Title: Paul Dee Welch
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K:This is Tony Kalishman. I am at 5321, what is the address?

W:Northwest 102nd Place.

K:Interviewing Dr. Paula Welch for my Oral History class. It is

April 1st at approximately 6:35 p.m. and this is a test to

see if this works.

K:Okay, we are continuing and I might add that it is 1996. We

will start off. Tell me your full name, spell it and



W:Paula, my middle name is Dee [and] my last name [is] Welch.

K:Start with Dr. Proctor's favorite. Let us have your parents

names.

W:My father's name is Paul William Welch and my mother's name is

Myrtle Isabel Welch. She likes to go by Isabel.

K:Are you named after your father?

W:Named after my dad.

K:Where did the Dee come from?

W:[After] my aunt Dee, her name was Demerius but they always

called her Dee, and I was born on her birthday. That is how

I got the middle name.

K:That is a great middle name. Where were you born?

W:I was born in Wildwood, New Jersey and the date was April the

29th, 1942.

K:How long did you live there?

W:I lived there for sixteen months and then I was taken to Miami,

Florida where I grew up.

K:So you do not remember much about Wildwood?











W:No, except for visits when I went back in the summers and just

a few other times.

K:Do you have relatives there?

W:I have cousins there now. My grandmother lived there and she

died several years ago, but I still have cousins there.

K:That is your mom or dad's side?

W:It is on my mother's side.

K:You moved to Miami. Let us see, let us start with all the

school you went through.

W:All right, I went to elementary school down there, I went to

Santa Clara Elementary School, just first grade. Then I

went to Hialeah Elementary two years and then I finished up

at Riverside Elementary. Then I went one year to Ada

Merritt Junior High School. Then I finished at Jackson High

School which was grades eight through twelve. I was there

five years and it was really a good experience because all

the students that were at the school, many of them lived in

the area and many of them started in the eighth grade and we

got to know each other. There were some that came in at

tenth grade but it was really nice to be in that environment

because we got to know each other very well. It was just

really kind of a nice time to be growing up in Miami.

K:Was it in [the] north, south, east, west [inaudible]

W:Jackson High School was located in what is called Allapattah,

it is in the northwest section.

K:Never heard of that and I have been to Miami.











W:The school was on Thirty-Six Street and Seventeenth Avenue

Northwest.

K:Is the neighborhood the same now as it was? Have you been

back?

W:The neighborhood has changed. I have not been back in a long

time. The neighborhood has changed a great deal. It is now

mostly a predominately black area and to some extent,

hispanic. After I finished high school, my parents moved to

the Northeast part of Miami, just above Miami Shores. Then

they sold their house there and moved to Gainesville in

1978.

K:To be where you were?

W:Kind of to be close by, yes and Miami was changing a lot. The

drug trafficking has caused a lot of crime down there so

they decided to move to Gainesville.

K:Now we have established up to high school, obviously you did

something in your life besides just go to school. When you

were little, is that when you started playing sports?

W:I did not start playing organized sports until I was in the

eighth grade. I remember when I was in the seventh grade I

used to play just with friends in the neighborhood. Kind of

interesting, I used to play football and baseball, not

softball, but baseball when I was in fifth and sixth grade.

Then when I went to junior high school, seventh grade, I

did not like the coach that was there. She was always

screaming at people. I did not want to get screamed at so I

did not go out for sports. One of my aunt and uncles was










visiting in Miami and was just before I went to Jackson High

School and my aunt said that I was tall I should go out for

basketball. I did not even think much about going out for

sports until she said that. Well in the eighth grade I went

out for volleyball, so for five years I played four sports

in school. I played volleyball, then basketball and then

softball and then we had a badminton team. I played those

sports.

K:You had a lot of sports for your high school. Is that normal



W:Well for Dade County it was normal. There were a lot of very,

very good physical education programs in the whole city and

they had a pretty well organized program for sports for

girls. The boys programs were much better because they were

truly interscholastic. The girls programs were good, but

they were not really enough to suit the students that were

playing. We wanted to play more. We did not think that

there was enough. It had very few games and so a lot of us

played in city league competition.

K:Did you have few games because there were not other teams to

play or there was not a budget for them both or was it

something else?

W:Well, it was more of a philosophy of the day. They used to

have sports days and so you play intramurals at your school

and then you go someplace in the county and spend a whole

day playing basketball and that ended basketball season.

You really only played other schools on that one day. That











was the prevailing philosophy at the time. As kids we did

not have any other choice. We did choose to play in city

league. We heard that you were not supposed to do it, but

we did it anyway because we wanted to play more sports. We

played several games throughout the city of Miami and it was

better.

K:You played one day and you played all the basketball

[inaudible]?

W:Yes, that was the old sports days which was all they had for

girls except for some of the other sports. They did have

interscholastic swimming and that was true throughout the

state. Of course, boys program was much, much more

extensive. It was as I said truly interscholastic they

played a lot of games in football, baseball and track,

basketball.

K:They had real seasons.

W:Yes, they had real seasons, we did not.

K:Seems ironic because I thought that the women were supposed to

be fragile and could not handle and they played a lot in one

day. It seems that would hurt you more than playing one

game a bunch of different days.

W:Yes, that is a good point. Although they would only let you

play a certain number of quarter in basketball which was

just the way it was. We did not have much choice.

K:What year was this? [inaudible]

W:This was from 1955 through 1960.

K:Seems like a long, long time ago. So many things have changed.










W:That is right.

K:Did you get interested in the Olympics when you were in high

school or before?

W:When I was in high school one of my teachers, Don Holder had

been a member of the 1952 Olympic gymnastics team. I

remember on one occasion he started telling us about the

Olympic games and the opening ceremonies and I just thought

that sounded so interesting. I was just intrigued by it.

Then I remember when I was in the ninth grade, he was trying

to make a come back and make the 1956 team. They had some

fund raisers at the school and everything. He did not make

the 1956 team but I learned just a little bit more about the

Olympics. Then later on I heard about Wilma Rudolph

[American athlete] who ran in the Olympic games in Rome.

Then when I was at Florida State I remember writing a paper

on Varn Pierre de Couberton and it was just an interesting

topic that I was just enthralled with. Then I did a lot

more on it when I went to graduate school.

K:When did Wilma Rudolph run?

W:She ran in 1956 and 1960, those were her two Olympic years.

K:So, you were in your high school years so it was easy to be

captivated by her?

W:Yes, I did not hear much about her until 1960. I remember

getting a brochure. It was Kent Cigarettes, which is so

ironic today because we do not see tobacco companies

advertising for athletes. There was a nice brochure,











actually it was more like a small booklet. There were some

pictures of her and her records and so forth.

K:So you never got to see her on TV, not her or the Olympics at

all, did you?

W:No, I never saw her until much, much later. There was no real

television. I never saw it. The first that I remember was

1968, Mexico City. I remember hearing a little bit about

the Olympics in 1964, but the television that I saw was

1968.

K:Was there any way of seeing it, except maybe the newsreels at

movies?

W:The only thing that probably was available were maybe newsreels

at movies, and then perhaps a little bit of taped

television. As a kid I was not watching much news shows.

K:You were playing sports, you did not have time to watch them.

W:That is right.

K:When did your family get a TV?

W:My family got a television when I was nine.

K:You were nine?

W:Yes, so that would have been about early 1950s I guess.

K:That is pretty early compared to most of the country. How many

stations were there in Miami?

W:I remember growing up there was only one station, WTVJ Channel

4. I remember one of the shows that was on was Wednesday

night boxing, which I just thought was terrible. As a nine

year old kid or ten or whatever it was, I thought that was










terribly boring. I do remember watching I Love Lucy. I

thought that was a good show.

K:It was a good show. Alright, let us talk about your college

days. I hear you went to that bad school.

W:[laughter] The bad school as you refer to [it] is Florida State

University. It is where I got my undergraduate degree.

K:You went there in 1960?

W:I went there in 1960 and I finished in three and a half years.

I majored in physical education and health education. I

went to Miami and started teaching at Edison Park Elementary

School. I started teaching in January and then I finished

up that year, one more year. Then I went to Carrol City

High School for two years. In the meantime I was going to

George Peabody College for Teachers in Nashville which is

now part of Vanderbilt University. I majored in physical

education and psychology. I finished my master's degree in

1966 and I had also taken some courses at Barry University

in Miami, at that time it was Barry College. Then I went to

Kentucky and I taught two years at a small college,

Georgetown College, in Georgetown, Kentucky. Then I went to

Eastern Kentucky University and I was coaching basketball

there and then I went to the University of North Carolina at

Greensboro, that is where I did my doctoral work.

K:That is a lot at one time. Let us start at the beginning of

what you just said. Did you get a scholarship when you went

to FSU?











W:No, the only thing I got in the way of financial aid was a

student loan. There were no athletic scholarships at all

for girls. By the way, I did get most athletic when I was a

senior in high school which is kind of neat.

K:Name in the yearbook and everything?

W:Name in the yearbook, yes,yes.

K:I guess if you get twenty letters in high school you get the

most athletic. I think that is pretty impressive, you

playing four sports for five years. Some of us did not play

any sports at all. Did you play sports at all when you went

to FSU?

W:Well, when I was at Florida State I got involved in intermurall

sports]. They had a real big intramural program, but again

the women's program was very limited. We did play a few

schools on some occasions, but like most white institutions

around the country, there were very limited intercollegiate

competition for women. That did not come until much later

after I got out of school, so I just did not have the

opportunity.

K:What kind of sports did you play ?

W:I played volleyball, basketball, and badminton.

K:You still played badminton?

W:Still played badminton.

K:We do not even have badminton teams now, do they? high

school?

W:Yes, they do. Oh, yes, in fact in Dade County they still have

big programs. When I was at Jackson High School our team











never lost. In fact the high school team never lost for

twenty-four straight years.

K:Twenty-four years!

W:Twenty-four years, yes. It was a co-ed team. We had boys and

girls singles, boys and girls doubles and mixed doubles. We

just had a phenomenal team. Everybody was always afraid to

lose, so for twenty-four straight years they won.

K:Twenty-four years, that is amazing! That is a dynasty.

W: It was, it really was.

K:I guess to play on that badminton team you must have been

pretty good.

W:It was fun.

K:I guess so. You never lost! At FSU you said you were physical

education and health education. Why did you choose that?

W:When I was going to school there were not a lot of

opportunities for women. I decided however though that I

wanted to teach physical education. I decided that when I

was a freshman in high school and I wanted to coach. I did

not really think at that early time, when I was in high

school that I wanted to be a professor. By the time that I

was finishing up at Florida State I decided that I was going

to be a professor. Something that was really funny was my

friends were already calling me Dr. Welch [laughter] which I

thought was funny, I was finishing up at Florida State.

Every now and then I think about that, it is kind of

hilarious.


K:Very too.










W:So anyway, I went on and finished up my doctorate.

K:You [inaudible much choice. Did you want to be a coach, was

there any particular reason or did that just kind of grow

and grow?

W:I loved sports, just absolutely loved. Of course even though

they were not that extensive it was really, really important

to me. When I had free time I was out shooting baskets and

doing a lot of things with sports. I like the idea of

coaching. In fact, when I was coaching in Miami, I coached

volleyball, basketball, softball and badminton, I remember

going to the county championships for badminton. I looked

around the courts and there were five of my former teammates

who were coaching teams. I thought that was really kind of

neat. I really enjoyed it and was kind of lucky I guess.

People always give coaches credit for having good teams but

I think the credit should go to the players. I had some

good teams at Eastern Kentucky University and then I coached

at the University of Florida for two seasons.

K: we are getting to that, do not want to shut that off

because it is very important.

W:I guess we will talk about my master's degree now.

K:Yes, let us go on and talk about your master's and your high

school years. I never can quite understand this. When you

went to high school, whiling you were getting your master's

at George Peabody College in Nashville.

W:Yes, I was teaching in high school, right.

K:And Barry College which is Barry University now. You did this?











W:In the summers.

K:Did you do any correspondence?

W:No, well I started teaching in January of 1964 and then the

summer of 1964 I was in Nashville going to school. Then I

took some courses at night at Barry while I was teaching in

Miami. I went three summers and I took some courses at

Barry College and finished my master's degree. That was the

end of the summer of 1966.

K:You did it in two years? the summers?

W:Well, summers plus the courses that I took at Barry College

which transferred.

K:That is still pretty amazing, that is pretty fast. When you

were teaching in high school at that time, did you coach

teams too?

W:Yes, I coached volleyball, basketball, softball, helped a

little bit with track and field and coached badminton.

K:You coached four and half sports and went to school at night.

W:Yes, but we were still in a situation that was not as extensive

as interscholastics are today. We still had the play day

program that I experienced when I first started teaching.

In other words we would have intramurals after school and

then we would have a sports day on a one day basis. It was

not like I was going to night games and so forth, so I could

take a class at night.

K:You could not have done it in today's environment ?

W:No, I could not have done it.

K:Not even one sport you would probably miss all the night games.











W:No, right.

K:What was your first coaching experiences like?

W:At the high school level?

K:Yes, at the high school level. You coached intermural teams

before but it is a little different when you are playing on

the team.

W:Yes. The greatest memory I have is when I took my basketball

team, went over to Miami Beach High School for this sports

day. I had kicked two or three girls off the team for not

coming to practice because they were trying to play other

sports that were also practicing at the same time. So I

made this statement, if you do not come to practice you are

off the team. Well they did not go to practice so they were

off the team. I thought and I was telling everybody, well I

do not think we are going to do very well because I kicked

off a couple of my really good players. Low and behold we

won the county tournament over there in Miami Beach even

though I did not have the very best players. We won and it

was real exciting.

K:That is great to make a statement like that and have everything

turn out right.

W:You say things like that when you are young and experienced.

K:I get after twenty years. This was still in the

school for all white?

W:No, it was integrated then.

K:It was integrated then? Not trying to make this sound bad, was

that your first interaction with black people?











W:No, when I was growing up I did not go to school with them, but

my fathers family is from Tennessee so when I went up there

in the summers, I got to know some black people who worked

for some of my relatives. They had kids and I did not care

if they were black or white, they were my friends and I had

a good time with them.

K:Played with them?

W:Played with them and it was fun. Then when I started teaching

at Carrol City High School, it was a big high school and

there were five in the women's department and five in men's

department. We had a really, I think a neat department

because in the women's department we had me, who would be a

Protestant, we had a Catholic teacher, we had a Jewish

teacher, we had a Black teachers, and another kind of like

white Anglo-Saxon Protestant too. It was really neat and we

got along great. Nobody thought anything about having any

different religion, or being different races and it was fun.

K:Definitely unique for that time period too.

W:Yes.

K:It seems like you when everybody else was kind of



W:Yes, we did. That is right. It was kind of a unique time but

we all got along very well and we had integrated classes.

We were all young and all enthusiastic and it really made a

big difference I think.

K:It sounds like it did. Tell me about your summers at George

Peabody?











W:Peabody College was really one of the most outstanding

teacher's colleges, now it is aligned with Vanderbilt

University. In fact in the summers it turned almost into a

complete graduate school. Many, many teachers would go back

in the summers to work on degrees. Nashville was just kind

of a nice atmosphere. People called it the Athens of the

South because there are so many schools and churches there

it was just really a nice atmosphere. I really liked a lot

and looked forward to the summers because I liked to find a

school.

K:Yes, it is definitely a break. Let me ask you something, this

is something I am having serious questions about because I

know what it is like to be a starving student. When you

moved back to Miami did you live with your parents or did

you live by yourself?

W:I lived with my parents when I went back to Miami and then when

I moved away to Kentucky I got my own apartment.

K:I was wondering how you could afford to live a summer away like

that and still maintain a household?

W:It really worked out well because then I could save my money

while I was teaching school and then go to summer school and

not have any rent in the summer except for what I was paying

for my college tuition and everything. So that worked out.

K:Especially paying back the student loans and stuff like that.

W:That is right.











K:I think we are ready to move on here. We are up to Kentucky

now, started at Georgetown, that is your first collegiant

teaching job. What did you teach?

W:I taught physical education and health education.

K:I should have asked this first, what year was this?



W:I went to Georgetown [in] the fall of 1968.

K:Where you taught physical and...

W:Physical education, some activity classes like track and field

and basketball and just a variety of things which you

taught. Then some theory courses in health education.

K:How many classes did you teach?

W:Oh, I do not remember but there were a lot of classes.

K:It sounds like a lot.

W:It was. Plus there were six eight o'clock classes that I

taught. I did not finish until about noon on Saturday.

K:You taught on Saturday's too?

W:Taught on Saturday. They got their monies worth. I ran the

intermural program and coached volleyball and basketball.

K:About how much money did they pay you for this?

W:I would think it was about twelve thousand dollars which seems

like nothing today.

K:It is still a lot more money then though.

W:I did not get paid for any of the coaching. You kind of did

that as part of your job.

K:What did you coach? Did you coach a team?

W:Yes, I coached the basketball and volleyball.











K:You did coach basketball and volleyball? You had absolutely no

free time to do anything.

W:Almost no free times, right. I was thinking very seriously of

leaving there that fist year and then they got rid of the

Saturday classes and I was jumping for joy.

K:What did the students say about the Saturday class?

W:Well they had been doing it for years and they kind of took it

for granted that it was going to be Saturday.

K:I think that they would have a revolt if they did a Saturday

class at say UF.

W:It was not uncommon. It has not been too long since they have

had Saturday classes at Penn State.

K:The football team, you can not do that.

W:That is right.

K:Sorry, I am just a little shocked by this. You taught six

eight o'clock classes, you went to noon and you ran the

intermural program and coached two teams. Did you do any

kind of work on your doctorate then?

W:No.

K:While you were there?

W:No, I started, let us see, it must have been the summer of 1969

I decided I was going to go back and get my doctorate. I

did go out to Southern Illinois University one summer but I

had not really decided what I wanted to emphasize. They did

not have sport history, so that is why I ended up at the

University of North Carolina at Greensboro.











K:You knew you wanted to do sport history? Let us try to tie in

the Olympics as we go along here. Was the Olympics the

reason you wanted to do the sport history?

W:Well, no, not solely, but that was the reason for my

dissertation. I had always been interested in history.

When I started taking some classes and I knew that my topic

was going to be on the Olympic games for my dissertation.

Every time I started looking for things about women, there

was nothing to be found or very, very little. That is how I

determined my dissertation topic. It was called The

Emergence of American Women in the Summer Olympic Games from

1900 to 1972.

K:When did you start? You started in 1969, so this was the year

after?

W:The summer. See, I went several summers and then I went the

academic year of 1972, 1973.

K:Let us get to where you went to Georgetown [and] to Eastern

Kentucky.

W:Yes, I was at Georgetown two years, 1968-1969, 1969-1970. 1970

is when I went to Eastern Kentucky University.

K:So the summer between Georgetown and Eastern Kentucky is when

you started your Ph.D. ?

W:I took a couple of classes at Eastern Kentucky. Nothing that

really would have anything to do with my doctoral work.

Then that next summer I went to Southern Illinois. Since

they did not have a doctoral program that is for history,











after I decided that I wanted to emphasize sport history, I

decided to go to Greensboro.

K:Why did you go from Georgetown to Eastern Kentucky?

W:Well, Georgetown was a small school and I was teaching all

those classes, although the second year I was there I did

not have Saturday classes. Small schools are nice, but you

end up teaching so many different things. You have so many

preparations. The program at Eastern Kentucky at the time

was really outstanding. It had a really good physical

education department. There were separate men's and women's

programs then. I was hired there to teach physical

education and coach basketball.

K:In that ,how did your basketball teams do at Georgetown

[inaudible]?

W:When I was at Georgetown they did okay, but then when I got to

Eastern Kentucky we generally won the state championships

and went to post season play. We had some really good

teams.

K:[Has] Eastern Kentucky always been good in women's basketball?

W:I was at Eastern Kentucky four years. When I was there [in]

the early seventies, women's sports were beginning to take

off. Eastern Kentucky had a lot of women who were teaching

physical education and coaching. They had a really good

Department of Physical Education. A lot of the young women

were going to Eastern because of the physical education

program and the sports programs kind of came after that.











They sort of got a jump on a lot of schools and had some

outstanding teams early on.

K:Do you follow them still or do you not do that?

W:I do not hear too much about them now. I do not think that

they are doing as well because some of the other schools now

have teams and there are scholarships and it sort of spread

the talent out.

K: [inaudible]

W:Yes, other people sort of caught up.

K:Where is Eastern Kentucky?

W:It is in Richmond, Kentucky. It is about twenty-five miles

south of Lexington.

K:What classes did you teach there?

W:I taught some basketball classes and elementary physical

education teaching methods. I also taught a sport history

class there which I enjoyed.

K:Was it already offered before you got there or did you develop

it?

W:It was already there when I got there. I think it was called

history and philosophy of physical education.

K:It must have been great for you, practice for your future.

W:Yes, it was a good experience. I had a good colleague there,

Peggy Stanaland. You will meet her at the sport history

meeting by the way. She was interested in sport history. I

remember I sat in on her class which is kind of nice and

then I got to teach it, I guess maybe once a year or so.

K:Did you get teaching tips from her?











W:Yes I did.

K:Do you still use them for this?

W:Probably so, I do not remember exactly. I guess I got more

than teaching tips, I got content rather than the tips.

Having majored in teaching I kind of got lots of ideas about

teaching all the way through my undergraduate and master's.

K:You practiced that for a long time. If you taught a lot of

other classes I need to ask about the

basketball team that you coached for Georgetown [and]

Eastern Kentucky. Around how many games did you

play usually?

W:I do not remember how many we played at Eastern probably

seventeen, eighteen games. It was still relatively new in

women's sports. [I] never had a loosing season at Eastern.

I do not remember what the records were. People did not

keep much in the way of records and we just played. We

played all the schools in the area, Kentucky, Cinder

College, Berea College [and] some of the schools in Ohio.

K:You played mostly [those in] driving range.

W:Yes we drove, we used a van.

K:Did you have to do anything to raise money? You know have a

bake sale?

W:No, we did not have to because the physical education program

was really strong so we used the equipment and then somehow

we got a travel budget that enabled us to rent vans and go.

K:Somewhat rare back then, was it not?











W:Yes, because a lot of schools were having bake sales and car

washes if they wanted to fund their sports programs.

K:Where did you get your uniforms? Did you get those paid for?

W:Those were from the physical education department budget.

K:Did you get new ones each year?

W:No, we had the same ones. They did fairly well considering,

the years that I was there I think we had the same

basketball uniforms. It was kind of replenished when they

were needed.

K:I guess that is not too bad.

W:Yes, for one season.

K:It is not unbearable. You played sixteen, seventeen, eighteen

games something like that about half a wave and they were

all within driving range. Let me ask you a few questions.

What are the differences [in] rules and is it still five on

five?

W:Yes, this is five on five. The only thing that changed near

the end there was [the] thirty second rule. The offensive

team had to shoot the ball within thirty seconds.

K:When did that come about, do you have any ideal?

W:Why?

K:When?

W:I think that was in the mid-1970s when that came in. It was

ahead of the mens game. They did that so people would not

freeze the ball. Again that is sort of [where] conservative

philosophy came in but it really never made much of a

difference in our games. It never was a problem. People











usually ran an offensive play and had plenty of time to do

it.

K:Did they have the shot clocks like they do now? I know not

every place probably has them but any of them?

W:No, most of the time there [were] people sitting on the side

with a watch in their hand and they just blew a whistle when

the time was up.

K:They would not give you any warning or anything?

W: No, because they just did not have the equipment then.

Eventually you began to see them in gyms but they did not

have the electronic devices that they have today.

K:So you just run down and you had to guess when the shot clock

had run.

W:Yes.

K:Must have been interesting.

W:It really did not matter because rarely was a team ever called

for the thirty second violation. People got the ball down,

set up and shot the ball and there you go.

K:That is interesting. So much different in today's game where

everybody is watching Let us go to your doctoral

work. You did it in the summer?

W:Well, I did some in the summer, but I was there the academic

year of 1972-1973.

K:So you did summers and one full year?

W:Yes, and then I took a couple of history classes at Eastern

Kentucky. I took a couple of classes that transferred to

UNCG.










K:Were they counted?

W:Yes.

K:Say one more time what your dissertation topic was.

W:Dissertation, The Emergence of American Women in the Summer

Olympic Games [from] 1900 to 1972.

K:So that was your dissertation? What was your Ph.D. called? Was

it in sport history?

W:Well, actually it is a doctor of education. At that time they

did not give a Ph.D so it is an Ad.D. It is in sport

history and teacher preparation or pedagote.

K:It is pedagote. I learned that word. Did you not do something

called movement education?

W:Yes, that was the other thing that I liked. It was a different

approach to teaching physical education. It was called

movement education. It still is today. It is a British

approach in which there is a lot of emphasis on teaching

children the skills of games and then putting them into game

situations. I like that idea. I got tired of the relays

and [activities] that just involved a few kids and some

making fun of others. The movement education approach

involves maximum participation. Each child with a piece of

equipment. I think it is a real good approach to teaching.

K:It was not just rolling the ball out there. Kind of a lot

different than a fat football coach coming out and coaching

someone. That is what you always think of a P.E. coach. It

is a lot more scientific. Maybe I am ignorant, but that

does not seem to go together. Writing a dissertation about











the women in the Olympics and then having movement

education.

W:It does not seem like it goes together. The reason I did it

was that all though I really wanted to teach sport history,

that was my main interest area, I knew that I would have to

have something else to be able to show people what I could

do in order to be hired at a university. So it was teacher

preparation.

K:Get your foot in the door so you could do the It

seemed to work very well. You do not teach any physical

education anymore do you?

W:No, I do not I just teach the theory classes. I do not teach

any activity classes anymore. Once a year I teach a

movement education class in the fall but mostly it is in the

area of sport history.

K:That is great. I think we are up to when you actually get to

the University of Florida. Finally got a way from all that

FSU stuff. How did you decide to come here? Where did you

hear about it?

W:When I was in Kentucky, in fact even when I left Florida I knew

that I wanted to come back to Florida. I contacted whoever

was running the state physical education convention and got

myself on the convention program and I met Dr. Ruth

Alexander. [I] told her it was interested in a teaching

position and coaching. At the time she did not have any

openings, so we just kept in touch. Then low and behold,

that summer she contacted me. There were a couple of other











opportunities too. Something at the University of West

Florida, something at Florida State, Miami-Dade Community

College I, think it was the North Campus and then the

University of Florida. The one that worked out was the

University of Florida. I ended up here teaching physical

education and coaching basketball. Coaching basketball for

free.

K:This was in 1974?

W:I came here in the fall of 1974. The first year I coached I

did not receive any kind of a salary. The second year I

coached I got two thousand dollars for coaching basketball.

K:How much was your starting salary just for teaching?

W:I think it was about fourteen thousand.

K:Fourteen thousand?

W:Yes, that was 1974. I think it was about fourteen thousand, I

am not sure.

K:How many classes did you teach a year?

W:We were on the quarter system then. I do not remember, four

classes maybe, something like that.

K:You about half the classes you taught at Georgetown

for twelve thousand dollars.

W:Yes, it was different.

K:Were there any Saturday classes then?

W:No Saturday classes. Of course I was happy about that.

K:I think everybody was! Where did you live when you got to

Gainesville?











W:I lived in some apartments in the southwest section over off of

Southwest Thirty-Fourth Street, not too far from Archer

Road. A lot of students [lived] there, it got real noisy

so I bought a house in Northwood Pines.

K:Grew up a little, huh? What was Gainesville like when you

first here? How much different is it than then?

W:Well, very different. I guess one measures that there was no

Oaks Mall. And the only thing out around where the strip is

now, where all the restaurants are, there was a Publix out

there.

K:Which strip is this?

W:Along Archer Road where all the restaurants are located now

there was almost nothing out that way. The Publix is out

there and a few things around there but there were just open

fields.

K:Was Butler Plaza in the ?

W:Just a little bit of Butler Plaza had started developing. The

old Gainesville mall which is now..

K:Thirteen street.

W:Yes, it is Thirteen Street, not too far from where Blockbuster

is located.

K:Goody's.

W:Goody's is there and Morrisons Cafeteria is still there. It is

that area. That was the old mall and that is where people

did most of their shopping. It has really grown,

particularly the northwest, out toward the interstate, since

I have been here.










K:It is definitely different. (END OF SIDE A, TAPE A) Okay this

is side two, April 1, 1996 contiuation of the interview with

Dr. Paula Welch. We were talking about you were at

University of Florida, just moved here, you were teaching

three or four classes during the quarter. What classes were

you teaching?

W:They used to have some called basic classes, basic concepts

that were kind of theory courses on exercise and physiology

that students who were not majoring in physical education

took. Then I taught some methods classes in teaching

basketball and some activities like that. At first when I

came we did not have any history classes and then we

developed a sport history class, history of American

physical education and sport at the undergraduate level.

K:Did you develop this?

W:I along with Dr. Harold Lerch. We worked on that together.

K:Did you write a book?

W:We co-authored a book.

K:How big were the classes, how many just approximately?

W:They were in the thirties, forties.

K:About what it is now.

W:Well, now the history class is in the eighties. Bigger

classrooms and some of the bigger classes.

K:Bigger school. Did you teach any graduate level?

W:No, I do not remember the year I started teaching graduate

class but I started teaching for a while it was called

historical perspectives in sport, now it is called sport in











the twenteth century. I developed that one and then I

developed the one on the Olympic games and the

K:I want to ask you about some of the basketball stuff that you

did. You came here I know you did not get paid the first

year and you did get a raise from zero to something you

second year. Tell me about that first basketball team Is

this the first ever of this basketball team?

W:This was the second team I think. But I was the first official

coach because the coach the year before had been a graduate

student. I was hired to teach physical education and coach

basketball so the salary was only a teaching not a coaching.

There was no coaching stifined at all. I did not think

anything about it because that is just the way it wa then.

K:You were only coaching one sport instead of three or four like

So that was part of the contract that you would

coach basketball?

W:Yes.

K:Did that team before you, was it an official team?

W:They played in the state. Even when I was coaching there were

not too many records. When people start things they usually

do not keep very good records. Now you have all kinds of

statistics. It is just amazing what people know about teams

today. When I was working with that team we had schedules

that I made up. So we really did not keep a lot of records.

The same thing happened the year before, the team that was

coached by the graduate student, they had a few games and

they played the state tournament. I think they did pretty











well. The first year I coached I think we came in third in

the state tournament. The next year we won the state

tournament.

K:It makes it very hard when you do not have records for people

like me to go back and find something. Tell me about your

first team. Were any of your players on the scholarship?

W:We did not have scholarships until the second year so everybody

walked on in a sense. We had try-outs but there were no

scholarships until the second year. Then I had three

scholarships the second year.

K:It seems like a lot of problems. How many people did you have

on the team?

W:I think about a dozen is what we had.

K:Did you have any real good tall ones?

W:I had some that were around six feet, maybe six one. There

were not as many people over six feet playing the game as

there are today. Just a larger talent pool now.

K:What kind of team was it?




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