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Group Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Title: Florida/Caribbean architect
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00004635/00035
 Material Information
Title: Florida/Caribbean architect
Alternate Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Publisher: Dawson Publications,
Dawson Publications
Place of Publication: Timonium Md
Publication Date: Summer 2008
Copyright Date: 2008
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 44, no. 1 (spring 1997)-
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Issues have also theme titles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004635
Volume ID: VID00035
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5904
ltuf - ACJ1464
oclc - 36846561
lccn - sn 97052000
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Advertising
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Main
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
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        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Index to advertisers
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Back Cover
        Page 57
        Page 58
Full Text

























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Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects


U. o FLA. AES











9 14 26


contents, summer 2008


In This Issue:


Features in Brief 14
Currie Sowards Aguila Architects 20
Hammond Design Group 24
Helmuth, Obata & Kassabaum, Inc. 26
FLA/Florida Architects, Inc. 28
STH Architectural Group, Inc. 32
2008 Legislative Wrap Up 38
Vicki Long, CAE/EVP
Paradigm Shift from 2D to 5D 46
Michael Lingerfelt, AIA



On the cover: Humanities Building, Palm Beach Community College, Boca Raton campus, STH Architectural Group.
Photo by NY Focus.

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summer 2008


































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1 I. w


Editorial / diane d. greer


Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32301
www.aiafla.org


2008 AIA Florida Officers
President
Donald T. Yoshino, FAIA
President Elect
Gerald S. Jernigan, AIA, LEED AP
Secretary/Treasurer/Professional Development
Peter W. Jones, AIA
Vice President/Membership
Jaime Canaves, FAIA
Vice President/Legislative & Regulatory Affairs
Charles W Clary, III, FAIA
Vice President/Communications
Michael Lingerfelt, AIA
Vice President/Commission on the Environment
Lawrence Maxwell, AIA
Regional Director
Mickey P. Jacob, AIA
Regional Director
Enrique A. Woodroffe, FAIA
Immediate Past President
Mark H. Smith, AIA, LEED AP
Executive Vice President
Vicki Long, CAE

2008 AIA Puerto Rico Officers:
President
Jorge Ivan Martinez-Jorge, AIA
President Elect
Diana Luna Serbia, AIA
Treasurer
Julie Vazquez Otero, Assoc. AIA
Secretary
Carmen Maria Lopez, AIA
Director 3 Years
Raul M. Perez Veve, AIA
Director 2 Years
Miguel Del Rio, AIA
Past President
Alberto Lastra Power, AIA

2008 AIA Virgin Islands Officers
President
Kevin P Quails, AIA
Treasurer
Michael DeHaas, AIA
Secretary
Jeffrey T. Boschulte, AIA


Lest we forget the damage that is frequently wrought by seasonal hurri-
canes, I've included a couple of photographs, below, of a Panhandle building
that was destroyed by Hurricane Dennis in 2005. Dennis wasn't even a par-
ticularly famous storm, at least not by Katrina or Kate or Andrew's standards.
But, it was big enough and bad enough to do a whole lot of damage. (See the
article on page 24) As you read this, the 2008 hurricane season is underway.
At this writing, I have no idea if it will be a reasonably calm year like 2007 or
a bad one. I'm hoping for the latter.
This issue of Florida/Caribbean Architect is a very diverse one. There are
many different kinds of projects both built and unbuilt some designed by
firms whose work hasn't previously graced the pages of this magazine. I am
very pleased by the number of submissions that I've been receiving recently
because it shows a lot of interest among the membership. You may have
noticed that the magazine has increased the number of pages in each issue to
include more of your work and particularly, more unbuilt designs. So keep
sending me your best projects and help me get the word out that Florida is
producing excellent architecture.
Also in this issue is Executive Vice President Vicki Long's Legislative Wrap Up.
Many of you took an active role in this year's session or worked hard at the local
level to get things accomplished. No matter the outcome, your participation in the
process is always welcome and much appreciated.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008





































S:Parking t, the Irsnt dor to any
d t ,velopment it must create a
Slasurg Lmpres;ion that v.I l keep
i Fpeople coming badc again and
again TLrriHahs knovs hov.' to'
itegrtate parking in jusz the n -ht
v.a, to have a possir.e impact onr
-.., the character and ec-rIonvmy of any,
SrrcommuiurmI or en.'lronrmen[


Parking is becoming

the hea rt of development

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6 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008










President's Message / Donald T. Yoshino, FAIA


Al


Publisher
Denise Dawson, Dawson Publications, Inc.
2236 Greenspring Drive
Timonium, Maryland 21093
410.560.5600 800.322.3448
Fax: 410.560.5601
Editor
Diane D. Greer
Sales Manager
Dave Patrick
Sales Representatives
Susan Foster, Thomas Happel, Rondi Coates
Graphic Design
James Colgan
Florida Caribbean Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American Institute of
Architects, is owned by the Association, a Florida cor-
poration, not for profit. ISSN-001 5-3907. It is pub-
lished four times a year and distributed through the
office of the Association, 104 E. Jefferson Street,
Tallahassee, Florida 32301. Telephone 850.222.7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessar-
ily those of AIA Florida. Editorial material may be
reprinted only with the express permission of Florida!
Caribbean Architect. Single copies, $6; Annual sub-
scription, $21.50, plus applicable sales tax.
The opinions expressed herein or the representations
made by advertisers, including copyrights and war-
ranties, are not those of Board of Directors, officers or
staff of AIA Florida Chapter, the Editor of
Florida/Caribbean Architect, or Dawson Publica-
tions, Inc., unless expressly stated otherwise.
Florida/Caribbean Architect is produced on paper that
has recycled content, and printed with green inks that
do not contain solvents and are VOC free. Alcohol
substitutes, water-miscible press washes, acid-free
paper and VOC free cleaners are used. Our printer has
eliminated the use of film and film processing and uses
waste recovery programs and EPA-licensed handlers.


I've just returned from this year's AIA
National Convention in Boston and I wanted to
update you on what's been going on the past few
months. First, on behalf of the Board and all
AIA Florida members, I would like to extend my
congratulations to Lawrence Maxwell, AIA,
Chair of the Commission on the Environment,
for his much-deserved recognition by the United
States Department of Energy and the United
States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
for his design of an energy-efficient charter
school in Brevard County. Larry is showing us
how to walk the walk! I also want to recognize Miguel Rodriguez, AIA, and
Enrique Woodroffe, FAIA, for their great campaign efforts for President-elect
and Secretary (respectively) at AIA National. I hope they continue to pursue
their leadership goals as they strive to represent Florida.
The AIA National Convention in Boston has made me even more excited
about our upcoming state Convention at the Breakers Hotel in Palm Beach,
July 30th through August 3rd. The Breakers is a fantastic venue and I hope
that all of you will be able to bring your families with you. The Convention
theme, "Step it Up: Moving Toward Our Vision," is aligned with this year's
goal of creating a five-year strategic plan, including five bold steps that will
allow the incoming leadership to have a shared vision to follow. I believe
you'll find the lineup of seminars diverse and interesting and I hope you will
enjoy the special guest speakers, including keynote speaker, visionary Paolo
Soleri. Our esteemed team of design award jurors from Argentina has select-
ed some great projects and we hope to see you at the awards ceremony.
The Executive Committee retreat in Tampa was a success and for the first
time Steve Jernigan, AIA (President 2009), Rick Logan, AIA (presumably
President 2010) and I met in the same room to discuss the strategic planning
goals for AIA Florida's future. That's three continuous years of leadership and
staff putting our heads together towards a common goal for the Association!
As we move forward, it is even more important for us to unite as a group
of knowledgeable, experienced, respected professionals and business leaders to
make a change. I would like to urge you to familiarize yourselves with the
proposed tax reduction amendment. If the amendment passes, it may require
a tax on services that will greatly impact our personal businesses and the busi-
nesses of our consultants. The AIA Florida website is an excellent source of
information on this topic and other architecturally relevant issues.
Last, as we try to further engage our associate architects and emerging
professionals, the Florida Foundation for Architecture is hosting a design
competition geared toward them. The Florida Cottage Design Competition
is asking for submittals that provide solutions for affordability, sustainability
and structural durability for the Florida region. To learn more about this com-
petition or to enter, visit the AIA Florida website.
Thank you again for your continued support and I hope to see you at our
Annual Convention!


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Work-in-Progress


16: flat, a condominium project, was designed by 13 Minute Productions.


Promenade at Universal Studios was designed by Architecture, Inc. as two unitsflanking an open courtyard.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


13 Minute Productions, Jack-
sonville, designed 16: flat, a bou-
tique condominium conceived and
developed by a collaborative group
of five Jacksonville architects and
designers. The architects, Mike
Kleinschmidt and Logan Rink, for-
merly of Rink Design, created the
project to provide a unique and envi-
ronmentally conscious living experi-
ence. The urban infill project was
designed for a challenging .19-acre
abandoned lot and is the architect's
interpretation of a multi-family
urban residence.











The AIM Office Building in Fort Myers, designed
by Architecture, Inc.

Architecture, Inc., Orlando, has
been commissioned to design
Promenade at Universal Plaza, a
mixed-use project in Orlando on the
back lot of Universal Studios. Split
between two buildings, the project
consists of 120,000 square feet of
building area with retail on the
ground floor and Class "A" profes-
sional office space on the upper
floors. The ground floor retail com-
ponent was designed around an
open courtyard featuring covered
walkways and a central fountain.
Construction will begin this fall.
Architecture, Inc. has also
designed the 60,000-square-foot AIM
office building that will serve as the
transition between 1-75 and the
nature preserve the building backs

9









up to. An exterior lobby that slices
through the middle of the building
frames views in both directions and
serves as an entry piece and public
plaza. Exterior porches are a promi-
nent feature on the building which has
a materials palette consisting of galva-
nized steel, wood, concrete and stucco.

BCArchitects AIA, Inc., Celebrat-
tion, Florida, has been named proj-
ect architect for the St. Cloud
Medical Arts and Technology Park,
anticipated to be the first LEED
certified building in St. Cloud. To
serve as a forum for the advancement
of medical and technology research
and development, the 100,000-
square-foot center at Stevens
Plantation Corporate Campus will
consist of an imaging center, surgical
center and an incubator space to be
occupied by the University of
Central Florida Technology Incubat-
ion Program. The center will also
include 50,000 square feet of med-
ical office leasing.
The proposed sustainable design Southwest entry to the St
Southwest entry to the St. i
incorporates open air circulation to courtesy ofBCArchitects A















ipo








Site plan and renderings of Deerfield Station courtesy of Dorsky Hodgson Parrish Yue.


Cloud Medical Arts and Technology Park and interior courtyard. Renderings
A, Inc.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


.








reduce heating and cooling loads,
tensile fabric roof in selected areas to
reduce lighting load, the collection
of condensation for reclaimed water,
photovoltaic cells to reduce energy
requirements and low e-glass to
reduce heat gain while increasing
natural light.

Dorsky Hodgson Parrish Yue,
Fort Lauderdale, won final site plan
approval for a $180 million Transit-
Oriented Development located in
the City of Deerfield Beach. The
project, Deerfield Station, includes
549 residential units in three build-
ings, a 140-key hotel, 36,000 square
feet of offices, 15,000 square feet of
retail space and two parking garages
totaling 1,150 parking spaces. The
proposed development is directly
connected to the Tri-rail Station in
Deerfield Beach.
The architecture of the buildings
is designed to reflect individual iden-
tity for each building and its use
within the context of a planned
development. The massing of each
building is broken down with shift-
ing of volumes enhanced by height
variation and color differentiation.
Common design elements such as hor-
izontal bandings and vertical fins are
used to subtly tie the different build-
ings in the development back together.


RLCArchitects'design for the headquarters of the Orange Bowl Committee.


RLC Architects, Boca Raton,
has been retained to design a signa-
ture headquarters building for
the Orange Bowl Committee. The
two-story building will provide
20,224 square feet of space on a 2.5-
acre site in Miami Lakes. A main fea-
ture of the building will be a land-
mark tower with the familiar Orange
Bowl Committee logo.

BSB Design, Orlando, recently
collaborated with ICI Homes to
design a feature home for the 2008
Volusia County Parade of Homes in
Ormond Beach. The Emerald at
Plantation Bay Golf & Country
Club, features the latest green con-
struction technologies, receiving one


of the highest Home Energy Rating
System (HERS) ratings in Florida.
The home nearly achieves the "net
zero energy" designation based on the
Florida Building Energy Efficiency
Rating System.
The 3,200-square-foot home
includes over 900 square feet of cov-
ered outdoor living space and utilizes
a floor plan that combines living,
dining and kitchen areas into a sin-
gle living space.


The Emerald show house, main facade and pool designed by BSB Design for ICI Homes. Photography of Front elevation @ Tony Giese, Pool image Ten United


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008











Awards


17 .. ...... 1 7



1 2 4 0 A 5 14

I 13



S10


1 FRONT PORCH 11 MECHANICAL
2 LIVING ROOM 12 ELECTRICAL PANEL/ TANKLESS HOT WATER HEATER
3 DINING ROOM 13 SHELVING ALCOVES
4 KITCHEN 14 STORAGE
BATH / LAUNDRY 5 OPERABLE SUN SHADES

SFLEX SPACE (STUDY, FAMILY ROOM, ETC.)
10 SIDE PORCH



Wilder's BARhouse Gets
International Recognition
WILDERARCHITECTURE,
INC. was recognized in the interna-
tional 99k House Competition with
an Honorable Mention Award. Five
finalists and seven honorable men-
tions were selected from over 180
entries proposing a sustainable,
affordable house that addresses the
needs of a low-income family in the
Gulf Coast region. The entries in
the Rice Design Alliance / AIA ."
Houston-sponsored competition :.

represented 29 states and 16 coun-
tries. All winning entries will be fea-
tured at the Houston Architecture
Center later this year.
Wilder's entry, entitled "BARhouse,"
is a modern version of the shotgun
house that is typically found in the
Gulf Coast Region. Conceived of as
a 20' x 70' wide bar divided into a
10' structural module, the plan
allows for a maximum amount of
interior flexibility and the ease of
off-site, pre-fabrication if desired.



East wall, section and floor plan courtesy of the architect.


12 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008











in 1990, Retzsch has worked with
fellow principals Luis Lanao, AIA,
and Juan Caycedo, AIA, to expand
the firm's portfolio to include award-
winning commercial, industrial, res-
idential, mixed-use and educational
projects throughout Florida and the
Caribbean. The firm tripled in size
between 2002 and 2004 and in 2006
was named Architects of the Year by
Builder/Architect Magazine. Recently,
RLC was listed among "Top Design
Firms" in Southeast Construction, as well
as one of the "Top 25 Design Firms" in
South Florida Business Journal.


Pictured with Basham & Lucas' winning "Canstruction" entry is the design team: Felipe Aspillaga, Vanessa
Haynes (team captain), Ryan Blackmann, Chris Commins and Eric Lanehart. Not pictured are team mem-
bers Carol Dodd, PaulJacobs and Linda Wyble.


Basham & Lucas Design
Canaveral with Can Labels
Basham & Lucas Design Group,
Jacksonville, was honored for Best Use
of Labels in the 7th Annual
Jacksonville "Canstruction" design/
build competition, a charity event ben-
efiting Second Harvest Food Bank.
Using the space program as its
inspiration, the firm designed
"Blasting Away Hunger at Cape
Canaveral," a giant eight-foot struc-
ture illustrating a space shuttle about
to take flight. As the Jacksonville Best
Use of Labels winner, the firm will
compete in the International
Construction Competition in Boston.
Basham & Lucas designed and
built the art sculpture using nearly
1,000 cans with labels reflecting a
spectrum of colors. The work was


made entirely of canned and pack-
aged food without any structural
support or props. The jurors
commented that the structure
demonstrated the team's "outside the
box" creative thinking.

RLC Founder Bruce Retzsch,
AIA, Honored
Bruce Retzsch, AIA, founder and
president of RLC Architects in Boca
Raton, was honored with the 2008
Palm Beach Ultimate CEO Award
from the South Florida Business
Journal. Retzsch was one of nine Palm
Beach County leaders to be honored
this year. The award recognizes
CEO's for their commitment to
excellence and corporate and com-
munity leadership.
Since founding RLC Architects


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


Bruce Retzsch, AIA, RLC Architects


A longtime proponent of sustain-
able design and a member of the US
Green Building Council, Retzsch
moderated the NAIOP South
Florida Chapter's first Green
Program. He has served as Principal-
in-Charge for many of the firm's
landmark projects including Lynn
Insurance Corporate Headquarters
and Office Depot Corporate
Headquarters as well as several of the
firm's LEED projects.




13









Features in Brief


Andras Allen Starr Architects,
Inc., Columbus, Georgia, in collabora-
tion with Melton Architects, Inc.,
Lakeland, is designing Granite
Commercial Center in Tampa for
National Properties Trust. The site is
easily accessible from Interstate 4 and
the Crosstown Expressway, thereby con-
necting the project to downtown Tampa
while creating easy access from St.
Petersburg, Clearwater, Bradenton and
Lakeland. The 380,000-square-foot
development includes 40,000 square feet
of retail space and 340,000 square feet of
office space. The developer wanted a
design that would express Tampa's pro-
gressiveness while maximizing views
from the site to both the waterway and
downtown. The building is intended to
act as a catalyst for the transformation of Overview of the project and courtyard perspective courtesy of the architects.
the site's current industrial development.


14 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008











Architecture, Inc., Fort
Myers, is designer of a new emer-
gency veterinary clinic that provides
comfort for both animals and their
owners. The vernacular facade and
broad porch provide a familiar and
welcoming appeal while the scale
and character of the building create
the impression of a well-established
and familiar institution.
The lobby/waiting room is light-
filled and colorful and provides
immediate access to the examination
rooms. One exam room is accessible
from the exterior for times when an


Photos of main faFade and
clinic interior by Donald
Solins II ofDon Leeman
Studios, Inc. 2008. Floorplan
courtesy of the architect.


owner prefers not to bring an animal
through the waiting room.
The placement of the exam rooms
provides separation between the wait-
ing area and the clinic, an internal
space lit naturally from high cleresto-
ry windows. The clinic space is sized
to handle a high level of activity and


the need to move large and often-
sedated pets is well accommodated.
The 7,000-square-foot facility is
equipped with two surgical rooms,
dog runs, an isolation room and an
x-ray room. All finishes are durable
including tile floors and epoxy-
painted walls and floor drains are
located throughout the entire facility
for easy cleaning.
The clinic was constructed at a
cost of $1,200,000.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008









RS&H, Jacksonville, has
designed new airport concourses for
one of the fastest growing cities in
the South. Jacksonville is moderniz-
ing its airport to keep up with grow-
ing passenger demands.The replac-
ing of Jacksonville International
Airport's Concourses A, B and C,
which were built in 1968, began in
2005 with Concourses A and C. The
concourse replacement was part of an
overall airport improvement plan
that began in 2000 and was designed
with the intention of providing a
gateway to the city, expressive of
Jacksonville's economic, cultural and
community life. The project
includes a 2,400-space daily parking


garage, modification of the existing
garage to an hourly facility with a
state-of-the-art space locator system,
a pedestrian accessway with power
walks and escalators, roadway and
surface parking expansion, a fully
integrated, thoroughly checked bag-
gage explosive detection system (the
first of its kind in the nation), a cen-
tralized security checkpoint expan-
sion area and three new 10-gate con-
courses.
When completed, the new con-
courses, highlighted by their barrel-
vaulted ceilings, will total 225,000
square feet, providing an increase of
70 percent more space than the older
ones. They are designed to be wider,


taller and brighter than the previous
ones and will feature more conces-
sions and amenities. Concourses A
and C will be completed in
November 2008 with Concourse B
completed in May of 2009.
Collectively, they will hold 30 gates.
Jacksonville International Airport
accommodates over six million pas-
sengers per year. It returned to its pre-
911 passenger volume two years ago,
proving to be one of the most resilient
airports in the country. The new
facility will be roomier and brighter
with an 80-foot skylight that traverses
the length of the concourse. It will
also be more energy-efficient.


Aerial view ofthe new concourses courtesy of the architect.

16


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008































Luis Revuelta, AIA, RVL
Architects, Miami, is designer of
Regatta 2, the second phase of an
earlier Miami Beach development.
Located in the now trendy North
Beach (NoBe) section of Miami
Beach, Regatta 2 sits right on the
Intracoastal Waterway, one block
from the Atlantic Ocean. Sited in an
area that is hailed for the architectur-


includes Caesar's Palace in Las
Vegas), will be retained and incorpo-
rated into a recreation room for the
new facility. The seven-story, $45
million project is slated for comple-
tion in March 2010.
With its sweeping curvilinear
design, the building takes its direc-
tion from the MiMo structures that
have become Miami Beach's archi-


al renaissance it is undergoing,
Regatta 2 is a condominium that is
being hailed for its fusing of con-
temporary design with historic
Miami Modern (MiMo) architec-
ture. The facade of the Queen
Elizabeth, designed by architect
Melvin Grossman (whose work


tectural legacy. Architect Luis
Revuelta, who was recently named
"Architect of the Year" by the AIA
Miami Chapter, took inspiration
from the past and updated it.
Inspired by the concept of a vessel at
sea, the building features marine ele-
ments, clean geometric lines and


Marina, street facades and plan for Regatta 2 sup-
plied by RVL Architects.

curves that soften the aesthetic and
mimic the movement of the water.
There are to be 115 waterfront
residences with unit size ranging
from 651 to 2,267 square feet. The
penthouses have private rooftop ter-
races. Beyond the luxurious ameni-
ties of heated swimming pool, interi-
or courtyard with reflecting pools
and waterfalls and state-of-the-art
fitness center, the building is being
fitted with floor-to-ceiling hurri-
cane-proof windows, high efficiency
heat and air-conditioning systems
and fire protection system.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008





































Perspectives and interior view courtesy ofBeijing HHCP Consulting, Inc.


Beijing HHCP Consult-
ing, Inc., Beijing, China, has creat-
ed a design for the new Shenyang
Cultural Arts Center in Shenyang,
China. In 2003, Helman
Hurley Charvat Peaock/
Architects, Inc. estab-
lished an office in Beijing
to better accommodate
the firm's growing list of
Chinese clients and proj-
ects. In addition to
extending the firm's global
reach, China's Design
Institute is working under
HHCP's direction, a first
for an American design
company and one that enables the
firm to maintain a high level of quali-
ty control over its China projects.
The Center's two large concert
halls, with a combined seating
capacity of 1,750, were designed in a
back-to-back arrangement with the


two stages sharing a central back-
stage service spine. In addition to
establishing a new trend in function-
ality, this strategy gives each concert


hall it own specific lobby at opposite
ends of the building, resulting in an
organized separation of the audi-
ences and a unique identity for each
performance venue.
The HHCP architects approached
the design of the Center in much the


same way that one would craft a fine
musical instrument. The polished
wood finishes of the paired concert
halls were inspired by the wooden
acoustical chamber of a
mandolin. Those funda-
mental contours also
influenced the perform-
ance halls' distinctive
forms. An undulating glass
case encapsulates the halls,
forming the lobbies and
circulation spaces while
providing splendid views of
the City of Beijing across
the river.
The artistic composi-
tion of a solid mass within a trans-
parent shell becomes a dramatic
architectural feature both day and
night, coupling beautiful aesthetics
with magnificent acoustics.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008









Skirball Group, Inc.,
Sarasota, is designer of the Sterling
Park Office Building in Sarasota.
The design goal for this new office
building was to get abundant natural
light into the work environment.
Designed to be leased as general and
medical office space for up to eight
tenants, the building totals about
14,000 square feet. The office space
can be combined and configured in
multiple ways because there are no
structural walls inside the office areas.
Originally conceptualized as a
simple glass wall closing off the space
created by the concrete end walls
and roof, the building was modified
to include offsets between the tenant
spaces. As finalized, the building
steps in and out at the points divid-
ing the tenant spaces, thus clearly
defining them on the exterior.
Architects Philip Skirball, AIA,
and James Piachuk, Associate AIA,
capitalized on the north-facing
frontage by making the wall entirely
glass. In order to maximize the
delivery of natural light to interior
spaces on the second floor, the roof
over those spaces was raised to allow
for clerestory windows between the


various roof planes. The east, west
and south-facing windows are pro-
tected from direct sun penetration by
concrete eyebrow sunshades. These
shades are part of the structure of the
building and using concrete turned
out to very cost-effective.
The top of the elevator shaft will
have a cylindrical etched glass
enclosure that will be internally lit
by a programmable, energy-efficient,
light-emitting diode system that is
able to create limitless combinations of
colors. This colored "light sculpture"
will add some decoration to the other-
wise minimalist building and make it


easily recognizable from the road.
All glass in the building will be
treated with a metallic coating that
will allow 75 percent of the natural
light to enter, but will keep most of
the radiant energy out. Glass is also
impact and hurricane-resistant.
Other energy-efficient/sustainable
features include building orientation
to reduce the cooling load, a white
roof to reflect sunlight and individu-
ally controlled air-conditioning sys-
tems. Driveway and parking spaces
were sited to save trees and provide
shade for west-facing glass.


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North elevation and northwest cormer Renderings courtesy of the architect. Construction photos courtesy ofthe architect.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


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Courtenay House delray beach
Currie Sowards Aguila Architects, Delray Beach, Florida


In 1955, Architect Paul Rudolph
designed a vacation home that is
now listed on the National Register
of Historic Places. In 1980, the
house underwent its first major
change under the direction of archi-
tect Robert G. Currie, FAIA.
Because of Rudolph's prominence,
it's worthy of noting that the addi-
tion was made with Rudolph's bless-
ing. It's also of interest that the two
architects already had a connection
in that Rudolph was a student of
Bob Currie's late father, Leonard J.
Currie, FAIA, when he taught at
Harvard Graduate School.
The 1980 addition to the house
involved jacking up the original
structure by cutting and splicing "I"
beam sections to the columns to
allow space for the addition below.


The original vacation house designed by Paul Rudolph in 1955. Photographer unknown. Opposite page: View
of the north elevation. Photo by C.J. Walker.


The new portion provided a sitting
room and an additional bedroom
and bath with a balcony above on


the north side.
In 2008, Bob Currie made a sec-
ond addition of 1,200 square feet to


The first addition designed by Robert G. Currie in 1980. Photo by Robert G.Currie.

20


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008









































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the house. Located at the rear of the
site, the intent of the new addition
was to be unobtrusive and non-
impacting, respecting Rudolph's
original structure. The geometry of
the latest design provides for open
views from both the addition and
the existing house. The addition is
comprised of a master suite, artist's
studio and elevator. It offers a clear
contrast to the original Rudolph
design and is connected only by a
transparent pedestrian bridge.
Natural lighting illuminates the inte-
rior through clerestory windows and
operable windows were provided for
cross ventilation.







Interior gallery, above. Right: Detail of the bridge
connection viewed from the east. Photos by C..
Walker.


22


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


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Project Credits: Robert G. Currie,
FAIA: Architect; McCarthy &
Associates, Inc.: Structural
Engineers; Thompson Youngross
Engineering Consultants: MEP
Engineers; Moraca Builders Inc.:
Contractor; Virginia W.
Courtenay, FASID: Interior
Designer and Owner.


Top: West elevation
showing the glass con-
nection, the elevator
shaft and entry Photo
by Robert G. Currie.
Bottom: Site plan and
first floor plan courtesy
of the architect.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008









Angelo & Son's Restaurant panacea
Hammond Design Group, Tallahassee, Florida


The newly redesigned Angelo & Son's Restaurant sits over the Ochlockonee Bay. Photographed from the Panacea Bridge by Betsy Barfield.


For the residents of Leon, Wakulla
and Franklin Counties, Angelo &
Son's Restaurant is a tradition.
Perched on pilings and jutting out
into the Ochlockonee Bay, this well-
known seafood restaurant has long
been a favorite Gulf Coast dining spot.
At least it was a favorite dining spot
until July 10, 2005, when Hurricane
Dennis hit the Florida Panhandle as a
Category 3 storm, causing $2.23 bil-


lion in damages. The photos accompa-
nying this article tell the story. When
the storm was over, there was nothing
of the restaurant left standing but a few
timbers and a sign.
The restaurant's history, particu-
larly as relates to its original con-
struction, is an interesting one. The
current owner's father originally
owned the bay bottom and the struc-
ture was built over the water to elude


early alcohol restrictions. In the
1950s, the State of Florida enacted
the Butler Act in which it reclaimed
the submerged land, but the State
returned the land immediately
beneath the building to its owners.
When the current owners of the
restaurant, Angelo and Arlene
Petrandis, decided to rebuild after
Hurricane Dennis, they knew that
building over water was fraught with


_ r7! _-- ... - -." -


Left: Waves crashing against the back deck during Hurricane Dennis. The deck, which was part of the dining area, was completely destroyed. Right: The photo ofthe
Angelo's parking lot was taken during Hurricane Dennis. Photos by Angelo Petrandis.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008








































problems, not the least of which is
getting flood insurance.
The new Angelo's has the same
footprint as the original. It is con-


structed on concrete pilings buried
approximately 30 feet deep. The
building has a hollow core precast
floor slab and a wall system of precast


concrete with a 3-inch Styrofoam
sandwich panel. The precast wall
panels support steel frame trusses and
a standard metal pan roof deck. The
building is designed to tolerate winds
of approximately 160 miles per hour
and it was raised an additional three
feet above the federal flood elevation
for that location.
In late August 2007, the 18,000-
square-foot restaurant reopened with
a new interior that boasts 28,000
board feet of pecky cypress.

Project Credits: Hammond
Design Group, Bret Hammond,
AIA, ASLA: Architect; Dimitri
Company: General Contractor;
Sound Structures Engineering,
Inc.: Structural Engineer; Winton
Engineering, Inc.:
Mechanical/Plumbing Engineer;
Applied Research & Design:
Electrical Engineer.


Above: Photo of interior reception area by Rhonda Hammond. All interior walls are pecky cypress as they were
in the original restaurant. Below: Restaurant seating plan courtesy of the architect.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008









Alliance Francaise Village miami
Helmuth, Obata & Kassabaum, Inc., (HOK) Miami, Florida


The Alliance Franqaise Village
project encompassed the renovation
and conversion of two pre-existing
buildings a 5,000-square-foot, one-
story warehouse and a 6,000-square-
foot, two-story industrial building.
The project included construction of
a new 5,000-square-foot addition and
related site work.
The facility is the new home for a
not-for-profit organization whose
mission is to promote the French
language and culture through the
operation of a language school and
other educational activities. This
renovation project transformed the
two existing buildings into an educa-
tional center that houses 14 class-
rooms, a reception area/lobby atri-


um, a library, bookstore, multi-pur-
pose/event space, meeting rooms, a
catering kitchen and a retail compo-
nent for six tenants. The facility fea-
tures new and reinforced structural
support systems, a custom storefront,
new MEPS systems, a hydraulic eleva-
tor, zinc cabinetry and shelving and an
energy recovery HVAC system.
The design challenge was to eco-
nomically rehabilitate two old indus-
trial structures in order to accommo-
date new uses and create an exciting,
fresh image for the Center. This was
accomplished by housing the entry
between two bold towers, red and
blue, transected by the strong diago-
nal slope of the new white metal
roof. The entrance, reception and


sidewalk cafe are situated in the new
addition. This design approach was
employed to avoid having the equip-
ment, infrastructure, elevator and
stairs intersecting the floors of the
pre-existing structures. The new
elevator and restrooms are housed in
the towers. The iconic power of the
towers and the new roof echo the
blue, white and red of the flags flying
in the forecourt.
According to HOK, "maximizing
the use of natural light was impor-
tant in the design concept." The
existing clerestory windows in the
classrooms were replaced with
impact windows of the same config-
uration. The glass doors to the
classrooms allow borrowed light to


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008




















Opposite page: The forecourt and main entry to the
new cultural center. All photos @Wilk Marketing
Communications. Images courtesy ofMcGowan
Builders, Inc. Above: The atrium features sealed
concrete floors and walls painted in the colors of the
French flag. The space houses a zinc-clad reception
desk, a small conference room and a French cafe.


spill out into the corridor.
The interior glass walls and doors of
the classrooms and offices allow
views and light from the corridors.
When budget constraints required
that some exterior storefront win-
dows be omitted from the lobby
space, individual eight-inch by
eight-inch glass blocks were installed
instead. The north-facing, two-story
storefront of the entrance lobby also
allows much natural light into the
caf6 and reception areas with mini-
mal glare and heat gain.

Project Credits: Hellmuth, Obata
& Kassabaum, Inc.: Architect,
Interior Designer; McGowan
Builders, Inc.: General Contractor;
Bliss & Nyitray, Inc.: Structural
Engineer; SDM Consulting
Engineers: MEP Engineer; EAC
Consulting, Inc.: Civil Engineer.












The mezzanine balcony overlooks the entrance
atrium, photo top, and cafi, bottom.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT 27
summer 2008









Mori Hosseini College of Hospitality Management,
Daytona Beach College (DBC) daytona beach
FLA/Florida Architects, Inc., Orlando, Florida


Main facade of the College of Hospitality Management. All photos by Joseph Lapeyra Photography. Opposote page: Lobby and reception areafor the hospitality program.


Designing a facility to house three
separate academic programs and a
world-class photography museum in
one building was the imperative that
drove the design of the new Mori
Hosseini College of Hospitality
Management at DBC. The new
70,590-square-foot, $23 million
building goes a long way toward
establishing DBC's programs as a
major educational force in the area.
Critical to the success of the proj-
ect was that it create an environment
that accurately reflects the hospitality
workplace. To that end, the building
facade is articulated in curved forms
of sandy-toned stucco capped with a
tile roof and presenting the appear-
ance of an updated Mediterranean
Revival design. Signature details,
including oversized corbels, concrete


balustrades and an outdoor
loggia, help define the building's
Mediterranean theme. An addition-


al accent is the man-made water fea-
ture that is prominently sited near
the main entrance to the campus.


Plan courtesy of the architects.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008

















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and cinema events. The far end of
the lobby contains the Grand
Ballroom which opens onto a terrace
that can be used for alfresco dining.
The ballroom connects to nearly
11,260 square feet of dining and
cooking/teaching space dedicated to
the Culinary Management Program.
The Culinary Program is served
by two teaching kitchens/food labo-
ratories that are located behind the
dining space. Additionally, a
demonstration kitchen features full
broadcast capabilities.
The main entrance to the Mori
Hosseini Center Southeast Museum
of Photography is located in the rear
facade and identified by a porte
cochere that is illuminated by an
interchangeable LED signage panel.
Here the Center's signature icon, a
stylized camera shutter/ribbon of
film, appears as a window design.
This motif is repeated in flooring
and wrought irons details through-
out the space.
In a departure from the rest of
the building, the Museum features a
contemporary decor that mirrors the
contemporary nature of the exhibi-
tions. An overall neutral palette pro-
vided continuity with the surround-
ing space, while materials like glass
tile, wood floors and white painted


Kitchen and adjacent classroom for Hospitality and Culinary programs.


The main entry to the building
opens into the Grand Lobby of the
facility's hotel component, a training
facility that houses multiple confer-
ence areas and guest rooms that func-
tion exactly like actual accommoda-
tions in a resort setting, but are uti-
lized for training purposes only.
Throughout the interior of the
ground floor lobby, ballroom and
dining spaces, an iconic palette of
Mediterranean-inspired materials
was used, including ceramic tile, cast
stone, rusticated wood and wrought
iron, all of which is countered by fur-


nishings with clean lines. An interi-
or stone fountain, a working fireplace
with stone surround, wrought iron
chandeliers and a curved, cast stone
staircase add to the overall feeling of
elegance in the lobby.
To serve the Hospitality and
Culinary Programs, the lobby con-
nects to 6,200 square feet of general
classroom space, including two dual-
purpose lab spaces. A proscenium-
style theatre off the lobby provides a
multi-functional space that serves as
a teaching venue as well as a screen-
ing room for museum exhibitions


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


Lobby fireplace.



























Above: Entry to the Southeast Museum of Photography and gallery seating and stair in museum. Below: Grand Staircase in lobby.


walls lend an industrial edge. The
main components of the space
include expanded single and two-
story display areas, including a desig-
nated permanent collection area and
faculty offices. The second floor of
the Museum is accessed via a sculp-
tural steel staircase with terrazzo
treads and glass risers accented with
retro-style pendant lights. There is
also ample "back of the house" space
for use in exhibit preparation. The
theatre space that is connected to the
hotel lobby also provides a multi-
functional teaching/gathering area
for presenting exhibit openings, gala
fundraising and special events.

Project Credits: FLA/Florida
Architects, Inc.: Architecture,
Interior Design; Cape Design
Engineering: MEP, Structural
Engineers; Zev Cohen &
Associates, Inc.: Civil Engineers;
Nodarse & Associates:
Geotechnical/Testing; PPI:
Contractor; Designs, Furnishings
& Equipment, Inc.: Kitchen
Contractor.







florida / caribbean ARCHITECT 31
summer 2008










STH Architectural Group, Inc.
Celebrating 40 Years of Good Design


STHArchitectural Group, Standing L to R: Jim Guerriero, Associate; Ignacio Reyes, AIA, Senior Associate; Mark Ugowski, AIA, Senior Associate; Robert Thomas, AIA,
LEED, Senior Associate; Michael Gotwalt, Senior Associate; Fernando Del Dago, AIA, LEED Senior Associate; John Mezzetta, Senior Associate. Seated L to R: Brenda
Morgan, Controller; Ron Wiendl, AIA, Design Director and Senior Associate; William A. Hanser,AIA, Principal; Paul M. Twitty AIA, Principal; Carson Wright, AIA
Vice President. Photo by Hayes Photography.


Though its name has changed sev-
eral times in the past 40 years, STH
Architectural Group, Inc. has remained
true to its founding philosophy of cre-
ating environments, not structures.
The cornerstone of the practice
that Paul M. Twitty, AIA, and Ronald
D.Schwab, AIA, founded in West
Palm Beach in 1968, was, and has
always been, client service. The two
young architects combined their tal-
ents to form Schwab & Twitty
Architects, Inc. Recognized for its
innovative design of private residences,
condominium towers, clubhouses,
public buildings and office towers, the
firm's work had a strong influence on
the South Florida skyline.


On the eve of its 20th anniversary
in 1987, the founding partners,
together with then-Executive Vice
President William A. Hanser, AIA,
established Schwab, Twitty & Hanser
Architectural Group, Inc., and desig-
nated Bill Hanser the president.
Proud of its planning and design
accomplishments, STH responds
enthusiastically to new challenges.
The firm's work encompasses the full
spectrum of design with projects
throughout the U.S. and the
Caribbean. Its diverse design capa-
bilities have enabled STH to effec-
tively weather 40 years of economic
highs and lows and to maintain its
position as one of Florida's leading


architectural organizations.
STH has an active staff of 50
employees, some of whom have been
with the firm since it was estab-
lished. Over the years, the princi-
pals, associates and a dedicated core
of talented individuals have wel-
comed and mentored creative new-
comers who continually provide
innovative ideas and modern con-
cepts for each new project.
STH embraces a philosophy of
creating spaces that enhance the
living environment. The firm's
headquarters in West Palm Beach
was designed to reflect the dramatic
architectural style for which it has
become known. The space includes


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008



















































































Palm Beach Atlantic University DeSantis Chapel, West Palm Beach. Photo by TD Photography.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT 33
summer 2008



















individual glass offices that admit
natural light, conference rooms and
a full in-house graphics depart-
ment, a staff training room and
state-of-the-art telecommunications.
Sustainable principles including using
renewable bamboo flooring, low
VOC carpet and an energy manage-
ment lighting system are an impor-
tant part of the building design.
In addition to its expertise in
multi-family residential design, the
firm's direction has evolved to
include high profile complex struc-
tures such as educational, bioscience
and religious facilities, as well as
master plans for on-going and
expanding projects.
Innovative educational facilities
designed by STH include the
Workforce Training Center at Palm
Beach Community College, the
Florida Atlantic University Student
Center in Boca Raton, the Institute
for Public Safety Building at
Broward Community College and
the Physical Science Building at
Florida Institute of Technology in
Melbourne, which boasts the state's
largest telescope.
STH has expanded its expertise
to respond to the needs of the
biotech world, including the design
of two buildings for the Scripps
Research Institute on the campus of
Florida Atlantic University in Jupiter
and five prototype science laboratory
facilities for Florida's Community
College system. Currently, the new
Florida Atlantic University (FAU)
Engineering and Computer Science
Building is being designed with the


34


Top, left and right: Palm Beach Community College Workforce Training Center, Lake Worth, Florida. Photos
by TD Photography. Above: Northbridge Center, West Palm Beach. Photo by Chuck Wilkins Photography.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


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goal of being the first university
structure in Florida to receive
Platinum LEED certification.
The list of churches and religious
facilities designed by STH numbers
more than 50 and includes many
exceptionally large campuses. At over
460,000 square feet, Idlewild Baptist
Church in Lutz, Florida is one of the
largest churches in the state with a
5,600-seat worship center.
The recipient of many local,
regional and national design awards,
STH is particularly honored to be
recognized by its peers as it was in
2003 when it was named Firm of the
Year by the Palm Beach Chapter of
the AIA. In 2005, founding partner
and CEO Paul M. Twitty received the
AIA Palm Beach Gold Medal. "Our
philosophy," he said, "embraces cre-
ativity and client service.













Humanities Building, Palm Beach Community
College, Boca Raton campus. Photo by NY Focus.

We are in the business of creating
environments, not buildings, and
these environments respond to, and
affect, the way people live, play, learn
and conduct business. We want our
designs to be our legacy to the com-
munities where we live and every-
where we are privileged to work."



Top: Broward Community College Institute of
Public Safety Davie, Florida. Photo by NY Focus.
Middle: Florida Atlantic University Student
Center, Boca Raton. Photo by TD Photography.
Bottom: Idlewild Baptist Church, Lutz, Florida.
Photo by Leffitead Photography All photos used
courtesy ofSTH Architectural Group.


35


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2008 Legislative Wrap Up
Vicki Long, CAE, Executive


Vice President


SALES TAX ON SERVICES
The 2008 legislative season was
the tale of at least two concurrent
legislative sessions. One consisted of
duly elected legislators (with election
year jitters) who were forced to
struggle with billions of dollars in
budget shortfalls and stagnant eco-
nomic growth. The other session
included the obscure but power-
ful Tax and Budget Reform
Commission (TBRC).
The TBRC is composed of 29
appointees tasked with "imagineer-
ing" Florida tax policy changes. Of
the 29, only 25 can vote. The other
four are legislators who may attend
meetings, opine on issues and submit
proposals, but they do not have a
vote. Under Florida's Constitution,
the TBRC, which is established every
20 years, has the power to draft and,
with 17 affirmative votes, place con-
stitutional amendments relating to
Florida tax policy on the ballot for
voter approval. Unfortunately, in
Florida, we know that once an issue is
placed on the ballot, approval is gen-
erally assured...witness our constitu-
tional protection of pregnant pigs.


Beginning in 2007, the TBRC
met throughout the state in town
hall-type meetings. Through that
period, commissioners heard public
testimony and citizen complaints
about Florida's property tax struc-
ture. As a result, after months of tes-
timony, CP0002 was proposed by
past Senate President and current
Commissioner John McKay. As first
drafted, CP0002 was unpalatable
but straightforward. It called for a
constitutional amendment repealing
(sun setting) exemptions and exclu-
sions from sales taxes as a replace-
ment for ad valorem taxes. In other
words, the proposal would force cre-
ation of a sales tax on services.
As many member architects
recall, in 1986, the Legislature levied
a tax on services that proved disas-
trous and was repealed in less than
six months. Since that time, McKay
has attempted to institute a service
tax no less than four times.
AIA Florida has a long history of
opposing service taxes due to inher-
ent problems and inequities in the
concept. To date, concerns with the
pyramiding of taxes, duplication of
taxes and unfair advantages to


Mickey Jacob, AIA


out-of-state architects and to larger
firms have not been resolved.
Consequently, AIA Florida joined
forces with the Coalition to Protect
Florida's Economy in order to edu-
cate members of the TBRC and to
fiercely oppose CP0002. Mickey
Jacob, AIA, Sen. Charlie Clary, III,
FAIA, former Senator Winston E.
(Bud) Gardner, Jr., PE., LEED AP,
General Counsel, J. Michael Huey,
Hon. AIA., and Jodie Dodson, AIA,
all provided testimony about the
harmful impacts a tax on architec-
tural services would have on the pro-
fession, the clients it serves and the
Florida economy.
In testimony, Jacob stated that,
"This amendment would cause a
seven percent decrease in the services
architects would provide. It would
double -- if not triple -- taxes on the
same services. The effect would be on
more than business, but also on the
employees' daily lives." (see video clip
of full testimony atwww.aiafla.org)
Based on his first-hand experi-
ence as a member of the Legislature
in 1987, and unfortunate imple-
mentor of the ill-fated service tax bill
at that time, Gardner warned of the
dangerous waters the TBRC was
entering (see sidebar). The complex-
ities and intricacies of enacting a
service tax could not, in his estima-
tion, be overstated.
The groundswell of opposition and
the educational efforts appeared to be
making an impact. A battle between
economist, Hank Fishkind, Ph.D. and
competing economist, Tony Villamil,
Ph.D., former head the Office of
Tourism, Trade and Economic
Development under Governor Jeb
Bush, created doubt about the fallout
of a service tax with two diametrically
opposed economic conclusions.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008









Fishkind told panel members
that a reduction of ad valorem taxes
would spur a sluggish economy and
flatten the "volatility" of Florida's
current sales-based tax reliance. He
predicted that by the fifth year of the
tax switch, the proposal should cre-
ate more than 72,000 new jobs and
stimulate $7 billion in additional
construction. Furthermore, it would
attract 56,000 new residents requir-
ing the construction of 20,000 new
homes. Villamil, however, stood by
his earlier findings and testimony
that a service tax would kill over
50,000 jobs in the state and create a
$3 billion loss in personal income in
just a few years.
The commissioners were shaken.
They admitted fear about the nega-
tive impact of a service tax but reit-
erated their desire to provide proper-


ty tax relief. Finance and Tax
Committee Chair Susan Story,
President and CEO of Gulf Power,
said she believed a service tax would
decimate Florida's small businesses,
which lack staff to perform, in-
house, many of the services on which
they rely, but would be taxed under
CP0002. "I think more small busi-
nesses will fail with the services tax,"
she said. "I absolutely do. And I think
those people will be out of a job."
The plan was sputtering and
looked like it just might die when,
an amendment proposed by
Commissioner Patricia Levesque
revived the proposal. Her amend-
ment required the repeal of the
required local effort (RLE) for
school funding, as did CP0002,
however, it also directed the
Legislature to replace it with rev-


enues generated by a repeal of sales
tax exemptions; by an increase in the
sales tax rate of up to one cent; by
reductions in state spending; by
increased revenues that might result
from economic growth attributable
to lower property taxes; and by
"other revenues identified or created
by the Legislature."
At first blush, the proposal that
would trim 25-30 percent off prop-
erty taxes while holding education
harmless seemed like a workable res-
olution. However, upon analysis, it
became painfully obvious the pro-
posal would still force taxes on serv-
ices. Here's the math. For lawmakers
to restore the $8-$11 billion RLE for
schools, increasing the sales tax by a
penny would raise about $3 billion,
eliminating some of the state's 246
sales tax exemptions-minus the


w s te p l pa f
Garne on beal of th arhtcua and eniern professI Iions. I


Dear Commissioner:

As former Chairman of the House Committee on
Finance and Taxation and actually the author of the
legislation that created the "Tax on Services" in 1987,
I have followed the deliberations of the Tax and
Budget Reform Commission, Finance and Taxation
Committee with regard to the constitutional imposi-
tion of a sales tax on services with great interest. I
have the greatest respect for Senator John McKay and
his dedication to this cause. While I understand the
current concerns regarding the state budget and econ-
omy, I believe the imposition of a tax on services by
constitutional amendment is a dangerous approach to
achieve tax reform.
In 1986, Governor Bob Graham signed into law
the sunset of all tax exemptions, including services.
In 1987, I was given the task of dealing with it. It's
an experience I would not want to repeat. There are a
number of similarities between the 1986 sunset legis-
lation and CP0002. As in most cases, the devil is in
the details. I'm sure Senator McKay will point out


that these details will be addressed by the Legislature
after passage of the constitutional amendment. I
remain skeptical.
The revenue generated by any individual service as
presented to the Commission comes directly from the
Florida Tax Handbook and does not assume any "Sale
for Resale" provision as provided for in the sales tax
on tangible personal property (TPP). That creates
double and triple taxation which is counterproductive
to business development and discriminatory to small
service providers who must team to compete with
large service providers. If the "Sale for Resale" provi-
sion is included, the revenue generated will be sub-
stantially reduced from that presented.
The 1986 sunset legislation had no definition
of "services." While some reference is made in
CP0002 to the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS), the absence of
a specific definition allows broad interpretation
by the Department of Revenue, which in turn
will allow for taxes to be imposed that were
never considered by the Legislature in its


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008










reviews. In 1987, for example, the DOR esti-
mated $30 million would be raised from
sources not yet identified.
Should the tax on services be imposed simi-
larly to the tax on TPP as preferred by the
DOR the result will be the same as with the
lack of specific definition of "Services." Until
this issue was addressed in 1987, for example,
the DOR would have imposed the sales tax on
interest on loans including home mortgage and
pass book savings.
The absence of an apportionment formula
that allocates the tax to out-of-state service
providers for services consumed within Florida
will place in-state service providers at a sub-
stantial competitive disadvantage.
There are numerous examples of businesses
which, by simply changing their business plan,
can completely escape the tax.
There are numerous service providers who
cannot pass the tax along to the consumer of
the service.
There are the questions regarding taxing the
imputed value of services or barter transac-
tions.
The last item I'll mention is advertising.
There is no question that during the short
duration the tax on services was in place, mil-
lions of dollars in taxes were lost to the State of
Florida and multi-millions of dollars in busi-
ness revenue was lost. It took several years to
recover from conventions being cancelled (by
organizations opposed to the service tax).

Associated Press, June 20, 1987
Ad tax
Hotels face cancellations in protest move


The number of organizations pulling con-
ventions and meetings out of Florida hotels
is growing as the national business commu-
nity protests the state's 5 percent on
advertising ....
. "Some areas were disproportionately
hard hit, like northeast Florida. The (can-
cellations) are not just for 1987. They go
until 1991."

Unfortunately there is very little institutional
knowledge remaining in the Legislature except for
business lobbyists and some professional staff. That's
who will control the review process resulting from
CP0002.
On a more personal note, I am President and Chief
Operating Officer of a 400+ person engineering firm
headquartered in Orlando. If the "Sale for Resale" pro-
vision is not adopted, this proposal will hurt my firm
as well as all other engineering firms based in Florida.
We will also be put in a substantial competitive disad-
vantage with firms from outside of Florida if the
apportionment formula provision is omitted.
Unfortunately, I believe members of the legislature will
be inclined to leave the details to professional staff who
have little experience in the business world.
I strongly urge you to vote NO for CP0002. It's
already been proven to be bad for Florida.


Yours truly,

Winston E. Gardner, Jr., PE., LEED AP
President/Chief Operating Officer
Florida House of Representatives 1978-88
Florida Senate 1988-92


exemptions of food, medicine,
health services, residential rents,
electricity and heating fuel-would
raise about $1.6 billion. The only
way to make up the necessary $4 to
$6 billion would be to tax currently
untaxed services.
AIA Florida sent an electronic
call to action to the membership
which resulted in AIA members
inundating the TBRC commission-


ers' e-mail boxes and phone lines
asking the commissioners to re-think
the proposal and its potential cata-
strophic consequences. Editorials
penned by President Don Yoshino,
FAIA, were circulated to all the
major media outlets and appeared in
markets from Miami to Tallahassee.
At the end of the day on April
24, the TBRC voted 18 to 7 to
approve CP0002 for inclusion on


the 2008 ballot. AIA Florida will be
working with its partners to fight the
issue in the courts, where appropri-
ate, and to educate voters about the
consequences of voter approval of
the measure.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008









2008 Legislative Wrap Up (con't)


BOAID
On Tuesday, March 25, HB
5047 was first published as a pro-
posed committee bill at approxi-
mately 4:30 p.m., with no fanfare or
previous discussions. In its original
form, the bill deleted authorization
for the Board of Architecture and
Interior Design (BOAID) to private-
ly contract for investigatory and dis-
ciplinary services. As a result, those
functions would fall back into the
purview of the Department of
Business and Professional Regulation
(DBPR). The one sentence bill was
scheduled to be heard before the
Jobs and Entrepreneurial Council in
less than 48 hours!
AIA Florida members were
immediately galvanized into action
via an urgent call-to-action e-mail
blast to the membership. Calls
began pouring in and letters were e-
mailed and faxed to members of the
Council in opposition to the bill. By
the next morning, every member of
the Council had been contacted and
lobbied by concerned practitioners.
Legislators were reminded that,
after many years of support from
AIA Florida, in 2002, CS/HB 1301
had been approved and delegated the
investigatory and enforcement func-
tions of both licensed and unli-
censed activities to a private provider
and since that time, the program has
been a huge success. Consequently,
HB 5047 just didn't make financial
sense. Here's why. Within the first
56 months under contract, the ven-
dor providing these services collected
$1,395,902.08 in fines and costs.
Therefore, the net cost to the Board
for the services averages
$191,240.76 a year. DBPR, howev-
er, estimated it would cost the state
approximately $300,000 to provide


the same service.
Since privatization, the number
of complaints filed each year has
nearly doubled, and the average
number of cases in which legal suffi-
ciency was found has risen three
times. Probable cause findings have
also risen six fold, and fines coll-
ected have risen from $50,280 to
$676,927.
Architects and interior designers
regulated under BOAID asked for
this privatized system in order to
facilitate faster response rates to
complaints of unethical and/or unli-
censed activities. Under the current
system, the phones are answered and
complaints are investigated and vig-
orously prosecuted.
According to AIA Florida
President Donald T. Yoshino, FAIA,
"We were sympathetic to Legislators
struggling with the difficult econo-
my and we understood that BOAID
might have to weather a budget cut.
Certainly, budget cuts in the billions
were taking place across the board
due to the harsh economic times. We
were willing to pay our fair share in


budget reductions too. We just felt it
was imperative that the good system
developed over the past few years
remain in place."
Eventually, the sponsor, Repre-
sentative Ron Reagan (R-Sarasota),
agreed to keep the program intact
but was firm that the program would
face a budget cut. On the House
floor, Reagan said he had heard from
architects loud and clear and that he
was "waiving the white flag" in sur-
render on the issue.
On April 22, BOAID was finally
funded at $425,000, a $100,000 cut
to its budget, and was replaced with
conforming language requiring addi-
tional financial reporting. Finally,
the language repealing BOAID's
authority to outsource the investiga-
tions and prosecutions died on the
vine.

ENERGY
Last year's energy legislation
(CS/HB 7123), as readers will recall,
included, among myriad other
issues, a tax holiday for the purchase
of energy-efficient appliances, a


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


























Left to Right: Dan Kirby, AIA; Rep. David Simmons (R-Altamonte Springs); Rebecca Talbert, Assoc. ALA;
Michael Lingerfelt, AIA; and Nathan Butler, ALA.


mandate to build energy efficient
state-owned buildings that meet
environmental standards from sus-
tainable materials, requirements that
all county municipal and public
community college buildings be
constructed to meet the USGBC
LEED rating system, Green
Building Initiative's Green Globes
rating system or a nationally recog-
nized high-performance green build-
ing rating system as approved by
the Department of Management
Services (DMS), and finally, was
amended to include the Green
Schools Pilot Project. Unfortunately,
the bill was vetoed by Governor Crist
for "not going far enough."
This year, Representative Stan
Mayfield (R-Vero Beach), an engi-
neer and a school facilities Assistant
Superintendent, and the powerful
Chairman of the House Environ-
ment and Natural Resources
Council, again took the lead on the
omnibus energy bill that was
approved in the final week of
Session. The bill amends the
"Florida Energy Conservation and
Sustainability in Buildings Act of
1974" and states that "operating and
maintenance expenditures associated
with energy equipment and with
energy consumed in state-financed


and leased buildings represent a sig-
nificant cost over the life of a build-
ing. Energy conserved by appropriate
building design not only reduces the
demand for energy but also reduces
costs for building operation."
The bill requires that buildings
constructed and financed by the
state are to be designed and con-
structed in compliance with the
United States Green Building
Council (USGBC), Leadership in
Energy and Environmental Design
(LEED) rating system, the Green
Building Initiative's Green Globes
rating system, the Florida Green
Building Coalition standards, or a
nationally-recognized, high-perform-
ance green building rating system
approved by the Department of
Environmental Protection (DEP)
that minimizes energy consumption
for the operation and maintenance of
these buildings. The bill also specifies
that, by policy and when economi-
cally feasible, state-owned buildings
should be retrofitted to reduce ener-
gy consumption.
For those state agencies housed
in buildings owned or managed by
DMS, the bill requires them to iden-
tify and compile a list of appropriate
projects suitable for guaranteed ener-
gy, water, and wastewater perform-


ance savings contracts. The lists
must be submitted to DMS by
December 31, 2008, and from there,
and in consultation with the head of
each state agency, byJuly 1, 2009, the
DEP will prioritize all projects deemed
suitable by each state agency and
develop an energy efficiency project
schedule based on factors such as proj-
ect magnitude, efficiency and effec-
tiveness of energy conservation meas-
ures to be implemented, and other fac-
tors that may prove to be advantageous
to pursue.
The legislation defines "sustain-
able building" as a rating established
by the USGBC LEED rating sys-
tem, GBI Green Globes, FGBC stan-
dards, or nationally recognized, high-
performance rating system approved
by DMS.
The Legislature declared that
"there is an important state interest
in promoting the construction of
energy-efficient and sustainable
buildings. Government leadership
in promoting these standards is vital
to demonstrate the state's commit-
ment to energy conservation, saving
taxpayers' money, and raising public
awareness of energy-rating systems."
As such, the legislation requires all
county, municipal, school district,
water management district, state
university, community college, and
Florida state court buildings to be
constructed to meet the United
States Green Building Council
(USGBC), Leadership in Energy
and Environ- mental Design
(LEED) rating system, the Green
Building Initiative's Green Globes
rating system, the Florida Green
Building Coalition standards, or a
nationally recognized, high-perform-
ance green building rating system as
approved by DMS. That includes all
county, municipal, school district,
water management district, state uni-
versity, community college, and
Florida state court buildings, the


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008










Other Bills of Interest

HB 697 by Rep. Aubuchon Building Standards -
PASSED
SB 560 by Sen. Constantine
This legislation addresses a wide range of building con-
struction issues including the Florida Building
Commission, and energy efficiency standards relating
to planning and construction.

* Florida Building Commission
Currently, the Commission is comprised of 23 members.
The bill encourages identified professional associations,
including AIA Florida, to recommend a list of candi-
dates for consideration by the Governor in the appoint-
ment of Commissioners, and adds a 24th and 25th
Commissioner to represent the swimming pool indus-
try and green-building industry. The intention is to give
stakeholder groups input in the selection process. The
bill also limits the term of the Commission Chairman
to 4 years.

* Energy Planning and Conservation Practices
o The bill revises requirements relating to the installa-
tion of energy devices based on renewable resources on
buildings.
o Requires that the Florida Building Code must facili-
tate and promote the use of cost-effective energy con-
serving technologies, energy demand-management
technologies, and renewable energy technologies in
buildings.
o The bill integrates energy efficiency issues into sever-
al components of the local government comprehensive
plan, which will be due at the next evaluation and
appraisal update of each local government's compre-
hensive plan:
The future land use element must address
reduction in urban sprawl and energy efficient
land use patterns in relation to existing and
future electric power generation and transmis-
sion systems, as well as greenhouse gas reduction
strategies
The traffic circulation element must address
strategies to reduce greenhouse gases
The conservation element must address factors
that affect energy conservation
The housing element must contain standards
and principals for energy efficiency in new houses


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


o Allows the Florida Building Commission to select the
most current version of the International Energy
Conservation Code as a foundation code.
o Creates s. 553.9061, Florida Statutes, to establish the
following schedule of required increases in the energy
efficiency performance of buildings subject to the
Florida Energy Efficiency Code. These increases are rel-
ative to the 2004 Florida Building Code, as amended
on May 22, 2007:
By 2010, efficiency increases of at least 20 percent.
By 2013, efficiency increases of at least 30 percent.
By 2016, efficiency increases of at least 40 percent.
By 2019, efficiency increases of at least 50 percent.
o Adds declarations to the list of deed restrictions,
covenants, or other binding agreements which may not
prohibit the installation of energy devices based on
renewable resources. The bill specifies that condomini-
um units are residential dwellings for purposes of instal-
lation of solar collectors or other energy devices, and
removes the three-story height restriction for installa-
tion of solar collectors or other energy devices on such
residential dwellings.
o Directs the DCA, in consultation with the Florida
Energy Affordability Coalition, to identify and review
issues relating to improving the effectiveness of the
Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program and the
Weatherization Assistance Program.

HB 7103 by Rep. Reagan Mitigation Enhancement
- PASSED
SB 644 by Sen. Justice
The legislation makes several changes to the My Safe
Florida Home (MSFH) program administered by the
Department of Financial Services (DFS) that provides
hurricane mitigation inspections and grants for speci-
fied improvements. The bill requires that, to qualify for
selection by the DFS as a wind certification entity to
provide hurricane mitigation inspections, an entity
must use mitigation inspectors who are certified or
licensed building inspectors, general or residential con-
tractors, professional engineers or architects, or individ-
uals who have at least two years prior experience in res-
idential building inspection or residential construction
and have received specialized training in hurricane mit-
igation procedures.

The bill requires DFS to adopt a quality assurance pro-
gram that includes a statistically valid number of re-
inspections. It also allows DFS to verify that mitigation



43










improvements have been made to all openings, includ-
ing exterior doors and garage doors, prior to issuing a
reimbursement grant check to the homeowner. The bill
further allows DFS to contract with third parties for the
provision of information technology and contractor serv-
ices for low-income homeowners, which shall be consid-
ered direct program costs, rather than administrative
costs for purposes of administrative cost limitations.

Finally, the bill mandates that insurers accept as valid a
uniform mitigation verification form signed by an
approved MSFH inspector or certified by the DFS so
that homeowners can access insurance discounts or
credits for which they are eligible.

HB 7129 by Rep. Cannon Growth Management -
FAILED
SB 474 by Sen. Garcia
The bill would have made a number of revisions to the
Growth Management Act, including enhanced partici-
pation by citizens in the plan amendment process, lim-
itations on the frequency of plan amendments, incen-


tives for the development of additional affordable hous-
ing units, designation of certain urban areas as trans-
portation concurrency exception areas, and the creation
of a process for studying and developing a mobility fee
as a more effective means to mirigate traffic impacts.

SB 482 by Sen. Garcia Affordable Housing -
FAILED
The bill would have revised certain definitions relating
to the state's affordable housing program to allow the
use of State Apartment Incentive Loans for moderate
rehabilitation efforts, modified the distribution of
funds from the Local Government Housing Trust
Fund by authorizing set-asides for specific purposes,
revised requirements relating to local housing assis-
tance plans, extended an exemption for Monroe
County relating to income-restrictions for persons
qualified to receive assistance under a local housing
assistance plan, authorized counties and eligible cities
to award grants using funds distributed under the local
housing assistance program, and revised appointments
to a local affordable housing advisory committee


architectural plans of which are com-
menced after July 1, 2008.
St. Petersburg College has been
designated to work with the Florida
Community College System and may
consult with the University of Florida
to provide training and education to
ensure that green building rating sys-
tem certifying agents (accredited pro-
fessionals who possess a knowledge
and understanding of green building
processes, practices, and principles)
are available as they construct public
buildings to meet green building rat-
ing system standards.
The provisions are part of a plan
to help Governor Charlie Crist reach
his ambitious goals outlined in a
series of executive orders last year to
reduce Florida's greenhouse gas emis-
sions to 80 percent of the state's
1990 levels by 2050.
"This is a comprehensive energy
package that will ensure Florida
serves as a leader on any policies that
may be considered at the national
level," said Senator Burt Saunders,


(R-Naples), one of
the Senate bill.
"way out front


the key authors of
Saying Crist was
on this issue,"


Saunders said the bill gives the gover-
nor "what he needs in order to carry
out his objectives in terms of energy
efficiency and independence."

HOMETOWN DEMOCRACY
CONSTITUTIONAL
AMENDMENT
On yet a third front, over the past
year, AIA Florida was actively
engaged in fighting a proposed con-
stitutional amendment quaintly
titled "Hometown Democracy." AIA
Florida partnered with the Save Our
Constitution Coalition as well as the
Floridians for Smarter Growth to
educate voters and AIA members
about the proposal and the dangers
to be aware of whenever signing
petitions. AIA Florida covered the
proposed amendment in Friday Facts
and has documented its opposition
to the amendment as well as the
methods employed to gather signa-


tures. (see www.aiafla.org on the
government affairs page)
Hometown Democracy's amend-
ment is deceptively simple. It
requires that all local comprehensive
land use plan changes meet voter
approval. Citizens, rather than the
representatives they elected, would
be forced to regularly decide
thousands of intricate land-use
planning issues. Former Department
of Community Affairs (DCA)
Secretary Linda Loomis Shelley has
called the amendment "the worst
idea I ever heard," and said that the
amendment would allow local voters
to nullify state decisions, such as
2005 mandates on school concur-
rency. Additionally, the proposal
would require voters to approve
comprehensive plan changes, which
can run to hundreds of pages of data
and analysis, without the informa-
tion regarding the changes in the
ballot.
The AIA Florida board sup-
ports a smart, well-considered


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008









approach to growth management
that includes livable communities
and environmentally-responsible
planning. However, it has deter-
mined this particular proposal is not
workable and would be extremely
detrimental to the state. The board
voted unanimously to oppose the
proposed constitutional amendment
when it approved the 2008 legisla-
tive policy statement. Additionally,
most board members have agreed
that legislating via constitutional
amendment is really not in the best
interest of the Constitution or
Florida citizens.
According to President-Elect
Steve Jernigan, AIA, LEED AP, "As
citizens of Florida and as design pro-
fessionals, our
concern at the
board level was
that requiring all
comprehensive
plan and land
use plan amend-
ments to go
before the citi-
zens for a vote, would bring develop-
ment (which also means architectur-
al work) to a complete halt. Is it
good government to have a vote on
any and all issues before our local
and state governments? That is why
we have elective and appointed gov-
erning bodies, as well as professional
staff, to analyze proposed changes to
land use issues."


He continued, "I sat as a member
of a county Board of Adjustments
for five years our task was (in a
quasi-judicial hearing) to analyze
proposed land use changes and the
burden of proof rested on the pro-
poser. We relied on testimony of
experts, staff, and affected nearby
property owners to determine
whether a land use change was a pos-
itive outcome for the community in
general, while protecting private
property rights. One hearing lasted
over 40 hours! I can't imagine a sit-
uation where the voters, when faced
with dozens of land use changes on a
ballot, could have the information
required to make an informed deci-
sion. Our position should be as advo-
cates for a smart-growth scenario
which involves a grassroots effort by
an informed electorate, along with
professionals such as AIA members,
to provide a truly sustainable Florida
for the generations to come."
As the deadline approached for
obtaining and filing the 611,009 sig-
natures needed to make the ballot,
Hometown Democracy organizers
appeared to become more and more
desperate. Interviews with citizens
who had been convinced to sign
petitions indicated the paid staff
misrepresented the content of the
petition in order to get a signature.
Some paid signature gatherers, who
were paid $5 per signature, went
over the top to obtain signatures in


order to increase their paychecks.
A 2007 law allowed voters to
revoke their signatures on such peti-
tions. The Save Our Constitution
coalition contacted petition signers to
educate them about the true text of
the amendment and what it would
mean to growth management.
Consequently hundreds of petition
signers wrote to the Secretary of
State to rescind their signatures.
Fortunately, Hometown Democracy
failed, even without counting the
rescinded signatures. That law has
recently been found unconstitutional
in the appellate courts but there may
be further challenges to that ruling.
Hometown Democracy failed to
meet the number of signatures need-
ed and had also failed to get enough
signatures in 13 of the states con-
gressional districts. However, the
battle over Hometown Democracy
continues and the group has until
January 31, 2010 to obtain the
remaining signatures needed to get
on the ballot. To be sure, you'll see
the petition gatherers in your local
parking lots.
The lesson to be learned? Be cau-
tious when approached by signature
gatherers and be sure you know what
you are signing... check twice, sign
once. And, if you happen to support
a proposed constitutional amend-
ment, so be it. This organization is
made up of many different positions
and, in it, there is room for all.


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'~# P


Paradigm Shift from 2D to 5D
By Michael Lingerfelt, AIA


The need for better outcomes in
the A/E/C industry has challenged
conventional wisdom and time-hon-
ored project delivery methodologies.
The status quo has not kept pace
with ever more compressed sched-
ules and tighter budgets; emerging
project constraint trends have caused
a convergence of design practices,
construction processes, and project
management systems typically ham-
strung by contractual language; and
as a practical matter, participants
have moved toward integration-
first tentatively and now more
actively. Many practitioners are
motivated to consider concurrent
design and construction processes-
narrowing the gap between what is
design and what is construction.
Traditionally, architects have cre-
ated construction documents using
the tried and true 2D methods such
as mechanical drafting using a T-
square and triangle, which evolved
into either a drafting arm or parallel
bar. Then the revolutionary process
of creating individual layers (which
created a composite set of docu-
ments that employed a Pin Bar
System) eventually evolved into
Computer Aided Design and
Drafting. All of these systems basi-
cally were an evolutionary progres-
sion of the same delivery system.
It is important to understand
that this new process is a paradigm
shift in the way that projects are
designed, documented and con-
structed. BIM is not simply a draft-
ing tool like the 2D computer draft-
ing systems mentioned above; it is,


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more precisely, a design tool with the
added benefit that it can create
byproducts of the design process
without losing knowledge. Do not
think of BIM as "3D drafting;" if
you do, you will miss its significant,
culture-changing benefits.
As mentioned previously, archi-
tects are being challenged more
today than at any other time in our
careers. Fewer projects are being
authorized, buildings are becoming
more complex, time to completion is
being shortened and companies in
America are facing more pressure to
deliver with less time and less capital.
One solution is to add
virtual design and construction
(VDC) to our toolbox. Stanford


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University's Center for Integrated
Facilities Engineering (CIFE)
(http://cife.stanford.edu) defines VDC
as "the use of multi-disciplinary per-
formance models of design-construc-
tion projects, including the Product
(i.e., facilities), Work Processes and
Organization of the design-construc-
tion-operation team in order to sup-
port business objectives."
It is important to note that while
VDC is a significant trend, it is not
the panacea for what ails the industry.
The full potential remains hostage to
dated notions of risk and a software
market dominated by narrow points
of view. Nonetheless the talent, tools,
and training are available for any firm
to start reaping the benefits today.


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


To earn one AIA learning unit credit, turn to page 51 and follow the instructions.

Use the following learning objectives to focus your study while reading this month's
Florida/Caribbean Architect AIA Continuing Education article.

Learning Objectives
After reading this article, you should be able to:
1. How BIM and VDC are related.
2. The risks and benefits of virtual design and modeling.
3. 10 levels of a model, and how each level relates to design.









BIM and the Use of VDC
With VDC, we can now virtually
design our projects and provide the
necessary information to help our
clients make the most intelligent deci-
sions with regard to their proposed
built environment. We can create
models to answer just about any ques-
tion that needs an answer to support
the project. Also, the life-cycle, eco-
nomic and environmental perform-
ances of buildings can be modeled to
help determine the return on invest-
ment as well as how the facility will
perform with regards to sustainability.
Currently, calculations are often com-
pleted much later in the design
process with little impact on the facil-
ities being placed on the site and its
orientation, overall design, as well as,
the exterior envelope composition.
Today, an integrated model can pro-
vide early stage design alternatives by
providing the rapid generation and
analysis of alternatives.
To support integration, or VDC,
BIM uses multidisciplinary perform-
ance models of design and construc-
tion input such as building informa-
tion models (3D) which are interop-
erable. Interoperability is defined as,
"...the ability to manage and com-
municate electronic product and
project data between collaborating
firms and within individual compa-
nies' design, construction, mainte-
nance, and business process sys-
tems." These virtual models not only
contain the 3D information but also
include CPM schedules (4D) and
cost estimates (5D) to simulate and
validate project objectives and give a
complete model of the project.
Research has proven that 75 percent
of the project's cost is determined
within the first 25 percent of the
design phase.

Benefits and Risks of Using VDC
Virtual design and construction vali-
dates risk and offers these other benefits:
*Virtual detection of spatial con-
flicts
Alignment of design, procure-
ment, and construction strategies


Integration of project control
for scope, schedule and budget
Visualization of operations and
maintenance activities
Sensitivity analysis of alternate
construction sequences based on:
o Production rates
o Crew sizes
o Preassembly of building
components which can mini-
mize construction waste
o Equipment and material
lay-down placement.
At the core of this virtual world is
the "backbone model" of the facility.
This model can contain any or all of
the different elements of this para-
digm shift in the design of buildings.
An architectural firm should make a
conscience decision to do a project
using BIM and determine to what
level. Firms must also remember that
BIM, interoperability and collabora-
tion are not an "all or nothing"
proposition. There can be as many as


10 levels that are contained within a
model, which are outlined below:

Level 1: Visualization: This is basic
3D, which creates renderings and
environmental simulations that can
easily be done in-house, and can be
used in presentations to the client
and building officials to foster better
communication and input into the
design. Architects must communi-
cate a lot of information to clients
that are experts in their respective
industry but cannot read a set of
drawings. Concepts are conveyed
more swiftly and clearly when simu-
lation and 3D imaging techniques
are used and where good decisions
can be made quickly.

Level 2: Coordinated Documents
with Increased Productivity: With
everyone adding to the same model,
it can now be checked for interfer-
ences and possible construction
phasing challenges can be highlight-


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


IFC is Open Architecture

The Architect
I


Drawing
Drawing


Code Checking City Modeling









ed. Like any good CADD standard
layer convention, BIM should follow
a National naming convention.
The National Institute of Building
Sciences' (NIBS) Facility Inform-
ation Council (FIC) has released
the National BIM Standard
Version 1 Part 1: Overview,
Principles and Methodologies
(http://www.facilityinformationcou
ncil.org/bim/publications.php) for
public use, which enables the accu-
mulation and management of facili-
ty information. The US General
Services Administration has set a
goal to have Industry Foundation
Classes (IFC) bases BIM in support
of all national office concept reviews
on projects receiving design funding.
IFC is to the Documentation Model
exchange (wall, door, window) what
DWG is to graphic entity exchange
(line, arc, circle) and is available to
all to use globally and throughout
the industry including other soft-
ware vendors. IFC offers a higher-
level common language for sharing
intelligent data between disciplines
during the entire building lifecycle.
Manufacturer's information is
imbedded into the 3D element,
which includes its product specific
information that is available to the
architect, engineers, construction
managers, contractors, estimators, as
well as, the facility operators and
managers. OGC's Geography
Markup Language (GML) facilitates
interoperability for users of geospa-
tial technologies such as GIS (geo-
graphic information systems), GPS
(global positioning systems), aerial
and satellite imaging, location serv-
ices and sensor webs. Decision mak-
ing by Officials is made easier
through the use of visualizations for
urban planning and major develop-
ment projects.
Since all of the information resides
in a single model there is a reduction
of risks through improved coordina-
tion. The inevitable last minute
changes are automatically updated on
all drawings and schedules.


Level 3: Construction and Sustainable
Construction Opportunities: Supports
construction activities and provides
snapshots to convey design intent.
Subcontractors can review the
model and make hard copy prints of
the screen shots which help
facilitate installation in the field.
Components can be fabricated in a
climate controlled, off-site facility,
which can maximize productivity
and minimize construction waste.
We have all read the statistics from
the U.S. Green Building Council,
which state that U.S. buildings con-
sume 40 percent of the world's raw
materials, 40 percent of the world's
energy, 65.2 percent of U.S. electri-
cal consumption, a startling 20 per-
cent of material waste to landfills,
and contribute 40 percent of the car-
bon emissions to the atmosphere!

Level 4: 4D Planning Activities:
Provides the ability to identify each
element in the facility and coordinate
with the construction schedule to
maximize productivity by minimiz-


ing handling of information manual-
ly during the procurement phase.
The contractor can manipulate fabri-
cation, delivery schedules, field crew
sizing and analyze many different
possible scenarios in an effort to mit-
igate construction delays.

Level 5: Estimating: Material quan-
tities and their specifications are
exported automatically into the esti-
mating programs in order to get more
accurate estimate and change anytime
there is a change in the model.

Level 6: Life Cycle Decision
Support: Architects can leverage
accurate quantities with first cost
versus life cycle costs analysis or
energy analysis early in the design
process or maintenance issues. Most
of the costs associated with a facility
are determined in the design and
construction phase. Sophisticated
owners can use the model after proj-
ect completion for minor renova-
tions, space planning and mainte-
nance. Carnegie-Mellon University


florid; / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


Plans Elevations Sections


n Dimensioning is both automaticand associative.
* Intelligent objects are scale-sensitive.
* Detailing is faster due to intelligent objects and enhanced drafting features.
* Zone tool will manage and track area calculations, room finishes or furniture
schedules.
* Intelligent layouts reduce errors and redliningthrough linked drawing info such
as linking of sheet/drawing numbers to section and detail symbols.









research has indicated that improve-
ments of 3.8 percent in productivity
within a building would pay for the
design, construction and operations.

Level 7: Bidding, Coordinating
Subcontractor Shop Drawings and
Submittals: Subcontractor informa-
tion is added to the model, which
facilitates approval and accuracy.
Contractors are adding their specific
specialty to the model so that all of
them are able to see what is being
proposed and are working off of a
single source of information.

Level 8: Fabrication: Information
contained within the model can be
used in the creation of the "shop
drawings" which is actually just an
evolution of the model itself. This
model can be used to describe the
product's design, detailed analysis
and construction support. The
entire process builds on itself and the
model is used to generate files that
control the computer numerical
control (CNC) machines which
reduces the chance for errors and at
the same time automating the
process. And entire article in how
BIM enables a digital design-to fab-
rication workflow can be found at:
http://aec.cadalyst.com/aec/Column
: +1-2-3+Revit/BIM-and-Digital-
Fabrication-1-2-3-Revit-
Tutorial/ArticleStandard/Article/det
ail/488086

Level 9: Field: Allows for accurate
progress and maximize scheduling.
More and more contractors are mak-
ing a strategic decision to build their
own models in house. The new AIA
Document C106-2007 Digital Data
Licensing Agreement and E201-
2007 Digital Data Protocol Exhibit
have established the protocol for
protecting all parties in the design
can set restrictions for use, payment
arrangements for the different par-
ties and construction process so this
initiative by the Contractors is an
unnecessary step and potentially dis-
astrous trend. What they have deter-
mined is that the benefits of this cost


can easily be recouped in construc-
tion savings.

Level 10: As-Built: These are actual
field conditions, which are accurate
and are reflected in the electronic
model and can be verified using laser
scanning equipment. Complex field
installations such as hospitals can be
documented accurately and cost
effectively.

Design Professionals Develop the
3D Model
Different disciplines can commu-
nicate and coordinate the design
using existing software and can
detect interference, publish reports
of the clash, track interference, and
provide a 3D image of the condi-
tion. This model can (if necessary for
permitting reasons, for example)
extract a traditional 2D set of bid
documents. Caution needs to be


taken to ensure that the links with all
of the BIM elements are not broken
during this 2D creation so that when
the as-built documents are required,
there is not a lot of expensive rework
to reestablish the original links. The
idea is to not recreate the wheel, but
to manage the process. In fact, more
and more building and fire depart-
ments are requesting a BIM model
before issuing a building permit. An
even better method is to make the
model the actual bid document and
provide it to the successful contractor,
who can add more detailed informa-
tion to the backbone during the
shop-drawing phase so that when the
project is complete, the "as-built"
documentation is, in fact, "as-built."
Another advantage to this virtual
model is that critical information
about the project is never lost.
Traditionally, the design team increas-
es their knowledge about the project


i* .
* . .*s


Project duration




Pre-construction


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


Construction








up until bid time. The successful con-
tractor receives the drawings and
specifications, but some of the infor-
mation is lost and has to be relearned.
The same process is duplicated with
every subcontractor for every trade.
This "lost information" costs money
and time and creates mistakes.
If the project is a renovation of an
existing facility, we can now electroni-
cally scan the entire facility and trans-
fer that data into the computer model.
Gone are the days of trying to
survey the faculty and never having


the data close at hand; finding that
information has been omitted or
missed; and the inevitable "unfore-
seen field conditions" that create
changes in the field, costing both
time and money. The scanning tech-
nology is so precise that we can read
the labels on the equipment!
Standard equipment used
throughout an entire corporation
can be modeled and object-enabled
to quickly identify changes in
dimensions and costs. Most equip-
ment manufacturers already have


their equipment modeled and will
provide the model to the design pro-
fessional. These object-enabled
models can extract their information
directly into estimating software.
Real-time estimates are accurate
and can be standardized throughout
the corporation. With the unavoid-
able value engineering, or VE, (a
misleading term since typically
"value engineering" adds very little
value, and cutting costs is the main
objective), the effects in both costs
and physical properties can be meas-
ured by each suggestion. During this
VE process, many errors and omis-
sions occur. As an example, perhaps
careful investigation in the tradition-
al process accepts a revision to the air
handling equipment. Clearances are
checked and the substitution is
accepted. However, one unit is
missed and a portion of the facility
has to be redesigned and rebuilt.
This equals time and money!
By keeping the model current,
another benefit can be realized by the
following example. During the con-
struction there is an unavoidable
interruption in the work. With this
virtual model, the element of time
can be introduced so that many dif-
ferent alternatives can be explored,
not just the "gut" feeling of what
would be the best course of action.
The design and construction profes-
sionals can develop different strategies
and analyze the outcomes, while the
computer can do what it does best -
process information. The result is the
best solution, which can be explained
empirically to projects' leadership.
While we as architects are always
dealing with change, using BIM and
VCD creates a paradigm shift in the
way we develop our projects.
Corporations, contractors and even
government agencies are all develop-
ing components of this new virtual-
construction world, as an article in
the July 11, 2005 edition of
Engineering News-Record made
clear ("Maturing Visualization
Tools Make Ideas Look Real"
http://enr.ecnext.com/coms2/article
_fetear050711-1). The next genera-


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008








tions of professionals are already
learning about this virtual world in
universities across the nation, and
competition internationally is becom-
ing more intense. As noted in the
Introduction of the National
Building Information Modeling
StandardT Version 1 Part 1:
Overview, Principles, and Method-
ologies, "BIM stands for new con-
cepts and practices that are so greatly
improved by innovative information
technologies and business structures


that they will dramatically reduce the
multiple forms of waste and ineffi-
ciency in the building industry.
Whether used to refer to a product -
Building Information Model (a struc-
tured dataset describing a building),
an activity Building Information
Modeling (the act of creating a
Building Information Model), or a
system Building Information
Management (business structures of
work and communication that
increase quality and efficiency), BIM


is a critical element in reducing indus-
try waste, adding value to industry
products, decreasing environmental
damage, and increasing the function-
al performance of occupants."
Having another tool in our toolbox is
never bad business.

Michael Lingerfk AIA, is Vice Prsident
of Architecture and Design for
McGillivry Consulting Group and is a
2008-2009 AA Florida Vice Prsident


Program Title: "Paradigm Shift from 2D to 5D," Florida/Caribbean Architect
(Summer 2008, page 46)
AIA/CES Credit: This article plus the online resources will earn you one
AIA/CES LU hour.

Directions: Select one answer for each question in the exam and completely circle
appropriate letter. A minimum score of 80% is required to earn credit.


a b


e f 7. a
8. a
9. a
10. a


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Address
Phone
AIA Membership Number


First Name


Fax


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and those who pass with a score of 80% or higher will receive a certificate of completion.

I hereby certify the above information is true and accurate to the best of my
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florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008








Questions:

1. BIM is an advanced form of
3D computer aided design:
a. true
b. false

2. The Center for Integrated
Facility Engineering does not
have a program that addresses:
a. research in visualization
b. product and process modeling
c. internet collaboration
d. design management
e. facility management
f. supply chain management

3. A production BIM can contain
information from all but one of
the following:
a. architects
b. engineers
c. government agencies
d. software providers

4. Life cycle costs analysis or
energy analysis can be only com-
pleted after:
a. schematic design
b. design development
c. 60% construction documentation
d. 100% construction documentation

5. AIA Documents C106-2007
Digital Data Licensing Agreement
and E201-2007 Digital Data
Protocol Exhibit:
a. can protect all parties in the
design
b. can set restrictions for use, pay-
ment arrangements for the different
parties and construction process
c. can be established between par-
ties that are not part of the Owner-
Architect or Contractor's
Agreements
d. needs to be added to the Owner-
Contractor Agreement


6. Different disciplines can com-
municate and coordinate the
design documents using existing
software and can:
a. detect interference and publish
reports of the clash, track interfer-
ences, and provide a 3D image of
the condition
b. extract a traditional 2D set of bid
documents
c. retain critical information about
the project is never lost
d. needs to be reformatted once all
of the contractor's information has
been added

7.In the article BIM and Digital
Fabrication there is a discussion
regarding the structural supply
chain. In the past that cost has
been equally distributed between
raw material, fabrication and
erection. What element of BIM
was not mentioned in the article
as a way to reduce overall costs?
a. considering simplicity of fabrica-
tion during design
b. providing the designer available
member sizes
c. provide consistent steel tonnages
during bidding process
d. provide clash detection reports
with regards to the coordination
between fabricated steel and other
building components

8. In the ENR article, Maturing
Visualization Tools Make Ideas
Look Real it was mentioned that
construction professionals were
able to:
a. visualize
b. validate
c. explore complex sequences
d. cost estimates


9. Interoperability is the ability to
manage an communicate elec-
tronic product and project data
between all but:
a. collaborating design firms
b. contracting firms
c. maintenance
d. building officials

10. Virtual design and construc-
tion validates risk and offers these
other benefits:
a. virtual detection of spatial con-
flicts
b. alignment of design, procure-
ment, and construction strategies
c. integration of project control for
scope, schedule and budget
d. a detailed report of operations
and maintenance activities
e. sensitivity analysis of alternate
construction sequences based on
production rates, crew sizes, pre-
assembly of building components,
equipment and material lay-down
placement


florid / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008







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Architectural Staffing
ArchiPro Staff Agency Inc. ........... 45
Attorneys
Bush Ross ........................45
AutoCADD Software
Digital Drafting Systems ............. 56
Building Codes
International Code Council ........... .8
Cabinetry
Woodmode Custom Cabinetry ......... 1
CADD
Digital Drafting Systems .............56
CADD Services
Digital Drafting Systems ............. 56
Cast Stone
South Florida Masonry .............. 56


Construction Litigation
Daniels, Kashtan, Downs, Robertson
& M cGirney .................... .8
Continuing Education
International Code Council ........... .8
Countertops
Real Stone & Granite ............... 50
Cultured Stone
South Florida Masonry ............. .56
Decorative Stone
Real Stone & Granite ............... 50
Design Parking & Mixed Use
Tim Haahs & Associates ............. .6
Doors
Custom Window Systems, Inc. ........53
TRACO ...................... OBC
Employment Services
ArchiPro Staff Agency Inc. ........... 45
Engineering Parking & Mixed Use
Tim Haahs & Associates .............. 6
Entry Doors
E.E San Juan, Inc. ............. 36-37
HBS Inc. .....................36-37
S & P Architectural Products ...... 36-37
S & S Craftsmen Inc ............. 36-37
Finishes/Ceramic Tile
Custom Building Products ........... 56


The Sky's The Limit.

If you can dream it, we can build it.


For more than 30 years, Creative Contractors has
provided value enhancement, flexible building delivery
systems and experience in constructing buildings
requiring delicate procedures and knowledge. Our
expertise now includes building green and LEED
Certification. Call Tom Fronce today (727) 461-5522.
www.creativecontractors.com


CREATIVE
CONTRACTORS
INC.


COUNTRY CLUBS HOSPITALS MUNICIPAL BUILDINGS OFFICE BUILDINGS SCHOOLS WAREHOUSESANDMORE


Flooring
Real Stone & Granite .............. .50
General Contractors
Creative Contractors ............... .54
Glass Block
South Florida Masonry .............. 56
Hurricane Protection
WinDoor, Inc....................... 8
Hurricane Resistant Windows & Doors
Windoworld Industries, Inc .......... IBC
Hurricane Solutions
E.F. San Juan, Inc. .............. .36-37
HBS Inc. ......................36-37
S & P Architectural Products ...... .36-37
S & S Craftsmen Inc ............. 36-37
Impact Windows
Windoworld Industries, Inc ......... IBC
Insulation
Demilec .......................... 2
Insurance
Collinsworth Alter Fowler Dowling
& French Group .................55
Lykes Insurance, Inc................. 53
Nolen Insurance Services ............. 56
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. .... IFC
XL Specialty Insurance Company .... IFC
Kitchens
Woodmode Custom Cabinetry ........ .1
Legal Services
Bush Ross ...................... 45
Master Planning Parking
Tim Haahs & Associates ............. .6
Parking Planning & Design
Tim Haahs & Associates ............. .6
Porch Enclosures
Custom Window Systems, Inc. ........ 53
Professional Liability
Collinsworth Alter Fowler Dowling
& French Group .................55
Lykes Insurance, Inc................ 53
Nolen Insurance Services ............. 56
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. . IFC
XL Specialty Insurance Company .... IFC
Propane Gas
Florida Propane Gas Association ....... .6
Risk Management
Collinsworth Alter Fowler Dowling
& French Group .................55
Lykes Insurance, Inc................. 53
Nolen Insurance Services ............. 56
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. . IFC
XL Specialty Insurance Company .... .IFC


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008










Sliding Glass Doors
W inDoor, Inc. ......................8
Software
Standards Design Group, Inc. ........ .55
Staffing Services
ArchiPro Staff Agency Inc. .......... .45
Surety Law
Daniels, Kashtan, Downs, Robertson
& M cGirney .....................8
Tile
Custom Building Products ........... 56
Tile Setting Materials
Custom Building Products ........... 56
Window Glass Design (ASTME 1300)
Standards Design Group, Inc. ......... 55
Window Loads (ASCE7)
Standards Design Group, Inc. ......... 55
Windows
Custom Window Systems, Inc. ........ 53
TRACO ..................... OBC
Windows & Doors
E.E San Juan, Inc. ............. 36-37
HBS Inc. ......................36-37
S & P Architectural Products ...... .36-37
S & S Craftsmen Inc. ............. 36-37
WinDoor, Inc ................... ... 8
Windoworld Industries, Inc. .........IBC
Wood Council
Florida Wood Council ................ 4


e a oi s & C Agn



We Speak, Understand and can Explain the Language
of "Design & Construction Firms"...when it comes

to insurance Coverages


All Design & Construction firms Need an Insurance Agent Who:


* Specializes in professional and non-professional
liability services to architects, engineers and
contractors,

* Understands the professional and construction
services and becomes a valued member of the
firm's management team,

* Offers contract review and administrative services
related to all Design and Construction Delivery
Systems.


* Is creative and aggressive in pursuing
competitive insurance programs and can
deliver risk management advice independent
of obligations to any particular insurance
company.

* Can assist in the bonding needs and the
procurement for Design Construction firms
using the various delivery systems,


Your Design/Build Insurance Specialist
for the Design Team is:
Erinn E, Colllnsworth, AAI and
W. Meade Collinsworth, CPCU, ARM, AIM, AAI,
CRIS
PO Box 9315, Miami, FL 33014-9315
Dade (305) 822-7800 / Toll Free (800) 822-9303 /
Broward (954) 463-8601


Your Construction Specialist in Florida
for the Construction Team is:
David I. Alter, CPCU, AAI, AMIM, CRIS
5803 NW 151 St., 3rd Floor, Miami Lakes, FL 33014
Dade (305) 822-7800 / Toll Free (800) 822-93031
Broward (954) 463-8601


All Participants in the Design/Build System Need
an ale ProNet Member and Agent

a/e ProNet is a national association of independent Insurance professionals specializing in professional liability insurance and risk
management services for engineers, architects and consultants..,and we are the only ProNet agent In Flodrda


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


Collinsworth, Alter, Fowler,


Dowling & French Group, Inc.


Expert Software for Engineers and Architects

Vind Loads on Structures 2005
Computes wind loadr on all structures w i
Section 6 of ASCE 7

d Loads on Signs 2005
li'clat.es C 7 wind loads and resiling forces
S aell as IBC 1805 7 2 drilled foundation for
S r-designed signs or ills


...... w om

Blasl Resistant Glazing Design 20
SDesign las Ilites to resist user.pecfcled ~i'
f.plosile threats according to ASTM F 22481.

SWndow Glass Design 2004
\ Performs all icdlulItions required for glass
design according to ASTM E 1300


SStandards Design Group, Inc
8212 ltha sr a Ubbo, 7X 79O 3 B0-366-SSBS
ww.Sbndrdroornmmn 1-OfStldWarsDedgn








Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

ArchiPro Staff Agency Inc. .... www.archipro.com .............. 45
Bush Ross .................. www.bushross.com ..............45
Collinsworth Alter Fowler
Dowling & French Group ................................. 55
Creative Contractors ......... .www.creativecontractors.com ..... 54
Custom Building Products .... www.custombuildingproducts.com .56
Custom Window Systems, Inc. .www.cws.cc ................... .53
Daniels, Kashtan, Downs,
Robertson & McGirney ..... www.dkdr.com .................. .8
Demilec .................... www.demilecusa.com .............2
Digital Drafting Systems ...... www.ddscad.com ............... 56
E.F San Juan, Inc. ...................................... .36-37
Florida Propane Gas
Association ................ www.propanefl.com .............. 6
Florida Wood Council ........ .www.fbma.org .................. .4
HBS Inc. ............................................ 36-37
International Code Council .... .www.iccsafe.org ................ .8
Lykes Insurance, Inc. ..................................... .53
Nolen Insurance Services ...... www.nolenins.com .............. 56
Real Stone & Granite ......... www.granitops.com ............. 50
S & P Architectural Products .............................. 36-37
S & S Craftsmen Inc. ................................... .36-37
South Florida Masonry ....... .www.sfmacaststone.com .......... 56
Standards Design Group, Inc. .. .www.standardsdesign.com ........ 55
Suncoast Insurance
Associates, Inc.............. www.suncoastins.com ...........IFC
Tim Haahs & Associates ...... .www.timhaahs.com .............. .6
TRACO .................. .www.traco.com ...............OBC
WinDoor, Inc ............... .www.windoorinc.com .............8
Windoworld Industries, Inc .... www.windoworld.com .......... IBC
Woodmode Custom Cabinetry .www.woodmode.com .............1
XL Specialty Insurance
Company ................ .www.suncoastins.com ...........IFC


Autodesk Software Solutions for Building,
Infractructure and Media & Entertainment:
AutoCAD, Revit, ADT, Civil, Land Desktop,
* Maya & 3d Max.
*Training Support and Implementation
HP Plotter Sales and Services.
Digi >^ ; Autodesk
gutholzed Value Added Reseller
tiAutodesk
Your CADD Business Partner Aulhonzed TrainingCenter


5765 N.W. 158th Street, Miami Lakes, FL 33014
Call us 305.445.6480


NOLEN
INSURANCE
SERVICES


NOLEN INSURANCE
PHIL NOLEN

2203 N. Lois Avenue, Suite 900
Tampa, Florida 33607

Phone: 813.873.8384
Cell: 813.361.9392
Fax: 813.873.1484
Email: info@nolenins.com


Custom" is the leading industry provider of tile and stone installation
products. We simplify the specification process with installation
system CAD details, product specifications and personalized
consultation with certified professionals.
Surface Preparation Products Setting Materials
Colored Tile Grouts Care and Maintenance
For further information contact:
Cairo Molina, CTC, CSI
Architectural Consultant Florida 321.331.5808

,Architectura Resources


Risk ManagemenSotosoThDsgPfeia


florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
summer 2008


L sfmcaststone.com
CBC1252321
300-B Sunshine Road OFF: 561-792-7188
West Palm Beach, FL 33411 FAX: 561-792-7522


1





~Ipl il !4

iNii
37 \Ijn 11
TI ,I
UE UI UI:


H


Performance and Beauty.TM
Traditional, Elegant and Functional. Tiltco's tailor made hurricane impact and non
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Non-Impact and Impact Windows & Doors


Thermal impact Windows & Doors


STRACO"
The Windows And Doors That Greet The World
71 Progress Avenue Cranberry Township, PA 16066
1-800-468-7226
market@traco.com www.traco.com


-




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