Title: Interview with Jasper McGhee (March 29, 1980)
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00007542/00001
 Material Information
Title: Interview with Jasper McGhee (March 29, 1980)
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publication Date: March 29, 1980
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: Creek County (Fla.) -- History.
 Notes
Funding: This text has been transcribed from an audio or video oral history. Digitization was funded by a gift from Caleb J. and Michele B. Grimes.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00007542
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Samuel Proctor Oral History Program, Department of History, University of Florida
Holding Location: This interview is part of the 'Creek County' collection of interviews held by the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program of the Department of History at the University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: CRK 72

Full Text





CRK 72A

Sub: Jasper McGhee

Int: Albert Duran

03-29-80

A.M.

Page -1-



A: ..... McGhee. Now, um Jasper, I think that you've spoken with Tony EPES

before, have you not?

J: Yes. Uh, Tony.... Tony come up here and interviewed uh, I believe uh, oh

about a year, year and a half ago.

A: I see. And uh.....

J: Nice young man.

A: Yes. But k I don't believe he got a tape on you. He just came and had a

few friendly words with you.

J: Right. Right, we talked I4 some about the uh, the Creek Indian uh Indian

culture and so forth. Uh, he said that uh, that you or someone else uh from

the University of Florida would come up to me for... for history..... history

uh, department.

A: Right. Right well, from the oral history project.

J: Right.

A: O.K. Uh, so we might as well start the interview now.

J: O.K.

A: Uh, could you first tell us about your family background view, who your

parents were and uh, where they're from?

J: Well uh, to start with I really don't know that much about uh, the family....

the family history going back uh far uh aa -bing formal like that. Uh, I









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J: can tell you that I was born here in Porch uh, in uh, 1910.

A: Mmmm, I see.

J: And uh, uh, my daddy was Rufus McGhee and he was a farmer here all his life.

My mamma was a Rolland. Uh, she was kin to.X to Girdie Rolland and some

of them uh, some of that Rolland group over to.X. over to Huxford. Now uh,

my daddy,like I said, was Rufus McGhee. Uh, my..... His daddy, my grandfather

was J.W. McGhee.

A: And what about Calvin?

J: Well, Calvin.... Calvin is my first cousin. Uh, J.W. had two boys. My daddy

was born, Rufus, and then he had a .... a younger brother who was Si&a McGhee.

A: Yes.
C ao>
J: Uh Si~ is.... is Calvin's daddy. Or was Calvin's daddy.

A: I see. And uh, what do you remember about Calvin McGhee when you were

young?

J: Well I grew..... I grew up uh,..... me and Calvin grew up together here in

..... here in Porch uh but I mean I've never..... I can't remember a time

when I didn't know Calvin. Uh, we played together, rassled together, uh, and

uh, worked side by side for many years.

A: Did you uh, go to school with Calvin in the old Indian School?

J: Yes. Yes I did. Yes sir.

A: I see. Uh, could you tell us a little bit about that school?

J: Well uh, it was a one room schoolhouse something like the old.... the old

time one room school house. Uh, we had uh, a white teacher there. Uh, I don't....

I'm trying to think, I can't recollect the lady's name now. Uh, it was a Mrs.

uh, Mrs. Mays.

A: Mrs. Mays.

J: Mrs. Mays taught......









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A: And she was from where? She was from Atmore?

J: She was.... Yeah. She came out from Atmore uh from the..... She was with
rfcOCov1
the Indian Agency in Atmore. And uh, we had I.... I r-eean if I can uh, remember

now uh, we had about uh....... oh probably fifteen, twenty children in the

school. I only went through about the uh..... the fourth or fifth grade

before I had to.... to leave school and help my folks on the farm.

A: Yes. I see. Did...... Was that typical of most uh.... most students of the

school?

J: Yes. Uh, none of the children I grew up with ever went to college and uh,

very few of 'em ever finished...... finished school. Uh we had one or two

that uh, that did go to the high school in HuxforA and uh, and finished up.

But, uh, it was / that most of em did have to help on the farm and you've

got to remember that back then there was great opposition to the Indian

children going into the high school. And since we didn't have the Indian

high school they had to go to Huxford.

A: Over to Huxfor )right. I see.

J: Right.

A: I see. Do you remember when they closed the school? About what year was

that?

J: Uh, when they closed..... they closed the Indian school?

A: Yes.

J: I...... I don't rightly remember. I believe thoughthat it was many years

after of course..... after I went there.

A: Yes.

J: Uh, uh, my oldest children went to that school.

A: Oh I see and your your children are who?

J: Uh, my children ..... Well, my oldest boy is Willis McGhee. He works in









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J: automobile plant up in Detroit.

A: _ciHe I see.

J: Uh, and then uh, my ... my next one is Bessy and uh she's.... she's married

now to Tom Jackson. He's ... he's a.......He lives..... They live over.....

Well, they had lived down in Bay Mawet for quite awhile and they've come

back and they live here in Porch now.

A: Yeah I think I've heard uh, E~a~rn.. interview with Jackson.

J: Yes. Uh, well he's uh, Tom's uh, I'm trying to think of his daddy's name

but I think Tony done one with him and he's nephew to chief Arthur Turner.

A: Oh yes, yes I remember that now.

J: Chief Arthur's kin to me. I don't know exactly how but they.... we's cousins

of one sort or another.

A: I see. So now, tell me, what's life like here in uh, Porch?

J: Well uh, it all depends of what you uh, what you're doing and what kind of a

person you are. For me, to be hones with ya, life aint really changed here

in all the time I lived here. Of course I'm..... I still have the farm here.

I don't work as much as I do, of course I'm... I'm an older man. But uh, the

things paint really changed. Uh, for some of the young people though, it has.

A: What do you think about the.... the young bringing up the ..... the old Indian

ways and um, and the Indian dancing? What do you think about that?

J: Well, uh, I'll tell ya Al. Is that.... just your name? Al?

A: Yes, right.

J: I uh,..... I can appreciate the young ..... youngsters wantin to ..... to

understand their heritage as Indians and uh, and to study the way..... the

way the people lived. Now, I don't know about the..... So I admire........

I admire that part of it. Uh, I don't know about this dancing and and stuff

putting on these shows.


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A: Mmm hmm.

J: Uh, some of it uh, seems to me

A: (chuckle) Oh I see. Alright.

up, did you know that you were

words or ,,/, 1

J: Well, I knew I was an Indian.

mean, ya know we all..... Like

one another and.....

A: Did any..... Did you ever hear

or uh?

J: I've .... I've never heard it


to be a little bit of foolishness. I don't.....

Was uh, uh .....Well, when you were growing

Indian and what.... would you know any Indian



We all knew we were.... we war Indians. I

say most of us around here were related to



the Indian language spoken when you were young



myself. Uh, I can remember when I was little


my mamma tellinlme that she could remember in her childhood that a few of

the old people spoke the Indian language. But uh, she never.... she never

knew itnor my daddy nor my grandparents nor none of the older people I knew

by that time ever.... ever did speak it.

A: Uh, Jasper, when I was uh, coming out here I talked to Tony and he was telling

me about the people out here and it seemed to me that everyone was either

a Rolland or a McGhee. Now can you tell me something about that?

J: Well, it's ... it's just about true. Uh, of course, I'm both.

A: Both?

J: I... I'm... Uh, my name is McGhee but like I said, my mamma. My mamma was

a Rolland.

A: Yes.

J: But uh her name was Sadie Rolland.

A: Right.

J: Uh, before she married my daddy. Uh, but uh, they..... those are mainly the

big families. Like I say, we all are pretty much uh, uh, connected. Uh, there









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J: are uh, other families. Colberts was a big family out here.

A: Colbert? I don't know any of them.

J: Well, they was uh, oh f~a-L ny Colbert still living over to Huxfor and his

brother Mulford Colbert lived around here for uh...... I believe he's down

in Bay Maeat now.

A: Bay Manet, right.

J: But uh..... Well, they was..... When I was growing up they was uh, that

group lived up uh, up north of Huxford. There was quite an area that was just

called the Colbert settlement.

A: Right.

J: But uh, most of them.... Many of them have gone north to.... looking for

better jobs and stuff and their family seems to have uh, have decreased around

here. Uh......

A: And the.... And.... the uh, the Colberts and the Rollands and the McGhees

were um, they were all organized by Calvin and about this uh, land money stuff?

J: Oh well, all ... all... all the uh.... all the Creek Indians here were in

on that. Uh......

A: Uh, how.... How was that?

J: Well, Calvin..... What happened was that uh, Calvin got the Indian money for

all the Creek Indian families and uh.....

A: Yeah, but he asked for contributions first..... and uh, you didn't know whether

you were gonna get any money from it or not. Uh, wouldn't anybody that thought

he was kinda crazy?

J: Oh many... many of em did. Lot of em. Lot of em said ........ Of course,

you gotta understand that the.... the dealings. Most of these people never

had much dealings with the government and stuff other than uh..... At least


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CRK 72A


J: that it never got no benefit out of the government.

A: Yeah, I see.
I
J: And uh....... yeah. A lot of people...... I.... I'll tell ya the truth,

like I say, I..... me and Calvin have always been good friends. Uh, but

a lot of people did. There was a lot of opposition. Uh, it was.

A: O.K. But uh, did you get into it?

J: Yes.

A: You got some money from uh, lands at?.

J: I... I... I was able to get the..... get the Indian money. And there's the......

the other thing too is that when ...... when the first money started coming

in, when the first claims were made uh, a lot of the people who called Calvin

crazy, why as soon as there was money offered they was right on the band-

wagon. (turn tape off for a moment)

A: Now we're back. Could you tell us a little bit about your religion and

the Holliness Church and any other churches that were around?

J, Well, I .... I.... I've been a member of the Holliness Church for, now on

twenty-five years now.

A: Twenty-five years?

J: About twenty-five...... Ever since.... Really ever since that the church come

in...... come into this area, I've been involved with it. P

A: So the Holliness Church came in..,.. in sometime in the 50's?
SOs
J: Yes, it was in the middle of the 5-Ls, 1950..... 50.... 54 or 55 I believe is

the church come in here.

A: Yeah I see.

J: Uh, when I was growing up uh, when I was really small all we had was the uh,

the Methodist Church and the Baptist Church.

A: Did they have local preachers?


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J: Uh, yeah, well they .... they.... they wasn't Indian preachers. They was

white preachers but it was.... it was.....

A: Where.... where.... where did the white preachers come in from?

J: They was.... They was from locally uh, I believe the .... the uh, the Baptist

preacher I believe come.... uh, come out here from Atmore and uh, the

Metho..... the Methodist preacher, he lived up aHead of Perdia.

A: Oh yes, yes. O.K. and so um..... um.....

J: Of course I....

A: Tell.... tell..... Excuse me.

J: I was young so I don't... uh, I don't really recollect them churches too much.

My folks were ..... was Methodist.

A: Methodist. Right. Um,..... also Tony told me something about an Episcopal

church?

J: Yes, yes, the... the...the It was Episcopal. The Episcopal Church has been

uh, ever since uh, nineteen ......QS Uh, I was.... When I was a young

man the church, Episcopal Church come in here.

A: It's still here?

J: It's still here, yes.

A: Oh, I see.

J: They.... uh, there's a few people here that .... that belongs to it. I never

did..... I never did take to that church uh, they don't have the holy spirit.

A: They don't have the holy spirit? What does that mean?

J: Well, they..... they claimAhave God, they preach of God, but they.... they

don't have the .... the spirit in em. Uh, uh, you can talk..... Ya know

you can talk about the Lord all you want but unless the Holy Spirit's there

why uh, and that's what the.... the Episcopals why they meet in a little

church building. Uh, they meet indoors and uh, they sing hymns and .....and


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J: have their preachings and all that but they don't know the Lord. They don't

have the Holy Spirit.

A: I see. And uh, could you tell us a little hit about the Holliness Church,

your church?
CAUS&-
J: Yes. Well, we... we are.... We are called the Holliness Church we're the

church of the Holy Spirit.

A: I see, yeah.

J: I mean we... we....we believe the Bible and the Bible tells you that man should

have the Holy Spirit. Uh, and uh, we believe in ....in expressionist spirit

and speaking of the tongues and the.... and... and a man's body and soul.....

mind body and soul possessed in the Spirit.

A: I see. Um and..... you um, you have your services outdoors?
P, LBOrL
J: Well, we .... we meet in the brush herbor.
fr\fOR 2
A: In the brush har-br?

J: Yeah we meet in the brush hakrbr.

A: Yeah, where's the brush hartba ?
P OR(Z 's A-r
J: The brush has-&e!- over te Huxford.

A: In Huxfor, I see.

J: Yeah.

A: And uh, well did Calvin ever do any preaching at theA.h, at the brush harbor?

J: Oh yes. Oh yes. Calvin.... Calvin was a very active in the Holliness Church.

A: He was?

J: Yes. Uh, see the Holy.... well the Holy..... uh the Episcopal Church is

all..... is all white ministers who come in from uh, I believe they may have









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J: trained a few of .... of the Indian people nowadays, ministers. But at least

uh, as far as I.... as I remember, it was... it was all white.

A: Yes.

J: The Holiness Church is the Indian uh, preachers preaching the Word to

their own people.

A: I see. I see.

J: And uh, Calvin..... Calvin preached there. We've had several..... several

of the Indian people here preach. Uh, I never have preached but I....I ...I

lead the people in the Spirit.

A: Do you?

J: I ....I.... I'm the first one that..... when the Spirit takes command I'm

there.

A: I see. Well, that's great. That's great. Um is there anything you'd like

to add to um this interview?

J: Well I.... I don't have uh, uh too much more to say about uh, the things

we've been talking about. I think we've pretty much uh, we talked about

the families and the uh, the Indian money and the school and uh, talked

a little bit about uh, Calvin McGhee but uh, I have a couple questions I'd

like to ask you if that's O.K.?

A: Well, uh, O.K. go ahead.

J: Uh, I talk... When I talked to Tony uh, he explained but I..... I'm a bit

forgetful and I'd kinda like to know uh, uh, what you folks do with this

tape.

A: O.K. We'll ..... We'll take the tape back to um..... to Gainesville, Florida.

J: Yeah, yes.

A: Then uh, one of our typist, well such as Amy, will um transcribe the interview

and......


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J: Yes.

A: And that gets audit-editted by either myself or Rodney WLa n.. From there

we'll send you a copy of what we've done so far and we'll let you edit it

also.

J: So then... then I'll get the final word?

A: Right. Right.

J: O.K. Well uh, good luck in your project and I'll tell you uh, uh, you've

got my full permission to use what I've.... what I've said on one condition.

A: Yes, and what's that?

WeM\, V4\et- IVA ry- f>< Op


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