Group Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Alternate Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Publisher: Dawson Publications,
Dawson Publications
Place of Publication: Timonium Md
Publication Date: Summer 1999
Copyright Date: 1997
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 44, no. 1 (spring 1997)-
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Issues have also theme titles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004635
Volume ID: VID00010
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5904
ltuf - ACJ1464
oclc - 36846561
lccn - sn 97052000
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida architect

Full Text

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U. OF FLA. LIBRARIES Table of Contents

5 Presidenfs Message
8 News
12 Meeting Universal Needs
Universal Studios Transportation Center
14 Linking the 20th &21 st Centuries
Tampa Union Station
18 Small Facilities, Big Design
Southwest Florida General Aviation Bldgs.
22 Planned Pride
Lakeland Train Station
24 First Look 26 Your Practice 28 Product News 30 AlA -For Fun 32 Notables 33 Index to Advertisers 36 Viewpoint
Summer 1999 Vol. 46, No.3


Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999 3

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Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street Tallahassee. Florida 3230 I
Editorial Board
John Totty, AlA John Howey, FAIA Kal'l Thorne, FAIA
Debra Lupton, AlA
Vice President/ President-elect
Keith Bailey, AlA
Secretary/ Treasurer
Vivian Salaga, AlA
Past President
Roy Knight, FAIA
Senior Regional Director
John P. Tice, Jr.. AlA
Regional Director
Angel Saqui. FAIA

Vice President, Professional Development
William Bishop. AlA

Vice President, Legislative and Regulatory Affairs
Enrique Woodroffe, AlA

Vice President, Communications
Miguel (Mike) A. Rodriguez, AlA
Executive Vice President
R. Scott Shalley
Managing Editor
Cathi C. Lees
Denise Dawson Dawson Publications, Inc. 2236 Greenspring Drive Timonium. Maryland 21093 410.560.5600 800.322.3448 Fax: 410.560.560 I Sales Manager
Dave Patrick
Michael Mat' haU

Florida Caribbean Architect. Official Journal or the Florida Association of theAmercan In tiMe of Architects. is owned by the AssociaLion. a Florida corporation. not 1'01' prOfit. ISS -00 I 5-3907. It is publislled foUl' times a year and is distributed through the OFfice oj' the Association. 104 East Jefferson Street. Tallahassee. Florida 3230 I. Telephone850.222.7590. Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily tl
ose or AlA Florida. EdiLOl'ial material may be reprinLecl only with tile express permission or Florida Caribbean Architect. Single Copie $6.00: Annual Subscription. $25.00
4 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999

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On Tilursday. July 1. 1999. tile [<'lorida Supreme Court. in one fell swoop. effectively reversed almost tilirty years of well-reasoned opinions regarding a professional's liability exposure for economic damages La Iients and third parties. While tile COUIt claimed only to be larifying tile intent of earlier opinions regarding professional liability. its \vritten conclusion lari\y only one thing-[<'Iorida's hereLafore common sense rationale regarding professional liability ilas been scrapped. Trial lawyers will ilave an "open season" on professionals in tile future.
Moransais v. Heathman, Bromwell & Carrier, Inc., Jordan and Sauls
Admittedly. bad facts tencl to make bad law. Tile facts in tilis case are as follows. In June 1993. Moransais. tile plaintiff in tilis case. contracted to purcilase a ilome from Heatilman. one of the defendants. MOI'ansais also contracted with Bromwell & Carrier. a professional engineering corporation. to perform a detailed in pection of the home and to aclvi e ilim of the condition of the home. Jordan and Saul two of the engineel'ing employee of the corporation. actually performed the inspection and pl'epared the report that was allegedly clefective in tilat it contained no disclosure concerning clefects in the condition of tile air conditioning. the electrical system and tile roof of the ilome. Moransais sued Heatilman. tile owner of the home. sued tile engineering corporation fOl' breach of its contract and sued Jordan and Sauls for professional malpractice. Moransais' complaint alleged no bodily injury or propel'ty damages but sought La recover economic damages.
Mer decisions by a Lakeland trial comt and tile Second District Court of Appeal. the [<'lorida upreme Court was asked to review the case and stated the issues in tile case as follows:
Witll regard to the first issue. the Court an wered tile question in the affirmative. The Court wrote a lengthy analysis regarding the "Liability of Professionals." reviewing early opinions interpreting Florida's Professional Service Corporation Act. now Chapter 62 1. Florida Statutes. which allowed various profession to form corporation or associations La permit certain tax advantages. primarily the establishment of pension and profit silaring plans for the benefit of employees. The Court tilen notes. in a 1961 opinion. tilat it permitted lawyers to form professional associations [or tax advantages only and with no intent La relax tile lawyer's responsibility to his client. The Court states:
In other \\lords. we appl'Oved the practice of law in a corporate {arm subject to the express recognition that under the common law. a lawyer who renders pl'Ofessional seIYices owes a duty of care regardless of tIle fact tIlat tIle lawyer is an associate or partner in a business entity tlJat contracts to pl'Ovide professional services to the injured party (pp. 10 and 11)
The Court tilen refers La Section 62 1.07 of the Professional Service Corporation Act. Wllicil states in pertinent part:
Notiling containecl in tilis Act silall be interpreted to aboli h. repeal. mOdi\Y. restrict. or limit tile law now in effect in this state applicable to the profe sional relationship and liabilitie between the person furnishing tile profe sional ervices and til person receiving such profe sional service and La the tandards for professional concluct: ... The Court note tilat Section 471.023(3). of tile Engineering Practice Act. contains basically the
ame language as Section 62'1.07. Tile Court announc s tilat:
It is apparent tIlat the Legislature in enacting tlJese pl'Ovisions, clearly intended to afflrm tIle common law pertaining to professional services
8 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999

and the common law liabilities flowing from the negligent performance of SUCll seJ1lices.
The practical effect of this part of the ruling is that the individual professional members of a firm may now be sued in their own name. with their personal assets placed in jeopardy. for services provided under a contract between the engineering corporation and the client.
The Court answered the second question listed above in the negative. Heretofore. the economic loss rule barred a claim for proFessional malpractice against an individual engineer/employee where the plaintiff's claim was for economic damages only and the plaintiff hacl a contract with the engineering corporation. After engaging in a rather lengthy analysis of the clevelopment of the economic loss rule in F'lorida. the COUl'L tates:
7bdaj( we again empllasize tilat by recognizing that We economic los rule may Ilave some genuine, but limited, valuein our damages lalli,
lIIe never intended to bar lIIell-establis/led common law causes of action, SUCll as tllOse for neglect in pr0l1iciing professional selvices. Rather. the rule was pt'imarily intended to limit actions in the product liability context. and its application should generally be limited to those contexts or situations where tile poJjcy considerations are substantially identical to those underlying tile product liability-type analysis.
We Ilesitate to speculate further on situations not actually before us. (pp. 22 and 24)
Vlhile the above-quot d language may leave one with some hope regarding the limitations of this ruling. the Court polishes off its opinion in its "conclusion" stating:
Accordingly we IlOkl the economic loss rule does not bar a cause ol'action against a professional for his or her negligence even tilOugh the damages are purely economic in nature and the aggrieved party has entered into a contract urith tile professional's employeJ: We also hold tllat Florida recognizes a common law cause of action against pt'ofessionals based on their acts of negligence despite tile lack of direct contract between the profes ional anclUle aggrieved party
s applied to the facts of this ase. the Court is
a)~ng that Moransais can sue the engineering corporation fOI' breach ot' contract and simultaneously sue the individual engineers of record for pl'ofessional malpractice. Until this opinion.
uch suits have not been allowed and the
econd District Court of Appeal had so ruled in thi case. While the Court's conclu ionary holdings are troublesome when applied to the facts of this ca e. they are potentially deva taLing when applieel to other fact pattel'l1s. F'or instance. does the Court mean that architects and engineers may be sued for professional negligence by third parties such a general contractors. conelominium unit owners. etc .. ev n though these third parties do not have contractual relations with tile architects or engineers and have contractual remedies against otiler parties for their economic losses? The tone of the Court's analysis certainly seem to indicate its willingness to reach the same conclusion based upon such facts.
Dissenting Opinion
The Supreme COUl't. being a democratic judicial body. rules based upon majority vote. F'ive justices voted in support of the opinion and one justice dissented. Justice Ben Overton writes a lengthy clissent wherein he carefully explains why the Supreme Court Ilael preclueled such suits in the past. He quotes at length from prior opinions of the Court where it was determined that COnLract principles were more appropriate than tort principle for recovering economic loss where there was no physical injury or property damage. He orrectly observes that the majority opinion substantially obliterates tile eli tinction between contract and tort cau es of action and effectively overrules prior decision of the Court. The fact i thiScase appears to represent a complete philosophical I'ever al by the Court whereby. in the future. professional liability will be juclgeel under a tort analysis rath r than a contract analysis. The increasecl risk of suits anel damages against profes ionals cannot be unclerestimatecl. As Justice Overton explain :
"In all pl'obability. the immediate effect of this majol'ity opinion \vill be an increa e in malpractice insurance rates ancl the resulting in reasecl costs or all types of profes ional ervi cs to th consumer By it ilolding. the majority is spreacling tile cost of tile losses aillong til pub-Ii as a wilole instead of r Quiring contracting parties to protect themselves in their contracts. There is no public need or nece siLy for thiS result I ecause all parti s hav a basis for a claim uncleI' tile contract til y bargain foe It appears tilat tilis Coun wants to give til m more anci spreacl tile cost to til publi ."

J. Miclwel Huej is President of HueJ: GuildaJ & Tuckel; fA., Tallallassee, Florida. J\!r. Huer ilas selvee! as General Counsel lbr llle Florida Association of tile American Institute of Arc/litects for 27 years and Ilis firm represents arcllitects. engineers and other professionals in defense of malpractice claims.
Regional Director John Tice. AlA. was selected
by the faculty of til Ulliversity of West F'loricia
to deliver this year'S commencement address.
Tice was elected because of his leadersilip in
tile Mea's business community and ilis involv
ment witil tile university. The address. pat
terned aFtel' "Tile Late Show's Top Ten List.
was entitled "Top on n Tilings I Wish I Would
Have Heard at My Commencement Ceremony.

Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999 9



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Project Team
Project: Unillersal Studio Transport.ation Architect: C. rHsu + Associates Jack Garcia. Project Manager TimotlJY McNicholas, Project Designer
Client.: Universal Studios Florida Mark \.IfoodbulJ~ Director of Unilrersal Crealive Harold Stirling. Senior Project Manager
Prime Consultant Structural Engineer: Walker Par/dng Consultants John BuslJman. Principal in Charge Jerry Kos/d, Project Manager
MeclJanical Electrical Engineer:
A.K. Scruggs Tony Scruggs. Principal Engineer
Construction Manager: PCL Construction Services. Inc SIJaun YanceJ( Senior Manager
The project is divided into a north and outh
car park. Eacll garage consists of three large
mUlti-level parking decks connected to a com
mon pedestrian circulation edge. This pedes

tl'ian promenade consists of a series of elevators. stairs, escalators. anel power walks. Tile parking structure is among the laroest in the world. The entire complex is nearly a half-mile in length.
In an attempt to address the scale of both the pedestrian and the automobile. designer Tim McNicholas explores the serial nature of large linear structures and counter poses a series of vel'tical spatial events that mark the Circulation lobbies. The parti organizes each structure into tllirds and gathers the public toward the middle level along the \ e t
facade. which offers spectacular views across Lhe resort developm nt. By creating a series of unique spatial events that organize one's movement both vertically and horizontally. tile design manipulate the scale of the comple anel creates a series of speCific and distinct spaces that aSSist in navigating the overall stl'Ucture.
The garage tru tures are cast-in-place concrete with precast walls and planters. The roofscapes. bridges and architectural pl'Omenades along the pedestrian path are steel and aluminum LO counter pose the mass of the garage frame. Fbrms induce venLiIation and offer sweeping brows to shield the sun. The finish palette draws upon the textures and colors of tile landscape to allow the buileling LO recede into the surrounding vegetation.

FlaridaCaribbean Architect Summer 1999 13

wood windows and interior doors were restoreel: damaged members were repaired with epo>.'Y or replaced if damaged beyond repair: The remaining original glass was reuseel. The exterior dams were replaceci with new wooci cioOt's fabricated from the original elrawings.
The building ha a central waiting room flanked by two-story wings on the east. The grand waiting room. two torie in height, is flooded with light streaming in through the archeci transoms and skylights. featuring copper-frameci green. brown and white colored glass. Thi space is accentuateci by a cieeply coffereel ceiling with five skylights. locateci at the center anci four corners. and deep wooden cornice. A rose and gray terrazzo noor reflects

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tile ceiling's pattern and the dark green tile wainscoting. with an orang tile stripe. covers the lower part of the walls. Three indi\'idual balconies: with scrolled brackets. cast iron and brass railing the deep moulding to match the ceiling cornice are located aL anel seconci floor level on both tile east anci west walls. ov rlooking the waiting room. Tile two-story wings originally contain el public spaces on the til' t floor anci offices for the railroads on the econel flOOte Double cioors on the north waU. opposite the two main entrance cioors on the outll wall. lead to a steel truss framed open can our e with acce s to the train platforms.
Th plaster on the walls and ceiling contained a bestos and had to be removed. The clecorative plaster pilaster and balconJ bra kets were saved by encapsulating the asbe LOScontaining
Florido Coribbeon Architect Summer 1999 15

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Project: lmmokalee Regional Airport General Aviation Building ArCllitect: Victor J. Latavish, AlA Civil Engineer: Dufresne-Henry Engineers, {nc. Structural Engineer: Clark Consulting Engineers, Inc. HVAC/Electrical Engineer: Silore Engineering, Inc. General Contractor: Surety Construction. lnc.
O 10' 20'
customer service counter and a pilots' lounge. The building is designed in a "Floricla Cracker" style of architecture. employing traditional building elements like a pitchecl roof with deep overhangs. shiplap siding, piling construction and wood railings and pickets. A large elevated deck is positioned on the west side of the building. toward the runway, providing an excellent vantage point to observe aircraft and wildlife.
The 2.000 square foot General Aviation Building at the Immokalee Regional Airport wa con truct d in 1995 for $238.900, including $30.500 for site development cost Immokalee is a rural community urround d byagricultural properties and a new industrial and foreign tracle zone. Tile building inclucles durable standard finishes and fixtures such as solid laminated doors. commercial grade windows. tegular ceilings. a galvalume standing seam metal roof with five feet overhangs and smooth floated sand finish stucco on all exterior walls and soffits. The roof form is designed to respond to the context of an airfield in Soutllwest Florida. with references to dynamic aeronautical forms combined with elements of vel'llacular Florida-style design.
Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999 19


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fund a Feasibility stucly to relocate til train station. Tile stud conclud cl tl1at tile station sl10uld be relocated downtown on a site tl1at provided a spectacular vim of Lakeland's most impressive lake. Lake Mirror.

Tile site provided significant design cl1allenges as a result of its narrow clepth. tile former resident anel a street to rail elevation cllange of about twelve feet. The design team Ilose to take full advantage of tile site' el vation change diFferential by creating a two-lev I solution wl1icl1 accommodates tile rail ticketing and waiting on tile upper floor ami pl'Ovides covered auto and bus loacling below. Tile design maximizes tile views of Lake Mirror from tile train platform. lobby and ob ervation terrace.
Arcl1itecturally tile building takes its Des directly from tile Lake Mirror Pl'Omena Ie. a clas ic ['evi al trLlctur surrounding tile Lake and listed on tile ational Register of Historic Places. The train station's arches. materials and stylized ornamentation are all borrowed from tile Promenad Tile lobby evokes tile granel vaulted spaces of many of tile great railroad stations of tile past. altl10ugll on a significantly mailer seal Custom. bUilt-in seating. ticketing cabinetry and flooring complement tile \'auILed ceilings and rein for e tile a oustical echo reminiscent of pa L train station exp rienc
Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999 23

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GRAFIK Eye Preset Lighting Controls: This lighting control can altar the mood of a room with one of four diITerent lighting scenes -preset programs that create various lighting effects by changing the light levels or by using the lights in clifferent combinations. Fbr an icleal home theater environment. GRAFlK Eye controls can also interface to projection screens. auelio video equipment. climate controls. anel security systems for an integrated 'total control' system.
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Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999 33

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Consulting Engineers Schirmer Engineering Corp. (14-25) ....... 29
Consulting/Windows Architectural Windows &Doors (14-14) ..6-7,33 HBS Inc. (14-14) .................. 6-7,33 Nor-Dec International, Inc. (14-14) .... 6-7,33 Palm CityMillwork (14-14) .......... 6-7,33 S & P Architectural Products (14-14) ... 6-7,33
Consulting/Windows (cont'd.) S&SCraftsmen, Inc. (14-14) ......... 6-7,33 Smyth Lumber (14-14) .. .... ... .... 6-7,33 Weather Shield (14-14) ....... . ... 6-7,33
Doors -Aluminum Traw (14-27) ........................ 17
Energy Technology Florida Natural Gas Association (14-20) ... IFC
Finishes -Interior & Exterior Duron Paints &Wallwverings (14-19) ..... 31
Fire Protection Engineers Schirmer Engineering Corp. (14-25) .. ..... 29
General Contractors Creative Contractors, Inc. (14-18) .......... 4
Glass Block Glass Masonry (14-21) ............ ..... 35
Granite Cold Spring Granite Company (14-16) ..... 21
HVAC Florida Natural Gas Association (14-20) ... IFC
Impact Resistant Glass Caradw (14-15) ................. .. aBC
Insurance AlA Trust (14-10) ...... ............... 25 Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson, Fowler & Dowling, Inc. (14-17) ........... .............. 21 Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. (14-26) 27 Tri-County Insurance Agency, Inc. (14-28) .. IBC
Molds Molds Unlimited by Mandish (14-23) ... ... 33
Natural Gas Florida Natural Gas Association (14-20) .. IFC
Andersen is a registered trademark at Andersen Corporation Cl1999 All rights reserved
34 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999


Planes and trains and automobiles, oh my!
Traveling around Florida needn't be as p rplexing as Dorothy's journey to Oz-the Sun hine State should be as accessible as it is beautiful. A well-planned network of roads. bridges. l'8ilways. porLs. and airports allows for the easy movement of people, goods and services: and serves as an impetus for economic growth and physical expansion. Our statewide and intra-city transportation systems are the skeletons for community development-the structural grid that spurs the building of neighborhoods, retail, commercial and industrial areas.
With its 54,157 square miles ancl estimated 14 million residents (not counting an estimated 48.7 million tourists annually), Florida has the fourth largest population in the United States. By the ye8l' 2010, the number of residents is expected to reach 18 million. To accommodate Lhis burgeoning gl'Owth. the state is undergoing a boom in transportation development. This has created a tremendous opportunity for architects to become involved not only in the design of transportation sy tems. but in the design of the associated buildings and structures Wllich become land
marks, reference points. and destination points that define a community. TransportaUon systems aren't just avenues fOI' perpetual motion, they are spaces that millions of people will experience, and as such should engage and delight travelers as well as get them where they need to go.
For instance, major airports in Miami, Orlando. Tampa, Jacksonville. Pensacola and Ft. Myers-all international portals to our state-are undergoing massive expansion. Additionally, the number of seaport terminals is being increased to accommodate the grO\ving leisure tour and import/export industries. These projects provide a perfect opportunity for architects to create a visual statement-to residents and visitors alike-about the state's natural beauty, grace, charm and elegance.
Mass transit will continue to be a major issue, as experts agree that our roads ancl highways cannot accommodate ever-increasing traffic. Yet, light rail, such as that proposed in Orlando, is highly controversial because it would run through densely populated urban areas. Therefore. the architect's skill and expertise can be tapped to design transit stations tllat blend with the unique cityscape.
Even with the advent of mass tran it, cars will continue to be the chief form of transportation for years to come. so the demand [or pub]jc parking will continue. Architects know that parking
garages aren't just temporary storage facilities for commuter vehicles-they must provide safe passage to the people who use them and should contribute to the ambiance of the city. Hence. we're seeing a trend toward more attractive and secure structures. including some Lhat incorporate commercial areas at the street level.
AlA members are also turning their attention to OUl' aging bridges. a major issue in a state famous for its waterways. For example, AlA Sara ota is wrangling with how tile new bridge design will affect that city's sense of community, and AlA Jacksonville is wrestling with FOOT's proposal to replace a St. Augustine landmark -the historic Bridge of the Lions. Architects realize that bridges aren't simply steel or concrete spans, they should have character and be a part of whaL makes a community unique. Happily. we are now seeing architects on engineering consulting teams to provide design input so that new bridges integrate smoothly with the urban fabric.
It's our job. as AlA architects, to be sure that transportation systems are as beautiful as they are functional. In addition to being safe. reliable and convenient, the should delight the senses, create a sense of pride and place. and put a smile on the faces of the users. After all. no matter what your journey, getting there is half Lhe fun.
Debra A. Lupton. AlA, is a S nior Principal with Tild n Lobnitz Coop r. Engin ering for Architecture, based in Orlando. Florida.
Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999 5


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Paints -Interior & Exterior Storm ProtectionlWindows Duron Paints &Wallwverings (14-19) ..... 31 & Doors Traw (14-27) ... ... .. .. .. ....... .. ... 17
Professional Liability Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson, Fowler & Dowling, Windows -Aluminum Inc. (14-17) ......... ......... ....... 21 Trow (14-27) ........................ 17 Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. (14-26).. 27 Tri-County Insurance Agency, Inc. (14-28) .. IBC Windows & Doors
Architectural Windows &Doors (14-14) .. 6-7,33 Renovation/Restoration Caradw (14-15) ..... .... .. ......... aBC Molds Unlimited by Mandish (14-23) .. . . 33 HBS Inc. (14-14) ... . ... ..... . 6-7,33
Nor-Dec International, Inc. (14-14) .. .. 6-7,33 Roof -Tile Palm City Millwork (14-14) ..... .. ... 6-7,33 Masterpiece Tile Company (14-22) ........ 21 S& PArchitectural Products (14-14) ... 6-7,33
S&SCraftsmen, Inc. (14-14) ... .... .. 6-7,33 Scale Models Smyth lumber (14-14) ........ .. . 6-7,33 Architectural Arts by Vathauer Studio (14-13) .. 1 TRYBA Windows & Doors (14-29) ......... 26
Weather Shield (14-14) ... .... . .... 6-7,33 Staffing Services Window Classics Corp. (14-30) ............ 2 Archi Pro Staff Agency, Inc. (14-12) . . .. 35
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Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999 35

Architecture in Transportation
Robert G. Currie, AlA

( t

The ~ran porta~ion arena has historically been the domain of engineers: civil. s~ru Lural and ~ran portation. F'unction or the presumption

~hel'eof (i.e. l'oadways must always be 24' wide so cars can move safely a~ 55 miles pel' hour) is now being evaluated with an awar ness that people are part of the equation. There seems to have been an oversight in ignoring the fact that people do live. walk. and bike next to and also heal' anel see the results engineers have spawned and view with dismay ~he intrusion into their daily lives. In response. a kineler and gentler traffic engineer has emerged. proposing narrower roadways to slow traffic ancl introducing round-abouts. landscaping. bike paths and walkway. and even inclueling al'chitects in the design of brielges. Bridges, so long ignored as an aesthetic expression in tllis country. are now considered by the Dep3l'tment of Transportation as an opportunity to enhance the cul~ural lanelscape. The small. rectilinear concrete bunkers that previously erved as bridge tenders' houses have been transFormed. blossoming like water lilies into happy archi~ectural icons along tile Intracoastal Waterway. These houses express something about the communities they border through th matic de ign and color. In a pl'Oject in which we were involved. a bridge has become a gateway sugges~ing the image of the ~own the travelel' i entering. Special attention is given in our formulation to pedestrians and bicycli ts. as well as to automobiles. Railing design, 0101'.

light Fixture. paving patterns and lanelscaping have all become contributing elements enhancing the experience. And. even artwork is encouraged' F'ish and turtles in relief are elesigneel in an overhead trellis. casting shadows mirror tile images on the pavement. Because the brielge does not begin and end at the water's edge, paveel brick walkways Iineel with lanelscaping and handsome lighting stretch several blocks in each direction. As a redevelopment tool. bridges \vith all these enhancing elements contribute substantially La the renewal of often deteriorated and blighted urban surrounelings. They are a welcome expression of our society. culture anel technology: and provide an excellent opportunity for ar Ilitects to add aesthetic value to til urban fabric.

36 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999

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Universal Studios Transportation Center

Florida's many tourist attractions have created a market for unique transportation solutions. C. T Hsu + A sociates' project at The Universal Studios is a multi-modal transportation center for one of the
largest destination resorts located in Florida. The program consists of twin 10.000 vehicle parking structures. a series
Meeting Universal Needs
or connecting el va ted walks. a central 60.000 squar foot
pedestrian terminal building and a sixty foot wide and five hundred foot long pedestrian bridge over a major entrance boulevard. all designed to accommociate over 40,000 guests on a daily basis.
Universal Studios' Vice President of Design and Planning. Mark Woodbury said about the proj ct. "C.T. Hsu + Associates tUl'l1ed an extremely compl 'design problem into a spectacular architectural solution."
12 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999

Tampa Union Station

Project Team
ArchileCI, Rowe Arcl1itecLs Incorporaled.
II'IIClUral Engineer, Rasl and 'Is; ociale. Inc ,I/eclwnical & Electrical Engineer, D A Group. Inc. I_andscape ArclliLecL, Rigall Design COn/raclor, R. M. Williams Conlractors. Inc. Owner, Tampa Union SI.aUon Preser vation & Redel'elopmenl. Inc. PllOtograp/Jer, Chroma. II/c.; George COLi
The face of transportation in America began to change rapidly after World
War II. Americans favored airplanes an I interstate highways. Pas engel' train
use declinecl. So dicl revenues. Tampa's main passenger train station. Tampa
Union Station. closed in 1984 after de ades of neglect reduced it to just a
shell of the original structure built in 1912.
Rowe Archit cts of Tampa was commissionecl by the Tampa nion Station Preservation and Redevelopment Board to restore the station to its

Linking the 20th
original splenclor. The original station was designed by William Eclwards in an Italian Renai ance revival style. It is constructed with
and 21 st Centuries
loa I-bearing brick walls and wood framed floors
and roof. Tile exterior walls are compo ecl of clark maroon bri k and contra ting cletail in whiLe t rra cotta and cl'Owned with a terra cotta entablature and parapet coping. Th main facade. oriented towarcls downtO\vn Tampa. i composed of alternating pavilions and recessed entrance bays. and features white terra cotta Corinthian column flanking the entrances. Monumental fen strati n onsists of full height wood framed
The original ma olll'y was clean d and all joints were tuckpointed. Damaged and missing brick and terra cotta were rei laced with matching pieces. The
14 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999


plast I' witll paint. Broken pieces of the COPI ered glass in tile loran Olll and kyligllt were replaced witll glas [TOIll two of til skyligllt wlli 11 weI' r glazed witil new oppered gla s from tile original glass manufacturer. The Lile wain col. Ilael b n aiel etclleel anel painLed. Tile lead bas d painL was removed by sponge blasting anti sealed witll an epoxy coating La reSLO['e Lil original

16 Florido Caribbean Architect Summer 1999
luster destro eel by tile acid wasil. tile terrazzo floors were repaireel and refinislled: new sections were separated from tile old at the color bands to minimize tile color elifferences. Tile wood trim and ceiling coffers were repaired utilizing tile original wood members to tile greatest extent possible.
Tile cllalleng of restoration was Ileigllteneel by the desire of tile preservationists to restore til building to comply witll tile standards of hi tori buildings: and tile need of tile major user. Amtrak. to have a station tllat in orporated aU the modern onveniences of a multi-modal tran portaLion facilit
Tile rellabilitated Tampa Union Station Ilas reenergized tile previously blighted area of Tampa. Tile station Ilas returned to its original use as an active tmin station and vital transportation Ilub. Tile building is utilizeel by Amtrak tmins, tile Hartline bus sy tem anel tile Ybor City trolley. '1'1) r are plans for it to be useel by a regional cOlllllluter ['ail network. The sLation represents a living Ilistory of tmnsportation and i an important link between tile 20tll and 21 st centUl'ies.

Southwest Florida General Aviation Buildings

Project Info
Project, Everglades Airpark Ceneral Alliation Terminal Architect, Victor J. Lal8lfis/l, AlA Civil Engineer, Dufresne-Henry Engineers. Inc. Structural Engineer, Clark Consulting Engineers. Inc. fM IC/Electrical Engineer, SllOre Engineering, Inc.

Everglades Airpark
Three general aViation terminal buildings
designed by Victor J. LataVish, AlA.
Architects in Naples proVide a realistic look
at design for small facilities in rural. tropi
cal locations. LataVish designed terminal

Small Facilities,
(1 1(1
buildings for the

Everglades Airpark.
the Immokalee Regional Airport and the renovation of the

Big Design
Marco Island Executive Airport. All three projects were
commissioneel by Collier County Airport Authority. Each facility is designeel to accommodate the specific needs and context of the individual communities. Tile buildings range in size from 1.000 square feet to
5.500 square feet. each with special considerations unique to the site yet tied together thematically using a combination of familiar vernacular materials and design elements.
Everglades Park is located at the edge of the Everglades National Park in South PlOl'ida. surrounded by native mangrove vegetation and within easy walking distance to the ational Park Visitors Center. The Airpark has a single. paved runway and an aeljacent grass lancling trip. The 1.000 square feet terminal contains an PBO office for a sightseeing plane. flight planning ancl
18 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999

Marco Island Executive Airport

Project Info
Project, Marco Island Exe utille
JlirporL Terminal
Jlrcflitect, I/ictor J. Latal'iSfl. AlA
CMI Engineer, Dufresne-Henl'j
Engineers. Inc.
Structural Engineer, Glark
Consulting Engineers. Inc.
HI/JIG/Electrical Engineer,
Wm Berry & fnc.
General Gontl'acLO!',

E. W Glelfeland, Inc.

The Marco Islanel Airport Terminal. originally built in
j 967. was completely renovated in 1997 to better
accommodate the current needs of the airport. Because
the original structure was sound and serviceable. it wa
determined that a renovation. with addition on ea h
enel. was the mo t practical and economical building
solution. The program required three distinctly separate
areas. The Airport Authority Administration facilities are located in the orth addition. A public lobby with customer service. PBO. car rental. pilots' IOllnge and llight planning areas are located in the renovated center section. The South ddiLion hOllses the airport operations
[aciliti s.
20 Florido Coribbean Architect Summer 1999

Lakeland Train Station

Downtown Lakelancl has experien eel a renaissance during the
past 10 years that includes the construction of a new train station
to welcome visitors to this traditional urban experience. Wallis
Murphey Boyington Architects, Inc. design d a "multi-model"
station to serve Amtrak trains. city transit and interstate busses.
In 1988. the City of Lakeland and the Lakeland Downtown Development Authority began a
Planned Pride
majol' effort to turn its downtown around and make it a source of pride for the community. The
City's strategic plan included the restoration of the city's town square, e tensive streetscaping. new public building anel the restoration of a grand lakeside park.
In the mielst of the planned reclevelopment proje ts an opportunity arose [or the community to builel a new train station downtown. Amtrak wa cheduled to Jose it lea e on the exi ting station in
1996 ancl n eded a new [acility. The Downtown D velopment
uthority approached the Florida Department of Tran portation to

22 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999

Ocean Avenue Bridge, Boynton Beach, Florida
r 1
Robert G. Currie Partnership Architects, Delray Beach

This bridge's n o-classical design will serve a an expres ion of two P'lorida ommunities. P'our spire-like towers will provide a gateway entrance and link to the two waterfront town. trelli work at the tower' base offers an opportunity to integrate nautical art into the design. lmmecliate surrounding areas will featUl'e a park like promenade to encourage pedestrian and passive waterfront activity. Architectural elements created for the bridge will be the genesis for the community's emerging downtown revitalization thl'Ough paving pattel'lls. colors and light fixtures.
fJ,',"fJlHI \1111 \ IIIH 1/ Hfl( II t I#UI I '""\
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III' I/O/' U' 'I
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Hul/Hlll 1'1 ,\II\t. 1f1\IJ 1111'" '"# I '''''.4..t ...... "N/'".W~,..
IIf}) ,,0\ ", at 1/ H 1/\ \IHI II "HO(,I(, fff4J--' .....
1' 1111\1\(.
101\' U IPU/ H\
11/ OIl \ ,--, I \}I\t. u ,"III NU,\II',.,/t
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"""" ...... ..."..,.... ..., ........&.f.. ft'

.... ~..,.. ,..,.
Ttl TE ROAD HOq BO) TO,\' BillD(,'I::
CO\( n 'H II. ~rH PI. I \

Miami International Airport, Concourse "J" MGE Architects, Coral Gables, Florida
Concourse "J" is a new 14-gate con OlU'se located at Miami International Airport. This $74 million + project. as a portion of the major airport expansion and renovation. \vill accomoclat loth domestic and international passengers. Mimicking the skin of the aircraft. the facility incorporates a stancling seam m tal roofing system with glass facade.
First Look welcomes submissions of projects tiJat
are under delrelopment from AlA Florida firm
members. Ifyou iJave a project you'd ljke fea
tured in First Look, please send a brjef narrative
and camera ready art to CatiJi Lees, Editor,
Florida Caribbean ArclJitect, 104 east Jefferson
Street. TallalJassee. Florida 32301.

24 Florida CaribbeanArchitect Summer 1999

Lhat. unfortunately. may mean (orev r.
Keep your ontra L and aU re ord documenLs-LhaL is. final drawing and specifi ations-a well as the chronological file of progress I' ports ancl correspon
r T

( ]
custom designs



o u
26 Florido Coribbeon Architect Summer 1999
How long should you keep proiect documents?
The follov\~ng are a series of guidelines ol'ferecl perioclically by the naLional o[fice of the AlA ancl by attol'l1ey va bl'8mowitz. VP of Progl'8m Services For Vict I' O. S Il innerer & Company:
Keep a project file for as long as you are at risk of being callecl into comt to defend your services. In jUI'isdictions with no special statute or repose for improvements to real property.
qua Iity

clence at least until the revelanL state 0[' limitation period passes. Files for any project that suffered an unusual number of design, con truction. personality. or financial problems shoulcl be a eel whenever possible. Similarly, priorities Ilould be given to saving files for those projects in whi h new building proelu ts or systems or metllods of applications were used.
Sa e all clocuments when you are the sole source of documents: assum that your client ha kept nothing.
In egrate documents into YOUI' record set whenever possible. For example. a change-order can be se urely stapled to the appropriate page of the architect's record documents.
Save data that directly relates translating icleas into design and clesign into construction including any notes that r flect your clients' or consultant' decisions to have you vary the design or details trom your original proposal.
Take particular note of documents showing that your services. juclgements. ancl decisions were in accordance with the applicable standard of care and your professional services contract.
Archiving omputer file r Quires sp cial attention. SpeCific procedures may incluele archi\~ng a copy of the current vel'Sion of the software witll data file plaCing back-up copies in separate locations. concern for magnetic interference. anel a time limit on how long drawing files will be saved.
Make sure your archives will stand the test of time: fa\( paper. diazo prints. and some oth r media facie.
Among th publications cUI'rently available that may be of use to design firm a you consider what to save and what to toss are these:
"Records in Architectural Offi es/Suggestions for the Ol'ganization. Storage. ancl Conservation of Architectural Office Ar hives/Third Revised Edition. June J 992" by Nancy Carlson Schrock and Mary CampbeU Cooper ancl published by Lhe Mas a hu tt Committee for the Preservation of Ar hitectural Records (MassCOPAR): call6J7-496-J300 for ord ring information.
"AI' hit ctural R cord Ilanagem nt". also prepar d by Nancy Carlson S Ilrock. is a summary bro Ilure available for $2.00 from Charlotte Kroll. The Octagon/ME '1735 ew YOl'k Ave. NW DC 20006.

c -,

r [ ] ) ]
r r T )

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Sub-Zero Freezer Company is offering a virtually invisible home amenity that takes refrigeration out of the kitchen with its fully integrated 700 Series.
The 700 Series incorporates both upl'ight units anel two-drawer base units. Because the twodrawer bas unit are al 0 offered as stanelalone units. they provid homeowners the uniqueability to have refrigeration tllroughoUL the home. whether in the master bedroom. the workout room. next to the home entertainment center 01' by the kitchen sink. Both th uplight units and the two-drawer base units are fully integrateel into a home's clEcol'. which means exterior paneling exactly matches the unit's surrouneling cabin tl'Yor furnishings. The hinges are hidden. Trimming and framework are not exposed. Handle hardware i identical to that throughout the room.
700 Series tall units are available as all refrigerator. all freezer or a combination refrigerator/
28 Florido Coribbeon Architect Summer 1999

freezer Base units are available as aU refrigeratol' or all fr ez r. This wid array of options provides for any design need or desire.
Marvin Windows ancl Doors ha announced the availability of Impact Resistant Glass. Sometimes referred to a Hurl'icane Glass. Marvin's lmpact Resi tant Glass i speCifically designed to meet Dade County code requil'ement It is offered in lad Ca emaster. Casement Picture Window. Polygon and Round top Windows. In adelition to Impact Glass.
larvin offers specially designed sa h part with strong r cam locks and inLerior glazing secured with nailed-in wood stops to further
ombat tile harsh effects 01' hurricanes.

'nle F'lorida distributor for Marvin Window i Window Classic \vith L~ locations in central and south F'lorida. Wmdow Classics has a testeel Aluminum Clacl OutswingFrench Door in both square and round top versions and the company i now rea Iy to offer a complete package of both \vindows and dool'S \vith impact glass
For more information on impact or other Marvin proelucts. plea e contact Winciow ClaSSics at 1-800-344-7650.
Willamette Classic Glulam offers Iligll strengLiI I'alues. dimensional stability and (Iesign flexibility
"GluJams are the ol'iginaJ engineered wood prociuct." ays Jim Enright. Willamette' Western Region Engineered Wooel Product sales manager With the introciu Lion of its Classic Glulam. Premier Glulam, and Peemi I' Plus GluJam. VlRllianlette is answering the ever increasing need For design apl lications for gluJam.
Williamette Clas i Glulam are manufactured
\vith kiln-dl'ied. high-quality lumber and bondeel tog ther with the highest-quality aelhe

ive They offer high strength values. dimen ional stability and elesign nexibility for a \vide variety of resielential and commercial applications and meet rigiel testing and celtification for APA and ANSI standards. They are readily available in stock sizes and architectural-appearance grade as well as custom orders for unique applications.
Willamette Premi I' and PI' mier Plus Glulams are an integral part of Willamette's E-Z Frame Sy tem. These p cially sized glulams are designed for application where supporting beam must match the depths of I-joist fi'aming. In aelclition. they are manufactured \vith zero camber and in common framing \vidths to match nominal 4-. 6-and 8-inch wall framing. Premier and Premier Plus Glulams are manufactured in a framing-appearance grade for conceal d applications.
Contact Willanlette Industries in til South at (3J8) 254-0571.
WiUl Lul.roll's Spacer Remote Control Dimmer it's easy to adjust ligllting from a sofa. cl18ir or anywllere in tile room.
Luton Electronics Co.. In is helping to bring th
ultinlat home theater e perience to the con
umer \\~th a focused product line of lighting controls. According to Rick Schuett. \~ce pre ident of new business clevelopment for Lutron. "Consumers want enterta inment centers to have perfect ound anel video. Tll0se elements are crucial. of ourse. but even when those two components are in place they're still miSSing the lutimate home theater experience. To make your home theater complete. you need great lighting and that's onl pos ible \\~th lighting controls. You've got to have the ability to dint brighten or create special effe t with your lighting." Recommended Lutron lighting control products For home theaters incluele: Spacer Remote Control Dinlmer: This dimmer

Rep. Johnnie Byrd, JI: (R)
Mickey Jacob, AlA
( and Dianne Jacob.


FAPA( Hosts Reception

In early June. FAPAC hosted a recepLion for n'eshman Tampa Bay legislators at a Tampa Bay Devil Rays game. AlA F'lorida Vice President Henry Wooclroffe. AlA: State Directol' Mickey jacob. AlA: Tampa Bay Chapter PreSident Terry Cope. AlA: Executive VP Scott Shalley and Governmental Relations Representative ChriS Hansen joined freshman lawmakers for a time or fun and networking.
Rep. Ken LiWefieJd.
Terry Cope. AlA:
Rep. HeaUler Fiorentino (R),
Nelli Port RicJJey,

Rep. Byrd. Rep Fiorentino, VP HenlY Woodro{{e. AlA
30 Florida Caribbean Architect Summer 1999


( )
Pappas Associates, Architects, Inc.
their recent
merger with
JSA Inc.. a
New.E:ngland design and technology firm. Ted
Pappas. FAIA. will head the new firm.
PappasJSA. Inc. Pappas brings to the new fil'm
a strong commitmenL to architecture as well
as more than 30 years experience.
Smallwood, Reynolds, Stewart, Stewart & Associates announce tIle promotion of John Dungan, III, AlA. to Associate. Dungan has 23 years of design and project management experience in retail. governmental. in titutional. corporate and various othel' areas of architecture.
Beame Architectural Partnershjp was
the recipienL of a Certificate of Merit from the
Int,ernational Council of Shopping Centers
(ICSC.) in the category of "Renovation" pro
jects. The reco~nized project was the expan
sion and renovation of Shopping CenLer
Iguatemi Porto Alegre. located in Brazil.

Cannon has been honored by the City Beautification Board o[ Gainesville with a Gold Awarel. winning in th category of Institutional Facilities. The recognized project was the University or Florida' Physics Building. a collaboration of Cannon and Beers Construction.
Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock/Architects, Inc. (HHCP) announces the follo\,~ng promotions in its management teanl. Michael Chatham, AlA. has been promoted to Director of Design in the Leisure and Hospitality Division. Chatham has 10 year of architectural design with HHCP Kent Keech, AlA. 1
as been promoted to Associate.
Dorsky Hodgson + Partners, Inc. was spotlighted as a successful mid-sizeel architectural finn in the publication. Design Intelligence. Design Intelligence is a national design magazine.

BRPH ArchitectsEngineers, Inc. announces the selection of Dr. Richard
H. Jolley as the new President ancl CEO.
Jolley is the former President and General Manager of EG&G. Florida. I-Ie is also a former faculty m mber of the U.S. Air Fbrce Academy.
Creative Contractors, Inc. received a
1999 Florida PreserVaLion Award. The contractors were recognizeel by Florida Tru t for Historic Preservation for constru ting a classroom and meelia cemer aelelition to HiUsborough Senior High School that was elesigneel by Atelier Architects.

William Hanser. AIA. PreSident of Schwab. ~~tty & Hanser Architectural Group.
C. (STH). announces an aeldition to its management team.
AJexandra Brown \vjH be th new Director of Marketing For STH.
YfONG Florida. Ltd. received an 110nor awarel in the 1999 Construction Specifications Institute Competition. [n the product binder category. the YTONGFlorida. Ltd. CommerCial BuUcling Technical Manual received recognition.
Oliver 0 Glidden & Partners. Architects and Planners, Inc.'s seniQr partners. John Glidden, AlA, anel Ed Oliver, AlA announce a significanL ownel'ship transition involving seven members of the firm. Keith Spina joins Danny Brown a the newest architecLnral partner Other new hareholelers include Steve Chambers. Bill Wheeler. Tammy ORourke. Eileen Trimble and Anita Wurster.

32 Florida CaribbeanArchitect Summer 1999

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