Everglades National Park was establishedin 1947
to protect for this and future generations a
sprawling subtropical wilderness-a complex
of unique plant-and-animal communities threat-
ened with destruction. Some of the habitats,
such as the everglades themselves, and some
of the animals crocodile, manatee, roseate
spoonbill, reddish egret, wood ibis (really a
stork), and bald eagle- are rare or unseen else-
where in the United States. Among other inhabi-
tants are the alligator, snook, tarpon, pink
shrimp, royal palm, mahogany, and mangroves.
This great biological exhibit in an aquatic set-
ting provides a dramatic display of nature in
unspoiled surroundings and gives us the oppor-
tunity to experience authentic wilderness. Here
man will be able to find a precious solitude in
the peaceful magic of nature.
HOW TO ENJOY THE PARK
Your first stop should be the visitor center near
the park entrance, on Fla. 27 not far from Home-
stead. The landscapes of Everglades National
Park will be more meaningful to you after you
have learned how the land was formed, why
plants grow where they do, and something of
the wild creatures that make their homes here.
You can learn these things and more from park
personnel, exhibits, informational publications,
and the film programs. After your stop at the
visitor center, you will be prepared for a leisure-
ly drive through the park to Flamingo.
Campsites are available at Long Pine Key or
Flamingo Campgrounds on a first-come, first-
served basis. Stay is limited to 14 days per year.
Drinking fountains, tables, charcoal burners,
and restrooms are available at both camp-
grounds. Housetrailers are permitted in the
campgrounds; however, there are no water,
electrical, or sewage "hook-ups" for trailer use.
(A sewage disposal unit is located at Flamingo.)
The Long Pine Key Picnic Area and Campground
is 6 miles from the park entrance, and you will
have to bring all supplies except water. (Sup-
plies can be purchased in Homestead and Florida
City or other nearby towns.) Flamingo Camp-
ground, in the Flamingo developed area, offers
picnic and campground facilities. Limited staple
groceries are available at the Flamingo Marina.
You may also camp on the beaches or in the back
country at designated locations, but you must
first obtain a campfire permit at park headquar-
ters or a ranger station.
Long Pine Key campers should have their mail
addressed to General Delivery at either Home-
stead or Florida City, Fla. 33030. Other visitors
may receive mail at the Flamingo post office.
Boats up to 100 feet long can be accommodated
at Flamingo marina. Parking for boat trailers is
ample, and a free launching ramp is nearby. Slip
fees for boat storage are based on the length of
the boat. Small powered skiffs can be rented at
the service store. A park ranger or one of the
concessioner employees can give you full infor-
mation about the many other services offered.
Please register on the sign-out sheet near the
boat ramp before you leave, and check in again
when you return.
Marine facilities are also available at the town of
Everglades. Navigational charts can be pur-
chased in Homestead, Miami, the town of Ever-
glades, and the Flamingo marina store.
GOOD PARK MANNERS
Please help protect the park's natural values by
leaving the plants and animals undisturbed so
that others who come after you may enjoy them.
Practicing good outdoor manners, such as put-
ting litter in trash receptacles and observing
the rules of safety and courtesy, will make your
visit much more enjoyable-for you and for
Plants and Animals. Years of protection have
made many animals lose their fear of man; thus
you can view them at close range. They are still
wild, however. Do not disturb the animals, or
damage, remove, or disturbthe plants in any way.
Hunting or the use of firearms is prohibited.
Fishing is permitted in most areas of the park
in accordance with Florida laws. Fresh-water
fishing with rod and reel requires a Florida fish-
ing license, but no license is required for fishing
in saltwater.Ask a park ranger or watch for signs
about the few areas that are closed to fishing.
Fire sweeping across the 'glades can be a terri-
fying and destructive force. Smoking is not per-
mitted on nature trails, and campfires may be
built only in designated camping areas.
Maximum speed on the park road is 55 miles
per hour. Reduced speed limits are posted. Drive
slowly; the road is designed for enjoying the
Pets must be on a leash or under other restric-
Boating. Visitors who explore the park by boat
must know and practice water-safety rules and
must have a keen awareness of potential dangers.
Every boat must be equipped with a U.S. Coast
Guard-approved lifejacket for each passenger.
Remember: You are safest with an experienced
guide, and navigational charts of the area are
indispensable. Before starting out in your private
boat, file a "float plan" of your proposed trip-
then you can be assured that a park ranger will
be looking for you if you get into difficulty.
Privately operated airboats and 'glades buggies
are not permitted in the park.
You can help protect the park by reporting to
park rangers any fire, accident, violation, or
other unusual happening. The rangers are here
to help you enjoy the area. Do not hesitate to
ask their assistance.
Everglades National Park is administered by the
National Park Service, U.S. Department of the
The National Park System, of which this park is
a unit, is dedicated to conserving the natural,
historical, and recreational places of the United
States for the benefit and enjoyment of all the
A superintendent, with offices adjacent to the
main visitor center, is in immediate charge of
the park. For further information, contact the
Superintendent, Everglades National Park,
Box 279, Homestead, Fla. 33030.
THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR-the Na-
tion's principal natural resource agency-has a
special obligation to assure that our expendable
resources are conserved, that our renewable
resources are managed to produce optimum
benefits, and that all resources contribute to the
progress and prosperity of the United States,
now and in the future.
ALONG THE PARK ROAD
Remember you're at the fringe of the tropics
where you will see many tropical influences.
It is possible to make this 38-mile trip over the
paved road in less than an hour; but don't do it.
You should allow yourself at least one-half day
to become acquainted with some of the attrac-
tions along the way. Take time to explore the
ends of the short spur roads-Royal Palm, Pa-
hay-okee, Mahogany Hammock, and others.
Just 2 miles from the main visitor center, a sign
directsyou to Royal Palm Hammock, on Paradise
Key. This area, famed for its animal life and rich
variety of tropical plants, was the site of Florida's
first State Park. The Royal Palm interpretive
station, manned by ranger-naturalists and
housing exhibits and other informational
material, is the starting point for the famous
Anhinga and Gumbo Limbo nature trails. Nearby
Taylor Slough is the home of many easily seen
animals including alligators and birds.
From here to Flamingo are four major self-guid-
ing trails: Pineland Trail, through a pine-pal-
metto community; Pa-hay-okee Trail, thro
dwarf cypress and bay to an overlook i -t, 0
sawgrass zone; Mahogany Hammock yl,
through a dense hammock of mahogan Vt
palms, airplants, and orchids; and Man
Trail, through a hurricane-damaged mangve
Here you will find a visitor center, restaurant,
motel, large boat marina, campground, and
Exhibits at Flamingo Visitor Center summarize
the park story you saw at the stops and on the
trails along the main park road, tell of man's
struggle to prevent the extinction of Ever-
glades' rare and endangered bird species prior
to the park's establishment, and introduce the
Cape Sable area.
Flamingo is your base of operations for explor-
atory trips into the vast wilderness of White-
water Bay and the hundreds of miles of winding
mangrove-lined rivers and lakes, the channels
and keys of the bay, the gulf area, and the man-
grove coast with its tropical beaches. Flamingo
is an excellent base,too,for the sports fisherman,
the wildlife enthusiast, and the photographer.
There's always something to do at Flamingo.
Park rangers and naturalists give talks and
walks; sightseeing boats move in and out of the
marina landings; and a skilled skipper who
knows the intricate waterways can usually find
a berth for you on board his charter fishing
boat. These boats are checked for safety and
are well equipped with the kind of bait, tackle,
and supplies needed to catch game fish.
The Everglades Park Co., 3660 Coral Way,
Miami, Fla.33145, operates the marina, store,
restaurant and snackbar, and the motor lodge.
Make reservations well in advance. Rates are
lower from May 1 to December 1.
ALONG THE FLAMINGO ROAD
0 Entrance station.
2 Royal Palm Area: Royal Palm Visitor
Center--naturalist programs, restrooms;
Anhinga Trail- a wildlife trail;Gumbo Limbo
Trail-a jungle trail through tropical hard-
4 Long Pine Key area: Campground; picnic
6.5 Pineland Trail-a pinewoods community
12.5 Pa-hay-okee- boardwalk and tower for
19.5 Mahogany Hammock-elevated boardwalk
into mahogany forest.
24.5 Paurotis Pond-parking for view of rare
26.5 Nine Mile Pond-limited picnicking facil-
30.5 West Lake area: Mangrove Trail-an elevat-
ed boardwalk into tropical mangrove
swamp; West Lake Pond-Cuthbert rook-
ery boattrip (from February to May); water-
fowl. Excellent example of hurricane-
damaged tropical vegetation.
38 Flamingo area: Exhibits, naturalist pro-
grams, marina, sightseeing boats, restau-
rant, motel, service station, picnic area,
THE TAMIAMI TRAIL AND
THE WESTERN WATER GATEWAY
the Shark Valley Loop Road, midway between
Everglades and Miami on the Tamiami Trail
The Western Water Gateway is the boater's
entrance to the waters of the Ten Thousand
Islands and the gulf coast-a mecca for sport
The Sammy Hamilton Boat Tours, Everglades,
Fla. 33929, operates sightseeing boat tours
in the Ten Thousand Islands and inland areas.
Trips originate at the Gulf Coast Ranger Sta-
Park facilities for visitors at the town of Ever-
glades are not yet completed, but motels are
In contrast to the waterways through the coastal
mangrove jungles, the Shark Valley Loop Road
provides an altogether different wilderness ex-
perience. The road is a 14-mile loop, cutting
deeply into the sawgrass and hammock country
of the true everglades. Leave your car at one
of the several parking areas, visit the Otter
Cave Trail, and, of course, climb the ramp of
the 40-foot tower at mid-station. The unim-
paired view of that seemingly endless "River of
Grass" is without equal, and the tower is often
a good place from which to observe alligators,
birds, and other wildlife. Note: This road may
be closed to public traffic during periods of
high water. Contact a park ranger for informa-
available; for campers, the nearest sites are at
Two other centers of interest are the Western Collier-Seminole State Park, 19 miles west of
Water Gateway, at the town of Everglades, and the town of Everglades on the Tamiami Trail.