Group Title: Miscellaneous investigations series ;, map I-2742
Title: South Florida Everglades
CITATION MAP IT! ZOOMABLE MAP IMAGE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00004650/00001
 Material Information
Title: South Florida Everglades satellite image map, 1:100 000 scale
Series Title: Miscellaneous investigations series
Physical Description: 1 map : col. ; 102 x 142 cm., on 2 sheets 114 x 96 cm. and 114 x 78 cm.
Scale: Scale 1:100 000.
Language: English
Creator: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Jones, John W
Thomas, Jean-Claude
Desmond, Gregory B
Feistner, Kelly
Publisher: Mapping Applications Center
The Survey
Place of Publication: Reston Va
Denver Colo
Publication Date: 2001
 Subjects
Subject: Phytogeography -- Remote-sensing maps -- Florida -- Everglades   ( lcsh )
Remote-sensing maps -- Everglades (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Phytogeography -- Remote-sensing maps -- 1:100,000 -- Florida -- Everglades -- 2000   ( local )
Remote-sensing maps -- 1:100,000 -- Florida -- Everglades -- 2000   ( local )
Remote-sensing maps -- 1:100,000 -- Everglades (Fla.) -- 2000   ( local )
Phytogeography -- Remote-sensing maps -- 1:100,000 -- Florida -- Everglades -- 2000   ( local )
Phytogeography -- Remote-sensing maps -- 1:100,000 -- Everglades (Fla.) -- 2000   ( local )
Genre: single map   ( marcgt )
Polygon: 25.9166666666667 x -81.4, 25 x -81.4, 25 x -80, 25.9166666666667 x -80 ( Map Coverage )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: authors: John W. Jones, Jean-Claude Thomas and Gregory B. Desmond ; other contributors: Kelly Feistner ... <et al.>
General Note: Map uses image fusion technologies developed as part of a project to map vegetation distribution and characteristics.
General Note: "... product of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Land Characterization from Remote Sensing Project."
General Note: "...(Path 15, Rows 42, 43)..."
General Note: "... recorded February 5, 2000, by the Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) sensor and the Landsat 7 satellite."
General Note: Includes text, bibliographical references, and locator map.
Funding: Miscellaneous investigations series (Geological Survey (U.S.));
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004650
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAA5914
isbn - 0607968265 (Eastern Section)
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Full Text





EVERGLADES


56
25' ,


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, 05'


SOUTH FLORIDA
SATELLITE IMAGE MAP
60
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This satellite image map is one product of the U.S. Geological Survey
(USGS) Land Characteristics from Remote Sensing Project, funded
;-,r. .,ol. the USGS Place-Based Studies Program with support from
the Everglades National Park. The objective of this project is to
develop and apply innovative remote sensing and geographic
information system techniques to map the distribution of vegetation,
vegetation characteristics, and related hydrologic variables through

space and over time. The mapping and description of vegetation
characteristics and their variations are necessary to accurately
simulate surface hydrology and other surface processes in South
Florida and to monitor land surface changes. As part of this research,
-0 data from many airborne and satellite imaging systems have been
georeferenced and processed to facilitate data fusion and analysis.
This image map was created using image fusion techniques developed
as part of this project.



DATA DESCRIPTION


The satellite images r.-,*, 15, Rows 42,43) were recorded February
5, 2000, by the enhanced thematic mapper (ETM) sensor on the
Landsat 7 satellite. It records seven multispectral bands and one
panchromatic channel. This image map includes spectral bands 3
(630-690 nanometers, red), 4 (775-900 nanometers, near infrared),
and 5 (1550-1750 nanometers, middle infrared), and the new
panchromatic band (520-900 nanometers, green to near infrared).
The spatial resolution of the input data is 30 m by 30 m for the
multispectral bands and 15 m by 15 m for the panchromatic band.
During its georeferencing, the panchromatic data were resampled to
7.5 m by 7.5 m resolution and filtered to enhance tonal differences.
Then, the spatial information in the panchromatic data was combined
with the color information of the multispectral data through a wavelet
transform-based image fusion technique (Lemeshewsky. 1999). This
data fusion process attempts to preserve the spectral fidelity while
sharpening the spatial resolution. The tones output from this process
were further enhanced through histogram evaluation and contrast
284
stretching. Panchromatic enhanced multispectral bands 5, 4, and 3
0 are shown in red, green, and blue, respectively, on the image map.
This image map meets National Mapping Accuracy Standards for
1:100,000- scale maps.



IMAGE INTERPRETATION


The combination of a number of surface characteristics, such as
vegetation type, vegetation density, soil, water depth, and periphyton
(algae and bacteria), dictates the amount and composition of light
reflected to the satellite sensor and, therefore, the brightness, texture,
and color shown in the image. Image map subsets that illustrate some
283 of the common surface cover types using additions to floral
assemblages suggested by Gunderson (1994) are provided below.
Where appropriate, water conditions at the time of imaging and soil
type (Leighty et al., 1954; Gallatin et al., 1958) are also noted:


Eli


Rockland pine forest, dry, marl soil




Tree island/slough, wet, peat soil




Mangrove forest




Sparse sawgrass marsh/periphyton, shallow water,
peat soil



Sparse sawgrass marsh/periphyton, shallow water,
marl soil



Wet prairie, deep water, peat soil




Wet prairie, dry, marl soil




Cypress forest




Urban




Agriculture


REFERENCES
Gallatin, M.H., Ballard, J.K., Evans, C.B., Galberry, H.S.,
Hinton, J.J., Powell, D.P., Truett, E., Watts, W.L., Willson, G.C., and
Leighty, R.G. 1958, Soil Survey (Detailed-Reconnaissance) of Dade
County Florida, Series 1947, No. 4: Soil Conservation Service. 56 p.

Gunderson, L.H., 1994, Vegetation of the Everglades:
Determinants of community composition, in The Everglades: The
Ecosystem and Its Restoration, Davis, S.M., and Ogden, J.C., eds:
Delray Beach, St Lucie Press, p. 323-340.

Leighty, R.G., Marco, M.B., Swenson, G.A., Caldwell,
R.E., Henderson, J.R., Olsen, O.C., and Willson, G.C., 1954, Soil
Survey (Detailed-Reconnaissance) of Collier County Florida, Series
1942, No. 5: Soil Conservation Service, 72 p.
Lemeshewsky, G.P., 1999, Multispectral multisensor image
fusion using wavelet transforms: Visual Information Processing, SPIE
3716, Park, S., and Juday, R., eds.: p. 214-222.






IMAGE MAP LOCATION AND CORRESPONDING
1:100 000 SCALE MAPS INDEX


PROJECT DESCRIPTION


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