Group Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Alternate Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Publisher: Dawson Publications,
Dawson Publications
Place of Publication: Timonium Md
Publication Date: Summer 1998
Copyright Date: 1997
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 44, no. 1 (spring 1997)-
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Issues have also theme titles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004635
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5904
ltuf - ACJ1464
oclc - 36846561
lccn - sn 97052000
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida architect

Full Text


Public Buildings: Striving for Presence
Features Preserving the Expression of Old Construction 12
Steven E. HutchinsAlAAr-chitects, Inc, mised the 'roojojhistoric Holy Cr'Oss Catholic Church, St, Croix, making a new one to cover-i ts next 250 year-s,
Summer 1998 Growing in Good Form 14
Vol. 45, No, 2 Hunton Br-ady Pryor-Maso Ar-chi tects, PA and Thompson Ventulett Stainba,ck & Assoc, saw
to it that the Phase III expansi on oj the Omnge County Convention Center; Orlando, en
hanced the archi tectuml integrity ojthis large complex,
Administmtion Center Garage, Or-lando, Spillis Candela & Pm'tners with DCC APlace for Order and Justice Guiding H ellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum, Inc,:S design oj the Pinellas County Criminal Jus 16
Constr'uctors, Sculpture by tice Complex, Clea,rwater, weTe the need to provide security and a desire to exemplify a digni
Dor-othy Gillespie, Photogmph: j iedjustice system,
Everett & Soule
Strong Presence with an Eye to Posterity 18
Woljber-g Alva?"ez and Pa?'tners' designjoT the Fedem l Bureau ojP?"isons Metr-opolitan Deter~
ti on Center' has bler~ded gmndjeder'Q,l ar-chi tectw'e into a Miami histo?'i c district,

Downtown Parking, Uptown Solution 20
A city-county-chur-ch paTtner"ship in Or-lando hired Spillis Candela & Pa?'tner"s and DCC Const?'uctors, Inc. to design and build them a par'king gamge, and their" AdministTat'ion Center'is something to rave about.
Editorial 3 News 4 Books 9 New Products 10 Viewpoint 23
by Randall Atlas, Ph,D., A I.A, CPP
Index to Advertisers 30

AlA Florida

Boca Raton Resod &Club, hugust 12-15 1998

-niis ,war's conpt'nlion prolllist's 10 be an exciting 11111 1'
for arcfiilecls arollnd Ifie slale and region. 'From ifie
opellillg sessioll, Il'ilfi 1/1'0 rellOll'lIed k'-ey"ote spea/~ers,
10 [fie ':;UA 'Florida .:-Ill/ards ceremollY, Il'fiere Il'e'lI
recoglliz.e [fie besl ill Florida ; lfiis celebration of
~ -lrcfiilecillre: Sfia pillg 'Florida 's 'Fllture is 1I 0t to be
IIIissed. _\'(a~e your plolls 11011' 10 be Il'ilfi liS in 130ca
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COI/IIt'l/tIOI/ 'Rt'gis tratiol/ 'rcc)
The 1998 Annual Convenrion has lower Registration Fees and Conrinuing Education Fees!II!!1
Earl y Registrati on After Augu t 1, 1998
Member $99 $135
pouse/G ues t $49 $60
Swdent $4 0 $40
on-member $200 $250
Day Rate $60 $75

Convention regiStration is required tor all anendee and their spouse or guest. The regiStration tee include tickets to the President's Welcome Reception, theTrade how Extravaganza, Opening ession with keynote speaker, Complimentary CE
e sion conrinenral breakfast and daily break.
'For further information! call
Eileen Johnson, Directorof Operations AlA Florida 850/222-7590

........ ..................................................... .............. ... ............

FU 1I(11).\I( :.11{1 II 11 E.Il'I .II{CIIIT E(:-r Summer 1998


Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects 104 East Jefferson Street Tallahassee, Florida 32301
Editorial Board John Totty, AIA, hairman John Howey, FAIA
Karl Thorne, AIA
Roy Knight, FAIA
Vice Pl'esidentlPresident-elect
Debra Lupton, AIA
Secretarytrreasurel' Vivian Salaga, AIA
Past President JolUl R. Cochran, Jr., AIA
SeltlOr Regional Director JOI1Jl P. Tice, Jr., AIA
Regional Director Angel Saqui, FAIA
Vice Pl'esident, Professional Development William Bishop, AIA
Vice Pl'esident, Legislative and Regulatory Affairs Keith Bailey, AIA
Vice President, Communications Miguel A. (Mike) Rodriguez, AIA
Executive Vice President
F. Scott Shalley
Managing Editor Cathi Lees
Editor Margaret Barlow
Published by Dawson Publications, inc. 2236 Greenspring Dlive Timonium, Maryland 21093
(410) 560,5600 (800) 322-3448 Fax: (410) 560-5601
Publisher Denise Rolph
Sales Manager Dave Patlick
Layout & Design Amy King
Flol'idaJCm-ibbe011 A I'clli((]CI, Official JOtullal of lh F10rida Assacia! ion oftlle Amelic3Jl [nstitul.e of Architects, is owned by the Association, a Florida Corporation, not. for profit. ISSNOOl 5-3907. 11. is published four limes a year and distributed through the ExeclItive Office of the Association, 104 8asl Jefferson t. Tallahassee, Florida 32301. Telephone 8501222,7590.
Opil1lons expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of AlA Florida, Edito rial matenal may be reprinted only wil h the eAllress
permission of l'7orida/Cal-ibbeflu Architect.
Single copies. $6.00: annual subSCription. $19.26.
TIlird class postage

ublic building construction offers a ctitical OPPOltunity to set high standards for buildings. It i the re ponsibility of commlmity leaders to build well. These people have the fid uciary tJust of their constituencies to consider. Our leaders must not be free and easy the public purse. Neither should they approve inadequate, shoddy, uninspiring constlUction. Value must be of paramOlmt concern whenever public trust is involved.
This issue of Flori da/Caribbean ATchi tect, by the exarnples desctibed,
illustrates the value of well-designed public buildings. The range of
building types required to meet the public sector need is very broad.
Florida's remarkable talent is well represented in the Pinellas COlmty justice complex; the u1Ullense Orange COlmty Convention Center; arld the Metropolitan Detention Center in Miami. The Orlando parking garage, done in partner hip a church, is asurptising and marvelous OppOltlUUty for public art as well.
Good design is a common thread that bUlds all efforts to make communities pleasant places in wluch to live, It is impOltant to exarnine work in the public sector to determine how good building in the public realm represents and reflects a community's aspirations. Whether these buildings succeed or fail is dependent upon the degree of care arld clear' thinking devoted to each building, for such are the stuff of good design.
The coml11wlity must first recogluze that ar'chitectme is a public art; indeed the most public art. Buildings give immediate presence to a conu11luuty's values arld standar'ds. If expressions of high ideals ar'e ofptimaIy concern, they will be asselted in the form ofthe resultant building. If e},,"]Jediency and mere "economy" were of foremost consideration, they too will be reflected by the construction. Public ptide, beauty, economy, sustainability, and concern for the environment ar'e fundarnental to good design. Public buildings represent the public interest and express the natme and char'acter of the public interest involved. All buildings tmavoidably reveal the ability of the professional who created them as well as the concern of the client, the public agency, and its ability to support good building.
Qualification-based selection of architects for public work is the first step towar'd the assurance of high quality in public buildings. In taking their obligations setiously, public officials must carefully select the appropriate designer for each project. It is also incwnbent upon these public officials to ensW'e that the selected finn will be paid well enough to work car'efuUy towar'd the best possible design. Funding good design is the best possible investment for a commwuty. It is profowldly clitical in the public sector that beautiful buildings perfornl well. Paying the light price for design is important for realizing economies in constlUction as well as an approptiate e}""]Jression of public ideals. Sholtchanging the thought process is foolish and dangerous. Time and the quality of the designer's experience, ability, and effort ar'e the ctitical factors, not the fee charged. Low fees will result in poor service, Society can not afford the results of building car'elessly.
Roy F, Knight, FAIA President, AIAlFlorida

Flo1'idaJCQ;1'ibbeCtn Archileel elves the profes ion by providing CWTent infon11ation on design, practi management,
te l1J1ology, envirOI1J11ent, energy, preselvation and development of commwutie ,construction. finan e, conomics, as
well as other political, ocial, and cultural issues that impact the field.

mit for review, and approval or rejection, the Florida Building Code adopted by the FBC and prepare a list ofrecommendations of revisions to the Florida Statutes necessitated by adoption of the Florida Building Code if the Legislature approves the Florida Building Code;

Upon initial adoption, the Florida Building Code and the Florida Fire Prevention Code and the Life Safety Code are deemed adopted by all local jurisdictions with some restrictions -local governments may adopt more stringent requirements to the codes;

Beginning in 2001, local governments shall assume expanded responsibilities for permitting, plans review and inspection of facilities that are currently reviewed by state agencies;

The Florida Building Conunission will create and administer a statewide product evaluation system;

There will be a building code training progranl developed which will become part of current continuing education requirements for occupations related to constmction and constmction regulation; and

The Department of Business and Professional Regulation is required to implement an automated information system which tracks disciplinary actions taken against construction-related occupations on a statewide basis.

II. Building Inspections for Code Compliance
For the past several years, AlA Florida has witnessed alienation between the building code officials and the design community. Itseems that since the Legislature required licensure of building code officials -which the Association supported these officials have consistently attempted to require architects and engineers to be licensed to perform building code inspections for local governments. Last year, we passed legislation in the House ofRepresentatives to cure this problem, but the Senate failed to pass the bill. This year, in a concerted effort with FES, we successfully lobbied amendments to the statutes which allow architects and engineers to inspect buildings for local governments without requiring licensure by the Board of Building Code Ad1ninistrators and inspectors and without disciplinary authority by that Board. While the Building Officials Association of Florida strenuously resisted our efforts, we succeeded in persuading the chairman of the Business Regulation and Conswner Affairs Committee of the melits of our position. Likewise, we persuaded Senator Clary of the wisdom of such an amendment and, it just so happened, he was sponsor of a primary bill supported by the building officials which he amended to accoIlU1lOdate our objectives. A special thank-you also goes to Senators Ginny Brown-Waite and Fred Dudley for their assistance in this effort.
IfHE 4439 is approved by the Governor, architects and engineers clearly will be allowed to perform building inspections upon request of local governments based solely upon their licensure as design professionals and without being subjected to the disciplinary processes of the Board of Building Code Administrators and Inspectors.
III. Miscellaneous
For the first time in many years, we did not encounter a major battle regarding the Consultants' Competitive Negotiation Act (CCNA). We did find a couple of bills where the university system sought to exempt itself from this selection process but the sponsors of these bills did not attempt to fight us once we brought the issue to their attention. There were a number of bills dealing with the contracting industry which we monitored to assure no negative inlpact on the design professionals. Likewise, there were a number of bills addressing mechanics' liens and we prevented any language altering the ability of design professionals to me liens for sums due for professional services. An organization representing landscape designers successfully lobbied legislative authority for such persons to perform certain landscape services without licensure as landscape architects. The landscape architects fought this legislation but finally succumbed. We closely monitored the situation to assure that there were no negative impacts on building design or other architectural services.
It's not too late to write a note of thanks to those legislators who were supportive ofAlA Florida during the 1998 session. Continue conversations with your representatives throughout the year to maintain an open door. Thanks to each of you for helping make this a successful legislative session for AlA Florida.
1998 AIA Florida Convention Not to Be Missed
Plans are underway for the 1998 AlA Florida Annual Convention to be held August 12-15 at the Boca Raton Resort and Club in Boca Raton, Florida. This year's convention promises to be an exciting time for architects around the state and region. Join us for an exciting kickoff ofArchitecture: Shaping Florida's Future, with our keynote speakers, Robert Campbell and James Howard Kunstler. Mr. Canlpbell is an architect, writer and 1996 Pulitzer Prize winner. He has published more than 80 articles in national periodical and is a contributing editor of ATchi lectuml Record. He is esteemed by many to be "the leading architectural critic in Anlerica today."
James Howard Kunstler is the author of The Geogmphy oJ Nowhere and Home from NowheTe. He is a regular contlibutor to the New YOTk Times Sunday Magazine and op-ed page. He is a graduate of State University of New York and has worked as a reporter and feature writer for a number of newspapers and for Rolling Stone magazine.
This year's convention also includes an outstanding schedule of continuing education programs, a spectacular Trade Show Extravaganza, and an evening of recognizing the best in Florida architecture at our Saturday evening awards dinner. Call 850.222.7590 for a registration brochure.
Congratulations to William Morgan, FAlA for being selected as one of three recipients of the Anlerican Institute ofArchitects 1998 Institute Honors for distiIlguished achievements that benefit the built environment and the profession of architecture.
Morgan, of William Morgan Architects in Jacksonville, is recognized for his lifelong pioneering research into the beginnings of architectural creativity, which led to three books of analysiS of pre-Columbian-era architecture.
This honor was conferred during the 1998 AlA arulual convention in San Francisco in May.

In Memoriam
Robert M. (Bob) Little, FAlA, Emeritus, of Valdo ta, Georgia died March 13 at South Georgia Medical Center. Little practiced in Miami for many years before moving to Valdosta last year.
William (Bill) Ellenburg Poole, AlA, died on Febmary 24. Poole, of The Poole Partnership, Inc. was recognized as a leader in the design of educational and church facilities. He was also considered the leading designer of automotive facilities ill the U.S.

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La Arquitectura de Templos Parroquiales de Puerto Rico/Architecture of Parish Churches in Puerto Rico
Thomas Marvel, FAJA, and Maria
Luisa Moreno
University of Puerto Rico, 1994,
2nd ed.
200 pages, c. 300 illus.

Reviewed by F Blair Reeves, FAIA
rchitect Thomas S. Marvel and rut histOlian Maria Luisa Moreno have provided a fine special-purpose book about a building type unique to the Catholic Hispanic Caribbean. Their Architecture of Parish Churches in Puerto Rico should be a delight to its readers. Anyone that has been to Puerto Rico, had his or her fill of sunshine and beaches, and escaped from the metropolitan areas into the little towns around the island, will remember the parish churches facing on their plazas. Almost all of these buildings follow the prevailing neoclassic style, but like the towns and plazas where they sit, each church has its own distinguishing features. Visitors will delight in the differences. This is what Puerto Rico is all about.
The authors have excluded the hermitages, non-Catholic churches, and recently built churches outside of the town centers. Thirty-five churches were selected for detailed analysis because of their architectural value and historic significance. Each church is presented with a chronological history and other descriptive information and recorded with fine photographs, floor plans, sections, and section-perspectives. The written text, in both English and Spanish, and all of the graphics are well synchronized for the reader.
After describing the context of churches built in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, the authors concentrate on those of the 19th century. This is the period of political reform, increase in population, economic improvement, and the involvement ofengineers and architects. Since nearly 40 new churches were constructed after 1800 in communities established after that date, these rue the buildings that give unique character to this type of architecture.
Architects and engineers will enjoy how the authors have analyzed the churches by presenting descriptions of their structural systems and materials, spatial organizations, and ornanlentation. Through the study of each parish church, the authors developed a classification system which led to categories based on spatial organization and structural systems, essentially in the floor plans and cross sections.


circa 1820

Some readers may remember the first paperback version of this book published in 1984. This second edition is ofcourse a repetition of the first, but the hardback format and attractive jacket make it more appealing. Most important is that the graphics rue now crystal clear, probably the result ofimproved printing techniques and better quality paper.
This book should be sought out by potential visitors to Puerto Rico who want to get the most out of their travel experience, by architects and engineers who delight in understanding how buildings work, and by history buffs who enjoy the evolution ofevents that cause a building to be built.
F Blair Reeves, FAlA, is a Professor Emeritus, Department of Architecture, Univerc sity ofFlorida.
The Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts Florida Theme Issue: Land ofSunshine and Happiness.
Wolfsonian-FIU 424 pages, 434 illus.
Reviewed by GeoryeAllen, Hon.
f you're looking for a good read on tlle role architecture and interior design played in the promotion and development of Florida, grab your sunglasses, pour yourself a glass of orange juice and grab the new Florida theme issue of The Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts.
It's the sort of book that you can read in a long afternoon or in bits and pieces over several months. Either way, the 17 essays with accompanying photographs present a well-written, wonderfully illustrated look at Florida's amazing growth ruld development from 1875 to 1945, which is enthralling.
The topiCS cover a broad and fascinating range, from the selling ofSarasota through architecture and propaganda in the 1920s to Igor Polevitzky's architectural vision for modem Miami. There is an atticle by Beth Dunlop on the art and craft of Mediterranean revival architecture and an essay by Dorothy Jenkins Fields tracing Overtown's vernacular architecture.
But, my favorite is Seth Bramson's tale of three Henrys-Plant, Flagler and Sat1ford-and the race to extend rail lines and hotels throughout the state. The work accomplished by these ambitious men set the scene for how the state was developed and how we got to where we are today.
The Jou1nal has a pretentious SOWlding title but an entertaining and attractive presentation. It was founded in 1986 to focus on the arts in eVeryday life. Covered are furniture, lighting, silver, ceramics, medallions, murals, stained glass, costumes, illustrated books, posters, political drawings, photographs-the full scope of decorative and propaganda arts, including architecture and design.
Governor and Mrs. Lawton Chiles encouraged editor-in-chief and publisher, Cathy Leff, to build the 23rd issue of the book around Florida's cultural heritage. Guest editor was architectural critic Beth Dunlop, and Jacques Auger was brought in as design director. Contributors include Michael McDonough, Helen Kohen, Joel Hoffman, Catherine Lynn, Michael Kinerk and Dennis Wilhelm, Johanna Lombard, and John Stuart.
This is the first issue of The Journal published under the auspices of The WolfsonianFlorida International University. Copies are available from The Wolfsonian-FIU, 1001 Washington Avenue, Miami Beach, FL 33139, phone (305) 535-2612, fax
(305) 531-2133. .:.
Reviewer Gemye Allen, Hon. AlA, is afonner Executive Vice P1esident ofAlA Fl01-ida.


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Holy Cmss Catholic ChuTch, from nOTtheast c01'l~er; showi ng new spi1'e, 1"OOjsystem, gt~tte1's, and 1'estoTed mason?Y wOTk. Photo
gmph: Steven E. Hutchins, AlA
Maintaining the identical appearance at the eaves entailed bringing the new roof system to meet the edge of the very fragile existing masonry cornice. To do this, Hutchins employed two kinds of trusses: bolted, built-up girder tmsses to span ctiagonally at the cross vault, and common trusses to span from the girders to the gable ends. Heavy timber at the plate end gave way to lighter "outrigger" members that were channeled with hand tools into the existing masonry to reach the edge without damaging the cornice. Replacement of the gutter system included replicating omanlental metal brackets from one of the few original pieces.
Detailed drawings were required to replicate a nmnber of original features, including reglazing of the gothic arches. To make the 200-year-old church bells ring again, the bell assemblies and gable end ventilators were rebuilt using inctigenous "purpleheart" hardwood, selected for its high density, strength, and resistance to rot and infestation. A masoruy spire toppled in a hunicane was recreated in concrete, duplicating the shape, taper, and omanlental masonry details of its remaining COlmterpart, restoring the aspect along Company Street.
Holy Cross is the city's oldest and largest Catholic church. With its architectural heritage again intact, the parish continues its active tradition of conmlUnity involvement and charitable activities :.
Steven E. Hutchins AlA
Architects, Inc.

Principal in charge:
Steven E. Hutchins, AlA

Structural Engineer:
Richard Taylor
Caribbean Consulting
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Todd W. Carey & Assoc.
General Contractor:
Water Wizards, Inc.
Holy Cross Catholic Church



food court, and public circulation spaces.
In accordance with the Master Plan, a line of concourses, meeting rooms, and registration areas extends the full length of the building, opposite and parallel to the exhibition halls. Centrally located arow1d the lobby are the common-use areas. With this arrangement, individual events may lease a large or small section of the building, according to their needs, while retaining access to auditoriwn, ballroom, food COlut, and se1vice centers. A driveway extending along the front facade accommodates as many as 50 buses to service the events.
Marking the new entrance is the grand lobby, a daylit 70-foot high atriwn. Its sweeping inverted vault ceiling was designed to capture and reflect the natural light that pow'S into the space from large clerestories on two sides. The full-height glass wall of the main entrance gives out-Dftown visitors a panoramic view of swmy skies and lush tropical landscaping. The Oliginal entrance lobby, an elegantly curved atriwn space at one end of the building, was replicated in scale at the opposite end in Phase ill, for balance.
Although the designer of each phase has been able to leave a mark, the completed facility projects tl1e appearance of a single, unified totality. Thanks to the Master Plan, this handsome phased project defies the look of a fast-growing center with a collection of additions :.
AI /02. A3
.,.-SF 1l,AI&II ,'-1,1., 9t.lOO SF 91,800SF ...... USIf11".'1" U. Jh,f'J

Architect 01 Record:
Hunton Brady Pryor
Maso Architects, PA
Design Architect:
Thompson Ventulett
Stainback &Assoc. (Atlanta)
Principal in charge:
Fred H. Pryor, Jr., AlA
Landscape Architect:
Michael and Michael
Associates, Inc.
Structural Engineer:
Walter P. Moore &
Civil Engineer:
DAO Engineering. Inc.
CHP & Associates

Construction Management:
Orange County. Florida

A4 : 81 82 B3 B4

',,1OOSF I In.-SF ~5Y..s.tCIOSF
..... ua&ll ...... ....
n.,.itCl n'-Ittw I......


At the centeT oj the complex, a ?"ejlecting pondjramed with nat'ive plantings and gmssesJonM a se?'ene t1'ansi tion with 49th StTeet. Photograph: GeoTge Cott, Ch:roma Inc.
security surveillance. Arraignefficient and decorous space ments by video from remote intended to respect all aspects locations near the jail reduce of om system ofjustice . :.
the cost of transporting prisoners.
TIle Criminal Justice Complex is located on 20 acres of the southeast comer of the existing comt/jail facility in an area bordered by a drainage canal and a light industrial development park. Great care was given to incorporating landscape and natural elements on and around the site. A reflecting pool, lined on either side with native plantings and grasses, serves the practical function of storm water retention while creating a peaceful connection with 49th Street. Careful1.y selected indigenous trees and plants also screen service areas, frame roadways, and mitigate "transitions," for example, around parking lots and entrances.
For those who work in the complex and those called in fol' business or service, the architects have designed an
Hellmuth, Obata +
Kassabaum Inc.
Associate Architect:
(Existing Building
Renovation) Mudano
Associates Architects

Project Manager: Duncan Broyd, RIBA Design Director:
Philip Dangerfield

Structural Engineer:
Walter P. Moore &

Civil Engineer:
King Engineering
MEP Engineer:
Hellmuth, Obata +
Kassabaum, Inc.
General Contractor:
Clark Construction
Pinellas County Board of
County Commissioners


many years, and in an advanced state of disrepair, its five buildings had been exceptional examples of the Masomy Vemacular style of architecture, Their projecting arcades, canopies, and open balconies, were noteworthy adaptations to the Miam.i climate,
Based on a historic survey and progranm1atic considerations for the new facility, Wolfberg Alvarez restored the storefronts and demolished the rear portion of the buildings, The Chaille Block now houses admin.istrative offices and training facilities for the Federal Bureau of Plisons,
Set against the solid facade of the Metropolitan Detention Center, the old buildings, their original colors restored, add a wonderful contrast of scale and detail, A transition bar serves as a backdrop to the identity, scale, and character of the historical restoration, The juxtaposition successfully reinforces each structure's differences within the total.ity of the Judicial Complex, .:.
Architect and Engineer:
Wolfberg Alvarez and

David A, Wolfberg, AlA

Julio E, Alvarez, PE
Structural, Civil, Mechani cal/Electrical Engineer:
Wolfberg Alvarez and

Landscape Architect:
Laura Llerena &
Associates, Inc,
General Contractors:
lurner Construction
Company (Phase 1);
The Clark Construction
Group, Inc, (formerly
George C, Hyman
Construction Company)
and Cogefar-Impresit
USA (Phase 2)
Owner's Representative (Construction Manager}:
CRSS Constructors, Inc,
Federal Bureau of Prisons

Secu?'e pedest?icLn b?'idge li nking the Detention Gente?' and GouTthouse also frames the entr'ance lJlaza, j1'Ontjacade, and public entry, Developed in a ?'epeating patte?'n, the Q?'ti culctio'YI ojthe cell windows c?'eates a stTOng and inte?'esting jaca,d
t?'eatment, PhotogmlJh: Eve?'ett & Soule

selected for its aesthetically pleasing finish, flexibility in forming complex clllves, water impenetrability, and capability to produce flat ceiling slabs at each level. Reinforced concrete, which is fire resistant, durable, and inexpensive to maintain, also provides all of the required structural properties.
The aJ.t-in-public-places program, intended to integrate rutwork into everyday surroundings, is much in evidence. PaJ.'king patrons encounter mmals along stairways and throughout the building, and twelve panel insets in the brick facade will feature 20' x 40' banners. Centered in the double helix and visible throughout is a vibrant 63' x 18' sculptlll'al COlllllll by Dorothy Gillespie, Composed of 96 painted (inside aJ.ld out) aluminllln panels, hooked together and stabilized by 250,000 yards of post-tension cable, Gillespie's trademark bright-color sculptme extends the height of the double helix. Red, yellow, blue, or green accents at each level coorclinate with color-keyed railings aJ.ld markers.
With the success of their project, the partners have achieved more than a parking solution. Their commissioning of a unique, thoughtful, aJ.ld well orchestrated public builcfing, which the design! build team accomplished on time and under budget, sets a new standard for the art of parking.:.

Spillis Candela &
Partners, Inc.

DCC Constructors, Inc.
Project Manager:
Thomas H. Hyde, AlA

Landscape Architect:
Thomas Lucido &
Associates, PA

Structural Engineer:
Walter P Moore &

Civil Engineer:
DAO Engineering
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
HC YU Associates
City of Orlando, Orange County, & First Presbyterian Church

Designing Against Crime: The Case for CPTED Training for Architects
by RandaU Atlas, Ph.D., A.I.A., CPP
knowledge of crime trends and the impact to the operational design criteria. Architects must provide the comprehensive ecurity considerations in many types of urban buildings by designing for street-and basement-level protection as well as safe parking, exterior, shipping/receiving, and intake areas.
While premises Liability lawsuits were relatively rare in the 1950s and a typical jury award was $10,000, the 1980s jury award was $1.04 million. In 1992, average jury awards rose to $3.35 million and settlemen ts to $545,800. Fifty-eight percent of all civil cases in 1992 were premises liability issues and half of those were inadequate-security claims. Crime in the premises liability suits brought from 1983 to 1992 stemmed from, by location, apartment buildings 23 percent, parking lots 19 percent, hotel and motel rooms 15 percent,



Pollution Professional Liability

Design/Build Professional Liability

Contractor's Design/Build Professional Liability

Project Insurance

Joint Venture/Equity Interest Coverage

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Loss Prevention Techniques

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stores 9 percent, and restaw-ants 8 percent. Architects are viewed as having deep pockets becau e th yare often forced to carry insurance. The result is that architects are being successfully dragged into Litigation involving third-palty premise liability security negligence law uits.
Architects want to be informed of aU relevant design criteria that could impact the uses, users, and design of the building under contract. Traditionally, the architect is considered the master builder. It is he or she who should start the security design process dwing the programming phase. Securing premises, people, property, and information begins with a thorough needs asse ment to stablish the design criteria for the specific project. The first step in designing against terrorism or crime is
Continued on page 24.
here are three really good reasons why architects need to be trained in Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED). First, they need to know how to prevent crime in the buildings in order to prevent negligent liability; second, they want to design for the health, safety and welfare of building users against threats of workplace violence, terrorism, and street crime; and third, because they have to design for security for all federal architectUl"e by complying with the GSA Federal Secwity Standards.
Architects need to know the basic techniques and skills of CPTED to meet the general standards of care of building codes and specific industry standards found in, for example, the lodging and shopping center industries. Accidents and criminal incidents are drawing architects into premises Liabi lity lawsu its. Architecture impacts the safety and security of a building in many featUl"es, including stairs, ramps, handrails, interior and exterior lighting, floor materials, parking lot design, blind spots and dead-end corridors. The selection of doors, windows, access control systems and building circulation patterns are other safety and security design considerations. Often, the architect is held accountable for inadequate locks, poor key control, inoperative equipment, inadequate lighting, and systems failures.
The architect is also held accOLmtable for having foreseen or having prior knowledge of designing high-risk buildings in crime prone areas and for not taking adequate precautions. Not only is the architect being held accountable for kn owledge of the building types, but also for

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Buyers' Guide

Marvin Windows & Doors Window Clas ic (18-27) .......................... 0
Me rc Adhesives & Sealan ts R 0 Corporation (18-19) ........................ 32
Metal Roofing Aluminwll ervice, Inc. (I -10) .............. 28
MoldlMildew -Control & Re moval Tasso WaUcovering (18-24) ...................... 8
Natural Gas Florida Natural Gas As ociation (1 -16) .............................. IFC
Professional Liability CollinswOlt h, Alter, Nielson, Fowler & DowUng, Inc. (18-14) ............ 23 Seitlin Risk Management & Insurance (18-23) ........................... ~.... 11 Suncoast Insurance As ociates, Inc. (18-23) .......................... 11
Roof -Tile Masterpiece Tile Co. (18-18) ................... 23
Roofs/ Artificial Thatch Tropic Top (18-25) .................................... 31
Store Fronts EFCO orporation (18-15) ...................... 31


Storm Protection -Windows & Doors
Traco/Security Windows (18-29) ............ 22

Tensioned Membrane Structures
Birdair, Inc. (18-12) ...................... ......... IB

Textured WaH Systems
Tasso Wallcovering (18-24) .................... ..

Tasso Wallcovering (1 -24) ............ ........... 8

EFCO Corporation (18-15) .... ........ .......... 31

Windows -Alwninum
Traco/Security Windows (18-29) ............ 22

Wmdows & D001'S
Architectural Windows

& Cabinets (l8-11) ....................... 26-27, 29 HBS In c. (l8-11) ............................ 26-27,29 Nor-Dec International (18-11) ...... 26-27, 29 Palm City MW (18-11) ................... 26-27, 29 Ricketson Sash & Door
Co., Inc. (18-21) .................. ............ ........ 25 S & P Architect Products,

Inc. (18-11) .................. ................. 26-27, 29
S & S Craftsmen, Inc. (l8-11) ....... 26-27, 29
Weather Shield (18-11) ............ ..... 26-27,29
Window Classics (18-27) ......................... 30

Wood Windows & Doors Ricketson Sash & Door Co., Inc. (18-21) ...................................... 25

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Ph. 954/966-1148 Ph. 305/266-9800 Ph. 561/659-0600
Fax 954/983-7724 Fax 305/267-8197 Fax 561 1659-1 555

Ph. 407/332-1352 Ph. 941/498-9141 Ph. 813/915-1414 Fax 407/332-1353 Fax 9411498-9142 Fax B 131933-00 1 5

Aluminum Service, Inc. (18-10) ............. .......... 28 Archilecl ural Window
& Cabinets (18-11) ................................ 26-27,29 Birdair, Inc. (18-12) ....... ...................... ..... ...... IBC City of Ft. MyerslHR Dept. (18-13) .................. 25 Collinsworth, Alter, iel on,
Powler & Dowling, Inc. (18-14) ...... ............... 23
CSR Rinker (18-28) .......................................... 6-7
EPCO orporation (18-15) ........................ ....... 31
Plorida Natural Gas Asso iation (18-16) ..... !FC
Glass Masonry (18-17) ................................. ..... 1
HBS Inc. (18-11) ..................................... 26-27,29
Masterpiece Tile Co. (1 -1 ) ............................ 23
Nor-Dec lntemational (18-11) ............... 26-27, 29
Pal.m City MW (18-11) .................... ........ 26-27, 29
RCD 011 oration (18-19) ................................. 32
Revere Copper Product (1 -20) ..................... 25
Ricketson ash & Door 0 ., Inc. (1 -2 1) ........ 25
S & P Architect Products,

[nco (1 -11) ................................ ............ 26-27,29 S & S Craftsmen, Inc. (IS-II) ................ 26-27, 29 Schirmer Engineering Corp. (1S-22) ............... 31 Seitlin Risk Management
& Insurance (1S-23) ......................................... 11 Suncoast Insurance
Associates, Inc. (1S-23) .............................. ..... 11
Tasso Wallcovering (IS-24) ................................ S
Traco/Security Wind w (IS-29) ..................... 22
Tropic Top (IS-25) ........................................... .. 31
Tnl .Joist MacMillan (I -26) ............................ 32
Weather hield (IS-ll) .......................... ~6-27, 29
Window Classics (18-27) .................................. 30
Y-Tong Plorida (1S-28) .................................. a BC

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Buyers' Guide
Artificial Thatched Roofs Tropic Top (1S-25) .................................... 31
Building Materials CSR Rinker (l S-2S) ................................. 6-7 Trus Joist MacMillan (1S-26) .......... ......... 32
Building Products Aluminum Service, Inc. (1S-lO) .............. 2S
Career Opportunities City of Ft. Myers/HR Dept. (1S-13) ......... 25
Concr ete Y-Tong Florida (IS-2S) ......................... OBC
Consult ing -All Window & Door Needs Architectural Windows & Cabinets (1S-11) ....................... 26-27,29 HBS Inc. (1S-11) .................... ........ 26-27,29 Nor-Dec International (1S-11) ...... 26-27,29 Palm City MW (1S-11) ............. ...... 26-27, 29 S & P Architect Products, Inc. (1S-11) ................................... 26-27,29 S & S Craftsmen, Inc. (1S-11) ....... 26-27,29 Weather Shield (1S-11) ................. 26-27,29
Consult ing Engineers Schim1er Engin eering Corp. (IS-22) ...... 31
Cons ulting/Windows & Doors -Dade County Approval Architectural Windows & Cabinets (1S-11) ....................... 26-27,29 HBS Inc. (1S-11) ......................... ... 26-27, 29 Nor-Dec International (1S-ll) ...... 26-27,29 Palm City MW (1S-ll) ................... 26-27, 29 S & P Architect Products, Inc. (1S-11) ................................... 26-27, 29 S & S Craftsmen, Inc. (IS-ll) ....... 26-27,29 Weather Shield (1S-11) ................. 26-27,29
Copper Products Revere Copper Products (1S-20) ............ 25
Curtain Walls EFCO Corporation (1S-15) ...................... 31
Doors -Aluminum Traco/Security Windows (IS-29) ............ 22
Doors & Windows Window Classics (IS-27) ......................... 30
Duct Work Accessories RCD Corporation (1S-19) .................... .... 32
Employment City of Ft. MyerslHR Dept. (IS-13) ......... 25
Energy Technology FlOlida Natural Gas Association (IS-16) .............................. IFC
Engineered Lumber HVAC Adhesives & Sealants Trus Joist MacMillan (IS-26) .......... ......... 32 RCD Corporation (IS-19) .... .................... 32
Ins ura nceFire Code Consultants COUinswOlth, Alter, Nielson, Schirmer Engineering Corp. (1S-22) ...... 31
Fowler & Dowling, Inc. (IS-14) ............ 23 Seitlin Risk Management Glass Blocks
& Insurance (1S-23) ................................ 11

Glass Masonry (IS-17) ............................. 31

Suncoast Insurance As ociates, Inc. (1S-23) ................... ....... 11
HVAC Florida Natural Gas Lumber Association (1S-16) ..................... ......... IFC Trus Joist MacMillan (1S-26) ................... 32

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NOR-DEC International
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San Juan, Puerto Rico 787/722-5425
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 809/697-4251
Dominican Republic Showroom 809 / 227-7882

Palm City Millwork
Palm City, Florida 561/288-7086
West Palm Beach, Florida 561/586-2280

S & P Architectural Products
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Jupiter, Florida 561/748-5580
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Five AlA Florida Members Elevated to College ofFellows
The American Institute of Architects elevated five AIA Florida members to the AIA College of Fellow ,an honor attained by less than four percent of the organization's membership. This prestigious achievement is conferred on members with at least ten years of continuous membership who have made significant contributions to the profession.
The AIA Florida members honored are Henry C. Alexander, FAIA Miami; I.S. Keith Reeves, V, FAIA Orlando; Edward J. Seibert, FAIA Florida Gulf Coast; Karl Thorne, FAIA Gainesville; and Daniel WIllian1S, FAIA Mianli.
Alexander, Vice President of the Coral Gables finn of Mateu,
arreno Rizo & Partners, was honored for his efforts to make the profession of ever increasing service to society through community service. In the wake of Hurricane Andrew, Alexander, as president of AIA Florida, mobilized architects tlu'oughout the state to support a massive outreach and recov ry effort which focused on the needs of neighborhoods ravaged by the storm.
For his work to promote the aesthetic, scientific, and practical effici ency of the profession tlu'ough design, I.8.Keith Reeves was selected. Reeves, principal of Architects Design Group in Wmter Park, has based his career on the prenlise that each architectural comnlis ion is an opportunit"y to achieve design excelI n e. He has extensively researched, written, lectured and utilized color in his work because of his recognition of its impact on the built environment and on humans both psychologically and physiologically.
WiU;cnns, FAlA
Edward Seibert, prinCipal of Seibelt Arcllitects, P.A., was recognized for his work in promoting the aesthetic, scientific and practical efficiency tlu-ough design. Seibert's conmlitment to architecture as art has resulted in cOI1Sistently provocative and elegant design solutions. His work demonstrates great versatility while he continues to explore and refine his design plUlosophy of articulate geometry and sculpturally elegant spaces.
For llis work to advance the science and art of planning and building by advancing the standards of architectural education, training, and practice through education, the College recognized Karl Thorne.
Thorne, of Karl Thorne and Associates in Gainesville, has significantly and positively impacted inner-city communities, and created educational opportwlities for tlmd world and minOlity youth. Throughout his career he has promoted tlle essence of diversity and enhanced tile values and perception of minority architects in tile profession and in society.
Dan Willirul1S, of Daniel Williams ARCHITECT in Coconut Grove, was honored for his efforts to increase tile connectivity between the w-ban and natural enviromnents. This improved connection will afford environmental protection while increasing energy efficiency. As rul architect and ommunity activist, he has been a driving force in the protection of tlle Everglades watershed and the creation of regional parks that will provide for a sustainable water supply for Dade County.
Alexander, Reeves, Seibert, Thorne and Williams were invested in the College of Fellows at tile 1998 AIA National Convention in San Francisco on May 15.
1998 Legislative Wrap-up
pTepa1'ed by Mike H uey and Ch1is Hansen
The Florida Legislature ended the 1998 Regul31' Se sion on Friday, May 1, at 6:00 p.m. AIA Florida enjoyed a very productive legislative session thanks to the legislative affairs comnlission and the grassroots members.
Outlined below are issues tllat AIA Florida concentrated its attention on during this session. Through your response to our call for action in weekly faxes, AIA Florida generated a great deal of positive attention for our legislative concerns.
I. Statewide Building Code
AIA Florida has been promoting a single statewide building code for years. After months of work by the Governor's Building Codes Study Commission and months of "politicking" by interested parties, the Legislature finally passed a single, unified building code -HB 4181. This legislative issue dominated our 1998 efforts. Although the Association was one of the plincipal proponents of a unified code, the bill, as initially drafted, gave local governments disciplinary authOlity over the professional licenses of architects, engineers and contractors. Unfortunately, the drafters of the bill were convinced by building code officials that architects and engineers were consistently submitting plans and specifications totally inadequate in the ru'ea of code compliance and that contractors consistently failed to adhere to codes during construction. Consequently, it becan1e necessru)' in their minds to give disciplin31), power to local governments and tllis was prut of the "bargain" offered to local governments to entice them to accept a single statewide code. AIA Florida was not consulted about this issue before the bill was fLied and the Florida Homebuilders Association, while opposed to this pru'ticular disciplinary concept, had signed off on the entire bill early on. The House sponsor and representatives of the Building Codes Study Commission advised us that they were unwilling to modify the bill to remove these onerous and duplicative disciplinary provisions so we initiated an all-out lobbying effort to persuade legislators that design professionals consistently design buildings in accordance with all applicable codes and that local disciplinary authority was not only unnecessary but would likely be abused.
Larry Schneider did a great job in scrutinizing the bill and providing us with technical advice. Wayne Drummond, Tom Lewis and Melody Linger, as members of the Building Codes Study Commission, were of tremendous assistance in providing background information.
Arnled with the background and technical advice, we asked architects around the state to write and call their legislators. Your response was tremendous and, as we persisted in our daily lobbying effOlts, we began to see progress. The final critical component of our efforts was to engage Senator Clru), in tllis issue. As the only architect in the Legislature and an advisOl)' member of the Conu-nission, it was essential that he be aligned with our position. He and his staff gave tllis issue top priority completely understrulding our concerns and ably as isting us via the coordination of meetings with all interested pruties which culminated in your lobbying teruTI rewriting major portions of the legislation to address our concerns. The bill, as passed, contaiJ1S the following major components.

The Board of Building Codes and Standards is reconstituted as the Florida Building Conm1ission (FBC);

The Department oflnsurance is required to adopt the Florida Fire Prevention Code and the Life Safety Code;

Before the 2000 Regular Session, the FBC must sub-


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Fire Protection Engineering ... Code Consulting ... Loss Control ... Security Systems Oesign

Comprehensive Fire Protection / Life Safety Analysis

Periormance Based Approaches to the Building Code

Computer Fire Modeling &Timed Egress Analysis

Code Equivalencies for Your Innovative Designs

Development of Fire/Life Safety Programs

Smoke Control System Design Criteria & Consulting Fire Alarm & Sprinkler Systems Design

Technical Design Reviews for Code Compliance

Tailored Approaches for Appropriate Protection

Security System Design for all types of Buildings

Negotiations with Authorities Having Jurisdiction

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16375 NE 18th Avenue, Suite 323 North Miami Beach, FL 33 162-4700
Voice (305) 949-8858 Fax (305) 949-3673 E-Mail SchirmerFL @aol .com

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New from YTONG is the VaiuPanel1~", made ofautoclaved aerat d concrete. The ValuPanel system (wall, jamb, lintel, and sill panels) was designed to reduce installation time and minimize onsite pouring and forming of concrete. Components can be precut to architectural requirements and delivered to the job ite ready to install. Vaiupanel is noncombustible, even when e-".lJosed directly to fire, termite resistant, hurricane resistant, and has an R-20 equivalent thermal insulation rating. For more information on ValuPanel products, call (800) 986-6435.

Quarztex Non-Skid Deck Coating
Delta Series Cable Barrier Fence
ew from Delta Scientific Corporation i the Cable Barrier Fence Serie 0 200, capable of stopping high-speed vehicle charges. Consisting of high
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Energy Star, NFRC Ratings for Andersen Windows
The U.S. EPA and the
U.S. DOE are co-sponsoring
-ijIm..:c, NatIOnal Fenestration
the Energy Star progrrul1 to
.MH,f'ji Rating CounCil
educate consumers about

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benefits of energy-efficient
"' __
""I~a(l(II Energy Rating Factors ~!t~s Product Description
products. Energy Stan ated
0.30 0,29
windows, doors, and sky
Ca.k mrn r\''Indo..
0.34 0.35
lights must meet criteria for
....-----+--+--HP lo... .EJ GI~:If\j:
three distinct climate re
gions (North, entral, or

NFRC~.,._IOt'''''''MloI~~_1I>IItc ~w.s_....".,."c.--.."IOt""'Kll'r~_""""'VI' ~Fot~_IO'Ia;WfNWWDol.J.OOE~To..of.A..
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South). Allder en Windows,
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Preserving the Expression of Old Construction

Holy Cross Catholic Church Christiansted, St. Croix,
Steven E. Hutchins AlA
Architects, Inc.

crowd gathered in downtown Christiansted to watch the roof lifted off of Holy Cross Catholic Church. As the intact bean1S were lowered into the street, revealing centUliesold construction methods, parishioners and curious onlookers hoped for a souvenir. Built in 1748, Holy Cross is one of four large historic churches in the downtown area that have sUlvived hunicanes, fires, dry rot, infestation, and numerous repairs.
Roofless, the old walls loomed 38 feet high in places, their construction now visible: three-feet thick, built of rubble masonry bOlmd with a lime mortar, and firlished in smooth lime plaster. The handsome random-set natUl'al stone work

Restomd Tedwood ceiling 1"ests upon old walls with ?'Undom-set natu'ral stone wo'rk. Photog?"aph:
had been exposed in recent
Steven E. Hutchi ns, AlA
times when the interior plaster was removed.
In 1848, with the addition of that would qualify the structure as a crossing nave and apse that a stoml shelter. gave the church its traditional The irlherent challenges cruciform arrangement, the were clear to Architect Steven roof was reframed with new E. Hutchins, AIA. A longtinle pitch pine timbers using resident of St. Croix, HutchiI1S mortise and tenon dowel was no stranger to the old jOinting. At the intersecting church roofs, having been there ridges fom diagonal partial before with his famlly's conbusses were joined by a center struction company. (Hutchins king post connected with heavy also maintains an architectUl'e iron plate and square head office in Jacksonville.) He knew bolts. Painted pitch pine ceiling that developing a sound boards (later replaced with connection between the new redwood) followed the angular roof and old walls without vaulting of the trusses. alte1ing the appearance of the
This roof, after withstanding, walls, ceilings, parapets, or any most recently, Hurricanes Hugo other existing element would and Marilyn, had come to the take some planning and end of its useful life. A complete ingenuity. The solution involved replacement, it was decided, concealing a new concrete bond was in order. The goal for the new beam within the top of the old roof was twofold: to replicate its wall and embedding steel 1848 appearance while upgrading dowels ranging from 24 to 36 it to a level ofwindload resistance inches to help tie the wall to the 15 percent above UBC standard bond beam.

Growing in Good Form
Orange County Convention Center, Phase mExpansion Orlando, Florida Hunton Brady Pryor Maso Architects, P.A. and Thompson Ventulett Stainback &Assoc.
rlando is one of the top meeting places in the nation. Staying competitive and keeping up with demand in the fast-growing national and world convention and trade show markets has fostered rapid and sizable growth of area facilities, including the Orange County Convention Center. Since its 1983 completion, the facility has undergone several expansions.
Now almost five times its initial size, Orange County Convention Center has maintained a high level of architectural coherence. A Master Plan, developed in 1992, on the heels of a major Phase n expansion, required that subsequent additions draw on the existing architectural vocabulary. Even so, refinements and compatible expression were encouraged. Far from limiting the architects in Phase ill, the plan presented an opportunity to shape and create a large dramatic space. lncorporating the basic palette of pre-cast concrete, aluminum panels, and quality finishes with careful detailing, the architects were able to complement, enhance, and unify the entire facility.
Phase ill, completed in 1996 represented an addition of 1.6 million sf to the existing 1 million sf facility. Exhibit halls and meeting rooms make up more than one quarter of the new space, with the remainder given over to specialty and support spaces. These include a 2,650-seat auditorium, 60,000 sf ballroom/multifunction space, a business center, administrative offices, 30,000 sf kitchen and

APlace for Order and Justice

Ceremonial courtjor high-pTOjile trialsjeatu?"es contempomry details ?-ender-ed in traditional matm"ials. Photograph: George Cott, Chr'oma Inc.
colunms lead into the refined
Pinellas County Criminal Justice Complex Clearwater, Florida Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum, Inc.
ewly enlarged and updated, the Pinellas County Criminal Justice Complex is expected to accommodate operational, functional, personnel, and spatial needs of the county's criminal justice system for the next 20 years. Included on the fmrr levels of the 500,000 sf structure (350,000 new and 150,000 renovated) are 23 criminal cowtrooms, cllambers for 27 judges and their staffs, and spacious areas for the efficient operation of the Clerk of Court, State Attorney, and Public Defender. Other offices, security facilities, and public spaces that support the public functions round out tile building program.
For its expanded facility, Pinellas County desired a design that recalled the dignified stature of past courthouse architecture in a modem context (while staying in tune with very contemporary cost concerns). This effect is evident from the moment one encounters the main entrance, an updated classic design with columns and a pOltico topped and flanked by glazed rectangles.
1\vo elements played a major role in deteIDlining the overall design: providing security and representing the dignity of the judicial system. Actually, there are four secwity systems, integrated but operating independently to accommodate the distinctive needs of the public, staff, judiciary, and prison, helped to deternline the intricate layout. Formal public galleries and passageways featuring clean modem lines, handsome (and durable) travertine walls and terrazzo floors, and stately staircases and courtroom spaces.
Separate single entrances for the public, staff, judiciary, and prisoners may be monitored and equipped with a bailiff station and x-ray and metal detection equipment. Inside, one fmds seamless, if separate, networks of corridors, functional areas, and vertical circulation (stairways, escalators, elevators) for every user group, again meticulously designed with the dual goals of maxinlunl convenience and security. Outside, vehicle circulation and public and protected parking areas are arranged to optimize circulation patterns with regard to the multiple building entries.
A variety of new courts technologies make such pmtitioning feasible. Staff and the public may access court records throughout tile building, even in the cowtrooms. Video technologies are used to display court calendars and monitor court proceedings as well as for
G?-anite-clad cir-cular-vestibule ser-ves as queuing space prior-to secu?ity checks. Photograph: Gem-ge Cott, Chroma Inc.

Strong Presence with an Eye to Posterity

Federal Bureau of Prisons Metropolitan Detention Center Miami, Florida Wolfberg Alvarez and Partners
prison is not considered a desirable building type for a Central Business District. So when the Federal Bmeau of Prisons planned its Metmpolitan Detention Center for a 1.5-acre urban site in downtown Miami, the architect wanted to change this thinking. Design ofthe facility, an integral patt of the city's Federal Judicial Complex, required experience and sensitivity to neighborhood concems.
Wolfberg A1vat"ez and Partners undertook the challenge of designing the 1000-bed high-rise. The Detention Center, which serves as a holding facility for inmates awaiting tJial and sentencing, is comlected to the U.S. COUlthouse atld acUacent Federal Law Enforcement Building.
Willie the design responds to the need for absolute security, the Mianu-based fmn also addressed the building's aesthetic impact within the city's mban fabric. Additional requirements included incorporation of a pat"king garage and restoration of the historic Chaille Block.
The program goal was to develop a fUllctional, efficient facility within the context of designing federal archltectme of statUI"e and permanence. With clean forms and wellatticuJated d t.:1.ils, the Detention Center looks to captme the strength and presence of federal buildings of the past. Its scale and presence on the street are reinforced by a monUlllental colonnade at the entrance ide, and on inlple but distinctiv multistory facades, potentially stagnant fenestration takes on a strong, interesting pattem. Highlighting the rear facade, instead of protective fencing, are secure glass-block-enclosed recreation decks.

The 564,614 sf Detenti.on Center includes a full ratlge of support facilities: three courtrooms and acUwlct facilities; admiIustrative offices; re eiving and discharge at"eas; a health care clinic; storage facilities; and a ecme 85,000 SF pat"king stJl1cture for 200 vehlcles. Ancillaty support facilities were located on the lower floors to create a secUlity buffer between public spaces and the detention cells on the upper floors. Angulat" interior walls eliminate blind spots and allow for unobstructed lines of sight.
Construction was poured-inplace concrete with architectural precast patlel facades. Precast concrete floor and roof joists span to reinforced concrete beams, which, in turn, are supported by reinforced concrete colwnns. Lateral wind forces at"e resisted by stJ-ategically located reinforced
oncrete shear walls. The building is supported on a deep foundation system ofaugercast piles. The use ofprecast concrete joists and soffit beams in the main building pemlitted longer spatlS, whlch reduced the visual intelierence of columns, as well as saving time and money.
The Chaille Block was the last full block of early-20thcentUIy construction remaining in Miami when the property was pmchased for the Detention
enter. Williatn Chaille built Miami's first "dinle store" there around 1915. Unoccupied for

Downtown Parking, Uptown Solution

Administration Center
Orlando, Florida
DCC Constructors, Inc.
with Spillis Candela &
A spilit of conullunity partnership in Orlando has
resulted in an imposing and
practical public facility. The
City of Orlando, Orange
County, and the First Presbyte
rian Church had a common
problem: inadequate down
town parking. The three
unrelated entities jOined forces
to build a six-story, 865-space
parking garage to shar-e. Its
unique origin and unconunon
design have attracted a good
deal of local pride and
celebratory attention. From
the start, this was not your
standard parking garage.
Located at Liberty Street
and Jackson Avenue, the
Administration Center Garage overaU conception. Inside, use
facility offers a mix of public of a double helix ramping
(city) parking for the Central system permits maximwn clear
Business DistIict and employee vision on each story for
and guest parking for the security as well as easy ingress
ounty and church. Also and egress at all levels.
housed on the fir t floor are the Outside, artistic alw11inun1
Orange County Tag and facades and exterior stair
Downtown Development Board
Maintenance offices. Intended
for occupancy from 6 a.111. to 11
p.m., the project anticipates
parking needs for a planned
peliorming arts center. The
bright, open, inviting space is
enhanced by maximwll lighting
and visibility on each floor,
cololiul art work, color-keyed
level designations, and glass
elevator cabs.
Tean1work was crucial to
every aspect of this undertak
ing. Initiated as a design-build
project with DC Constructors
and the Orlando office of Spillis
Candela & Partners, the clients'

desire for a safe, high-use, userfriendly facility inspired new applications of historic ornamentation as part of the fenestration designed for ventilation, security, and to cover the exterior handrails ar'e ren1iniscent of turn-of-thecentury Vienna. SCP team members used CADD to design the metalwork patterns, which were economically crafted with high-tech computerized wate1jet teclmology. Guiding the architecture from start to finish was the unique concept Spillis Candela calls "the art of par'king.
Post-tension, cast-in-place concrete construction was

Where Only lihe Strongest Survive

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Tile Willdows And Doors Thnt Greet Tile World


OlltilluedIrom page 3.
to as ss the tlu'eat and vulnerabilities to the t.:,mgible and intangible assets to be protected.
Th Oklahoma and World Trade enter bombings in
reased awar ness ofthevulnerability to acts of ten'or, but area crim and workplace violence po e more of an actual threat.
onsidering that the thrust of criminal justice reform, such as the t/Uth-in-sentencing program, has sputtered under the prison overcrowding situation, released clu'onic offenders practicing everyday street crime prove more threatening than ten-orists planning random attacks. But ten-orism is big news. The media cover bombings for weeks with unrelenting enthusiasm if not actual facts. Wh.iJ the personal dramas of terrorist att.:'lcks unfold piece by piece, a victim ofviolent Clime in a local urban parking lot, for example, goes unnoted. Still, any attention to tlle con-elate of the physical environment abetting the climinally in Lined helps drive the prevention argument.
CPTED is the effective use and design of the built environment to reduce the opportunity and fear of predatory tranger-to-stranger crime. CPTED uses a multi-tiered approach to increase the effort needed to commit the Clime, to increase the lisks of being detected wIllie conunitting a Clime, to reduce the rewards for comnutting tlle crime, and to remove the excuses for inappropriate be-
Principal Suppliers for Featured Projects
Federal Bureau of Prisons Metropolitan Detention Center Miami Wollberg Alvarez and Partners
Principal Suppliers/Sub Consultants: Varley-Campbell, Inc. (Fire/ Life Safety Design); Womall (Security Electronics Design); Dean, Dale and Dean (Security Hardware); Phillips and Associates (Latmclry); LaJmes & Garcia, Inc. (SurveylReplatting); LAW Engineering (Geotechnical Services); G.E. Whltrnill and Associates (Food Service Design); ATEC Associates (Asbestos Abatement for Chaille Block Preservation); luistman/SchiLler (Building Contractor for Chaille Block Preservation)
Orange County Convention Center Orlando Hunton Brady Proyor Maso Architects, P.A and Thompson Ventulett Stainback & Assoc.
Pr'incipa] Suppliers: Baker Concrete Construction; Gate Precast; Addison Steel; C.F.E., IJ1C.; J.B. Matthews Co.; Harmon Contract WSA, In .; AFG Glass, Inc.; J.R. Clancy; Irwin Seating; Schindler Elevator
0 .; Poole and Kent; George J. Nash, Inc.; Regen ylZap Electlic on truction Team

Pinellas County Criminal Justic Complex
Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum, Inc.

Principal Suppliers: Tri State Glass, FlOlida Precast, John J. Kirlin, H M chanical, Aneco Electric, Sin1plex, George Doro Co., Azzarelli onstruction, Arm trong, Allstate Stone
Holy Cross Catholic Church
St. Croix, U.S.v.I.
Steven E. Hutchins AlA Architects, Inc.

Principal Suppliel's: Charlies Concrete, Walsh Metal Works, The Pro hop (mlllwork), McKay ElectIic, St. Croix Trading, Gallows Bay Hardware
havior. The trategies for achleving the e goals include using natural access-control, natural surveillance, legitimate activity support, management and maintenance strategies, and territolial boundruies. Adequate security planning, CPTED, and defensible space planning, are parts of the comprehensive security planning process as compru'ed to a target-hardening or fortressing reaction to criminal incidents.
Despite decades of effort, a national security code or ordinance as part of state or national building codes has never been realized. The threat of premises liability litigation spurs opposition to the adoption ofsafety/security standards from widespread professional groups. Very few lodging, shopping! retail, building and construction associations have supported mininmm safety standards development. An exception is the new General Services Administration (GSA) Security Design Standards for federal govenunent ru'chltecture. TIlese standru-ds are fast becoming the industry "standard of care."
Architects have to comply with the GSA Security Design Standards intended to save lives, prevent i.njury and protect the property and assets. Terrorism has been the major vehlcle for change in rul otherwise stuck universe of crime prevention. For exanlple, in June 1995, after the bombing of a federal facility in Oklahoma City, President Clinton mandated a basic Statldard of security for all federal facilities. The mandate states that each federal building shall be upgraded to the lninin1um security standards as reconunended for its audited security level by ilie Department of Justice. The security design criteria provide a performance-based approach to various building systems and components, from window glazing to structural systems. The GSA standards require a secUlity lisk assessment at the eru'ly progrrul1l11ing stage of any federal project. Risk factors may be eliverse as a building's ymbolic importance if it is a hlghly visible landmark or its function if it is considered vital to national interests. Designs should allow for the capacity to increase responsiveness to a heightened or temporary threat, such as when a courthouse is the site of a hlgh-profile trial.
In partnershlp with Florida's Attorney General, the Florida CPTED Network (FCN), provides mininmlll standru'ds for certification and acts as a resource for premises security design and prevention education for city and county management, law enforcement, and design/planning professionals. In recent years a few dedicated plrumers and law enforcement professionals in Sarasota and Broward County have initiated cutting-edge ordinances in their communities requiring at least one member of any govenunent project design plan review team to be CPTED trained.
The future of safe neighborhoods and cities is here now. Itis time for archltects to come on boru"d and embrace safety and security for all buildings and for all plrumers to incorporate crime prevention through environmental design in every conununity .:.
Randall Atlas, vice-pTesident oj Atla.s Safety & Security Design Inc, Miami, is a FCN boa,Td membe'l'; a registered aTchitect in Florida and nationally aCCTeditated (NCARB) a ceTtijied pTotection pTojessional (CPP) from the Ame'lican Society oj In dustTial Security, and m ember oj the ASIS Security ATchitectu?'e and Enginee'ling Committee. He Teceived his docwmte in criminology jTom Flor'ida State Unive'Isity. FOTmoTe injo?mation on CPTED, check the website at or' email ?" OT call (800) 749-6029; or contact FCN Chair'man Ray Wood at the Omnge County She'lijj's Ojjice, (407) 354-3924; e-mail:

See list of dealers on page 29

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