City, County & State Maps
Safe Boating Tips
1 Before departing on any boat trip, leave a "float plan" with
someone ashore. This "FLOAT PLAN" should indicate a
description of your boat, number of passengers, destination,
proposed route, and other information which you feel would aid
in finding you should an emergency develop.
2 Good housekeeping is even more important afloat than
ashore. Cleanliness diminishes the probability of fire and
3 Have at least one anchor and sufficient line to insure a good
hold in strong winds.
4 Carry a secondary means of propulsion. On small boats
either a second small engine, oars or paddles will suffice.
5 Make sure your boat is equipped with a bailer. It's a good
idea to carry a hand bailer or scoop even when equipped with an
electric bilge pump.
6 Carry a compass if you normally operate on large bodies of
7 Know the various distress signals. It is recommended that
you carry a mirror, flashlight, flares, smoke, etc., to insure you
can be seen if trouble develops.
8 Learn the weather warning signals and check the forecast.
9 Properly maintain, stow, and learn to use the safety
equipment carried on board your vessel. In an emergency, the
equipment will do you little good if it is unserviceable, stowed
in an unreachable location, or if you are unfamiliar with its
operation or use.
10 Carry sufficient tools for minor repairs.
11 Show your passengers where the emergency equipment is
and how to use it.
12 Develop and use a check list to ensure that you have
everything you need aboard.
13 Get up-to-date charts of the area in which you plan to boat.
14 Carry extra fuel in portable marine fuel tankor safety can.
"Out of fuel" is the most frequent distress call.
1 Gasoline vapors are explosive. Close all doors, hatches, and
ports while fueling. Extinguish galley fires and pilot lights.
Smoking is strictly prohibited. Keep the nozzle in contact with
the tank to prevent sparks. Portable tanks should be fueled out
of the boat. Do not use gasoline stoves, heaters, or lights on
2 Do not operate electronic gear (i.e., radios) while fueling.
3 Know your fuel tank capacity.
4 After fueling, ventilate all compartments and check the
machinery and fuel tank spaces for fumes before starting the
motor. Remember, the electrical ignition system could provide
the spark to an accumulation of gasoline vapors. Keep fuel lines
tight and bilges clean.
1 There are several things that should be remembered when
loading a boat. Distribute the load evenly; keep the load low;
don't stand up in a small boat; don't overload. The weather and
water conditions should be taken into account, too. If the water
is rough, the number of persons to be carried should be
2 Do not permit persons to ride on parts of the boat not
designed for such use. Bow, setback, or gunwale riding can be
3 Keep an alert lookout. Serious accidnets have resulted from
failure to use your eyes.
4 Be especially careful when operating in any area where
swimmers or divers may be. Divers are easily recognized by
the red flag with a white diagonal slash which marks the
approximate center of their activities.
5 Watch your wake. You are responsible.
6 Know and obey the Rules of the Road.
7 Always have children and non-swimmers wear personal
flotation devices. (It is a good idea to have a whistle attached to
each PFD.( Make sure everyone on board knows how to put
8 If you capsize, remember that is the boat continues to float,
stay with it. Get in it or on it if you can.
9 Water ski only when you are well clear of all other persons.
There should always be two people in the tow boat; one to
watch the skier, the other to operate the boat.
10 Be extremely careful of your footing. Falls are one of the
chief causes of accidents. Stay seated in small boats.
11 Always instruct one other person on board in handling
your boat in case you become disabled or fall overboard.
YOU ARE BACK
1 Notify the person you left your "Float Plan" with that you
2 Inspect and clean your equipment.
3 Make arrangements for replacements or repairs if needed.
1. Eastern United States
2. State of Florida
3. Gainesville & County
4. Panama City, Panama City Beach & County
5. Titusville, Vicinity & County
6. Road & Sectional
7. Cocoa, Rockledge, Cocoa Beach & Merritt Island
8. Melbourne & South Brevard
9. Ft. Lauderdale & East Broward
10. Port Charlotte, Punta Gorda & Vicinity
11. Orange Park, Green Cove Springs & County
12. Naples & Vicinity
13. Miami & South Dade
14. Jacksonville, Orange Park & Green Cove Springs
15. Eastern Duval & St. Johns Counties
16. Pensacola k Escambia & Santa Rosa Counties
17. Tampa, Vicinity & County
Indian River County
18. Ft. Pierce, Port St. Lucie, Vero Beach, Sebastian
19. Leesburg, Fruitland Park & County
19A. Leesburg, Tavares, Eustis & Mt. Dora
20. Ft. Myers, Vicinity & County
21. Tallahassee, Campuses & County
22. Bradenton, Vicinity & County
23. Sarasota, Bradenton & Vicinity
24. Ocala, Vicinity & County
25. Stuart, Port St. Lucie & County
26. Lower Keys
27. Upper Keys
28. Ft. Walton Beach & Vicinity
29. Orlando, Winter Park & Vicinity
30. West Orange County
31. Apopka & County
32. Winter Garden & County
33. Kissimmee & St. Cloud
Palm Beach County
34. West Palm Beach, Vicinity & County
35. New Port Richey, Zephryhills, Vicinity & County
36. St. Petersburg, Clearwater, Vicinity & County
37. Lakeland, Winter Haven & Vicinity
St. Johns County
38. St. Augustine & Jacksonville Beaches
St. Lucie County
39. Ft. Pierce, Port St. Lucie, Vero Beach, Sebastian
40. Stuart, Port St. Lucie & County
41. Sanford, Altamonte Springs, Vicinity & County
42. De Land, Deltona, Vicinity & County
43. Daytona Beach, Flagler Beach & East Volusia
Send $2.00 for each map. Price includes state sales tax and
110 South Woodland Boulevard, Suite 120
DeLand, FL 32720
First Aid for Hypothermia victims
Incorrect treatment of hypothermia victims may induce a
condition known as "After-Drop". This is caused by
improper rewarming, allowing cold, stagnant blood from
the extremities to return to the core of the body. When
this cold blood returns to the core of the body it may drop
the core temperature below a level which will sustain
life. For the same reason, hypothermia victims must be
handled gently and should not be allowed to walk.
1. Move the victim to shelter and warmth as rapidly as
2. Gently remove all wet clothing. The feeble amount of
heat energy the victim has left must not be expended on
warming and drying wet clothing.
3. Apply heat to the central core of the body (head,
neck, sides and groin). Place the victim on a hard flat
surface, this will allow the administration of cardio-
pulmonary resuscitation should the need arise.
A. Wrap warm, moist towels-or other textiles-around
the victim's head, neck, sides and groin. As the packs
cool, rewarm them by adding warm water (about 1050F).
Check the temperature of the water with the elbow, it
should be warm but not burn.
B. Hot water bottles and heated blankets can also be
C. An effective field measure is for one or two of the
rescuers to remove their own clothing, using their bodies
to warm the victim's naked body. A sleeping bag or
blanket should be used to conserve the body heat.
D. If the victim appears dead, heart massage and
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation should be administered.
Never put an UNCONSCIOUS victim in a bathtub. In
cases of mild hypothermia, dry clothing and shelter may
be all that is needed before the victim appears normal.
However, all hypothermia victims should be seen by a
1. Do not give the victim anything to drink, especially
2. Do not rub frozen body areas, especially not with
3. Do not wrap a hypothermic in a blanket without an
auxiliary source of heat unless it is to protect him against
further heat loss before treatment.
How can I avoid Hypothermia?
Since most boaters that die in water related accidents
had no intention of going in the water, the obvious
answer is to avoid those behaviors that cause accidental
Therefore, DO NOT:
Stand or move around in a small boat.
Overload your boat or distribute the load unevenly.
Decelerate suddenly, allowing the sternwake to overtake
and swamp the boat by washing over the transom.
1A St. Johns River SR 520 to Lake Hell 'n Blazes
1B St. Johns River Puzzle Lake to SR 520
1 St. Johns River Lake Harney to Lake Monroe
2 St. Johns River Lake Dexter to Interstate 4
3 St. Johns River Lake George to Lake Dexter
4 St. Johns River Dunns Creek to Lake George
18 Oklawaha River Lake Griffin to US 40
19 Oklawaha River US 40 to Cracker Landing
20 Oklawaha River Cracker Landing to St. Johns River
111 Intracoastal Waterway Flagler Beach to New
112 Intracoastal Waterway New Smyrna Beach to
114 Intracoastal Waterway Titusville to Palm Shores
116 Intracoastal Waterway Palm Shores to Horseshoe
301 Lake Harris Chain & Vicinity
302 Lake Butler E Clermont Chains & Vicinity
304 Lake Tohopekaliga Chain & Vicinity
305 Lake Kissimmee-Hatchineha Chain & Vicinity
306 Winter Haven Chain E Vicinity
350 Orange-Lochloosa Chain E Vicinity
401 Ocala National Forest
Available at local dealers, or send $2.00 for each
map. Sales Tax and shipping included in price.
110 S. Woodland Boulevard, Suite 120
DeLand, Florida 32720
There Are Five Types of Personal
Note: The following types of PFD's are designed to perform as
described in calm water and when the wearer is not wearing any
other flotation material (such as a wetsuit).
TYPE I A Type I PFD has the greatest required buoyancy
and is designed to turn most unconscious persons in the water
from a face down position to a vertical and slightly backward
position and to maintain the person in the vertical and slightly
backward position and, therefore, greatly increase his or her
chances of survival. The Type I PFD is suitable for all waters,
especially for cruising on waters where there is a probability of
delayed rescue, such as large bodies of water where it is not likely
that a significant number of boats will be in close proximity. This
type PFD is the most effective of all the types in rough water. The
Type I PFD is easiest to don in any emergency because it is
reversible and available in only two sizes. Adult (90 lbs. or
more) and child (less than 90 Ibs.) which are universal sizes
(designed to fit all persons in the appropriate category).
TYPE II A Type II PFD is designed to turn the wearer to a
vertical and slightly backward position in the water. The turning
action is not as pronounced as with a Type I and the device will
not turn as many persons under the same conditions as the Type
I. The Type II PFD is usually more comfortable to wear than the
Type I. This type PFD is normally sized for ease of emergency
donning and is available in the following sizes. Adult (more
than 90 Ibs.), Medium Child (50 to 90 Ibs.), and two categories of
Small Child (less than 50 Ibs., or less than 30 Ibs.). Additionally,
some models are sized by chest sizes. You may prefer to use the
Type II where there is a probability of quick rescue such as areas
where it is common for other persons to be engaged in boating,
fishing, and other water activities.
TYPE III The Type III PFD is designed so that the wearer
can place himself or herself in a vertical and slightly backward
position, and the device will maintain the wearer in that position
and have no tendency to turn the wearer face down. A Type III
can be the most comfortable, comes in a variety of styles which
should be matched to the individual use, and is usually the best
choice for water sports, such as skiing, hunting, fishing,
canoeing, and kayaking. This type PFD normally comes in many
chest sizes and weight ranges; however, some universal sizes are
available. You may also prefer to use the Type III where there is a
probability of quick rescue such as areas where it is common for
other persons to be engaged in boating, fishing, and other water
TYPE IV A Type IV PFD is designed to be grasped and
held by the user until rescued as well as to be thrown to a person
who has fallen overboard. While the Type IV is acceptable in
place of a wearable device in certain instances, this type is
suitable only where there is a probability of quick rescue such as
areas where it is common for other persons to be engaged in
boating, fishing, and other water activities. It is not recommend-
ed for non-swimmers and children.
TYPE V -A Type V PFD is a PFD approved for
restricted uses. No Type V PFD is currently
approved for use on recreational boats to meet the
mandatory carriage requirements listed in paragraph
(a), (b), or (c) above.
Federal Regulations Require Personal
Coast Guard regulations in Part 175 of Title 33. Code of Federal
Regulations require personal flotation devices in the following
(a) No person may use a recreational boat less than 16 feet in
length or a canoe or kayak unless at least one personal flotation
device (PFD) of the following types is on board for each person:
(1) Type I PFD, (2) Type II PFD, (3) Type III PFD, or (4) Type IV
(b) No person may use a recreational boat 16 feet or more in
length, except a canoe of kayak, unless at least one personal
flotation device of the following types is on board for each
person: (1) Type I PFD, (2) Type II PFD, or (3) Type III PFD.
(c) No person may use a recreational boat 16 feet or more in
length, except a canoe or kayak unless at least one Type IV PFD
is on board in addition to the PFD's required in paragraph (b).
These Gentle Giants, an endangered species, have no form of
defense and no natural enemies. They cannot swim quickly
enough to evade their major enemy-a speeding motorboat.
Manatee population in Florida coastal waters is estimated
under 1,000. Some are as long as 15 feet and as heavy as 2,000
Forage in Shallow Coastal Areas
These gray or brown creatures are also known as sea cows
because they meander along the bottom of shallow coastal
waters foraging on aquatic plants. As they do so they use their
two forelimbs for movement, "walking" along the bottom. For
movement in open water the manatees fold their forelimbs
along their body and use only their undulating tail. Top speed
for the manatee is only about 15 miles per hour under optimum
conditions of open, clear water. But manatees often graze in
shallow, restricted areas that hamper their reaction time and
speed when they need it most; when motorboats are in the
The manatees are inhabitants of Florida coastal waters, and
are found on the east coast from Miami to Jacksonville and in
the St. Johns River from Jacksonville to Lake Monroe. On the
west coast, they range from Florida Bay (north of the Florida
Keys) to Crystal River. During the summer, a few manatees
may migrate as far west as New Orleans and as far north as
Attracted to Florida's Warm Waters
These manatees come back to Florida during the winters for
the same reason so many human visitors do-the climate.
Manatees seek out the warm waters available along the
coastline. They congregate around natural springs and warm
water outfalls of power plants and other industrial sites. This
gathering of manatees at power plant sites has led to Florida
Power & Light Company's interest in the large mammals. The
Company has funded studies of the manatees and has shared in
the cost of signs posted to protect them. (The signs and an
explanation of their meaning are given below.)
Boat Speed Zones Established
The signs were posted in 1979 as a result of legislative action
taken the year before. The Florida Legislature established 13
sanctuaries for manatees. The law stipulates "idle speed zones"
in which boats must go no faster than necessary to be steered;
and "slow speed zones" in which boats can maintain "no speed
greater than that which is reasonable and prudent to avoid
either intentionally or negligently annoying, molesting,
harassing, disturbing, colliding with, injuring or harming
manatees"; and one area in which motorboats are prohibited.
Anyone convicted of violating the law faces the possibility of a
fine of up to $500 and imprisonment up to 60 days. Conviction at
the federal level entails greater fines and/or imprisonment.
The law was passed after it was determined that motorboats
were a major cause of manatee deaths. Of 72 known manatee
deaths during 1979, boats caused 23, according to the National
Fish & Wildlife Laboratory.
Survival of Species Threatened
Boat-caused deaths and slow reproduction of manatees
combine to threaten the survival of the species. Mother
manatees have a gestation period that may be as long as 12 to
24 months and they produce generally only one calf every three
to five years. Calves begin eating vegetation before they are
weaned. They generally stay with the mother one to two years.
Manatees feed for six to eight hours a day and eat a wide
variety of plants.
The manatee's daily activity cycle appears to be non-
rhythmic, and feeding and resting occur anytime during the
day or night. Manatees rest from two to twelve hours a day,
either suspended at the surface or lying on the bottom.
Congregate in Warm Water Areas
Manatees move about with no regard to establishing a
specific territory, and associations are generally brief as small
groups form for several hours or days and then separate.
Groups also form when they seek the same warm-water areas.
Current evidence and observations of manatees seem to
indicate that some warm water sanctuaries are needed for the
manatee's survival. The minimum tolerable temperature for
long periods of time for manatees seems to be around 610 F.
Refuge in Power Plant Outfalls
Historically, manatees have used springs and spring-fed
rivers for refuge, but many of these have been developed or are
subject to heavy recreational use. Increasingly, manatees are
using power plants and other industrial outfalls for refuge.
Thus, while increasing human population pushes manatees
away from some areas, power plants that provide electricity for
that increasing human population provide an alternative refuge
for the peaceful creatures. Whether the ponderous mammals
will survive is still in doubt, but several groups of humans in
government, industry and conservation organizations are doing
their best to insure that Florida never sees the end of The
Map No. 19
US 40 to Cracker
Map No. 19
US 40 to Cracker
* Camping ^
1984 Edition 840110-55