Title: Interview with Paul Longo (March 13, 1980)
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00006496/00001
 Material Information
Title: Interview with Paul Longo (March 13, 1980)
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publication Date: March 13, 1980
Spatial Coverage: 12057
Hillsborough County (Fla.) -- History.
Funding: This text has been transcribed from an audio or video oral history. Digitization was funded by a gift from Caleb J. and Michele B. Grimes.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00006496
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Samuel Proctor Oral History Program, Department of History, University of Florida
Holding Location: This interview is part of the 'Hillsborough' collection of interviews held by the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program of the Department of History at the University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: HILL 19

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Full Text

This Oral History is copyrighted by the Interviewee
and Samuel Proctor Oral History Program on
behalf of the Board of Trustees of the University of

Copyright, 2005, University of Florida.
All rights, reserved.

This oral history may be used for research,
instruction, and private study under the provisions
of Fair Use. Fair Use is a provision of United States
Copyright Law (United States Code, Title 17, section
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For all other permissions and requests, contacat the
the University of Florida.


SUBJECT: Paul Longo
702 Alfred St.
Tampa, FL


DATE: March 13, 1980

M: My name is Gary Mormino, and I'm talking to Paul Longo.

L: Right.

M: Mr. Longo, what are, what are, would you tell me something about the...the old country

"that you knew. What...first of all what year were you born?

L: I was born

M: J? What year?

L: L ,\J O e7 V 9 /t V- Let me tell you something, k

M: Okay.

L: My mother S o0r she had six...six sisters.

M: Six sisters?

L: Over there. She was in the States. And I born there because she wanted to visit

her sisters, fin 4 ri c r lause my family's from i/

So I want over there to...my mother went over there to see, to visit her sisters,

jI 2jy'\ Then she was in the States.

M: That's- ll ht, that's s --rght.

L: 0J t.. 6 p A,- f$ i'

M: Oh, you were raised in /4/ES'r.5c i" Oh, okay. What year was that? What

year were you born?

L: Huh?

M: What year were you born?

L: 1889.

HILLS CO 19A Page 2

M: 1889. Boy, that's...

L: June 29.

M: ...few years ago.

L: I'll be ninety-one next June.

M: Ninety-one next June. Are you the oldest Italian in Tampa?

L: Huh?

M: Are you the oldest Italian-Ame bean in Tampa?

L: Oh, I don't know. They call me patr'C

M: Right, right.

L: T\ Z,,'',

M: Because you're old, huh?

L: When you get there, they call you patri'ercL

M: Right, Right. What.. .what did your father do in the old country?7nSicily.

L: Huh?

M: What did your father do? What kind of work?

L: The work?

M: Yeah, your father? _padre.

L: Yeah, my father was a mason?

M: A mason.

L: Was a mason, yeah.

M: dr ^ a%-L ,

L: He came to t h ( 6 C 'r/ .f nineteen...no eighteen Eighteen nintey-three.

M: Your father came to...

L: I come over here in 1894.

M: To America? ,

L: In 1894, I come here, My father come with my sisters, I /

HILLS CO 19A Page 3
kk P r I
Cause y ffemy, cause iy--family... My father...
M: Um...hmm.
L: They come here from _t__,_! 1 They left--, $,rft/^ 4 v C -t/c

M: Alfonso ?
L: Huh? -
M: Alfonso _
L: ___ _________.

M: Yeah, what was his first name, do you remember?
L: Well, that's Cd f f-after--th-t-. Of course, a fried of my father.

in .^Mrd j^
M: Um...hmmm.
L: See, then { A IL i'fter then. ..5 t '/ -
It's a big A;e/ They cross from 6t'"J/,'j J'. /, Ccre L. HIs
wife had a baby.
M: Um....hmm.
L: She came -QC40 ,!L j q 0 0 '"baby. My mother was so a fifth,
one dollar of a 1f e 5/( .Can you imagine that? The reason why
they're so cqse ( ( They come here before.
M: Right.
L: es //!-el ye-t member
0 the /f)io t 144 everytime That's what happened, you know. They

/rOT. _____ my father / C e to Tampa. Have aAchance in your profession,
-t l
and so on. As a mason. Well ,Ae provided with all the ..passport and all that

M: Right.

HILLS CO 19A Page 4

L: And then he come to with my daughter...my sisters.

M: Okay, let me interrupt just for a second here. Did they come to Tampa, or did you

have some relatives that first come to...

L: No...no... Tampa, they-stayed Tampa.

M: Did you know anyone who went to the... sugar...St. Cloud?

L: No, that is -from...that is fTe4i-another n,'/ '/a.

M: That's another __'_j____.

L: All of this was before the...

M: Right. Do you know anything about that?

"L: I 'v J' I//, ('// //I J II/" / yrv if you want to.

M: Yes, I'd like to see that.

L: _____ the Italian language?

M: Ah, poco, poco.
L: I will loan this book.

M: Oh, ?

L: Yes.
M: I would like to read it.
L: .Y,, i'b"5 iO6 )4C ^*'K
M: I would like to read that. Right. What do you know of the...

L: It's all of the...it's all of the Italian language, you know.

M: Right.

L: That's the first-- 5 /1'-1 the first people who come here. IN Florida. The

same time thy nmPe over hpre. They are a poor people. They got a o-r

and everything.

M: Right.

L: TPe oa/ / / t /. i tvrher The people over there-p New York, when

HILLS CO 19A Page 5

fI\ty F'o'-F New York, thee-s poor people t n,

I don't know...maybe was looking for...people to give them some kind of a job.

M: What... )

L: And they kh incld and-t- ---people, they sent to 1 -

ejo ^5t to give them a job.

M: Um...hmm. t r re t ,r

L: Yeah, a job. Sethere was four-men of the _ar r____

M: Sugar...

L: Sugar C'O Sugar c

M: Sugar cane-

L: Can.e

M: Can&.

L: Yeah, sugar can.- CCd
M: Right, sugar cane Okay, right. "' r' .

L: Yeah, and they found them a job over there. With- he V //.r With the
r i eri eiq vikAryl/ tA e
4 d 0llr .'/Othey -apply for -wek. Made the meals, wash the clothes, and that was
far 5 i 6 Iy o r 1!O -v
quite away from _-was the- r -whatever. And

they callJpeople from nf to there. They come around and they form,

they form a colony.

M: Right.

L: This day was 1882, see, I- aoa record here. The first J (Or r bOin Tampa.

They come from,-e-&S-

M: Right.

L: They come. They had-trs 5-r/ over there. See-yo, r
And -At rfr r / r < .t '- /When they found out when the
And //rf, f/ 7 'When they found out, when they AMlt_'d

HILLS CO 19A Page 6

-was- Ci r' o"' they come 6/ 7r A in Tampa. Because the-land-is
+URf-o-f' / 4 'qT C,(- 4 y SZ &d-aMi happened over there. Every-

body come here.

M: Right.

L: And then it was that the colony, the Italian colony was formed, but it, but not

so big one. But then, in time, everybody called friend, sister,, t7 A

M: Right. Did you ever...

L: They find a job and a place Lt farm. badoruld-t-smeadvantage...

They went to -rCk ,-paved r To walking,

_" _"/ a job.

M: Ah--did you ever hear any stories about what life was like at St. Cloud?

L: Huh?

M: What was life like at St. Cloud? Did any of the old-timers ever tell you what it

was like over there? When they were working in the Sugar cane?

L: Well, it-s o 14F / t e over there. "/> /'f over there.

M: Right.

L: Well, they poor people. With a y ,. d/ They learne-to

They make their own bread, they make their own meal, salt...

M: Right, tIght. What...your family in Sicily...you say your father was a mason. What,

what kind of house, do you remember your house in Sicily?

L: Huh?

M: Do you remember your house in Sicily? Casa? In _,_'/ s ?

L: I don't get what you're sayings..

M: What, what kind of house did you liVe in? In the old country? Your family?
he- te P.I-t 'yV. Do
L: Oh, qvt was'tmason, I -t4iik -It was, mason.

HILLS CO 19A Page 7

M: Right. Right.
L: It was a big home over there. In A/4rrirO 1 c /r cr
M: Right.
H a 4d
L: -4 was mason.
M: Yeah. Describe that city as you remember it as a young boy. Was was the...
L: f 7i4A ?
M: Yeah, what was the city like?
L: Well, as far as I remember, you know. Because I was...oh...when I come to this
country, I was fourteen years old. And, went to school over there, and up to fifth
grade. T-7f- Vd' '. D h"i' V W L A1 l inTo /v//v4ic e /n J(r
M: You mean you could only go to school until fifth grade?
L: No, this-was 1 the we had.
,','* rr > ;'- with my father. It was o /____ because I was young.
He come here, and I come to Amercia him, see? He come in 44, and I come here
1A^ '
in -4.
M: Right. /
L: ft-was so in .m nof 4-dr TtAremember-mwer.
It was, as far as I remember, a big c(p,, for-a S'." ;

M: t_ ws a'"
L: It was a ('/ 071 -. It was "___'_^_ 5 people to cA i h .
But then another ( I ... they call it see.
They were Emic n tor In other words, from and
they cross. That which I remember the time was the. as, ..

let's see1 Well, 9, .-.t",-.what. I- remember when I was in school and so on.

M: Right. Right.

HILLS CO 19A Page 8

L: Then I came here, -at /

M: In...in/ I was under t... .did many...many people work on farms? i' / ?

L: Oh, Mno, ^ fre c t I'" ce^ -4 j, ^. 4'' r- .

M: Right.

L: )( 1,1!1rt

M: Right. What did they grow?

L: \AtVf f i (c '') for the grai5...oh, there's so many, I can't remember.
M: Wheat?

L: They have grain and fibers... fr'.l.a. The grain,

,A dr !//./ olives. Olives.

M: Olives, huh?

L: They make -c-ives.

M: Right. Grapes?

L: The grape, oh, was tremendous. So many for wine.

M: Right. What did you...

L: They come from.. .--forget- haL-they eall--it Grapes...

M: What was your diet like? Did you eat well, or how did families eat?

L: jffc- 4-r .

M: Uh..huh.
YOa( krv,'/
L: Well, -hey-eat all-f that. Yeah, we had everything.

Because of my father, you know. Cause we had a job for the "house...if somebody called,

and they late. ...

M: Right.

L: tght. f /4" #r' ''e rich. X8 U Qai4 rich.

M: I showed you a picture of the...

L: L\J./ I / i ). > 'i;,we calljO 1d middle class, you know.

HILLS CO 19A Page 9

M: Right, right. We just looked at...
L: They have a...they have foe class over there.

M: Polr classes. Okay.

L: Farmer...

M: Farmer...

L: The foreman of the farmer...

M: Foreman.

L: ..control'. You have the masters...the carpenter, mason, or bricksmith, and so on.

This is number three.

M: VC 4)

L: Then the fourth. The high people.

M: The high people.

L: The high people which control.
M: r fAc MM ?

L: They treat us as a slave. There's the So high, they lose respect

for the VAA/4 people.

M: Do you remember any incidents?

L: Incidents?

M: Yeah, examples of this?

L: (laugh) I remember soI 4 /'" ".

M: Did any of these high people come to America?

L: The high people?

M: Did they come to Tampa'too?

L: No high people come to Tampa.

M: Why?

L: No. All come are middle class.

HILLS CO 19A Page 10

M: Uh...ha.
L: What they have in Tampa. They.-fera-___ ._____ Now U'
was atTr o/?iy in Tampa. V/4 / one. From the other ria c

f/,/ y- #0o That was Latin. Of course, we have the lawyers; end-the doctors,
Who '
Spc i, _____< --We- have jobs-her'. We have everything.
M: Um...hmm.
L: For the Italian colonies. So...
M: Right. What...I showed you a picture a while ago of the Molino, Molino C w'MJN Itl
The grain mill.

L: Molino C 111ki .
M: Right. 9
L: Molino C_ .__i_ '

M: Ah, describe that. How you remember.

L: Molino 61 "0r/-. 'L p/r/ / r:,' Thiey-haire the grain

to make flour
M: Flour, right.
!MloI I B f r g
L: Molino that's where they ______
-bsc ro ,, Ay sfl(r A,fh /'
f- / sack of grain. To 4- j/A O. -Yt-tuHy-othe-btrey- to make bread, to make

everything, so ...
M: You had to pay...
L: That's the way it was, Molino vt < .
M: Molino (1 ''/, u-dert-and. Did you have to pay taxes on it?

L: Oh, yeah, -once-aweek- b.i As far as I renber p ^ n1 w 0o, & 0
wy/1ief ^f j
Oh, let me see. It was ... I was six years old when the waf- come from b .iy.

7_ the real| -hey Theal it TrA_ -t!R / ^
on the real, what- they call it l __. / The water come from __ ,'__,_-.

HILLS CO 19A Page 11
kk 7
0vpr J rr^ d,.;[oh oto'
I remember my father was walking vith -A and after we make A 'beae
-ou-now-, to kept water from the...

M: 'a a d ?
L: The __ /__ d' ycl (4// cover the
water. How do you call it?
M: Aquaduct? Aquodotto?
L: Aquodotto.
M: Right. Aquodotto. r t!'-
L: Aquodotto. To make C h i /O /t A' Y h'q. Then I was about
maybe nine or ten years old. That's when FyA f "t make an Aquodotto il- '"I.
SI e
t /" Y;::''. That's because the water in /f-g' '' /" was so high, that
people went out, and--t-was water.
They have one --, i C /Q and a __to /B w;th the
atr 2 p, I F'
water- o pr; .. was six thousand people. They went out with
the .----- i_ theigh the water and so on. T h aqueduct

rt r ht (,ly I' Vf *i Lt' t "- Te remem'rerA the first water evei-
/) f"/^W/p /7! / f /', "
tee y-celebrate. The first water come to /t5"? r '

M: Right. Right.
L: 1ts a big container. They'e ___all the water. / t, He1r
< ea they divide it to the /f." dVe / / pcc'i : With
r\\cL o' ^ '

M: Right, Right.
\// ,/j 00
L: w t 6 C "'. l7 ( ". My father .o-it-
M: The...the mountains in nearby, /< ' 1' Did you, what role did the
mountains play?
L: Well, the mountains, we don't have no mountains in /: '

HILLS GO 19A Page 12
L: In
L: In ,':p there mountains.

M: Right.
L: #tC'' what they call / It's different.

M: Would you, would you ever have any reason for going .,i /U M n ,Air .'-r

L:T J .I Call it C"' \I \J

M: Hill, right?

L: (fo':0n a. '/ '7 ."

M: That's in X/i/7 S ..r;, ?

L: north side, and is in the south side,

and we're the\one aeros on the other side. -ui-te away through the middle, through

the middle of ( ,d'b ':' In other words hey have the trees

have -the / .

M: Right. Would they grow citrus there? i M/ O ?

L: Everything.

M: Everything.

L: Oh, Jesus, everything.

M: Un..ha;. How far would the men... in the morning, when the men would go to work, to

work their fields, how far would they have to walk?

L: Ah-- a very long way in the morning. Oh, sometimes they go Vk /A / i .'

And they come at sunset or sun, too, see?

M: Right.

L: That's the way they work.

M: Right.

L: For t!ie-'farmers.

M: Right. We...when I talked to you a few weeks ago, we were talking about the...the

individual reAo L, f _ -

HILLS CO 19A Page 13
kk P P; ;''''
L: : ]' \ "f//y^ <, i ,,^ A ^ / ."
""_ /r.; ,:, I ,^ '
,, > C I to o Ithliat. Not a long time, but the,r,, ild

4C'" in "t-t T(, 'w,),
M: Um..ham... '
~-L: Tb,` ,^ to m aiw a cl
L: "come over here. To make propaganda, to make a, what you call a
C(iC, /.'P^/I He( L,,{< ,
special meeting. To make a good speech. You know, a-gt'est speech. -They--as--e

professor,-oar-heve What happened, we went back to I /< ,., Hf .

And what I remember myself, he tried to get to the -good people/,- W-i _J4'_h,- .
To o-awy-wth i' r n / And-'. come to /'t..i ,t r
viC' foc Toi r c p p4V ;v' w# -
We pay -fon where they call it, we.pay group. Group, you see?

/ J, / ^ .' :./k' It n i' if/A '' I remember
"hatt he was with them / "'r' .. i ..let's see, ..",

the church / upset and he wentA-.talk to them. He -had-tk -m T/a l e
,la a speech w"ith- V. /

(c ,i /y' i p, i. That happened in 19...let-mse. .. 1911. "Ten--we, let

me tell you something, this is what + y of Ltre. /2/ /
"". /,,., od*^ /
-He, '.j V'.-'"' #' -------' '.Oncc against you, _u aillt4 $-4'1:.

They kill toe -. -brthe know. b either. know who kill So- wld I -e -__.

M: ,ifi^^,,-. v h .,lf/
L:* ly The government tried to make an /I'-'.*.,. 'I '

and sent what-is-a y'."' ";,.;xr'.- and'one member from the government.

M: Right, sure.

L: They have the...they have the-control for the tweize-x He
went to r to make- / / i

M: So they...

HILLS CO 19A Page 14

L: From the government was the... /' < '- ____o_

M: M.. .hum.. .what was the...
L: And the government took away from the J fv f The officer who /,

before-that- And then the government took away. -

M: Mm.. .hum. What.. .what did the people do when they heard that ionfil o died?

L: Well..

M: Do you remember?

L: They make a e, R OI d -at's dea hegou -

M: You were not there?

"L: That's e ___ No, no, in Lf/O f . That's where the
hL: That's ..i
in the This is- I de-ftn
VA p.:,5 [>:^ h- I '. 3 f ,_ ( ,CC, I / ,__ s _! _J(
ut I til-l _--in fl ;,J'<^c. ", 1 '. Because Lhe OLlthr

people from the school went over there to see _. Aid

', .:.,: but more than 50 people go -i with him.
Singing hymns and so on.

Mj What did the uh, what did the big bosses, what did they, what did they say about

Tf hi ? The landlords?

L: Not uh, j ,i- .(.. /J J. ____.____

fr i-a. schoolroom. fre 5C' r dI' / schoolroom. He was an intelligent man,

sa-id h-ocredfer the poor people. 4/ O/,eo T )z C 'I "d To

havesome respect.

M: Right. t ,t

L: But, )A- =the9peopste-o-bhe

M: Right. Right. What were the churches likely What was the name of the church in
your town? L / A. ,, .
L: Oh... the church. -Let m-see Thatt as / -, rty

HILLS CO 19A Page 15
kk ,

M: (bo Fr'Ly_ you mean?

L: Once a year, you have a celebration. :'Friday.

St. Friday... friday, where they call#% St. Friday.

M: St. Friday.

L: St. Friday. _t___*r_ -- S_ .

Now, the one thing that they do...there's a ceremony, A far as I remember, So

far as I remember. The r ,/_____ what they call the C /C 14 ,

now, was q-e away en -Deember -second, I mean-en r 4 n ,: Pc

The main road, where they call that, see that's where the=-ca-= s, f-y

A, f?5 04 -from the cross. T7y A v-'n P cross L They,

all the-O including myself, went over there to pray, and so on and so on.

Then on the...

M: Were you barefoot?

L: On the f : 0 F,',/ __

Then / O' coming down. -The r r(C5e,' you know, they /' 'i

M: Yeah. ,r .. f

L: They put Tirp-teel

M: Oh, the Urn, okay, right, okay, the iun, right. 7

L: They put ifiside the urn. And they'll 4r- to the

M: To the Catholics?

L: The (fi v "'i And,, there's a ceremony when they...there's-4/ s r i-4
rfefder r5 l>f.fathers and so on. They i a uniformon.And I

teQi C-.I And a good family, my father was the

master, -,astea, of the family, so %aea everything. And one daughter was
u. to

my father s Mr. P :hre 0j. hey called Mr. P +. u __ t e ait-
hi! '}'" ,g ;'ij ___/( 'J pf, rlll i'^'l e'/i:

HILLS CO 19A Page 16

?, but she had so many elothes-, All d6.thes.
M: Colors. o '5
ovr fj ^ k/
L: It beautiful. And my father p O vj 4 0 /. I put it td1j,, I-put i) o
So rf ///)r
/Ph /^' y.. _' And I went ito the church -dwTqih-hm-. o & 7
>Jxi ^'r /, *. // 1) L p

M: How about the Madonna del la Re-a.

L: The Madonna del la RQca?

HILLS CO 19A page 17

L: The Madonna del la R-eL? 1 i -tL
-)-t main festival 0o // ir: occthe Madonna del la
4-eawas a fts a way. \ /__ _______-_-_ .

Once a year / 0 c /r- i -.
,J- < ^ A V .=e s1
izfd tt Ah i _ici_ _
go;-trert-pye-a-s-a-g -
M: I rhT

L: nrt-Th-i- --- over there/ '

:T w o e I w s r i -
.. ten years old T 1-a-)ev A-I to be a /'\it (;G/o My father

was /t. i,'> i People 6o t; D/ ,:
And if / _ere they
S-o---days Xhe musicians, XtVEr song, OL C 5 -,.- /v Pi F ',
A Q., o ) i1't o3 ,-^. "T^ ^ tlTrA i^, r^,, ., 7
M: Let me. .

(End of side one)

HILLS CO 19A page 18

L: Yeah, but the. .
M: You fiTndtha ,,som
L: Yg f& 5"" ,' i l -5 J _' ,Ipeople 4lha-t-don't want
Thats the only thi-g e -i r fn-g O -'( 7 to sell
everything,or whatever. Candy, all kinds of the candy, all kinds

of t0he business. '"S 4/ :r to sell, T7 rf5/, I5

aboutftr days. /I'cl. two days.

M: Really. When, uh, did your family go to church often?

L: Often?

M: Yes.

L: Oh yes.

M: You did?
L: Oh, sure. I 1 r Yteaso uniform
S ? ands u- -a-t-the-ter-.


L: Uniforms
(Break in tape)
L: YQu know my mother was/strict _I C- -ef '4y'^ -4^- .
M: Um hmm. What was her maiden name?

L: 0y dy 0 ir; Eat in the morning until noon.

M: On Sunday, right, for Communion.

L: Yes, she told me not to eat anything. And the preacher asked her
whether-- 6 ,l, 15v i I tuS- ITa adV
-een too, then. And, uh, 7 -0 / My mother
Slis n to- Andnext was te store s-eve4-cigars

and cigarettes 50 0A Ad biscuits A*F-- bought one, \ gave
it to I Cd; "Here, eat this." told him my mother q
e ^' 'o YA'/ / 'lL7 ^ ^ cr 95e iV/ a5 ^ i5
--.-.-,,-,, :-,------,---. ,

HILLS CO 19A page 19

M: How about your father? How about your father?

L: Huh? My father was a Catholic too,'went to the church every
Sunday. 6;Ji / VI5;

M: Right. What, what. .
Over- thtr ) ::I 5t ,
L: --ait ----------_Te~_ -o rcord, everybody's 6 /1, (//i
M: How about Pn' 17 ) i0 was he Catholic?
L: PagirI' no. i tji 5 a socialist. 'f/_
-eeve--------the an hy. Unless you are-
M: Can you, what was the, what was the church like In AleXandria?

L: The church? C
d <
M: What -dTee the look like? Do you reme ber it?
--~, ~ 'r -',/^-'r ^ ,<'i -,3 -n i', ,rc*/
L: Well, what ., _/_, '_ _/_ '__ _. rve_._

M: Right, the inside and outside.
;A T-a r (f *.rr '' l
L: So many-beautiful, youe- she d l- k over there\ Thiewhot
Shing afci the roof, /' ; .I /3'1l 6 O kL;/I / ,,'l, fji ,

v7Then e--all A.f / the church' I^s a saint. One here, one

there, one there.... And, for -e i-, m. _____ -rg.ei

in order to r-ome-bak--o the preacher, 4 // / / t /.

M: Oh, the _0_ / right, right.
L: AiB4-hre /Yowve I-0 -. t-r b k. ___ have anyA A/
LS e / "^jt' /}A, 7 ,, "' Aa,/v /
/Prr___ io ft ge. -If -tley all Ce, well,
you U/!/ si^ so many time, Then they
have tt all around the church, w4-t-h-t-4e / t, n pictures./r*
O''1 Each one's-a -P : -.r*g.'n r- j/*:'., y. '/ e/o

S t ,tr\ 9 the next Tty, and the next. That's the system they have by

the and you can't I' ':

M: Did any priest, did any of the Fathers come to Tampa from the

HILLS CO 19A page 20

old country? Immigrate with you? Do you remember did any of

the clerics, or did any of the church priests immigrate to

America along with the people?

L: The church?

M: Right, did any come to Tampa?

M: Let's talk about. .
L: Then the immigration was f SO J here, aA.R -_-
^t -tO --------C ----------

M: Let's talk about.

M: Okay. When you immigrated to America, did you leave from

P-l e rmo?

L: Yeah.

M: Does this3_ma y ar ring a bell? Is that familiar?

L:: Monte -doLgrime. That's where"I went over there with my

wife. Over there, I saw the chuch, I saw everything, I saw

the Santa O' /' Ov /j

M: When you left for PAlermo, how did you come, how did you leave

/n)A^/l:icm' /C /l when you left for America, how

did you get to Polermo?

L: Well, let's see, we from P/.S.di, k^ /6. I Plermo.

M: How did you get from A4k,\rie. 4 to Palermo?

L: With the ". explain

that. The three horse and a --

M: Wagon?

L: "-D V /i They were me from T vhk r-/i

HILLS CO 19A page 21

M: Oh, okay, transport, Pf)r' Okay. Right.
M: f W tOCh, r:'.'. i'f;'-r ok;ay,' .'* ;
pI! How long did it take you?
L: I went over there with, let me see, /s00?' by myself. "Cwe
-i-twas with about thirty or forty people [ropl //it ,'r;; /i f:e;

M: Thirty or forty people.)

L: i/ i L', I was w/ i kids.
M: How old were you at the time? How old were you at the time

when you left for America?

L: Fourteen.

M: Fourteen. Okay, so this was in 1904?
L: 19 04.

M: 1905, Okay.

L: it/ '.:". nearer i ". o many people, from
-SaB-ta-noer a then. 7/ ,Y L-f17 > k-it g with one horse k1
t (h -t j ry ,
ON1ty-problem-wes w/!d put 4-f balance and put i-t everything
in,i- ^T A I mean Polermo, Te Polermo, en-iro
A A e ',7 e (t -fy! n C,' ,7 Sri; /pgR^ \,Jh
Ve t With the eBs e. -e-- the /e" '''

e-ngine,-se And I went e*e-r to Hotel,
was tremendous.
M: In P lermo? 7 y I / ^ .r n /,

L: PAlermo, yeah.
4 T^ W '-: O r !,}' ,e. ,
"Yes, from there I went to the boat, and. .

M: Okay, wait, wait just a second, now. Was that the first time
you had left your home town, gone outside? Had you ever been

to PAlermo before?
L: No, no, +er before then. ,e //1 lyd ",/ U-
M: Okay. How, describe your. .

HILLS CO 19A page 22

L: I come back, I would come back /qt /q7 I/ "

.f my wife. Make 4-t two months /r-> 5 / f ,>'/r 4 A4c,

Fe rt e. The family, / 11 rI i.. r -.: : '** 4 .'

M: Had the area changed much?
L: 41 C O- ter, two "(I-",_ two

M: What's the area like today?
L: Huh?
M: What is the townslike today? When you were back in 1974?

L: Oh, was C different, I felt the di' fference fVm 'l' left, /ri/.

M: Tell me about your voyage to America, once you left qIlermqo

What was it like to travel by the boat? Do you remember the

name of the boat?

L: Well, the boat was--'wfi r'____ The boat was coming 4rom
_____________ a~r&i-thefl-w~eR- to MrIV .

M: Patri. Okay, the name of the boat was La Patria.

L: The-be-t was tremendous. We suffered.
M: You suffered?
L: Took about -ts days.

M: How did you suffer?

L: When they came to the ocean, thesa was s tremendous, /
we stayed about four, five days on the bottom YvtA of the boat/fi
1i-ti' 1i/ f then the top. Was rng.

L water coming from ( A and the boat sways all


M: Were you with your mother?

L: WV/ 5'!' tremendous.

HILLS CO 19A page 23

M: Were you with your mother or father? Or relatives?
L: Just myself, T S W 0// y myself. -l 7r,, 7 ikV/

w' ( lot of people there. Then, when -i- getf tito New York, we
present all the papers, V/'I/V
M: What was Ellis Island like?
L: Then my father i. /- W ) '
"----- .-/l 6/1 hn -/- 4 '/ /R/-t^- .

t-, 11L t--^ 11i Ui, .. I I I G
I *iememb, le's hf04 om G. 7. Zremte4r */ ___-d:_-
t "New York. And everybody went over there and he pick up all the
immigrants from /-^'" t-'d be -worth it t--bar to provide for
the train(f,, -ey w se t-t e r/

M: What was Ellis Island like? What did you think of Ellis Island?
L: Huh?
M: Ellis Island.
L: Ellis Island. I was surprised when -"- l 7' 7-y-\
c, 0e^y C bj 6ga ~i~^ y c
over there then. r-h-uld hav put amrtTr __wha-yOt go
to New York, and--e '5/4/' T1 /V Vy /i /'-- ..- //
i th~vO _c_ __ h, .Err___ A//'d ^j y v.
MI r- p^r 5 If I'd have known -ae _i_]-_he back. i-way
-_e people guaranteed me
VrC |h ,_ t c '4 /ba, TA~i fl/
that. -firt fcdior five oyS on the man
t_____ e old man wa a find too-thrm. So, everything was

tvt r9e (Y C r/ '~/r. r C !C'I' V
M: And would you take the train from New York to. .
L: Train, from New York to i-Ona .
M: What did you think of the countryside?
L: Oh, mama mia. ;e I. /, r .' ;., :/l/
see. M/' r-.- 7, 6o, 4 U 11 LI Lli-. i/-. uve-L-<

HILLS CO 19A page 24

0vr there. T (6, 6vCrff "er( fk. C1 Ifirst time here in Ybor
City. When I TO C r v over there cur friends all stand, all
-ur-. I asked my father A / city/Tampa
S/ r_ Course I remember al ):' /4 1
;C^~ t ~1 f. O^f~ PL/(( /'A :
S^ 4/- / ,- : 'f--i-rs-t--oe. The first .-unmer I e-a-t
L-croz o/C ropfoi
rice with chicken. _rr_________ol

M: Okay, Had you ever eaten rice before?
L: c '. poiA I 7v ie .. 'f ,:' .Xr ./1 r

j_,i"/y, r.rv I { y, vt'rs, :--.- house was terrible.
O .,,p( .r/ i:'.', I'' f '' /,//i sleep over there, and
"h e heto, 3PM Z Z Z 7 '9-, ': / -T ^ I ,My 74ei- "aJi i
imesmito. (Laughter) Any way, I took a -ri-rr ,/A
to make a cigar. Now a cigar maker. > \Th 1923. T /jy //
I i w' my wife, r p f. C/f
M: What was her maiden name? Was she Italian?
L:: She was born here.
M: Was she Italian?
L: No, 4I 1\ .. -----_- sixty four years
together. She passed away last year. ,y /, yr /
And this year, t-irt 5 A^ / // :
Tho was I`,v r ;r f
M: What was his name?

L: /" 'f only four
were _^_ __ _______ou
were ; rA ** r :'Z M: n / He was-a 4-a-ied Lu whaL?

M: What was his first name again? (
M: What was his first name again?

HILLS CO 19A page 25

L: And t-h-i,--, -o en is--oo, rr Ur over there. And the restaur-aei
:1'/fn that's my wife. That's my wife there. That's a

beautiful picture.
M: Isn't it? R4.t
L; Another son is dead, t wit. P,' left ', Joseph Cacciatore. /l .
M: What was Ybor City like when you arrived in 1905?
L: It was tremendous. It was tremendous.. -- /'/ :' ,i Seventh
Avenue, ._; live on Seventh Avenue, was the best street. i
t L -L/ J0 All the boys, we had _a ',/,.:
would play and go some other place, :' fO,I S organized
";t/ the first 1/ / I' / *' remember now, my father was -t4h.

L A fit / -- -, (- -- odiq '
Ipt; :n'---,Well, one day, at 'l ^ "r in Tampa, trefe.e _went
over there, four boys. And w (,. i with the F/ "in my pocket.
We took the 4r,) fo/c we walked tl j/o,; t; o"y-Tampa, -4o. Tampa,
walked over there, and walked inside.-- /Y7 5 // 1/)
You know what we did? -We-o// C all four. We bought
some kind of- pap e 7.___ ij .,, ofother people. What they did.
j .L't,--

He couldn't walk. W/I/ ,ty i\s' t iA "'t '5 lip P,, /V I\ V
So V" w, -Sc., orx, b/4.i /-- friendrwas -te- liv'it next to my father. The hearse
S____ dv 0l o this side, my father
on this side. 4A ;// / 4 / ,t/' h: .t, 4 g t4 onev-
w h- r, t1I\kril
Orrt / 7/ ". I remember my momma cr-eL, my father terribly upset.4 O,, .M, i'e
Yl 0 ;, b f/Irn.I told you fta stay outcT/ 6 Cor 6 7o 'c:/ Tb l 0ol/r f(//e, tv fir,r,
7uk :t /, /,ik4n w. /. ,o,.: ,,a ,7 F;: dr,, r: 7,,
stlr 6;L- ;/. Because ke- '" 3f-sh Black. f/- h 7r

C / K r } r- gr 5r L, t rr i'
5,'T^\.*LV 6,1- rl. T K t

HILLS CO 19A page 26

M: Did you learn to make cigars? Did you make, did you ever work in a cigar


L: Oh, yes.

M: Which factory? .

L: Well, there's so many. The first time t^7 j 17 "' "' f'fteen-

y/ f-^ dollars Q S Ocrnt ^\t / 6 --d--- club. Was the second

floor with< /h i Ac There was a grocery store.

M: A grocery store?

L: 7TA MA, which was the A1 c 'i/e /-b j
cigars was the second floor. '/\! rfj pay ten dollars, so. And try to )-__V_ _

so, the -ey" V ( / the mother of the mkn Was terrible. She pretend

to clean the floor, to clean everything, so, Ih *. CdL r r1cO y J / #e// f

His name was Peppi-- Spanish people,- My father paid to you ten dollars to
)C (4 to make cigars, not to clean the floors As your mother say.

O' your mother to clean everything, not me#. l if you don't like,

you can go. V ( P ^ /(IpU I quit.

M: Um hum. What'd your father say?

L: The influence on my father 0/'.'r (' on p/dAil Beach, was

the name of the .And there's so many ,j/A/r /')"'! -f-to eat

in the restaurant, so, with the influence, ---- rk i&/ f' f#( pv L f I",y'

fcry 1 )Irh to make C cigar That happened the seventh, took lunch with me, lunch, to eat
over there. But in the morning, L/\ the apprentice, _r u!t' ('fr /ter? b

- rvvl^ C(' they went tofhe, what do you call it, the bottom of the. ?

M: The basement?

L: Basement. To clean tobacco, th ey're goingg -t package 'to put under

water ,'. to j r' I t. -ought-of-a- ____ _

V%41.t- me the

HILLS CO 19A page 27

M: Were they Spanish, or Cuban?
- - w^I0,/, ,j t ,^\- .: /
L: Spanish people -th&tg they \/ft C' a hundred people 1'/? over there,
W/A -PeE fC rIf/ over there. many, Io- 1-knrw-when
co 1 4* l
Sr_________I aIame-heret- lunch, hy? Well, ....'

Went to the htOh\ O&t the factory; I)C /f<'o. 4ji ic-- o-jh e ad it

I can't eat. All right. I quit. 7 r#4 b .' _e another small -'r/

all the Italians. All the Italian. And with the influence, I went over there....

M: What was the name of that factory?

L: Let me see. Spanish -Get-r.
M: The Spanish CefetrC

L: They called in 'har-ey, s little faf /r Well, I found more
people in-eItalian r_ 1 _>_,_,_ r j
people in -the Italian fVY .I And I J/l vr 0 learnl to make cigars

until I was a good maker of cigars. What happened for my 1S /'vt 0 'ty,6 -. kr!r

over there, -Iwas the-ey -ete to pay the full price. The full price tC-oget
S / i -,t- the other. Why Paul paid the full prices because he's the best

\c m e J L l ,t
cigar maker. .' ^. / .' A) /1/ price for you

eyll. C 6 y \,f'i. Then in it's way to be a big

fat i Big a-ea -rt c rV ____

M: Where'd most of the Italians work?

L: r-eC: t

M: Sidenburg still in business?

L: I went to the, let me see, what do they call it,
_C_ _. I work about the five or six o fT / .

M: LaRoasa espanol?

L: LaRosa espanol. I went over there.

M: Where'd most of the Italians work?

L: I went over there, they put me out. You know why? Big strike.


M: Strike.

L: All the Spanish people involved in, we go to go

out because the could---- OftFr tobacco to better,-Se--t4ey---finL

"-aplace (Ai d Oq I'll tell the truth, and they went to the

what they call, organization over there on 8th Avenue, arrd had

a big organization / i Cb/r a(r {f / members.
O-p f e. re{" I fc'f
I went over there, the one on-lai-n-S-te-e-t line up what they

request for the cigar factory to give Nt,4 to the people.

I stand up, /y/T, and the Spanish, heyA-e talk'jgj in the

Spanish language. _f_ Spanish language tr i

And then I y /r ( got to request to pese P_ the
\/lf lk4S I g ^eIrl
sanitary place. You know whe-r-'-s sat place? The

No paper. No towel to wash the soap. And I explained to them,

no towel, everything is /; r /y ---- 5'// 9, they've got

to clean up. You know what they did to me after two weeks, they

put me out.

M: The owner, or your....?

L: -T+h wire. You know what ?

M: No. Out.

L: OUt. They put out. They put aTiT-d7anh-r or.

M: Or.

L: You know what they, in the Spanish language, ye-r c -c .

M: h,'d______

L: ) a J_______ In the Spanish language _f _/_7_._ _c

M: Now, was this the owners, or your, the workers?

L: Huh?

M: Was this the owners or the workers who put you out?


L: The workmen. They not find the other foc/fY from the _rp__/_ 7
.1 S
board, big tcsoc I went to I went to LaRosa,

no, LaRosa was where it happened then. I was so many c__/ ,
Vr/i C\ otrd
I waned so many tC Cvr4 I was think-ig of--a-cigar maker.

M: Do you remember the 1910 strike?

L: The strike?

M: The 1910 strike?

L: Oh, was it tremendous. Ten months.

M: Ten months?

L: Ten month strike. Thrats- tremendous. Everybody suffered, say,

well, they they'll put some better.

Then they give the privilege to the '!_' / to have an inspector

S I'_ _<"'5 c.r6 all kinds of cigars. See, theat-s
q t4he-y-kind, cigar they have.-b.tt-one, two, three, four five,

about six or seven different classes of cigars. Big, small,

O- 0D all kinds of them. And what they call them


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