Title: Everglades National Park, Florida 1990
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00016806/00001
 Material Information
Title: Everglades National Park, Florida 1990
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publication Date: 1980
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Florida Everglades
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00016806
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA9473


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Full Text
Walking TIls
prasseorfouncaalong the The m park road begins at the main visitorAt Long ine Key, a network of interonnectings ot a true grass, but a sedge, grows here, too.coastline. The mangrove region also is a u-
a 1-meter- center and ends 1 kilometers (38 miles) later trails (11 kilometers/7 miles) runs through thePatient observers may see red-shouldred hawks, sery for fish and crustaceans: mullet, snapper, are run by a
: 1 rde that ri~.ses outf at Flamingo. Mn trails take off from this road, pinealands, an unusually diverse pine forest red-winged blackbirds, common yellowthroa stone crabs, shrimp and spiny lobter ervies of
t la These open ar an d and several more bein at Flamingo. Trails About 200 types of plants, including 30 found vultures, pygmy rattlesnakes, ndigo nd king
stunted bald cy develop lrmarked by an asterisk (* are accessible for the nowhere else on Earth, grow under the slash snakes, and an occasional alligator along the Several longer trails near Flamingo' lead i nto
:whetre marwl or imei lmudsbuild up in solution handicapped pine canopy. Without periodic fires to destroy trail, southwestern parts of the Everglades. These CllO Trlls
'their Allsize, the cypresses competing vegetation and expose mineral soils trails include the Christian Point Trl (8 kil- The Wilderness Wat e twist
be re than 100 years o During the The Aing TraI* (l than 00 meters/0.5 for seedlings, the pines would not survive. The Mahogany Hammock Trail* (less than 8 meters/4 miles), Snake BigT kilomet te ( miles) through the
winter months the bald cypress look dead, but mile) offers one of the best opportunities to see Whitetail deer, opossums, raccoons, and themeters/0.5 mile) enters the cooler, damp envi-4 miles), Rowdy Bend Trail (8 kilometers/ and estuarine areas of the park. Thesear
e ar n;i Flot; t have just lost their for wildlife close-up, Alligators, turtles, fish, marsh endangered Florida panther live in the pinelands. ronment of a dark, jungle-like hardwood ham- miles), and the Coastal PrairIe Trail (21 kil- harbor Almost of
/the sesn. rabbits, and many birds, including anhingas, mock. Rare paurotis palms and massive meters/13 miles). Many of these trails pass found in the Caribbean and serves
herons, egrets, and purple gallinulea, frequently The Pineland Trail* (less than 800 meters/0.5 mahogany trees (including the largest living through coastal prairie. Salt-tolerant plants grounds nd nurseries for many othe
The many ponds in prk, from Mrazek Pond nhabit the area. Taylor Slough, a slow-moving, mile) also circles through the pinelands. The specimen in the United States) thrive. Colorful usually associated with deserts-cactus agave, such as w
to ot Bay Pond to E P offer good freshwater, marshy river, acts as a reservoir, shallow bed of limestone that underlies the Liguus tree snails, tiny and jewel-like, and deli- yucca-grow here. Hardwood hammocks have types of ish sought by fishermenad t
o. Artiarly Fin the ry supplyyig needed water for plants and animals pinelands, and in fact all of south Florida, can cate webs of golden orb weaver spiders are developed in some prairies. dangered mntee at
mon:t eimes fi kof hundreds through the winter dry season. be clearly seen along the trail. Solution holes, suspended overhead from tree branches. At because of their iabida f'tood su s. O
of egrets, herons, wood storks, and other water formed when rainwater and acidic plant matter night, barred owls awaken to hunt. Shark Valley* lies off U.S. 41, the Tamiami Trail. shorter trai offer opportunities to
fly in to feed. The Gumbo ULmbe Tril* (less than 800 meters/ mix and dissolve the rock away, dimple the Here, along the 24-kilometer (15-mile) loop park's bakunty These traits i : the'
0.5 mile) winds through a hardwood hammock, ground. The West Lake Trail* (less than 800 meters/0.5 road you may see a variety of wildlife that Noble Hammock TraI (5 kiome
The waters of Florida Bay are best a Jungle-like grove of tropical trees and smaller mile) winds through mangrove trees along the inhabits the wide shallow waterway that Is the the Hlls Bay Trail (6 kil4 ,
explored by boat. About a third of the park is plants. Statuesque royal palms, gumbo limbo The Pa-hy-okee Overlook Trail (less than 400 edge of the large, brackish lake. Four types of headwaters for Shark River. Alligators, otters Nine Mile Pond (8 kilmeter
f of the bay and its tiny islands, or trees, wild coffee, and lush aerial gardens of meters/0.25 mile) leads to an observation tower mangroves-red, black, white mangrove and snakes, turtles, and birds, including rare wood West Lake Tl (13 kiometers/ miles), and the
Most are protected refuges for nesting ferns and orchids grow in this dense, moist offering a view of part of the vast "river of buttonwood-grow in this region where the storks and snail kites, are native to this watery Bear e Trail (1kilometrs/12 mles),w
. Wite and brown pelns, rotate spoon- forest. Hardwood hammocks usually sit about a grass"-the true glades that gave the park its southward-creeping glades meet saltwater. The expanse. Hardwood hammocks and other tree all begin near Flamingo Rivers near
oprys, bald eagles and many shore birds meter (3 feet) higher than the surrounding name. Muhly grass, Everglades beardgrass, ar- mangroves' unusual above-ground root systems islands dot the landscape. The loop road is City are also popular canoeing A
wrm waters with fish. porpoises, terrain. Floods, fires, and the invasion of saline rowhead, and many other grasses that grow in enable the trees to tolerate poorly oxygenated used for tram rides, bicycles, and walking. An COUNTRY CAMPING PERMIT 1S REQRE
a s and manatees waters can threaten the survival of a hammock, the glades are found here. Sawgrass, which is soils and help anchor Florida's hurricane-ravaged observation tower along the road provides a FOR ALOVERNIHTTRIP
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Tropical life from Caribbean islands blends with temperate species in the watery expanse for which it is named. Despite the park's size, its environ- man has drastically blocked its free flow through south Florida. Conflict- its canals looks today like a plumber's schematic diagram. Ono the
Everglades. The result is a 'rich mixture of plants and animals in a unique ment is threatened by the disruptive activities of agriculture, industry, ing demands compete for this precious water, leaving the Everglades, at benefactor of south Florida's naturally well-watered ric s Evr-
setting. The Everglades, never wholly known, invites you to explore its and urban development around it. There is no guarantee that the Florida's southernmost tip, struggling to survive. Life hangs in the glades now competes at the end of a man-controlled supply line. To the
mysteries. Give this park half a chance, take the time, and you will endangered species protected in the park since Its establishment in balance, a very delicate balance. Despite an apparent lush richness, north, flood prevention, agriculture, irrigation, frost protection, ps
discover wonder itself. You can drive through its skinny pine trees 1947 will survive. The importance and uniqueness of the Everglades water supplies are critical and porous limestone underlies the entire control, drinking water, and sewage dilution sysems sIphon off shae.
and miss its forests, or drive through its sawgrass and miss the glades. ecosystem have been recognized by its designation as an International park. Rooting plants have only a thin mantle of marl and peat atop this Proper water delivery to the park In the summer wet Wseson and winter
Many take such a hurried look. But try it another way. Talk and walk Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site. But it will take both human limestone for their support. If not protected the Everglades' fragile dry season is critical for the survival of wildlife. Man Is as much a part of
With a ranger. Slow down. Be moved by the slow, sure movement of this concern and prudent management to preserve the park's natural treasures. richness would quickly vanish, the Everglades as the alligator, but our conflicting actions as consumers
river of grass. The Everglades'subtropical climate governs its life. The nearly uniform and conservers have irrevocably changed south Floridaand alteed th
warm, sunny weather makes the park a year-round attraction, but there Problems persist. Agricultural development and the continued Everglades ecosystem. Concern for protecting rookeries of herons. bi',
A freshwater river 15 centimeters (6 inches) deep and 80 kilome- are two distinct seasons. Summer is wet- winter, dry. Heavy rains fall mushrooming of metropolitan Miami demand increasing amounts of and other wading birds from commercial plume hunting and oBtierhBuman.
terms (60 miles) wide creeps seaward through the Everglades on a during intense storms from late May through October. Warm, humid con- water, depleting water supplies. This, in turn, increases the threat of fire, impacts motivated the creation of the park. Ironically, millions of people
rirbed that slopes ever so gradually. During the wet season the water editions bring abundant insects, including mosquitoes, which are important which can destroy thin soils, inviting the invasion of exotic plants and now seek sanctuary here. Ultimately places like the Everglades Ma beW
may seem to be still, but it is flowing. Along its long course, the water to intricate food webs. Precipitation can exceed 127 centimeters (50 animals that upset natural habitats. Native vegetation critical to Ever- the last refuge, not just of eagles, crocodiles, and wood storks,;but of
drops 4.6 meters (15 feet), finally emptying into Florida Bay. Everglades inches) a year. glades ecology is depleted. The diversity and complexity protecting the people, too.
4, ... the name suggests a boundless refreshment. It actually means a fabric of life are diminished. The problems are linked and mutually
marshy land covered with scattered tall grasses. The national park's Life hangs by a thread in the Everglades. The problem? Water, fresh- reinforcing. The continued unchecked population growth of south Flor-
-*-r56QOO hectares (some 1.4 million acres) contain only'part of the water, the life-blood of the Everglades. it appears to be everywhere but ida poses severe ecological problems. An aerial view of the-region and
o-ray Great White Heron Brown Pelican Green Sea Turtle Florida Panther Crocodile W torw Soutmern BSld Eagle iAnlat*e
c a'We. 'rY 0. Va. "N.ww G.v a NM-gw."*. C.shoewv k s* 0rv
I ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ; 11 r^2S ^S^:owm ':
~~ gg~~~g~jyj9~~~~ Natlonai P~~~~~~Sa~~~w gwrayoslor by 0Ta how" evr uettmno
~The lvritalades Is bels knowti frits abundance and Large p uadons of Cape Sable sparows once foundThMgt he onErlas iin. Temdetle
aarietyo birdfe At Fliamlago you may beaoble to at Cape Sabl and Big Cypress are almost goe notntl, t iehsengral1rzdfrhihIoeao*h
4 watch roateaoonblfls.iargoink birds often mls- Only widely scattered Individuals remain. Taylor
1whiteheostml"ivendbreedin a By.A1out 50 latlon, but exoftic non-nativ plants Wothetn to close has now a1aged a comeback, aided by nainwd rswtr sc
pasir of southern bald eagles nest along the coast. li tHe opwnpirie this spaow needs for suraL protcion. R ntl 75 percn at
onieotthe e- n5angEdrdscanh sometimes be ShorHtaied hawks py on te s When abuntweemodrothl
eee fo *he b of th (M liFt"PlamingoVIstor dent hablitatd fostered an abqWndanceof Capwle Sable -Jan.d reclasswIfed as ed_
Caener, te aeadednee species found In sparrows this natural paredaifon posed no
the ark nclde te For~l p nthrmantee, Ever toth pe" s
* adesi.ink, reen seat loggerh teadfturtle, Fodta
VIM~r entersStoo y a pak vistor ceter Te mot~ reough-atr tesaltai ter pction aePesehl sprtch Everglades.Patc mi re0W Dve ily,
and oik Go prk infrmatio A shot intrd ationalpperk provfids, Thes t nroud.Feshwther fishigafordotooanr.Pt itri rshrcp eine o ordnj M
cehtt~ 1 kilmetrs 0U mies) outwestof ig detdsh egrt, apobFlorida mash ng roegcucktooapyo nvial e~e u ihte.Obev aeyadCuts vi itn h
Homstad Boksonth Evrgads ae ol i mos caesbu special addita~f^lKiMt^~.ional federalri- r.,es. Eno your.: visit in a ahtlesohr
herCto'A entanc fe is hared nly f rgulthispotecmute hbittemn woullwd witonhethreparkejythisenede.rfl ihfr" ontsmlki
,lo l S r 0 n ... ...
Visitor Centers Stop by a park visitor center The most sought-after saltwater species are t/a Please help us protect the Everglades. Practice limits are posted. Drive ly r Is
and pick up park information. A short introduc- snapper, redfish, and trout. Freshwater fishing F rf / /f / good outdoor manners. Put litter in trash recep- designed for your enjoyment ofath
tory film is shown regularly at the main visitor requires a Florida state license; saltwater fish- ,/ ./ *^ /, // I / ,f /~ / 8om!viearniimii tackles. Backcountry users must carry their litter Watch carefullyftor animals crossing the road to
center, 17 kilometers (10.8 miles) southwest of Ing does not. Florida fishing regulations apply ,/ /' Homestead. Books on the Everglades are sold in most cases, but special additional federal ------------------rules. Enjoy your visit in a way that lets others
here, too. An entrance fee is charged only if regulations must be followed within the park Ma^"n ViuirCent~2------------ C----- enjoy theirs. FIre Be careful with fires. Do not smoke on
you center the park through the main entrance. boundary. Special bag limits have been estab- RoylPalm i------ 5i ----- ------ f rails. Self-contaned cooking stoves should be
appear above the map on the reverse side. is prohibited. Spearguns are not allowed. Some shark *_____ many animals, such as alligators, lose their
freshwater and saltwater areas are closed to Everglades CIy/Gul Coast 4 *11 **1111 _41 natural fear of people. You can view them at Pets Pets must be under physical rtrive'
1 lrdwatohlni The chance to see rare birds, fishing. For a list of closed areas, and a copy of close range, but this does not mean they are control. They are not allowed on trisor In
: uch as thecAmerican bald eagle and the snail the park's fishing regulations, ask at visitor Camping In the Park Park campgrounds at Long Homestead, Miami, and Everglades City. Boat tame. They are still wild. DO NOT DISTURB amphitheaters.
i*;,,to, and spectacular seasonal displays of water centers or ranger stations. Pine Key and Flamingo have drinking water, tours at Flamingo explore the mangrove THE WILDLIFE AND DO NOT FEED THEM,
Birds lure people to the Everglades. Some picnic tables, grills, tent and trailer pads, and wilderness and Florida Bay. Sightseeing boats Even friendly looking animals, like raccoons, Airboat,iSwamp BugIeslnd ll '< TeBraln V.1*
s pieces that are uncommon or endangered BeatIng The park's many inland and coastal restrooms. Flamingo also has cold water showers. also go into the Ten Thousand Islands region can be dangerous, For your safety, watch for dete These vehicles are not permitted In the
u"' '~|ghiout the'lniltef~tates'or the worl are waterways lead to remote 'parts of the Eve8r- RecretIoal vehTO^cles are permitted, but there8-arwIthe angiarrove swTmiprofthe-northwestern -poiemonous'snaks, i c udin corartsnakea~, w- ^per
pl~atively common In the park. Early morn- glades. Several marked canoe trails near Fla- are no electrical, water, or sewage hookups. Everglades; these concession-operated tours ter moccasins, and diamondback and pygmy scares the wildlife.
~ifg and late afternoon are the best times for mingo, rivers near Everglades City, Whitewater Campground stays are limited to 14 days from leave from the Gulf Coast Ranger Station. rattlers.
i trdwatch Ing. Bay, and other areas also offer good boating November 1 to April 30. Fees are charged HuntlIn( Using any firearms orote
' :1 ~~~~~~~~~opportunities. Boaters can explore the shallow during the winter season. Group sites can be InformatIon For general information about BE WELL PREPARED FOR MOSQUITOES, apparatus that could injure wlifIspobte .;
laniger-3ulded Activities Naturalists give hikes, waters of Florida Bay, too. Most bay Islands are reserved from November 1 to April 30; write or facilities and services, contact the park (see particularly in the warmer, wetter months of
Iks,- canoe trps, tram tours, demonstrations, closed to boat landings to protect nesting birds. call for details. Backcountry campsites are |"Information" under "Things to See and Do" for summer. Bring insect repellent, or plan tg buy Park rangers are here to help youenlo your*
>nd:. campfire programs during the year. Activi- A small portion of the bay has been closed to accessible by boat, foot. or bicycle. A free address and telephone number). For specific some when you arrive. A longsleeved shirt, visit. Do not hesitate to ask their asi ll or.
; ies change daily. One day there may be a protect the endangered American crocodile, permit, issued at ranger stations on a first-, Information about concesasi on-operated long pants, and a cover for your head will help guidance. Please report any fIre, aicol BMvio
nr'inse bird walk or a paddle out into Florida Boaters must always be on the lookout for come, first-served basis no more than 24 hours services, contact the following. Flamingo: for guard against being bitten. lation, or other unusual I fltoilthemh.: -:,
*wiay or a crosacountry slough slog or a moon- manatees and should slow their boats when before the start of your trip, is required. The Iinformation and reservations for Flamingo Lodge J:~
light tram tour. Ask at the visitor centers for entering known manatee areas. See "Marina number of campers allowed at each designated Imotel and cabins and for information on the Do not damage, remove, or disturb any plants. I:
schedules, and Boats" for additional information. site is limited to guard against overuse and to' marina and store, boat tours and rentals. tram They, like the animals, are protected under park Jlli
increase opportunities for solitude, tours, gift shop, restaurant, and gasoline station, regulations. Watch for poisonous plants, such -.*'
Hiking Trails range from easy walks of less than InformatIon To find out more about the park, write Flamingo Lodge, Marina and Outpost as poison ivy, poisonwood, and manchineel. :
400 meters (0.25 mile) to more strenuous ones write: Information, Everglades National Park, Marina and Boats The Flamingo marina rents; Resort, Flamingo, FL 33030; or call (813) !i
23 kilometers (14 miles) long. For more infor- P.O. Box 279, Homestead, FL 33030; or call small powered skiffs, houseboats, patio boats,4 695-3101 or (305) 253-2241. Sharkt Valley: for HIkIng Off Tralts Be careful of your footing. M^ m-.l:
matron, see "Walking Trails" on the reverse (305) 247-6211. (TTY/TTD service-Persons and canoes. The marina can accommodate boats' tram tour information and reservations. call Mucky soil, sharp-edged pinnacle rock, and fSt^S^
sieo sk a perk ranger. See the map for trail with a teletypewriter, a telecommunication de- uip to 18 meters (60 feet) long with boat trallpr! (305) 221-8455. Everglades City/Gulf Coast: holes can make walking tricky. Let someone NMA^ B
l(ocations, vice for the deaf, can use this number, too.) The parking and free launch access. Slip feaaefor boat tour and rental information, write know your schedule and planned route before '
,.... *::* *non-profit Everglades Natural History Associa-\ based on boat lengthi. Canoes can also beI Everglades National Park Boat Tours, P.. o you leave. .'*'
Fil::**sla Inlanlfl*d and coastal' waters of. the Ever- tion sells publications at the main visitor center rented from a concessioner in Everglades City. 119, Everglades City, FL 39329; or call.. ; .
popularr fihn grounds. There Is a nd by mail. Write the association at P.O. Box Navigational charts can ,be purchased at the 1-800-445-7724 (In Florida) or 1-800-233-1821 Drviang The maximum during speed Is M io- -astt| afMcma. 'iiaw. J.*"-;
bsfishn nfehwtrpns329 oetad L300 fractlg Flamingo marina, the main visitor center and in~ (out-of-state).- -*' .meters (S5 miles) per hour. .Reduced speed "" -

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