South West Alachua Historic Tour Guide
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00015194/00001
 Material Information
Title: South West Alachua Historic Tour Guide
Physical Description: Book
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA7743
System ID: UF00015194:00001

Full Text






South~ WVest












IomunBI
Sor o






Researched and compiled by
Alachu County Histloricall

For information concerning other
Alachua County attractions, -ntac tI
Alachua County Visitors &
Convention Bureau
30 East University Avenue
Gainesville, FL 32601
(352) 374-5231
X A'AA 'I. LL IIi.


I't

fys'^q


. l .


-- -- --~-~ -----~--. ~---. I-----. -- ----~-~J

















The town of Evinston got its start in 1882 when
Captain William Drayton Evins granted a right-of-
way for the narrow gauge Florida Southern railroad
through his property that was originally part of the
Arredondo Grant (1817). The Evinston post office
was established in 1882. Citrus production was the
most important industry until the devastating freezes
of 1894-95 and 1899. The railroad depot and black-
smith shops that were once a part of the landscape are
gone; but descendants of the original settlers continue
to live in Evinston and preserve what remains of the
town's historical past. The annual migration of
Sandhill Cranes to the area attracts visitors from
around the world.







1. Mt Olive African Methodist
S ...Episcopal Church (8216 S.E. 185
Ave.) -The concrete building on the
site now was built in 1973, but the
property was bought originally by the
African Methodist congregation in
0 1886 from Captain W.D. Evins, and a
S wooden church was built not long
..W. .s"m-1 after. The earliest gravestones in the
cemetery behind the church are dated
1892 and many black pioneers are
All buried there.

S 2. Shettleworth-Cromartie House
(8614 S.E. 185 Ave.)- This house was
built by William P. Shettleworth about
S1884 and was later occupied by his
daughter, Mrs. Raymond Cromartie.
S.' Still intact are turned-wood members
of the porch railing and decorative
carved porch supports.

3. Shettleworth-Smith House
(18422 S.E. Country Rd. 225)-
William P. Shettleworth built this
house, believed to be the oldest in the
town, in 1882. Descendants of Mrs.
A.W. Smith, Sr., who ran a store in
Evinston from 1918 to 1934 and with
O her husband raised a family in the
0 house, still own it.


I ~ _I __1_1 ~I_ ~I _LI~I _ ~_^___I~_ I






~IAWi~I ~ ~ ~ I


Historical
Marker


4. Old Country Store and Post Office
(18320 S.E. County Rd. 225) This
building, erected originally in 1882 for two
Micanopy merchants, was purchased in
1884 by Evinston Postmaster Joseph S.
Wolfendon and became a general store
owned by John Hester about 1900.
Descendants of Henry Deaver Wood and
his brother-in-law Robert C. Evins, who
became the owners in 1906, continue to
run it. (See article, Southern Living,
May, 1980).

5. Evinston and Country Store Historic
Marker (across the road from the Old
Country Store) Additional information
about Evinston's history and the Old
Country Store is provided by an historical
marker produced by the Alachua County
Historical Commission and the Florida
Department of State.

6. Wood's Packing House (north of Old
Country Store) Built around 1900 by early
settler Henry Deaver Wood, this old tin
building was used originally for packing
oranges grown in the area for shipment to
northern markets. A spur connected the
building to the main railroad tracks across
the road.

7. J.F.Barron-W.AJohnson House
(18221 S.E. County Rd. 225) This house is
believed to have been built in the mid-
1880s by James F. Barron, postmaster
(1901-1913) and proprietor (1901-1916) of
a store located south of the house. When
W. A. Johnson took over Barron's store in
1916, he occupied the house with wooden
siding, tin roof and unique star-shaped at-
tic vent.

8. Evinston United Methodist Church
(on south side S.E. 182 Ave.) According
to church records and the cornerstone in-
scription, this church was erected in 1909.
The land was donated by Joseph L.
Wolfendon and his wife. The building,
constructed of heart pine lumber, is a clas-
sic example of early twentieth century
church architecture in rural America.

9. Evins-Wood House (Located on a pri-
vate road, can be viewed from County Rd.
225) Captain William Drayton Evins, who
was born in South Carolina and served in
the Confederate army, built this house with
a wrap-around porch in the mid-1880s.
Descendants of Evins' daughter, Anne, and
Henry Deaver Wood, whom she married
in 1894, still own the property.


_ ~ __ _~ _ ~




I ~ I I__1_____1~ __ .~~~_~~___.._. _~_~~__.. --- ~ ..__ __.


Orange
Lake


Z
0
Z
0
42


EVINSTON


~__


J::NRT H




I


MICANOPY


Peach
SMagnolia
Magnolia


L


Li


I






law Q. 10*~~i ~P~0 ?~ Ai'


T our A

Fort Crane Fort Crane (ca. 1835-40) was built to protect set-
tlers in Alachua County during the Second Seminole War, which
began in December of 1835 with the Indian attack and annihila-
tion of a U.S. Army detachment under the command of Major
Francis Dade. Fort Crane, probably named for Lt. Col. Ichabod
Crane, was located near the northeast corer of Paynes Prairie.
This fort and others built for the same purpose were phased out
after the war ended in 1842.

SOakridge Cemetery and Madison Starke Perry
(East side of State Road 234 about 3.2 miles south of
Hitorical I Rochelle) An historical marker is located near the
arker entrance to the cemetery.
Oakridge Cemetery was formally established in 1854
when Madison Starke Perry donated the land, but there were
burials there before that date. The older section of the cemetery is
located farthest from the entrance because the road originally
passed on the east side of the cemetery. Many pioneers including
John R. Zetrouer (1802-1868) and James Rochelle (1800-1876)
are buried there.
Madison Starke Perry was the fourth governor of the State of
Florida from 1857 to 1861. He was bor in South Carolina in
1814 and moved in 1847 to Alachua County where he estab-
lished a large plantation near present-day Rochelle. He repre-
sented Alachua County in the state legislature in 1849 and was a
state senator in 1850. During his term as governor, he settled the
longstanding border dispute with Georgia, encouraged develop-
ment and railroad construction and led the withdrawal of Florida
from the Union in 1861. He was Colonel of the 7th Florida Regi-
ment in the Confederate Army and died at home in March 1865.

Paynes Prairie State Preserve (Entrance to the 21,000 acre
preserve is about one and a half miles north of Micanopy on US
441.) The prairie, a large, low, land basin created by dissolution
of the underlying limestone, is covered with marshes and
patches of open water. For almost twelve thousand years the area
has been a center of human activity. Prehistoric Indian artifacts
have been found, Spanish cattle grazed there in the seventeenth
century and William Bartram described the flora and fauna in
detail following his visit in 1774. The prairie is named after Semi-
nole Indian chief King Payne (d. 1812). The mission of the
Florida Park Service, which operates the facility, is to preserve the
"Real Florida." There are trails, picnic and camping areas and
boat ramps. There is a Visitor's Center and an observation tower.
Open year-round from 8 a.m. to sunset. Modest entrance fee.


-----------~I-^--- LI -- --- I 1 11111 ---~ CII ----_~--------------- -- _I ------ICI~I~---~






p;;~o;~W ,F + 4* e 0 i 0


..l ,UvinfsO

The town of Evinston got its start in 1882 when
Captain William Drayton Evins granted a right-of-
way for the narrow galige Florida Southern railroad
throulig his property that was originally part of the
Arredondo Grant (1817). The Evinston post office
was established in 1882. Citrus production was the
most important intuhstry until the dev-astating freezes
of 1894-95 and 1899. The railroad depot and black-
smith shops that w1ere once a part of the landscape are
gone; but dehscentudants of the original settlers continue
to li-ve in Evinston and preserve what remains of the
town's historical past. The annual migration of
Sandhill Cranes to the area attracts visitors from
around the world.


1. Mt. Olive African Methodist
Episcopal Church (8216 S.E. 185
Ave.) The concrete building on the
site now was built in 1973, but the
property was bought originally by the
African Methodist congregation in
1886 from Captain W.D. Evins, and a
wooden church was built not long
after. The earliest gravestones in the
cemetery behind the church are dated
1892 and many black pioneers are
buried there.

2. Shettleworth-Cromartie House
(8614 S.E. 185 Ave.) This house was
built by William P. Shettleworth about
1884 and was later occupied by his
daughter, Mrs. Raymond Cromartie.
Still intact are turned-wood members
of the porch railing and decorative
carved porch supports.

3. Shettleworth-Smith House
(18422 S.E. Country Rd. 225) -
William P. Shettleworth built this
house, believed to be the oldest in the
town, in 1882. Descendants of Mrs.
A.W. Smith, Sr., who ran a store in
Evinston from 1918 to 1934 and with
her husband raised a family in the
house, still own it.


Historical
0 Marker


0


4. Old Country Store and Post Office
(18320 S.E. County Rd. 225) This
building, erected originally in 1882 for two
Micanopy merchants, was purchased in
1884 by Evinston Postmaster Joseph S.
Wolfendon and became a general store
owned by John Hester about 1900.
Descendants of Henry Deaver Wood and
his brother-in-law Robert C. Evins, who
became the owners in 1906, continue to
run it. (See article, Southern Living,
May, 1980).

5. Evinston and Country Store Historic
Marker (across the road from the Old
Country Store) Additional information
about Evinston's history and the Old
Country Store is provided by an historical
marker produced by the Alachua County
Historical Commission and the Florida
Department of State.

6. Wood's Packing House (north of Old
Country Store) Built around 1900 by early
settler Henry Deaver Wood, this old tin
building \was used originally for packing
oranges grown in the area for shipment to
northern markets. A spur connected the
building to the main railroad tracks across
the road.

7. J.F.Barron-W.A.Johnson House
(18221 S.E. County Rd. 225) This house is
believed to have been built in the mid-
1880s by James F. Barron, postmaster
(1901-1913) and proprietor (1901-1916) of
a store located south of the house. When
W. A. Johnson took over Barron's store in
1916, he occupied the house with wooden
siding, tin roof and unique star-shaped at-
tic vent.

8. Evinston United Methodist Church
(on south side S.E. 182 Ave.) According
to church records and the cornerstone in-
scription, this church was erected in 1909.
The land was donated by Joseph L.
Wolfendon and his wife. The building,
constructed of heart pine lumber, is a clas-
sic example of early twentieth century
church architecture in rural America.

9. Evins-Wood House (Located on a pri-
vate road, can be viewed from County Rd.
225) Captain William Drayton Evins, who
was born in South Carolina and served in
the Confederate army, built this house with
a wrap-around porch in the mid-1880s.
Descendants of Evins' daughter, Anne, and
Henry Deaver Wood, whom she married
in 1894, still own the property.


'(/'


0 ,-~


I s


Xir', Pr


~be~

~;n~
"41~&:


C`"' ~I
LI'
'"
c_.---I

~3~k~irtl-



O










9O MicanoMpy

Micanopy is the oldest inland town in Florida. Timucuan Indi-
ans were the first inhabitants. A Seminole Indian village
named Cuscowilla was located on the site when the naturalist
William Bartram visited in 1774. The town was included in a
land grant made by the King of Spain in 1817 to Don
Fernando del la Maza Arredondo of Havana and St. August-
ine. Edward M. Wanton was hired to promote settlement in
the area and not long after Florida became a U.S. territory in
1821, he established a trading post at the Indian town. Wanton
was the name of the first post office established in Alachua
County in 1826; but the town was simultaneously referred to
as "Micanope" after the Seminole Indian chief (ca., 1785-
1847). A fort established there about 1831 to protect settlers
from hostile Indians remained until after the Second Seminole
War (1835-42). The town's historic district was listed on the
National Register of Historic Places in 1983.



1. Calvin Merry House Calvin
Merry, descendant of some of the
earliest settlers in the area, built this
house in 1880 for his bride Kate. An
original small gabled entrance was
replaced with the two-story porch
O that was later enclosed.

*t .2. Powell House- Benjamin
William Powell, captain of a
Micanopy contingent in the
Confederate army, built this simply
styled house out of heart pine in
1866. A passageway originally
separated the kitchen from the
rest of the house.

3. Old Brick School House The
cornerstone of this brick structure
bears its date of construction, 1895.
The school, which at one time edu-
cated children from Paynes Prairie
to the Marion County line, now
serves as Town Hall and Public
Library.

4. Thrasher Warehouse This
utilitarian wooden structure was
built on a Florida Southern railroad
spur in 1890 by John Early
Thrasher. The Coca Cola sign on the
north wall was painted in the 1920s.
The building now houses the
O Micanopy Historical Museum.










5. Thrasher Store The date on the
upper facade of this imposing brick
building establishes 1923 as the year of
construction. J.E. Thrasher & Son, a
company described in a contemporary
account as one of the largest mercantile
firms in Alachua County, sold general
merchandise.

6. Presbyterian Church A Presbyte-
rian congregation was organized in
1854 and this building was erected in
1870 on land donated by James A. and
Sarah Simonton, Benjamin W. and
Esther M. Powell, and George W. and
Mattie S. Means. The plain style is
similar to that of the Baptist Chuch
which dates from the same period.

7. Herlong Mansion The brick
exterior, in neoclassical style, completely
covers the frame house built on the site
in 1875 by R. S. Stoughton. Stoughton
sold the house to John Simonton,
whose son-in-law, Z.C. Herlong, did
extensive renovations in 1915. Original
heart pine floors remain on the second
floor of the house, now a bed and
breakfast.

8. Fontaine House This Queen
Anne-style house was completed by
September 1911 for Captain Benjamin
W. Fontaine on the site where his house
burned down during the previous
winter. Fontaine had a phosphate
business and also ran the general store
across the street from the house.

9. Smith Building Samuel B. Smith
built this commercial structure of brick,
without the second story porch, in
about 1900. The style is similar to that
of nearby buildings that were already in
existence. The building appears in the
movie Cross Creek (1982), about the life
of writer Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings.

10. Mott-May Building This build-
ing was constructed before 1900 by N.B.
Mott in a style similar to that of the Ben-
jamin Building, with decorative brick
on the upper facade and Gothic Revival
window arches. It was a general store
that was purchased by Robert H. May
in 1930. It serves as background in the
film Cross Creek (1982).


Amp Nor


" ~ L--- ---^---~-~I----^`---- ~-~









11. Dailey Drug Store Dr. Ira A.
S Dailey operated a drug store on the first
floor of this building constructed in 1925
S when the economy was booming.
Dailey's office, his family's living quar-
ters, and hotel accommodations were
upstairs.



I 12. Feaster Building The style of this
building is similar to that of other
commercial buildings on Micanopy's
Business Square. Built in 1903 by Otis
Sf Laney Feaster, Jr.; there was a general
store on the ground floor, a telephone
office on the second floor, and a theater
on the third floor for opera, plays, and
Chautauqua events.


13. Benjamin Building The original
building constructed in 1885 had two
S stories and its Gothic Revival style set the
tone for the Business Square. It served as
a dry goods store for S.H. Benjamin and
Co. The upper story burned about 1900.



14. Micanopy Banking Company -
Organization of the Micanopy Banking
Company by John Jacob Barr in 1906 re-
flected prosperous times. In contrast to
Solder buildings on the Square, the style
of the bank building is classical; with a
prominent denticulated cornice, and
thresholds, window sills and keystones
made of marble.



15. Historical Marker This historical
marker has information about the
naturalist William Bartram (1739-1823),
who wrote about his travels during the
Historical seventeenth century in the area that is
Marker now Florida.


16. Simonton House Fancier than
older homes in Micanopy is this Queen
Anne-style Victorian, built in 1910 by
4'* cattle rancher James Boyce Simonton.
." 1 The Ionic columned verandah and other
N features inspired a reference to it in a
1911 edition of the Gainesville Sun as
"one of the prettiest houses in
SMicanopy."





*~~~ 0 ~ 0_ _* 4 ~ ~ P_ ~ PI~4


Newberry developed as a mining town after phosphate was dis-
covered in the western part of Alachua County in 1889; and,
the town was located along the route of the Saivannah, Florida,
and Western Railway, that in 1893 was extended southward
from High Springs. A post office established, in March 1894
was nanelld Nuewton, but changed, to Nelberry in August of
that year. In 1896 there were fourteen mines operating nearby;
with hotels, boarding houses and saloons to accommodate the
town's transient and soimtinmes unruly population. The de-
mand for phosphate ended abruptly in 1914 whlen war was de-
clared against Germany, the principal customer for Newiberry's
phosphate. The community turned to agriculture and was par-
ticularly successful at producing g waterniCelos. The Water-
melon Festival, first held in 1946, continues to be an annu11al
event. In 1987 Newberry's Historic District was officially
listed on the National Register of Historic Places.



1. 1. Pickett-Tucker Building
(25320 W. Newberry Rd.) Henry
A. Pickett built this one-story,
brick, commercial building in
1906. A general store operated by
W.H. Tucker and his family was
located in the building for almost
eighty years.

2. White Building (25340 W.
Newberry Rd.) This building
was constructed in 1906 by John
G. White. In an old photo, the
sign above White's general store
reads, "Clothing, Shoes and Cof-
fins."

3. Barry Building (25350 W.
Newberry Rd.) This concrete
block structure was built in 1908
by the widow of Dr. N.J. Barry
and used as a drugstore. A
cornlmon feature of two-story
commercial buildings of the
period was a balcony which
shaded the walkway below.

4. Commercial Buildings
(25360 W. Newberry Rd.) A
disastrous fire in May 1907
destroyed two-thirds of the
town's business district
comprised mostly of frame build-
ings. These one-story, brick,
commercial buildings were built
to replace them.


Em^.
:, 4,,,,
,,


5. Kincaid Building (25370 W.
Newberry Rd.) The only remaining
wooden commercial building of
historic interest in town is this structure
built in 1880 by Stringfellow and
Williams and located originally in
Jonesville, five miles east of Newberry. It
was moved to its present site around
the turn of the century by Thomas
Kincaid, who opened a general store.

6. Bank of Newberry (25365 \'.
Newberry Rd.) Principal stockholders
of the Bank of Newberry organized in
1906, were H.E. Pickett, W.H. Tucker,
Dr. J.F. Ruff, C.D. May, C.A. Neal, J.G.
White and Dr. S.P. Getzen. This
imposing brick building with
decorative cornice and pilasters was
completed in 1908 and the two adjacent
buildings were remodeled in 1984 to be
consistent.

7. Old Hotel (25405 W. Newberry Rd.)
Originally known as the Pickett House,
this two-story red brick building was
built in 1908 by a Dr. Howell. It was one
of eight hotels in town at that time,
designed to serve the needs of train
passengers who arrived for stays of
varying length.

8. Newberry Municipal Building
(25440 W. Newberry Rd.) This public
building completed in 1938, was a
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
project designed by Gainesville architect
Sanford Goin. To comply with WPA
guidelines; relatively inexpensive local
materials (pine and limestone) were
used, unemployed workers were hired
as laborers and the building was used to
serve a social purpose.

9. Baptist Church (25520 W. New-
berry Rd.) The Baptist congregation
organized in 1902, worshipped in a
wooden building until this church was
completed in 1912. Stained-glass
windows, a bell tower and repeated
arches mimic the Romanesque
architectural style of medieval Europe.

10. Tucker House (25527 W.
Newberry Rd.) Durable and fireproof,
hand-made concrete blocks were used
to build the home of W.H. Tucker in
1908. Tucker was the proprietor of a
general store and one of the founders of
the Bank of Newberry. The wrought
iron pillars are not original.


11. Red Brick Schoolhouse (25815
S.W. 2nd Ave.) A new two-story, red
brick structure replaced a wooden
schoolhouse in 1909, at a time when the
economy of Newberrv was thriving. It
was still i use in the 1970s. A grant ap-
plication has been submitted for funds
to restore the structure.

12. Electric Power Plant (N.W. 1st
Ave. and 260th St.) In 1913 Newberry
built this handsome, one-story electric
power plant with arched doorways and
strongly detailed brickwork. The build-
ing originally housed a steam generator.
There are plans to use the historic struc-
ture as a town museum.

13. S.A. Hussey House (90 N.W.
255th St.) This house was built about
1920 by S.A. Hussey, a dentist. The
house was designed, in the days before
air conditioning, to take advantage of
the prevailing breezes.

14. Cheves House (175 N.W. 255th
St.) Built in the early\ years of the
second decade of the twentieth century,
this house was originally occupied by
Wallace R. Cheves. Wallace's grandfa-
ther, Isaac Cheves, and his great-uncle,
Charles T. Cheves (editor of the
Nel'lheni' \liner in 1896), played a role
in the earl' development of Newberry.

15.Malcolm Knight House (170 N.W.
254th St.) Restored to look the way it
did originally when it was built in 1902,
this house was the home of Malcolm
Knight, an administrator with the rail-
road. Victorian elements include five
gables with cut shingle detailing, a
prominent bay and intricate woodwork.

16.John M. Holt House (155 N.W.
254th St.) Like other homes and build-
ings in Newberry', this house originally
faced the railroad tracks; but, it has been
moved. It was built around 1900 by
John Ilaxey Holt, a blacksmith who
later opened the first garage in town
and sold residents their first automo-
biles.


,)


M A I '~~ ~"~' -~''' '~----


i,.
4s ~i~eF h


!Ik .
c~i~ sl
(D ~~fi











17. Stewart-Merry House (151 E.
Ocala) Dr. James Stewart built a two-
room log office on this site in 1855,
which is the basis for designating this
house as the oldest in Micanopy and
one of the few antebellum homes in
Florida. Added before 1872 were two
upper stories, a kitchen ell, storage, and
servants quarters. John Duskin Merry
owned it from 1916 to 1945.

18. John Jacob Barr House (103 E.
Ocala) This house was built in 1921 on
the site of the original Victorian home
of John Jacob Barr, who had come from
South Carolina in the mid-nineteenth
century. Modem building materials
were used to prevent fire and to provide
cool comfort in the humid Florida cli-
mate. In the front yard remains one of
two giant oaks believed to be the origi-
nal council oaks (ca. 1830s) of Chief
Micanopy.

19. Watkins House (104 E. Ocala) -
John Jacob Barr built this Craftsman
bungalow in 1916 for his niece Caroline
and her husband John Barr Watkins.
Designed by Shields Warren of
Gainesville for outdoor living, it has a
large porch and pergola. Caroline B.
Watkins is author of The Story of
Historic Micanopy (1976).

20. Old Baptist Church (107-A Smith
St.) This church was built in the mid-
1880s to house the congregation of the
Micanopy Baptist Church which had
been organized in 1852. The building is
now a private residence.

21. Montgomery Wall- All that
remains of the beautiful home of Dr.
Lucius Montgomery, which burned in
the 1930s, is this wall built originally in
1895. The wall was dismantled in 1997
to make way for a wider road and
rebuilt in 1998 by the Micanopy
Preservation Trust with the help of a
grant from the Florida Department of
State, Bureau of Historic Preservation.

22. Micanopy Cemetery The earliest
grave is that of James W. Martin, who
was born in 1737 and died in 1826. Old
trees provide shade, and Victorian
sculpture marks the graves of Florida
pioneers and those who followed.


I__1_Y~_I I __ln~nllWYIY____I~NI~-~l-O~~~l~

C,~~)~pC3~a~isrrPi~_~~~____ ii~iiir~t~~ ~ii ;;~lgeD~ I


- --- --- ----


;pb~ .ili
i [
Q~~Li- :~-










Aircier
, Archer's development was linked to railroad expansion in
Florida. David Levy Yulee, Florida's first Senator after the
state's admission to the Union in 1845, was granted a charter
in 1855 by the Florida legislature to build a railroad from
SFernandina to Cedar Key. In about 1858 the tracks were com-
pleted to Darden's Hannmock (originally an Indian settlement
called Deer Hammnock) near present-day Archer. A post office
was established in 1859. The town is named after Florida's
first Secretary of State, James T. Archer, a friend of Yulee and
advocate of internal improvements. Archer prospered after
railroads damaged during the Civil War were repaired; and,
the town influenced the presidential race of 1876 when local
election results were challenged and then declared by Congres-
sional committee to be in favor of Republican Rutherford B.
Hayes. Railroads transported the citrus crops of Quaker set-
tlers, who came to Archer from Ohio and Indiana in the late
1870s and 1880s, until the freezes of 1885/86, 1894/95 and
1899 devastated the orange groves. The last train passed
through Archer in 1968, but pride remains in the town's rich
historical past.

1. Jackson Cottage (1010 McDowell) -
This board-and-batten house was
constructed in the 1880s. Junius
S Jackson, who was twenty-five years old
S in 1900, worked as a domestic servant
in the nearby Bauknight house.
2. Charles Bauknight House (1009
McDowell) Originally built in about
1873 by store owner John Fleming, this
house was later the residence of Charles
W. Bauknight, who moved to Archer in
1874 and became a prominent mer-
chant, farmer, and City Council mem-
ber (1882-83). The house was enlarged
in 1900, and the verandah, turret and
gingerbread trim were added.
3. Laurel Hill Cemetery (southwest
end of Church Blvd.) The earliest
grave in the cemetery is dated 1833, the
average age of those buried is thirty-two
and a half years, and the remains of
many children are buried here. A
plaque commemorates twenty to thirty
0..Civil War soldiers.


4. Goodwood House Hotel (704
McDowell) Built in 1888, this structure
was originally a hotel that accommo-
dated railroad travelers. Moving north-
west along McDowell Street there were
stores, a post office and a boarding
house, in addition to homes, before the
turn of the century.


I0


- I I I II -- I- I









5. Literary Society Hall (308 Bay
Street) This austere frame vernacular
building was built for the Literary
Society (ca.1890) at a time when the
town was prospering and the popula-
tion was growing. It was acquired by
the City of Archer for unpaid taxes in
1900 and remodeled in 1912 by Dave
Taylor to serve as Town Hall and
recreation center.

6. Methodist Church (400 Church
Blvd.) A Methodist congregation was
meeting in Archer as early as 1866. The
cornerstone of this building was laid on
May 13,1890 and a bell was mounted in
the tower on June 22, 1891.

7. Masonic Lodge (204 S.W. Main) -
The plain style of this structure, built
about 1894, is typical of early commer-
cial buildings. It is located near the site
of the original railroad depot (1856),
and was utilized as a general store with
at least three different owners.

8. Maddox Foundry (103 Magnolia
St.) The Maddox Foundry and Ma-
chine Works opened in June 1905 at
this site near the "new railroad depot
(ca. 1900). The foundrywas started by
Hitup Maddox, who came from Ft. Val-
ley, Georgia in 1892, and his wife Pearl
Groves from Morriston, Florida. Cur-
rent buildings date from the 1940s.

9. Helveston-Snavelly House (105
Depot Lane) This frame vernacular
structure may be the oldest house in
Archer. It was built for George
Helveston, who was the agent for the
railroad in 1870. A.B. Snavelly, listed as
a landowner in the Florida Gazetteer
and Business Directory (1884-5), added
to the house in 1883.

10. Archer Depot (411 West Main) -
Built between 1893 and 1900, this
"new" depot replaced the original one
built in 1856. It was relocated to a site
nearer the intersection of the Florida
Central and Peninsular Railroad which
later became part of the Seaboard Air
Line; and the Florida Southern Railroad
which was absorbed by the Atlantic
Coast Line. The building is now the Ar-
cher Historical Museum.


__ ______~I_ _II I IIII I__U


I-I--- -- - --









11. David Levy Yulee/Cotton Wood
Historical Marker This historical
marker has information about David
Levy Yulee (1810-86), who played a sig-
nificant role in Florida's early develop-
ment, and about his plantation near
Archer.

12. C.D. Wood Store (409 West Main
St.) Charles D. Wood, who is identified
as a grocer and Mayor of Archer, built
this structure in 1909 with the main fa-
cade on the west side. The store sold ev-
erything from coffee to coffins when it
was owned by W.B. Long (ca.1920).

13. Venable and Robinson Building
(410 West Main Street) The original
Venable and Robinson's Dry Goods
Store was built in 1912 and the building
housed Bishop's Drugs from 1932 to
1982. The buildings on the left (1927)
and right (1943) are also associated
with Monroe Venable, prominent
farmer and businessman, and Mayor of
Archer.

14. Neal-Wood House (300 West
Main) Dr. James C. Neal purchased
the land on which this house stands
from the Florida Town Development
Company in 1870, ten years before he
left Indiana and moved to Archer.
Merchant C.D. Wood, who came from
Ohio, purchased the lot in 1883 from
Neal for $800 and began to build this
"large dwelling" in 1894.

15. Bethlehem Presbyterian Church
(411 West Church) This structure,
dedicated on December 7,1884, was
built to serve the Presbyterian congre-
gation organized in 1866. The design of
the church; with tall windows, steeply
pitched roof, bell tower and inset gable
decoration, is similar to that of
Kanapaha Presbyterian Church (1883,
see Tour B).

16. James Skinner House (202 W.
Peachtree) James Skinner, a black-
smith and Union veteran of the Civil
War, arrived in Archer from Nebraska
in 1875; and built this house in 1883.
An elaborate bay window and ora-
mental one-story porch distinguish this
house from others in the town.


-I /


,: M ,,;-*s ~ tev! WP* 9p.~ jC~~ )


- I ~_.~ _~I_









17. James Hancock House (315
Pearson Street) James Hancock, who
built the house on this site in 1886, was
married to James Skinner's sister, Jane;
and the closest neighbor of the Pearson
family (see next entry). The original
porch has been removed and the en-
trance changed to the side.

18. Charles E. Pearson House (301 E.
Church) Charles E. Pearson, a Quaker,
built this house in 1885, three years after
he arrived in Archer with his parents
Thomas B. and Mary Pearson. Charles'
younger brother, Thomas Gilbert
Pearson, who would later play a leading
role in the development of the National
Audubon Society, describes Archer in
his autobiography.

19. W.B. Long House (207 S.
University) In the second decade of
the twentieth century, Walter B. Long
operated a general store in the building
that had belonged to C.D. Wood. The
main two-story part of his house was
built prior to 1910; the porch and single
story addition were built in 1920.

20. William G. McDonald House
(104 W. Main) This block and stucco
house was built in 1928 by Milton
Morper for W.G. McDonald.

21. Robert Heagy House (201 N.
University) Built in 1912, this house
was occupied by Robert Heagy, post-
master from 1914 to 1922 and owner of
a general store in Archer.


22. Cotton Wood Plantation The plantation belonged to David
Levy Yulee, Florida's first Senator (1845-51) and builder of the
Florida Railroad from Fernandina to Cedar Key. The main house,
built about 1850, and other buildings of the period no longer exist.
The plantation was the final designation (May 22, 1865) of the bag-
gage train carrying the Confederate treasury and papers of Jefferson
Davis following the Union victory in the Civil War.


)~B~i~~1I8lls~LcJra(tp9?~ss~YB~Oi~O*~












Tour B
Dudley Farm (18502 W. Newberry Rd.) In 1859 Philip Benjamin Harvey Dudley pur-
chased 360 acres in Alachua County with U.S. Land Grant Certificates. He raised cotton be-
fore the Civil War, left to serve as Captain with the Alachua Rangers and returned to raise
cattle. The present two-story farm house was built by Dudley's son, P.B.H. Dudley, Jr., and
his wife Sarah Wynne Dudley in the early 1880s. A general store was opened and post of-
fice added. By 1901 there were twelve children. One of these was Myrtle Dudley, who do-
nated twenty-four acres of the Dudley Farm with 18 historic buildings, to the Florida Park
Service in 1983. An additional 312 acres have been purchased and there are plans under-
way to open the site to the public as a working, demonstration pioneer farm (1880-1930)
in the near future.

Fort Clarke (An historical marker is located on Newberry Road at 91st Street)
Fort Clarke was established as a U.S. Army post near this site in 1836, prima-
Historical rily for the purpose of providing a safe haven to settlers during the Second
Marker Seminole War (1835-1842). The fort and settlement with the same name were
located on a north-south road, no longer in existence, which connected the
old county seats of Newnansville (near present day Alachua) and Spring Grove, with
Micanopy. The Fort is named for Lieutenant Henry Clarke of the 5th Infantry, a soldier
who had been killed by the enemy earlier in the conflict. In February 1840 the fort was
commanded by Gustavus Dorr of the Sixth Infantry, Company A. The exact date the fort
was abandoned, following the cessation of hostilities, is unknown.

Kanapaha Botanical Gardens (4700 S.W. 58th Drive) The North Florida Botanical So-
ciety, organized in 1977, is responsible for the development of the Kanapaha Botanical
Gardens on 62 acres of property owned by Alachua County. Work began at the site on
March 7, 1978 and the gardens were formally opened to the public on October 16, 1986.
The name "Kanapaha," taken from nearby Lake Kanapaha, refers to the thatched houses
of the Timucuan Indians who were the original inhabitants of the lakeshore. The facility
consists of more than twelve major gardens and a 29 acre
arboretum that is not yet fully developed. A variety of ac-
tivities take place there during the year, including the
Winter Bamboo Sale and the March Spring Garden Festi-
val. Du
F
Kanapaha Presbyterian Church (6221 S.W. 75th St.) -
This building, dedicated on October 17,1886, was built to
replace a frame structure erected by the Presbyterians in N EWBI
1859 at a site near Kanapaha Cemetery (S.W. 63rd Blvd.,
access restricted). The congregation had been organized in
1857 by owners of the cotton plantations that were located
in the Kanapaha area in the 1850s. Founding church
members included Thomas and Edward Haile, Dr. W.H.
Stringfellow, Ely Ramsey, Thomas Chesnut, John Young, 4
and Dr. Robert Stuart. Irish born Reverend William H. 2
McCormick, who arrived from South Carolina in 1858 to
help establish the church, rode horse-back to deliver ser-
mons in Gainesville, Ocala, Micanopy and Cedar Key as
well. The chandelier with kerosene lanterns, pews of cy-
press and pine, and wooden pulpit are original. A silver
communion service, church bell, and large Bible on dis-
play, are one hundred years old. The original windows are
framed with red stained glass purchased with money
earned by 19th century churchwomen who churned and
sold ice cream. Wooden filigree work on the outside
matches that on the interior. The building was vacated for
several years in the 1960s, but was refurbished and re-
opened for services again in 1969.


mom WWI
mo.


____~~__~______


~ ~ ~ ~ ~ _I~ ~~ ~ ~ ~


.'I

ile~~
.I
:"lri ~Br. ~Dr
51'LIIJ -
,r~rr






ll 9 mom-7~


Newb ery

Newberry developed as a mining town after phosphate was dis-
covered in the western part of Alachua Coulnti in 1889; and,
the town was located along the route of the Savannah, Florida,
and Western Railway, that in 1893 was extended southward
from High Springs. A post office established in March 1894
was named Newton, but changed to Newberry in August of
that year. In 1896 there were fourteen mines operating nearby;
with hotels, boarding houses and saloons to accommodate the
town's transient and sometimes unruly population. The de-
mand for phosphate ended abruptly in 1914 when war was de-
clared against Germany, the principal customer for Newberry's
phosphate. The community turned to agriculture and was par-
ticularly successful at producing watermelons. The Water-
melon Festival, first held in 1946, continues to be an annual
event. In 1987 Newberry's Historic District was officially
listed on the National Register of Historic Places.



1. Pickett-Tucker Building
A. Pickett built this one-story,
brick, commercial building in
1906. A general store operated by
W.H. Tucker and his family was
located in the building for almost
eighty years.


was constructed in 1906 by John
G. White. In an old photo, the
sign above White's general store
reads, "Clothing, Shoes and Cof-
fins."
3. Barry Building (25350 W.
Newberry Rd.) This concrete
block structure was built in 1908
by the widow of Dr. N.J. Barry
and used as a drugstore. A
common feature of two-story
commercial buildings of the
period was a balcony which
shaded the walkway below.
4. Commercial Buildings
(25360 W. Newberry Rd.) A
disastrous fire in May 1907
destroyed two-thirds of the
town's business district
comprised mostly of frame build-
ings. These one-story, brick,
commercial buildings were built
to replace them.


_ ~ ~


0


0


0






- ~


5. Kincaid Building (25370 W.
Newberry Rd.) The only remaining
wooden commercial building of
historic interest in town is this structure
built in 1880 by Stringfellow and
Williams and located originally in
Jonesville, five miles east of Newberry. It
was moved to its present site around
the turn of the century by Thomas
Kincaid, who opened a general store.

6. Bank of Newberry (25365 W.
Newberry Rd.) Principal stockholders
of the Bank of Newberry organized in
1906, were H.E. Pickett, W.H. Tucker,
Dr. J.F. Ruff, C.D. May, C.A. Neal, J.G.
White and Dr. S.P. Getzen. This
imposing brick building with
decorative cornice and pilasters was
completed in 1908 and the two adjacent
buildings were remodeled in 1984 to be
consistent.

7. Old Hotel (25405 W. Newberry Rd.)
- Originally known as the Pickett House,
this two-story red brick building was
built in 1908 by a Dr. Howell. It was one
of eight hotels in town at that time,
designed to serve the needs of train
passengers who arrived for stays of
varying length.

8. Newberry Municipal Building
(25440 W. Newberry Rd.) This public
building completed in 1938, was a
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
project designed by Gainesville architect
Sanford Goin. To comply with WPA
guidelines; relatively inexpensive local
materials (pine and limestone) were
used, unemployed workers were hired
as laborers and the building was used to
serve a social purpose.

9. Baptist Church (25520 W. New-
berry Rd.) The Baptist congregation
organized in 1902, worshipped in a
wooden building until this church was
completed in 1912. Stained-glass
windows, a bell tower and repeated
arches mimic the Romanesque
architectural style of medieval Europe.

10. Tucker House (25527 W.
Newberry Rd.) Durable and fireproof,
hand-made concrete blocks were used
to build the home of W.H. Tucker in
1908. Tucker was the proprietor of a
general store and one of the founders of
the Bank of Newberry. The wrought
iron pillars are not original.


I.Ei









11. Red Brick Schoolhouse (25815
S.W. 2nd Ave.) A new two-story, red
brick structure replaced a wooden
schoolhouse in 1909, at a time when the
economy of Newberry was thriving. It
was still in use in the 190s. A grant ap-
plication has been submitted for tunds
to restore the structure.

12. Electric Power Plant (N.W. 1st
SAve. and 260th St.) In 1913 Newberry
built this handsome, one-story electric
power plant with arched doorways and
strongly detailed brickwork. The build-
ing originally housed a steam generator.
There are plans to use the historic struc-

a. sl- ture as a town museum.
13. S.A. Hussey House (90 N.W.
255th St.) This house was built about
1920 by S.A. Hussey, a dentist. The
house was designed, in the days before
air conditioning, to take advantage of
the prevailing breezes.
14. Cheves House (175 N.W. 255th
St.) Built in the early years of the
second decade of the twentieth century,
W tl this house was originally occupied by
Wallace R. Cheves. Wallace's grandfa-
ther, Isaac Cheves, and his great-uncle,
Charles T. Cheves (editor of the
Newberry Miner in 1896), played a role
in the early development of Newberry.

15.Malcolm Knight House (170 N.W.
254th St.) Restored to look the way it
did originally when it was built in 1902,
this house was the home of Malcolm
Knight, an administrator with the rail-
road. Victorian elements include five
gables with cut shingle detailing, a
prominent bay and intricate woodwork.

16.John M. Holt House (155 N.W.
254th St.) Like other homes and build-
ings in Newberry, this house originally
faced the railroad tracks; but, it has been
moved. It was built around 1900 by
F John Maxey Holt, a blacksmith who
later opened the first garage in town
and sold residents their first automo-
biles.



.I-,,9, ,






NEWBERRY






z

I


ARCHER
24

S/Central Ave.


SChr..&STh A

S~H-i St. __________



Church St.




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2011 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated May 24, 2011 - Version 3.0.0 - mvs