Winter at Fort George, Florida (510)
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Title: Winter at Fort George, Florida (510)
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FOREST AVENUE, FORT GEORGE ISLAND.
TAKEN IN MIDWINTER.


" 0, evergreen isle, 0, isle of the sea,
My heart in its longing turns ever to thee.
0, wonderful isle, with glimmering sheen,
The rarest and fairest that ever was seen."









THE FORT GEORGE


ND COMPANY.


I T \ O, X0 TErL, o '
OFFICERS AND STOCKHOLDERS.
OFFICEBB.-Andrew Washburn, Boston, President; 0. S. Garden, Boston,Treasurer; Nicholas Ball, Block Island, t. I., Auditor. DIRECTORS.-J. H.,
Chadwick, Boston RB. K. Dow, New York; John J. Bright, Cambridge, Mass.; Joseph Davis, Boston ; John L. Farewell, Claremont, N. H.; Anstin B.
Fletcher, New York. STOCKHOLDEras.-Dr. H. Holbrook Curtis, New York; J. A. Geissenhalner, New York ; Benj. DeGrout, New York; Hon. . G. W.
Benjamin, New York ; Elizabeth . Spencer, New York, Wn. . Gordon, New York; W. Rockhfll Potts, New York; Fred'k Levey, New York; James 8.
Gill, Boston; Frank Wood, Boston; Charles E. Wiggin & Sons, Boston; Keeler & Co., Boston: J. H. Pray, Sons & Co., Boston ; Benjamin Fitch, Boston ; A. W.
Wheeler, Boston; C. R. Sherman, Boston; D. W. Russell, Boston : W. 0. Rogers, Boston ; Charles F. Hastings, Boston; James L. Wareham, Boston F. S.
Clifford, Boston ; W. E. A. Legg, Boston; John W. Scott, Boston; Osborne Stearns, Boston ; R. Hollings A Co . Boston; A. P. Sewall, Boston; Geo. F. Lakin,
Iton; D. L. Guernsey, Boston; '. G. Crawford, Boston; John Boyd, Philadelphia; Daniel W. Johnson. Claremont, N. H.; Henderson Bros., Cambridge,
.; R. H. Jones, Jacksonville, Fla.; Hon. Geo. F. Drew, Jacksonville, Fla.; T. V. Cashen, Jacksonville,Fla.; D. B. Flumer, Lakewood, N. J.; F. C. Cundall,
SE. reenwith, R. I.; C. P. Goss, Waterbury, Conn. Capt. J. N. Bofinger, St. Louis, Mo.; H. Q. Morton, Providence, R. L; Corbin, May & Co., Chicago, Ill.;
renryj]p.4mpbell, Malden Mag.. and others.
4. ' , * .


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1000 magnifteent cottage and villa sites. 3000 acres of]rtch meadow
land. 150 acres of finest orange and lemon land. 27 miles of avenues.
Finest shell drives in Florida. Fifty varieties of native semi-tropital
trees. The only Perfume Laboratory (perfume from native flowers)
in America. Magnolia Park, of nearly 50 acres, contains highest land
on the coast south of N. J. Highlands.
20,000,000 bushels oyster shells, W
enough to make a shell road . o -
0 � extending from Boston to "
o t Fort George. I .
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POINT ISABEL.

"A picture of perfect loveliness."- Scri&er's Monthly.
" One of the loveliest and most striking prospects of Fort George Island. The woody point ter-
minates in three sentinel palms, and at one's feet are the yellow sands and the gurf perpetually rolling
on the bar, whose rhythmic roar is faintly wafted upon the air, fragrant with the odor of rnany flowers.
-Harfer's Monthly.























"THE GARDEN OF FLORIDA."






PECULIAR charm has ever hung about the islands of the sea, and a
I l .entiment has inspired the poets of all times to find in them their
f peace and felicity. Pindar sang in sweetest numbers of the
Islands of the Blest," and our own Whittier,-

" I know not where His islands lift
Their fronded palms in air," etc.

Little did Ponce de Leon dream, as he sailed past the beautiful Fort
Oeorge Island, just where the mighty St. John flings itself into the sea, that
the fabled fountain of eternal youth was there, and that this was one of the
islands about which the poets had so long dreamed and sung.
It is the most southern of that chain of Sea Islands so famous before the
war for the production of long-fibre cotton.

" The view, as one enters the Island, is one of the most enchanting in the United States.
Nothing can exceed the delight, approaching intoxication, with which one accepts the simple fact
of existence, as he breathes the exhilarating air of this magical Island, and revels in the volup-
tuous luxuriance of its vegetation, the splendor of the sunrise over the sea, the solemn pageantry
of the sunset over the rolling velvet of its forests."- Harper's Monthly.
" To Fort George Island nature has been very bountiful. About forty kinds of trees grow upon
the Island. The palm is found here in an abundance unknown in Southern Florida, and gives to
the scenery its peculiar tropical appearance. It recalls scenes and stories of Oriental tales, and
U of those bright, enchanted islands of the sea which poets tell us no storm can reach,
life is ever beautiful and young.







"A soft, mild warmth is in the air. It is early March by the almanac; but what e WTe S
almanacs? At home, the north wind is howling; snow, perhaps, is drifting; bare li of trees
are tossing and creaking-in the blast. But what care we for wind or snow? We hav Qrgotten
ey mean. It is summer; strawberries are a part of our daily fare; violets are blossoming
ely palms lift their stems against the sky, crowned with royal plumage, through which
ds whisper soft and low. Yet the air is not warm enough to enervate; with all its soft.
aess mingles still the fresh breath of the sea."-Scribner's Mont/dy.


EDGEWOOD AVENUE


91 39igttful Sail
of an hour and a half from Jacksonville, down the windIng St. Johns River,
through most romantic land and water scenery, past Yellow Bluff, Red Bluff,
and St. Johns Bluff, and the steamer lands us at the beautiful little village
of Pilot Town, composed mostly of families of pilots who'guide vessels over
the bar. On the opposite shore is the summer resort, 1vtayport.
Passing over a rustic bridge, we enter the Island by the famous EdadMU|
Avenue, a magnificent shell road, which for two and a half miles winds a/


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f�. ge of the highlands, in many a graceful curve, through natural forests of
1_ palmetto, myrtle, holly, bay-mahogany, live-oak, water-oak, and a score of other
semi-tropical trees. Here thp eye is struck by the sight of- immense


. . ian lounbs,
.composed entirely of oyster shells. These wonderful mounds - the study of
which would well repay a,visit to Fort George-cover forty acres to 4 depth
(. . many feet! In them are found concentric layers of human skeletons,
Stone implements. 'And ' bits of pottery., The shells are very valuable for
fertilizing purposes, Are also burned for lime, and used in making the shell
-. roads so famous at Fqr. George. Hundreds of years must have elapsed since
-4 .'- th diaries �ad the wigwamsms here -and begun to build up these immense
, ouhds, upon the hummits of which full-grown oaks and cedars, draped with
long pfpanislh nio.s. inow stand, as sentinels, over the sleeping Indian.
our left we pass several picturesque residences and the old "Ghost
wt vhich still lingers many a romantic tale. After pas the,
CHAPEL, we come to the jFort George Hotel, which is beaut lully
n the bluffs of the ocean. A'short distance from the hotel, near
and from the center of thebeaiutiful Magnolia Park, rises


10ount Cornelia,
the:highest land on the Atlantic coast for 1,500 miles south of New Jersey High-
l hands [U. S. Coast Survey]. e ascend the high tower at the Signal Station
A upon its summit, and here, one hundred and fifty feet above the ocean, we look
. out upon the tropical panorama betow us. To the north is the all-encircling sea,
S orcelestial, luminous blue, with its ever~- ying line Ofwhite, where the breakers
dash themselves into foam upon the t bar. Yonder, a school of porpoises
sport in the sea; abqve the bar thous.SI of sea-gulls screech and fly in every
diiektion ; the gray iad bald eagles circle aboiE in search of prey, and now and
Then swoop down upon a fish-hau k, and snatch the prize which it had plucked
:f from the sea, Thotusads of aquatic birds, congregate upon the bar. Flocks of
;. pelicans, like soldiers at drill, parade the beach. Scores of canvas-lfak and
-anallard ducks, cranes, heroes, and wild geese stand upon the shore. The light-
JAouse.'upon the opposite bank stands out sentinel-like against the deep-green
ekground of the glossy forest; while up and down the riyer move the scores
m and sail vessels, bringing their loads of hopeful hialth-seekers, happy


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famous plantation. This beautiful mansion is now the residence of Mr. J. F.
Rollins, a Northern gentleman, who has made the Island his permanent home.
Parts of old slave cabins and drivers' houses are still standing. Of the greatest
interest to all are these relics and reminders of slavery days. Here may be seen
the remains of the prison, where a female slave starved to death, and also the-
" stocks." Over these deserted and disappearing ruins nature has thrown a
kindly veil of trailing ivy, honeysuckle, and soft gray moss.
On the extreme end of Mt. Cornelia, and overlooking the ocean below us, is.
the famous



aoint Isabid.

What vistas of exquisite beauty are framed by the interlacing arches of the
huge live-oak, cedar, or magnolia, festooned with the wild grape-vine and honey-
suckle! Through palm-guarded vistas we look out upon the cerulean sea, fading
off toward the purple horizon, serrated with white sails.
Stretched like a huge snowbank for miles along the shore, is a beautiful white
.beach of coralline cand, upon which the breakers dash themselves into foam.
i,' '. About forty feet below, nestled in an exquisite frame of tropical verdure, we
taok down upon a




across which 1-bird has just flashed his gorgeous plumage. Tall rushes
fringe its d anks, while tropical grasses, of varied tints, and stately
palmettoes emselves in its glassy surface. Here and there upon the
shore, gazing n e water, stands a demure crane and a heron, white and blue.
We hear at intervals the notes of the mocking-bird, as he adds his song to the
grand symphony of nature. The rhythmic roar of Old Ocean is wafted upon the
gentle breeze, fragrant with the odors of the orange-blossom, peach, and jasmine.
Meadows, green and golden, decked with tall, feathery grasses and wild-flowers,
line the river-banks. The sun, sinking behind the evergreen woods of Florida,
casts a rosy tinge across this very sea of tropical forest, and adds the last touches
to a picture already-perfect.
\ of t eeveh miles. A glance at the cuts which we insert will give the readetA
a fai ejf [their picturesque beauty, but no words can describe them.
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ste itell Roabo of jfort $corge.
Fort George is noted for its beautiful drives over the hard, smooth, and mar-
ble-like roads made from the oyster-shells, of which mention has been made.
Florida has but few good roads; it is not strange that these fine avenues
should be the pride of all Fort Georgians, and the delight of guests at their fair
Island.





















THE DRIVES, FORT GEORGE.

palmetto Mbnue.
This beautiful avenue, pictures of which are familiar to every Florida visitor,
is composed entirely of stately palmettoes, fifty to sixty feet high, and there is
nothing to compare with it in America. It was laid out about one hundred and
twenty-five years ago by a slave-overseer, and is widely known to-day as a marvel
of grandeur and beauty.
An avenue has also been cut through the forest to the.top of Mt. Cornelia, in
the center of the beautiful Magnolia Park.
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4;


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Fine horses and elegant carriages of every description have been furnished for
the guests, and it is the intention of the Company to make a great feature of -he
magnificent drives- at Fort George. Guests wishing to bring their own horses
and carriages, will find good stabling at reasonable charges.


FAMOUS PALM AVENUE, FORT GEORGE ISLAND.




Sra=Bearta Boulebarb.

A magnificent boulevard of coralline sand, so hard that wheels scarcely leave
a trace upon it, extends for miles along the shore of the ocean at the mouth of
the St. Johns, and makes one of the finest beach-drives to be found on the entire
coast, affording a most enchanting view of land and water scenery.
The magnificent drives of Fort George cannot fail to attract the wealthy
families from the North who spend their winters in Florida, and are greatly dis-









appointed in the poor and sandy roaas generally found. The Commissioner of
Duval County, in his official report, says :-

"The hard, smooth, and practically level roads of Fort George Island, made entirely of oyster-
shells, ma>.e a drive unequalled in the State. This system of excellent roads has a total length of
twenty-seven miles, and penetrates the Island in every direction."


ROLLINS MANSION. RESIDENCE OF HON. JOHN F. ROLLINS.
Grand opportunity to invest at Fort George, either in the stock of the Company,
or in building-lots.

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"THE LIVE-OAKS," NEAR FORT GEORGE HOTEL.
"Nowhere on the face of the earth is there such a congeries of islands. They are full of ailractions. and are often
overgrown in the most enchanting manner by oak forests, gr.:s; oui ,alms and lianas, while the delicious sea-breezes
of a semi-tropical clime and the historic legends of the past :r-. c:t ihbm with a i..nrderful p. lti'M , liLke the golden
vapor which sunset weaves over the roofs and spires ofa distant t.. * r,. The pcIui.arty ol" I oVf' I Island is, that,
more than any other spot I have seen in our country, it seems to ur.te tie qcit ti.n of two a pine and the
,ak assume a form and a richness that ally them to the rank vegetat,ln oI the jurngle5
fan. . G. H'. BeS j to PWrFasaF



















THE' CLIMATfE OF FORT GEORGE ISLAND.



Florida is not heaven; Fort George is not a paradise. Unfortunately the
elixir of life has not been found, here or elsewhere. A thousand diseases still
knock for admission at the human citadel, but wherever we go, over the wide,
wide world, consumption is still king. No potency of drugs, no physician's skill,
no discovery of science, no pleading of loved ones, can stay the" progress of this
merciless tyrant. One out of every four of the human family must be sacrificed
to this monster. No race is exempt, no blood is untainted.
Fortunately, however, for poor humanity, a few spots have been provided
-where the sufferers afflicted with this scourge may be directed by the kind physi-
cian who has exhausted every means in his power for their relief. We wish to
call the especial attention of the medical fraternity to the peculiar advantage of



A Site Climate of Sort George
for all patients with a consumptive tendency, or any disease of the respiratory
organs or heart, as well as for all renal and nervous affections of any nature.
It is a well-established fact that the climate of sea-islands is far more invig-
orating than that of the main-land, and hence much more beneficial to a large
-class of invalids. They are less subject to severe and sudden changes in temper-
ature. The surrounding salt-water, absorbing all poisonous gases and impuri-
ties, acts as a powerful antiseptic. Statistics show that residents of sea-islands
are of greater longevity, and are less subject to pneumonia, diphtheria, scarlet
fever, or epidemics of any nature, than dwellers upon the main-land. The resi-
dent physician of one of our Atlantic coast islands publishes some interesting
facts in regard to island climate. He says:-








"In four years I have had but one case of pneumonia in z,3oo inhabitants. Block Island is noted.
for the longevity of its inhabitants. The death-rate here is less than eight tenths of one per cent, and.
at the last census only three out of 1,3oo inhabitants were under the physician's care."


CEDAR AVENUE, FORT GEORGE.


In cases of pulmonary troubles, the great value of Florida's climate Is too-
well known to require discussion; but we claim that the climate of Florida is.
surpassed by that of her islands.
Truly there is a certain life-giving, health'restoring power in the sea, which
does not exist upon the land. The Gulf Stream, which converts bleak Scotland
into a garden, gives to Fort George Island one of the most equable and salubri-
ous climates in the world. It is the invigorating tonic of the ocean mingled with
the healing odors of the tropical forest, which gives the wonderful medicinal prop-
erties to the climate of this " Paradise of the Sea." The Southern sunshine is.
filtered through air light and buoyant, yet permeated with the sulphates of mag-









mesium and potassium, chlorides of sodium, bromine, iodine, and other of
Nature's great remedies, distilled fresh from the ocean laboratories. The tem-
perature at Fort George is thirty to forty degrees warmer than that of New York
in winter, and actually two to fifteen degrees cooler in summer.
The climate at Fort George Island, owing to its complete encirclement by
-waters tempered by the Gulf Stream, is fully equal to those places situated 200
miles farther South in the interior of the State. This is attested by the compara-
tive exemption from frosts, and the nature of its forests and vegetable produc-
tions, which are as remarkably tropical in their character as those found in
Southern Florida.
" Death-rate in Massachusetts, z in 254; in New York, I in 473; in Florida, i in 1,447." - U. S.
Surgeon-General's Rejort.
We beg to submit the testimony of a few prominent physicians and others in
regard to the wonderful climate of Fort George Island:-
GAINESVILLE, FLA., Nov. 30, 1885.
DR. - : My dear Sir,-Your letter of the 2oth inst. at hand. In regard to the climate of Fort
George, I will say that it possesses qualities not often found together, and which are due to its loca-
tion and the character of its surface. Together with the mildness and comparative equability which
it enjoys in common with other portion of this delightful land, it has the advantage of being perpetu.
ally fanned by the invigorating sea-Breze, which comes, pure and uncontaminated, directly from the
glorious Atlantic, whose breakers murmur along its beautiful beach. It is this tonic and soothing char-
acter of the climate which renders it so excellently adapted to the cure of so large a proportion of the
ills which flesh is heir to. The poor sufferer, worn out with the hopeless fight against a double enemy,
-his disease and the cold, cheerless weather,-instead of being at once stimulated and goaded into a
struggle for life and health, a struggle in which he too often rapidly succumbs, finds here a gentle ofiate
in the soft, delicious air, which soothes his irritability, cools his feverish blood, and lures him to a quiet,
dreamyforgetfulzess of his condition. But while lapped in this delightful calm, the salty air, rich in
ozone, is doing its work of purifying and restoring his broken-down system. Soon he finds his appe-
tite returning, and with it a gradual measure of strength; and not until then does nature rouse him to
the fight. Strong enough to keep about, his interest is soon aroused by the wealth of exquisite and
novel beauty around him, and each day finds him making longer and longer excursions through the
matchless forest avenues which intersect the Island in every direction, and whose tropical beauty can
never grow stale by familiarity.
I will refer to certain advantages which Fort George Island possesses over nearly every other
place in the State. Next to the salt air, I consider the magnwi. Knt shell-rJads of Fort George, together
,with its smooth, hard-packed beach, as the greatest sanitary features of the Island, for the simple rea.
son that they render exercise in the open air easy and delightful. Instead of toiling through the deep
sand, as in many other places in Florida, the invalid here finds a smooth, hard pavement, equal to the
finest concrete, winding for miles along the edge of the Island, often within sight of the sea, and always
within hearing of the sound of its breakers, overarched by magnificent live-;aks, hickories, andcmag-
nolias, whose picturesquely twisted branches are twined with exquisite vines, and often bear a heavy.
crop of ferns; while in other places long rows of palms give a tropical aspect to the scene, and remind
the grateful lounger of the great distance separating him from the snowy landscape of the north.
Having been restored to health myself by a winter and summer residence on the Island during
the past year, I may be excused for speaking with some warmth of the beauty of its scenery and cli-
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mate, and I do not wish to mislead any one into the idea that the climate is perfect. There are some
chilly days, generally in December, bpt these are few; and after deducting these, there still remains,
to the credit of this Island, a very astonishing number of mellow, golden days, of which the winter is.
mainly made up, when mere existence is a pleasure to the healthy, and which whispe- bope in the ear
of the invalid just arrived from the regions of snow and chilling winds. Here we have fresh air, night
and day, of a balmy softness, and yet with all the invigorating qualities which it acquires as it blows.
softly over thousands of miles of salt-water. This is the true antiseptic, and will find its way into,
every vesicle of damaged lung, soothing the invalid's cough, and yielding up its store of oxygen to.
bring fresh life and strength to the enfeebled body.
But I must not allow myself to say all that my enthusiasm and gratitude would prompt. I would
only say, that in all my ramblings over Florida, I have found only one Fort George Island. In the
beauty of the tropical scenery, and the sublimity of its ocean views, it stands unrivaled. High above
the sea-level, with scarely a spot of wet, low land within its limits, and bathed in the pure, ever-chang-
ing currents of sea air which come in from the vast expanse of Old Ocean, and which find their way
through all the recesses of its grand old forests, it is secure from all danger of malaria. I never
spent a pleasanter summer, nor one so free from extreme heat, as the past summer spent here, and I
see no reason why Fort George should not be made a grand success, both as a winter and summer
resort.
Very truly yours,
REGINALD M. REYNOLDS, M.D.
"The salubriousness of the climate of Fort George is scarcely equalled anywhere else on our
coast."- Hon. S. G. HW. Benjamin (late U. S. Persian Minister).
"There is no place in Florida its equal for health." -J. F. Rollins, U. S. Land Agent, Gaines-
wite, Fla.


nature's Stubio- rbce Artist's larabise.

We wish to call special attention of artists to Fort-George Island as possess-
ing rare studies for the pencil and brush. Nowhere else have we seen such
exquisite combinations of varied beauty, such mingling of shade, such blending
of tints. Every object seems fresh from Nature's touch, and is so placed as to
heighten the grand effect of the whole. With a consummate art, Nature has com-
bined the ocean, the river, Mount Cornelia, Point Isabel, the adjacent islands, and
the grand old forests, into one magnificent harmony of perspective and color.
She seems here to have fairly outdone herself. How she has revelled in her
tropical profusion! What interweaving of matchless ivies, wild honeysuckle,
vines, tropical flowers, and exquisite feathery grasses! What inspiration to
genius! What exquisite music from Nature's orchestra-the roar of the breakers
on the beach, the mocking-bird's song and the eagle's screech, the wind playing
upon her harp of ten.thousand strings in the old pine forests! We would espe-
cially recommend artists to read the beautifully illustrated articles in Scribner's,
September, 1877, and Harper's Monthly, November, 1878. See, also, The World's
Paradises, by Hon. . G. W. Benjamin.















e- T * R-pe.


" And the pale healti-seeker findeth there
The wine of life in its pleasant air."
" Malaria ip unknown, and the extreme healthfulness of Fort George is noted."- Official Rejort of
Commissioner of Duval County.
If Florida is the rich man's paradise,'it is al's the invalid's hope. Nine tenths
of all the deaths ih the United States are frenrtiere, and one fourth of these are
from consumption.' How many'tho6sandsof.,tli4de who annually die of this ter-
rible disease, as well as heart, kidney,�nad nertvis diseases, might be saved by a
residence in Floric a. . -
w o Hiw ang, tlio-sands of inialids, in al-the fifty States and Territories of the
Union, from the bleak and rock-bound shores of New England, from the blizzard
region Oerthe 'great lakes of the north, from the broad prairies of the great West,
from the Central and Southern States, turn with longing eyes toward sunny Flor-
ida. We would call special attention of all invalids to the article headed " To
Physicians," in this pamphlet.
A charming climate all the year. Warm in winter and cool in summer.
"The climate is most delightful, summer and winter, and no place in America can be more
healthy."- Caft. Chas. Holmes, Fort George, Fla.
It seems incredible to Northern people that the temperature at Fort George
should be 30 to 40 degrees warmer in winter, and actually Io to 15 degrees cooler
in summer, than in most places in the North; but such is the fact. Oranges ripen
and flowers blossom all winter at Fort George, while in August the mercury
remains most of the time in the seventies. It does not seem strange that the
physicians and Northern gentlemen who own residences at Fort George, should be
so enthusiastic over its wonderful climate. A prominent physician from Minne-
sota, who went to Fort George for his health, writes: "I never spent a pleasanter
summer, nor one so-free from extreme heat, as the past upon this Island."
Experience has shown that an equable average of 750 temperature and a hu-
midity of about 70 (loo representing saturation) are most conducive to human




































From HALBFR's MAoAZLN.
THE FOREST GRAVES, FORT GEORGE ISLAND.
comfort. When temperature is much below this, artificial heat is required; when
temperature is much above, it is enervating and relaxing. When, on the other
hand, the atmosphere is too dry, it does not contain electricity enough to keep it
pure and healthy, and we always have greater and more sudden changes of tem-
perature. For instance: with a humidity at 70, only ten degrees depression gives
us the dew point; whereas the mercury runs much lower in a very dry climate
before the dew point is reached. After this is reached the further fall of the mer-
cury is exceedingly slow, because of the latent heat which it contains. Hence the
absence of sudden changes and cold nights, and exemption of sea islands from
frost. A climate too dry to keep the skin moist and active, throws a great strain
upon the kidneys (since these functions are vicarious) ; hence one reason for the
comparative exemption of islanders from kidney diseases. The air is not damjf
at Fort George, but soft and balmy. It has also been found that man is capable
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of greater physical and mental exertion near the sea-level, as there is much less
strain upon the vital organs. Hence, people with heart disease should keep as
near the sea-level as possible, to reduce the action of the heart to a minimum, and
relieve the strain caused by high inland altitude. A glance at the map and tem-
perature record of Fort George Island will show that the above conditions are
wonderfully met upon this semi-tropical Island. During a large part of the year
the mercury rarely goes out of the seventies, and there is scarcely fifteen degrees
variation between summer and winter.
Besides, the ocean does not absorb the sun's heat as rapidly, nor does it allow
it to radiate off into space so quickly, as the soil of the main-land; hence another
and very important cause of the wonderfully even temperature of sea islands.
We compare, below, the temperature, as taken from Fort George Hotel register,
of August and September with that of two of the most trying months (in the
North) in spring, beginning from the middle of February.


August ,, 85 degrees.
" 2, 84 "
3, 83 "
4, 78 "
5, 78 "
" 6, 8o "
7, 78 "
" 8, 78 "
" 9, 76 "
" 1o, 78 "
S i, 78 "
" 22, So
" 13. 78 "
" 14, 78 "
4" 15, 78 "
" .6, 76 "
" 17, 78 "
" x8, 75 "
" '9, 74 "
S20, 72 "
" 2T, 78 "
" 22, 74
23,72 6
24, 72
25, 74 "
" 26, 74 $
27, 78 "
" 28, 74 "
29, 72
" 3o, 78 "
" 3f, 78


September 2, 75 degrees.
2" 78 "
3, 74 "
4, 72 "
5, 78 "
6, 78 "
7, 75 "
" 8, 78 ",
9, 78 "
" 1o, 76 "
" ., 74 "
" 12, 74 "
'" 3, 78 "
" z4, 78 "
6" 15, 75 "
" z6, 76 "
" 27, 78 "
" 18, 77 "'
29, 75
20, 74
" 21, 78 "
22, 75 44
23, 75
24, 78 "
25, 75 "
' 26,75 "
27, 76 "
" 28, 75 "
" 29, 72 "
30, 74


February, 15, 70 degrees.
1" 6, 69 "
" 17, 68 "
" 18, 70 "4
19, 68 "
2 o, 67 "
" 21, 64 "
" 22, 74 "
23, 6o0
24, 72
25, 64 "
26, 59 "
" 27, 70 "
" 28, 69 "
March 70o degrees.
" 2, 6 "
3, 70
4, 66 "
" 5, 70 "
" 6, 71 "
7, 75 "
S 8, 74 "
9, 74 "
" o0, 76 "
," ,68 "
" 12,74 "
" 13, 7�


March 14, 82 degrees.
" 25, o80 "
" z6, 72 "
" 17,81 "
" 14, 64 "
" 19, 70 "
" 20, 75 "
" 21, 72 "
" 22, 66 "
" 23, 68 "
" 24, 82 "
" 25, 82 a
" 26, 8z "
" 27, 72 "
" 28, 69 "
" 29, 83 "
" 30, 82 "
" 3, 76 "
April i, 70 degrees.
" 2, 74 "
" 3, 6o "
" 4, 69 "
" 5, 68 "
" 6, 6o "
" 7, 8o "
" 8,71x "
,4 , 69 "

















































ROLLINS' GROVE (25 ACRES), NEAR FORT GEORGE HOTEL.
FROM PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN MIDDLE JANUARY.
Ranges from this orove took thke rize at the igst New Orfeans fEb.ibiti4t,







Think of this, New England people,--a June climate in February and March
Peach and plum orchards in full bloom! Orange-trees loaded with golden fruit;
strawberries, blackberries, and delicious vegetables ripening during these months
of terror to the Northerfi people!
The magnificent surf-bathing nearly the entire year is another great attrac-
tion of Fort George Island, especially to those remaining on the Island all the
year.
The great advantages of a place which has such a remarkable climate all the
year, over scores of places in Florida, which must be abandoned in summer, are
too evident to need further comment.
We are glad to announce that the celebrated author, Hon. S. G. W. Benja-
min, late minister to Persia, has purchased four lots at Fort George, for the erec-
tion of a beautiful winter residence. Mr. Benjamin is very enthusiastic over the
beauty and climate of Fort George, and says it can be made the most beautiful
resort in the world.
He has included this Island in his book, " The World's Paradises."
He has also written it up in his book, "The Islands of the sea," and in Har-
Jer's (Illustrated), November, 1878.



Superior eualitV of rzlant Probuct0.

It is a well-established fact that both the animal and vegetable products of
sea islands excel in quality those raised on the main-land. The surrounding salt
water exerts a marvelous influence upon the climate, which is most even and
uniform. Sudden and severe changes in temperature rarely occur, and growth in
animal and vegetable life is steady and uninterrupted, and without the retarding
reverses of successive heat, chills, droughts, etc., incident to the main-land.
Especially is this true of Fort George Island, whose shores are in a perpetual sea-
bath, tempered by the waters of the Gulf Stream, which render it equal in the
peculiarly tropical character and the quality of its products to Southern Florida.
The rich, genial soil of this Island, with a semi-tropical sun to mature and
concentrate the juices without destroying the lively, aromatic flavor of the fruit,
imparts great quality value to its products. It was famous before the war for the
production of some of the finest long-fibre cotton in the world. The large amount
of oyster shells and other fertilizing elements which are found mixed with its soil
imparts a most wonderful stimulus to its crops. ,














* 1~1X) 0lir~ f l~lss .


" Where green the savannas, and ceaseless the flow,
Of the lovely St. Johns to the seaboard below;
Where the pine-tree its resinous odor distills,
And the scent of magnolia the atmosphere fills;
Where ripens the lime, and the orange-tree grows,
There grew into beauty the Florida rose."

At Fort George Island, above any other spot in America, one is impressed
with the fact that the hand of the Creator has lavished upon flowers all the
resources of his infinite skill. It is simply impossible to describe the beautiful
grasses, vines, and flowers which decorate and perfume this "Paradise of the
Sea," where
" Gentle gales,
Fanning their od6riferous wings, dispense
Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole
Those balmy spoils."

The beautiful rose, which blooms every day in the year, the fragrant orange
and magnolia blossoms, the yellow jasmine, the honeysuckle, the wild olive, the
wood-violet, the passion-flower, the Spanish-bayonet, the scarlet trumpet-creeper,
and numberless others " chosen by the Immortal Planter," are found upon this
magical Island.
As we enter the Island through palmetto groves and under huge limbs of
live-oak festooned with Spanish moss, and clumps of mistletoe clinging to their
branches, the trees flecked with beautiful lichens, and their branches covered
with the exquisite feathery green of the resurrection-ivy -the avenue scarlet
with the gleaming berries of the thorny-leaved holly, and anon passing under
the beautiful, glossy-leaved magnolia, radiant with its splendid bloom -the
atmosphere fraught with pine, cedar, and citrine odors, mingled with the per-
fume of orange flowers, and the sweet sea-breeze laden with brominic odors,
producing that exhilarating effect which, to the Northerner, can only be com-







pared to the fragrance of the country air on a spring morning-we feel that
Arabia cannot boast
"- A fuller gale of joy, than liberal, thence
Breathes through the sense and takes the ravished soul."


EPISCOPAL CHURCH, FORT GEORGE ISLAND.


The peculiar healthfulness of Fort George over other parts of FlQrida, is in
a measure due, no doubt, to the variety and luxuriance of its flora. The healing
properties of pine odors are well known, as also are the refreshing qualities of
citrine odors; but it is comparatively unknown that perfumes generally are in the
highest degree prophylactic (preventing disease), and that the odors of plants are
all antiseptic (preventing decay). Those subtle emanations which engender
disease, whether derived from the malarious swamp, or as effete matter from the-
lungs of a disordered person, are at once destroyed by the odorous vapors,-not.
merely masked, as some assert, but neutralized by real chemical combination,--
while it is established by the highest authority, that in the oxidation by sunlight.
of the odoriferous principle of plants, ozone is evolved in considerable quanti-
ties. In view of these facts, Mantegazza has recommended that malarious and:
unhealthful districts be guarded by the cultivation of these very flowers that.
Nature has so lavishly bestowed upon this Island.
(21)














* 9pi)i0l)s of Jisfip)uisjeel Visifers,


ANI OTHERS.





"That Fort George Island can be made the most popular resort in Florida, I have not the
-shadow of a doubt, for it possesses, as you well know, every attraction that brings visitors to the
State, and possesses these attractions in a much greater degree than any other portion of the State.
You are aware how much has been written of the tropical luxuriance of the " Land of Flowers."
How poorly the reality bears out the imaginary picture in most cases. What can be more disappoint.
ing, for instance, than the stretch of country between Savannah and Jacksonville, and how little of a
-tropical character there is to be found in and around the latter city. Nor is it much better up the
river as far as I have been ; nor even in the " high interior." After seeing all this, one can excuse
-the disgust of the tourist who has thus far looked in vain for the Florida of his imagination. But let
him catch but one glimpse of Fort George, and his almost extinguished faith revives, and by the time
he has made the tour of the Island, he is as loud in his expressions of admiration as the veriest real.
-estate agent in the State. And when people once learn that they can enjoy all this tropical beauty
within a short two hours' sail of Jacksonville, will they not be induced to visit us, instead of going off
in search of it to the wilds of South Florida, where they are out of reach of all comforts ? Should a
railroad shorten the time to less than an hour, the only trouble would be to accommodate the crowds
who would come to enjoy our advantages. Fort George deserves to be the best-known health resort
in Florida."- Reginald M. Reynolds, M.D.
The late U. S. Minister to Persia, Hon. S. G. W. Benjamin, says:-
"The view as one enters Fort George Island, is one of the most enchanting in the United States.
It was with regret that I found the hour come when I must leave Fort George. Its lovely scenery, and,
rbove all, the salubriousness of its atmosphere, scarcely equaled anywhere else on the coast, fasci-
nated and urged me to linger. Fort George constantly suggests the tropics, by the luxuriance of its
-vegetation and the amenity of its air."
Julia B. Dodge, in Scribner's Monthly, says: -
" It would be hard to find a spot combining more advantages and delights than Fort George
Island. The scenery is more tropical in many respects than the upper St. Johns. The air and sea
teem with life in inexhaustible variety. The scene is one of perfect repose and peace. To Fort
-George, Nature has been very bountiful."
" There is no place n Florida to compare with Fort George Island."--. C. Greely, Pres. Florida
JSavings Bank.









" Fort George Island has the highest land on the Atlantic coast for 1,5oo miles south of New-
Jersey Highlands."- U. S. Coast Survey.
Having visited all the places of interest in Florida, I can say with pleasure that Fort George
Island is the most beautiful of them all. My first impression cannot be described. The scenery and
climate make one feel as if they were out of the United States entirely, and wanted to stay there.
Yours truly,
JAMES R. THOMPSON,
1220 Market Street, Philadelphia.
Extract from letter by Dr. R. M. Reynolds.
FORT GEORGE ISLAND, Dec. 27, 1885.
"I think it needs no prophet to predict the future of Fort George Island. Combining so many
advantages, it must fulfill its manifest destiny of becoming the most famous seaside resort of the
South. The beauties which elsewhere are scattered far apart, are crowded together within the various
limits of this poet's isle, and gives to its fairy-like scenery a completeness and fascination peculiar to
itself.
" It is hard to understand why Fort George Island should have been endowed with a wealth of
tropical beauty so far surpassing that of points much farther south; but the fact remains that nowhere
else in the United States can be found'a landscape so thoroughly tropicaL-in appearance. While
gazing upon all this loveliness, our faith in the cold evolution theory is shaken ; for if intelligent
esthetic design was ever indicated anywhere, it is here, where every object that meets the eye seems
to have been introduced into the picture merely for'its artistic effect.
" From the top of Mount Cornelia a view can be obtained unequaled, probably in America for
tropical luxuriance and coloring. Fort George can be called, without fear of dispute, the home of the
jfalm, so noble and majestic are the specimens of this noble tree. Through these lovely woods wind
the famous shell roads of Fort George, forming a pavement hard and white as marble, over whose
smooth surface the carriage-wheels glide" without a jar, and which would tempt the most timid to
mount the frisky bicycle. What can be imagined more delightful than a six-mile run on the " wheel"
over such a track, through the mazes of the-semi-tropical forest, with the salt breeze blowing up from
the ocean, the song of the mocking-bird, and 'the soft thunder of the distant breakers for an accom-
paniment I
" But perhaps the best feature of Fort George Island is the salubrity of its climate. Exposedas
it is to the full influence of the sea-breeze, and being composed almost entirely of high and dry land, it is
free from any taint of malaria, and one can, without danger to health, live here winter and summer..
While affording a delightful retreat from the cold winters of the North, it does not enervate and
weaken the constitution, for the salt air of the Atlantic has a tonic property which counteracts the
softness of the climate, and renders the atmosphere of Fort George most conducive to health and
longevity."
" Fort George is the loveliest spot on earth. I would not exchange my home here for anything
'less than heaven. I never tire of its varied scenery, the beautiful avenues, the dense forests, and the
orange-groves, now laden with golden fruit. The island is full of beauty, the climate is most delight-
ful summer and winter, and no place in America can be more healthy. We never have frost here to
injure oranges."-Ca.t. Chas. Holmes.
KINGSLEY MANSION, FORT GEORGE, FLA.
"Fort George Island is the most beautiful and attractive resort in Florida for both winter and
summer. There is no place in the State its equal for health and beauty. I have had my home at Fort
George for over sixteen years, and know whereof I speak, for I have, during that time, given its
character careful study."-Hon.John F. Rollins.

(23)








A Boston lady writes us from Fort George Hotel: -
" I don't think you have said half enough for Fort George in your hand-book. It is a perfect
paradise."

Another lady writes from Fort George to a friend in Boston: -
" I suppose you would like to know how I like Fort George Island: well, it is the loveliest spot
on earth,- a petrectfairyland, such as I have read about."


RESIDENCE OF HON. NICHOLAS


BALL, OF BLOCK ISLAND, R. 1.

BALL, OF BLOCK ISLAND, R. I.


% Unique Seasible rttlntent.

Fort George Island, from its delightful location at the very gateway of
Florida, its marvelous natural attractions, and wonderful climate summer and
winter, must inevitably become a popular seaside settlement for the better closes
of Northerners and Southerners alike.
























































From HARPEn'S MAGAZINE.
POINT LOOKOUT, FORT GEORGE HIGHLANDS.
(The favorite spot for artists.)
(25)














* Tbe R0a Gierie Iskraiq Elmertizc *


I


Of all the places of resort in Florida, only two or three are calculated to attract
the wealthy classes. This is due to the great lack of drives and to the cheaj and
mushroom appearance of many of the new places. The marvelous beauty, mag-
nificent drives, the wonderful climate, and the great possibilities of Fort George
Island, led to the purchase of the larger part of this Island by Northern capitalists,
for the purpose of building up a first-class winter resort for the wealthy classes.
The lots will all be sold with restrictions, and no inducements will be offered for
the building of cheap houses. The Company's purchase includes the beautiful


1ount Cornldia 9ark,
of nearly 30 acres (including Point Isabel), about 150 acres of extra orange land,
for groves and gardening purposes, several thousand acres of marsh-meadow
land, and over a thousand building-sites.
The purchase of the Company also includes the enormous oyster-shell
mounds of many acres, which are exceedingly valuable for lime, fertilizing, and
making of the beautiful shell roads so famous on this Island (it is estimated that
there are 20,000,00o bushels of these shells, or enough to make a shell road from
Boston to Fort George), the Fort George Hotel, with its fifteen acres of grounds,
and a small hotel on the bathing-beach. The


forests of jfort George,

which belong to the Company, no pen can describe. There are nearly fifty differ-
ent kinds of beautiful semi-tropical trees festooned in the most exquisite manner
with vines and mosses of every description. These forests would well repay a
visit to this lovely Island.








The building-lots front on beautiful broad avenues; several hundred of them
overlook the Ocean, St. John's River, and Fort George Inlet. Each lot is
abundantly large enough to allow plenty of building-room, with enough land
left for a good-sized garden, fruit-trees, etc. Many lots have semi-tropical trees
upon them, which will make magnificent shade-trees without waiting for them
to grow: this is a very great advantage in buying on this Island. No buildings
allowed within twenty feet of any avenue, except on business streets, and no lots
will be sold for saloons or gambling purposes. -


-,

fz~- < ~e

A


'5--". SS!1^ 0,.


RESIDENCE OF WILLIAM STUART, OF NEW YORK.


The idea is to make Fort George a delightful winter home for cultured and
refined people without the objectionable features usually found in new commu-
nities. One has only to examine the beautiful residences already built upon the
Island, such as " The Oaks," " The Bend," " The Moorings," and " T'ie Rollins'
Mansion," to be convinced of the Company's policy.
It is also proposed to greatly extend the amount of shell roads upon the
Island, and to improve and beautify the avenues in every possible way.

" 'E o ringo,"
known as the Commodore Cooper estate, has recently been purchased by Hon.
Nicholas Ball, and will be fitted up as his winter home.














* T1- . evo LRf s ]Ofe *

Is one of the unique features of Florida. There are a few hotels in the State
-which may have cost more, but perhaps none upon which more care, fains, and
taste have been exercised. While the comfort, convenience, and enjoyment of its
guests have been the prominent idea in its construction, yet elegance and beauty
have not been lost sight of in building upon this picturesque and magical Island.
It is the determination of the Company to keep one of the finest hotels in Florida.
The Fort George Hotel is magnificently located on high ground, with the
ocean on one side, and on the other the beautiful Magnolia Park, from which
rises Mount Cornelia, terminating in the lovely Point Isabel.
Almost every room overlooks the ocean and magnificent tropical scenery.
The location is called by visitors the most romantic in all Florida. A superior
table, scrupulous neatness, prompt and efficient service, will be insisted upon by
the officers of the Company.


Grant Vatd tia a.
A magnificent piazza sixteen feet wide extends along three sides of the hotel,
affording the promenaders a grand panoramic view of the ocean. Hundreds of
palm-tree*, beautiful red cedar, the live-oak, and other varieties of semi-tropical
trees too numerous to mention, Fort George River, Mount Cornelia, the Observ-
atory, hundreds of semi-tropical birds, the marble-like avenues, the romantic
-walks, all make up a picture which can neither be described nor forgotten.
Mr. Benjamin, the late Persian Minister, says, " In all the world I have never
seen such a magical spot, nor one so fascinating."
A plank walk connects the piazza with the new boat-house on the beach, thus
affording the guests nearly I,ooo feet of promenade.
The hotel is thoroughly heated by steam. Large open fire-places in rotunda,
parlor, and many sleeping-rooms.
Every room in the entire hotel is lighted by the most improved system of
gas, and supplied with electric bells.










33atbjs.
Hot sea, sulphur, and fresh-water baths will be introduced into the hotel.

.Drainage.
Great care has been taken to secure perfect drainage for the entire house.
All waste goes to the ocean.







. red. J. Beach, of Scranton, Pa., writes:-
"Fort George Island is one of the fairest spots on earth."

Walter Paris, an English artist, writes:-
".Of the natural beauties andtropical luxuriance of the Island, I can only say that I know-
nothing to be compared with it in Flbrida. The place is so attractive to me that I am seriously
contemplating taking up n. quarters there during the winter. It is simply unique in Florida.
So far as my observation goes, I did not see any character of scenery that could for one moment
compare to the beauty an fascination of the tropical vegetation and attractive subjects for an artist,
as on Fort George Island."

Hon. Edwards Pierrepont, late Minister to England, speaking of his visit
rt George Island, says:-
I found the climate of Fort George Island unequaled on this Continent. Indeed, I think it
iest, loveliest air that I ever breathed. The scenery is very beautiful, and the photographs
ood idea of the exceeding beauty; the sea-air prevents the sunny days from being at all

A prominent millionaire from Philadelphia, writes :-
"I found at Fort George Island, as no where else in Florida, my idea of semi-tropical life..
The place has been greatly blessed by nature in beauty of situation and scenery, and with a luxu-
riance of vegetable life. I recall with pleasure my drives over the perfect shell-roads, beneath the;
shade of the live-oak and graceful palmetto. Under its present management all its native beauties
are being developed, and it is one of the most charming places in Florida. Its future is bright with
promise. I look forward with pleasant anticipation to the time when, leaving the cold and snow of'
the northern winter, I can enjoy at Fort George the balmy air of spring, and the perfume of the
magnolia.
Vag ia ery truly yours,
I A. PARTRIDGE, Philadelphia, Pa.'

The Atlantic Monthly for Nov., 1887, says:-
"The charms of Fort George Island, at the mouth of the St. Johns River, Florida, are widely-







and justly celebrated. The fine roads are unsurpassed for attractiveness, making
agreeable to ramble or ride over the Island.
" Mount Cornelia, on Fort George Island, is the highest land between the Navesink Highlands
and Key West, and more than twice the altitude of St. John's Bluff."

3Boating, ffijing, anti booting.
A new Boat-House has recently been built on the beach near the hotel, where
all kinds of boats, will be kept for use of the guests. The boating on the Fort
George River is very fine, as it is never rough, and the scenery along its banks
and adjacent islands is very fine.
The ocean, the-St. Johns River, the bays and inlets about the Island, are
thronged with many varieties of fish, and Isaac Walton's disciples mayo, ea
here almost every day in the year. For a century the waters surrou
island have been noted for their great variety and enormous quantity










*






GOVERNMENT JETTIES, ST. JOHN'S BAR, FORT GEORGE ISLAND.
(Half a million of dollars is being expended on these jetties at Fort George.)

Here we finid'the striped, black, red and sea bass, the sea trout, white shad, gamey
,bluefish, mullet, black-fish, drum, sheepshead, etc., etc. Fort George has the
first shid of the season. Here, too, we find OYSTERS, clams, soft-shell crabs, etc.
The white shad begins to run at Fort George in December.
There is a great variety of birds along the banks of'this river and along the
beaches. Thousands of the aquatic tribe may almost always be seen at the St.
Johns bar, near the Fort George Hotel-immense flocks of pelicans, sea-gulls,
canvas-back and mallard ducks, geese, curlew, heron, snipe, bald and gray eagles,
, etc., etc. Quail and wild turkeys are also found.









Reufes fo Rpf Gee� re Islerx)l.
;ff the well-known routes to Jacksonville. Time reduced to 31 hours from New York. The fast steamer "Kate
*A3poil" makes two round trips dally between Jacksonville and Fort George; time, about two hours.


FeRT GeeRGe ISL2ANE Ge.
[INCORPORATED DECEMBER, 1886.]
� Capital Stock, $150,000. Divided into 1,500 Shares. Par Value, $100 Each.
Special price for blocks of 25 Shares or more.
SThe lc.: k i= fall-paid and non-assessable Shareholders are not individually liable.
OFFICERS OF THE COMPANY:
lNsDR Ev W VAi. BURN, Boston, President. 0. S. MARDEN, Boston, Treasurer.
f Hon. NICHOLAS BALL, Block Island, R. I., Auditor.
S. H n 1,: K, Boston, Director. R. K. Dow, New York, Director.
| HT, Cambridgep't, Mass., Director. JOSEPH DAVIS, Boston, Director.
wELL, Claremont, N.H., Director. AUSTIN B. FLETCHER, New York, Director.
tr information, address the
MFort George Island Co., 79 Milk St., Boston, Mass.
below the names of a few of the many thousands of enthusiastic visitors to Fort George
taken from the Fort George Hotel register. These names were registered every month in the
year, except November.


Gen. Sherman.
Gen. Spinner, ex-Treas. U. S.
Senator J. J. Ingalls, Kan.
Senator P. Sawyer, Wis.
Senator C. F. Manderson, Neb.
Senator C. W. Jones, Fla.
Senator Eugene Hale, Me..
Harriet Beecher Stowe, Conn.
Prof. Calvin A. Stowe, Conn.
P. W. Briscoe, Ga.
,n iHampton, Va.
Hiscock, N. Y.
. Springer, Ill.
Sargent, Ohio.
Barr, Pa.
h Gilbert, Pa.
Henderson, Va.
endrie, Cal.
on. J. M. Francis, N. Y.
C. S. MacArthur, N. Y.
S. J. Paine, Constantinople.
A. D. Dillingham, U. S. A.
Lieut.-Com. P. H. Cooper.
Capt. C. Holmes, Ft. George.
.G. P. Russell, England.
H. S. Prince, England.
Walter Paris, England.
Win. T. Seymour, New York.
C. F. Adams, New York.
G. B. Scranton, New York.
J. McKesson, Jr., New York.
Townsend Harris, New York.
J. L. Dodge, New York.
Chas. H. DeForest, New York.
J. R. Platt, New York.
William Astor, New York.
SWin. Blair Lord, New York.


H. K. Thurber, New York.
R. 0. Allen, New York.
J. C. Atwater, New York.
Thos. A. Mayo, New York.
DeWitt C. West, New York.
N. H. Johnson, New York.
W. H. Bridgham, New York.
Geo. Edwin Seavy, New York.
E. A. Ford, New York.
F. W. Upham, New York.
Louis Wallack, New York.
J. Milton Brooks, New York.
F. H. Howard, New York.
J. H. Fisher, New York.
. W. Pillsbury, Ohio.
. O. Trowbridge, Ohio.
Thos. L. Wilkinson, Mo.
Dr. E. W. DeBarr, Mo.
Robt. B. Thornbuck, Mo.
W. B. Hale, Mo.
Geo. H. Heafford, Mo.
Mrs. D. L. Moody, Chicago.
Chas. K. Wilson, Chicago.
B. B. Chanfield, Chicago.
Win. M. Whitehead, Chicago.
D. M. Fisk, Chicago. *
H. L. Norton, Chicago.
David Bradley, Chicago.
Geo. H. Daniels, Chicago.
David Gray, India.
C. V. Spear, Boston.
Hon. S. G. W. Benjamin,
New York.
Mrs. P. Hazeltine, Boston.
H. D. Cushing. Boston.
W. V. Claflin, Boston.
Chas. M. Cox, Boston.


Geo. B. Hecker, Boston.
A. W. Spencer, Boston.
Win. Barrett Wright, Bostop.
J. Osgood Frost, Boston.
rs. A. H Twombley,Boston.
R. B. Wardwell, Boston.
A. B. Blake, Boston.
W. W. Warren, Boston.
Dr. H. Richardson, Boston.
W. H. Widgham, Boston.
Dr. Gray, Boston.
F. C. Gray, Boston.
Chas. F. Lord, Boston.
N. Sargent Dunklee, Boston.
E. P. Haskell, Boston.
Geo. W. Coleman, Boston.
L. T. Garrett; Philadelphia.
Geo. W. Barr, Philadelphia.
Samuel W. Fort, Philadelphia.
S. Edwin Megargee, Phila.
F. Bowman Price, Phila.
Jas. A. Longstroth, Phila.
Albert Graft, Philadelphia.
Edmund Allen, Philadelphia.
Henry E. Dwights Phila.
Joseph H. Paist, Philadelphia.
Kennard Keen, Philadelphia.
Aaron Teller, Philadelphia.
Rev. T. P. Stevenson, Phila.
C. A. Blessing, Philadelphia.
Geo. W. Banks, Philadelphia.
James M. Stokes, Phila.
Thomas P. Cope, Jr., Phila.
Henry A. Duhriag, Phila.
Archibald McIntyre, Phila.
Chas. Disston, Philadelphia.
David Clark, Hartford, Conn.

















210 * P ANISSES '




BLOCK ISLAND, R. I.



- VERY popular house. Part
to families desiring a gen
not extravagant summer home.
but a short distance from the h
Beach, skating-rink, post-office and
BLOCK ISLAND Rd. 1. The sleeping-rooms are- all n
suites, and nicely furnished with ash sets, hair
- 'i C E BROWN. mattresses, and woven-wire springs. The pub-
Cn .. lie rooms are spacious and attractive. The ta-
hi blk ill be F ept at , high standard. Beautiful shade-trees adorn the
gr:..r-d_ . Dr'..&v.,i I .,t :.lutely perfect, every particle of waste being car-
ri.. t.: . i i ,a.

T roq :,ri -. *,.jal.e. Send for Illustrated hand-book.


We give below a few names which will sufficiently indicate the class of people who are pat-
rons of the MANISSES :-


NEW YORK CITY.
Geo. W.Dorrance, U.S.N., 11 W. 18th St.
Rev. E. L. Clark, 117 East 17th Street.
T. C. Van Hoesen, 294 Broadway.
A. H. Shipley, 20 Broad St.
Wm. H. Barron, 329 West 22d St.
P. H. Young, 850 Broadway.
c. H. Chaffee, 247 West 48d St.
R. L. Purdy, Bank of Savings, 67 Bleek-
er St.
Chas. H. Johnson, 3-9 Beekman St.
V. J. Knight, Tiffany & Co., Union Sq.
Win. H. Cotton, " ' " "
C. C. Cotton, Brooklyn.
Geo. F. Kunz, Tiffany & Co., Union Sq.
H. S. Horton, 845 West 14th St.

NEW YORK.
Judge H. P. Smith, Cortland, Cort'd Co.
Geo. H. Smith, Binghamton.
Judge R. H. Duell, Cortland, Cortlind
Co.
Chas. H. Fisher, 546 Congress St., Ian-
sangburg.
S. T. Clark, Binghamton.
Wmin. S. Burns, Bath, Steuben Co.


Prof. W. C. Peckham, Adelphi Academy,
Brooklyn.
Gen. A. J. Alexander, Auburn.
W. H. Twiss, Cortland.
S. W. Hopkins, Geneva.
Rev. J. C. Allen, Elizabeth.
C. C. Blossom, Brooklyn.
James H. Boker, "
Mrs. A. 8 Stiger,
Mrs. E. Flagg, Yonkers.
J. E. Schoonmaker, Troy.
W. W. Smith, Stillwater.
ER W. Van Zant, Mlddletown, Orange Co.
F. A. Van Idesstine, 164 Lafayette Ave.,
Brooklyn.
H. M. Wells, 510 William St., Elmira.
F. W. Lathrop, Herkimer.
R. L. De Llsser, 166 Dean St., Brooklyn.
PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Prof. W. Holden, Girard College.
Prof. Henry Hay, " "
James M. Budd.
Chas. E. Lawrence.
P. M. Kelly, M.D.
Chas. A. Hardy.
Mrs. E. Fisher, 729 North 6th St.
Dr. W. M. Copp, 1715 Spruce St.


CONNECTICL
C. P. Goss, Waterbury.
F. B. Dillingham, Hartford.
Judge Dwight Loomis, Rockville.'
E. W. Hadley, New Britain.
Mrs. F. W. Heith, Stamford.
0. F. Aborn, Norwich.
G. W. Spencer, "
H. M. Acheson,HillsideAve.,Waterbury.
Wm. P. Thompson, Rockville.
MASSACHUSETTS.
William S. Loomis, Holyoke,
MrX. L. M. Hills, Amherst.
Mrs. H. D. Fearing, "
A. L. D. Buxton, Worcester.
C. M. Osgood, Amherst.
Mrs. L. M. Wells, "
Dr. P. E. Irish,
Geo. H. Johnson. North Amherst.
H. E. Bigelow, Worcester.
F. E. Murray, 81 Washington St., Wor-
cester.
Geo. E. Abbee, Springfield.
And hundreds of others from all
parts of the country.








KE ARNEY AS A MANUFACTURING CENTRE.


TH~E ,., ---_ -- - .,5 oo


--OF-
NOW
N5 0BRPSKR. FOR LEASE.
THE A Fall of 60 Feet
BEST
On Turbine Wheels
- OF -
200 EET FROM CANAL
Railroad Facilities.
AND OF 81 FEET
2 Daily and 4 ig.
Within City Limits.
NEWSPAPERS
KEARNEY'S WATER-POWER
Engraved from Photograph taken July, 1887.

Ti e KearnBU Canal and Water SupplU Co.
Having completed the Canal which taps the Platte River, 16 miles west of the city of Kearney, Is
now prepared to
Lease Water-Power Direct from Canal or from Line Shaft
to parties desirous of establishin- manufactories in the centre of the finest agricultural district of
the West. The present capacity is
2,5oo HORSE-POWER,
which is being increased by enlarging the Canal. A' STEAM DREDGE-BOA T is now in use
for this purpose, and will be kept at work until the capacity shall reach 8,ooo to io,ooo HIORSE-
PO WEVR, or greater if required, and make the city of Kearney the

. MANFACT' IRING CENTRE +
For many States and Territories. The location also offers special inducements for the manufac.
ture of the following articles:-
Paper (both straw-board and finer qualities), Flour, Starch, Hominy, Oatmeal, Linseed
Oil, Watches, Agricultural Implements, Woolen Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes,
Terra Cotta and Vitrified Tile, and all Articles Made from Lumber.
The railroad facilities are excellent. The present population of Kearney is 7,000, and is rapidly
increasing. Residence and business property in the city is held at fair prices. Kearney has City
Water-Works, Gas-Works, Electric Light Plant, Street Railways, and Hotel accommodations of
the best. For further information, address
GEO. W. FRANK, Manager,
KEARNEY, NEB.
Refer, by permission, to Dr. O. S. MARDEN, 7q Milk St., Boston, Masq. Circulars and -
information may be obtained.























































PALMETTO AVENUE. FORT GEORGZ I LAND.
A miije;ic ., enr,' o01 Prlinn."- /.i f r'i , .'.- i .
" m igrnif.ceit a -n .., ihe bo..L ol [ irt G( or r.. ..ij unpeqi ii.J . ... ill. 1 ..,rin ..
- Scribner's AMonthly.
" There earth is an Eden. the clmate r, brIrr .
Bright hue.-' de, ilh r.el.i. .ad alfh wo . i tili -.ihm;
O'er the h immork- i- prl'"me the jismnire iin�.' .
To the live-oak the solemn Lra draprN r hinL- .
Wide the cypress its v.ri l 1.\1 canop\ ilir.i %s.
And in loveliness blos -m- t I.. F-i , hJ- . It..-,..




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