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Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00015459/00026
 Material Information
Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Alternate Title: Annual report - the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Portion of title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands to the Secretary of the Interior
Annual report, Virgin Islands
Physical Description: v. : tab. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Virgin Islands of the United States -- Governor
Publisher: for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication: Washington
Creation Date: 1951
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Virgin Islands of the United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Report covers fiscal year.
General Note: Title varies slightly.
General Note: Vols. for 1925/26 issued as Senate document 170, U.S. 69th Congress, 2d session.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01235215
lccn - 26027791
issn - 0363-3438
System ID: UF00015459:00026

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Main
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    Virgin Islands auditor and Virgin Islands cooperative
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
    Conclusion
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
Full Text










UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES
.@01






Annual Report

of the Governor of the


Virgin


Islands


to the Secretary of the Interior


Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1951






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AMERICA











UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
OSCAR L. CHAPMAN, Secretary

TERRITORY OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MORRIS F. DE CASTRO, Governor


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C. Price 20 cents














Contents

Page
Federal Virgin Islands Public Works Program . . 5
Public Finance and Taxation . . .. .... 6
Real Property. .................. 8
Housing and Town Planning . . . . . . 9
Civil Defense ...... .. ...... .. ... 11
Selective Service Operations . . . . . . 12
Personnel Administration . . . . . .. 13
Agriculture ................... .. 14
Commerce and Shipping . . . . . .. 18
Education .................... . 19
Health and Sanitation . . . . . .... 21
Public Safety ..... . . . . . . 26
Public Utilities . . . . . . . . . 27
Public Works ................... 28
Labor and Labor Relations . . . . .... .29
Social Welfare .................. 30
Tourism . . . . . . . . . . 32
Virgin Islands Auditor. . . . . . . 33
Virgin Islands Cooperative . . . . . . 33
Wildlife Conservation . . . . .... .. 34
Legislation . . . . . . . . . 35
Advancements Toward Self-Government . . ... 36
Conclusion . . . . . . . . . 37
IM









Annual Report


of the Governor of the


Virgin Islands

Morris F. De Castro, Governor



THE GOVERNMENT of the Virgin Islands seeks
the attainment of economic progress and stability through the
execution of a planned program for developing the human and
physical resources of the islands by:
(a) long-term educational policies which will better serve the per-
sonal, economic, and social needs of the people;
(6) increased food and sugar production through the development
of sound agricultural practices;
(c) an all-year tourist program;
(d) establishment of small industries;
(e) strengthening and improvement of preventive and therapeutic
services as a single integrated system of health care;
(f) elimination of substandard and other inadequate housing
through the clearance of slums and blighted areas;
(g) providing security for the aged and unemployable;
(h) improvement of, economy in, unification, and simplification of
the government structure.
During the fiscal year ended June 30, 1951, determined efforts were
made to approach if not to achieve some of these objectives. The
administration has stressed the importance of greater self-support
and self-dependence. Because the limited resources of the islands
make this a truly difficult task and one which will take many years to
achieve, the government of the islands has again asked Congress to
assist the Virgin Islands in the attainment of economic sufficiency by
returning to their treasury the internal revenue taxes which Puerto
Rico has enjoyed over a period of many years. The return of these
taxes to the treasury of the islands would immediately eliminate the
need for annual Federal deficit appropriations, finance a program of
public works improvements and assist in defraying the cost of the
1






2 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

central government of the islands. It would make the determination
of the financial destinies of the islands subject to the efforts and
production abilities of their people.
Realizing that Virgin Islanders must not ask for and expect these
benefits without actively supporting local measures which would bring
the islands closer to the goal of self-support, the administration has
endeavored to find new sources of revenue as well as to reduce operat-
ing expenses. To this end there has recently been made an expert
study of the structure and administration of the revenues of the is-
lands which will serve as a guidepost for action in the next and
succeeding fiscal years.
The United States has been cognizant of the needs of the people of
the Virgin Islands and has been generous in providing funds and
facilities to meet these needs. Under a 10-million dollar Federal ap-
propriation, sewerage systems, potable water supply systems, roads,
and an abattoir have been constructed; waterfront improvements,
hospitals, and schools have been projected. Through the use of Fed-
eral funds a vocational education program is now established in the
Virgin Islands; free public employment offices are about to be in-
augurated; a slum clearance and redevelopment program has been
authorized; liberal contributions are made for public assistance,
maternal and child health and crippled children's programs, as i'ell
as for venereal disease, tuberculosis, general health, mental health,
and heart disease control programs. The old age and survivors in-
surance benefits of the Federal social security act are in effect. The
Federal Government pays the cost of the central government of the
islands, the cost of operation of the agricultural stations, and the
deficits in the operating expenses of the two municipal governments,
all in substantial amounts. Through the Virgin Islands Corporation,
a Federal instrumentality, funds are made available for the economic
development of the islands and particularly for the continuation and
expansion of the important sugar industry of St. Croix.
Through the years since the adoption of the Virgin Islands Organic
Act in 1936, important legislation has been enacted by the local legis-
latures designed to improve the social and economic welfare of the
people of the islands. Among the most significant of these are mini-
mum wage and maximum hour laws, workmen's compensation laws;
homestead acts; an antidiscrimination act; uniform sanitary code;
housing and redevelopment laws; tourist development laws; merit
system policies; municipal retirement acts, and labor relation laws.
Unfortunately, however, the two-party system of political organiza-
tion has not been developed in the islands. This has resulted in the
lack of that balancing influence which is essential to sustain the effec-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 3

tive legislative processes of a democratic law-making body. The ab-
sence of clearly defined political opposition within the legislative halls
of the islands has been a distinct deterrent. Such a system should
develop as a result of a constitutional change to a single legislature
for the islands elected at large, at least in part, from all three islands.
There is needed, too, more interest on the part of the people in their
government which would impel a greater registration of voters and
a larger number of votes to be cast in each general election. The policy
of the present Governor, announced at the inception of his administra-
tion and strictly adhered to since then, of drawing a clear line of
demarcation between the function of the legislature to make laws and
the function of the executive to execute them has not met with appro-
bation. Much important and needed legislation has been stymied
because of the insistence of the local municipal councils and legislative
assembly on the inclusion of provisions which encroach into the sphere
of executive functions, and the refusal of the Governor to approve
any such bills no matter how worthy their purpose.
The local legislatures which have been commendably alert in the
enactment of the benefits of minimum wage and maximum hour laws,
in the maintenance of free hospital service, and other free public
benefits, have been reluctant to enact legislation to provide for the
less privileged of the people of the Virgin Islands the decent sanitary
facilities which are the very core of a healthy community and for
which the United States Government has spent close to a million dol-
lars to provide salt water and sewer mains. There has not yet ma-
tured the wholehearted enthusiasm necessary for insistence upon the
use of water-borne sewage facilities and an assured safe water supply.
Appeals for legislation to enforce connections on the part of the house-
holder or even the business place have met with cold reception on the
grounds of hardship of costs. The utilization of these facilities will
mean the difference between a backward undeveloped area with all the
indices of poor sanitation and a progressive developed area compa-
rable in living standards to similar regions on the mainland of the
United States.
The present Governor has taken the position that too many pallia-
tives and too many free benefits serve only as diversionary to the main
objectives of economic sufficiency, self-support and self-dependence.
The administration continues to hold that from the islanders them-
selves must come the enterprise, the incentive, the hard work, and
the sacrifices which will ensure the success of a program to improve
the economic stability of the Islands, with the government furnish-
ing the stimulus through the wise and economical use of appropria-
tions for governmental operations. Real progress cannot be attained,






4 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

however, until there has been a radical improvement in the political
organization of the islands.
This annual report reviewing, as it does, the work of the govern-
ment of the Virgin Islands during a year of progress in some fields
and frustration in others, will develop the details of the government's
activities and the pattern which is being progressively adopted for
the attainment of the objectives which have been set forth.
Considerable interest was manifested in the islands through the
visits of a number of members of Congress and high executive officials.
A subcommittee of the House Committee on Education and Labor,
headed by Congressman Augustine Kelley, came to the islands, visited
the public schools and discussed the need for school facilities. Dur-
ing March 1950, a subcommittee of the House Appropriations Com-
mittee under the chairmanship of Hon. Michael J. Kirwan investi-
gated conditions in the islands. Congressman Fred L. Crawford also
made a visit to the islands to explain the bill introduced by Congress-
man John R. Murdock for the revision of the Organic Act of the
Virgin Islands. The visits of these Congressmen have resulted in a
better understanding of the Virgin Islands and their problems.
The Secretary of the Interior made a special visit to the islands in
October 1950, and returned in January 1951, to attend a meeting of
the Board of Directors of the Virgin Islands Corporation. The board
meeting was also attended by the Secretary of Agriculture. Besides,
the Director and Assistant Director and other officers of the Office
of Territories made numerous visits to the Islands. A panel of
judges from the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit held a session
of the court in the Virgin Islands.
An outstanding achievement in inter-island relationship was at-
tained when the Inter-Virgin Islands Conference was created by joint
memorandum issued by the Government Secretary and the Commis-
sioner of the British Virgin Islands. The purpose of the Conference,
which is composed of delegates from the American and British Virgin
Islands, is to discuss matters of mutual concern particularly trade
and travel activities. The delegates will meet quarterly. This Con-
ference was created as the result of a series of discussions between the
Governor of the American Virgin Islands and the Governor of the
Leeward Islands on trade and travel relationships. On the regional
level, the Virgin Islands were represented by delegates and advisors at
the Fo-lrth West Indian Conference which was held under the spon-
sorship of the Caribbean Commission at Curacao, Netherlands West
Indies during the month of November 1950.
The first radio broadcasting station in the Virgin Islands was es-
tablished at Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, on August 1, 1950. The







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 5

use of this broadcasting station for public informational programs has
been generously donated by the owner and assisted greatly in dis-
seminating information of a public nature in connection with gov-
ernmental activities.
In view of the national emergency which was declared by the Presi-
dent, a temporary Office of Emergency Planning was created by
Executive order to prepare plans for emergency measures dealing
with food, household supplies, drugs, industrial supplies and equip-
ment, fuels, transportation, and labor and manpower. Later in the
fiscal year a territorial office of price stabilization, Economic Stabil-
ization Agency, was established.
As a contribution to the tourist development program, the St. Croix
Museum Commission was created by law, comprised of seven mem-
bers authorized to develop a suitable museum in St. Croix and to
acquire the famous Folmer Andersen collection of Indian artifacts.
Thus, St. Croix will possess one of the finest collections of Indian relics
in the Caribbean area. Real progress was experienced in the develop-
ment of the tourist trade during the year. A button factory was estab-
lished on the experimental stage in St. Thomas under the tax exemp-
tion and industrial subsidy program. This was made possible by
Congress passing an amendment to the act of March 3, 1917, lifting the
restriction on the importation into the Virgin Islands of raw ma-
terial which is imported into continental United States free of cus-
toms duty.
Price and rent control continue to be of major importance in the
Virgin Islands, particularly in the municipality of St. Thomas and
St. John, where a local price- and rent-control law is enforced. This
phase of community activities is under the administration of a com-
mission comprised of private citizens. With the opening of territorial
offices of the Office of Price Stabilization on the Federal level, the price-
control activities of the commission have been eliminated. However,
the control of rents in this area where adequate housing facilities are
acutely limited, constitutes an important duty of the commission.
Over 50 cases requiring hearings and adjustments were reviewed by the
commission during the year. Despite repeated efforts of the adminis-
tration, the municipality of St. Croix still does not have a rent-control
law on its statute books.

FEDERAL VIRGIN ISLANDS PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM

Considerable progress was made on important projects under the 10
million dollar Federal public works program for the Virgin Islands
during the fiscal year. After preliminary studies had been made, archi-
980489-52--2






6 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

tects and engineers were retained and plans and specifications prepared
and approved for a 116-bed general hospital at Charlotte Amalie, a 60-
bed general hospital at Christiansted, a 12-bed clinic and public health
facility at Frederiksted and a 4-bed public health facility at Cruz Bay.
Bids were solicited and will be open early in the next fiscal year.
Actual work on these vital construction projects should be started
shortly. The potable water-supply systems were completed and turned
over to the local government for operation. The waterfront project
in St. Thomas has been progressing slowly due to difficulties of the con-
tractor in obtaining the necessary heavy equipment. Efforts will be
made to accelerate this project during the next fiscal year. Contracts
for telephone facilities in St. Thomas and St. Croix were awarded and
work begun. It is expected that the facilities will be in operation
before the close of the 1952 fiscal year. In St. John, a survey for a
centerline road from Cruz Bay to Coral Bay was started. Plans were
also prepared and approved and bids invited for the construction of a
cistern and catchment area at Cruz Bay.
Efforts are now being concentrated on the preparation of plans for
school facilities for St. Thomas and St. Croix, including new high-
school plants and elementary school buildings. It is expected that
during 1952 the necessary plans and specifications will be prepared
and approved and it is hoped that bids will be invited for the new high
schools in the spring of 1952.

PUBLIC FINANCE AND TAXATION

In the field of public finance the administration made determined
efforts to pursue a course of strict economy in order to bring the
budgets of the municipalities more in line with the revenues raised
locally. Drastic action had to be taken to reduce the expenditures of
the municipality of St. Thomas and St. John in particular. Here a
reduction in force program was administratively instituted which re-
sulted in a saving of about $50,000, with little curtailment of essential
public services. At the same time business-license fees, corporation-
license fees, and automobile-license fees were increased. Despite these
efforts the municipality suffered a deficit due to an unprecedented de-
cline in revenues from trade taxes and customs dues. A total of
$927,434 .was raised from local sources in the municipality of St.
Thomas and St. John, which included an amount of $32,543 borrowed
and transferred from special municipal funds. The policy of borrow-
ing annually, without steady repayments, in order to meet recurring
municipal deficits must soon be halted. An amount of $279,200 was
contributed by the United States Government. Against these avail-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN, ISLANDS + 7

able funds there were budgeted expenditures totaling $1,257,801. The
municipality suffered a deficit of $51,367 which would have been con-
siderably greater if the administrative reduction in force program
had not been instituted.
In the municipality of St. Croix the trend has been upward and
more favorable. For-the fiscal year 1951 a total of $431,777 was raised
locally, as compared with $355,118 in the previous fiscal year. In
addition, a United States contribution of $465,800 was received.
Against these amounts the municipality had budgeted expenditures
totaling $901,199.
Despite the efforts made to improve the financial situation of the
Government of the Virgin Islands it continues to be absolutely neces-
sary to depend upon an annual contribution from the United States
Government in order to meet municipal expenditures. This contri-
bution, as in the previous year, was $745,000. More active enforce-
ment in collection of local revenues now in process and tightening of
penalty provisions in the local tax laws, now being given active con-
sideration, should result in increasing the total revenues, but would
not be sufficient for long range budgeting of the increasing needs of
the local government to provide the necessary revenues to meet ex-
penditures without the aid of Federal deficit contributions. This
objective of balancing the local budgets will necessitate legislation in-
creasing the yield from revenue sources, and also wherever possible
achieving economies in government operations. In .connection with
this objective a study of the sources and yield of local revenues was
begun late in the fiscal year by a tax expert, the Commissioner of
Revenue of the State of Kentucky. His study will include a review
of existing tax laws, the local economic conditions; and he will make
a report with recommendations as to how to achieve the objective of
balanced budgets for the local governments. An administrative study
of financial operations was made during the year by a staff member
of the United States Bureau of the Budget, at the request of the ad-
ministration, with a view to their modernization and improvement.
Strong emphasis must again be placed on the need for the return
to the Virgin Islands of the internal revenue taxes collected on liquors
exported from the Virgin Islands to continental United States. These
revenues are not only due the Virgin Islands as a matter of simple
justice and equal treatment for all American territories, but their
return would result in a more favorable financial situation in the
islands and definite improvement of their economic condition. In this
way the islands would become an economic asset to the United States
and not a liability. The achievement of economic freedom in the
Virgin Islands should be an important contribution to the interna-






8 + REPORT'OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

tional objective of the United States of helping dependent peoples
all over the world to help themselves.
After making a survey of procurement procedures, accounting and
financial reporting, the public auditor prepared and issued a Manual
of Procedures for Property Control and Accounting. The manual
provides a uniform method of accounting for nonexpendable property
belonging to the municipalities. It represents the latest thought in
property control methods for municipal governments and should prove
of great assistance in maintaining this important phase of government
in a proper and satisfactory manner. The format of the annual
municipal budgets was also revised. The principal revision was the
assignment of uniform accounting code numbers for similar activities
and objects throughout the two municipalities, and the distribution
and summarization of expenditures by functions of government and
purposes of expenditures. This new arrangement should prove of
value in providing a quick analysis of the respective budgets. A
centralized system of maintaining allotment accounts was also
introduced.

REAL PROPERTY
During the year 1950 there has been evidence of unusual activity
in the transfer and improvement of real property. As a result of
the growing emphasis on tourism, new hotels have been constructed
in both St. Thomas and St. Croix. Several new homes were also built,
especially in St. Croix and St. John, where a number of continental
Americans have found the climate, landscape, and living conditions
excellent for winter residences. In addition, there was considerable
improvement of old, properties both in business and residential sections.
Indications are that certain sections of the country districts in St.
Thomas are developing into residential areas. This has been evident
through a lively trading in country properties. From this activity
in the sale and improvement of land, it has been manifested that (1)
property within the town limits is becoming more valuable by reason
of its scarcity and improved condition, and (2) land in the country
areas, heretofore assessed chiefly on the basis of its agricultural value,
is now worth more as building sites, consequently assessed far below
its actual value. In no single case in St. Thomas of land transfer in
the country has the assessed value been more than one-half the sale
price; while in many instances the assessed value has been as low as
one-sixth or one-eighth of the sale price. For the calendar year 1950
the total assessed value of real property in the Virgin Islands was
$13,611,639.07, an increase of $662,944.86 over the previous year.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 9

Even a cursory review of the real property tax picture in the Virgin
Islands reveals the inequality that exists in the valuation of property.
This is due largely to the fact that a general reassessment of all prop-
erty has not been made for many years and also because the emphasis
has been on the demand for residences. Continuation of such a situ-
ation can only result in an uneven spread of the tax burden and a
substantial loss of public revenue. In order to correct this condition,
a general reassessment program is planned for the ensuing year. A
more scientific approach will be instituted in this reassessment pro-
gram through the use of more facts and figures connected with each
parcel of real estate and through an improved system of classification.
Unfortunately, funds are not available for a thoroughly professional
job of reassessment and equalization.
In the absence of a strong and adequate planning law and zoning
regulations, the city of Charlotte Amalie, in particular, is growing
more according to the availability of land and buildings than in line
with a carefully prepared plan. The obvious need for living space is
spreading the residential areas westward and eastward as fast as con-
struction can do so. As a result of this lack of a zoning plan, great
difficulty is encountered in determining, for assessment purposes,
whether property in certain areas should be classified as industrial,
residential, or commercial.
Revenues derived from real property taxation constitute a sub-
stantial portion of the total revenues collected by the municipalities.
In view of this fact, the Administration made a concerted effort during
the year to have legislation enacted increasing the real property tax
rate from the unusually low rate of 11/4 percent to the more reasonable
rate of 2 percent. This moderate increase in the tax rate would result
in additional revenues which are badly needed in order to attain the
goal of self-support and self-dependence for the local government.
This proposal was strongly opposed by the legislatures.

HOUSING AND TOWN PLANNING

The Federal housing program for the Virgin Islands was very well
advanced during the fiscal year. Through an act of the Legislative
Assembly of the Virgin Islands, the Virgin Islands Housing and
Redevelopment Authority was created as successor to the Virgin
Islands Housing Authority, which was created in 1949. On the basis
of an approved program reservation of 350 urban low-rent housing
units, 240 units were allocated for development in Charlotte Amalie
on the island of St. Thomas, and 110 in Christiansted, on the island
of St. Croix. Sites for the projects have been approved. In the case






10 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

of Charlotte Amalie, the town limits were extended by law to include
the area for the low-rent housing project.
The project in Charlotte Amalie will consist of some 30 buildings
of two-story construction. The buildings will be constructed in such
a manner as to preserve, in a modified form, some of the architectural
detail which is found throughout the Islands. The facilities will in-
clude an enclosed public area for use by the entire community. It is
estimated that this project will cost about $3,000,000. Similar facili-
ties will be provided at the Christiansted project.
Due to decline in the population and according to standards of the
Federal Housing Act, the town of Frederiksted was not considered eli-
gible for urban low-rent housing. However, improved housing for
this area will be provided under the program of rural nonfarm hous-
ing. The insular housing authority has made application for a pro-
gram reservation for rural nonfarm housing in .the Virgin Islands
covering the construction of 725 units as follows: 200 in St. Thomas,
125 in St. John, and 400 in St. Croix, and has requested a preliminary
loan of $95,000 to finance the preparation of plans and surveys in
connection with this program. Preliminary approval has been ob-
tained for a program of some 600 units of rural nonfarm housing for
the entire Virgin Islands. It is contemplated that 70 of these units
will be allocated to Frederiksted.
According to the provisions of existing law, and in order to carry
through effectively a program of urban redevelopment and slum clear-
ance, it is necessary for the Housing and Redevelopment Authority
to work closely and coordinately with a Planning Board. A Virgin
Islands Planning Board was created by legislation passed by the
Legislative Assembly during its 1950 session. The members of the
Board were appointed and the Board is now organized. It is neces-
sary for the housing authority to obtain the recommendation of the
Planning Board before any urban redevelopment plans may be sub-
mitted for approval.
Lack of adequate plans to guide the development of urban areas in
the Virgin Islands has been one of the reasons for disorganized and
chaotic growth. To correct these conditions and to guide new growth,
an organized plan for the control of land use and for the develop-
ment of normal public facilities is essential. If expenditures of pub-
lic funds in land development and public facilities are to yield the
greatest possible returns, they must be made systematically so that
there will be a minimum of waste and a maximum of benefit for all
concerned. The starting point is logically a comprehensive plan
which will provide the framework within which such an objective can
be effectively achieved. Accordingly, the housing authority has en-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 11

gaged the services of a town planning consultant to develop master
plans for the towns of Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted, and Fred-
eriksted.
The three towns under consideration present quite similar pictures:
old world atmosphere, native charm and architectural distinction on
the one hand, juxtaposed with poverty and dilapidation on the other.
The chief problems to be solved are poor housing, lack of public facili-
ties and services, and low-income levels. Urban planning in the Vir-
gin Islands has two unique aspects not encountered in typical conti-
nental American cities. They are: (1) the necessity for the preserva-
tion and enhancement of a special atmosphere in which the tourist
trade can be developed; (2) the prospect of securing the much-needed
public facilities through Federal aid indicates the need to plan them
to the best advantage.
In preparation of the proposed master plans a great deal of pertinent
data has been gathered. It is expected that they will be completed
during the next fiscal year. However, this entire program of urban
planning is not progressing as it should due to the fact that the basic
law is weak and inadequate. An effort will be made to have a revised
planning law enacted during the next session of the Legislative
Assembly.

CIVIL DEFENSE

With keen awareness of the value and necessity of organizing civil
defense activities in accordance with national policy, the Civil Defense
Agency of the Virgin Islands was created by an act of the Legislative
Assembly approved on September 19, 1950. Under this basic legisla-
tion a Civil Defense Director and an Assistant Civil Defense Director
were appointed. An Advisory Council was also established.
In order to obtain first hand information in connection with this
important program the Civil Defense Director attended the Con-
ference of State Civil Defense Directors and the Staff College Confer-
ence Course in Washington. A field representative of the Federal Civil
Defense Administration also visited the Virgin Islands to observe and
report on the insular civil defense activities. He has made important
recommendations which will be implemented.
Groups of volunteer workers have been organized for auxiliary fire-
fighting, police, and rescue work. A training program in first aid and
home nursing was started by the local chapter of the American Red
Cross on the recommendation of the Civil Defense Agency. Token
appropriations of local funds have been made to this program.
During the next fiscal year efforts will be made to obtain a full-time
Civil Defense Director, improve and expand the basic legislation, and






12 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

work towards the establishment of a sound and practical civil defense
program for the Virgin Islands.

SELECTIVE SERVICE OPERATIONS

The fiscal year 1951 was an active one for the Selective Service
System in the Virgin Islands. Moving from a state of near inactivity
other than routine records keeping, the personnel of the System, both
compensated and noncompensated alike, as well as the people of the
Virgin Islands, with a gathering momentum, moved again into the
vital activity of manpower procurement for the Armed Forces, under
the provisions of the -Selective Service and Training Act of 1948.
The outbreak of hostilities in Korea in June 1950 was in effect the
signal for renewed activity in Selective Service. As in other States
and Territories, classifications were brought up to date. With the first
calls placed on Selective Service by the Department of Defense, pre-
induction physical examinations were already under way.
In August 1950, a team from the Joint Examining and Induction
Station in Puerto Rico came to the Virgin Islands to conduct pre-
induction physical examinations. The number of acceptable ob-
tained was more than enough to fill requirements for the succeeding
2 months, after which time registrants were regularly called and sent
via commercial aircraft to Puerto Rico for subsequent examinations
and inductions. During the year, a total of 487 received such
examinations.
The first induction group left the Virgin Islands for induction on
September 14, 1950. Since that time, monthly quotas have been
filled to the extent that the total inducted during the year slightly
exceeded the total quota by approximately 20 percent. In addition
to 173 inducted through June 30, 1951, an additional 28 registrants
enlisted into the regular armed service, mostly by going to continental
United States, since active recruiting was discontinued early in the
year by the military establishments in the Caribbean area.
Delinquency has constantly remained at a minimum, not rising
above 1 percent of the total registrants. Only one case was filed with
the district attorney for failure to register, and that involved an alien
who feared deportation through Immigration if his name appeared
on any Federal register.
So diligently and sincerely have the local boards worked that not
one appeal has been brought to the attention of the Selective Service
Appeal Board for the Virgin Islands.
In October 1950, the first special registration of doctors, dentists
and veterinarians was conducted, followed by the completion in Jan-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 13

nary 1951 of the second part of such registration. A Medical Ad-
visory Committee was appointed, whose function is to advise the
local boards and the State director of the essentiality of these regis-
trants to the community. The Committee for the Virgin Islands is
comprised of three members from St. Thomas and St. Croix. A total
of 12 doctors, 2 dentists and no veterinarians registered. None was
determined available for service because of the shortage of such per-
sonnel in the Virgin Islands, although one physician received a re-
serve appointment in the Army.
The objective of the Selective Service operation in the Virgin Is-
lands is the manpower procurement from a population of approxi-
mately 26,000 persons, of those males between the ages of 18 and 26.
The classification status of registrants as of June 30, 1951 follows:
Total living registrants---------------------------- 1,962
Total living registrants under 19 years---------------------- 187
Total classified registrants ------------- 1, 762
Class: I-A Available for service--------------------- 701
I-C Inducted-------------------------------- 173
I-C Enlisted---------------------------- 28
I-C Discharged------------------------------- 1
I-D (Reserve) ------------------------------------ 13
II-A (Student)------------------------------- 1
III-A Dependency ------------------ 97
IV-A Veterans------------------------------- 47
IV-D Ministers --- ------- ------------- 3
IV-F Physically, mentally, morally unfit----------- 282
V-A Over age of liability for service--------------- 416

PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION

A branch office of the Division of Personnel was opened in Chris-
tiansted, St. Croix, where specific attention is given to departmental
interviews, consolidation of and continued attention to the central
personnel records, administration of examinations, and information
to applicants.
There were 1,154 classified, and 1,078 unclassified and emergency em-
ployees in the service of the insular government. Of the total num-
ber of classified employees 698 were assigned to departments in the
municipality of St. Thomas and St. John and 456 in the municipality
of St. Croix. The largest number of employees, 359, were engaged in
medical, public health and sanitation activities, 292 in public educa-
tion and 196 in public works.
The reduction in force program of the municipality of St. Thomas
and St. John was handled by the personnel division. The employees
laid off were given priority in filling vacancies for which they were
980489-52- 3






14 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

qualified. A distinct effort was made to improve the examination
procedures.
Due to the extension of the Old Age and Survivors Insurance Title
of the Federal Social Security Act to the Virgin Islands there is a
possibility that those municipal employees not now covered under the
local retirement systems may be covered by Federal Social Security.
At the close of the fiscal year the matter was being carefully studied.
This may result in the necessary legislation being recommended for
passage at the next session of the Legislative Assembly of the Virgin
Islands.
Recruitment activities are now complicated by two important fac-
tors: (1) manpower shortage due to the expanded military service and
(2) the pay plan has not kept pace with cost of living due to lack of
funds for pay increases.

AGRICULTURE

Efforts were continued during the fiscal year to secure the enact-
ment by Congress of a bill to transfer the management of the agri-
cultural program of the islands from the Department of the Interior
to the Department of Agriculture. While these efforts resulted in
the passage of the bill by the Senate, no action had been taken by the
House of Representatives by the end of the fiscal year. However,
considerable interest in the proposal was manifested. In March 1951,
a group from the House Agriculture Committee, headed by Hon.
W. R. Poage, of Texas, visited the islands. The Congressmen were
well impressed with the necessity for the transfer. Subsequently the
House Agriculture Committee submitted a favorable report on the
bill. It is anticipated that the bill will be passed by the House of
Representatives early in the next fiscal year.
The agricultural program as conducted in St. Croix consists of
three divisions including veterinary service, horticulture and plant
quarantine, and extension service activities. At the present time
limited Federal funds are available for the operation of the agricul-
tural station. There are also two small municipal revolving funds
used for livestock and horticulture development work. Nearly 4,000
ornamental plants were sold and distributed to families throughout
the islands. Over 160,000 vegetable plants and 50 pounds of vege-
table seeds were also sold and distributed to the farmers. Extension
agents made 742 farm and home visits.
As part of a dairy herd improvement program to increase the pro-
duction of milk an artificial insemination project is being planned.
Through the cooperation of the Extension Service of Puerto Rico a






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 15

series of educational meetings and demonstrations were held in St.
Croix which were attended by a large number of dairymen and farm-
ers. Two members of the Station's staff also took a short course in
artificial insemination in Puerto Rico.
Educational meetings were conducted throughout the island of St.
Croix for the purpose of advocating improved pasture work including
land clearing and seeding of guinea grass. All agricultural agencies,
federal and municipal, conducted a joint series of meetings throughout
the islands to acquaint farmers with the work of each and to emphasize
the assistance each of them could offer.
There were 416 boys and girls actively engaged in 4-H club work
throughout the island of St. Croix during the fiscal year. Clubs were
organized in 10 of the 12 schools on the island. In order to stimulate
a progressive agricultural program emphasis must be placed on en-
couraging rural youths in a future of agricultural activities. The
4-H clubs are designed to give this encouragement. The work as
conducted in the Virgin Islands gives the youth the same training and
experience enjoyed by members of this institution in continental
United States and in the other territories. As part of the activities
the First Annual Farm and Home Achievement Day Program was
held at the Agricultural Station, St. Croix, on February 12, 1951. All
the 4-H club members took an active part in exhibiting vegetables, live-
stock, poultry, handicraft and home economic projects. Some 3,000
patrons attended the program. Two delegates along with a member
of the staff were sent to the Regional 4-H Camp held during the
month of August 1950 at Virginia State College, Petersburg, Va.
This work is of particular importance as the average age of the St.
Croix farmer is over 52 years.
In view of the national emergency which was declared by the
President of the United States, and in line with the policy of the
administration to make the islands less dependent on the United
States, an increased food production program has been outlined for
the island of St. Croix. The program is based on a 5-year plan and
consists of a number of production goals designed to raise sufficient
vegetables, ground provisions, and livestock to feed the population
of the island of St. Croix. Another objective of the program is
to encourage each family on St. Croix which has adequate land and
facilities to grow enough food to take care of its needs and to market
the surplus wherever possible.
The extension service encouraged farmers to increase their yield
of sugar cane through the use of fertilizers. Some 50 farmers made
use of commercial fertilizers this year for the first time. Experi-
ments were conducted with varieties of corn, sea island cotton, and







16 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

other crops in order to provide additional cash crops. These tests
will be continued. Extension poultry work was directed toward in-
creasing the number of small pure bred laying flocks. A rat eradi-
cation program was started because of the heavy damage to crops
by these pests. In the Virgin Islands the average extension agent
has to spend twice as much time influencing farmers to adopt im-
proved practices as compared with the United States.
In the field of veterinary work, the islands were fortunate, in having
had no serious disease conditions. The Government-owned abattoir
in St. Croix was relicensed for operation under private lease. Closed
since 1947, the reopening of the plant will stimulate improved cattle
breeding and increased production with a view to creating an eco-
nomically sound export market for St. Croix beef.
Home demonstration work with women was directed toward the
achievement of self-sustenance through home gardens, canning and
preservation of vegetables, fruits and eggs, making of cakes and
jellies, poultry and pig production, and sewing projects.
In St. Thomas and St. John, as part of the agricultural extension
service, over 400 visits were made to farms for the purpose of giving
technical advice, controlling insect pests and diseases, and teaching
new methods. Farmers made over 1,500 visits to the Agricultural
Station to purchase seeds, seedlings, and ornamentals. A total of
168 meetings were held including 120 4-H club meetings. There were
five active 4-H clubs with a total membership of 144. The making
of straw hats and bags was one of the main 4-H club projects. Over
700,000 pounds of fruits and vegetables, imported principally from
Tortola, British Virgin Islands, were inspected. The amount of
produce condemned was negligible. Strict enforcement of the law
has resulted in careful selection of goods at the port of origin so that
the produce arriving at St. Thomas was markedly free from insect
pests and disease. During the fiscal year a horticulturist was added
to the staff paid from municipal funds.
With the possible transfer of the agricultural activities in the Vir-
gin Islands to the United States Department of Agriculture, it is
necessary for long-range agricultural plans to be developed. Any
plan for agricultural development in St. Thomas must take into con-
sideration the farmers who are settled on the north central section
of the island. These people are directly dependent upon the soil for
a livelihood and carry on most of the local agriculture. They build
terraces across the contour and by long hours of work with hand im-
plements they produce crops of vegetables and ground provisions.
The results are often disappointing because the land on which these
crops are grown is mostly subsoil built up by manuring and intensive






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 17

cultivation. During the years the steep hillsides bared of vegetation
have been washed of their topsoil. Crop failures resulting from im-
proper land use, in adequate rainfall or high production costs discour-
age the farmers to the point where many of them abandon the land.
The younger people, realizing the hardships and profiting from the
experiences of their parents, indicate very little interest in adopting
farming as a vocation.
The situation is made more complex by the fact that long-range
plans for St. Croix contemplate large scale production of vegetables
for possible shipment to St. Thomas. It has been the consensus of
opinion of agricultural experts that St. Croix which is flat and fertile
may be worked with machinery to supply economically the crop re-
quirements of the entire Virgin Islands. Such a program, if and
when fully established, may tend to place the St. Thomas farmer at
a disadvantage. It is imperative, therefore, that plans be prepared
to assist such farmers to develop a sound economy which will enable
them to withstand the effects of large scale production in St. Croix.
It has been conceded that an intensive program of fruit and fiber
production can reliably supplement any diminishing production of
vegetables. This program would encourage better land use because
the trees would control erosion, withstand the effects of drought, and
they can be cultivated without expensive terracing. The fruit trees
contemplated include improved banana, plantain, mango, avocado,
papaya and citrus. The fiber plants would include bull tyre and
kenaf. These can be used for manufacture of straw goods and other
articles for the local handcraft trade. On large estates pasture devel-
opment would include improvement of the 3,000 acres already cleared
for support of the dairy herds, and an additional 4,700 acres could be
cleared to produce beef cattle, goats and sheep, which are imported
for slaughter annually from the neighboring islands.
Under the sponsorship of the Soil Conservation Service a survey
of the forests in the Virgin Islands was made by an expert from the
Tropical Section, Forest Service, United States Department of Agri-
culture. In his preliminary report it is stated:
The Virgin Islands need more and better trees. Trees put rainwater into
the soil; they enhance the environment for the tourist; they provide cooking
fuel; they could support important furniture and novelty industries; they pro-
vide fruits needed in the local diet; they yield bay rum, fibers, and other products
of local value; and as windbreaks they protect pastures and cultivated fields.
The forest lands of the Virgin Islands are privately owned. Acquisition of
those lands by the Government for forestry, as is being done in Puerto Rico,
would be costly, and they are so scattered geographically that their efficient
administration as public forests would be impossible. Clearly, better use of
these lands is a matter for private initiative. The role of the Government should
be that of a catalyst-to find out through research the best forestry practices, to






18 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

demonstrate these practices on small representative areas, to educate land-
owners, and when necessary to offer special incentives for good management of
forest land. Such a public program calls for the services such as are offered by
the Soil Conservation Service, the Extension Service, the Experiment Station,
and possibly other Government agencies.

COMMERCE AND SHIPPING

The production of sugar by the Virgin Islands Corporation for fiscal
year 1951 dropped below the bumper crop of the previous year. In
1950 the corporation produced 10,750 tons of sugar, the largest crop
in more than a quarter of a century. Over 13,000 tons were estimated
for 1951, but actually only 7,400 tons of sugar were produced. One of
the reasons for this sharp decline was the severe drought, lasting 5
months, which prevented 650 acres from being harvested. Another
factor was the shortage of harvesting labor. The crop was processed
at a loss of approximately $400,000. It has been estimated that not
less than 150,000 tons of cane would be necessary each season to op-
erate the sugar mill on a break-even basis. This would require a num-
ber of years to accomplish considering the adverse factors of rainfall
and shortage of labor. Paradoxically the islands must import labor
for an expanded sugar industry in order to make the industry self-
supporting.
During April 1951 the Government-owned abattoir in St. Croix was
reopened for operation under private lease. This abattoir had been
closed since 1947. By the close of the fiscal year 60,094 pounds of
dressed meat had been exported to continental United States and
Puerto Rico. A total of 84,053 pounds of hides was exported from the
Virgin Islands along with 1,276 head of livestock, of which over 1,000
head were cattle.
The transportation of cargo by air express is fast becoming an eco-
nomic factor, particularly in St. Thomas. Over 1,000,000 pounds of
cargo were transported by air in and out of the islands during the
fiscal year. It is anticipated that this type of activity will increase in
the future.
A total of 322 commercial ships with a gross tonnage of 1,419,825
called at the port of St. Thomas during the fiscal year, as compared
with 335 ships with a gross tonnage of 1,794,697 in 1950. During the
winter season a number of large tourist ships made visits to St.
Thomas.
The waterfront project began during the year and is moving along
slowly. While the much-needed appropriation of $1,000,000 for the
dredging of the St. Thomas harbor was made by Congress, the funds'
were frozen in the interest of national 'defense. It is believed that






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 19

when the present national emergency is passed that there should be no
difficulty in securing this appropriation as well as an appropriation
for harbor improvements at Christiansted on the island of St. Croix.
There has been an increase in the value of exports from the Virgin
Islands. In 1950 goods valued at $3,106,498 were exported as com-
pared with $2,501,056 in 1949 and $1,698,037 in 1948. At the same
time the value of imports has slightly decreased from $9,967,225 to
$9,357,711. The chief imports were foodstuffs and machinery, while
sugar and alcoholic beverages remained the major exports. Over
$40,000 worth of cattle and over $30,000 worth of perfumery and toilet
waters were included in the total exports. Reducing the unfavorable
trade balance is a long and difficult problem for the islands because
of the limited natural resources, few industries, and small population.
Nevertheless, a concerted and continuous effort is being made to reduce
the value of imports and at the same time increase the value of exports.
Progress along this line will result in economic stability.

EDUCATION

The fiscal year under review has been one of the most eventful in
the history of education in the islands. With the extension of the
provisions of the Vocational Education Act of 1946 to the Virgin
Islands, culminating efforts extended over a period of 10 years, an
initial grant of $33,000 Federal funds was made available, which was
matched by local funds. Thus a vocational education program was
established on an insular level. An insular Board for Vocational
Education has been created and specially qualified supervisory per-
sonnel for each of the major fields of operation has been employed.
These fields are trade and industry, home economics and vocational
guidance. In addition a program of vocational agriculture has been
inaugurated in St. Croix. It is expected that during the next fiscal
year the program will be extended to include diversified occupations
which will give high-school students an opportunity to serve as ap-
prentices under trained supervision in those trades which cannot be
included in school shops and training laboratories.
Upon the recommendation of the administration a group of educa-
tional specialists from the United States Office of Education was as-
signed to the Virgin Islands to assist in developing a long range and
comprehensive educational survey. These specialists prepared a de-
tailed prospective to serve as a manual and working guide for the
Governor's Commission on Education which was created as a result
of this initial survey.






20 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

The purposes of this Commission are:
1. To determine how education can be made to serve better the
personal, economic, and social needs of the people of the Virgin
Islands.
2. To formulate long-term educational policies on the basis of the
findings of the Educational Study Committee and its subcommittees.
3. To find ways and means of more effectively organizing and
financing education in the Virgin Islands.
4. To consider and adopt other purposes as they emerge from time
to time during the life of the Commission.
The Commission is broadly representative of all aspects of living
in the Virgin Islands, and is composed, therefore, of citizens recog-
nized for their competencies in a variety of fields. Being so structured
it is in a position to see education broadly as an investment in people
designed to make the Virgin Islands a better place in which to live
and in which to make a living.
An Educational Study Group, comprised of teachers and other pro-
fessional and technical advisors, was also created to deal with the
problems on the technical and research level. These groups are now
engaged in extensive studies and research. There should gradually
evolve a series of recommendations and specific goals prepared by a
representative group of Virgin Islanders with the consultative service
of the United States Office of Education.
Preliminary work was begun on school facilities planning through
the assistance of the United States Office of Education. This is in
coordination with the provisions of Public Law 510, Seventy-eighth
Congress, which authorized the construction of new high school and
elementary school facilities throughout the Virgin Islands. This
preliminary study will serve as a valuable reference in the determina-
tion of school plans and it is anticipated that final detailed plans as
well as the selection and acquisition of sites for new high schools and
elementary schools will be completed early in the next fiscal year.
A total of 4,944 pupils was enrolled in the public schools in the
Virgin Islands during the year, of whom 994 were in high schools
in St. Thomas and 412 in the high schools in St. Croix. The total
cost of public education was $520,285 of which the sum of $99,639 was
made available by the Federal Government, primarily in support of
the newly instituted vocational education program.
A successful workshop in anthropology was conducted in the Is-
lands by the New York University. About 60 students from conti-
nental United States and many teachers and other interested persons
in the Virgin Islands participated. It is expected that another work-
shop will be conducted during the next summer. A summer session






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 21

-was also held under the direction of the Polytechnic Institute of
Puerto Rico.
About 3,000 children participated daily in the school-lunch program
in St. Thomas and St. John and approximately 500,000 meals were
served at an average cash cost of 16 cents per meal. Contributions
of foodstuffs were made by the United States Department of Agri-
culture. The cost of education per pupil exclusive of the school
lunch was $69.67 as compared with $74.66 the previous year.
In St. Croix nearly 2,000 children took part in the school-lunch
program. The cost of education per pupil exclusive of the school
lunch was $70.89 as compared with $69.76 in 1950. There has been
considerable interest in making scholarships available from private
sources for advanced training. Organizations and individuals have
made contributions for this purpose.
In the field of public education lies the future success of the Virgin
Islands communities. The prospects are good. With the definite
assurance that modern and adequate facilities will be constructed
under the Virgin Islands Public Works Program, an intensive study
of educational policies and methods is in process and, with the in-
centive to raise the level of professional training, it is certain that
practical and effective results should accrue from the ground work
now being laid. The objective of the administration is to get full
return for every dollar expended in the better education of the
younger generation as responsible citizens in a democracy, willing
and able to work in all fields of endeavor.

HEALTH AND SANITATION

Upon the invitation of the local administration the American
Public Health Association sent a survey team to the Virgin Islands
to make a comprehensive study of the medical care and public health
needs. An excellent report has been submitted with many practical
recommendations which should be implemented. The surveyors
stated that the medical care program has been converted into a well
integrated preventive-therapeutic network of health service available
to the entire population. They recommend that: "First priority
should be given to reducing the high death rate among infants and
preschool children, with special attention to diarrhea and enteritis,
pneumonia, and prematurity, and that every effort should be made
to improve the poor nutritional status of the population, which un-
doubtedly represents one of the most serious obstacles of good health."
The venereal disease section of the United States Public Health
Service also made an extensive survey in the islands for discovering






22 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

and treating syphilis. During the period April 30 to June 29, 1951
a total of 12,750 blood tests for syphilis were made on residents of
the islands; a total of 1,414 tests were returned as being either positive
or weakly positive or 11.1 percent. With the exception of 193 cases
these persons were all given a physical examination and a diagnosis
was made as to the presence or absence of syphilis. Nearly three-
fifths of the cases were previously untreated with 41 percent being
returned to treatment for additional therapy. In addition to treating
legal residents, 1,157 immigrants from surrounding islands were
tested.
The birth rate in the Virgin Islands was 33.5 per 1,000 in 1950 as
compared with 30.4 in 1940 and 35.7 in 1949. The date rate in 1950(
was 14.0 as against 22.2, 10 years ago. In 1940 the infant mortality
rate was 136.2 and was reduced to 56.9 by 1950. This is the lowest
infant mortality rate ever recorded in these islands. No major out-
breaks of infection occurred during the year. There were a number
of cases of whooping cough in St. Thomas. The islands were touched
by the pandemic of influenza which followed the course of the eastern
United States seaboard and the larger islands further north. No
reliable figures can be given as to the number of cases involved since
in most instances persons affected did not seek medical attention. No
deaths occurred. Measles was sporadic in occurrence in St. Thomas.
Three new cases of Armour-Hansen disease were reported during the
year.
After many years of persistent efforts the United States Public
Health Service finally approved the proposal of sending Hansen dis-
ease patients of the Virgin Islands to the Federal institute at Car-
ville, La. With the cooperation of the United States Air Force 18
patients were transported to Carville for better institutional care.
A total of $807,902.00 was expended in the Virgin Islands for
medical care and public health needs. Funds for the health services
were obtained chiefly from the Federal Grant-in-Aid programs and
municipal appropriations. The grant-in-aid funds were expended
for maternal and child health, crippled children, venereal disease con-
trol, tuberculosis control, general health and mental health services,
cancer control, heart disease control. Unfortunately most of the
health services in the Virgin Islands are rendered free of charge.
There is only a very limited return from the people who benefit from
these services. In the absence of social service functioning only the
persons who volunteer to pay or are obviously in good circumstances
are required to pay for the services. Even then the fees are unrealis-
tic and far out of line with the actual cost of the services rendered.
Efforts have been made by the administration to have proper sched-






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 23

ules of fees established by legislation, but the cooperation of the
municipal councils was not forthcoming.
The mass X-ray survey for tuberculosis continued during the year
in St. Thomas. Emphasis was made on securing applicants for health
certificates, health permits, drivers' licenses, antepartum cases, out-
patient clinic cases, and students in the eleventh and twelfth grades
of high school. This program was conducted in St. Croix during the
previous year. Of 1,401 persons X-rayed 1 active case was discovered
and 8 new cases from other sources. A BCG project under the aus-
pices of the United States Public Health Service was begun in the
islands during the year as an offshoot of the work being done in Puerto
Rico. The response in St. Thomas was greater than that in St. Croix.
No summary of the work has been released to date.
Progress was made in reducing mass routine examinations of school
children. During the year the excellent practice was adopted of having
parents present at the time of examination. The school-lunch program
is measurably important and is reflected in weight gains and general
health. A beginning has been made in the development of a written
policy and program which could be actively supported by both the
departments of health and education. Experience has demonstrated
that parents will be present at the examinations of their children in
school or at the clinics. It has also been demonstrated that examina-
tions without parents present are of limited value. A basic index is the
number of children with significant remediable defects which are not
corrected. Accurate statistical data are not available, but circum-
stantial evidence and opinions indicate that there is a significant num-
ber of defects, such as poor vision and poor teeth which are uncorrected.
A high priority will be given to the care of children with remediable
defects on the basis of the essentially preventive character of such
service.
In the field of maternal and child health considerable progress has
been experienced. An obstetrician was added to the staff along with
another pediatrician. A municipal physician added to the staff of the
municipal hospital in St. Thomas is also a pediatrician. Another has
a specialty in opthalmology. These additions have materially im-
proved the quality of service which is offered. Early antepartum care
to mothers is almost complete. Most women are aware that it is a
statutory offense not to be examined by the fourth month of pregnancy.
More than 90 percent of all deliveries in St. Croix were in the hospital.
Constant effort is being made to raise the 65 percent figure in St.
Thomas to that level. Postpartum care to patients delivered out of
hospital is given by a nurse-midwife for 9 days. A program of post-
partum'examination to all delivery patients after 6 weeks is gradually
being enlarged.






24 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Regular well-baby and preschool clinics ranging in frequency from
once a week in the towns to once a month in the country districts have
met with very favorable response. The free distribution of nonfat
milk and a poly-vitamin has contributed in part to the success of this
activity. All children 2 months and older are vaccinated and at the
same time they obtain diphtheria, pertussis, and toxoid inoculations.
Parents are being encouraged to have defects encountered in the chil-
dren corrected early. There are five clinics in the towns and nine in
the country districts. In the country districts sick babies have also to
be admitted. There are 151 children on the crippled-children register.
Specialized services are organized under direct supervision of an
orthopedic surgeon who visits the Virgin Islands weekly. Plastic
surgery is done by contract in Puerto Rico. A trained physiotherapist
and orthopedic nurse was added to the staff this year. An otolaryn-
,gologist who visits the islands bimonthly from Puerto Rico places
special emphasis on hearing defects arising in children. Where prob-
lems arise in children and a specialized service is not available, funds
are sufficient in this program to obtain care either in Puerto Rico or
in continental United States.
On the request of the administration a nurse consultant was as-
signed to the islands during the year by the United States Public
I-Iealth Service. This has done much to alleviate the need for ade-
quate leadership in this field. The quantity of work which is at-
tempted through a generalized program of public-health nursing,
where bedside care is also offered in the home, is prodigious. There
are eight public-health nurses in St. Thomas and five in St. Croix.
The two district nurses in St. John do public-health nursing and
double as nurse-midwives. Other services which are offered are health
education, a mental-health program, nutrition and social work. Un-
fortunately the medical social worker who resigned in October 1950,
was not replaced up to the close of the fiscal year. Thus this valuable
service has had to be suspended temporarily.
Improved sanitation remains one of the most challenging phases
of public-health work. Unlike so many other areas in continental
United States, the Virgin Islands are still fighting for the health of
the individual at the level of his water, milk, and food. In the ab-
sence of major outbreaks, progress is slow in arousing that aware-
ness which should be achieved. Pipes have been laid in the three
towns through the assistance of the Federal Government for water,
salt water, and sewage. The number of connections which have been
made to date, however, are pitifully small. The municipal councils
are cold to appeals for legislation to enforce connection on the part
*of the householder or even business places to the extended sewer






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 25

system on the grounds of the hardship of costs, although every provi-
sion has been suggested to assist in cases of persons who are really
in need of financial help. Unfortunately, too many have come to ac-
cept diarrheas and dysenteries as inevitable and ignore the important
role of the sanitary privy.
A milk-control law in operation has served to eliminate the producer
who refused to make any improvement in his method of milk handling.
Those who continue are tolerant and in many instances responsive
to the inspector who constantly prods for more improvement. A
pasteurizing milk plant in St. Croix is a source of much pride to that
island and is meeting with success. Every effort is being made by
the health department to have this producer serve as an agent to the
raw-milk producers in getting them to accept the improved methods
of making the local milk supply safe and sanitary.
Certification of eating and drinking establishments under the regu-
lations of the new sanitary code is a further means of ensuring the
health of a large number of people in St. Thomas. Elementary safe-
guards are being emphasized and enforced. However, the sanitary
regulations are not enforced in St. Croix because the municipal coun-
cil of that municipality has not as yet adopted them, despite repeated
requests from the administration.
In St. Croix the residual-spray program has continued to control
filariasis and the elimination of the nuisance value of mosquitoes. It
has also had considerable effect in reducing the fly population. Re-
ports continue to emphasize the disappearance of the aedes aegypti
mosquito on that island. A similar program should be instituted
in St. Thomas.
The health department has been very active in sending members of
its staff for additional training. The assistant commissioner of health
in St. Thomas took a refresher course in internal medicine at Harvard
University. Four doctors who were added to the staff from foreign
countries (2 from Estonia, 1 from Hungary and 1 from Mexico) will
be given short periods of orientation and observation along public
health lines in continental United States. The obstetrician, the first
to go, left in the latter part of the fiscal year. An X-ray technician
returned to St. Thomas after 1 year of training at Strong Memorial
Hospital, Rochester, N. Y. The statistician took a course in public
health at the University of Michigan. A sanitary engineer will soon
join the staff, after being trained at the same institution under the
auspices of the health department. A technician in St. Croix obtained
3 months of training in milk and water analysis with the New York
City health department. A public-health nurse in St. Croix was
granted 1 year's training in Durham, N. C. A number of heads of






26 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

divisions attended national conferences particularly that of the
American Public Health Association.

PUBLIC SAFETY
Traffic control and pedestrian safety continued to be the principal
police problem in the Virgin Islands. During fiscal year 1951 there
were 855 motor vehicles in St. Thomas, of which 212 were taxicabs.
In St. Croix 850 automobiles were registered. In order to deal with
traffic and safety problems a safety education program was initiated
by the St. Thomas Police Department. This program included a
weekly broadcast over the local radio station WSTA, the showing of
moving pictures and slides, and the delivery of lectures on safety to
high school and parochial school children on the islands of St. Thomas
and St. Croix.
Through arrangements with the Police Commissioner of New York
City, permission was obtained to send a member of the police force
each year to take the regular 3-month course of training at the Police
Academy without cost to the local government. A member of the
St. Thomas Police Force took the training course during the fiscal
year. In-service training was also given to the members of the force.
In St. Thomas a total of 1,149 criminal complaints were filed in the
courts, as compared with 974 cases in fiscal year 1950. Some 324 of
these were traffic violations and 215 were for disorderly conduct.
Convictions were secured in 681 cases. Of a total of 324 complaints
of traffic violations, there were 268 convictions in the courts. The
bureau of criminal investigation also had a good record of accom-
plishment. A total of 137 cases were reported, of which the bureau
solved 113. The juvenile-aid bureau, with a policewoman in charge,
handled 173 cases involving youths under 21 years of age. Of these,
78 were adjusted by the bureau, 38 transferred to the Social Welfare
Department, 54 transferred to the juvenile court, and 3 cases carried
over to the next fiscal year. A youth center was also kept in operation
by the Juvenile Aid Bureau.
In St. Croix a total of 282 complaints were filed in the courts, as
compared with 349 in 1950. Of these, 110 were for disturbance of the
peace. Convictions were obtained in 227 cases. Only 31 cases of
traffic violation were reported due to the fact that considerable atten-
tion was given to the traffic problem because of the increase in motor
vehicles. Under new direction, the St. Croix Police Department has
instituted a number of changes which are producing a smoother func-
tioning organization. The Department also initiated activities for
the purpose of providing wholesome recreation for youth in order to






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 27

assist in controlling the tendency toward an increase in juvenile de-
linquency. At the close of the fiscal year there were 59 prisoners in
Richmond Penitentiary as compared with 36 in 1950.
A desirable goal for the Virgin Islands is the establishment of an
Insular Department of Public Safety, to coordinate and improve the
police services to the people. Unsuccessful attempts have been made
by the Administration to have such a department created. The in-
.creasing number of taxicabs is also creating a great concern. A pro-
posal of the administration to the municipal council of St. Thomas
.and St. John to enact legislation classifying taxicabs as public car-
riers subject to the control of the Public Utilities Commission was not
acted upon. Other improvements required in the field of public safety
include the installation of two-way radio in police cars, and the need
to provide more parking space in the city of Charlotte Amalie. It
is planned to alleviate the need for parking space when the new water-
front highway now under construction is completed.

PUBLIC UTILITIES

All efforts to obtain funds from various sources for the expansion of
the power-generating and distribution facilities on the island of St.
Thomas were unsuccessful. A proposal was made to the municipal
council to approve the transfer of power facilities to the Virgin Islands
Corporation on condition that the corporation include a substantial
amount in its 1952 budget for their proper development and expansion.
While the municipal council at first refused to give approval to this
proposal, it is believed that this policy will be accepted during the next
fiscal year. It was not possible to make any improvements during the
present fiscal year due to lack of capital. In the meantime the power
generating plant is producing to full capacity, and it is impossible to
add any more consumers although the need for more service is acute
and continually increasing.
In St. Croix the situation is more hopeful. There the municipal
council approved a similar proposal, and it is expected that, during the
1952 fiscal year, funds will be made available by Congress for the
Virgin Islands Corporation to acquire and expand the power facilities
on that island. As a temporary measure, the Board of Directors of
the Virgin Islands Corporation authorized a loan of $30,000 to the St.
Croix Power Authority.
Construction of modern telephone facilities in both St. Thomas and
St. Croix was under way during the fiscal year. It is expected that
these facilities will be completed and placed in operation next year.
This improvement is included in the Virgin Islands Public Works
Program financed with Federal funds.






28 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

In St. Thomas a 10-year franchise for the operation of all busses
was granted to a private operator. The service is closely supervised
and regulated by the St. Thomas Public Utilities Commission. Al-
ready improvements in the service rendered are in evidence.

PUBLIC WORKS

The potable water supply systems in St. Thomas and St. Croix were
completed during the fiscal year and placed under the jurisdiction of
the public works department for operation. In St. Thomas the sys-
tem consists of a series of subterranean galleries and cisterns for stor-
ing water caught from rainfall on the air-strip. The water is filtered
and chlorinated and piped to town where an extensive distribution
system has been installed. This project, including the surfacing of
the airport runway as a catchment area, cost nearly 1 million dollars.
In order to obtain expert advice on the efficient operation of this
unique system, the cooperation of the Government of Puerto Rico was
solicited in having the executive director of its aqueduct and sewer
authority make a first-hand survey of the facilities and recommend
methods of operation as well as a rate schedule for the sale of the
potable water. A careful survey was made of the system, and a splen-
did report with practical recommendations submitted by the water
expert. Based on this report the administration suggested to the
municipal council a draft of ordinance for the operation of the system
and establishing a schedule of rates for the sale of water. Consider-
able opposition was experienced to the proposals made by the admin-
istration, which delayed the establishment of an efficient organization
for the operation of the system. Up to the close of the fiscal year, the
necessary legislation had not been enacted. However, it is hoped that
the matter will be resolved shortly, so that the system may be operated
smoothly.
In the meantime the system was placed administratively under the
public works department. Approximately 22,604 tons of water were
furnished to private and public consumers from this system. In addi-
tion during one of the severest droughts experienced in many years, a
total of 1,436 tons of water was delivered by truck to private indi-
viduals. At one time the United States Navy assisted by delivering
about 400,000 gallons of water from the naval base in Puerto Rico.
A total of 197 building permits were issued in St. Thomas for over
$670,000 worth of private construction. Electrical-installation per-
mits issued numbered 186, besides 88 sanitary-installation permits, 38
water-connection permits, and 50 sewer-connection permits were
issued. The number of sewer connections made would have been






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 29

greatly increased if the necessary legislation for making it mandatory
to connect premises to the new sewerage system had been enacted.
The potable water supply systems in St. Croix were also completed
during the fiscal year. In that island the systems consist of artesian
wells and distributing lines. A survey of these systems was also
made by the water expert from Puerto Rico, and a report with recom-
mendations submitted. The matter of having the necessary legisla-
tion enacted for the operation of these systems will be taken up early
in the next fiscal year.
At Frederiksted, St. Croix, an addition to the pier was constructed
by the public works department, making a unit 140 feet long. Plans
were prepared for and the construction of a building to house the new
X-ray unit at Christiansted municipal hospital was supervised by the
public works department. Several public buildings were repaired.
Forty-four building permits for an estimated $322,000 worth of con-
-struction were issued, together with 78 electrical installation permits,
16 sewer-connection permits and 3 salt-water-connection permits.
By special arrangement with the office of Territories of the Depart-
ment of the Interior the road construction phase of the Federal Virgin
Island Public Works Program was transferred to the local public
works department for execution.

LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS

By act of Congress the United States Employment Service was
extended to the Virgin Islands, and funds were made available by the
Federal Government for the establishment of free employment offices
in the islands. In order to prepare the plan of operation and the
budget, an expert from the United States Department of Labor was
assigned to the area. By the close of the fiscal year the plans had
been approved by the United States Department of Labor, and ar-
rangements were being made for the opening of the first public em-
ployment office in Charlotte Amalie.
In the municipality of St. Thomas and St. John 86 cases were
handled under the local workmen compensation law, and an aggre-
gate of $5,401.78 was awarded. During the previous fiscal year 116
cases were handled with awards aggregating $12,772.70. A number
of safety inspections were made throughout the year, which may
account for the drop in the number of injury cases handled by the
Commission. By amendments to the Workmen's Compensation Act
the scope of compensatory injuries was broadened to include a list
of occupational diseases and provide compensation for pluropneumonic
injuries of a tubercular origin. In the administration of the local






30 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

wage-and-hour law about 50 wage complaints were heard and settled.
The Workmen's Compensation Commission, which also serves as a
Labor Relations Board, disseminated advice and guidance in the
field of labor relations. There were no major disputes in the munici-
pality during the year.
The Compensation Commissioner of the municipality of St. Croix
investigated 30 cases which resulted in awards totaling $1,157.16 as
compared with 38 cases in 1950 with $2,001.66 in awards. Over 250
safety inspections were made, the results of which are reflected in the
decline in the number of cases handled. A number of wage com-
plaints under the St. Croix wage-and-hour law were also heard by
the Wage Commissioner.
During the year a Special Industry Committee under the Federal
Fair Labor Standards Act held hearings in the Virgin Islands. As
a result of these hearings increases were recommended in the minimum
wage rates of almost all industries and their branches which are
engaged in interstate commerce. Special provisions of the Fair Labor
Standards Act permit lower wage rates in the Virgin Islands than the
statutory minimum of 75 cents applicable in continental United States.
The industry committee has recommended minimum wage rates rang-
ing from 20 cents an hour to 50 cents an hour. The new wage rates
were being processed by the United States Department of Labor at
the close of the fiscal year.
An over-all examination of local wage and hour laws indicates that
it would be more feasible and practical to abolish the present classifi-
cation of labor into special categories and to provide instead minimum
wage and maximum hour standards for industries and businesses
according to classes. This new approach is being carefully studied
before appropriate legislation is proposed to make make the changes.

SOCIAL WELFARE

One of the most significant events of the year was the extension of
the Public Assistance Titles and the Old Age and Survivors Insurance
Title of the Federal Social Security Act to the Virgin Islands. The
people of the islands are now excluded only from the unemployment
insurance provisions of the Social Security Act. The Public Assist-
ance program became effective on October 1, 1950; enabling local
legislation was enacted; expert assistance obtained, and a plan de-
veloped and approved. The plan provides for handling of assistance
on a thoroughly modern basis, on principles accepted nationally as
sound and just, and applied uniformly throughout the Virgin Islands.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 31

With the aid of Federal funds public assistance distribution in-
creased from approximately $7,000 per month in 1950 to about $12,500
per month in 1951. At the close of the fiscal year the case load in
St. Thomas and St. John had increased only from 622 to 684; but the
average grant per month per person rose from $6.47 in 1950 to $8.17
in 1951. In St. Croix the number of cases handled increased from
626 in 1950 to 787 in 1951; and at the same time the average monthly
grant per person rose from $5.27 to $8.91.
Offices of Federal Social Security and Internal Revenue have been
opened in order to administer the provisions of the Old Age and
Survivors Insurance Title. Employees and employers have complied
willingly and the program is now in progress.
The Queen Louise Home for the Aged functioned satisfactorily
during the year with an average of 17 residents. The Corneiro Home
furnished shelter to an average of 23 needy aged persons. The
Mandahl School for Boys carried an enrollment of 36 (9 from St.
Croix) during the year. While 19 boys were discharged 24 were
enrolled. A system of merits and demerits, known as the "Mandahl
Group Plan" was devised to develop good work habits. A total of 15
delegates from the Virgin Islands attended the Mid-Century White
House Conference on Children and Youth.
Extensive improvements were made to the home for indigents in
Frederiksted, and it was renamed "Aldersville." The King's Hill
Home operated at its full capacity of 150 patients. The supervised
foster home was relocated and reorganized and a total of 24 children
received care during the year. In order to fill the great need for
recreation one of the child welfare workers organized, on a voluntary
basis, a recreational program in Frederiksted. This program was so
successful that a similar one was organized in Christiansted.
Through the generous assistance of the United States Government
a comprehensive program of social'welfare services and public as-
sistance is developing in the Virgin Islands. More aid to indigents
is now available than ever before. While this program is highly
appreciated by the people, it could be further developed if sufficient
local funds were available for matching purposes. Under the public-
assistance program, for example, the full amount of $160,000 per
annum provided by the Federal Government is not utilized, because
enough local funds are not available for matching. Only about
$75,000 of this amount can be matched by local funds. Thus the pro-
gram is extremely limited not only in number of persons who are
assisted, but also in the amount of the individual grants. A limiting
factor, too, is the fact that the matching formula which has been
applied to the Virgin Islands is the old dollar-for-dollar formula






32 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

with which the program began in the United States 15 years before.
For continental United States, Alaska, and Hawaii, the Federal
Government now provides for public assistance three dollars for
each State dollar.

TOURISM

The Tourist Development Board of the municipality of St. Thomas
and St. John was superseded by the Virgin Islands Tourist Develop-
ment Board which was created by an act of the Legislative Assembly.
Accordingly the membership on the Board was increased to include
representation from the municipality of St. Croix. The Board ap-
proved a working plan for the year which included promotional
features, newspapers advertising, window displays, and local edu-
cational programs.
In order to meet the increasing demands for more tourist accommo-
dations a large luxury hotel was opened in St. Thomas, and ad-
ditions to other hotels were made. By the end of the fiscal year there
were facilities to take care of nearly 1,000 persons, as compared with
previous total accommodations for some 500 persons. In St. Croix
facilities also increased from about 150 to 200 rooms. This increase
was due to the opening of a small hotel on the outskirts of Frederik-
sted and additions to existing hotels. Over 60,000 persons visited
the islands as tourists during the fiscal year. Tourist expenditures
spiraled over $3,000,000 as compared with $2,000,000 in the previous
fiscal year.
Only 7 large cruise ships visited St. Thomas, landing 3,124 pas-
sengers during the winter cruise season as compared with 15 cruise
ships landing 7,692 passengers the previous year. The increase in
competition among the Caribbean islands for the tourist trade is con-
sidered the prime factor in causing this decline. However, the next
winter season is expected to be brighter due to the fact that 11 cruise
ships are already scheduled to visit the islands. At the close of the
fiscal year there was a possibility of 7 more being added, making a
total of 18 ships. Arrangements have been made also for these ships
to remain in port for a longer period of time. On the other hand
over 35,000 passengers were brought to the islands by the two airlines
which operate regular passenger service to the Virgin Islands.
Funds from various sources stimulated the activities of the Virgin
Islands Tourist Development Board. The Virgin Islands Corpora-
tion made $15,000 available, providing matching funds were con-
tributed in a similar amount. A total of $13,950 in matching funds
was subscribed as follows: $9,000 from the two municipalities and






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 33

$4,950 from the two chambers of commerce. Through these generous
contributions to an important economic cause, a great deal of publicity
material was prepared and distributed by the Board, including 40,000
full-color tourist folders, 2,000 travel agent's handbooks, and 5 win-
dow exhibits which were displayed by over 100 prominent travel agents
in the United States. The islands were also publicized in several
newspapers and magazines. These promotional activities contributed
to the increased number of visitors to the Virgin Islands during the
past winter season. It is anticipated that the Virgin Islands Cor-
poration will increase its contribution for tourist development during
the next fiscal year.
In order to keep in constant contact with tourist development plans
and activities on a regional basis the Virgin Islands has continued to
be represented on the Caribbean Interim Tourism Committee created
by the Caribbean Commission. In view of the increasing conscious-
ness of the importance of the tourist trade to the economy of the Is-
lands by business and public groups it is anticipated that a greater
effort will be made during the next fiscal year to improve tourist
facilities including recreational areas, and to attract more visitors
to the islands.

VIRGIN ISLANDS AUDITOR

During the year an audit was made of the fiscal accounts and rec-
ords of the Department of Finance, St. Thomas, covering the fiscal
operations of that department for the fiscal year 1950. As a result
of experience gained during the audit, it was clearly indicated that
a change in the system of and maintenance of the fiscal accounts was
mandatory. A similar audit planned for the Finance Department,
St. Croix, was deferred to permit priority consideration to be given
to work on the introduction and installation of the new accounting
system. The audit of the fiscal accounts of the Finance Department,
St. Croix, however, will be undertaken in the near future and the
findings thereof together with those of the audit of the Finance De-
partment, St. Thomas, will be submitted as one report. The Auditor
issued a Manual of Procedures for Property Control and Account-
ing and assisted in the revision of the format of the annual budgets.

VIRGIN ISLANDS COOPERATIVE

The Virgin Islands handcraft cooperative in St. Thomas is a basic
industry which can be expanded into a very important economic as-
set. From the large number of inquiries and orders received there
are definite indications that a substantial market exists for locally






34 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

produced shoes or sandals of straw; woven materials with native de-
signs; jellies and preserves of native fruits. There is still an urgent
demand among tourists for inexpensive and distinctive native-made
products and knickknacks.
One of the chief drawbacks to further expansion is the scarcity of
the palms used in the making of baskets and other articles. The reed
obtained from the island of St. John for making novelty articles is
also getting depleted. Nevertheless, the cooperative sold $47,345
worth of straw-work and needle-work during the fiscal year. A total
of 414 workers received over $27,000 in wages. In addition 34 inde-
pendent producers received about $2,400 for sale of articles placed
with the cooperative on consignment. Nearly $2,000 in bonuses were
distributed to the workers. The business enjoyed a small net profit
from its operations.
In order to expand the handcraft business it is necessary to have
more persons trained in this type of work. Raw materials at reason-
able prices are also urgently needed. While the cooperative cannot
finance the training program nor the production of raw materials,
it can serve as a reliable retail outlet for all locally produced hand-
craft and needle work. With the revitalization of the vocational edu-
cation program in the high schools through contributions of Federal
funds it is hoped that more persons trained in handcraft will be at-
tracted into this lucrative home industry.

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION

With Federal funds made available under the Pittman-Robertson
Wildlife Restoration Program, wildlife conservation activities were
carried on in the Virgin Islands by a supervisor and a game commis-
sion. The life history of the mongoose was closely studied with the
competent assistance of a predator control expert. Several methods
of extermination were tried and their effectiveness analyzed. The
mongoose is a serious threat to game birds in the Virgin Islands.
The life history of the zenaida dove, a most valuable game bird, was
also studied. Certain cays and islets where seabirds propagate were
declared wildlife refuges by the game commission. It is hoped that
this move will help to preserve some of the rare species. Water
Island was designated by the commission as a refuge for white-tailed
deer. The banding of white-crowned pigeons continued in order to
determine their annual flight movements. This specie is considered
one of the most beautiful in the Caribbean area.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 35

LEGISLATION

While Congress did not act favorably on all Virgin Islands legisla-
tion before it for consideration, some beneficial legislation was enacted.
The long-sought appropriation of 1 million dollars for dredging the
harbor of St. Thomas was included in the Rivers and Harbors Appro-
priation Bill. However, the funds were impounded in connection with
the defense effort of the United States. This situation is completely
understood and accepted by the loyal American citizens in the Virgin
Islands. A bill (S. 2227) to permit the admission of alien mental
patients who are legal residents of the Virgin Islands into St. Eliza-
beths Hospital was enacted. Congress also passed a bill (H. R. 6343)
providing that foreign raw material which is admitted into the United
States free of duty might likewise be admitted into these islands free
of duty. This has already resulted in the establishment of a small
button factory in St. Thomas. The United States Employment Serv-
ice Act was extended to include the Virgin Islands by the enactment
of bill S. 3546.
During the fifteenth session of the Legislative Assembly of the Vir-
gin Islands a number of important bills were passed which received
executive approval. Included among them were a revised Anti-dis-
crimination Law, an act creating a Virgin Island Tourist Development
Board, an act to establish a Civil Defense Agency within the Virgin
Islands, an act creating the Virgin Islands Planning, Urbanizing and
Zoning Board, an act creating the Virgin Islands Housing and Re-
development Authority and an act providing for the acceptance and
use of Federal aid for vocational education in the Virgin Islands.
Several bills passed by the Legislative Assembly were vetoed because
they included provisions which represented a pattern of legislative
encroachment into executive functions. These provisions required
that routine administrative rules and regulations of administrative
agencies be sumbitted to legislative approval. The executive took the
position that it was within the jurisdiction of the legislature to estab-
lish by law the policies of administrative agencies, boards and commis-
sions; but that it was not within the province of the legislature to
approve these administrative rules and regulations, which obviously
could not be in conflict with the basic law. In the past such legislative
encroachment had been overlooked and it resulted in several important
laws not being implemented or enforced because the legislature failed
to approve or delayed in approving the administrative rules and
regulations.






36 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

ADVANCEMENTS TOWARD SELF-GOVERNMENT

Efforts to attain more self-government for the people of the Virgin
Islands were crystallized in 1951 when the Chairman of the House
Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Hon. John R. Murdock,
introduced a revised Organic Act for the Virgin Islands. This was
the result of initiative taken by the administration and the coopera-
tion of the Department of the Interior. At the 1950 session the Virgin
Islands Legislative Assembly created an Organic Act Revision Com-
mittee to study the present act and recommend significant changes.
With the introduction of H. R. 2644, the bill to revise the Organic
Act of the Virgin Islands, the Assembly held a special session early
in 1951 to consider the report of its Organic Act Committee on amend-
ments to be proposed to this bill. Subsequent to that session a com-
mittee of the Legislative Assembly journeyed to continental United
States to consult with members of Congress and Virgin Islands organ-
izations in New York on the proposals for a new Organic Act. The
Assembly's proposals include a single legislature, single treasury, a
Resident Commissioner in the Nation's capital, the return to the insular
treasury of the internal revenue taxes, and an elective governor.
Congressman Fred L. Crawford visited the Virgin Islands prin-
cipally to discuss the revisions of the Organic Act. At the request
of the administration it has been assured that members of the House
Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs will hold hearings in the
islands during the next fiscal year on the proposed changes.
It is anticipated that there will be conflicting views on some major
points of the proposed amendments in the basic law of the Virgin
Islands when the hearings are held, especially in the matter of the
appointment or election of a governor. The administration has taken
the stand, however, that without the return of the internal revenue
taxes on articles produced in the islands and exported to continental
United States progress in greater self-government and in unification
of the legislative and executive machinery on an insular level will be
practically impossible.
The interest manifested by members of Congress in the political
advancement of the Virgin Islands is gratifying. The people of
these islands have been gradually advancing in the techniques and
principles of American democracy, and there is a public consciousness
of the rapid strides being made in the neighboring American territory
of Puerto Rico. In the meantime the first native administration has
been making a determined effort to demonstrate the ability of the
people of the Virgin Islands to govern themselves.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 37

There is an essential to political advancement under the principles
of American democracy which has not taken root in the Virgin
Islands to date. The political aspirations of the people are not
formalized into the two-party political system which is considered
the foundation of political advancement in continental United States.
There are two schools of thought as to how this may be achieved. One
school argues that the unification of the local government through the
necessary revisions of the Organic Act will result in the establish-
ment of the two-party system on an insular basis. The other school
believes that the establishment of the two-party system is a necessary
prerequisite to further advancement in self-government. Regardless
of the point of view taken on this matter, there should be no deterrent
to the adoption of a revised Organic Act at the earliest opportunity.
The Governor's recommendations are contained elsewhere in this
.report.
It is hoped that the holding of hearings on H. R. 2644 in the islands
will enable the people to express their views on this important matter
of greater autonomy and thus consolidate the gains made since the
enactment of the Organic Act in 1936 and provide for future orderly
political progress.

CONCLUSION

The people of the Virgin Islands are well advanced in the applica-
tion of the principles of democracy. In the process, however, the
islands are experiencing severe "growing pains." It should be em-
phasized, however, that the process of converting a colonial people,
accustomed to a paternalistic government, to a truly democratic
foundation of self-government and self-dependence is a long and slow
one. It should be remembered, too, that the pattern of self-govern-
ment in the Virgin Islands has been developing only since 1936-15
years ago-when restrictive income and property qualifications for
voting were replaced by universal suffrage.
Under the jurisdiction of the United States the islands have ad-
vanced considerably in educational standards and have made marked
social and economic progress. Under the existing Organic Act the
Virgin Islands have enjoyed a good measure of autonomy. With the
exception of the right to elect their own Governor, to vote in national
elections, and to be represented in Congress, they have all the benefits
and-the privileges of American citizens. They have a Bill of Rights
which is roughly equivalent to the Bill of Rights in the Constitution
of the United States, including freedom of speech, freedom of the
press, and freedom of worship. They have universal franchise






38 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

through which they elect their own legislatures with very broad legis-
lative powers. A generous national government has helped to pro-
mote a reasonable degree of freedom from want.
Because "wisdom in self-government develops slowly, with exer-
cise," the wise course, in the opinion of the Governor, for effective de-
velopment of self-government is to seek a composite of those measures
which will give the islands greater autonomy and, at the same time,
which would require and assist in making the islands more self-sup-
porting, more economical in their operation, and more effective and
responsible in their relationships with the United States.
The immediate goals should be (1) the return of the Federal in-
ternal revenue taxes, (2) a Resident Commissioner, (3) a single legis-
lature, with specified annual sessions, (4) representation by islands
instead of by districts within islands, (5) an honorary board of com-
missioners to pass upon purely local matters, (6) legislative confirma-,
tion of policy-making employees only, (7) a single treasury, and (8)
ultimately but not immediately, the election of the Governor, when
these islands shall have developed a responsive and responsible elec-
tive system and shall have achieved the necessary political maturity
to provide safely for a fully autonomous government.
In addition to the foregoing, the Federal legislative program for
the islands for 1952 should include (1) the transfer of the agricultural
management of the islands from the Department of the Interior to the
Department of Agriculture; (2) the extension of the National Guard
Act to the islands; (3) the extension of the Federal credit union system
to the islands; (4) the revision of the matching formula for public
assistance from the present dollar-for-dollar formula to the three-
dollar-for-one-dollar formula which is in effect for the States; and (5)
the revision of the Federal public works program authorized in 1944
to provide sufficient funds for an acceptable school housing program,
additional potable water supplies, and adequate power systems.
Local legislative goals for 1952 should include (1) a revision of
local tax laws and a tightening of tax enforcement procedures to assist
in closing the gap between local revenues and expenditures; (2) reor-
ganization of the cumbersome local government pattern to prevent
duplication of effort, overlapping of authority, and unnecessary ex-
penditure of money and of time-consuming energy; (3) a realinement
of local agencies dealing with the economic advancement of the islands;
(4) an adequate civil defense law; (5) an adequate zoning and plan-
ning law to include provisions for preservation of historic sites and
architectural monuments so as to maintain the islands' old world
charm and atmosphere as an economic asset; (6) a program to require,
for the preservation of the health of the islands, the use of the Dublic







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 39

sewerage and potable water supply systems; and (7) a revision of local
wage and hour laws to provide for minimum wages and maximum
hours to be fixed, after economic studies, by classes of industry rather
than by work categories.
The Virgin Islands have acquired a splendid reservoir of friendship
and support in Washington. That friendship and support can be
translated into effective practical action for long-range benefits if the
islanders should continue to demonstrate, as they have done in the
past, their willingness to assume the greater burdens and responsibili-
ties of self-dependence and self-government.
The Governor of the Virgin Islands closes this annual report by
saluting those new residents of the Virgin Islands who are actively
participating in enterprises which spell advancement not only for
themselves but for the islands as well. The establishment by private
enterprise of the luxurious Virgin Isle Hotel, the construction of other
hotels and guest houses, and new homes, and the opening of broad-
casting station WSTA, all by continental American residents of the
islands, have exhibited a degree of faith and confidence in the future
of the islands which is most encouraging.

Rainfall in inches, 1950-51 1


July 1950-_----------------_
August ----
September -_
October --
November --------
December --
January 1951----------- -
February -------
March --------
April ..--------------------_---------_..
M ay ---------------------------.- - --._ _. _.
June----

Total--------
1 1950-51 average for Virgin Islands, 33.91 inches.


Year
1942_-- -----
1943--------
1944---------
1945---- -----
1946---__----


St. Thomas
1. 60
3. 55
.90
4. 81
4. 29
.04
.57
.07
.02
2. 41
5.71
3. 41

27. 38


Ten-year rainfall record
Inches Year
----- 47. 81 1947 --------
----- 47.53 1948 -------------
. --_ 46. 42 1949 ---------___
.----- 36. 40 1950 ----- ----. ----
--- 32. 52 1951 -- -- --------- -


St. Croix
2. 91
3. 63
4. 75
7. 37
4. 46
2. 33
2. 22
.70

2. 11
6. 01
3. 94

40. 43


Inches
33.71
41.62
42. 11
50. 83
33. 91








40 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Distribution of local Government employees according to occupation


Occupation St. Thomas St. Croix Virgin
Occupation and St. John Islands

Clerical _____--------------------.--- --- - 121 59 180
Administrative ----------------------------------------- 12 4 16
Supervisory--.. ------------------------------ 11 6 17
Professional --.- ----- .------.. -------- 178 117 295
Subprofessional ..------ -------------------- 47 36 83
Public safety ..-...... ...... ...... .-- ----........ 58 33 91
Inspectional .......... ---------- --------------------- 6 2 8
Equipment operators ----------------------------- 39 20 59
Trades and labor -----------------.....--------------- 126 74 200
Housekeeping .........---- --------------------6-------- 52 64 116
Food service -..-... ........ .-- --------- --------------- 48 40 88
Engineering ----- 0 1 1
Total.....-----. ---------------------------------- 698 456 1,154
Unclassified, casual labor ..----------------- --------------------------------------- 1, 075
Grand total ---.----------------- ----- --- --- 2, 229



Police department statistics

Virgin Islands
Type of complaint
1948-49 1949-50 1950-51

Assault .....--------------.. --..- ------------------------.. 5 12 12
Assault and battery -----------.. ------------------------ 82 98 124
Aggravated assault and battery .----- ----------- -------------- 44 36 54
Assault with intent to kill-------------------1 4 0
Burglary -------- -------------------------------- 4 13 24
Carrying of concealed weapon.-------- ------------------ 1 2 5
Disorderly conduct ---------- ---------------------- 221 202 215
Disturbance of the peace.----------- -------------------- .-. 66 112 110
Embezzlement ------------ -- 1 3 2
Forgery .....-----------------... 2 9 15
Gambling...._-------------------------------------38 30 19
Grand larceny----------------------------------------------- 5 2 19
Lewd and lascivious conduct ------.. ----------------------- ---- 4 1 1
Malicious wounding of animal .-------------.----- 1 0 0
Manslaughter, involuntary ..------------------------------- 1 7 2
Murder, first degree--------------------- 4 0 0
Petit larceny ------------- 37 17 42
Possession of property unlawfully obtained ------------- 3 2 6
Possession of unlicensed guns --.-------------------------------- 0 12 0
Rape ._-- -----.------------- ------------------- 0 0 4
Robbery ------------------------------ 0 2 0
Slander---..-.....----------------- 19 21 28
Statutory rape -----------------........----- 3 6 0
Trespass---- .. ----------------...------ 30 18 21
Vagrancy--- --_ --- ------------------- 4 15 11
Violation of the automobile ordinance..---...------------------ 224 363 355
Violation of firearm ordinance---__ ..........----------- 0 3 0
Violation of firework ordinance.. -----.----- .... ---------. 0 18 34
Violation of game ordinance....------------------------------ 0 0 0
Violation of liquor ordinance --.. ...------------- 0 0 0
Violation of police regulations -------------------------------- 67 69 26
Violation of prostitution ordinance --......- -------------- 2 0 0
Violation of sanitary regulations --.. :---------------------- 69 49 118
Violation of school law ... . ..----...------------- 5 0 0
Violation of venereal disease ordinance ..-------- -------------- 9 6 1
All others ---.......... ------------ ----------- -- 147 191 183
Total--..--.....-------- --------------- 1,099 1,323 1,431








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 41


Education statistics, 1950-1951


Number of schools:
P u b lic -. --- ---.. -- -
Parochial _----------------------------------
Private .............-----------------------------------
Total----------- ----------------------
School population:
Public -----------------------
Parochial ------------------------------------------------
Private--------------
Total ----....... ....-------------.----------...
School enrollment:
Grades 1 through 6 -------------------------------------.
Grades 7 through 9. -_-..... -----------__--------_.. -
Grades 10 through 12 ---.--------...------- ------
Total (public only) .....-....------------..-- .
Number of pupils per classroom teacher:
Rural elementary----------------_ --. -
Urban elementary ------- ----------
High school-------------------- ---- --- ----
Average salary to teachers (public schools):
Elementary------------------------- -----
High school----------------------------------------------
Teachers' training:
College trained....---------------------------------......---....
High school--------------------------------------
Others ......------------------------.--------------...
Total number of teachers.------------------------- .. __
Total cost of education:
Municipal appropriations _.-------------------- --
Federal appropriations. ------------------
Other -_ ------- ---
Total--------- --------------------- - - -
Cost of education per pupil in the public schools--..--.....__
Aid to college students. --------------------------.---


St. Thomas



14
1
5
20


St. Croix



9
4
0
13


Virgin
Islands


23
5
5
33


4.080 3,122 7,202

2,196 1,352 3,548
688 229 917
296 183 479
3,180 1,764 4,944


29
41
29

$1,236.00
$1,824.00

30
55
27
112

$282, 664. 26
76. 597. 68
2,356.31
361,618.25
69. 67
3,683.36


29
38
29

$1,221.00
$1,754.00

23
35
7
65

$135, 624. 28
23,042. 74
------------
158,667.02
70. 89
1,000.00


53
90
34
177

$418, 288.54
99, 640.42
2,356.31
520,285.27

4,683.36


Institutional statistics, Department of Health, 1950-51


Christiansted Frederiksted Leper Charlotte
asylum Amaie

Beds ..................................... 73 61 92 111
Bassinets ..........---..................... 12 10 -------- 20
Average occupancy ------------------ ----- 49 45 23 101
Peak occupancy------------------------------- 69 62 30 103
Minimum occupancy------------------------- 32 29 8 90
Number of physicians ......- ------ ----- 3 2 (1) 6
Number of graduate nurses ......------------- 12 12 1 15
Average salary--------------------------- $1,563.00 $1,558.00 ----------- $1,560.00
Number of student nurses ---..... --------- 9 9 9-------- 2
Average salary of student nurses. --._---_--- $684.00 $700.00 -------- $780.00
Number of student nurses graduated ---------- 1 1. _------ 0
Other employees-------------------------- 28 28 15 81
Total salaries -------------------------- $51,759. 00 $59, 946. 33 $9,571.00 $120, 705.00
Equipment---- $3,650.00 $1,910.00 $540.00 $2,000.00
Subsistence ------------------------------- $17, 500. 00 $16,470.00 $10, 000. 00 $32,000.00
Total budget (municipal)------------- $85,813.00 $91,000. 33 $26, 687. 00 $192,294. 93
Cost per patient per day ------------ $4.68 $5.025 $3.19 $4.82
Average ration per day ---- $0. 439 $0. 463 $0. 721 $0. 86
Services billed -- -- $847. 30 $1,759. 65 ------ $10, 376. 56
Total collected-----------. $2, 417. 61 $2, 472.00 $9, 440. 59
Births in hospital----- 159 135 246
Births out of hospital- ---------- 64 40 -------- 252
Deaths in hospital------------------ 53 47 1 51
Deaths out of hospital----------------- 36 13 ---- 132
Admissions to hospital ------- 1,614 1,303 3 2,062
Sick days in hospital --- ------- 18,335 18, 108 8,384 36,869
Admissions to clinic..----------------- 1,285 1,432 8,778
Dispensary treatments ...-------------- 4,489 8,334 33, 232



SPart time.









42 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Real property statistics

Assessed value Taxes

1940 1950 1940 1950

Municipality of St. Thomas and St.
John-..---------------------------. $3,890,303.71 $7,233,784.32 $49,099.44 $88, 276. 58
Municipality of St. Croix---.........-------- 4,215,625.66 6,377,854. 75 52,626.38 79,638.19
Total, Virgin Islands......------- 8,105,929.37 13,611,639.07 101,725.82 167, 914. 77

Comparative statement of revenues of the municipality of St. Thomas and
St. John for the fiscal years 1949, 1950, and 1951

Revenues 1949 1950 1951

Real property tax .........-------------------- $81, 770. 67 $81, 631. 29 $91,939. 47
Income tax ..------------------ 324,748.40 398, 111.23 380,767.11
Gasoline tax ..-------..-....--... --------------------- 21,309.98 27,490.31 27,199.55
Auto license fees-- --.-. ---- -------------------------- 12,024.03 13,547.56 23,952.33
Trade and lamp tax------------------------------------------- -------------- -------...------ ------. ---.
Net revenues from customs ..--...- -------------------- 27, 500.00 17,400.00 23,500.00
Taxes on inheritance -------~... ------------------- 211.24 656. 87 3,040.02
Court fees, etc .-- .. ------ --- --------................ 9,824.53 9,838.36 14,000.18
Stamp dues..--... ------------- 8,128.30 4.731.90 4.933.63
Fees from steamer tickets. ----- .-------------------------- 12,377.00 14,948.75 20,157.80
Burgher briefs, etc-- ------------------------- 15, 544.68 15, 712.47 33, 111.42
Pilotage fees ............-------------------------- 17,475.44 29,977.27 26,425.75
Internal revenue taxes---------------------------------------- -------------- -------------- ---.------
Trade tax ..------------ ------------ 205,682.07 195,512.43 195,907.47
From pay patients, municipal hospital------------ 7, 822. 79 12,951. 40 9,440.59
Fees collected from customhouse------------------------------ -------------- ------....-- --------...
Passport fees -.... ------------------------------------------------- ------------- ------..--
Nightsoil removal service ----------------- -.. -- --- ----.--
Annual license fees .. ------ -------------------- 5,284.47 5,993.85 10,055.80
Miscellaneous .. ....------------------------------------ 30,777. 25 57, 561.58 37, 524. 89
Contribution from Virgin Islands lottery--- -------------------------- 12,952.00
Taxes on amusement... ...----------------------------------- ------------ ..6.52 935.55
Repayment by power authority ....--------------------- -------------- .----------- 10,000.00
Loan from homestead fund. ....-------- -------------. -------------- 1, 591.00
Total.....---- ------.... --------------------- 780,480.85 886,071.79 927,434.56

Comparative statement of revenues of the municipality of St. Croix for the
fiscal years 1949, 1950, and 1951

Revenues 1949 1950 1951

Real property tax .- ..-------------------- $62,477. 56 $71,431.71 $70, 958. 25
Income tax -......... ----------.................... 65,444. 98 73,212. 75 110, 523. 29
Auto tax... ...---- -.......-----------------. ----- ------ -- 11,290.28 12,130.92 16,496.32
Gasoline tax ......-..........---------------------- 16, 743.18 19, 452. 63 22,911.47
Import duty ---------------------- 2,728.62 3,500.41 6,177.22
Export duty. ....................------------------ 591.72 443.77 2,044.89
Ship dues............. ---------- -------------------- 1,796.02 1,461.90 2,502.11
Wharfage --..-.........--- ----------------------- 2,909.88 2,564.73 4,134.13
Stamp dues ----- -------......... .---------------- 4,936.53 3,426.54 4,670.18
Vendue fees and percentages.---------------- -_ ----
Taxes on inheritance ----------------------------- 2,121.38 762. 20 1,057. 11
Fees from court and police---- ---------------- 6,901.38 5,850.07 6,839.26
Fees from burgher briefs -------------------------------- 7,266.62 7,287.09 8,245.35
Excise duty ---------..-.... --...... ----------------------- 43,539.28 36,184.08 35,776.26
Internal revenues.... .........------------............. 63,253.10 73,916.54 97,061.06
Fines and confiscations -..... .........---------- ----------- 1,138. 50 1,360.40
Revenues from prison ---------------- ------ -
Contributions for public institutions -.' ------------------ 8,539. 58 7,326. 78 10,925. 12
Returns from sanitary work .----.......... .--------------- 5, 541.51 5, 471.62 4,971.13
Corporation fees ........------- -----------------------. 1,243.73 1,171.50 1,072.52
Fees from customhouse- ....-.-.....----------------- -------. 526.28 461.14 914.01
Passport fees ---....-------------------------------------------- -------------- -------------- ----------
Medical service fees--...--.. ..----- ...-- ----------------- -------.--- -------------- 5, 982.09
Municipal rentals .---...-..-...----------- ------------- -------------- ---------- 2, 692.00
Miscellaneous----------------------------------------- 9,431.57 12,267. 16 2, 191. 98
Telephone service ----------------------------- 10,723. 55 11.702.25 12, 271.63
Total -- ......------.----------------------- 328,006.75 355,118.90 431.777.78









REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS + 43


Comparative statement of actual revenues of the municipality of St. Thomas
and St. John


Revenues


Direct taxes:
Real property tax -...----------------------
Income tax -.-----------------------------------------
Personal property tax... ..--------------------------
Road fund:
(a) Gasoline tax ----- --------------------------
(b) Automobile license fees----------------------------.
Road fund balance from 1940 ...------------------
Indirect taxes:
Net revenues from customs -------------------------------
Taxes on inheritance ----.--------------------------
Court fees --------------------------------------
Stamp dues ------------------------------------
Fees from steamer tickets.....----------------------------
Licenses and licenses fees ---------------------------------.
Pilotage fees --------------------------------------------- -
Trade tax- -------------------------------------
Lamp tax __..-- ---------------------- - -
Horse, carriage and boat tax ...-- --------------------
Vendue fees and percentage .-------------------- -
Fees from burgher briefs --- ------------------
Internal revenue taxes ----------- -- -------------
Sundry revenues:
Pay patients at municipal hospital ----------------------
Fees from customs house ------ -------------- ----
Corporation license fees .------------------------
Miscellaneous ---------------------------
Returns from night soil removal service. ------
Passport fees --
Returns from telephone service -...------------------
Contribution from St. Thomas Harbor Board --.....----
Contribution from St. Thomas lottery .------------------
Tax on amusement and entertainment ----- ---
Repayment by power authority -------------------------
Loan from homestead fund--------- ---------------


Fiscal year Fiscal year
1930-31 1940-41


$39, 785. 66
23, 154.12
6, 462. 81

------------


7,301.07
4,508.88
5, 969. 03
1, 326.95
997.00

8, 709. 00
1,915. 31
867. 46
99. 19
1, 375.30

2, 571.77
662. 21
1, 598. 79
5, 262.64
5,125.23
69.68
9, 437. 24
1,278 19


Total..----------------- -- ------------------ 128,477.53


$50, 000.00
138, 852. 45

9, 981.48
8, 005.72
2, 744.02

29, 614. 74
251.74
6, 232. 41
3, 773. 60
1,732.00
7,270.54
11, 703.04
27, 061.37



2, 107. 58

6, 790.57
625.82
2, 139. 87
7,889.20
3, 400.65
313.00

20,346.26
8, 710.00



349,162.39


Fiscal year
1950-51


$91, 939. 47
380, 767.11

27,199. 55
23,952.33

23, 500.00
3,040.02
14,000. 18
4,933. 63
20,157. 80
33, 111.42
26, 425. 75
195,907. 47





9,440. 59
10, 055. 80
37, 524.89



12, 952.00
935.55
10, 000.00
1, 591.00

927,434.56


1 Less real and property tax $2,241.08 transferred to 1931-32.

Comparative statement of actual revenues of the municipality of St. Croix


Revenues


Direct taxes:
Ground and building tax and real property tax i ..-----
Horse, carriage, and boat tax ---.....-------------------
Income tax -------------------- -------------
Quarter percent tax --------------------- ----- --
Automobile tax ----------------------------
Gasoline tax. --- ------------------- ------ -- --
Immigration tax -----------------------------------
Indirect taxes:
Import duty ----------------- -------------------------
Export duty .-. ------------------- -------------
Ships' dues ..---- -- ---------------
Cranage and wharfage _.--.-------------
Stamp dues ------------------------ ---------
Vendue fees and percentage -------------------------- --
Tax on inheritances ------------------------------------
Court fees, and fees from police court -----------
Fees from burgher briefs .------ -------
Internal revenue taxes:
Excise duty ....------------------- ---------------
Internal revenue .- ..------------- -------- --
Sundry revenues:
Fines and confiscations .------------------------
Revenues from the prison .------------ -..--------
Revenues from harbor and pilot ._...----------..------
From municipality of St. Thomas:
Toward support of leper asylum ------------------
Toward support of insane asylum -------------------
Toward support of King's Hill Penal Farm _. -----
Toward support of penitentiary..-------------------


Fiscal year
1930-31


$18, 986. 19
2,197. 50
3,209.90
2,604.63
5,583.51

3, 701.76

3,006.01
19,316. 57
815.81
1,109.44
2,490.17
105.32
2,307.09
2, 745.63
60.00



1,089. 46
88.10
--- ------

1,015.08
2,060.56
534.45
973.37


Fiscal year
1940-41


$36, 898.65
11,149.39
7,783. 56
9,727.01

3,107. 83
11,419. 98
2,872. 84
3,804.81
2,886. 63
70.50
720. 65
4,473.10
2,936.99
9,627.39
8,925. 20


Fiscal year
1950-51


$70, 958. 25

110, 523.29
16,496.32
22,911.47

6,177. 22
2,044. 89
2, 502. 11
4,134.13
4, 670.18

1,057. 11
6,839.26
8,245.35

35, 776. 26
97,061.06


1,070. 55 1,360.40
800. 62
- - - - - . . . . .


1,004.87
1,858.97
253.69
594. 07


3,383.48

7, 541.64


I In 1931 this revenue source was known as ground and building tax. It was afterward changed to real
property tax.








44 + REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Comparative statement of actual revenues of the municipality of St. Croix-Con.


Revenues Fiscal year Fiscal year Fiscal year
1930-31 1940-41 1950-51

Sundry revenues-Continued
From municipality of St. Thomas-Continued
Returns from sanitation work --.. .......----------- $3,011.82 $1,858.45 $4, 971.13
Corporation fees ------- 433.62 1,182. 19 1,072. 52
Fees from customhouse.--------------- 36.45 109.24 914.01
Medical service fees -------------------- ... -- -.. 5,982. 09
Municipal rentals .------------- ------------ ------.. 2,692.00
Passport fees -------------- 49.92 15.00 .-- -
Miscellaneous .------------------------- 3,079. 11 7,289. 59 2,191.98
St. Croix telephone service ------------------------- -- -- 6,098. 50 12,271.63
Special tax on cattle--------------------------------- ------- 570.80 -------
Total ---- ------------------------------ 80,611.47 139,111.07 431,777.78

Import and export statistics

Imports from the United States 1948 1949 1950

Animals and animal products, edible---------------------- $787, 941 $759, 221 $898, 688
Animals and animal products, inedible --------. 109, 326 123, 501 115, 240
Vegetable food products and beverages.------------ 1,821,112 248, 239 1,476, 474
Vegetable products, inedible, except fiber and wood -------. 501, 887 664, 602 805, 446
Textile fibers and manufactures.-------------- 197, 885 196, 652 299, 464
Wood and paper------- .------------------------- 291,090 360, 250 479, 291
Non-metallic minerals----------- 765, 584 796, 830 966, 300
Metals and manufactures, except machinery and vehicles----- 822, 495 918, 539 963, 507
Machinery and vehicles. -------------------- 1,002, 920 1, 093, 221 1, 368, 551
Chemicals and related products_-- ------------- 223, 271 313, 616 334, 625
Miscellaneous --------------------------------- 1, 142, 428 2, 701, 374 1, 650, 125
Total .--.....--------- .....---.. .- 7, 665, 939 8,176,045 9,357, 711
Total imports from foreign countries --------------- 1, 799, 623 1, 791,180 1,678, 571
Grand totaL .. .. ... ...---------.------------. 9, 465, 562 9, 967, 225 11,036, 282


Exports to United States and Puerto Rico 1948 1949 1950

Cattle----- ------------------ $71,463 $50, 292 $42, 896
Other animals, edible.----.. ..... -- ----------------- 2, 210 2,096 1, 564
Beef, fresh, chilled or frozen ....... ...----------------------- 0 0 0
Other animals, edible products.. -------..... .-------------. 9, 549 175 0
Hides and skins.----.---.-------------------------------- 5,177 6,045 8,108
Animals, inedible------ ----------------------------- 1, 637 2, 572 400
Coconuts in shell --- ------- ---------------- 49, 717 1, 465 557
Cane sugar ........-------- -------------------. 270, 707 500, 830 1, 296, 373
Gin ----------------- 0 0 0
Rum _---------------------------- 203, 832 579, 823 619, 575
Whisky .--. ..-------.... .....--------------------. 0 3,080 5, 782
Cordials and liquers ----------------------------------- 46, 663 14,022 5, 367
Wine ------------------------ 81,197 0 0
Wood and manufactures ....------...----- ---------... -.-.- 1, 590 956 360
Charcoal, wood ............----- -- 376 0 0
Perfumery and toilet waters, including bay rum.....--------- 23, 738 18, 412 31,940
Containers ........ ---------- ------ 319,135 390,097 396,923
Household and personal effects --- -------- ------ 7,332 4,700 0
All other articles -- --- ---- ---- 43, 840 162, 959 14, 194
Total .......---- ----------- 1, 138,163 1,734,524 2,424,039O
Total exports to foreign countries--------------.------------- 559, 874 766, 532 682, 459
Grand total .......----- -----------..... 1, 698, 037 2,501,056 3,106,498

Exportation of alcoholic beverages by fiscal years

Amount of proof gallons

1949 1950 1951

Municipality of St. Thomas and St. John ....-------- ------------- 386, 915 634, 000 459, 544
Municipality of St. Croix -----.... -------- -------- ----- 27, 943 70, 250
Total, Virgin Islands_ -------- --------------------- 386,915 661,943 529, 794

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 195Z