. -. P .. .o. .- ,, .v , -".. : ..: "'....... f . .,,..... . I .. 1.- .... .. .6. .. .. .: .. ... ': ,
...I,,4. ,:, , ,:. .<:.:,:..- -: ,s : : :
i .: ? ".'!" .. i....; ,". ..:. : ': j
": "44.".'A .: .......1% 7 "..... : . .. k. ..". ".-...m.. J&..
..-. :-j ,Z .f ."... I t:-4 -..-:. .... ... .k -, . .r ;
.. ,., ""' :, '': -
'k ". .- -, : ... ::... ,.f.." -.- .. . A :1x .,...._ , .. .: ,
.f" ." -" n: ..... -..- .. .., ii ; ::i, ... j., %. I ..: .
,,,t; :e A . .- x- i..- :. :,. : i":., ..d m ..- .1 6 L. ""
... ... .; P, ,l~
.. : .......... .".- .. .' ... .. , ,
.", f A ., ', % :4 .. '. ,!! I. : ..1.
... r 4 .. . ... ,: ... w. .
.. ... ..:::.: ..
:".. '. ..: ......' ,.. : .:.. . .. .:
, 'V, .,,1..io..... .. ... .. O a _. .,.l.,:,, .- . .. ,
'I... -, :, k,, . ... ,f, P -,'' i". 7' ',, ,-'40' "; .-."."."1" .::"::/
,::. .: ;-. .:
",.: 1 4 :., .. '. I '" "I","r. ""r ,...-
.: ... ... I:... .., :..I. ..; ... . : :;O..
...,.,m L e .- .Ir -. ... ...,.:.. "
5C !i.. .. g ; -: ..: -. ' , "
..:, : % . ......' .... .r.. ....'
'.. z : .1 1. ,, i 11
... I. ....,"--?..K "
.e ;:- ..,:i,.. .',
., ., ... : .,, .. ,. ..:
WK I. .. ; :. :....A .. ...... .-. .1."'.... 'i :.%., .. . :.1 :; ..." -'. , ;":, ,: 'i ..:P11 --' 1. 0 1,
-. I .. ...' I ;'.,.: .J.." .I.......... .. ,- ..A .-" ."-. : -. i .... "., : -,, .4
. :... . :Z., ,.: :, ..I ., ," .- ,
:: :" .. :: : .. ... i::r: I .,.- .. .. ," -.
'" :... i: -" .. . . ... : < . ::.... i: 7 4.';", : .. I : : !.. .-
... . .. ;,
'.. ... ,: f, : :! .. .:.. : . ... ...",
.. .%. ... ..., i '. A .:: i:"S...:": . : .. : : .. : _.. .. .! . .. ...t ......... -:.:: -,.. .; .- ..i .. .. ,.... ,
q~ ~ ~ .Z : : ": ': ~lr'
's. .5:. II : ,..m.... A ... ",,&"..... ', ,:- . ... .. : ' :: . .- : !.. .. -..;: : .. z ;.. : : ..j .. : .l. .. ..I .. . 7 L, ,, : , 9 , -, ,- -. _T.
I ': S. / . .... .... .: .. .. . . : ...... ,.. .. n :, ."
"; ,ii: ...... ..:% p, ... .,., .. '... I.... " .. 1: .; : .`:0
.. .. .. ... .i f. .", .. .".". .... .I.. . . ... .. ,". .
.:f? .. .: : : : "I : .. : ... .: ..
.. iku ,-A: ". .. ." :.": ..;. .::.i: I: :: .. . .:.. ..0 .
,.:.. 1, ...: J -. ... .:... :.
:, .:: . ; .:: .. ,
.r..t ". &.A -............ ..: 1 :,.P ..s, ;.. ..
:' . ". . ?.. ..: -..... :... 9 . :
t ..;'' .::: .... :,-. .. :.. . "I: ...
~ii....... ..; "....." r, : ..'
: '" '' : ':i: :.;i: i; "
., ..R *.7 .. .., ...:
IL r k" f L ... ., L f .... : ..
-1 .. ,,... I t%": ...". . .: '...'.". . .i .:. .
P' ,iI~Jb .. .. " .
., ....: :r'-: I.: ..
,; :' : :. l _- .. ." . .. " ...; :
i... ", :.~ :
...' . : : "' " ." ... : .. ;7..: ..: .. I.". ...:.... '4"
,,. .I.. .. ,. .. ..
...-"...,, 1......:.... . . ... ... ;..., .
.., ..- ... .. . ,...... ,. .L.,
r. :.: P. . :- :.':-." ..::, -: :-', i
".. . ...: ...
tT . ..: ". ; ---X %, :.. .. .. ... ...'".': : %% :,
i.: .. : I '. 11. ,.. .
I " "I" %fq. ...." :, .:
:r ;3 3 ." .- '
:.. v I IMP J4. % .. .... I ... 1t
5 : .,. .i ~ ai~
I A. P F i w , I S. -A ..
I .- I ,It .. i4 -W :1"..., .-I. .:.,. ... .
.. ..l., ..K. 'W .. ,l a.1: . 1. '
.4- m .. .. :1.'W :11" .. .. ,. i. .. ..
. 1 .. ;.11 I- . ., ,- r ... ".I :
: : F ..- L i .
. I :
,& .. .. ,:- I .. ... : ..::
: ... I A01, .
jr . .. .i ': -,i '
.. j t,, ; ... . : ; .:
.:. ,;: .-:.
.: '... 4 i i: i.~~:...~i~. i
WA sr, '..:: ::i~
% .q. "' .Vi 1 .1 %:- : `
.. .: . "' . .C . .
Nil -, .4: : ::: :,.
'. ., .
f ge 441. i f I 0. ..
.1 1. .. t 4 ..! .. : % . ..
.. : . :
.. t '_ w . .:.:
-r .:- ;:
manufactured ONLY by
DUNAN BRICK YARDS
* T.M. REG.
Specialists in decorative masonry
material for walls, walks and floors.
SLUMPED BRICK sold in Florida by:
Ft. Myers Ready-Mix Concrete, Inc..-----
Baird Hardware Company -..... ......
Moore Hardware Company
Florida-Georgia Brick and Tile Co. -- --.
Strunk Lumber Company
-- Ft. Myers
Grassy Key Builders Supply Co.
Gandy Block and Supply Co.
Alderman Lumber Company
Marion Hardware Company --
Tallahassee Builders Supply-
Burnup & Sims, Inc.. -----
- .----- Ocala
W. Palm Beach
Time is everyman's insistent taskmaster but
magazine editors suffer an exquisite and unique
torture beyond the imagination of the normal
clock-watcher. They face the recurring dead-
line with the stoicism and unreasoned faith in
the future Pauline brought to her Perils. But
even faith sometimes weakens and falls before
the on-rushing flood of days so sometimes a
magazine is delayed as this is. Casting about
for a way to avoid the harassment of a dead-
line just missed the vagrant recollection of
Mussolini's first claim to fame came to mind.
It was one of II Duce's sincerest pledges while
paving his way to power in Rome that the Italian
railroads, notorious for disregard of schedules,
would run on time when he took charge. This
admirable intention which was successfully exe-
cuted held out a hope of application to the
magazine field until investigation uncovered
the methods used. The pledge was successfully
executed by just that -successfully executing
the train conductors the obvious applica-
tion seemed a little excessive.
We preferred, rather, to give slowly gathering
experience an opportunity to work out the dead-
line problem while keeping the other solution
far back in the mind.
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
how to select
an architect for
your school building
AT THE RECENT program conducted at Flor-
ida State University on July 14 and 15 on
"Planning Schools for the Youth of the South-
east," -Dr. W. D. McClurkin, Director of the
Division of Surveys and Field Services at Peabody
College, was asked the following question by a
member of the audience "How should we
select an architect to design our school build-
Dr. McClurkin replied: "His selection should not
be based upon patronage nor upon the fee he
charges for his services. The best service avail-
able is the most economical. Neither should his
selection be made through the appointment of
a citizens' committee to make recommendations
relative to his selection."
"His selection should be based upon the record
of his performance. His record of achievements
cannot be observed simply by riding past his
buildings which have been planned by him. The
investigation of his record should include the
getting out and going through the buildings
which have been planned by the architect. In
talking with those people who use the building
whether it is a residence, commercial building
or school, the planning should be examined to
see whether it serves conveniently the activities
which are housed. The janitor, the custodian,
the man responsible for the maintenance of the
building should be interviewed to determine
whether the building was constructed to provide
for low maintenance costs, and for their con-
venience. Those individuals responsible for the
budget should be consulted to find if the archi-
tect administered their affairs relative to the
construction in an efficient and business like
manner. Only through such evaluation of his
service can you be certain that the best pro-
fessional service available is obtained."
It is an intrusion upon the prerogative of the
educator for the architect to tell him how to
teach. The educator, familiar with educational
techniques and trends, reserves for himself the
right to draft the program, sometimes referred
to as the educational specification. This speci-
fication should include a clear and concise state-
ment of the activities of each department, and
the relationship of the various departments to
the total plant. The schedule of activities and
of teacher stations should be evolved by the
Neither the educator nor the architect should
attempt to substitute the architect's previous ex-
perience in school design for this educational
specification. Only those men whose specialty
is education can keep abreast the advances
being made through improving educational tech-
niques. Changing educational philosophies have
introduced a high degree of specialization, re-
quiring quarters designed to accommodate this
highly specialized function.
In the 1934 edition of the National Society for
the Study of Education publication "The Plan-
ning and Construction of School Buildings,"
W. W. Theisen, Assistant Superintendent of
Schools, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, states "Many
architects do not fully understand that the cur-
riculum should determine the building and not
vice versa." He further quotes an unidentified
by FORREST KELLEY
STATE SCHOOL ARCHITECT
Massachusetts Superintendent as follows: "Ar-
chitects do not seem to know very much about
what goes on inside a school building."
In that same publication Homer W. Anderson,
Superintendent of Schools, Omaha, Nebraska,
cautions against "those architects who repeat
the same floor plans constantly, thus providing
standardized buildings for varying educational
These statements indicate that the educational
profession has long been aware that there is no
substitute for their own educational specifica-
tion. It further indicates their recognition that
the architectural service obtained should be
imaginative and resourceful.
To my knowledge there have been no schools
recently constructed in Florida in which the
budget has not been a major item of considera-
tion. A most conservative estimate of the value
of construction required to meet our immediate
and minimum needs for our public schools would
be $125,000,000.00. The rate of growth of the
population of our state imposes an annual re-
quirement of an additional $25,000,000.00 for
school construction. There is emphasized the
need for architectural services which is realistic
in its concept of construction costs.
This problem is not new. Homer Anderson in
his 1934 article raised the following questions:
"Do his buildings have economical styles of
architecture?" And, "Do the buildings on the
inside show good construction of economical
Our files in Tallahassee are full of plans which
were proposed but which will never be built, for
the sole reason that there was no realistic ap-
proach to budget requirements. School Boards
are responsible for the wise investment of pub-
lic funds, and always with the need for more
space within their County than can be financed
at any one time. They are therefore justified
in asking: "Does the record of this architect
indicate that his knowledge of construction costs
will permit him to give us the guidance we
The efficient administration of the business in-
cident to construction is important to school
boards. These boards must be able to account
for their expenditures, and accurate records
must be maintained on change orders and prog-
ress payments. Counties have been penalized
where change orders in excess of monies avail-
able to them have been permitted by the archi-
tect, or where progress payments have exceeded
the value of work in place. It is only logical
that they should ask: "Does his record justify
his selection for the administration of our con-
With the constant need for additional space,
limitations are imposed upon money available
for maintenance of buildings. School Boards
cannot afford to pay for maintenance and up-
keep on buildings the day that they occupy them.
The tragedy of leaking parapets, wet exterior
walls, rotting wood, floors which do not endure,
buckling and cupping gymnasium floors, and
falling plaster has been repeated too frequently
in our state. Buckling or shattering chalkboards,
doors torn from their hinges, and other faulty
installations stand mute evidence of the import-
ance of the knowledge of good construction.
Appropriately, the school board asks: "What
is the record of maintenance on buildings de-
signed by my architect?"
The School Boards are further provoked to
Page 15, Please
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
an adding up
of sixty days
THE QUIET-AND HEAT, each like a shroud
you can almost touch, have once again en-
folded Tallahassee and like a middle-aged lady
after on infrequent night on the town prefers
to rest up for a while, our capital city recuper-
ates from the glorious, hectic, dynamic kaleido-
scope which is our own spectacle of democracy
in action. The legislature has adjourned so there
is no flood of important people and hangers-on
to battle for a luncheon seat and regular state
employees have reclaimed their parking places
in the shade of the capital for another twenty-
two months. You can get an airline seat without
a reservation and the green chairs in front of
the hotels are vacant. Thus life settles back
into pattern with only occasional moments of
It seems almost as if solons once gone are
quickly forgotten. By many they are forgotten
because lakes are meant to be fished in and
this is the time, or beaches beckon an offer
to indulge our fetish for healthy suntans. But
here in the cool inner offices of the capital
building heads are being scratched and law
books are being studied. In countless back
rooms around the state, over bars and confer-
ence tables, case books lie open and legal pads
are scribbled up as hours and hours are spent
by alert and concerned citizens trying to evalu-
ate and interpret what has been done. There
has been no time previously for this examination
for between the opening message from the Gov-
ernor and the ceremonious dropping of the
handkerchief in the rotunda as a signal to the
Speaker and the President to drop their gavels
simultaneously closing the session some 1179
bills were hopefully submitted to the Senate and
1901 to the House. Some of these died in com-
mittee, some were only of local application but
a myriad of these were passed and with or with-
out the Governor's signature have now become
the law of the land. Each law directly or re-
motely effects our everyday life but those of
most immediate interest are those concerned
with architecture and the building industry.
The only bill sponsored by the architectural pro-
fession was passed with just one vote in opposi-
tion by Senator Pope who looks on the word
profession as a euphemism for a closed shop.
This Senate Bill 25 and House Bill 213 revised
our regulatory statute to make it possible to en-
force the provisions by means of an injunctive
procedure rather than a criminal action. Crimi-
nal cases are tried before a jury of our fellow
citizens who, though tried and true, often have
little concept of malpractive or professional
standards. One of the major difficulties in past
cases has been the disproportionate amount of
time needed to educate the jury.to an apprecia-
tion of the problems involved and frequently
it appears, to these fellow Americans who seem
always to side unquestioningly with the under-
dog, that the entire profession of rich architects
has ganged up on a poor fellow just trying to
make a fair living for himself. A civil action
will operate completely within a professional
group as judges have a similar background from
membership in the bar and a sympathetic un-
derstanding of our problems and solutions.
Thus, the new procedure provides that the judge
shall enjoin the person allegedly violating the
law from doing the illegal act, then if he persists
he is in contempt of court and subject to the
appropriate measures determined by the judge.
Another question on which our executive secre-
tary as legislative representative spent consid-
erable time was the direct return of our license
fees into an account from which we could draw
subject to the approval of the budget commis-
sion. The 1949 session had outlawed these
minor regulatory agency funds as some had been
abused by unscrupulous appointed officials. The
1951 session had confirmed this ban and in
addition withheld 20% of the board's income
as a handling fee and economy measure. With
the splendid help of Clifford Beasley, Executive
Secretary of the Certified Public Accountants,
and Russ Pancoast of the State Board of Archi-
tecture the Agency Funds were restored and the
deduction for handling was reduced to 10%.
The further reduction of this will be one of the
items to be concentrated on during the next
session as our consensus is that 5% more nearly
represents the true handling costs.
The anctipated bills calling for separate con-
tracts for electrical, plumbing and various me-
chanical trades work, on which joint opposition
with the Associated General Contractors was
planned, never materialized. On the other hand
we were able several times to act jointly with
the Associated General Contractors' representa-
tive, usually with success and certainly with an
unanimity which will be valuable in the future
to both our organizations.
Taken in the overall we were successful in Talla-
hassee but in order to admit to human error and
dispell the idea that our legislative representa-
tion was an unmitigated success Senate Bill 241
should be noted. This bill calls for either a surety
bond or the hold back of 20% of each payment
on direct contracts of over $3,000.00. Obviously
this will require slightly more diligence and work
on the part of the architect, probably increase
the cost to the owner and will require a greater
investment by the general contractor or the sub-
contractor if passed down to him, but we gave
this bill only passive opposition. Study in those
back rooms and over those bars now indicates
this bill may be interpreted as putting a greater
responsibility on the owner and, in some cases,
removing the time limitation on the filing of
liens in one of those fascinatingly unexpected
developments within the law. These points will
have to be tested in the courts as even lawyers
admit that the law can be interpreted either way.
Early in the Session a Select Committee was
designated to investigate rumored irregularities
practiced and permitted in the capital renova-
tion program by the Florida State Improvement
Commission while under the direction of Walter
E. Keyes. While the professional architectural
activities of the Florida State Improvement Com-
mission have always been criticized by the Flor-
ida Association of Architects as an invasion of
private enterprise and therefore not in the best
interests of the people of Florida this was the
first public intimation that this agency was being
Recognizing that many of the questions and fac-
tors involved were of a highly technical nature
and beyond the purview of even the legal pro-
fession the Select Committee contacted our Gen-
Page 15, Please
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
a SEATTLE 1953
O UT IN THE WEST where tall timber grows
on the fog blanketed western slopes of the
Rockies the annual clan-gathering of Architects
was held in Seattle, June 16- 19. Although as
far away from our own Sunny Florida as it was
possible to hold forth the Washington Chapter
nevertheless did provide a very cordial welcome
in the manner we fondly think of as being
typical only of "Southern Hospitality."
Before the formal opening session various side
trips were planned for the entertainment and
information of the conventioneers. Among these
was touring along the Olympic Peninsula to
observe the forestry and manufacturing process-
es of the Simpson Logging Company. After a
picnic lunch on a lake-side in the forest many
saw for the first time a half-hour exhibition by
world's champions of that story-book sport of
log rolling. This was followed by the topping
and felling of two Douglas Firs two hundred
feet tall and over four hundred years old. The
high climber who did the topping at one hun-
dred fifty feet above the ground climbed that
approximately fifteen stories in one minute and
came down in twenty-eight seconds. As part of
the now standard reforestration practices young
trees were planted immediately to begin to re-
place those harvested.
One of the other interesting trips was through
some of the beautiful residential sections which
seem to characterize Seattle. The combination
of lakes, mountains and trees provide unlimited
natural beauty which is exploited sympatheti-
cally and skillfully by these people to whom
pioneering and the out-of-doors are traditions.
Coupled with these inherent features is the re-
port that seventy per cent of the homes in the
Seattle area have been designed by architects
which would in large measure, explain the beauty
and vitality of the Northwest regional archi-
The business of the convention went along
briskly and smoothly with seminars on wood
and its uses, condensation in buildings, the litur-
gical arts, the oriental influence on American
art and architecture, the home building industry
and chapter affairs.
In this home-land of the lumber industry the
greatest optimism was expressed during the
seminar on wood and its uses. W. B. Greeley,
vice-president of the West Coast Lumbermen's
Association, said that our greatest assurance of
sufficient lumber in the future was not the
700,000 square miles of forest in the United
States but rather that it has become a part of
our capitalistic economy as the American busi-
nessman has discovered it pays to grow trees.
Although the overall forest growth has increased
steadily in the last twenty-five years the better
grades are still in short supply so architects can
help by not "over specifying" lumber and using
no better grade than actually required.
The liturgical arts seminar brought out church
architecture must escape all the false trappings
and pseudo-styles of the past as well as the
clinical look of modern functionalism. The
community for whom the church building is
erected must be taken into consideration so no
matter what its style it must look like a house
of worship and not a municipal building, fire
house, or public library.
The home building industry seminar was en-
livened by Joseph Eichler, builder of homes by
the hundreds who uses architects every step of
the way. Due to the skill of the architect, Eichler
is building much superior homes at the same
cost as their 1950 homes. Some builders feel
architects are added expense and an architect-
designed home looks different and therefore
costs more. Eichler denied this saying their
homes are more liveable, more comfortable, and
better looking thanks to architects and it is un-
wise not to employ the talents of a private archi-
When the Session got down to politics, Clair W.
Ditchy, Detroit, was chosen without opposition
to be president stepping up from his position
of Secretary. Norman Schlossman, Chicago, was
chosen as first vice-president and Howard Eich-
enbaum, Little Rock, as second vice-president.
George Cummings of Binghamton, New York,
succeeds Ditchy as secretary and Maurice Sulli-
van, Houston, was re-elected treasurer. Much
criticism was noted of the current election pro-
cedures with strong feeling for one year terms
in practice, national mail ballots, and a mini-
mum of two nominees for each office. As re-
gional organizations become increasingly im-
portant it is noted the directors are young and
The 1954 convention will be held in Boston,
June 15- 19 and those who attended Seattle
heartily recommend that you begin to make
your arrangements now so you won't miss Boston.
The 1955 convention will be in Minneapolis,
the 1956 in Los Angeles, and the 1957 com-
memorating the founding of the Institute one
hundred years ago will be in Washington, D.C.
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
From Changing Times
SOME CRISES-marriage, lawsuits or father-
hood-you react to almost automatically.
Just ring up a clergyman, a lawyer or an ob-
stetrician and let the particular specialist handle
But building a house is different. Sure, there
are specialists handy. The nation's architects
are trained and ordained to preside over the
creation of houses. And your first impulse may
be to hire one.
Yet you hesitate. You know that many people
build homes without an architect's help. So why
not you? You ask friends for advice and get
comments like this:
"Architect? What are you, crazy? They'll stick
you a couple thousand bucks and give you a
house full of their pet ideas and none of yours.
All you get is fancy blueprints."
Or you get this advice:
"Look, friend, what do most home builders do,
the boys who make real money at the game?
Most of them wouldn't let an architect through
the gate. Why, no architect touches half of the
houses built today. Just get a good builder and
leave it to him. He'll have a draftsman to take
care of the details."
Or perhaps you are told this:
"Forget architects. You can get ready-made
plans for most any kind of house for as little
as $5. Get wise. Don't blow your money on an
architect. Buy a stock plan and put the differ-
ence into the house."
There's truth in all that curbstone advice .
but not the whole truth by a long shot. And it's
mixed with notions about architects that are
For instance, take that bit about how archi-
tects give you nothing but their own ideas. That
happens, but not often. No good architect
forces his own ideas on a client without sound
reasons based on his client's needs. And he does
far more to earn his fee than turn out blueprints,
as we'll see in a moment.
Likewise, there is some truth-about 50%-in
that point about how professional home builders
get along without architects. Some do, and some
of their houses aren't much to look at or live in.
But the best home builders employ good archi-
It's true, too, that you can get ready-made plans
for far less than you would pay an architect
for made-to-order plans. And some mail-order
plans are very good, the work of truly competent
If that's so, you may ask, what's wrong with
using a stock plan? Wouldn't it be smart?
Architects themselves will tell you there is noth-
ing wrong with using a stock plan-IF. But what
a list of ifs! Here they are:
A stock plan may be a good buy-
SIf you can tell a good one from a mediocrity,
good specifications from poor.
" If you select one that really fits your family's
" If the house can be built economically on your
lot without substantial changes.
" If the house can be built for what you have
" If the house conforms to local building codes
and zoning regulations.
" If it permits you to use the best and cheapest
materials and equipment now available.
" If you can get a big enough mortgage loan
without paying premium rates.
* If the house will stay up-to-date long enough
to protect the value of your investment.
" If you can get builders to bid on the job your-
" If you can select a responsible, competent
builder from among those who bid.
" If you are willing to take on the responsibility
of entering into a building contract and seeing
it through on your own hook.
Those ifs make you gulp? They should, for there
is many a booby trap in building a house from
stock plans. Every blunder can be costly. If
you shy from these risks, better think about
hiring and architect to steer you.
HOW TO PICK AN ARCHITECT
Picking an architect is like selecting any pro-
fessional man. Start by finding out which archi-
tects in your town specializes in houses. You
can do that by spotting outstanding houses and
asking who designed them. Ask the owners
how they liked working with their architects.
If an owner isn't living in a house, ask the
occupants whether they find it efficient, com-
Talk to the contractors who built the houses,
too. They'll know whether the architects were
down-to-earth, reasonable, realistic practitioners
of the profession.
Then visit the architects who interest you. Ask
what services they offer. Ask about their quali-
fications and experience. Find out if they can
take on new work, when they could start, about
how long it would take to finish plans and speci-
Don't be skittish about fees, either. Ask about
them early, because there are no set charges
for architectural work. Local chapters of the
American Institute of Architects, the profes-
sion's national society, have recommended fee
schedules, but each architect sets his own. Most
often they are a percentage of the cost of the
house to be built. Fees may range from 8% to
15%, depending on the architect, locality and
Since you'll spend many hours with your archi-
tect, look for one you can get along with. But
don't expect him to whip out preliminary draw-
ings for nothing. Such drawings are apt to be
just pretty pictures to lure you into signing up,
anyhow. And most architects won't provide any
drawings until they have been retained for the
Once you find the right architect, the work be-
gins. You present your ideas, explain just what
you want, how much you can spend. If you
need to, you can bind him by contract to plan
a house that can be built for a certain amount.
Then, courts have held, you won't owe a penny
if it turns out that the house can't be built for
He will analyze and comment on your ideas,
point out problems, and show how you can get
what you want for less, or get more for just as
much. Together you work out the general idea
of the house step by step. When the conception
is agreed upon, he will set to work on preliminary
sketches, outlining specifications and making a
rough estimate of the cost.
Next comes working drawings, showing all di-
mensions and details. Complete specifications
are made out, too. These will go to builders,
with an invitation to bid on the job.
There's a lot of paper work at this point. You
need forms for bids, performance bonds, con-
tracts, and such documents. Most of them have
legal force. Your architect can't give legal ad-
vice-he's no lawyer-but he does have stand-
ard forms available that may save you a lawyer's
When the bids come in from builders, he'll
analyze them and recommend the builder who
should get the contract. Since an architect
knows the work and reputation of local builders,
he'll know which can be counted on to do a
good job. He may recommend awarding the
work to a man who wasn't the lowest bidder to
protect you against a shoddy building job.
The architect's work is not done when the build-
ing begins. He may continue to make large-
scale drawings for the builder's guidance. Often
he'll be right out on the building site, super-
vising construction, inspecting materials, giving
on-the-spot directions, watching out for defects
He also acts as a sort of paymaster. As various
construction stages are completed, the builder
submits requests for partial payments according
to a schedule set up in his contract. Your archi-
tect goes over these requests, certifies that the
Page 13, Please
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
The Alcon Investment Corporation, Fresno home
builders, reportedly paid Cliff May, Los Angeles
designer, more than $50,000 in licensing fees
to settle an infringement claim involving con-
struction of 297 low-cost houses patterned after
a design that May had developed and copy-
righted. It was said to be the second claim
that May has won against Northern California
builders for infringement on his designs. Several
months ago, he said he received a $45,000 pay-
ment from a Santa Clara firm.
The Governor's office, recognizing
outstanding past services, has an-
nounced the reappointment of Russell
Pancoast, Archie Parrish and Mellen
C. Greeley to the State Board of Ar-
chitecture succeeding themselves. No
other state board is blessed with more
devoted and conscientious members
than these who willingly devote, with-
out financial compensation, approxi-
mately six weeks a year to the duties
of their office.
The Draftsman's Club of Miami announces a
series of courses in architectural design, struc-
tural design, history of architecture, theory and
composition, materials and methods of archi-
tecture. Classes will be held three nights a
week for 35 weeks beginning September 3rd
at the Orange Glade School at S. W. 8th St. and
A standard form of agreement for use
by the state for architectural services
was prepared by the Attorney Gen-
eral's office. Our General Counsel,
Benmont Tench, effectively brought
the profession's objections to this form
to the attention of the Attorney Gen-
eral and the other interested officials.
His work was concluded very success-
fully as he was called upon to help
in the revision of the forms which
eliminated all objectionable points.
As chairman of the Architectural Ex-
hibit Committee for this year's FAA
convention, Bill Harvard, on August
14th, announced an annual medal
award and other citations to be given
for outstanding examples of Florida
Architecture. Display panels, 40" by
40" of Masonite with rounded edges
will present photographs, black and
white or color, and plans, sections and
other pertinent details.
The Pasadena Chapter's Information Please re-
ports that architecture is making international
news. CBS Commentator David Schoenbraun
relates that, the French populace is up in arms
over LeCorbusier's new 17-floor, glass-on-stilts
apartment building (equipped with interior
swimming pool and park) recently completed
in Marseilles. An organization known as The
Society for General Esthetics is leading the ac-
tive opposition, claiming that the building is
(a) a "wart on the land," (b) a fire trap, and
(c) was constructed without a building permit.
The fracas has temporarily displaced NATO,
Saarism, and the upsurge of German National-
ism as an editorial and cafe topic.
The Broward County Chapter realiz-
ing the value and the pleasures of the
coming convention in St. Petersburg
have gone on record as pledging
Congratulations are in order for the men who
successfully negotiated the pressures and ques-
tions of the junior registration examination
given this summer. The chosen few include
David K. Chaplain, Ralph Stanley Cleland, Jr.,
James Edward Windham III, Edward James
Coughlin, Colin Arnold, Wythe Davis Sims II,
Earl Maxwell Starnes, David McAlpin Close,
Joseph Newton Clemons, James Edward Vensel,
John Edward Piercy, Wayne Pfuderer Myers, and
Richard Haskell Slater.
The Broward County Chapter is pro-
ducing plans and specifications for a
Builders Exchange Building as a public
service with no charge to the Exchange
except for salaries to draftsmen and
Before adjournment the Congress ap-
propriated $65,000,000 for hospital
construction through the Hill-Burton
Act while extending its life until 1957
and authorized 20,000 units of public
housing during the next fiscal year.
Although the homebuilding boom is definitely
leveling off across the country it still maintains
a steady increase in most sections of Florida.
Nation-wide the official estimates of this year's
construction are for an increase of 6% over
the record year of 1952. Korean veterans have
been returning to civilian life at the rate of
more than 2,000 a day and there are now over
16,500,000 Korean and World War II veterans
of which only 3,000,000 have used their G.I.
home-buying rights. It appears that home-
building will continue to provide an enormous
market but one which is becoming competitive
and selective so builders should find it increas-
ingly to their advantage to use architectural
services to get the most for their expenditures.
Recognition of the place of architects
in the development of our environment
has recently come from the San Fran-
cisco City and County authorities. The
Northern California Chapter A.I.A.
has outlined the scope of the work
entailed in the preparation of a pre-
liminary Civic Center Master Plan and
is currently estimating the cost of such
A recent case of interest to architects and con-
tractors is, Johnson Corporation vs. City of New
York, regarding the obligation of the contractor.
The contract provided the almost standard cau-
tion that the contractor check and verify all
dimensions on the drawings, but the foundation
was built without this. When it was belatedly
discovered the floor plans did not fit well on
the prepared foundation due to inconsistencies
the contractor was caused much additional work
and expense which he attempted to recover.
The court held the provisions of the contract
imposed a duty on the contractor to check the
dimensions, and by the action of signing the
contract, released the owner and architect from
Georgia Tech announces a two-week "Refresher
Course in Architecture" to be given September
14-26 in the much-publicized new Architecture
Building. The purpose of this short course spon-
sored by the Georgia Chapter AIA is prepara-
tion for State and NCARB exams. The National
Council syllabus will be followed with four lec-
tures in the morning starting at 8:00 and four
hours of lab work starting at 1:30. Enrollment
will be limited to 25 with the tuition of $40.00
payable in advance or at the time of arrival.
Each student must provide his own supplies and
text books although the Library of the School
of Architecture will be available. Address in-
quiries to C. H. Taylor, Coordinator Short
Courses & Conferences, Engineering Extension
Division, Georgia Institute of Technology, At-
On the night of August 4th the Flor-
ida South chapter and the local AGC
chapter examined the confusion
brought about by the revision to the
Lien Law provided by Senate Bill 241.
A panel of lawyers, contractors, archi-
tects and others concerned answered
questions but the consensus seemed
to be that only the courts will be able
to interpret what the law actually pro-
To encourage participation of students in Chap-
ter activities and bring about a closer relation-
ship between the School of Architecture and the
profession, the Washington Chapter has insti-
tuted an annual Chapter-Student-Alumni Dinner
at the Seattle Yacht Club. Over 140 persons
enjoyed cocktails, music, dinner, speeches and
presentation of student awards followed by a
round-table discussion on Indigenous Residential
Architecture in the State of Washington.
"The High Cost of Construction" was
the controversial subject bandied
about by a panel on the Palm Beach
Chapter's program over WJNO the
evening of August 3rd. John Stetson
attempted to maintain the atmosphere
needed for a calm and dispassionate
study of this inflammatory subject by
the panel members consisting of a
general contractor member of the
AGC, a subcontractor and a represen-
tative of organized labor.
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
I am in receipt of:the April issue of the FAA-
AIA bulletin which was my first copy.
You are to be commended for the splendid pub-
lication which has been so greatly needed by
the architects of Florida.
I was recalled into the service in 1952, and am
now Commander of the U. S. Military Forces,
St. Nazaire, France, and the 472nd Engineer
Aviation Battalion, St. Nazaire, France. I am
a member of the Palm Beach Chapter and prac-
ticed architecture in West Palm Beach.
My best regards to the FAA and its splendid
JOSEPH G. ELLIOTT
Lieutenant Colonel, CE (USAF)
APO 203, St. Nazaire, France
Thank you very much for the April copy of your
Bulletin. I was particularly interested in the very
nice tribute paid to Arthur McVoy, who is one
of our most distinguished members.
James H. Stephenson,
Will be glad to read about what you Floridians
think and how you work. When I make my
next trip to the Keys to catch a "king" that
has been tied up for me, I'll try to drop in for
R. C. Kempton
Why then is there the constant recurrence of
the cry for standardization? First of all, the
layman has a tendency to confuse the feeling of
the profession and the building industry that
there is a need in many places of construction
to standardize basic elements of building, such
as window units, tile, brick, etc., and in that
misunderstanding he carries his thinking, beyond
the rational limit, to complete building struc-
tures. Secondly, some of the responsibility can
be placed upon the shoulders of the profession.
It is well known that many architects have at-
tempted to develop plans to a point that they
can be reproduced over and over again. It has
been my experience that whenever a plan is
ultimately developed to a point where every
detail has been considered, the plan then shows
its inadequacies and a completely new approach
Another reason for the clamor of standardiza-
tion has arisen is because of the comparison
of the building industry to the assembly line
factory products. I do not know why people
continue to make this comparison any more than
they should attempt to compare a ruler to a
cybernetics machine. As with the automobile
and the refrigerator, the ruler is a simple device
satisfying very simple requirements, and is in-
expensively manufactured. The cybernetics ma-
chine and a building are complicated structures
that are developed to provide for very special
purposes so that they can endure for years. The
automobile is constructed to last for a very few
years, and can therefore afford to be without
the consideration that must be given to a struc-
ture that must be maintained by the community
for long periods of time. It is well known that
the automobile is advanced in the laboratory
many years ahead of the model that is sold on
the market, and only because of the necessity
to economize through assembly line operation
is the public forced to buy a model that is years
behind the times. However, the public would
never accept a building with comparable dis-
crepancies between the modern facilities and
techniques available and the kind of building
that would be forced upon them should this
same kind of economy be considered.
In conclusion, I would like to bring out one
point that deserves consideration. The usual
arguments brought forth by the profession cry
out against government intervention and bur-
eaucracy. They say that this is Socialism and
un-American, as if that were the logical argu-
ment to protect the future of the architectural
profession. If this were the only reason for
maintaining the profession's existence, it would
be a poor argument indeed.
work has been performed satisfactorily as pro-
vided in the contract, and authorizes payments.
If extras crop up, he will check the estimates
And on that happy day -when the builder an-
nounces that the house is done, your architect
will make a final inspection, note any last-
minute details to be taken care of, and certify
to the satisfactory completion of the work.
All of this takes months, of course. As the
months pass, you will be impressed by the variety
of things your architect does for you. He's
counselor, artist, consultant, planner, business
manager, coordinator and expediter all rolled
WHY YOU COME OUT AHEAD
And when everything is added up, what do you
gain by hiring an architect? You can figure
you're ahead on two counts.
* First, the architect helps you make the most
of the house you build. Individual planning,
for your family alone, gives you a house designed
from top to bottom for your own interests, activ-
ities and needs. Because he has upkeep costs
in mind, you get a house that will be cheap and
easy to maintain. The architect's designing skill
helps arrange the house so that the space, which
is expensive, is not wasted and often does double
duty. Careful advance planning spares you the
cost and trouble of expensive after-thoughts.
* The second big gain is that you get the most
for your building dollar. Your architect's plans
help you get a good loan. His plans and speci-
fications make it possible to take competitive
bids. By adapting the house to the lot, you save
on excavating and foundations. Because he is
familiar with the vast array of materials and
equipment on the market, you get the best you
can afford. And because architect-designed
houses ordinarily have a better resale value than
scrapbook houses, you feel good about the se-
curity of your investment.
There you have a picture of what a good archi-
tect can do for you when you retain him for
his full service. But does it follow that an archi-
tect is always a must when you are in the market
for a house?
Well, suppose you were buying a suit of clothes.
You could have a tailor make you a fine custom
outfit, carefully fashioned for you alone with
every detail to your liking. Custom tailoring,
however, has its price. Your budget might dic-
tate a ready-to-wear suit instead. By careful
shopping, you could get a durable, presentable
suit for less money.
It's almost the same with houses-except that
you do invest a lot more in a house than you do
in a suit. An individually designed and built
house has many advantages. But the economies
of multiple production are not among them. If
you can't pay the price of custom planning and
building, look for a good architect-designed
builder's house instead.
But let your decision turn on whether or not
you can afford to build for yourself, not on
whether you think you can afford an architect's
fee. If you can afford to build for yourself, you
can scarcely afford not to have an architect's
skilled help. His services may well save enough
to cover his fee-and you'll have a far better
house, too. 0
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
The 39th annual convention of the FAA meets in St. Petersburg on November 19-21.
The very top men in the profession nationally will speak and mingle mid meetings
at the Huntington Hotel. Further information will be in the mail soon.
EXECUTIVE BOARD MEETS
UNCHEON at the Roosevelt Hotel in Jack-
sonville was followed by a business session
called to order by Maurice Holley in the absence
of Igor Polevitzky.
Treasurer's Report-During this quarter expen-
ditures of $4,023.10 are reported including the
entire legislative expense and publication of the
April Bulletin leaving a balance of $8,273.19.
Executive Secretary-The legislature has come
and gone, yet the Executive Secretary reports
good success with our own bill and relative suc-
cess in financial matters where the Agency Fund
was once again set up, making our money always
available to us, and the deduction for handling
was reduced from 20% to 10%. The attempt
to eliminate special attorneys for the minor
regulatory boards was beaten and other expected
very objectionable legislation was either success-
fully opposed or not proposed.
Lien Law-Since no comprehensive solution to
the Gordian knot which is our current lien law
was proposed during the Session, the Executive
Secretary suggested a meeting with the A.G.C.,
Producer's Council, Associated Lumber Dealers
and others to prepare such revisions for the next
Planning and Zoning-The expected enabling
legislation for counties and cities sponsored by
the Florida Planning and Zoning Association
was never presented to the legislature.
Improvement Commission-At the request of
the Select Committee, two of our members, San-
ford Goin and Dan Hart, investigated the work-
manship and materials used in several phases
of the Capital renovation. Their clear, concise
and dispassionate report listing improper sub-
stitution of materials and poor administration
procedures brought much credit to them per-
sonally and to the profession which they repre-
Legislative Expenses-The Executive Secretary's
expense was $1,529.82 with $1,996,96 addi-
tional for our general counsel, Benmont Tenrih.
It was agreed to pay the Executive Secretary's
expense and $870.18 to Tench with Frank Bunch
attempting to get additional money from the
Florida Professions Committee. Mr. Tench gen-
erously agreed to this arrangement due to our
long association and his awareness of our finan-
Bulletin-The April issue went to all registered
architects, to students and faculty at the Uni-
versity of Florida, to all A.G.C. members and
others at a cost of $442.00 or a.deficit of
$176.00. Advertising policy is to be revised to
make the Bulletin bring in income.
Group Insurance-To point up and fill the need
for security against loss of income during illness,
the Association will allow a selected health in-
surance firm to attempt to enroll the required
percentage of members. The firm is to be se-
lected after the recommendation of the commit-
tee headed by Clint Gamble. Frank Bunch re-
quested the committee to first determine if we
have any obligation to Inter-Ocean of Jackson-
ville who were previously authorized to enroll
membership throughout the state but were only
successful in the Florida North Chapter.
Convention-Elliot Hadley has been holding
weekly meetings so that plans are well in hand.
The Exhibition committee headed by Bill Harvard
requests all material possible. Horace Hamlin
plans twenty-five commercial booths at $100.00
each for exhibitors. Exhibits will be made of
interest to the public as well as the profession.
Open Meeting-The open meeting of the Execu-
tive Board immediately preceding the conven-
tion will be held at 3:00 P.M., Thursday, No-
vember 19th, and a closed meeting at 8:00 P.M.
State Work-The meeting of July 14th with
Commissioners of State Institutions to discuss
selections of architects was announced. Frank
Bunch emphasized preliminary discussions were
on high plane with ready agreement that selec-
tion would not be on the basis of fees. Mellen
Greeley agreed to represent the F.A.A. and make
an opening statement of our position that archi-
tects should provide complete professional ser-
vices including supervision, that the fee should
not be a criterion of selection, and that the
F.A.A. as a service organization wants to help
the Cabinet in determining its course.
Regional Conference-Morton Ironmonger re-
ported the material presented at the Regional
Conference in Miami was excellent but attend-
ance was poor through lack of publicity.
Student Chapter-Bill Arnett urged closer rela-
tions between F.A.A. and the Student Chapter
by inviting students to chapter meetings, invit-
ing a representative to Executive Board meetings
and more architects visiting college in Gaines-
ville to meet students. This should be a ton-
tinuous attitude of mind.
Redistricting-Bill Arnett has asked the Chap-
ters for opinions on redistricting and perhaps
action should be deferred until next year fol-
lowing more adequate study. *
thought by unusually high utility bills, or the
necessity for excessive janitorial staffs.
School Boards are prompted to question if their
architect will give the same attention to detail
which he has given to the master scheme. Fixed
book shelving too close together for the books
to be placed in them, coat hooks too high for
the children to reach, congested entrances and
exits, faulty techniques of light control, all of
which have at some time been experienced by
the Board, cause them to consider this qualifica-
tion of their architect.
The technique of planning is the same, whether
school or other structure. The architect needs
only to call upon the educational profession to
provide the educational specification and make
available conference with the staff, then draw
upon the resources of his professional integrity
and ability to provide the building determined
by the program. An architect whose building,
whether warehouse, commercial, public, or resi-
dential, stands the test prescribed by Dr. Mc-
Clurkin is competent to design our schools. *
eral Counsel, Benmont Tench, for advice on
securing responsible technical assistance in their
investigation. They selected two of the most
highly respected architects in the state, Sanford
Goin and Dan Hart, to make a personal study
of the plans, specifications and the work in
place and report their findings. After a charac-
teristically thorough investigation they presented
a written report which was a masterpiece of
carefully evaluated and documented recounting
of improper substitution of materials, omissions
of proper credit items to the state, and poor
administrative procedures. The objectivity of
this report and the convincing personal testi-
mony of these two men brought great credit
and new stature to our profession and possibly
had a great deal to do with the decision of the
cabinet to curtail the architectural activities of
the Florida State Improvement Commission rely-
ing, rather, on private firms for the professional
services needed during the $37,000,000 build-
ing program of the current biennium.
Taken in its entirety the 1953 legislative session
was a success but this is not the time to sit
back enjoying the contemplation of success.
Our greatest influence among legislators is
exerted at home and between sessions-then
you can discuss the problems of the architect
on a personal plane away from the hurley-
burley of Tallahassee. Get to know your legis-
lators now and make sure he gets to know your
The profession found many friends at the Legislature but
special appreciation should be expressed to Senators
Shands, Collins, Dayton, Leaird and Morrow and Repre-
senatives Cobb, Okell, Turlington, Cross, Ayres, Boyd,
Bryant, David, Fascell, Mahon, Morgan, and Rood. A
note of appreciation from members of the profession
would be a valuable way to indicate your interest in
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
Igor B. Polevitzky
250 N.E. 18th Street
Miami 36, Florida
3rd-Frank E. Watson
5th-Morton T. Ironmonger
1407 E. Las Olas Boulevard
Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
2nd-William Stewart Morrison
4th-Maurice E. Holley
6th-Frank S. Bunch
Daytona Beach Chapter. .......................... Francis R. Walton
Florida North Central Chapter. .................... .James A. Stripling
Florida South Chapter. ........................ Miss Marion I. Manley
Palm Beach Chapter.................................. John Stetson
Broward County Chapter. ............................Cedric H. Start
Florida North Chapter. ...........................William T. Arnett
Florida Central Chapter. .......................... Frank P. Patterson
President....... ........... Wm. R. Gomon
Vice President ................ Walter Smith
Secretary ..................... David Leete
Treasurer.......... ......... Edwin Snead
Florida North Central
President. .............. Prentiss Huddleston
Vice President. ................ David Potter
Secretary ................... Robert Maybin
Treasurer................... Robert Maybin
President .................... Frank Shuflin
Vice President ............... Wm. Merriam
Secretary ................... H. George Fink
Treasurer .................... Irvin Korach
President .................. Maurice Holley
Vice President ................. John Stetson
Secretary.................. Jefferson Powell
Treasurer. .................... W m. Kessler
President ..................... Cedric Start
Vice President. .............. Robert Jahelka
Secretary............... Morton Ironmonger
Treasurer................. Theodore Meyer
President ................... Willis Stephens
Vice President. ............. Logan Chappell
Secretary ..................... Harry Burns
Treasurer................... Harry Lindsay
President .................... George Spahn
Vice President ............ Jack McCandless
Secretary .................. Ralph Lovelock
Treasurer.................. Ralph Lovelock
Edward Dean Wyke
Morris Pioneer Building
The objects of the Association shall be to unite the architectural profession within the State of Florida to
promote and forward the objects of The American Institute of Architects; to stimulate and encourage continual
improvement within the profession, cooperate with other professions, promote and participate in the matters of
general public welfare, and represent and act for the architectural profession in the State, and to promote
educational and public relation programs for the advancement of the profession.
RELATIONS BETWEEN ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS:
R. Daniel Hart (North Central) CHAIRMAN
Walter B. Schultz (North) CO-CHAIRMAN
Jack Moore (North)
Elliott B. Hadley (Central)
Vernon D. Lamp (South)
Morton T. Ironmonger (Broward)
Gouvereur M. Peek (Daytona)
John Stetson (Palm Beach)
Francis R. Walton (Daytona) CHAIRMAN
Sanford W. Goin (North)
William D. Kemp (North)
William T. Arnett (North) CHAIRMAN
George J. Votaw (Palm Beach)
Lawrence Hitt (Central)
Willis Stephens (North)
John Stetson (Palm Beach)
PUBLIC INFORMATION AND GOVERNMENTAL
William B. Harvard (Central) CHAIRMAN
Horace H. Hamlin, Jr. (Central)
Cedric Start (Broward)
William R. Gomon (Daytona)
Thomas H. Chilton (Palm Beach)
Robert H. Maybin (North Central)
Lee Hooper (North)
Harold D. Steward (South)
Franklin S. Bunch, CHAIRMAN
Andrew J. Ferendino
R. Daniel Hart
BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 07012 7799
SPECIAL COMMITTEE FOR STUDY OF ADOPTION OF
"FLORIDA TOURISM AND THE ARCHITECT"
FOR NEXT YEAR'S THEME:
John Stetson (Palm Beach) CHAIRMAN
Raymond H. Plockelman (Palm Beach)
Belford Shoumate (Palm Beach)
UNIFORM BUILDING CODES:
Edward T. Rempe, Jr. (South) CHAIRMAN
George A. Coffin (South)
William G. Crawford (Broward)
Ralph F. Spicer (Daytona)
William Kemp Caler (Palm Beach)
H. D. Mendenhall (North Central)
Thomas Larrick (North)
Donovan Dean (Central)
COMMITTEE ON ALLIED ARTS:
William E. Kittle (South) CHAIRMAN
Frederick G. Seelmann (Palm Beach)
William F. Bigoney, Jr. (Broward)
Francis W. Craig (Daytona)
Albert P. Woodard (North Central)
C. Dale Dykema (Central)
Pasquale M. Torraca (North)
Donald Reiff (South)
RELATIONS WITH CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY:
George J. Votaw (Palm Beach) CHAIRMAN
Belford Shoumate (Palm Beach)
Bayard C. Lukens (Broward)
Edwin M. Snead (Daytona)
James A. Stripling (North Central)
Myrl J. Hanes (North)
M. Winfield Lott, Jr. (Central)
William H. Merriam (South)
A. Wynn Howell
James Rogers, II
,MODERN WINDOW REQUIREMENTS
CALL FOR WOOD AWNING WINDOWS
Only Gate City, of all leading windows, provide "no-splash"
rain protection, draft-free ventilation control, and easy torsion-free
operation, PLUS the proven advantages of wood sash and frames.
Gate City's fixed hinge operation prevents any splash over
top vent while awning type sash deflect rain. They direct fresh
air upward to eliminate drafts... adjust quickly to angle
desired. The easy to reach handle is located below the sill,
South of the way of venetian blinds. Positive, dual action hard-
-. ware takes the work out of opening and closing windows...
S14 assures a lifetime of trouble-free service.
Wood sash and frames provide far greater natural insu-
nationn than any other framing material ... a most important
factor in reducing condensation and operating costs where air
conditioning is used, and in stopping heat loss in the cooler
m ~ regions. Wood offers added decorative possibilities for color
I harmony or trim contrasts, to blend with color schemes inside
Sand outside. Gate City Wood Awning Sash are deep toxic
o.c' treated against rot, fungi and termites...cannot rust, corrode
or drip-stain exterior walls. They have been performance-
proven through more than ten years of satisfactory service.
You can specify Gate City with confidence.
G a te C it R.IfFr S.e.Fl Fie r7c Go for :peci'icarion Our engineers will welcome any
G a te C ity opp:rlfur.l, to a:..,r .,c. .Ih ~ .ndo problems %Vrie Depr A2, Gate City.
WOOD AWNING WINDOWS
"Pioneers of the Awning Type Window"
Member of Producer's Council, Inc.