Everglades National Park was established in 1947
to protect for this and future generations a sprawl-
ing subtropical wilderness-a complex of unique
plant-and-animal communities threatened with
destruction. Some of the habitats, such as the
everglades themselves, and some of the animals-
crocodile, manatee, roseate spoonbill, reddish
egret, wood stork, and bald eagle-are rare or
unseen elsewhere in the United States. Among
other plant and animal inhabitants are the alli-
gator, snook, tarpon, pink shrimp, royal palm,
mahogany, and mangroves. This great biological
exhibit in an aquatic setting presents a living
drama of nature in unspoiled surroundings and
gives us the opportunity for an authentic wilder-
HOW TO ENJOY THE PARK
Each season has its own advantages for park visi-
tors: the winter dry season is the best time to see
abundant wildlife, while the summer wet season
provides calmer waters and better fishing.
Your first stop should be the visitor center near
the park entrance, 20 kilometers (12 miles) from
Homestead on Fla. 27. From exhibits, films, publi-
cations, and talks by park interpreters you will
learn something of how the land was formed and
how fire, rainfall, and changes in water level and
salinity affect the plant-and-animal communities.
You will then be better prepared to understand
the landscape and the living things seen on your
trip through the park to Flamingo. Be sure to ask
for a schedule of interpretive activities at the visi-
tor center. To increase your enjoyment of the park
we recommend that you bring insect repellent,
especially during warm, wet summer months.
During your visit plan to drive to the Shark Valley
area on the north side of the park. A public trans-
portation system will take you into the Shark
River slough where you can view a great number
and variety of animals, frequently at close range.
Boats up to 18.3 meters (60 feet) long can be ac-
commodated at Flamingo Marina. Parking for
boat trailers is ample, and a free launching ramp
is nearby. Overnight slip fees for boat storage are
based on the length of the boat. Small powered
skiffs, houseboats, and canoes can be rented at
the marina. A park ranger can give you full infor-
mation about the many services offered. Marina
facilities are also available at Everglades City.
Navigation charts can be purchased in Homestead,
Miami, Everglades City, at the marinas, and at the
visitor center at park headquarters.
There is a marked 160-kilometer (99-mile) boat
trail, the Wilderness Waterway, on the inland
route from Everglades City to Flamingo. Four
marked canoe trails are in the Flamingo area.
Contact a park ranger for specific information.
The park's campgrounds, at Long Pine Key and
Flamingo, are furnished with drinking fountains,
tables, charcoal burners, tent-trailer pads, and
restrooms. Flamingo also has cold water shower
facilities. Housetrailers are permitted in the camp-
grounds, but there are no water, electrical, or
sewage "hookups" for trailer use. (Two sewage
disposal units are at Flamingo.) Stay is limited to
14 days from December 15 through April 15. A
park entrance fee is charged. Group sites are avail-
able and can be reserved by contacting park
Long Pine Key Picnic Area and Campground is
6.5 kilometers (4 miles) from the park entrance,
and you will have to bring all supplies except
water. (Supplies can be purchased in Homestead
and Florida City or other nearby towns.) Flamingo
Campground offers facilities for picnicking and
camping. Limited staple groceries are available
at the Flamingo Marina.
You may also camp, without charge, at designated
sites on the beaches or in the back country; ac-
cess is by boat or on foot. You must first obtain a
back-country use permit at park headquarters or
a ranger station.
Long Pine Key is also a National Environmental
Study Area used by thousands of local teachers
and students each year.
GOOD PARK MANNERS
Please help protect the park's natural values by
leaving the plants and animals undisturbed so
that others who come after you may enjoy them.
Practicing good outdoor manners, such as putting
litter in trash receptacles and observing the rules
of safety and courtesy, will make your visit more
enjoyable-for you and for others.
Plants and Animals. Years of protection have
made many animals lose their fear of man; thus
you can view them at close range-but they are
still wild. Do not feed or disturb them, or damage,
remove, or disturb the plants in any way.
Hunting or the use of firearms or other hunting
apparatus capable of inflicting injury to wildlife
Fishing is permitted in most areas of the park in
accordance with Florida laws. Freshwater fishing
with rod and reel requires a Florida fishing li-
cense, but no license is required for fishing in
salt water. Ask a park ranger or watch for signs
about the few areas that are closed to fishing.
Fire-please be careful with fires. Smoking is
not permitted on nature trails, and campfires may
be built only in designated camping areas.
Maximum speed on the park road is 88 kilometers
(55 miles) per hour. Reduced speed limits are
posted. Drive slowly; the road is designed for en-
joyment of the scenery.
Pets must be under physical restrictive control,
and for their protection and in consideration of
others they are not allowed on trails or in amphi-
Airboats and glades buggies are not permitted
in the park.
Help protect the park by reporting to park rangers
any fire, accident, violation, or other unusual
incident. They are here to help you enjoy the
area, so do not hesitate to ask their assistance.
FLORIDA KEYS AND KEY LARGO
The Florida Keys lie between the Straits of Florida
and Florida Bay. The geographic location gives the
boating public access to various types of boating
waters. The waters on each side of the keys pro-
vide opportunities to angle for bonefish, marlin,
sailfish, tarpon, and other prized gamefish.
Information on this area is available at the National
Park Service ranger station on Key Largo. A free
boat-launch ramp is located at Little Blackwater
Sound on U.S. 1. Other access points to the bay
are found along the entire chain of keys.
Most of Florida Bay is within the boundary of
Everglades National Park. Most of the islands are
closed to boat landings because many species of
birds nest on the islands at various times of the
year. Please check at the Key Largo or Flamingo
Ranger Station or at park headquarters for infor-
mation on islands open to the public.
At numerous points along the Florida Keys are
oceanside marinas where persons interested in
big game fishing can hire charter boats or join
groups on party fishing boats.
Florida Bay, with its many mangrove-covered
islands, shoals, and finger channels, offers excel-
lent fishing for smaller saltwater game fish, in-
cluding sea trout, snapper, redfish, snook, bone-
fish, and tarpon. Because of shallow and fluctuat-
ing water levels, boaters should use navigation
A wide range of lodging accommodations and
restaurants is available to the vacationer. Prices
vary, depending on the season of the year.
Here you will find a visitor center, cafeteria, motel,
large boat marina, campground, picnic area, and
Exhibits at Flamingo Visitor Center summarize
the park story you saw at the stops and on the
trails along the main park road. They tell of con-
servationists' struggles, prior to the park's estab-
lishment, to prevent the extinction of Everglades'
rare and endangered bird species; they introduce
the Cape Sable area and explain the effects of
Flamingo is your base of operations for explora-
tory trips into the vast wilderness of Whitewater
Bay and the hundreds of kilometers of winding,
mangrove-lined rivers and lakes, the channels
and keys of the bay, the gulf area, and the man-
grove coast with its tropical beaches. Flamingo
is an excellent base for sports fishermen, wildlife
enthusiasts, and photographers.
There's always something to do at Flamingo. Park
interpreters give talks and walks; foot trails of
various lengths offer wilderness hiking oppor-
tunities; sightseeing boats move in and out of the
marina landings; and a skilled skipper who knows
the intricate waterways can usually find a berth
for you on his charter fishing boat. These boats
are checked for safety and are well equipped with
bait, tackle, and supplies.
The Everglades Park Catering (Flamingo Lodge,
Flamingo, FL 33030; 24-hour phone number 813
695-3101) operates the marina, store, cafeteria,
gift shop, sightseeing boats, service station, and
motor lodge. Make reservations well in advance.
Rates are lower from May 1 to December 1.
PLEASE CONSERVE ENERGY.
Drawing by Betty Fraser
ALONG THE ROAD TO FLAMINGO
0 0 Entrance Sation
3.2 2 Royal Palm Area: Royal Palm Inter-
pretive Station-displays, refresh-
ments, restrooms; Anhinga Trail-an
elevated boardwalk for viewing alliga-
tors, birds, and other wildlife; Gumbo
Limbo Trail-a jungle trail through
tropical hardwood hammock.
6.5 4 Long Pine Key Area-campground,
picnic area, auto trail, and Environ-
mental Study Area.
10.5 6.5 Pineland Trail-trail through the pine-
20.1 12.5 Pa-hay-okee-boardwalk and tower to
help you see a panorama of the "true"
31.4 19.5 Mahogany Hammock elevated
boardwalk into a mahogany forest.
39.4 24.5 Paurotis Pond-parking for view of
rare palms. Limited picnicking facilities.
42.7 26.5 Nine Mile Pond-good wildlife area in
spring. Limited picnicking facilities.
49.1 30.5 West Lake-exhibits. Mangrove Trail
-an elevated boardwalk into tropical
mangrove swamp. Excellent example of
a hurricane's effects on a natural com-
munity. Tune your AM car radio to
1530 kHz for interpretive message.
61.2 38 Flamingo-exhibits, naturalist pro-
grams, hiking and canoe trails, marina,
sightseeing boats, restaurant, motel,
service station, picnic area, campground.
All trails along the park road listed above are less
than .8 kilometer (a half mile) long and require
approximately 30 minutes walking time. To help
discourage thefts, please lock your car. Be sure to
lock all valuables in the trunk or take them with
It is possible to make this 60-kilometer (38-mile)
trip over the paved road in less than 1 hour-but
you would miss much! Allow yourself at least one-
half day to become acquainted with the plant and
animal life along the way. Take time to explore the
trails at the ends of short spur roads-Royal
Palm, Pinelands, Pa-hay-okee, Mahogany Ham-
mock, and others.
THE WESTERN WATER GATEWAY
The Western Water Gateway is the boater's en-
trance to the waters of the Ten Thousand Islands
and the gulf coast-a mecca for sport fishermen.
Sammy Hamilton Boat Tours, P.O. Box 119, Ever-
glades City, FL 33929, operates sightseeing boats
in the Ten Thousand Islands and in the mangrove
swamp. Trips originate at the Gulf Coast Ranger
Station in Everglades City on Fla. 29. Sandwiches
and drinks are available here also.
Sandfly Island National Environmental Study Area,
near Everglades City, and accessible by boat only,
offers an interpretive trail explaining the human
and natural history.
Park facilities for visitors at Everglades City are
not yet completed, but private motels, cabins,
restaurants, stores, campgrounds, and service
stations are available. Additional camping near
Everglades City can be found at Copeland, 11
kilometers (7 miles) north on Fla. 29; at Collier-
Seminole State Park, 30.5 kilometers (19 miles)
west on U.S. 41; and at Remuda Ranch (Sheraton
Inn), and 1.6 kilometers (one mile) east of Ochopee
on U.S. 41.
Near the ranger station tune your AM car radio to
1520 kHz for an interpretive message.