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Madison, Florida (920)
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Title: Madison, Florida (920)
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Foreword
        Page 1
    Main
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Back Matter
        Insert 1
        Insert 2
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

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Foreword
The 1910 census shows that the per cent. of in-
crease of the population in Florida has been greater
in the past ten years than any other State east of
the Mississippi river. Hundreds and thousands of citi-
zens of other States are annually coming to the "Land
of Flowers." It is for the purpose of showing the
advantages offered along agricultural, educational,
and manufacturing lines that the Board of Trade
of Madison, Florida, is issuing this booklet. The
Board of Governors desires that it be distinctly
understood that not a single member of the Board
is a real estate agent or has any land for sale though
nearly all of them own real estate. There are
thousands of acres of land in this County awaiting
development and the Board of Trade realizes that it
is necessary to present evidence to the prospective
settler of the desirability of Madison County as a
home and as a place for investment and settlement.
Any officer or member of the Board of Trade will
be glad to answer any question relating to the Town
or County upon request. The same is true of the
members of the Town Council and of the Board of
County Commissioners, and Citizens, whose names
are given below.
It will be noticed that we have made no attempt
in this booklet to make any exaggerated claims as
to the productiveness of our soil. We have a gen-
eral farming section and ideal conditions in many
respects for some of the leading branches of Agri-
culture and Animal Industries. You are probably
aware that some sections of Florida are being widely
advertised by land companies interested in the sale
of lands in their possession. There is often a temp-
tation upon their part to exaggerate the qualities
of their soil and the crop values therefrom. We re-
spectfully ask of the reader that he exercise due
care not to confuse our fertile farming land with
the low, sandy land of some sections of Florida,
which are often covered with Scrub Palmetto and
often during the wet season are covered with two
or three feet of water. Madison County has no land
of this kind for sale. Our land has to be seen to
be appreciated, and it must not be confused with
the comparatively worthless land of some sections
of the State.
The undersigned Citizens and Officers of Madison,
Florida, put themselves on record as believing that
the following facts in regard to the Town and County
are true and will bear the closest inspection by all.
They feel that this County has resources sufficient
for double the population and they are anxious to
have these resources developed. We therefore, most








cordially invite a most careful reading of these pages
and ask that the reader give to our claims whatever
consideration he feels that their merits will warrant.
TOWN COUNCIL.
R. H. ROWE, Attorney.
Mayor of Madison.
L. A. FRALEIGH, Pres. First Nat'1. Bank.
President Council.
W. B. DAVIS, Druggist.
DR. D. H. YATES, Physician and Surgeon.
E. C. HASSELL, Merchant.
WALTER BUNTING, Merchant.
S. P. GRIFFIN, Merchant.
Clerk.
COUNTY COMMISSIONERS.
J. E. HARDEE,
Chairman. ,
LEE HARRELL.
W. W. SEVER.
JOS. WILLIAMS.
J. P. TAYLOR.
T. Z. MARTIN,
Clerk.
BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF MADISON
BOARD OF TRADE.
C. E. DAVIS, Attorney.
President.
W. P. KNIGHT, Merchant.
Vice-President.
J. E. HARDEE, Merchant.
Chairman Board of Co. Com.
J. L. FONDA, Pres. Fla. Mfg. Co.
A. LIVINGSTON, Jr., Pres. Cit. Bank.
W. B. CATE, Prin. Fla. Normal Institute.
T. Z. MARTIN, Clk. Ct. Court.
W. N. CONOLEY,
Secretary Board of Trade.



LOCATION.
Madison County is located in the extreme north-
ern part of Florida and touches Georgia on the north.
Madison, the county seat, is on the main line of the
S. A. L. R. R., 110 miles directly west of Jacksonville
and 55 miles east of Tallahassee, the State capital.
It is about 250 miles south of Atlanta, Georgia. The
distance from the south end of Madison County to
the Gulf is only about 30 miles.
RAILROADS.
In addition to being on the main line of the S. A.
L. R. R., running between Jacksonville and Pensa-
cola, Madison is at present, the southern terminus
of the Georgia & Florida Railroad which extends
from Madison to Augusta, Georgia. Excellent north-
ern connections are made with all the leading roads
coming into the Southeast.
HISTORY.
The Town of Madison is one of the oldest in the
State. The present City Park now filled with mag-
nificent Live Oaks at one time was a stockade used
for protection against the attacks of the Indians. All
evidence of these Indian attacks have passed away
and around the old stockade have grown up the
magnificent live oaks for which Madison is famous.
The people of the Town and County are distinctly
southern. Few sections of the South have more suc-
cessfully combined the old Southern sentiment with
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the progressive forces of other sections than this
County. The people have the hospitality for which
the South has been famous and welcome the settler
from any section. The population of Madison County
is about 20,000.
THE TOWN OF MADISON.
Madison, the county seat of Madison County, is
an old town and contains about 2,000 people. The
assessed valuation of the town is about $650,000.
This represents a real value of more than $2,000,000.
The town contains an excellent water system
owned by the town. A sewer system has recently
been installed and has added much to the health-
fulness of the town. The electric light plant at
present belongs to a corporation, but in all proba-
bility will soon be purchased by the town as the
citizens are beginning to believe more and more
in the municipal ownership of public utilities.
The town contains several churches, an excellent
school of twelve grades in addition to Normal and
Business school, several cotton gins, one of which
is the largest Sea Island cotton ginnery in the
world, two strong banks, an excellent hotel, as well
as a large number of well-stocked stores.

SCHOOLS.
Florida has a good system of education, both for
the Town and Rural districts. Questions for the
teacher's examinations are uniform throughout the
State. Greater demands are being made each year
from the teachers and the educational system is
becoming more efficient. The schools of Madison
County compare favorably with those of any part
of the State. Standing at the head of the educa-
tional system of the County, is the Florida Normal
Institute, which conducts as one of its departments,
a County High School and maintains all grades from
one to twelve free for ten months each year to all
bona fide citizens of Madison County. In addition
to this, this Institution maintains Normal, Commer-
cial, Musical and other special departments. The
annual enrollment is over 600 which makes it the
largest Normal school in the State. Hundreds of
teachers yearly attend this Institution to receive
better preparation for their work. The demand is
very heavy for teachers in Florida. Hundreds are
imported every year from other States.

CHURCHES.
Not only in the town of Madison are there the
usual number of churches, but throughout the rural
districts the leading denominations are represented.
In the Town of Madison will be found the Presby-
terian, Methodist, Baptist, Catholic, and Episcopalian
churches. All of these churches have pastors with
regular services.
HEALTH.
Madison County has an excellent health record.
Very seldom do we have epidemics. Typhoid fever
is almost unknown. While in some sections of the
County there is more or less malaria, yet our peo-
ple have learned how to combat the evil effects of
the disease as well as to use preventative measures.
There is very little consumption. The outdoor life
possible in this climate makes the White Plague
victims very few.
































































































Some Hay in Bales. Florida Manufacturing Co.
Cotton Waiting for the Gin.


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CLIMATE.
While Madison County is not located in the tropi-
cal section of the State, yet it is far enough south to
be free from the rigid winters of the sections further
north. There is usually enough cold weather to
make the following summer a healthful one, as well
as to furnish adequate means for the curing of pork.
While the summers are long and sometimes hot, yet
the Gulf and Atlantic breezes abound and render the
hot spells even more pleasant than many sections of
the North and West. Heat prostrations are abso-
lutely unknown in Florida. The idea prevalent in
many sections, that people cannot live in Florida
in the summer time is without foundation. Not one
per cent. of the citizens of the State leave the State
during the summer. In fact, many people are com-
ing to Florida from other sections to spend the
summer on our seashore.
GOVERNMENT STATISTICS.
Elsewhere in this booklet we have claimed that
the temperature and rain-fall in Madison County are
most excellent for the best agricultural results. To
strengthen this statement, the Government records
as to the temperature, and rain-fall, etc., are given
below. These are for an average for the past 10
years. We invite close attention to the study of
these statistics.
Av. Temp. Av. No. Precip.
Month. Deg. F. Rainy Da. Inches
January ................... 54.2 7 3.25
February ................. 55.8 8 4.11
M arch .................... 63.4 5 3.50
April ..................... 67.9 6 2.73
May ....................... 75.4 6 4.35
June ..................... 80.2 9 5.47
July ...................... 81.1 12 8.40
August ................... 81.5 12 6.89
September .............. 78.8 10 5.56
October ................... 69.6 3 2.59
November ............... 61.3 4 1.70
December ................ 54.2 7 3.77
For the Year: Average annual temperature, De-
grees F, 68.6; Precipitation Inches, 52.32; No.
Rainy Days, 89.
Date of earliest killing frost ........ November 12th.
Date of latest killing frost.......... March 27th.
Average date of first killing frost.... November 29th.
Average date of last killing frost .... March 1st.
Length of crop-growing season......273 days.
WATER.
The State of Florida contains over 2,000 lakes and
Madison County has her share. These are all clear
bodies of water and abound in fish. They all furnish
an abundant water supply for stock and for purposes
of irrigation. The underground water supply of
Madison County is worthy of mention. At from 75
to 200 feet in any section of the County a strong flow
of the purest water can be obtained. There are in
the County, hundreds of deep wells that furnish ex-
cellent water to the citizens. These wells can be
bored at a cost of $1.00 per foot.
ROADS.
Madison County is located on the National High-
way extending from New York to Jacksonville. The
County has an abundance of clay and other road-




























































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Madison Colonial Home. A Pecan Grove.
Madison Street Scene.


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building materials. The citizens are becoming great-
ly interest in the question of building better roads,
and it is only a matter of a short time until excellent
hard-surfaced roads will be in all parts of the County.
SOILS.
In the main the soil of Madison County is a sandy
loam with a clay sub-soil. The various varieties of
these soils furnish excellent facilities for the princi-:
pal branches of agriculture. The following pages give
in detail the various crops that grow successfully
here. Wheat has never been produced on a paying
basis, neither do apples do well. A freeze, about 20
years ago killed most of the orange trees in the
County, but since that new trees have come up and
are bearing excellent fruit. This County is not adver-
tised as an orange section, however. Were it not
for the danger of freezing it would be an ideal sec-
tion for oranges and other citrus fruits.
TIMBER.
There are thousands of acres of yellow pine and
cypress timber in the County. While much of our
timber has been worked for turpentine and lumber,
yet in parts of the County there are still tracts of
virgin timber untouched by the axe. In addition to
these forests of yellow or long leaf pine, we have
an abundance of hard wood such as oak and hickory.
These forests will furnish abundant material for any
manufacturing industries that may desire to locate
in the County.
BANKS.
The Town of Madison has two strong banks with
deposits of considerable over half a million dollars.
These are The First National Bank, L. A. Fraleigh,
President, and The Citizens Bank, A. Livingston,
Jr., President. There are also banks in the Towns of
Greenville, Lee, and Pinetta. These institutions are
of sufficient strength to furnish adequate accommo-
dations for their patrons in all legitimate enterprises.
The strength of Madison's banks is one of its strong-
est assets.
TOWNS.
In addition to Madison, which is the County seat,
there are several other towns in the County. In the
extreme western part of the County located on the
Seaboard Air Line Railroad is the Town of Green-
ville, containing about 800 people. In the eastern
part of the County are Lee and Ellaville. North of
Madison are the thriving villages of Hanson and
Pinetta. In several other sections of the County
there are excellent communities of people gathered
around a store, a church or a school.
NEEDED INDUSTRIES.
Madison County has raw material and opportun-
ity for a large number of manufacturing enterprises
of various kinds. Many of these can be started with
small capital and can when properly managed yield
excellent returns to their owners. Among these
might be mentioned the barrel factory, canning
establishment, a wagon and buggy factory, a cotton
mill, a syrup factory, a cigar factory, and a fertilizer
factory.
SPORTS.
Few sections of the country are more attractive
to the lover of sports than Madison County. Our
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Cattle Pasturinglin Japanese Cane.


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lakes and rivers are full of fish. Our fields abound
in quail and our forests in the southern part of the
County contain deer and wild turkey.
Our large plantations of comparatively level or
gently rolling fields, furnish ideal quail shooting.
Many come from the Northern States to spend from
one to five months of each year, to enjoy these fea-
tures of sporting life.

RAINFALL.
The statistics of the Agricultural Department
show the rainfall throughout Florida to be sufficiently
heavy for all phases of agriculture. In order to have
an ideal territory for luxuriant vegetable growth
there must be heat, moisture, and fertility. These
three essentials are found in Madison County.
VALUE OF LANDS.
There are thousands of acres of cleared lands in
Madison County that are practically uncultivated.
Much of this land belongs to large plantations of
from two to five thousand acres. They belonged to
slave holders before the war and are now cultivated
in a very poor manner by the descendants of the
slaves of former days. These plantations are being
cut up into farms of from eighty to two or three hun-
dred acres and are being handled in a much
more successful manner. While there has been some
increase in the price of farm lands in the past ten
years, yet land can still be bought at a very reason-
able figure. Unimproved property located within 4
or 5 miles of the County seat may still be bought at
from $15 to $20 per acre. Three or four miles further
out this land can be bought at from $5 to $10 per
acre. Improved farm property sometimes sell as
high as $25 to $30 per acre.

EASY PAYMENTS.
No section of the country offers a better opportun-
ity for a man of energy with a small capital than
this one. Land can always be bought on easy pay-
ments. This is true also of stock, machinery, ferti-
lizer, and other farm supplies. While there are some
advantages in the way of saving interest in having
capital sufficiently large to make payment in full
for both property and goods, yet for the man of
limited means an excellent opportunity is given to
get a start and soon'acquire a capital of his own.
Our real estate dealers, our banks, our stock and
machinery dealers and merchants are all interested
in the development of our County and will ever be
found willing to do everything within their power to
give the necessary aid to the man who is honest and
energetic. There is no place in the world where a
man can get a start in life more easily than in Madi-
son County.
PANAMA CANAL.
The completion of the Panama Canal in the next
year or two will be a great stimulus to all forms of
activity in Florida. Already several systems of rail-
roads are heading their lines toward the Gulf ports
in this section of Florida. Some of these lines will
doubtless pass through Madison County and will add
very materially in the development of this section
of the State. The three systems of roads already
in the County are arranging for ports of entry on
the Gulf.











































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Sugar Cane and Potatoes.

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PECANS.
No section in the
country will produce
better pecans than
this County. Our land
and our climate are
ideal for their
growth. While as yet
there has not been
any extensive plant-
ing of groves, yet
some of the oldest
trees in the State are
in Madison County
and people are awak-
ing to the fact that
this forms an excel-
lent avenue for a
safe investment that
is bound to yield good
returns in a few
years. It usually
takes a tree 5 to 7
years to produce
fruit in anything like
a paying quantity,
but in 10 to 15 years
the income often is
$50 to $100 per tree.
The supply of nuts
at present is not
sufficient to meet the
demand. Common
nuts sell at 12%
cents per pound and
the better grades are
now selling at 60c to
$1.00 per pound.


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CATTLE.
Too little attention
is now being paid by
the' Madison County
farmers to cattle rais-
ing. Too many are
depending upon the
common stock and
are not taking the
proper steps to im-
prove the grade. This
section furnishes
abundant opportun-
ity to the man who
wants to build up a
herd of Jerseys,
Guernseys, or Hol-
steins fordairy pur-
poses or Short Horns,
Red Pole, or Here-
.fords for beef pur-
poses. Some farm-
ers are keeping these
stocks and find them
a great advantage
over common varie-
ties. The demand for
cattle or beef always
exceeds the supply.
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What Madison County Will

Produce
We fully realize that to interest the man with a
family or the man desiring to accumulate some prop-
erty during his prime for the later days of his life,
we must show him that our lands and climate are
the equal of those of any section and that no country
surpasses this in the ability to produce ordinary farm
crops in paying quantities at the minimum of cost.
The fact that we have lands cheap in price is not
sufficient to catch the wise man. He wants to know
what those lands will produce and whether or not
this production can be secured so as to leave a fair
margin of profit.
It shall be our idea to convince the prospective
home-seeker that our County is an ideal place in
which to live and that no country under the sun
will yield greater profit to the fellow with a willing-
ness to work and study conditions.
Hon. James Wilson, Secretary of Agriculture,
says, "With proper attention to stock raising and
legume growing, you can in six or seven years make
your Southern land worth $100.00 per acre, and
there is no more alluring agricultural opportunity
in America than that of taking $10 or $20 land and
increasing its value five or ten-fold in a decade be-
sides making good profits while doing it."
TWO OR THREE CROPS PER YEAR.
The seasons are such that two or three crops per
year can be gotten from the same piece of land.
This enables the farmer to take advantage of the
large number of growing hours per year in such a
way as to get the most possible from the land.
THE NUMBER OF GROWING HOURS.
The success of agricultural pursuits depends very
materially upon the number of growing hours pos-
sible during the season of various crops. On ac-
count of short seasons there are many products that
cannot be raised in some States. For instance, the
velvet bean, one of the greatest forage plants in
the world, requires a long season and will not ma-
ture even in the Middle States. The number of
growing days per year in Madison County is 273,
which far exceeds that of many States of this
country. This is a strong asset for the farmer or
gardener in this section.
CORN.
Corn requires a warm, moist climate and a long
season. We have these conditions. Both the early
and the late maturing varieties do well. The soil is
easily cultivated and is ready to respond freely to
the effort of the farmer.
Fields of thirty to forty bushels per acre are
not unusual, and when the proper steps are taken
to break the land in the fall, to thoroughly prepare
the seed-bed, fertilize and cultivate intelligently, the
yield will reach 75 to 100 bushels. In the field with
the corn may be grown peanuts (the greatest and
cheapest hog feed in the world), peas, velvet beans,
and other soil-improving legumes. Many of our best
farmers find that by planting the peanuts between
the corn rows that about 75% as much of each will
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be produced as when only one is planted. The hogs
will gather the nuts themselves beginning in Sep-
tember or October and growing and fattening on
them until January or February. This enables hogs
to be produced ready for market for from two to
three cents per pound.
COTTON.
Madison County is in the center of the Sea Island
Cotton Belt. The crop of short cotton in the U. S.
is about 12,000,000 bales per year. This variety is
not grown in this county to any great extent for
the reason that the long tough fibre of the Sea Island
brings in the market from two to three times as
much per pound and our land is ideal for this va-
riety.
With the proper preparation of the land, the
proper fertilization and cultivation, our farmers se-
cure from five to fifteen hundred pounds of seed
cotton per acre. Twelve hundred pounds of seed
cotton will gin about 350 pounds of lint worth from
25c to 36c per pound. This is one of the great money
crops. The Sea Island cotton produced amounts to
about 85,000 bales per year and quite a, large per
cent of this is produced in this county.
SUGAR CANE.
Sugar cane is raised for the beautiful and palatable
syrup, for the sugar to be made therefrom, and for
the feed for stock, the Japanese variety being used
for all three purposes.
The good acre of sugar cane will make 300 to
400 gallons of the finest syrup in the world, worth
(when bottled at a cost of ten cents per gallon)
75c to 90c per gallon. The Japanese variety will
produce tons of most excellent feed for stock per
acre if cut at the right time. It is grown for syrup
as well as for forage.
TOBACCO.
The heavier grades of chewing tobacco are not
raised in Madison County, but our soil is ideal for
the production of from 1,200 to 1,500 pounds per
acre of the best grade of cigar wrapper tobacco,
worth, barn cured, from 40 to 75 cents per pound.
This tobacco is raised under a shade or in the
open sun. There are only a few counties in the
United States that will produce this tobacco and
this is one among the few.
POTATOES.
While Irish Potatoes can be produced very well
in all sections of the County, yet when it comes
to the production of Sweet Potatoes, few if any
sections of the country, can surpass this County.
These furnish a staple food for the people and are
often used as food for stock. From 200 to 400
bushels per acre can be produced. The price is
seldom below 75c per bushel.
FRUITS.
As yet, no variety of apples has been found that
will grow successfully in this section. Peaches,
figs, pears, and grapes do well. When the proper
attention is given to the pruning and spraying, ex-
ceedingly satisfactory results can be gotten from
these fruits either on a small or large scale. Figs
grow in abundance with almost no cultivation. Our
winters do not injure these fruits. Grapes and
peaches require some attention.
16

















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Buildings of the Florida Normal Institute
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ORANGES.
Until about 20 years ago, Madison County ranked
well as an orange-growing section, but a freeze at
that time killed most of the trees. Since then new
trees have come up and in all sections of the
County may be found orange trees producing excel-
lent fruit. We do not (i.Lii, this industry, however,
as being a paying one !..-b r :s section, on account
of the danger of another freeze. A dozen .,.h'_--
trees, however, will form an attractive part .[ .ri
man's home orchard and unless the weather be-
comes unusually cold the returns from even a small
number of trees would be satisfactory.

FORAGE PLANTS.
We claim to have one of the greatest sections
to be found for economic productions of forage
plants. Many of these are legumes and add great
stores of nitrogen as well as humus to the soil.
One acre of thrifty legumes will often add as much
nitrogen (ammonia) to the soil as can be bought with
an expenditure of twenty-five to thirty dollars in
commercial fertilizer. In addition to the soil-im-
proving power of these legumes, they furnish cheap
and effK-:riir food for stock. It should be remem-
bereIl tlar the number of gero 'i.Z bloii, per year
in Madison County is mor.- imaibl ilnhlil that in
many of the Northern States. The abundance of
rainfall, together with the heat and fertility, in this
country makes this as said above, one of the great-
est forage producing sections in the world. Among
the large number of forage plants raised success-
fully, might be mentioned the cow pea, sorghum,
velvet bean, beggar weed, soja bean, vetch and pea-
nuts. The cow pea is raised as a soil improver and
for hay. It produces from one to two tons per acre
and is worth from $20 to $25 per ton. The velvet
bean is seldom cut but furnishes pasture for cattle,
hogs and other stock during December, January,
February and March. It has great fattening quali-
ties for cattle. Pindars (peanuts) are raised chiefly
as a hog food. In October, the hogs are turned into
the pindar fields and very soon become fat. Beggar
weed is a natural production, which, cut at the
right time and well matured, furnishes an excellent
hay. The chemical analysis shows that a pound
of well cured beggar weed hay contains equal food
value with a pound of good wheat bran.
HAY.
The rapidity of growth of grasses and other hay-
-producing crops together with the moisture and heat
in Madison County makes this a great hay country.
We usually have little trouble in having sufficient
sunshine to cure these crops. Cow peas, beggar
weed, some of the clovers, velvet beans, oats with
vetch, sorghum, and some of the native grasses are
the principal sources of the bay crop. Home-grown
hay sells at from $15.00 to $25.00 per ton.
RYE AND OATS.
Madison County is famous for its rye. Thousands
of bushels are shipped each year to other sections
of the country, where it is used for seed. This seed
rye usually sells at from $2.00 tb $2.50 per bushel.
Rye and oats both, make good winter pasturage.
Sometimes they are plowed under to improve the
crop that is to follow. Sometimes, however, they are





















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National Highway in Course of Construction.
Country Home ex-Gov. Drew.
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cut at the proper stage and are used as hay. When
desired, they are cut a little later and are threshed
as in other sections of the country.

VEGETABLES.
Madison County is not in the tropical vegetable
section. Most of the important vegetables are raised
in the County for home consumption. But very lit-
tle attempt has been made in the past to grow
them on a scale sufficiently large to justify ship-
ping. Small crops of vegetables, such as onions,
cantaloupes, and beans are being raised and shipped
to an advantage. We believe that if the proper
steps were taken, many of the vegetables could be
raised as a side product on our farms and shipped
to an advantage. Any surplus could easily be can-
ned and would in that form, find a ready market.

MELONS.
Watermelons grow to perfection on our sandy
loam soils. A melon patch sufficiently large to
furnish five to fifteen carloads, if shipped to North-
ern markets is a safe side crop for any farmer. Some
plant on a much larger scale and often reap excel-
lent returns. If market conditions are unfavorable
it is customary to turn the hogs into the melon
patch and thereby make a good profit on the in-
vestment.
LIVE STOCK.
The abundant supply of water together with the
ease with which forage plants are raised makes
Madison County in many respects an ideal place
for the various branches of the live stock industry.
It must be remembered that our winters are so
mild that no shelter is required for most domestic
animals. This is a great saving in expense, and
one that farmers north of us will be quick to ap-
preciate.
HOGS.
We believe that hogs can be raised more cheaply
in Madison County than any other place in the
country. All forms of hog-feed such as pindars,
chufas, cassava, peas, rye, sorghum, Japanese cane,
millet, corn, and velvet beans, are raised in great
quantities and with extreme ease. Most of these
foods can be gathered by the hogs themselves. By
the proper arrangement of fences and crop rotation
some food can be in the field nearly all of the time
on which the hogs may pasture, grow, and fatten.
There is always an abundant market for hogs, either
on the foot or as dressed pork. Many farmers store
the meat at home while others use the cold storage
plant maintained in the town of Madison for the
purpose of curing the meat. Experience proves that
the common "razor back" is not so profitable as a
cross between the common hog and some of the
better varieties. The Berkshire is exceedingly popu-
lar; some, however, prefer the Poland China, while
the Duroc Jersey is also becoming popular.

SHEEP.
Sheep are being raised in Madison County at al-
most no trouble or cost. The winters are seldom so
severe that it is necessary for them to be en-
closed. Often they live in the fields and woods with
practically no care.















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First National Bank.


Twenty tons Peavine Hay out from 15 acres. Worth $20 per ton.


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POULTRY.
Poultry pays well in Madison County. On many
of our farms this branch of animal industry pays a
good share of the profit. Conditions are ideal.
DAIRYING.
W. W. Finley, President of the Southern Railway,
in an address to the Southern farmers, recently
said: "One of the most important requisites for the
security of any business enterprise is the certainty
of a market for its produce. There is an assured
market for all dairy products that can be produced
in the Southeast States." Mr. Finley goes on to say
that the value of the dairy products imported from
other sections of the country into the Southeast
amounts to in the neighborhood of twenty million dol-
lars per year. Those well posted, claim that a large
per cent. of these dairy products could be raised and
manufactured on a more economical scale in the
Southeastern States than in the Northern States.
There is room in Madison County for a great develop-
ment of the dairy business. Our proximity to Jack-
sonville and other consuming centers is such that
there will always be a ready market for all dairy and
food products.
HOMESEEKERS' RATES.
It has been customary in the past years for the
leading railroads of the Southeastern Passenger
Association to grant homeseekers' rates to Florida
points throughout most of the year. These tickets
are usually for sale only on about two days per
month, usually about the 10th and 25th. They are
usually good for 25 days. Local agents of the various
railroads can usually find these rates for their patrons.
In case you cannot get this information from your
local agent, write to S. C. Boylston, Jr., Assistant
General Passenger Agent of the Seaboard Air Line
Railroad, at Jacksonville, Florida, or to C. H. Gattis,
Augusta, Georgia, General Passenger Agent of the
Georgia and Florida Railroad, or to the Secretary of
the Madison Board of Trade, Madison, Florida.
Either of these gentlemen will give you the desired
information in regard to Homeseekers' Excursions.
We quote the following, to give some idea as to
what rates may be expected:
Washington, D. C., to Madison, Fla., and return, $23.00
Cairo, Ill., to Madison, Fla., and return...... 21.65
Cincinnati, O., to Madison, Fla., and return.. 22.90
Louisville, Ky., to Madison, Fla., and return.. 22.15
Chicago, Ill., to Madison, Fla., and return.... 33.90
Springfield, Ill., to Madison, Fla., and return.. 28.55
Battle Creek, Mich.. to Madison, Fla., and return 32.80
Detroit, Mich., to Madison, Fla., and return.. 33.80
Grand Rapids, Mich.,to Madison, Fla.,and return 34.80
St. Louis, Mo., to Madison, Fla., and return.. 26.20
Kansas City, Mo., to Madison, Fla., and return 32.85
GENERAL INFORMATION.
Farm labor can be gotten by the day, month or
year. By the month wages are usually $12 to $16
and by the day, from 50c to 75c. Negro women
may be hired for field work at 50c per day. Do-
mestic service may be gotten at from $1.50 to $2.00
per week.
Mules, horses, buggies and wagons may be gotten
at any season of the year from our dealers.














k"


-7







Building material may be gotten at a reasonable
price from the saw mills so numerous in the County.
The timber furnishes an abundant supply of pine or
cypress for fence posts.
There are eight rural routes going out from Madi-
son to various parts of the County. There are also
several going from Greenville, Lee, and Pinetta.



































For Additional Information Address

W. N. CONOLEY

Secretary Board of Trade
MADISON, FLA.















24
Pepper Publishing and Printing Co.
Gainesvilk, Florida





FLORIDA


E. A. STROUT FARM AGENCY, Inc.


Florida Normal MA I

o"- MADISON
in County

MADISON, the hustling, thriving county seat of Madison County, is
located in the northern part of Florida, close to the Georgia State
Line, in a section that for general farming purposes cannot be excelled
in Florida.
The National and Dixie Highways go with over $1.000.000 on deposit. This part
through the town and it is famous for of Florida is notably healthful; growing
having one of the largest cotton gins in season averages 280 days; rainfall 55
the South. as well as the largest peanut incites. Different farm organizations here
oil mill in the world; new $75,000 County are County Swine Breeders Association,
Court House, its own water system, lee Poultry Club. Corn Club. Pig Club, Dairy
plant and new sewerage system, 5 Club, Canning Club and a Peanut Clul,
churches, fine 12-grade high school, nor- that won first prize at last year's Fair ir
mal school, business college, 2 banks competition with clubs all over the state.


Madison is a Hustling. Thriving County Seat Town. Close to the Georgia State
Line. Above you see (1) The County Court House; (2) The Sweet Potato Curing
and Packing House; (3) First Methodist Episcopal Church; (4) One of the Large
Tobacco Packing Houses; (5) First National Bank; (6) One of the Busy Streets;
(7) A Fashionable Up-to-date Hot-1.


No. 204 196 Acres $7500
4 Acres Mulberries; Team, 27 Cattle, 60 Hogs,
'Full Equipment, Crops of Co.n, Cotton,
Peanuts, Beans, Hay, Potatoes Included
Well-cultivated, highly-productive farm,
rignt on improved road where your neigh-
bors are prosperous and contented. Every-
thing complete, an immediate income and
big possibilities for you here; few sieps t6
school, easy drive t.. -.ii. humch and other
advantages of live ':;i- .-., scholars trans-
ported to high school; 120 acres wel-drained
dark loam tillage, clay subsoil, all fenced.
making money for present owner-to ii con
cotton, peanuts, velvet beans, hay, potatoes,
etc.; lake-watered pasture and woodland-
oranges, peaches, plums, grapes, pecan grove,
mulberry grove of 4 acres; fine 7-room
painted bungalow, good water supply, pleas-
ant porch, fireplace, abundant shade, neigh-
bors nearby; roomy barn. 2 tenant houses.
smoke house, cotton house, shelters, cold
storage, poultry house, potato i-ouse; aged
owner cannot handle, will sacrifice for $7500.
part cash, balance to suit, including 2 good
mules. 60 hogs. 27 cattle, all farming irm-
plements, all crops of corn. cotton, potatoes,
velvet beans, hay, potatoes, generally around
80 acres in crops. One of the most attrac-
tive farms in this section and a genuine
bargain.

..o. 211 0 Acres $3400
Team, 5 Cattle. 25 Hogs, Poultry, Included;
Good General Farm Bordering Village
Splendid opening here for progressive farm-
er. Right on improved road, only mile to
RR town with all advantages; mail delivered,
good markets handy: 60 acres level tillage,
dark loam soil. suited to all crops raised in
this section, pasture and woodland; 50 peach
trees. 3 orange. 2 near. 15 fig trees, plum
orchard, grape arbor, necan trees; 5-room
painted house, pleasant 8x32 ft. porch, fire-
place, good water, near npifhbors, tenant
house, other necessary outbuildings; owner
carnot handle. throws- in for ouick buyer.
2 good mules. 5 cattle 25 hogs, wagon, tools.
harness, quantity corn, potatoes, syrup and
poultry, everything for $3400, part cash, easy
terms.

No. 224 200 Acres $3000
Only $1000 Cash Needed, 2 Mules. 10 Cattle. 15
Hogs. Tools, Crops Included
In good farming district where tobacco,
sugar cane, corn. other general crops, veg-
etables thrive. Just off improved road, easy
walk to school, hih school, church, mail
delivered. sort drive to denot town, best of
q"-rkets: 125 acres level productive tillage.
clav subsoil, well-fenced; balance woodland:
free range near where cattle and hogs are


fattened at practically no cost, bringing big
profits to you; plum orchard, peaches, figs,
pecans, grapes; cozy 4-room bungalow, good
water supply, fireplace, wide porch, pleasant
outlook, oak shade, roomy barn, smoke house.
poultry house, cotton house; owner's affairs
make quick sale necessary, an early buyer
gets 2 mules, 10 cattle, 15 hogs, wagon, all
farming tools, 100 bn. corn. 200 bundles
fodder, 50 gal. syrup, 50 bu. potatoes. Golden
opportunity for a hustler here.

No. 148 80 Acres $2140
Good Lakeside Farm Near Town, Mule, Hogs,
Cattle, Equipment Included
With everything ready to start you off, you
should make quick strides towards success
in this excellent farming community. Right
on improved road. only 1Y, miles to depot,
village advantages, stores, schools, high
school, church, etc., mail delivered, good
neirhbobr, best of markets; 60 acres level
i'....i. r.- loamy tillage with clay subsoil.
i,,,,,. i:., l general crops; lake-and-sprine-
watered pasture: woodland, 60 acres fenced;
8 peach. 8 anrle trees, pecans; comfortable
5-room house. -ood water supply, wide porch.
Pleasant oak shade, nice outlook, barn, smoke
house, tenant house: your future assured
he-e. only $2140 asked, terms arranged, in-
cluding good mule, 3 cattle, 20 hogs, wagon,
buggy, all farming tools. You can raise .
cr O In a -a sason- here-and- double- your
profit.
No. 239 160 Acres $1700
Team of Mules, 15 C-tt'e, Farming Tools In-
cluded
Pleasant farm home in excellent location.
Quarter mile to improved road and Suwan-
nee River. good neighbors, easy drive to
town with all advantages; 80 acres level
tillage. dark loamv Poil. good for general
crops; big river-watered pasture, fenced;
large woodlot; good free range; oranges.
nears, peaches, fig and plum orchard. 6 pecan
trees, grane-arbor: 4-room house comfort-
ably arranged, piazza, fireplace, southern ex-



STiROUT FARM AGENCY INC.
MADISON
Madison County
FLORIDA
Will Show You the Farm* Deesribed on this Page
STelegrah When You Will Arrive U U
C nME. or Write for Further Partcularn l *
I-------a


World's Largest

Peanut Oil Mill


n$300 PER ACRE
$30 SUGAR-CANE
The syrup industry is one of the fore-
most in Madison County and thousands of
acres of can are under cultivation. A vast
number of buyers from all parts of the
state visit th-s country to secure fancy
syrups, and $SCO per acre is not an unusual
return to growers. Timberland often
brings as high as $100 per acre. Pecan
trees, fully developed, bring an income
often of $50 to $100 per tree; $800 per
acre is a common income from tobacco.


$ 1 0 PER TON
PEANUTS
Mr. Burgis, Superintendent of the Pro-
ducer' .olmpanyv Oil l.ll.. ot'.lted here,
ra.n .ll-i.i a jie% .earLa radu---
ptaIuui to he;l ill r '.- p.r o10.. he ipa%(
year the fiat vine or runner n-lts generally
grown for hog feed, sod1 for $;GO per ton.
Any farmer can get a grors return for
$80 to $120 per acre for the nuts alone,
in addition to this the hay has sold for
$25 per ton, and there are always some of
the nuts left for home feeti. The little
white Spanish or tow-crop peanuts sell
for as hugn as hou.l per ton.

posure, shaded by pecan and orange trees,
near neignDors; Ialn, sbiao.e huuoe, poultry
house, crip and snelLeIs; -owner engaged in
otner business cannot hanoie lnrll, will
tnrow in for quick sale two good mules,
wagon, 15 cattle, all farming. tools, buggy
and harness, everything tor only $1700, half
cash, ua.ance easy.
No. 236 80 Acres $1400
Horse, 4 Cattle, 12 Hogs, Poultry, Syrup Mill,
Farming Tools, Borders Lake
Here is your chance to secure a real bar-
gain in an ali-aiouna general laim. 55
a,res fenced and in tillage, dark loany soil
suiLao0e lor all general cops; to acres Wood-
land and plenty or tree range for socl
were tUey can glaze tnrougnout tne year
and requnle scarcely any sie.ae; also ideal
lur pounLry raining as'climate conditions are
excellent and couaparatively nonhing is re-
quired for chicken feed, only 3 miles to good
Lown wita depot, port o-.ce, scores, churches,
e.c., and 6 miles to Madison having all city
advantages, half m:le to school and church,
mail delivered; 5-room bungalow, 28-ft.
porch, good water supply. oak shade, near
neighbors; good barn, smoke house, crib,
tenant house, poultry house; other business
interests cause owner lo throw this farm
on the market and to induce quick sale he
-will- i-netud a-good-he 4i e-a d-vzmag --head -
cattle, 12 hogs, 12 laving hens, 50 bu. corn,
syrup mill and all farming tools at the as-
tonishing low price of $1400, half cash, bal-
ance terms to suit. You will have to act
quickly if you want this bargain:

No. 219 40 Acres $1000
2 Horses, 15 Cattle, 8 Hogs, Implements, Crops
Good opportunity for man of small means
to get started in this prosperous section.
Only 4 miles to good RR town and short
drive to Madison. County Seat of Madison
County, having all advantages including Nor-
mal Institute, half mile to school, mile to
church, mail delivered: dark loamy soil with
clay subsoil splendid for growing all general
-rops, 25 acres well fenced, balance wood-
land; plenty free range for cattle; 2 orange
trees, plums, reaches. 5 -fig, 5 pecans, fine
grape arbor: comfortable 5-room cottage, 30-
ft. norch, flrenlace, good water sunply, oak
shade; good barn, smoke house, crib, cotton
house, poultry houses, only mile to good
flphing; owner has other business interests--
which account for this special sacrifice, only
$1000. half cash. balance easy terms and for
ouick sale he will include 2 horpes. wapon
and harness. 15 head cattle. 8 bos., 100 bu.
corn. 15 bu. potatoes. 25 gal. vyrun. planter,
buggy, all farming tools. Act quickly and
have this farm bargain for your own.


Just compare the prices and the values of these STROUT SELECTED farm bargains with the prices and value of anr
town or suburban properties with which you are familiar.


LORIDA







No. A.


20 Acres


This fine little farm lies three
miles North East of the town of
Madison. It contains 20 acres, 15 of
which are in cultivation, balance in
small pine and oak timber; the soil
is a dark sandy loam.- Dwelling o.
four rooms and barn. Character of
land, level; price $1,000.00. Payment
down $500.00'.


No. 236


80 Acres


This farm lies on the Madison and
Troy Highway ten miles South East
of the town of Madison and six miles
South West of the town of Lee, one
and a half miles to school. The soil
is a dark sandy loam that produces
finely, 50 acres in cultivation, bal-
ance in small pine and oak
timber. On it is a framed house of
7 rooms, house in good condition,
barn, wagon sheds, syrup house and
r chicken house; fine oak trees around
dwelling, excellent well of water;
price $1200.00, payment down $600,
balance to suit purchaser.


No. 62


480 Acres


This extra fine farm lies foar
miles North of the town of Madison
on the Madison and Quitman High-
way; it contains 480 acres, 400 of
which are in cultivation, balance in
pine timber, soil dark sandy and clay
loam with red clay subsoil; any kind
of improved farm machinery can be
used; good frame dwelling of 5
rooms, two barns, and 5 tenant
houses; price $18,480.00.


No. B


44 Acres


This fine farm lies partly within
the incorporated limits of the town
of Madison; about thirty acres in
budded pecans of the Sleigh and
Hardy variety, some of the trees now
in bearing. The soil Is dark sandv
loam and very fertile; no waste land
on the place; on the place in very
good repair is a two story colonial


dwelling, big halls both up and down
stairs, porches with big columns
front and back; beautiful magnolia
and oak trees around dwelling; price
$5,500.00. Down payment $1000.00
balance on long time at low interest.


No. C.


1500 Acres


This fine plantation lies six miles
West of the town of Madison and
one mile West of Champaign, a
station on the S. A. L. R. R., which
road passes through it, as does' the
Dixie Highway, now in course of
construction. About 1000 acres in
cultivation, balance in pine and cy-
press timber; soil a dark sandy loam
with red clay subsoil; new dwelling
of five rooms, barn and four tenant
houses; price $1i 00 per acre, with a
payment down, long time given on
deferred payments,


No. D.


840 Acres


This fine plantation lies six miles
South West of the Town of Madison
cr the Madison and Perry Highway.
Seven hundred acres in cultivation,
balance in big pine and cypress tim-
ber; timber estimated at 1,000,000 ft.
Soil dark sandy and clay loam, red
clay subsoil that produces finely;
six tenant houses; watered by
branch and lake; price $1600- per
acre, long time given.


No. 12


2,200 Acres


This fine plantation lies six miles
West of the town of Madison and
two miles West of Champaign, a
station on the S. A. L. R. R. This
road passes thru place as does also
the Dixie Highway, now in course of
construction. About 1500 acres in,
cultivation, balance in pine and cy-
press timber; soil dark clay and
sandy loam with red clay subsoil.
Character of land slightly rolling,
fenced on the West side by a chain
of shallow lakes; dwelling of four
rooms, two barns, ten tenant houses;


price $16.00 per acre; with payment
down, long time given on balance of
payment.


No. E.


35 Acres


This extra fine little farm lies six
miles East of the town of Madison
and two miles West of the town of
Lee, 25 acres in cultivation, balance
in pine timber, 1,000 peach and 200
pear trees, now in bearing. New
painted dwelling of four rooms,
good barn, place fenced with wire;
price $2,000.00. Time given if de-
sired.


No. F.


1307 Acres


This grand plantation lies seven
miles South West of the Town of
Madison and four miles South of
Champaign, a station on the S. A. L.
R. R. and on the Madison and Perry
Highway; 700 acres in cultivation,
balance in pine, cypress and sweet
gum timber. Soil dark sandy and
clay loam with red clay sub-soil,
character of land slightly rolling
fenced on West side by a chain of
shallow lakes; dwelling of four
rooms, two barns and five tenant
houses; adjoins an open cattle and
bog range of 1,00(i acres. Price
$21,000.00; $2,000 down, balhnc, on
lng time with low rate of interest.


No. G.


504 Acres


This extra fine farm lies four
mliles South of Champaign, a stitior
on the S. A. L. R. R., and on the
I.ake Sampala. and Greenville High-
way; 500 acres in cultivation, bal-
ance in hard wood timber. Soil dark
sandy loam with red clay sub-soil;
character of land slightly r.llii...
has on it dwelling of four room,
good barn and three tenant houses;
within half mile of hard surface road
to Madison; price $6,000.00; $2,000.00
down, balance on long time.


These are just a few of the flattering farm offerings we have. For further
information write



C. L. MORROW, Agent


MADISON, FLORIDA


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