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Group Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands to the Secretary of the Interior.
Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00015459/00027
 Material Information
Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Alternate Title: Annual report - the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands to the Secretary of the Interior
Annual report, Virgin Islands
Physical Description: v. : tab. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Virgin Islands of the United States -- Governor
Publisher: for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication: Washington
Publication Date: 1951-1952
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Virgin Islands of the United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Report covers fiscal year.
General Note: Title varies slightly.
General Note: Vols. for 1925/26 issued as Senate document 170, U.S. 69th Congress, 2d session.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00015459
Volume ID: VID00027
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5018
oclc - 01235215
lccn - 26027791
issn - 0363-3438

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
    Title Page
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    Table of Contents
        Page iii
    Main
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Full Text





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1952



ANNUAL
REPORT
OF THE

Governor of

the Virgin Islands

TO THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR
FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1952


























UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Oscar L. Chapman, Secretary

TERRITORY OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
Morris F. de Castro, Governor


UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D. C.

For sale ly the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. Price 15 cents















CONTENTS






ORGANIC ACT REVISION . . . . . .
RADIO BROADCASTING . . . . . ....
DEPARTMENTAL ACTIVITIES . . . . . .
FEDERAL VIRGIN ISLANDS PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM.


PUBLIC FINANCE AND TAXATION . .
REAL PROPERTY . . . ...
HOUSING AND TOWN PLANNING. ..
CIVIL DEFENSE . . . .....
SELECTIVE SERVICE OPERATIONS . .
PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION . ..
AGRICULTURE . . . . . .
THE VIRGIN ISLANDS CORPORATION .
COMMERCE AND SHIPPING .. ...
EDUCATION .....
HEALTH AND SANITATION .. ...
PUBLIC SAFETY . . . . . .
PUBLIC UTILITIES . . . . .
PUBLIC WORKS . . .. .....
LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS .
SOCIAL WELFARE . . . . .
TOURISM . . . . . . .
VIRGIN ISLANDS AUDITOR . . .
VIRGIN ISLANDS COOPERATIVE . ..
FISH AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION .
CREDIT FACILITIES . . . . .
MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS . . . .
LEGISLATION . . . . . .
CONCLUSION . . . . . .


O












ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR

OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS, 1952

Morris F. de Castro, Governor





In the annual report of the government of the Virgin Islands for the
fiscal year 1951, certain objectives were stated as the basis of a planned
program for developing the human and physical resources of the
islands. These goals, with a brief analysis of accomplishments, if
any, are as follows:
(a) long-term educational policies which will better serve the per-
sonal, economic, and social needs of the people
The Governor's commission on education, organized during the pre-
vious year, did not meet during this year for the reason that the educa-
tional study groups, comprised of teachers and other professional and
technical advisers, created to deal with the problems on a technical and
research level were still engaged in the preliminary statistical and re-
search compilations. This important work is hampered by the lack of
full-time professional guidance. The top professional staff of the
department of education is fully occupied with the current adminis-
trative problems of administering the expanding public school sys-
tems. Efforts made by the government to have this research work
underwritten by a private foundation were without success. The
commission will meet early in the new fiscal year to evaluate the work
already done and to determine future courses.
In the meantime, however, the important vocational education pro-
gram has been reorganized and extended as a prominent feature of the
total educational program. Curriculum building is being given at-
tention by a staff member who returned to the islands during the year,
after a year's postgraduate work in this field in the United States.
Plans for new school buildings designed to meet the needs of the
islands are approaching completion.






2 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


(b) increased food and sugar production through the development
of sound agricultural policies
The United States Department of Agriculture will take over the
management of the agricultural program of the islands on July 1,
1952. Primarily, this program at its outset will include research and
experimentation in better sugar cane production, improved cattle pro-
duction, and research as to other crops best suited for the islands; ex-
tension services, home demonstration, and 4-H Club work; and an eco-
nomic study of the marketing needs of the islands to determine how
best to go into a food-production program which would meet the needs
of local consumers and reduce, if possible, the islands' dependence
on imported foods.
The Virgin Islands Corporation is expanding the production of
sugar cane; promoting land usage other than sugar cane by experi-
menting in fall planting of certain vegetables; assisting in a land- and
water-development program by construction of earthen dams and an
extensive brush-clearing program in coordination with the Depart-
ment of Agriculture's Soil Conservation Service and Production and
Marketing Administration.
(c) an all-year tourist program
The government of the Virgin Islands and the Virgin Islands Corpo-
ration have sponsored an intensive tourist promotion program liber-
ally assisted by the private efforts of the Chamber of Commerce of
St. Thomas and St. John, the Chamber of Commerce of St. Croix, and
the hotels, gift shops, and other local tourist counters.
It is estimated that 105,000 persons visited the Virgin Islands during
the year, an increase of 45 percent over the preceding year, and that
they spent in hotels, restaurants, tourist merchandise, and taxicabs
a total of over $4,600,000-an increase of 41 percent.
(d) establishment of small industries
In this field, unfortunately, there has been little, if any, improve-
ment, due to inadequate facilities, distance from available market,
unavailability of raw materials, and an insufficient labor potential.
A small button factory started in the preceding year has not made
much progress. A small jewelry factory has also been opened. One
continental American group has moved its editorial and creative office
for a unique magazine to St. Croix.
(e) strengthening and improvement of preventive and therapeutic
services as a single integrated system of health care
The basic concern and frustration with present physical plant inade-
quacies will shortly be removed. Modern hospitals are nearing com-






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 3


pletion with the finest in equipment for medical care. A sanitary
engineer was added to the staff to direct the public health and sanita-
tion phases of the program. Maternal and child health services, men-
tal health services, nutrition, and public health nursing are now well
organized aspects of an integrated health and medical care program.
(f) elimination of substandard and other inadequate housing
through the clearance of slums and blighted areas
Under the Federal housing program, 240 units of low-rent housing
are under construction in St. Thomas, and construction of 110 units
will be started in Christiansted, St. Croix, early in the next fiscal year.
For Frederiksted, St. Croix, 70 units of rural nonfarm housing have
been planned. Plans for redevelopment of blighted areas are also
in process and should be in the work stage before the end of the next
fiscal year.
(g) providing security for the aged and unemployable
With the extension of the Public Assistance Titles of the Federal
Social Security Act in October 1950, and the appropriation of in-
creased municipal funds for matching on the dollar-for-dollar basis,
there has been a gratifying improvement in alleviating the hardships
of the needy. Two years ago average assistance per month per case
for 1,248 cases was a meager $5.90. Today, average assistance per
month per case for 1,703 cases is $8.37. This, however, is still far
below an adequate level to meet existing needs. The States, Alaska
and Hawaii, receive three Federal dollars for each State dollar for
public assistance. The Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are on the
dollar-for-dollar formula with which this program began in the
United States 15 years ago.
(h) improvement of, economy in, unification, and simplification of
the government structure
Any basic changes, which would yield substantial results, must nec-
essarily await action of Congress on a new organic-act. Here there
was considerable activity and progress during the year but, unfor-
tunately, a revised organic act which passed the House of Representa-
tives late in the fiscal year did not come up for action in the Senate
prior to adjournment of the Eighty-second Congress. Even though
this proposed organic act did not include many of the recommenda-
tions of the people of the islands, substantial gains would have been
made had it been adopted. It was opposed vigorously by legislative
leaders of the islands because it purported to delimit and define fnore
clearly the division of executive and legislative functions in the islands'
government. A new draft will be introduced in the Eighty-third
Congress.






4 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


ORGANIC ACT REVISION

A subcommittee of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of
the House of Representatives, consisting of Hon. Lloyd M. Bentsen,
Jr., of Texas, Hon. Wayne N. Aspinall of Colorado, Hon. S. W. Yorty
of California, Hon. Fred L. Crawford of Michigan, Hon. A. L. Miller
of Nebraska, Hon. Norris Poulson of California, and Hon. Frank T.
Bow of Ohio, held hearings in the islands on a bill to revise the Organic
Act of the Virgin Islands. The committee recommended:
(1) a unicameral legislature of 11 representatives, two from St.
Thomas, two from St. Croix, one from St. John, and six to be elected
at large.
(2) Pay for members of the legislature to be $15 per day, the aggre-
gate length of the annual sessions to be 60 calendar days.
(3) Special legislative sessions to be called by the Governor, but
limited to 15 days each or an aggregate of 30 days in 1 year.
(4) Retention of Presidential consideration of bills passed over the
Governor's veto.
(5) Retention of appointive Governor for the present.
(6) Creation of departments of justice, finance, public works, edu-
cation, commerce, health, welfare, and labor and establishment of
auditor's office.
(7) Termination of direct and deficiency appropriations by Con-
gress for the support of the Government of the Virgin Islands.
(8) Return to the islands of internal revenue taxes on products of
the islands shipped to the United States on a formula of $2 Federal
to $1 local revenue with a total limitation of $3,500,000 of locally
collected funds plus the Federal internal revenue taxes.
(9) Legislative confirmation of heads of departments only.
(10) Elimination of ability to read and write the English language
as a qualification for voters.
(11) Deferment of action on creation of resident commissioner.
(12) Appointment of representatives by Governor to fill vacancies
for unexpired terms.

RADIO BROADCASTING
During the year the first radio broadcasting station was established
on the island of St. Croix. This station, WIVI, the second in the
Virgin Islands, followed the establishment in the previous year of
broadcasting station WSTA in St. Thomas. Both are privately owned
and operated. Both allot generous time for programs of public infor-
mation sponsored by government departments.





ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 5

The Governor made a number of major addresses over these radio
stations and, since May 1952, he has instituted a regular weekly "Sup-
pertime Chat" bringing to the people of the islands direct.from Gov-
ernment House the important events as they transpire and necessary
background information.

DEPARTMENTAL ACTIVITIES
The following departmental summaries will develop the details of
the government's activities and the pattern which has been consistently
followed for the attainment of the objectives which have been set
forth:

FEDERAL VIRGIN ISLANDS PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM
Under the $10 million Federal public works program authorized for
the Virgin Islands, construction of new hospitals and public health
facilities began late in 1951. As of June 30, 1952, the 116-bed hospital
in St. Thomas, the 60-bed general hospital at Christiansted, the 12-bed
public health clinic at Frederiksted and the 4-bed public health facility
at Cruz Bay, St. John, were all more than 50 percent completed. It is
anticipated that these new hospitals and public health facilities will be
completed and in operation early in the year 1953. The water-front
project in Charlotte Amalie is still in the process of development.
An engineering survey of the proposed Centerline Road in St. John
has been completed. It is now contemplated that this work will be
done by force account by the St. Thomas public works department.
At the close of the fiscal year the cistern and catchment area under
construction at Cruz Bay, St. John, was almost completed.
Plans and specifications for the construction of new school facilities
in the Virgin Islands are nearly completed. It is expected that bids on
the construction of the Christiansted consolidated high school and
elementary school will be opened in August this year.
Work on the outside and inside cable plants in connection with the
new telephone system in St. Croix was completed by June. It is
expected that the telephone exchange buildings and the subscriber
stations will be completed early in the next fiscal year. In St. Thomas
the work on the new telephone system is progressing satisfactorily, and
should be completed by December.

PUBLIC FINANCE AND TAXATION

The total revenues collected from local sources in the Virgin Islands
showed an increase over revenues raised in fiscal year 1951. This
increase was due largely to greater yield from new tax laws and
234016-53--2






6 A ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


amended tax laws enacted late in the previous fiscal year. At the same
time continuous effort has been made to limit expenditures only to the
minimum required for the efficient operation of essential public
services.
A total of $1,094,401.24 was raised from local sources in the munici-
pality of St. Thomas and St. John, including an amount of $41,625
borrowed and transferred from special funds. An amount of $279,200
was contributed by the United States Government making $1,373,-
601.24 available to meet a total budgeted expenditure of $1,388,658.99.
The budget deficit of about $15,000 was absorbed by departmental
savings, cancellation of unfilled orders, and freezing of expenditures
for projects which were not completed on June 30, 1952, and not
covered by contract.
The total revenues collected for the fiscal year 1952 represent an
increase over the $927,434 raised in fiscal year 1951. This increase was
due chiefly to larger collections from income tax and trade tax. In-
come tax yielded $112,252.05 over the previous fiscal year, due largely
to introduction of enforcement procedures in the collection of out-
standing accounts. Stimulated business in the community was also
reflected in the taxes collected. The trade tax yielded an increase of
$17,328 over the previous fiscal year's collection. Other revenue
sources which reflected substantial increases over the previous year
were gasoline tax, court fees, and stamp dues.
In the municipality of St. Croix, a total of $505,798.62 was collected
from local sources, which included $15,000 representing loans, as com-
pared with $431,777.78 in fiscal year 1951. An amount of $465,800 con-
tributed by the United States Government made a total of $971,598.62
available to meet a total budgeted expenditure of $969,488.
During the next fiscal year it is expected that more revenues will
be raised from local sources. This increase is anticipated because
late in this fiscal year certain revenue measures were enacted by the
municipal councils of both municipalities. In the municipality of St.
Thomas and St. John the following revenue measures were enacted:
(1) gross receipts taxes increased from 3/4 of 1 percent to 1 percent; (2)
tax on cigarettes changed from 2 cents a package to 5 percent which
is a rate reduction but calculated to yield more revenues since it can be
absorbed by business; (3) trade tax increased from 2 percent to 3 per-
cent on all other goods other than foodstuffs and those taxed at a higher
rate; (4) gasoline tax increased by 1 cent per gallon, i. e., from 5 to 6
cents; (5) the inheritance tax rates in effect since 1876 were doubled;
(6) a 2 percent tax levied on the total bill charges of hotel guests; and
a fee of $1 for temporary automobile drivers permits.
The following tax laws were passed for the municipality of St.






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 7


Croix: (1) An increase in the internal revenue tax on passenger-
carrying motor vehicles from 5 percent to 10 percent of the selling
price; (2) an increase in internal revenue tax on all commodities, ex-
cluding sugar, foodstuffs, and charcoal, from 2 percent to 5 percent of
the invoice value; (3) a tax on silverware, perfume, and jewelry of
10 percent of the selling price; (4) gasoline tax increased from 5 cents
to 6 cents per gallon; and the inheritance tax rates which were in effect
since 1876 were doubled.
These substantial increases of taxes levied on local sources indicate
the willingness of the people of the Virgin Islands to support the local
government to the full extent of the economic resources of the islands.
However, it is very doubtful as to whether the local resources, even
with increased industrial activities, could support the entire local gov-
ernment including the operation and maintenance of new hospitals,
schools, and other public facilities provided for in the $10 million
public works program authorized and financed by Congress. The
solution to the problem of efficient operation of the government serv-
ices is the return to the Virgin Islands of the internal revenues col-
lected on articles exported from the islands to continental United
States. Such a provision was included in the proposed revised Or-
ganic Act for the Virgin Islands which passed the House of Repre-
sentatives too late in the fiscal year to be considered by the Senate. It
is hoped that a revised organic act including this vital provision will
be passed by the next Congress.

REAL PROPERTY
A general reassessment of real property in the municipality of St.
Thomas and St. John was carried on with two primary objectives:
(1) to correct the existing system of assessment of land and buildings
thereon as a unit, and (2) to equalize assessment. The program
involved the establishment of a basic land unit value for various sec-
tions of town and country land, along with reduction or increase of
individual assessments to establish a more equitable assessment system.
This reassessment program which was vigorously opposed in the
community, resulted in 5,568 assessments being made. Of this num-
ber, 274 were appealed to the board of review. The board reduced
228 assessments, affirmed 39, and increased 5. Two exemptions were
granted under existing regulations.
Real property assessment for the calendar year 1951 in the mu-
nicipality of St. Thomas and St. John totaled $8,751,872, with a
corresponding estimated tax yield of $109,398.49. In the previous






8 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


year the total assessed valuation was $7,233,784.32 with a tax yield
of $88,276.58.
There was a noticeable increase in land speculation during the
year 1951. A total of 167 conveyances of real property were re-
corded aggregating $382,501.34 in value. A comparison of the sale
prices and assessed valuations (both before and after assessment)
indicate that assessments were below market prices. Nevertheless,
there was a most unfavorable reaction among property owners to
the reassessment program, and it is quite likely some decisions of the
board of review may be appealed to the district court for review.
In the municipality of St. Croix the real property assessments for
the calendar year 1951 totaled $6,602,744.70, an increase of $225,889.95
over the preceding year. The increase was obtained principally from
new construction and adjustments in assessed valuations. The sale
price of land remained more or less stable as compared .with the pre-
ceding 2 years, unlike the increase in land speculation noted in St.
Thomas. Only one case-was appealed to the board of review.

HOUSING AND TOWN PLANNING

Considerable progress was made in the development of low rent
housing in the Virgin Islands. Construction work on the Paul M.
Pearson Gardens in St. Thomas was begun on February 8, 1952. This
project consists of 30 buildings of two-story construction, designed
to accommodate approximately 240 families. The project is named
after the late Dr. Paul M. Pearson, the first civilian Governor of the
Virgin Islands, who from 1931 to 1934 laid the ground work for a
low rent housing and slum clearance program in these islands. On
February 26, 1952, Mr. Drew Pearson, son of the late Governor, par-
ticipated in the ground breaking ceremonies for this project. This
housing project, along with others planned for St. Croix, is made
possible through the Federal Housing Program administered by the
Public Housing Administration in cooperation with the local govern-
ment represented by the Virgin Islands housing and redevelopment
authority.
Plans are also under way for the development of an additional 150
housing units in St. Thomas. It is expected that these units will be
constructed in the area known as Savan. Early in the next fiscal
year application will be made for a preliminary loan from the Public
Housing Administration to cover the cost of surveys and plans for this
project.
Late in the fiscal year bids were opened for the D. Hamilton Jack-
son Terrace in Christiansted, St. Croix. This is a housing project to






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS *r 9


consist of 110 units to be constructed at a cost of over $1,000,000. The
project is named after the late Judge D. Hamilton Jackson, a veteran
legislator, jurist, and labor leader of the island of St. Croix. It is ex-
pected that construction work will begin early in the next fiscal year.
A rural nonfarm housing program for Frederiksted, St. Croix, is in
process of planning. It is expected that considerable progress will
be made on this project during the next fiscal year.
The Virgin Islands Planning Board held a series of conferences
with administrative officers, business organizations, and other perti-
nent groups in the islands in order to obtain background information
to be used in preparation of a master plan. Much progress has not
been made due to lack of personnel as well as certain defects in the
legislation creating the board. An attempt will be made during the
next fiscal year to have improved legislation enacted by the legislative
assembly of the Virgin Islands and to obtain funds for the proper
functioning of this important board.
The planning board and the local government were fortunate to
obtain the informal advice and suggestions of Mr. Robert Moses, park
commissioner for the city of New York, who made an unofficial visit
to the islands. His observations were so practical and prophetic that
the following excerpts from his report are inserted:
In this instance planning is not merely mapping public improvements, zoning,
and checking projects for conformity. You have a much more basic problem, and
one which planning agencies in established urban communities with pretty well-
defined objectives do not face.
If the future is to be primarily rural and agricultural and for the present popu.
lation and its descendants, that is one thing. If, on the other hand, you aim pri-
marily to attract winter or year-round residents and tourists from the mainland,
and you anticipate substantial worker immigration from Puerto Rico and per-
haps other Caribbean islands to serve and build up the islands' economy, that is
quite another story. You may conceivably aim at both objectives at the same
time, but one must certainly be regarded as more important than the other.
There is manifestly no sense in an attempt to industrialize the United States
Virgin Islands-at least so far as heavy industry is concerned. There is no
cheap power as in Puerto Rico and there is a lack of skilled dependable labor.
Some light industries might be attracted if tax exemptions are continued and
extended. Enterprises of this type, however desirable, certainly can only be
an incident in the economic future of the islands. Coming now to an immediate
and necessarily limited program of improvements for your planning commission,
I suggest the following as a conservative start having in mind what may possibly
get the approval of the President and the Secretary of the Interior and the
Congress, not to speak of reasonable local support. I have also presumed to
indicate possible sources of funds necessary to implement this program:







10 A ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Map the shore front areas and high, scenic vantage points, both publicly and
privately owned, most attractive for harbor, hotel, club, and private residential
development, as well as public recreation, indicating roughly, where it has not
already been done, logical subdivisions and approaches. Obviously the kind of
people to be attracted should be studied and I assume that those who demand
excitement, gambling, artificial amusements, and noisy, cheap catch-penny devices
will not be aimed at.
Make rough-cost estimates covering dredging, access roads, adequate and
dependable water supply, sewage and garbage disposal, and other public utilities,
landscaping, and planning. The harbors and beaches and the land just back
of them are the island's greatest asset which should be fully capitalized. Present
harbors need dredging. The sand which is dredged up can be used to build up
beaches and roads. Buck Island, for example, could be reached easily by boat
from the nearest point on St. Croix if there were adequate docks and roads on
both sides. Incidentally seaplanes or amphibians would be desirable at several
points.
The funds for these improvements might be advanced through the Virgin
Islands Corporation with additional subventions from Washington on a basis
which would make them in time, in substantial part, self-liquidating.
Finally, I would urge restoration, protection, and exhibition of the islands'
antiquities and their historical places and associations, their architecture and
of course careful conservation of their natural beauties. In part this can be
done by establishment of additional national monuments and appropriations to
repair and maintain them. In part, zoning restrictions should be the instrument.
In part, special laws and regulations should be invoked such as those which
have been effective in the Vieux Carr6 in New Orleans.
Early in 1952 the Secretary of the Interior, upon the recommenda-
tion of the National Park Service, designated a portion of the town
of Christiansted as the Virgin Islands national historic site. The area
includes approximately three city blocks of Christiansted's waterfront
and such significant landmarks of the Danish period of occupation as
Fort Christianvaern, the Danish Post Office and custom house, the
Steeple buildings and the Government House. The grounds and struc-
tures in the site are owned by either the municipality of St. Croix or
the Federal Government.
Under the terms of a cooperative agreement between the Depart-
ment of the Interior and the municipality of St. Croix, the National
Park Service will be responsible for interpreting the site to visitors
and will cooperate with th3 municipality in the preservation and main-
tenance of municipally owned grounds and structures.
The designation of this historic site is in connection with the objec-
tive of the administration to retain as much as possible of the old
world architecture of the three towns in the Virgin Islands as an
attraction to tourists. The municipal council of St. Croix has co-
operated by passing the necessary legislation designating an historic






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 11


zone which includes the Virgin Islands national historic site. A sim-
ilar plan has been prepared for Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, but
the municipal council of St. Thomas and St. John has short-sightedly
refused to pass the necessary legislation. It is hoped that some prog-
ress may be made in this direction during the next fiscal year.

CIVIL DEFENSE
The civil defense program in the Virgin Islands was administered
during the fiscal year by a full-time director. One of the major func-
tions of the local civil defense agency during the year has been to
bring home to the people an awareness of the international situation
and the importance of having an active civil defense organization with
adequate personnel fully trained. With this in view a training and
education program was pursued during the year. A deputy director
attended the 6-day civil defense staff college training course at Olney,
Md. Through the cooperation of the commanding general, Antilles
Department, four responsible government employees were trained by
Army personnel in Puerto Rico in explosive ordnance demolition.
First-aid classes were held by the local chapter of the American Red
Cross. During the year two raid practices were held, one was confined
to St. Thomas and St. John and the other covered the three islands.
The Virgin Islands Civil Defense Act was amended to authorize
the Governor on behalf of the Virgin Islands, to enter into mutual
aid agreements or compacts with other Territories and States and the
Federal Government, limiting such mutual aid arrangements to the
furnishing or exchange of clothing, medicine, food, and other supplies;
engineering services; emergency housing; fire fighting; rescue, trans-
portation, and construction services. At the close of the fiscal year a
mutual aid pact was being negotiated between the Commonwealth of
Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands government.
H. R. 6949, a bill to amend the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950 to
exempt the Virgin Islands from certain limitations upon the making of
Federal contributions was introduced in the House of Representatives.
It is doubtful whether favorable action would be taken on this bill
before adjournment of Congress. This bill would greatly assist the
Virgin Islands in obtaining funds for purchasing much needed medical
and fire equipment, expansion of the blood-bank program and equip-
ment for rescue work which it has not been possible to procure due to
lack of funds.
Two representatives of the Federal Civil Defense Administration
visited the Virgin Islands during the year for the purpose of observing
our program and for conferences with local authorities.






12 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


SELECTIVE SERVICE OPERATIONS

As of June 30, 1952, a total of 2,332 males were registered in the
Virgin Islands, representing an increase of 370 during the fiscal
year. While this total increase of 370 may seem low for a population
of about 26,000, an investigation has revealed that it compares favor-
ably with the national trend.
The local boards were active during the year. They met at least
once a month to consider new classifications as well as reclassifications.
A total of 2,240 separate classifications were completed by these boards.
Every induction call placed on the Virgin Islands by the national
headquarters was met, resulting in 333 men being inducted during the
year. Delinquency is no great problem as the majority of cases are
cleared up locally. Since there is no active recruiting center in the
Virgin Islands, many Virgin Islanders went to continental United
States to enlist in the regular services. The record shows that 50 such
enlistments were made in all the branches of the service, ranging from
25 in the Air Force to 3 in the Coast Guard.

PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION
The outstanding achievement in personnel administration was the
adoption of a new pay plan for employees of the local governments.
This pay plan will go into effect on July 1, 1952, in both municipalities.
It is the result of 4 years of observation and work with the first pay
schedule which was outmoded and not adaptable to present day condi-
tions. It is more directly the result of 8 months of intensive study and
planning. This pay plan should contribute greatly towards the re-
cruitment of competent personnel for the local government service and
in improving the morale of employees.
At the close of the fiscal year there were 1,174 classified employees in
the service of the local government; 711 assigned to departments and
agencies in the municipality of St. Thomas and St. John, and 463 in
the municipality of St. Croix. These include, it should be stressed,
employees comparable to State, city and local levels in the United
States, and they furnish services for operation of the legislatures,
police courts, motor boat service between St. Thomas and St. John,
tax assessors and recorders offices, government printing office, depart-
ment of finance, auditor's office, police departments, penitentiary,
public works and fire departments, harbor department, public health
and medical care including the operation of three separate general
hospitals and a Hansen's disease hospital in two islands, department
of social welfare including public assistance and child welfare, depart-
ment of education administering the public-school system, vocational






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 13


education, and a school-lunch program, public libraries in three towns,
wage and hour administration, two homes for the aged indigent, parks
and playgrounds, public power administration, tourist development,
public airport facilities, and necessary over-all administrative
functions.
Under local law, employees may make loans from their deposits in
the retirement fund of the municipality of St. Thomas and St. John.
A total of 103 such loans were approved by the retirement board during
the year.
It is hoped that the legislative assembly will consider favorably an
administration proposal to allow all municipal employees to enjoy
the benefits of the old age and survivors' insurance provisions of the
Federal social-security system, which benefits are generally more lib-
eral than those provided under local law.

AGRICULTURE

During the fiscal year, legislation, sponsored and urged by the gov-
ernment of the Virgin Islands and the Department of the Interior for
many years, was passed by Congress and approved by the President
transferring the management of the agricultural program of the
islands from the Department of the Interior to the Department of
Agriculture. The transfer will go into effect on July 1, 1952.
Since 1932 the extension service program of the agricultural stations
under the Department of the Interior rendered assistance to farmers
and their families. Agents worked closely with the farmers in map-
ping out plans and carrying them into operation. They taught culti-
vation methods; the control of insect pests and diseases; improvement
of livestock and pastures; supplied propagating material at cost; car-
ried out soil and water conservation practices; found markets for farm
goods; kept public information before the farmers; promoted home
and health improvements, and in general performed all types of serv-
ices which helped the farmers to work out the means to a better stand-
ard of living. This extension service program was carried on in St.
Thomas, St. Croix, and St. John. On April 30, 1952, the extension
services were discontinued as plans were made to transfer these activi-
ties to the Department of Agriculture.

THE VIRGIN ISLANDS CORPORATION

In order to promote productive land usage other than sugarcane
raising in St. Croix, the Virgin Islands Corporation has planned for
the fall of this year the cultivation of about 40 acres in green and red
234016-53--






14 A ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


peppers, tomatoes, cabbage, beans, and sesame. About 15 acres of
land under lease by the Corporation have been cleared for the planting
of limes. These crops are known to flourish in St. Croix, but whether
they can be grown and marketed satisfactorily has not been demon-
strated as yet.
With the closing of the agricultural station in St. Croix, the Virgin
Islands Corporation absorbed the expenses for the continuation of
the important veterinary services. The Corporation also plans to con-
duct a sire improvement and cattle management program with the
cooperation of the municipal government of St. Croix. Under its land
and water development program, the Corporation constructed a large
earthen dam of over 14 million gallon capacity and several existing
small dams were improved and repaired. Two new wells were dug,
producing a very satisfactory volume of water. On private lands
several small and medium-sized dams were constructed and one large
dam (over 30 million gallon capacity) almost completed at Estate
Fountain. Agreements have been signed and funds obligated for the
construction of 59 more dams. On the recommendations of Dr. Frank
Wadsworth of the United States Forest Service, about 3 acres have
been seeded with West Indian mahogany by airplane. It still has to
be determined whether this type of seeding will be successful.
As in former years, the growing of sugarcane and the manufactur-
ing of raw sugar continued to be the major activity of the Virgin
Islands Corporation. A total of 125,515 tons of sugarcane was ground
and yielded 11,646 tons of sugar. A total of 4,934 acres were har-
vested. In 1951 only 7,400 tons of sugar were produced. The 1952
crop compares favorably with that for 1950 when 10,750 tons of sugar
were produced. The average yield of sugar per ton of cane for 1952
was 9.279 percent, less than the recognized average island yield of 10
percent. This condition, however, obtains throughout the major part
of the Caribbean area.
Under the management of a new president, a native of St. Croix,
the sugarcane crop was harvested on a piecework or performance
basis. This resulted in a substantial increase to the labor force in
actual hourly earnings and at the same time reflected a somewhat lower
cost per ton of cane harvested than had been possible on a straight
hourly rate. The milling activities were greatly improved and new
records set in the history of the sugar mill operations in St. Croix.
While it is recognized that the production of raw sugar has not been
a financially profitable operation, no other agricultural crop nor activ-
ity has been found which will provide the great majority of the work-
ers of St. Croix with employment and provide benefits to thousands of
the people of St. Croix who are directly and indirectly dependent on
the sugar industry.






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 15


The major factors to which the losses incurred by the Virgin Islands
Corporation are attributable are shown below, together with the
remedial steps which are being taken:

Factor Remedy
1. High cost of growing and harvest- 1. Placing work on a performance basis
ing the sugarcane crop. wherever possible.
2. Too low United States sugar 2. Quota raised to 12,000 tons for 1953.
quota (6,000 tons). Should be raised to 20,000 tons.
3. Drop in yield due to unseasonable 3. 1952 crop started earlier to provide
and unusually heavy rainfall ratoons a longer period to mature.
during harvest.
The Virgin Islands Corporation encouraged tourism in the Virgin
Islands by a grant of $30,000 to the Virgin Islands Tourist Develop-
ment Board for advertising and promotion purposes.

COMMERCE AND SHIPPING

An increase in the number of merchant ships calling at the port
of St. Thomas was experienced during the fiscal year. A total of
338 merchant ships with a gross tonnage of 1,920,735 called at the
port of St. Thomas as compared with 322 ships with a gross tonnage
of 1,419,825 in 1951. Seventy-five United States and two Danish
Government vessels called at St. Thomas. During the winter season
12 calls to St. Thomas were made by tourist liners. There has been a
decline in the activities of St. Thomas harbor during the past decade.
In 1941, the last big shipping year for St. Thomas (before the entry
of the United States in World War II) 1,220 ships (979 merchant
vessels and 241 government vessels), with a gross tonnage of 3,963,124,
called at St. Thomas. Thus our port activities have declined to one-
third of its 1941 peak.
Work on the waterfront project in St. Thomas continued during
the year. Although behind schedule, the work, as it takes shape,
proves the justification which was presented to Congress that the
project will be a considerable improvement of the harbor facilities.
St. Croix also has been established as a port of entry by Pan Amer-
ican World Airways for north and southbound traffic in the Caribbean
area. The transportation of passengers and cargo by air continued
to be an economic factor in the development of the islands. During
the fiscal year, approximately 79,000 passengers and nearly 1,000,000
pounds of cargo were transported in and out of the islands. It is
quite possible that this air-cargo activity may increase due to the
continued withdrawal of steamship lines from the ports of the islands.
For instance, during the year the Furness West Indies Steamship





16 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Line withdrew the service of its two ships to the West Indies. These
ships gave the islands regular service to and from the mainland of the
United States with passengers as well as general and refrigerated
cargo. It is expected that the Alcoa Steamship Co. will also withdraw
its refrigerated cargo service in the near future.

EDUCATION
Reorganization and extension of vocational education which began
last year with application of our first grant of Federal funds for this
purpose has been continued as a prominent feature of the educational
program, with total expenditures for the year amounting to $60,803.62.
Specialists, from the United States Office of Education visiting us
during the year gave valuable advice and assistance in connection with
the vocational program.
In the trades and industry program, a course in plumbing was added
in St. Croix, and the program in agriculture extended by employment
of an additional teacher to conduct classes for adults. The need for
services of a full-time director has become apparent and it is now
expected that a qualified person for this duty will be added to the staff
at an early date.
Development of plans for new schools to be constructed through the
use of Federal funds under provisions of Public Law 510 ranks as a
major activity of the year. This has entailed numerous conferences
and extended study of architectural drawings. Valuable advice on
this program was also obtained from specialists of the United States
Office of Education. Definite and promising progress has been made,
however, in that sites have now been selected for all new schools to be
built; schematic plans have been drawn, reviewed, and approved for
all units of the over-all building program. Detailed drawings and
specifications have also been completed for the group I and group II
phases which include the new Charlotte Amalie High School in St.
Thomas; new high school and elementary school in Christiansted,
St. Croix; and a new one-room rural school in St. Croix. Bid invita-
tions for construction of these units are due to be released early in the
next fiscal year.
The educational study committee formed last year has prepared its
first report which will be presented to the Governor's commission on
education early in the new school year. The panels of the educational
study committee will continue the work began, concentrating on phases
recommended by the Governor's commission.
The library system received special attention during the year. The
supervising librarian in St. Thomas was granted leave of absence to
pursue a specially arranged program of training in library science at






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 17


Pratt Institute in New York, as the recipient of a scholarship offered
by the Foresight Foundation, of which Mrs. Charles Taussig is
president.
During her absence, Miss Enid Baa, released by the New York
Public Library for our service, was employed as library consultant,
and acting supervising librarian. She has engaged in an intensive
study of our library facilities and practices, instituted measures for
improving and extending the service, and made comprehensive recom-
mendations for further development of our library system-
Total enrollment in public schools was 5,423, an increase of 479
above the preceding year. Of this number, 993 were enrolled in junior
and senior high school grades in St. Thomas, and 467 in St. Croix.
Enrollment in parochial and private schools amounted to 2,264, of
which 987 were in St. Thomas, and 1,277 in St. Croix. Total enroll-
ment in all schools was 7,687, an increase of 485 above enrollment the
preceding year.
The total cost of public education was $544,447.41 including the
school lunch service; and in St. Thomas, operation of the public li-
brary, Teachers Institute, and public recreation facilities. Of this
amount $71,370.63 was made available by the Federal Government,
chiefly in support of vocational education and the school lunch service.
An average of 2,650 children participated daily in the school lunch
program in St. Thomas and St. John. In St. Croix, average daily
participation in the lunch program was 1,713. The average cost of
education per pupil including the lunch service was $90.60 in St.
Thomas and in St. Croix $90.06.

HEALTH AND SANITATION
Actual construction of new hospitals and health facilities was be-
gun throughout the Virgin Islands. In St. Thomas ground-breaking
ceremonies for the Knud Knud-Hansen Memorial Hospital were held
in February followed by similar ceremonies at Christiansted and
Frederiksted, St. Croix, and at Cruz Bay, St. John. Assistant Secre-
tary of the Interior Robert R. Rose participated in the cornerstone
laying ceremonies at the Knud Knud-Hensen Memorial Hospital and
the Charles Harwood Hospital in the absence of Secretary of the
Interior Oscar L. Chapman.
With the completion of these hospitals the Virgin Islands will be
provided with modern physical plants for medical care. The problem
that now faces the islands' government is of recruitment of necessary
trained personnel, and obtaining of the necessary additional funds
which will be needed to properly maintain and operate these plants.
Instead of the present ridiculously low fees charged to private and






18 & ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


semiprivate patients, the local governments will find it necessary to
provide substantial additional revenues by legislating authority for
adequate fees to be charged to all those who can afford to pay for such
services.
With the present inadequate and outmoded hospital facilities a total
of 422 major operations were performed in St. Thomas and 133 in St.
Croix during the year in most of the surgical specialties. These oper-
ations included surgery performed by the general surgeons on the
hospital staff, as well as by the orthopedic surgeon and a visiting
urologist.
During the calendar year 1951, there were 953 births in the Virgin
Islands with a birth rate of 34.9 per 1,000, which compares favorably
with 894 births and a birth rate of 33.5 in 1950. On the other hand
there was little change in the general mortality picture. While in
1950 there were 374 deaths with a rate of 14.0 per 1,000, in 1951 there
were 375 deaths with a rate of 13.7 per 1,000. The leading cause of
death continued to be disease of the heart taking a toll of 33.3 percent
of all deaths in 1951 in comparison with 28.3 percent of all deaths in
1950. It is interesting to note, however, that 48.5 percent of all deaths
occurred in the age group 65 years and over, with 8 percent in the group
85 years and over. In the age group 45-64, 22.4 percent of the deaths
occurred, 17.6 percent in the group under 5 years and 14.9 percent
under 1 year. Though infant mortality figures of 56 deaths and a
rate of 58.8 percent are lower than the figures from 1940 to 1949, they
compare favorably with 51 infant deaths and a rate of 56.9 percent
per 1,000 in 1950.
During the fiscal year a total of $730,763 was expended in the Virgin
Islands for medical care and public health services. Of this amount
$510,812 were appropriated from local revenues, $202,648 allocated
from Federal grant-in-aid funds, and $17,303 from the central admin-
istration. For this expenditure there was a return of only $45,585
(including collections from night soil service as well as from hospital
fees in both municipalities) for the services rendered. Every effort
made so far by the administration to increase hospital fees has been
effectively foiled by the municipal councils. However, with the estab-
lishment of modern, well equipped hospital plants it should become
obvious to all responsible authorities in the local communities that
payment for the services rendered must be substantially increased.
Grant-in-aid funds, as in various states, were expended for the
following services: Maternal and child health, crippled children,
venereal-disease control, tuberculosis control, general health and
mental health, cancer control, and heart disease control.






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 19


Under the health program the first mental health workshop was
held in the Virgin Islands. The conference was supervised and di-
rected by Dr. Roger W. Howell, professor of mental health, University
of North Carolina, Mrs. Alice Spillane, mental health education con-
sultant, and Mrs. Adele Hendreson, mental health nurse consultant,
United States Public Health Service. A total of 184 persons partici-
pated in the conference representing health, education, welfare, home-
makers, and the courts. The conference was planned to give in-service
training to professional workers and to encourage community partici-
pation in mental health activities.
The maternal- and child-health services have become a well-organ-
ized branch of the health department under the direction of the pedia-
trician and the obstetrician. Emphasis was placed during the year
on the prevention of infectious diseases and the treatment and rehabili-
tation of physically and mentally handicapped children. The services
offered to children include well-baby clinics, well-child conferences,
special clinics for sick children, premature facilities in the obstetrics
wards, and medical and surgical care. During the year the leading
illnesses in children were infections of the respiratory tract, followed
by gastroenteritis, dermatitis including impetigo and scabies, malnu-
trition, dental caries, intestinal parasites, glomerulonephritis, con-
genital heart disease and rheumatic fever. There were two cases of
poliomyelitis in St. Thomas, both of which ran a mild course, and one
case of whooping cough imported from nearby Puerto Rico. Special
attention was given to premature infants in order to reduce the
mortality rate.
A total of 361 children received physician services under the crippled
children program during the calendar year 1951. Some 23 children
received therapeutic services such as exercises, massages, and electro-
therapy. Under the dental program services were rendered in general
dentistry, X-ray, surgery, preventative dentistry, and the topical
fluoride program. During the year a number of tuberculosis patients
hospitalized in St. Thomas were given the latest drug, isonicotinic
acid hydrazid, which holds promise as one of the best treatments for
the disease. This was made possible through the cooperation of the
Department of the Interior, the Department of Health, and the gen-
erosity of the manufacturers of the drug. An effective program of
community education in communicable disease control is underway.
The response to immunization clinics is good. All school children
and a considerable number of the adult population were vaccinated
against typhoid fever. This program was instituted because of three
cases of typhoid fever in the municipality of St. Thomas and St. John.






20 a ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Venereal disease diagnostic and treatment clinics were held regularly
in St. Thomas, St. Croix, and St. John. Services in public-health
nursing, cancer control, nutrition, and health education were also
rendered during the year.
With a sanitary engineer in charge, the sanitation program was
greatly accelerated and improved. This position had been vacant for
almost 2 years. United States Public Health Service standard forms
for community inspections were introduced and have provided valu-
able data in determining the quality of eating and drinking establish-
ments in St. Thomas. Adequate sanitary regulations authorized by
the legislative assembly in 1949 have still not been adopted by the
St. Croix Municipal Council. The functions of the sanitation service
include advisory, routine inspections of facilities to enforce existing
regulations, collection and examination of water samples, supervision
of the outmoded night soil can collection system of sewage disposal,
inspection of hotels and other eating-drinking establishments, chlori-
nation of private and semipublic cistern water supplies, routine inspec-
tions of individual household premises and milk and dairy farm
inspections. A gradual change is being realized in the concept of
individual routine nuisance inspections to the objective community-
wide approach program.
In line with the program of in-service training financed by Federal
grant-in-aid funds a number of doctors and nurses were able to obtain
training in continental United States in specialized fields. The Virgin
Islands were also adequately represented at the annual conference of
the American Public Health Association.
The expansion and improvement of the health program is a challenge
to the government and people of the Virgin Islands. The Federal
Government has made substantial contributions for the construction of
modern hospital plants. It is now the duty and responsibility of the
local communities to maintain and operate these facilities at a high
level of efficiency in order to meet the health and medical care needs of
the islands. In order to accomplish this effectively community-wide
attention must be given to the problem, and the community must
shoulder heavy additional responsibilities.

PUBLIC SAFETY
Emphasis was placed on training of the members of the police forces
in the Virgin Islands during the fiscal year. In this connection the
splendid cooperation of the Federal Bureau of Investigation was ob-
tained. Special agents were detailed from Puerto Rico to hold classes






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 21


in St. Thomas and St. Croix. The in-service training program was
augmented by special lectures given by the judges of the police courts,
the assistant district attorney, and others. These training classes have
contributed to the improvement of the professional standing of the
policemen.
In the rapidly growing island of St. Thomas traffic control and
pedestrian safety continued to be a problem, due to the congested condi-
tion of the narrow streets. At the end of the fiscal year there were
1,105 motor vehicles registered as compared with 855 in the previous
year, 930 permanent drivers licenses were issued as compared with 870
in 1951, and 1,173 temporary drivers licenses as compared with 954 last
year. There were 317 motor-vehicle accidents in which 92 persons
were injured, as against 279 accidents in 1951 with an injury load of 89.
It is quite possible that the number of traffic accidents may have been
higher were it not for the vigorous activities of the police department's
traffic bureau. The new waterfront highway projected for the fiscal
year 1954, should relieve this situation greatly.
A total of 1,175 criminal complaints were filed in the courts in St.
Thomas as compared with 1,149 cases in fiscal year 1951. Disorderly
conduct was the major offense involving 324 cases, followed by 317
traffic violations. In 953 cases conviction was secured in the courts.
Some 206 cases were handled by the juvenile-aid bureau, 162 of which
were adjusted by the bureau, 15 transferred to the local welfare
department, 27 to the juvenile court, and 2 cases were pending at the
end of'the fiscal year.
In St. Croix a total of 253 criminal complaints were filed in the
courts as compared with 282 in 1951. Convictions were obtained in
191 cases. Disturbance of the peace continued to be the major offense
involving 65 cases. Traffic violations followed with 57 cases. A total
of 1,222 automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, and bicycles were registered
as compared with 1,034 in 1951. This amount included 947 automo-
biles and trucks, 16 motorcycles and 259 bicycles. A police officer was
assigned to the Insular Police Academy of Puerto Rico for a 3-month
training period and received valuable instruction from the Criminal
Identification Bureau.
With more emphasis on training it is necessary that the efficiency
and morale of the police forces in the Virgin Islands should be im-
proved. The Virgin Islands communities are growing and the need
for well-trained policemen becomes more and more evident. Crime-
detection personnel and methods and traffic control have become major
problems. Special attention will be given to these objectives during
the next fiscal year.






22 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


PUBLIC UTILITIES

The expansion of power-generating and distribution facilities in the
Virgin Islands is one of the urgent needs for commercial and indus-
trial development. It has not been possible to obtain funds from any
source, except the Federal Government, to finance this expansion and
development. In recognition of these facts, the administration has
made efforts to obtain Federal funds through the Virgin Islands Cor-
poration, a Federal instrumentality created to assist in the develop-
ment of industry, agriculture, and other economic assets in the islands.
The cooperation of the municipal councils has been necessary in order
to obtain the assistance of the Federal Government.
During this fiscal year the sum of $795,000 was made available by
Congress to the Virgin Islands Corporation for the acquisition from
the Rural Electrification Administration and from the municipality
of St. Croix of the power facilities in St. Croix. The transfer was
made at the close of the fiscal year and a program of rehabilitation and
expansion of electric-power facilities in that municipality has begun.
The St. Croix Power Authority which owned the town distribution
systems has been abolished, the REA loan for the power plant and
rural distribution system was liquidated and the electric power-gen-
erating and distribution system is now owned and operated by the
Virgin Islands Corporation, as a utility separate and distinct from
the Corporation's sugar industry. One of the immediate results of
the transfer has been a reduction in the rates charged to private con-
sumers. For the fiscal year 1953 another $110,000 has been requested
for the further expansion of the system in St. Croix.
After many persistent appeals the administration was able to obtain
the approval of the municipal council of St. Thomas and St. John
for a similar transfer of power facilities in that municipality to the
Virgin Islands Corporation for the purpose of development and ex-
pansion. With the demand for electrical energy growing greater and
greater and with no prospects in view of being able to expand the
facilities without aid from the Federal Government, approval of the
transfer to the Virgin Islands Corporation was finally granted. For
the fiscal year 1953, Congress has been asked to appropriate the sum
of $690,000 for the Virgin Islands Corporation to acquire the existing
inadequate facilities and to begin a program of expansion. Another
$750,000 will be requested for fiscal year 1954 to continue this expan-
sion, especially to the rural areas of St. Thomas where private resi-
dential development is well in progress.
The modern telephone facilities in both St. Thomas and St. Croix
should be completed early in the next fiscal year. These improvements
are included in the Virgin Islands public works program financed with






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 23


Federal funds. Negotiations have been completed with All America
Cables and Radio, Inc., for the installation of VHF radiotelephone
communication with Puerto Rico and continental United States. The
plan includes extending the service to St. Croix, where no such facility
is now available. This arrangement will be worked out in collabora-
tion with the improved telephone systems.

PUBLIC WORKS
In accordance with legislation passed by both municipal councils
the potable water supply systems in St. Thomas and St. Croix are
under the supervision and control of the public works departments.
Rates have been established in both municipalities for the sale of water,
and connections are being made gradually. The proper operation of
these water supply systems has become a major function of the respon-
sible departments.
Approximately 64,000 tons of water was furnished private and
public consumers in St. Thomas during the fiscal year 1952, as com-
pared with 22,604 tons furnished in the previous year. The usual ill
effects of the annual drought period were successfully counteracted
this year due to the fact that water was available from the new system.
A total of 74 connections were made to the new system, and it is ex-
pected that many more will be made during the next fiscal year. In
St. Thomas private building construction activities were maintained
on a fairly extensive scale. A total of 164 building permits were issued
covering over $640,000 worth of private construction. This is close to
the 197 permits issued in 1951 for construction valued at $670,000.
Permits issued for electrical installations totaled 162, while 43 were
issued for sewer connections. The Red Hook-Nadir Road was com-
pleted during the year. This road job and the hard-surfacing of a
section of the Northside Road to Estate Dorothea were handled by the
local public works department under an agreement with the Federal
Virgin Islands public works program, United States Department of
the Interior. Many streets and roads were repaired; however, there
is need for major repairs to most of the streets and to many of the roads.
and highways in all the islands.
In St. Croix, 30 connections were made to the potable water supply
system, and 118 sewer connections were made to private buildings.
Thirty-six building permits were issued covering construction work
valued at $158,250; while 90 permits for electrical installations were
issued. About 51/2 miles of roads were hard-surfaced during the year
by the local public works department under an agreement with the
Federal Virgin Islands public works program. Public buildings were
kept in minimum repairs.






24 a ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Major repairs are urgently needed to Federal buildings in the Virgin
Islands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior.
During the next fiscal year an effort will be made to obtain a special
appropriation from Congress for this purpose. Municipal buildings
are also direly in need of major repairs.
Repeated attempts have been made by the administration to have
legislation enacted making it mandatory to connect properties to the
new sewerage systems installed by the United States Government in
Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted, and Frederiksted. Both municipal
councils and the legislative assembly have failed to enact such legisla-
tion. During the next fiscal year another attempt will be made to have
such necessary legislation adopted by the legislative assembly.

LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS

The Virgin Islands employment service was established early in
the fiscal year. It is operated directly under the guidance of and with
funds furnished by the United States Department of Labor. During
the year 1,016 persons were placed in jobs out of a total of 2,266 appli-
cants seeking employment.
Considerable difficulty has been experienced in filling orders for
farm employees in St. Thomas and St. John. Such workers are not
available on the islands, and the farm job opportunities are not suffi-
ciently attractive to interest workers from Puerto Rico. On the other
hand, farm workers from the neighboring British and French islands
are available to work on the farms in St. Thomas and St. John. The
Virgin Islands government is attempting to obtain approval of plans
to facilitate the orderly movement of a limited number of alien workers
to meet the needs of farmers in St. Thomas and St. John.
In St. Croix the situation is more serious. With the expansion of
the sugar industry, in order to make it profitable, there is an insufficient
labor market available in the islands for harvesting. The importation
of workers from Puerto Rico during the year was not successful prin-
cipally because the best workers are presumed to be gainfully occupied
in Puerto Rico's sugar industry. About 300 workers will have to be
imported for the harvesting of the 1953 crop.
Under the local workmen's compensation laws, 89 cases were handled
in the municipality of St. Thomas and St. John resulting in awards
totaling $9,900.90, and 43 cases in St. Croix with awards totaling
$3,723.66. Safety inspections were continued during the year. These
inspections have contributed greatly to the prevention of injuries on
the job. A number of wage complaints were heard by the wage com-
missioners in the administration of the local wage and hour laws.







ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS a 25


Rules and regulations were promulgated by the Labor Relations
Board. There were no labor disputes in the community.

SOCIAL WELFARE

The extension of Federal social security provisions to the Virgin
Islands has accelerated greatly the consolidation on an insular basis
of social welfare functions. The foundation for this consolidation was
established with the enactment of the Virgin Islands Social Welfare
Act of 1943. However, the practical effects were not possible until the
Public Assistance Titles of the Federal act were extended to the Virgin
Islands and became effective on October 1, 1950. The reorganization
of public assistance activities on an insular basis began with the
adoption of a single, uniform public assistance plan and the establish-
.ment of a single public assistance fund. This year an insular director
of public assistance was appointed and the program was administered
on a uniform basis throughout the Virgin Islands.
The challenge in public assistance activities during the year was to
maintain the gains in the rates of assistance, in the equalization of
aid in both municipalities, and in the general modernization of the
program, which were made in the previous fiscal year with the help
of Federal matching contributions. To maintain these gains there
were needed: (a) larger local appropriations to match Federal funds
contributed, and (b) a greater effort on the part of the staff to carry
through unaccustomed and exacting requirements. How well this
challenge was met with Federal aid is best evidenced by the following
few comparisons between the assistance program in the fiscal year
1949-50 (the last fiscal year before extension of the Federal act), that
in 1950-51 (when the program was beginning), and that in 1951-52
(in which the program had its first full year of operation) :


Vi rg Islands 1949-50 1950-51 1951-52
virgin Isands (Oct. 1949) (June 1951) (May 1952)

Number of persons aided ---.------------------------------ 1,248 1,506 1,703
Average assistance per month -------------------------------- $5.90 $8.36 $8.37
Total assistance paid in month ..-------------------------- $7, 365.75 $12,596.83 $14,255.98
Total Virgin Islands appropriation for year-.. ..-------- $107, 728. 00 $105, 484.00 $130,500.00
Total Federal contribution for year------------------------- None 1$52,345.32 $85, 000.00
1 Nine months.
SApproximately.

In the municipality of St. Croix where assistance standards had
been lowest, the result of the use of the uniform insular-wide standard
was spectacular. Where the average in 1949-50 had been $5 per
month for an aged person, it was in February 1952, $11.31 per person.
Children who had been receiving $3.77 per month received this year






26 *A ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


$5.57. The total number of persons obtaining grants increased 50
percent from 626 to 987. The St. Croix public assistance expendi-
tures for 1949-50 averaged $3,092, in 1951-52 this amount had in-
creased to $8,643 per month.
In the municipality of St. Thomas and St. John where the original
program of assistance was more adequate than in St. Croix, the im-
provement, though important, was not sensational. Average grants
rose from $7.93 to $10.86 for an aged person, and from $3.64 to $4.87
for children. The total number of persons receiving aid increased
from 622 to 716, and monthly assistance expenditures increased from
$4,024 to $4,739.
The Queen Louise Home for the Aged operated at full capacity
throughout the year. With only 20 beds available the services are
quite limited. When the new hospital is completed in St. Thomas
there is a possibility that a portion of the old hospital building may.
be utilized as a home for old people. The Corneiro Home continued
to house 23 persons. Public assistance provided the residents funds
to purchase necessaries, including payment of rent, and the Commu-
nity Chest Home Service furnished helpers for those who are unable to
take care of their household chores. At the Mandahl School for Boys
(juvenile delinquents), enrollment averaged between 40 and 45 boys
throughout the year. The outstanding developments at this school
were (1) the appointment of a professionally trained person as super-
intendent of the school, and (2) the assumption by the Department of
Education of responsibility for the academic program of the school
including the assignment of a principal-teacher who has taken charge
of the academic work. To further strengthen the staffing and pro-
gram of the school, plans are under way to send the assistant superin-
tendent to a school of social work in the United States for professional
training.
There were 37 persons admitted to the King's Hill Home for the
Aged during the year, all certified by the social welfare department.
Most of the cases were aged indigent recipients of public assistance.
The home operated at a somewhat reduced capacity, the average being
130 persons. Additional improvements were made to the Aldersville
Home in Frederiksted.
The division of child welfare conducted a weekly radio program in
St. Thomas during the year. The broadcasts were used as part of the
division's public-relations effort, and covered many important subjects
dealing with child welfare. After 5 years of constant growth and
improvement, staff members of the division are college graduates of
the caliber desired in the professional social-work field. Interest in






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 27


obtaining professional training has been indicated. In August this
year one staff member will receive a degree in social work from the
New York School of Social Work. One member has completed 1 year
of training while another will enroll in September. Two other
staff members have been granted United Nations scholarships for
professional study abroad.
A total of 998 children (343 in St. Croix and 656 in St. Thomas)
received service from the division during the fiscal year. Since 1947
a subsidized foster home was operated in St. Thomas and one in Fred-
eriksted, St. Croix. The home in St. Thomas was closed in July due
to the fact that its location was undesirable. A home-finding cam-
paign launched in December was so successful in locating good homes
which were added to the foster care program that the reopening of
the subsidized foster home became unnecessary.
In accordance with recommendations made in the report of the
American Public Health Association survey team, an Inter-Agency
Committee for Health and Welfare was created in January for the
purpose of studying important common problems which require joint
consideration. This committee is comprised of representatives of the
health and welfare departments, and is headed by the administrator
for St. Croix. Some of the problems to be considered by the com-
mittee are:
1. Payment for medical services under the Social Security Act amendments of
1950, Public Law 734.
2. Collection of fees for medical care of nonindigents.
3. The care of the aged in general.
4. The operation of the King's Hill Home.
5. The use of the present hospital buildings in St. Thomas after the new
hospital is built.
It will be noted from this report that the activities of the social
welfare have expanded and improved considerably with the aid of
Federal funds provided under the various titles of the Federal Social
Security Act. Nevertheless, the minimum standards required to ade-
quately take care of the indigents have not been attained. This is due
chiefly to the fact that the matching formula which has been applied
to the Virgin Islands is the old dollar-for-dollar formula with which
the public assistance program began in the United States many years
ago. In the United States, Alaska, and Hawaii the matching formula
is now 3 dollars for each State dollar. Efforts were made during the
year to have an amendment passed by Congress to the basic law extend-
ing this new formula to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. How-
ever, this amendment was not favorably considered. It must be borne
in mind that only those persons whose resources fall below 60 percent






28 a ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


of their minimum needs are receiving public assistance (most are
totally destitute) and only 80 percent of their need at this 60 percent
standard is granted.- We have far yet to go to meet existing needs.

TOURISM

It is the policy of the local government to improve and expand the
tourist trade as a substantial contribution to the economy of the
Virgin Islands. In line with this policy a Virgin Islands Tourist
Development Board has been established. This agency has been very
active in publicizing the Virgin Islands as an all-year-round vacation
spot in the Caribbean. The Virgin Islands Corporation made the sum
of $30,000 available for tourist promotion work. This amount and
with contributions from the two municipalities totaling $18,000 pro-
vided the funds for the operation of the tourist development program.
There has been a substantial increase in the number of visitors in
comparison with the previous years. According to statistics com-
piled by the tourist board, 105,369 persons visited the Virgin Islands
during fiscal year 1952, as compared with 60,497 in 1951. This in-
crease in the number of visitors resulted in over $41/2 million of tourist
expenditures in the islands as compared with a little over $3 million
in the previous fiscal year. Tourist expenditures were divided into
three major categories: purchases in shops and restaurants, hotel fees,
and sightseeing and taxicab fees.
While the increase in the bed capacity of the hotels and guest houses
in the Virgin Islands during the past fiscal year has been small (St.
Thomas and St. John increased from 929 to 952 and St. Croix in-
creased from 201 to 238) there has been a healthy increase in hotel
revenue.
Twelve large cruise ships visited St. Thomas in 1952 as against seven
in 1951. These ships remained in port much longer than in the past.
This permitted the passengers to enjoy all the local facilities for swim-
ming, sightseeing, shopping, and dancing at the hotels and night
clubs. At the same time the number of persons using air transporta-
tion to the islands has been steadily increasing. The two airlines
serving the Virgin Islands brought in over 82,000 passengers during
the year.
The promotion activities of the Virgin Islands Tourist Develop-
ment Board included representation of the islands at meetings of the
Caribbean Interim Tourism Committee and the American Association
of Travel Agents. Solicitation trips were also made to several States
and to Canada. Travel editors were encouraged to visit the Virgin
Islands and write articles about the islands. A large quantity of tour-






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 29


ist literature and travel agents' handbooks on the Virgin Islands was
published and distributed through the offices of the various travel
agents, air lines, and steamship companies in the United States and
Canada. Special advertising programs were also conducted through
the local newspapers and travel magazines. Publicity programs were
conducted over radio station WSTA in St. Thomas and radio station
WIVI in St. Croix.

VIRGIN ISLANDS AUDITOR

The office of the Virgin Islands auditor continued its program of
study and research for the purpose of developing a uniform system
of fiscal and property accounting control for the government of the
Virgin Islands, and the two municipalities thereof. This study was
initiated during fiscal year 1951.
A modern manual of procedures for property control and account-
ing, prepared by the auditor's office, was made effective. Compliance
with the procedures set forth in this manual was about 70 percent
complete at the close of the fiscal year. In cooperation with the fi-
nance department a centralized system of allotment control and pur-
chasing was established. A desk audit of the fiscal accounts of the
municipality of St. Croix was made for the fiscal years 1949, 1950,
1951, and 1952. A similar audit of the fiscal accounts of the munici-
pality of St. Thomas and St. John will be completed during the next
fiscal year.

VIRGIN ISLANDS COOPERATIVE

This year the Virgin Islands Cooperative was able to give increased
employment to about 400 persons who produced native handicraft for
sale through the organization. Whereas last year $27,572.38 was dis-
bursed for such workers, this year these workers received $30,229.09-
an increase of nearly 10 percent. Some of this increase reflects the
higher prices now being paid to workers for the goods they produce;
but there has been some increase also in the volume of production.
Total sales of the cooperative for the fiscal year under review were
$53,315.81 as compared to $47,345.84 last year-an increase here of
about 12' percent. A total of $809.40 was distributed among 83 work-
ers as bonuses on their earnings for the calendar year 1951.
It has been very heartening this year to note that some interest has
been aroused in the problem of growing locally more of the tyre palm
and other plants from which straw goods and basketry are made.
The Virgin Islands Corporation has promised to have a survey made
as soon as possible with a view to determining whether or not it could






30 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


undertake the planting of stands of any of these plants. The local
agricultural station has also taken notice of the problem and hopes to
be able to distribute some seedling palms to local farmers very soon.
The need for training new workers in various aspects of handicraft,
and improving present skills of old workers, is still very great. Some
worthwhile effort has been made in this direction in the Abraham
Lincoln Public School and in the Charlotte Amalie High School.
However, education of adults along these lines would seem to be of as
great or greater benefit since there are numbers of adults who for one
reason or another are unable to accept regular employment but who
could doubtless earn much needed income at home from pursuit of
various handicrafts.
The board of directors of the cooperative has arranged for Miss
Ruth Morton of Milwaukee, Wis., who is a consultant decorator and
designer, to spend about a month here very soon for the purpose of
developing new designs and improving the items now being produced
by the cooperative. Miss Morton was instrumental in starting the co-
operative in 1931 during Gov. Paul M. Pearson's term of office, and her
help at this time will doubtless be of great value to the organization.

FISH AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
Under the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Program wild-
life-conservation activities were continued in the Virgin Islands under
the direction of a supervisor. The study of the zenaida dove was con-
tinued. Effectiveness of mongoose control and extermination methods
were also observed and analyzed. The guan, a game bird of South
America, was introduced into St. Thomas. A flock was released at
Magens Bay and one at the eastern end of the island. A closed season
on the guans has been declared, and it is hoped that they will develop
rapidly.
Funds have been made available to the Virgin Islands, as to other
States and Territories, for a Federal-aid project under what is known
as the Dingel-Johnson project. The first activity will be an investiga-
tion of the sport-fishing potential of the Virgin Islands. Fishing
investigations in the Virgin Islands have never been carried on
extensively.
As a result of the dearth of existing information, our project plans
call for biological studies which will provide a basis for estimating the
potential of our fishery resources and indicate the direction which
further study should take. Although the fresh-water resources of the
Virgin Islands are extremely limited, the possibility of developing






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 31


small impoundments for sport fishing in St. Croix will also be studied.
A fish biologist will be appointed early in the next fiscal year to initiate
these studies.

CREDIT FACILITIES
After about 2 years of persistent efforts an amendment was passed by
Congress and approved by the President extending the provisions of
the Federal Credit Union Act to include the Virgin Islands. It is now
possible for credit unions to be established in the Virgin Islands under
the supervision and control of the Federal Government. These credit
unions are savings and loan associations created to encourage thrift
among employee groups, and also to provide them a source of credit at
a reasonable rate of interest.
With the assistance of officials of the Federal Bureau of Credit
Unions it is expected that several credit unions will be established early
in the next fiscal year.
In April 1952, the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board
and officials of Federal home-loan banks of New York, Worcester,
Mass., and Newark, N. J., visited the Virgin Islands for the purpose of
reviewing the local economic conditions with the view of encouraging
the establishment of a Federal Savings and Loan Association. About
2 years ago a group of experts surveyed the economic conditions here
and recommended that the situation be reexamined within a year or
two for the purpose of noting any improvement which would encourage
the establishment of such an institution to serve the people of the
islands. The experts on the survey this year felt that conditions were
sufficiently improved to warrant the establishment of a Federal Sav-
ings and Loan Association. Efforts will be made early in the next
fiscal year to encourage and stimulate the establishment of such an
institution in the Virgin Islands.

MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
A special election was held during the month of May 1952, to fill a
vacancy caused by the resignation of a member for the country district,
municipal council of St. Thomas and St. John. The electoral list for
the district included a total of 695 registered voters, 457 of whom voted
in the special election.
A general election will be held in November 1952. At that time it is
hoped that more active interest will be demonstrated by the people.
One of the principal objections of congressional and other authorities






32 a ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

is that there is not sufficient participation in the democratic process of
voting in the Virgin Islands. Possibly if more candidates enter the
competition for seats in the municipal councils, especially in the munic-
ipality of St. Thomas and St. John, the interest of the voters may be
stimulated.

LEGISLATION

After many years of persistent effort Congress passed the necessary
legislation transferring the management of the agricultural program
of the islands from the Department of the Interior to the Department
of Agriculture. The transfer will go into effect on July 1, 1952.
Included among the bills passed at the sixteenth session of the leg-
islative assembly of the Virgin Islands was a law authorizing the
coverage of certain employees of the insular government and municipal
governments under the old-age and survivors' insurance provisions of
the Federal Social Security Act. This law limited the coverage to
employees not included in the municipal retirement systems.- After
discussing the matter with Federal social security authorities, how-
ever, it was decided not to implement this law, but to request legisla-
tion at the next general session of the assembly to abolish the munic-
ipal retirement systems and to cover all employees under the Federal
social security system. This decision was made due to the fact that
the benefits under the Federal Social Security System are greater than
those now enjoyed by local government employees. An amendment
was also passed to the act to establish a civil defense agency within
the Virgin Islands providing for the Territory to enter into mutual
aid compacts with other Territories, States, and the Federal Govern-
ment. However, the measure fell far short of what is suited to the
Virgin Islands civil defense program.
Legislation was passed by both municipal councils extending the
provisions of the tax exemption and industrial subsidy ordinances to
include new businesses as well as hotels and new industries. The time
limit for applying for such benefits was extended to December 31, 1952.
Both councils also passed the necessary legislation to provide for the
regulation, control, and operation of the new potable water supply
systems.
The municipal council of St. Thomas and St. John passed an ordi-
nance creating the St. Thomas Museum Commission. Legislation
recommended by tax consultant Clyde Reeves, commissioner of reve-
nues for the State of Kentucky, was also enacted providing for arbi-
trary determination of amount of taxes due in cases where taxpayers






ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 33


were delinquent in filing required reports and other documents. An
ordinance waiving penalties on delinquent bills for the 90-day period,
January to March 1952, was passed. This was also recommended by
the tax expert. The Governor was authorized by legislation to sell
to the Virgin Islands Corporation all properties and power facilities
owned by the municipality of St. Thomas and St. Joln and operated
by the St. Thomas Power Authority.
The St. Croix Municipal Council increased the inheritance tax rates
and corporation fees by 50 percent, and passed legislation regulating
the height, exterior, design and construction of private and public
buildings in the vicinity of the Virgin Islands national historic site
at Christiansted.
Six bills passed by the legislative assembly, nine bills passed by the
municipal council of St. Thomas and St. John, and six bills passed by
the municipal council of St. Croix were vetoed. None of these was
passed over the executive veto.

CONCLUSION

The people of the Virgin Islands are well advanced in the applica-
tion of the principles of American democracy and of self-government.
They should be given the right to elect their own Governor as soon as
they have demonstrated their capacity to undertake the burdens and
responsibilities of a fully autonomous structure of local government.
The Governor of the Virgin Islands recommends:
On the Federal level
(a) A new Organic Act be enacted by Congress as soon as possible
containing the following main provisions: (1) a unicameral legisla-
ture; (2) a single treasury; (3) annual legislative sessions of 60 days
and special sessions not to exceed 30 days; (4) return of all internal
revenue taxes; (5) a resident commissioner; (6) an appointive Gover-
nor until 1954, an elective Governor thereafter; (7) elimination of
Presidential consideration of bills passed over the Governor's veto.
(b) The extension of the National Guard Act to the Virgin Islands.
(c) The revision of the matching formula for public assistance from
the present dollar-for-dollar formula which is in effect for the States.
(d) The revision of the Federal public works program authorized
in 1944 to provide sufficient funds for an acceptable school housing pro-
gram, additional potable water supplies, and adequate power systems.
On the local level
(a) A continuing revision of local tax laws and a tightening of tax






34 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


enforcement procedures to assist in closing the gap between local
revenues and expenditures.
(b) Reorganization of the cumbersome local government pattern
to prevent duplication of effort, overlapping of authority, and un-
necessary expenditure of money and of time-consuming energy.
(e) A realignment of local agencies dealing with the economic ad-
vancement of the islands.
(d) An adequate zoning and planning law to include provisions
for preservation of historic sites and architectural monuments so as
to maintain the islands' old-world charm and atmosphere as an eco-
nomic asset.
(e) A more adequate program to require, for the preservation of
the health of the islands, the use of the public sewerage and potable
water supply systems.
(f) A revision of local wage and hour laws to provide for minimum
wages and maximum hours to be fixed, after economic studies, by
classes of industry rather than by work categories.
During the past year these significant gains were made in the
progress of self-government in the Virgin Islands. The first native
administrator for the island of St. Croix was appointed. Dr. David C.
Canegata, veteran native legislator and government official, succeeded
Mr. Harry E. Taylor who came to the islands in the original cabinet
of Gov. Paul M. Pearson in 1931. Mr. Taylor was honorably retired
by reason of age. Mr. Gordon Skeoch, native businessman, was ap-
pointed President of the Virgin Islands Corporation. Moreover when
Dr. John S. Moorhead, the first native health commissioner of the
islands, resigned to accept an important assignment with the United
States Public Health Service in Liberia, he was succeeded by another
outstanding Virgin Islander, Dr. Roy A. Anduze.

Distribution of Local Government Employees According to Occupation'

St. Thomas
and St. Croix virgin
St. John Islands

Clerical.........----- ------------------------------------- -- 111 61 172
Administrative................-------------------- ------ 18 6 24
Supervisory --... ------------------------------------------------ 18 5 23
Professional--.... .- -------------------------------------------- 168 120 288
Subprofessional ....---.........--------------------- 53 38 91
Public safety .------------------------------------------ 46 36 82
Inspectional---...-----------.---------------------------------- 4 3 7
Equipment operators----..----------- ------------------- 52 23 75
Trades and labor..--------------------------- 132 61 193
Housekeeping .............................. 55 69 124
Food service -.---- ---------------- 53 39 92
Engineering ......... ..----- ------------------------------------- 1 2 3
Total.-------.. ---.--------------------.-----. 711 463 1,174








ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS *r 35


Police Department Statistics

Virgin Islands
Type of complaint
1949-50 1950-51 1951-52


Assault. ----- ---------------------------
Assault and battery ...----.-----.--------------------
Aggravated assault and battery- -- ---
Assault with intent to kill -------------------------
Arson ---
Attempted arson --------------------------
Burglary------.---------------------------.------
Carrying of concealed weapon -------------------
Disorderly conduct- --------------------
Disturbance of the peace_-
Embezzlement -----..------------
Extortion ----------------------- --
Exhibiting deadly weapon..-----------------------
Forgery ..-- ---. ............---------
Gambling------..-........-------------- --------------------
Grand larceny..----------------..- -------------
Infamous crime against nature ...--------------------------
Lewd and lascivious conduct ---------
Manslaughter, involuntary ----------------------------------
Murder, first degree -----. ------ --------
Petit larceny -----------------------------
Possession of property unlawfully obtained -..------
Possession of unlicensed guns.. ------------
Rape ----.-------------.-------
Robbery ----- -----------------------------
Slander --..----- -----
Statutory rape-----------------------------------------------------
Trespass -------------------------------
Vagrancy------- -------------------------------------------
Violation of automobile ordinance...---------------
Violation of firearm ordinance ------------------
Violation of firework ordinance ---
Violation of liquor ordinance --------------------
Violation of police regulations ---
Violation of prostitution ordinance-----
Violation of sanitary regulations --------------------------
Violation of venereal disease ordinance---
ll others .---..---------------------

Total-.........--- ....................----------------------


1,323


1, 431 1, 428


Institutional Statistics, Depatment of Heilth, 1951-52


Christian- Frederik- Hansen's dis- Charlotte
sted sted ease home Amalie

Beds ---------.... ---- -------------- 73 46 92 116
Bassinets -------------------- 12 10--.-------- 20
Average occupancy--------------------------- 56 37 10 103
Peak occupancy-.-------------------------- 76 52 11 135
Minimum occupancy-------------------------- 36 22 8 101
Number of physicians .--------------- 4 2 (1) 6
Number of graduate nurses ------------------. 12 13 1 16
Average salary. ------------------------ $1,563.00 $1,514.77 $1,460.25
Number of student nurses --------- 7 3 ---- -- ----
Average salary of student nurses ..------ $692. 58 $756. 00 --
Number of student nurses graduated ..------- 1 3 -- ---- ----
Other employees ----------- 38 33 11 83
Total salaries ------------- $61,220.61 $59, 214.88 $8, 281.82 $116,467.42
Equipment ...- -- -- $4,600.00 4,450.00 $500.00 $2,000.00
Subsistence --------------- $19,500.00 $16,500.00 $4,00.00 $32,000.00
Maintenance. -. ...... --- $14,000.00 $12,000.00 $3,500.00 $37, 286.96
Total budget (municipal) --------- $101,507. 61 $94,265.00 $17,605.87 $189,690.00
Cost per patient per day.-...------------ $4. 898 $7.227 $4.949 $4.62
Average ration rate per day ------ $0.49 $0. 598 $0.66 $0. 97
Services billed- -- --- ------- $1,351.75 $1,235.15 ----- --- $10,014.28
Total collected ----- --------------- $4, 773.29 $1,440.00-- $8, 599. 00
Births in hospital ----- ------- --- 186 133 381
Births out of hospital -...------- 54 32 145
Deaths -- 115 59 1 173
Admissions to hospital.........--- -. --------- 1, 653 1, 210 3
Sick days in hospital --------....---- --- ---. 20, 723 12, 829 3, 557 40, 975
Admissions to clinic ---- 2, 836 842 ------ 66, 685
Dispensary treatments .---------------------- 6, 241 11,035 ------------ 84,901

1 Part time.








36 a ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Education Statistics, 1951-52


St. Thomas St. Croix Virind


Number of schools:
Public (including kindergartens)-..-.... ..... ...----- 22 9 31
Parochial .--. .------------------------------ ------..---- 1 4 5
Private -... ..... -------------------.------- ----- 5 ----------- 5
Total -------------... .......----------- 28 13 41
School enrollment:
Public -- .....- .......----------------------- -- 3,513 1, 910 5,423
Parochial .. ................------------------------------- 720 1, 277 1,997
Private... ------ ----------------------------- ------------- 267 ---_---- 267

Total -------------------------- ------------ 4,500 3,187 7,687
Enrollment in public schools:
Kindergartens --...---...------- ------------------------ 301 --- -- 301
Grades 1 through 6 ---- ------------------------------------ 2,219 1,443 3,662
Grades 7 through 9 --........ -------------- ------ 717 319 1,036
Grades 10 through 12 -..- ..-- ..----.......---- -----...... 276 148 424
Total .----.. ..---- --.. -------------..----.. 3,513 1,910 5,423
Number of pupils per classroom teacher:
Rural elementary -----.... ...........--------.... ----- 30 31 ----
Urban elementary ------------------------------------- 40 42 -
High school ..-- .....----------... -- -....... 28 30 --------
Average salary of teachers in public schools:
Elementary -------------------------------------- $1, 320 $1,234 -
High school (academic)..-----------------..---------------- $1,848 $1,744 -
Teachers' training:
College trained ------. ----.... -- ---- ---- 34 28 62
Normal equivalent .--..... -----.--- --- 9 ----------- 9
High school -------------------------------------------- 54 30 84
Other- ....- --------------------------- 19 11 30
Total .--......- -- ... ----------- -- --- 116 69 185




St. Thomas St. Croix Virgin
Islands

Total Cost of Education:
Municipal appropriations. ----......-- ------- .-- $315,648.88 $153,252.27 $468,901.15
Federal appropriations -..---....---- ------ 29,601.06 20,755.55 50, 356. 61
Federal for Vocational Education ..-------------------------- 10, 507.01 10, 507. 01 21,014. 02
Other ..----------------------------- -------- 4,175.63 ----------- 4,175.63
Total...-----.....--------- ------------------. 359, 932. 58 184,514.83 544,447.41
Cost of education per pupil in the public schools ----------------. -. $90. 60 $90.06
Aid to college students .---... 12, 862.44 1, 000. 00 13, 862.44

1 Total for St. Thomas includes expenditures for scholarships, recreation (public playgrounds, ball park,
tennis courts) Teachers Institute, and public library. Expenditures for these services not employed in
computation of average cost per pupil in public schools. Cost of school lunch program included, except
USDA commodities supplied without charge, value $25,935.50.

Real Property Statistics


Assessed Value Taxes

1941 1951 1941 1951

Municipality of St. Thomas and St. John _---_$3, 890, 303. 71 $8, 751, 872. 00 $49, 099. 44 $109, 398.48
Municipality of St. Croix _------- ------ 4, 270, 588. 51 6, 602, 744. 70 53,517.00 82,477.00
Total, Virgin Islands.. -------------- 8,160, 892.22 15, 34, 616.70 102, 616.44 191, 875. 48








ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 37


Comparative Statement of Actual Revenues of the Municipality of St. Thomas and St. John


Revenues Fiscal year Fiscal year
Revenues 150-51 1951-52

Direct taxes:
Real property tax-.... --.----------------------------------- $91,939.47 $90, 224. 72
Income tax ------...------------ ---.-------------- 380,767.11 493,019.16
Road fund:
Gasoline tax ------- --------------------------------- 27, 199. 55 31, 460.66
Automobile license fees --- -------------- ------------------ 23, 952.33 23,889. 54
Indirect taxes:
Net revenues from customs ...---------- ---------------.----- 23, 500. 00 25. 000.00
Taxes on inheritance ------------------------------------------- 3,040.02 8,491.66
Court fees -._. ----------- --- -- --- -- ----- 14, 000. 18 21, 717. 59
Stamp dues ----_ ...-----------------. 4,933.63 11,978.14
Fees from steamer tickets .... ---- ..------------------ 20,157. 80 19, 145. 00
Licenses and licenses fees --------- ------- --- -- -- ----.- 33,111.42 30,482.78
Pilotage fees --------------- ------- ------------------ 26,425.75 31,446.00
Trade tax _____----- ------------------------------- 195, 907.47 213, 235.82
Sundry revenues:
Pay patients, municipal hospital ..-----. --- ------. ---------. 9,440.59 8,599.00
Corporation license fees .---- ----------------------------- 10, 055.80 7,33 .98
Miscellaneous-- .. --------------------------------- 37, 524. 89 30. 173. 91
Contribution from Et. Thomas lottery. ---------------------------- 12,952.00 18,400.00
Tax on amusement and entertainment-------------------------- 935. 55 4,043.96
Repayment by power authority.----------. ------------------- 10,000. 00 12, 500. 00
Loan from homestead fund --------------------------------------- 1,591.00

Total .--.--------------------------- 927,434. 56 1, 081,142. 92


Comparative Statement of Actual Revenues of the Municipality of St. Croix


Revenues Fiscal year Fiscal year
revenue 1950-51 1951-52


Direct taxes:
Real property tax-----...-. ---------------------- $70,958.25 $77,570.97
Income tax ----- _---- --------------------------- 110,523.29 152,434.48
Automobile tax ...- .. ---------------------- 16, 496. 32 19,196.89
Gasoline tax .-------- --------------------------- 22, 911.47 31,409.82
Indirect taxes:
Import duty- ... --- --------- --- .- ----- -- 6,177.22 4,263.32
Export duty ------.....- -----------------......------------- 2,044.89 644.44
Ship's dues .....--- .. -----...---....------------------------ 2, 502. 11 1,871. 70
Wharfage -- ------------------------------------- 4,134. 13 2,891. 11
Stamp dues.. ------------ ---------------------------- 4, 670. 18 5, 712. 05
Tax on inheritances .......... ...-- - ---.... -------.... 1,057.11 1,623.54
Court fees, and fees from police court-.......------------------------ -- 6,839.26 7,922.98
Fees from Burgher briefs .......-----.....--- --- -- ----.. 8,245. 35 7, 833. 94
Internal revenue taxes:
Excise duty-- ...............------------------------ ----. 35,776.26 41,462.57
Internal revenue ----------------------------------------- 97,061. 6 89,088.31
Sundry Revenues:
Fines and confiscations ---- ---- ------------------- 1,360.40 1, 197. 99
From municipality of ,t. Thomas:
Toward support of Hansen's Home ...----------------------------- 3,383.48 871.31
Toward support of penitentiary ..._----------------------- 7,541.64 3,206.74
Returns from sanitation work. --------------------------------- 4,971.13 5,281.52
Corporation fees ---- -- ------------- 1,072.52 1,959.70
Fees from customhouses ...--------------------------------------- 914.01 525.65
Medical service fees-----.... -------------------------- 5, 982. 09 10, 642. 76
Municipal rentals .....-- ----------------------- ------- 2,692.00 2,052.00
Miscellaneous ... .....------- .... ...--- -- ..---- ----- -. 2, 191. 98 5, 274. 99
Et. Croix telephone service___.------ --- .- -----------------12,271.63 12,461.70

Total ------ ------------------------ 431, 777. 78 487,400. 48








38 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Selective Service Statistics


1951 1952

Total living registrants-all ages--..... .----- --------.--------------- 1,962 2,332
Total living registrants-under 183 years.---... ----------------------------... 1187 84
Total classified registrants-all ages ...----------- ---------------- ---- ----- 1, 762 2,240
Total 1-A and 1-A-O examined and acceptable available for service .-------------- 14 107
1-A and 1-A-O not examined-available for service -----------...........-------- 686 287
1-A and 1-A-O induction postponed-..--.---------------------------------------- 1 1
1-C (inducted) ... ------.. ------ ----------.------------...---------- 173 449
1-C (enlisted orcommissioned)---.. ..-.------------------------------------. 28 67
1-C (discharged)......----------------------.. ---------...--------.---- 1 9
1-D-member reserve or student in ROTC..--------- ----------------- ----.. 13 15
1-S (statutory deferment-college) ......------ -------------... --------- --.. ----------- 3
1-S (statutory deferment-high school)----- ------------------------------ ------------ 1
11-A-civilian employment except agricultural deferment .... __-------------- -- --._------ 4
11-C-agricultural deferment -------------------------........................ .......---- 1
11-S-student deferment------. ---------------------- ------------------- 1 4
111-A-family dependency ---------------------..-----------------..------. 97 59
IV-A-veterans with prior service..----..--...... ----....----.. ..... -----------.. 47 21
IV-C-aliens, not available for service-..---------------------------------- .---- ----54
IV-D-ministers, or students for ------------------------------------------ 3 1
IV-F-physically, mentally, morally unfit---......------ -------------------- 282 647
V-A-Over age of liability for service...----.--------- ------ -- ------- 416 460

I Total under 19 years of age instead of 18% given for 1951.

Rainfall in inches, 1951-52 1

St. Thomas St. Croix

July 1951......--------------------------------------------- 3.55 4.38
August ...-------------............- ---------------------------------- 4.46 4.48
September -----....... .--------------- ------.------------. 7. 18 5. 59
October............--- ------------------------------- 5.24 4.14
November...---..---.....------------.-- -------------- ---------2.54 7.60
December...-----...... ------------------------------3.38 4.62
January 1952....----.........------ -----------.. -----.... ------...---- 3.20 2.92
February.--.--........... .................. --------------------....... .52 2.03
March .....................---------- ------------------------ -- --- .- .30 .22
April...............------ ...............---------------------------- 6.10 6.23
May -----......--.......------ -----------------------. 1.97 4.51
June........-- -... - ----------------------------- 1.26 2.18
Total.-..---.......- ------------------------------------ --------- 39.70 49.30

1 1951-52 average for Virgin Islands, 44.50 inches.

Ten-year Rainfall Record

Year Inches Year Inches

1943.---.......-......--------------- 47.53 1948----------------------- -------- 41.62
1944 ---- ----------------- 46.42 1949------------------------------- 42.11
1945 --- ------------------ 36.40 1950--------------------------------- 51.83
1946 ---- --------------- 35.52 1951.-.......------ ------------------ 33.91
1947 .......---------------------..---. 33.71 1952-.......................--------.. 44.50




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