Group Title: Press bulletin University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station
Title: Dallis grass
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00005202/00001
 Material Information
Title: Dallis grass
Series Title: Press bulletin University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station
Physical Description: 2 p. : ;
Language: English
Creator: Thompson, John B ( John Bert ), b. 1878
Publisher: University of Florida, Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1919
 Subjects
Subject: Paspalum -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Pastures -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Wetland agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by J.B. Thompson.
General Note: "May 24, 1919."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00005202
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA6526
ltuf - AEP5905
oclc - 52933151
alephbibnum - 000934838

Full Text




PRESS BULLETIN No. 310


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION



DALLIS GRASS
By J. B. THOMPSON
Forage Crop Specialist

There is a need in Florida for a good perennial pasture
grass that will grow on wet lands, and there is a special want for
a grass that will supply a considerable quantity of green feed
during the winter period when the need for pasturage is most
pressing. Dallis grass combines these two desirable qualities
better than any other perennial grass that is known to thrive
under Florida conditions. This grass is often called by its
botanical name, Paspalum dilatatum, and is also known as Large
Water grass. While it will make satisfactory growth on almost
any of the heavier types of soil in this State, it is most valuable
for planting on wet lands that are not well adapted for growing
Bermuda grass. It is also known to resist prolonged periods of
drouth, tho it makes indifferent growth on dry sandy soils. After
it has become well established it will live thru long periods of
very dry weather. However, under these conditions it makes
little growth and furnishes comparatively little grazing. Dallis
grass is comparatively hardy, and in the latitude of Gainesville
will supply much green herbage thruout the average Florida
winter. In the management of this grass for pasture purposes,
close grazing is important, as there is a tendency in the old
growth to become tough and unpalatable. Under heavy pas-
turage the herbage is nutritious and stock eat it eagerly. It
possesses no underground root stock, and is easily eradicated
from ground where it is not wanted.
METHODS OF PLANTING
An abundance of moisture and warm summer weather con-
stitute the most favorable conditions for the germination of


May 24, 1919








Dallis Grass seeds. Sowings should be made any time from the
first of March until June, in order to get the full benefits of the
usual period of heavy summer rains. Best results may be ex-
pected to follow where planting is made on well prepared soil.
The ground should be plowed and harrowed to a smooth level
surface and the seed sown broadcast at the rate of about eight
pounds to an acre of land. After seeding the ground should be
again worked.with the harrow, which should be adjusted so as
to cover the seed to as shallow a depth as is consistent with the
use of this implement.
Much difficulty is often experienced in obtaining good viable
seed. On this account the stands obtained are often unsatis-
factory at first; but the stand will be improved from year to year
as seeds are produced and left to reseed the ground.
Like most pasture grasses, Dallis Grass should be allowed to
become well established before animals are turned onto it. The
trampling occasioned by early grazing has a tendency to reduce
the stand. After it has become well established, however, few
grasses will better withstand the effect of heavy pasturing.
On small well adapted areas, divisions of the root clump may
be set at intervals on land where the various uncultivated grasses
abound, and in time it will often become the predominating
species. Where this method is employed, stock should be denied
access until the plants are firmly rooted. Otherwise, the grazing
animals will pull the plants up by the roots.
State papers please copy.




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