Group Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Alternate Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Publisher: Dawson Publications,
Dawson Publications
Place of Publication: Timonium Md
Publication Date: Spring 1997
Copyright Date: 1997
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 44, no. 1 (spring 1997)-
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Issues have also theme titles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004635
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5904
ltuf - ACJ1464
oclc - 36846561
lccn - sn 97052000
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Preceded by: Florida architect

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Computer-Aided Drafting & Design Enhancing the Process
Realistic Simulations Offer Solid Solutions 10
Bermello, Ajamil & PaTtneTS's advanced softwaTe pTOgTam gmphically recasts opemtions analysis into powerful design i'YI/ormation.

Calculating Comfort and Performance 14
R. J. Heisenbottle Architects and the KTG Y GToup found tlwt computer's were critical in designing perfect sound, sight, and comfm"t into this community performing aT'ts center.

Sophisticated Design for Secure Student Living 16
Beyond its pmctical purpose, this student housing designed by Mateu Carreno Rizo & PaTtners adds some aTchitectural pizzazz to the Florida Atlantic University campus.

Using Advanced Technology to Reflect on the Past 18
FOT this battlefield memorial and visitoTs center design, the team ofJohn Dehart, AIA Assoc., Ron Witte, and Samh Whiting used CADD "to explore a lot ofideas in a short period oftime.

Editorial 3
News 4
Books 6
New Products and Services 8
Legal Note 22
by Robert A/fert, Jr., Esq., Assoc. AlA
Index to Advertisers 24


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Florida Association of the
Amel'ican Institute ofArchitects
104 East Jefferson Street
Tallahassee, Florida 3230 I

Editorial Board
John Totty, AlA, Chailman
John Howey, FAlA
Karl Thorne, AlA

John R. Cochran, Jr., AlA

Vice PresidentlPresident-elect
Roy Knight, FAlA

Vivian Salaga, AlA

Past President
William Blizzard, AlA

Senior Regional Director
Hemy C. Alexander, Jr., AlA
Coral Gables

Regional Director
Jolm P. Tice, Jr., AlA

Vice President for
Professional Excellence
Ivan Johnson, AlA

Vice President for
Political Effectiveness
Debra Lupton, AlA

Vice President for
Keith Bailey, AlA

Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE, HoI'\. AlA

Margaret Barlow

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F7.o'ridalCo'ribbeo'l1 A'l"cld leCi, Official JownaJ of the Florida Association of the Amelican Institute of Architects, is owned by the Association, a Florida COll'oralion, not for profit ISSN-OOI53907. It is published fOllr Limes a year and distributed through I'he Executive Office of the Association. 104 East Jefferson St., Tallahassee,
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elcome to the first issue ofFloridaJCa1'ibbean Archi tect, with our new masthead that ac!mowledges the ties we have with our fellow practitioners in the Caribbean. We are a Region, and finally, we are starting to act as one! In his editorial in the January 1997 Architectural Record, Robert Ivey, FAlA, writes that "this is a dynamic moment for Architecture, a profession poised for the millermium-fueled by a robust economy, enriched by a plurality of styles, challenged by new ways of doing business, informed by increasing cliversity of the workforce, and brimming with information and technical advancement." How appropriate that statement is for our Region.

A few months ago, after more than a year of planning, the Caribbean Basin Initiative was formed to bring Florida and Caribbean architects closer together. From it came an independent organization !mown as Business Horizons for the Americas. Members of AlA Florida, AlA Puerto Rico, and AlA Virgin Islands, and our two AlA Florida/Caribbean Regional Directors, Henly Alexander, AlA, and Tom Marvel, FAlA, worked hard, incorporating a variety of businesses and their representatives who shared one common interest: regional bridging. Last November, in San Juan, the first Business Horizons Conference brought together an enthusiastic group of architects and business people to share their views and outline future endeavors.
As Florida, the Caribbean, and South and Central Amelica are tied together in so many ways, it seems vital for us, as architects, to be prepared to think and practice as a Region. To encourage this broadened view, we invite you to help us present examples of architectural excellence representing this entire Region. This inaugural issue is also the flrst by our new publisher, Dawson Publications, Inc. Let us !mow what you think.
Change is in the air. So many changes have occurred in the way we practice in just the last few years. Change also is occuning rapicUy in our Association. New management styles aimed toward making AlA Florida more responsive to the needs of membership are occurring at both the State Board and Chapter levels. Proactivity is the guiding force as we strive to "poise ourselves for the millemlium." No longer is the status quo acceptable. To ensure that our practices are protected, both now and in the future, w e a1-e not waiting for changes, w e are maki ng them happen.
We also are demanding change from National AlA. We made ourselves heard loud and clear again this year at Grassroots, and they took notice. No doubt, we will continue to "shout," and we hope that they will continue to listen.
With due respect to Mr. Ivey, we have adopted his phrase "Poised for the Millenniwn," as the theme for our AlA Florida Aru1ual Convention. This summer in Orlando we will again be offering seminars and CEUs on issues critical to our practices.
Change can be good. We as architects need to be able to change and to accept change. How else can we, as our Vision states, be "a united association of Architects who lead the shaping of Florida's future." This is a "dynanlic moment for arcllitecture," a profession "poised for the millermium." The Florida/Caribbean Region is getting ready for the future.
John R. Cochran, Jr., AlA, President

FIO?'7,dalCm1,bbean A?'chi lecl serves the profession by providing CWTent infonnation on design, practice management, technology, environment, energy, preselvation and development of conununjties, con truction, finance, economics, as well as other political, social, and cultmal issues that impact the field.


AlA Florida Receives Grant to Oppose BOPE Rule-Making
The National AIA Governmental Affairs Advisory Committee has approved an award to AIA Florida totalling $20,000. The grant money is designated for use in opposing the Board of Professional Engineers' (BOPE) rule that engineers be allowed to sign and seal building plans.
The grant comes from a $100,000 state component flmd established by National AIA last year to help states deal with critical issues that stand to have broad impact. Bill Blizzard, last year's AIA FlO1ida president, and other large state component presidents urged National to create the fund as a means oftaking a more proactive stance in assisting states in these types of efforts. National is now being urged to enlarge the fund in 01" del' to sustain support over several years.
Bailey Recognized for Government Affairs Work

K e it h Bailey, AlA, was honored by National AlA for his "outstanding individual contribution to govern
ment affairs." The award was presented on February 6, 1997, at the Government Affairs Day luncheon at AlA's annual National Grassroots Conference in Washington, D.C. Bailey was recognized for his tireless work in opposing the Florida BOPE efforts to allow engineers to design buildings for human habitation and use.
Bailey, ofthe Maitland firm of Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock, is the current AIA FI01ida Vice President for Communications.
UF Professor Honored for Teaching Excellence
Stephen D. Luoni, Assistant Professor in the College of Architecture at the University of Florida, Gainesville, received a 1996 AlA Education Honors Award. His third-year design studio sequence, entitled Landscapes: Patterns and Processes, "avoided the professional inclination to reduce landscape to a visual phenomenon, employing instead nondisciplinary strategies of seeing that cultivate an understanding for the deep ecological work accomplished by the land, yet suggest responsible possibilities for construction."
Luoni's course was one of four awarded this top honor. The AIA Education Honors Program was created several years ago to recognize outstanding teaching faculty for their accomplishments and to provide public exposure of the excellent classroom and studio work produced by these faculty members. Eight additional courses were cited, including four honorable mentions. The jury, chaired by Daniel Friedman, AlA, Associate Professor, School of Architecture and Interior Design, University of Cincinnati, made its selections from 78 entries.
In addition to their publication in the AIA's monograph, Tea,ching Excellence 1996, the award winning courses-represented by an abstract, educational goals and strategies, and evaluation criteria-are posted on the Internet at aia.orgl arched.htm
AlA Florida Outlines Proactive Legislative Program
Florida legislators began the 1997 session on Mal'ch 4 poised to face two major challenges. In addition to finding funds for education improvements, they will be addressing the need for greater economic development and job development in the state. While AIA Florida's governmental affairs section supports these efforts, it also brings its own menu of concerns to the legislative table.
At a January meeting in Tallahassee, the AIA Florida Board ofDirectors met with legislators to discuss a range of issues. Foremost was its opposition to any efforts to change the Consultants Competitive Negotiation Act (CCNA), which prescribes the method by which architects are selected for public works. The Board also is seeking consideration of methods to improve the efficiency of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation. Other issues on which the Board is taking a position include support for the establishment of a requirement that would protect architects from frivolous lawsuits, support for a statewide uniform building code, and opposition to the effort to create stock school plans.
AIA Florida also is monitoring legislation being proposed by the Department of Community Affairs (DCA) concerning amendments to the Florida Accessibility Building Code. The
U.S. Department of Justice has informed the DCA that Florida's law does not conform to federal ADA requirements.
In a continuing effort, AIA Florida is opposing the Board of Professional Engineers' bid to approve a rule that would allow licensed engineers in Florida to design buildings for human habitation and use. Still in the public workshop stage, a draft of the proposed rule was not available at press time.
Under close scrutiny is the request for a declaratory statement by the Board of Building Code Administrators and Inspectors (BCAI) on whether architects need to be licensed by them to perform building inspections. By statute, inspecting buildings is Palt of the practice of architecture. This could become a legislative issue if BCAl asks architects to obtain yet another license do what is already required in their practice act.

Good News about Salaries
Architects' earnings are on the rise, according to a report on national compensation trends. AIA research contained in Compensation, at u.s. A1"chitecture FiTms shows that associate architect (reports to a principal) salaries in 1996 averaged $58,900, 24 percent more than in 1990. Associate architects in Florida averaged $56,400.
The report covers compensation data on 19 positions in architectural firms in 31 states and 18 metropolitan areas. Copies are available for $15 through Karen Jones at AIA Florida.

In Memoriam
Sam Kruse, FAIA, died September 28, 1996, after a long illness. He was an AlA past president and regional director. Those wishing to make donations in his memory may contribute to the Scholarship Fund, clo AIA Miami, 800 Douglas Entrance, Suite 119, Coral Gables, FL 33134.
William Bigoney, FAIA emeritus, died December 23, 1996, in Fort Lauderdale. He was pastpresident of Broward Chapter and a former member ofAIA Florida Board of Directors.
Donald E. McIntosh, AlA, died December 25, 1996, in Tampa. After a long career with the old Tampa Times, at age 48 he realized a lifelong drean1 of becoming an al'chitect.

Fall 1996 Florida ATchitect, in Viewpoint by Carl Abbott, FAIA, St. Thomas More, Sarasota, photo credit: Steven Brooke,


From left to right: Maria M. Chalgub, AIA; William A. Taylor,
AIA; Susan G'rant Leu;in; J01-ge Rigau, AlA; John C. Doak,
RIBA; and Hortensia D. Lanio, AlA.
Award Recipients and Jurors

Merit Award
Genip GaTden Apartments f 01 the eldeTly. St. CTOix, USVI,f01"
Lutheran Social Services of the ViTgin Islands, by ChalgublLanio
Architects, Inc.

Citation Award
Neu; HomepoTt Passenger Terminal, Frederiksted, St. CTOix,
USVI, fOT the u.s. Virgin Islands POTt Auth01i ty, by Chalgubl
Lanio Architects, Inc.

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AlA Virgin Islands Awards Honor Respect for Tradition
Last December, the U.S. Virgin Island Chapter of AlA presented its bi-yearly Awards for Excellence in Architecture. Cele bratory activities were open to community groups concerned with planning, government, regional history, and preservation.

Frederik C. Gjessing, AIA
The chapter honored Frederik C. Gjessing, AlA, for his lifetime of achievement in preserving the region's architectural heritage. Among Gjessing's accomplishments have been several restorations, including the Steeple Building, Customs House, and Scale House in St. Croix, and numerous other projects in St. John, St. Thomas, and San Juan.
Projects selected by the jury were deemed "capable of elucidating issues relevant to the profession and the U.S. Virgin Islands." All epitomized "a genuine desire to be contemporary with~)Ut disregarding the traditional."
Two 1996 Awards for Excellence in Architecture were presented to ChaigublLanio Architects for the New Homepolt Passenger Terminal (citation award) and for the Genip Garden Apartments in Frederiksted (merit award). An honor award was given to William Taylor Architects for the St. Croix Reformed Church Proposal. Jurors were senior architecture editor for House Beautiful Susan Grant Lewin, Cayman Island architect and preservationist John C.J. Doak, and Jorge Rigau, AlA, Dean of the School of Architecture at Polyteclmic University of Puerto Rico.
The New Homeport Passenger Telminal "made evident the appropriateness of turn-of-thecentury vocabulary in the Caribbean." Chalgub/Lanio's Genip Garden Apartments was declared "an interesting problem ...that could (and should) inspire discussion about the urban future of St. Croix." Called "the most creative entry," the Reformed Church proposal exemplified "the essence of what tropical architecture entails: the adequate articulation ofa skin to mediate between interior, exterior, and tradition."


Reviewed by Edwa1-d J. Seibert, AlA
Modern American Houses: Four Decades ofAward
Winning Design in
Architectural Record Ed. Clifford A. Pearson, essays
by Thomas Hille, Robert Campbell, Suzanne Stephens,
Charles Gandee
Harry N. Abrams in assoc. with Architectuml Record, 1996
240 pages, 265 illus., $49.50
s an architect whose career started a half century ago, I found this book inunensely interesting. I believe it would be of equal interest to architectural students, although to them it is history. The photographs, whether color or black and white, are magnificent and the text informative and thoughtful, attributes all too rare in books of this genre. As an avid reader of RecoTd (and on several occasions published in it), the book seemed a dear and familiar friend from the start.
The first chapter, on the fIfties, presents Paul Rudolph's Cohen house in Sarasota and I.M. Pei's "bridge house," both influences on this young architect. Seminal homes of the sixties include Robert Browne's beautiful Barrows house as well as Rudolph's icon, the Millam house. Among those representing the seventies are several townhouses, Rudolph's Hirschi Halston in New York and Antoine Predock's La Luz, as well as Meier's Shamberg house and Gwathmey Siegal's Haupt House. For the eighties and nineties there are stars like Robert Venturi, Rauch and Scott Brown, Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater Zyberk, Arquitectonica, and Frank GeluJ'. These houses that meant so much to me when they were published are but a few of the more than 60 in the book
Besides those houses which influenced me at various tin1es in my career, it was, in fact, several of the Florida residences that leapt off the page at me. EvelJ' Floridaal'chitect will have his or her own list of architects and houses that been of influence, or, like, favorite songs, recall a certain time in one's life. It's a fine book for reminiscence and philosophy, with text that is quite scholarly and clear.
"The 1950s: Of Tailfms and Bugspray," by Thomas Hille, is an insightful chapter on the spirit of the architecture of that decade. "Architects tend to take a static, European view oftheir buildings, while those that inhabit them behave as nomads," Russell Lynes noted in a 1957 article. The bugspray in the title alludes to Ulrich Franzen's house, where, "he explained that insect screens weren't necessary because he regularly sprayed insecticides." Screening softens architectural qualities, making for gauzy geometry. I found this particularly amusing because in a recent article referring to my own screenless second story, I was quoted as saying "mosquitoes on the island don't fly over ten feet from the ground." My house may be nineties, but my attitude is pure fifties. The point is, if you are an architect, you will relate to the book.
In the chapter on the 1960s, subtitled "Playing by the Rules," Robelt Campbell writes, "The 1960s, for American architecture, was the decade of how to make beautiful and interesting form without using any ornament ... Stick a Greek colunm or a Palladian window on your house design, and the taste police would put you in jail." By the seventies, ornament had returned: it was postmodemism Writes Campbell, "It's at least possible to argue that the '60s, struggling for its own kind of freedom within a rigid, unquestioned system of values, was a better era for architecture. Rigid systems have their virtues in the world of art. It's hard to make great chess moves without a board." I still remember my own struggle with postmodernism then.
Evident in "The 1970s: A Tin1e of Upheaval," by Suzanne Stephens, are the changing values of that decade. Save for Charles Moore, Record showed few exan1ples of the unmOOling ofarchitecture from the modernist idiom. It seemed to continue to adhere to the prinCiples of modernism, including a strong value placed on simple, functional planning, expression of structure, and integration of exterior and interior spaces. As shown in a Fay Jones house, the Wrightean influence was again viable for Record.
The eighties, according to Charles Gandee in "The 1980s

Hibiscus House, Coconut Grove, FL. AndTes Duany andElizabeth PlaleT-Zyberk, A'I"chitects, 1983. Plwtogmph: SteuenB1"()oke. Page 177.
and '90s: Chipping Away at the Old-boy Network," brought a shift in Record's philosophy. The editors realized that the stars of the time were to be found not in their pages but in Progressive ATchitectu1-e. One turned to PIA to find architects like Robert Venturi, Robert A.M. Stern, Frank Gehry, Rem Koolhaus, and Bernardo FOlt-Brescia. The next decade changed that, with houses like Batey and Mack's Villa on the Bay, Bart Prince's own house in Albuquerque, and Arquitectonica's Casa los Andes.
With its splendid photographs and urbane, literate writing, this book is a rare pleasure. I think all designer architects will enjoy the trip.
Building a Dream: The Art ofDisney Architecture
by Beth Dunlop Harry N. Abrams, 1996 224 pages, 200 illus. $39.95
n his foreword to this handsomely illustrated book, architectural historian Vincent Scully notes that "the very nan1e 'Disney' is so packed with opprobrium for old-line modernists that it took a certain amount of courage for Beth Dunlop to agree to write this book" As an "old line modernist" thus duly warned, I tlied very hard to like the book. (I also wondered who it was that was tlJIing to convince the author: Disney?)
Celtainly, putting the works of such cutting-edge architects as Michael Graves, Gwathmey Siegal, Robert A.M. Stern, Antoine Predock, Frank Gehry, Charles Moore, Stanley Tigerman, and Robert Venturi, to name but a few of the fascinating architects involved, into one book makes for interest. I looked forward to being drawn into the relationships between tllese stellar talents and tlle Disney organization. Unfortunately, these relationships are covered throughout in an abbreviated and superficial way.


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Standards, you either buy them or you set y@ur-qwn. Tens of thousands of architects worldwide set new standards everyday using ArchiCAD. ArchiC~is CAD software made onlyfer-arehitecture. Its easy-to-learn intuitive interface helps architects set new standards of profitability. Its integration of c'An drawing tools with. 3D modeling and speoifi1cations sets new standards of productivity. Thanks to ArchiCAD's intelligent buillding objects, built-in rendering and animation, and QuickTime VR virtual reality, architects can deliver servics
today that others can only promise. (Oh ... apd it reads/writes dxf and clwg flles, too.) Thfough its national network of service providers and tr'~iners, and 15 years of service to the architectural profession, ArchiCAD is ready to meetjand exceed your
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Visit us at Booth #1356 at the AlA Expo in New Orleans in May! G RAPHISOFT

Realistic Simulations Offer Solid Solutions

esigning buildings and spaces to move people and goods through is a complex process. It is usually necessary to devise a number of feasible designs. In the past, clients had to stretch their imagination beyond the drawing board and models to detennine how effectively a design would fulfill their needs. "Final decisions," says architect Primi Conde, an associate at Bermello, Ajan1il & Partners, Inc., "often hinged on hunches and best guesses."
No longer. Now it is possible, using computer simulations, to demonstrate for clients not only how, but how well, a new facility will work. Bermello & 1\jamil's new software enables architects and engineers to offer clients computer-generated solutions and operations analyses based on a variety of"what-if' scenarios. The simulation program was developed by Aviation Research Corp. in Montreal, Canada, and is being marketed under the name PPTS (people & Processes Through Spaces). Itis especially useful in the design and development of cruise and container tenninais, airport temlinais, and other projects that involve moving people and goods through built spaces.
The software transfonns database information into a graphic display that can be demonstrated in real-time or in other time indexes such as compressed time, which can show hours of activity in a few moments. B&A architects first used PPTS in designing a temlinal expansion for Carnival Cruise Line's Piers 6 and 7 in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The project involves expanding and renovating the baggage claim hall for greater speed and efficiency, and enlarging the customs/immigration area to accommodate Carnival's new, larger ships.
"Use of PPTS in this adaptive reuse situation helped point out potential problems with space reallotment," said B&A

Ground Floor Plan

South Elevation

Realistic Simulations

Continuedjmmpage 11

Port ojAlgecims, detail ojmaster plan, indicating circulation patterns.

generate facility requirements constraints for the Port of Algeciras, Spain, minute delay at immigrabased on future demand and total time staff is busy B&A simulation specialist R. W. tion/security. specified levels of service total time facility is being Spisak Jr. and architect Primi 4) two ships, 1000 passengers

evaluate alternate facility utilized. Conde started with a basic each, 1/2-hour intervals, concepts and plans An additional advantage is floor plan and information 1 112 minute delay at

demonstrate existing and that the software will run an about how passengers would immigration/security future operational problems operational analysis that be routed and time required to B&A's CADD fIles were in terminal components. allows clients to evaluate the pass immigration and police/ imported into the PPTS Other measures and impact on customers of security checkpoints. They software, along with informa

evaluations determined by the various staffing levels, even considered four possible tion on passenger types, software are useful to clients, lunch breaks. While this scenarios: various passenger routes, and including: program is particularly suited 1) three ships, 300 passengers other formulae. "This was

maximum and average to terminal applications, it also each, arriving at 1I2-hour complicated at Algeciras by waiting times, overall and at can be applied in designing intervals, with 3-minute additional security requiredifferent periods and evaluating banks, retail delay at immigration and ments for inbound passengers

level of service over time facilities, schools, theaters, police/security from one of the two originat

average and maximum museums, conference centers, 2) three ships, 300 passengers ing ports," Conde noted. It was queue lengths, for deriving medical centers-in other each, 1/2-hour intervals, 1 1/2 necessary to establish the space requirements words, any space people enter, minute delay at immigration/ paths in the database module

duration of unacceptable use for interactions, then leave. security that works with the simulation service level, due either to To begin the process of 3) two ships, 1000 passengers tools. Timings (cross-checked waiting time or space modeling a new cruise terminal each, 1/2-hour intervals, 3-by observations) were loaded,


Calculating Comfort and Performance

Kings Point Theater for the Performing Arts Tamarac, Florida
R.J. Heisenbottle Architects, P.A. and KTGY Group, Inc.
heater design is an alt in itself. The end result must satisfy all the senses of both patrons and performers.
Coordinating the requirements to achieve this goal for the Kings Point Theater was made easier for the al"chitects through their use of the 3-D modeling capabilities of their computers. Intricate design options could be studied quickly and were easy to alter. The project, which received a 1996 Unbuilt Design Award from the AlA FOlt Lauderdale Chapter, is now under construction.
This traditional proscenium theater was designed as a multipurpose performing arts facility for theater, music, dance, and film. Intended for a retirement community, the theater will be equipped with full theatrical lighting, rigging, and movie projection systems. Attention to planning for the specific needs of the predominantly elderly patrons went beyond excellent acoustics and proper sight lines to include minimal steps and no balconies.
At the main entral1Ce, a translucent glass wall broken by a deep canopy introduces a dynamic curvilinear lobby with a sloped ceiling. Three low-rise monumental stairs lead patrons to the 1,OOO-seat auditorium.
The computer was extremely helpful in visualizing the radii and angles of both the hall and the lobby. It made it easy to accurately locate colunms, window mullions, stairs, and floor and ceiling patterns, as well as lighting, I-IVAC and other building systems throughout.
The model was created by laser-cattingplastic elements based onAUTOCAD drawingjiles. Photograph: Raul Pedr-oso, Solo Photography.
Theater designers in the configurations to determine decisions so as to confirm or past spent a great deal of time the best design for the client's alter the characteristics of calculating the seating dish of progralTI. absorptive and reflective the auditorium using elaborate Acoustical effects designed surfaces. It also was possible formulas. Here, with computto meet the desired cliteria to determine the reverberation ers, it was possible to resolve also could be studied via time at different frequencies to the seating layout, slope of the computer. Alternate rendergive a working profile of the floor, and clear sight lines to ings of the acoustic finished space. The angles and the stage in minutes. Archienvironment allowed the height of the reflective panels tects could then study various testing of initial design aloe critical in directing the

Sophisticated Design for Secure Student Living
Student Apartment Facility Florida Atlantic University Mateu Carreno Rizo & Partners
ineting affordable housing is a perennial problem for students. But at fast-growing Florida Atlantic University, a cluster of new apartment-style residences seems made to order. Located right on campus, the units are comfortable, convenient, and safe.
The initial program specified housing for 525 and maximizing use of the oncampus site to enable future e~.'pansion to accommodate up to 1200 residents. To remain competitive with off-campus housing, the facilities would need a complement of amenities and to be affordable and conducive to infonnal student living. But one stipulation was foremost: SecUlity.
Although there was a momentary temptation for architect Roney Mateu, AIA, and his finn of Mateu CalTeno Rizo to respond in a traditional way witll walls and fences, it passed. Here was a canlpus that had taken shape over the past few decades tlu"ough quick solutions to immediate needs for academic and dormitory buildings. Here was a campus void of any significant architectme.
Here was an OppOltunity to change that perception, to demonstrate tllat practical design need not lack creativity. They would meet the concerns for safety and security with a design that would promote social activities and protect student interactions through practical circulation concepts and organizational components.
Mateu's instincts proved correct. The completed project received a 1996 Award of Excellence from the AIA Mianli Chapter.

Using Advanced Technology to Reflect on the Past
Memory Building, Battlefield VIsitors Center Mills Springs, Kentucky Competition Submission John Dehart, AlA Assoc., with Ron Witte and Sarah Whiting
or the design of their entry to the Mills Springs Civil War battlefield Visitors Center, the team of John Dehart, Ron Witte (arcrutect and professor), and Sarah WIUting (professor and critic), used computers from the outset. Working directly in a 3-D environment, they used the digital model to examine design ideas as well as for final presentation drawings.
"We were able to explore a lot of ideas in a short period of time," said Dehart, an associate at SMRT/lflmtington Dreher, Sarasota. And "walking through the model" substantially altered the way in which judgments could be made about spatial qualities such as scale, materiality, and lighting. "Central to this process is the fact that tlle computer allows multiple layers of information involved in creating architecture to be compressed into a single medium," added Dehart.
What the team also found

interesting is the fact that advancing technology, typically relegated to the constmction of the building, has entered the domain of design.
At the outset the group felt that setting a visitors center on the site (as the competition program required) threatened to dismpt its powerfully

evocative ambience. With trus in mind, the idea developed of designing a stmcture that would serve both as a dranlatic memorial-a purely symbolic gesture in the landscape-and a fWlctional program center: a "memory building."



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Understanding and Limiting Liability Through an Analysis of Statutes of Limitations and Contract Rights
by Robert A/fe'r/, J1:, E q., Assoc. AlA
alpractice liability and which a legal action may be easy to determine which statlimiting the risk of expobrought-play a crucial role in utes of limitations govern cersure continue to rank as the this risk equation. tain activities. The purpose of paramount issues confronting Under most circumstances, thi article is to allay some of the architects and other design proif a legal action is not instituted confusion by identifying those fessionals today. Statutes of within the prescribed period, that are applicable to the types limitations-laws that circumthe right to sue is lost forever. of activities routinely underscribe the period of time within Unfortunately, it is not always taken by design professionals,

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and to suggest methods for limiting exposure through intelligent contracting decisions.
The Statutes of Limitations Quagmire. The Florida Statutes articulate limitations periods governing bothgeneml conduct, ranging from negligence and breach of contract to fraud and other intentional torts, and specific conduct. The standard rule of law is that speCific statutes control over general statutes. For example, a malpractice action against an attorney technically falls within the five-year statute for actions founded on a contract, the four-year statute for negligence actions, and the twoyear statute for professional malpractice. Since the latter is specific to professional malpractice, it takes precedence.
Unfortunately for design professionals, there are two specific Florida Statutes arguably governing their activities: 95.11(4)(a), with a two-year limitation, for "professional malpractice," and 95.11(3)(c), with a four-year limitation, "founded on the design, planning, or construction of an improvement to real property." In addition, various general statutes apply to activities falling outside of the speCific statutes. This article addresses three activities routinely undertaken by design professionals, all of which can invoke different statutes of limitations: 1) design and planning of a new facility; 2) additions, remodelling or repairs; and 3) general consulting, testing and inspection services, or contract administration.
The most common service performed by architects is the design and planning ofa new improvement to real property. Florida courts define an i1npTovement as "a valuable addition made to propelty (usually real estate) or an amelioration in its condition, amounting to


Buyers' Guide
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ourney back in tim,e to the MystelY of the Maya. Spend a week in this unique environment visiting the Mayan ruins and experiencing the architecture and culture ofthe Mayan civilization. Leading you in this enriching program will be Diane Greer, Architectural
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You do discover that Michael Eisner, when he became the boss ofall Mickey Mouse, had no idea of what architecture was about. Aware ofthis fact, his first architectural thought was about how to overcome a bland hotel design then in planning. After "seven days-and seven sleepless nights" Eisner decided to set a new course for Disney architecture. He sought, and fOlmd, good advice from Wing Chao, now senior vice president of Disney Design and Development, and Victor Ganz, a friend who had been on the board ofthe Whitney Museum of Art. They gave him two names, Philip Johnson and Michael Graves.
One can only wonder about Graves's feelings when Eisner tells him to "lighten up" and he ends up with the seven dwarfs as caryatids on his otherwise spare and elegant Teanl Disney building in Burbank. Eisner thought the original design "looked too much like a bank" and asked Graves for "characters." Says Eisner, "He first did typical characters. That looked really stupid. But the dwarfs, that was different, and of course there were enough of them to hold up the roof." This is just one of many instances where the author's failure to explore character and relationships kept this from being a more satisfactory, perhaps even scholarly, book.
Another interesting conflict of ideas between Aldo Rossi and Eisner also is given only brief mention. When Rossi found he {;ould not get along with Eisner, he wrote a letter invoking the tl;als of Bernini when working for Louis XlV. "I realize I am not Bernini, but you are not the King of France. I quit," wrote Rossi. They later reconciled and Rossi designed the offices for the Disney Development Company in Orlando.
Every architect knows full well the strong feelings that are engendered between client and architect, and how situations can be exaggerated when both are powerful figures. Disney, a huge corporate enterprise, must have had in-house differences and arguments about architectural philosophy, and these must have affected the architects' work. Although the book deals with literally dozens of the best architects, planners, and artists of our time, I always was left wanting to know more about what they are really like.
However, if you want to know what the best architects of our time do when confronted by a theme park assignment, this book shows you. Solu tions range from stage set design (Toon Town) to amusement park (Tomorrow Land) to really fine solutions that can inspire other architects. Personally, I feel that Isozaki's Team Disney building at Orlando alone puts Disney in the "patron of architecture" category, while structures such as Cinderella's Castle are but required stage sets. In this respect, the book works on several levels and might interest a wide range of people, from more esoteric students ofdesign to those who simply enjoyed a trip to Disneyland. Perhaps it was intended thus.
I wis h that Building a Dream had explored Disney's effect on Florida; in 1995 10.7 million visitors spent $14.8 billion in Central Florida. Floridians seem to have a love-hate relationship with Disney World. Not all see Disney World as bringing unmitigated to good to the state. Its growth has fUlther stressed the state's already groaning infrastructure and, some say, tarnished Florida's natural appeal.
I also wish that the book said more about Celebration, the new town being developed near Orlando. Andres Duany worked on the master plan, and buildings include a city hall by Philip Johnson, a Preview Center by the late Charles Moore, a bank by Venturi, Scott-Brown and Associates, a post office by Graves, a cinema by Cesar Pelli, and so on. Says Disney Design and Development president Peter Rummel, "I think if Celebration just becomes known as a place where a lot of great architects did buildings, we've failed." Billed as a place "where families can recliscover such old fashioned viltues as neighborliness and sociability," it sounds as if it were another "Main Street" project. Lacking are details about philosophical aspects of the Disney approach to town planning.
In many ways, Building a Dream reminds me of those coffee table puff books, so in vogue, done to show off the work of a prestigious architect or firm: beautiful photography but not much written about problems, issues, or how the architects work. At the same time, I find myself browsing through this book of an evening, looking at the pictures and thinking about the work that this patron of architecture has caused to be built. I also enjoy wondering how many great architects have screwed themselves into the ceiling working for this giant corporation. Like Disney theme parks, the book is a love-hate thing.
Reviewer Edward J. "Tim" Seibert, AlA, recipient oj AlA FlO1ida's 1995Awa1-dJor Honor in Design, has been pmcticing architecture in Samsota since
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New Software for Designing Low-Energy Buildings
The Passive Solar Industries "whole-building performance" Council (PSIC) and the U.S. Deand can produce detailed simulapartment of Energy recently retions. Graphic output shows leased software for designing enwhere major savings opportuniergy-saving, climate-responsive ties exist for heating, cooling, or buildings. Energy-lO enables arlighting. To learn more or to orchitects to select and evaluate the der the software package, which passive solar strategies best includes a user manual, contact suited to their projects and cliPSIC at (202) 628-7400, ext. 210, mate. The software calculates or by e-mail

PhotoBubble Images
Omniview, Inc.'s PhotoBubble technology can provide a new perspective on architecture.

Light-Filtering/SolarScreening Films

Courtaulds Performance Films has prepared a Shade Film Swatchbook, containing san1ples and perforn1ance data for 18 varieties of dyed, metallized, and sputtered polyester (PET) films designed for use in temporary window coverings. The films are intended for conversion into rolldown shades or vertical blinds for commercial and residential applications where outward visibility is desired along with reduction of incoming light, glare, and solar heat. The samples include nonreflective, reflective, and semireflective fllms. All are impregnated with UV absorbers and offer protection for artwork as well as upholstery and furniture. For a free swatchbook or more infonnation, call (800) 7468661, or fax (540) 627-3032.
Two opposing photographs taken with a standard fish eye lens are joined via computer image remapping, resulting in an interactive, spherical image with a 360-degree view from a given vantage point. Viewers, using CD-ROM, can "travel" through a series of linked PhotoBubble images, which virtually places them in the environment and lets them explore at their leisure. A PhotoBubble CD-ROM tour of Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater demonstrates how architects and others can use this new technology to present their own spaces. For more infonnation, call Sharon Pound at
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NOTth Elevation. CaTnival C1"I)'ise Line's PieTs 6 and 7 expansi on plan, San Juan. (h-ound jlooT wi th entry at one end, customs at the othe'l~ thr"ee baggage sections in between. Daylit thinJ/JouTthjloo1" houses laTgewaiting aTea with security and check-inJacilities below,
small boar-ding hall above.
architect Ernie Garcia He used the simulation to track the paths and progress of 3,500 "virtual passengers," showing them disembarking the cruise ship and proceeding through baggage claim into immigration. "Not only did the program provide the exact number of square feet required for the expansion, it also exposed potential bottlenecks at escalators and at baggage claim," added Garcia. Based on the simulation, Garcia modified the preliminary immigration area layout to achieve the optimal solution for all expected traffic volmnes. To elinlinate the crowding situation, three distinct (colorcoded) baggage-claim sections were created to serve smaller passenger groups.


Building Section
The PPTS software produces useful infOlmation for the client as well as for the architect. Besides allowing B&A to analyze operations for purposes of design, it can help clients maximize efficiencies by evaluating staffing, hours, and other aspects of facility operations. For exan1ple, statistics on the path, queuing, and processing times of individuals or groups can be defined, as can interactions within specific areas of the facility.
Using the PPTS software, the architect can:

identify peak capacity of the existing facilities

test the adequacy of existing systems to meet future demands

Continued on page 12


Port ojAlgeciras terminals.
and the simulation model did a series of runs to construct the initial database. When outputs were checked against recorded field observations, modifications were calculated accordingly.
After the simulation was analyzed and the charts produced and captured, the animation components were produced and assembled. As alternative simulation runs were modeled, recorded, and analyzed, animations were constructed from the various alternative models for each scenario. Each scenario showed:
the number of passengers per square meter at different times of the day

the distance in meters traveled during disembarking

passenger counts and the time needed for passengers to exit the terminal

duration of time in the terminal by ship number

total number of passengers served by each queue

queue time per ship

time factors for each passenger count and time interval for different staffing levels (customs/ immigration, security, assistance). These elements were easily

observable in the simulations. What Spisak, Conde, and Garcia saw were dots, thousands of dots, one for each passenger, traveling through the planned spaces, passing quickly through some areas and forming bottlenecks in problem stretches. Most important, the design could be modified along with any changes in initial assumptions: for exan1ple, reducing space for queuing in immigration and adding police stations to speed up extra security.
Conde and Garcia both found PPTS to be a valuable asset in designing these kinds of large "transfer" spaces. The simulations showed clearly where to "tweak" the designs for improved flow. For the brand new Algeciras facility, correctly sized spaces could be planned from the outset. However, said Conde, "The simulation proved even more valuable in the San Juan adaptive reuse project, where old spaces had to be made workable for new purposes." .:.
Bermello, Ajamil & Partners, of Miami and Fort Lauderdale, received several major design awards last year, including an AlA Florida Award for Excellence in Architecture.

The 3-D modeling capabilities were helpful in visualizing the mdii and angles ofthe d?-amatic lobby.
sound throughout the auditorium. Computers also assisted in the design of the electronic sound system by helping determine overall placement of the speakers and the aiming of each speaker element.
What used to take weeks in the design of live performance spaces now takes only days. .:.

'Design A.rchitect:
R J. H~isenbettle
ArcfliteGts, P.AI..

Principal in charge
of Design: RJ. Heisenbettle, AlA
Projecf Manager:
Neil Dixon, Rk.

Design Team:
Steve Avdakev, RA, Robert Jordan Soprurn III

Miriam Collada-Myers

Architect of Record:
KTGY Group, Inc.

Principal in charge:
John Foti, AlA

Structural Engineer:
O'Donnell Naccaroto &
Mignogna, Inc.

Civil Engineer:
Rhon Ernest Jones
Consulting Engineers, Inc.

Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Henz Engineering, Inc.

Theatrical Systems/ Acoustics:
Arts Environments, Inc.
Lennar Adult Communities

Overall the project included a 5,000 sf student services and administration building and seven apartment-style buildings, each accormnodating 75 residents in two-and four-person units, with two laundry and storage rooms. A 30-acre site on the southeast comer of the campus, was designated for the student apartments.
The complex is organized linearly in four clusters along both sides of a continuous open garden court. Circulation and access to apartment units are provided via a ground-level walkway and an elevated "main street," maximizing visual con1J:ol and security within the complex. Secure parking for residents and visitors is situated to the east, between the complex and the EI Rio Canal. The administration building is situated toward the south, where it will become a central hub when later phases, including a pedestrian bridge across FAU Boulevard, are developed.

A typical apartment building cluster is composed of four twoand three-story elements and a two-story service module. These service buildings are social gathering spaces as well


The inter-locking patteTn breaks up the massing into a scale and r-hythm that brings the f eel of a tropical village to this campus

housing project.
as being the controlled access points into the complex from the parking areas. Most of the units are accessed from the elevated walkway. In the fourperson units, one enters at the livingldining/kitchen level, and goes either upstairs or downstairs to the bedrooms. An interlocking pattern breaks up the massing of the 2,500-footlong complex into a scale and rhythm that reinforces the idea of a tropical village in this South FlOlida canlpus context.
The use of CADD by the entire design team allowed them to document various concepts during schematic and design development phases. Changes to the large, complex, and repetitive plan were accomplished with relative ease and coordinated within all of the design disciplines. It also made it feasible to prepare alternate packages to be available during the bidding phase, prior to COnSDllction. .:.
Mateu Carreno Rizo &

Principal in charge:
R(')fley J. Mateu, AlA

Landscape Architect:
Stresau Smith Stresau, PA., Fred Stresau, ASLA

Structural Engineer:
M.A. Suarez & Assoc.,
Mario Suarez, PE.

Civil Engineer:
Consultech, Inc.
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Hufsey Nicolaides Garcia & Suarez
General Contractor:
Nycon Corp.

Florida State University

Carlos Domenech

View at entry across f ield ofcylinders.
Elements of the design were drawn from the site and context. A Kentucky limestone wall at the entrance, a simple gateway, evokes the nearby cemetery wall. A field of white cylinders along the grass-covered roof echoes the stones placed long ago across the green hills to mark the graves of those who fell. TI1e rooftop entry sets the stage for the difficult history of the site.
Structure and symbol merge as one enters the center: the symbolic posts on the roof are revealed to be structural timber columns. The interior forest of collmms-deliberately denseopens up at the public end of the building, creating a large unobstructed space from which large groups of visitors can survey the battlefield.
Views fTom the rooftop and from within are meant to contrast and complement the various vantage points provided by the program and site. For exan1ple, from the lobby area, the building's length works like a telescope, concentrating the view toward the south on the distant horizon where much of the battle took place. .:.
View lookill~g back th1"Ough ent?'Jj
Exterior view, with unifying stand ofcolumns. ?"am~p.

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more than mere repairs or replacement of waste, costing labor or capital, and intended to enhance its value, beauty or utility or to adapt it for new or further purposes." Under Florida law, an improvement which falls within the above definition, including additions to existing facilities, is governed by the four-year statute.
Remodels or repairs may fall within the definition of an improvement where it is demonstrated that the services enhance the "value, beauty or utility" of the existing facility or a remodel adapts the facility to a new use. If, however, the definition of an improvement i1? not satisfied, a five-year statute of limitations governing contract actions may apply.
The third category of services-general consulting, testing and inspection services, or contract administration-arguab ly is governed by the two-year professional malpractice statute of limitations. For example, where an architect is retained to inspect a finalized construction project in which he or she had no prior involvement, it is likely that an action alleging negligent inspection would be brought under this statute since the architect made no improvements to real property. It would also likely govern an action arising from a design professional's delay in administrating an agreement between an owner and a contractor.
Although this discussion may appear somewhat of an exercise in legal minutiae, the prevailing confusion can spawn undue litigation, with savvy plaintiff counsel attempting to obtain a longer limitations period (Le., a longer open window of liability) or defense counsel seeking the converse. It is possible, however, to circumvent this confusion through intelligent contracting decisions.
Potential Solutions. Many practitioners employing the standard AlA contracts or their own versions overlook that parties to a contract may choose, among other things, the applicable law. For example, while the standard AlA contract provides that the law of the state where the project is located applies, parties may instead specify the applicability of another state's law, so long as that state has a reasonable relationship to the transaction. Since there is no uniformity among states with regard to statutes of limitations, the obvious advantage is the opportunity to apply a more favorable statute. (AlA publishes a compendium of the statutes of limitations of all states.)
Unlike the paternalistic position adopted by Florida, some states also pennit more freedom ofcontract by allowing parties to agree on the time period during which any legal action must be instituted. While Florida law disallows parties shortening limitation periods in their contracts, Florida courts applying the contractually specified law of another state will follow the pruties' dictate on a shorter statute of limitations. The advantage of "shopping" for more favorable law is axiomatic: A design professional may be able to shorten the period of potential liability from four years to one year.
Design professionals provided an opportunity to apply the law of another forum to their transaction should seriously consider the pros and cons of such a selection. Even though another state may have a more favorable limitations period, other aspects of its law may not be so advantageous. It is necessary to be aware, though, that Florida law has an extremely favorable period of lilnitationsfor
Absent the ability to apply a more favorable law, design professionals should still consider modifying every contract governed by Florida law to specify the applicability of the two-year design professional malpractice statute of limitations. Although a court likely will not follow this dictate on a matter clearly governed by a longer period of limitation, it may carry some weight in a close call. Again, keep in mind that which statutes govern certain activities may not be well defined. Courts that value the prinCiple of freedom of contract may defer to the parties' reasonable choice of law. Perhaps most important, the law is dynamic, and courts continually revisit issues where there is far less confusion than here.
Robert Aifert, J1:, pmcticed architecture before taking up the law. He is a trial a,llorney at the Orlando office of Broad and Cassel, specializing in comme1c cial litigation with an mnphasis on const1'"Ucti on law. An expanded version ofthis a1ticle containing all ~mde1'lying legal citations and authorities is available fTOm the aullwr: .:.



Buyers' Guide
Continuing Education Dw"Wood Publishers .............................. 24 Trus Joist MacMillan ................................ 2
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Design Software Intergraph Corp ........................ ...... ........ 21
Doors & Wrndows Ricketson Sash & Door Company .......... ............................. 2 Window Classics Corp .... ...................... 24
Drafting Supplies Intergraph Corp ............. ......................... 21
C.w. Maryland & Co ...... ........................ 28

Employment Opportunities Walt Disney Casting ................................. 9
Energy Technology Florida Natural Gas .... ........................ .. IFC
Engineered Lumber Trus Joist MacMillan ........ ........................ 2
Glass Blocks Glass Masonry .................. ...................... 20
Florida Natural Gas .... .......................... IFC

Insurance AlA Trust ................................................. 25 Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson,
Fowler & Dowling, Inc ........ ............... 20 Florida Liability Assurance
Group, Inc ................................... .... ........ 9 Sedgwick of Florida, Inc ...................... 23 Seitlin & Company Insurance ............ IBC SUIlCOast InsW'ance
Associates, Inc ... ...... ................... ....... IBC
Health Insurance Business Owners Disability Mortgage Programs
LegaLine Retirement Continuing Education
Life Insurance


Small Firm Profess ional Li ab ility
What Are Architects Saying
About Today's AlA Trust?"

88% say the AlA Trust is a valuable membership benefit.

94% of those most familiar with the Trust say the Trust's
programs are a reason to belong to AlA.
85% of participants in the Trust's programs are very satisfied.



'AlA Trust Product Evaluation Study Wiese Research Associates 1996


AlA Trust .......... ....................................... 25
Aluminum Servi es, Inc ......................... 26
American Ornamental Corp .................. 25
Associated Cost Engineers ................... 20
Chroma, Inc ........................................... 22
COllinswOlth, Alter, Nielson,
Fowler & Dowling, Inc ....................... 20

C. W. Maryland & Co ............................... 28
Digital Drafting Systems, Inc ............... 24
Durwood Publishers .............................. 24
Florida Liability Assurance
Group, Inc .............................................. 9
Florida Natural Gas .............................. IFC
Genesis Studios, Inc .... ...................... OBC
Glass MasolUY .......... ............. ................. 20
Graphisoft ............ ..................................... 9
Intergraph Corp ..................................... 21
Masterpiece Tile Company ...... .............. 21
Prime Unlimited Inc ................... .... .......... 7
Project Development
International, Inc ................................. 27
Reprographia .............. .............................. 5
Ricketson Sash & Door Company .......... 2
Sedgwick of Florida, Inc ...................... 23
Seitlin & Company Insurance ...... ...... IBC
Associates, Inc ................................... IBC
Tropic Top/Symbold ........................... 2, 20
Trus Joist MacMillan .............................. .. 2
Walt Disney Casting ................................. 9
Window Classics Corp .......................... 24

Ablueprint for claims

prevention. Because

we'd hate to see you end

up in the red.


'.' :.

TQday's building methodology has become so complex and : "sophisticated that it often far exceeds the job description of today' architect. Yet many owners are unwilling to take .;. responsibility for promises not kept. As a result deSigners run the risk of being held up for outrageous construction claims that could mire them in aswamp of red ink.
We can help. Project Development International presents the gold standard for claims prevention packages. Constflletion RisKontl'ol'"'maps out the risks and spells out the responsibilities before disputesescalate into aconflict or litigation. It protects your profit and limits your liability, willIe providingimprovedprotection and better service to your owner. On budget and on time. Construction RisKontrolSlnwill also work to maintain,even reduce, your profe sionalliability insurance costs. Ali at acostof less than one-half of one percent of tilecon truction contract amount. Neitiler you nor your owner can afford to be witllout it!
Ask Project Development International to show youhow Construction RisKontrolSln canbe used to help you sell your next project. Now youcan review contract risks, determine constIlIctability, analyze and monitor progre s forthe lifeof the job, and mitigate ongoing disputes without disruptingthe project's schedule. All at a fraction of what as7Ieeessfitl defense claim could cost youor your owner.

For more information, call us INTERNAnONAL, INC.
Construction Management Construction Claims
at 1800PDI7888. Clearwater, Florida' Houston, Texas


Participating advertisers are assigned a four-digit code (located under each ad). To access additional infonnation about the advertiser's product and/or service, you only need to dial (410) 252-9595 from your fax machine and listen to the voice prompts for further instructions. PRESTO -you will receive additional infonnation about advertiser's products and/or services.

Confused About Professional Liability

North &Central FLorida DPIC agency: Southeast Florida DPIC agency: At the Core of Professional Practice: Negotiating Skills
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. Seitlin & Company Insurance ARisk Management Workshop for Architects
P.O. Box 22668 P.O. Box 025220
Tampa, FL 336092668 Miami, FL 331025220 12 AIA/CES LUs 800.741.8889 305.591.0090
July 15, 1997 -Orlando July 16, 1997 -Ft. Lauderdale To register, call 800.227.4284, ext. 337

Policies are underwritten by Security Insurance Company of Hartford, Design Professionals Insurance Company and The Connecticut Indemnity Company, rated A (Excellent) by A,M. Besl Company. The issuing company vanes by Siale. DPIC is the professional liability specialist of the Orion Capital Compames. wholly owned by the Orion Capital Corporallon. 3 NYSE listed corporation with assets of over S3 billion. 1997 DPIC Companies. Inc.

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