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FIN SOUTH FLORIDA
CY~~~PRESS DOMES, STRANDS. Forests of Taxodium ascendens (pondcypress) with an understory of mainly graminoid......
specis __________ ________ ____.._ ______ _______
species.such as Rhynchospora microcarpa, Pap.um monostachyum, Cladium amaicens .... .. and
Schizachyrium rhizomatum, but scattered hardwood shrubs may be present.
~WILLOW HEADS. Monospecific stands of willow, Salix caroliniana, with a few species of aquatic herbs in the understory.
~CYPRESS-MIXED SWAMP FOREST. Dominated by Taxodium distichum (baldcypress), with subcanopy of Acer rubrum
(red maple), Persea borbonia and Ficus aurea (strangler i)- Ferns, esp-ecially Blechnum serrulatum (swamp fern-, an-'d
aquatic herbs dominate the understory. Stippled areas indicate swamp hardwoods without overstory baldcypress.
~PINE-SABAL-SERENOA FORESTS. Forests of Pinus elliottii var. densa (South Florida slash pine), with an understory of
Sabal palmetto cabbagee palm) and Serenoa_ repens (saw palmetto), in varying abundance. Overstory pines may be scarce
in some areas due to logging and little or no subsequent regeneration.
n PINE-PRAIRIE. Forests of Pious elliottii var. densa (south Florida stash pine) with a mixed graminoid understory
dominated by Muhlenbergia fiie, Schizachyriumn rhizuomatumi, Cladiunm jaces and Pp~u monostachyum. Sabal
palmetto and Serenoa repens may be present, but occupy a small percentage of the area.
~PINE-HARDWOOD STANDS. Forests of Pious elliotti var. densa (south Florida slash pine), with a well developed
hardwood understory. Common hardwood species include, (Myrica cerilera, [lex cassine and Quercu___s vignin.
~OAK-SABAL HAMMOCKS. Hardwood stands dominated by Quercus laurifolia (laurel oak). Subcanopy species include
Sabal palmetto (cabbage palm), Myrsine floridana (mnyrsine), Ardisia escallonioides marlberryy) and Pscoti spp. (wild
~HARDWOOD SCRUB. Stands oh hardwood shrubs (< 5 m) tall including; Myrica cerifera (wax myrtle), Ilex cassine
(dahoon holly), Quercus vignin (live oak) and Serenoa repens (saw palmetto.
-SAWGRASS MARSH. Graminoid community dominated by dense, tall (2 m) Cladium jamaicense (sawgrass).
~EMERGENT AQUATIC MARSH. Community of emergent aquatic plants such as Pontederia lanceolata (pickerel weed),
.spp., Ty, I spp. (cattails) and N ym a odorata.
~~MUHLENBERGIA PRAIRIE. Graminoid community dominated by Muhienbergia filipes. Associated species which may be .
locally dominant includes: Cladium [amaicense (sawgrass); Paspalum monostachyum; and Spartina bakeri (cordgrass).
~~OPEN WATER. Canals and borrow pits with no emergent vegetation, but may support submergent species such as '
Utricularia spp., Ceratophyllum demersum, Hydrilla vertici.lata, and Najas flexihs.
: : : : : : : : : : : : . .. I -Ii ..
EXOTIC AREAS. Areas dominated by Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper).
_DISTURBED LAND. Bare or recently disturbed ground that may be colonized by weedy successional vegetation,
including areas around campsites, homesites, and spoil banks.
0 VEGETATION PLOT (15 m x 40 m)
A HYDROLOGIC MONITORING STATION
Plant communities were delineated on 9 in. x 9 in. color aerial photographs. The details were transferred to a skeleton
map (1:10,000), which was generated from USGS 7.5 minute orthophoto quadrangle sheets, using a Map-O-Graph opaque
projecter. Plant communities largely correspond to those used by Davis (1943), Craighead (1971), McPherson (1973) and
Duever et al. (1979). Ground truthing was done during February 1981. We thank Mr. Antonio Jurado of the Water
Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey in Miami, Florida for aid and consultation. Dr. Lloyd Loope is also
acknowledged for his contributions in the early planning stages of this project..