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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Progress of the administration
 Office of the government secre...
 Department of agriculture...
 Department of education
 Department of finance
 Department of health
 Environmental sanitation
 Department of property and...
 Department of public safety
 Department of public works
 Department of social welfare
 Selective service operations
 St. Croix
 St. john
 Municipal courts


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Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00015459/00033
 Material Information
Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Alternate Title: Annual report - the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Portion of title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands to the Secretary of the Interior
Annual report, Virgin Islands
Physical Description: v. : tab. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Virgin Islands of the United States -- Governor
Publisher: for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication: Washington
Creation Date: 1957
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Virgin Islands of the United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Report covers fiscal year.
General Note: Title varies slightly.
General Note: Vols. for 1925/26 issued as Senate document 170, U.S. 69th Congress, 2d session.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01235215
lccn - 26027791
issn - 0363-3438
System ID: UF00015459:00033

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
    Progress of the administration
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Office of the government secretary
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Department of agriculture and labor
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Department of education
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Department of finance
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Department of health
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Environmental sanitation
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Department of property and procurement
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    Department of public safety
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
    Department of public works
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Department of social welfare
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    Selective service operations
        Page 58
        Page 59
    St. Croix
        Page 60
    St. john
        Page 61
    Municipal courts
        Page 62
        Page 63
Full Text





















For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1958



3 54. 7 9 7Z
V8/7.
1 958





efi:L r
-6


1958


Annual Report


THE GOVERNOR OF THE


Virgin Islands

TO THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR


For the Fiscal rear Ended June 30, 1958


~S\6~c]r C~ ile \I;1~Jed si~'ir~ ~,





















UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
FRED A. SEATON, Secretary

VIRGIN ISLANDS
Walter A. Gordon, Governor


UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D.C.


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D.C. Price 25 cents


















Contents


PROGRESS OF THE ADMINISTRATION . .

OFFICE OF THE GOVERNMENT SECRETARY . .

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND LABOR .

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION . ....

DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE . ....

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH . .

DEPARTMENT OF PROPERTY AND PROCUREMENT .

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY . ...

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS . ...

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE . ..

DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM AND TRADE . .

SELECTIVE SERVICE . .

ST. CROIX-SPECIAL REPORT . ....

.T. JOHN-SPECIAL REPORT . . .

MUNICIPAL COURTS . . .


Page


4

9
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. 11

. 16

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38

41

46
S. 856


. 58

. 60

. . 61

S. 62











Annual Report of the

Governor of the Virgin Islands


Walter A. Gordon, Governor






PROGRESS OF THE ADMINISTRATION
INCREASED stability in the operation of the Government was
realized during fiscal year 1958. Revenues amounted to $4,161,-
389.25, an increase over fiscal year 1957 of $476,304.79, or 12.93 per-
cent. Principal gains were reflected in income taxes. Cash balance
in the Treasury of the Government of the Virgin Islands on June 30,
1958, amounted to $5,696,822.65.
As was true during fiscal year 1957, it was once again not neces-
sary to borrow funds to finance the operations of the government
for the first months of the current fiscal year. Net worth of the
Government of the Virgin Islands, as shown from a complete inven-
tory, was $18,181,448.23.
Estimated returns from matching funds for fiscal year 1958 should
exceed $3,800,000.
The water problem which plagued St. Thomas and St. John espe-
cially during most of fiscal year 1957 abated somewhat during the
period following March 1958 when the 18-month drought ended and
unusual rains blessed the islands. During fiscal year 1958, 45.25
inches of rain fell as compared with only 27.76 the previous year.
It was still necessary to haul from Puerto Rico to the Virgin
Islands 39,349,600 gallons of water-25,917,400 gallons by govern-
ment barge and 13,432,200 gallons by chartered vessels. However,
toward the end of the period it was possible to accomplish all haul-
ing of water with the government barge and tug Carpeake, thus
obviating the necessity for renting Navy and commercial equipment.
1






2 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
During the year, 58,459,070 gallons were used in the Charlotte
Amalie-St. Thomas system. There continues to be an urgent need
for additional water storage facilities in the island of St. Thomas.
The present capacity of approximately 10 million gallons is totally
inadequate to meet even the minimum needs of the fast-developing
community. It would appear that ultimately salt water conversion
facilities represent the only real solution to the perennial water
problem of St. Thomas and St. John. In contrast, the potential
natural water resources of the island of St. Croix are considerable.
They only require proper development over the years ahead.
With the expansion and construction of new homes in districts
where there are very poor road conditions, there continues to be a
need for more road construction.
Due to limitations on insular funds, most repair and maintenance
assignments on roads and highways, the extension of sewer system
and potable water system were undertaken through (ii) projects.
From similar funds, the work on the Centerline Road and Scenic
Road, and other roads and streets in St. Croix, were accomplished.
Extensive repairs were made to several old historic buildings.
In 1957 the general health picture as presented by available statis-
tics showed a slight improvement over'1956, due especially to the
lowered mortality rate for St. Thomas, with little change in St.
Croix. The Health Department completed its reorganization during
fiscal year 1958. A comprehensive study of the Reconnaissance
Management Survey was also completed. In addition, a revised
State and Survey Plan for the construction of hospital and medical
facilities, as applicable under the Hill-Burton Act, was submitted
to the Surgeon General of the U.S. Public Health Service for
approval.
The Hampton Institute program for teacher training was con-
tinued with the-1957 summer session in St. Croix. On June 2, three
students from the Virgin Islands studying at Hampton Institute
under this program were granted master of arts degrees. There
were 5,921 pupils enrolled in the public schools and 2,261 enrolled
in private and parochial schools. The vocational education program
reactivated its agriculture program. A State plan for practical
nurse training was submitted to the U.S. Office of Education for
review and acceptance.
Representation was made by the Commissioner of Social Welfare
before the Congressional House Ways and Means Committee during
fiscal year 1958 in support of bill H.R. 6656 to increase the annual
limitation for public assistance from $200,000 to $300,000. The
Department, through its Divisions of Public Assistance, Child Wel-
fare, and Institutions and Special Programs, continues it social






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 3

services in the communities. The Public Assistance Division redou-
bled its efforts in rehabilitating employables and to establish eligi-
bility on a sound basis. This has resulted in the reduction of 100
cases in the monthly caseload. The Child Welfare Division provided
casework services to 632 children as compared with 592 in fiscal
year 1957. The Community Chest, an effective nonprofit organiza-
tion in St. Thomas, continues to provide services in areas of need
where Federal and local government programs cannot serve, due
either to a lack of funds or operational restrictions. This organi-
zation spent $11,860.50 during fiscal year 1958.
As a result of the passage of the Virgin Islands Code, the Divi-
sion of Personnel and the Office of Real Property Assessment and
Recording were transferred from the Department of Insular Affairs
to the Office of the Government Secretary.
On September 1, 1957, when the Virgin Islands Code went into
effect, the Municipal Courts of the Virgin Islands replaced and took
over the functions of the Police Courts. In addition to the exclusive
jurisdiction granted by the Revised Organic Act of 1954, the new
courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the District Court
of the Virgin Islands in all cases of misdemeanors regardless of the
punishment and in all civil actions wherein the matter in contro-
versy does not exceed the sum or value of $1,000.
The Municipal Courts are also courts of record, made so by the
provisions of the Virgin Islands Code. It has been a step in the
right direction in increasing the jurisdiction exercised by the former
Police Courts and establishing in their stead Municipal Courts, as
these courts are in closest touch with human rights and liberties,
and as a consequence are now in a position to serve the communities
in a wider field.
The Virgin Islands Code also separated the Municipal Courts
from the administrative branch of government and placed them
under the supervision of the Judge of the District Court and the
Judicial Council of the Virgin Islands. As the Judge of the District
Court is also Chairman of the Judicial Council, there is no result-
ing division of authority. This change gives us the three separate
branches of government on a Territorial level.
A major accomplishment of the year was the enactment of the
Virgin Islands Code, effective September 1, 1957, representing a
revision, compilation, and codification of all the laws of the Virgin
Islands into one well-organized and up-to-date Code. A Code Ad-
visory Committee appointed by the Secretary of the Interior, and
composed of distinguished members of the bench, bar, and Legis-
lature, assisted by a special committee appointed by the Virgin
Islands Bar Association, rendered an invaluable service in the







4 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

preparation of the Code. Published in five well-printed and bound
volumes, fully annotated and indexed, the Code presents a ready
means of reference for the Government, the courts, and the citizenry
for enforcement of and compliance with the law of the land. Here-
tofore, it was extremely difficult at times to determine applicable
law, including old Danish laws and those passed by the former
Colonial and Municipal Councils, the former Legislative Assembly
and the Virgin Islands Legislature. It is applicable throughout
the Virgin Islands.
As one of the results of the enactment of the Virgin Islands
Code, the Government of the Virgin Islands underwent major
organizational changes for the second time in 3 years (the first,
during fiscal year 1955, came as a result of the Revised Organic
Act of 1954). Major administrative reorganization effected by the
Virgin Islands Code and Executive orders issued during the period
include (a) transfer of the Division of Personnel and the Office of
Real Property Assessment and Recording from the Department of
Insular Affairs to the Office of the Government Secretary, (b) re-
designation of the Department of Property and Procurement, (c)
transfer of the Municipal Courts from the Executive Branch to the
Judicial Branch of the Government, (d) transfer of the Office of
the Director of the Budget from the Department of Insular Affairs
first to the Department of Finance and finally to the Office of the
Governor, and (e) transfer of the Alexander Hamilton Airport in
St. Croix from the Department of Insular Affairs to the Depart-
ment of Public Works.

OFFICE OF THE GOVERNMENT SECRETARY
On May 31, 1957, Charles K. Claunch resigned the position of
Government Secretary for the Virgin Islands. This position was
vacant until December 23, 1957, when John D. Merwin, a native of
the Virgin Islands, was appointed to fill the vacancy.
During the interim, Joseph E. FitzPatrick, Budget Director, was
designated Executive Assistant to the Government Secretary to
carry on the ministerial functions of the office.
In addition to the specific duties outlined in the revised Organic
Act of the Virgin Islands, the Government Secretary is, among
other things, Chairman of the Board of Tax Review, the Board of
Control of Alcoholic Beverages, the Banking Board of the Virgin
Islands, St. Croix Port Authority, and Inter-Virgin Islands Con-
ference. He is the Chief Licensing Officer of the Virgin Islands,
and on occasion he serves as Acting Commissioner for different
departments.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 5

Document Control and Licensing
On January 1, 1958, Act No. 194 (bill No. 487) went into effect.
This act standardized license fees for the Virgin Islands, and re-
quired that all applications for licenses be filed with the Govern-
ment Secretary's Office. It further provided more and better control
over businesses operating in the three islands. During the fiscal
period under review, 1,718 license applications were processed, result-
ing in the collection of $40,301.13. Under existing procedures, all
persons are required to forward appropriate fees with their appli-
cations. This method of collection and processing has provided for
more effective control.

Insurance
As Commissioner of Insurance, the Government Secretary is
responsible for the administration of title 22 of the Virgin Islands
Code relating to insurance.
Prior to September 1, 1957, when the Virgin Islands Code became
effective, the Commissioner's insurance operations were limited to
companies resident in St. Thomas, in accordance with bill No. 69
of the Eighth Municipal Council of St. Thomas and St. John.
Insurance companies operating in St. Croix were required to com-
ply only with the provisions of the corporation laws.
At the beginning of the calendar year 1958, companies in St.
Croix were required to obtain certificates of authority, in accord-
ance with the revised insurance laws. However, most of the com-
panies operating in St. Croix were already registered in St. Thomas,
and had already obtained such certificates of authority. Conse-
quently, only five companies operating in St. Croix were added to
the register of insurance companies.

Corporations
All corporate activity is now centralized in the Government Secre-
tary's Office, in accordance with the provisions of the Virgin Islands
Code which became effective September 1, 1957. Before this date,
corporate activity of this Office was limited to companies organized
or doing business in St. Thomas. The processing of corporate docu-
ments of companies organized or doing business in St. Croix was
done through the Office of the Administrative Assistant for St.
Croix, after clearance through the Government Secretary's Office
with the United States Attorney regarding the legal sufficiency of
the documents.
495763-59---2







6 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
During fiscal year 1958, the Government Secretary's Office issued
56 certificates of incorporation and 9 certificates of amendment.
Also, seven corporations were dissolved, and eight were removed
from the active list due to failure to pay annual license fees.

Miscellaneous
The Government Secretary grants authorization to ministers to
perform civil-religious ceremonies within the Virgin Islands. Dur-
ing 1958, 13 ministers were given authority to perform such cere-
monies.
The processing of notary public commissions likewise falls within
the scope of activities of this Office. Commissions are issued for
a 4-year period. At the beginning of the fiscal year there were four
notaries public on the island of St. Croix, and nine on the island
of St. Thomas. There are seven government notaries on the island
of St. Thomas and six on St. Croix authorized to perform strictly
governmental functions. The Virgin Islands Code provides that
the Governor may commission not more than 25 notaries for the
Virgin Islands, as compared with 20 previously authorized under
the old law. It further provides for the appointment of not more
than 20 government notaries for the Virgin Islands.
Another function of this Office is the preparation of passports.
Passport applications are submitted to this Office by the Clerk of
the District Court and prepared for the Governor's signature.
During the fiscal year 1958, 79 passports were issued, and there
were 47 renewals and 2 amendments.

Virgin Islands Board of Tax Review
After an inactive status of over 2 years, the tax exemption program
of the Virgin Islands was reactivated in January 1958. The Legis-
lature enacted and the Governor approved on July 5, 1957, Act No.
224 (bill No. 479), the new tax exemption law of the Virgin Islands
granting tax exemption and subsidies.
The tax exemption program of the Virgin Islands is administered
by the Virgin Islands Board of Tax Review comprising five members.
The Government Secretary is Chairman of the Board by law. As
of June 30, 1958, there were 41 businesses operating on permanent tax
exemptions, employing 2,000 persons, and there were 37 businesses
operating on temporary tax exemptions, employing a total of 1,000
employees.
Upon the reactivation of the tax exemption program, the question
of the payment of subsidies was resolved and 22 corporations received







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 7

subsidy payments amounting to $684,500.47, divided into the follow-
ing categories:
75 percent of income taxes paid--- -7--- --_ ---' ___ $469, 766.27
Custom duties paid by tax-exempt corporations--- ___- __--___. 83, 264. 15
Taxes paid on income earned from purchase or sale of securities--- 131, 470. 05

Division of Personnel
The new Virgin Islands Code designated the Government Secretary
as the administrator of the merit system. This places many difficulties
in that Office and within the Division of Personnel. The critical and
frequent contact with employees and jobseekers, the need for quick
action in day-to-day personnel administration, and the full-time na-
ture of the work involved in personnel administration all seem to point
to the necessity of delegating a definite and considerable degree of
responsibility to an officer other than the Government Secretary.
However, by placing the responsibility for personnel administra-
tion at such a high level in the administrative structure, the added
prestige, authority, and executive support for this facet of govern-
ment operations will, undoubtedly, facilitate progress.
The new pay plan.-By bill No. 690, Act No. 323, Second Legis-
lature of the Virgin Islands of the United States, regular session,
1958, the Division of Personnel was given its fourth pay plan to
administer, scheduled to be effective on July 1, 1958.
This act contains several worthwhile features. These include
(1) reestablished regular within-range increases for "satisfactory
or better" services which were in effect previously, but were omitted
from the 1955 plan; (2) a "longevity scale," new to Virgin Islands
pay plans, to cover employees who may have reached the maximum
of their pay range; (3) a new schedule covering pay to teachers
and other professional personnel in the Department of Education;
(4) higher entrance salaries for policemen and firemen; (5) initial-
effect within-range increments recognizing prior satisfactory serv-
ice; (6) new ranges in addition to the 12 established by the 1955 plan;
and (7) provisions placing in the unclassified service members of
the Governor's immediate staff.
Social security.-The Federal Government no longer maintains a
social security representative stationed in the Virgin Islands. As
a result, employees or other persons must now await the biweekly
visit of the representative from the main office in Puerto Rico to
file their applications for social security numbers. The result is that
many persons who have been employed by our Government must
wait 2 to 4 weeks before receiving their social security number which
is required before their names may be placed on the payroll. : It







8 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

appears advisable, therefore, to urge the reinstatement of a local
social security representative in the Virgin Islands.
Government Employees Service Commission.-During fiscal year
1958 the Government Employees Service Commission heard six ap-
peal cases-one concerning placement on eligible lists, one concern-
ing demotion, one concerning reallocation, and three concerning
layoffs. Of these six cases, the Commission's recommendations were
accepted by the Governor in two instances, disapproved in three,
and accepted but amended by him in one instance.
Foresight Foundation scholarship.-Staff members of the Divi-
sion of Personnel continued to provide liaison services to Mrs. Ruth
A. Taussig, president of the Foresight Foundation, Inc. This or-
ganization, with headquarters at 30 East 71st Street, New York
City, has been giving full-tuition scholarships to government em-
ployees to attend colleges and universities since 1949. Since that
time, at least one scholarship has been granted annually. This
year, however, a greater number were granted. These scholarship
awards are made as a memorial to the late Charles W. Taussig, who,
through his work with the U.S. Department of State and the
Caribbean Commission, developed a fondness for and interest in
the progress of the Virgin Islands.

Division of Real Property Assessment and Recording
Assessments of values of real property in the Virgin Islands for
the calendar year 1957 were made during the period January 1957
to May 1958. Total assessments of value amounted to $27,831,-
048.80. Due to the fact that the decision to reassess all land
according to a definite formula was not made until February 1,
the normal schedule of assessing real property was not feasible, and
both the Tax Assessor for the islands of St. Thomas and.St. John,
and the District Tax Assessor for St. Croix were delayed in the
completion of their relative tax rolls. The total estimated revenue
to be derived from assessments during the coming fiscal year (based
on the assessments made in 1958) 'is $347,889.49. This represents
an increase of $81,866.03 over the previous year.
Recorder of Deeds.-The total number of documents submitted
for recording between July 1, 1957 and June 30, 1958 was 2,431.
The number exceeds that recorded in fiscal year 1957 by 111 docu-
ments, and is 1,238 more than during the year 1953.
The Division's office in St. Thomas was moved to the Library
Building, which is not adequate to house satisfactorily the com-
bined functions required by the Division. In St. Croix, the space






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 9

allotted to the Division is still inadequate, since the library of the
Recorder of Deeds has outgrown its physical space allotment.

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND LABOR
Experiment Station--St. Thomas
The Agricultural Experiment Station located at Estate Dorothea
on St. Thomas rendered invaluable service to and provided neces-
sary facilities for the French farmers in the area.
Frequent field trips were made by personnel at the station for
the purpose of providing technical assistance to farmers. Informa-
tion on soil improvement, terracing, treatment of diseased crops,
and advice on improvement of crops was disseminated.
Rainfall for the period was 51.90 inches. From records available
at the station, it was observed that rainfall varies considerably from
year to year, and is consistent only to the extent that most of the
precipitation may be expected during the period July to December.

St. Croix Agricultural Program
It is important to mention that a sound and workable agricultural
program has been initiated on the island of St. Croix. The objec-
tives relating to this program are as follows:
1. To conduct a demonstration farm displaying best principles
and practices for crops fitted to our soil, climate, economy, nutri-
tional needs and tastes.
2. To make available to farmers a source of seeds, plants, ferti-
lizers, insecticides, and fungicides, this service to be rendered on
a self-liquidating, nonprofit basis.
3. To develop markets and assist farmers in the marketing of their
products.
4. To assist farmers in the preservation of surplus products.
5. To make available to farmers slips and vegetable seedlings at
a reasonable low cost.
6. To provide to our Government institutions, such as hospitals,
school lunch programs, and institutions for the aged, all surplusage
grown without any remunerative gain.
7. To provide a source of ornamental plants to assist in the beau-
tification of the community.
8. To extend the growing season of vegetables through the intro-
duction of irrigation practices and by the planting of late-maturing
varieties.







10 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Division of Labor
Workmen's Compensation Administration.-The compensation of-
ficers in the year under review received 339 injury reports. Under
this section of the officers' activities 296 cases were disposed of, in-
volving medical costs or compensation for disability in the various
classifications listed hereunder, and there were issued 525 orders
awarding a total of $48,993.77. The adjudication of the cases stated
necessitated 230 public hearings, and cases where only minor medical
attendance was involved were disposed of without formal hearings.
.A breakdown of the total money value awarded shows:
Disability and medical claims:
Temporary total disability---------------------------- $15,040.43
Permanent partial disability---------------------------- 8, 805.05
Medical attendance and hospitalization-------------------- 19, 918.29
Professional and clerical services------------------- 5, 230. 00

Total ---------------------------------- 48, 993. 77
Fair Labor Standards Act.-The fiscal year witnessed a number of
complaints concerning wages, hours of work, and other conditions
affecting employment in the Virgin Islands. Growing out of these
complaints, back wages and overtime compensation were collected
and paid to workers in the aggregate of $2,528.10.


Ofice of Veterans Afairs
Under this section of the Department's activities, the Director of
Veterans Affairs processed 2,957 cases. Several conferences were
held with officials of the local and Federal Government, representa-
tives of the district and central offices of the Veterans' Administra-
tion in Puerto Rico and the United States, on matters pertaining.
to veterans benefits under existing laws. Approximately $185,000
was earned by Virgin Islands veterans in training allowances, medi-
cal care, and other pension benefits.


Employment Service Program
The most important service rendered by the Virgin Islands Em-
ployment Service was the placement of 2,811 workers on jobs. In
addition, approximately 1,500 clearance orders for alien workers
from nearby islands were processed.
Employment Service counseling interviews were conducted.
Approximately 275 orders for alien agricultural workers were
processed by this office during the year. These supplemental workers







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 11

were used to plant and harvest sugarcane, and to work on small
diversified farms.
The Virgin Islands Employment Service completed a study of
manpower requirements and employment opportunities. The data
compiled on current employment, labor market characteriics, an-
ticipated employment trends, vocational training requirements, and.
related economic indicators are presented and analyzed in- a booklet
"Job Opportunity Survey-March 1958."
Summary of Employment Service activities is as c6ntainedd Aithe
following table: ::
New applications ------- ----------------------------, 754
Counseling interviews -----------------------------------------415
Employer visits .------------------------------------------- 336
Promotional telephone contacts-------------------------------- 592
GATB's administered.--.------------------------------------- 130
Specific aptitude tests administered --------------------------- 113
Proficiency tests administered--------------------- ------------ 100
Placements (nonagricultural) -------------------- 2, 780
Professional and clerical .----.-------------------------307
Skilled and semiskilled ------------------------------- 637
Unskilled------------------------- --------719
Service ------------------ ------------------- 834
Daywork and casual--._----- -------- ------ 283
Placements (agricultural) .------------------------------------ 31

Claims activities
Veterans claims:
New intrastate claims---------- -------------------- 81
Total weeks unemployment compensated ------------------ 1, 437
Total weeks partial unemployment compensated ------------- 58
Total amount of compensation paid-----------_------- $36, 823. 50
Total number of final payments---------------------------- 36
Federal employee claims:
New intrastate claims------------------------------------- 51
Total weeks unemployment compensated------------ 63
Total weeks partial unemployment compensated- ___--- 5
Total amount of compensation paid------------------- $1, 326. 00
Total number of final payments __------------------ 2
TUC claims (new-program, June 22; 1958):
New claims, TUC-UCV-------- --------------------------- 5
Total weeks compensated_--------------------------- 0
New claims, TUC-UCFE ----------------- --------------- 0
Total weeks compensated_--_ ----------------------------- 0

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

The school year 1957-58 ended on a hopeful note as the realiza-
tion of several long-rangt objectives was in sight. Dr. Andrew C.
Preston was appointed Commissioner in March, and plans for im-
proving and extending existing services were set in motion. Funds






12 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

were appropriated for the renovation of several elementary schools
in St. Thomas and the new school buildings in St. Croix were near
completion by the end of the fiscal year.
The Department of Education was privileged to serve as host to
six members of the National Manpower Council and the Joint
Council on Economic Education, under the cochairmanship of Dr.
Henry David and Dr. Moe Frankel. This group visited the Virgin
Islands from January 11 to 25 upon the invitation of Gov. Walter
A. Gordon and of Dr. Alonzo G. Moron, president of Hampton
Institute. Teachers improved professionally and personally as a
result of the lectures and subsequent discussions relative to the
impact of manpower, womanpower, human resources, and scientific,
technological, and economic development on the schools, the Nation,
and the world.
The Hampton Institute program for teacher training was con-
tinued with the 1957 summer session in St. Croix, and courses in
college algebra and tests and measurements were offered during the
school year. On June 2, three students from the Virgin Islands
were granted master of arts degrees upon completion of training
under this program. It is anticipated that these persons will teach
in our public schools next year.
The year's outstanding achievement in the Elementary Division
has been the subject outlines which are in the possession of all
primary grade teachers. Elementary teachers are happy to have
these outlines because they actively participated in the discussions
and work which led to the preparation and compilation of the
contents. Also, they feel more secure as they plan their teaching
programs. While these outlines are neither detailed nor all inclu-
sive, they attempt to set minimum requirements to be attained on
each grade level.
The Paul M. Pearson Gardens Kindergarten was opened in
September, thus placing all kindergartens in adequate government-
owned buildings. However, it has been necessary to continue the
transportation of children pending construction of a kindergarten
in the Savan area.
The Director of Secondary Schools devoted much time to super-
vision, planning for curriculum development and for improvement
in other areas in the secondary schools of both islands. Many prob-
lems resulting from inadequate teaching staff and lack of instruc-
tional supplies and equipment plagued us at the beginning of the
year. Some of these were partially solved later on, and it is hoped
that they will be further diminished in 1958-59.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 13

During the fiscal year 1957-58, the vocational education program
regained some of the ground it had lost in 1956-57. The agricul-
tural program which had been suspended for the past 2 years due
to inability to secure two qualified instructors was revived. An
auto mechanics instructor was obtained for St. Thomas, and the
course in St. Croix was extended to an all-day program. A State
plan for practical nurse training was submitted, a building reno-
vated, equipment requisitioned, and other preparations made to
offer the course at the earliest possible date.
Students of trade and industrial education classes obtained prac-
tice while performing such needed jobs as rewiring the building
for the Community Youth Center, the renovation of the Girls Home
in St. Croix, and the building of a rural kindergarten in St. Thomas.
The Bureau of Recreation was able to secure six summer workers
and later four regular permanent employees, thus assuring a con-
tinuing program for the year. Major activities included baseball,
volleyball, basketball, softball, tennis, cricket, soccer, and track and
field events. Various age groups participated in two or more of
these sports. The Bureau also served a large group of teenagers
and adults who made daily use of the youth centers.
Office space was allocated in the Government House in St. Croix
to vocational rehabilitation in preparation for a counselor and clerk
to devote full-time to the program in that island.
Public libraries became eligible for Federal assistance after the
approval of a State plan for the extension of library services to
rural areas.
Detailed information regarding enrollment, attendance, teaching
staff, receipts, and expenditures is provided in the statistical sum-
maries which follow:

Teachers employed in public schools, Virgin Islands
Year: Total
1947-48-- ..-------------------------------- --------102
1948-49--------------------------------- --------- 96
1949-50 ---------------------------------------------------- 116
1950-51----------------------------------------------------- 112
1951-52 --------- --------------------------- ----- 111
1952-53 ------------------------------------------------ 111
1953-54 -------------------------------------- ----- 114
1954-55 --------------------------------- ---- ------ 1184
1955-56--------------------------------- ----- '- 1 215
1956-57------------------------------------------- 1207
1957-58---------------------------------------------- ----- '1 214
1 These figures are for the entire Virgin Islands. Figures for other years are for the municipality of St.
Thomas and St. John.


495763-59-3








14 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

aEpenditures by years (1948 to 1958, inclusive), Virgin Islands
Year: Total
Year :
1947-48 ------------------------------------ --- $286,553.55
1948-49 -------------------------------------------- 324, 584.47
1949-50 ------------------------------------------- 382, 776. 74
1950-51 -- ----------------------------------- -- 361, 618. 25
1951-52 -------------------------------- -----387,584.43
1952-53 ---------------------- ------------------- 494, 309. 94
1953-54 -------- ------------------------------- 505,062.55
1954-55------------------------------------------- 862,759.16
1955-56---------------------- -----------------' 1, 180, 397. 94
1956-57--------------------------------- ---- 1, 107, 254. 32
1957-58 -------------------------------------------- '1, 286,009, 36
1 These figures are for the entire Virgin Islands. Figures for other years are for the municipality of St.
Thomas and St. John.

Average cost per pupil (1948 to 1958, inclusive), Virgin Islands
Year: Total
1947-48------------------- ----------------------------- $95.46
1948-49------------------------------------------- ------ 89. 51
1949-50----------- ---------------------------------------- 74. 66
1950-51 --------------------------------------------------. 69. 67
1951-52 ------------------------------------------------ 102. 15
1952-53--------------------------------------------------- 100.44
1953-54----------------------------------------------------105.12
1954-55 ---- --------------- ------- 117.86
1955-56 ------- ----------- -- -------------------_ 141.00
1956-57----- -------------- --------------- 1137.30
1957-58 ----------------------------- ------_--- -- 151. 84
I These figures are for the entire Virgin Islands. Figures for other years are for the municipality of St
Thomas and St. John.


Average monthly salaries of teachers according to certification and assignment,
Virgin Islands
Salary per
Certification and assignment; month
Master's degree-------- ----------- ------------ $399. 06
College 4-year .----__-_- __--_---------__--- ----_ 309. 57
College 3-year ------------------------------ 255. 30
College 2-year ---------------------------------------- 223. 41
College 1-year ----- ---------------------- 182.77
Senior high school graduate ------ ----------_------------ 164. 58
Special service ---------------------------------- 260.76
Special class A ---------------------------------- 319. 44
Second-class teachers ------------------_--------- 155. 00
Elementary and kindergarten teachers ------------------------- 222. 45
High school teachers -------____ --- ------312. 35
Supervisors__ ___------- ---__ ____- 420. 67
Average salary per teacher-_--------- --- --------_------ 265. 51








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 15

Average salary per teacher by years, Virgin Islands
Dollars per
Year: month
1947-48 ------- ---------------------------------------- $100.73
1948-49----------------------- ------------------------ 105.97
1949-50----------------------------------------- 123. 62
1950-51 ----------------------------------------------- 127. 98
1951-52 ----------------------------------------------- 127.08
1952-53 ------------------------------------------------ 163. 73
1953-54 .---- -------------------- 171.77
1954-55 ---------------------------------------------- 189.47
1955-56------------------ ------------------- 1235. 11
1956-57 ..-------------. --.-- ------------------ 1 256. 29
1957-58 .---.--- ------------------. -------------------- 1263. 98
1 These figures are for the entire Virgin Islands. Figures for other years are for the municipality of St.
Thomas and St. John.
Miscellaneous data
Number of schools:
Public (including kindergartens) ----------------------_ 28
Parochial---..... -------------......--- ------ .----- 8
Private---------------------------------------------- 5

Total ...------------- ---.----------------.-- .. 41

School enrollment (June 1958):
Public----------------------------------.------------ 6,391
Parochial __.------------------------- .----------- 2, 077
Private -------------------------------------- 228

Total .--.-----. ------------.-------------- --....... 8,696

Public school enrollment:
Kindergartens--------------------------------------- 312
Grades 1 through 6 ----------------------------------- 4, 122
Grades 7 through 9 ------------------ ------------ 1,382
Grades 10 through 12---------------------------------- 575

Total .----------...... ----- ---------------------- 6, 391

Average pupils per classroom teacher:
Rural elementary------------------------------------ 32
Urban elementary- .--..----------..__ -_. ---.---- 41
High school---------- ------------------------- ----32
Average salary of teachers in public schools:
Elementary ----- ----------------------$2, 557. 54
High school (academic) .--.----------. --------------- $3, 734. 33

Teacher training (exclusive of vocational):
College graduates----------_--------- ----.------------ 81
Normal school (2 years or more)---- ------------..----. 45
Less than 2 years college-- -----_---_----_-------- 57
Other --------------------------------------.. ..----- 7

Total .....--------.......-------------- ----.-... 190







16 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Source of funds:
General fund ------.--------------.------------- $1, 182, 600. 00
Matching single I fund------------- --------------- 3, 500. 00
Lottery fund ------------- -------- ---------- 22, 670. 00
Federal contributions to-
School lunch------------------------------------- 34, 577. 00
Vocational education ----------------------------- 40, 000. 00
Vocational rehabilitation --------------------- 10, 393. 61
Rural libraries extension --_- ---_ --- ---- 20, 641.00

Total funds available -------------------------- 1, 314, 381. 61

Total obligations and expenditures:
General fund------- --------_------------ 1, 184, 203. 66
'Matching single I fund ------------------------- 2, 832. 52
Federal funds .------------------------------------- 101, 805. 66

Total----------- ------------------------------- 1, 288, 841. 84

Expenditures per pupil exclusive of school lunch, adult educa-
tion, and community services-- ------------------------- $151. 84
Average daily participation in school lunch program, 1957-58--- 4, 620
Number of meals served----------------------------------- 821, 312
NOTE.-No figures are available on the value of school lunch commodities donated by the U.S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture: therefore, the cost per pupil participating in school lunch could not be stated this year

DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE

For the first time since the unification of the Government of the
Virgin Islands into a single entity (and we believe for the first
time in its history), we are now able to furnish a statement of the
financial condition of the Government of the Virgin Islands as a
whole, listing its assets, liabilities, and net worth.
Previous reports have only shown this information on a fund
basis. It is gratifying to note that improvements in our accounting
system, and increased efficiency in our Accounting Division, made
it possible to correct the previously existing deficiency and furnish
this important and necessary information.
As of June 30, 1958, the assets of the Government of the Virgin
Islands amounted to $19,887,932.29; its liabilities, $1,706,484.06, and
its net worth, $18,181,448.23.
As at June 30, 1958, the balance of cash on hand and in the
Treasury of the Government of the Virgin Islands amounted to
$5,696,822.65.
The general fund (the principal operating fund of the Govern-
ment) showed a cash surplus of $1,160,488.73 over known obliga-
tions outstanding of $401,090.71 at the close of the fiscal year.
This is the second consecutive fiscal year that there has been
sufficient money in the General Fund to finance the operations of







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 17

the Government at the beginning of a fiscal year without recourse
to deficit financing.
Cash balances in the Federal Appropriation Matching Single "i"
Fund, the Federal Appropriation Essential Public Projects Double
"i" Fund, as well as the various other special and nonbudgetary
funds, also showed surpluses.
The high level of income reached in Government during the fiscal
year 1957 was not only maintained but was surpassed in the fiscal
year 1958.
During the fiscal year 1958, revenues collected amounted to
$4,161,389.25, an increase of $476,304.79, or 12.93 percent over simi-
lar collections in the previous fiscal year.
Principal sources of revenues and receipts were (a) taxes, (b)
customs duties, (c) income from Government operations and serv-
ices, and (d) the Federal Government's matching fund contri-
butions.
Taxes amounting to $3,872,616.17 constituted 93.06 percent of the
revenues that accrued to the General Fund of the Treasury of the
Virgin Islands. Of these tax revenues, the income tax accounted
for $2,239,414.96, or 57.83 percent of all taxes collected. Taxes on
business, either direct or indirect, accounted for $1,045,951.96, or
27.01 percent; customs duties, $295,000, or 7.62 percent; real prop-
erty taxes, $278,587.49, or 7.19 percent; inheritance taxes, $13,304.82,
or 1.98 percent, for tourism and trade; $96,635.60, or 1.77 percent,
percent.
Revenues from Government services or operations amounted to
$288,773.08, or 6.94 percent of all revenues.

Road Fund
This fund was established by legislative enactment, and became
effective on July 1, 1957. The enacting legislation provided that
all taxes upon the sale of gasoline, and all fines imposed by the
courts for violation of traffic laws, should be covered into the fund.
During the fiscal year 1958, revenues collected and deposited into
the Road Fund amounted to $155,271.88. Of this amount, $150,-
230.88 represented collections from taxes on the sale of gasoline,
and $5,041 from the collection of fines imposed for the violation
of traffic laws.


Federal Matching Funds
Contributions by the Federal Government of matching funds for
the fiscal year 1958, based on fiscal year 1957 net revenues as ap-







18 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

proved by the Government Comptroller of the Virgin Islands,
amounted to $3,379,133.21, an increase of $909,707.04, or 36.84 per-
cent over matching funds received during the previous fiscal year.
Revenues collected during fiscal year 1958 that were subject to
matching funds amounted to $4,027,888.05. Of this amount, $3,872,-
616.17 represented revenues applicable to the general fund, and
$155,271.88 represented collection of revenues applicable to the Road
Fund. We have received no information as to the amount of net
revenues that will be certified by the Comptroller based on these
collections; however, it is estimated that certification should not be
less than $3,800,000.

Federal Contributions
During the fiscal year 1958, the Federal Government's contribu-
tion to grant-in-aid programs, and other programs in which the
Federal Government participates, amounted to $656,575.06, an in-
crease of $93,193.50, or 16.54 percent over the previous fiscal year.

Government Expenditures
All obligations incurred and expenditures made by the various
departments, agencies, and activities of the Government during the
fiscal year 1958 were within the limits authorized and allotted, and
no overobligations or overexpenditures of funds were made by any
department, agency, or activity of the Government.
Of the total amount of $5,848,034.04 expended by the Govern-
ment, $3,318,498.37 was expended from the General Fund; $2,279,-
038.93 from the Federal Appropriation Single "i" Matching Fund,
and $250,496.74 from the Federal Appropriation Essential Public
Projects Double "i" Fund.
Of the total amount of $5,848,034.04 expended, $5,445,197.14, or
93.11 percent, was spent for operating expenses and $402,836.90, or
6.89 percent, for general expenses. Of the operating expenses of
$5,445,197.14, $1,313,942.72, or 24.13 percent, was expended for
health services; $1,075,665.72, or 19.76 percent, for education;
$982,445.60, or 18.04 percent, for public works; $388,523.39, or 7.14
percent, for public safety; $409,307.94, or 7.52 percent, for welfare
services; $74,805.04, or 1.37 percent, for the Legislature; $108,030.22,
or 1.98 percent, for tourism and trade; $96,635.60, or 1.77 percent,
for the Office of the Comptroller of the Virgin Islands; $681,067.28,
or 12.51 percent, for other administrative and executive agencies of
the Government; and $314,773.63, or 5.78 percent, for essential
public works projects.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 19

Expenditures from the special and nonbudgetary funds of the
Government during the fiscal year 1958 amounted to $2,391,302.06.
Disbursements from the payroll and special deposit funds during
the fiscal year 1958 amounted to $5,436,939.13.
On June 30, 1958, there were unliquidated obligations outstanding
(obligations incurred during the fiscal year 1958 to be liquidated and
paid during fiscal year 1959) totaling $806,555.61 and distributed as
follows:
General fund -------.------------------------------- $401, 090. 71
Federal Appropriation Matching Single "i" Fund ---- 252, 545.22
Federal Appropriation Double "i" Essential Projects Fund---- 152, 919. 68

Department's Operations, Programs, and Policies
Improvement and progress continued in the functioning of the De-
partment during fiscal 1958.
An Internal Audit Section was established. This section will be
responsible for carrying out financial audits of the various depart-
ments, agencies, and activities of the Government, and such other
special audits and surveys as may be required. It fulfills a longfelt
need and its services should add considerably to the overall improve-
ment and efficiency of the accounting functions of the Government.
General ledgers have now been established and installed for all ap-
propriation and fund accounts of the Government. The establish-
ment and installation of these general ledgers removes one of the ma-
jor sources of criticism of the accounting system of the Government
and has made possible for the first time since the unification of the
two municipalities the furnishing of full information on the financial
transactions of the Government in accordance with the fiscal require-
ments of the Revised Organic Act.
Deficiencies reported in the Audit Report of the Comptroller of
the Virgin Islands for the fiscal year 1957 have been corrected and
recommendations made therein have been carried out insofar as it
has been practicable to do so.
A contract was entered ints with the IBM Corp. to use card-
punching accounting equipment on a rental basis. The use of this
type of accounting equipment in the Department will, it is believed,
greatly improve and increase the efficiency of the accounting func-
tioris of the Department, as well as those of the other departments,
agencies, and activities of the Government that may be able to make
use of them.
Special attention continues to be given to the in-service training
of personnel of the Department and, with the installation of IBM
equipment, this program will be intensified.







20 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
During fiscal 1958, the reorganization of the Health Department
was accomplished. The functions of the Department have been
distributed among three main Divisions (Hospitals and Medical
Services, Public Health Services, and Veterinary Medicine) and the
Office of the Commissioner of Health, which includes a Bureau of
Business Management and a Bureau of Vital Records and Statisti-
cal Services. This is considered the most important step in the
establishment of a well-integrated program with well defined lines
of authority.
One of the outstanding administrative accomplishments during
fiscal 1958 was a comprehensive study by the local staff of the
reconnaissance management survey of the Health Department which
was conducted by a team of experts from the U.S. Public Health
Service. The implementation of a number of the recommendations
which involve finances have been deferred for future action, and
still others have been taken under advisement.
The Health Department completed a revised State and survey
plan for the construction of hospitals and medical facilities in the
Virgin Islands. The revised State plan was submitted to the Sur-
geon General of the U.S. Public Health Service for approval, in
order that Hill-Burton funds allocated to the Virgin Islands for
the construction of hospitals and medical facilities might be released.
Under the Hill-Burton Act for the construction of hospitals and
medical facilities (title VI of the Public Health Service Act, as
amended) a total of $55,795.00 was allotted to the Virgin Islands
during fiscal 1958 and 1959 for the above-mentioned purpose. Such
construction is on a 2-to-1 matching basis. Using this formula, the
local government would be required to allocate $27,897, thereby
making a total of $83,692 available for construction of hospitals
and medical facilities during fiscal 1959. It is obvious that these
funds are grossly inadequate to meet our entire needs, even on a
priority basis. It does, however, represent a step in the right direc-
tion. The 1958 State and survey plan is the first comprehensive
report prepared on our present and future needs in the area of
hospitals and medical facilities.

Bureau of Vital Records and Statistical Services
In 1957 the general health picture as presented by available statis-
tics showed a slight improvement over 1956, due chiefly to the
lowered mortality rate for St. -Thomas, with little change in St.
Croix.








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 21

With a total of 1,038 live births, the calendar year 1957 is the
first in which live births exceeded 1,000 since 1944, when there were
1,080 live births. The birth rate was 34 per 1,000 estimated popu-
lation. The figures by islands are as follows: St. Croix, 484 live
births with a rate of 35.3; St. John, 20 live births with a rate of
24.4; St. Thomas, 530 live births with a rate of 33.4.
In St. Croix, 86 percent of all live births occurred in hospitals;
in St. John, 85 percent; and in St. Thomas, 99.3 percent.
The 326 deaths in 1957 and the death rate of 10.7 per 1,000 esti-
mated population are lower figures than in 1956 when the figures
were 357 deaths and a rate of 11.9. They are still higher, however,
than the lowest recorded figures of 1953 when there were 318 deaths
and a rate of 9.8. In St. Croix there were 198 deaths with a rate
of 14.4, as compared with 1956 when there were 201 deaths and
a death rate of 14.8. In St. Thomas there were 125 deaths and a
rate of 7.8, the lowest on record for this island. These figures are
a marked improvement over 1956 when there were 151 deaths with
a rate of 9.6. The St. John figures are 3 deaths and a rate of 3.6.
These figures do not include one death which occurred in St. Thomas
and was credited to St. Thomas.
The age distribution and leading causes of death follow. It is
encouraging to note that there was a decrease in the number of
deaths under 45 years, while the figures for age groups over 44
years are almost identical with those for 1956.

Age distribution

Number Percent of
all deaths

Under 1 year.... .---------------------------------------------------------- 54 16.5
1 to 4 years---------------------------------------------------- 6 1.8
5 to 14 years..----..-.........---..-----.................. -------------- 2 .6
15 to 24 years-..----...------------------------. 5 1. 5
25 to 44 years......------......-------.......-..--------------------- 27 8.3
45 to 64 years....................------------ --------------..------- 65 19.9
65 to 74 years ...------.......---------------------------------------- .. 60 18.4
75 years and over -------------............. -----------------------------.. 103 31.6
Age unknown.................--------------...--------------------..... 4 1.2

Leading causes of death

Number Rate Percent of
all deaths

Diseases of the heart...................... .--------------------- 113 370.1 34.7
Certain diseases of early infancy...--..------------------.....---- 33 108.1 10.1
Malignant neoplasms......................--------------------- 31 101.5 9.5
Vascular lesions affecting central nervous system..---...........---- 27 88.5 8.3
Influenza and pneumonia...................... .------------------ 13 42.6 4.0

The number of infant deaths decreased from 66 in 1956 to 54 in
1957, corresponding rates being 68 per 1,000 live births in 1956 and
495763-59---4







22 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

52 in 1957. The 52 is still far higher than our lowest infant death
rate of 41.3 in 1953 and considerably higher than the general infant
death rate of 26.4 for the United States in 1957. For St. Croix
the figures are 32 infant deaths and a rate of 66.1 per 1,000 live
births for 1957 as against 33 infant deaths and a rate of 72.2 in
1956; for St. Thomas the figures are 21 infant deaths and a rate
of 39.3 for 1957 as against 33 infant deaths and a rate of 66.4 in
1956; and for St. John, there was 1 infant death and a rate of 0.2
in 1957. No infant deaths were reported from St. John for 1956.
There was a marked decrease in infant deaths and death rate for
St. Thomas, and a small decrease for St. Croix.
Of infant deaths, 57.4 were neonatal deaths (deaths under 28
days). St. Croix and St. Thomas each accounted for 15 with
respective rates of 31 and 28.1.
The leading causes of infant deaths were:

Number Rate Percent of
total
Asphyxia and ateletosis...__.------- __._ __._ ........... --12 11.6 22.2
Prematurity--- ---------------- --------------------------8 7.7 14.8
Birth Injury ...- ---------------------------------------- 4 3.8 7.4
Pneumonia ....---. ..... ------------------...--._ .....___. .- 3 2.9 5.5
Congenital malformations..----.----------------.. ---. 3 2.9 5.5


As in 1956, there were 2 maternal deaths in 1957 with a rate of
2.1 per 1,000 live births, and, again both occurred in St. Croix.
This year there were 38 fetal deaths and a ratio of 36.6 per
1,000 live births, hardly any change from a situation which has
continued to be discouraging since 1949 when we had our record
figures of 20 fetal deaths and a ratio of 22.5 per 1,000 live births.
St. Thomas led in numbers this time with 22 fetal deaths and a
ratio of 41.1, while St. Croix accounted for 16 fetal deaths and a
ratio of 33.1.
There was a decrease in marriages as well as in divorces in 1957
compared with 1956. The figures for 1957 are 278 marriages and
117 divorces as against 297 marriages and 129 divorces in 1956.
Of marriages dissolved, 52 percent had been performed in the
Virgin Islands.
It is noteworthy that in the field of notifiable diseases 75 out of
87 cases of syphilis reported in February 1957 were among cane-
cutters imported to work in St. Croix. In March of 1956, of 213
cases reported, 168 were among imported cane-cutters.
Population estimates as of July 1, 1957 are based upon natural
increase with some adjustment for migration, though reliable migra-








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 23

tion figures are unavailable. For the Virgin Islands the estimate
is 30,530; for St. Croix 13,723; for St. John, 820; for St. Thomas,
15,987.

Comparison of birth and death rates per 1,000 population, infant and neonatal death
rates and fetal death rates per 1,000 live births for the calendar years 1956 and
1957

Virgin Islands St. Croix

1956 1957 1956 1957

Num- Rate Num- Rate Num- Rate Num- Rate
ber ber her ber

Live births----....... ------..... 971 32.3 1,039 34.0 457 33.7 485 35.3
In homes---.......------- 62 16.4 75 17.3 54 111.8 69 1 14.2
In hospital -......---.---..... 909 193.6 964 192.7 403 188.2 416 185.8
Deaths ........--.-------.... ------ 357 11.9 326 10.7 201 14.8 198 14.4
Infant deaths -............---------. 66 68.0 -54 52.0 33 72.2 32 66.1
Neonatal deaths.-----------. ------ 39 40.2 31 30.0 21 46.0 15 31.0
Maternal Deaths......-----------. 2 2.1 2 1.9 2 4.4 2 2.1
Fetal Deaths .---..---. -----........ 37 38.1 38 36.6 21 46.0 16 33.1

St. John St. Thomas

1956 1957 1956 1957

Num- Rate Num- Rate Num- Rate Num- Rate
ber ber ber er

Live births --.--.........---------. 17 21.0 20 24.4 497 31.7 534 33.4
In homes .. ------------ 6 5 129.4 3 115.0 3 1.6 4 1.4
In hospital -------- ------ 12 170.6 17 185.0 494 199.4 530 199.3
Deaths ------------------------ 5 6.9 3 3.6 151 9.6 -125 7.8
Infant deaths -----------.... ---------- 0 0 1 .2 33 66.4 21 39.3
Neonatal deaths.-------------------- 0 0 1 .5 18 36.2 15 29.1
Maternal deaths ..----------------- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fetal deaths ..............---------- 0 0 00 16 32.2 22 41.1

Percent of total.


Division of Hospital and Medical Services

With the reorganization of the Department of Health on Janu-
ary 1, 1958, the Division of Medical Care was changed to the
Division of Hospitals and Medical Services. This change was
effected in order to place adequate responsibility for hospital admin-
istration in the Division of Medical Services.
The Division of Hospitals and Medical Services is comprised of
the Knud-Hansen Memorial Hospital in St. Thomas; the Charles
Harwood Memorial Hospital in Christiansted, St. Croix; the Fred-
eriksted Clinic in Frederiksted, St. Croix; and the Morris F. de
Castro and Calabash Boom Clinics in St. John.
The fiscal year 1957-58 saw a continued increase in the public
demand for services from the facilities of the Division of Hospitals
and Medical Services.







24 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

In the Bureau of Medical Social Services, tremendous progress
was made in an area so vital to complete patient care. Also, the
financial evaluation of patient families has been of tremendous aid
and value to the Division in the operation of the medical fee
schedule, and for the first time a reasonable and equitable adminis-
tration of the fee schedule became possible. Unfortunately, the two
medical social workers--one in St. Croix and one in St. Thomas-
resigned before the completion of the fiscal year. The reason for
resignation in both cases was inadequate salary.
One of the major achievements during fiscal year 1958 was the
reorganization of the nursing staff and reallocation of positions in
the Nursing Service, in conformity with decisions made by the
Health Department and the Division of Personnel, jointly. This
action has served to boost the morale of nursing personnel through-
out the Virgin Islands. The upgrading of nursing positions has
also served to attract more qualified individuals to seek employment
in the Nursing Service, where a number of vacancies exist.
A realistic approach was made to the perennial nursing shortage
in the Virgin Islands by the passage by the Senate of bill No. 682
providing nursing scholarships for six students annually to study
nursing in,approved institutions abroad. The regulations govern-
ing these scholarships provide that the recipients must return to the
Virgin Islands upon completion of the prescribed course of study
to render service equal to the number of years of scholarship aid
granted. We are hopeful that this long-range program will even-
tually alleviate our nursing shortage.
Nursing Administration: The position of Assistant Director of
Nursing Service was created and filled in both districts during the
fiscal year. This position has direct responsibility for developing
a program of in-service education for nursing personnel, both at
the auxiliary and the professional level. In addition, the Assistant
Director serves in the absence of the Director of Nursing Service
during periods of leave. The need for an educational program on
a continuing basis for the aids and orderlies has long been felt, and
assistance in carrying on direction and supervision of the Nursing
Service has been welcomed.
A 60-hour comprehensive training course for all new aids and
orderlies is well underway. Individual assignment sheets to empha-
size individual and patient centered nursing care, and periodic per-
formance progress evaluations are other tools currently established
and in use. Standardization of trays and equipment throughout
all clinical areas was the second big project. The medical-surgical
unit was and is being used as a teaching and demonstration center.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 25

A 24-hour report of patient's conditions and nursing care is being
put into operation in the coming fiscal year. This report will show
statistical and patient data of the entire day's happenings.

Division of Public Health Services

With the reorganization of the Department of Health which be-
came effective on January 2, 1958, the Division of Special Health
Services was changed to the Division of Public Health Services.
This change was effected in order to eliminate the impression cre-
ated that other public health services are a function of some other,
division. This change was one of the recommendations contained
in the "Reconnaissance Study of the Hospital and Health Programs
of the Virgin Islands" by the United States Public Health Service
team. At the same time, the Bureau of Health Education was
transferred to this Division, and Chronic and Communicable Dis-
eases were combined into one Bureau, thereby still maintaining nine
bureaus under the Division of Public Health Services.
These nine bureaus are Bureau of Chronic and Communicable
Disease Control, Bureau of Dental Health Services, Bureau of
Health Education, Bureau of Laboratories, Bureau of Maternal and
Child Health and Crippled Children's Services, Bureau of Mental
Health, Bureau of Nutrition, Bureau of Public Health Nursing,
Bureau of Environmental Sanitation.
The reorganization of the Department of Health initiated the
most important step in the establishment of a well-organized pro-
gram of services with well-defined lines of authority.
The maternal-child health and crippled children's services, and
most of the other public health programs are integrated with the
medical care program which is principally centered in the hospitals.
While many of the problems mentioned in earlier reports in
regard to sanitation still exist, it can be noted that gradually the
percentage of homes connected to the sewer system is increasing.
Attention must now definitely be given to the completely unsatis-
factory method of slaughtering animals in the municipally owned
and operated slaughterhouses. It is to be hoped that the Division
of Veterinary Medicine, recently created, will be able to effect some
definite improvements in this field.
During fiscal 1958, the primary objectives of the maternal and
child health program were to improve health conditions for mothers
and to reduce the infant mortality rate for the Virgin Islands.
Prenatal clinics and well-baby clinics in the three, islands were
well attended and, as customary, care and services were adminis-







26 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

tered to a sizable group of medically indigent patients who would
not otherwise have obtained acceptable medical care. A total of
1,015 patients were enrolled in the 3 clinics, and there were .6,040
clinic visits, distributed as follows:

Enrollment, Number of
Island prenatal clinic visits
clinics

St. Croix..----.................--....................-......-------- 486 2,866
St. Thomas and St. John--..--....---. .......--.--------------- ---------- 529 3,174
Total----..-------------------...............--....-... .-------. 1, 015 6,040


A general pediatric clinic for all children is maintained daily at
all the local services. Services consist of physical appraisal, diag-
nostic services, treatment, and referral to specialty clinics. Total
admissions to the clinic was 6,145.
Well-baby clinics provide physical appraisal of growth and de-
velopment; counsel and advice to mothers regarding infant care,
immunization against diphtheria, tetanus, pertusis, and smallpox.
Powdered milk (nonfat) is distributed to all indigent families for
the use of the children.
The main diseases diagnosed on pediatric cases admitted to the
hospitals are as follows:
St. Thomas: St. Croix:
Gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis
Bronchopneumonia Nasopharyngitis
Tonsillitis Bronchitis
Bronchitis, acute Bronchopneumonia
Nasopharyngitis Tonsillitis
Anemia, secondary Fractures
Tracheobronchitis, acute Intestinal parasites
Gastroenteritis is the leading cause of admissions in both islands.
Among the contributory factors are poor sanitary conditions exist-
ing in the crowded areas, inadequate water supply, and improper
sewage disposal.
The dental public health program in the Virgin Islands has
expanded both in scope and services. Through the medium of
health education, a greater public appreciation of the importance
of dental care to the overall health of the individual has been
aroused. Attendance at the various clinics increased considerably,
and the regulations imposed upon attendance and appointments of
cases worked well toward better dental care.
The need for two full-time clinicians in the program is indicated
due to the considerable demand for restorative and surgical work.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 27

A total of 4,559 schoolchildren and 535 adults were treated in the
dental clinics.
The Bureau of Health Education continued its efforts toward
achieving sound health attitudes and good health for all the people
of the Virgin Islands, through the medium of radio programs, movie
films, the press, the distribution of informational pamphlets and
the Health Bulletin.
Consultation to intradepartmental divisions of the Health Depart-
ment, in addition to the Department of Education and community
agencies and groups, constitutes one of the principal services of the
Bureau. The Bureau also participated in the joint planning of
programs with various health-related organizations.
Public health nurses visit all schools in their districts on a weekly
schedule. There are good working relationships between the nurses
and the teachers. Teachers refer ill children needing first aid to
the nurses when they visit the schools. First aid kits or even mini-
mum supplies are lacking in most schools. The nurses take care
of first aid with supplies from their own bags.
Private workspace for the nurse is limited or lacking in many
school buildings, especially in St. Thomas where the buildings are
old and overcrowded.
Several new school buildings have been built in St. Croix with
an adequate workroom for the nurse included.
The senior classes of the four high schools were given physical
examinations that included chest X-rays, blood serology, hemoglobin,
urinalysis, and stool examination for intestinal parasites. Followup
work was done very well in St. Thomas, but St. Croix was badly
handicapped for lack of staff help.
For the fiscal year, nine cases of active tuberculosis were admitted
to the hospital; seven patients were discharged as arrested and
four died.
Chest clinics for case finding and for supervision of arrested cases
are held routinely twice a month in St. Thomas and once a month
in St. Croix.
Lack of an adequate referral and reporting system has handi-
capped followup by public health nurses. A central register is
being set up which should improve the total program.
Facilities for domiciliary care are totally inadequate in all three
islands.
In St. Thomas two public health nursing aids, employed by the
Community Chest and assigned to public health nursing, are giving
such care in the home as baths, personal grooming, dressing of
ulcers, instillation of eye drops, and accompanying feeble or senile






28 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

patients to the clinic or hospital. On weekends and holidays the
aids relieve public health nurses by giving routine care to diabetics.
The public health nurses supervise and assign patients to the aids.
A Central Register of Diabetic Cases is being compiled. There
are over 200 diagnosed cases on the Register for the three islands.
A few patients are given complete home care because of their
condition. Public health nurses draw blood for blood sugar monthly,
test urine and give insulin daily, and visit the patient with the
physician monthly.
A consultant nurse in children's services has the overall respon-
sibility for the Nursing Service to the special clinics. She keeps
a roster for each special clinic and assists the nurses with selection
of clinic caseloads on the basis of priority of need. She attends
all special clinics and makes home visits with public health nurses
to selected cases. She carries on in-service education with public
health and hospital nurses.
During fiscal year 1958, the Bureau of Nutrition continued to
provide a variety of services to other Health Department activities,
promoted nutrition education in the elementary and secondary
schools, participated in individual group instruction in Health De-
partment clinics and in-service training, participated in meetings
and other activities sponsored by community organizations and
groups, and contributed articles to the press, radio and Health
Bulletin on various aspects of nutrition.
The staff of the Bureau of Mental Health now includes a Direc-
tor, psychiatrist, psychological assistant, special educational and
guidance counselor, and a secretary. This fact carries greater sig-
nificance when it is known that recruitment activities are still
underway to secure a psychiatric social worker, a clinical psychol-
ogist, and an administrative assistant. During fiscal year 1958, we
lost our clinical psychologist.
The highlights of the year are briefly: The reorganization of the
insular neuropsychiatric ward, research activities in the area of
child development, the relationship of types of cultural background
and the types of social relationship in a patient's life to the kind
of mental illness he develops, the social causes of mental retardation
in the Virgin Islands, and in-service training for professional staff.
Emphasis has been placed on the planning in preparation for the
Caribbean Mental Health Conference which will be held in St.
Thomas in April 1959. This conference will be held jointly by
Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. We are honored that the
First Caribbean Mental Health Conference held in Aruba in 1957






REPORT OF THE .GOVERNOR OF THE. VIRGIN ISLANDS + 29

accepted the invitation of the Governor of the Virgin Islands to
hold the next meeting here.
The primary responsibilities of the 'laboratory services of the
Health Department are: First, to assist the medical staff in the
diagnosis, prevention or treatment of disease; second, to assist other
bureaus, particularly, the Bureau of Sanitation, in the analysis of
environmental conditions; and third, to assist the Division of
Veterinary Medicine in the diagnosis of animal diseases;
During this fiscal year 1957-58, the Bureau of Laboratory Serv-
ices completed a total of 87,876 examinations, which is 2,166 less
than the previous high of 90,042 in 1956-57. However, the total
number of specimens submitted of 56,540 was higher than any of
the previous 4 years.

ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION

Water Supply
The Bureau of Sanitation maintains a weekly check on the
potable water supply system on both islands. In St. Thomas the
water is tested for bacteriological quality and chlorine residual. In
St. Croix the only check is on chlorine residual. The cisterns of
all business places and government buildings serving 50 or more
people a day are chlorinated weekly in St. Thomas. Samples of
water are also taken for bacteriological analysis. Average percent-
age of samples contaminated for the year was 6 percent.

Items Fiscal 1957 Fiscal 1958
Number of cisterns chlorinated ----------------------------------------- 1,867 2,236
Number of water samples, bacteriological analysis _--------- -------- 1,646 1,711
Number of water samples, chemical analysis ------------------------.----- 143 187


Sewage Disposal
There are four methods of sewage disposal in the Virgin Islands:
(1) Sanitary sewers with final disposal by a sewer outfall.
(2) Septic tanks and drain fields or seepage pits.
(3) Pit privies.
(4) The pail privy scavenger system.
The pail privy scavenger system, or the "night soil," as it is
known locally, serves 55 percent of the properties in Christiansted,
16 percent of the properties in Frederiksted, and 40 percent of the


495763-5----5







30" + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

properties in Charlotte Amalie. This antiquated and unsanitary
method of sewage disposal is largely responsible for the great inci-
dence of gastrointestinal diseases in the Virgin Islands.
Sections 1523 and 1524, chapter 55, part VI, title 19, Virgin
Islands Code, requires the connection of all houses within 60 feet
of a sewer and 200 feet of salt-water line to the sewage system.
Exempted, however, are superficiary houses and houses assessed at
less than $1,000. In Charlotte Amalie 84 percent of the houses
serviced by the night-soil system fall in this category. Christian-
sted has a percentage of 46 percent, and Frederiksted 48 percent.
These figures show that the night-soil system cannot be eliminated
under the present law, unless a public works program for the con-
struction of sanitary facilities is sponsored by the government.
The Division of Veterinary Medicine is responsible for the in-
spection of animals slaughtered for sale. The sanitation inspectors
continued inspection throughout the year, however, because the
Division of Veterinary Medicine could not provide the service. The
inspectors are not trained in meat inspection; thus, the services
provided were limited in scope. It is hoped that this fiscal year the
function of meat inspection at the slaughterhouses will be taken
over by the Division of Veterinary Medicine. The slaughterhouses
on both islands are in need of repairs.
Animals slaughtered were as follows:

St. Thomas St. Crolx
Animals __
1957 1958 1957 1958
Cattle------------------ --------------- ------------ 397 523 1,186 1,265
Goats.............---------- -------------------- 358 303 70 129
Sheep----------------------------........... 238 265 272 248
Hogs----------------------------- ..------- 138 216 688 823
Total--......-- .---------------....._ --------1, 131 1,307 2,216 2,465

Inspections were made of the seven dairy farms on St. Croix and
the four dairy farms on St. Thomas. No plate counts were made
in St. Croix because the laboratory facilities necessary therefore are
not available on that island. One farmer on St. Croix pasteurizes
approximately 60 quarts daily in home pasteurizers.


I






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 31

Routine inspections were made of 174 taverns, bars, restaurants,
and other similar establishments in St. Thomas. Similar inspec-
tions were carried out of 91 establishments in St. Croix.

Fiscal 1958 .
Items
St. Thomas St. Croix
Restaurant inspections ..... .. --------------------.. 902 504
Shop inspections...----.................... ------------------..---.. 66 48

Garbage and refuse collection, a service performed by the Public
Works Department, was adequate in most areas during the year.
Pileups occurred on weekends and holidays, however, and service
to the back areas of town was generally slow. The indiscriminate
placement of litter baskets and garbage cans for the storage of
sweepings from the gutters encouraged the piling of garbage around
the containers by residents of the areas. The Public Works Depart-
ment was requested to remove baskets and cans from 19 such areas.
In addition, they were requested to remove all gutter sweepings as
the gutters were cleaned. The appearance of the town improved
considerably after compliance with these requests.
The'space spray program for the control of the adult pest mos-
quito was curtailed considerably in St. Thomas because of faulty
operation of the TIFA fog generator. Replacement parts have
been ordered for the motor for over 2 months but have not arrived
as yet. This is an excellent illustration of the difficulty of oper-
ating complicated equipment in areas great distances away from
the manufacturer or distributor.
In January 1958 a Dyna-Fog generator was secured for use in
-St. Croix. This machine has operated satisfactorily thus far. The
towns of Christiansted and Frederiksted have been fogged nine
times each for the control of the adult mosquito, the municipal
dump twice, and the Charles Harwood Hospital once. It is planned
to extend this service to the numerous villages in the country areas
as soon as funds are available.
The problem of Aedes Aegypti, the yellow fever and dengue
mosquito, is still with us. This mosquito can be eliminated by a
DDT residual spray program based on the application of 5 percent
DDT to the walls and surroundings of every house at 3-month
intervals for 1 year. Subsequent applications should be at 6-month
intervals. Such a program would also reduce the number of pest
mosquitoes, in addition to killing roaches, flies, ants, and other
crawling insects.






32 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

The Administrator of the British Virgin Islands stated at the
Inter-Virgin Islands Conference held in Road Town, Tortola, on
January 31, 1957, that the British Virgin Islands had received a
World Health Organization grant for an Aedes Aegypti eradication
campaign. Funds could not be released, however, until the Ameri-
can Virgin Islands started a similar program. However, no budget-
ary provisions were made for this program.
Pest-control services are provided the hospitals on St. Thomas
and St. Croix. The hospitals on both islands were heavily infested
with the German roach. The infestation on St. Thomas has been
brought under control by a rigid schedule of spraying carried out
with the cooperation of the hospital staff. In St. Croix the service
has not been operated on a continuing and regulated schedule.
There is a great need of a sanitary code for housing. The build-
ing code does not differentiate between classes of buildings, and
there are no zoning restrictions. It does not specify the area needed
per person, the maximum occupancy per room, nor the sanitary
facilities needed in a dwelling. The many overcrowded, substand-
ard dwellings existing today will never be eliminated unless a
housing ordinance is passed.
The sanitary problems in St. John are becoming more complex
as the population increases and more and more people visit the new
National Park. Twenty-one visits were made to the island by sani-
tation inspectors and six by the sanitary engineer. Although the
number of inspections of the island has been doubled, adequate
service is not being rendered. The workload has increased to the
point where a resident sanitation inspector is required.
There has been an increase in the requests for the installation
of septic tanks and sewage-disposal facilities in Cruz Bay. The
size of the lots in the town are in many instances too small for
adequate installations. In some places the ground water table is
high. During heavy rains the seepage pits fill up and overflow.
These factors, in addition to the installation of paved streets in the
shape of shallow gutters draining toward the beach, require the
installation of sewerage system.








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 33


Statement of appropriations and/or allocations, Tirgin Islands, Department of
Health, fiscal period July 1, 1957-June 30, 1958

Percent- Percent-
Appro- age of Obli- age of
priations appro- gated obliga-
Source and/or priations and/or Balance tions Matching requirements
alloca- and/or expended and/or
tions alloca- expend-
tions itures

Generalfund ---------... $116,500 0.067 $116,114 $387 0.069 $1 State for $1 Federal.
Internal Revenue .---- 1, 306,000 .76 1,303, 208 2, 792 .776
M.C.H.- --.....-- ------- 61,082 .035 60,892 190 .036 $1 State for $1 Federal.
M.C.H.-B ---------- 32,207 .018 32,201 6 .019 None.
C.C.-A---.. ........... 60,825 .035 60,275 550 .06 : $1 State for $1 Federal.
O.C.-B --- --------- 26,644 .015 26,618 26 .016 None.
General health....---------. 7,614 .004 6,761 854 .004
Venereal disease-..---..... 6,300 .0036 6, 235 65 .0037 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Tuberculosis -------------- 8,438 .005 8, 296 142 .0049 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Mental health------------ 26,149 .02 26,060 89 .0155 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Heart disease...........------ 2, 673 .0015 2,637 35 .0015 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Cancer control ------------ 1,366 .0008 1,351 15 .0008 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Private contributions (T).-. 17,606 .01 724 16,882 .0005 None.
Polio grants -------. --.------ ---- -..........-
Water pollution ..------ 3, 643 .002 1,913 1,730 .002 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Medical practice fund ..--.. 4, 298 .0025 112 4, 186 .0001
Private contributions (C) __ 1,010 .0006 .--------- 1,010 .
Matching funds............. 25,000 .02 25,000 -----.... .015
Total--..--- --...... 1,707,355 100 1,678, 397 28,958 100


SUMMARY OF OPERATIONAL COST
Gross operational cost------.------------ -------------.------------------ --........ $1,678,397.00
Less assets:
Cash......................---------- -- ------. --------------------. $70,741.00
Accounts receivable..-- ..----- .-----------..... .-------- $217,926.00
Less amounts to be charged against programs, medically indi-
gents, and bad debts-...------------------------.............. 87,170.00
--130,756.00
201,497.00

Net operational cost--------.----------- ---.-------.--------------- ---....... 1,466,900.00
Per capital gross--..................--------------------------------------------....-----------------................ 52.45
Per capital net..------.. ------.......... -----------------------------------------.. $45.84

Virgin Islands Department of Health subsidiary accounts breakdown of hospital
revenues, July 1, 1957-June 30, 1958

St. Thomas Percent of Percent of
Section or service and St. Croix Total gross accounts
St. John revenues receivable

Room and board....----- .. .------------. $137,951 $93,324 $231,275 50.9 ........
Operations .------------------ 19,044 6, 516 25,560 5.6 .---
Dental services .--------------- 10,419 6,408 16,827 3.7 ......
Outside calls:
Doctors..---..-.......--------------- -- ------ ......-- --- ----
Postpartum--....------- ---- -15 15 30 .5 ......
Drugs and medicines ---------- 42,079 20,384 62, 463 13.7 .......
Physiotherapy ...------.. -------------. 2,862 211 3,073 .7 ........
X-ray services ----------- 10,998 6,610 17,608 3.8 .---
Ambulance service .-----.... ------- 273 819 1,092 .2 ----
Laboratory fees...---- ---------- 27, 995 11,121 39,116 8. 6
Examinations ..---------------- 20, 051 8,859 28,910 6.3 -
All other ......-------- .--------------. 10,957 17,171 28,128 6
Gross revenues earned ------------------ 282,644 171,438 454,082 100 -
Free services ---- --------------- 204,171 132, 040 336,211 74
Net charges to accounts receivable ....... 78,473 39,398 117, 871 25.9 ........
Total collections---- ---------- 49, 232 21, 509 70, 741 15.57 60
Accounts receivable, June 30, 1958----- 29,241 17,889 47,130 10.4 40
Accounts receivable, June 30,1957 --- 63,301 107,495 170,796 37. 6 .......
Cumulative accounts receivable, June 30,
1958 -------------------------------- 92,542 125,384 217,926 48 --







34 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Allotments
The Division of Hospitals and Medical Services was allocated
$1,056,058 for operation of the institutions. This is the largest
allocation of funds ever made for the operation of the medical care
program in the history of the Virgin Islands. The Division of
Public Health Services was allocated the amount of $336,641 for
operation of public health activities of this Department. The Divi-
sion of Veterinary Medicine was allocated the sum of $40,000 for
its operations, and the Office of the Commissioner was allocated
$147,184.

St. Croix

The general health on the island of St. Croix during the past
year has been excellent. The epidemic of diarrhea which affected
the island last year did not materialize this year. In addition,
there were no epidemics of any kind. Near the end of the present
fiscal year, several cases of whooping cough were discovered in the
rural village of Slob. However, this showed no tendency to spread,
most of the cases were rather mild, and there have been no deaths.
The importation of immigrant labor from neighboring islands
continued and again these laborers were subjected to examination
after arrival. The percentage of persons found affected with filiari-
asis showed a marked decrease over previous years, as did also the
number of positive serological reactors. This, in all probability,
represents the effect of treatment, since in many cases the same per-
sons return to the island year after year.
Perhaps the brightest spot in the activities of the Health Depart-
ment in St. Croix has been the closing down of the Hansen's Home,
which was accomplished April 30, 1958, when the last patient was
discharged. For many years the Hansen's Home for leprosy patients
has been the target of severe criticism, much of it well meaning,
much of it publicity seeking. Much of the criticism was justified
because the conditions there were far from desirable. With the
close and effective cooperation of the Department of Social Welfare,
arrangements were made for the placement of the patients as they
met the conditions specified by law for medical discharges, and one
by one the patients were released either to their own homes or to
homes provided by the Department of Social Welfare. Adequate
followup provisions were made and the whole program worked
very smoothly.
One of the significant accomplishments during the past fiscal year
was the relocation of the Bureau of Public Health Nursing in






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 35

,Christiansted, newly renovated quarters located in a section of the
former Christiansted Public Grammar School. The new office is
centrally located and is easily accessible to expectant mothers and
for conducting well-baby and post partum clinics.

Significant Health Achievements During Fiscal 1958,
St. Thomas-St. Croix-St. John
Among the significant health accomplishments during fiscal 1958
were:
1. Mass vaccination of the population against smallpox as a result
of cases isolated in neighboring British islands.
2. Extension of the polio vaccination program to the adult popu-
lation up to and including age 40.
3. Better case-finding techniques in cancer disease, thereby result-
ing in easier diagnosis and treatment.
4. Initiation of plans for the Second Caribbean Mental Health
Conference to be held in St. Thomas, V.I., during April 1959.
5. Formation of the Virgin Islands Medical Society and its accept-
ance for membership in the American Medical Association.

DEPARTMENT OF PROPERTY AND PROCUREMENT
The Code of Laws for the Virgin Islands, approved May 16, 1957,
to take effect September 1, 1957, continued the previously estab-
lished Department of Insular Affairs as an executive department,
and redesignated it the Department of Property and Procurement.
During the first half of fiscal year 1958, the Department was most
seriously understaffed at the administrative as well as the clerical
level. Throughout this period, the units of the former Department
of Insular Affairs had functioned more or less independently, under
directives from several "Acting Commissioners." However, effective
January 2, 1958, a Commissioner was appointed.
This Department has not yet had a full fiscal year of operation.
Thus, much of its energy and activity has, of necessity, been directed
to the tasks of organization, staffing, and orientation. Notwith-
standing a late start, this report shows rewarding activity and
accomplishment in several areas, with a clear indication of more
significant achievements in the future.

Land Division
As of the close of the fiscal year, there were 835 applications for
homestead land on file. One hundred fourteen of these were filed
during the year.






36 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

The Land Division is charged with responsibility for administer-
ing a program of loans to qualified applicants for home construc-
tion. Under the program the.Division may (1) make loans not in
excess of $8,000 to any one person or family residing in the same
house, provided that no loan shall exceed 75 percent of the estimated
value of the property after construction; and (2) make loans for
housing in accordance with the regulations of the Federal Housing
Commissioner for mutual mortgage insurance under all sections of
the National Housing Act, as amended, as FHA mortgagee.
As of the close of the fiscal year, there were 54 applications for
construction loans on file with a potential value of approximately
$189,000. It is noted here that the Division has repeatedly requested
that the Home Loan Fund be funded. A request for a contribution
of some $150,000 was made during the legislative session. It cannot
be stressed too strongly, in view of the Administration's position in
this area (home development) that there is immediate need for
action in this phase of program operation.
The price and rent control program administered by the Agency
has as its purpose the effective prosecution of a program affecting
the interests of the citizens of St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix,
through the control of prices on basic food commodities and gen-
eral supplies, and through the control of rentals of housing and
business accommodations. A total of 47 cases involving one or
more conditions that obtain under the price and rent control law
were handled during the fiscal year.

Property and Procurement
The fiscal year 1958 saw many improvements made in the Divi-
sion of Procurement and Supply, as follows: The employment of
an administrative assistant, the relocation of the Printing Section
to more adequate quarters, the relocation of our St. Croix office to an
area suitable to its operations, and the purchase of many items of
equipment which will increase the efficiency of the Division.

Virgin Islands Planning Board
Master plans for the Islands of St. Thomas and St. Croix are
now public documents. In addition to maps and charts, the master
plans consist of written reports designed to help interested residents
of the islands, and public officials to understand the present situa-
tion as well as the various recommendations included in the master
plans. All of the above-mentioned information is on display at the







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 37

offices of the Virgin Islands Planning Board in St. Thomas and
St. Croix, and at the disposal of the general public.
Gen. Walter J. Reed, Chairman of the Planning Board for quite
some time, resigned from this position. General Reed was con-
nected with the Planning Board for over 7 years, and his resigna-
tion will be a great loss to the Board. His untiring energy and
interest was an inspiration to all the other members.
In the first special session of the Second Legislature of the Virgin
Islands, bill No. 595 (Act 212) was passed on December 6, 1957,
and approved by the Governor of the Virgin Islands on January 2,
1958, "to provide funds for a master plan for the island of St. John."

Virgin Islands Housing and Urban Renewal Authority
During the period covered by this report, the Housing Authority
was engaged in the operation of 3 statutory low-rent housing proj-
ects, comprised of 5 developments, totaling 460 dwelling units. In
St. Thomas, the Paul M. Pearson Gardens with 240 units and Berg
Homes with 50 units, totaling 290 units. The D. Hamilton Jackson
Terrace with 110 units and the Bassin Triangle with 26 units, along
with the Marley Homes, a 34-unit development, make up the 170
family units in operation on the island of St. Croix.
Significant developments occurring during the year included the
preparation of development programs and the execution of annual
contribution contracts covering 564 additional units of public hous-
ing. Of this amount, 300 units will be built in Charlotte Amalie,
and 264 units in the city of Christiansted, St. Croix.
The Authority found itself involved in a long, drawn-out battle
regarding the site for the 300-unit project in Charlotte Amalie. The
issue was finally resolved and the Federal Government, represented
by the Public Housing Administration, finally decided that because
of the lower cost involved, and many other factors of importance,
funds would be made available for building the project in the Sugar
Estate area.
Of great importance to the Authority was the opening of bids
during the month of May 1958 for a 70-unit housing project for
the city of Frederiksted. The lowest bid was received from the
Metropolitan Construction Corp. of Puerto Rico, and while it was
in excess of funds immediately available, it was felt that because
of the element of competition in bidding, that there would be no
serious difficulty in obtaining the additional funds necessary. Actual
construction of the project is expected to get underway before the
middle of September 1958. There is great need for this additional
development in the city of Frederiksted, where at the present time







38 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
there are only 35 public housing dwelling units, all of the 2-bed-
room type.
The Authority now has one housing project in the development
stage in each of the cities of the Virgin Islands, which total 634
apartments. When construction of these 3 developments is com-
pleted, the total number of units under management will be 1,094
units.
It is estimated that capital grant reservations to be requested
from the Urban Renewal Authority will amount to (1) Barracks
Yard area, St. Thomas, $193,000; (2) the Watergut area, Christian-
sted, St. Croix, $464,000; and (3) Lagoon Street area, Frederiksted,
St. Croix, $68,000. The applications for survey and planning funds,
however, contemplate Federal advances of $25,250 for the Barracks
Yard area; $48,000 for the Watergut area, and $9,200 for the Lagoon
Street project in Frederiksted.
With the passage of the new Housing and Urban Renewal Author-
ity Act, the Virgin Islands will now be qualified for certain types
of Federal assistance to be used in the elimination and renewal of
slum areas for which the Territory was not eligible heretofore.

Objectives
It is hoped that during the forthcoming fiscal year it may be pos-
sible to staff and fully activate the Property Division. This Divi-
sion will have jurisdiction over the motor pool. Its complete
establishment and assumption of.its authorized place in the Depart-
mental structure will permit a realinement of duties and responsi-
bilities among the various divisions of this Department.
Within the Procurement Division, it is expected to increase and
improve activity in the areas of inventory control and inspection.
A manual, which will serve as the basis for this activity, has already
been prepared.
Objectives with regard to homestead and home loan programs
include the surveying, subdividing, and allocating of all homestead
lands now available.
It is also planned, in cooperation with the appropriate officials,
and as provided by the Virgin Islands Code, to implement and
activate the Standards and Specifications Board.

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
After an interim of almost 2 years, a Commissioner was finally
appointed and confirmed by the Legislature to head this Depart-
ment when, on June 11, 1958, George A. Matthias, who had come
up through the ranks of the Police Force over the years, was duly








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 39

qualified to serve as Commissioner of Public Safety. This appoint-
ment has had a marked beneficial effect upon the progress being
made toward developing an ever-improved police and fire service
for the Virgin Islands. Subsequent well-earned promotions through-
out the departments have contributed materially to an improved
morale. Much emphasis in the Police Division is being placed on
courtesy and greater service to the community.
Richmond Penitentiary.-Considerable work has been done by'the
inmates of the penitentiary in connection with the various programs
worked out for their rehabilitation. As a result, the vegetable farm
has produced enough to supplement the prisoners' menu and leave
a surplus that is distributed to the hospitals and other govern-
mental institutions. Much interest has been developed in wood-
working and other skills and trades. Many pieces of mahogany
furniture have been produced. This program is contributing much
toward readjustment of the inmates to community life.
Law Enforcement.-The following figures reflect activities in this
Division during this and the previous fiscal year:


1956-57 1957-58

Criminal cases reported-all Virgin Islands--...-------------------------..... 1,273 1,172
(a) Handled by Foot Patrol Bureaus:
St. Thomas-St. John...--------.... ---......-------------------- 645 508
St. Croix ..........------- ------------------------------- 265 332
(b) Handled by Criminal Investigation Bureau--.........................----------- 363 332


Vehicle registration and licensing

St. Thomas St. Croix

1956-57 1957-58 1956-57 1957-58

Motor vehicles (private) -..---.........--------------. 1,368 1,324 1,153 1,193
Taxicabs and rented cars .....---------.. .-----------. 462 520 124
Trucks for hire-----.... ---------------------..-----. 94 108 29
Trucks....--------.. ------------------------------- 94 110 255 397
Buses ---- -----.. ---------------------------------- 9 7 9 6
Motorcycles --- ----------------------------- 8 5 1------ 24
Motorscooters ------- ---- ----------- ----30 33 -- 2
Bicycles..----...----------------------------------- 170 174 ------- 334
Drivers' licenses:
Private .......-----------.. ------------------ 1,287 1,612 1,293 1,965
Taxi --.....-- ---------------------- -------- 652 593 109
Learners' permits-- .....--------------- 384 748 .. 94
Motor-vehicle transfers .------------------ 337 305 .--... --- 26
Bus licenses ..........--- -------------------..-----. 11 13 ------- 6
Traffic tickets issued -------.......-------------..---- 200 444 93 251
Registration of vehicles ----------------- $45, 336 87 $57,114.54 1$28,088.56 $37,515.37
Fines for traffic violations --... .- -----------. $2,373 00 $3,392 00 $1,451.00 -----
Visitors' permits....... ..----- .------------------ $3,376.00 $5,500.00 ------------ $871.00

1 Includes sale of licenses.

Fire Division.-For the period July 1, 1957, to June 30, 1958,
there were 128 fires in the Virgin Islands. In St. Thomas the num-
ber of fires during the past year was reduced from 64 in 1956-57







40. + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
to 57. In St. Croix there was an increase from 59 to 69, and in
St. John there were two small fires this year as against none last
year. In St. Croix 30 of the fires were grass fires which destroyed
approximately 282 acres of grazing areas, and 17 cane fires destroyed
approximately 142 acres of sugarcane.
The St. Thomas dollar value loss was much higher in the year
just ended as compared to the previous year-the sums being $11,800
for 1956-57 and $43,200 for 1957-58. In St. Croix, where the num-
ber of fires were greater than in 1956-57, the value of the loss
suffered was almost infinitesimal as compared to the previous year's.
The St. John loss was also negligible.
A program of fire drills throughout the Virgin Islands continues.
Firetrucks presently in service are in very poor condition. On order
are two new 500-gallon-per-minute firetrucks and one water tank
truck for St. Croix and two 500-gallon-per-minute pumpers for St.
Thomas. In St. John a new fire shed was built at Cruz Bay to
house the equipment in that island, and an addition to it is pres-
ently being undertaken to house the firetruck which will be sent
from St. Thomas when the new equipment arrives.
All of the public establishments, hotels, guesthouses, and theaters
were inspected during the month of January, and a report of the
necessary improvements was sent to the operators of these estab-
lishments.
The year just ended has been a very productive one for the Fire
Service. Considerable progress has been made.
Civil Defense.-During the 1958 fiscal year the Civil Defense
Agency of the Virgin Islands, as an integral part of the Depart-
ment of Public Safety, continued to develop and maintain coopera-
tion with the Federal Civil Defense Administration, the Office of
Defense Mobilization, other Federal agencies.
The Civil Defense Agency is manned wholly by volunteer per-
sonnel, some of whom, in staff positions, serve under appointments
made by the Governor.
An Operations Center was opened and physically housed at Fort
Christian, St. Thomas. This center, staffed by key personnel of
the Insular and Federal Governments, the American Red Cross, and
Civil Defense Agency, coordinates all operations of the program.
In cooperation with FCDA, ODM, and Department of Defense,
and as an integral part of the national defense picture, the Virgin
Islands participated in both Operation Alert 1957 and 1958. These
exercises were designed to test the readiness of the Nation at local,
State, and national levels to meet a direct nuclear attack on the
United States, and to provide for training of governmental person-
nel, auxiliaries, and the general public. All levels of government,






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 41

as well as the public, participated in both exercises. The results
were most gratifying in that it showed an ever-increasing aware-
ness of the need for an effective civil defense organization.
Major efforts have been directed to developing the agency's poten-
tial to meet emergencies resulting from natural causes, i.e., hurri-
canes. To this end, emphasis has been placed on developing an
interisland communications system. There has been some progress,
but more needs to be done.
Wildlife.-In an effort to preserve our wildlife from imminent
extermination and so as to restore it to its former numbers for
hunting, several hunting regulations were established this year.
Recent surveys by our wildlife biologist and game warden for the
Virgin Islands show that doves and pigeons especially required
protection.
Due to the fact that the deer population has suffered a vast reduc-
tion, regulations were issued in an effort to increase its number.
Doe deer cannot be taken for a period of 2 years commencing July 1,
1958. Only one buck may be taken per license per season-Octo-
ber 1 to December 31, 1958. As a further precaution, and in order
to adequately enforce the new regulations, several honorary game
wardens were appointed by the Governor, at the request of the
Commissioner of Public Safety. These men will aid in policing the
hunting grounds and apprehending violators.

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS

General
The sum of $1,242,566.49 was received for the year to be appor-
tioned between the three islands of St. Croix, St. Thomas, and
St. John. From the above allotment the Department maintained
roads and highways, garbage and rubbish removal service, operated
the sewer and salt water system, potable water system, night-soil
service, as well as the overall management and miscellaneous func-
tions of the Department.

Water Supply
St. Thomas.-The potable water supply, as has been the case for
the past few fiscal years, was the most vital problem of this Depart-
ment. With the expansion of business and the steady increase in
residents on the island, there is a definite need for an increased
water supply to meet the need of the island. Fortunately, during
this fiscal year, we had 45.25 inches of rainfall, which was about







42 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

0.49 inch above the annual average, and which made it possible to
increase the amount of water in storage and avoid the critical con-
dition that prevailed through most of fiscal year 1957. During the
year we pumped 58,439,070 gallons of potable water. Our water
barge No. 1 and Carpeake brought in a total of 25,917,400 gallons
of water. During the early part of the year we were still forced
to hire chartered vessels to help out with our water lifts. These
chartered vessels brought in a total of 13,432,200 gallons of water,
making a total of 39,349,600 gallons of water brought in by barges.
This water cost approximately $176,623.04, which is about $1.13 per
ton. Our potable water in storage reached a maximum of 9,092,520
gallons, or 45 days' supply, on May 5, 1958, and a minimum of
4,506,427 gallons, or 221/2 days' supply, on March 24, 1958. The
minimum this year was practically equal to the maximum storage
of fiscal year 1957. There is an ever-increasing demand for new
connections to the system. At the end of the fiscal year there were
pending 75 applicants. Forty-six new connections during the year
made a total of 307 connections to the system. Total revenues
brought in for the fiscal year was $81,737.05.
St. Croix.-As a result of the prolonged drought, which lasted
over 8 months, the demand on this supply was unusually great. The
system, which is designed for a total delivery of 30,000 gallons per
day, was required to put out 50,000 gallons daily. In the town of
Christiansted, 6,033,672 gallons of water was consumed through
meters, as against 4,102,300 gallons in Frederiksted, making a total
of 10,135,972 gallons of water. Water drawn at public hydrants
amounted to 10,173,031 gallons in Christiansted and 9,961,920 gal-
lons in Frederiksted, making a total of 20,134,951 gallons. The
total water pumped from wells were 16,206,703 gallons in Christian-
sted, 14,064,220 gallons in Frederiksted, making a total of 30,270,923
gallons pumped.
The water used for fire protection and for flushing purposes is
pumped from the sea to tanks at high elevations from which it is
supplied by gravity.

Sanitation
St. Thomas.-The demand on the garbage removal service is
greater than our facilities can efficiently handle, despite the addition
of three new trucks during the year. During the year, 30,534 cubic
yards of garbage were removed, this total being less than last year
only because for a while the Department was forced to discontinue
rural removal service due to lack of funds to keep the full force
running.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 43

Gradually the town of Charlotte Amalie is reducing the night-soil
removal service and connecting instead to the sewer system. During
the fiscal year there were 73 new sewer connections, bringing the
total by June 1958 to 785 properties connected, of which 306 were
connected to the salt-water supply system. Also, in June 1958, 49
properties were using septic tanks, 850 were using night-soil cans,
and 223 were using pit privies. During the year, 2 night-soil trucks
made 939 trips, dumping 468,192 gallons of excreta. It is the aim,
gradually, to eliminate both the pit privies and the night-soil system,
as sewer connections make this possible.
St. Croiw.-Garbage removal service in St. Croix was much im-
proved through the addition of five new garbage trucks.
During the fiscal year, there were 49 new sewer connections,
bringing the total by June 1958 to 307 properties connected. Also,
in June 1958, 76 properties were using septic tanks, 406 were using
night-soil cans, and 245 were using pit privies. The operation of
the night-soil service was carried on as usual during the year. The
dumps were removed and relocated at Cooper's, about 9 miles from
Christiansted and 6 miles from Frederiksted.

Roads and Highways
The work done on the St. Thomas roads and highways during
the fiscal year just ended was chiefly of a maintenance nature. With
the expansion and construction of new homes in districts where
there are very poor road conditions, requests are being received
every day for improved roads.
As in St. Thomas, funds allocated for the highways and streets
in St. Croix were barely enough to do a maintenance job. Also,
the lack of proper road machinery is a great handicap.

Public Buildings
Most of the work done during the fiscal year on public buildings
was of a maintenance nature. The renovation of the Frederiksted
customhouse and the improvement to the central office at the Public
Works yard were the major items of repair to public buildings in
St. Croix.
Utilities and inspections
Building permits Electrical
permits

St. Thomas ---......---- 330 (estimated value, $927,896) .---- .. .. 206
St. Croix-.------------------ 141 (estimated value, $1,912,236) ..............----------- 281







44 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

In St. Thomas, revenues received from the following were: Build-
ing permits, $7,382.50; electrical permits, $467.00; salt-water service
to 233 subscribers, $20,416.00; surveys (including extracts from the
records and furnishing of prints), $1,227.64.
Routine maintenance of the land records was kept in both St.
Thomas and St. Croix. The filled-in areas on our waterfront area
were also surveyed and boundaries of the adjoining properties
identified.

Telephone Division
A new manager was appointed in October and made a thorough
survey of the system to determine the possibility of furnishing
service to persons who had previously applied for telephones. The
present switchboard and cable were loaded to capacity at the end
of the year, and changing private lines to party lines was the only
way left to serve more subscribers. Legislation was passed author-
izing the sale of the system and there have been quite a number
of prospective bidders.
At the end of the fiscal year there were installed the following:
Telephones in St. Croix------------------------- 914
Telephones in St. Thomas ----.----.. -----------------... 1,461
(and 6 P.B.X.'s with 444 lines)
Telephones in St. John--------- ------- -------------- 4
Total number of subscribers:
St. Thomas -------------------------- 1,420
St. Croix ---------------------------- 768

Total subscribers----------------------------. 2, 188
Total collections:
St. Thomas------------ -------.----------------$208, 006.40
St. Croix_----- ------------ ------- ----_-------_. 80, 563. 92

Total revenues------------------- ------ 288,570. 32

Harbor Division
St. Thomas.-The signal station on Hassel Island, which was closed
on August 15, 1957, because of lack of funds, was reopened on Janu-
ary 15, 1958, when funds were made available.
Total ships over 100 tons entering port of St. Thomas:
Government ships------------- ------- 114 of 434, 187 gross tons
Merchant ships------------------- --------327 of 2, 599, 618 gross tons

Total ships-------------------------- 441 of 3, 033, 805 gross tons
336 ships paid pilotage of-------------- ------------------- $31, 808. 75







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 45

St. aroix.-There is need for harbor improvements and docking fa-
cilities in St. Croix in order to facilitate and encourage ships calling
at the ports. During the year the following were the activities of
this Division:


Christiansted Frederiksted

Number Long tons Number Long tons
Arrivals-..---.-. ------------------------------ 920 33,211.25 121 20,602.45
Departures------ ------------..... ----....--- .. ....-----920 -------.... 121 ....

Christiansted Frederiksted
Tonnage dues collected-----.. ---.. ..------------.....---...._ ------$6, 642. 25 $4,120.49
Wharfage collected ----.--... --..... ..----- --...-- .......---- .. ._ -..... 19, 682. 43 24, 690.16
Total collections----------------------------------------.......... 26, 324.68 28,810.65


Airport-St. Croix

Due to a change in departmental setup, the Department of Public
Works was given the responsibility for management of the Alex-
ander Hamilton Airport. The following was the traffic at the air-
port for the year.


Passengers
Landings Rsevenues
In Out
Riddle Airlines ...-----------------------------------------------------............------ $40. 00
Pan American World Airways ..------------------------ 266 ----------------------- 3, 724.00
Caribbean Atlantic Airlines------.--------------------1,594 .---. ----------- 454 00
Nonscheduled and private aircraft .----....--------- 1,435 ........ ---
Military aircraft----------------------------------- 233 -- ----
Passengers, scheduled airlines-. .---------------------------- 25, 550 29,642 "-
Passengers, nonscheduled and private planes----------------- -- 7,800 3, 500 ....
Passengers, military and Government planes -------- ------ 732 732 -
Rentals and concessions--------- ---..........---..........-----------------... 7, 171.09
Total--------------------------------------........................ 3,528 34,082 33,874 16,389.09


Essential Projects

In St. John quite an extensive job was done on the roads at East
End, Pastory, Enighed, Calabash Boom, and John's Folly. The
streets in Cruz Bay were paved. A topographic map of the island
was made and the much-needed improvement and extension to the
Cruz Bay dock of approximately 60 feet were accomplished. The
site was surveyed and cleared for the construction of catchment and
cistern at Bordeaux, which when completed will greatly aid in
relieving the tense situation during our severe drought.







46 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Work on our Centerline Road and Scenic Road and other roads
and streets were continued. Extensive repairs were made to several
of the old buildings such as the Old Marine Barracks and the Old
Dutch Church. The sewer system was improved and extended to
serve several districts. Several new wells were drilled in LaVallee
and Comporico, and other improvements made to facilitate small
growers. Much work was also done to improve recreational areas
at Cramer's Park, Parade Ground, and the basketball courts at
Christiansted and Frederiksted. Several pieces of construction
equipment which were sorely needed by the Department for its
roadwork were secured. The two new schools, Elementary and
Junior High School, Frederiksted, and King's Hill Elementary were
more or less completed at the end of the fiscal year. A contract
was awarded to furnish design and specifications for the new termi-
nal and facilities at Alexander Hamilton Airport.

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE
The Social Welfare Act of 1943 passed by the Virgin Islands
Legislative Assembly in 1943, and approved by the Governor on
January 3, 1944, established for the first time a sound legal frame-
work for social services in the islands, and provided for the develop-
ment and direction of the program on an insularwide basis.
Among other benefits, this enabled the Federal social security pro-
gram to extend its titles to the islands-in 1947, child welfare; in
1950, public assistance; and in 1951, old-age and survivors insur-
ance. It also made possible the development of uniform islandswide
standards of assistance and services, and centralized supervision and
policy development necessary for Federal participation in the pro-
gram. The powers and responsibilities of the Department, as estab-
lished by the Social Welfare Act of 1943, were incorporated with
very little change, in the Virgin Islands Code, which became effec-
tive September 1, 1957.
Headed by the Commissioner, the Department serves through its
three divisions (Public Assistance, Child Welfare, and Institutions
and Special Programs), operating out of the St. Thomas head-
quarters, the district offices at Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted,
Frederiksted, and Coral Bay, and at five institutions (two for aged,
St. Thomas; one for boys; one for girls; and one for aged, St.
Croix).
The Virgin Islands Board of Social Welfare is presently charged
with advising the Commissioner in matters pertaining to the develop-
ment and operation of the program of the Department, empowered







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 47

to approve or disapprove all rules and regulations promulgated by
the Commissioner, and responsible for interpreting the objectives
of the program to the public.
The Citizens Advisory Commission on Youth was reestablished
by Executive Order No. 9-1955 within the Department of Social
Welfare to function in accordance with the 1949 Youth Service Act.
The Virgin Islands Code charges the Commission with coordinating
activities of public and private groups throughout the Virgin
Islands concerned with the problems of children and youth, to in-
terpret and sponsor legislation, and, among other functions, to serve
as an official advisory committee to the Departments of Health,
Education, and Social Welfare.

Community Chest
Since its organization in August, 1938, the St. Thomas Community
Chest has operated as an effective arm of the Department, providing
help in those areas of need where federal and local government
programs cannot effectively operate due to lack of funds and/or the
restrictions that accompany government operations. In turn, al-
though the Chest is an entirely independent and voluntary public
charity, this Department lends a great deal of time and effort to
its management and promotion. For example, its Commissioner has
served as the Executive Director and Treasurer of the organization
since its inception, 20 years ago. The Community Chest of St.
Thomas is managed by its 15-member Board of Directors empowered
to act in the best interests of needy persons in the Islands and in
strengthening the organization and its charitable enterprises.

Congressional Legislation
Since 1950 the Virgin Islands Government, through this Depart-
ment, has operated active programs in all the Federal public assist-
ance titles, appropriating ever-increasing sums to improve the
inadequate assistance so far available. The local effort has been
hampered, however, by unfavorable provisions imposed in the Social
Security Act, chiefly those lowering the matching funds for the
Virgin Islands to one Federal to one local dollar (instead of the
much more favorable formula available on the Continent of four
Federal dollars to one local dollar) and limiting the total annual
Federal participation first to $160,000 and later to $200,000.
To secure urgent relief, the Commissioner has made several ap-
pearances over the years before Congressional committees-his latest







48 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

on June 19, 1958, before the House Ways and Means Committee to
testify in support of the amendment to the Social Security Act (bill
H.R. 6656) to increase the annual limitation from $200,000 to $300,-
000. At year's end, the Department received official advice that
Congress was expected to increase the ceiling to $300,000, as well
as to provide funds for other pending public assistance and child
welfare programs, before adjourning the current session.


Public Assistance

The Public Assistance Division concentrated on analyses of the
caseload during the year in an effort to rehabilitate all possible
employables and with ever-increasing emphasis on the establishment
of eligibility on a sound basis. These, plus continuing improve-
ment in economic conditions in the islands, and the gradually devel-
oping benefits of the old age and survivors insurance program, have
resulted in a reduction of 278 persons (101 cases) in the monthly
caseload, and a decrease of $3,083.59 in the monthly expenditures.
The following chart shows the monthly caseload and expenditures
by category at the beginning and close of the report year:

Comparison of caseloads and expenditures, 1957 and 1958
Number of persons Expenditures
aided
Category
June 1957 June 1958 June 1957 June 1958

Old-age assistance ----.........---------........ 659 620 $12,213.75 $11,567.00
Aid to dependent children-----.. ---....---...... 1,007 785 9,526.24 7,291.40
Aid to the blind.---.....-...---.----------------- 25 21 2,080.50 420.00
Aid to the disabled .--. .........-----------...... 105 103 498.50 2,100.00
Total Federal categories.......- ----. 1, 796 1, 529 24, 318.99 21, 378. 40
General assistance-....--..._.......... ............ 139 128 2,532.25 2,389.25
Grand total-..----------.....--.....--...-- .. 1,935 1,657 26,851.24 23,767.65

The movement of this program during the past 6 years is reflected
in the following chart showing the caseload changes during the past
6 years. It must be remembered that the size of the caseload is
affected by several factors, including the standards of assistance
and eligibility, the economic conditions prevailing in the com-
munity, and the adequacy of local government and Federal pension
programs. The increases in 1955, 1956, and 1957 reflected below
were largely attributable to a major improvement in standards of
assistance and eligibility effected in January 1955 which, while
improving the adequacy of payments to existing cases, also resulted
in inclusion of borderline cases hitherto ineligible:








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 49

Comparison of caseloads, 1953 to 1958

Number of persons in- June June June June June June
1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958

Old-age assistance---.........----------. 690 679 689 669 659 620
Aid to dependent children.-------- ------ 624 571 757 821 1,007 785
Aid to the blind--...---.....--... ------. 42 37 34 30 25 21
Aid to the disabled.............---------- 55 79 104 101 105 103
Total Federal categories........... 1, 411 1,366 1, 584 1,621 1,796 1,529
General assistance ---------------------- 172 98 89 125 139 128
Total.............................. 1, 583 1,464 1,673 1, 746 1,935 1,657


The following chart indicates the change in total monthly assist-
ance expenditures in the same 6-year period covered by the above
chart. The increase in 1954 over 1953, without any caseload change,
resulted from an improvement in assistance rates (as a percentage
of need) without any change in the standards of eligibility. The
sharp increase in payments, 1955 and on, followed the major im-
provement in standards (about 60-percent rise) in January 1955
reported in the preceding paragraph:

Comparison of monthly assistance expenditures, 1953 to 1958

Category June 1953 June 1954 June 1955 June 1956 June 1957 June 1958

OAA---..---......--- -.....- $7,676.62 $9,393.14 $12,786.82 $12,401.55 $12,213.75 $11,567.00
ADO--.........----------. ... 3,092.36 3,557.38 7,087.61 7,884.50 9,526.24 7,291.40
AB------. -------.......... 469.99 508.53 624.30 580.50 2,080. 50 420.00
AD--............ .--------- 685. 15 1,151.79 2, 004.20 1, 060. 00 498. 50 2,100.00
Total Federal categories. 11,897.12 14,610.84 22,502.93 22,832.55 24,318.99 21,378.40
General assistance...------.- 1,694.27 1,307.00 1,685.08 2,340.50 2,532.25 2,389.25
Total--..-----. --- ---- 13,591.39 15,917.84 24,188.01 25,173.05 26,851.24 23,767.65


During this same 6-year period, the average grant per person rose
from $8.50 per month in June 1953 to $13.88 per person in June
1957 and to $14.34 per person in June 1958.
The following summary of the respective caseloads shows the
extent of the program on the respective islands as of June 30, 1958:

Assistance by islands, June 1958

St. Thomas St. John St. Croix
Category
Persons Payments Persons Payments Persons Payments

OAA ---------------------------- 214 $3,915.00 26 $390.25 380 $7,261.75
ADOC---------------------------- 190 1,638.80 7 47.80 588 5,604. 80
AB.--------.---------------------- 6 118.25 ...........----------- 15 301.75
AD................-----------..... 27 542.50 5 79.00 71 1,478.50
Total Federal categories.-..-- 437 6,214.55 38 517.05 1,054 14,646.80
General assistance-......---- ....---- 48 876. 75 5 59.25 75 1,453.25
Total----......----------... 485 7,091.30 43 576.30 1,129 16,100.05
Percentage by islands-------------- 29.3 29.8 2.6 2.4 68.1 67.8







50 + REPORT OF THE. GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

The following chart treats the caseload in all the Virgin Islands
and in each island as a percentage of the 1950 population census
in the corresponding areas:

Relationship of total caseload to population, June 1958
All Virgin St.Thomas St. John St. Croix
Islands

Total population, 1950 census-..---............------- 26,665 13,813 749 12,103
Total persons aided.--... .-- .........---......... 1,657 485 43 1, 129
Percentage of caseload to population----..--.--.---- 6.2 3.5 5.7 9.3

It is significant that the overall Virgin Islands percentage of case-
load to population this year, 6.2 percent is less than last year's figure
of 7.3 percent and the previous year's figure of 6.5 percent. The ratio
of caseload to population similarly reduced in St. Thomas (from 4.4
percent to 3.5 percent) and in St. Croix (from 10.6 percent to 9.3
percent). The proportion in St. Croix remains, as last year, more
than twice as high as in St. Thomas, for the same reasons-greater
economic distress with lower earnings and greater incidence of inabil-
ity on the part of wage earners to support aged or incapacitated rela-
tives. Standards of eligibility are uniform for all islands, and close
supervision is afforded all programs by the Insular Department to
insure uniform application of all policies. When it is remembered
that the percentages above are based on the 1950 census, and that the
total population now is higher than in 1950, it will be realized that
the ratio of caseload to population is actually lower than the figures
shown.

Medical Care
The public assistance program continued during the year grants
to assistance clients who are not hospitalized, to cover medicines
and medical appliances prescribed by physicians. Clients receive
free hospitalization and medicines while they are inpatients of the
public hospitals of the islands. This limited medical care program
for assistance clients has been handled advantageously through a
prepayment plan operated through the Department's pooled medi-
cal fund.

Total Cost
Total public assistance expenditures in the Virgin Islands in
1957-58 ($419,063.57) is $6,083.95 (1.4 percent) below last year's
figure, and is $13,811.73, or 3 percent more than the fiscal year
1955-56. Federal matching earned this year was $182,108.91 (com-







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 51

pared with $185,106 last year) and all of it was received as this
amount is below the Federal ceiling of $200,000. The amount re-
ceived this year is about twice the $92,078 earned in 1951-52, the
first full year of the program. The local share of the total cost of
the program is slightly lower this year ($236,954) than last year
($240,042).
The following chart shows the costs which comprise the figures
above mentioned for the fiscal year 1957-58:

Total cost of assistance program, Virgin Islands (combined assistance and adminis-
trative costs), fiscal year 1957-58

Category Assistance Administra- Total
tion
OAA--..-.... -------------.....--------...... ....--.--. $144, 400.89 $39,622.61 $184, 023.50
ADO----..--...-.................--------------.---. 104, 419. 27 38,438. 00 142,857.27 .
AB......................------------------------------- 5,604.75 2,116. 52 7,721.27
AD.............----- --..---- .------------------------.. 25,776.25 6,194.59 31,070.84
Total Federal categories-----.........-------......-.-- 280, 201.16 86, 371. 72 366, 572.88
General assistance--........---------- ------..----. 30,983.87 16,865.76 47,849.63
Trust funds-----....----- ------------------------ 561.00 (1) 561.00
Emergency and special aid...............................---------------- 4, 080. 06 (1) 4, 080.06
Total, local categories.................-------..-.--... 35,624. 93 16, 865. 76 52,490. 69
Grand total......----------...... --------------. 315,826.09 103, 237.48 419,063.57

I Included in above.
Sharing of total cost of assistance program

Assistance Administra- Total
tion
Federal share --.- -----------..----- ----------. $138,923.07 $43,185.84 $182,108.91
Local share--- --.---.-----------.------------------ 176,903.02 60, 051.64 236, 954.66
Total...................-------------------------. 315,826.09 103,237.48 419,063.57


Child Welfare :

Functions.-Under title V of the Federal Social Security Act,
Federal grant-in-aid funds are available to the Department for the
purpose of establishing, extending, and strengthening services for
children. This Federal grant is used principally for the overall
direction of the child welfare program and for the casework services
which are basic to the other activities of the Child Welfare Division.
Local funds provide for the board payments in foster care, for
operation of the institutions for children, etc. The Division places
great emphasis upon providing individualized services that will pro-
mote security for children and help them to grow,and develop in
a normal manner. Primary emphasis is placed upon providing
services to children living in their own homes. Adoption care,








52 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

foster family care, and institutional care are provided for homeless,
neglected, or delinquent children.
Casework service was provided to 632 children (St. Thomas, 336;
St. Croix, 296), as compared with 592 last year and 376 the previous
year. Below are tables showing the type of services and distribu-
tion of the caseload during the report year:
Caseload distribution by district offices
St. Croix St. Thomas Total

Children receiving service July 1, 1957.....---.....--...--------.. 148 216 364
Children accepted for service during year------..-.....--...-- --148 120 268
Service discontinued during year .--.....----..---------..-------100 127 227
Children receiving service June 30, 1958 .--..........---------- .--196 209 405
Total number of different children receiving services during year.- 296 336 632

Whereabouts of children receiving service on June 30, 1958
St. Croix St. Thomas Total

In home of parents -------..........------------.---...-------- 58 94 152
In home of relatives-..--------.................. -------------- 40 15 55
In boarding homes ..-----.. ------------------- 46 70 116
In free foster homes......................---------------------- 15 8 23
In institutions ............---------------.............------- 26 20 46
Elsewhere........................... ---------------------.... 11 2 13
Total........................ .------------------------- 196 209 405


Foster care.-This program continued very active during the
year, and is still one of the most encouraging phases of the opera-
tions of the Division. The caseload increased by June 1958 to 139
(St. Thomas, 78; St. Croix, 61) children under care, as compared
with 107 children in June 1957 and 78 children in June 1956. Of
the June 1958 total, 23 children (St. Croix, 15; St. Thomas, 8) were
in free foster homes, as compared with 18 and 17, respectively, in
June 1957 and June 1956.
With the growth in the caseload, government expenditures for
foster home board payments increased to $27,850.83 for the year
(St. Croix, $10,735.50; St. Thomas, $17,115.33) as compared with
$24,990 last year (St. Croix, $9,799; St. Thomas, $15,191). It is
encouraging to note that parents' contributions to the cost of the
program also increased, totaling $1,876 this year (St. Croix, $545.50;
St. Thomas, $1,330.50) as compared with $1,032.50 last year (St.
Croix, $222.50; St. Thomas, $810). The Foster Parents Clubs of
St. Thomas and St. Croix met regularly during the year and con-
tinued to render invaluable assistance in interpreting the program
to their communities.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 53

Insular Training Schools.-The Boys School continued to achieve
a heartening improvement in boy and staff morale. The staff and
boys together contributed much in planning and work in the remod-
eling of a building for the establishment of the Girls School. The
school provided care for a total of 53 boys (St. Thomas, 27; St.
Croix, 26) during the year, with enrollment averaging around 45
boys. The average age of the boys in residence remained around
14 years. The Department of Education continued to provide the
academic services of the school. Under the direction of the farmer-
counselor, poultry, gardening, and animal husbandry projects con-
tinued in operation.
.The long-needed institution-facility for girls was established on
March 5, 1958, in a former family residence located on the western
boundary of Estate Anna's Hope on which the Boys School is also
located. This was made possible through effective cooperation be-
tween voluntary charity agencies and the Government. Spearheaded
by the Women's League of St. Thomas, a very active campaign for
citizen contributions, to which the Community Chest also contrib-
uted, provided funds for purchase of most of the equipment, while
the Government provided materials for the repair and remodeling
of the building, and the staff and boys of the Christiansted High
School vocational class (as well as those of the Insular Boys Train-
ing School) furnished most of the labor. The Superintendent of
the Boys School was assigned the additional responsibility of super-
vising operations at this Girls School. There is a small staff of
three houseparents threat, including the supervising houseparent.
This small facility, with a total capacity of 10 girls, has already
cared for 6 girls (St. Croix, 4; St. Thomas, 2), and there were 5
in residence at the close of the year. Their average age was 13.8
years.
During the year, the Child Welfare Division began casework
services for the Lutheran Queen-Louise Home in Frederiksted, St.
Croix, under a policy agreement reached with the Board of Ameri-
can Missions of the Lutheran Church.
Detention care was furnished 35 children (St. Croix, 10; St.
Thomas, 25) for a total of 413 days. Establishment of adequate
detention facilities in St. Thomas and St. Croix continues to be an
urgent need.
The Citizens Advisory Commission on Youth sponsored the estab-
lishment of District Citizens Committees on Youth. These local
committees organized and financed (through voluntary contribu-
tions) the establishment of Youth Centers in each of the three
islands.








54 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Total cost of operatiioniof the Child Welfare Division during the
report year was $146,785.46, as compared with $130,451.81 last year.
The expenses are summarized below:

Cost of child welfare program, Virgin Islands, fiscal year 1958
Insular St. Croix St. Thomas All Virgin
Islands

Local funds:
Child welfare services ---------....-------- $832. 19 $13, 032.84 $9, 775. 86 $23,64089
Foster home payments- .--- ------------ ... -. -------- 11,012.50 17,293. 98 28.300.48
Insular Training School for Boys..----..... 54,013.33 ..----------- ----. 54. 013.33
Insular Training School for Girls--.--...-- 7,550.98 -------------7,550.98
Total ---.........----.-------------- 62,396.50 24,045.34 27,069.84 113,511.68
Federal funds:
Child welfare services and supervision -. 11,015.48 14, 240.10 8,018.20 33,273. 78
Grand total ..............------------ 73,411.98 38,285.44 35,088.04 146,785.46


Institutions for the Aged
Queen Louise Home, St. Thomas.--At the beginning of the year
there were 16 residents at this small home (capacity, 19 beds), which
provides total care for helpless aged persons. There were no new
admissions, and five residents died during the year, leaving 11 resi-
dents when the year closed. Total cost of operation this year was
$22,122.88, as compared with $21,590.14 last year.
Corneiro Home, St. Thomas.-As of June 30, 1958, 20 rooms were
occupied, 3 were vacant, and 1 was being kept equipped and avail-
able only for emergency admissions. During the year three resi-
dents died (or removed) and there were two admissions. With
total operating costs of $4,391.02 this year, and rentals collected
totaling $1,374, the net operating deficit was $3,017.02. With an
average of 21 residents, the net deficit represents a net cost of less
than $11.97 per month per client for operating this shelter home.
Services provided to aid feeble residents in their housekeeping
chores make this institution a demonstration, in a small way, of an
aided self-care housing program for aged persons. The program
has proved very successful and is very well accepted by the residents.
Aldershville, St. Croix.-As of June 30, 1958, 31 rooms were occu-
pied. During the year there were 10 admissions. Rentals collected,
$1,896, exceeded the total operating costs, $1,540.81. This is also a
shelter-type institution, with a small amount of service being pro-
vided for the residents.

Cancer Care
The Department found it necessary to continue to send Virgin
Islands patients for care at the Puerto Rico Cancer League. The






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 55
need therefore was accentuated by the fact that, though deep X-ray
equipment is available at the Knud Hansen Memorial Hospital,
the position of radiologist remains unfilled to date. During the year
15 new cases (10 from St. Thomas and 5 from St. Croix) were
referred to the Puerto Rico Cancer League. In addition, there were
several repeaters returning for continued treatment and followup.
This year's expenditures amounted to $1,306.08 from the Govern-
ment's Cancer Fund and $2,714.05 from the Community Chest of
St. Thomas, a total of $4,020.13. Loan repayments to the Com-
munity Chest totaled $477.05. No repayments were received on
loans made through the Government Cancer Fund.

Emergency Shelter

This Division furnished emergency shelter at the two shelter homes
and at the so-called Red Cross Home in Charlotte Amalie to four
persons during the year, including stranded transients, evicted ten-
ants, and penniless discharged Hospital patients.
The accelerated building and remodeling boom, particularly in
Charlotte Amalie, is transforming many slum areas into high-
rental residential or industrial developments. At the same time
the program is depriving hundreds of low-income tenants of quar-
ters within their capacity to pay.

Aided Self-Care Housing for Aged Persons

The Department continued efforts to meet the housing needs of
feeble and/or aged clients who need some help, but not total cus-
todial care, in their living arrangements. Serving as adviser to the
Legislature's Special Committee on Self-Care Housing, the Com-
missioner drafted preliminary plans on types, sizes, and sites for
projects and their financing under FHA loans, Hill-Burton grants,
the Virgin Islands Government double "i" funds, or through the
Public Housing Administration as a specialized project.

Transfer of Christiansted Offices
The repairs and remodeling of the second story of the former
grammar school building at Christiansted, for use as headquarters
office for St. Croix, were contracted for with the Department of
Public Works in April 1958, and the work was about completed at
the close of the fiscal year.







56 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM AND TRADE
During the past year the Department of Tourism and Trade
operated three offices: headquarters in St. Thomas, a branch office
in Christiansted, St. Croix, and a New York information office in
that city. The activities of the St. Croix office were greatly in-
creased through the appointment of a manager, which position had
been vacant for 4 years. Also added to the St. Croix staff was the
position of airport clerk for the purpose of disseminating informa-
tion at the Alexander Hamilton Airport.
A short solicitation trip in the fall of 1957 was made by the
Acting Commissioner, visiting New York, Montreal, Washington,
and Boston. In May 1958, trips were made to Havana, Cuba, and
Ciudad Trujillo. In June 1958, a trip was also made covering the
following cities: Miami, Atlanta, Cincinnati, Rochester, Buffalo,
Toronto, Montreal, Washington, and New York. These trips are
designed primarily to develop summer and fall business and to meet
with steamship officials for the planning of winter cruise ship itiner-
aries. The importance of keeping up personal contact with these
groups cannot be overemphasized. With a relatively small budget
to work with, this is one of the most effective ways to insure our
continued growth as a tourist area. During the past year a com-
plete photographic file was compiled covering scenic views, historic
sites, tourist activities, and of all hotels and guesthouses on all three
islands. At the end of this year, there were 850 negatives in our
files. Visitors to the islands and groups were photographed, and
these forwarded for stateside publication in hometown papers, trade
journals, and magazines.
The two main local events in which this Department participates
annually are the Virgin Islands Carnival and the St. Croix Christ-
mas Festival. Our endeavors in connection with these consist of
providing trophies and assistance in local and stateside promotion
and publicity, both in advance of, during, and after they take place.

Transportation Services
The Virgin Islands continued to be served by Caribbean Atlantic
Airlines, Pan American World Airways, and British West Indian
Airways. Caribair carried by far the largest number of passengers.
Pan American confines its entire Virgin Islands operation to St.
Croix. British West Indian Airways continued its triweekly flights
to St. Thomas. Bimonthly service was maintained by the steamship
Evangeline between Miami and St. Thomas for 8 months of the
year. This service continues to be of great value since it is our








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 57

only real surface passenger link to the continental United States
and also brings business to the islands during the off-season months
of the year.


Year Number Passen- Year Number Passen-
of ships gers of ships gers

1949-50...----..--.......---- 15 7,692 1954-55----.......--------- 33 16,000
1950-51 .....----------------. 7 3, 124 1955-56----.-..----..---- 36 18,000
1951-52..-------......-- ---- 12 5,293 1956-57 ....... .------...... 48 22,035
1952-53.....---- ----- ----- 20 12,300 1957-58 ..------------....... 74 35,420
1953-54--------...-------. ... 30 13,323



Tourist Visitors

During the past fiscal year over 132,000 visitors in all categories
came to the Virgin Islands. The table below gives the estimated
sources and types of traffic:


St. Thomas St. Croix
and St. John

Caribair .................-----....................................................------------------------- 57,700 24,000
Cruise ships-----...... -------.------------------------------------. 35,500 ........-
Pan American....................................---------------..----------- ------- 2,600
B.W.I.A................................-------------------------------- 1,500---
Armed services, private yachts, regular steamers ..............------------- 10,000 2,000
Total..---.........................................-----------------... 103,000 28,600
Grand total .............----------...------- ..........----------. 132 000


The comparative figures shown below give an indication of the
growth of tourist facilities in the Virgin Islands during the past
year:


Hotels and guesthouses Guest capacity

1955-56 1956-57 1957-58 1955-56 1956-57 1957-58

St. Croix----------------------------- 12 13 21 359 426 855
St.John-------------------------------- 4 4 4 153 165 191
St. Thomas --------------------------- 22 27 30 1,603 1,681 11,532
Total ---- ---------------- 38 44 55 2,115 2,272 2,578

I The shrinkage in St. Thomas figures is due to certain remodeling and closings since the 1956-57 figures.
It does, however, also include certain increases.


Estimate of Gross Tourist Expenditures

The following table shows tourist expenditures in the various
categories in these islands during the past fiscal year. As in all
previous years, our gross tourist expenditures show a healthy nor-
mal increase.








58 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

St. Thomas St. Croix
and St. John

Hotels and guesthouses...--..........---...--. -- --------- $5,700,000 $902,000
Retail tourist establishments -..---------------.....------------------. 6,125, 000 1,200,000
Bars, restaurants, and nightclubs, not including hotels -------------.-- 584, 000 250, 000
Other tourist interests-.....--...--------- ----------------1,130, 000 179, 000
Total ------------------------------------------ 13, 539,000 2, 531,000
Orand total...........----------- -------------------- 16,070,000


Comparative Data

Reviewing activities in the area of tourism in the two past fiscal
years, we find that the estimated total tourist visitors in 1957-58
shown above, 132,000, compares with 120,235 the previous year, and
the estimated gross tourist expenditures in 1957-58, $16,070,000,
compares with $13,170,000 in the previous year.

SELECTIVE SERVICE OPERATIONS

The primary activities of the State headquarters and the two
local boards, which comprise the Virgin Islands selective service
organization, are set forth in the paragraphs that follow.


Registration
Registration is accomplished at the local board offices in Charlotte
Amalie, Christiansted, and Frederiksted when the registrant pre-
sents himself according to law within 5 days after he has reached
the age of 18, or if an alien entering from outside the country,
within 6 months of his entry generally. The public is frequently
made aware of this requirements in the display of posters in the
post office buildings and through occasional news releases. As of
June 30, 1958, a total of 3,821 men were registered in the Virgin
Islands, reflecting an increase of 274 during the year.
In keeping with the present order of selection of registrants for
induction, the age distribution of the total registration is tabulated
below:

Local board Local board Total
No. 54-1 No. 54-2

17 to 18 years of age..--..-...........-- ---- -------------------.. 1 1
18 to 181$ years of age ------------------------- --------------. 49 43 92
183} years and above liable for service' -----------....... ------- 1, 374 1,366 2,740
(a) Classified available under 26 years--.-------------- ---- (331) (314) ..
(b) Classified not available or in service----..---------------. (1, 038) (1,049) ...
(c) Over 26 years, liability extended- -..-----..- (5) (3) "
26 years and above-over age of liability for service-....-......... 657 331 988
Total.---..-----------....... --------. .... ------------ 2,081 1,740 3,821

1 The law provides that certain registrants deferred after June 19, 1951, may have their liability extended
until age 35.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 59

Included in the tabulation above is one registrant not yet 18 years
of age. Provision is also made that a person may register with
parents' consent if he is a volunteer for immediate induction, which
applies here.


Classification

A total of 770 separate classification actions were completed by
the two local boards. Each local board met at least once per month
to consider new classifications, as well as reclassification actions.
Volunteers continued to be the prime source of manpower for
induction. All inductees for the year were from the volunteer pool,
which accordingly decreased in number by 39, leaving a balance of
only 15 volunteers available as of June 30, 1958.
The rapid decrease in the volunteer pool will again necessitate
the induction of nonvolunteers for the first time in over 3 years.
This is evidenced by the fact that in the latter months of the year
under review preinduction physical examinations involved a sizable
number of nonvolunteers.
The quota for the Virgin Islands was:55, compared with 53 for
the previous year. Sixty-six men were actually inducted, all going
to the Army.
Enlistments showed a marked increase over 1957, increasing from
52 to 109, with greatest activity involving Army enlistments, which
showed an increase from 11 to 76. Separations, however, were par-
ticularly marked armywise with an: increase of from 113 in 1957
to 225 this year, and reflects the armed services program of sepa-
rating those persons who do not show adequate job potential
through their testing programs. No unusual trend was noted in
other than Army gains and losses.

Enlist- Total
Branch of service ments Inductions Total gains separations
reported
Army ----........-....-.-------------------.. 76 66 142 225
Navy ............................------------------ 10 -... 10 18
Marine Corps...---.......------ -------- ------------4 ....4 1
Air Force --------.... --------------.-----16 16 13
Coast Guard................-------------------------- 3 3 1
Total .-----..----......------------------...- 109 66 175 258


Standby Reserve

Under the Reserve Forces Act of 1955, it became the responsi-
bility of Selective Service to determine the availability of members
of the Standby Reserve and -to notify the Armed Forces of such







60 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

availability for call to active duty in time of emergency declared
by the President or established by the Congress. This program
involves separate file systems, the gathering of information on each
reservist by use of a questionnaire and other means, and considera-
tion by the local boards of each reservist's status in relation to the
estimated civilian and military needs.
During the year, a net increase of 124 standby reservists was
realized for the Virgin Islands.

ST. CROIX
Roads
At the close of this period, a total of 51/2 miles of the Centerline
Road had been widened and resurfaced at the cost of $202,775.
Other roadwork within this district included 11.1 miles of a scenic
road, extending from Estate Concordia near Salt River to Ham's
Bay, in the northwestern section of the islands. This involved an
expenditure of $68,585 to the end of the period under review. The
latter expense included the cost of the survey, blazing of the trail
and subsequent widening of the road.

Public Buildings
For a number of years, several buildings owned by the Govern-
ment of the Virgin Islands within this district have been neglected,
due, primarily, to the lack of sufficient funds for adequate mainte-
nance. These have now been rehabilitated and are presently used
as office space for the various departments and agencies of our
Insular Government. By a cooperative effort between the St. Croix
division of the Department of Public Works and the agencies and
departments concerned, the old grammar school and the old high
school in Christiansted, as well as the building used by the U.S.
customs in Frederiksted, were repaired and painted.

Agricultural Program
During the period under review, the Department of Agriculture
and Labor was authorized to proceed with the implementation of an
agricultural program for the district of St. Croix. Detailed plans of
the program were approved by the Governor and the Government
Secretary for the Virgin Islands. Several pieces of equipment have
been received, and a building has been constructed on a portion of
land earmarked for agricultural purposes at Estate Anna's Hope.
Within a few months, definite assistance to local farmers will have
been provided by this Department of the Insular Government.






REPORT OF THE,;GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS -, 61

Rum Production
A total of 362,933 wine gallons of rum was manufactured within
the district of St. Croix during the fiscal period under review.
Wine gallons
St. Croix Sugar Cane Industries, Inc--------------------. 134, 702
A. H. Riise Distillers Corp-------------------------- 228,231
Total .----------------------------------- 362,933
This total shows 41,026 wine gallons more than the previous fiscal
period, and would represent a substantial increase in Federal internal
revenues, available to the Treasury of the Virgin Islands. Brugal
& Co., Inc., located at Estate La Grange in Frederiksted, has not been
distilling. It was engaged.in the blending and bottling of liquors
only.

ST. JOHN
There has been no change in administrative policy during the year.
An extensive road improvement and building program was begun,
embracing the Cruz Bay, Center Line, North Side, and South Side
roads. The road from Coral Bay to East End, which was virtually
impassable, has been opened to accommodate vehicular traffic. New
roadways were also opened on homestead lands at Estate Enighed.
Except for the paving of the streets in the town of Cruz Bay, the
other improvements consist mainly of widening by bulldozing as
a primary step towards future improvements.
Because of the drought experienced during the earlier part of the
year, water had to be brought in via barge from St. Thomas. How-
ever, due to the unusually heavy rains during the latter part of the
year, the water situation has improved. The tremendous loss of
water occasioned by the overflowing of the present storage tank
emphasizes strongly the need for more storage facilities, which, if
built, would solve our water problem for years ahead.
A station wagon was purchased for overland transportation of
the Administrative Assistant.
The Virgin Islands Corporation has almost completed another
phase of its power distribution expansion program to include the
northern section of the island, as well as certain areas along the
Center Line. This program is expected to extend electric power to
the Coral Bay District.
An addition of 60 feet to the dock at Cruz Bay was begun under
contract during the latter part of the year. This addition will help
greatly in relieving the congestion caused frequently on the landing
area, due to the increased daily passenger and cargo traffic.







62 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

MUNICIPAL COURTS -
St. Croix
During fiscal year 1958, there were 1,177 docketed cases in the
Municipal Court including felonies, misdemeanors, and civil mat-
ters. Of these cases 1,057 were terminated during the year and 76
were pending at the end of the year.
In the past 15 years the caseload of the Police Court-Municipal
Court has more than doubled. Moreover, the volume of arraign-
ments is:still increasing. Fiscal year 1958 shows an increase of 68
percent over fiscal year 1957 .
:.Provisions were made in the budget for the fiscal year 1958-59
for the appointment of a probation and parole officer. The services
of this officer will be availableto the Municipal Court of St. Croix.
At the request of the representative of the National Park Servicee
the court has, with the approval of the Judicial Council, agreed to
move from its present quarters in the "Old Fort" in Christiansted
to Government House, Christiansted. Arrangements are being made
to use the District Court room and the office of the District Court
Judge when that Court is not in session. Additional space is being
provided as an office for the Clerk of the Municipal Court. No
conflict is anticipated in the joint use of these facilities as no regu-
lar session of the Municipal Court is scheduled during the sessions
of the District Court. Plans have been made to take care of any
emergency that may require both courts to be in session at the
same time.
During this fiscal year 96 marriage licenses were issued. Of these,
92 marriages were reported, as follows:
Municipal Court---------- --------------- 31
Roman Catholic Church-------- ---------------- 24
Lutheran Church-------------------------- -- --- 12
Moravian Church---------------------------- 9
Anglican Church------------------------------- 7
A.4.E, Church------------------- .---------------- 6
Sevnth Day Adventist Church--------------- ----- ----- 2
Spanish Methodist. Church--__ ......---------------- 1

Total------------------- ----------------- ------ 92
.There were seven coroner's inquests during this period. One death
was by suicide, two were murders, and the other four were accidental
or from natural causes.
All of the forms used by the office of the Clerk of this court were
revised to conform to the provisions of the 1954 Organic Act and the
Virgin Islands Code. .







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 63

St. Thomas and St. John

During the fiscal year 2,318 cases were disposed of by the Municipal
Court. This was an increase of 33 percent over the fiscal year 1957.
Divisionally, they are as follows, including preliminary hearings:
Criminal cases ---- --------------------------------- 561
Traffic cases- ----------_-------- ---------------- 687
Conciliation cases--- -- ------------------____________ 309
Civil cases------------- ---------------- 619
Juvenile and domestic cases------ -------------------- 90
Preliminary hearings --. ------ -----------_ ----------- 52
During the fiscal year 1958, 204 marriage licenses were issued. Of
these, 198 marriages were reported, as follows:
Anglican Church-- .---.-----. --------_------------- 26
Calvary Baptist Church -- ------------------------ 1
Church of God of Prophecy------------_-------. ----------- 4
Lutheran Church- ---- -------- -----------------__ --- 22
Methodist Church----- ----------- -------------------_ 44
Moravian Church------- ------------------------------ 26
Municipal Court-------------.----- __ --_______-----_ 42
Roman Catholic Church -------------------------------- 29
Seventh Day Adventist Church-- -----------------______ 4

Total---- --------- ----------------------- 198
There was one coroner's inquest, which revealed that the deceased
met his death by accidental drowning.
Notarial services rendered by the court were as follows:
Oaths of office and other nonpaying documents------------.-- 37
Complaints and miscellaneous documents .-----__-- --- 538

Total .---... -- -------- ----------------- 575
There was no activity by the Electoral Boards of St. Thomas and
St. John during the time the Judge of the Municipal Court was
ex officio Chairman. The Virgin Islands Code provides that each
board shall elect its own chairman, which was accomplished on Feb-
ruray 5, 1958.
Among the many improvements which the Virgin Islands Code
brought to the Municipal Court is the establishment of a Conciliation
Division, thereby giving legal sanction to the time-honored procedure
of the former Police Court of conducting informal hearings.
There was an increase in the number of traffic cases which came
before the court during the fiscal year. During fiscal year 1956 there
were 891 traffic cases filed; during fiscal year 1957 there were 490;
during fiscal year 1958 there were 687-an increase of 40 percent over
last year.