on
[21 ]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


t'other side of the great highway, at twenty foot
distance, there was a turret at least five foot high.
Here the Emperor ascended, with many principal
lords of his court, to have an opportunity of viewing
me, as I was told, for I could not see them. It
was reckoned that above an hundred thousand in-
habitants came out of the town upon the same
errand; and, in spite of my guards, I believe
there could not be fewer than ten thousand at
several times, who mounted my body by the help
of ladders. But a proclamation was soon issued to
forbid it upon pain of death. When the workmen
found it was impossible for me to break loose,
they cut all the strings that bound me; where-
upon I rose up, with as melancholy a disposition
as ever I had in my life. But the noise and
astonishment of the people at seeing me rise and
walk, are not to be expressed. The chains that
held my left leg were about two yards long, and
gave me not only liberty of walking backwards
and forwards in a semicircle, but, being fixed
within four inches of the gate, allowed me to
creep in, and lie at my full length in the temple.


[22 ]
















CHAPTER II


The Emperor of Lillzput, attended by several of the
nobility, comes to see the Author in his confinement.
The Emperor's person and habit described. Learned
men appointed to teach the Author their language. He
gains favour by his mild disposition. His pockets arc
searched, and his sword and pistols taken from him.

WHEN I found myself on my feet, I
looked about me, and must confess
I never beheld a more entertaining
prospect. The country around appeared like a
continued garden, and the enclosed fields, which
were generally forty foot square, resembled so many
beds of flowers. These fields were intermingled
with woods of half a stang, and the tallest trees,
as I could judge, appeared to be seven foot high.
I viewed the town on my left hand, which looked
like the painted scene of a city in a theatre.
[ 23






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


The Emperor was already descended from the
tower and advancing on horseback towards me,
which had like to have cost him dear; for the
beast, though very well trained, yet wholly unused
to such a sight, which appeared as if a mountain
moved before him, reared up on his hinder feet:
but that prince, who is an excellent horseman,
kept his seat, till his attendants ran in, and held
the bridle, while his Majesty had time to dismount.
While he alighted, he surveyed me round with
great admiration, but kept beyond the length of
my chain. He ordered his cooks and butlers, who
were already prepared, to give me victuals and
drink, which they pushed forward in a sort of
vehicle upon wheels, till I could reach them. I
took these vehicles, and soon emptied them all;
twenty of them were filled with meat, and ten
with liquor; each of the former afforded me two
or three good mouthfuls, and I emptied the liquor
of ten vessels, which was contained in earthen
vials, into one vehicle, drinking it off at a
draught; and so I did with the rest. The
Empress and young Princes of the blood of both
sexes, attended by many ladies, sat at some
distance in their chairs; but upon the accident
that happened to the Emperor's horse, they
[24]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


alighted, and came near his person, which I am
now going to describe. He is taller by almost the
breadth of my nail, than any of his court; which
alone is enough to strike an awe into the beholders.
His features are strong and masculine, with an
Austrian lip and arched nose, his complexion
olive, his countenance erect, his body and limbs
well proportioned, all his motions graceful, and
his deportment majestic. He was then past his
prime, being twenty-eight years and three quarters
old, of which he had reigned about seven, in great
felicity, and generally victorious. For the better
convenience of beholding him, I lay on my side,
so that my face was parallel to his, and he stood
but three yards off: however, I have had him since
many times in my hand, and therefore cannot be
deceived in the description. His dress was very
plain and simple, and the fashion of it between
the Asiatic and the European: but he had on his
head a light helmet of gold, adorned with jewels,
and a plume on the crest. He held his sword
drawn in his hand, to defend himself, if I should
happen to break loose; it was almost three inches
long, the hilt and-s'gabU''rd:" oe ..ld enriched
with diamo.ndr Iits*v'oice was shrifl, li4ug yy clear
and artictiatf,'tand I could distinctly hear if.then
.:. : : ... :. :.. : .
...: :.*. :.:. ; .: ....:/





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


I stood up. The ladies and courtiers were all most
magnificently clad, so that the spot they stood
upon seemed to resemble a skirt spread on the
ground, embroidered with figures of gold and
silver. His Imperial Majesty spoke often to me,
and I returned answers, but neither of us could
understand a syllable. There were several of his
priests and lawyers present (as I conjectured by
their habits) who were commanded to address
themselves to me, and I spoke to them in as
many languages as I had the least smattering of,
which were High and Low Dutch, Latin, French,
Spanish, Italian, and Lingua Franca, but all to
no purpose. After about two hours the court
retired, and I was left with a strong guard, to
prevent the impertinence, and probably the malice
of the rabble, who were very impatient to crowd
about me as near as they durst, and some of them
had the impudence to shoot their arrows at me
as I sat on the ground by the door of my house,
whereof one very narrowly missed my left eye.
But the colonel ordered six of the ringleaders to
be seized, and thought no punishment so proper
as to delivr..the'."fpl ,Vdh it.., my hands, which
some or'h4j "soldiers ac ortdingy.did, pushing
the.rifi;'Wards with the butt-endo'"o(@.thbir pikes
.. .. 0
S *.....- : .. ..:..*.
I o






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


into my reach; I took them all in my right
hand, put five of them into my coat pocket, and
as to the sixth, I made a countenance as if I
would eat him alive. The poor man squalled terri-
bly, and the colonel and his officers were in much
pain, especially when they saw me take out my
penknife: but I soon put them out of fear; for,
looking mildly, and immediately cutting the strings
he was bound with, I set him gently on the
ground, and away he ran ; I treated the rest in
the same manner, taking them one by one out of
my pocket, and I observed both the soldiers and
people were highly obliged at this mark of my
clemency, which was represented very much to
my advantage at court.
Towards night I got with some difficulty into
my house, where I lay on the ground, and con-
tinued to do so about a fortnight; during which
time the Emperor gave orders to have a bed pre-
pared for me. Six hundred beds of the common
measure were brought in carriages, and worked
up in my house; an hundred and fifty of their
beds sewn together made up the breadth and
length, and these were four double, which however
kept me but very indifferently from the hardness
of the floor, that was of smooth stone. By the
[28]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


same computation they provided me with sheets,
blankets, and coverlets, tolerable enough for one
who had been so long inured to hardships as I.
As the news of my arrival spread through the
kingdom, it brought prodigious numbers of rich,
idle, and curious people to see me; so that the
villages were almost emptied; and great neglect
of tillage and household affairs must have ensued,
if his Imperial Majesty had not provided, by sev-
eral proclamations and orders of state, against
this inconveniency. He directed that those who
had already beheld me should return home, and
not presume to come within fifty yards of my
house without license from the court; whereby
the secretaries of state got considerable fees.
In the mean time, the Emperor held frequent
councils to debate what course should be taken
with me; and I was afterwards assured by a
particular friend, a person of great quality, who
was looked upon to be as much in the secret as
any, that the court was under many difficulties
concerning me. They apprehended my breaking
loose, that my diet would be very expensive, and
might cause a famine. Sometimes they deter-
mined to starve me, or at least to shoot me in the
face and hands with poisoned arrows, which would
[29]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


soon dispatch me. In the midst of these consul-
tations, several officers, of the army went to the
door of the great council-chamber, and two of them
being admitted, gave an account of my behav-
iour to the six criminals above-mentioned, which
made so favorable an impression in the breast of
his Majesty and the whole board, in my behalf,
that an Imperial Commission was issued out,
obliging all the villages nine hundred yards round
the city, to deliver in every morning six beeves,
forty sheep, and other victuals for my sustenance;
together with a proportionable quantity of bread,
and wine, and other liquors; for the due payment
of which his Majesty gave assignments upon his
treasury. For this prince lives chiefly upon his own
demesnes, seldom, except upon great occasions,
raising any subsidies upon his subjects, who are
bound to attend him in his wars at their own
expense. An establishment was also made of six
hundred persons to be my domestics, who had
board-wages allowed for their maintenance, and
tents built for them very conveniently on each
side of my door. It was likewise ordered, that
three hundred tailors should make me a suit
of clothes after the fashion of the country: that
six of his Majesty's greatest scholars should be
[30]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


employed to instruct me in their language: and,
lastly, that the Emperor's horses, and those of the
nobility, and troops of guards, should be frequently
exercised in my sight, to accustom themselves to
me. All these orders were duly put in execution,
and in about three weeks I made a great progress
in learning their language; during which time, the
Emperor frequently honoured me with his visits,
and was pleased to assist my masters in teaching
me. We began already to converse together in
some sort; and the first words I learnt were to ex-
press my desire that he would please to give me
my liberty, which I every day repeated on my
knees. His answer, as I could comprehend it, was,
that this must be a work of time, not to be thought
on without the advice of his council, and that first I
must Lumos kelmin pesso desmar Ion Emposo;
that is, swear a peace with him and his kingdom.
However, that I should be used with all kindness;
and he advised me to acquire, by my patience and
discreet behaviour, the good opinion of himself and
his subjects. He desired I would not take it ill, if
he gave orders to certain proper officers to search
me; for probably I might carry about me several
weapons, which must needs be dangerous things,
if they answered the bulk of so prodigious a
[ 3 ]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


person. I said, his Majesty should be satisfied, for
I was ready to strip myself, and turn up my
pockets before him. This I delivered part in words,
and part in signs. He replied, that by the laws
of the kingdom I must be searched by two of
his officers; that he knew this could not be done
without my consent and assistance; that he had so
good an opinion of my generosity and justice, as
to trust their persons in my hands; that whatever
they took from me should be returned when I left
the country, or paid for at the rate which I would
set upon them. I took up the two officers in my
hands, put them first into my coat-pockets, and
then into every other pocket about me, except
my two fobs, and another secret pocket which I had
no mind should be searched, wherein I had some
little necessaries that were of no consequence to
any but myself. In one of my fobs there was a
silver watch, and in the other a small quantity of
gold in a purse. These gentlemen, having pen,
ink, and paper about them, made an exact inven-
tory of everything they saw; and when they had
done, desired I would set them down, that they
might deliver it to the Emperor. .This inventory
I afterwards translated into English, and is word
for word as follows.
[32]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


IMPIzRIMS, In the right coat-pocket of the Great
Man Mountain (for so I interpret the words Quin-
bus Flestrin) after the strictest search, we found
only one great piece of coarse cloth, large enough
to be a foot-cloth for your Majesty's chief room of
state. In the left pocket we saw a huge silver
chest, with a cover of the same metal, which we
the searchers were not able to lift. We desired it
should be opened, and one of us stepping into it,
found himself up to the mid leg in a sort of dust,
some part wherof flying up to our faces, set us
both a sneezing for several times together. In
his right waistcoat-pocket we found a prodigious
bundle of white thin substances folded one over
another, about the bigness of three men, tied with
a strong cable, and marked with black figures;
which we humbly conceive to be writings, every
Letter almost half as large as the palm of our
hands. In the left there was a sort of engine, from
the back of which were extended twenty long poles,
resembling the pallisados before your Majesty's
court; wherewith we conjecture the Man Mountain
combs his head; for we did not always trouble
him with questions, because we found it a great
difficulty to make him understand us. In the large
pocket on the right side, we saw a hollow pillar of
[33]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


iron, about the length of a man, fastened to a
strong piece of timber, larger than the pillar;
and upon one side of the pillar were huge pieces
of iron sticking out, cut into strange figures,
which we know not what to make of. In the left
pocket, another engine
/ of the same kind. In the
smaller pocket, on the
right side, were several
round flat pieces of white
/ and red metal, of differ-
ent bulk; some of the
white, which seemed to
be silver, were so large
and heavy, that my com-
rade and I could hardly
lift them. In the left
pocket were two black pil-
lars irregularly shaped:
we could not, without difficulty, reach the top
of them as we stood at the bottom of his pocket.
One of them was covered; and seemed all of a
piece: but at the upper end of the other, there
appeared a white round substance, about twice
the bigness of our heads. Within each of these
was enclosed a prodigious plate of steel; which,
[34]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


by our orders, we obliged him to show us, because
we apprehended they might be dangerous engines.
He took them out of their cases, and told us,
that in his own country, his practice was to
shave his beard with one of these, and cut his
meat with the other. There were two pockets
which we could not enter: these he called his












fobs. Out of the right fob hung a great silver
chain, with a wonderful kind of engine at the
bottom. We directed him to draw out whatever
was fastened to that chain, which appeared to be
a globe, half silver, and half of some transparent
metal; for, on the transparent side, we saw certain
strange figures circularly drawn, and thought we
could touch them, till we found our fingers stopped
by that lucid substance. He put this engine to
[ 35 ]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


our ears, which made an incessant noise like that
of a water-mill. And we conjecture it is either
some unknown animal, or the god that he wor-
ships; but we are more inclined to the latter
opinion, because he assured us (if we understand
him right, for he expressed himself very imper-
fectly) that he seldom did anything without con-
sulting it. He called it his oracle, and said it
pointed out the time for every action of his life.
From the left fob he took out a net almost large
enough for a fisherman, but contrived to open and
shut like a purse, and served him for the same use:
we found therein several massy pieces of yellow
metal, which, if they be real gold, must be of
immense value.
Having thus, in obedience to your Majesty's
commands, diligently searched all his pockets, we
observed a girdle about his waist made of the hide
of some prodigious animal, from which, on the left
side, hung a sword of the length of five men; and
on the right, a bag or pouch divided into two cells,
each cell capable of holding three of your Majesty's
subjects. In one of these cells were several globes
or balls, of a most ponderous metal, about the big-
ness of our heads, and requiring a strong hand to
lift them: the other cell contained a heap of certain
[36]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


black grains, but of no great bulk or weight, for
we could hold above fifty of them in the palms of
our hands.
This is an exact inventory of what we found
about the body of the Man Mountain, who used
us with great civility, and due respect to your
Majesty's Commission. Signed and sealed on the
fourth day of the eighty-ninth moon of your
Majesty's auspicious reign.
CLEFRIN FRELOCK, MARSI FRELOCK.

When this inventory was read over to the
Emperor, he directed me, although in very gentle
terms, to deliver up the several particulars. He
first called for my scimitar, which I took out, scab-
bard and all. In the meantime he ordered three
thousand of his choicest troops (who then attended
him) to surround me at a distance, with their bows
and arrows just ready to discharge: but I did not
observe it, for mine eyes were wholly fixed upon
his Majesty. He then desired me to draw my
scimitar, which, although it had got some rust by
the sea-water, was in most parts exceeding bright.
I did so, and immediately all the troops gave a
shout between terror and surprise; for the sun
shone clear, and the reflection dazzled their eyes,
[37]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


as I waved the scimitar to and fro in my hand.
His Majesty, who is a most magnanimous prince,
was less daunted than I could expect; he ordered
me to return it into the scabbard, and cast it on
the ground as gently as I could, about six foot from
the end of my chain. The next thing he demanded,
was one of the hollow iron pillars, by which he
meant my pocket-pistols. I drew it out, and at his
desire, as well as I could, expressed to him the use
of it; and charging it only with powder, which, by
the closeness of my pouch, happened to escape
wetting in the sea (an inconvenience against which
all prudent mariners take special care to provide,)
I first cautioned the Emperor not to be afraid,
and then I let it off in the air. The astonishment
here was much greater than at the sight of my
scimitar. Hundreds fell down as if they had been
struck dead; and even the Emperor, although he
stood his ground, could not recover himself in some
time. I delivered up both my pistols in the same
manner as I had done my scimitar, and then my
pouch of powder and bullets; begging him that
the former might be kept from fire, for it would
kindle with the smallest spark, and blow up his
imperial palace into the air. I likewise delivered
up my watch, which the Emperor was very curious
[38






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


to see, and commanded two of his tallest yeomen
of the guards to bear it on a pole upon their shoul-
ders, as draymen in England do a barrel of ale.
He was amazed at the continual noise it made, and
the motion of the minute-hand, which he could
easily discern; for their sight is much more acute
than ours; and asked the opinions of his learned
men about it, which were various and remote, as
the reader may well imagine without my repeat-
ing; although indeed I could not very perfectly
understand them. I then gave up my silver and
copper money, my purse, with nine large pieces of
gold, and some smaller ones; my knife and razor,
my comb and silver snuff-box, my handkerchief
and journal-book. My scimitar, pistols, and pouch,
were conveyed in carriages to his Majesty's stores;
but the rest of mygoods were returned me.
I had, as I before observed, one private pocket,
which escaped their search, wherein there was a
pair of spectacles, (Which I sometimes use for the
weakness of mine eyes) a pocket perspective,
and some other little conveniences; which being
of no consequence to the Emperor, I did not
think myself bound in honour to discover, and I
apprehended they might be lost or spoiled if I
ventured them out of my possession.
[39]

















CHAPTER III

The Author diverts the Emperor, and his nobility of both
sexes, in a very uncommon manner.1 The diversions of
the court of Lilliput described. The Author has his
liberty granted him upon certain conditions.

M Y GENTLENESS and good behaviour
had gained so far on the Emperor and
his court, and indeed upon the army
and people in general, that I.began to conceive
hopes of getting my liberty in a short time. I took
all possible methods to cultivate this favourable
disposition. The natives care by degrees to be
less apprehensive of any danger from me. I would
sometimes lie down, and let five or six of them
dance on my hand. And at last the boys and girls
would venture to come and play at hide and seek
in my hair. I had now made a good progress in
understanding and speaking their language. The
[40]


i
,/'






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT

Emperor had a mind one day to entertain me with
sev ral of the country shows, wherein they exceed
all nations I have known, both for dexterity and
magnificence. I was diverted with none so much
as that of the rope-dancers, performed upon a
slender white thread, extended about two foot, and
twelve inches from the ground. Upon which I
shall desire liberty, with the reader's patience, to
enlarge a little.
This diversion is only practised by those persons
who are candidates for great employment, and
high favour, at court. They are trained in this art
from their youth, and are not always of noble birth,
or liberal education. When a great office is vacant
either by death or disgrace (which often happens)
five or six of those candidates petition the Emperor
to entertain his Majesty and the court with a dance
on the rope, and whoever jumps the highest with-
out falling, succeeds in the office. Very often the
chief ministers themselves are commanded to show
their skill, and to convince the Emperor that they
have not lost their faculty. Flimnap, the Treasurer,
is allowed to cut a caper on the straight rope, at
least an inch higher than any other lord in the
whole empire. I have seen him do the summerset
several times together upon a trencher fixed on
[41]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


the rope, which is no thicker than a common p. ,k
thread in England. My friend Reldresal, principal
Secretary for private Affairs, is, in my opinion, if
I am not partial, the second after the Treasurer;
the rest of the great officers are much upon a par.















These diversions are often attended with fatal
accidents, whereof great numbers are on record.
I myself have seen two or three candidates break
a limb. But the danger is much greater when the
ministers themselves are commanded to show their
dexterity; for, by contending to excel themselves
and their fellows, they strain so far, that there is
hardly one of them who hath not received a fall,
[421






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


and some of them two or three. I was assured that
a year or two before my arrival, Flimnap would
have infallibly broke his neck, if one of the King's
cushions, that accidentally lay on the ground, had
not weakened the force of his fall.
There is likewise another diversion, which is
only shown before the Emperor and Empress,
and first minister, upon particular occasions. The
Emperor lays on the table three fine silken threads
of six inches long. One is blue, the other red, and
the third green. These threads are proposed as
prizes for those persons whom the Emperor hath
a mind to distinguish by a peculiar mark of
his favour. The ceremony is performed in his
Majesty's great chamber of state, where the candi-
dates are to undergo a trial of dexterity very
'different from the former, and such as I have not
observed the least resemblance of in any other
country of the old or the new world. The Emperor
holds a stick in his hands, both ends parallel to
the horizon, while the candidates advancing one
by one, sometimes leap over the "stick, sometimes
creep under it backwards and forwards several
'times, according as the stick is advanced or de-
pressed. Sometimes the Emperor holds one end
of the stick, and his first minister the other;
[43]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


sometimes the minister has it entirely to himself.
Whoever performs his part with most agility, and
holds out the longest in leaping and creeping, is
rewarded with the blue-coloured silk; the red is
given to the next, and the green to the third, which
they all wear girt twice round about the middle;
and you see few great persons about this court,
who are not adorned with one of these girdles.
The horses of the army, and those of the royal
stables, having been daily led before me, were no
longer shy, but would come up to my very feet
without starting. The riders would leap them over
my hand as I held it on the ground, and one of
the Emperor's huntsmen, upon a large courser,
took my foot, shoe and all; which was indeed a
prodigious leap. I had the good fortune to divert
the Emperor one day after a very extraordinary
manner. I desired he would order several sticks/
of two foot high, and the thickness of an ordinary
cane, to be brought me; whereupon his Majesty
commanded the master of his woods to give direc-
tions accordingly; and the next morning six wood-
men arrived with as many carriages, drawn by
eight horses to each. I took nine of these sticks,'
fixing them firmly in the ground in a quadrangular
figure, two foot and a half square. I took four
[44]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


other sticks, and tied them parallel at each corner,
about two foot from the ground; then I fastened
my handkerchief to the nine sticks that stood
erect, and extended it on all sides, till it was tight
as the top of a drum; and the four parallel sticks
rising about five inches higher than the handker-
chief, served as ledges on each side. When I had
finished my work, I desired the Emperor to let a
troop of his best horse, twenty-four in number,
come and exercise upon this plain. His Majesty
approved of the proposal, and I took them up,
one by one, in my hands, ready mounted and
armed, with the proper officers to exercise them.
As soon as they got into order, they divided into
two parties, performed mock skirmishes, discharged
blunt arrows, drew their swords, fled and pursued,
attacked and retired, and in short discovered the
best military discipline I ever beheld. The parallel
sticks secured them and their horses from falling
over the stage; and the Emperor was so much
delighted, that he ordered this entertainment to
be repeated several days, and once was pleased to
be lifted up and give the word of command; and,
with great difficulty, persuaded even the Empress
herself to let me hold her in her close chair within
two yards of the stage, from whence she was able
[45]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


to take a full view of the whole performance. It
was my good fortune that no ill accident hap-
pened in these entertainments, only once a fiery
horse, that belonged to one of the captains, pawing
with his hoof, struck a hole in my handkerchief,
and his foot slipping, he overthrew his rider and
himself; but I im-
.. ^, mediately relieved
them both, and
covering the hole
with one hand, I
set down the troop
with the other, in
Q. the same manner
as I took them p.
The horse that fell
was strained in the
left shoulder, but
the rider got no
hurt, and I repaired my handkerchief as well as I
could: however, I would not trust to the strength
of it any more in such dangerous enterprises.
About two or three days before I was set at
liberty, as I was entertaining the court with these
kind of feats, there arrived an express to inform
his Majesty, that some of his subjects riding near
[46]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


the place where I was first taken up, had seen a
great black substance lying on the ground, very
oddly shaped, extending its edges round as wide
as his Majesty's bedchamber, and rising up in the
middle as high as a man; that it was no living
creature, as they at first apprehended, for it lay on
the grass without motion, and some of them had
walked round it several times: that by mounting
upon each other's shoulders, they had got to the
top, which was flat and even, and stamping upon
it they found it was hollow within; that they
humbly conceived it might be something belong-
ing to the Man-Mountain; and if his Majesty
pleased, they would undertake to bring it with
only five horses. I presently knew what they
meant, and was glad at heart to receive this intel-
ligence. It seems upon my first reaching the shore
after our shipwreck, I was in such confusion, that
before I came to the place where I went to sleep,
my hat, which I had fastened with a string to my
head while I was rowing, and had stuck on all the
time I was swimming, fell off after I came to land;
the string, as I conjecture, breaking by some acci-
dent which I never observed, but thought my
hat had been lost at sea. I intreated his Imperial
Majesty to give orders it might be brought to me
[47]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


as soon as possible, describing to him the use and
the nature of it: and the next day the waggoners
arrived with it, but not in a very good condition;
they had bored two holes in the brim, within an
inch and half of the edge, and fastened two hooks
in the holes; these hooks were tied by a long cord
to the harness, and thus my hat was dragged along
for about half an English mile; but the ground in
that country being extremely smooth and level, it
received less damage than I expected.
Two days after this adventure, the Emperor
having ordered that part of his army which quar-
ters in and about his metropolis to be in readiness,
took a fancy of diverting himself in a very singu-
lar manner. He desired I would stand like a
Colossus, with my legs as far asunder as I con-
veniently could. He then commanded his Gen-
eral (who was an old experienced leader, and a
great patron of mine) to draw up the troops in
close order, and march them under me; the foot
by twenty-four in a breast, and the horse by six-
teen, with drums beating, colours flying, and pikes
advanced. This body consisted of three thousand
foot, and a thousand horse.
I had sent so many memorials and petitions for
my liberty, that his Majesty at length mentioned
[48]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


the matter, first in the cabinet, and then in a
full council; where it was opposed by none, except
Skyresh Bolgolam, who was pleased, without any
provocation, to be my mortal enemy. But it was
carried against him by the whole board, and con-
firmed by the Emperor. That minister was Galbet,
or Admiral of the Realm, very much in his master's
confidence, and a person well versed in affairs, but
of a morose and sour complexion. However, he
was at length persuaded to comply; but prevailed
that the articles and conditions upon which I
should be set free, and to which I must swear,
should be drawn up by himself. These articles
were brought to me by Skyresh Bolgolam in per-
son, attended by two under-secretaries, and several
persons of distinction. After they were read, I was
demanded to swear to the performance of them;
first in the manner of my own country, and after-
wards in the method prescribed by their laws;
which was to hold my right foot in my left hand,
to place the middle finger of my right hand on the
crown of my head, and my thumb on the tip of my
right ear. But because the reader may be curious
to have some idea of the style and manner of ex-
pression peculiar to that people, as well as to know
the articles-upon which I recovered my liberty, I
[ 50]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


have made a translation of the whole instrument
word for word, as near as I was able, which I here
offer to the public.
GOLBASTO MOMAREM EVLAME GURDILO SHEFIN
MULLY ULLY GUE, most mighty Emperor of
Lilliput, delight and terror of the universe, whose
dominions extend five thousand blustrugs (about
twelve miles in circumference) to the extremities
of the globe; monarch of all monarchs, taller than
the sons of men; whose feet press down to the
centre, and whose head strikes against the sun; at
whose nod the princes of the earth shake their
knees; pleasant as the spring, comfortable as the
summer, fruitful as autumn, dreadful as winter.
His most sublime Majesty proposeth to the Man-
Mountain, lately arrived to our celestial domin-
ions, the following articles, which by a solemn
oath he shall be obliged to perform.
First, The Man-Mountain shall not depart from
our dominions, without our licence under our great
seal.
2d, He shall not presume to come into our me-
tropolis, without our express order; at which time,
the inhabitants shall have two hours warning to
keep within their doors.
[ 5 ]






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3d, The said Man-Mountain shall confine his
walks to our principal high roads, and not offer to
walk or lie down in a meadow or field of corn.

4th, As he walks the said roads, he shall take
the utmost care not to trample upon the bodies
of any of our loving subjects, their horses, or car-
riages, nor take any of our subjects into his hands,
without their own consent.

5th, If an express requires extraordinary dis-
patch, the Man-Mountain shall be obliged to carry
in his pocket the messenger and horse a six days
journey once in every moon, and return the said
messenger back (if so required) safe to our Im-
perial Presence.
6th, He shall be our ally against our enemies in
/the Island of Blefuscu, and do his utmost to destroy-
their fleet, which is now preparing to invade us.

7th, That the said Man-Mountain shall, at his
times of leisure, be aiding and assisting to our
workmen, in helping to raise certain great stones,
towards covering the wall of the principal park,
and other our royal buildings.
8th, That the said Man-Mountain shall, in two
moons' time, deliver in an exact survey of the
[52]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


circumference of our dominions by a computation
of his own paces round the coast.
Lastly, That upon his solemn oath to observe
all the above articles, the said Man-Mountain shall
have a daily allowance of meat and drink sufficient
for the support of 1728 of our subjects, with free
access to our Royal Person, and other marks of
our favour. Given at our Palace at Belfaborac the
twelfth day of the ninety-first moon of our reign.

I swore and subscribed to these articles with
great cheerfulness and content, although some of
them were not so honourable as I could have
wished; which proceeded wholly from the malice
of Skyresh Bolgolam, the High-Admiral: where-
upon my chains were immediately unlocked, and
I was at full liberty; the Emperor himself in
person did me the honour to be by at the whole
ceremony. I made my acknowledgements by
prostrating myself at his Majesty's feet: but he
commanded me to rise; and after many gracious
expressions, which, to avoid the censure of vanity,
I shall not repeat, he added, that he hoped I should
prove a useful servant, and well deserve all the
favours he had already conferred upon me, or
might do for the future.
[ 53]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


The reader may please to observe, that in the
last article for the recovery of my liberty, the
Emperor stipulates to allow me a quantity of meat
and drink sufficient for the support of 1728 Lilli-
putians. Some time after, asking a friend at court
how they came to fix on that determinate number;
he told me that his Majesty's mathematicians,
having taken the height of my body by the help
of a quadrant, and finding it to exceed theirs in the
proportion of twelve to one, they concluded from
the similarity of their bodies, that mine must con-
tain at least 1728 of theirs, and consequently would
require as much food as was necessary to support
that number of Lilliputians. By which, the reader
may conceive an idea of the ingenuity of that
people, as well as the prudent and exact economy
of so great a prince.


F 54 ]
















CHAPTER IV


Aildendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, together
with the Emperor's palace. A conversation between
the Author and a principal Secretary, concerning the
affairs of that empire. The Author's offers to serve the
Emperor in his wars.

HE first request I made after I had ob-
tained my liberty, was, that I might have
licence to see Mildendo, the metropolis;
which the Emperor easily granted me, but with a
special charge to do no hurt either to the inhabi-
tants or their houses. The people had notice by
proclamation of my design to visit the town. The
wall which encompassed it, is two foot and an half
high, and at least eleven inches broad, so that a
coach and horses may be driven very safely round
it; and it is flanked with strong towers at ten foot
distance. I stept over the great Western Gate,
[ 55]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


and passed very gently, and sideling through the
two principal streets, only in my short waistcoat,
for fear of damaging the roofs and eaves of the
houses with the skirts of my coat. I walked with
the utmost circumspection, to avoid treading on
any stragglers, that might remain in the streets,
although the orders were very strict, that all people
should keep in their houses, at their own peril.
The garret windows and tops of houses were so
crowded with spectators, that I thought in all my
travels I had not seen a more populous place.
The city is an exact square, each side of the
wall being five hundred foot long. The two great
streets, which run across and divide it into four
quarters, are five foot wide. The lanes and alleys,
which I could not enter, but only viewed them as
I passed, are from twelve to eighteen inches. The
town is capable of holding five hundred thousand
souls. The houses are from three to five stories.
The shops and markets well provided.
The Emperor's palace is in the centre of the city,
where the two great streets meet. It is inclosed
by a wall of two foot high, and twenty foot distant
from the buildings. I had his Majesty's permis-
sion to step over this wall; and the space being
so wide between that and the palace, I could easily
[56]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


view it on every side. The outward court is a
square of forty foot, and includes two other courts:
in the inmost are the royal apartments, which I
was very desirous to see, but found it extremely
difficult; for the great gates, from one square into
another, were but eighteen inches high, and seven
inches wide. Now the buildings of the outer court
were at least five foot high, and it was impossible
for me to stride over them without infinite damage
to the pile, though the walls were strongly built
of hewn stone, and four inches thick. At the same
time the Emperor had a great desire that I should
see the magnificence of his palace; but this I was
not able to do till three days after, which I spent
in cutting down with my knife some of the largest
trees in the royal park, about an hundred yards
distant from the city. Of these trees I made two
stools, each about three foot high, and strong
enough to bear my weight. The people having re-
ceived notice a second time, I went again through
the city to the palace, with my two stools in my
hands. When I came to the side of the outer
court, I stood upon one stool, and took the other
in my hand: this I lifted over the roof, and gently
set it down on the space between the first and
second court, which was eight foot wide. I then
[581






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


stept over the buildings very conveniently from
one stool to the other, and drew up the first after
me with a hooked stick. By this corntrivance I
got into the inmost court; and lying down upon
my side, I applied my face to the windows of the
middle stories, which were left open on purpose,
and discovered the most splendid apartments that
can be imagined. There I saw the Empress and
the young Princes, in their several lodgings, with
their chief attendants about them. Her Imperial
Majesty was pleased to smile very graciously upon
me, and gave me out of the window her hand
to kiss.
But I shall not anticipate the reader with farther
descriptions of this kind, because I reserve them
for a greater work, which is now almost ready for
the press, containing a general description of this
empire, from its first erection, through a long series
of princes, with a particular account of their wars
and politics, laws, learning, and religion: their plants
and animals, their peculiar manners and customs,
with other matters very curious and useful; my
chief design at present being only to relate such
events and transactions as happened to the public,
or to myself, during a residence of about nine
months in that empire.
[59]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


One morning, about a fortnight after I had ob-
tained my liberty, Reldresal, principal Secretary
(as they style him) of private Affairs, came to my
house attended only by one servant. He ordered
his coach to wait at a distance, and desired I would
give him an hour's audience; which I readily con-
sented to, on account of his quality and personal
merits, as well as the many good offices he had
done me during my solicitations at court. I
offered to lie down, that he might the more con-
veniently reach my ear; but he chose rather to let
me hold him in my hand during our conversation.
He began with compliments on my liberty; said
he might pretend to some merit in it: but, how-
ever, added, that if it had not been for the present
situation of things at court, perhaps I might not
have obtained it so soon. For, said he, as flourish-
ing a condition as we may appear to be in to
foreigners, we labour under two mighty evils; a
violent faction at home, and the danger of an
invasion by a most potent enemy from abroad.
As to the first, you are to understand, that for
about seventy moons past there have been two
struggling parties in this empire, under the
names of Tramecksan and Slamecksan, from the
high and low heels of their shoes, by which they
[60]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT

distinguish themselves. It is alleged indeed, that
the high heels are most agreeable to our ancient
constitution: but however this be, his Majesty
hath determined to make use of only low heels
in the administration of the government, and all
offices in the gift of the Crown, as you cannot
but observe; and particularly, that his Majesty's
Imperial heels are lower at least by a drurr than
any of his court; (drurr is a measure about the
fourteenth part of an inch). The animosities
between these two parties run so high, that they
will neither eat nor drink, nor talk with each other.
We compute the Tramecksan, or High-Heels, to
exceed us in number; but the power is wholly on
our side. We apprehend his Imperial Highness,
the Heir to the Crown, to have some tendency
towards the High-Heels; at least we can plainly
discover one of his heels higher than the other,
which gives him a hobble in his gait. Now, in the
midst of these intestine disquiets, we are threat-
ened with an invasion from the Island of Blefuscu,
which is the other great empire of the universe,
almost as large and powerful as this of his Majesty.
For as to what we have heard you affirm, that there
are other kingdoms and states in the world in-
habited by human creatures as large as yourself,
[61 ]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


our philosophers are in much doubt, and would
rather conjecture that you dropped from the moon,
or one of the stars; because it is certain, that an
hundred mortals of your bulk would, in a short
time, destroy all the fruits and cattle of his
Majesty's dominions. Besides, our histories of six
thousand moons make no mention of any other
regions, than the two great empires of Lilliput and
Blefuscu. Which two mighty powers have, as I
was going to tell you, been engaged in a most
obstinate war for six and thirty moons past. It
began upon the following occasion. It is allowed
on all hands, that the primitive way of breaking
eggs before we eat them, was upon the larger end:
but his present Majesty's grandfather, while he
was a boy, going to eat an egg, and breaking it
according to the ancient practice, happened to cut
one of his fingers. Whereupon the Emperor his
father published an edict, commanding all his sub-
jects, upon great penalties, to break the smaller
end of their eggs. The people so highly resented
this law, that our histories tell us there have been
six rebellions raised on that account; wherein one
Emperor lost his life, and another his crown.
These civil commotions were constantly fomented
by the monarchs of Blefuscu; and when they were
[62]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT

quelled, the exiles always fled for refuge to that
empire. It is computed, that eleven thousand
persons have, at several times, suffered death,
rather than submit to break their eggs at the
smaller end. Many hundred large volumes have
been published upon this controversy: but the
books of the Big-Endians have been long for-
bidden, and the whole party rendered incapable
by law of holding employment. During the course
of these troubles, the Emperors of Blefuscu did
frequently expostulate by their ambassadors, ac-
cusing us of making a schism in religion, by offend-
ing against a fundamental doctrine of our great
prophet Lustrog, in the fifty-fourth chapter of the
Blundecral (which is their Alcoran). This, how-
ever, is thought to be a mere strain upon the text:
for the words are these; That all true believers
break their eggs at the convenient end: and which
is the convenient end, seems, in my humble
opinion, to be left to every man's conscience, or
at least in the power of the chief magistrate to
determine. Now the Big-Endian exiles have found
so much credit in the Emperor of Blefuscu's court,
and so much private assistance and encourage-
ment from their party here at home, that a bloody
war has been carried on between the two empires
[ 63 ]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


for six and thirty moons with various success;
during which time we have lost foity capital ships,
and a much greater number of smaller vessels,
together with thirty thousand of our best sea-
men and soldiers; and the damage received by
the enemy is reckoned to be somewhat greater
than ours. However, they have now equipped a
numerous fleet, and are just preparing to make a
descent upon us; and'his Imperial Majesty, plac-
ing great confidence in your valour and strength,
has commanded me to lay this account of his
affairs before you.
I desired the Secretary to present my humble
duty to the Emperor, and to let him know, that
I thought it would not become me, who was a
foreigner, to interfere with parties; but I was
ready, with the hazard of my life, to defend his
person and state against all invaders.

//,


[64]

















CHAPTER V


The Author, by an extraordinary stratagem, prevents an
invasion. A high title of honour is conferred upon him.
Ambassadors arrive from the Emperor of Blefuscu and
sue for peace.

HE Empire of Blefuscu is an island situ-
ated to the north north-east side of Lilliput,
from whence it is parted only by a channel
of eight hundred yards wide. I had not yet seen
it, and upon this notice of an intended invasion,
I avoided appearing on that side of the coast, for
fear of being discovered by some of the enemy's
ships, who had received no intelligence of me, all
intercourse between the two empires having been
strictly forbidden during the war, upon pain of
death, and an embargo laid by our Emperor upon
all vessels whatsoever. I communicated to his
Majesty a project I had formed of seizing the
[65]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


enemy's whole fleet: which, as our scouts assured
us, lay at anchor in the harbour ready to sail with
the first fair wind. I consulted the most experi-
enced seamen, upon the depth of the channel,
which they had often plumbed, who told me, that
in the middle at highwater it was seventy glum-
glujfs deep, which is about six foot of European
measure; and the rest of it fifty glumgluffs at
most. I walked towards the north-east coast over
against Blefuscu; and lying down behind a hillock,
took out my small pocket perspective-glass, and
viewed the enemy's fleet at anchor, consisting of
about fifty men of war, and a great number of
transports: I then came back to my house, and
gave order (for which I had a warrant) for a great
quantity of the strongest cable and bars of iron.
The cable was about as thick as packthread, and
the bars of the length and size of a knitting-needle.
I trebled the cable to make it stronger, and for
the same reason I twisted three of the iron bars
together, binding the extremities into a hook.
Having thus fixed fifty hooks to as many cables, I
went back to the north-east coast, and putting off
my coat, shoes, and stockings, walked into the
sea in my leather jerkin, about half an hour
before high water. I waded with what haste I
[66]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


could, and swam in the middle about thirty yards
till I felt ground; I arrived at the fleet in less than
half an hour. The enemy was so frighted when
they saw me, that they leaped out of their ships,
and swam to shore, where there could not be fewer
than thirty thousand souls. I then took my tack-
ling, and fastening a hook to the hole at the prow
of each, I tied all the cords together at the end.
While I was thus employed, the enemy discharged
several thousand arrows, many of which stuck in
my hands and face; and besides the excessive
smart, gave me much disturbance in my work.
My greatest apprehension was for my eyes, which
I should have infallibly lost, if I had not sud-
denly thought of an expedient. I kept among other
little necessaries a pair of spectacles in a private
pocket, which, as I observed before, had escaped
the Emperor's searchers. These I took out and
fastened as strongly as I could upon my nose,
and thus armed went on boldly with my work in
spite of the enemy's arrows, many of which struck
against the glasses of my spectacles, but without
any other effect, further than a little to discom-
pose them. I had now fastened all the hooks, and
taking the knot in my hand, began to pull; but
not a ship would stir, for they were all too fast
S [67]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


held by their anchors, so that the boldest part of
my enterprise remained. I therefore let go the
cord, and leaving the hooks fixed to the ships, I
resolutely cut with my knife the cables that
fastened the anchors, receiving about two hundred
shots in my face and hands; then I took up the
knotted end of the cables, to which my hooks
were tied, and with great ease drew fifty of the
enemy's largest men of war after me.
The Blefuscudians, who had not the least imagi-
nation of what I intended, were at first confounded
with astonishment. They had seen me cut the
cables, and thought my design was only to let the
ships run a-drift, or fall foul on each other: but
when they perceived the whole fleet moving in
order, and saw me pulling at the end, they set up
such a scream of grief and despair, that it is almost
impossible to describe or conceive. When I had
got out of danger, I stopped awhile to pick out the
arrows that stuck in my hands and face; and
rubbed on some of the same ointment that was
given me at my first arrival, as I have formerly
mentioned. I then took off my spectacles, and
waiting about an hour, till the tide was a little
fallen, I waded through the middle with my cargo,
and arrived safe at the royal port of Lilliput.
[68 ]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


The Emperor and his whole court stood on the
shore, expecting the issue of this great.adventure.
They saw the ships move forward in a large half-
moon, but could not discern me, who was up to
my breast in water. When I advanced to the mid-
dle of the channel, they were yet in more pain,
because I was under water to my neck. The
Emperor concluded me to be drowned, and that
the enemy's fleet was approaching in a hostile
manner: but he was soon eased of his fears, for
the channel growing shallower every step I made,
I came in a short time within hearing, and holding
up the end of the cable by which the fleet was
fastened, I cried in a loud voice, Long live the
most puissant Emperor of Lilliput! This great
prince received me at my landing with all possible
encomiums, and created me a Nardac upon the
spot, which is the highest title of honour among
them.
His Majesty desired I would take some other
opportunity of bringing all the rest of his enemy's
ships into his ports. And so unmeasureable is the
ambition of princes, that he seemed to think of
nothing less than reducing the whole empire of
Blefuscu ifito a province, and governing it by a
viceroy; of destroying the Big-Endian exiles, and
[70]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


compelling that people to break the smaller end
of their eggs, by which he would remain the sole
monarch of the whole world. But I endeavoured
to divert him from this design, by many arguments
drawn from the topics of policy as well as justice;
and I plainly protested, that I would never be an
instrument of bringing a free and brave people
into slavery. And when the matter was debated
in council, the wisest part of the ministry were of
my opinion.
This open bold declaration of mine was so oppo-
site to the schemes and politics of his Imperial
Majesty, that he could never forgive it; he men-
tioned it in a very artful manner at council, where
I was told that some of the wisest appeared, at
least by their silence, to be of my opinion; but
others, who were my secret enemies, could not
forbear some expressions, which by a side-wind
reflected on me. And from this time began an
intrigue between his Majesty and a junto of min-
isters maliciously bent against me, which broke
out in less than two months, and had like to
have ended in my utter destruction. Of so little
weight are the greatest services to princes, when
put into the balance with a refusal .to gratify
their passions.
[71]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


About three weeks after this exploit, there
arrived a solemn embassy from Blefuscu, with
humble offers of a peace; which was soon con-
cluded upon conditions very advantageous to our
Emperor, wherewith I shall not trouble the reader.
There were six ambassadors, with a train of about
five hundred persons, and their entry was very
magnificent, suitable to the grandeur of their mas-
ter, and the importance of their business. When
their treaty was finished, wherein I did them several
good offices by the credit I now had, or at least
appeared to have at court, their Excellencies, who
were privately told how much I had been their
friend, made me a visit in form. They began with
many compliments upon my valour and generosity,
invited me to that kingdom in the Emperor their
master's name, and desired me to show them some
proofs of my prodigious strength, of which they
had heard so many wonders; wherein I readily
obliged them, but shall not trouble the reader with
the particulars.
When I had for some time entertained their
Excellencies, to their infinite satisfaction and sur-
prise, I desired they would do me the honour to
present my most humble respects to the Emperor
their master, the renown of whose virtues had so
[72]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


justly filled the whole world with admiration, and
whose royal person I resolved to attend before I
returned to my own country: accordingly, the next
time I had the honour to see our Emperor, I de-
sired his general licence to wait on the Blefuscu-
dian monarch, which he was pleased to grant me,
as I could perceive, in a very cold manner; but
could not guess the reason, till I had a whisper
from a certain person, that Flimnap and Bolgolam
had represented my intercourse with those am-
bassadors as a mark of disaffection, from which I
am sure my heart was wholly free. And this was
the first time I began to conceive some imperfect
idea of courts and ministers.
It is to be observed, that these ambassadors
spoke to me by an interpreter, the languages of
both empires differing as much from each other 1/
as any two in Europe, and each nation priding
itself upon the antiquity, beauty, and energy of
their own tongues, with an avowed contempt for
that of their neighbour; yet our Emperor, stand-
ing upon the advantage he had got by the seizure
of their fleet, obliged them to deliver their creden-
tials, and make their speech in the Lilliputian
tongue. And it must be confessed, that from the
great intercourse of trade and commerce between
[73]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


both realms, from the continual reception of exiles,
which is mutual among them, and from the custom
in each empire to send their young nobility and
richer gentry to the other, in order to polish them-
selves by seeing the world, and understanding
men and manners; there are few persons of dis-
tinction, or merchants, or seamen, who dwell in the
maritime parts, but what can hold conversation in
both tongues; as I found some weeks after, when
I went to pay my respects to the Emperor of
Blefuscu, which in the midst of great misfortunes,
through the malice of my enemies, proved a very
happy adventure to me, as I shall relate in its
proper place.





K;I;i I:


[74]















CHAPTER VI


Of the inhabitants of Lilliput; their learning, laws, and
customs, the manner of educating their children. The
Author's way of living in that country.
A LTHOUGH I intend to leave the descrip-
tion of this empire to a particular treatise,
yet in the mean time I am content to
gratify the curious reader with some general ideas.
As the common size of the natives is somewhat
under six inches high, so there is an exact pro-
portion in all other animals, as well as plants and
trees: for instance, the tallest horses and oxen are
between four and five inches in height, the sheep
an inch and a half, more or less: their geese about
the bigness of a sparrow, and so the several grada-
tions downwards till you come to the smallest,
which, to my sight, were almost invisible; but
nature hath adapted the eyes of the Lilliputians
[ 75






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS
to all objects proper for their view: they see with
great exactness, but at no great distance. And to
show the sharpness of their sight towards objects
that are near, I have been much pleased with
observing a cook pulling a lark, which was not so
large as a common fly; and a young girl thread-
ing an invisible needle with invisible silk. Their
tallest trees are about seven foot high: I mean
some of those in the great royal park, the tops
whereof I could but just reach with my fist clinched.
The other vegetables are in the same proportion;
but this I leave to the reader's imagination.
I shall say but little at present of their learning,
which for many ages hath flourished in all its
branches among them: but their manner of writ-
ing is very peculiar, being neither from the left to
the right, like the Europeans; nor from the right
to the left, like the Arabians; nor from up to down,
like the Chinese; nor from down to up, like the
Cascagians; but aslant from one corner of the
paper to the other, like ladies in England.
They bury their dead with their heads directly
downwards, because they hold an opinion, that in
eleven thousand moons they are all to rise again,
in which period the earth (which they conceive to
be flat) will turn upside down, and by this means
[76 ]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT

they shall, at their resurrection, be found ready
standing on their feet. The learned among them
confess the absurdity of this doctrine, but the prac-
tice still continues, in compliance to the vulgar.
There are some laws and customs in this empire
very peculiar; and if they were not so directly con-
trary to those of my own dear country, I should
be tempted to say a little in their justification.
It is only to be wished, that they were as well
executed. The first I shall mention, relates to in-
formers. All crimes against the state are punished
here with the utmost severity; but if the person
accused maketh his innocence plainly to appear
upon his trial, the accuser is immediately put to
an ignominious death; and out of his goods or
lands, the innocent person is quadruply recom-
pensed for the loss of his time, for the danger he
underwent, for the hardship of his imprisonment,
and for all the charges he hath been at in making
his defence. Or, if that fund be deficient, it is
largely supplied by the Crown. The Emperor
does also confer on him some public mark of his
favour, and proclamation is made of his innocence
through the whole city.
They look upon fraud as a greater crime than
theft, and therefore seldom fail to punish it with
[77]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


death; for they allege, that care and vigilance,
with a very common understanding, may preserve
a man's goods from thieves, but honesty has no
fence against superior cunning; and since it is
necessary that there should be a perpetual inter-
course of buying and selling, and dealing upon
credit, where fraud is permitted and connived at,
or hath no law to punish it, the honest dealer is
always undone, and the knave gets the advantage.
S I remember when I was once interceding with the
Emperor for a criminal who had wronged his
master of a great sum of money, which he had
received by order, and ran away with; and hap-
pening to tell his Majesty, by way of extenuation,
that it was only a breach of trust; the Emperor
thought it monstrous in me to offer, as a defence,
the greatest aggravation of the crime: and truly I
had little to say in return, farther than the com-
mon answer, that different nations had different
customs; for, I confess, I was heartily ashamed.
Although we usually call reward and punish-
ment the two hinges upon which all government
turns, yet I could never observe this maxim to be
put in practice by any nation except that of Lilli-
put. Whoever can there bring sufficient proof that
he hath strictly observed the laws of his country
[78]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


for seventy three moons, hath a claim to certain
privileges, according to his quality and condition
of life, with a proportionable sum of money out of
a fund appropriated for that use: he likewise
acquires the title of Snilpall, or Legal, which is
added to his name, but does not descend to his
posterity. And these people thought it a prodi-
gious defect of policy among us, when I told them
that our laws were enforced only by penalties,
without any mention of reward. It is upon this /
account that the image of Justice, in their courts
of judicature, is formed with six eyes, two before,
as many behind, and on each side one, to signify
circumspection; with a bag of gold open in her
right hand, and a sword sheathed in her left, to
show she is more disposed to reward than to
punish.
In choosing persons for all employment, they
have more regard to good morals than to great
abilities; for, since government is necessary to
mankind, they believe that the common size of
human understandings is fitted to some station
or other, and that Providence never intended to
make the management of public affairs a mystery,
to be comprehended only by a few persons of sub-
lime genius, of which there seldom are three born
[ 79]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


in an age: but they suppose truth, justice, tem-
perance, and the like, to be in every man's power;
the practice of which virtues, assisted by expe-
rience and a good intention, would qualify any
man for the service of his country, except where
a course of study is required. But they thought
the want of moral virtues was so far from being
supplied by superior endowments of the mind,
that employment could never be put into such
dangerous hands as those of persons so qualified;
and at least, that the mistakes committed by igno-
rance in a virtuous disposition, would never be of
such fatal consequence to the public weal, as the
practices of a man whose inclinations led him to
be corrupt, and had great abilities to manage, and
multiply, and defend his corruptions.
In like manner, the disbelief of a Divine Provi-
dence renders a man uncapable of holding any
public station; for, since kings avow themselves
to be the deputies of Providence, the Lilliputians
think nothing can be more absurd than for a prince
to employ such men as disown the authority under
which he acts.
In relating these and the following laws, I would
only be understood to mean the original institu-
tions, and not the most scandalous corruptions
[So]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


into which these people are fallen by the degenerate
nature of man. For as to that infamous practice of
acquiring great employment by dancing on the
ropes, or badges of favour and distinction by leap-
ing over sticks and creeping under them, the reader
is to observe, that they were first introduced by
the grandfather of the Emperor now reigning, and
grew to the present height, by the gradual increase
of party and faction.
Ingratitude is among them a capital crime, as
we read it to have been in some other countries:
for they reason thus, that whoever makes ill re-
turns to his benefactor, must needs be a common
enemy to the rest of mankind, from whom he hath
received no obligation, and therefore such a man
is not fit to live.
Their notions relating to the duties of parents
and children differ extremely from ours. Their
opinion is, that parents are the last of all others
to be trusted with the education of their own
children; and therefore they have in every town
public nurseries, where all parents, except cottagers
and labourers, are obliged to send their infants of
both sexes to be reared and educated when they
come to the age of twenty moons, at which time
they are supposed to have some rudiments of
[8 ]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


docility. These schools are of several kinds,
suited to different qualities, and to both sexes.
They have certain professors well skilled in pre-
paring children for such a condition of life as
befits the rank of their parents, and their own
capacities as well as inclinations. I shall first say
something of the male nurseries, and then of the
female.
The nurseries for males of noble or eminent
birth, are provided with grave and learned pro-
fessors, and their several deputies. The clothes and
food of the children are plain and simple. They
are bred up in the principles of honour, justice,
courage, modesty, clemency, religion, and love of
their country; they are always employed in some
business, except in the times of eating and sleep-
ing, which are very short, and two hours for diver-
sions, consisting of bodily exercises. They are
dressed by men till four years of age, and then
are obliged to dress themselves, although their
quality be ever so great; and the women attend-
ants, who are aged proportionably to ours at fifty,
perform only the most menial offices. They are
never suffered to converse with servants, but go
together in small or greater numbers to take
their diversions, and always in the presence of a
[82]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


professor, or one of his deputies; whereby they
avoid those early bad impressions of folly and vice
to which our children are subject. Their parents
are suffered to see them only twice a year; the visit
is to last but an hour. They are allowed to kiss
the child at meeting and parting; but a professor,
who always stands by on those occasions, will not
suffer them to whisper, or use any fondling ex-
pressions, or bring any presents of toys, sweet-
meats, and the like.
The pension from each family for the educa-
tion and entertainment of a child, upon failure
of due payment, is levied by the Emperor's
officers.
The nurseries for children of ordinary gentle-
men, merchants, traders, and handic!-fts, are man-
aged proportionably after the same manner; only
those designed for trades, are put out apprentices
at eleven years old, whereas those of persons of
quality continue in their exercises till fifteen, which
answers to one and twenty with us: but the con-
finement is gradually lessened for the last three
years.
In the female nurseries, the young girls of
quality are-educated much like the males, only
they are dressed by orderly servants of their own
[83






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


sex; but always in the presence of a professor or
deputy, till they come to dress themselves, which
is at five years old. And if it be found that these
nurses ever presume to entertain the girls with
frightful or foolish stories, or the common follies
practised by chambermaids among us, they are
publicly whipped thrice about the city, imprisoned
for a year, and banished for life to the most deso-
late part of the country. Thus the young ladies
there are as much ashamed of being cowards and
fools, as the men, and despise all personal orna-
ments beyond decency and cleanliness: neither did
I perceive any difference in their education, made
by their difference of sex, only that the exercises
of the females were not altogether so robust; and
that some rules were given them relating to
domestic life, and a smaller compass of learn-
ing was enjoined them: for their maxim is, that
among people of quality, a wife should be always
a reasonable and agreeable companion, because
she cannot always be young. When the girls are
twelve years old, which among them is the mar-
riageable age, their parents or guardians take
them home, with great expressions of gratitude
to the professors, and seldom without tears of the
young lady and her companions.
[84]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


In the nurseries of females of the meaner sort,
the children are instructed in all kinds of works
proper for their sex, and their several degrees:
those intended for apprentices, are dismissed at
seven years old, the rest are kept to eleven.
The meaner families who have children at these
nurseries, are obliged, besides their annual pen-
sion, which is as low as possible, to return to the
steward of the nursery a small monthly share of
their getting, to be a portion for the child; and
therefore all parents are limited in their expenses
by the law. As to persons of quality, they give
security to appropriate a certain sum for each
child, suitable to their condition; and these funds
are always managed with good husbandry, and the
most exact justice.
The cottagers and labourers keep their children
at home, their business being only to till and
cultivate the earth, and therefore their education
is of little consequence to the public; but the old
and diseased among them are supported by hospi-
tals: for begging is a trade unknown in this empire.
And here it may perhaps divert the curious
reader, to give some account of my domestic, and
my manner of living in this country, during a resi-
dence of nine months and thirteen days. Having a
[85






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


head mechanically turned, and being likewise forced
by necessity, I had made for myself a table and chaii
convenient enough, out of the largest trees in the
royal park. Two hundred sempstresses were em-
ployed to make me shirts, and linen for my bed
and table, all of the strongest and coarsest kind
they could get; which, however, they were forced
to quilt together in several folds, for the thickest
was some degrees finer than lawn. Their linen is
usually three inches wide, and three foot make a
piece. The sempstresses took my measure as I lay
on the ground, one standing at my neck, and
another at my midleg, with a strong cord extended,
that each held by the end, while the third measured
the length of the cord with a rule of an inch long.
Then they measured my right thumb, and desired
no more; for by a mathematical computation, that
twice round the thumb is once round the wrist, and
so on to the neck and the waist, and by the help
of my old shirt, which I displayed on the ground
before them for a pattern, they fitted me exactly.
Three hundred tailors were employed in the same
manner to make me clothes; but they had another
contrivance for taking' my measure. I kneeled
down, and they raised a ladder from the ground to
my neck; upon this ladder one of them mounted,
[86]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


and let fall a plumb-line from my collar to the
floor, which just answered the length of my coat:
but my waist and arms I measured myself When I
my clothes were finished, which was done in my
house, (for the largest of theirs would not have
been able to hold them) they looked like the patch-
work made by the ladies in England, only that
mine were all of a colour.
I had three hundred cooks to dress my victuals,
in little convenient huts built about my house,
where they and their families lived, and prepared
me two dishes a-piece. I took up twenty waiters in
my hand, and placed them on the table: an hundred
more attended below on the ground, some with
dishes of meat, and some with barrels of wine,
and other liquors, slung on their shoulders; all
which the waiters above drew up as I wanted, in
a very ingenious manner, by certain cords, as we
draw the bucket up a well in Europe. A dish of
their meat was a good mouthful, and a barrel of
their liquor a reasonable draught. Their mutton
yields to ours, but their beef is excellent. I have
had a sirloin so large, that I have been forced to
make three bits of it; but this is rare. My servants
were astonished to see me eat it bones and all, as
in our country we do the leg of a lark. Their geese
[87]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


and turkeys I usually ate at a mouthful, and I
must confess they far exceed ours. Of their smaller
fowl I obuld take up twenty or thirty at the end
of my knife.
One day his Imperial Majesty, being informed
of my way of living, desired that himself and his
Royal Consort, with the
young Princes of the
blood of both sexes,
might have the happi-
-. ness (as he was pleased
to call it) of dining with
me. They came accord-
iingly, and I placed them
in chairs of state on my
------- \ table, just over against
_ me, with their guards
about them. Flimnap,
the Lord High Treas-
urer, attended there likewise with his white staff;
and I observed he often looked on me with a sour
countenance, which I would not seem to regard,
but ate more than usual, in honour to my dear
country, as well as to fill the court with admi-
ration. I have some private reasons to believe,
that this visit from his Majesty gave Flimnap an
[88]






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


opportunity of doing me ill offices to his master.
That minister had always been my secret enemy,
though outwardly caressed me more than was
usual t the moroseness of his nature. He repre-
sented to the Emperor the low condition of his
treasury; that he was forced to take up money at
great discount; that exchequer bills would not
circulate under nine per cent. below par; that in
short I had cost his Majesty above a million and
a half of sprugs (their greatest gold coin, about
the bigness of a spangle); and upon the whole,
that it would be advisable in the Emperor to take
the first fair occasion of dismissing me.




\ -


[90 ]









y'i HI


i N


Ji~ll~"


CHAPTER VII

The Author, being informed of a design to accuse him
of high-treason, makes his escape to Blefuscu. His
reception there.
B-EFORE I proceed to give an account of
my leaving this kingdom, it may be proper
to inform the reader of a private intrigue
which had been for two months forming against me.
I had been hitherto all my life a stranger to
courts, for which I was unqualified by the mean-
ness of my condition. I had indeed heard and
read enough of the dispositions of great princes
and ministers; but never expected to have found
such terrible effects of them in so remote a coun-
try, governed, as I thought, by very different
maxims from those in Europe.
When I was just preparing to pay my attend-
ance on the Emperor of Blefuscu, a considerable
[9 1






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


person at court (to whom I had been very service-
able at a time when he lay under the highest dis-
pleasure of his Imperial Majesty) came to my
house very privately at night in a close chair, and
without sending his name, desired admittance.
The chairmen were dismissed; I put the chair,















with his Lordship in it, into my coat-pocket: and
giving orders to a trusty servant to say I was
indisposed and gone to sleep, I fastened the
door of my house, placed the chair on the table,
according to my usual custom, and sat down by it.
After the common salutations were over, observ-
ing his Lordship's countenance full of concern,
[92]






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


and enquiring into the reason, he desired I would
hear him with patience in a matter that highly
concerned my honour and my life. His speech
was to the following effect, for I took notes of it
as soon as he left me.
You are to know, said he, that several Com-
mittees of Council have been lately called in the
most private manner on your account; and it is
but two days since his Majesty came to a full
resolution.
You are very sensible that Skyresh Bolgolam
(Galbet, or High-Admiral) hath been your mortal
enemy almost ever since your arrival. His origi-
nal reasons I know not; but his hatred is much in-
creased since your great success against Blefuscu,
by which his glory, as Admiral, is obscured. This
Lord, in conjunction with Flimnap the High-
Treasurer, whose enmity against you is notorious,
Limtoc the General, Lalcon the Chamberlain,
and Balmuff the Grand Justiciary, have prepared
articles of impeachment against you, for treason,
and other capital crimes.
This preface made me so impatient, being con-
scious of my own merits and innocence, that I was
going to interrupt; when he entreated me to be
silent, and thus proceeded.
[93]




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