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Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
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 Material Information
Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Alternate Title: Annual report - the Governor of the Virgin Islands
Portion of title: Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands to the Secretary of the Interior
Annual report, Virgin Islands
Physical Description: v. : tab. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Virgin Islands of the United States -- Governor
Publisher: for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication: Washington
Creation Date: 1931
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Virgin Islands of the United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Report covers fiscal year.
General Note: Title varies slightly.
General Note: Vols. for 1925/26 issued as Senate document 170, U.S. 69th Congress, 2d session.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01235215
lccn - 26027791
issn - 0363-3438
System ID: UF00015459:00007

Table of Contents
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    Title Page
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    Table of Contents
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    Annual report of the Governor of the Virgin Islands for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932
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    Virgin Islands register and directory
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Full Text
























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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
RAY LYMAN WILBUR, Secretary
THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
PAUL M. PEARSON, Goemor



ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE


GOVERNOR OF

THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

FOR THE

FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1932










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UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1932


1
















CONTENTS


Page
Administrative activities -- ---------------------------..----.... -20.-
Admiralty laws of United States, extension of --------------------... 5
Agricultural station, St. Croix-----------.-------------------------.. 27
Alexander Hamilton Memorial Park ----- ----...-------------------- 33
Appropriation act, annual ---------------------------------------- 6
Bands, community- ----------------------------------------. 33
Banking act, national, extension of--------------------------------- 4
Bay rum_ _-----------------.---------------------------------- 14
Bills passed by Congress ---------------------------------------- 4
Bills not passed by Congress--------------------------------------- 6
Bunkering and shipping --------------.---------- ------------- 16
Canning fruit...--- -----------------------------.-----------. 18
Cattle---.------------- ----------------------------------. 14
Centers, community -----------------------------------------. 31
Chamber of Commerce, the St. Thomas -------------_------------ 13
Charcoal ----------------.--------------------------------- 15
Coastwise laws of United States, exemption of ------------------.---- 6
Commissions in St. Thomas --------------------------------- -- 21
Community bands -------------------------------------- -33
Community centers -------------------------------------- 31
Concerts and entertainments--------------------------------- 33
Coordinating educational agencies, a plan for-----------------------. 29
Cotton-------------------------------------------------. 19
Currency, Danish West Indian_ --.-------__--------------------__ 11
Department of education---------------- ------------------------ 28
Department of fire -- ..------------------------------------------- 26
Department of handicraft---- -------------------------------...-. 26
Department of health----------------------.-------------------. 23
Department of industry ----------------- -------------.- .. ... 21
Department of judiciary ----------------------------------__------ 22
Department of police-----------------------------------------. 26
Department of prohibition --------------------------------------- 26
Department of public welfare--------------------------------------. 23
Department of public works--- ----------------------------------- 22
Economic, summary ----------------------_---------------------- 1
Economic activities ._----- ..------.. -------------------.--- 7
Educational, summary-------------------------------------------- 2
Education, department of----------- ------------------------..... 28
Education by radio--.-------------------------------------------. 31
Expenses, St. Croix_----------------- --------------------------- 10
Expenses, St. Thomas and St. John--------------------------------- 9
Exports and imports, summary of .----------------------- ---------- 19
Federal funds-...----------------- ---------------------------- 10
Finances _-----------------------_------_---------------.----. 7
Fire department--------------------------------.. --------- 26
Fishing ----------------------------------.--------------- 15
Food gardens ------------------------------------------------- 18
Forestry-----------------------------------------------. ------ 19
Friends of the Virgin Islands------------------------------------- 31
Fruit canning------------------ ------------------------------- 18
Gardens, food-------------- ------------------------------------ 18
Government secretariat.------------- .-----.-------------.------. 20
Handicraft----------------.------------------------------------ 17
Handicraft, department of----------------------------------------- 26
Harbor board bonds--------------------------------------------- 4
Harbor board, St. Thomas -----.---.-------------------------. 27
iM









IV CONTENTS
Page
Harbor treasury, St. Thomas------------------------------------- 10
Health, department of public-.----------------------------------- 23
Health study in St. John--------------------------------------- 24
Homesteading --------------------------------------------------- 17
Hooked rugs --------- ----------------------------------------- 16
Hot lunches for undernourished school children --------------------- 29
Hotel .---.----.--------------- --------------------- 13
Immigration and naturalization of Virgin Islanders------------------- 4
Imports and exports, summary of-- --- ----- -------------------- 19
Improvement Association, the St. Thomas -------------- ------------ 13
Industry, department of -----------------------------------------. 21
Internal-revenue taxes, bill authorizing Colonial Council to levy--------- 5
Jeannes teachers added to teaching staff----------------------------- 3
Judiciary department --- --_------------------------------------ 22
Legislation ------------ ------- ----------------------- 3
Legislation, summary ------------------------------------------. 1
Leper colony--------- --------------------------------------- 24
Libraries, public.-------.-------------------.------ ------------ 28
Market produce ------------------------------------_-_--- -- 18
Meetings, places for------------------------------------------- 31
Memorial Park, Alexander Hamilton ------------------------------- 33
Music committee ---------------------------------------------- 33
National banking act, extension of---------------------------------- 4
Naturalization and immigration of Virgin Islanders-------------------- 4
Park, Alexander Hamilton Memorial_ ------------------------------- 33
People, response of the------ ----- .------------------------------ 31
Pianos secured through donations--------------------------------- 33
Playgrounds------------------------------------- --- 32
Police department- .--------------------------------------------- 26
Population and size---------------------------------------------- 7
Pottery .---------------------------------------------------- 17
Prohibition department .---------------------------------------- 26
Public health, department of ------------------------------------- 23
Public libraries ------- ------------------------------- 28
Public welfare, department of------------------------------------- 23
Public works, department of------------------------------------- 22
Recreation------------------------------------------------- 32
Rehabilitation program- ----------------------------- ------ 12
Response of the people .-------------------------_------------ -- 31
Revenues, St. Croix --------------------------------------------- 9
Revenues, St. Thomas and St. John-------------------------------- 8
Rivers and harbors act, extension of-------------------------------- 6
Rockefeller study of common colds_ ------------------------ 25
Rugs, hooked ------------------------------------------------- 16
Scholarships for Virgin Islands teachers------------------------------ 2
School, vocational high, St. Croix------------------------- ------- 2
Shipping and bunkering .--..----------------------------- ----- 16
Size and population -------------------------------------------- 7
Social, summary---------------------------------------- 3
Social plan and activities .-------------------------------------- 32
St. Croix, the government in ----------------.-----. -------------- 21
Sugar----------- ------------------------------------------ 13
Summary -----------------------. ----__ .. -----.---------.-- 1
Summer school--- -_--------------.--.------.------------------- 29
Teaching staff, supplementary ---- ......------.----------.---. 31
Tourist trade--------------------------------------- --- 12
Trust funds, municipal ------------------------------------- 11
Vocational high school, St. Croix-------- ----------------------- 29
Welfare, department of public------------------------------------ 23
Why continue to appropriate money for the Virgin Islands?------------ 33
Winter residents..-----------------------------------------.. 12













ANNUAL REPORT OF THE
GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS



GOVERNMENT HOUSE,
ST. THOMAS, VIRGIN ISLANDS OF UNITED STATES,
August 31, 193S.
The SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.
SIn: I have the honor to submit the following report of the Gov-
ernor of the Virgin Islands for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1932.
Besides administrative work, the government of the Virgin Islands
gave attention to activities which may be summarized as follows:

SUMMARY OF WORK
I. LEGISLATIVE
The Governor of the Virgin Islands appeared before 10 different
congressional committees for hearings regarding measures relating to
the Virgin Islands and conferred with several departments of the Fed-
eral Government and with various bureaus and boards. Eight bills
concerning the Virgin Islands were introduced in both houses of
the first session of the Seventy-second Congress and seven were
passed. Much of this legislation covered matters that had long been
discussed in the Virgin Islands and had long been necessary. As a
part of the rehabilitation plan which has been committed to the pres-
ent civil administration, it seemed necessary to get enabling legisla-
tion which will permit various activities or improve conditions. The
bills which passed both houses of Congress are detailed elsewhere in
this report. In addition to these, the home loan bank act has been
made applicable to the Virgin Islands.
II. ECONOMIC
1. The Cattle Cooperative of St. Croix, organized a year ago, con-
tinued to function throughout the year, making weekly shipments of
cattle to Puerto Rico.
2. The Handcraft Cooperative of St. Thomas increased its sales,
increased its list of products, and extended its markets in the States.
An exhibit was held in the Grand Central Palace in New York City,
and a second exhibit in the American Fair at Atlantic City.
3. The Charcoal Cooperative of St. John renewed its contracts for
monthly deliveries for the year and increased its sales.







2 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

4. The Arcola Rug Co. was organized in connection with a manu-
facturing firm in New York City which takes the entire output of the
local factory, where work is promised for some 500 people.
5. A sugar engineer of New York City was interested to come to
the Virgin Islands to investigate the possibilities of reopening the
Bethlehem Sugar Factory and cultivating the Bethlehem sugar es-
tates in St. Croix, which have been idle for more than two years.
Plans for consummating this project are making progress.
6. A vegetable growers' association has been organized in St.
Croix and a sales agreement signed with a New York commission
firm for marketing this early crop, which will reach New York
three months before Florida vegetables are ready. Some 500 acres
of tomatoes and other vegetables are being planted.
7. Representation was made to the West India Oil Co., which re-
sulted in a reduction of 4 cents in the selling price of gasoline.
8. A committee consisting of the Secretary of the Treasury, the
Secretary of the Interior, and the governor is making progress on
the plan for a new bank to replace the National Bank of the Danish
West Indies, which is to close at the expiration of its charter, June
20, 1934.
9. Correspondence and personal interviews with all steamship lines
which do a cruise business in the Caribbean.
10. Many personal interviews and much correspondence with
groups and individuals who are interested to visit or to settle in the
islands.
11. The homesteading plan has been pushed through many diffi-
culties and changes, so that before this is in print Virgin Islands
homesteaders will probably be on land which they will have agreed
to pay for in installments.
12. Plans have been made finally for a hotel to be built on the
unit plan, and details of property and building are being worked out.
13. Much has been done in a preliminary way in developing
tourist trade, but until another hotel is ready such work can only
be-preliminary.
14. An attractive line of pottery has been designed and made
and is now.being marketed.
III. EDUCATIONAL
1. The vocational high school in St. Croix has been begun, an old
building of the agricultural station being renovated for this use.
Part of the work was done by the boys themselves.
2. A general plan for adult education has been developed through
discussion and conferences with many representative persons, which
it is hoped may be inaugurated during the coming year.
3. Four scholarships for Virgin Islands teachers were secured, two
in Hampton Institute and two in Howard University. These have
been continued for another year.
4. The owner of a large camp for girls was interested to come to
the Virgin Islands to investigate the prospect of conducting a winter
camp and school in St. Thomas, where girls from the States would be
students. Her report is favorable, and tentative plans are prepared
for a school to be opened in 1933.






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


5. Concerts and entertainments by a dozen individuals or groups
like the Hampton Quartet have been presented to the people in
St. Thomas and St. Croix, and two such concerts have been given
on St. John, though there is no piano on the island. The artists
have donated their services for such concerts.
6. Nine pianos have been secured through donations, freight free,
for schools and public institutions.
7. A summer scholarship for the study of public health was se-
cured for one of the municipal physicians from the Rockefeller
Foundation.
8. For another municipal physician the Rockefeller Foundation
granted a fellowship for study of X-ray diagnosis and treatment.
9. New York University was interested to send a representative
to investigate the possibilities of conducting in the Virgin Islands
an off-the-campus summer school for teachers from the States. The
plan has been completed, and announcements will be made for the
first session in the summer of 1933.
10. Two experienced Jeanes teachers, graduates of Hampton Insti-
tute, have been added to the teaching staff.
IV. SOCIAL
1. With the cooperation of the National Recreation Association,
who loaned the services of L. H. Weir, recreational park expert,
comprehensive plans have been drawn for making Protestant Cay
in Christiansted Harbor into a recreational park as a memorial to
Alexander Hamilton, who spent his youth in St. Croix.
2. The Leonard Wood Memorial for Leprosy sent a skin expert
from New York, who made a case study of all members of our leper
colony and held clinics for nurses and doctors.
3. A baseball league of four teams has been organized in St.
Croix.
4. School gardens have been planted in connection with all schools.
5. Through the Golden Rule Foundation, money has been made
available for hot lunches for the undernourished children in the
public schools.
6. In several schools, 4-H clubs have been organized.
7. A score of conferences and luncheons have been held for
discussing the larger social problems of orphans and adolescent
girls. A tentative plan has been set up and an expert investigator
has agreed to make an investigation and report at an early date, after
which an attempt will be made to secure the needed money.
LEGISLATION
A report of the work accomplished or begun by the administra-
tion of the Virgin Islands during the past year divides itself natu-
rally into two parts-that done in Washington and that done in the
Virgin Islands. In effect, the Virgin Islands had an official represen-
tative in Washington during practically the entire period of the first
session of the Seventy-second Congress. Though the governor, who
represented the islands, had no official standing in the House of
Representatives such as is given Delegates from Alaska, Hawaii,







4 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, yet he was given a hearing or was
consulted on matters pertaining to the Virgin Islands.
The bills passed were:
1. Authority for the St. Thomas Harbor Board to sell bonds.-
The St. Thomas Harbor Board is a governmental agency, of which
the governor in chairman, and on which the colonial council has rep-
resentation. This board was organized in 1906 for the purpose of
taking over harbor activities, improving the harbor, and selling bonds
to pay for the improvements. A bond issue of $100,000 was made
in 1910, to be paid in 20 years. The payments were all made on time.
The bonds were guaranteed by the Danish State, and that guaranty
was taken over by the Government of the United States by treaty at
the time of purchase.
The act authorizing the St. Thomas Harbor Board to sell $150,000
worth of bonds to be paid for from its own revenues, approved by the
President on May 23, 1932, is for the purpose of installing or building
a floating dry-dock or graving dock. The floating dry-dock, which
was a source of much income to St. Thomas and gave employment to
a number of men for many years, sank in 1924 and was only removed
from the harbor during the past year. It is expected that the new
dock which is made possible by this act will bring increased harbor
activities to St. Thomas.
2. Extension of national banking act.-The concession granted to
the National Bank of the Danish West Indies by the Danish Govern-
ment in 1904 for a period of 30 years, and guaranteed by the United
States in 1917, will expire in 1934. The board of directors of the
National Bank of the Danish West Indies has stated that they can not
agree to renewal of the concession. At the request of the Secretary
of the Interior, the Secretary of the Treasury appointed two expert
bank examiners-National Bank Examiner H. N. Stronck and Assist-
ant National Bank Examiner Owen T. Jones-to survey general con-
ditions in the Virgin Islands as they pertain to the establishment of
a new American banking institution to succeed the present bank.
These examiners made a thorough study of conditions and sub-
mitted a comprehensive report. They recommended that the type of
bank needed in the Virgin Islands is a national bank. In order to
organize and establish a United States national bank in the Virgin
Islands, it became necessary to extend the provisions of the national
bank act of the United States. Congress has passed and the Presi-
dent approved, on July 19, 1932, an act which extends to the Virgin
Islands of the United States the provisions of the national bank act
of the United States and all other acts of Congress relating to national
banks in so far as they are not locally inapplicable. The passage of
this act means that a bank organized and operated under the national
bank act will be under the supervision of the Comptroller of the
Currency.
3. Immigration and naturalization of Virgin Islanders.-There was
approved by the President on June 28, 1932, an act of Congress re-
lating to the immigration and naturalization of certain natives of
the Virgin Islands, which act granted full American citizenship to
all natives of the Virgin Islands of the United States, who are not
citizens or subjects of any foreign country, and who were on the date







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


of the approval of the act.residing in continental United States, the
Virgin Islands of the United States, Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, or
and other insular possession or Territory of the United States, regard-
less of their place or residence on January 17, 1917.
This is a great boon to Virgin Islanders, many of whom, although
residing in continental United States and in Puerto Rico for many
years, were deprived of American citizenship by the operation of the
act of Congress of February 25, 1927, which granted citizenship only
to those natives of the Virgin Islands who were residing in the Virgin
Islands on January 17, 1917, and on February 25, 1927, or who were
residing in the Virgin Islands on January 17, 1917, and in the United
States or Puerto Rico on February 25, 1927, or who were residing in
the United States on January 17, 1917, and in the Virgin Islands on
February 25, 1927. The new act grants American citizenship to all
natives of the Virgin Islands residing in American territory on the
,date of its approval regardless of their place of residence on January
17, 1917.
This act also enables all natives of the Virgin Islands (except
*certain excluded classes, such as persons afflicted with loathsome or
dangerous contagious diseases, prostitutes, persons convicted of crime,
etc.) now residing in any foreign country to return to the Virgin
Islands, the United States, or Puerto Rico as nonquota immigrants
within two years from the date of approval of the act, but exempts
such persons from the requirements of obtaining a passport or immi-
gration visa, and also exempts them from the payment of any head
tax. This law will enable those Virgin Islanders now residing in
foreign countries to return to their place of birth, which has been
their desire for a number of years, but which desire previously has
been thwarted by immigration restrictions.
4. Extension of admiralty laws of the United States.-It has been
the recommendation of the local judicial officers for a number of
years that the admiralty laws of the United States be extended to
the Virgin Islands for the reason that the admiralty laws hereto-
fore in force in these islands are in the Danish language and such
law and its jurisprudence are unknown to American judicial officers.
In addition, as appeals from the Virgin Islands are made to the
third circuit court of appeals at Philadelphia, it would be difficult
for that court to interpret the Danish law.
The act which has been passed by Congress and which was approved
by the President of the United States on May 20, 1932, extended to
the Virgin Islands the admiralty laws of the United States and con-
ferred jurisdiction in admiralty upon the courts of the Virgin Islands
the same as is exercised by United States district courts. This act
will greatly facilitate the work of the courts in admiralty matters.
5. Authorizing the colonial councils to levy internal revenue
taxes.-Congress passed and the President approved on June 24
1932, an act which authorizes the Colonial Council of St. Thomas and
St. John and the Colonial Council of St. Croix to levy internal
revenue taxes and directs the officials of the Customs and Postal
Services of the United States to assist the appropriate municipal
officials in the collection of such taxes. This act is a convenience for
the local authorities and will add some income to the municipal
treasuries.
141067--32--2








6 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

6. Extension of rivers and harbors act.-In 1930 Congress ex-
tended to the Virgin Islands the provisions of sections 19 and 20 of
the rivers and harbors act of March 3, 1899. The passage of this
bill in 1930 permitted the removal of the wrecked dry dock from the
harbor of St. Thomas by the Federal Government. In order that
the supervision of all the navigable waters of the Virgin Islands
might be handled by the Government of the United States in the
same manner as is prescribed for the navigable waters of the United
States, Congress has passed and the President approved on July 1,
1932, an act which extends to the Virgin Islands the provisions of
sections 9 to 18 of the rivers and harbors act of March 3, 1899.
The collective provisions of sections 9 to 20 of the rivers and harbors
act now applicable to the Virgin Islands constitute the Federal
statute for the protection of navigable waters.
7. Annual appropriation act.-The act making appropriations for
the Department of the Interior for the fiscal year ending June 30,
1933, made a direct appropriation of $412,000 for the temporary
government of the Virgin Islands for the fiscal year 1933. This
appropriation is divided as follows:
For the central administration of the islands-- ----____-- -- __ $150,613
For the agricultural station----------_------ ---------- 25, 000
For the deficit in the municipal treasury of St. Thomas and St. John_ 112,032
For the deficit in the municipal treasury of St. Croix--------------- 124,355
Total -- ----- ------- ---------------- --- 412,000
The act also provided that the amount appropriated for each
municipal deficit shall be expended only if an equivalent amount is
raised by municipal revenues and applied to the operating costs of
the respective municipal government, except that for the fiscal year
1933 the contribution to each municipal government shall not be less
than $110,000. However, should the revenues of the municipality
of St. Thomas and St. John exceed $112,032 or the revenues of the
municipality of St. Croix exceed $124,355, such excess revenues may
be expended for municipal improvements and operating costs of the
respective municipality under such rules and regulations as the
President may prescribe. Without this provision, excess revenues,
if any, would be lost to the municipalities, inasmuch as they would
thereby receive less Federal funds to meet the deficit. The act also
provided that the unobligated balance of the 1932 appropriation is
available for expenditure during 1933 for such projects for the fur-
ther development of agriculture and industry and for promoting the
general welfare of the islands, as may be approved by the President.
The bill not passed was:
Exemption of the Virgin Islands from the coastwise laws of the
United States.-The merchant marine act of 1920 extended to the
Virgin Islands the provisions of the coastwise laws of the United
States. Directing the Shipping Board to establish adequate Ameri-
can steamship service at reasonable rates to accommodate the com-
merce and passenger travel of said islands, the act also provided
that the President might defer the application of the coastwise laws
until adequate American shipping facilities are provided. By vir-
tue of this authority, the Virgin Islands have continued to be exempt


r







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


from year to year by Executive order of the President. The uncer-
tainty of the time when the coastwise shipping law might be made
applicable has deterred foreign shipping companies, which are inter-
ested in St. Thomas as a port of call, from making any permanent
investments here. The bill introduced and which passed the Senate,
and also the Committee on Merchant Marine of the House, provided
the same suspension of the coastwise shipping law as has been made
for the Philippines and for American Samoa; that is, the law is
suspended until the President shall declare it in force.
At the extended hearing given this bill by the Committee on
Merchant Marine, the United States Shipping Board, the Bureau of
Navigation of the Department of Commerce, and the representatives
of the Atlantic as well as the Pacific Ship Owners' Associations
either argued for the bill or testified that they saw no reason why it
should not pass. This bill failed of passage in the House because
of the rush of business at the last. It should pass at the next session
of Congress.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
The Virgin Islands have not escaped the effects of the world-wide
economic depression. The prosperity of these islands has depended
almost entirely on two factors-sugar production in St. Croix and
the harbor activities in St. Thomas. Other activities are largely
incidental to these. Shipping and bunkering in St. Thomas have
materially declined. On the other hand, sugar production in St.
Croix during the fiscal year 1932 was approximately 250 per cent of
the sugar production for the fiscal year 1931, which naturally pro-
vided much more employment. The low sugar prices, however,
mean that the increased production will represent a loss rather than
a profit to producers. Business and employment in St. Thomas
have declined, not merely through the slump in shipping but also
because of the reduced purchasing power incident to the withdrawal
of thennaval.activities in July, 1931. Income-tax assessments in St.
Thomas for the calendar year 1931 totaled $3,000, as-compared with
$15,000 for the calendar year 1930.
Size and population.-One can not understand the life and prob-
lems of the Virgin Islands unless the diminutive size and small
population are kept in mind. Of the 50 islands, only 3 have any
considerable population.
St. John, with 20 square miles of land, has a population of 765.
St. Thomas, with 28 square miles, has a population of 9,834.
St. Croix, with 84 square miles, has a population of 11,413.
Of the total population of 22,012, the races are divided thus:
Per cent Per cent
Negroes ------------ __ -- 78.3 White------------------ 1
Mixed----------_--------- 12. 4 Other, colored --------- .2
Finances.-Budgetary problems were complicated by a very sub-
stantial falling off of St. Thomas municipal revenue, due to lack of
money in circulation and decreased shipping and port activities.
The rains during the summer and fall of 1931 improved the St. Croix
sugarcane crop appreciably, resulting in increased municipal reve-










8 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

nues from export taxes on raw sugar. The following summary
reflects the difference between estimated budgeted amounts and the
actual municipal revenues and expenditures:

Fiscal year ended June 30, 1932

Per Pe ActualIncrease or
Estimated Actual decrease


Municipality of St. Thomas and St. John:
Expenditures------------- -........---------... 100 $227,801.35 100 $215,204.94 $12,596.41
Revenues .---------.. --------- ---------- 51 115,769.2.3 47 101,406.96 14,362.27
Deficit, provided for by Federal funds --....-- 49 112,032.12 53 113,797.98 1,765.86


Municipality of St. Croix:
Expenditures ---...-----------------------------
Revenues----- ------------------------------
Deficit, provided for by Federal funds..--------


100 203,340.92 100 198,166.07 5,174.85
39 78, 85.58 41 80736.15 1,750. 57
61 124.355. 34 59 117, 429.92 6.925.42


St. Thomas Harbor Board:
Revenues ._ -------................-...-- ...-- 30,628.84 ...... 18,005.99 12,622.85
Expenditures -............. .. 22,810.19 ...... 21,226.87 1, 83. 32
Surplus or deficit...........-------.. .------ 7,818.6 3,220.88 11,039. 53


REVENUES OF ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

The following were the sources of revenue in the municipality of
St. Thomas and St. John, with the amounts derived from each
source, during the fiscal year 1932:

Estimated Actual


Direct taxes:
Real-property tax.------....---... ----............ ------------------ $36.346.15 $38,116.81
Personal-property tax -..-...--..--......... .----------------------.. 5,576.92 5,967.20
Trade tax--....-------...-................ ------------------------ 7,692. 31 7,884.13
Lamp tax ................... ......------ -------------------------- 1, 923.08 1, 725.18
Horse, carriage, and boat tax---.......-------- ------------------- 769.23 699.82
Income tax -.. --........- ---------------------------- 17,307. 69 8, 849.75
Total direct taxes--......................--------------------- 69,615.38 63, 242.89
Indirect taxes:
Customs dues--.......................-------..... --------.---.--.. 7,692.31 3, 451. 15
Vendue fees and percentages--..---..-......--------------...--------- 96.15 36.68
Dues on recorded transfers, etc..................------------------------ 96.15 ----
Taxes on inheritances...............------- ... -------------------- 3, 846. 15 8, 372 60
Court fees and fees from police office.........-------..........------------. 6,153.85 4,721.98
Stamp dues------..................-----------------------------.--- 1, 538. 46 1,140. 26
Fees from steamer tickets...........--- ...........................--------------- 961.54 700.00
Fees from burgher briefs......................-----------------..----- 961.54 1, 011. 11
Total indirect taxes........................---------------------- 21,346.1 19,433.78
Sundry revenues:
Pay patients, municipal hospital.....................------------------ 2, 84. 62 1,062. 58
Fees from customhouse .........................----------------------. 673.08 276.53
Returns from night-soil removal service..... ..............----------------- 4,326. 92 3, 648.60
Passport fees.......................--- -----------------------------. 76.92 50.00
Corporation fees-----------...................--------------------------.. 1,442.31 1,410.04
Returns from telephone service.----...------ --------------------. 8, 269. 23 7, 756.87
Miscellaneous --------------------------------------- 5, 211.54 3, 296.63
Contribution from St. Thomas Harbor Board........-------------........ 1,923. 08 1,229. 04
Total sundry revenues--.................. -------------------- 24,807.70 18,730.29
Total revenues.---..-..----------- ---------- ---... ---.-... 115, 769.23 101,406. 96









REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 9


EXPENSES OF ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

The cost of the municipal government of St. Thomas and St. John
during the fiscal year 1932 is summarized as follows:


Estimated Actual

Colonial council...........................--------------------------- $2, 961.55 $2, 961.29
Judiciary department..--. ........----.......... -------------... ...-- 8,288.46 8,129.71
Police and prison department....------..---. ------------.....---------.. 22,830. 77 22,078.36
Fire department -----........................------------------------ 2,067. 31 2, 05328
Department of health:
Office...-----....---- -------------.-------------------------------. 826.15 387.81
Medical service.--------..... .... .....--.--------------------------- 44,979.80 41,907.09
Sanitation service ---.....--..-.. .........------------------.---- 12,390. 38 11, 50645
Electoral board...-..-- --....--......... ---.. ----------------.------- 38.46 8.16
Department of public welfare.........-- .......... .------------------------ 8,346. 15 7,988. 99
Department of education. .....----------------------------- 58, 092. 50 54, 514.83
Public works department -- -------------------------------------------- 54, 293.27 52, 596.46
Telephone system-----.. -------...-.--.----------.--------------.. 6,726.92 6,557.35
Miscellaneous .............................-------------------------.. 1, 346. 16 1, 169. 58
Pensions and allowances...---------.......------------------------ 1,728.85 1,608.54
General contingent ----.. ---------..--------------. 1, 923. 08 1,352. 95
Expenses necessary to provide garden plots.................-----------.. ---- 961.54 384.09
Total expenditures.........................----------------------- 227,801.35 215,204.94


REVENUES OF ST. CROIX

The following were the sources of revenue in the municipality of
St. Croix, with amounts derived from each source, during the fiscal
year 1932:


Estimated Actual

Direct taxes:
Ground, building, and percentage tax.--------.. ----------------- -----$19, 230.77 $19, 094.32
Immigration tax .....---------... -------------------- 3,846.15 4,179.76
Quarter per cent tax---- .........---------------------.................... 2,500.00 2,931.94
Income tax.--------~.. ---------------------------- 2,115. 39 2,105.67
Road fund-
Hoise, carriage, and boat tax .....................------------------ 2,307.69 3,359.62
Automobile tax... -....-- --- --- ------.. ---- .-------- 3,653.85 5,597.84
Gasoline tax .-----.............---------.------....--------.... 5,769.24 3,144.58
Road tax..................-....... ...---------------------- 1,346.15 1,419.09
Total direct taxes..............----------------------- 40,769.24 41,832. 82
Indirect taxes:
Import duty--...-........ .- .....------..---- -----------..--- 3, 365.38 3,530.99
Export duty -...--......-----......-------....... ---------.------ 14,423.08 16,028.29
Ships'dues---................-- ....---------------.-----. ------------- 961.54 1,084.25
Cranage and wharfage.................................--------------------- 1,346.15 1,202.12
Stamp dues.--..-----.------.----- ---------.----- 1, 730. 77 1, 573.17
Vendue fees and percentages....---.------ -------------------192.31 127.30
Tax on inheritances...-.....................-----------------------.. 1,389.42 106.29
Court fees and fees from police office .-------------.-------------------. 2,403. 85 2,655.57
Fees from burgher briefs.... ------------------ -------------- 96.15 735.58
Total indirect taxes.........---- .......... ------------------- 25, 908. 65 27, 043.5
Sundry revenues:
Fines and confiscations---............................----------....... 769. 23 1,324.66
Revenues from the prison.-..--....... .--------------- --------------. 384.62 144.90
Received from the municipality of St. Thomas and St. John-
Toward support of leper asylum.... ------------------------------ .865.38 924.12
Toward support of insane asylum -----..-------.--------------. 1,634. 62 2,303.62
Toward support of Kings Hill Poor Farm------------------- 576.92 354.95
Toward support of Richmond Penitentiary ------.----------- ------ 1,307.69 990.89
Nightsoil removal service...........................------------------ 2,884.62 2,851.05
Corporation fees..................... .--------------------- 403.85 443.39
Fees from custom house.---..-................ ------------------- --. 57.69 84.69
Passport fees.-------... ------...-------------------.----57.69 60.00
Miscellaneous..........................--------------------------- 3, 365. 38 2,377.50
Total sundry revenues...........-------.....------------------ 12,307.69 11, 859.77
Total revenues....----------------------..-----------.. ---- 78, 985.58 80,736.15








10 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

EXPENSES OF ST. CROIX

The cost of the municipal government of St. Croix during the
fiscal year 1932 is summarized as follows:

Estimated Actual

Colonial council-..-........------.........----------------.-.------ $2, 932. 69 $2,932.57
Municipal committee..--- --------------------------- 880.96 1,039.58
Judiciary department .----- --------- ---- --------------- 7,453.85 7,449.45
Police and prison department..---..--------------------------. 27, 534.79 27, 452.20
Harbor and pilot department-... -------------------- 750.00 749.82
Fire department:
Christiansted ------------------------------------- 740.38 688. 13
Frederiksted ----------...............---------------------------- 731. 15 651. 27
Department of health:
Sanitation service...---------.-------------------------- -6, 321. 61 6,028.59
Office of the chief municipal physician --.--.........--------- ---------- 1,813.46 1,801.18
Hospital service ...--...----------. ..-- --------.....------...... ---- 27, 620. 38 26,782. 98
Richmond Insane Asylum---...... ------ -----------.-------- 8,428.08 8,197.00
Leper asylum..-------------------------------------- 11, 384.47 10,977.26
Kings Hill Poor Farm----------... --------------- ----------- 10,442.31 9,776.30
Municipal dentist ------............ .............. -------------..----- 1,730.77 1,730.77
Poor department ..--.............--.......--............--------------------.......------........------------..... 8,744.24 7,947.73
Department of education ......-------... ---------........ .------------.. 38,101.92 36,814.62
Public works department.------.... ----------------------- 37,747.12 37,984.88
Public libraries...---------.----------- ----- ---------- 1,378.85 1,325.32
Boys' Home, St. John ..-------------------------- 769. 23 550.14
Pensions and alhowances-.............................------------------- 1, 865.43 1, 792.43
Miscellaneous...------------ ------------------------------ 4, 334.61 3,734.66
General contingent ..... -------------------------------- 1,634. 62 1, 759. 19
Total expenditures ......................----------------------203,340.92 198, 166.07


ST. THOMAS HARBOR TREASURY

The world-wide slump in shipping, which materially affected the
shipping activities in the port of St. Thomas, caused a like decline
in harbor receipts. During the year the actual harbor receipts col-
lected amounted to $18,005.99, as compared with an estimate of
$30,628.84. Operating expenditures totaled $21,226.87, as compared
with an estimate of $22,810.19. The difference between the expendi-
tures and the receipts was taken from cash on hand. The last 30
bonds of the St. Thomas Harbor 4 per cent loan of 1910 were re-
tired during the year; 17 of these were retired from current cash on
December 11, 1931, at a cost of $3,384.62, and 13 were retired on
June 11, 1932, from surplus funds, due to insufficient current cash,
at a cost of $2,550. The year closed with a balance of current cash
amounting to $824.13 and a balance in the surplus fund of $15,093.34.

FEDERAL FUNDS

The Federal funds available for 1932 were derived from a direct
appropriation of $643,300 and unobligated balances of previous ap-
propriations amounting to $79,370, making a total of $722,670, which
is accounted for as follows:
Direct Federal appropriation ------------ ------- $643, 300
Unobligated balances of prior appropriations -------------------- 79, 370

Total--------------------------------- 722,670
Deduct amount transferred to the Department of Agriculture for the
reorganization of the experimental station in St. Croix and the de-
velopment-of bay oil ------------------------- 38, 455

Net total---------------- ----------------- 684,215







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Central administration:
For salaries of governor, staff, other employees; maintenance and
repairs of Government houses, St. Thomas and St. Croix, and
other Federal property; interisland transportation between St.
Thomas and St. John; and office supplies and expenses------
Deficit, municipality of St. Thomas and St. John ....---------
Deficit, municipality of St. Croix.----.--------.--------. ---
Vocational school, rehabilitation fund, and special projects -----
Balance transferred to the fiscal year 1933 for the purchase of land to
be secured for homesteading, and hotel, for financing homestead
project, construction of hotel, construction of roads, repairs and
alterations to buildings, vocational school, development cf small
industries, tourist trade, and promoting the general welfare of the
islands --___-------------- ---


11




$145, 887
113,798
117,430
87,210


219,890


Total--- --------------------------- 684,215

MUNICIPAL TRUST FUNDS

The municipal trust funds established prior to the purchase of the
islands by the United States were created to provide aid to the poor,
relief in the event of disaster from the ravages of hurricanes, and
for other purposes. These funds served as valuable financing
agencies during the year. The principal is loaned on mortgages and
other security.
In St. Croix the uninvested cash in these various trust funds was
used for sugar-crop loans and for placing mortgages on the Central
Sugar Factory. This factory had not been in operation for several
years. By placing this mill in operation it was possible to take off
the sugar crop on the east end of the island, resulting in additional
revenue not only to the estate owners but to the municipality which
received the export tax on this sugar. The La Grange Sugar Fac-
tory was assisted by loans from these funds which made available
approximately $30,000 needed to keep their mill in operation and
take off the crop at the west end of the island of St. Croix.
During the year the St. Thomas Savings Bank, an 84-year-old in-
stitution, was forced to liquidate on account of decreased assets when
the bond market declined many points. This bank owned $30.000
in small mortgages on residences in St. Thomas. With the Na-
tional Bank of the Danish West Indies not advancing money during
its gradual liquidation, the Colonial Council of St. Thomas and St.
John passed an ordinance to provide that the uninvested available
cash in the various trust funds should be used to take over the St.
Thomas Savings Bank's mortgages. This work was completed on
April 30, 1932, and prevented the forced sale of many properties.

DANISH WEST INDIAN CURRENCY

The National Bank of the Danish West Indies holds a charter
protected under the terms of the treaty with Denmark and which
expires June 20, 1934. The legal currency of the islands is issued by
this bank and is in Danish West Indian francs, at a rate of francs
5.20 equivalent to 1 United States dollar. All the local financial
transactions, namely, deposits, checks, contracts, leases, pay rolls.
budgets, etc., are in francs. All the reports, financial returns, state-
ments, and budget estimates submitted to the Department of the
Interior and the General Accounting Office are in United States


1







12 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
dollars. This situation entails a volume of work in converting
francs into United States dollars and United States dollars back into
francs.
The recent action of Congress in making the national banking act
applicable to the Virgin Islands has opened the way for the estab-
lishment of a national bank, and plans are well advanced for a new
bank to take over the National Bank of the Danish West Indies. The
directors of the present bank, which is in the process of gradual
liquidation, have signified their approval to withdraw at the first
opportunity.
With the establishment of a new bank using American currency,
many of the existing troublesome problems will be alleviated, work
will be expedited, and accounting matters simplified.
THE REHABILITATION PROGRAM
The rehabilitation program was well started during the year, and
while it was not possible to clear the titles to lands for the home-
steading and hotel projects and purchase this land prior to the close
of the year, the preliminary work has been completed. Abstracts of
title have been submitted to the Attorney General and the architec-
tural plans for the hotel have been completed. The sum of $219,890
transferred to the 1933 accounts will provide the funds, and these
projects will go ahead rapidly, now that the preliminary details are
settled.
During the year 1932 some of the agricultural station buildings
were altered, repaired, and equipped to be used for the vocational
school, which was conducted for the spring term. One of the build-
ings connected with the municipal hospital in St. Thomas was re-
constructed in order to install the X-ray machine purchased from
the Navy Department. Construction, repairs, and improvements
were made to the 15 miles of Centerline Road connecting Christian-
sted with Frederiksted, St. Croix, and to 5 miles of roads in St.
Thomas. The Christiansted Reservoir was reconstructed to furnish
a supply of water for the municipal hospital and a reserve supply
for the town of Christiansted in the event of drought.

THE TOURIST TRADE
Tourist cruises.-During the past winter season 11 cruise ships vis-
ited St. Thomas, bringing some thousands of visitors. Since these
ships stay but five or six hours, their commercial influence is felt
only by and through a few merchants and through taxicab owners
and operators. The amount of money spent here and the profit re-
maining here can not be satisfactorily estimated, but it is enough to.
be definitely helpful and to warrant the attraction of additional
cruises. In addition to these cruise ships, the ships of the Furness
Bermuda Line and of the Munson Steamship Line brought their
monthly quotas of tourists.
Winter residents.-The winter resident who stays several weeks or
several months is of far greater importance than the cruise tourist.
Becoming for a time, at least, a part of the community life, he re-
quires all of the services incidental to residence, which means employ-
ment of labor and the renting of houses, as well as the patronage of







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 13

stores. The past season showed an increase over previous ones in
the number of winter residents, due probably to the extensive pub-
licity which continental newspapers gave to these islands on account
of the President's visit and the transfer of the administration. Tour-
ist trade information and circulars were printed and actively dis-
tributed in continental United States during the year.
Hotels.-The delightful climate and the picturesque background
of St. Thomas make it an ideal year-round resort. But it has long
been recognized that a small, first-class, artistic hotel is absolutely
essential in order to develop a tourist and winter residence business.
The existing hotels have not been modernized and are so located that
they can not offer the desired view, quietness, and airiness so desir-
able for tourist attraction.
Included in the 1932 appropriation, $60,000 was set aside for the
development of a hotel project. Drawings and sketches have been
made by a noted architect from the United States, designed to con-
vert the Blue Beard's Castle property at the eastern edge of the
town of St. Thomas into a delightful hotel. Negotiations are now
pending for the purchase of this property, the remodeling of the
existing buildings, and the construction of the first unit of the hotel
around the old castle itself. The plans have been so drawn that
additional units can be added, and the second unit is planned for
1933.
St. Thomas Improvement Association.-This organization was
formed during the year for the purpose of promoting those activities
that would improve local conditions and further the name of St.
Thomas as a tourist resort. The officers have been active and effec-
tive, have brought together much good will among the people of St.
Thomas, and have secured an encouraging amount of cooperation.
St. Thomas Chamber of Commerce.-This organization cooperated
effectively in every activity for commercial and industrial develop-
ment.
SUGAR
The West Indian Sugar Factory, closed in 1930, remains idle. All
but 2,200 of its acres were taken over that year by the La Grange
Sugar Co., which was the only one to operate in the spring of 1931,
when it produced 14,300 bags (1,788 tons) of sugar. It did not
succeed in taking off all the standing cane.
In the spring of 1932 the Central Sugar Factory (Inc.), idle since
1928, was reopened and operated, to the great credit of its owners and
managers. These two companies, La Grange and Central, have suc-
ceeded this year in taking off all the available cane on the island and
in producing about 34,300 bags (4,288 tons) of sugar, as compared
with 1,788 tons in the preceding year, as stated above.
The $6 per ton export tax on the 1932 crop of 4,288 tons amounts
to $25,728, as against $10,728 export tax on the previous year's crop.
To this gain of $15,000 in municipal revenue should be added the in-
crease in employment, the improved security of the Government's
sugar loans, and the increased security to cane growers resulting
from the reopening of the Central Factory and the doubling of the
island's grinding facilities. On the other side of the ledger is the
probable losses incurred by the sugar companies themselves because
141067--32--3







14 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

of the very low price of sugar. These, though, will fortunately be
small.
If hoped for outside capital is not forthcoming, new planting and
cultivating this fall will need again to be financed from municipal
funds; but the prospects for next year are good, and there is the
possibility that local interests may open and operate the West In-
dian Factory, whose capacity equals that of the other two mills and
would justify the expansion of cane growing. For the coming year
the labor union has commendably accepted a share of the responsi-
bility for successful operation by indorsing a sliding wage scale
based upon the variation in sugar prices.
The $6 per ton export tax on sugar is equivalent to about $9 per
acre for the year, and makes a virtual tax of $9.80 per cane acre as
against 231/3 cents per acre for grazing land. This big differential
against labor-using land calls for study and adjustment.
CATTLE
Good rainfall and consequent excellent forage crops have been
favorable for cattle during the past year, but the industry itself
has not been particularly profitable.
The Cattlemen's Cooperative, organized in St. Croix in the spring
of 1931, functioned well throughout the year and has increased its
membership until it includes nearly all the cattlemen of the island.
During the fiscal year St. Croix exported 1,360 head to a value of
$43,855, while St. Thomas and St. John exported 501 head, valued
at $12,342. These exports went chiefly to Puerto Rico and con-
sisted of work oxen for the cane fields and beef for the butchery.
The cattle market was seriously affected by the depression in sugar,
-which restricted the demand for working bulls and which also
-tended to throw more local cattle on the Puerto Rican meat market.
A small creamery has been operating in St. Croix and another in
St. Thomas to produce butter for local consumption in place of that
which we now import from Canada, the United States, and New
Zealand. These creameries have not yet been able to establish sound
competition for imported butter, nor will they be able to do so
until they can buy their butterfats cheaper than at present and
operate, on a larger scale with assured uniformity of product.
Definite progress has been made, but much still remains to be ac-
complished. The islands' cattle interests have been working chiefly
on beef cattle. Except on a few estates, milk production has been
secondary. Per capital milk consumption is very low, and the full
possibilities of milk production with its by-products still await
realization. A cooperative creamery is planned for St. Thomas.
BAY RUM

Bay rum is the chief export of St. Thomas. For 20 years bay rum
exports have steadily increased, until the fiscal year 1930-31 showed
an output of 138,065 gallons. The fiscal year 1931-32 showed a drop
in exports to 69,142 gallons, valued at $39,802, the lowest, with one
exception, since 1918-19.
Four factors account for this decline. The drop in pound sterling
cut off the business with Great Britain and her islands. Tariff







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


reprisals on the part of various nations practically canceled our
other business with European nations and their West Indian pos-
sessions. For three months of the year operations here were practi-
cally suspended pending changes in formulae as required by the
Bureau of Industrial Alcohol. There was an increased activity in
the summer and fall of 1931 on the part of producers in the United
States who were marketing "St. Thomas" bay rum and "Virgin
Islands" bay rum manufactured from oils and alcohol that had
never seen the Virgin Islands.
In November, 1931, this latter situation was brought to the at-
tention of the Federal Trade Commission in order to save the busi-
ness and the reputation of this product known throughout the world
for its superior quality. Following its investigations, that body
has now enjoined a number of different northern producers from
continuing their unfair practices; and one large northern producer
has moved his mixing plant to St. Thomas in order that he might
continue the use of labels and brands previously established. At
the close of this fiscal year the monthly exports again showed an
increase.
An industrial-alcohol plant on the island of St. Croix, which
supplies bay-rum manufacturers with much of their alcohol, has
added bay rum to the other by-products, sprays, extracts, etc.,
manufactured during the year.

CHARCOAL
The St. John Charcoal Cooperative, organized a year ago to
insure producers of a steady market and consumers of a steady
supply at a fixed price, has continued to function satisfactorily and
has extended its market to the island of St. Croix. The fact that
these two islands imported $5,200 worth of charcoal from Tortola
in the fiscal year, as against $7,300 worth imported into St. Thomas
and St. Croix from Tortola during the previous fiscal year, evidences
St. John's progress with this product, inasmuch as the average
price and consumption remain pretty much the same.

FISHING
Following a thorough study of our fishing possibilities made by
Messrs. R. H. Fiedler and N. D. Jarvis, of the Bureau of Fisheries,
Department of Commerce, in the spring and summer of 1931, there
was continuous local discussion of their findings. Their conclusions
were that extensive commercial fishing was not a practical project,
but that our catch could be increased and some of it salted to replace
our importations of salt fish, and that we might find and supply
a considerable market for local fish in Puerto Rico, which uses much
more and catches less than we do.
It was not until June, 1932, that private enterprise was ready to
try out this possibility. It was found almost immediately to justify
the prognosis of the investigators. Six weekly shipments of fresh
fish have been made to Puerto Rico, the first of 300 pounds, increas-
ing steadily to 2,000 pounds the sixth week. These fish, contrary
to previous practice, are gutted and gilled when caught, held in cold
storage, and shipped (an overnight trip) in ice. They arrive in








16 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

excellent condition and have found ready sale. They consist of
kingfish, groupers, hogfish, and carang.
Our small market for turtles and lobsters has fallen off consider-
ably under economic pressure. Shark fishing has been tried on a
small experimental scale. This can probably be developed far better
in conjunction with other fishing than as a separate business. A
small quantity of turtle shell has been shipped, as has been the case
regularly for many years past.
SHIPPING AND BUNKERING
In St. Thomas the chief reliance for employment, directly or in-
directly, has always rested upon its harbor. This is still the case.
Local prosperity varies directly with the number of merchant ships
which enter to transship cargo or come for coal or oil bunkers. The
port activities center almost entirely around the West Indian Co.
(Ltd.), which operates the docks, warehouses, and the bunkering
business.
The West Indian Co. (Ltd.) suffered serious losses when the
English pound sterling went off the gold standard. Coal contracts
had been placed with American producers on the dollar basis,
whereas bunkering contracts, being almost entirely with European
shipping lines, had been made on the basis of the pound sterling.
The results are obvious. It is to be noted and recorded, however,
that the bunkering and transshipping facilities remain intact. The
port of St. Thomas is in a position to service ships better than at any
time in its history, except that the dry dock, which sunk in 1924, has
never been replaced.
The means for reestablishing a dry dock in St. Thomas are now
available, and study is being made to determine the amount and
character of the patronage that would be available for such a dock,
the character of the dock that would be required, and the probability
of its profitable operation. There is a demand for such service, and
such a dock would mean additional employment and additional ex-
penditures in the port of St. Thomas.
HOOKED RUGS

In the fall of 1931 experiments were carried on in St. Thomas in
the making of hooked rugs. This product is imported very exten-
sively into the United States from Canada, Nova Scotia, Newfound-
land, and the Philippines, and is meeting the increased demand for
simplification in home furnishings, particularly of the colonial type.
While our initial production was slow and costly, the character of
the work showed such a marked promise that in June, 1932, a New
York manufacturer and importer was induced to come to St. Thomas
to set up an experimental plant. More than 150 girls have under-
taken this work, and most of them are already on an earning basis,
which, though small, promises much for the future. This manu-
facturer expects to add other items to his line of production, and
there is prospect of his employing many more workers in each of our
islands.


I






REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


POTTERY

In the spring of 1932, under the manual training department of the
high school, a course was started in pottery. From this has grown
the prospect of another industry, and a very attractive line of vases,
bowls, jardinieres, water bottles, etc., is now being produced. These
are available in an almost unlimited range of colors and in many
different textures. They are waterproof and almost unbreakable.
The distinctive individuality of this ware, together with reasonable
production costs, hold prospect of sale in northern markets and of
a craft development that should furnish increasing employment.
HANDICRAFT

The development of native handicraft, embroideries, basketry,
beadwork, woodwork, etc., has been carried on by the Virgin Islands
Cooperative, organized a little over a year ago. Sales to tourists
during the winter season constitute a big share of the business done
by the cooperative during the year, but the mail-order business is also
conducted and outlets are sought among retail distributors in the
States.
HOMESTEADING

The budget for 1931-32 carried an appropriation of $106,000 for
homesteading. The homesteading plan developed by the Bureau of
Efficiency in the spring of 1931, and approved by the Secretary of
the Interior and the Governor of the Virgin Islands, provided for the
purchase, in St. Croix, of the Bethlehem estates of 2,211 acres and
the West Indian Sugar Factory located thereon. In March, 1932,
this specific project was abandoned because titles were not satis-
factory to the Attorney General of the United States.
Options were then obtained upon estate Whim, on the south-
western portion of St. Croix, comprising 1,414 acres; estate La
Grande Princesse, near Christiansted, comprising 711 acres; and
upon estate Lindbergh Bay in St. Thomas, comprising 508 acres.
The Attorney General of the United States has approved the title
to the Lindbergh Bay property, subject only to the payment of the
purchase money. Payment is expected to be made in the near future.
subject to the payment of certain taxes, cancellation of certain
mortgage bonds, and the recordation of the deed, the Attorney Gen-
eral has found a good title vested in the owner of La Grande Prin-
cesse. It is understood that the Attorney General will approve the
title, and thus make possible the purchase of this estate as soon as
certain required documents are filed. These documents have been
obtained.
The need for small farm ownership in the Virgin Islands is readily
evidenced by the fact that 90 per cent of the cultivatable land is
owned by 1 per cent of the families, and that out of 5,871 people
engaged in agricultural pursuits, only 273 are actually farm owners,
according to the 1930 census.
The inclusion of St. Thomas in the homesteading program is im-
portant. The decline of harbor activities, on which St. Thomas has







18 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

been almost entirely dependent, makes it imperative to greatly in-
crease the small number of people now living on the land. The
amount of land available for horticulture is small and closely held.
The acreage to be purchased on St. Thomas not only provides several
hundred acres of land well suited for agriculture, but, fortunately,
includes also the golf course, an excellent hotel site, and the best
bathing beach in the island, thus reserving these for subsequent
development.
The homesteading plan calls for subdivisions small enough to be
worked by a single family and for their development under the direct
supervision of trained agriculturists. Plots will be laid out and de-
veloped to provide garden produce and fruits for personal consump-
tion and local sale, pasturage for cows or milk goats, and certain
areas for pay crops, such as cane, cotton, or other marketable produc-
tion. The success of the plan, therefore, necessitates the maximum
paternalism and close direction and supervision.

FOOD GARDENS
During the year the food-garden idea was inaugurated in St.
Thomas and two parcels of land were secured at the eastern and
western ends of the town of St. Thomas. Nearly 100 unemployed
men took over small plots ranging from a quarter of an acre to half
an acre each, and 90 of these have continued in cultivation with very
satisfactory results. This project, for which there is an increasing
need, will be carried forward during the coming year as a supplement
to the homestead work that will be started this fall. This, with the
continued success of food gardens started earlier in St. Croix, helps
the unemployment situation.

FRUIT CANNING
The canning of fruits and vegetables has been carried on in a small
experimental way both in St. Croix and in St. Thomas. The agri-
cultural station in St. Croix has been canning vegetables which have
been used almost exclusively for the school lunch project instituted
this past year. This experiment provides the nucleus for cooperative
development that will in all likelihood result from the extensive
growth of tomatoes, peppers, etc., for the northern winter market that
is being started-in St. Croix with the cooperation and direction of a
northern specialist in those products. St. Thomas is marketing in
the United States about 2,000 cans of guanavana and mangoes each
month.
MARKET PRODUCE
The tariff on imports of tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, and other
green vegetables into the United States from -foreign ports has
created a very favorable differential for the growing of those prod-
ucts in the Virgin Islands. It has resulted in the coming of an im-
portant grower and importer, who has leased land in St. Croix and
has undertaken to assist the growers' association that has there been
organized both in the growing of their produce and in its marketing.
This project holds great future promise.


I







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


FORESTRY

About 70,000 seedlings, grown in the plant shed erected in St.
Thomas, were distributed during this past year throughout St.
Thomas and St. Croix. It was concluded, however, that the general
reforestation of the Virgin Islands is not a practical project, but
that it should be continued in an incidental way. The cleared land
of the island is owned largely by cane growers or cattle ranchers,
who naturally have no interest in reforestation. To reforest the un-
cleared land, most of which is of steep slope and heavily bushed,
represents too great and expensive an undertaking for its owners who
are unable to invest the necessary money and to wait the many years
for their returns. Consequently the only acreage planted (chiefly
in mahogany) is about 30 acres of hillside land owned by the munici-
pality of St. Thomas.
Many thousands of mahogany seedlings were set out by estate
owners along their roads and boundary lines, and an extensive plant-
ing was made in St. Croix of Australian pines and other varieties
for windbreaks that will serve to aid agriculture by decreasing
evaporation.
COTTON
There was inaugurated on the island of St. Croix a program for
searching out and destroying of wild cotton and any other host plants
that remain to harbor the pink bollworm," the pest that destroyed
our profitable cotton industry 10 years ago. Again this spring of
1932 the island was literally combed for recurrence of these plants,
and the same process will be carried on once or twice more between
now and the planting season in the fall of 1933. Meanwhile, experi-
mental areas of cotton are being grown at the agricultural station at
St. Croix for the study of the most suitable types and of pest control.
If and when the results of experimentation and the campaign of
eradication justify, the cultivation of cotton will be undertaken again
on the island of St. Croix. The soil and the climate are particularly
suited for the growth of the more valuable grades of that great staple.
It is believed now that by applying here the preventive and control
methods found successful elsewhere, cotton culture can again greatly
benefit the island through its profit to landowners and the extensive
employment of labor which it requires.

SUMMARY OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

Fiscal year Fiscal year
1931-32 1930-31

Total imports (foreign and domestic)-------. ---------------------.------. $1,415,915 $1, 796,420
Including-
-Coal and oil -- --.. ---------------...-------- 388, 511 436, 690
Cigarettes, cigars, and tobacco ... -- -------------------- 31,895 41, 214
Foreign foodstuffs.-----.... ------------ 86, 831 114, 051
Cattle (included in foodstuffs) -...--. ----------. 11,418 7, 575
Charcoal-.----. -- .--------------.- 5, 174 7,289
Total exports (foreign and domestic)----....-------------------------------- 458, 694 656,532
Including-
Cattle ... ...... ........... ........... ......... .....-------- 56, 197 85, 309
Sugar .-----.......... ---........ --------....--.----- 171,123 300,339
Bay rum and bay oil _.........----...........--.-----.. ..---------- 3 39,341 5, 624
Other native products ...------------.....-------..........------- 27,760 71,240







20 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

IMPORTS
Coal and oil represent fuel imported from the United States or
foreign ports by the West Indian Co. (Ltd.), for the bunkering of
ships. Although it is not used here, it is sold here and does not,
therefore, appear among exports. For a true picture of the balance
of trade, this item should be deducted from the excess of imports
over exports.
Foreign foodstuffs do not include foodstuffs received here from the
United States, which are, of course, in excess of those here shown.
Domestic imports of foodstuffs are not separately recorded at this
port, but are available from the Department of Commerce and will
appear in our subsequent reports. It is of interest to note that from
foreign ports alone the Virgin Islands import canned milk to the
value of $600 a month and butter to the value of $700 a month.
Charcoal comes chiefly from the island of Tortola. Cattle imports
come almost entirely from the British West Indies, and average about
$13 a head, in contrast with $30 a head, the average value of cattle
exported. This difference is due not so much to the difference in
price as to the fact that the imports consist chiefly of calves and
young lightweight cattle, which are used for local butchering
purposes.
EXPORTS
The exports of cattle consist chiefly of beef cattle going to Puerto
Rico, but include also heavy work oxen, which bring up the average
price. Sugar exports do not coincide with sugar produced during
the same fiscal year, as the sugar-grinding season ends about July 1.
Exports consequently show part of present and part of previous
crops. Other native products include some horses, mules, and smaller
livestock, turtles and turtle shell, jellies, baskets, embroideries,
mahogany articles, etc.
Warehouse entries and withdrawals are, respectively, included in
import and export totals. They represent our transshipping busi-
ness, for which St. Thomas is virtually a free port.
The large decrease in exportation of other native products is ac-
counted for by heavy exportations during the previous fiscal year of
pure alcohol and alcohol by-products. These exports were stopped
by order of the Bureau of Industrial Alcohol canceling certain for-
mulae. Heavy exportation of furniture during the fiscal year 1931,
presumably due to the withdrawal of the naval activities, is another
factor accounting for the large total of exports of other native prod-
ucts in the fiscal year 1931 as compared with the exports for the fiscal
year 1932.
ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITIES
GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT T
The government secretary, Boyd J. Brown, was Acting Governor
of the Virgin Islands during the months the governor was absent
in Washington securing needed legislation for the Virgin Islands.
Because of the close relation between the government secretariat and
all departments and activities of the government and with the colon-
ial councils and their committees, practically all items of this report
represent some work on the part of this department.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


THE GOVERNMENT IN ST. CROIX
Though only 40 miles from the island of St. Thomas, the capital
of the Virgin Islands, transportation to St. Croix is infrequent and
expensive. There is little intercourse between the two islands, and
the two municipalities," each with its colonial council, make com-
mon interest of few, if any, problems of enterprises.
The government of St. Croix is under the direction of Lieutenant
Governor L. W. Cramer, who is supported by a staff in charge of
public health, public works, finance, etc. The work of the St. Croix
unit of government is included in the general report by departments,
as well as of various projects, in all of which the lieutenant governor
and his staff have effectively participated.
DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRY
The report of this department is included in the section of this
report dealing with the economic activities in the islands.
COMMISSIONS IN ST. THOMAS
A source of repeated misunderstanding between the government
and the Colonial Council of St. Thomas and St. John since 1918 has
been the commissions. During the Danish administration there was
an executive commission for each activity of government. When the
United States became responsible for government in the islands, the
commission form was changed to the bureau form, with an appointed
officer in charge of each activity-the commissioner of public works,
the commissioner of public health, the commissioner of public welfare,
and so through the list. Accordingly, an ordinance was passed by
the colonial council in 1918, at the request of the governor, suspend-
ing the commissions for a period of five years. At the end of that
time the suspension was made permanent by another ordinance duly
passed by the council.
There has been much criticism of this action from some quarters,
and several attempts have been made by members of the council to
have the ordinance annulled and the commissions restored. An ordi-
nance to accomplish this was recently passed by the colonial council,
but was disapproved by the governor, who pointed out that executive
commissions would be ineffective and would lead to confusion of the
administrative and legislative functions of government. Soon after
a compromise was reached whereby the commissions were restored
through an ordinance which designates them as advisory commissions.
The following advisory commissions have now been set up. In
each case the chairman of the commission is the government official
in charge of the department, one member being appointed by the
colonial council and a third by the governor.
The health commission.
The hospital commission.
The road commission, St. Thomas.
The road commission, St. John.
The fire commission.
The building and street commission.
The cemeteries commission.







22 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS
The highways in both municipalities suffered severely during the
year because of unusually heavy rains. The net result, however,
even on the small amount of money made available, has been gratify-
ing, because the work has been done mostly on gutters and culverts
and on the crowning of roads so as to prevent washing as much as
possible. On a 5-year road program now entered upon, it should ba
possible to make very definite improvements in permanent road
building.
In St. Croix the colonial council has asked the public works de-
partment to take over the repair of roads for the entire island. With
the machinery which the department has now purchased, it should
be enabled to gradually improve both the first and second class roads.
The well-drilling outfit for St. Croix has continued to justify itself,
as water has been found in nearly every place where drilling has
been done.
Transmitting and receiving radio telephone sets have been se-
cured from the Coast Guard through the Chief Coordinator and
have been installed in St. Thomas and St. Croix. These will be not
only a great convenience but a great asset during the hurricane
season.
The most notable special project under the department has been
the completion of the Christiansted Reservoir during the year. This
reservoir was first built in 1924. It was partly destroyed in the hur-
ricane of 1928. It has now been entirely rebuilt, enlarged, and
improved by an appropriation of $15,000 made available by Congress.
La Vallee School, on the Northside Estates, also partly destroyed
in the 1928 hurricane, was rebuilt during the year, as a result of
which several small farmers moved to that section of the island.
In the St. Thomas Municipal Hospital the women's surgical ward
building was given a new roof, as the old one was in imminent
danger of collapse. During the year there was installed the X-ray
machine purchased from the Navy Department when the naval
hospital in St. Thomas was closed. The commissioner of public
works reports:
These two buildings can be considered the only safe buildings in the hospital.
On all other buildings the roofs are badly decayed, the plates in many in-
stances being loose on the side walls. The roofs are low and are not ce:led,
with the result that the interiors are hot and uncomfortable. The roofs on
all the wall buildings should be removed, the side walls raised, and new roofs
constructed.
Considerable attention was given to the small parks. One border-
ing the harbor in Frederiksted, one bordering the harbor in Chris-
tiansted, and the two parks in St. Thomas, were improved.
Anxiety is felt for the condition of many public buildings for
which there have been insufficient funds for maintenance and repairs.
With the adoption of a 5-year program, it is hoped that more funds
will be available.
JUDICIARY DEPARTMENT

This consists of the district court, which sits in both municipalities,
and three police courts.
In probate matters the district court is lagging somewhat because
of the fact that in many cases inheritance taxes can only be paid







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


through sale of the property, which, due to the low prices and the
lack of purchasers, is not advantageous at the present time.
The Third Circuit Court of Philadelphia recently decided a case
involving the naturalization laws as affecting the Virgin Islands by
holding that these laws were extended to the Virgin Islands, thus
reversing a judgment of the district court of some years ago. Since
that opinion was rendered a number of persons have been
naturalized.
Forty-three criminal cases were filed in the three subjudicial
districts and 43 civil cases. There were filed also 176 probate cases,
36 guardianship cases, and 18 naturalization cases. Of the 43
criminal cases, 1 was for manslaughter and 7 for aggravated assault
and battery. The other cases were for selling lottery tickets, bur-
glary, violation of the prohibition law, etc.
The people are peaceable, sober, and for the most part law-abiding.
Seldom is an intoxicated man seen, and no case of drunkenness ap-
pears in the court records for the year. A considerable number of
the cases in the police court are for support of children or for sup-
port of mothers. Of the total number of children born in the islands
during the year, 40 per cent are legitimate and 60 per cent illegiti-
mate. This results in a considerable economic problem and throws
a good many cases into the courts for support. The situation seems
to be improving, however, as the police judge of St. Thomas reports:
There were 22 bastardy proceedings during the year, compared with 32 the
previous year. It is my impression that mothers of illegitimate children are
coming to a realization, slowly but surely, of the degradation of motherhood
by the propagation of illegitimate offspring. I feel that the police court's
counsel to, and attitude toward, such mothers, seeking to enforce the full
rigor of the law against putative fathers, has contributed more toward this
realization than any other agency or influence.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE
The head of this department made 1,020 visits and conducted
1,192 interviews and investigations. The department administered
budgeted relief funds, pensions, and legacies, found homes for
orphans, and helped to find parents in the States for deserted chil-
dren in the islands.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
No infectious diseases have occurred in epidemic form. In St.
Croix malaria imported from an island outside the Virgin group
gained a foothold during the year and spread throughout the island.
To date there have been some 700 cases. At the present time, how-
ever, the spread of this disease has been checked and is well under
control. A thorough cleaning of all properties and yards, with
special attention to all sources of water, was undertaken, and much
good was thereby accomplished in checking the spread of the dis-
ease. The "Gallows Bay section at the east end of Christiansted
was thoroughly drained and the watercourse partly paved. The
daily house-to-house sanitary inspection has been continued.
There has been a considerable amount of follow-up work in connec-
tion with the treatment of venereal patients and contacts. In the
St. Thomas Municipal Hospital the X-ray laboratory has been active.
An engineer of the public works department operated the X-ray







24 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

machine, while the superintendent of the municipal hospital com-
pleted his studies as X-ray technician in Rochester and New York
City. This superintendent now operates the X-ray machine in addi-
tion to his other duties. The senior municipal physician has been
granted a fellowship by the Rockefeller Foundation in X-ray reading
and X-ray treatment. The visiting nursing service has been con-
tinued successfully.
Though the death rate has been measurably decreased through im-
proved sanitation and hospitalization, further improvement can best
be made only through an educational program extending to the home.
The following is a comparative table of mortality in continental
United States and in the Virgin Islands:
Infant mortality in 1,000 children born:
United States----------------------_-- ------69
Virgin Islands--------------------- ------------------- 145
Death rate per 1,000 population:
United States------------------------- 12
Virgin Islands ---------- -- -------------------- 21
THE LEPER COLONY

The leper colony in St. Croix was the gift of the Odd Fellows of
Denmark, who bought the ground and erected the 15 small buildings
in which the colony is housed. There is no longer any money avail-
able from that source, and the money available for the support of
the colony is wholly inadequate to permit of repairs to buildings and
other maintenance charges. The buildings are in a sad state of
repair. The walls are cracked, all roofs leak, the screens are rusted
out, the fences are broken, and the sewer line was almost destroyed
in the last heavy rain. The members of the colony have no place
for recreation.
An appeal has been made to the Leonard Wood Memorial for
the Eradication of Leprosy, and it has responded with medical
help, having sent one of the foremost skin specialists to make a
case study and to hold clinics with doctors and nurses in the island.
Upon the recommendation of this specialist, members of the colony
are encouraged in sea bathing. An appeal to a few friends was
made for outmoded and outgrown bathing suits, which resulted
in sufficient to supply the colony. No funds were available for the
purpose.
There is urgently needed the sum of $10,000 to erect a recreation
building which can be used for church services and other gather-
ings, and for a recreation leader who will direct the members of
the colony in garden work, singing, and games. Three cents a week
is made available for members of the colony with which they buy
such luxuries as can be secured for that money.
HEALTH STUDY IN ST. JOHN

The island of St. John, with a population of 735, is purely rural,
furnishing an excellent location for study of a health problem. There
is no village, and the people depend upon St. Thomas, 2 miles
to the west, for such articles as they must buy or sell. No serious
lawbreaking has been reported on the island. Eleven children were
born during the calendar year 1931, and eight people died. There







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


were 12 cases brought before the police court, 1 for petty larceny,
4 for slander, and the others distributed through five classes of
charges.
THE ROCKEFELLER STUDY OF COMMON COLDS
The Rockefeller Foundation included St. John in its 4-year study
of the common cold, when a party of expert observers spent some
nine months in residence on that island. The findings of those
years of study have recently become available to the public, and a
brief summary of what pertains to the Virgin Islands is here given.
Within the last few years Doctor Dochez and his coworkers in
New York and the workers of the Abel Research Fund at Johns
Hopkins in Baltimore have shown, and without doubt, that the
primary cause of the common cold is a filterable virus. This virus
undoubtedly initiates the early stages of the common cold. It does
not, however, produce the long-drawn-out nuisance illness that every-
one recognizes as a common cold and which lasts for two or three
weeks.
It is now rather commonly believed that the long-drawn-out course
of a cold is produced by the secondary invasion and action of the
ordinary microorganisms found in the nose and throat. No one of
these has been singled out as the special cause, but it is probable
that the pneumococcus, the streptococcus, and the so-called "influ-
enza bacillus are more likely to play a part in the secondary infec-
tion than any of the other organisms commonly found in the
nasopharynx.
It is also probably true that extreme changes in atmospheric tem-
perature and in body temperature play some part in the beginning
and in the continuation of the common cold.
Considering these three factors to be of importance in common
colds, it requires an interplay of all three for the production of a
common cold. Whether the filterable virus is to be found in the
Tropics, and in particular in the Virgin Islands, can not be stated
with certainty, because no one has determined its presence or absence.
When one studies the secondary group of bacteria in the Virgin
Islands, it is found that not only are these present in lesser numbers
in the individual nasopharynx, but they are less widely distributed
in the general population, and the pneumococcus and streptococcus
are of extremely low virulence for experimental animals. It is also
true that the Tropics, and the Virgin Islands in particular, have a
remarkably constant temperature throughout the year. Therefore,
since two of the three factors that we consider to be of importance
in the production of colds are missing in the Virgin Islands, the
incidence of really serious colds is very low.
As is commonly known, bronchitis, bronchial pneumonia, and
sinus troubles follow in the trail of the common cold. Probably
because of the absence of severe colds, these infections are likewise
few in number in the Virgin Islands.
Recent investigations have shown that the streptococcus plays some
part in, if it is not entirely responsible for, scarlet fever and ery-
sipelas. Streptococci are seldom found as normal inhabitants of the
nasopharynx in the Tropics, and such ones as are found are of ex-
tremely low virulence. Th. above.diseases are seldom found in the
Virgin Islands. :.*. ::. **.
.-' ': .' .-
.. ..-*.. ..







26 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
POLICE DEPARTMENT

St. Thomas and St. John.--The little company of 17 policemen
have made 437 arrests, as compared with 503 arrests the year pre-
ceding. The decrease in number would seem to indicate the suc-
cess of the police in keeping crimes well in hand, and to be also an
indication of the orderliness of the people.
In addition to the 437 arrests, the police issued 1,164 summonses
and citations served by the courts, 87 notices to vacate property, and
collected and turned in to the colonial treasury various taxes. The
general depression is indicated in the number of automobile licenses,
which in 1931 was 267, while in 1932 it was only 218. The police also
took the school census.
St. Croix.-In the municipality of St. Croix, where there are 25
policemen, there were 240 arrests made, and the police collected vari-
ous taxes, took the school enumeration, and kept the immigration
statistics. It was found that 586 more persons moved into St. Croix
than left the island. Most of these were from Puerto Rico and
St. Thomas.
FEDERAL PROHIBITION DEPARTMENT
Of the 21 arrests made through the activities of this department in
the two municipalities, there were 19 convictions, resulting in 755
days in sentences and $728 in fines.
The chief duty of the prohibition officer is as custodian of the
bonded warehouses, where is stored the alcohol used in the manufac-
ture of bay rum.
FIRE DEPARTMENT
The fire departments in St. Thomas and in St. Croix are badly
in need of modern fire-fighting equipment, for which funds have not
been available. Of eight fire alarms in St. Thomas during the year,
four were of minor importance. Three resulted in damage to the
interior of buildings, while one resulted in the total destruction of the
top story of a building which had escheated to the municipality and
the complete destruction of the adjoining privately owned building.
There was one fire in the town of Christiansted which destroyed a
dry-goods store and damaged its entire contents. In Frederiksted
there were two fires in the town and eight fires in the country district,
causing damage ranging from $200 to $5,000.
DEPARTMENT OF HANDICRAFT
Though this department was organized primarily to increase the
number of persons employed in the island of St. Thomas, it has been
made to pay operating expenses. During the year there have been
made new designs for the entire output. In linen work the designs
include tropical fish and tropical foliage. In basketry there have
been changes in color, size, and character. The sales contacts in the
States have been appreciably increased, the quality of the work has
been improved, and the output has been enlarged satisfactorily.
There is considerable interest in the handicraft work.
There has been added during the year a new line consisting of
pottery designed and molded in the island. As both the prices and
.. ". *:- ". -. ..
*"**..:'.... ... .. ..


.*. ":7 :". i ". < .'







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


designs are attractive, it is expected that this line will meet with con-
siderable success. Samples are now in the hands of buyers in the
States.
ST. THOMAS HARBOR BOARD

The following information concerning the activities of the harbor
of St. Thomas during the fiscal year 1931-32 is shown, together with
the figures for preceding years for purposes of comparison:

Fiscal Num- To
year ber Tonnage

1928-29 655 2,651,397
Ships of 100 tons or over entering the harbor of St. Thomas...-------- 192930 59 2,403'420
Shp o 199r-rl 527 2,225, 78
11931-32 460 2,002,098

The figures for 1931-32 consist of 14 government vessels totaling
20,997 tons, 443 steam and motor merchant vessels totaling 1,980,216
tons, and 3 sail vessels totaling 885 tons.

Fiscal Amount Value
year

Number of steamers bunkered at St. Thomas (including coal and 1930-31 263 --...-
oil). [1931-32 183 .----- -_----_-____--.-----
Bunker-coal imports_ -1930-31 69,082 tons -.-- $367, 478
B. .. i p1931-32 42,165 tons- .... 199, 260
Fuel and Diesel oil imports .... ....... 1930-31 6,699,888 gallons 200,268
11931-32 7,012,938 gallons_.- 189,851
Wages, discharging and delivering coal .---- -. ..... .-- .. 1930-31 ------ 44,102
1931-32 .------------------- 24,474
Wages, stevedoring .............. {19303 1 ---------- 12 143
1931-32 11,245

AGRICULTURAL STATION, ST. CROIX
At the close of the fiscal year 1932 the agricultural station, which
since the transfer in 1917 has been under the direction of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture, was transferred to the Department of the In-
terior and will be under the direction of the governor. The agri-
cultural station will continue with slightly reduced personnel.
Throughout the year on which we are now reporting the staff has
cooperated in a hearty way with the administration and has shown
itself efficient and valuable in the development of the island.
The emphasis hereafter is to be on extension work instead of on
experimental work, though some experimental work will be con-
ducted.
Twenty-eight varieties of sugarcane are now planted at the station
for comparative yield and sugar-content experiments. Breeding
and seeding work will be continued, and there will be distributed
among the planters the superior varieties that have been found dur-
ing the past year. The most promising variety, which is juicy and
which matures early, was found growing among other cane in the
island. Of this variety, 16,000 seed pieces were isolated, selected,
and planted where the cane will be available during the coming
year for distribution and planting.







28 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

Of the 94,105 plants which were distributed to landholders during
the past year, practically all were fruit, vegetable, and nut plants.
This distribution will be continued.
The department of dairy husbandry, established in the past year,
will be continued, as will the work being done with poultry, goats,
pigs, etc.
Members of the agricultural station staff participate actively in
the work of the vocational school, so that the station and the school
are integral parts of the development work of the islands.
PUBLIC LIBRARIES

Since 1929, when an appropriation from the Carnegie Corporation
gave new life to the libraries, there has been a decided increase in
the number of readers, as well as in the number of books and the
amount of interest taken in the libraries.
A library commission has been established by act of the Colonial
Council of St. Thomas and St. John, with powers to administrate
the library in St. Thomas and function in other ways as it may be
called upon. A graduate of the class of 1931 of the St. Thomas High
School has received a scholarship to attend Howard University
and there prepare for library work at Hampton Institute School of
the Library. The statistical evidence of the progress of the libraries
is interesting:
In St. Thomas in 1929 there were 17,328 borrowers; in 1932, 38,967
borrowers; an increase of 125 per cent.
In Christiansted in 1929 there were 4,563 borrowers; in 1932,
20,091 borrowers; an increase of 340 per cent.
In Frederiksted in 1929 there were 5,673 borrowers; in 1932, 14,161
borrowers; an increase of 150 per cent.
It is important to point out the changes that have taken place
among the borrowers. In 1929, 51 per cent of the books issued were
to adults, while in 1932, 63 per cent of the books issued were to
children. The libraries have worked in close cooperation with the
schools, and have contributed much to the effectiveness of teachers
and pupils, especially in the upper grades.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Among the items that are out of the ordinary in the department
of education are:
The rebuilding of the La Vallee School in St. Croix.
The remodeling of the Horace Mann School in St. John.
The use of many school buildings by adults as community centers.
The inauguration of the school lunch in St. Thomas and the con-
tinuation of the school lunch in St. Croix.
The development of school gardens in the three islands in con-
nection with all of the schools. This work was done under the
supervision of the agricultural department and under the direction
of the school principals.
In several schools the pupils added much to the value of the prop-
erty by painting, improving grounds, and other activities.
The enrollment in the public schools was the greatest in the his-
tory of the islands. It is now clear that there will be an even larger







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 29

enrollment in the coming year. The average attendance for the
year was 97.46 per cent. The average salary per teacher was $50.89
a month, and the cost per pupil was $35.
Ninety-five per cent of all pupils attending schools in the Virgin
Islands are protected against smallpox by vaccination. All children
have free dental examination and service once a year.
The summer school.-The summer school of 1931 was a pronounced
success in attendance, curriculum, and faculty. In order to save
travel expenses, the summer school of 1932 is being held in two sec-
tions, one in St. Croix and one in St. Thomas. The boat fare
between the two islands, which are only 40 miles apart, is $4, so that
an $8 round-trip boat fare for a teacher whose salary is less than
$40 a month is a very considerable item.
The vocational school.-The most important event of the year for
the department of education was the opening of the vocational
school at the agricultural station in St. Croix, where 14 boys, selected
from among many, were given a chance of attending a boarding
school, and where they had the opportunity to make their way by
working on the agricultural station grounds. The teaching staff
included members of the agricultural station staff, a director of
the school, and a teacher of English and history. The curriculum
included English, history, economic geography, science, arithmetic.
but the subjects stressed were automotive mechanics, carpentry, and
cabinetmaking, horticulture, animal husbandry, dairying, farm
crops, and blacksmithing. An unused building of the agricultural
station, which had been unroofed by the 1928 hurricane, was made
available for the school, and part of the furniture was made by the
boys, who also helped in parts of the building work. For the coming
year double the number of boys will be selected.
Scholarships.-Four of our teachers have been on scholarships at
Hampton Institute and Howard University, under agreement to
return to the Virgin Islands schools to teach. Their scholarships
will continue during the coming year.
Hot lunches.-The Golden Rule Foundation of New York gener-
ously contributed money for school lunches, which consisted of a
1-dish meal supplemented with bread. The lunches were under the
direction of the home economics supervisor and under the immediate
attention of the school principals. The older girls prepared and
served the lunches for each room.
More than 50 per cent of the school children in all schools show
more or less variation from established standards, and malnutrition
is apparent in this 50 per cent. The cause of malnutrition is found
not only in the amount of food available in the home but also in
the kind of food the children eat.

A PLAN FOR COORDINATING ALL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES
The future prosperity of the Virgin Islands depends upon educa-
tion; not simply on schooling, but upon education of the entire popu-
lation in agriculture, business methods, health, and the whole round
of industrial and welfare activities that go to make up a higher stand-
ard of living. The few are well educated and live up to the best







30 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

American and European standards, but the mass of the people have
yet far to go. The surest way to help the Virgin Islands to become
self-supporting is to provide a program of adult education which
will supplement the present activities. Such a program will so in-
crease the wants and tastes of the mass of the people as to stimulate
savings and to increase the amount of work done, so that they may
earn more money to buy what they want.
The method would be to provide an educational program for the
entire population of the Virgin Islands at one time, using all avail-
able activities, such as the schools, libraries, agricultural station, and
public health department, and adding to these and coordinating with
them-an adult-education program.
The following factors are available:
In the department of education, the supervisor of elementary edu-
cation; 1i8 teachers in public schools, 3,132 pupils in public schools,
and 1,106 pupils in private schools.
In the department of public health, the commissioner of public
health; two public health nurses; three hospitals, with a total of
three doctors; a head nurse for each hospital and the usual number of
attending nurses, midwives, and pupil nurses; and the sanitation
department, with inspectors who visit every property once in 9 or
10 days.
Patients admitted to hospital:
Christiansted ------- ____________-- 757
Frederiksted--____--- ______________ ___ __------------- 904
St. Thomas __-------_ -------------------_ 9_____
Treatments given in dispensary:
Christiansted ------------------__ --------------------- 6,807
Frederiksted -_____..----- .. ---------._____________ 7, 387
St. Thomas -- -----------------__ ------------- 21, 369
District nurse visits:
Christiansted ------- -----------_ ---___ --- 14, 010
Frederiksted-------------- --------------- 10, 436
Agricultural station.-Hereafter this activity will be under the di-
rection of the Governor of the Virgin Islands, and its funds are made
a part of the Virgin Islands appropriation. The station will stress
extension work, and the staff will include a crop expert, a home-
economics expert, a horticulturist, and a veterinarian.
Vocational school.-This is conducted in conjunction with the
agricultural station.
Libraries.-There are three part-time librarians, one in each of the
three towns, and a supervising librarian. The increase in circulation
due to recent supervision and purchase of books made possible by the
gift of the Carnegie Corporation is marked. In Christiansted the
increase over the previous year is ninefold, while in St. Thomas it is
fifteenfold.
The homesteading plan.-Through a congressional appropriation,
the sum of $106,000 is available for a homesteading plan in St.
Croix. The purchase price has been agreed upon for the land, and
the general plan of homesteading has been approved, and the land
is being purchased.
Handicraft.-There is a director of handicraft, whose services
may be made available for groups outside St. Thomas, where he
now serves. In the schools are three manual training shops.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Places for meetings.-There are some 20 schoolhouses, each of
which may be made a center of adult activity, where the teachers can
with direction keep the groups together. There are two churches
in St. John, and several each in St. Thomas and St. Croix, which
might become meeting centers, or where the ministers would prob-
ably cooperate with the adult program for certain groups.
Supplementary teaching staff.-The government staff includes a
dozen men and women well qualified to give instruction or demons-
trations, or both.
Community centers.-In St. Croix the old state villages of slavery
days are still inhabited, and serve as possible community centers
for working out home programs in cooking, house furnishing, -and
homemaking.
Education by radio.-There have just been installed in the islands
radio telephones, so that this service will be available for the entire
population for broadcasting educational programs. There is reason
to believe that radio manufacturers will donate some receiving sets
for use in the experiment. It is planned to encourage young and
older men to make crystal sets for the homes by doing the work in
the manual training shops.
Response of the people.-There is a manifest eagerness on the part
of the humbler people to work out homes for themselves and to
provide better opportunities for their children. Now that such an
opportunity is given.them through the homesteading plan, the vo-
cational school, and the extension work of the agricultural station,
it seems clear that they will at the same time undertake some educa-
tional activities for themselves.
Also there is noticeably evident among the people a desire for
discussion of important matters. Properly directed, this would re-
sult in live discussion groups and study groups. There is already
developing a sincere interest in the extension work of the agricul-
tural station, in handicraft, and in similar activities.
There are a few well-educated people in each municipality who
have traveled, who have had some experience, and who seem equal
to leadership. It is a reasonable expectation that, after a few years
of directed activities in community service, these potential leaders
will be able to take over much of the program here discussed and
carry it through, with perhaps the aid of a paid director.
Such a plan is desirable and it seems practical. As outlined,
it is approved by some of the leading educators in the States. It
is hoped that before long money may be made available to add the
adult educational work, and that all the agencies shall be coordinated
in a united effort to bring the school system, the health department,
the libraries, the agricultural station, and the vocational school to
function at their maximum for the entire population of the islands.
Friends of the Virgin Islands.-This society was organized in New
York at the suggestion of a small group of people who wish to hear
from time to time what is going on in the Virgin Islands and to hear
about the problems which are to be solved. The group met at dinner
on June 1, 1932, and organized very informally. Membership in-
cludes representatives of various educational and social organiza-
tions of national character in continental United States whose inter-
est in our activities relates to the kind of problems that are to be
solved in the Virgin Islands.







32 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
SOCIAL PLAN AND ACTIVITIES

One of the most serious social problems in the Virgin Islands is
that of the young women from 15 to 20 years of age who are pushed
out of the 1-room houses in which they were born and who have no
place to go and no way in which to make a living. The result is that
many of them go to live with men for a time. This cohabiting does
not become a common-law marriage. The result, however, is that a
large number of children are born of such arrangements, and a con-
siderable percentage of the young women and the children become
charges on the municipality. The men who are fathers of these
children generally assume no responsibility for the children.
Thus we have both a serious social and economic situation. It
is of immediate importance, because one of the vital forces necessary
to provide improved economic conditions in the islands is to have
such conditions that the fathers of children must provide for them.
Also there must be fewer-if possible, not any-girls forced into
young womanhood with dependent children and without a way to
make a living. By the standards set up in America, more than 60
per cent of the children in the Virgin Islands are illegitimate.
The tentative plan to meet this condition is as follows:
1. There is an orphans' home which was previously bought and
maintained by socially minded people in Denmark. This home was
abandoned during the American administration, and the building
has been turned over to the municipal government and has been
allowed to deteriorate. This home should be opened and used as a
temporary home for children until they can be placed. Money is
necessary to provide for this home.
2. We should have buildings and an organization to operate like
a girls' club in the States. Here young women who go from their
1-room homes would have a place to live, where they could help
with the work of the house and pay a part of their expenses, and
where they could find a home while they were learning to earn
a living.
3. There should be set up small industries, such as we may call
home industries, where these young women may learn to work and
where they may earn a living. We are definitely attempting to
secure such industries. In addition to the handicraft work already
in operation, there are three or four small industries in the States
soon to be located in the islands.
It is proposed to secure the money for this work through an
organization in the States, which will assume the responsibility of
raising the funds for the first year and maintaining the work through
the formative period, looking forward to the time when it will
become self-sustaining.
RECREATION
Playgrounds.-The three playgrounds that were added continue
to function satisfactorily. The field commission in St. Thomas has
supervised many baseball games, cricket matches, and football games
on the field. In St. Croix there has just been organized a baseball
league of four teams, playing weekly, and the cricket teams in
St. Croix have been reorganized.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR. OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


Concerts.-Various artists have come from continental United
States to present programs for the Virgin Islanders. Among those
artists who have donated their services and who have given con-
certs at St. Thomas and St. Croix are the Petrie Quintette, the Sue
Hastings Marionettes, the Hampton Quartet, Louise Stallings, Ladis-
las Helfenbein, and Elsie Baker. These professional programs were
cordially received, and have stimulated the aspirations of the young
people of the islands.
Music committee.-The St. Croix Music Committee has been or-
ganized for the purpose of presenting weekly programs at the leper
colony, Kings Hill Poor Farm, and other public institutions. The
programs are presented by church choirs and amateur groups.
Pianos.-Nine pianos were donated by friends in the States. They
are now located in the high-school auditoriums at St. Thomas and
St. Croix and the other public institutions in St. Croix, which makes
possible the programs by the music committee there. The steamship
lines brought the pianos freight free.
Community bands.-The community bands of St. Thomas, Chris-
tiansted, and Frederiksted have small municipal appropriations for
the purpose of buying music.
Alexander Hamilton Memorial Park.-A definite undertaking is
under way to secure funds with which to make a recreational park
of Protestant Cay, an island of some 4 acres, located about 400 feet
from the public landing at Christiansted and well within the reef, so
that the surrounding waters are quiet.
Mr. L. H. Weir, park expert of the National Recreation Associa-
tion, made a trip to St. Croix for the purpose of laying out a detailed
plan for making Protestant Cay a recreational park. When the
money is secured, there will be constructed bathhouses at an ideal
swimming beach, and there will be available picnic grounds, an out-
door theater, tennis, croquet, roque, and other sports.
WHY CONTINUE TO APPROPRIATE MONEY FOR THE VIRGIN
ISLANDS?
A question often asked is, "Why should the United States Gov-
ernment continue to make appropriations for the support of the
Virgin Islands?" That is a fair question, and in these days of
financial strain should be candidly answered. The annual Federal
appropriation for the Virgin Islands is about $400,000. The Virgin
Islands were bought as a defense investment, as the key to the defense
of the Panama Canal. The appropriation made for the islands
is less than 25 per cent of the interest on the money invested in a
battleship.
But there are many other sufficient reasons why the United States
Government should continue its annual appropriations. In St.
Thomas, for instance, there was an income tax which was superseded
by the United States income tax. This change made a loss of nearly
one-fifth of the municipal revenues of St. Thomas. I am not here
discussing the question of the wisdom of the newer tax; I am only
stating the effect on the municipal revenues.
Before United States sovereignty there was a 6 per cent tariff on
goods shipped from the United States, whence most goods come. The
lifting of that tariff made the local revenue much less.







34 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

The coming of the United States during the World War forced out
the Hamburg-American Line, a German company, which had great
docks and warehouses and machine shops in St. Thomas, and which
brought in many ships a month. This large business, employing
many laborers and skilled mechanics, has not been followed by any
United States shipping firm, and the docks, warehouses, and machine
shops are now idle.
Much of the business of the harbor of St. Thomas was that of
transshipment. Being on the direct line from European ports to
the Panama Canal, most ships stopped at St. Thomas to unload
such cargo as they carried for other islands of the Caribbean. As
most of such miscellaneous cargoes contained some liquor, ships are
not now permitted to land such cargo, which means that they must
go to other ports. Without doing violence to the letter or spirit of
the eighteenth amendment or the Volstead Act, it is recommended
that the Virgin Islands be given permission to allow such cargo to
be landed in bonded warehouses, under the control of the island gov-
ernment.
In this connection a popular fallacy regarding the effect of the
eighteenth amendment on the economic condition of the Virgin
Islands should be corrected. The famous Crucian rum was once a
considerable part of the exports from the islands. In the old days
it amounted to as much as a million gallons: a year, but in more
recent years it was a much less important export. In the years pre-
ceding the application of the Volstead Act, rum was only 5 per cent
of the total exports of the islands. Since rum can not be lawfully
manufactured, the manufacture of commercial alcohol has taken its
place as an export, and the manufacture of bay rum, which many
seem to confuse with rum, has greatly increased.
The economic conditions of the Virgin Islands are seriously
handicapped because of the gradual liquidation of the National
Bank of the Danish West Indies, whose charter expires in 1934.
As that.successful and well-managed- bank- is now liquidating, the
Virgin Islands are practically without banking facilities. As yet
no United States bank or financial men have taken that place. The
need is urgent and the situation is critical.
The obligation of the United States Government to continue
appropriations is not only because of the fact that the change to
United States sovereignty deprives the Virgin Islands of revenues
and financial advantages which they formerly had, but as the
United States bought the islands it thereby incurred an obligation to
help the islanders to work out an economic and political condition
and a standard of living which will be up to the best traditions of
the United States.
As yet the Virgin Islanders are not able to support themselves in
a manner to maintain the standard of living which the United
States has encouraged them to undertake. The per capital wealth
is less than $350, as compared with ten times that average in the
States.
Land is owned by a few. On St. Thomas, 60 per cent is held by
15 owners; on St. John, 80 per cent is held by 12 owners; on St.
Croix, 70 per cent is held by 14 owners.







REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 35

Taxes are paid by about 10 per cent of the population. There
is a property qualification for voters stipulating that the voters must
have $300 annual income, or a property income of $60 a year in
St. Croix and $140 a year in St. Thomas. Only approximately 1,300
men in the islands can qualify, which shows the condition of the
wealth of the people. In St. Thomas the 1931 income tax was paid
by 58 people. Real property in St. Thomas is valued at $3,731,201
for taxation purposes, and personal property is valued at
$2,207,360.08.
With the purpose of giving the Virgin Islands definite aid in
becoming self-supporting, the Congress of last year worked out a
program of rehabilitation which it is only just and fair should be
completed according to promises made.
Surely these are sufficient reasons why the United States should
continue the appropriations to the Virgin Islands, for the sake of
the islands and for the sake of the United States.
Very respectfully submitted.
PAUL M. PEARSON, Governor.
















APPENDIX



VIRGIN ISLANDS REGISTER AND DIRECTORY

EXECUTIVE
Paul M. Pearson, Governor.
Boyd J. Brown, government secretary and commissioner of finance.
Lawrence W. Cramer, lieutenant governor of St. Croix.
Morris F. de Castro, assistant government secretary and assistant commis-
sioner of finance.
W. N. Denny, head of finance of St. Croix.
A. A. Richardson, dispatching secretary of St. John.
Charlej H. Gibson, government attorney.
R. B. Stafford, M. D., commissioner of public health.
James C. Tily, commissioner of public works.
Harry E. Taylor, commissioner of industry.
George H. Ivins, director of education.
Knud Knud-Hansen, M. D., F. A. C. S., chief municipal physician, St. Thomas
and St. John.
James Knott, M. D.. chief municipal physician, St. Croix.
Lucy Gillette, commissioner of public welfare.
Michael J. Nolan, director of police, St. Thomas and St. John.
Douglas S. Armstrong, director of police, St. Croix.
John Leroy Nolte, director of prohibition.
Donald S. Boreham, assistant commissioner of public works and brandmajor.
Stanley J. Winde, assistant for public works, St. Thomas.
C. Espersen, head of fire department, Christiansted, St. Croix.
Frank Smith, head of fire department, Frederiksted, St. Croix.
Engle S. Simons, harbor master, St. Thomas.
Harold Kier, chef pilot, St. Croix.
Hamilton Cochran. director of handicraft.
Edith C. Moon, supervising librarian.
V. A. Christensen, M. D., municipal physician, St. Thomas and St. John.
Harry G. Hockett, M. D., municipal physician, St. Thomas.
D. C. Canegata, M. D., municipal physician, St. Croix.
George M. Hughes, M. D., municipal physician, St. Croix.
Glen Briggs, director agricultural experiment station.
G. A. Roberts, veterinarian.
Claud Horn. horticulturist.
Norris N. Nichols, dairyman.
Helen L. Cawley, home demonstrator.
Cyril Creque, superintendent of sanitation.
Rudolph C. Miller, tax assessor, St. Thomas and St. John.
Axel A. Hansen, superintendent municipal hospital, St. Thomas.
Herbert Grigg, superintendent municipal hospital, Christiansted, St. Croix.
Halvor Delemos, superintendent municipal hospital, Frederiksted, St. Croix.
Alice Atkinson, ch'ef nurse, St. Thomas.
Winifred Nichols, chief nurse, St. Croix.
Catherine A. Flynn, district nurse, St. Croix.
Ianthe A. Blyden, nurse, St. Thomas.
Arabella Tutein, nurse. Christiansted, St. Croix.
Evelyn Richardson, nurse, Frederiksted, St. Croix.
R. U. Lanclos, municipal dentist, St. Thomas.
Hugo C. Hark, municipal dentist, St. Croix.
Jacob A. Robles, chief c'erk and confidential secretary to the governor.
Guilderoy W. Bornn, secretary to the governor.








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS 37

JUDICIAL

Prentice E. Edrington, judge of the district court.
George A. Mena, judge of the police court of St. Thomas.
D. Hamilton Jackson, judge of the police court of St. Croix.
A. A. Richardson, judge of the police court of St. John.
Wilhelm Jensen, clerk of the district court of St. Thomas and St. John.
J. F. Henry, clerk of the district court, St. Croix.
Leon A. Mawson, stenographer of the district court.

LEGISLATIVE

Colonial Council of St. Thomas and St. John:
J. E. Kuntz, chairman. Lionel Roberts.
John Leroy Nolte, vice chairman. Albert Maduro.
Joseph Reynolds. Knud Knud-Hansen, M. D., F. A. C. S.
Valdemar A. Miller. Christian Petersen.
George A. Moorehead. L. J. T. Boschulte.
Benito Smith. Carl E. Francis.
Svend A. Mylner. Abram E. Smith.
Conrad Corneiro. Orville S. Kean, assistant.

Colonial Council of St. Croix:
D. C. Canegata, chairman. D. S. Armstrong.
Arnold M. Golden, vice chairman. Alfred Francis.
A. Moorehead. Jos. Alexander.
F. Coulter. Miles Merwin.
C. Pentheny. C. R. T. Brow.
Robert W. Skeoch. William Clarke.
A. V. Nelthrop. Malcolm M. Skeoch.
Ralph de Chabert. Carl Lawaetz.
Anselmo Fabio. R. A. Frederick, assistant.
Manuel A. Roman.

MUNICIPAL COMMITTEE, ST. THOMAS

Lionel Roberts, chairman; Joseph Reynolds, Conrad Corneiro, Benito Smith,
Abram E. Smith.
MUNICIPAL COMMITTEFM ST. CROIX

Joseph Alexander, chairman; Robert W. Skeoch, D. C. Canegata, C. R. T.
Brow, Arnold M. Golden.
ST. THOMAS HARBOR BOARD

Gov. Paul M. Pearson, chairman; Government Secretary Boyd J. Brown,
acting chairman; Emile A. Berne, Conrad Corneiro, Joseph Reynolds, Herbert
E. Lockhart.
BOARD OF EDUCATION OF ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

Government Attorney Charles H. Gibson, chairman; Government Secretary
Boyd J. Brown, Chairman of the Colonial Council J. E. Kuntz, Lionel Roberts,
Joseph Reynolds; Director of Education George H. Ivins, secretary.

EDUCATIONAL BOARD OF REVIEW, ST. CROIX

Government Attorney Charles H. Gibson, chairman; Lieutenant Governor
Lawrence W. Cramer, vice chairman; Chairman of the Colonial Council D. 0.
Canegata, Ralph de Chabert, T. J. Ash; Director of Education George H. Ivins,
secretary.
IMPROVEMENT COMMITTEE, ST. THOMAS

Assistant Commissioner of Public Works Donald S. Boreham, chairman;
Arthur S. Fairchild, Mrs. Knud Knud-Hansen, Maurice Petit, Abram E. Smith,
Herbert Taylor.


1









38 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

LIBRARY COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Director of Education George H. Ivins, chairman; Joseph Reynolds, D. Victor
Bornn, Antonio Jarvis; Supervising Librarian Edith C. Moon, secretary.

LIBRARY COMMISSION, ST. CROIX

Claude O. Markoe, chairman; D. C. Canegata, Robert W. Skeoch.

UPPER GUARDIANS, ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

Alfredo H. Duurloo, Orville S. Kean.
HEALTH COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Commissioner of Public Health R. B. Stafford, M. D., chairman; S. A. Myl-
ner, Carl A. Anduze.
HOSPITAL COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Chief Municipal Physician Knud Knud-Hansen, M. D., F. A. C. S., chairman;
J. E. Kuntz, H. E. Lockhart.

ROAD COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Assistant Commissioner of Public Works Donald S. Boreham, chairman;
G. A. Moorehead, Cyril E. Daniel.
ROAD COMMISSION, ST. JOHN

Assistant Commissioner of Public Works Donald S. Boreham, chairman;
A. A. Richardson, vice chairman; Carl E. Francis, Harry Samuels.

FIRE COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Brandmajor Donald S. Boreham, chairman; Christian Petersen, Lawrence
Ffrench.
BUILDING AND STBETR COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Assistant Commissioner of Public Works Donald S. Boreham, chairman;
Albert Maduro, Herman O. Creque.

CEMETERIES COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Assistant Commissioner of Public Works Donald S. Boreham, chairman;
J. E. Kuntz, Isidro de Lugo.

BOARD OF CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS, ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

Judge George A. Mena, chairman; Commissioner of Public Welfare Lucy
Gillette, Mrs. D. E. Lucien Lorand.

BOARD OF CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS, ST. CROIX

Government Attorney Charles H. Gibson, chairman; Director of Police
Douglas S. Armstrong, Sister Maren Knudsen, Miss Lou van Brackle.

BOARD OF REVIEW AND EQUALIZATION OF TAXES, ST. THOMAS

Government Secretary Boyd J. Brown, chairman; Abram E. Smith, Cyril E.
Daniel.
TAX COMMISSIONS, ST. CROIX

Christiansted: Head of Finance W. N. Denny, Chief Bookkeeper R. Petersen,
John Alexander, D. S. Armstrong.
SFrederiksted: Head of Finance W. N. Denny, Chief Bookkeeper R. Petersen,
Miles Merwin, Arnold M. Golden.








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


MUNICIPAL POLICE COMMISSION, BT. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

Government Secretary Boyd J. Brown, Director of Police Michael J. Nolan,
,George A. Moorehead, Lionel Roberts, D. Victor Bornn.

TRADE AND LAMP TAX COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

G. A. Moorehead, chairman; Christian Petersen, Albert Maduro, S. A. Mylner,
L. J. T. Boschulte.

COMMITTEE ON ACCOUNTS, ST. THOMAS

Conrad Corneiro, Lionel Roberts, Oscar Harthmann, auditor.

ELECTORAL BOARDS, ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

Judge George A. Mena, chairman, St. Thomas; A. A. Richardson, chairman,
St. John; Albert Maduro and Isidro de Lugo, town of St. Thomas; L. J. T.
Boschulte and Jens Tangaard, country district of St. Thomas; Carl E. Francis
and H E. Lockhart, St. John.

ELECTORAL BOARD, ST. CROIX

Judge D.,'Hamilton Jackson, chairman; Joseph Alexander and A. Teytaud,
Christiansted town; Alfred Francis and A. V. Nelthropp, Christiansted country
district; C. R. T. Brow and E. E. Schroder, Frederiksted town; William Clarke
and M. M. Skeoch, Frederiksted country district.

POOR ADVISORY COMMITTEE, ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

Abram E. Smith, J. E. Kuntz, Carl E. Francis, L. J. T. Boschulte, Christian
Petersen, Ernest Sewer.

POOR COMMISSIONS, ST. CROIX

Judge D. Hamilton Jackson, chairman; D. C. Canegata; the chief municipal
physician, Christiansted.
Judge D. Hamilton Jackson, chairman; William Clarke; the municipal
physician in charge, Frederiksted.

PUBLIC CEMETERIES COMMISSIONS, ST. CROIX

Christiansted: Anselmo Fabio, chairman; R. de Chabert; commissioner of
public works.
Frederiksted: Miles Merwin, chairman; Arnold M. Golden; commissioner of
public works.
FIELD COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Donald S. Boreham, chairman; Lionel Roberts, secretary; Herbert E. Lock-
hart, treasurer; Ernest Barzzey, Fernando Corneiro, Harry E. Taylor, Henry
Galiber.
ST. THOMAS HOME GUARD

Gov. Paul M. Pearson, chief executive officer; Herman 0. Creque, commanding
officer; Valdemar A. Miller and Emile A. Berne, captains; D. Victor Bornn,
secretary.
JURY COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS

Clerk of the district court; Conrad Corneiro, George Levi.

JURY COMMISSION, ST. CROIX

Clerk of the district court; R. de Chabert, Arnold M. Golden.









40 REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

WELFARE COUNCIL, ST. THOMAS

Rev. Father J. Conway, C. SS. R.; Carl E. Francis, Rev. P. M. Gubi, Rev. F.
Joseph, Rev. James Rollocks, Rev. Father J. Arthur Swinson, Rev. H. D.
Whitteker.
HEALTH COMMISSIONS, ST. CROIX

Christiansted: Robert W. Skeoch; chief municipal physician; judge of the
police court.
Frederiksted: C. R. T. Brow; municipal physician in charge; judge of the
police court.
HOSPITAL COMMISSIONS, ST. CROIX

Christiansted: Robert W. Skeoch; chief municipal physician; judge of the
police court.
Frederiksted: C. R. T. Brow; municipal physician in charge; judge of the
police court.
FIRE COMMISSIONS, ST. CROIX

Christlansted: C. Espersen, brandmajor; Jos. Alexander; judge of the police
court.
Frederiksted: Frank Smith, brandmajor; C. R. T. Brow; judge of the police
court.
BUILDING AND STREET COMMISSIONS, ST. CROIX

Christiansted: Joseph Alexander; commissioner of public works.
Frederiksted: William Clarke; commissioner of public works.

PRISON AND JAIL COMMISSION, ST. CROIX

Robert W. Skeoch; director of police.

PRISON COMMISSION, FREDERIKSTED

C. R. T. Brow; director of police.

COTTON PEST COMMISSION, ST. CROIX

Glen Briggs, director of agricultural station, chairman; William Clarke, A. V.
Nelthropp, D. S. Armstrong, C. Pentheny.

KINGS HILL PUBLIC VILLAGE COMMISSION, ST. CROIX

Glen Briggs, chairman; J. A. Fleming, Herman Hansen, Kai Esmann.

HOMESTEAD COMMISSION, ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN

Commissioner of Industry Harry E. Taylor, chairman; Agricultural Exten-
sion Agent Norris N. Nichols, agricultural adviser; Assistant Commissioner of
Pub'lc Works Donald S. Boreham, engineer; Conrad Corneiro and Joseph
Sibilly, members.
HOMESTEAD COMMISSION, ST. CROIX

Commissioner of Industry Harry E. Taylor, chairman; director of Agricul-
tural Station; Glen Briggs, agricultural adviser; Commissioner of Public Works
James C. Tily, engineer; Ralph de Chabert and James Griffith, members.

BOARD OF PARDONS AND PAROLES, ST. CROIX

Government Attorney Charles H. Gibson, chairman; Judge of the Police
Court D. Hamilton Jackson; Lieutenant Governor Lawrence W. Crammer; chief
municipal physician; Director of Police D. S. Armstrong.








REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS


BOARD OF MANAGEMENT OF THE LEPER ASYLUM, ST. CROIX

Medical officer in charge of the leper asylum; Anselmo Fablo.

BOARD OF CONTROL, AGRICULTURAL FUND, ST. THOMAS

Commissioner of Industry Harry E. Taylor, chairman; director of education;
Lionel Roberts, George A. Moorehead, N. N. Nichols.
FOREIGN CONSULS IN ST. THOMAS

Ernest van Beverhoudt, Belgium.
George Levi, Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru.
Emile A. Berne, Dominican Republic.
J. Percy Souffront, vice consul, Dominican Republic.
Valdemar A. Miller, Cuba.
Hjalmar Bang, Denmark.
Cyril E. Daniel, consul general of Haiti, consular agent of France.
E. L. M. Monsanto, consular agent of Germany.
Frederick G. Helmsley, Great Britain.
Isidro de Lugo, Italy, Spain.
M. van Epps, The Netherlands.
C. G. Thiele, Norway.
Isaac Palewonsky, Panama.
M. E. Trepuk, Portugal.
Axel Holst, Sweden.

FOREIGN CONSULS IN ST. CROIX

Miles Merwin, vice consul, Great Britain.

FEDERAL OFFICIALS, VIRGIN ISLANDS

C. L. Root, collector of customs, Virgin Islands.
C. V. F. Daniel, deputy collector of customs in charge, St. Croix.
E. S. Richardson, jr., postmaster, St. Thomas.
B. R. Larsen, postmaster, Christiansted, St. Croix.
R. H. Amphlett Leader, postmaster, Frederiksted, St. Croix.
E. H. Carnes, M. D., chief quarantine officer, Virgin Islands.
George H. Hughes, M. D., quarantine officer, Frederiksted, St. Croix.
H. F. Welsh, chief radioman in charge, United States naval radio station,
St. Thomas, Virgin Islands.