Group Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Alternate Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Publisher: Dawson Publications,
Dawson Publications
Place of Publication: Timonium Md
Publication Date: December 1997
Copyright Date: 1997
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 44, no. 1 (spring 1997)-
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Issues have also theme titles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004635
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5904
ltuf - ACJ1464
oclc - 36846561
lccn - sn 97052000
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida architect

Full Text


December 1997 Vol. 44. No.4
Ramp to Plaza ea Oundinama'rca Pl"OvincieLl Capitol Complex, Santa/e de Bogota, Colombia" Alfredo Munoz y Cia., Bogota, and
VOA Associates, O?'lando, Photogmph: Fe?'nando Revollo
Working Outside
the Region U. OF FL,\. U8:'ARIES
Paul Rudolph, 1918-1997, ARemembrance This giant ojAme?ican w'chitectuTe, who elieel in August, is ?'emembeTed by Tim SeibeTI" AlA, one ojmany Fl01ida aTchitects who sta1'ted thei1' pTojessionallives with Paul Rudolph as a mentOT and inspiration, 10
Setting the Stage for Fun and Romance FUglebery K och ATchitects apPToached Le Coco Beach and SugaT Beach, two elistinc/ 1'es01'ts on Mau?itius, by ?'eseanhing the islanel's natuml assets, its global identity, i ts competitive invento?y, anel i ts histo?Y, 12
Imagination: The Key to Global Markets HHCP Design International boasts a gTowing r'eputation in the inte?'nationalleisw'e and hospitali ty indust?'y JOT imaginative design and the capacity to bring extmonlina?y pmjects to lije, 14
Good Old-fashioned Modernism 16
By disanning disappmving neighbo?'s with a design that opened its w'ms to them e~nd ?'espected their' CalijoTnia community and envimnment, Prank Fotsom Smith, FAlA, and his clients managed to ew'n thei1' compli ments emd acceptance,
New Identity for a Historic Region In designing the inte?io?' public spaces ojthe new pTovincial Colombian capitoljor Cundinamw"ca, VOA Associates inc01pomted a sophisticated blend ojTegional TejeTences, from 1ustic stone a?'ches and pymmid construction to colo?jul pavmnenls and poste?' walls, 18
Ancient Stones Tell a Tale for Today Diane (freer will guide a CE coU?"se j01" a1'chitects to e.:tplo?'e some ojtheMaya' sec?'ets ojbuildingjo?" a hot, humid climate, 22
Editorial 3
News 4
New Products
Viewpoint By Tom Munson Viewpoint By Benjamin Va'rgas, AlA Index to Advertisers 24 26 30



Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects 104 East Jefferson Street Tallahassee, Florida 32301
Editorial Board John Totty, AlA, Chairman John Howey, FAlA
Karl Thome, AlA
President John R. Cochran, Jr., AlA
Vice PresidentlPresident-elect Roy Knight, FAlA
Secretarytrreasurer Vivian Salaga, AlA
Past President William Blizzard, AlA
Senior Regional Director Henry C. Alexander, Jr., AlA Coral Gables
Regional Director John P. Tice, Jr., AlA Pensacola
Vice President for Professional Excellence Ivan Johnson, AlA
Vice President for Political Effectiveness Debra Lupton, AlA
Vice President for Communications Keith Bailey, AlA
Executive Vice President
F. Scott Shalley
Editor Margaret Barlow
Published by Dawson Publications, Inc. 2236 Greenspring Drive Timonium, Maryland 21093
(410) 560-5600 (800) 322-3448 Fax: (410) 560-5601
Publisher Denise Rolph
Sales Manager Dave Patrick
Layout & Design Amy King
FZoridalCaribbeanATChi.leCl, Official Journal of the F'londa Association of the American lnstitut.e of Architects, is owned by the Association, a
F10rida Corporation, not for profiL ISSN-OO Ii;.
3907. It is published four times a year and
distributed through the Exe udve Office of the
Association, 104 East Jefferson St., Tallahassee, F10rida 32301. Telephone 904/222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily th ose of AlA Florida. Editorial
material may be reprinted only with the express
pennission of F101''idalCa''l-ibbean Architect.
Single copies, $6.00; annual subscription, $20.33. Third class postage

t appears that several aspects of FIOlida's unique personality-tourist
magnet, multi u1tural society, and modemist mecca-have fostered a
global presence for the state.
From its history and experience as a sun-drenched destination for year
round beachgoing, sports, and fun, a mighty architectural export has de
veloped. Hospitality and leisure projects encompassing a broad spectrum
are as varied as the far-flung spots where they are being developed-by
Florida-based firms. Having cut their teeth and developed their metier
here at home, in one of the most competitive leisure markets, a number of
Florida firms are seeking challenges and fmding great success in the glo
bal marketplace.
In this issue we sample the intemational work of just three firms: Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock/Architects Inc. (HHCP) and VOA Associates, both Orlando-based, and Fugleberg Koch, Winter Park. Also featured is a residence by Sarasota architect Frank Folsom Smith, FAIA, in a not-so-foreign but perhaps somewhat alien location: California.
In the case of HHCP, a 25-year old firm with a solid reputation stateside, it was the vision of one of its younger architects that was behind what is now its international division. HCCP International's work is now being seen from China to Italy to Turkey and the Philippines, in theme parks, resorts, and enormous multi-use complexes that are practically communities in themselves.
Fugleberg Koch has completed numerous overseas projects, but here we present two resorts on the island of Maillitius. It is interesting to see how the fum approached the two properties, which actually compete in their market. By theming one as a colorful spot for family fun and the other as a historic village that reflects the region's architectural and colonial heritage, both are winners.
Two Viewpoints tackle the tricky subject of how U.S. practitioners can succeed in business in Latin America and the Caribbean. Architect Ben Vargas, AIA Puerto Rico, and Tilden Lobnitz Cooper engineer Tom Mlmson may have different points of view, but both have wisdom to share.
Both also note that our region's architectural profession, like its population, has a decidedly multicultural character. The ability to bring U.S. teclmology-in Spanish-to Latin American clients has opened the door for countless outstanding projects. VOA Associates' recently completed interior of an extensive provincial capitol complex in Colombia, facilitated by bilingual Project Manager Hernando G6mez, AlA, is a good illustration. Completion of this multifaceted project in what amounted to record time required a deep understanding of local culture as well as the ability to negotiate successfully with local officials, teams of constru ction professionals, and crew members.
During the Awards Presentation at the Orlando Convention, Peter Hepner, AIA, noted the passing of one of Florida's most celebrated architects, Paul Rudolph. Rudolph, who died August 8, in New York, had been the spirit and inspiration behind the 1950s modernist movement in the state that became lmown as the Sarasota School of Architecture. In 1989 AIA FlOlida honored Rudolph with its Gold Medal for Architecture, Tim Seibert, AlA, who as a young architect had the good fortune to work with Rudolph, has written a remembrance.
Frank Folsom Smith, FAlA, was another Rudolph protege. His re iden e for an exFloridian moved to California retains that modernist spitit. Even though the language of negotiation was English, the experience of transplanting a Florida-style tin roof and building near an earthquake fault gave the project a slightly exotic flavor. MB

FlmidalCa7i.bbean Architect selves the profession by providing current information on design, practice management, technology, environment, energy, preservation and development of commwljties, construction, finan e, conornics, as well as other political, social, and cultural issues that impact the field.


This year's awards were preented to Osvaldo Toro, FAIA, and Miguel Ferrer, FAIA, for the upreme Court building, San Juan, built 1953; Edward Dun'eli Stone, FAlA, and Carlos Sanz, FAIA, for the Museo de Arte, Ponce, built 1961; and Horacio Diaz, FAIA, for the First Baptist Church, Cagual, built 1965. Owners as well as architects received certificates. It was noted that each of these buildings is
owned by an stitution that has
taken pride in
the institution it sponsored and built and has
kept its in1age "as an easily identifiable civic gesture to the general public." Board member a nd past president Benjamin Vargas, AlA, spoke at the ceremony on the importance of maintaining a sense of history through architecture. He told the group, "A familiarity with these buildings which represent inspired solutions to timeless architectural problems is essential for the successful development of a late-20th-century architecture." Vargas added, "It is absurd to ignore-for ideological or merely because of superficial changes in fashion-the vast repository of architectural inspiration and ideas represented by buildings of our recent past." Vargas noted AlA Puerto Rico's concern over the winning proposal to buy the "Condado Trio," which entails demolishing the San Juan Convention Center (1972) and La Concha Hotel (1959), and converting the Condado Beach Hotel (1919) into condominium units. "As architects," said Vargas, "we recognize the need for these structures to become economically viable and in tune with new developments in the towism indUstry." However, he added, "It would be inexcusable to demolish or hopelessly alter the soul of these structures-the lobby and salons at the Condado Beach, the great elevated gallery overlooking the sea at the Con

vention Center...and the unique thin-shell structw'e on the beach that gives La Concha its name and is a product of our own architectural mastery."
In awarding Test ofTime recognitions, AlA Puerto Rico hopes to call attention to the value of main taining good works ofarchitecture that "have been the backdrop to thousands of local stories and memories."
In Memoriam
Carl 1. Feiss, FAIA, died at his home in GaineSville, on October 10. On the University of Florida faculty from 1971 lmtil his retirement in 1987 as Professor Emeritus, he taught architecture and planning and for many years headed the Urban Development Center there. Feiss was an early advocate of historic preservation and was influential in framing 1966 federal legislation as well as in developing means and methodologies still in use. He was 90.
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High-Performance Safety Glass

SCiflex being installed in Eagleton Fedem l Building, St. Louis
Laminated glass products, such as Saflex, made by Solutia Inc. (formerly known as Monsanto Co.), can save lives, even in extreme
ituations. Saflex is being used to build-in protection from bomb explosions and other calamities. Tests conducted after the tragic Oklahoma City bombing, where 80 percent of the injuries were glass-related, concluded that laminated glass could have reduced i.Jliwies from glass by as much as 75 percent. Under bomb blast conclitions, Saflex absorbs energy, and even though the glass may fractme, the lan1inated interlayer holds the pieces in place. Saflex is used in a vatiety of highrisk buildi.JlgS, such as airpOlis, plisons, and industlial sites, and is employed worldwide where secwity is inlPOliatlt. For more i.Juomlation, go to or call (800)-248-6844.

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1998 Calendar
March/Spring: School Design (K-12, post econdary) (submit by January 1998)
June/Sllmlller: Public Buildings (government building, churches. libraries, etc.) (submit by April 1998)
September/Fall: AlA Florida Honor Awards

December/Winter: Work by Women Architects
(submit by September 1998)
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Paul Rudolph, 1918-1997, A Remembrance

by Ed'WaTd J. Seibert, AlA
aul Rudolph opened his office in 1952 in Sarasota, and quickly became established as a designer of small elegant houses, many of them built on Siesta Key. The work of those early years later was dubbed the "Sarasota School of Architecture." These small jewels of architecture had a clarity of concept and romantic, sometimes heroic, spaces. They were well suited to florida's light and climate, especially before air conditioning became conunon. Rudolph's early work has influenced architects in Sarasota and throughout the state. A nwnber of architects, some still practicing here, started their professional lives with Paul Rudolph as an employer, mentor, and inspiration.
In 1957, largely because of his reputation for the work of his Sarasota office, Rudolph was appointed chairman of the School of Architecture at Yale University, a post he held until 1965, when he moved to his spectacular multileveled studio on Beekman Place in Manhattan. While chainuan, he wielded enorn10US influence in the direction of American architecture, and in those years, perhaps except for Louis KaIm, no architect then er\ioyed higher esteem among architects and critics than he. In 1963 Rudolph designed the Art and Architecture building at Yale. It was considered a landmark for his years there, not solely for the strength of its design but as a symbol of campus unrest in the sixties. Regarding the building's design as a symbol of the university's disregard of student interests and creativity, a group of students set fire to it. The building was restored, and perhaps in later years it was 1950s. I believe him to be a ment of ideas, influenced as Rudolph's work in 1970 that it those same people who becan1e great contemporary, his work they are by Wright, Corbusier, was an "architecture that is the disciples of the meretrithe logical conclusion of the Baroque, and High Tech. He more than the sum of Eurociousness of Postmodernism. Early Modem, Bauhaus, never pandered to the media, pean influences ... experimen
Throughout the more than Russian Constructivist, and never tried for those outratal, contradictory, competitive, 40 years that I knew Paul, I Late Modem. In the body of geous statements that get and bigger than life." always saw a development of his work can be seen a steady, temporary media notoriety. A stubborn, committed, the work that he started in the consistent, honest develop-Sybil Moholy Nagy said of solitary artist-architect,

Setting the Stage for Fun and Romance

Le Coco Beach and Sugar Beach Resorts Mauritius Fugleberg Koch Architects
learly, imagination c!lives the de ign of hospitality development. From devising an overarching them to providing the smalle t details, there is a lot of fun to be had in this very serious business.
Selected to provide creative leadership for two distinctly ctiiferent properties on Mawitius, in the Indian Ocean (southeast of Madaaascar), Fugleberg Koch Architects (FKA) began by taking a look at th island's natw'al assets, its global identity, its competitive inventory, and its history.
Le Coco Beach. At Uus location, a tillbom beachfront hotel, the challenge was fonnidable. FKA's solution sought to capitalize on th island's tropical in1age-and the Cliscowlted acquisition plice-to create a cost-effective, rlll1 place for family getaway The reincarnation began witil a concept that revamped and repositioned the common areas, and ended witil a whimsical paleLte of tile and wall painting tilat lll1derscored its lightilearted new identity: Le Coco Beach.

Selective demolition of clumsy architectural elements was offset by lmique appointments of fabtic roofs, a central garden aoiwll, and ablmdant revegetation. (Dilling the yearlong consouction, a nlU'sery was created on site to cultivate tile native plantings.) Rubble from tile site was used to relocate tile main entrance to tile building's upper level, where guests, lll1der tile lLmunous tedlar tent-ceiling, enjoy the sea breezes and views. Just below, joined visually and by a clramatic staircase, is the dining room.
Here as Uu'oughout tile resort, tile final transf0l111ation was effected by color. Every swface, inside and out, has been enlivened by tile or paint in vibrant custom hades. Use of dynanlic colors and fabtics helped o'ansform even tllose portions of tile hotel tilat did not receive extensive renovation and, in some cases, color was used to help guide guests in finding their way arolll1cl.
E:h.'tensive work went into tile recreational facilities: a large pool, a recreation complex (created from the old basement considered dead space), a 9-hole golf cOlU'se, and "kids clubs" for various ages. Truly a family resOlt, open less than two years, Le Coco Beach has exceeded all expectations and is tile island's most popular 3-star property,
Sugar Beach. The island's colonial sugarcane plantations led to the name Sugar Beach and thenling for tllis completely new resort, built along a broad beach on tile west shore. A fictitious love story borrowed from local folklore inspired its look, a stage set that sought to recreate a tinle and place reflective of the island's colonial

Imagination: The Key to Global Markets
HHCP Design International
t looks like an ancient
aribbean seaport. Ten thousand people, all ages, are walking, talking, playing,
ating, plashing. But it is the
Korean country ide. Is it real or just a dream? Lany Ziebarth doesn't see
much difference. !fhe can dream it, they can make it-lffiCP Design International, that is.

The Jirn1, sister company to Helman Hurley harvat Peacock/Architects Inc., Orlando, boasts a growing reputation in the international leisure and hospitality industry for imaginative design and the capacity to bring extraordinary projects to life. In the past ten years lffiCP Design International has amassed a long project list that includes dozens of theme parks-in Asia, Russia, Europe, and United Arab Emirates; a transportation the world's largest, in Istanbul, Yes, there is plenty of competiar'chitecture graduate, started museum in Car'acas, Venezuela; Turkey. tion. But for those willing to as an intern with HHCP in 1983 an underground pirate theme Entrepreneurial companies venture out, take risks, and and now heads the Internaattraction in Verona, Italy; a such as HHCP looking to share learn how to "act globally," the tional division. Initial overseas Fantasy Island water park in their capability and know-how rewards are great. ventures were pitched and Singapore; and a number of ar'e finding an open market in Zeibarth, Associate AlA, a won based on the firm 's solid indoor theme parks, including the expanding global economy. Florida A & M University achievements in Florida.
Among HHCP's high-visibility projects in the state are the AlA-award winning "Shamu, the Killer Whale" stadium at Sea World, the Marriott Grande Vista Resort, the Hilton Grand Vacations Club, several phases of the Orar1ge County Convention Center, the Orlando Science Center, and the Omni Rosen Hotel.
Determined that their expertise was not only exportable but highly marketable, in the mid-1980s Zeibarth led HHCP/Architects's initial steps onto the international scene. Extensive networking brought speaking engagements and seminar's on theme park planning and leisure and hospitality design, which opened doors and opportuni-

Good Old-fashioned Modernism
Residence for David and Juliet Tibma Montecito, California Frank Folsom Smith, FAIA
ake locallules, regulations, red tape, and "NIMBYism" in Florida, and double them. That describes what Sarasota architect Frank Folsom Smith encountered in Montecito dw-ing the cow-se of this residential project. But forget about that. On the flip side, finally aclmowledging a home so respectful of the community and site, neighbors offered compliments and acceptance.
The site, about 3/4 acre, formerly owned by the water company, had been perceived as an inf0ll11al neighborhood park. The old stone pumphouse--a local landmark-was incorporated into the new plan as an alt studio for the owner.
Patience, experience, and the tean1work of architect, owner, and builder all were respectful of the neighborhood, essential to the superb final comes from solid experience result. Smith, who designed the with Florida modernism and a owner's previous house in philosophy of sustainable Trunpa, was unprepared for the design. controversy but well-equipped Smith did the design; a to direct the project toward its California architect did the happy ending. His sw-eness in working drawings; al1d the ordeling a simple, highly livable builders cani ed them out in plan, suited to the client and meticulous detail. While Smith is used to accommodating East Coast hurricanes, he depended on the West Coast crew for earthquake construction. This entailed extra-deep pow-ed concrete foundations al1d 2" x 6" braced wood framing for the stucco structw-e. On the other hand, when Smith wanted a galvalwne roof, all but unheard of runong mission style and tile roofs, the contractor searched the state to locate a supplier. The roof's low pitch, however, picked up from the pumphouse, is common where there is not much rain.

Instead of reacting to neighborhood anger with gates and fences, architect and owner preferred that the south-facing house, which is visible from the street, have a light, open quality. StaIting with guest parking at the lane, a gently cw-ving boardwalk path leads through the entry pavilion into a landscaped green and up to a shaded court that opens directly into the great hall loggia. Beams that fom1 the cowtyard pergola (and will soon be covered with vines) extend through the house to the north terrace.
The plal1 for tl1e 3500 sf home is simple. Central is the great hall, light anrl airy with a 14-foot ceiling, comprising living, dining, and kitchen areas. Clerestory windows and glazed doors daylight and ventilate the interior while fralning views of trees and garden sculptw-es. Maple flooring adds a warm look throughout. There al"e no screens, blinds, or shades, except in the bedrooms. To one side are two office/studios, to the other the master and guest suites. Garage al1d service areas al"e behind tl1e kitchen.
Landscaping, integral to the plan, was a great collaboration of owner, architect, and landscape contractor. The site was in a floodplain, hence the house al1d formal gardens were built up on pow-ed concrete


New Identity for a Historic Region
Cundinamarca Provincial
Capitol Complex Santafe de Bogota, Colombia Alfredo Munoz yCia., Bogota, and VOA Associates, Orlando
major new government center in Colombia symbolizes the importance of past, present, and future in the life of a region.
This was behind the thinking of VOA architects in designing the interior public spaces of the new Provincial Capitol for Cundinamarca. The complex, which houses official functions as well as education and hospitality areas, has been heralded as the area's "new center of political life." Visitors encounter asophisticated blend of references, from rustic arches, distinctive brickwork, and pyramid con
truction to colorful pavements ous spaces of the public areas, and posters to regional foods and laid out as fom calles (streets) flowers. leading into a central plaza.
VOA Project Manager Approaching the complex, Hernando Gomez, AIA, wanted one ees four buildings-the pyto enSLU'e that the design team ramidal Hall of Deputies, two "spoke to the area's culture and multistory buildings housing history and, at the same time, various government agencies,
projected the in1age of a people and a taller structure comprising ready to enter the 21st century." the governor's and executive ofVOA' careful research yielded fices-around the Plaza de clues that would inform the vari-Armas. It is below this levelunderground-that visitors find the public spaces that give presence to the history and contemporary life of Cundinamarca. Each distinctively themed "street" reflects some aspect of that experience.

The streets open into the Meeting Plaza, whose centerpiece, symbolizing a golden raft floating on blue water, was inspired by an ancient treasure depicting the legend of Eldorado. A futuristic video wall screens educational films on aspects of life in the province, or live broadcasts when the Deputies are in session. Visitors also meet here to drink coffee and enjoy the food cowt, filled with colorful carts featwing regional agricultural products and dishes.
Architectural traditions of the Pre-Columbian Chibcha nation inspired the stonework and
columns of the Street of Memory, a view into the past (which terminates at one of the agency buildings). Wall cases display ancient art and artifacts, and rough walls and pavers detailing early forms and ymbols

lead to a park and sculpture garden meant to elicit a sen e of history.
Underscoring the importance of art in the region, the Street of Government, leading to the Hall of Deputies, highlights

The Hall ojDeputies's pymmicl shape is e:r}J1' ssed in the ent11J jOYe?', whe?'e momtmental stain leading to the main chambe?" help C1'eate a. st1'ong tr-ansitional e:x;pe1'ie?~cejor' visitoTs. Photogmph: Fenwndo Revollo
ARlBBI':AI'oI ARCHITI': T December 1997

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Sugar Beach and Le Coco Beach
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Ancient Stones Tell a Tale for Today

By Dian D. (fi'ee1'
ast July I made the first of a series of treks into the heart of Belize, a mall Central Amelican country with one of the world's finest ollections ofclassical Mayan ar hitecture. I was invited to serve as gu.ide for a group of architects eaming Continuing Education cred.its.
Belize's economic status as a third-world country is readily apparent in its urban areas. Str ets are narrow and constantly under construction. Many houses and commercial structures, even public buildings, seem makeshift and ran1Shackle. While larger cities such as Belmopan, Belize City and St. Ignacio have a smatteling of acadern.ic or high-style architectme, smaller villages contain wonderful coll ections of vernacular buildings which are functional and easy to construct.
This vemacular tapestry represents the in.filJ between Belize's "modern" cities and its rich Mayan civilization with stone tombs and temples such as tllose I had come to see at Caracol, Xunantunich, Cahal Pech, and Lan1anai. It struck me that such large-scale stone construction still has validity, particularly as it relates to builcJing in hot, humid climates.
Mayan bu.ilders, possessing neither level nor square, relied

View ojtemple co?nplex at Camcol, Belize. Photograph: Diane (fi'eeT
on human strength, ingenuity, and a high degree of constructional organization. The Mayan constructs of the Classic Period (250-900 A.D.) are clearly the result of a revolution in stone building which began witll the desire to build on a large scale and escalated to a concem for the niceties of design, specific room uses and elaborate decoration. Made from well-cut, well-dressed stone, usually an indigenous limestone, their large-scale structmes have endmed the ravages of heat, ImnUdity, and time.

Surely during the 650 years of the Classical Period there were marked improvements in knowledge of construction and the techniques employed by craftsmen. However, assuming that such knowledge and skills were not written, but passed down in families and villages, much mystery remains about the architectme.
What were these secrets? What are the lessons for today? We can look at the settlements, witll thei.r plazas, temples built atop mounds and flat-topped pyranuds, palaces, sweat baths, and ball courts, and recall that these cities were constructed without the use of the wheel. Rubble and limestone blocks were canied on the backs of humans. It was men who sculpted the lands ape to suit the builder's needs, levelling h.illtops and sloping plazas to ins me that the runoff from rain would reach reservoirs.
We can deliberate on their use of the corb lied arch, the most important structural element of Mayan construction, with its implication for small interior spaces. And for temple decoration, why roof combs?
Relevance for contemporary practitioners, builders, and architects, can be found in clitically examining large-scale structures built in a climate sinlilar to that found in FlOlida using ind.igenous materials and teclulology. Objectively re-evaluating these hiStOlical build.ings as they relate to the climate, landscape, siting, use, and intemal spaces, and exan1ining the build.ings as a series of technological problel11S that were solved by early builders devoid of modem devices, may yield important concepts for contemporary large-scale, enviromnentally responsive architecture. .:.
Diane D. GTee?; Associate P?'OjesSO?' ojATchitectuml Histo?y at Flo?ida A & M Unive?' sity, is jo?'?neT edito?' oj Florida Arclutect. She will be leading a cow'se this slJ?ing on a?"chitectU?'e in Belize jO?' 20 CE hows. Fa?' more injoTma,tion, contact AlA FloTida CE di?"eclo?' Eileen Johnson, (850) 222-7590.

Go South for the Winter: U.S. Technology Heats Up South and Central America
By Tom Munson
ew buildings are popping up all over places like Brazil, Hondllras, olombia, Chile, AIgentina, Venezuela, and Mexico. And each of the e areas has pro
pective clients yearning for U.S. technology. But experienced stateside design prof ssionals agr e that it is different doing bu iness with our southern neighbors. Following ar'e some of their tips to help prepar'e you for an excursion into the South arld Central Anlerican markets.
1. Partner with an Engineering Firm
"The more U.S. technology you bring to the table, the better," says Bob Caine, division director arld senior electrical engineer at Tilden Lobnitz Cooper's (TLC) Fort Lauderdale office. Your architectural education and e}..'petience coupled with stateof-the-art engineeLing capabilities is the package these clients are after,
Selling "NOlth Anlelican technology" as a whole gives you an edge when mar'keting your services to local developers. For instance, North AnlericarlS are considered the world expelts in a number ofar'eas: air-conditioning technology, electronic systems, and ecwity, to narlle a few. Security is a major concern, and where entrances to buildings require flexible, secure controls, today's technology makes onand off-hours access almost completely automated.
Another formidable challenge in South and Central Anlerica is the quality and quantity of electrical power (it is not uncommon for the utilities to take a siesta ar'ound 2:00 p.m.). In today's electronic environment, clean and stable power through the use of line conditioners, generators, and UPS backup ar'e essential to ensure that your
lient's operations continue to function as intended.
These and other aspects of planning that differ from U,S. standards make it vital to partner with an engineering firm that can bring advanced U.S. engineering technology to projects.

When Orlando-based ar'chitect, VOAAssociates,Inc., wasapproached by a client in Sao Paulo, Brazil, the client wanted its new United Building to be a smart, secW'e, "North Americarl-type" office building. By teaming with TL ,VOA designed and delivered the 22-story, 250,000 sf, state-ofthe-art high-rise that met their expectations.
2, Work with a Local Architect
Based on his experience in Brazil, Argentina, Hondlu-as, and Mexico, Keith Mawson, vice president of architecture and engineering at McClier Inc., Atlanta, points out lilling a local architect is vital. "Local construction methods arld ownership var)' widely." says Mawson. "For instance, ar'chitects in AIgentina and Brazil own the building integrity and liability forever." In addition, the building materials are unfamiliar. It is best, he adds, for you to do the de ign and development schematic ,and let the local architect harldJe the construction.
Mawson also explains that it is impOltarlt to lrnow who you ar'e working with, and to find a "partner" that shares your business ph Llosophy. onsult local contacts, listen to recommendation check reference and interview potential firms. Ask the head of the Institute of Architects or a sinliJar agency in that cit)' for suggestions.
Working directly with a local fum in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, proved beneficial for SpiJIis Candela & Partners when the award-winning Coral Gables architect was selected to design the $30 million, 220,000 sf, four-story Bank of Central America office there. The local architect was instrumental in dealing with governmental agencies on construction permits and otller red tape, providing smooth sailing for tile project.
You should also get acquainted witll the capabilities of area technicians, artisans, and service personnel. DeSigning high-tech systems witllout competent local installers and service staff can be disastrous.
3. Get to Know the Language and Customs
Any effOlts to learn tlle local language are appreciated. For instance, in much of Latin Anlerica, firms like SpiJIis Candela and VOA have tile dual advantage of Spanish-speaking principals arld staff and North American advanced technology capabilities. Take fluent staff along to bridge tile language barrier, but be sw-e that those visibly leading tlle business pursuits ar'e high-level technical representative This will assw-e clients that they are getting U,S. lrnow-how.
Be aware oflocal cultw-e and customs. Bob Caine learned on a trip to Latin America that owcustom of passing out business cards in meetings was considered offensive by his hosts. He learlled tllat wlless they initiate such arl exchange, tlley consider you "mal educado," or impolite. And never refer to yow-self as "Anlerican." South and Central Anlericans find tllis very armoying. We are from the United States, or North Americans"nOltearnedcanos." Consult with


Business Horizons in Puerto Rico and the Caribbean
By Benjamin Vargas, AlA
he Caribbean. Its image of white sand beaches under languid palm trees and sparkling, crystal clear waters can apply to any of the islands on the chain between FlOlida and the Venezuelan coast of South America. Smart business people should keep this easy enchantment at bay when considering business opportunities in the Caribbean. How to trade in this region starts with recognizing that it comprises more than 50 distinct geographical, political, and cultural entities, ranging from Guyana (83,000 square miles but only 850,000 people) to tiny island nations like Barbados (166 square miles and 253,000 people).
Politically, the range is equally great: Cuba with its socialist experiment, the internally independent Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, European-based parliamentary democracies, crown colonies, dependencies, and even dependencies of dependencies. For most of the British, Dutch, and French islands, more than 70 percent of their trade is with their distant motherlands, which discourage trade development with neighboring islands. Says David Donzenac, owner of a construction firm in French Guyana, "Here we are in the Caribbean, but we're a part of France."
The cultural landscape isjust as varied. So, good advice for firms interested in working in the Caribbean is to start investing in language classes, cultural sensitivity training, and regional guidebooks like Mary Bosrock's
Put YOU?" Best Foot Forward So~ah AmeTica. Says Bosrock, "Someone from the United States will spend hours learning how to negotiate the 18th hole, but won't spend the time to get to know the country they are going to do business in."
Caribbean nations, in spite of wide divergence in size, ancestry, language, history, population density, and political organization do share a common culture.
This results from their somewhat parallel experiences as plantation colonies populated by imported laborers and dominated by distant economic and political powers. Cut off from their homelands, the Caribbean peoples made a virtue of necessity by combining the disparate elements of their past and their new environment to produce a truly new cultural manifestation, immediately distinct and recognizable around the world.
A recent Summit of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS), which attracted more than 500 representatives of 25 nations and 5 associate states, focused on trade, transportation, and tourism. The threeyear-old ACS is described as having the potential for becoming the world's fourth largest trading bloc, after the European Union, the North American Free Trade Agreement, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. All told, ACS's eligible membership would represent more than 200 million people, a gross product of $500 billion, and annual imports of $100 billion and exports of $80 billion.
Caribbean clients value North American technical and design know-how when judiciously mixed with an openness and sensitivity to the host country and client. The key to overseas work is language, therefore, few firms are able to go into foreign markets cold. Arquitectonica, due to Bernardo Fort-Brescia's roots in Peru, has long cultivated relation-

Caribbean clients value North American technical and design know-how when judiciously mixed with an openness and sensitivity to the host country and client.
ships in Latin America. Also, their office boasts many multilingual designers.
Those who do business in the Caribbean and Latin America know that the slow early pace is both standard and worthwhile to establish the proper framework to deliver the services required. Another strategy is having a local office, with people trained in the "North American" standard of practice. Spillis Candela has held sympo
sia for the dozen or so similarly oriented frrms it associates with throughout Latin America.
In many ways Puerto Rico has been a leader in the region. Our neighbors admire the tremendous progress Puerto Rico has achieved. Ithas been a model in many areas, particularly in industrial development and education, and its bilingual capacity places Puerto Rico in an excellent position to bridge the linguistic barriers in the region.
Business-exchange opportunities can be comfortably framed within Puerto Rico's public and private sectors. We are on record as committed to NAFTA and other forms of regional cooperation to reach common economic development goals. Puerto Rico is a fertile ground, with extensive infrastructure to nurture all ideas and a friendly atmosphere where our neighbors feel at ease.
Eventual integration of Cuba into the free market would be considered an excellent development for Puerto Rico and the entire Caribbean region. Although Cuba would represent formidable competition in the area of tourism, economically such an eventuality need not be negative. Given the tense relations between Cubans and their exiled brethren, it is likely that the people who will be invited to train Cubans and update their tourism industry will be Puerto Ricans. The centuries-old relationship between Cuba and Puerto Rico is based on a shared bond-along with the Dominican Republic and Haiti-in their designation as the Greater Antilles.
Witness the particular situation at the ACS opening ceremonies with Cuban President Fidel Castro lamenting "the painful absence of our brother country Puerto Rico." Puerto Rico's Governor Pedro Rosello said he did not attend the ACS Summit because "it would not be correct to share the room with a representative of a government that is not elected."
The talents and strengths of Puerto Rico and its people can be used to the utmost for bridgebuilding at all levels, in all professions, to seek excellence and launch cooperative ventures, both here and elsewhere in the Caribbean. Caribbean people, regardless of ancestry and class, are devoted to the local culture in all itsjuxtapositions. The smart businessperson should realize this and work toward integrating these values .:.

Ben Va?"gas, AlA, with Gautier & de Torres ATquitectos, Santurce, Puerto Rico, is a past president ojAlA Puerto Rico.


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Buyers' Guide
HVAC Adhesives & Sealants
RCD Corporation ...................................... 29

AlA Trust .................................................... .. 5 Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson, Fowler
& Dowling, Inc ........................................ 27 Sedgwick Of Florida, Inc ............. .... ......... 28 Seitlin & Company Insurance .................. 23 SuncoastInsurance
Associates, Inc ......................................... 23

Interior Design
Design Works Creative Partnership ..... IBC
Job Opportunities
The School Board of Broward County, FL ................................................ 32
Marvin Windows & Doors
Window Classics Corp ........... .................. 27

Merc Adhesives & Sealants
RCD Corporation ...................................... 29

Natural Gas
Florida Natural Gas Association ........ .. IFC

Personnel Opportunities
The School Board of Broward County, FL ................................................ 32
Professional Liability
Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson, Fowler
& Dowling, Inc ................................... ...... 27 Sedgwick Of Florida, Inc .......................... 28 Seitlin & Company Insurance .................. 23 Sun coast Insurance
Associates, Inc ........ ................ ................ 23

Project Scheduling
Associated Cost Engineers ...................... 28

Risk Management
Sedgwick Of Florida, Inc ......................... 28

Masterpiece Tile Co .................................. 27

Roofs/Artificial Thatch
Tropic Top .................................................. 27


Spiral Stairways
American Ornamental Corp ..................... 21

Store Fronts
EFCO Corporation .............. ...................... 28

Florida Power & Light ....................... ......... 9

EFCO Corporation .................................... 28

Windows & Doors
Ricketson Sash & Door Company ....... ....20
Window Classics Corp .............................. 27

Wood Windows & Doors
Ricketson Sash & Door Company ........... 20

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Buyers' Guide
Architectural Design Building Materials De ign Works Creative CSR Rinker Materials ............................. 6-7 Partnership ....... ....... .............................. IBC
Building ProductsArchitectural Rendering
Aluminum Services, Inc............... ....... 21, 31

Genesis Studios, Inc........... .................. OBC

Artificial Thatched Roofs CADD Tropic Top .............................. .................... 27 Intergraph Corp. ..................... ...................29
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Claims Control Associated Cost Engineers ...................... 28
Concrete Y-Tong .... ............................................ ........... 2
Construction Claims Project Development International, Inc..................................... 30
Construction Management Project Development International, Inc..................................... 30
Construction Manuals The Florida Wood Council ....................... 25
Continuing Education Trus Joist MacMillan ....................... .......... 20
Cost Estimating Associated Cost Engineers ...................... 28
Curtain Walls EFCO Corporation .................................... 28
Design Software Intergraph Corp................. ........................ 29
Doors & Wmdows Window Classics Corp.............................. 27
Drafting Supplies Intergraph Corp......................:.................. 29
Duct Work Accessories RCD Corporation ......................................29
Energy Technology Florida Natural Gas Association .......... IFC

Engineered Lumber Trus Joist MacMillan ................................. 20
Glass Blocks Glass Masonry ........ ................................... 28
HVAC Florida Natural Gas Association .......... IFC

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School Construction Headed for a $2.7 Billion Upswing
By G o1ye A. All 11, Han. AlA
Flodda lawmakers approved a whopping $2.7 billion in public chool construction during ov mber's week-long special
ession in Tallahassee. The money should start flowing to the local chool di td ts within a few months, brincring an estimated $156 nullion in a.rclutecU engine ring fees from a 30-year bond i ue supported by a yearly allotm nt of $180 million from the lottery.
Wlule the Legislature did not come up \.vith the more than $3 billion that Gov. Clules said was needed to deal \.vith school overcrowclil1g needs, the an10unt was close enough to bring the House and Senate together after a week's wOlth of wrangling over how the money would be distributed. About half of the funds will go to five urban counties, Broward, Dade, Hillsborough, Orange, and Palm Beach.
Included in the legislation were ome new wrinkles impacting design and construction, which lawmakers said were needed to provide incentives to build more frugal schools. Tenned the SIvlART Schools Program for "Soundly Made, Accountable, Rea onable and Tlu-ifty," the Legislature wTapped its priori ties for Classrooms First, school district facilities Wo rk Program a SMART Schools Clearinghou e, the Effort Index grant, and the School Infrastructure Tlllift (SIT) program into a neatpackage to disbur e about $600 million. Another $50 n1.illion wa set aside for rural school systems, $31.5 nullion for chool supplies, and $16 million for a model nuddle school.
New ov rsight and incentives for school distri t is a big part of the new legi lation. The SMART School Clearinghouse was establi hed to assist school di tri t in acce sing the SIT funds and other awards. The Clearinghouse will include four appointe s with ub tantial busine s eA'P rien e, selected by the Governor, Speaker and Senate President, who will sit with the Comnus ioner of Education to determine de ign and performance standards for school buildings.
The Clearinghou e will establi h a "SMART schools designs directory" listing certified designs, which will be included in an on-line di.rectory to be used by school districts to qUal.ify for funclin cr award. For ar'chitects, this will be an additional way for their successful projects to be promoted to school districts statewide. The Clearinghouse group will be encouraging distlicts to use the designs that fit their needs by paying for some of the construction costs.
The Clearinghouse will condu t a statewide search for school designs that meet design and constru tion standards relating to costs per student station, maintenance costs, utility costs, and network-related costs. To have a design "certified" for SMART schools reuse, designers will be required to correct any deficiencies determined from actual use or to modify designs to meet CWTent standar"ds. The selection process used for approval ofa SMART school design and its inclusion in the directory will satisfy selection requirements called for in the Consultants Competitive Negotiation Act.
Anoth r part of the legislation delegate authority to the Department ofManagement Services to establish state term contracts for design and constl'uction services for SMART schools. There i also a strong encouragement for any school distri t using a SMART school design to use the DM proj ct delivery system. Because firm in the ptivate sector also provide these service to school districts, the question was raised by AlA Florida lobbyists as to whether this activity was mOving the state govemment closer to a competitive position with the private sector using the wuair advantage of tax dollars and state authority.
Tlus will undoubtedly be reviewed by the AlA Florida Political Effectiveness Team as it develops the legislative program for the 1998 legislative ession.
Giller Celebrates 50 years of AlA Service

It was 1947 when om1an M. Giller, FAIA, became a member of the Anlerican Institute of Pu'c1utect Since then, he has been a continuing member, active in the Miami Chapter as well as AlA Florida. In 1984 the College of Fellows, AlA, elevated him to their ranks.
Over the year Giller erved as director of both the Miami Chapter and the State Association, and held membership on numerous national COll1l1uttees. During his 1974 presidency of the Miami Chapter, he activated Pu"chitectmal Week to make the public awar"e of architectme in the community. In the early 1980s he was awar'ded the prestigious AlA Silver Medal in recognition of his ervice to the community, and in 1983 the Florida Legislatme named a major bridge over the intercoastal waterway in his honor.
Giller, a native Floridian, graduated from the University of Florida in 1945, while still serving in the U.S. Navy. He was the only architecture graduate that year'.
His design can be seen in Florida as well as in New York, Georgia, New Mexico, and elsewhere. Ov r his long career, Giller has received many design awards, here and overseas. In 1961 Ius was the first architectural firm selected by the U.S. Department of State to be charged with the Alliance for Progress program in several Latin American countries. During the 1980s he was appointed by Governor Graham to the State Board of Architecture, where he served as chainnan; he also served \.vith CARB, including a stint as secretary of the southeastem region.

Of Note
R.J. Heisenbottle Al'chitects, PA., Coral Gables, has received an Honor Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation for the Miami Edison MiddJe School Restoration and Expansion Project, in Miami. The firm rehabilitated and expanded a 1920 high school buHding, restoring histodc features and creating a cohesive 135,000 sf facility capable of serving students and the community into the ne.>..'t century.
AlA Puerto Rico: Architectural Jewels
Emphasizing the idea that "histOlY is not an impediment to architectural progre s," AlA Puerto Rico honored three buildings on the island with the Test of Time awar'd as a way of symbolizing the implicit value of time less architecture. The award distinguish s buildings that, after more than 25 years are still being used as originally intended and remain a ource of ar'chitectmal inspiration.



225 S. Swoope Avenue. Suite 205 Maitland. Florida 32751 4075392606
8009339380 FAX 4076447901

Client: Faison -Maitland Concourse/Conceptual Rendering
Architects: Smallwood, Reynolds, Stewart, Stewart & Associates, Inc.lAtianta

1927 C urthouse Conversion Project/Conceptual Rendering
Architects: Spillis Candela & Partners, Inc. and Kha Le-Huu & Partners. P.A. a Joint Venture/Orlando


Broward County School has the following vacancies in the Facili
tie Department which deadline 12/15/97:

Manager, Facilities Projects
(3 Immediate Positions)
(6 Future Vacancies Anticipated Within 6 Mos,)
Po ition: #SS-81 Salary: $48,495 -$67,549
BS degree in architecture. engineering, building con truction or re
lated field, plus 5 yrs. exp involving commercial or public con truc
tion projects with a basic IUlowledge of the various trades. Ten yrs.
expo in construction facilities for major commercial or public sector
may sub tiMe for BS. Must have current FL registration as an archi
tect, licensed contractor or professional engineer.

Architect IV
Position: #SS-40 Salary: $45,192 -$62,946
BS degree in architecture & 5 yrs. expo Must be eligible for FL
registration as an architect.

Architect V
Position: #SS-028 Salary: $48,495 -$67,549
BS degree in Architecture & a current certificate of registration as
an arL:hjte(;[ in the state of FL. Ten yrs. progressively more respon

ible expo in all pha es of design, construction & construction mgmt.
of large in titutional design projects.

Facilities Engineer IV (Electrical)
Po ition: #SS-041 Salary: $45,192 -$62,946
BS in engineering; must be eligible for registration in the state of FL
as a professional engineer. Five yrs. progressively more respon ible
expo in the design & construction of large commercial or public bldg.
faci litie Exp. in technology, telecommunication & data communi
cation systems preferred.

For acomplete listing of district level vacancies, please call our hot Line
at (954) 765-5525 or visit our website at

To apply for any of these positions submit a cover letter withjob title
and position #, detailed resume describing job responsibilities and
duties of employment, including required qualifications, copies of
degree or transcripts, certificate, licenses or FL registration, and so
cial security card. Supply above for each position you are interested
in. Mail, deliver or fax to:

Broward County School Board Per onnel, 2nd FL 600 SE 3 Avenue Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33301 Fax # (954) 765-6566 EOE

AlA Tl.llst ''''''''''''''''' ............................. 5
AlLmlinum Services, Inc .............. 21, 31
American Ornamental Corp ............. 21
Associated Cost Engineers .............. 28
Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson, Fowler

& Dowling, lllC ..... ............................ 27 CSR Rinker Materials .......... ...., ....... 6-7 Design Works Creative
Partnership ...... ........ ....,.. ,.. ,...... ..... mc
EFCO Corporation ............................ 28
The Florida Wood Council ............... 25
Florida Natural Gas Association ..... IFC
Florida Power & Light .......... .. .......... 9
Genesis ~tudios, mc .. .. ........ .. ...... OBC
Glass Masonry ........................... ........ 28
llltergraph Corp ....... .......................... 29
Masterpiece Tile Co .................... ..... 27
Project Development

International, mc ............................. 30 RCD Corporation .............................. 29 Ricketson Sash & Door
Company ...................................... .... 20 The School Board of Broward
County, FL ........................................ 32 Sedgwick Of Florida, mc ... ............... 28 Seitlin & Company msurance .......... 23 Suncoast mSlll'ance
Associates, mc ......... .... ................ .... 23
Tropic Top ...... ................ .................... 27
Tl.lls Joist MacMillan ........ .. ,.. .......... 20
Window Classics Corp ........... .......... 27
Y-Tong ..................................... .............. 2

Pi-ORIDNCARlI3I3EAN ARClliTE T December 1997


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Rudolph fell into clisfavor with the architectural meclia in the seventies, as Charles W. Moore, Michael Graves, Robert
A.M. Stern, Vincent Scully, Robert Venturi, and others promoted what I believe may well be a less rigorous philosophy of design, one which turned toward historical mixtures. It was an architecture which was easier to master, and which the less talented could easily copy with commercial success. As with Frank Lloyd Wright, Rudolph is difficult to copy well.
In recent years Rudolph's practice was largely centered in the Far East, in Jakarta, Hong Kong, and Singapore. In the fifties he had shown me a rough sketch of a builcling with a frame into which prefabricated living units could be hoisted into place. He said then that the mobile home industry should learn to make the units-"20thcentury bricks," he called them. With wealthy Chinese and Indonesian developers he was now able to design urban megastructures such as the Bond Centre in Hong Kong and the Dharmala Sakti builcling in Jakarta, builclings in which he used the aesthetic of the prefabricated capsule inserted in the megastructure. These are builclings where he also was able to work with the problem of their relation to the broader urban framework. Perhaps on his next project, he might have developed details of the "20thcentury blick" that had interested him for so long.
Paul Rudolph worked in energetic solitude, twning out builclings of consistency, clarity of concept, romance, and passion. In 1989 Philip Johnson said of Paul, "I don't know any other architect in this country who is so off by himself and so successful ." Toward the end of his life students again cliscovered Rudolph and found in him a hero. In 1993 he lectured to a stancling-room-only crowd of mainly young enthusiasts at the Coopel~Hewitt Museum in New York, holcling his auclience spellbound, as if he were a visitor from some architectural golden age of long ago. Perhaps his audience had become fed up with slick designer label architects who never went near a drawing board, with the architectural and fashion meclia Postmodem polemic, fashion and hype. Rudolph, in his seventies, represented to idealists the architect as a hero. One can see in his life's work declicated, logical architecture, driven by high purpose.
In all the years that I knew Paul Rudolph, he always personally did every design, in all detail, that came out of his office. 1 know that for many years all the delineation was in his own hand. 1 think he found the drawing board ajealous mistress, and believed that those that may abandon it may become fakes. Paul Rudolph was the real thing. His now famous and much copied style of ink on illustration board delineation he taught himself. It is a painstaking, intellectual, demancling, elegant style. Paul felt that renderings could be an art fOll11 in themselves, having little to do with the builcling, but being rather an abstraction of it. The only work that draftsmen ever clid on delineation was to erase the mudges, pencil lines, coffee stains and cliIt from the finished drawing. Rudolph's attention to design in all its detail was evident right up to the end, when he was still redlining working drawings in detail for a project in the Far East.
Paul was generous with tinle he spent with architects that he found declicated to architecture. He clid not suffer fools gladly, and his criticism could be devastating, although always fair and useful. I recall the les ons he taught us, and use them often, fincling pleasure in the remembrance.
From 1943 to 1946 Rudolph was in the Navy, supervising shipbuilcling at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, at which time he cliscovered the use of plastic matetial called cocoon, used to protect ships that were laid up. He subsequently used this material for the roof of the Healy Guest ottag in 1952. I
uppose that it was dw-ing his shipbuilcling years that he got asbestos in his lungs, from which he recently clied, on August 8, 1997.
In the year that come I believe Paul Rudolph' I gacy will become better lmderstood and that in his place in the history of architecture, he will stand with such great a Mies, Corbusier, and Wtight :.
EdwaTd J. "Tim Seibert, AlA, began his pm tice oj aj'chitectU1'e in SaTa ota in 1955, in the ojjice ojPaul Rudolph. In 1995 he j'ecei ved the AlA Florida Aww'djOT H onoT in Design
For further reacling, check out 171 ATchi tectuTe oj Paul Rudolph (1970); Paul Rudolph
(1971); Yukio Futagawa(ed.), Paul Rudolph Architectuml Drawings (1981); and John Howey, 17w SW"asota School
oj A1'chitectuTe, 1941-1966
(1995), which contains a bibliography.


Teams for Sugar
Beach and Le Coco
Beach, U.S.
South Africa (S.A.,
and Mauritius (M.,

Design Architect:
Fugleberg Koch Architects (U.S.)

Principals in charge:
Robert Koch, AlA, Gregg Hemann, Ted Hunton (U.S.)
Architect of Record:
RFB Consulting Architects (SA)

Landscape Architect:
Patrick Watson (SA)
Structural & Civil

SIGMA-Ove Arup &
Partners (SA)
Watson Edwards & van der Spuy Consulting Engineers (SA)
Quantity Surveyor:
Hooloomann & Assoc. (M.)
Cost Consultant:
Mcintosh, Latilla Carrier &
Laing (SA)

Development Consultant:
Dene Murphy Management Co. (SA)
General Contractor:
Besix (M.)

Interior Design:
Wilson & Associates (SA)

Interior Principals:
Paul Duesing, Michael
Crosby (SA)
Project Management:
Schneid Israelite & Partners, Ltd. (SA) Owner: Sun International
Suga1' Beach. Mano1' House.

era. FI0\s task here was to provide an excellent mid-level 3.5-star facility on this island of 5-star resorts.
Local architect John Fran<;ois Koenig conttibuted his expertise on the island's architectural helitage. The result is a colonial village with architecture vmying in size, color, and chm-acter. From the dorninant grand manor house to the villas and rustic commerce center, based on an old sugmo mill, all m'e faithfully replicated in soft pastels with delicate detailiJ1g.
Traditional stone, wood siding, and other extelior finish looks were achieved using stu co overcoating over monsoon-proof concrete construction. Several kind of metal roof -historically accurate and still usedconttibute to the random organic look of the village. Convenient runenities such as boat rentals, spas, and shopping are scaled to fit with the oldworld theme.
Guests, mostly Europeal1S, find the most elegant accommodations in the manor house. The villas, intended to look like villagers' housing are COrnfOltable and give access th beach, shopping and other mnenities, which moe centere I in the commons. A single facility with unique discrete components, the commerce center serve as th village hub.
FKA, based in Winter Pm'k, has a long history of housing projects in F10lida as well as in the Calibbean, Afiica, and tl1e Indim1 Ocem1. From luxury units to affordable housing, in rec nl years the fum has averaged one thousand new built units per

Suga?' Beach. Light, sea ai'l; nnc[ old wo rld ambience pe1"Vade (he Man01' House lobby. Pho(ograp/l: Mike Wit on

ties in Taiwan, China, Korea, and other Asian countries. Although the Kia Motors Pavilion project was an entertainment center completed for a 1993 World ExpOSition in Korea, its design had the more pennanent goal of establishing an international corporate identity for the auto maker. During the past two years, efforts have been concentrated on several hospitality and mixed-use projects in the Philippines, including the Porto fino Bay Club, Subic Pier Village, and Boracay Fiesta Village Resort.
The local aspect comes into play differently on every project, and Ziebarth has mastered the art of listening, learning, and being flexible and a team player. In putting together project tean1s, HHCP provides the specialized design and planning services and vision, but depends on local architects and professionals to supply knowledge of local building rules and standards and to help carry out the master plan.
Creative problem-solving is at the heart of architecture, and Ziebarth has applied his considerable flair to one global problem in particular: urban revitalization. His solution, which he calls the "Huburb, is a modem reinvention of the traditional plaza. Just as the plaza served as the hub of many European cities-a center for government, commerce, religion-the Huburb unites the major elements of today's society. A "pilot" project is currently underway in Spain, to recreate the neglected port of Gijon, developing its potential both as a tourist attraction and a vital community for its residents.
If Ziebarth and HHCP dedicate their expertise and energy to making the Huburb a reality, you can bet it is not just a drean1 .:.

POT/;ojino Bay Chb, Subic Bay Philippines, a. 'r sidenti al hospitality 1eS01t dev lopment, expected completion dc/,e 1999.

Entrance thTough ent1Y pavilion into gar-den and C01Ttya1"d. Photogmph: RichQ1'd Atamian
foundations. After Smith designed a cwved wall to outline the south garden as a landscaped architectonic green, the owner, an ruUst and designer, took over. She created a sculptural focal point for the north garden wall, and determined that the manicmed grass carpet inside the walls would be surrounded by a ground cover of native plantings and wildflowers on the remainder of the site.
Sustainable design is a Smith hallmark, and the coastal California climate made it easy. The kind of cross-ventilation that chru'acterized older Florida homes was sufficient to preclude the need for air conditioning. And with clean radiant heating, the house is ductless, dustless, ru1d quiet. Monthly energy bills have averaged less than $100.
Uving space like this harks back to a special time in architecture, says Smith, who desclibes this design as "unashruuedly modernist." Perhaps it is its underlying simplicity ru1d Lmpretentiousness that have, in the end, made it a good neighbor.:.
Frank Folsom Smith,

Project Architect:
John Potvin
Production Architect:
Hugh Twibell (Santa

Landscape Architects:
Juliet Tibma, Frank
Folsom Smith
Landscape Contractor:
Nydam Landscape

Civi' Engineer:
Mike Jones
Genera' Contractor:
Peter Elliott

'nterior Desig:
Juliet Tibma

David & Juliet Tibma


artworks ranging from ancient to contemporary. A wall of open doors, sandblasted to soften their edge, invites visitors to enter an exhibition hall that will feature changing displays. Sandstone walls and a monumental gate leading into the Legislature Building are reminiscent of the turn-of-the-century character of Bogota's old govenm1ent center.
The dramatic Hall of Deputies is a Ught-filled pyramid. Using sandstone and wood interior finishes, architects wanted to evoke the tiled courtyards of the colonial city.
A large auditorium intended for public lectures and stage presentations provides the
Bogota ArchitectBuilder:
Alfredo Munoz y Cia.
Principal in charge:
Alfredo Munoz, SCA

Project Architects:
Lorena Munoz, SCA, Heriberto Saboya, SCA
Fernando Charry, SCI
Government of
Owner's Representative:
Fiduciaria Caceres y Ferro

Interior Architecture:
VOA Associates, Inc.
Marc VanSteenlandt, AlA

Project Manager:
Hernando Gomez, AlA

Senior Designer:
Kimberly Rodale
Project Architect:
Diane Chaney

Jenny Bermudez,
Raquel Limias
Specialty Engineering Consultant:
Tilden Lobnitz Cooper, Bob Donnelly
theme for the Theater Street. Intended to evoke a city theater district, along a sandstone and terracotta tile street, walls are saturated with bright posters armouncing bullfights, concerts, expositions, and fairs throughout the province.
Carts with flowers entice strollers into the Street of the Assembly, which leads to the large executive office building. Breaking and angling the wall here added architectural interest as well as more hanging space for photographs and art works. Just as streetside dining is common in every small town in the province, so it is here, as one edge faces the food court.
VOA was brought in to design the interiors by the Bogota design-build project architect, Alfredo Munoz y Cia. There was enormous pressure to finish the entire ca. 400,000 sf, multilevel complex, including all interiors, and VOA had the added challenge of just 18 months to complete the work. To meet the deadUnes, it was necessary to work onsite to develop details almost as the project went up. Local contractors and artisans gave invaluable assistance in speeding the work by submitting shop drawings and mockups. Credit also is due the governor, Leonor Serrano de Camargo, who herself held 6

a.m. site meetings, Monday through Saturday, to personally review details and provide support and encouragement. .:.



We want Florida/Caribbean Architect to be an effective resource for AlA members when making their purchasing decisions. As an additional benefit, Dawson Publications is offering a Fax-an-Demand service.
Participating advertisers are assigned a four-digit code (located under each ad). To access additional information about the advertiser's product and/or service, you only need to dial (410) 252-9595 from your fax machine and listen to the voice prompts for further instructions. PRESTO -you will receive additional information about advertiser's products and/or services.

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With every project comes risk. And how you manage risk affects your suc
cess and your firm's reputation. That's why DPIC offers more than "A" rated
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employees or friends who are acquainted with area customs, or call the American Embassy.
Remember that clients most often are prominent, educated individuals. The exchange is mutually beneficial. You can learn as much from them as they from you.
4. Discuss Terms of Payment in Advance
Perhaps the hardest, but most necessary, aspect of business is agreeing on paymentand that is true worldwide. Just as you would in the U.S., discuss the issues diplomatically upfront. But you will need to address a few additional issues. Make sure your fees are paid in net U.S. dollars through a U.S. bank. If not, you could lose your shirt. You could find yourself with a 20-30 percent reduction in fee because of high local taxes and currency exchanges. Many areas have agreements with the
U.S. to eliminate double taxation, but check before you assume that they do.
Don't get too caught up in the glory of global work. Be prepared to draw the line on prelinunary, precontractual work. Secure your contracts directly with your clients, and protect your consultants in the same manner.
5. Be Flexible
Hemando Gomez, VOP:s coordinator of Latin Ameri can work, explains that the work environment is different, and you must be flexible. Be prepared, he says, that projects are not going to be conducted as they are in the States. You will need to adapt to the local construction and contracting practices.
During work on the Provincial government complex in Bogota, Colombia, Gomez had to attend onsite meetings at 6 a.m. to suit the governor's work schedule. VOA also had to meet a tight timetable. The project had to be completed during the governor's term-iS months from design to occupancy! With no time to import .S. products, VOA referred to cut sheets of
U.S. products and located similar products 10caUy.
Construction often moves at a slower pace or schedule than we are used to in the tates. It can be in one's best interest to place observation of work on an hourly basis, at specific milestones, and at the specific re-

quest of the client for all vi its. Prepare to make conces ions, and you'll have an easier time conducting business.
In con lusion, the best parting advice i elf-refle tion. TLC's Bob aine says, "Ask yourself, where do you want to go, and why do you want to go there?" Ifyou explore the opportunities available in Latin Ameri-
By closely matching the resistance of the wood building system to wind loads found in the Standard Building Code, the Guide to Wood Construction in High Wind Areas makes it easier to design, build and inspect single story wood frame structures. And, for multiple story homes, you can now use the Wood Frame Construction Manual. Both documen ts have been accepted by the State of Florida as alternative methods for achieving compliance with section 1606 of the 1994 Standard Building Code.
For flexibility, speed and beauty, build out of wood.
For information about the Guide to Wood Construction in High Wind Areas, the Wood Frame Construction Manual and seminars on their use; or, to obtain a copy of either, contact the Florida Wood Council at
(407) 275-3430.
can countrie and remain open to new challenges, something will come of it. Once you have built a solid intemational reputation, the clients may come to you . :.
Tom M~tnson is em Elect1ica.l Project Engi,nem in the orc pomtelGoven~menlal Division al Tilclm1 Lobnitz Coope1:
"/t's a better way fO build single slOlY homes! Ollt of wood: using the Guide to Wood Construction in High Wind Areas.
Charles Whiff,eld of Whil{,eld Cons/ruction Home Builder, Framing Controc/or and Moster Carpenter

Ao,.d~ \'Iood Council Members
The Guide to Wood Frame Canslructian in High Wind Areas was developed by Ihe High Wind Project: o callabaralian of Ihe American Faresl and Paper Assacialian, APA The Engineered Woad Association, Canadian Wood Cauncil, Florida Woad Council, Southern Forest Products Association and the Weslern Wood Producls Assacialion


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