Group Title: Press bulletin / Experiment Stations
Title: Starting the Bermuda pasture
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00005216/00001
 Material Information
Title: Starting the Bermuda pasture
Series Title: Press bulletin / Experiment Stations
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Thompson, John B ( John Bert ), b. 1878
Publisher: University of Florida, Agricultural Experiment Stations
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Florida
Publication Date: 1919
 Subjects
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00005216
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA6543
notis - AEP5910
alephbibnum - 000934843

Full Text



PRESS BULLETIN No. 314


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION


STARTING THE BERMUDA PASTURE
By J. B. THOMPSON
In comparison with Bermuda, there are few other pasture
grasses that can be planted with greater ease or with equal
assurances of obtaining a satisfactory stand. This grass may
be started by either of two methods. It is readily grown from
small portions of the sod; and when planted at comparatively
wide intervals it will spread and eventually cover the entire
surface. It may also be grown from the seed if sown on well
prepared land during a period when soil moisture is plentiful.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS
Bermuda grass is adapted for growing under a wide range
of soil conditions and on many types of land. It thrives best
on the heavier and more fertile lands, but will also succeed
comparatively well on the more sandy soils that contain a
reasonable amount of fertility. It is seldom satisfactory on
the very light sandy soils of low fertility, and is equally un-
desirable for planting upon water-logged or poorly drained loca-
tions.
PLANTING THE SOD
The quickest and most certain method of establishing a
Bermuda pasture is by means of "sod cuttings" or small por-
tions of the sod. These may be prepared by shearing off the sod
with a plow or spade to a depth of one or two inches below the
surface and chopping it into fragments with a sharp spade or
heavy hoe. As the ground is being plowed these fragments of
sod may be dropped at intervals of two or three feet on the
sides of the furrow so that the following round of the plow
will cover them to a depth of about two inches. Where early
grazing is important and an abundance of sod is available for
the purpose, planting at comparatively close intervals will be
desirable.
Another system that is frequently practiced involves thoro
plowing and harrowing before planting. A Georgia Stock


August 16, 1919







equipped with a narrow shovel or bull-tongue or a one-horse plow
may be used to open furrows three or four inches deep and from
two to four feet apart as may be desired. The sod cuttings are
dropped in these furrows at intervals of two or three feet and
either covered with the plow or by means of a hoe. In making
plantings on small areas the roots are sometimes torn apart and
set thickly in the furrow. This method leaves a smooth level
surface and is often adopted in planting out lawns.
Giant Bermuda planted thickly in two foot rows at the
Experiment Station on May 11, 1918, had completely covered
the ground by July 15, or in a period of 65 days. No irrigation
or other special care was given it. Regardless of the method
employed, the planting should be done when the soil contains
plenty of moisture. Usually the early part of the wet season
is the most favorable time.

SEED PLANTING
Bermuda grass produces little or no fertile seed in the
humid climate of Florida. Seed from the semi arid section of
Arizona and the Southwest now practically dominates the Amer-
ican trade and is giving better results than the Australian pro-
duct which it has supplanted since the beginning of the war.
Before seeding, the ground should be plowed and thoroly har-
rowed with a drag or spike-tooth harrow, thus putting the seed
bed in a fine but firm condition. From six to eight pounds of
good seed is sufficient to seed an acre of land; and usually this
should be sown in July or as soon as the season seems to
promise an abundance of rainfall. The young seedlings make
slow growth and too late plantings may not make sufficient root
development during the season to resist the effects of winter.
The seed is light and readily carried by the wind, and it
should be sown on a comparatively still day. Care should also
be taken to avoid covering the seed too deeply. The seeding
made on a freshly harrowed surface immediately preceding a
heavy rain will require no further covering. On similarly pre-
pared land, seeding may be followed by a roller or by a spike-
tooth harrow adjusted to cover the seed to a minimum depth.
Unless good seed is obtained and favorable conditions follow
the seeding, Bermuda grass seed does not always germinate
well and sod plantings are usually found more dependable.
State papers please copy.




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