FloridaCaribbean architect

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
FloridaCaribbean architect
Alternate title:
Florida Caribbean architect
Physical Description:
v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Publisher:
Dawson Publications,
Dawson Publications
Place of Publication:
Timonium Md
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
1997
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre:
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 44, no. 1 (spring 1997)-
Issuing Body:
Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
Issues have also theme titles.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
ltqf - AAA5904
ltuf - ACJ1464
oclc - 36846561
lccn - sn 97052000
System ID:
UF00004635:00001

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida architect

Full Text
FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT -jfii~

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CONTENTS


U. OF FLA. UBFcAR/fv

Computer-Aided Drafting & Design Enhancing the Process
Features
Realistic Simulations Offer Solid Solutions 10
Bermello, Ajamil & PaTtneTS's advanced softwaTe pTOgTam gmphically recasts opemtions analysis into powerful design i'YI/ormation.

Calculating Comfort and Performance 14
R. J. Heisenbottle Architects and the KTG Y GToup found tlwt computer's were critical in designing perfect sound, sight, and comfm"t into this community performing aT'ts center.

Sophisticated Design for Secure Student Living 16
Beyond its pmctical purpose, this student housing designed by Mateu Carreno Rizo & PaTtners adds some aTchitectural pizzazz to the Florida Atlantic University campus.

Using Advanced Technology to Reflect on the Past 18
FOT this battlefield memorial and visitoTs center design, the team ofJohn Dehart, AIA Assoc., Ron Witte, and Samh Whiting used CADD "to explore a lot ofideas in a short period oftime.

Departments
Editorial 3
News 4
Books 6
New Products and Services 8
Legal Note 22
by Robert A/fert, Jr., Esq., Assoc. AlA
Index to Advertisers 24

FLORlDtVCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997




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EDITORIAL

FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT
Florida Association of the
Amel'ican Institute ofArchitects
104 East Jefferson Street
Tallahassee, Florida 3230 I

Editorial Board
John Totty, AlA, Chailman
John Howey, FAlA
Karl Thorne, AlA

President
John R. Cochran, Jr., AlA

Vice PresidentlPresident-elect
Roy Knight, FAlA

Secretarytrreasurer
Vivian Salaga, AlA

Past President
William Blizzard, AlA

Senior Regional Director
Hemy C. Alexander, Jr., AlA
Coral Gables

Regional Director
Jolm P. Tice, Jr., AlA

Vice President for
Professional Excellence
Ivan Johnson, AlA

Vice President for
Political Effectiveness
Debra Lupton, AlA

Vice President for
Communications
Keith Bailey, AlA

Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE, HoI'\. AlA

Editor
Margaret Barlow

Published by
Dawson Publications, Inc.

2236 Greenspring Drive
Timonium, Maryland 21093

(410) 560-5600 (800) 322-3448 Fax: (410) 560-5601
Publisher
Denise Rolph
Sales Manager
Dave Patlick
Layout & Design
Amy King
F7.o'ridalCo'ribbeo'l1 A'l"cld leCi, Official JownaJ of the Florida Association of the Amelican Institute of Architects, is owned by the Association, a Florida COll'oralion, not for profit ISSN-OOI53907. It is published fOllr Limes a year and distributed through I'he Executive Office of the Association. 104 East Jefferson St., Tallahassee,
Florida 3230 I. Telephone 9041222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of AlA Florida. Editorial material may be I'eplinted onJy with the express pennission of Flol"iclaJCa'ribbean Al'chi lect.
Single copies, $6.00; rumuaJ subscription, $20.33. Third class postage


W
elcome to the first issue ofFloridaJCa1'ibbean Archi tect, with our new masthead that ac!mowledges the ties we have with our fellow practitioners in the Caribbean. We are a Region, and finally, we are starting to act as one! In his editorial in the January 1997 Architectural Record, Robert Ivey, FAlA, writes that "this is a dynamic moment for Architecture, a profession poised for the millermium-fueled by a robust economy, enriched by a plurality of styles, challenged by new ways of doing business, informed by increasing cliversity of the workforce, and brimming with information and technical advancement." How appropriate that statement is for our Region.

A few months ago, after more than a year of planning, the Caribbean Basin Initiative was formed to bring Florida and Caribbean architects closer together. From it came an independent organization !mown as Business Horizons for the Americas. Members of AlA Florida, AlA Puerto Rico, and AlA Virgin Islands, and our two AlA Florida/Caribbean Regional Directors, Henly Alexander, AlA, and Tom Marvel, FAlA, worked hard, incorporating a variety of businesses and their representatives who shared one common interest: regional bridging. Last November, in San Juan, the first Business Horizons Conference brought together an enthusiastic group of architects and business people to share their views and outline future endeavors.
As Florida, the Caribbean, and South and Central Amelica are tied together in so many ways, it seems vital for us, as architects, to be prepared to think and practice as a Region. To encourage this broadened view, we invite you to help us present examples of architectural excellence representing this entire Region. This inaugural issue is also the flrst by our new publisher, Dawson Publications, Inc. Let us !mow what you think.
Change is in the air. So many changes have occurred in the way we practice in just the last few years. Change also is occuning rapicUy in our Association. New management styles aimed toward making AlA Florida more responsive to the needs of membership are occurring at both the State Board and Chapter levels. Proactivity is the guiding force as we strive to "poise ourselves for the millemlium." No longer is the status quo acceptable. To ensure that our practices are protected, both now and in the future, w e a1-e not waiting for changes, w e are maki ng them happen.
We also are demanding change from National AlA. We made ourselves heard loud and clear again this year at Grassroots, and they took notice. No doubt, we will continue to "shout," and we hope that they will continue to listen.
With due respect to Mr. Ivey, we have adopted his phrase "Poised for the Millenniwn," as the theme for our AlA Florida Aru1ual Convention. This summer in Orlando we will again be offering seminars and CEUs on issues critical to our practices.
Change can be good. We as architects need to be able to change and to accept change. How else can we, as our Vision states, be "a united association of Architects who lead the shaping of Florida's future." This is a "dynanlic moment for arcllitecture," a profession "poised for the millermium." The Florida/Caribbean Region is getting ready for the future.
John R. Cochran, Jr., AlA, President

FIO?'7,dalCm1,bbean A?'chi lecl serves the profession by providing CWTent infonnation on design, practice management, technology, environment, energy, preselvation and development of conununjties, con truction, finance, economics, as well as other political, social, and cultmal issues that impact the field.
FLORI DNCARI BBEA1'l ARCHITECT Spring 1997




NEWS

AlA Florida Receives Grant to Oppose BOPE Rule-Making
The National AIA Governmental Affairs Advisory Committee has approved an award to AIA Florida totalling $20,000. The grant money is designated for use in opposing the Board of Professional Engineers' (BOPE) rule that engineers be allowed to sign and seal building plans.
The grant comes from a $100,000 state component flmd established by National AIA last year to help states deal with critical issues that stand to have broad impact. Bill Blizzard, last year's AIA FlO1ida president, and other large state component presidents urged National to create the fund as a means oftaking a more proactive stance in assisting states in these types of efforts. National is now being urged to enlarge the fund in 01" del' to sustain support over several years.
Bailey Recognized for Government Affairs Work

K e it h Bailey, AlA, was honored by National AlA for his "outstanding individual contribution to govern
ment affairs." The award was presented on February 6, 1997, at the Government Affairs Day luncheon at AlA's annual National Grassroots Conference in Washington, D.C. Bailey was recognized for his tireless work in opposing the Florida BOPE efforts to allow engineers to design buildings for human habitation and use.
Bailey, ofthe Maitland firm of Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock, is the current AIA FI01ida Vice President for Communications.
UF Professor Honored for Teaching Excellence
Stephen D. Luoni, Assistant Professor in the College of Architecture at the University of Florida, Gainesville, received a 1996 AlA Education Honors Award. His third-year design studio sequence, entitled Landscapes: Patterns and Processes, "avoided the professional inclination to reduce landscape to a visual phenomenon, employing instead nondisciplinary strategies of seeing that cultivate an understanding for the deep ecological work accomplished by the land, yet suggest responsible possibilities for construction."
Luoni's course was one of four awarded this top honor. The AIA Education Honors Program was created several years ago to recognize outstanding teaching faculty for their accomplishments and to provide public exposure of the excellent classroom and studio work produced by these faculty members. Eight additional courses were cited, including four honorable mentions. The jury, chaired by Daniel Friedman, AlA, Associate Professor, School of Architecture and Interior Design, University of Cincinnati, made its selections from 78 entries.
In addition to their publication in the AIA's monograph, Tea,ching Excellence 1996, the award winning courses-represented by an abstract, educational goals and strategies, and evaluation criteria-are posted on the Internet at aia.orgl arched.htm
AlA Florida Outlines Proactive Legislative Program
Florida legislators began the 1997 session on Mal'ch 4 poised to face two major challenges. In addition to finding funds for education improvements, they will be addressing the need for greater economic development and job development in the state. While AIA Florida's governmental affairs section supports these efforts, it also brings its own menu of concerns to the legislative table.
At a January meeting in Tallahassee, the AIA Florida Board ofDirectors met with legislators to discuss a range of issues. Foremost was its opposition to any efforts to change the Consultants Competitive Negotiation Act (CCNA), which prescribes the method by which architects are selected for public works. The Board also is seeking consideration of methods to improve the efficiency of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation. Other issues on which the Board is taking a position include support for the establishment of a requirement that would protect architects from frivolous lawsuits, support for a statewide uniform building code, and opposition to the effort to create stock school plans.
AIA Florida also is monitoring legislation being proposed by the Department of Community Affairs (DCA) concerning amendments to the Florida Accessibility Building Code. The
U.S. Department of Justice has informed the DCA that Florida's law does not conform to federal ADA requirements.
In a continuing effort, AIA Florida is opposing the Board of Professional Engineers' bid to approve a rule that would allow licensed engineers in Florida to design buildings for human habitation and use. Still in the public workshop stage, a draft of the proposed rule was not available at press time.
Under close scrutiny is the request for a declaratory statement by the Board of Building Code Administrators and Inspectors (BCAI) on whether architects need to be licensed by them to perform building inspections. By statute, inspecting buildings is Palt of the practice of architecture. This could become a legislative issue if BCAl asks architects to obtain yet another license do what is already required in their practice act.

Good News about Salaries
Architects' earnings are on the rise, according to a report on national compensation trends. AIA research contained in Compensation, at u.s. A1"chitecture FiTms shows that associate architect (reports to a principal) salaries in 1996 averaged $58,900, 24 percent more than in 1990. Associate architects in Florida averaged $56,400.
The report covers compensation data on 19 positions in architectural firms in 31 states and 18 metropolitan areas. Copies are available for $15 through Karen Jones at AIA Florida.

In Memoriam
Sam Kruse, FAIA, died September 28, 1996, after a long illness. He was an AlA past president and regional director. Those wishing to make donations in his memory may contribute to the Scholarship Fund, clo AIA Miami, 800 Douglas Entrance, Suite 119, Coral Gables, FL 33134.
William Bigoney, FAIA emeritus, died December 23, 1996, in Fort Lauderdale. He was pastpresident of Broward Chapter and a former member ofAIA Florida Board of Directors.
Donald E. McIntosh, AlA, died December 25, 1996, in Tampa. After a long career with the old Tampa Times, at age 48 he realized a lifelong drean1 of becoming an al'chitect.


Correction
Fall 1996 Florida ATchitect, in Viewpoint by Carl Abbott, FAIA, St. Thomas More, Sarasota, photo credit: Steven Brooke,

FLORIDNCARIBBI>AN ARCHITI>CT Spring 1997





From left to right: Maria M. Chalgub, AIA; William A. Taylor,
AIA; Susan G'rant Leu;in; J01-ge Rigau, AlA; John C. Doak,
RIBA; and Hortensia D. Lanio, AlA.
FLORIDNCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997
Award Recipients and Jurors


Merit Award
Genip GaTden Apartments f 01 the eldeTly. St. CTOix, USVI,f01"
Lutheran Social Services of the ViTgin Islands, by ChalgublLanio
Architects, Inc.


Citation Award
Neu; HomepoTt Passenger Terminal, Frederiksted, St. CTOix,
USVI, fOT the u.s. Virgin Islands POTt Auth01i ty, by Chalgubl
Lanio Architects, Inc.


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AlA Virgin Islands Awards Honor Respect for Tradition
Last December, the U.S. Virgin Island Chapter of AlA presented its bi-yearly Awards for Excellence in Architecture. Cele bratory activities were open to community groups concerned with planning, government, regional history, and preservation.

Frederik C. Gjessing, AIA
The chapter honored Frederik C. Gjessing, AlA, for his lifetime of achievement in preserving the region's architectural heritage. Among Gjessing's accomplishments have been several restorations, including the Steeple Building, Customs House, and Scale House in St. Croix, and numerous other projects in St. John, St. Thomas, and San Juan.
Projects selected by the jury were deemed "capable of elucidating issues relevant to the profession and the U.S. Virgin Islands." All epitomized "a genuine desire to be contemporary with~)Ut disregarding the traditional."
Two 1996 Awards for Excellence in Architecture were presented to ChaigublLanio Architects for the New Homepolt Passenger Terminal (citation award) and for the Genip Garden Apartments in Frederiksted (merit award). An honor award was given to William Taylor Architects for the St. Croix Reformed Church Proposal. Jurors were senior architecture editor for House Beautiful Susan Grant Lewin, Cayman Island architect and preservationist John C.J. Doak, and Jorge Rigau, AlA, Dean of the School of Architecture at Polyteclmic University of Puerto Rico.
The New Homeport Passenger Telminal "made evident the appropriateness of turn-of-thecentury vocabulary in the Caribbean." Chalgub/Lanio's Genip Garden Apartments was declared "an interesting problem ...that could (and should) inspire discussion about the urban future of St. Croix." Called "the most creative entry," the Reformed Church proposal exemplified "the essence of what tropical architecture entails: the adequate articulation ofa skin to mediate between interior, exterior, and tradition."


BOOKS


Reviewed by Edwa1-d J. Seibert, AlA
Modern American Houses: Four Decades ofAward
Winning Design in
Architectural Record Ed. Clifford A. Pearson, essays
by Thomas Hille, Robert Campbell, Suzanne Stephens,
Charles Gandee
Harry N. Abrams in assoc. with Architectuml Record, 1996
240 pages, 265 illus., $49.50
A
s an architect whose career started a half century ago, I found this book inunensely interesting. I believe it would be of equal interest to architectural students, although to them it is history. The photographs, whether color or black and white, are magnificent and the text informative and thoughtful, attributes all too rare in books of this genre. As an avid reader of RecoTd (and on several occasions published in it), the book seemed a dear and familiar friend from the start.
The first chapter, on the fIfties, presents Paul Rudolph's Cohen house in Sarasota and I.M. Pei's "bridge house," both influences on this young architect. Seminal homes of the sixties include Robert Browne's beautiful Barrows house as well as Rudolph's icon, the Millam house. Among those representing the seventies are several townhouses, Rudolph's Hirschi Halston in New York and Antoine Predock's La Luz, as well as Meier's Shamberg house and Gwathmey Siegal's Haupt House. For the eighties and nineties there are stars like Robert Venturi, Rauch and Scott Brown, Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater Zyberk, Arquitectonica, and Frank GeluJ'. These houses that meant so much to me when they were published are but a few of the more than 60 in the book
Besides those houses which influenced me at various tin1es in my career, it was, in fact, several of the Florida residences that leapt off the page at me. EvelJ' Floridaal'chitect will have his or her own list of architects and houses that been of influence, or, like, favorite songs, recall a certain time in one's life. It's a fine book for reminiscence and philosophy, with text that is quite scholarly and clear.
"The 1950s: Of Tailfms and Bugspray," by Thomas Hille, is an insightful chapter on the spirit of the architecture of that decade. "Architects tend to take a static, European view oftheir buildings, while those that inhabit them behave as nomads," Russell Lynes noted in a 1957 article. The bugspray in the title alludes to Ulrich Franzen's house, where, "he explained that insect screens weren't necessary because he regularly sprayed insecticides." Screening softens architectural qualities, making for gauzy geometry. I found this particularly amusing because in a recent article referring to my own screenless second story, I was quoted as saying "mosquitoes on the island don't fly over ten feet from the ground." My house may be nineties, but my attitude is pure fifties. The point is, if you are an architect, you will relate to the book.
In the chapter on the 1960s, subtitled "Playing by the Rules," Robelt Campbell writes, "The 1960s, for American architecture, was the decade of how to make beautiful and interesting form without using any ornament ... Stick a Greek colunm or a Palladian window on your house design, and the taste police would put you in jail." By the seventies, ornament had returned: it was postmodemism Writes Campbell, "It's at least possible to argue that the '60s, struggling for its own kind of freedom within a rigid, unquestioned system of values, was a better era for architecture. Rigid systems have their virtues in the world of art. It's hard to make great chess moves without a board." I still remember my own struggle with postmodernism then.
Evident in "The 1970s: A Tin1e of Upheaval," by Suzanne Stephens, are the changing values of that decade. Save for Charles Moore, Record showed few exan1ples of the unmOOling ofarchitecture from the modernist idiom. It seemed to continue to adhere to the prinCiples of modernism, including a strong value placed on simple, functional planning, expression of structure, and integration of exterior and interior spaces. As shown in a Fay Jones house, the Wrightean influence was again viable for Record.
The eighties, according to Charles Gandee in "The 1980s

Hibiscus House, Coconut Grove, FL. AndTes Duany andElizabeth PlaleT-Zyberk, A'I"chitects, 1983. Plwtogmph: SteuenB1"()oke. Page 177.
and '90s: Chipping Away at the Old-boy Network," brought a shift in Record's philosophy. The editors realized that the stars of the time were to be found not in their pages but in Progressive ATchitectu1-e. One turned to PIA to find architects like Robert Venturi, Robert A.M. Stern, Frank Gehry, Rem Koolhaus, and Bernardo FOlt-Brescia. The next decade changed that, with houses like Batey and Mack's Villa on the Bay, Bart Prince's own house in Albuquerque, and Arquitectonica's Casa los Andes.
With its splendid photographs and urbane, literate writing, this book is a rare pleasure. I think all designer architects will enjoy the trip.
Building a Dream: The Art ofDisney Architecture
by Beth Dunlop Harry N. Abrams, 1996 224 pages, 200 illus. $39.95
I
n his foreword to this handsomely illustrated book, architectural historian Vincent Scully notes that "the very nan1e 'Disney' is so packed with opprobrium for old-line modernists that it took a certain amount of courage for Beth Dunlop to agree to write this book" As an "old line modernist" thus duly warned, I tlied very hard to like the book. (I also wondered who it was that was tlJIing to convince the author: Disney?)
Celtainly, putting the works of such cutting-edge architects as Michael Graves, Gwathmey Siegal, Robert A.M. Stern, Antoine Predock, Frank Gehry, Charles Moore, Stanley Tigerman, and Robert Venturi, to name but a few of the fascinating architects involved, into one book makes for interest. I looked forward to being drawn into the relationships between tllese stellar talents and tlle Disney organization. Unfortunately, these relationships are covered throughout in an abbreviated and superficial way.

F'LORlDtVCARlBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997



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Realistic Simulations Offer Solid Solutions


D
esigning buildings and spaces to move people and goods through is a complex process. It is usually necessary to devise a number of feasible designs. In the past, clients had to stretch their imagination beyond the drawing board and models to detennine how effectively a design would fulfill their needs. "Final decisions," says architect Primi Conde, an associate at Bermello, Ajan1il & Partners, Inc., "often hinged on hunches and best guesses."
No longer. Now it is possible, using computer simulations, to demonstrate for clients not only how, but how well, a new facility will work. Bermello & 1\jamil's new software enables architects and engineers to offer clients computer-generated solutions and operations analyses based on a variety of"what-if' scenarios. The simulation program was developed by Aviation Research Corp. in Montreal, Canada, and is being marketed under the name PPTS (people & Processes Through Spaces). Itis especially useful in the design and development of cruise and container tenninais, airport temlinais, and other projects that involve moving people and goods through built spaces.
The software transfonns database information into a graphic display that can be demonstrated in real-time or in other time indexes such as compressed time, which can show hours of activity in a few moments. B&A architects first used PPTS in designing a temlinal expansion for Carnival Cruise Line's Piers 6 and 7 in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The project involves expanding and renovating the baggage claim hall for greater speed and efficiency, and enlarging the customs/immigration area to accommodate Carnival's new, larger ships.
"Use of PPTS in this adaptive reuse situation helped point out potential problems with space reallotment," said B&A

Ground Floor Plan

South Elevation
I'LORIDNCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


Realistic Simulations

Continuedjmmpage 11

Port ojAlgecims, detail ojmaster plan, indicating circulation patterns.

generate facility requirements constraints for the Port of Algeciras, Spain, minute delay at immigrabased on future demand and total time staff is busy B&A simulation specialist R. W. tion/security. specified levels of service total time facility is being Spisak Jr. and architect Primi 4) two ships, 1000 passengers


evaluate alternate facility utilized. Conde started with a basic each, 1/2-hour intervals, concepts and plans An additional advantage is floor plan and information 1 112 minute delay at


demonstrate existing and that the software will run an about how passengers would immigration/security future operational problems operational analysis that be routed and time required to B&A's CADD fIles were in terminal components. allows clients to evaluate the pass immigration and police/ imported into the PPTS Other measures and impact on customers of security checkpoints. They software, along with informa


evaluations determined by the various staffing levels, even considered four possible tion on passenger types, software are useful to clients, lunch breaks. While this scenarios: various passenger routes, and including: program is particularly suited 1) three ships, 300 passengers other formulae. "This was

maximum and average to terminal applications, it also each, arriving at 1I2-hour complicated at Algeciras by waiting times, overall and at can be applied in designing intervals, with 3-minute additional security requiredifferent periods and evaluating banks, retail delay at immigration and ments for inbound passengers


level of service over time facilities, schools, theaters, police/security from one of the two originat


average and maximum museums, conference centers, 2) three ships, 300 passengers ing ports," Conde noted. It was queue lengths, for deriving medical centers-in other each, 1/2-hour intervals, 1 1/2 necessary to establish the space requirements words, any space people enter, minute delay at immigration/ paths in the database module


duration of unacceptable use for interactions, then leave. security that works with the simulation service level, due either to To begin the process of 3) two ships, 1000 passengers tools. Timings (cross-checked waiting time or space modeling a new cruise terminal each, 1/2-hour intervals, 3-by observations) were loaded,


FLORIDNCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997



Calculating Comfort and Performance

Kings Point Theater for the Performing Arts Tamarac, Florida
R.J. Heisenbottle Architects, P.A. and KTGY Group, Inc.
T
heater design is an alt in itself. The end result must satisfy all the senses of both patrons and performers.
Coordinating the requirements to achieve this goal for the Kings Point Theater was made easier for the al"chitects through their use of the 3-D modeling capabilities of their computers. Intricate design options could be studied quickly and were easy to alter. The project, which received a 1996 Unbuilt Design Award from the AlA FOlt Lauderdale Chapter, is now under construction.
This traditional proscenium theater was designed as a multipurpose performing arts facility for theater, music, dance, and film. Intended for a retirement community, the theater will be equipped with full theatrical lighting, rigging, and movie projection systems. Attention to planning for the specific needs of the predominantly elderly patrons went beyond excellent acoustics and proper sight lines to include minimal steps and no balconies.
At the main entral1Ce, a translucent glass wall broken by a deep canopy introduces a dynamic curvilinear lobby with a sloped ceiling. Three low-rise monumental stairs lead patrons to the 1,OOO-seat auditorium.
The computer was extremely helpful in visualizing the radii and angles of both the hall and the lobby. It made it easy to accurately locate colunms, window mullions, stairs, and floor and ceiling patterns, as well as lighting, I-IVAC and other building systems throughout.
The model was created by laser-cattingplastic elements based onAUTOCAD drawingjiles. Photograph: Raul Pedr-oso, Solo Photography.
Theater designers in the configurations to determine decisions so as to confirm or past spent a great deal of time the best design for the client's alter the characteristics of calculating the seating dish of progralTI. absorptive and reflective the auditorium using elaborate Acoustical effects designed surfaces. It also was possible formulas. Here, with computto meet the desired cliteria to determine the reverberation ers, it was possible to resolve also could be studied via time at different frequencies to the seating layout, slope of the computer. Alternate rendergive a working profile of the floor, and clear sight lines to ings of the acoustic finished space. The angles and the stage in minutes. Archienvironment allowed the height of the reflective panels tects could then study various testing of initial design aloe critical in directing the
FLORlDNCARlBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


Sophisticated Design for Secure Student Living
Student Apartment Facility Florida Atlantic University Mateu Carreno Rizo & Partners
F
ineting affordable housing is a perennial problem for students. But at fast-growing Florida Atlantic University, a cluster of new apartment-style residences seems made to order. Located right on campus, the units are comfortable, convenient, and safe.
The initial program specified housing for 525 and maximizing use of the oncampus site to enable future e~.'pansion to accommodate up to 1200 residents. To remain competitive with off-campus housing, the facilities would need a complement of amenities and to be affordable and conducive to infonnal student living. But one stipulation was foremost: SecUlity.
Although there was a momentary temptation for architect Roney Mateu, AIA, and his finn of Mateu CalTeno Rizo to respond in a traditional way witll walls and fences, it passed. Here was a canlpus that had taken shape over the past few decades tlu"ough quick solutions to immediate needs for academic and dormitory buildings. Here was a campus void of any significant architectme.
Here was an OppOltunity to change that perception, to demonstrate tllat practical design need not lack creativity. They would meet the concerns for safety and security with a design that would promote social activities and protect student interactions through practical circulation concepts and organizational components.
Mateu's instincts proved correct. The completed project received a 1996 Award of Excellence from the AIA Mianli Chapter.



Using Advanced Technology to Reflect on the Past
Memory Building, Battlefield VIsitors Center Mills Springs, Kentucky Competition Submission John Dehart, AlA Assoc., with Ron Witte and Sarah Whiting
F
or the design of their entry to the Mills Springs Civil War battlefield Visitors Center, the team of John Dehart, Ron Witte (arcrutect and professor), and Sarah WIUting (professor and critic), used computers from the outset. Working directly in a 3-D environment, they used the digital model to examine design ideas as well as for final presentation drawings.
"We were able to explore a lot of ideas in a short period of time," said Dehart, an associate at SMRT/lflmtington Dreher, Sarasota. And "walking through the model" substantially altered the way in which judgments could be made about spatial qualities such as scale, materiality, and lighting. "Central to this process is the fact that tlle computer allows multiple layers of information involved in creating architecture to be compressed into a single medium," added Dehart.
What the team also found

interesting is the fact that advancing technology, typically relegated to the constmction of the building, has entered the domain of design.
At the outset the group felt that setting a visitors center on the site (as the competition program required) threatened to dismpt its powerfully

evocative ambience. With trus in mind, the idea developed of designing a stmcture that would serve both as a dranlatic memorial-a purely symbolic gesture in the landscape-and a fWlctional program center: a "memory building."
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LEGAL NOTE

Understanding and Limiting Liability Through an Analysis of Statutes of Limitations and Contract Rights
by Robert A/fe'r/, J1:, E q., Assoc. AlA
M
alpractice liability and which a legal action may be easy to determine which statlimiting the risk of expobrought-play a crucial role in utes of limitations govern cersure continue to rank as the this risk equation. tain activities. The purpose of paramount issues confronting Under most circumstances, thi article is to allay some of the architects and other design proif a legal action is not instituted confusion by identifying those fessionals today. Statutes of within the prescribed period, that are applicable to the types limitations-laws that circumthe right to sue is lost forever. of activities routinely underscribe the period of time within Unfortunately, it is not always taken by design professionals,

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Unfortunately for design professionals, there are two specific Florida Statutes arguably governing their activities: 95.11(4)(a), with a two-year limitation, for "professional malpractice," and 95.11(3)(c), with a four-year limitation, "founded on the design, planning, or construction of an improvement to real property." In addition, various general statutes apply to activities falling outside of the speCific statutes. This article addresses three activities routinely undertaken by design professionals, all of which can invoke different statutes of limitations: 1) design and planning of a new facility; 2) additions, remodelling or repairs; and 3) general consulting, testing and inspection services, or contract administration.
The most common service performed by architects is the design and planning ofa new improvement to real property. Florida courts define an i1npTovement as "a valuable addition made to propelty (usually real estate) or an amelioration in its condition, amounting to
3615
FLORlDtVCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997



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INDEX TO ADVERTISERS

Buyers' Guide
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You do discover that Michael Eisner, when he became the boss ofall Mickey Mouse, had no idea of what architecture was about. Aware ofthis fact, his first architectural thought was about how to overcome a bland hotel design then in planning. After "seven days-and seven sleepless nights" Eisner decided to set a new course for Disney architecture. He sought, and fOlmd, good advice from Wing Chao, now senior vice president of Disney Design and Development, and Victor Ganz, a friend who had been on the board ofthe Whitney Museum of Art. They gave him two names, Philip Johnson and Michael Graves.
One can only wonder about Graves's feelings when Eisner tells him to "lighten up" and he ends up with the seven dwarfs as caryatids on his otherwise spare and elegant Teanl Disney building in Burbank. Eisner thought the original design "looked too much like a bank" and asked Graves for "characters." Says Eisner, "He first did typical characters. That looked really stupid. But the dwarfs, that was different, and of course there were enough of them to hold up the roof." This is just one of many instances where the author's failure to explore character and relationships kept this from being a more satisfactory, perhaps even scholarly, book.
Another interesting conflict of ideas between Aldo Rossi and Eisner also is given only brief mention. When Rossi found he {;ould not get along with Eisner, he wrote a letter invoking the tl;als of Bernini when working for Louis XlV. "I realize I am not Bernini, but you are not the King of France. I quit," wrote Rossi. They later reconciled and Rossi designed the offices for the Disney Development Company in Orlando.
Every architect knows full well the strong feelings that are engendered between client and architect, and how situations can be exaggerated when both are powerful figures. Disney, a huge corporate enterprise, must have had in-house differences and arguments about architectural philosophy, and these must have affected the architects' work. Although the book deals with literally dozens of the best architects, planners, and artists of our time, I always was left wanting to know more about what they are really like.
However, if you want to know what the best architects of our time do when confronted by a theme park assignment, this book shows you. Solu tions range from stage set design (Toon Town) to amusement park (Tomorrow Land) to really fine solutions that can inspire other architects. Personally, I feel that Isozaki's Team Disney building at Orlando alone puts Disney in the "patron of architecture" category, while structures such as Cinderella's Castle are but required stage sets. In this respect, the book works on several levels and might interest a wide range of people, from more esoteric students ofdesign to those who simply enjoyed a trip to Disneyland. Perhaps it was intended thus.
I wis h that Building a Dream had explored Disney's effect on Florida; in 1995 10.7 million visitors spent $14.8 billion in Central Florida. Floridians seem to have a love-hate relationship with Disney World. Not all see Disney World as bringing unmitigated to good to the state. Its growth has fUlther stressed the state's already groaning infrastructure and, some say, tarnished Florida's natural appeal.
I also wish that the book said more about Celebration, the new town being developed near Orlando. Andres Duany worked on the master plan, and buildings include a city hall by Philip Johnson, a Preview Center by the late Charles Moore, a bank by Venturi, Scott-Brown and Associates, a post office by Graves, a cinema by Cesar Pelli, and so on. Says Disney Design and Development president Peter Rummel, "I think if Celebration just becomes known as a place where a lot of great architects did buildings, we've failed." Billed as a place "where families can recliscover such old fashioned viltues as neighborliness and sociability," it sounds as if it were another "Main Street" project. Lacking are details about philosophical aspects of the Disney approach to town planning.
In many ways, Building a Dream reminds me of those coffee table puff books, so in vogue, done to show off the work of a prestigious architect or firm: beautiful photography but not much written about problems, issues, or how the architects work. At the same time, I find myself browsing through this book of an evening, looking at the pictures and thinking about the work that this patron of architecture has caused to be built. I also enjoy wondering how many great architects have screwed themselves into the ceiling working for this giant corporation. Like Disney theme parks, the book is a love-hate thing.
Reviewer Edward J. "Tim" Seibert, AlA, recipient oj AlA FlO1ida's 1995Awa1-dJor Honor in Design, has been pmcticing architecture in Samsota since
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NOTth Elevation. CaTnival C1"I)'ise Line's PieTs 6 and 7 expansi on plan, San Juan. (h-ound jlooT wi th entry at one end, customs at the othe'l~ thr"ee baggage sections in between. Daylit thinJ/JouTthjloo1" houses laTgewaiting aTea with security and check-inJacilities below,
small boar-ding hall above.
architect Ernie Garcia He used the simulation to track the paths and progress of 3,500 "virtual passengers," showing them disembarking the cruise ship and proceeding through baggage claim into immigration. "Not only did the program provide the exact number of square feet required for the expansion, it also exposed potential bottlenecks at escalators and at baggage claim," added Garcia. Based on the simulation, Garcia modified the preliminary immigration area layout to achieve the optimal solution for all expected traffic volmnes. To elinlinate the crowding situation, three distinct (colorcoded) baggage-claim sections were created to serve smaller passenger groups.

~

I
I
I
I
Building Section
The PPTS software produces useful infOlmation for the client as well as for the architect. Besides allowing B&A to analyze operations for purposes of design, it can help clients maximize efficiencies by evaluating staffing, hours, and other aspects of facility operations. For exan1ple, statistics on the path, queuing, and processing times of individuals or groups can be defined, as can interactions within specific areas of the facility.
Using the PPTS software, the architect can:

identify peak capacity of the existing facilities


test the adequacy of existing systems to meet future demands


Continued on page 12

F'LORlDNCARlBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997




Port ojAlgeciras terminals.
and the simulation model did a series of runs to construct the initial database. When outputs were checked against recorded field observations, modifications were calculated accordingly.
After the simulation was analyzed and the charts produced and captured, the animation components were produced and assembled. As alternative simulation runs were modeled, recorded, and analyzed, animations were constructed from the various alternative models for each scenario. Each scenario showed:
the number of passengers per square meter at different times of the day

the distance in meters traveled during disembarking


passenger counts and the time needed for passengers to exit the terminal


duration of time in the terminal by ship number


total number of passengers served by each queue


queue time per ship


time factors for each passenger count and time interval for different staffing levels (customs/ immigration, security, assistance). These elements were easily


observable in the simulations. What Spisak, Conde, and Garcia saw were dots, thousands of dots, one for each passenger, traveling through the planned spaces, passing quickly through some areas and forming bottlenecks in problem stretches. Most important, the design could be modified along with any changes in initial assumptions: for exan1ple, reducing space for queuing in immigration and adding police stations to speed up extra security.
Conde and Garcia both found PPTS to be a valuable asset in designing these kinds of large "transfer" spaces. The simulations showed clearly where to "tweak" the designs for improved flow. For the brand new Algeciras facility, correctly sized spaces could be planned from the outset. However, said Conde, "The simulation proved even more valuable in the San Juan adaptive reuse project, where old spaces had to be made workable for new purposes." .:.
Bermello, Ajamil & Partners, of Miami and Fort Lauderdale, received several major design awards last year, including an AlA Florida Award for Excellence in Architecture.
FLORlDNCARlBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997



The 3-D modeling capabilities were helpful in visualizing the mdii and angles ofthe d?-amatic lobby.
sound throughout the auditorium. Computers also assisted in the design of the electronic sound system by helping determine overall placement of the speakers and the aiming of each speaker element.
What used to take weeks in the design of live performance spaces now takes only days. .:.

'Design A.rchitect:
R J. H~isenbettle
ArcfliteGts, P.AI..

Principal in charge
of Design: RJ. Heisenbettle, AlA
Projecf Manager:
Neil Dixon, Rk.

Design Team:
Steve Avdakev, RA, Robert Jordan Soprurn III

Interior.:
Miriam Collada-Myers

Architect of Record:
KTGY Group, Inc.

Principal in charge:
John Foti, AlA

Structural Engineer:
O'Donnell Naccaroto &
Mignogna, Inc.

Civil Engineer:
Rhon Ernest Jones
Consulting Engineers, Inc.

Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Henz Engineering, Inc.

Theatrical Systems/ Acoustics:
Arts Environments, Inc.
Owner:
Lennar Adult Communities
FLORlDiVCARlBBEAN ARCI-IITEOT Spring 1997 15




Overall the project included a 5,000 sf student services and administration building and seven apartment-style buildings, each accormnodating 75 residents in two-and four-person units, with two laundry and storage rooms. A 30-acre site on the southeast comer of the campus, was designated for the student apartments.
The complex is organized linearly in four clusters along both sides of a continuous open garden court. Circulation and access to apartment units are provided via a ground-level walkway and an elevated "main street," maximizing visual con1J:ol and security within the complex. Secure parking for residents and visitors is situated to the east, between the complex and the EI Rio Canal. The administration building is situated toward the south, where it will become a central hub when later phases, including a pedestrian bridge across FAU Boulevard, are developed.

A typical apartment building cluster is composed of four twoand three-story elements and a two-story service module. These service buildings are social gathering spaces as well

FLORlDNCARJBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997

The inter-locking patteTn breaks up the massing into a scale and r-hythm that brings the f eel of a tropical village to this campus

housing project.
as being the controlled access points into the complex from the parking areas. Most of the units are accessed from the elevated walkway. In the fourperson units, one enters at the livingldining/kitchen level, and goes either upstairs or downstairs to the bedrooms. An interlocking pattern breaks up the massing of the 2,500-footlong complex into a scale and rhythm that reinforces the idea of a tropical village in this South FlOlida canlpus context.
The use of CADD by the entire design team allowed them to document various concepts during schematic and design development phases. Changes to the large, complex, and repetitive plan were accomplished with relative ease and coordinated within all of the design disciplines. It also made it feasible to prepare alternate packages to be available during the bidding phase, prior to COnSDllction. .:.
Architect:
Mateu Carreno Rizo &
Partl'lers


Principal in charge:
R(')fley J. Mateu, AlA

Landscape Architect:
Stresau Smith Stresau, PA., Fred Stresau, ASLA

Structural Engineer:
M.A. Suarez & Assoc.,
Mario Suarez, PE.


Civil Engineer:
Consultech, Inc.
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Hufsey Nicolaides Garcia & Suarez
General Contractor:
Nycon Corp.


Owner:
Florida State University
System

Photographs:
Carlos Domenech
:..;.;.;,,::...:..;.:,~--



View at entry across f ield ofcylinders.
Elements of the design were drawn from the site and context. A Kentucky limestone wall at the entrance, a simple gateway, evokes the nearby cemetery wall. A field of white cylinders along the grass-covered roof echoes the stones placed long ago across the green hills to mark the graves of those who fell. TI1e rooftop entry sets the stage for the difficult history of the site.
Structure and symbol merge as one enters the center: the symbolic posts on the roof are revealed to be structural timber columns. The interior forest of collmms-deliberately denseopens up at the public end of the building, creating a large unobstructed space from which large groups of visitors can survey the battlefield.
Views fTom the rooftop and from within are meant to contrast and complement the various vantage points provided by the program and site. For exan1ple, from the lobby area, the building's length works like a telescope, concentrating the view toward the south on the distant horizon where much of the battle took place. .:.
View lookill~g back th1"Ough ent?'Jj
Exterior view, with unifying stand ofcolumns. ?"am~p.
FLOIUDNCAIUBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997



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f'LO RJDNCARII3BEAN ARCIiITECT Spring 1997




more than mere repairs or replacement of waste, costing labor or capital, and intended to enhance its value, beauty or utility or to adapt it for new or further purposes." Under Florida law, an improvement which falls within the above definition, including additions to existing facilities, is governed by the four-year statute.
Remodels or repairs may fall within the definition of an improvement where it is demonstrated that the services enhance the "value, beauty or utility" of the existing facility or a remodel adapts the facility to a new use. If, however, the definition of an improvement i1? not satisfied, a five-year statute of limitations governing contract actions may apply.
The third category of services-general consulting, testing and inspection services, or contract administration-arguab ly is governed by the two-year professional malpractice statute of limitations. For example, where an architect is retained to inspect a finalized construction project in which he or she had no prior involvement, it is likely that an action alleging negligent inspection would be brought under this statute since the architect made no improvements to real property. It would also likely govern an action arising from a design professional's delay in administrating an agreement between an owner and a contractor.
Although this discussion may appear somewhat of an exercise in legal minutiae, the prevailing confusion can spawn undue litigation, with savvy plaintiff counsel attempting to obtain a longer limitations period (Le., a longer open window of liability) or defense counsel seeking the converse. It is possible, however, to circumvent this confusion through intelligent contracting decisions.
Potential Solutions. Many practitioners employing the standard AlA contracts or their own versions overlook that parties to a contract may choose, among other things, the applicable law. For example, while the standard AlA contract provides that the law of the state where the project is located applies, parties may instead specify the applicability of another state's law, so long as that state has a reasonable relationship to the transaction. Since there is no uniformity among states with regard to statutes of limitations, the obvious advantage is the opportunity to apply a more favorable statute. (AlA publishes a compendium of the statutes of limitations of all states.)
Unlike the paternalistic position adopted by Florida, some states also pennit more freedom ofcontract by allowing parties to agree on the time period during which any legal action must be instituted. While Florida law disallows parties shortening limitation periods in their contracts, Florida courts applying the contractually specified law of another state will follow the pruties' dictate on a shorter statute of limitations. The advantage of "shopping" for more favorable law is axiomatic: A design professional may be able to shorten the period of potential liability from four years to one year.
Design professionals provided an opportunity to apply the law of another forum to their transaction should seriously consider the pros and cons of such a selection. Even though another state may have a more favorable limitations period, other aspects of its law may not be so advantageous. It is necessary to be aware, though, that Florida law has an extremely favorable period of lilnitationsfor
claimants.
Absent the ability to apply a more favorable law, design professionals should still consider modifying every contract governed by Florida law to specify the applicability of the two-year design professional malpractice statute of limitations. Although a court likely will not follow this dictate on a matter clearly governed by a longer period of limitation, it may carry some weight in a close call. Again, keep in mind that which statutes govern certain activities may not be well defined. Courts that value the prinCiple of freedom of contract may defer to the parties' reasonable choice of law. Perhaps most important, the law is dynamic, and courts continually revisit issues where there is far less confusion than here.
Robert Aifert, J1:, pmcticed architecture before taking up the law. He is a trial a,llorney at the Orlando office of Broad and Cassel, specializing in comme1c cial litigation with an mnphasis on const1'"Ucti on law. An expanded version ofthis a1ticle containing all ~mde1'lying legal citations and authorities is available fTOm the aullwr: .:.

FLORlDtVCARIBBEAN ARCIiITECT Spring 1997


INDEX TO ADVERTISERS

Buyers' Guide
Continuing Education Dw"Wood Publishers .............................. 24 Trus Joist MacMillan ................................ 2
Cost Estimating Associated Cost Engineers ................... 20
Design Software Intergraph Corp ........................ ...... ........ 21
Doors & Wrndows Ricketson Sash & Door Company .......... ............................. 2 Window Classics Corp .... ...................... 24
Drafting Supplies Intergraph Corp ............. ......................... 21
Education
C.w. Maryland & Co ...... ........................ 28

Employment Opportunities Walt Disney Casting ................................. 9
Energy Technology Florida Natural Gas .... ........................ .. IFC
Engineered Lumber Trus Joist MacMillan ........ ........................ 2
Glass Blocks Glass Masonry .................. ...................... 20
HVAC
Florida Natural Gas .... .......................... IFC

Insurance AlA Trust ................................................. 25 Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson,
Fowler & Dowling, Inc ........ ............... 20 Florida Liability Assurance
Group, Inc ................................... .... ........ 9 Sedgwick of Florida, Inc ...................... 23 Seitlin & Company Insurance ............ IBC SUIlCOast InsW'ance
Associates, Inc ... ...... ................... ....... IBC



www.teleport.com/-aiatrust
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94% of those most familiar with the Trust say the Trust's
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3610
f'LORIDNCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO ADVERTISERS

AlA Trust .......... ....................................... 25
Aluminum Servi es, Inc ......................... 26
American Ornamental Corp .................. 25
Associated Cost Engineers ................... 20
Chroma, Inc ........................................... 22
COllinswOlth, Alter, Nielson,
Fowler & Dowling, Inc ....................... 20

C. W. Maryland & Co ............................... 28
Digital Drafting Systems, Inc ............... 24
Durwood Publishers .............................. 24
Florida Liability Assurance
Group, Inc .............................................. 9
Florida Natural Gas .............................. IFC
Genesis Studios, Inc .... ...................... OBC
Glass MasolUY .......... ............. ................. 20
Graphisoft ............ ..................................... 9
Intergraph Corp ..................................... 21
Masterpiece Tile Company ...... .............. 21
Prime Unlimited Inc ................... .... .......... 7
Project Development
International, Inc ................................. 27
Reprographia .............. .............................. 5
Ricketson Sash & Door Company .......... 2
Sedgwick of Florida, Inc ...................... 23
Seitlin & Company Insurance ...... ...... IBC
SuncoastInsurance
Associates, Inc ................................... IBC
Tropic Top/Symbold ........................... 2, 20
Trus Joist MacMillan .............................. .. 2
Walt Disney Casting ................................. 9
Window Classics Corp .......................... 24


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FLORJDNCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997





Confused About Professional Liability

CA LLAN ExPER T
DPIC s AGENCY REPRESENTATIVES UNDERSTAND
YOUR BUSINESS THEy LL HElP YOU MANAGE
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Policies are underwritten by Security Insurance Company of Hartford, Design Professionals Insurance Company and The Connecticut Indemnity Company, rated A (Excellent) by A,M. Besl Company. The issuing company vanes by Siale. DPIC is the professional liability specialist of the Orion Capital Compames. wholly owned by the Orion Capital Corporallon. 3 NYSE listed corporation with assets of over S3 billion. 1997 DPIC Companies. Inc.
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Full Text

IA/AIB ALCHITECT


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Computer-Aided Drafting & Design

Enhancing the Process


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Florida
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conditioning commercial, institutional, process and residential
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applications, natural gas-fired desiccant units can beat Florida's
high humidity with a significant reduction in the tonnage
that would be required with a conventional system, and can
achieve results conventional systems can't. And many
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Natural gas cooling systems can be sized for
any project. For more information on gas
engine-driven, absorption, or desiccant units,
call your local gas company.





FLORIDA NATURAL GAS ASSOCIATION


36-19






CONTENTS


U. OF FLA. LI23ARI,


Spring 1997
Vol. 44. No. 1


Cover:
Kings Point Theater for the
Pecformning Arts, Tamarac,
Florida.


Computer-Aided Drafting & Design
Enhancing the Process



Features

Realistic Simulations Offer Solid Solutions 11
Bermello, Ajanil & Partners's advanced software program
graphically recasts operations analysis into powerful design
information.

Calculating Comfort and Performance 1'
R. J. Heisenbottle Architects and the KTGY Group found that
computers were critical in designing perfect sound, sight, and
comfort into this community performing arts center.

Sophisticated Design
for Secure Student Living 11
Beyond its practical purpose, this student housing designed
by Mateu Carrei o Rizo & Partners adds some architectural
pizzazz to the Florida Atlantic University campus.


Using Advanced Technology
to Reflect on the Past
For this battlefield memorial and visitors center design, the
team ofJohn Dehart, AIA Assoc., Ron Witte, and Sarah WI iting
used CADD "to explore a lot of ideas in a short period of time."


Departments
Editorial
News
Books
New Products and Services
Legal Note
by Robert Alfert, Jr,, Esq., Assoc. AIA
Index to Advertisers








FLORII)ACAIIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997

























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EDITORIAL


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN
ARCHITECT
Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32301
Editorial Board
John Totty, AIA, Chairman
John Howey, FAIA
Karl Thorne, AIA
President
Jolu R. Cochran, Jr., AIA
Vice President/President-elect
Roy Knight, FAIA
SecretaryfTreasurer
Vivian Salaga, AIA
Past President
William Blizzard, AIA
Senior Regional Director
Henry C. Alexander, Jr., AIA
Coral Gables
Regional Director
John P Tice, Jr., AIA
Vice President for
Professional Excellence
Ivan Johnson, AIA
Vice President for
Political Effectiveness
Debra Lupton, AIA
Vice President for
Communications
Keith Bailey, AIA
Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE, Ilon. AIA
Editor
Margaret Barlow
Published by
Dawson Publications, Inc.
2236 Greenspring Drive
Tilmonium, Maryland 21093
(410) 560-5600 (800) 322-3448
Fax: (410) 560-5601
Publisher
Denise Rolph
Sales Manager
Dave Patrick
Layout & Design
Amy King
Floruia/Caribbea nArch iteet, OfficialJournal of
the Florida Association of the American Institute
of Architects, is owned by the Association, a
Florida Corporation, not for profit. ISSN-0015-
3907. It is published four times a year and
distributed through the Executive Office of the
Association, 104 East Jefferson St., Tallahassee,
Flonda 32301 Telephone 904/222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not
necessarily those of AIA Florida. Editorial
material may be reprinted only with the express
permission of Fnorida/Caribbean Architect.
Single copies, $6.00; mutual subscription, $20.33.
Thurd class postage


welcome to the first issue of Florida/Caribbean Architect,
with our new masthead that acknowledges the ties we
have with olur fellow practitioners in the Caribbean. We
are a Region, and finally, we are starting to act as one!
In his editorial in the January 1997 Architectural Record,
Robert Ivey, FAIA, writes that "this is a dynamic moment for
Architecture, a profession poised for the millennium-fueled by
a robust economy, enriched by a plurality of styles, challenged
by new ways of doing business, informed by increasing diversity
of the workforce, and brimming with information and technical
advancement." How appropriate that statement is for our Region.
A few months ago, after more than a year of planning, the
Caribbean Basin Initiative was formed to bring Florida and Caribbean archi-
tects closer together. From it came an independent organization known as Busi-
ness Horizons for the Americas. Members of AIA Florida, AIA Puerto Rico, and
AIA Virgin Islands, and our two AIA Florida/Caribbean Regional Directors, Henry
Alexander, AIA, and Tom Marvel, FAIA, worked hard, incorporating a variety of
businesses and their representatives who shared one common interest: regional
bridging. Last November, in San Juan, the first Business Horizons Conference
brought together an enthusiastic group of architects and business people to
share their views and outline future endeavors.
As Florida, the Caribbean, and South and Central America are tied together
in so many ways, it seems vital for us, as architects, to be prepared to think and
practice as a Region. To encourage this broadened view, we invite you to help
us present examples of architectural excellence representing this entire Re-
gion. This inaugural issue is also the first by our new publisher, Dawson Publi-
cations, Inc. Let us know what you think.
Change is in the air. So many changes have occurred in the way we practice
in just the last few years. Change also is occurring rapidly in our Association.
New management styles aimed toward making AIA Florida more responsive to
the needs of membership are occurring at both the State Board and Chapter
levels. Proactivity is the guiding force as we strive to "poise ourselves for
the millenniunl." No longer is the status quo acceptable. To ensure that our
practices are protected, both now and in the future, we are not waitingfor
changes, we are making them happen.
We also are demanding change from National AIA. We made ourselves heard
loud and clear again this year at. Grassroots, and they took notice. No doubt, we
will continue to "shout," and we hope that they will continue to listen.
With due respect to Mr. Ivey, we have adopted his phrase "Poised for the
Millennium," as the theme for our AIA Florida Annual Convention. This sum-
mer in Orlando we will again be offering seminars and CEUs on issues critical
to our practices.
Change can be good. We as architects need to be able to change and to accept
change. How else can we, as our Vision states, be "a united association of Archi-
tects who lead the shaping of Florida's future." This is a "dynamic moment for
architecture," a profession "poised for the millennium." The Florida/Caribbean
Region is getting ready for the future.

John R. Cochran, Jr., AIA, President


Mlorida/Caribbean Architect serves the profession by providing current infomnalion on design, practice management,
technology, environment, energy, preservation and development of communities, construction, finance, economics, as
well as other political, social, and cultural issues that impact the field.


FLORIDA/CARIBBELAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997







NEWS


AIA Florida Receives
Grant to Oppose BOPE
Rule-Making
The National AIA Governmen-
tal Affairs Advisory Committee
has approved an award to AIA
Florida totalling $20,000. The
grant money is designated for use
in opposing the Board of Profes-
sional Engineers' (BOPE) rule
that engineers be allowed to sign
and seal building plans.
The grant comes from a
$100,000 state component fund
established by National AIA last
year to help states deal with criti-
cal issues that stand to have
broad impact. Bill Blizzard, last
year's AIA Florida president, and
other large state component
presidents urged National to cre-
ate the fund as a means of taking
a more proactive stance in assist-
ing states in these types of
efforts. National is now being
urged to enlarge the fund in or-
der to sustain support over
several years.



Bailey Recognized
for Government
Affairs Work
K eith
Bailey, AIA,
was honored
by National
A1A for his
"outstanding
individual
contribution
to govern-
ment affairs." The award was
presented on February 6, 1997,
at the Government Affairs Day
luncheon at AIA's annual Na-
tional Grassroots Conference in
Washington, D.C. Bailey was rec-
ognized for his tireless work in
opposing the Florida BOPE ef-
forts to allow engineers to design
buildings for human habitation
and use.
Bailey, of the Maitland firm of
Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock,
is the current AIA Florida Vice
President for Conmnimcations.


UF Professor Honored
for Teaching Excellence
Stephen D. Luoni, Assistant
Professor in the College of Archi-
tecture at the University of
Florida, Gainesville, received a
1996 AIA Education Honors
Award. His third-year design
studio sequence, entitled Land-
scapes: Patterns and Processes,
"avoided the professional incli-
nation to reduce landscape to a
visual phenomenon, employing
instead nondisciplinary strate-
gies of seeing that cultivate an
understanding for the deep eco-
logical work accomplished by
the land, yet suggest responsible
possibilities for construction."
Luoni's course was one of
four awarded this top honor.
The AIA Education Honors Pro-
gram was created several years
ago to recognize outstanding
teaching faculty for their accom-
plishments and to provide
public exposure of the excellent
classroom and studio work
produced by these faculty mem-
bers. Eight additional courses
were cited, including four hon-
orable mentions. The jury,
chaired by Daniel Friedman,
AIA, Associate Professor,
School of Architecture and In-
terior Design, University of
Cincinnati, made its selections
from 78 entries.
In addition to their publica-
tion in the AIA's monograph,
Teaching Excellence 1996, the
award winning courses-repre-
sented by an abstract, educa-
tional goals and strategies, and
evaluation criteria-are posted
on the Internet at aia.org/
arched.htm


AIA Florida Outlines

Proactive Legislative
Program
Florida legislators began the
1997 session on March 4 poised
to face two major challenges. In
addition to finding funds for edu-
cation improvements, they will
be addressing the need for


greater economic development
and job development in the state.
While AIA Florida's governmen-
tal affairs section supports these
efforts, it also brings its own
menu of concerns to the legisla-
tive table.
At a January meeting in Tal-
lahassee, the AIA Florida Board
of Directors met with legislators
to discuss a range of issues.
Foremost was its opposition to
any efforts to change the Con-
sultants Competitive Negotiation
Act (CCNA), which prescribes
the method by which architects
are selected for public works.
The Board also is seeking con-
sideration of methods to
improve the efficiency of the De-
partment of Business and
Professional Regulation. Other
issues on which the Board is tak-
ing a position include support for
the establishment of a require-
ment that would protect
architects from frivolous law-
suits, support for a statewide
uniform building code, and op-
position to the effort to create
stock school plans.
AIA Florida also is monitor-
ing legislation being proposed
by the Department of Commu-
nity Affairs (DCA) concerning
amendments to the Florida Ac-
cessibility Building Code. The
U.S. Department of Justice has
informed the DCA that Florida's
law does not conform to federal
ADA requirements.
In a continuing effort, AIA
Florida is opposing the Board of
Professional Engineers' bid to
approve a rule that would allow
licensed engineers in Florida to
design buildings for human
habitation and use. Still in the
public workshop stage, a draft
of the proposed rule was not
available at press time.
Under close scrutiny is the
request for a declaratory state-
ment by the Board of Building
Code Administrators and In-
spectors (BCAI) on whether
architects need to be licensed by
them to perform building in-
spections. By statute, inspecting
buildings is part of the practice


of architecture. This could be-
come a legislative issue if BCAI
asks architects to obtain yet an-
other license do what is already
required in their practice act.



Good News
about Salaries
Architects' earnings are on
the rise, according to a report on
national compensation trends.
AIA research contained in Com-
pensation at U.S. Architecture
Firms shows that associate ar-
chitect (reports to a principal)
salaries in 1996 averaged
$58,900, 24 percent more than in
1990. Associate architects in
Florida averaged $56,400.
The report covers compen-
sation data on 19 positions in
architectural firms in 31 states
and 18 metropolitan areas. Cop-
ies are available for $15 through
Karen Jones at AIA Florida.



In Memoriam
Sam Kruse, FAIA, died
September 28, 1996, after a long
illness. He was an AIA past
president and regional director.
Those wishing to make dona-
tions in his memory may
contribute to the Scholarship
Fund, c/o AIA Miami, 800 Dou-
glas Entrance, Suite 119, Coral
Gables, FL 33134.
William Bigoney, FAIA
emeritus, died December 23,
1996, in Fort Lauderdale. He was
past president of Broward Chap-
ter and a former member of AIA
Florida Board of Directors.
Donald E. Mclntosh, AIA,
(lied December 25, 1996, in
Tampa. After a long career with
the old Tampa Times, at age 48
he realized a lifelong dream of
becoming an architect.



Correction
Fall 1996 Florida Architect, in
Viewpoint by Carl Abbott, FAIA,
St. Thomas More, Sarasota,
photo credit: Steven Brooke.


FLORII)V(ACARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997













AIA Virgin Islands
Awards Honor Respect
for Tradition

Last December, the U.S. Vir-
gin Island Chapter of AIA
presented its bi-yearly Awards
for Excellence in Architecture.
Celebratory activities were
open to community groups
concerned with planning, gov-
ernment, regional history, and
preservation.


Frederik C. Gjessing, AIA
The chapter honored
Frederik C. Gjessing, AIA, for
his lifetime of achievement in
preserving the region's architec-
tural heritage. Among Gjessing's
accomplishments have been
several restorations, including
the Steeple Building, Customs
House, and Scale House in St.
Croix, and numerous other
projects in St. John, St. Thomas,
and San Juan.


Projects selected by the july
were deemed "capable of eluci-
dating issues relevant to the
profession and the U.S. Virgin Is-
lands." All epitomized "a genuine
desire to be contemporary with-
out disregarding the traditional."
Two 1996 Awards for Excel-
lence in Architecture were
presented to Chalgub/Lanio Ar-
chitects for the New Homeport
Passenger Terminal (citation
award) and for the Genip Garden
Apartments in Frederiksted
(merit award). An honor award
was given to William Taylor Archi-
tects for the St. Croix Reformed
Church Proposal. Jurors were se-
nior architecture editor for Ho use
Beautiful Susan Grant Lewin,
Cayman Island architect and pres-
ervationist John C.J. Doak, and
Jorge Rigau, AIA, Dean of the
School of Architecture at Poly-
technic University of Puerto Rico.
The New Homeport Passen-
ger Terminal "made evident the
appropriateness of turn-of-the-
century vocabulary in the
Caribbean." Chalgub/Lanio's
Genip Garden Apartments was
declared "an interesting prob-
lem...that could (and should)
inspire discussion about the ur-
ban future of St. Croix." Called
"the most creative entry," the
Reformed Church proposal ex-
emplified "the essence of what
tropical architecture entails: the
adequate articulation of a skin to
mediate between interior, exte-
rior, and tradition."


Honor Award
The St. Croix Reformed Church. St. Croix, USVI, by William A.
Taylor; AIA


Merit Award
Genip Garden Apartments for the elderly. St. Croi.x, USVI,for
Lutheran Social Services of the Virgin Islands, by Chalgub/Lanio
Architects, Inc.








Citation Award
New Homeport Passenger Terminal, Frederiksted, St. Croix,
USVI,for the U.S. Virgin Islands Port Authority, by Chalgub/
Lanio Architects, Inc.


36-27


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


Award Recipients and Jurors


From left to right: Maria M. Chalgtb, AIA; William A. Taylor;
AIA; Susan Grant Lewin; Jorge Rigau, AIA; John C. Doak,
RIBA; and Hortensia D. Lanio, AIA.


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BOOKS

Reviewed by Edward J. Seibert, AIA


Modern American Houses:
Four Decades ofAuward-
Winning Design in
Architectural Record
Ed. Clifford A. Pearson, essays
by Thomas Hine, Robert
Camnpbell, Suzanne Stephens,
Charles Gandee
Iarry N. Abrams in assoc. with
Architectural Record, 1996
240 pages, 265 illus., $49.50

As an architect whose career
started a half century ago,
1 found this book immensely in-
teresting. I believe it would be of
equal interest to architectural
students, although to them it is
history. The photographs,
whether color or black and
white, are magnificent and the
text informative and thoughtful,
attributes all too rare in books
of this genre. As an avid reader
of Record (and on several occa-
sions published in it), the book
seemed a dear and familiar
friend from the start.
The first chapter, on the fif-
ties, presents Paul Rudolph's
Cohen house in Sarasota and l.M.
Pei's "bridge house," both influ-
ences on this young architect.
Seminal homes of the sixties in-
clude Robert Browne's beautiful
Barrows house as well as
Rudolph's icon, the Millam
house. Among those represent-
ing the seventies are several
townhouses, Rudolph's Hirsch/
lHalston in New York and Antoine
Predock's La Luz, as well as
Meier's Shamberg house and
Gwathmey Siegal's Haupt House.
For the eighties and nineties there
are stars like Robert Venturi,
Rauch and Scott Brown, Andres
Duany and Elizabeth Plater
Zyberk, Arquitectonica, and
Frank Gehry. These houses that
meant so much to me when they
were published are but a few of
the more than 60 in the book.
Besides those houses which
influenced me at various times
in my career, it was, in fact, sev-
eral of the Florida residences
that leapt off the page at me.
Every Florida architect will have
his or her own list of architects


and houses that been of influ-
ence, or, like, favorite songs, re-
call a certain time in one's life.
It's a fine book for reminiscence
and philosophy, with text that is
quite scholarly and clear.
"The 1950s: Of Tailfins and
Bugspray," by Thomas Hine, is an
insightful chapter on the spirit of
the architecture of that decade.
"Architects tend to take a static,
European view of their buildings,
while those that inhabit them
behave as nomads," Russell
Lynes noted in a 1957 article. The
bugspray in the title alludes to
Ulrich Franzen's house, where,
"he explained that insect screens
weren't necessary because he
regularly sprayed insecticides."
Screening softens architectural
qualities, making for gauzy ge-
ometry. I found this particularly
amusing because in a recent ar-
ticle referring to my own
screenless second story, 1 was
quoted as saying "mosquitoes on
the island don't fly over ten feet
from the ground." My house may
be nineties, but my attitude is
pure fifties. The point is, if you
are an architect, you will relate
to the book.
In the chapter on the 1960s,
subtitled "Playing by the Rules,"
Robert Campbell writes, "The
1960s, for American architec-
ture, was the decade of how to


make beautiful and interesting
form without using any ornament
... Stick a Greek column or a Pal-
ladian window on your house de-
sign, and the taste police would
put you in jail." By the seventies,
ornament had returned: it was
postmodernism. Writes Campbell,
"It's at least possible to argue
that the '60s, struggling for its
own kind of freedom within a
rigid, unquestioned system of
values, was a better era for ar-
chitecture. Rigid systems have
their virtues in the world of art.
It's hard to make great chess
moves without a board." I still
remember my own struggle with
postmodernism then.
Evident in "The 1970s: A
Time of Upheaval," by Suzanne
Stephens, are the changing val-
ues of that decade. Save for
Charles Moore, Record showed
few examples of the unmooring
of architecture from the modern-
ist idiom. It seemed to continue
to adhere to the principles of
modernism, including a strong
value placed on simple, func-
tional planning, expression of
structure, and integration of ex-
terior and interior spaces. As
shown in a Fay Jones house, the
Wrightean influence was again
viable for Record.
The eighties, according to
Charles Gandee in "The 1980s


Iibiscus House, Coconut Grove, FL. Andres Duany and EIlizabeth
Plater-Zyberk, Aihitccts, 1983. Photograph: Steven Brooke. Iage 177.


and '90s: Chipping Away at the
Old-boy Network," brought a
shift in Record's philosophy. The
editors realized that the stars of
the time were to be found not in
their pages but in Progressive
Architecture. One turned to P/A
to find architects like Robert
Venturi, Robert A.M. Stern,
Frank Gelry, Rem Koolhaus, and
Bernardo Fort-Brescia. The next
decade changed that, with
houses like Batey and Mack's
Villa on the Bay, Bart Prince's
own house in Albuquerque, and
Arquitectonica's Casa los Andes.
With its splendid photo-
graphs and urbane, literate writ-
ing, this book is a rare pleasure.
1 think all designer architects will
enjoy the trip.


Building a Dream: The Art
of Disney Architecture
by Beth Dunlop
Harry N. Abrams, 1996
224 pages, 200 illus. $39.95

n his foreword to this hand-
somely illustrated book,
architectural historian Vincent
Scully notes that "the very name
'Disney' is so packed with oppro-
brium for old-line modernists
that it took a certain amount of
courage for Beth Dunlop to agree
to write this book." As an "old
line modernist" thus duly
warned, I tried very hard to like
the book. (I also wondered who
it was that was trying to convince
the author: Disney?)
Certainly, putting the works
of such cutting-edge architects
as Michael Graves, Gwathmey
Siegal, Robert A.M. Stern,
Antoine Predock, Frank Gehry,
Charles Moore, Stanley
Tigernnan, and Robert Venturi, to
name but a few of the fascinat-
ing architects involved, into one
book makes for interest. 1 looked
forward to being drawn into the
relationships between these stel-
lar talents and the Disney orga-
nization. Unfortunately, these
relationships are covered
throughout in an abbreviated
and superficial way.


FLORII),VCARIBBEAN ARCIIITECT Spring 1997













You do discover that Michael
Eisner, when he became the boss
of all Mickey Mouse, had no idea
of what architecture was about.
Aware of this fact, his first archi-
tectural thought was about how
to overcome a bland hotel design
then in planning. After "seven
days-and seven sleepless
nights" Eisner decided to set a
new course for Disney architec-
ture. He sought, and found, good
advice from Wing Chao, now se-
nior vice president of Disney
Design and Development, and
Victor Ganz, a friend who had
been on the board of the Whitney
Museum of Art. They gave him
two names, Philip Johnson and
Michael Graves.
One can only wonder about
Graves's feelings when Eisner
tells him to "lighten up" and he
ends up with the seven dwarfs
as caryatids on his otherwise
spare and elegant Team Disney
building in Burbank. Eisner
thought the original design
"looked too much like a bank"
and asked Graves for "charac-
ters." Says Eisner, "He first did
typical characters. That looked
really stupid. But the dwarfs, that
was different, and of course
there were enough of them to
hold up the roof." This is just one
of many instances where the
author's failure to explore char-
acter and relationships kept this
from being a more satisfactory,
perhaps even scholarly, book.


Another interesting conflict
of ideas between Aldo Rossi and
Eisner also is given only brief
mention. When Rossi found he
could not get along with Eisner,
he wrote a letter invoking the tri-
als of Bernini when working for
Louis XIV. "I realize I am not
Bernini, but you are not the King
of France. I quit," wrote Rossi.
They later reconciled and Rossi
designed the offices for the
Disney Development Company
in Orlando.
Every architect knows full
well the strong feelings that
are engendered between client
and architect, and how situa-
tions can be exaggerated when
both are powerful figures.
Disney, a huge corporate enter-
prise, must have had in-house
differences and arguments
about architectural philoso-
phy, and these must have
affected the architects' work.
Although the book deals with
literally dozens of the best ar-
chitects, planners, and artists
of our time, 1 always was left
wanting to know more about
what they are really like.
However, if you want to
know what the best architects
of our time do when confronted
by a theme park assignment, this
book shows you. Solutions
range from stage set design
(Toon Town) to amusement
park (Tomorrow Land) to really
fine solutions that can inspire


other architects. Personally, I
feel that Isozaki's Team Disney
building at Orlando alone puts
Disney in the "patron of archi-
tecture" category, while struc-
tures such as Cinderella's Castle
are but required stage sets. In
this respect, the book works on
several levels and might interest
a wide range of people, from
more esoteric students of design
to those who simply enjoyed a
trip to Disneyland. Perhaps it
was intended thus.
I wish that Building a
Dream had explored Disney's
effect on Florida; in 1995 10.7
million visitors spent $14.8 bil-
lion in Central Florida. Florid-
ians seem to have a love-hate
relationship with Disney World.
Not all see Disney World as
bringing unmitigated to good to
the state. Its growth has further
stressed the state's already
groaning infrastructure and,
some say, tarnished Florida's
natural appeal.
I also wish that the book
said more about Celebration,
the new town being developed
near Orlando. Andres Duany
worked on the master plan, and
buildings include a city hall by
Philip Johnson, a Preview Cen-
ter by the late Charles Moore, a
bank by Venturi, Scott-Brown
and Associates, a post office by
Graves, a cinema by Cesar Pelli,
and so on. Says Disney Design
and Development president Pe-


ter Rummel, "1 think if Celebra-
tion just becomes known as a
place where a lot of great archi-
tects did buildings, we've
failed." Billed as a place "where
families can rediscover such old
fashioned virtues as neighborli-
ness and sociability," it sounds
as if it were another "Main
Street" project. Lacking are de-
tails about philosophical as-
pects of the Disney approach to
town planning.
In many ways, Building a
Dream reminds me of those
coffee table puff books, so in
vogue, done to show off the
work of a prestigious architect
or firm: beautiful photography
but not much written about
problems, issues, or how the
architects work. At the same
time, I find myself browsing
through this book of an evening,
looking at the pictures and
thinking about the work that
this patron of architecture has
caused to be built. 1 also enjoy
wondering how many great ar-
chitects have screwed them-
selves into the ceiling working
for this giant corporation. Like
Disney theme parks, the book is
a love-hate thing.

Reviewer Edward J. "Tim"
Seibert, AIA, recipient ofAIA
Florida's 1995 Awardfor Honor
in Design, has been practicing
architecture in Sarasota since
1955. *


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36-25
FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997







NEW PRODUCTS AND SERVICES


-
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Coverings Exposition
The Coverings trade show
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by manufacturers representing
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information, call (800) 881-9400
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PhotoBubbleT' Images
Omniview, Inc.'s PhotoBubble
technology can provide a new
perspective on architecture.


Light-Filtering/Solar-
Screening Films


New Software for Designing Low-Energy Buildings


The Passive Solar Industries
Council (PSIC) and the U.S. De-
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leased software for designing en-
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buildings. Energy-10 enables ar-
chitects to select and evaluate the
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FLORID.ACARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


Two opposing photographs
taken with a standard fisheye
lens are joined via computer im-
age remapping, resulting in an in-
teractive, spherical image with a
360-degree view from a given
vantage point. Viewers, using
CD-ROM, can "travel" through
a series of linked PhotoBubble
images, which virtually places
them in the environment and
lets them explore at their lei-
sure. A PhotoBubble CD-ROM
tour of Frank Lloyd Wright's
Fallingwater demonstrates how
architects and others can use
this new technology to present
their own spaces. For more in-
formation, call Sharon Pound at
(423) 983-4879, or check out the
Omniview Web site at http://
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FLORIDl.VCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997









Realistic Simulations Offer Solid Solutions




S0 00

1 I- -' - [ I I' ,[I


1!1 J R L ; Pfl1 f 1 IT1


D signing buildings and
spaces to move people and
goods through is a complex
process. It is usually necessary
to devise a number of feasible
designs. In the past, clients had
to stretch their imagination
beyond the drawing board and
models to determine how
effectively a design would fulfill
their needs. "Final decisions,"
says architect Primi Conde, an
associate at Bermello, Ajamil &
Partners, Inc., "often hinged on
hunches and best guesses."


No longer. Now it is possible,
using computer simulations, to
demonstrate for clients not only
how, but how well, a new facility
will work. Bennello & Ajamiil's
new software enables architects
and engineers to offer clients
computer-generated solutions and
operations analyses based on a
variety of "what-if' scenarios. The
simulation program was devel-
oped by Aviation Research Corp.
in Montreal, Canada, and is being
marketed under the name PPTS
(People & Processes Through


Spaces). It is especially useful in
the design and development of
cruise and container terminals,
airport terminals, and other
projects that involve moving
people and goods through built
spaces.
The software transforms
database information into a
graphic display that can be
demonstrated in real-time or in
other time indexes such as
compressed time, which can
show hours of activity in a few
moments. B&A architects first


used PPTS in designing a
terminal expansion for Carnival
Cruise Line's Piers 6 and 7 in
San Juan, Puerto Rico. The
project involves expanding and
renovating the baggage claim
hall for greater speed and
efficiency, and enlarging the
customs/immigration area to
accommodate Carnival's new,
larger ships.
"Use of PPTS in this
adaptive reuse situation helped
point out potential problems
with space reallotment," said B&A


T T T T T T T T T T Tf T T


Cf C C C I C B..Cf


......... I I I I I I :I I I I I TW .I:I ; ' L "
I II I 1 -1 IT+ 4 h


Gro n d .Moor Pla n


-- I=^


r riF


South Elevation


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997



















L-7
]~: l I l__


DE ~ ~ ~~ ~ -
mt]LI^^ j:


North Elevation. Carnival Cruise Line's Piers 6 and 7 expansion plan, San Juan. Ground Jloor with entry at one end, customs at the
other; three baggage sections in between. Daylit third/fourth floor houses large waiting area with security and check-in facilities below,
small boarding hall above.


architect Ernie Garcia. He used
the simulation to track the paths
and progress of 3,500 "virtual
passengers," showing them
disembarking the cruise ship and
proceeding through baggage
claim into immigration. "Not
only did the program provide
the exact number of square feet
required for the expansion, it
also exposed potential bottle-
necks at escalators and at
baggage claim," added Garcia.
Based on the simulation, Garcia
modified the preliminary
immigration area layout to
achieve the optimal solution for
all expected traffic volumes. To
eliminate the crowding
situation, three distinct (color-
coded) baggage-claim sections
were created to serve smaller
passenger groups.


Building Section


The PPTS software produces
useful information for the client
as well as for the architect.
Besides allowing B&A to
analyze operations for purposes
of design, it can help clients
maximize efficiencies by
evaluating staffing, hours, and
other aspects of facility opera-
tions. For example, statistics on
the path, queuing, and processing
times of individuals or groups
can be defined, as can interac-
tions within specific areas of the
facility.
Using the PPTS software,
the architect can:
* identify peak capacity of the
existing facilities
* test the adequacy of existing
systems to meet future
demands
Continued on page 12


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


---~Lr
-1.1J- ----- P -










Realistic Simulations
Co n tin i ed Jro ml page 11













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Port/ of Aea e



Port ofAlgeciros, detail of'mnaster plan, indicating circulation patterns.


* generate facility requirements
based on future demand and
specified levels of service
* evaluate alternate facility
concepts and plans
* demonstrate existing and
future operational problems
in tenninal components.
Other measures and
evaluations determined by the
software are useful to clients,
including:
* maximum and average
waiting times, overall and at
different periods
* level of service over time
* average and maximum
queue lengths, for deriving
space requirements
* duration of unacceptable
service level, due either to
waiting time or space


constraints
* total time staff is busy
* total time facility is being
utilized.
An additional advantage is
that the software will run an
operational analysis that
allows clients to evaluate the
impact on customers of
various staffing levels, even
lunch breaks. While this
program is particularly suited
to terminal applications, it also
can be applied in designing
and evaluating banks, retail
facilities, schools, theaters,
museums, conference centers,
medical centers-in other
words, any space people enter,
use for interactions, then leave.
To begin the process of
modeling a new cruise terminal


for the Port of Algeciras, Spain,
B&A simulation specialist R.W.
Spisak Jr. and architect Primi
Conde started with a basic
floor plan and information
about how passengers would
be routed and time required to
pass immigration and police/
security checkpoints. They
considered four possible
scenarios:
1) three ships, 300 passengers
each, arriving at 1/2-hour
intervals, with 3-minute
delay at immigration and
police/security
2) three ships, 300 passengers
each, 1/2-hour intervals, 1 1/2
minute delay at immigration/
security
3) two ships, 1000 passengers
each, 1/2-hour intervals, 3-


minute delay at immigra-
tion/security.
4) two ships, 1000 passengers
each, 1/2-hour intervals,
1 1/2 minute delay at
immigration/security
B&A's CADD files were
imported into the PPTS
software, along with informa-
tion on passenger types,
various passenger routes, and
other formulae. "This was
complicated at Algeciras by
additional security require-
ments for inbound passengers
from one of the two originat-
ing ports," Conde noted. It was
necessary to establish the
paths in the database module
that works with the simulation
tools. Timings (cross-checked
by observations) were loaded,


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997



















,Vl t 3tt1It11 Ul f d[1 .I II 5711R1-,191T,11


,t" : I- l:


Port ofAlgeci s te finals.
Port of Algeciras teirminals.


and the simulation model did a
series of runs to construct the
initial database. When outputs
were checked against recorded
field observations, modifica-
tions were calculated
accordingly.
After the simulation was
analyzed and the charts
produced and captured, the
animation components were
produced and assembled. As
alternative simulation runs
were modeled, recorded, and
analyzed, animations were
constructed from the various
alternative models for each
scenario. Each scenario
showed:
* the number of passengers
per square meter at
different times of the day


* the distance in meters traveled
during disembarking
* passenger counts and the
time needed for passengers
to exit the terminal
* duration of time in the
terminal by ship number
* total number of passengers
served by each queue
* queue time per ship
* time factors for each
passenger count and time
interval for different
staffing levels (customs/
immigration, security,
assistance).
These elements were easily
observable in the simulations.
What Spisak, Conde, and
Garcia saw were dots, thou-
sands of dots, one for each
passenger, traveling through


the planned spaces, passing
quickly through some areas
and forming bottlenecks in
problem stretches. Most
important, the design could be
modified along with any
changes in initial assumptions:
for example, reducing space for
queuing in inumigration and
adding police stations to speed
up extra security.
Conde and Garcia both
found PPTS to be a valuable
asset in designing these kinds
of large "transfer" spaces.
The simulations showed
clearly where to "tweak" the
designs for improved flow.
For the brand new Algeciras
facility, correctly sized
spaces could be planned from
the outset. However, said


Conde, "The simulation
proved even more valuable in
the San Juan adaptive reuse
project, where old spaces had
to be made workable for new
purposes." .*









Bermello, Ajamil &
Partners, of Miami and
Fort Lauderdale, received
several major design
awards last year, including
an AIA Florida Award for
Excellence in Architecture.


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


I


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~afffF~F~f~F~al


FFFR










Calculating Comfort and Performance



Kings Point Theater
for the Performing Arts
Tamarac, Florida
R.J. Heisenbottle
Architects, P.A.
and KTGY Group, Inc.


Theater design is an art in
itself. The end result must
satisfy all the senses of both
patrons and performers.
Coordinating the require-
ments to achieve this goal for
the Kings Point Theater was
made easier for the architects
through their use of the 3-D
modeling capabilities of their
computers. Intricate design
options could be studied quickly
and were easy to alter. The
project, which received a 1996
Unbuilt Design Award from the
AIA Fort Lauderdale Chapter, is
now under construction.
This traditional proscenium
theater was designed as a
multipurpose performing arts
facility for theater, music,
dance, and film. Intended for a
retirement community, the
theater will be equipped with
full theatrical lighting, rigging,
and movie projection systems.
Attention to planning for the
specific needs of the predomi-
nantly elderly patrons went
beyond excellent acoustics and
proper sight lines to include
minimal steps and no balconies.
At the main entrance, a
translucent glass wall broken
by a deep canopy introduces a
dynamic curvilinear lobby with
a sloped ceiling. Three low-rise
monumental stairs lead patrons
to the 1,000-seat auditorium.
The computer was ex-
tremely helpful in visualizing
the radii and angles of both tlhe
hall and the lobby. It made it
easy to accurately locate
columns, window mullions,
stairs, and floor and ceiling
patterns, as well as lighting,
HVAC and other building
systems throughout.

14


77he model was created by laser- clttlin plastic elements based on AUTOCAD drawing files. Phologrmpl Raul
Pedmrso, Solo Photography.


Theater designers in the
past sent a great deal of time
calculating the seating dish of
the auditorium using elaborate
formulas. Here, with comput-
ers, it was possible to resolve
the seating layout, slope of the
floor, and clear sight lines to
the stage in minutes. Archi-
tects could then study various


configurations to determine
the best design for the client's
program.
Acoustical effects designed
to meet the desired criteria
also could be studied via
computer. Alternate render-
ings of the acoustic
environment allowed the
testing of initial design


decisions so as to confirm or
alter the characteristics of
absorptive and reflective
surfaces. It also was possible
to determine the reverberation
time at different frequencies to
give a working profile of the
finished space. The angles and
height of the reflective panels
are critical in directing the


FLORID./CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997















Al; r


r *


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Ai i


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The 3-D modeling capabilities were helpful in visualizing the radii and angles of the dramatic lobby.


sound throughout the audito-
rium. Computers also assisted
in the design of the electronic
sound system by helping
determine overall placement of


the speakers and the aiming of
each speaker element.
What used to take weeks in
the design of live performance
spaces now takes only days. :


Design Architect:
R J. Heisenbottle
Architects, PA
Principal in charge
of Design:
R J Helsenbotile. AIA
Project Manager:
Neil Dixon, RA
Design Team:
Steve Avdakov, RA,
Robert Jordan Soprurn III


Interior:
Miriam Collada-Myers

Architect of Record:
KTGY Group. Inc
Principal in charge:
John Foli, AIA
Structural Engineer:
O'Donnell Naccarolo &
Mignogna. Inc
Civil Engineer:
Rhon Ernest Jones
Consulting Engineers. Inc
Mechanical/Electrical
Engineer:
Henz Engineenng. Inc
Theatrical Systems/
Acoustics:
Ars Environments, Inc.
Owner:
Lennar Adull Communities


FLORIDVACARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


-, I ,









Sophisticated Design for Secure Student Living



Student Apartment
Facility
Florida Atlantic University
Mateu Carrefio Rizo &
Partners


Finding affordable housing is
a perennial problem for
students. But at fast-growing
Florida Atlantic University, a
cluster of new apartment-style
residences seems made to
order. Located right on
campus, the units are comfort-
able, convenient, and safe.
The initial program
specified housing for 525 and
maximizing use of the on-
campus site to enable future
expansion to accommodate up
to 1200 residents. To remain
competitive with off-campus
housing, the facilities would
need a complement of ameni-
ties and to be affordable and
conducive to informal student
living. But one stipulation was
foremost: Security.
Although there was a
momentary temptation for
architect Roney Mateu, AIA,
and his firm of Mateu Carrefio
Rizo to respond in a traditional
way with walls and fences, it
passed. Here was a campus that
had taken shape over the past
few decades through quick
solutions to immediate needs for
academic and dormitory build-
ings. Here was a campus void of
any significant architecture.
Here was an opportunity to
change that perception, to
demonstrate that practical
design need not lack creativity.
They would meet the concerns
for safety and security with a
design that would promote
social activities and protect
student interactions through
practical circulation concepts
and organizational components.
Mateu's instincts proved
correct. The completed project
received a 1996 Award of
Excellence from the AIA
Miami Chapter. Elevated pedestrian bridge leads students to canopied entrance of the adm in istration building

16 FLORIIVCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997






























The interlocking pattern breaks up the massing into a scale and
rhythm that brings the feel of a tropical village to this campus
housing project.


Portal along a stairwell wall frames a view of apartments along
the elevated pedestrian bridge.


Overall the project included a
5,000 sf student services and
administration building and seven
apartment-style buildings, each
accommodating 75 residents in
two- and four-person units, with
two laundry and storage rooms.
A 30-acre site on the southeast
comer of the campus, was
designated for the student
apartments.
The complex is organized
linearly in four clusters along
both sides of a continuous open
garden court. Circulation and
access to apartment units are
provided via a ground-level
walkway and an elevated "main


IAflTI


street," maximizing visual control
and security within the complex.
Secure parking for residents
and visitors is situated to the
east, between the complex and
the El Rio Canal. The admlinis-
tration building is situated
toward the south, where it will
become a central hub when
later phases, including a
pedestrian bridge across FAU
Boulevard, are developed.
A typical apartment building
cluster is composed of four two-
and three-story elements and a
two-story service module.
These service buildings are
social gathering spaces as well


i fl


Un1 v


as being the controlled access
points into the complex from
the parking areas. Most of the
units are accessed from the
elevated walkway. In the four-
person units, one enters at the
living/dining/kitchen level, and
goes either upstairs or down-
stairs to the bedrooms. An
interlocking pattern breaks up
the massing of the 2,500-foot-
long complex into a scale and
rhythm that reinforces the idea
of a tropical village in this South
Florida campus context.
The use of CADD by the entire
design team allowed them to
document various concepts
during schematic and design
development phases. Changes
to the large, complex, and
repetitive plan were accomplished
with relative ease and coordinated
within all of the design disciplines.
It also made it feasible to prepare
alternate packages to be available
during the bidding phase, prior to
construction. -


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCIIITECT Spring 1997


_. ___ __~2~


..- -- ,, -a


& v 1









Using Advanced Technology to Reflect on the Past


Memory Building,
Battlefield Visitors Center
Mills Springs, Kentucky
Competition Submission
John Dehart, AIA
Assoc., with Ron Witte
and Sarah Whiting


For the design of their entry
to the Mills Springs Civil
War battlefield Visitors Center,
the team of John Dehart, Ron
Witte (architect and professor),
and Sarah Whiting (professor
and critic), used computers
from the outset. Working
directly in a 3-D environment,
they used the digital model to
examine design ideas as well as
for final presentation drawings.
"We were able to explore a
lot of ideas in a short period of
time," said Dehart, an associate
at SMRT/Huntington Dreher,
Sarasota. And "walking through
the model" substantially altered
the way in which judgments
could be made about spatial
qualities such as scale, material-
ity, and lighting. "Central to this
process is the fact that the
computer allows multiple layers
of information involved in
creating architecture to be
compressed into a single
medium," added Dehart.
What the team also found
interesting is the fact that
advancing technology, typically
relegated to the construction of
the building, has entered the
domain of design.
At the outset the group felt
that setting a visitors center on
the site (as the competition
program required) threatened
to disrupt its powerfully
evocative ambience. With this
in mind, the idea developed of
designing a structure that
would serve both as a dramatic
memorial-a purely symbolic
gesture in the landscape-and
a functional program center: a
"memory building."


Vie 'onfir the circulation i'amnp toward the battiejelJd.


SLtS f LES I'' ,EOLOW

I-.JTR


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCIIITECT Spring 1997














-V


view at entry across Jeta oj cytlnaers.
Elements of the design were stones placed long ago across the
drawn from the site and context. green hills to mark the graves of
A Kentucky limestone wall at the those who fell. The rooftop entry
entrance, a simple gateway, sets the stage for the difficult
evokes the nearby cemetery wall. history of the site.
A field of white cylinders along Structure and symbol merge
the grass-covered roof echoes the as one enters the center: the


par


symbolic posts on the roof are
revealed to be structural timber
colhums. The interior forest of
columns-deliberately dense-
opens up at the public end of
the building, creating a large
unobstructed space from which


large groups of visitors can
survey the battlefield.
Views from the rooftop and
from within are meant to
contrast and complement the
various vantage points provided
by the program and site. For
example, from the lobby area,
the building's length works like
a telescope, concentrating the
view toward the south on the
distant horizon where much of
the battle took place. +


Exterior view, with unifying stand of columns.


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


Vir' looking back through entry
ramp.
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LEGAL NOTE

Understanding and Limiting Liability Through an Analysis

of Statutes of Limitations and Contract Rights
by Robert Alfert, Jr., Esq., Assoc. AIA


Malpractice liability and
limiting the risk of expo-
sure continue to rank as the
paramount issues confronting
architects and other design pro-
fessionals today. Statutes of
limitations-laws that circum-
scribe the period of time within


which a legal action may be
brought-play a crucial role in
this risk equation.
Under most circumstances,
if a legal action is not instituted
within the prescribed period,
the right to sue is lost forever.
Unfortunately, it is not always


easy to determine which stat-
utes of limitations govern cer-
tain activities. The purpose of
this article is to allay some of the
confusion by identifying those
that are applicable to the types
of activities routinely under-
taken by design professionals,


Drysdale Residence, Atlantic Beach
William Morgan, FAIA
William Morgan Architects, P.A.


COTT


and to suggest methods for lim-
iting exposure through intelli-
gent contracting decisions.

The Statutes of Limitations
Quagmire. The Florida Statutes
articulate limitations periods
governing both general conduct,
ranging from negligence and
breach of contract to fraud and
other intentional torts, and spe-
cific conduct. The standard rule
of law is that specific statutes
control over general statutes.
For example, a malpractice ac-
tion against an attorney techni-
cally falls within the five-year
statute for actions founded on a
contract, the four-year statute for
negligence actions, and the two-
year statute for professional mal-
practice. Since the latter is
specific to professional malprac-
tice, it takes precedence.
Unfortunately for design
professionals, there are two spe-
cific Florida Statutes arguably
governing their activities:
95.11(4)(a), with a two-year
limitation, for "professional
malpractice," and 95.11(3)(c),
with a four-year limitation,
"founded on the design, plan-
ning, or construction of an
improvement to real property."
In addition, various general stat-
utes apply to activities falling
outside of the specific statutes.
This article addresses three ac-
tivities routinely undertaken by
design professionals, all of
which can invoke different stat-
utes of limitations: 1) design and
planning of a new facility; 2)
additions, remodelling or re-
pairs; and 3) general consulting,
testing and inspection services,
or contract administration.
The most common service
performed by architects is the
design and planning of a new im-
provement to real property.
Florida courts define an im-
provement as "a valuable addi-
tion made to property (usually
real estate) or an amelioration
in its condition, amounting to


FLORIlDACARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


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more than mere repairs or re-
placement of waste, costing la-
bor or capital, and intended to
enhance its value, beauty or util-
ity or to adapt it for new or fur-
ther purposes." Under Florida
law, an improvement which falls
within the above definition, in-
cluding additions to existing fa-
cilities, is governed by the
four-year statute.
Remodels or repairs may fall
within the definition of an im-
provement where it is demon-
strated that the services
enhance the "value, beauty or
utility" of the existing facility or
a remodel adapts the facility to
a new use. If, however, the defi-
nition of an improvement is not
satisfied, a five-year statute of
limitations governing contract
actions may apply.
The third category of ser-
vices-general consulting,
testing and inspection services,
or contract administration-ar-
guably is governed by the
two-year professional malprac-
tice statute of limitations. For
example, where an architect is
retained to inspect a finalized
construction project in which he
or she had no prior involvement,
it is likely that an action alleg-
ing negligent inspection would
be brought under this statute
since the architect made no im-
provements to real property. It
would also likely govern an ac-
tion arising from a design
professional's delay in adminis-
trating an agreement between
an owner and a contractor.
Although this discussion
may appear somewhat of an ex-
ercise in legal minutiae, the pre-
vailing confusion can spawn
undue litigation, with savvy
plaintiff counsel attempting to
obtain a longer limitations pe-
riod (i.e., a longer open window
of liability) or defense counsel
seeking the converse. It is pos-
sible, however, to circumvent
this confusion through intelli-
gent contracting decisions.


Potential Solutions. Many
practitioners employing the
standard AIA contracts or their
own versions overlook that par-
ties to a contract may choose,
among other things, the appli-
cable law. For example, while
the standard AIA contract pro-
vides that the law of the state
where the project is located ap-
plies, parties may instead specify
the applicability of another
state's law, so long as that state
has a reasonable relationship to
the transaction. Since there is no
uniformity among states with
regard to statutes of limitations,
the obvious advantage is the op-
portunity to apply a more favor-
able statute. (AIA publishes a
compendium of the statutes of
limitations of all states.)
Unlike the paternalistic posi-
tion adopted by Florida, some
states also penuit more freedom
of contract by allowing parties to
agree on the time period during
which any legal action must be
instituted. While Florida law dis-
allows parties shortening limita-


tion periods in their contracts,
Florida courts applying the con-
tractually specified law of an-
other state will follow the
parties' dictate on a shorter stat-
ute of limitations. The advantage
of "shopping" for more favorable
law is axiomatic: A design pro-
fessional may be able to shorten
the period of potential liability
from four years to one year.
Design professionals pro-
vided an opportunity to apply the
law of another forum to their
transaction should seriously
consider the pros and cons of
such a selection. Even though
another state may have a more
favorable limitations period,
other aspects of its law may not
be so advantageous. It is neces-
sary to be aware, though, that
Florida law has an extremely fa-
vorable period of limitationsfor
claimants.
Absent the ability to apply a
more favorable law, design pro-
fessionals should still consider
modifying every contract gov-
erned by Florida law to specify


the applicability of the two-year
design professional malpractice
statute of limitations. Although
a court likely will not follow this
dictate on a matter clearly gov-
erned by a longer period of limi-
tation, it may carry some weight
in a close call. Again, keep in
mind that which statutes govern
certain activities may not be well
defined. Courts that value the
principle of freedom of contract
may defer to the parties' reason-
able choice of law. Perhaps most
important, the law is dynamic,
and courts continually revisit is-
sues where there is far less con-
fusion than here.

Robert Alfert, Jr:, practiced
architecture before taking up the
law. He is a trial attorney at the
Orlando office of Broad and
Cassel, specializing in commer-
cial litigation with an empha-
sis on construction law. An
expanded version of this article
containing all underlying legal
citations and authorities is
available from the author: -:


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INDEX TO ADVERTISERS

Buyers' Guide


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Architectural Photography
Chrom a, Inc. .......................................... 22

Architectural Rendering
Genesis Studios, Inc......................... OBC

Artificial Thatched Roofs
Tropic Top/Symbold....................... 2, 20

Blueprinting
Reprographia .......................................... 5

Building Products
Aluminum Services, Inc..................... 26

CADD
Graphisoft ....................................... 9
Intergraph Corp. ................................... 21

CADD Training
Digital Drafting Systems, Inc. ............... 24

Claims Control
Associated Cost Engineers ............... 20

Computer Aided Design & Drafting/
Hardware
Digital Drafting Systems, Inc............... 24

Computer Aided Design & Drafting/
Software
Digital Drafting Systems, Inc. ............ 24
Intergraph Corp. ............................ ..... 21

Computer Application -
CAD System
Graphisoft ............................................... 9

Construction Claims
Project Development
International, Inc. ................................ 27

Construction Management
Project Development
International, Inc. .......................... ... 27

FLORIDPVCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


III;II31
IDBgDial
AtITHAR~IZIsnM^ EPmt FNIT~n IVF^^^

Au53E3sk3*3ofldsk
Hedr-t a.].} W






INDEX TO ADVERTISERS

Buyers' Guide


Continuing Education
Durwood Publishers .................................. 24
Trus Joist MacMillan ................................ 2

Cost Estimating
Associated Cost Engineers ................... 20

Design Software
Intergraph Corp. ......... .................... .. 21

Doors & Windows 36-12
Ricketson Sash &
Door Company .......................................2 .te l
Window Classics Corp ........................ 24

Drafting Supplies Health Insur
Intergraph Corp. ............................... 21 W
n Disabilit)
Education
C.W. Maryland & Co .............................. 28
Life Insuranc
Employment Opportunities
Walt Disney Casting ................................. 9 I Retiremen

Energy Technology
Florida Natural Gas.............................. FC
Sm
Engineered Lumber
Trus Joist MacMillan................................ 2 W hat A re

Glass Blocks About T(
Glass Masonry .................................. ...... 20
88% say the AIA I
HVAC
Florida Natural Gas..............................FC 94% of those mosi
programs
Insurance 85% of participants
AIA Trust ............................................. 25
Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson,
Fowler & Dowling, Inc. ..................... 20
Florida Liability Assurance
Group, Inc. ......................................... 9
Sedgwick of Florida, Inc. ...................... 23
Seitlin & Company Insurance ............ IBC *AIA Trust Product
Suncoast Insurance
Associates, Inc ................................ IBC
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FLORID/VCARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


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INDEX TO ADVERTISERS

Buyers' Guide


Marvin Windows & Doors
Window Classics Corp......................... 24


Natural Gas
Florida Natural Gas............................ FC


Photography Interior Design
Chroma, Inc. ........................................ 22


Professional Liability
Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson,
Fowler & Dowling, Inc .................... 20
Florida Liability Assurance
G roup, Inc. ........................................... 9
Sedgwick of Florida, Inc. .................. 23
Seitlin & Company Insurance ............ IBC
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc........ IBC


Project Scheduling
Associated Cost Engineers ............... 20


Rails
Prime Unlimited Inc. ............................... 7


Reprographics
Reprographia .......................................... 5


Risk Management
Sedgwick of Florida, Inc. .................. 23


Roof- Tile
Masterpiece Tile Company.................... 21


Roofs/Artificial Thatch
Tropic Top/Symbold....................... 2, 20


Spiral Stairways
American Ornamental Corp .............. 25


Stairways
Prime Unlimited Inc............................... 7


Waterfalls/Ponds & Rock Formations
Tropic Top/Symbold....................... 2, 20


Windows & Doors
Ricketson Sash &
Door Company ..................................... 2
Window Classics Corp ......................... 24


Wood Windows & Doors
Ricketson Sash &
Door Company ....................................... 2





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ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO ADVERTISERS


A IA Trust ......................... ...................... 25
Aluminum Services, Inc..................... 26
American Ornamental Corp .............. 25
Associated Cost Engineers ................... 20
Chrom a, Inc. ......................................... 22
Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson,
Fowler & Dowling, Inc. ....................... 20
C.W. Maryland & Co. .......................... 28
Digital Drafting Systems, Inc................ 24
Durwood Publishers .............................. 24
Florida Liability Assurance
G roup, Inc. ...................... ..................... 9
Florida Natural Gas ......................... IFC
Genesis Studios, Inc ........................ OBC
Glass Masonry .................................... 20
G raphisoft ........................ ....................... 9
Intergraph Corp..................................... 21
Masterpiece Tile Company................ 21
Prime Unlimited Inc............................... 7
Project Development
International, Inc. ................................ 27
Reprographia .......................................... 5
Ricketson Sash & Door Company.......... 2
Sedgwick of Florida, Inc. .................. 23
Seitlin & Company Insurance ............ IBC
Suncoast Insurance
Associates, Inc. ................................ IBC
Tropic Top/Symbold....................... 2, 20
Trus Joist MacMillan .............................. 2
Walt Disney Casting ............................... 9
Window Classics Corp....................... 24


A blueprint foi

prevention. B

we'd hate to see

. upinthe:


'claims

because

you end

red.


Today's building methodology has become so complex and
'sophisticated that it often far exceeds the job description of
today's architect. Yet many owners are unwilling to take
responsibility for promises not kept. As a result designers
run the risk of being held up for outrageous construction
claims that could mire them in a swamp of red ink.
We can help. Project Development International presents the gold standard for claims
prevention packages. Construction RisKontrol"maps out the risks and spellsout the
responsibilities before disputes escalate into a conflict or litigation. It protects your profit and
limits your liability, while providing improved protection and better service to your owner.
On budget and on time. Construction RisKontrolfwill also work to maintain, even reduce,
your professional liability insurance costs. All at a cost of less than one-half of one percent of
the construction contract amount. Neither you nor your owner can afford to be without it!
Ask Project Development International to show you how Construction RisKontrol"can be
used to help you sell your next project. Now you can review contract risks, determine
constructability, analyze and monitor progress for the life of the job, and mitigate ongoing
disputes without disrupting the project's schedule.
All at a fraction of what a successful defense
claim could cost you or your owner. PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
For more information, call us INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Construction Management Construction Claims
at 1-800-PDI-7888. Clearwater, Florida Houston. Texas
36-26


SWe want Florida/Caribbean Architect to be an effective resource for AIA members when
making their purchasing decisions. As an additional benefit, Dawson Publications is offering a
Fax-On-Demand service.
Participating advertisers are assigned a four-digit code (located under each ad). To access additional
information about the advertiser's product and/or service, you only need to dial (410) 252-9595 from your fax
machine and listen to the voice prompts for further instructions. PRESTO you will receive additional information
about advertiser's products and/or services.


FLORIDA/CARIBBEAN ARCHITECT Spring 1997


O






Architectural Certification State of Florida 20 Contact Hours Continuing Education


DISCOVER BELIZE!

J ourney back in time to the Mystery of the Maya. Spend a week in this unique environment
visiting the Mayan ruins and experiencing the architecture and culture of the Mayan
civilization. Leading you in this enriching program will be Diane Greer; Architectural
Historian, Professor
ofArchitectural
History y l at Flor ida
A & M University
School ofAl chitecture
in Tallahassee,
Florida, Editor of c
Florida Architect
magazine for 12
Years and Co-Editor




accommodations,
fine food and
attentive service at
one oif the properties
that Outside Magazine lists in its "top 100 getaways in the world".
C.W Marvland & Co. and AIA Florida have joined to have a program approved that gives
you the opportunity to flffill your State of Florida 20 contact hours of continuing education
while discovering Belize.


August 18 23, 1997
Rotund trip air Miami to Belize Ciort all accommodations, transfers, meals, taxes, service charges, tours


$1495.00 per person / double occupancy.

3 Day / 2 Night Extension:
Ambergris Caye, Belize's renowned barrier reef Round trip air from Belize City and accommodations
$225. 00 per person.

This prograin provided by AIA Florida Continuing Education Prograin

For more information and to make reservations contact Carolyn or Jill at:

C. W. MARYLAND & CO.
36-36 800-334-7942 / 904-222-2333 / FAX: 904-222-2333 / e-mail: CWMDUSA@aol.com


FI.()RIDA/CARIIBBEAN ARCIIITECT Spring 1997









Confused


About


Professional


Liability


C ALL AN EXPERT


DPIC'S AGENCY REPRESENTATIVES UNDERSTAND
YOUR BUSINESS. THEY'LL HELP YOU MANAGE
YOUR RISKS, PREVENT LOSSES AND REWARD
YOU AT THE SAME TIME. PUT THEIR KNOWLEDGE
AND PERSONAL SERVICE TO WORK FOR YOU.


North & Central FLorida DPIC agency: Southeast Florida DPIC agency: At the Core of Professional Practice:
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. Seitlin & Company Insurance Negotiating Skills
P.O. Box 22668 P.O. Box 025220 A Risk Management Workshop for Architects
Tampa, FL 33609-2668 Miami, FL 33102-5220 12 AIA/CES LUs
800.741.8889 305.591.0090 July 15, 1997 Orlando
July 16, 1997 Ft. Lauderdale
To register, call 800.227.4284, ext. 337
Policies are underwntten by Secunty Insurance Company of Hartford, Design Professionals Insurance Company and The Connecticut Indemnity Company, rated A (Excellent) by AM Best
Company. The issuing company vanes by state. DPIC is the professional liability specialist of the Onon Capital Companies, wholly owned by the Onon Capital Corporation, a NYSE listed
corporation with assets of over $3 billion. 1997 DPIC Companies, Inc.
36-30























Architects: Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum, Inc.,Tampa

FINE ARCHITECTURAL RENDERINGS


GENESIS STUDIOS, INC.
225 S. Swoope Avenue, Suite 205
Maitland, Florida 32751 407-539-2606
800-933-9380 FAX 407-644-7901


Architects: R KL Associates, Inc.


Hyatt Regency Complex, Rabat, Morocco
36-20


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