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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Administration--its progress and...
 Department of agriculture...
 Department of education
 Department of finance
 Department of health
 Department of insular affairs
 Department of public safety
 Department of public works
 Department of social welfare
 Department of tourism and...
 Selective service operations
 Virgin Islands planning board
 St. Croix
 St. John


DLOC



Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00015459/00032
 Material Information
Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Alternate Title: Annual report - the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Portion of title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands to the Secretary of the Interior
Annual report, Virgin Islands
Physical Description: v. : tab. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Virgin Islands of the United States -- Governor
Publisher: for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication: Washington
Creation Date: 1956
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Virgin Islands of the United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Report covers fiscal year.
General Note: Title varies slightly.
General Note: Vols. for 1925/26 issued as Senate document 170, U.S. 69th Congress, 2d session.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01235215
lccn - 26027791
issn - 0363-3438
System ID: UF00015459:00032

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
    Administration--its progress and problems
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Department of agriculture and labor
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Department of education
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Department of finance
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Department of health
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Department of insular affairs
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Department of public safety
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Department of public works
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
    Department of social welfare
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Department of tourism and trade
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
    Selective service operations
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Virgin Islands planning board
        Page 51
    St. Croix
        Page 52
        Page 53
    St. John
        Page 54
        Page 55
Full Text
I. ~Y3/S-7


1957


Annual Report


THE GOVERNOR OF THE

Virgin Islands

TO THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR


For the Fiscal Year EndedJune 30, 1957

















UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES


= I






1957 Annual Report


THE GOVERNOR OF THE

Virgin Islands

TO THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR


For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, -957










LATfl
AMERICA













UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
FRED A. SEATON, Secretary

VIRGIN ISLANDS
Walter A. Gordon, Governor























UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D. C.


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C. Price 25 cents























Contents


Page
. . 1


ADMINISTRATION-ITS PROGRESS AND PROBLEMS .


DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND LABOR . .. 3.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION . . . 6

DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE . . . ... 11

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. . . . . 13

DEPARTMENT OF INSULAR AFFAIRS. . . . 23

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY. . . .. 29

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS. . . .. 31

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE. . . . 36

DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM AND TRADE . . 46

S SELECTIVE SERVICE OPERATIONS. . . . 49

VIRGIN ISLANDS PLANNING BOARD . . .. 51

ST. CROIX . . . . . . 52

ST. JOHN . . .. . . ... 54


1











Annual Report of the

Governor of the Virgin Islands


Walter A. Gordon, Governor






ADMINISTRATION-ITS PROGRESS AND PROBLEMS
CONDITIONS in all phases of government in the Virgin Islands of
the United States showed improvement during fiscal year 1957. Reve-
nues amounted to $3,690,539.29, an excess of $736,539.29 over estimates
and an increase over fiscal year 1956 of $778,764.21. Principal gains
were reflected in income tax, real property tax, customs duties, and
trade and excise taxes. Cash balance in the general fund of the
Treasury on June 30, 1957, amounted to $1,193,846.32, sufficient to
cover all known outstanding obligations at the close of the fiscal year.
For the first time in years, it was not necessary to borrow funds to
finance the operations for the current fiscal year. For the first time,
also, a balance sheet will be prepared giving full information as to
the financial status of general fund and Federal appropriations. Esti-
mated returns from matching funds for fiscal year 1957 should exceed
$3,000,000.
Our greatest problem was water shortage in St. Thomas due to an
unusually severe drought starting in November 1956 and still continu-
ing. Only 27.76 inches of rain fell during fiscal year 1957, which was
20 inches less than the previous year, and 17 inches below the annual
average. It was necessary to haul from Puerto Rico to St. Thomas,
over 33 million gallons of water by Navy barges, rented commercial
barges and our own vessels. Fifty-eight million gallons of potable
water were used during the year within the Charlotte Amalie potable
water distribution area.
The Waterfront Highway in St. Thomas was completed at a cost of
approximately $600,000. An extensive highway program in St. Croix






2 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

was started and many roads in the three islands received fair mainte-
nance. Two large schools are under construction in St. Croix. The
reconstruction of the marine barracks building in St. Thomas was
completed for occupancy by the legislature of the Virgin Islands and
various governmental agencies.
Organization of the medical staffs, as the first step toward accredita-
tion, was completed in the two insular hospitals. The polio vaccina-
tion program for children of school age attained its peak and an adult
polio vaccination program was launched during May of 1957. The
Health Department participated in the first Carribbean conference
on mental health held at Aruba, N. W. I. The Commissioner of
Health, Dr. Eric L. O'Neal, was named chairman of the committee to
draft plans for a Caribbean federation of mental health. The Depart-
ment of Health has recommended a plan for a residual spray program
for the elimination of the Aedes Aegypti (yellow fever) mosquito in
St. Thomas and St. John.
Approximately 6,000 children attended public schools and 2,390
were enrolled in private and parochial schools throughout the terri-
tory. A board of vocational education was appointed, and the voca-
tional rehabilitation program began operation in March 1957. The
Bureau of Libraries met requirements for participation in the Federal
Library Service program. Through the efforts of the Youth Commis-
sion, a Youth Center was opened in Cruz Bay, St. John. In the
teacher-training program, 7 courses were offered during the 1956 sum-
mer session of the Virgin Islands Experimental College and 3 courses
during the school year. Approximately 753,720 school lunches were
served.
The Virgin Islands benefited from 1956 congressional acts broaden-
ing Federal participation in Virgin Islands Social Welfare assistance
programs, providing matching funds for parents of dependent chil-
dren, and increasing the annual limitation on overall Federal partici-
pation from $160,000 to $200,000. In the principal programs of the
Department of Social Welfare, public assistance aided a caseload of
1,925 persons; the child welfare caseload averaged (monthly) 91 chil-
dren in foster homes, 42 boys in the Training School, and 350 children
receiving casework help. Three institutions for the aged cared for
60 residents.
The Department of Public Safety initiated an in-service training
program for the men in the Police Division under the direction and
supervision of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Two-way radio
communication linking the islands of St. Thomas, St. Croix and
St. John, and radio-equipped motorized units have been installed.
A centralized record bureau, a unified interisland traffic program and






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 3

a unified criminal investigation bureau under the supervision of the
Insular Chief of Detectives is being perfected. Considerable atten-
tion has been given to improving the fire-fighting system in the Virgin
Islands, with plans being developed for both adequate training of
personnel and the acquisition of new equipment.
Preliminary statistics on tourist travel indicate a gratifying in-
crease in both visitors and total tourist expenditures over the previous
year. Air traffic showed a large gain and over 50 cruise ships called
here during the winter months. The islands again played host to
thousands of servicemen. Six hotel establishments opened or were
reactivated during the year. Tourist shops also increased in number
and enlargement of present facilities. The Virgin Islands carried out
a promotional campaign through newspaper and magazine advertising
and the increased distribution of travel literature.
The Department of Agriculture and Labor promoted, assisted and
encouraged improvement of relations and services among producers,
distributors and consumers of food products; investigated causes and
means of control of animal and plant diseases; conducted a program
for the vaccination of hogs which resulted in the control and near eradi-
cation of hog cholera; started a program for control of Brucelosis in
cooperation with the Federal Government; worked with management
and labor to encourage improved relations; heard and ruled on all
workmen compensation cases, and enforced safety methods in indus-
try as well as enforcing the wage and hour and labor relations laws.
Veterans were given assistance in all matters affecting them under the
programs and benefits of the Veterans Administration.
One development of overriding significance for the future stability
and development of the Virgin Islands was the enactment into law on
May 16, 1957, of the 5-volume Virgin Islands Code. For the first time
in its history, the territory now has all its laws contained within the
covers of one comprehensive code. Many uniform State laws have been
adopted. This code will take effect as of September 1, 1957.
The Government Secretary, the Honorable Charles K. Claunch, re-
signed as of May 31, 1957, and that office remained vacant the remain-
der of the fiscal year.

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND LABOR

Agriculture
SThe experiment station on the island of St. Thomas continued
to analyze the way in which the small farmers get maximum yields
from their food crops. In addition to full-time technical assistance
made available, vegetable seeds, insecticides, fungicides, dusts, and a


1






4 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

number of medicines were sold to the farmers at relatively low costs.
A sound and workable agricultural program for the island of St.
Croix has been prepared. Through this program, the citizens of the
Virgin Islands will derive the maximum benefit from the efforts of
our local government in the field of agriculture.

Labor
During the year just closed, the compensation officers received 416
injury reports. Under this section of the officers' activities, 330 cases
were disposed of, involving medical costs or compensation for dis-
ability in the various classifications listed hereunder, and issued 502
Orders awarding a total of $48,348.32. There are 86 cases on the
dockets pending the submission of additional information. The ad-
judication of the cases stated necessitated 543 public hearings, and
cases where only minor medical attendance was involved were dis-
posed of without formal hearings.
A breakdown of the total money value awarded shows:
Disability and medical claims:
Temporary total disability -------- ------------------ $10, 275. 16
Permanent partial disability------------------------------- 3,457.85
Permanent total disability--_--------- -------- 11,076. 00
Death compensation---------------------------- 5,000.00
Medical attendance and hospitalization -------------------. 13, 084. 31
Professional and clerical services.------------------------ 5, 455. 00

Total ------------------------------------- 48,348.32
During the course of the fiscal year, the safety inspectors made
1,402 inspections and were instrumental in the dissemination of advice
and information regarding safety precautions to employees and em-
ployers. There is every indication of the need for the continuity of
the safety program until every worker in the field of industrial em-
ployment realizes his obligation under the compensation laws, and
his relationship to his fellow workers.
A number of complaints concerning wages, hours of work, and
other conditions affecting employment in the Virgin Islands were
filed. Growing out of these complaints, back wages and overtime
compensation were collected and paid to workers in the aggregate of
$3,463.00.

Office of Veterans Afairs
Under this section of the Department's activities, the Director of
Veterans Affairs processed 2,169 cases. These cases involved educa-







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 5

tional benefits, medical and dental treatments, unemployment com-
pensation, applications for loans, GI insurance plan, disability pen-
sion, disability compensation, and several other miscellaneous benefits.
Of particular significance is the fact that approximately $129,700
was earned by Virgin Islands veterans in training allowances during
the period under discussion. In addition to the handling of these
cases, counseling services were provided veterans, their dependents
and dependents of men on active duty with the Armed Forces.
This office received splendid cooperation from the Veterans Admin-
istration, San Juan, P. R., which has direct supervision of all our
veterans in the Virgin Islands.
Because of the fact that there are no facilities available for edu-
cation beyond the senior high school level, the Virgin Islands veteran
is placed in a less favorable position than his counterpart who resides
within the continental limits of the United States. Since educational
benefits, under existing law, are still available to many of our ex-
servicemen, it has been recommended that an annual appropriation
of at least $1,000 be made available, in order to provide transporta-
tion expenses to the continent for those veterans whose opportunity
for higher education is hampered by the high cost of transportation
to the college or university of their choice.

Job classification by industries in the Virgin Islands-1956-57
Number of per-
sons employed
Wholesale establishments--------_--- --------------------------- 102
Retail establishments------------------------------------------- 734
Construction ...----- ----------------------------------------- 1,491
Newspaper publications----------------------------------------- 32
Amusements (theaters) ------------------------------------------ 49
Bakeries------- ---- -- ----------------------------------- 58
Transportation (airlines, trucking) ------------------------------------ 167
Banking --------------------------------------------------- 69
Communications-------------------------------------------------- 24
Hotels and guest houses------------- ----------------------- 1,016
Shipping -- -------------------------------------------------- 607
Auto repair and service stations--------------------------------- 133
Manufacturing .---._ ------------------------------------------- 830
Other --------------------------------------------- --- 140

Total------------------------- ------------------- 5,452
A special job opportunity survey for the Virgin Islands was started
during the month of May. It is expected that this project will be
completed during fiscal year 1958.
Summary of Employment Service activities is as contained in the
following table:
457761-58---2







6 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

New applications----------..--------------....----._ 1,683
Counseling interviews---....--.--------------------------------- 413
Employer visits ------- -------------------------------- 336
Promotional telephone contacts--------------------------------- 730
GATB administered ------------------------- 49
Specific aptitude tests administered ------- ------ ----------- 0
Proficiency tests administered---- ---_- ------------50
Placements (nonagricultural)-------_------- ----------- ---- -- 2,809
Professional and clerical ------ -------------------- 294
Skilled and semiskilled-------.. -------------------- 791
Unskilled-------------------- --_------ 364
Service-------------------- ---- ---------- 972
Day work and casual-------. -----------.----.--.----. 388
Placements (agricultural) ------------------------------------- 17

Claims activities
Veterans claims:
New intrastate claims-------------------------------------- 102
Total weeks unemployment compensated--------------------- 1,685
Total weeks of partial unemployment compensated--------------- 48
Total amount of compensation paid-------------------------. $42, 266
Total number of exhaustions---------------------------------- 33
Federal employee claims:
Total U. C. F. E. claims------------------------------------- 6
Total weeks unemployment compensated------------------------ 58
Total weeks of partial unemployment.--------------------..----- 0
Total amount of compensation paid-------------------------- $1, 465
Total number of exhaustions-------.---.---------- --------- 2

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

General Information

Education is compulsory for all children between the ages of 51/2
and 15. In the 3 islands there were 28 public schools in 1957, con-
sisting of 5 kindergartens, 13 rural schools, 7 city elementary schools,
1 junior high school and 2 junior-senior high schools. Total enroll-
ment in public schools was 6,192. The per capital cost (exclusive of
school lunches, adult education, capital outlay, community services)
was $137.30. The department received the sum of $1,048,500 from
the general fund and $17,500 from other funds for its operations dur-
ing the fiscal year. Total enrollment for 7 parochial schools' was
2,032 and for 5 private schools 380.
Eleven teachers were granted leave to continue their studies toward
the bachelor's degree, and 2 toward the master's degree.
Tests of mental maturity were administered to all grades in St.
Thomas and to grades 1 to 3 in St. Croix. It is anticipated that this
program will be completed during 1957-58 and results made available
to teachers.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 7

Schools participated in such community activities as Red Cross and
Community Chest drives, carnival, transfer day, and Christmas cele-
brations. In addition, special days and weeks were observed with
appropriate programs. Of particular interest were school contribu-
tions to better breakfast month, art exhibit at the St. Thomas Public
Library during May and June, mural of carnival parade which was
sent to Miss Gail Symon at the Silvermine Guild School of Art, and
two musical programs which demonstrated pupil achievement, the
results of teaching and cooperative effort. Parochial and private
schools participated in many of these activities.
At Christmas, the Continental Society for Virgin Islands Children
made their usual contribution of gifts and candy to elementary
schools and kindergartens.
A workshop for all kindergarten teachers was carried on every
Monday afternoon from September through December. This year
for the first time a number readiness test was given to the kinder-
garten children who were expected to enter the first grade in Septem-
ber. This was a teacher-made test which covered most of the con-
cepts with which we would expect the children to be familiar. The
usual reading readiness test was administered. Results of both tests
will be sent to the elementary schools.
The renovation of school buildings in St. Thomas was planned and
progress was made in the construction of two schools in St. Croix.
Rural schools in St. Croix maintained school gardens and were ac-
tive in 4-H Clubs. Through planned assembly programs, principals
of many schools gave instruction and practice in desirable attitudes
which are necessary to everyday living.
The PTA of the Charlotte Amalie High School presented a Ham-
mond organ to the school for use in the auditorium.
Vocational rehabilitation became a functioning program during
March 1957. Federal personnel, including the Director of the United
States Office; the regional consultant, and a special consultant assigned
to the Virgin Islands from April to May, gave much-needed assistance
in getting this program started in a satisfactory manner.
There were several vacancies in the Vocational Education Division.
Definite progress was made in distributive education by the establish-
ment of a laboratory and an evening class; a plan for practical nurs-
ing was submitted to the Board for Vocational Education; in addi-
tion to the regular instructional program evening classes were offered
in home economics; trades and industrial students gained experiences
by working on projects for Government agencies; the guidance coun-
selor was responsible for successful career days and hobby exhibits;







8 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

agriculture was not offered in St. Croix this year because of our ina-
bility to obtain an instructor.
Messrs. Howard Jackson, Carl Tranum, Leopold Broome, Ove
Olsen, Paul Joseph, and Mrs. Edith Bond were appointed by Gov-
ernor Gordon in December 1956 to the Board for Vocational Educa.
tion. This action enabled the Virgin Islands to qualify for the Fed-
eral contribution.
The annual convention of the Virgin Islands Vocational Associa.
tion was held in St. Croix on May 24 to 25.
The libraries have continued to develop. Of the book additions
recorded for 1956-57 the St. Thomas Public Library had the largest
number-717 volumes, of which 495 were gifts and 222 were pur-
chases. The same proportion of additions were gifts in the 2 public
libraries of St. Croix.
Reorganization has reinstated a centralized library system in which
the St. Thomas public library is again the center from which
all activities are planned and effected. With unification came also
expansion, not only for the reason of the planned extension of library
service to rural areas, but also at headquarters so that the bulk of
processing, organizing, and housing of material can be efficiently han-
dled and made ready for distribution.
The Insular Bureau of Recreation under the Department of Edu-
cation commenced its 1956-57 program of activities with a 7-team
Little League Baseball League which began in August and ended in
September.
In St. Thomas a full schedule of sport activities was conducted
through the year. Shortly after the summer program a softball and
volleyball tournament for men was conducted. These tournaments
lasted from September to November. At the close of these seasons a
basketball season started and ended in March.
By reorganization of the business section and the addition of an
audit clerk, a more orderly procedure was achieved in the processing
of accounts so that by June, bills pending from previous fiscal years
were paid and current bills were being scheduled for payment with
greater rapidity.
School lunch operations were improved by the establishment of a
chillroom in St. Croix and the reorganization of the warehouse in
St. Thomas.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 9

Miscellaneous data
Number of schools:
Public (including kindergartens) ------------..------------ 28
Parochial----------- ---------------------------- 7
Private -------------------------------------- -- 5

Total.....-------------------------------------- 40

School enrollment (June 1957):
Public----------------------------------------- 6,192
Parochial ----------- ------------------------- 2,032
Private-.---------------------------------------------- 380

Total.------------------------ ----------------- 8,604

Public school enrollment:
Kindergarten ---------------------------------------- 324
Grades 1 through 6----------------------------------- 3,981
Grades 7 through 9-------------------------------- 1,233:
Grades 10 through 12------------------------------------- 61
Ungraded-------------------------------- 41

Total-- -------------------------------------- 6,192

Average pupils per classroom teacher:
Rural elementary ----------------------- 34
Urban elementary-------- ----------------- 40
High school------------------------------- 28
Average salary of teachers in public schools:
Elementary ----------- ------------------ $2,569.27
High school (academic)--------------------------------- $3,705.65.
Teacher training (exclusive of vocational) :
College graduates ----------------------------- 59
Normal school (2 years or more)--------------------------- 31
Less than 2 years college---------------------------- 73
Other --------------------------------------------------- 8

171

Source of funds:
General fund-------------------------------------- $1,048,500
Lottery fund-------------------- --------------- 17,500
Federal contributions to
School lunch-------------------------------------- 35,856
Vocational education-------------------- ---------_--- 20,000
Vocational rehabilitation---------------------------- 6,682

Total funds available ------ ----------------------- $1,128,538







10 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Total obligations and expenditures:
Insular funds -------- .. ____------------- -----_ $1,047,465.75
Federal funds --------------------------------------- 59,788.61

$1, 107,254.36

Expenditure per pupil exclusive of school lunch, adult education
and community services .-----........- ---------- ----- $137.30
Aid to college students-------- ------------------------_ $8, 500. 00
Average daily participation in school lunch program 1956-1957-..-- 4,693
Number of meals served----------------------------------- 836, 777
NOT.--No figures are available on the value of school lunch commodities donated by
the U. S. Department of Agriculture, therefore the cost per pupil participating in school
lunch could not be stated this year.

Average cost per pupil (1947 to 1957 inclusive)
Year Totals
1956-57 -------------------- ----------------- -- ---- $137, 30
1955-56 ---------------------------.----- ------. 141, 00
1954-55 -------------------------------- ------ 117.86
1953-54 ----------------------------------------------- --- 105. 12
1952-53 ------------------------------- 100.44
1951-52 ----------------------------------- ---- 102. 15
1950-51 --------------- ---------- ------- --- 69. 67
1949-50 -------------- --------- -------- 74.66
1948-49 ------------------------------------------ ---- 89.51
1947-48 ---------------------------------------- 95.46
1946-47 ------------- ------------------- ------------ 79. 46
1These figures are for the entire Virgin Islands. Figures for other years are for the
municipality of St. Thomas and St. John.

Average monthly salaries of teachers according to certification and assignment
St. Thomas and St. John
College standard------------------- ------- ---------- $313. 57
Normal standard--- ------------------------ ---224. 15
High school standard --- ----- --------------- ----- 165. 69
Special service -------- -------------------------------.. 254.61
Special teacher Class A ----- ------------------------ --- 294. 87
Second class-------------- ----------------- 143. 08
Elementary and kindergarten teachers----------------------- 200.38
High school teachers---------------------------- --- 285.48
Supervisors------------------------------ 385.90
Average salary per teacher---------------------------------- 229.22







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 4 11

Average monthly salaries of teachers according to certification and assignment-
St. Croix
Salary
per
Certification and assignment: month
Master's degree------------- -- ----------------------- $377.29
College 4-year--------------------------------- -- 307.43
College 3-year----------------------------------------------- 263. 54
College 2-year --------------------------------------------- 219. 65
College 1-year----------------- ---------------------------- 184. 52
Special service----------------------------------------------- 122. 50
High school graduate---------------------------------------- 161.76
Average salary per teacher by years-Virgin Islands
Dollars
Years: per month
41956-57 ----------------------------------------------------- $256. 29
1955-56 ----------------------------------------------------- 235.11
1954-55 ---------------- ----- --------1 189.47
1953-54 _---------------- ----------------------- -171.77
1952-53 ---------------------------------------------------- 163. 73
1951-52 ----------------------------------------------------- 127.08
1950-51 ------------------------------------------------------ 127.98
1949-50 --------------------------------------------------- 123.62
1948-49 ----------------------------------------------------- 105.97
1947-48 ---------------------------------------------------- 100.73
1946-47 ---------------------------------------------------- 116. 23
SThese figures are for the entire Virgin Islands. Figures for other years are for the
municipality of St. Thomas and St. John.

DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE

There was a marked improvement in the functioning of the Depart-
ment during the fiscal year 1957.
Deficiencies reported in the audit report of the General Accounting
Office for the fiscal year 1956 have been corrected and recommendations
carried out insofar as has been practicable to do so.
Adequate records have been, and are being established to provide
effective control over and accountability for all funds, property, and
other assets of the Government, and to carry out the requirements of
section 18 of the Revised Organic Act which provides for a full dis-
closure of the financial results of the Government's fiscal activities.
Special attention was given to the in-service training of personnel
of the Department, and the morale, and performance, of personnel
during the fiscal year were maintained at a high level.
Relationship with the general public, the departments, agencies and
activities of the insular and the Federal Governments was maintained
favorably through the year.
New high levels were reached in Government income during the
fiscal year 1957. Increased returns were reflected in nearly all revenue






12 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

items. Despite the effects of a 2-month tax holiday on business, tax
revenues collected during fiscal year 1957 exceeded similar collections
in the previous fiscal year by 26.56 percent, or $773,309.38.
Principal sources of revenues and receipts were (a) taxes, (b) cus-
toms duties, (c) income from Government operations and services, and
(d) the Federal Government's matching fund contributions.
Taxes amounting to $3,422,925.97 contributed the major share or
92.89 percent of revenues to the general fund of the Treasury of the
Virgin Islands, the fund to which all revenues collected in the Virgin
Islands are deposited, and the basis for the matching funds con-
tributed by the Federal Government.
In the field of tax revenues, the income tax accounted for $1,863,-
494.09, or 54.44 percent of all taxes collected. Taxes on business either
direct or indirect, accounted for $1,068,799.60 or 31.22 percent; customs
duties, $222,000 or 6.49 percent; and real property taxes, $268,632.28
or 7.85 percent.
Revenues from Government Services or Operations amounted to
$262,158.49 or 7.11 percent of all revenues.
Contributions of matching funds by the Federal Government for
fiscal year 1957, based on fiscal year 1956 net revenues as approved by
the Comptroller of the Virgin Islands, amounted to $2,469,426.17.
Contributions of matching funds by the Federal Government for
fiscal year 1958, based on the current fiscal year's (1957) net revenues
as certified by the Comptroller of the Virgin Islands, will amount to
$3,379,133.21, an increase of $909,707.04 or 36.84 percent over that of
fiscal year 1956.
During the fiscal year 1957, the Federal Government's contribution
to grant-in-aid programs and other programs in which the Federal
Government participates amounted to $563,381.56.
As at June 30, 1957, the cash account of the general fund showed a
cash surplus of $1,029,109.31 over known obligations of $164,737.01
outstanding at the close of the fiscal year.
This is the first time in years that there has been sufficient monies
in the general fund Treasury to finance the operations of the fund at
the beginning of a fiscal year without recourse to deficit financing.
Cash balances in the Federal appropriation matching single i (i)
funds, the Federal appropriation essential public projects, triple i
(iii) funds, and the various other special and nonbudgetary funds,
also showed cash surpluses.
All obligations incurred and expenditures made by the various de-
partments, agencies, and activities of the Government during fiscal
year 1957 were within the limits authorized and allotted, and no over-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 13

obligation or overexpenditure of funds were made by any department,
agency, or activity of the Government.
Of the total amount of $4,738,209.95 expended from the general fund
and the Federal appropriation single i (i) matching fund, $4,489,-
859.72 or 94.76 percent represented operating expenses of the various
departments, agencies, and activities of the Government, and $248,-
350.23 or 5.24 percent represented overall general expenses of the
Government as a whole.
Of the amount of $4,489,859.72 expended for operating expenses,
$1,202,443.57 or 26.78 percent was spent for health services; $992,-
328.83 or 22.10 percent for education; $800,652.25 or 17.84 percent
for public works other than essential public projects; $337,292.22 or
7.51 percent for public safety; $385,670.09 or 8.59 percent for welfare
services; $58,748.96 or 1.31 percent for the legislature; $56,226.66 or
1.25 percent for tourism; and $656,497.04 or 14.62 percent for the other
administrative and executive agencies of the Government. Expendi-
tures for essential public projects during the fiscal year 1957 amounted
to $1,887,666.68.
As of June 30, 1957, the close of the fiscal year 1957, there were
unliquidated encumbrances outstanding (obligations incurred during
the fiscal year 1957 to be liquidated and paid during fiscal year 1958)
totalling $892,797.37 and distributed as follows:
General fund------------------------------------ $162,825.91
Federal appropriation matching single i (i) fund------------ 125,235.25
Federal appropriation essential public projects triple i (iii)
fund --------------------------------------- 604,736.21

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
The Health Department completed its second year as an integrated
insular unit, created by Executive Order 9.
Despite the many problems which have arisen from time to time as
a result of integration, involving lines of administrative responsibility
and authority, personnel policies and relationships, the Virgin Islands
hold the unique position of being the first and possibly the only area
under the United States flag where medical care, hospital services
and public health services are integrated. Although only in its
infancy, the experiment is proving successful, and could well form
the pattern for other areas desirous of achieving integration.
The second quarter of fiscal 1957 witnessed a change in the Office of
the Commissioner of Health due to the resignation of the former
incumbent. On October 3, 1957, the new Commissioner of Health
took the oath of office and proceeded to evaluate the administrative
457761-58-3






14 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
organization of the Department as presented under Executive Order 9.
An executive officer was appointed in order to relieve the Commis-
sioner of most of the details of administration.
During the fourth quarter a reconnaissance management survey of
the Health Department was conducted by a team of experts from
the Central Office of the United States Public Health Service. The
report of their findings and recommendations should provide a basis
for reorganizing the Health Department.
It is strongly recommended that the present fee schedule be com-
pletely revamped, as it is in many cases too generalized and charges
are out of line.
Personnel functions within the Department have improved con-
siderably during this period. Progress has been made, and there
now exists better means of communication between the areas in the
medical care program and the unit which coordinates personnel action
within the Department.

Bureau of Vital Records and Statistical Services
The Virgin Islands was one of 29 States and 4 territories to be
admitted as charter members of the marriage registration area, estab-
lished by the United States Public Health Service on January 1,
1957.
The marriage registration area system will provide uniform data
on more than half of the marriages that occur in the nation and ad-
ditional States will be added as the requirements for inclusion in the
marriage registration are met. The information obtainable from the
marriage registration area is needed for community planning and
many other purposes.
In 1956 the birth rate continued its upward trend with 971 live
births and a birth rate of 32.3 per 1,000 estimated population as
compared with 813 live births with a rate of 30.8 in 1955. For St.
Croix the 1956 figures are 457 live births and a birth rate of 33.7;
for St. Thomas they are 497 live births and a rate of 31.7. Of live
births to St. John mothers, 9 occurred in St. Thomas but were credited
to St. John, giving that island 17 live births and a birth rate of 21.
In St. Croix 88.2 percent of all live births occurred in hospitals.
The corresponding figure for St. Thomas is 99.4 percent.
The upward trend in the death rate continued, there being 357
deaths with a rate of 11.9 per 1,000 estimated population in 1956.
In 1955 there were 318 deaths with a rate of 10.7. The death rate
has increased steadily since 1953, when we had our lowest recorded
death rate of 9.8. The increase in the death rate occurred in all







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 15

islands. In St. Croix there was an increase from 183 deaths and a
rate of 13.7 in 1955 to 201 deaths and a rate of 14.8 in 1956. In St.
Thomas the increase was from 134 deaths and a rate of 8.7 in 1955
to 151 deaths and a rate of 9.6 in 1956. Deaths of St. John residents
totaled 5 for a rate of 6.9.
The leading causes of death were:

Number Rate Percent of
all deaths

Diseases of the heart ----- -------------------99 329.3 27.9
Vascular lesions affecting central nervous system..------- .-------_. 38 126.4 10.7
Certain diseases of early infancy -.---- --.--------------------- 38 126.4 10.7
Malignant neoplasms..-----...--------------------------....... 34 113.1 8.6
Accidents, poisonings and violence--------------------------------- 0 99.8 8.5

Age distribution of deaths was as follows:

Number Percent of
all deaths

Under 1 year...--------...........---------------.-------...------- ------ 66 18.6
1 to 4 years ---......--...-------------------------------------------- -- 13 3.7
5 to14 years..............---------.. --------------------------- -------- 6 1.7
15 to 24 years .------------------.------ ---.........-- ----....... 11 3.1
25 to 44years......... ...........----- -------------------------------. 26 7.3
45 to 64years ...............- ----------------.--............ ------... 67 18.9
65 to 74 years --..................... ...---..-. -------- --- ... ....-- ....- 61 17.2
75 years and over...--...--.-----..-. ...-.-----------... --------..--....----- 103 28.9
Age unknown ...--------------...--- -----------------. ------------------- 4 1.1


Infant Deaths

Infant deaths in 1956 increased 50 percent in number over 1955,
the number in 1955 being 44 against 66 in 1956. Because of the in-
crease in birth rate, however, the infant death rate increased only
from 48.2 per 1,000 live births in 1955 to 68 in 1956 instead of by
50 percent. The increase is alarming when we consider that in 1953
we had our lowest infant mortality record-36 infant deaths and a
41.3 per 1,000 live births, and also that our rate is so far above the
general United States infant death rate of 26.1 in 1956.1
Infant deaths in St. Thomas increased from 14 in 1955 and a rate
of 32.9 to 33 in 1956 and a rate of 66.4. In St. Croix the increase was
from 30 deaths and a rate of 63.7 in 1955 to 33 deaths and a rate of
72.2 in 1956. No infant deaths were reported from St. John.
Approximately 58.2 percent of infant deaths were neonatal deaths-
deaths of infants under 28 days.
In 1956 there were 2 maternal deaths, both in St. Croix, and a rate
of 2.1 per 1,000 live births compared with 1 maternal death (St.
Thomas) and a rate of 1.1 in 1955.

IU. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare-"Monthly Vital Statistics
Report."






16 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Though there was a slight improvement over 1955, the foetal death
figures are still discouraging. In 1956 there were 37 foetal deaths and
a rate of 38.1 per 1,000 live births, while in 1955 there were 39 and a
rate of 42.5. The figures for St. Croix are 21 foetal deaths with a
rate of 46, and for St. Thomas 16 with a rate of 32.2.
The 297 marriages in 1956 constituted an appreciable increase over
the 1955 figure of 223 marriages. The number of divorces also in-
creased from 103 in 1955 to 129 in 1956. Of the marriages dissolved
65, or 50.4 percent, had been performed in the Virgin Islands.
Population estimates as of July 1, 1956, are based upon natural in-
crease with a slight adjustment for migration. For the Virgin Is-
lands the estimate is 30,061; for St. Croix 13,557; for St. John 809;
for St. Thomas 15,695.

Summary of vital statistics, Virgin Islands and each Island, 1956
[Birth and death rates per 1,000 population. Infant and neonatal death rates and foetal death rates per
1,000 live births]

Virgin Islands St. Croix St. John St. Thomas
Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate

Live births -- __-------- 971 32.3 457 33.7 17 21.0 497 31.7
In home ...------------. 62 16.4 54 11.8 5 '29.4 3 '0.6
In hospital.--.-------- 909 193.6 403 188.2 12 170.6 494 199.4
Deaths...------------------- 357 11.9 201 14.8 5 6.9 151 9.6
Infant deaths ...-----------. 66 68.0 33 72.2 0 0 33 66.4
Neonatal deaths ...-------. 39 40.2 21 46.0 0 0 18 36.2
Maternal deaths-- ......... 2 2.1 2 4.4 0 0 0 0
Foetal deaths----........... 37 38. 1 21 46.0 0 0 16 32.2
Marriages..---------.... 297 104 ---------............-- 193
Divorces--................------ 129 ------- 29 ------. ------ ........ ---- 100 .......

I Percent of total.

Division of Medical Care

The Division of Medical Care is 1 of the 3 major divisions of the
Department of Health of the Virgin Islands, and actually comprises
the entire medical institution program of the Health Department.
Recurring administrative delays and malfunctions frequently at
the expense of the best possible patient care, have indicated a need
for revision of the structure outlined in Executive Order 9. This
was one of the factors that prompted the request for the United States
Public Health Service survey. The report of that survey is now
under study and is expected to provide a basis for reorganization.
Rapid changes in the personnel picture of the department further
influenced the State of operations to an appreciable degree. During
the year the Commissioner of Health resigned and a successor was
appointed. The position of Chief or Acting Chief, Division of Medi-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 17

cal Care, was occupied successively by three different persons includ-
ing the incumbent.
The Medical Care Division's policy of maintaining a certain stand-
ard of care and constantly attempting to improve quality of service
was formally recognized by adopting as its goal the attainment of at
least the minimum requirements of the Joint Commission on Hospital
Accreditation. This program has as its ultimate objective, accredita-
tion of the two major medical institutions in the Virgin Islands.
Great impetus was given to the implementation of that policy in the
formal organization of the medical staffs of the Knud-Hansen Me-
morial Hospital and the Charles Harwood Memorial Hospital, St.
Thomas and St. Croix respectively, according to a pattern approved
by the Joint Commission on Hospital Accreditation. That organi-
zation attained recognized status by approval of the bylaws and rules
and regulations of the Medical Staff by the Governor. The immedi-
ate functioning of the vital committees of the medical staffs and the
amount of work produced by those committees in the short time dur-
ing which they have been functioning demonstrates the validity and
effectiveness of such organization. The work of the Credentials Com-
mittee in ascertaining professional qualifications of proposed new
members of the staffs and determination of hospital privileges of all
staff members according to proven ability, training and experience, is
proving to be of incalculable value both to the efficiency of the Medi-
cal Care program and to the protection of public welfare.

St. Croix
The medical director of the Charles Harwood Memorial Hospital
returned in April from a full year of postgraduate work in cardiol-
ogy at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Md. He has now
attained board eligibility in the fields of internal medicine and
cardiology.
The medical staff of the Charles Harwood Memorial Hospital was
formally organized according to a pattern approved by the Joint
Commission on Hospital Accreditation.
Six nurses received on-the-spot training in nurse-midwifery and
qualified as nurse-midwives. This program was conducted under the
auspices of the Maternal and Child Health Services-Division of
Special Health Services. Special credit is due to the Chief of the
Division of Special Health Services, the insular obstetrician, the
nurse-midwifery consultant for the State of Arkansas, and the nursing
educator for St. Thomas.
Regrettably, the general nursing shortage precluded any immediate
and exclusive assignment of these newly trained nurses to the mid-






18 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

wifery program, despite the realization that their newly acquired
skills needed to be preserved. This situation has, however, been
ameliorated.
The position of Public Health nursing supervisor was filled after
having been vacant since the Spring of 1955. A Public Health nurse
was also taken on and placed in charge of the Frederiksted District.
The general health of the island of St. Croix during the past year
has been satisfactory. There has been only one epidemic during that
time. To a small degree early in the year and to a greater extent
beginning in April, diarrhea affecting all age groups, but particularly
infants and young children, was noted. Fifty-three cases were ad-
mitted to the hospital and 3 died. All 3 deaths were in debilitated
infants under 3 months of age and in 1 case a premature. The
causative organism identified by stool culture was determined to be
a pathogenic strain of Escherichia coli. In all probability the pro-
longed drought with consequent draining of cisterns and using liter-
ally the dregs and muck together with wholesale buying of water
from questionable sources accounted in large measure for this out-
break. Similar episodes of diarrhea had been noted whenever there
was prolonged dry weather-and this year the dry weather was ex-
tremely severe. At any rate with the coming of the first significant
rain the epidemic subsided.
There has been no increase in the incidence of filariasis noted de-
spite the importation of laborers from regions where filariasis is
endemic. Pulmonary tuberculosis has shown no increase in incidence.
One new case of Hansen's disease was discovered and admitted to the
Hansen's Home.

King's Hill Home
The King's Hill Home has benefited during the past year. As-
phalt tile floors were laid, the walls were painted and the courtyard
paved. These improve the appearance of the' home greatly and made
it considerably easier to maintain in a clean condition.

Hansen's Home
Because of the unsatisfactory conditions at the Hansen's Home in
St. Croix, efforts were made to have all or some of the patients trans-
ferred to the United States Public Health Service hospital in Car-
ville, La. The Carville Hospital, however, is now accepting only
those patients requiring restorative therapy.
If the social stigma which still attaches to this disease could be
ameliorated, it would be possible to return arrested cases to the com-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 19

munity. Similarly, the active cases requiring periodic treatment could
perhaps be treated, as in the States, without being isolated in a special
public institution. If progress in this direction cannot be made in the
next year, steps will have to be taken to provide more suitable housing
for the patients.

St. John
The position of nurse-midwife for the Calabash Boom Clinic was
filled after having been vacant for 18 months. A nurse aide vacancy
also was filled. In spite of these improvements, there is still a shortage
of nursing personnel in St. John. Nursing service is not available
during the night for patients who might be kept overnight in either of
the clinics. It is hoped that adequate nursing coverage will be pro-
vided during the ensuing fiscal year.
Two new jeeps have been added to the service in order to solve the
perplexing transportation problem. One of these vehicles was
donated by Mr. Laurance Rockefeller for use of the doctor stationed at
Cruz Bay. The equipment which was donated by Mr. Rockefeller for
the Morris F. de Castro Clinic arrived during the year and is being
used to good advantage.

St. Thomas
The Knud-Hansen Memorial Hospital, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands,
is one of the medical institutions operated under the Division of Medi-
cal Care program. This institution which is the largest of those
operating in the Virgin Islands, functions as a health center combin-
ing the activities of a general hospital providing care to acutely ill as
well as chronically ill patients and the activities of an active public
health center offering preventive health services to the community at
large.
Knud-Hansen Hospital provides in-patient services for residents of
both St. Thomas and St. John in all categories as well as hospitalization
for both neuropsychiatric and tuberculosis patients from St. Croix, St.
Thomas, and St. John.
Originally designed to accommodate 116 beds for adults and 20
bassinets, the hospital actually has 125 beds for adults and children in
addition to the 20 bassinets. The extra beds are to be found in the
Pediatric Service, where the original plan of accommodating 18
children had to be revised to accommodate 26 patients.
Knud-Hansen Hospital has a total staff of 137 persons, including 10
full-time salaried physicians and specialists; 25 registered graduate






20 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
nurses and nurse midwives and 16 practical nurses. One hundred and
thirty-three positions are permanent, 1 is temporary and 3 are
emergency provisional in status.
It is hoped that once the position of Chief of Medical Care is
definitely established, there will evolve a Division of Medical Care
Program based on services rendered within medical institutions and
that such a program will clearly delineate the responsibilities, activi-
ties, and functions of hospitals and their relationship to other health
services.

Medical Staff
The organization of the medical staff was truly the achievement of
the fiscal year. A formally organized medical staff established accord-
ing to the standards set forth by the Joint Commission on Accredita-
tion of Hospitals, had long been needed.
A formulary has been prepared by the Pharmacy Committee ,and
suggested pharmacy policies were drafted for the members' study and
action. The Credentials Committee has been actively engaged in
screening the credentials of physicians who applied for positions in
the Health Department, as well as in reviewing the credentials of
members currently on the staff in order to determine their qualifica-
tions for privileges.
Following the resignation of the previous Commissioner of Health
and Chief of Surgery, the present Commissioner has also had to serve
as Chief of Surgery without an additional surgeon on the staff. The
position of Acting Chief of Medical Care was occupied successively by
three different persons, including the present incumbent.
In October, the services of a well-qualified and board-certified
ophthalmologist was added to our staff.

Nursing
During 1957 the hospital faced the problem of an acute nursing
shortage. This problem, which is a very real one, will require positive
action for its solution. Various recommendations have been made
from time to time: (1) the establishment of a nursing school in the
Virgin Islands to be set up at Knud-Hansen Hospital; (2) the es-
tablishment of a practical nurse training program under the auspices
of vocational education; (3) the active recruitment and employment
of trained nurses from abroad; (4) affiliating with a recognized
training program in Puerto Rico; (5) exploring the Columbia Uni-
versity sponsored 2-year college training program; (6) Government
scholarships for high-school graduates.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 21

One objective for 1958 is to have a study of the nursing care pres-
ently given to patients, such study to show the actual number of
hours of nursing care per patient and to evaluate such care given
against acceptable standards.

Dietary Service
A dietary committee comprised of the nutritionist, director df
nursing service, kitchen manager, food service supervisor, fiscal officer
and hospital administrator was formed. The members of this com-
mittee have worked together to solve problems related to the dietary
service and its relationship to nursing and administration.

Insect Control
The entire town of Charlotte Amalie is fogged on the average of
twice a month with 5 percent DDT dissolved in fuel oil. It is hoped
that in addition to reducing the population of the adult pest mosquito,
this program will also reduce the incidence of Aedes Aegypti, the
vector of dengue and yellow fever. A recent spot check of properties
made with the Aegypti medical officer, field office for the Caribbean,
indicates 100-percent infestation in St. Thomas. This mosquito is
a potential menace that must be eliminated.

Water Pollution Control
Beaches and swimming areas in the Virgin Islands are free of
pollution, since no domestic sewers discharge into these areas. The
same thing cannot be said of the harbors of Charlotte Amalie and
Christiansted.
The harbor of Charlotte Amalie is presently being polluted from
these sources:
1. Bypasses on the interceptor along the waterfront which operate
whenever the lift station cannot handle the load.
2. The sewer line from Bluebeard Castle Hotel which discharges
into the Long Bay area. This sewer should be connected to the muni-
cipal sewer on the Beltjen Road.
3. The open storm drains which are in reality open sewers running
through the town to the sea.
The harbor of Christiansted is being polluted mainly by rum dis-
tillery operations. Pollution to a lesser degree is contributed by the
open storm drains, the slaughterhouse at Gallows Bay, and the night-
soil dump.


457761-58-----4








22 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Notifiable diseases reported, July 1956-June 197.

St. Thomas Total
Diseases St. Croix and Virgin
St. John Islands


Ascarlasis .....----.... ---------------------------------------- 74 27 101
Chancroid .... --...--------- ---------------------- 2 2
Dysentery, amoebic--. --------- ----------------. 6 8 14
Dysentery, bacillary ---- ---------------------------------------- 7 33 40
Gonorrhea---......----- -------------------------------------- 31 38 67
Leprosy-......------... --------------------- ---------------- 1 1 2
Meningococcus meningitis-- --..... ----------------------- -- 1 1 2
.trongyloldosis .........----.--.. ---- ----------- ------------ --------- 9
Syphilis ....--------- ----------------------------------- 162 66 228
Trachoma------..........------ -------------------------------------------- 2 2
Trichurlasis -.....------------------------------------------- 327 115 442
Tuberculosis...---------. -------------------------------------- 2 6 8
Typhold fever .---.....------------------------------------- 1 1 2-
Uincinarlasis.--.--------------------------------------------- 4 3 7
Whooping cough-..... -------------------------------------- -- --- -, 2 .2

1 Of the 162 positive cases reported by St. Croix, 75 were among Imported cane cutters.

Statement of appropriations and/or allocations of the Virgin Islands Department
of Health for the fiscal period July 1,1956, to June 80,1957

Per- Per-
Appro- centage Obli- centage
priations of appro- gated of obliga-
Source and/or priations and/or Balance tons Matching requirements
alloca- and/or expended and/or
tons alloca- expendi-
tions tures

Percent Percent
General fund .---..... $25,319 0.2 $25,297 $22 0.2
Internal revenue...... 1,245,000 81.5 1,238,252 2,709 82
M. C. H.--A-- .----- 61,720 3.9 61,720 0 4 $1 State for $1 Federal.
M. C. H.-B. ----- 31,086 2 31,086 0 2 None.
C. C.--A ------------ 62,380 4 62,380 0 4 $1 State for $1 Federal.
C. C.-B..---. .. 27,333 1.7 27,333 0 1 None.
General health .-----. 5,844 3 5,844 0 3
Venereal disease........ 6,300 .4 6,300 0 .4 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Tuberculosis ---------. 8,423 .5 8.423 0 .6 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Mental health.-----. .. 21,867 1 21,867 0 1.4 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Heart disease ----------- 3,246 .1 2,568 678 .1 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Cancer control -------- 1,098 1 1,043 55 .1 $1 State for $2 Federal.
Private contributions. 10,466 .6 3,080 7,386 .2 None.
Polio grants .---------- 11,424 .7 11,424 0 .7 None.
Water pollution ---...- 5,040 .3 4,661 379 .3 $1 State for $2 Federal.
1,526, 546 100 1,515,317 11,229 100

SUMMARY OF OPERATIONAL COST
Gross operational cost..---...------------------------ ---------------------------- $1,515,317.00
Less revenues:
Hospital fees ---------------------------------------------$67,232.49
Other ----------------------------------------------------------12,951.32
80,183.81

Net operational cost.....--------- ---- ------------------------------------- 1,435,133.49
NOTE-Per capital gross, $56.10; per capital net, $53.16.







REPORT OF.TTHiE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 23

Virgin Islands Department of Health subsidiary accounts breakdown of hospital:
revenues, July 1, 1956, to June 3O, 1957

Account St. Thomas Percent Percent of
Section or service No. and St. Croix Total of gross accounts.
St.John revenues receivable

Room and board ......--------. 7703 $109,806.00 $188,400.50 $298,206. 50 58.6 -------
Operations ---- -------------7704 12,577.00 10,940.00 23,517.00 4.6 ...-
Dental services....--.....------ 7705 6,334.20 4,339.00 10,673.20 2.1 -..---....
Outside calls:
Doctors--....------- 7706 3.00 ------- 3.00 ------------.
Post partum ...-------..- 7707 6.00 -------- 6.00 -............
Drugs and medicines ........ 7708 36,905.05 19,131.52 56,036.57 11 --
Physiotherapy .- --------- 7709 (.3, 10) 36.50 .3,386.50 .7 ---
X-ray services. ----------- 7710 1 J. -.! s1 7.'*7s z'. 21,829.85 4.3 ----
Ambulance service ------------ 7711 -.i 1." I, 1.' i" 1,260.00 .2 -.........
Laboratory fees ------------- 7712 24,575.60 12,260.20 36,835.80 7.2 -........-
Examinations ..-------- ------ 7713 17,812.50 7,465.00 25,277.50 5 ..----
All other. ------------- 7714 10,392.89 21,410.50 31,803.39 6.3 ..........
Gross revenues earned........--- 770 235,709.24 273,126.07 508,835.31 100 ........
Free services----------- --- 7702 187,872.59 225,771.50 413,644.09 81.3 ..........
Net charges to accounts receiv-
able --- ---------- 205 47,836.65 47,354.57 95,191.22 18.7 .........
Accounts receivable 1 -..-..---- 205 (47,836.65) (47,354.57) (95,191.22) ...............
Total collections ---....---- -. .. ---. 40,921.12 26,311.37 67,232.49 13.2 70.6
Balance at end of fiscal year 1957 ....----. 6,915.53 21,043.20 27,958.73 5.5 29.4

I Fiscal year 1957, only.

DEPARTMENT OF INSULAR AFFAIRS

Division of Procurement and Supply

The Procurement Section of the Department of Insular Affairs,
Division of Procurement and Supply is responsible for the purchase
of every type of merchandise used by the Government of the Virgin
Islands.
During the fiscal year 1957, the central warehouse maintained its
steady growth, especially in assistance rendered to various depart-
ments, in supplying from stock many items at prices below the current
market prices in St. Thomas and in St. Croix. Service in St. Croix
was greatly improved during the fiscal year.
Inventory at the close of business June 30, 1957, amounted to
$11,941.82. Total of stores-requisitions processed during the fiscal
year 1957 amounted to $38,492.07. Total expenditures during the
same period amounted to $36,796.73.


Division of Personnel

May 26, 1957, marked the 10th anniversary of the Division of Per-
sonnel. Although the law establishing the agency became effective
on December 16, 1946, it was not until 6 months later that the agency
was activated.
A personnel office, because it affects individual salaries and classi-
fications, is always under public scrutiny. There are always problems






24: +. REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
to be solved and improvements:to be made if the merit system is to
grow, to be effective, and to serve its purpose.
The number of permanent positions in the Government Service
have increased over the past 5 years. In 1953.there were 1,151; in
1957 there were 1,617-an increase of 40.5 percent. To do an effective
job in processing all required transactions has demanded a heighten-
ing of activities within the Division. A request has been made for
an increase in staff which is being considered by the Administration.

Government Employees Service Commission
The Government Employees Service Commission held hearings of
five appeals covering dismissal, demotidon, and layoff. The recom-
mendations of the Board were sustained by the Governor in 2 cases;
2 were reversed; 1 is still pending. The Governor, upon the recoim-
mendation of the Government Employees Service Commission, 'r
quested all supervisory personnel to become familiar with the per-
sonnel rules and regulations and the basic merit system law.

Retirement Funds
Retirement matters are still being handled by the Division of Per-
sonnel. This includes (1) monthly and bimonthly payments to pen-
sioners and annuitants, (2) processing of annuities to persons having
rights under the respective retirement laws, and (3) processing of
loans to persons having right to borrow.
A new retirement law was prepared by the Public Administration
Service, revised as directed, and presented to the legislature for con-
sideration. It is anticipated that with further revision, a new law
will be presented at the next session of the legislature.
During fiscal year, 1957, 165 loans, totaling $21,435, were made
from the St. Thomas retirement fund to employees having rights
thereunder. Similarly, 63 loans, totaling $8,645, were made from
the St. Croix retirement fund.

Other Matters
Social security matters are also handled within the Division of Per-
sonnel. This involves particularly the (1) transmittal of all quar-
terly reports to the Social Security Administration, (2) the review
of outstanding social security numbers and the required followup,
(3) the reporting on persons applying for benefits and who were or
are employed by the Government of the Virgin Islands.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGINISLANDS + 25

Real Property Assessment
Assessments of values of all property in the Virgin Islands for
the calendar year 1956 were made during the period January 1957 to
April 1957, and totaled $24,102,136.47. Of this amount, $3,265,208.87
represent tax-exempt property valuations.
Total assessed real property taxes which will be collectible during
fiscal year 1958 amount to $266,023.46. This represents an increase of
$7,926.90 over the previous year's yield from real property taxes, the
smallest recorded increase in real property taxes annually for many
years, and in remarkably sharp contrast to the increase of $43,067.04
in fiscal year 1956.

Virgin Islands Land Division
The origin of the Virgin Islands Land Division goes back to the
establishment, in 1942, of the Homestead Commission for the munici-
pality of St. Thomas and St. John. The Commission was charged
with the responsibility for administering a homestead program in
order to encourage the production of foodstuffs and vegetables in the
islands. In 1945, the Home Loan Committee was created with the
responsibility for administering a program designed to enable per-
sons to borrow sums not in excess of $2,000 for the construction of
homes. In the same year legislation was passed creating the Native
Industry and Small Business Loan Committee. This committee ad-
ministered a loan program which provided assistance to natives who
wished to establish small business enterprises. The ordinances creat-
ing the Natives Industries and Small Business Loan Committee and
the Home Loan Committee were repealed in 1947 and the responsibility
for exercising and administering their functions was vested in the
Homestead Commission. The Homestead Commission of the munici-
pality of St. Thomas and St. John continued to function until it was
abolished by law in 1953, at which time the Municipal Land Authority
was created.
The Virgin Islands Land Authority was created by Executive Or-
der 1, promulgated January 10, 1955, within the Department of Insu-
lar Affairs. Simultaneous with its creation the same order abolished
the then Municipal Land Authority of St. Thomas and St. John and
the Homestead Commission for the municipality of St. Croix. Execu-
tive Order 9, on the reorganization of the executive branch, promul-
gated July 21, 1955, affected the status of the Land Authority in that
in this order no mention was made of this agency. However, the lan-
guage of the order with respect to those units within the Department
of Insular Affairs was so written as to permit for conflicts in inter-






26 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
pretation as to their true status. This matter was formally resolved
by Executive action in May 1956. At that time the Governor estab-
lished the Virgin Islands Land Division within the Department of
Insular Affairs with the responsibility for exercising and administer-
ing all of the functions and duties heretofore the responsibility of its
predecessors.

Functions
The functions of the Land Division include, but are not limited to
the following:
(a) The acquisition, management and disposition of lands for home-
steading within the Virgin Islands;
(b) The making of loans for the construction of housing (individual
ownership) under all sections of the National Housing Act, as
amended, in accordance with established procedures governing the
filing and processing of applications, making of loans, and mortgaging
of property (as FHA mortgagee's).
(c) The administration of a local home loan program involving
construction loans to individuals not in excess of $4,000 and
(d) The administration, collection, enforcement and liquidation
of all funds, outstanding loans, agreements and obligations formerly
covered under the Native Industries fund, the Home Loan fund and
the St. Thomas and St. John's Homestead fund.
(e) The preparation, control, maintenance and charge of the rec-
ords and inventory of all real property, land and buildings of the
Government of the Virgin Islands.
(f) The preparation, control, maintenance and charge of the rec-
ords and inventory of all real property, land and buildings, of the Fed-
eral Government occupied or leased by the Government of the Virgin
Islands.
In order to promote and carry out the Land and Home develop-
ment program, the Governor has been authorized to borrow, for and on
behalf of the agency, sums not exceeding $150,000, from the public
and trust funds. The loans made are repayable in full within a pe-
riod of not to exceed 10 years and bear interest at the rate of 2 percent.
In addition, the legislature has, from time to time, as a part of the
annual appropriation budgets, and in separate money bills, made con-
tributions to the agency to take care of its expenses, including the cost
of land surveys, land subdivisions, and other related activities not
inconsistent with program purposes, viz: special land purchases.
With the creation of the Municipal Land Authority in 1953 there
was also created a fund to be known as the "Homestead and Home





REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 27

Loan Fund." This is now an Enterprise and Revolving account
(symbol X-4-44). All receipts of the agency are deposited in this
account and the disbursements for home loans or for the purchase of
land by the agency are also made from this fund.

The Homestead Program
The land and home development program administered by the Land
Division encompasses the entire insular community. The Division,
in the administration of the program, has as its stated purposes, "the
taking of vigorous and immediate action to assist in the creation of
new land owners, the utilization of land for the best public benefit
under efficient and economic production plans, provide the means for
resident families to acquire parcels of land on which to build their
homes, and provide for the most efficient and economic enjoyment of
land by the people of the Virgin Islands." Lands acquired by the
Division for these purposes, through legislative and executive action
or through purchase, cession, transfer, exchange, lease, inheritance,
or donation, have been declared to be a public use. "Homestead"
means a plot or plots of land improved by the building of a house
or houses thereon and the production of livestock, agricultural and/or
dairy products, or improvement of the land by the production of
livestock, agricultural and/or dairy products alone; or plots for the
building of private homes.
Marked interest has been shown by veterans of World War II and
other residents of St. Croix in the contemplated disposition of lands
at Estate Anna's Hope situated just outside the limits of the town of
Christiansted, St. Croix. In this connection, the Division, with the
assistance of the Federal Housing Administration, and in collabora-
tion with the Office of Veteran's Affairs, Department of Agriculture
and Labor, has continued to work assiduously to get the land sur-
veyed and subdivided and into the hands of the veterans in order
that they may avail themselves of construction loans from the Vet-
erans Administration. The Public Works Department, St. Croix,
has been doing the required work under force account arrangements.
In addition, the Division has continued to handle any number of
inquiries and referrals, with respect to the Insular homesteading
program, from persons residing within the continental United States,
and from the Territories and Canada.
With the survey and subdivision of Estate Bordeaux and the upper
portion of Estate Anna's Fancy in St. Thomas, this program will
gain further impetus. It cannot be stated too emphatically that it
is vitally important that these lands which are presently nonincome
producing be made to produce income.






28 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

The Home Loan Program
The Land Division is charged with the responsibility of admin-
istering a program having as its purpose the making of loans to
qualified applicants for home construction. Under the program the
Division may (1) make loans not in excess of $4,000 to any one
person or family residing in the same house, provided that no loan
shall exceed 75 percent of the estimated value of the property after
construction, and (2) make loans for housing in accordance with
the regulations of the Federal Housing Commissioner for Mutual
Mortgage Insurance under all sections of the National Housing Act,
as amended, as FHA mortgagee.
No new loans were approved during the fiscal year just ended;
however, installments on loans approved previously were granted in
the amount of $1,917. A total of $10,999.34 was repaid on loans
during the year. This amount represents both principal and in-
terest. Two loans were canceled.
There were 52 loan applications on file at the close of the fiscal year.

Price and Rent Control Program
The Price and Rent Control Program administered by the agency
(Commission) has as its purpose the effective prosecution of a pro-
gram affecting the interests of the citizens of St. Thomas and St.
John, and St. Croix, through the control of prices on basic food
commodities and general supplies, both locally produced and im-
ported, and through the control of rental practices relating to the
rental of housing and business accommodations thereby preventing
undue increases in rent and unreasonable evictions. By Executive
Order 1, promulgated January 10, 1955, the Commission was incorpo-
rated into the Department of Insular Affairs. Since March 1955 and
during fiscal year 1956 the full responsibility for conducting investi-
gations, making findings of fact and promulgating orders has been
that of the Director.
The continuing need for the program which has not as yet been
operative on the island of St. Croix, is reflected in the number of cases
handled by the Commission in the District of St. Thomas and St.
John during the fiscal year 1957. A total of 79 cases involving 1 or
more conditions that obtain under the Price and Rent Control Law
were handled. Of this total, 28 cases required the issuance of findings
of fact and orders as of the end of the fiscal year. There were no
appeals to orders issued by the price and rent control officer,
In the field of price control, the agency continues to police prices
established by local importers and retailers. The Commission, after






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 29

some study, permitted increases in the wholesale and retail price of
locally manufactured carbonated beverages (in most classes) and per-
mitted an increase in the retail price of locally pasteurized bottled
milk. This latter increase affected.only the District of St. Thomas
and St. John. The weights and measures responsibility of the Com-
mission was shifted by the legislative action to the Department of
Agriculture and Labor. The Office of the Collector of Customs, by
arrangement, continues to make available to the agency, schedules of
imports of foodstuffs and general supplies.

Alexander Hamilton Airport-St. Croix .
SThe following statistics were reported by the Airport Manager:
Airport traffle during fiscal year 1957
Landings and
takeoffs
Pan American World Airways ---------------- -------------- 222
Caribbean Atlantic Airlines.----.------------------ ------ 1, 444
Nonschedules and private aircrafts-----------.------------------ 1, 400
Military aircraft------------------------------- -------- 240

Total -------------------------------- ---------- 3,306
Incoming Outgoing
Passengers, scheduled airlines--------------------.-------. 24, 471 25,253
Passengers, nonscheduled and private planes--------------- 7,200 2, 880
Passengers, military and government planes..---------------- 960 960

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
During the fiscal year 1956-57, the Department of Public Safety
initiated an in-service training program for the men in the police
divisions under the direction and supervision of the Federal Bureau
of Investigation. Classes were held in St. Thomas and St. Croix;
This program will be conducted in January and July of each year.
Additional arrangements have been made with the New York
Police Academy wherein officers from the Virgin Islands may receive
training in the field of criminal investigation, -identification, finger-
printing and the related fields in criminal science.
For the first time, two-way radio communications linking together
the islands of St. Thomas, St. Croix, and St. John, were installed.
Radio-equipped motorized units have added tremendously to the
efficiency of the patrol divisions. -
Efforts are being made to unify the police of islands by having a
centralized record bureau, a unified interisland traffic program, and
a unified criminal investigation bureau under the direct supervision
of an Insular Chief of Detectives.






30 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Law Enforcement
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 1957, 973 criminal cases were
reported to the police in St. Thomas, of which 328 were channeled
through the Bureau of Criminal Investigation, and 645 cases were
handled by our Foot Patrol Bureau. In the preceding fiscal year
1955-56, 649 criminal cases were reported, of which 265 were handled
by the Criminal Bureau here and the remaining 384 disposed of by
the Patrol Bureau. A comparison between the 1956 and 1957 reports
shows that there was an increase of 324 cases in the latter year.
On the island of St. Croix a study of law violations for the fiscal
year 1956-57 reveals an amazing uniformity in the incidence of crime
in all its phases.
The most noticeable change is to be found in burglary, grand lar-
ceny, and petit larceny.

Motor Vehicle Registration
In 1956-57 there were 4,104 units registered as compared with
3,533 in 1955-56, an increase of 571. It is estimated that in the en-
suing fiscal year this number will climb to a figure 22 percent greater
than the 1956-57 total.
This bureau collected $76,425.43 in 1957 as against $62,183.35 in
1956 for the registration of vehicles and the sale of licenses.

St. Thomas St. Croix
1955-56 1956-57 1955-56 1956-57
Motor vehicles (private) ---.----...........1,349 1,368 923 1;,3
Taxicabs and rented cars...................... 301 462
Trucks for hire.----- -----................... .. ..... 70 94
Trucks -------------.----- ------------------- ----------------- 244 255
Buses.. ---------------... -.......................... 6 9 7 0
Other.----------------------------------------- ---.- ---.... 471 555
Operator's licenses (private) .............. 1,261 1, 287 1,224 1,293
Taxi badges..----.................... ------...... -- 585 652 ...........
Traffic tickets..----------------------------. 505 200 61 93
Registration of vehicles andlsale of licenses.......-----. $41,652.57 $48,336.87 $20,530.78 $28,088.56
Fines for traffic violations..--------........-----..... 2,873.00 2,373.00 1,115.50 1,451.00


Fire Division
There were 154 fires during the above period in the Virgin Islands.
While this was an increase in the total number of fires over 1956, the
total number of house fires, which usually constitute the greatest loss
in dollars and cents and human suffering, have been considerably re-
duced. However, because there were 2 very big fires in St. Croix
during the year causing a $210,600 loss, fire loss increased at a terrific






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 31

rate. This is not unusual since the records in the United States show
,the same trend; fewer but larger fires amounting to greater losses.
It does point out, however, the immediate need for new fire equip-
ment and more paid firemen throughout the three islands.
: During the past year the fire station in St. John was activated.
There is now a jeep fire truck, 500 g. p. m., with approximately 1,000
feet of new canvas fire hose, and a water tank mounted on a trailer
which is towed by the jeep fire truck.
.The division continues to hold drills weekly. The immediate need
is for a trained instructor to come in and conduct classes in advanced
fire fighting for at least a period of 30 days or more.
: The fire service continues to make forward strides.

Civil Defense
A strong and efficient civil defense organization has been built up
throughout the Virgin Islands. Although the importance of this
agency is recognized in the islands, everyone connected with the pro-
gram serves on a voluntary basis.
Because of the annual threat of hurricanes in this area, and the not
too remote possibility of these islands being struck by tidal waves,
not to mention devastating earthquakes, both the police and fire divi-
sions of this department have received slightly over $11,000 in match-
ing funds for the purchase of radio equipment.
As a result of these grants, an interisland communication system
has been established between the three islands. This places them in
immediate contact with each other, and in excellent position to trans-
mit vital information to the respective divisions in times of emer-
gency.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS

Water Supply
St. Thomas.-The greatest problem encountered during the fiscal
year was water shortage due to an unusually severe and prolonged
drought starting in November 1956, and still continuing unbroken.
There were only 27.76 inches of rain during the fiscal year, which:is
20 inches less than last year, and 17 inches below the annual average.
In order to overcome this shortage, it was necessary to import water
from Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, and haul in by Navy barge,
rented commercial barges, and Government tug Carpeake and barge.
A total of 33,180,300 gallons of water was hauled by all barges dur-
ing the year.






32 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
The Department was called upon to make truck deliveries of water
to several hundreds of persons in the town and several trips were
made in the country districts to relieve the plight of the residents in
those areas.
The tug Carpeake and Barge 1 made one trip to St. John with
approximately 40,000 gallons of water in order to relieve the situation
there.
The total gallons of potable water pumped in the system was 58,-
199,570 gallons. Maximum storage was achieved on June 28, 1957,
with a total of 4,746,240 gallons and the minimum being on January
3, 1957, a total of 327,000 gallons.
The situation experienced with this year's drought has made the
question of the island's water supply a very important matter which
must be given serious consideration in planning for the future.
St. Croix.-Routine maintenance of the potable water system was
carried out. A total of 39 new connections were made, making a
total of 227 connections to the system. Total gallons of water me-
tered to consumers were 10,441,520 gallons. The average daily con-
sumption of water was 64,425 gallons. The source of supply of this
system comes from 5 wells-3 located in the Concordia District which
supplies Christiansted, and 2 wells at Estate Prosperity which sup-
plies Frederiksted.

Sanitation
St. Thomas.-With the growth of the town of Charlotte Amalie,
the demands for improvement in our garbage collection system is
quite evident. During the year a total of 34,158 cubic yards of gar-
bage was collected.
Gradually the town of Charlotte Amalie is discontinuing the service
of nightsoil removal and connecting instead to the sewer system, using
salt water for flushing purposes. As of June 1957, there were a total
of 255 subscribers, 20 of which were Government agencies, to the salt
water supply system.
Routine maintenance of the cemeteries was carried out. There was
a total of 210 burials during the year.
St. Oroi.--The garbage removal system of St. Croix is relying
upon trucks which are very old, and since the haul to the dump is
about 10 miles, the equipment is placed under terrific strain. New
trucks are urgently needed for this service.
While a substantial number of sewer lines were laid in the towns
of Christiansted and Frederiksted, there are still quite a number of
streets in Christiansted that do not have this service. As of June






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 33

1957, there were 59 connections to the salt water system. The 2 hous-
ing projects at Bassin Triangle (Christiansted) and the Marley
(Frederiksted) were connected to the system. There are still 469
properties serviced by the nightsoil removal system, and the problem
of relocating this dump to another site in the country is one that must
be solved shortly.
To the best of limited funds the cemeteries in St. Croix were main-
tained. There were 142 burials in Christiansted and 73 in Fred-
eriksted.

Roads and Highways
St. Thomas.-During the fiscal year routine maintenance work was
done on all the highways and roads in St. Thomas, culverts and
ditches were kept clean and brush cut along the most used roads.
The Crown Mountain Road was widened, two sections of the Fortuna
Hill Road were repaired and given a bituminous surface treatment.
St. Croix.-Repair and maintenance of all streets and roads in
St. Croix was limited but most gravel roads were graded several times
during the year.
The storm of August 12, 1956 necessitated quite an expenditure of
funds to clear all the roads, fill in washouts, and put the roads in a
passable condition.
None of the 40.4 miles of hard surfaced roads in the island could
be seal-coated during the year and continual patching was therefore
necessary.

Public Buildings
St. Thomas.-Routine maintenance and repair was given to all
public buildings as funds would allow.
St. Croix.-With the exception of the bandstand in Christiansted,
the work done on all buildings were more or less of a routine main-
tenance nature. The bandstand at Christiansted was completely
renovated.
Utilities and inspections


St. Thomas.................................... ..... ......- .. ....
St. Croix............................................ .............h.. .....
I Estimated value, $2,063,472.
2 Estimated value, $1,146,517.






34 + -REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

In St. Thomas revenues received from the following were: build-
ing permits, $4,010; electrical permits, $644; salt water service to 306
connections, $14,190; surveys (including extracts from the records
and furnishing of prints), $1,346.12.
The present lighting system in St. Croix is inadequate and it is
hoped that additional lights will be added to the system within the
coming fiscal year.
Routine maintenance of the land records was kept in both St.
Thomas and St. Croix. In addition, in St. Thomas, our surveying
section laid out roads through a section of Estate Hospital Ground
for the Land Division, surveyed reclaimed land for the Planning
Board and performed 16 land surveys upon request of private indi-
viduals. During the fiscal year, this Department discontinued the
practice of performing surveys for private parties.

Telephone
St. Thomas.-At the end of this fiscal year there were 2,000 tele-
phone instruments in service. This represents an increase of 400
telephones over the year ending June 1956.
Plans were initiated and equipment procured for a nonattended
automatic dial exchange to serve the eastern end of the island, and to
be located at Estate Tutu.
St. Croix.-The work accomplished under this division during the
year can be classified as general maintenance and repair and
expansion.
The total number of telephone instruments in service at the end of
this fiscal year was 825 as against 733 for the fiscal year ending June
1956, an increase of 92 instruments.

Harbor
St. Thomas.-During the fiscal year there were 136 Government
ships and 368 merchant ships calling at this port. These ships aggre-
gated 2,764,613 gross tons and paid pilotage in the amount of $31,225.
The increase of 19 ships over the last year does not reflect the picture
of progress so sharply as does the $4,443.50 in collections, which
represents a gain of 16.5 percent.
During the year pilot launch 2 was surveyed and stricken from
our inventory.
St. Groix.-During the year there were 882 arrivals and departures
at Christiansted with a paid tonnage of $4,162.20 and wharfage col-
lection of $9,547.42. In Frederiksted Harbor there were 187 arrivals






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 35

and departures with a paid tonnage of $3,613.40 and a wharfage col-
lection of $6,074.33.
During the month of June 1957 the ports of Christiansted and
Frederiksted were supplied with flood lights which will greatly im-
prove the condition which existed for many years. :
Efforts are being made to have the projects for dredging the harbors
of St. Thomas and Christiansted revitalized, and funds appropriated
therefore.

Essential Projects--St. Thomas
During the fiscal year there were two major projects of construction
undertaken in St. Thomas--the reconstruction of the marine barracks
which was started last fiscal year was completed and occupied by the
Senate and the Department of Social Welfare, and the construction
of our Waterfront Highway. This highway has relieved the con-
gested traffic which is increasing daily, and has also added to the
water front beauty of the island of St. Thomas.

Essential Projects-St. Croix
During the fiscal year the project of the construction of the Fred-
eriksted Consolidated School and King's Hill School continued. At
the close of the year, the Frederiksted Consolidated School was 60
percent complete, and the King's Hill School 42 percent complete. An
extensive highway program was started, improvements were made to
the Alexander Hamilton Airport, extensions were added to the potable
water system, and the purchase of the much needed construction
equipment was made possible.

Allotments received

Matching fund for operation of the Public Works Department----- $857, 000
General funds for emergency repairs to drainage system, including
reimbursement to the Columbus Bay Corp------ -------------- 20,000
Allotments received for essential public projects
ST. THOMAS
7-9-8069-57-ST-8A, marine barracks ----------------------------. 40,000
7-9-8069-57-ST-11, extension Waterfront Highway------------ -- 60,000
7-9-8069-57-ST-13, operation tug and barge--------------------- 225,000
7-9-8069-57-ST-26, repairs of building for use of veterinarian-------- 5, 820
7-9-806-57-ST-30, renovation former P. W. D. building----------- 10,000
7-9-8069-57-ST-32, borings and other investigations, potential water
supply----------------------------- ----- 7,280






36 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

ST. CROIX
6-9-8069-56-SC-10, roads, streets, highways, St. Croix-------------- 140,000
7-9-8069-57-SC-10, improvement to roads and highways, St. Croix.--. 97,000
7-9-8069-57-SC-16, topographic map, St. Croix ------------- ---- 10,000
7-9-8069-57-SC-18, extension and improvements, Alexander Hamilton
Airport--------.... ------..-------.------ 120, 500
7-9-8069-57-S0-21, water project, small growers------------------- 14,600
7-9-8069-57-SC-24, improvement to sewers---------------------- 29,100
7-9-8069-57-SC-26, construction equipment-------------------- 87,100
7-9-8069-7-SC-31, improvement to scenic road------------------- 20,000
7-9-8069-57-SC-32, sidewalk, consolidated school, Christiansted------ 13, 600

ST. JOHN
7-9-8069-57-SJ-13, topographic map, St. John---------------------- 3,000

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE

The Virgin Islands Board of Social Welfare
This Board continued as a valuable arm of the operations of the
Department. Significant was its continued study on the use of in-
come of the public trust funds, out of which the Board submitted
formal recommendations to the Governor at their conference with him
in March 1957.
The Board held its second public meeting December 11 to 12, 1956,
on the island of St. Croix where members inspected several public and
private institutions for the aged and for children administered by or
associated with the Department. The meeting also included an open
function at Government House, Christiansted, where the Board re-
ceived many helpful suggestions for its work from the general public.
The third regular meeting was held at Charlotte Amalie on Febru-
ary 19, 1957, following which an inspection was made of the institu-
tions for the aged on St. Thomas maintained by the Department and
the Churches.

The Virgin Islands Advisory Commission on Children and Youth
The Board is now fully organized, having held its formal organi-
zational meeting on November 16, 1956, when bylaws governing its
operations were adopted and officers and committees elected for the
first year. As provided for in the bylaws, the following standing
committees were appointed at the organizational meeting: St. Thomas-
St. John District Committee, St. Croix District Committee.
This Board which, by Executive Order 9 of July 1955, replaced the
old Insular Advisory Commission on Children and Youth as an






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 37

organization within the Department, gives good promise to serve a
very important function in the operations of not only this Depart-
ment, but other public and private groups concerned with the prob-
lems of children and youth. Several meetings of the Commission,
as well as of the District committees, have been held and there has
been much interested planning and promotion of activities on behalf
of youth. As its first major project, the Commission decided to place
emphasis on efforts to secure the establishment of youth centers in the
cities and towns of the islands. By the close of the fiscal year, one
center had begun to operate in St. John and one in St. Thomas was
nearly ready for its formal opening, but great difficulty was being
experienced in finding quarters for the two centers planned for St.
Croix.

Aided Self-Care Housing for Aged Persons
Attention is called to the pressing need for providing decent homes
for indigent single persons. In this connection, the Department sub-
mitted in its budget proposals for 1956-57 a request for special project
funds to develop projects for providing modern aided self-care hous-
ing for aged and handicapped persons.
Public interest in this proposal was kept active throughout the year
by discussions with the Virgin Islands Legislature and with the
Social Welfare and Community Chest Boards. By resolution 75
(bill 508) the legislature has authorized its Committee on Health,
Education, Welfare, Agriculture and Labor to make a study of and
report on the subject to the next session of the legislature. A special
committee appointed by the Community Chest to study needs in this
area submitted to the Community Chest Board a detailed and favor-
able report recommending among other things Community Chest sub-
sidies to privately sponsored aided self-care homes.
In the meantime, some progress in providing decent housing for
aged persons should happily soon come about through the new 300-
unit public housing project planned for St. Thomas. In accordance
with new provisions of Federal law, a limited number of these units
(probably sixteen 1-bedroom units in the new project planned) will
be designed and set aside especially for aged persons.

Boarding Home Care of the Aged
This is another need to be met in developing a well-rounded pro-
gram of care and services for the aged of our islands. Boarding
homes are needed for aged persons so feeble that they are not able to






38 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
care themselves even with the assistance afforded by aided self-care
homes such as are recommended in the preceding section.
The special committee of the Community Chest appointed to study
the need for aided self-care housing included in its report recom-
mendations also for Chest subsidies for boarding homes.

Work Projects
From the appropriations provided the Department, the sum of
$353.75 was used to furnish work in St. Thomas in times of urgent
need for persons, who, because of handicaps, find it difficult to secure
continued employment in the regular labor market. It is planned to
develop a similar small program in St. Croix next fiscal year.

The Cancer Program
The deep X-ray equipment is still available at the Knud-Hansen
Memorial Hospital at St. Thomas, but the radiologist resigned from
the service during the year under report and has not yet been replaced.
Therefore, it became necessary for the Department to reinstate the
program for sending Virgin Islands patients for care at the Puerto
Rico cancer league. During the year, the Department referred to the
cancer clinic in Puerto Rico a total of 5 new cases (2 from St. Thomas
and 3 from St. Croix). In addition there were several repeaters
returning to the cancer league for continued treatment and followup.

The Community Chest of St. Thomas
The Community Chest is an entirely independent and voluntary
public charity, but this Department lends a great deal of time and
effort to its management and promotion. As an example, the com-
missioner of social welfare has served for 20 years (and continues to
serve) as the secretary-treasurer; all administrative work (except the
salaried services of the assistant treasurer, not a member of the De-
partment staff) is performed without extra compensation by mem-
bers of the welfare staff, and much of the stationery and other office
supplies are furnished without charge by this Department.

The Corneiro Home, St. Thomas
This shelter-type home provides only shelter facilities. Each resi-
dent occupies a separate private room and each has the responsibility
of providing his own furnishings, clothing, meals, and care. All are
assistance recipients, and most of them receive services through the






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 39

housekeeping aid program, and some through the Home Nursing
Service, sponsored by the Community Chest.
With a total of 25 rooms available, 22 were occupied as of June
30, 1957, 2 rooms were vacant, and 1 was equipped for and used from
time to time for emergency admissions. During the year under re-
port, 1 resident died, and there were 3 admissions.

Aldershville, Frederiksted, St. Croix
This shelter-type home containing 30 single rooms and 1 double
room began with 16 residents on July 1, 1956, and closed the year
with 21. Nine residents were admitted and 4 residents removed dur-
ing the year. Under supervision of the public assistance division, a
caretaker keeps the grounds and flushing toilets and other common
facilities in good order, and assists feeble residents in their household
chores.

Public Assistance
Standards of assistance: The standards of assistance remained the
same as for the previous year. Assistance provided 100 percent of
minimum needs as set forth in the standards. The existing standards,
however, are at a very low level. Monthly grants in June 1957 aver-
aged overall $13.88 per person as compared with $14.42 last June.
But this reduction does not reflect any decrease in assistance stand-
ards; the chief cause therefore was the policy requiring that income and
needs of responsible adults in each ADC case be considered in the
budget and in the count of the number of persons included in the case.
The assistance caseload in June 1957 was only 43 cases, or 3.8 per-
cent greater than in June 1956, but the number of persons aided had
risen from 1,746 to 1,935, an increase of 189, or 10.8 percent. The ADC
increase of 186 persons represented almost the entire growth. More
cases, 381, were added to the payrolls this year than the 311 added
in 1955-56,:but there were alsomore cases, 353, closed this year than
the 272 closed in 1955-56. One reason for increase in the ADC num-
ber of persons was the new policy of including all responsible adults
in the case budgets. We are now making a study to determine other
causes therefore.
Federal legislation during 1956-57 improved' in two respects the
formula for Federal participation in public assistance. An addi-
tional amount of Federal matching was authorized in cases of aid to
dependent children, effective July 1, 1956, to provide aid for the care-
taker (the responsible relative living with and caring for the chil-
dren), and the annual maximum on Federal matching was lifted from






40 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

$160,000 per year to $200,000 per year. These amendments almost
entirely eliminated last year's loss of $3,280 in Federal matching in the
ADC program (this year only $47.76), and entirely eliminated last
year's heavy loss of $13,641 of matching earned in excess of the
$160,000 ceiling. Losses caused by all payments over Federal case
maximums declined from $4,024 last year to $1,064 this year.
Federal matching earned this year was $185,106 and all of it was
received as this amount is below the Federal ceiling of $200,000. The
amount received this year is more than twice the $92,078 earned in
1951-52, the first full year of the program.
The local share of the total cost of the program is lower this year,
$240,042, than last year, $245,252. This included a reduction in di-
rect administrative costs but resulted principally from the improve-
ments in Federal matching reported. By changing to an accrual in-
stead of cash accounting basis and recomputing our public assistance
accounts and returns back to 1954-55, we earned retroactively $4,229.14
in Federal matching which would otherwise have been lost.
The percentage of caseload to population in the Virgin Islands this
year was 7.3 percent. In St. Thomas it was 4.4 percent, in St. John
5.3 percent and St. Croix 10.6 percent. The proportion of St. Croix
10.6 percent is more than twice as high as in St. Thomas. Standards
are uniform for both islands and close supervision is afforded both
programs by the Insular Department to insure uniform application
of all policies. The differences are accounted for by the greater eco-
nomic distress in St. Croix, where employment opportunities are
fewer, and earnings when employed are usually less, than in St.
Thomas.
Total assistance expenditures in the Virgin Islands in 1956-57,
$324,781, are $12,183 (3.89 percent) above last year's figure, and are
$70,080 or 27.5 percent more than the fiscal year 1954-55.
During 1956-57, the Congress of the United States, after years of
earnest representation by our Government and Department, passed
legislation improving in two respects the formula for Federal par-
ticipation in public assistance in the Virgin Islands originally es-
tablished in the 1950 congressional legislation extending the program
to our islands. The rate of Federal matching continues at $1 Federal
to $1 local, but the following improvements in the formula became
effective July 1,1956.
Federal matching for the caretaker in ADC.-An additional
amount of Federal matching was authorized, in cases of aid to de-
pendent children in the Virgin Islands, effective July 1, 1956, to pro-
vide for aid for the caretaker (the responsible relative living with






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 41

and caring for the children). Some additional Federal matching for
aid to the caretaker has been available in continental United States
for very many years, but this was not true in the Virgin Islands until
now.
The annual maximum on Federal matching lifted to $200,000.-
When the program was extended to the Virgin Islands in 1950, Con-
gress imposed an overall maximum of $160,000 per year on Federal
matching which would be allowed to the Virgin Islands in the entire
public assistance program.
In the fiscal year 1956, Federal matching earned in the Virgin
Islands assistance program totaled $173,604.26, despite the low match-
ing rate ($1 Federal to $1 local) and the low matching maximums per
case. But, with the overall ceiling of $160,000 then applicable, as
explained in the preceding paragraph, $13,604.26 of the matching
earned was lost to the Virgin Islands.
Following earnest representations by the Government, including
oral testimony by the Commissioner before the House Ways and
Means Committee and the Senate Finance Committee, the House
passed in 1955 an amendment lifting the maximum to $200,000 and
the Senate passed in 1956 an amendment lifting the maximum to
$300,000. This latter figure was supported by the Departments of the
Interior and of Health, Education and Welfare, and the Bureau of
the Budget reported favorably thereon. But, in the Senate-House
Conference, the House figure of $200,000 prevailed, effective 1 July
1956.

Purposes, Limitations, and Policies of the Public Assistance
Program
The purpose of the program is to supplement the income or re-
sources of needy individuals or families so that none may be forced to
exist below a minimum level of living and to render social services
which will enable the person or family to become wholly or partially
self-supporting or will enable them to achieve as much self-care as
possible.

Aid to Dependent Children
The ADC caseload showed a marked increase during the year under
report, while all other categories remained practically constant, de-
creasing or increasing only slightly. By June 1957, the total caseload
covered 1,925 persons.







42 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Chart I-Comparison of caseloads, 1952 to 1957 (exclusive of emergency
assistance)

Virgin Islands
Number of persons in rgin Islands
June 1952 June 1953 June 1954 June 1955 June 1956 June 1957

Old-age assistance ---------------------- 674 690 679 689 669 659
Aid to dependent children--...------------715 624 571 757 821 1,007
Aid to the blind---....- --- .....---. 45 42 37 34 30 25
Aid to the disabled. -------------------- 20 55 79 104 101 105
Total Federal categories---........ 1,454 1,411 1,366 1,584 1, 621 1,796
General assistance....----................ 280 172 98 89 125 139
Total------.... ..-------- -.......... 1,734 1, 583 1,464 1,673 1,746 1,935

The net increase over 1956 is 189 persons, or 10.8 percent. The in-
crease in ADC, 186 persons, represented almost the entire caseload
growth. General assistance, which showed a considerable increase
last year (36 persons), this year increased by only 14 persons. OAA
and AB dropped by 10 and 5 persons respectively while AD increased
by 4. The improvement in standards in January 1955 was the major
factor causing the rise in caseload in all programs to the total of
1,673 in June of 1955. But, the rise in ADC during 1956-57, while
other programs remained practically constant, is attributable to other
factors.
Relationship of caseload to population, June 1957

All Virgin
Islands St. Thomas St. John St. Croix

Total population, 1950 census----....-..--- ... -----26, 665 13,813 749 12,103
Total persons aided..-...-- .............---------- -. 1,935 612 40 1,283
Percentage of caseload to population....------------.. 7.3 4.4 5.3 10.6

It is interesting to note that the overall Virgin Islands percentage
of caseload to population this year, 7.3 percent, is only eight-tenths of
1 percent greater than last year, when it was 6.5 percent. It is generally
conceded that the overall population of the islands is gradually in-
creasing, but we are obliged to base the percentage above on the 1950
census, as was done last year and in preceding years. It is probable
that the ratio this year to actual population is several points less than
shown.


Medical Care

In addition to the allowances indicated in the foregoing, we provide
medicines and medical appliances for clients who are not hospitalized
(they receive free hospitalization and free medicine while they are
in-patients in the district hospitals of the islands). Medicines and








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 43

medical appliances for clients not hospitalized are supplied by this
Department, as needed, through vendor payments to suppliers (some
paid through the pooled medical fund and some paid directly from
the public assistance fund).

Total cost of assistance program, Virgin Islands (combined assistance and
administrative costs), fiscal year 1956-57

S Category Assistance Administra- Total
tion

Old-age assistance....---... -------.------------ $151,377.77 $39,738 47 $191,116.24
Aid to dependent children .---------.--------------- .- 105,255.21 37,086 69 142,341.90
Aid to the blind---..-------- ---------------6,700.50 1, 830 07 8,530.57
Aid to the disabled.........----. ....--.------------------ 24,817.15 5,830.05 30,647.20
Total Federal categories-.- .------- ........---.. ----. 288,150.63 84,485.28 372,635.91
General assistance... .....- .- --------------------- 29,877.08 15,881.03 45,758. 11
Trust funds.. ----.....----- -------.------...--------- 652 00 Included 652.00
Emergency and special aid .---.----..----------------------. 6,101.50 in above 6,101.50
Totallocal categories.......------.....-------------.. 36,630.58 15, 881.03 52,511.61
Grand total--........--- ------- ------ -----------. 324,781.21 1100,366.31 425,147. 52

SHARING OF TOTAL COST OF ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

Federal share..----.... .----------------------------.--- 142,863.36 42,242.64 185,106.00
Localshare .........-_--. -------------------. 181,917.85 158,123.67 240,041.52
Grand total....------............----------------- 324,781.21 1100,366.31 425,147.52

i Total administrative costs $100,366.31-direct $62,644.43; allocated $37,721.88. The net local share
$58,123.67, represents the total less the Federal share, $42,242.64, applied against assistance.

Total Federal matching earned Virgin Islands public assistance program, fiscal
year 1956, and net Federal matching received after applying the $160,000
maximum .


Category


Federal matching earned


Assistance Administra-
tion


Net matching received after
deducting excess over
$160,000


Excess


Net
matching


OAA- ....-- ---------------- -.76,706.75 19,119.67 95,826.42 7,509.55 88,316.87
ADC ------------------------- 42,514.50 15,664.79 58,179.29 4,557.43 53,621.86
AB.-------------------------- 3, 667.86 824.68 4,492.54 353.71 4,138.83
AD .......----------- -------- 11,864.24 3,241.77 15,106.01 1,183.57 13,922.44
Total.....----------------- 134,753.35 38,850.91 173,604.26 13,604.26 160,000.00

NOTE.-This computation for 1956 was not completed at the time the annual report for fiscal year 1956
was submitted. Hence, it is included in this year's report.


Child Welfare Program

Casework service was provided to 592 children (St. Croix, 214;
St. Thomas, 378), as compared with 376 last year. The foster care
program continued to be one of the most active and encouraging
phases of the Division's activities. The caseload increased to 107






44 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

(St. Croix, 38; St. Thomas, 69) children under care as compared to 78
children in 1956. Of this number, 36 (St. Croix, 15; St. Thomas, 21)
were in free foster homes.
Detention care was furnished 33 children (St. Croix, 10; St. Thomas,
23) for a total of 443 days. Establishment of adequate detention
facilities in St. Croix and St. Thomas continues to be an urgent need.
The Insular Training School for Boys, relocated in August 1955 at
Estate Anna's Hope, St. Croix, achieved a heartening improvement
in boy and staff morale. During the year a clearly defined assignment
of property for use of the training school was made. This included
land that will be used for the establishment of a school for girls. With
the addition to the staff of a farmer-counselor, poultry, gardening
and animal husbandry projects were successfully instituted.
The Citizens Advisory Commission on Youth was reconstituted
during the year. Its activities were concentrated on the establishment
of youth centers in all three islands. One was established in St. John
during May, with the St. Thomas and St. Croix centers scheduled
to open during August 1957.
The Federal Social Security Act of 1935 established a program
of grant-in-aid to the States for public assistance to individuals and
families, health and welfare services for mothers and children and
a program of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance.
The Virgin Islands child welfare program places great emphasis
upon providing the kind of services that will promote security for
children and will help them also to have a sense of belonging and
a feeling of security so they may grow and develop in a normal manner.
Primary emphasis is placed upon providing services to children living
in their own homes. Other essential services, adoption care, foster
family home care and institutional care, are provided the homeless,
dependent, neglected or delinquent child or the child in danger of
becoming delinquent.

Functions of the Division
Under title V of the Federal Social Security Act, Federal grant-in-
aid funds are available to the Insular Department of Social Welfare
for the purpose of establishing, extending, and strengthening services
for children.
The primary aim of all child welfare services is to work with the
child in his home. Where it is necessary for a child to live away
from his own home, he must be helped to return to that home in the
shortest possible time consistent with his individual needs and the







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 45

conditions in his home, and he must be given every help to adjust and
get along there.
The following chart shows that the Division provided services
directly to 592 different children, as compared with 376 last year, an
increase of over 57 percent. Beginning the year with 262 children
receiving service, there were at the end of the year 364 children
receiving service, 164 of whom were living in their own homes. New
cases accepted during year totaled 330 children.

Caseload distribution by district offices

St. Croix St. Thomas Total

Children receiving service July 1, 1956....... ..... .-----. ------ 79 183 262
Children accepted for service during year ------------------------ 135 195 330
Service discontinued during year.........---------- ---------------- 66 162 228
Children receiving service June 30, 1957 .............-------------- 148 216 364
Total number of different children receiving services during year... 214 378 592

Whereabouts of children receiving service on June SO, 1957

St. Croix St. Thomas Total

In home of parents....----------------------------------------- 62 102 164
In home of relatives-...---........------------------.--.- 22 21 43
In boarding homes ................-------------- ...23 48 71
In free foster homes..........-------...................... 15 21 36
In institutions..... ...------------ -----------------. ---------- 19 23 42
Elsewhere.........----.......... --------------------------..... 7 1 8
Total......------...................... --------..... ..-- 148 216 364


Foster Family Home

The foster home program continued to be one of the most active
and encouraging phases of the activities of the Division. The total
caseload expanded to 107 children in June 1957, as compared to 78
in June 1956. Of this total 36 were living in free homes and adoptive
homes in June 1957. There were 18 children living in free homes
in June 1956, and 17 in June 1955. A total of 136 children were pro-
vided care under this program during the year, as compared with 105
in 1956, 111 in 1955 and 80 the previous year.


Queen Louise Home, St. Croix

The Queen Louise-Home is operated by the Lutheran Church and
provides long-term care to young children. Annually, for many years,
the Division has administered a Government subsidy to the home's
operation costs. This subsidy was discontinued on June 30, 1957,
at the home's request as it was felt by the home that funds for board






46 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

payments from the Department and from other sources were now
adequate for support of the home.
During the year conferences between officials of the home and De-
partment representatives reached agreement that the Division would
provide casework services in the areas of admissions, casework services
to resident children, community placement and after-care. This
would enable the institution staff to spend more time in other phases
of the institution program and operation. At year end plans were
completed to institute the casework program by initiating a study of
all children in residence and the development of a definite long range
plan of care for them.

DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM AND TRADE
During the past fiscal year, the Department of Tourism and Trade
continued to operate three offices with headquarters in St. Thomas,
a branch office in St. Croix, and a New York Information Office in
that city.
Three island brochure.-A reprint of 50,000 copies of the new
3-island 16-page folder in color was made during the present fiscal
year at the cost of $3,990.83. This printing was made possible by an
additional appropriation in November 1956, and thus increased our
distribution to agency and airline offices in the United States, Canada,
and Puerto Rico, and to more efficiently service additional inquiries
received. Plans to reissue the brochure with a new cover design
were completed toward the end of the fiscal year, and provision for
funds to finance this printing was included in the 1958 budget.
Hotel and guest house rate sheets.-The demand for thousands of
copies of the above information folder and the availability of funds
enabled us during this fiscal year to issue a printed rather than a
mimeographed rate sheet, which was first used covering all guest
houses and including additional tourist information. Two thousand
copies of the summer 1956 folder were printed and distributed. Five
thousand winter rate schedules covering the fall and winter season of
1956-57 were printed and distributed; 5,000 summer rate schedules for
1957 were also printed. In a number of cases reprints were necessary
in order to meet the demand.
Other tourist literature.-This office supplied, in addition to the
printed hotel rate sheets mentioned above, mimeographed forms
covering customs, professional directories, yachting facilities, prospec-
tive resident sheets, church and school directories, etc. During this
fiscal year plans were made to consolidate all the mimeographed ma-
terial into a booklet form and plans for the design of this booklet
were completely formulated and provided for in our 1958 budget.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 47

Due to our greatly increased budget over the previous fiscal year
and to savings effected in the other object classification items, it was
possible to devote a total of $35,584.32 to an advertising and pro-
motional program. The bulk of this advertising and promotional
effort was spent in newspaper, regular, and trade magazine adver-
tising. A study brought out that 90 percent of the inquiries received
in three Virgin Islands offices could be directly traced to such adver-
tising. In many instances, advertising was purposely geared to
free publicity articles with the main thought in mind that such
articles do not refer the reader to the direct organization and place
where additional information may be secured. Such tie-in adver-
tising has been most productive.
The Virgin Islands continued to benefit greatly through the tre-
mendous amount of free publicity it received in the press of the-
United States and in special articles and pictures appearing in
national publications. Additional funds made it possible to sub-
scribe to Burrells Clipping Service, and a survey of this service
indicates that over 2,500 individual articles and stories appeared in
over 300 publications in the United States. Much of this publicity
was the result of the cooperation of this department with visiting
writers, editors, and columnists and the promotion on the part of
our New York office with Pan American World Airways, Eastern Air
Lines, and Delta Air Lines in referring and recommending the Virgin
Islands to travel editors, writers, etc. St. John received the greatest
amount of publicity due to the large organization behind the Caneel
Bay Development and the creation of the new National Park there.
Representatives of our New York office attended a number of
special travel shows in the East, particularly in the cities of Hart-
ford, Boston, Philadelphia, and New York, in some cases in conjunc-
tion and participating with the island of Puerto Rico.
The Department, in connection with the Government Secretary's
Office and the U. S. O., continued to play an important part in seeing
that the personnel of the Army, Navy and Marine Corps visiting here
were taken care of properly. Approximately 20,000 servicemen visited
the Virgin Islands during the past fiscal year.
Air transportation.-The Virgin Islands continued to be served-
directly by Caribbean Atlantic Airlines, Pan American World Air-
ways, and British West Indian Airways during the past fiscal year.
Caribbean Atlantic Airlines carried the largest number of pas-
sengers of any airline calling regularly in the Virgin Islands.
Pan American World Airways confined its entire Virgin Islands;
operation to St. Croix. While it was thought that this operation
would result in many through passengers debarking at St. Croix and






48 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

traveling back to St. Thomas, actual operating conditions showed
that almost all passengers deplaned in San Juan for transfer to St.
Thomas via Caribair.
British West Indian Airways continued its biweekly flights to St.
Thomas.
Eastern Air Lines, Pan American Airways, and Delta Air Lines
were the great feeder lines. These three airlines have done an ex-
cellent promotion job for the Virgin Islands in the United States, in
many cases of which, this Department played a most cooperative role.
The establishment by the Eastern Shipping Corp. of bimonthly
service with the S. S. Evangeline between Miami and St. Thomas has
again brought about regularly established surface transportation
service, carrying 300 passengers and some general cargo. This service
has proven extremely valuable particularly in the off months of the
year, and is the first real surface link to the continental United States
since the disbanding of the Bull Line Service 3 years ago.
St. Thomas again broke all previous year's records in the number
of cruise ships that visited here during the past fiscal year. A total
of 48 ships carrying a total of 22,035 passengers visited during this
period. The visits of these steamers is of major importance to the
economy of St. Thomas, as the expenditures by cruise ship passengers
represents a large portion of the total tourist revenue produced.
The comparative figures shown below give a fair indication of the
growth of tourist facilities in the Virgin Islands during the past
year:

Hotels and guest houses Guest capacity
1955-56 1956-57 1955-56 1956-57
St. Croix--..........................---- ............ 12 13 359 426
St. John-------- --... -----------..-............... 4 4 153 165
St. Thomas .............- ------------.......... 22 27 1,603 1,681
Total-----------.----.----......----- --------- 38 44 2,115 2,272

Shops continued to show a healthy increase in the sale of merchan-
dise to tourists in spite of increasing competition from neighboring
islands. St. Croix has shown, percentagewise, the largest increase in
the new shops established during the present fiscal year.
The University of Miami, Bureau of Business and Economic Re-
search's report entitled, "Caribbean Area Tourist Trade Index,"
shows that during the fiscal year 1956-57, West Indies tourist business
increased from $75,000,000 in 1951 to $115,000,000, and that the Virgin
Islands commanded a very respectable percentage of this total ex-
penditure. It was further shown that the Virgin Islands, on an ex-







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 49

penditure of 52 cents per visitor, produced $227 per visitor-by far
the highest of any island in the Caribbean area.
There follows a statistical analysis of tourist development
program:
Estimate of gross expenditures

St. Thomas St. Croix Total
and St. John

Hotels and guesthouses--.---------------------------------- $5,500,000 $820,000 $6,320,000
Retail tourist establishments.. . . 4,100,000 900, 000 000
Bars, restaurants, and nightclubs not including hotels .......... 500,000 250,000 750,000
Other tourist interests....------------ 1,000,000 100,000 1,100,000
Total.......------------------- ------------------- 11,100,000 2,070,000 13,170,000

Visitors to the Virgin Islands

St. Thomas St. Croix Total

Caribair .. .----------------------------------------- 51,000 21,000 72,000
Cruise ships........-------------- ---------------------- 22,035 ---. 22,035
Pan American ..-.------------ ----------------- 4,200 4
Armed services personnel ..........---------------------. ----- 20,000 2,000 22,000
Total...----. .---------------------------------------- 93,035 27,200 120,235

The above figures do not include passengers visiting St. Thomas or
St. Croix aboard cargo vessels of such companies as Alcoa, Delta, East
Asiatic, or other similar services.

Division of Trade

While no actual division of the Department has been set up, nor are
there any employees in this division, the Department, as a whole, has
answered numerous inquiries regarding the establishment of new busi-
nesses in the Virgin Islands. During the past fiscal year it has dis-
tributed hundreds of copies of our tax exemption laws and answered,
in detail, letters of interested parties addressed not only to the Depart-
ment, but also to the Governor's Office and the Office of the Government
Secretary.

SELECTIVE SERVICE OPERATIONS

The selective service law continued to be applied in the Virgin
Islands in every aspect with approximately the same activity toward
the furnishing of manpower to the armed services as in the previous
year, but with a rapidly increasing effort being exerted toward accom-
plishment of the processing of the records of Standby Reservists who
became our responsibility through the Armed Forces Reserve Act of







50 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

1955. There was little change in the impact of the operation on the
community, and by no means approached that which existed during the
period immediately following September 1950 when drafting of regis-
trants began locally under the Selective Service Act of 1948.

Registration
Registration is accomplished at the local board offices in Charlotte
Amalie, Christiansted, and Frederiksted when the registrant presents
himself according to law within 5 days after he has reached 18 years
of age, or if an alien entering from outside the country, within 6 months
of his entry generally. The public is frequently made aware of this
requirement in the display of posters in the post office buildings and
through occasional news releases. As of June 30, 1957, a total of 3,547
men were registered in the Virgin Islands, reflecting an increase of 263
during the year.
In keeping with the present order of selection of registrants for
induction, the age distribution of the total registration is tabulated
below by board, and represents such inventory from a total population
of approximately 27,000 persons in the Virgin Islands.

Local board Local board Total
No. 54-1 No. 54-2
17to 18 years of age ------------------------------...... ---... 1 1 2
18 to 18i years of age -------------------------- --_--- --....... 54 49 103
18W years and above liable for service 1------------..---------- --- 1,291 1,273 2,564
Classified available under 26 years--------------------- (273) (279)
Classified not available, or in service-.------- ---------------- (1,016) (991)
Over 26 years, liability extended-------------- (2) (3) ---....
267years and above, over age of liability for service-.-------------- 581 297 878
Total---..--..-----........................------- ..... 1, 927 1,620 3, 47
1 The law provides that certain registrants deferred after June 19, 1951, may have their liability extended
until age 35.

Included in the tabulation above, are 2 registrants not yet 18 years
of age. These registrants fall within the provision that a person may
register with parents' consent if he is a volunteer for immediate
induction.
Volunteers continue to be the prime source of manpower for in-
*duction. All inductees for the year were from the volunteer pool,
which accordingly decreased in number by only 8, leaving a total of
54 volunteers available as of June 30, 1957. It is expected that at the
present rate, volunteers will continue to be the prime source of in-
*ductees if the monthly calls are not increased considerably.
The quota for the Virgin Islands was 53 as compared with 32 for
the previous year. Fifty-nine men were inducted, all going to the
Army, which was oversubscribed by only 11 percent.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 51

SEnlistments and reenlistments showed an overall marked decrease
during the year, resulting in an excess of 18 separations above gains
or service credits for the islands. Enlistments in the Air Force were.
the most active, whereas enlistments in the Army were drastically
reduced. To some extent, the low Selective Service quotas are being
reflected in the enlistment rates.

Enlist- Total Total sepa-
Branch of service ments Inductions gains rations
: .... reported

Army .......................-------------------- 11 59 70 113
Navy-..--.....-------- .... -----..........6 6.. 3
arine Corps.......---------------......--------- 4 ----------- 4 7
Air Force .---------------------------- 30 ------------ 30 6
Coast Guard.... ------------ -------- 1 .--- 1 ---......
Total- -................ ------- ------------- 52 59 111 129


VIRGIN ISLANDS PLANNING BOARD

The Virgin Islands Planning Board continued its operation
throughout fiscal year 1957, holding meetings in quarters B in St.
Thomas, and in office space provided in Government House in St.
Croix, with a small staff of one clerk-stenographer in each office.
Master plans for the island of St. Thomas and the city of Charlotte
Amalie were prepared by the consultant, Eduardo Barariano, and
approved by the Governor and the Municipal Council of St. Thomas
and St. John, Virgin Islands, by resolution passed on August 3, 1954,
and are now public documents. Master plans for the island of St.
Croix, the town of Christiansted, and the town of Frederiksted were
also prepared by the consultant, and on June 7, 1956, the first legisla-
ture of the Virgin Islands passed a resolution approving these, master
plans. In addition to maps and charts, the master plans consist of
written reports to help those interested residents of the island and
public officials to understand the present situation as well as the
various recommendations included in the master plans. All of the
above-mentioned information is on display at the offices of the Virgin
Islands Planning Board in St. Thomas and St. Croix, and at the
disposal of the general public for review.
The annual meeting of the Board was held in February 1957. Regu-
lar informal meetings were conducted weekly, at which time current
problems affecting planning were discussed.
The Board made recommendations and suggestions to interested
individuals and private enterprises on Building Construction and
Land Development. There is still a great deal of development taking
place, however, which has not been properly coordinated with the
Board.






52 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

The Board worked in close coordination with the engineers on the
construction of the Waterfront Boulevard. The coordinator of es-
sential public projects in the Virgin Islands was also very cooper.
tive and coordinated all projects with the Board as far as he was able.
Airport facilities in St. Croix were discussed with the Board by
the consulting engineering firm engaged on the project and as a result
of the conferences, as well as the excellent cooperation and assistance
of the coordinator of essential public projects,,the Board was able to
make recommendations to the proper authorities on the construction
of the airport.
During the last regular session of the legislature, bill 519 (act 213)
was enacted and approved by the Governor. This bill provides "for
the employment of a planning consultant and architect (draftsman)
for the Virgin Islands Planning Board and for other purposes."
Two qualified architects applied for this position. The architect
will be charged with the designing of homes for low-income families
in the Virgin Islands. It is hoped that the people in need of these
services will avail themselves of the opportunity of being served by the
architect employed with the Planning Board.
It is recommended that a complete road survey for St. Thomas, St.
Croix, and St. John be made prior to preparation of any road
programs.
Under section 7 of this act, the Planning Board is directed to "an-
nually prepare a 6-year financial program." To accomplish such
a program, it will be necessary for each Department of the Govern-
ment to prepare in detail their anticipated requirements, i. e., the
expansion of existing facilities and new construction required. This
should be available to the Planning Board in the form of an approved
plan with detailed information on costs.

ST. CROIX
Centerline Road
The hard-surfaced road, connecting the towns of Christiansted and
Frederiksted on the islands of St. Croix, has been poorly maintained
for several years. The crying need for better roads in St. Croix was
recognized by the legislature during its last regular session, and the
total amount of $237,000 was appropriated for major repair to the
Centerline Road. The amount of $23,500 was spent for the purchase
of necessary equipment, and $213,500 was allocated to actual road
repair.
Approximately 4 miles of this road have been widened and re-
surfaced, despite innumerable difficulties encountered by the Depart-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 53

ment of Public Works in the procurement of bituminous emulsion
in sufficient quantities to meet job requirements.

Rum Production
Some 321,907 wine gallons of rum were manufactured within the
district during the period under review.
Wine gallons
St. Croix Sugar Cane Industries -------------------------- 125, 303
A. H. Riise Distillers Corp------------ ----------------- 196, 604
Total..------.--- -------------------------- 321,907
Brugal & Co., Inc., has been engaged in the blending of liquors and
has not been distilling during this period.

Alexander Hamilton Airport
After a series of meetings of the St. Croix Airport Committee
with the consulting engineering firm and Civil Aeronautics Admin-
istration officials, final plans have now been agreed upon for the
airport terminal building and other facilities for improvement to
the Alexander Hamilton Airport. Plans and specifications must
now be put in final form by the architectural concern for approval by
the Civil Aeronautics Administration in Washington, D. C.

Administrative Assistant for St. Croix
On April 23, 1957, Governor Gordon appointed Alva C. McFarlane
as his Administrative Assistant for St. Croix to succeed Dr. D. C.
Canegata, who resigned on March 1,1957.
Specific instructions as to the duties and responsibilities of this
office have been given to the present incumbent by the Governor, in-
cluding the authority to:
Investigate, suggest, and recommend to any division chief on the
island or to any insular cabinet officer, measures which, in his opinion,
might be taken to improve governmental service for the people of this
district;
Be fully aware of all governmental activities on the island;
Advise the Governor of the progress or lack of progress on projects
and activities, and of all suggestions to produce desired results;
Serve as principal contact between the people of St. Croix and the
Government of the Virgin Islands;
Attend regular monthly cabinet meetings;
Submit monthly written reports of activities.






54 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

ST. JOHN
There has been no change in administrative policy during the year.
Relationship between the various department heads and the Office of
the Administrative Assistant has been good.
With the regularly scheduled doctor's visits and the assignment of
a regular nurse at the Calabash Boom Clinic, Coral Bay, full time
service is now available. On the whole, the medical service now ren-
dered has been much improved.
Visits from the sanitation inspectors from St. Thomas have been
regular.
The law enforcement body remained unchanged. There were only
minor offenses during the year. Also, there was no increase in the
number of registered vehicles.
A volunteer fire-fighting unit was organized, a station set up, and
a jeep fire wagon was sent over from St. Thomas for use by the unit.
A regular operator was also appointed to be in charge of the station
and equipment.
The prolonged drought which the islands are now undergoing is felt
severely on St. John. Both the large reservoir and reserve cistern at
Cruz Bay went dry, and water had to be hauled in from St. Thomas
via the Government barge. This drought emphasizes strongly the
need for more storage and catchment facilities.
The Administrative Assistant is still without overland transporta-
tion. However, provision was made for the purchase of a jeep during
the next fiscal year. The motorboat, Cruz Bay, which is used for regu-
lar travel between the islands, as well as for emergencies, is now under-
going much needed extensive repairs.
A direct telephone service was established between Cruz Bay,
St. John, and Charlotte Amalie. This was made possible through the
cooperation of the Power Division of the Virgin Islands Corporation,
permitting use of its extra power cable across Pillsbury Sound to
St. John. The installation was done by the Telephone Division of the
Department of Public Works. This telephone is located in the Ad-
ministrative Assistant's residence with an office extension. It is ex-
pected that this service will be extended to include Cancel Bay in the
near future. Since its installation, the service is proving invaluable.
It is hoped that this temporary arrangement will serve as a nucleus for
the establishment and expansion of the service on a more permanent
basis.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 55

The radio telephone service between Cruz Bay and Coral Bay is
still in operation and serves as the only means of quick communication
between these points in event of emergency.

National Park
The St. John Virgin Islands National Park, which includes more
than half of the land area on St. John, was dedicated on December 1,
1956.
0