Group Title: Everglades : official map and guide, Everglades National Park, Florida /
Title: Everglades
CITATION THUMBNAILS ZOOMABLE MAP IMAGE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00004655/00001
 Material Information
Title: Everglades official map and guide, Everglades National Park, Florida
Alternate Title: Exploring the Everglades
Everglades National Park
Physical Description: 1 map : col. ill., col. map ; 60 x 42 cm.
Scale: Scale 1:318,600 1 in. = 5 miles
Language: English
Creator: United States -- National Park Service
Publisher: The Service,
Place of Publication: Washington D.C.?
Publication Date: 1993
 Subjects
Subject: National parks and reserves -- Maps -- Florida -- Everglades National Park   ( lcsh )
Endangered species -- Maps -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Maps -- Everglades National Park (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Maps -- Florida   ( lcsh )
National parks and reserves -- 1:318,600 -- Florida -- Everglades National Park -- 1993   ( local )
Endangered species -- 1:318,600 -- Florida -- 1993   ( local )
1:318,600 -- Everglades National Park (Fla.) -- 1993   ( local )
National parks and reserves -- 1:318,600 -- Florida -- Everglades National Park -- 1993   ( local )
1:318,600 -- Florida -- 1993   ( local )
Endangered species -- 1:318,600 -- Florida -- 1993   ( local )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
single map   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior.
General Note: Panel title.
General Note: Includes text, distance mileage chart, location map and col. ill.
General Note: Text, indexed ill. of animals and habitat, col. ill. and graph on verso.
General Note: "GPO 1993-342-398/80065 Reprint 1993."
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Florida Heritage Project of the State University Libraries of Florida, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and the U.S. Department of Education's TICFIA granting program.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004655
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002212413
oclc - 30983551
notis - ALF2481

Full Text

Biscayne National Park has the simple beauty of a child's undersea life, to preserve a scenic subtropical setting, and to round warmth, generous sunshine, and abundant rainfall. Tropical exotic as their names-stoplight parrotfish, finger garlic sponge,
drawing. Clear blue water. Bright yellow sun. Big sky. Dark provide an outstanding spot for recreation and relaxation. life thrives. The land is filled to overflowing with an unusual goosehead scorpionfish, princess venus, peppermint goby. A
green woodlands. And here and there a boat, a bird. It is a collection of trees, ferns, vines, flowers, and shrubs. Forests are reef explorer can spend hours drifting lazily in the waters above
subtropical place where a mainland mangrove shoreline, a warm In most parks land dominates the picture. But Biscayne is not lush, dark, humid, ever-green; many birds, butterflies, and other the reefs and watch a passing procession of some of the sea's
shallow bay, many small islands, or keys, and living coral reefs like most parks. Here water and sky overwhelm the scene in animals live in these woods. most fascinating inhabitants.
intermingle. Together they comprise a vast, almost pristine every direction, leaving the bits of low-lying land looking remote
wilderness and recreation area along the southeast edge of the and insignificant. This is paradise for marine life, water birds, No less odd or diverse is Biscayne's underwater world. At its Whether on the reefs, the keys, the bay or the mainland you
Florida peninsula. The park, located just 21 miles east of Ever- boaters, fishermen, snorkelers, and divers alike. The water is center are the coral reefs. Unlike the ocean depths, which are as leave behind what is familiar and become acquainted with
glades National Park, was established as a national monument in refreshingly clean, extraordinarily clear. Only the maintenance dark and nearly lifeless as the innermost chambers of a cave, the another world that is strange and wild. Biscayne is a different
1968. In 1980 it was enlarged to 181,500 acres and designated of the natural interplay between the mainland, Biscayne Bay, shallow water reefs are inundated with light and burgeoning with sort of national park. Expect the unexpected.
as a national park to protect a rare combination of terrestrial and keys, and reefs, and the Atlantic Ocean keeps it that way. The life. Brilliantly colorful tropical fish and other curious creatures
region's Caribbean-like climate saturates the park with year- populate the reefs. Their appearances and behavior are as


In Biscayne, the main-
land mangrove shore-
line has been preserved
almost unbroken. For
many years these trees
of tropical and subtropi-
cal coasts were consid-
ered almost worthless.
Some were cut for tim-
ber or used to make
charcoal. But as recently
as the 1960s the man-
grove wilderness was
referred to as "a form of
wasteland." Like thou-
sands of other wetlands,
it was cleared or filled to
make way for harbors
and expanding cities.
Now we understand that
the mangroves are
vital to the well-being of
the park and surround-
ing areas. Without them,
there would be fewer
fish for fishermen and
fewer birds for birders.
Biscayne Bay would be-
come murky. And areas
inland would be exposed
to the full violence of
hurricanes.

Beyond the Darkness
It is hard to see what lives
in the brackish waters of
the mangrove swamps.
They are stained brown
by tannins from the trees.
Hidden in this darkness,
among the maze of roots,
is a productive nursery
for all sorts of commer-
cial, sport, and reef fish.
Here the young find not
only shelter but also
food. Fallen mangrove
leaves feed bacteria and
other microorganisms,
and so begins a food web
that supports not only the


Red mangroves
marine animals of the
mangroves but also visi-
tors like barracudas and
birds that nest and roost
in the treetops.
Defending the Coast
The mangrove forest ap-
pears as a nearly impene-
trable fortress. Perhaps
a snake or mosquito can
move through easily, but
little else can. It makes
an effective protective
buffer between the main-
land and Biscayne Bay.
It guards the bay from
being dirtied by eroded
soil and pollutants wash-
ing from the land by trap-
ping them in its tangle of
roots. The mangroves
also stand as a natural
line of defense against
the strong wind and
waves of hurricanes.
"Freaks" of Nature
Mangroves have been
called freaks, and a close
look reveals why. Roots
of the red mangrove arch
stilt-like out of the wa-
ter or grow down into the
water from overhead
branches. The roots of
the black mangrove look
like hundreds of cigars
planted in the mud; they
are breathing organs
necessary for survival in
this waterlogged environ-
ment.


"The water of Biscayne
Bay is exceedingly clear.
In no part can one fail to
clearly distinguish ob-
jects on the bottom ...,"
biologist Hugh Smith
wrote in 1895. Today the
shallow waters of this
tropical lagoon are still
remarkably transparent.
They serve as a blue-
green tinted window to a
world of starfish, sponges,
crabs, sea urchins, fish of
all sizes and kinds, and
hundreds of other marine
plants and animals.
The bay is a huge reser-
voir of natural riches,


teeming with unusual, val-
uable, and rare wildlife.
It is home for many; tem-
porary refuge and feed-
ing ground for others;
birthplace and nursery
for still others. It is a be-
nign powerhouse, de-
signed to draw energy
from the sun and use it to
support a complex and
far-reaching web of life.
One unusual animal that
depends on this web is
the manatee. This gentle
blubbery giant visits the
bay in winter to graze
Peacefully on turtle and
manatee grasses. It is
the water's warmth and
ample food supply that
attracts this endangered
marine mammal.
A Sanctuary for Birds
Birds are drawn to the
bay year-round. Each fol-
lows its own instincts for
survival. Brown pelicans


Brown pelican
patrol the surface of the
bay, diving to catch their
prey. White ibis meander
across exposed mud flats,
probing for small fish and
crustaceans.
Large colonies of little
blue herons, snowy
egrets, and other wading
birds nest seasonally in
the protected refuge of
the Arsenicker Keys. The
extremely shallow waters
surrounding these man-
grove islands in the south
bay are especially well
suited for foraging.
A History of Abundance
The coastal wilderness of
south Florida was the
first spot in North Amer-
ica discovered by Euro-
peans. Spanish explorer
Ponce de Leon sailed
across Biscayne Bay in
search of the mythical
Fountain of Youth in
1513.
Later, travelers like land
surveyor Andrew Ellicott
recorded the bounty of
life in the region. "Fish
are abundant," Ellicott
wrote in 1799. "[Sea]
Turtles are also to be had
in plenty; those we took
were of three kinds; the
loggerhead, hawk-bill,
and green."


In the 1800s and early
1900s many settlers of
the keys earned their liv-
ing from the bay. Among
them were Key West
fishermen, who collected
fast-growing, "fine qual-
ity" bay sponges and
sold them.
An Underwater
Crossroads
Today commercial and
weekend fishermen,
snorkelers, and boaters
still reap bountiful re-
wards from the bay. The
bay's good health is re-
flected in the numbers of
different kinds of fish-


Sailing on Biscayne Bay
more than 250-that
spend part of their lives
in it. Many of the fish that
dazzle snorkelers and di-
vers on the coral reefs by
day feed in the bay at
night. And, like the man-
grove shoreline, the bay
plays a critical role as a
fish nursery. The young
of many coral reef fish,
such as parrot and but-
terfly fish, and sport fish,
such as grunts, snappers,
and the highly prized
Spanish mackerel, find
food and shelter from big
hungry predators in the
bay's thick iungle of ma-
rine grasses.
Images of the Bay
Peering into the crystal
waters of Biscayne Bay, it
is hard to imagine either
its past or future as
clouded. The bay seems
suspended in time. While
neighboring Miami has
mushroomed into a me-
tropolis of more than 1 Y2
million people, the bay
appears to have captured
the magic of the Foun-
tain of Youth that eluded
Ponce de Leon. It has re-
mained beautiful and rela-
tively unspoiled. Though
thousands of years old, it
is still vibrant with life.
But this has not always
been true.

Earlier in this century
parts of the bay were
dying. In some areas to
the north of the park,
pollutants were poison-
ing the bay and con-
struction was sending
suffocating amounts of
sediments into it. Today,
after years of cleanup,
the north bay is recover-
ing and the rest of the bay
remains nearly pristine.
In 1895 biologist Hugh
Smith declared that Bis-
cayne Bay was "one of
the finest bodies of water
on the coast of Florida."
In another hundred years,
if well-protected, it still
could be.


The Keys
..* '' '


One hundred thousand
years ago the Florida
Keys were "under con-
struction." The builders
were billions of coral
animals, each not much
larger than a period on
this page. Together these
animals constructed a
150-mile-long chain of
underwater coral reefs.
When these reefs later
emerged from the sea,
they became the many
islands of the Florida
Keys. If you look closely,
you can see fossil coral
rock on the islands of
Biscayne.
A Tropical Paradise
Gumbo limbo. Jamaican
dogwood. Strangler fig.
Devil's-potato. Satin-leaf.
Torchwood. Mahogany.
In this country only tiny
pockets in south Florida
contain this mixture of
tropical trees and shrubs
common in the West
Indies. North-flowing air
and ocean currents and
storms delivered the pio-
neer seeds and plants
that eventually grew into
the islands' lush, dark,
jungle-like forests.
Walking along a trail
through one of these
forests, called hardwood
hammocks, you are likely
to see other natives of the
tropics. Zebra butterflies
and rare Schaus swallow-
tails find refuge in the
thick tangle of leaves,
branches, and vines.
Golden orb weavers be-
tray their presence with


Devil's-potato
large yellow spider webs.
Birds and a few mam-
mals also share these
isolated, mangrove-
fringed keys.
Indians to Millionaires
Over the years the is-
lands here attracted many
people who were willing
to risk the chance of a hur-
ricane and the certainty
of pesky bugs. Indians
were the first. Tree-cut-
ters from the Bahamas
came later and felled
massive mahoganies for
ships. Early settlers on
Elliott Key cleared for-
ests and planted groves
of key limes and pine-
apples. Throughout the
keys subtropical forests
were destroyed; Bis-
cayne preserves some of
the finest left today.
The islands abound with
legends of pirates and
buried treasure. Many
shipwrecks, victims of
high seas and the treach-
erous reefs, lie offshore.
Fortune hunters, boot-
leggers, alien smugglers,
artists, gamblers, million-
aires, and four United
States Presidents have
spent time on the keys of
Biscayne.


Reef_


Fishes of the Reef


"In variety, in brilliance
of color, in elegance of
movement, the fishes
may well compare with
the most beautiful assem-
blage of birds in tropical
climates," Louis Agassiz,
19th century French nat-
uralist, wrote after visit-
ing the Florida reefs.
Reefs are in fact host to
the ocean's most spec-
tacular galaxies of fish.


Along Biscayne's reefs
more than 200 types of
fish can be spotted. Each
holds its own fascination
for us. Some are impres-
sive in size, others in
color. Some are gro-
tesque, others danger-
ous ... or are they? Many
behave in bizarre, unex-
plainable ways, at least to
humans. Few places on
earth can match the di-
versity of life that inhab-


its the reefs' underwater
wilderness.
A Sea of Color
Imagine the most color-
ful scene you have ever
seen-a field of wild-
flowers, the glittering
lights of a city at night, a
desert sunset. Whatever
it may be, the dazzling
spectrum displayed by
the reef fish will equal or
surpass it. The range ex-


tends from the most flam-
boyant-the angelfish,
the wrasses, the parrot-
fish, the neon gobies-to
ones that are quite drab
and ordinary.
There is much specula-
tion about what role the
colors play. The answer
differs for each fish. An
eye-grabbing wardrobe
may serve as a kind of
billboard, advertising a


fish's presence. Vividly
colored wrasses attract
other fish in this way so
they can clean them of
parasites and dead tissue,
and, in return, get a free
meal. Multicolored bars,
stripes, and splotches
blur the outline of other
fish, making it difficult for
predators to see them
against the complex
background of the coral
reefs.


Some fish are masters of
disguise. Many turn dif-
ferent colors at night,
presumably to conceal
themselves from noc-
turnal predators. The
well-camouflaged moray
eel blends in neatly
with the surrounding
reefs. Unsuspecting fish
that swim too close often
get caught between the
eel's powerful jaws and
needle-sharp teeth.


A Montage of Motion
While morays are seden-
tary creatures, most fish
swim freely about the
reefs. Some, like the soli-
tary angelfish, move with
deliberate grace. Others
dart about in schools of
thousands of fish, mov-
ing together with the pre-
cision of choreographed
dancers. Each closeknit
group offers protection
to its members.


Reef fish are noted for
their eccentric behavior.
One interesting inhabit-
ant is the sharp-beaked
parrottish. It can be seen,
or even heard, munching
on coral. An odd meal for
a fish? Not really, be-
cause along with the
rock the parrotfish is de-
vouring algae and coral
polyps, too.


jen noiman


" Keys
Y I


wrasse






On the Mainland

Convoy Point Park headquarters and an information
station are located at Convoy Point. The information
station, which has exhibits and schedules of park ac-
tivities, is open daily. Convoy Point also has a picnic
area with tables, fire grills, and restrooms and a short
trail that provides views of the marine life and birds of
Biscayne Bay. The Convoy Point parking area is open
8 a.m. to sunset.

Boat Tours A park concessioner offers glass-bottom
boat tours of the bay and reefs, snorkeling and scuba
diving trips to the reefs, and occasional island excur-
sions for picnicking and hiking. All tours leave from
Convoy Point. The concessioner has snorkeling and
scuba equipment for sale or rent and canoe rentals.
For information or tour reservations write: Biscayne
Aqua Center, Inc., P.O.Box 1270, Homestead, FL
33090-1270; or call (305) 247-2400.


General Information


Nearby Services and Accommodations Home-
stead, Miami, and the Florida Keys have a wide range
of hotels and motels; reservations are recommended.
They also have a variety of restaurants, service sta-
tions, groceries, and other stores. Nearby public mari-
nas provide boat launch ramps and fuel and often
charter or rent sail and motor boats (see map below
for locations).

Camping Campgrounds are not available on the
park's mainland. (See "On the Keys" for information
on boat-access-only island camping in the park.) Sev-
eral nearby private mainland campgrounds and trailer
parks in Homestead, Florida City, and South Miami do
have campsites for trailers, mobile homes, and tents.
Everglades Natonal Park, John Pennekamp Coral Reef
State Park, and other area state parks also have camp-
grounds. They are open year-round.


Biscayne's subtropical climate is characterized by
warm, wet summers (May through October) and mild,
dry winters (November through April). Expect abun-
dant sunshine and high humidity year-round. High tem-
peratures average in the high 80s and low 90soF in
summer and in the mid-70s and low 80sOF in winter.
Annual rainfall fluctuates greatly, but 65 inches or more
are common. Most rain falls in summer in brief, intense
afternoon thunderstorms. Summer and fall are peak
seasons for tropical storms and hurricanes.

The park is a wildlife and historical preserve; do not
disturb or remove any natural or historical object.
Loaded firearms and other weapons and explosives
are prohibited. Pets must always be kept on a leash no
longer than 6 feet and are restricted to certain areas
of the park. Fires are allowed only in campstoves or
designated grills. Be careful wading along shore; coral


rock is sharp and animals such as spiny sea urchins
live in the shallows. There are no lifeguards: if you
swim, take along a friend. Mosquitoes and other biting
insects are year-round residents. Their populations
are lowest from January to April. Always carry insect
repellent. If you are camping, be sure your tent has
bug-proof netting. Wear a water-proof sunscreen to
guard against sunburn.

Information For more information, write: Biscayne
National Park, P.O. Box 1369, Homestead, FL 33090-
1369; or call (305) 247-PARK.

Informaci6n en Espahol Para informaci6n sobre
el parque en espaftol Ilame al telefono (305) 247-PARK.


Getting to the Park

The main north-south
highways approaching
Biscayne are Florida's
Turnpike and U.S. 1. The
most direct route to
Convoy Point is North Ca-
nal Drive (SW 328 St.).
U.S. 1 intersects North
Canal in Homestead.
Driving south on the
turnpike you can reach
North Canal by taking
Tallahassee Road (SW
137 Ave.) south. The rest
of the park is accessible
only by boat. See map be-
low for boat ramp loca-
tions.


w
hoEY BISCAYNE

KEY BISCAYNE





Map Key to Facilities

(a Ranger station

GB Restrooms

t Picnic area

w Hik.ing trail


0 Boat launch

E Gas dock

Marina


Hi Nature trail







A '2


IA 0


SOLDIER KEY
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S"3"T
FOWEY ROCKSw
w)


Numerous rocks


EL-i P lIf IT F-F.-


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3
'RAGGED KE1' S
iDrivflidi


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ornamental lighthouse
2'.p .,...., -Boca Chita Key
4 AG 3 B, A


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SANDS
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Convoy Point
Information Station
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SInformation Center



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Star Coral
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Schooner
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JOHN PENNEKAMP
CORAL REEF
STATE PARK
IprouiCe ld area,



KEY LARGO NATIONAL
MARINE SANCTUARY
tproie,: led a3rea


Whistle buoy
,R 4"


Norm \





0 I Kilometer 3
o0 Stature Miie


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0 71 Nautical Mile 3


I nte ae


The offshore waters of
the Atlantic and the more
protected area of Bis-
cayne Bay offer a year-
round spot for recreation
Saltwater fishing can be
enjoyed in all seasons In
the ocean, marlin and
saillish are two popular
catches; in the bay, snap-
per, grouper, sea trout.
and Spanish mackerel are
caught Florida fishing
hlccnsc required: you
must obey Florida regu-
lations on size. number,
season, and method of
take You can take stone
crabs in season Blue
crabs can be taken year-
round. Lobsters are pro-
tected in the bay and tidal
creeks but they can be
taken on the ocean side
of the keys during the Flor-
ida state lobster season.
Waterskiing is allowed;
skiers should avoid moor-
ing sites and watch for
swimmers and divers.


Rules and Safety Tips
Navigating the waters of
Biscayne can be tricky.
Be sure to take adequate
precautions for your boat
trip

Presailing Checklist
Among the required gear
you must take along when
boating are- a U S Coast
Guard-approved personal
flotation device, such as
a ifto jaclct. t or each
passenger; a fire extin-
guisher: and signaling
equipment. Take enough
fuel fora round trip. Let
someone know where
you are going and when
you expect to return. Be-
fore leaving shore, check
the weather forecast, sea
conditions, and tides
Remember: water depths
shown on nautical charts
represent the average
depth at low tide. Actual
water levels may be lower
or higher In Biscayne
Bay. low and high tides
occur later than the times
listed in the tide tables for
Miami Harbor Entrance.
In the southern part of
the bay, low tide occurs
as much as 3'1/ hours later
and high tide occurs as
much as 2!. hours later.


Safety Afloat The key to
safe boating is to stay
alert. Watch the weather
closely Storms can move
quickly, bnnging rough
seas and the danger of
lightning. Monitor marine
weather radio broadcasts
It a storm breaks sud-
denly, seek the nearest
safe harbor. Exercise
caution when boating
near shallow areas or
s. trhitng the bottom-
with your propeller can
kill fragile corals or im-
portant grassbeds and
may damage your pro-
peller or engine cooling
system. Be on thelookout
for manatees; propellers
are a leading cause of
injury and death for these
rare mammals. Watch for
swimmers and divers
when nearing moored
boats or any area where
they might be expected.
If a diver's flag is flown,
stay 300 feet away.
II you leave your boat
to swim. be sure it is well
anchored. Don't let cur-
rents, which are strongest
on the outer reefs and in
cuts between the keys.
carry you or your boat
away.


Map Key to Water Features and Landmarks
Water Depths
-- 0-6 feel 6.12 teeth Over 12 feet
(0-1 8 meters) I (1 8-3 6 meters) (over 3 6 meters)

Shallows and Reefs Coral reefs also lie
-Coral reef near deeper bow water
Snoal or spoil area water surface surdeeper below water .

Channel Markers entering from seaward) '
,-- --- Red starboard I
I .1 daymarKer I SiarDoard buoy I '' IOther buoy
(even numoered)
Green p|ort Io IG
Sdaymarker I Pon buoy I Daymarker
(odd numbered)
Other Aids and Landmarks
S Light Wreck Lighthouse

R Red I "'t o Mooring buoy a.I Tower
G Green
W White
Y Yellow


Boating Markers and Flags
Know these common buoys, signs and flags They are essential to sale navigation.
Channel Markers (entering from seaward)
Port (odd-numbered) A Starboard (even-numbered) Some older markers
Lights flash green Lights flash red and private markers
may be other shapes
and colors


Regulatory Signs
e Keep out


* Danger


Storm Warning Flags
For up-to-date weather forecasts. Small craft advisory
phone (305) 661-5065 or monitor (20-38 mpn winds)
marine radio reports on VHF chan-
nels 1 2 or 3 Channel 16 broad- Storm or whole gale
casts special weather earningss (55-73 mph winds)


O Speed Limit
(No wake-5 mph)


Gale
(39-54 mph winds)

i Hurricane
(74 mph winds or
higher)


S tie


The keys can be reached
only by boat. Developed
recreation areas and ser-
vices are limited to a few
islands. Boat fuel, sup-
plies, and food are not
sold on any island but are
available at mainland ma-
rinas. Only Elliott Key has
drinking water.

Elliott Key Free boat
docks are located at
Elliott Key Harbor and
University Dock. You
must make reservations
to moor overnight at Uni-
versity Dock; call (305)
247-PARK. Elliott Key
Visitor Center is open
weekends. Activity sched-
ules and exhibits are dis-
played. A campground
with picnic tables and fire
grills is open on a first-
come, first-served basis
No fee is charged Drink-
ing water, restrooms. and
showers are nearby.


Backcountry camping is
allowed by permit only
and popular overnight
anchorage sites are lo-
cated offshore. The island
also has a self-guiding
nature trail.

Adams Key A free boat
dock, picnic area. rest-
rooms, and nature trail
are available for use dur-
ing the day

Boca Chita Key A free
boat dock, picnic area,
and restrooms are avail-
able. A primitive camping
area is on the island, no
permit is required. An
ornamental lighthouse is
open intermittently.

Sands Key Backcountry
camping is allowed by
permit only. Popular over-
night anchorage sites are
located offshore.


Rules and Safety Tips
The entire park is a wild-
life refuge, but the Arsen-
icker Keys are particularly
important as a bird nest-
ing area; do not disturb
these keys. West Arsen-
icker and Arsenicker
Keys and the islands
in Sandwich Cove are
closed to the public.

If you plan to camp in the
backcountry. pick up a
free permit at headquar-
ters or Elliott Key Visitor
Center. Backcountry
camping is allowed only
on Elliott and Sands
Keys. Be sure to pack out
all trash on the keys.
Some private property
still exists on the keys,
please respect owners'
rights A few tropical
plants can cause painful
itching; do not touch
plants you don't recog-
nize as harmless


. thSef


Exploring the reefs is
best on calm. sunny days
Both the outer reefs.
along the park s eastern
boundary, and the patch
reefs, closer to shore, of-
fer opportunities for snor-
keling and diving. Strong
currents can occur on the
outer reefs. Unless you
are experienced, we rec-
ommend that you stay on
the calmer patch reefs.

The park sells reef guide-
books at Elitott Key Visi-
tor Center and Convoy
Point Information Station.
Mooring buoys are avail-
able on some of the patch
reefs Check with a ranger
for buoy locations and for
more information.


3'-/
(j 1..933
I l' --j


21


Rules and Safety Tips
Whenever you visit the
reefs. exercise caution.

Protecting Yourself
Snorkelers and divers
must display the standard
diver s flag to warn boat-
ers of their presence Be
wary of approaching
boats; propellers have in-
jured divers Never swim
alone, and always have
one person stay on board.

Generally reef animals
will not harm you if you
leave them alone. It is
good practice not to
touch anything, even if it
looks harmless. Even
coral can cause deep,
slow-healing cuts. Few
barracuda or shark at-
tacks occur, but both fish
should be considered
dangerous and watched
carefully. You might want
to talk with a ranger


about hazards before
venturing out.

Protecting the Reef
Remember- a coral reef
is alive. II your boat hits a
reef, it will not only dam-
age your boat but also
scar the fragile reef and
kill coral animals When
boating near patch reefs.
watch out for the numer-
ous coral heads very
close to the surface. An-
chors also can damage
reefs. anchor in a nearby
sandy bottom or use a
mooring buoy. Standing
or sitting on coral, or just
grasping it, can cause
injury, too Avoid disturb-
ing any reef inhabitant
Resist the temptation to
take home a natural sou-
venir; it is illegal and it
diminishes the reef's
beauty. Historical artifacts
are also protected. do not
deface or remove them


KENDALL


SOUTH
MIAMI


H 2 -3


*ale,


North Canal Drive
Isw 328 SIreet)


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