• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 A note on the electronic edition...
 Table of Contents
 About IPSA
 Abstracts: Articles and books forthcoming...
 Bibliography: Books published between...
 Bibliography: Articles published...
 Index
 Announcements














Title: IPSA abstracts and bibliography in literature and psychology
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00004601/00002
 Material Information
Title: IPSA abstracts and bibliography in literature and psychology
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts
Publisher: Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1986-
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Literature -- Psychology -- Abstracts -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Literature -- Psychology -- Bibliography -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Psychology and literature -- Abstracts -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Psychology and literature -- Bibliography -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: No. 1 (Apr. 1986)-
General Note: Title from cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004601
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000918895
oclc - 15866765
notis - AEM9249
lccn - sn 87035333

Table of Contents
    A note on the electronic edition of the IPSA abstracts and bibliography for 1994
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    About IPSA
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Abstracts: Articles and books forthcoming after 1 March 1994
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Bibliography: Books published between January 1993 and March 1994
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Bibliography: Articles published between January 1993 and March 1994
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
    Index
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
    Announcements
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
Full Text








77
Date: Tue, 17 May 94 21:32:28 EDT
From: "Norman N. Holland"
Subject: A Note on The Electronic Edition of the IPSA Abstracts
and Bibliography for 1994

For nine years now, IPSA has mailed its annual IPSA Abstracts
and Bibliography in Literature-and-Psychology to some 2200
subscribers. The 1994 edition (99 pages in all) consists of a
bibliography of 1552 books and articles published in our field in
1993 and ten pages of abstracts of forthcoming work. "Our field"
includes as its core, literature-and-psychology (including
reader-response studies). The IPSABIB also includes, less
systematically, psychological studies of the other arts (notably
film) and some materials on psychoanalysis or other psychologies
in themselves where they seem particularly pertinent.

The whole bibliography is now kept online in the IPSA
files as one file and can be downloaded by anonymous ftp.

You can, of course, print out IPSABIB. I think, however, you
will find it easier to search for items of particular interest to
you if you keep it in electronic form. (It all fits on one 1.44M
diskette.)

The text of the electronic edition differs from the print edition
in one respect. Each book and article entry still contains the
keywords we used for indexing. I discarded these in the print
edition but retained them in the electronic edition. These
keywords allow you an additional way of searching the list. They
will not, however, necessarily coincide with the index in the
final corrected and revised printed index, which is also included
in the electronic edition.

You can obtain a printed version if you will let me know by
regular mail. We ask for a contribution of $8.00 U.S. for this
service. Make your check payable to GAP-IPSA.

Last year, Wenjia You, one of our Taiwanese subscribers,
suggested that we make the previous eight years of IPSABIB
available by anonymous ftp (as the 1993 edition is). We are
working on that possibility.

Every year there are complaints that we missed someone's article.
You should remember that bibliographic perfection is not granted
to mortals. Our graduate students who do this work are not
superhuman. The best way to insure that your work is included is
to tell us about it, in response to our inquiries in the IPSA
Newsletter in the fall, in the bibliography itself in the
spring, and, of course, in PSYART online. In particular, we wish
you would send us abstracts of your forthcoming work, because we
have no other way of getting those.


IPSA
Institute for Psychological











Study of the Arts


IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
IN LITERATURE AND PSYCHOLOGY
Number 9 May 1994
$8.00
Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts4008 Turlington Hall
(904) 392-7332, 392-0777 University of Florida
FAX: (904) 392-0860 Gainesville, Florida 32611-2036
BITNET: nnh@nervm INTERNET: nnh@nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu

(c) Copyright 1994, Institute for Psychological Study of the
Arts. All rights reserved.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
About IPSA .... .......................................... 00

IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
IN LITERATURE AND PSYCHOLOGY ............................ 0

Abstracts. Articles and Books forthcoming after 1 March 1994
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0

Bibliography -- Books published between January 1993 and March
1994 ....................... ............................ .. 00

Bibliography -- Articles published between January 1993 and March
1994 .... .................................. .............. 00

Index to the Book and Article Bibliographies ............ 00

Announcements ............................................. 00




ABOUT IPSA

Located at the University of Florida, IPSA (the Institute for
Psychological Study of the Arts) was founded in 1984 by Norman N.
Holland and is currently directed by Andrew Gordon. Other
members from the University of Florida include Molly Harrower
(Clinical Psychology); Anne Jones, David Leverenz, Marie Nelson,
Scott Nygren, Bernard Paris, Maureen Turim (English); Daniel
Moors (French); Bertram Wyatt-Brown (History); Anne Wyatt-Brown
(Linguistics); Roger Blashfield and Ross McElroy (Psychiatry);
and Franz Epting (Psychology). A number of other people,
including several local clinicians, are informally associated
with IPSA.
IPSA sponsors a variety of activities in addition to the
Abstracts and Bibliography We conduct the Group for the
Application of Psychology (GAP), which meets monthly for dinner
and the discussion of a pre-circulated paper (usually work in
progress). GAP members come from a variety of disciplines both
within and outside academia. Programs for 1994-94 were as
follows:
August : Professor Wang Ning of the University of Peking, China











Study of the Arts


IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
IN LITERATURE AND PSYCHOLOGY
Number 9 May 1994
$8.00
Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts4008 Turlington Hall
(904) 392-7332, 392-0777 University of Florida
FAX: (904) 392-0860 Gainesville, Florida 32611-2036
BITNET: nnh@nervm INTERNET: nnh@nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu

(c) Copyright 1994, Institute for Psychological Study of the
Arts. All rights reserved.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
About IPSA .... .......................................... 00

IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
IN LITERATURE AND PSYCHOLOGY ............................ 0

Abstracts. Articles and Books forthcoming after 1 March 1994
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0

Bibliography -- Books published between January 1993 and March
1994 ....................... ............................ .. 00

Bibliography -- Articles published between January 1993 and March
1994 .... .................................. .............. 00

Index to the Book and Article Bibliographies ............ 00

Announcements ............................................. 00




ABOUT IPSA

Located at the University of Florida, IPSA (the Institute for
Psychological Study of the Arts) was founded in 1984 by Norman N.
Holland and is currently directed by Andrew Gordon. Other
members from the University of Florida include Molly Harrower
(Clinical Psychology); Anne Jones, David Leverenz, Marie Nelson,
Scott Nygren, Bernard Paris, Maureen Turim (English); Daniel
Moors (French); Bertram Wyatt-Brown (History); Anne Wyatt-Brown
(Linguistics); Roger Blashfield and Ross McElroy (Psychiatry);
and Franz Epting (Psychology). A number of other people,
including several local clinicians, are informally associated
with IPSA.
IPSA sponsors a variety of activities in addition to the
Abstracts and Bibliography We conduct the Group for the
Application of Psychology (GAP), which meets monthly for dinner
and the discussion of a pre-circulated paper (usually work in
progress). GAP members come from a variety of disciplines both
within and outside academia. Programs for 1994-94 were as
follows:
August : Professor Wang Ning of the University of Peking, China











on "The Reception of Freudianism in Modern Chinese Literature."

September : Dr. Alexander Yakubzon of Bekhterev
Psychoneurological Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
on "Perspectives on Developing Psychoanalysis in Russia."

November : Professor Lisa Starks of East Texas State University
on "Male Masochism, Spectatorship, and Performance Theory."

December : Professor Martin Gliserman of Rutgers University on
"The Language of the Body."

January : Professor Winifred Frazer of the University of Florida
on "A Psychological View of Edward de Vere and 'Shakespeare's'
Hamlet ."

February : Professor Mark Turner of the University of Maryland
on "The Literary Mind."

March : A discussion of Frederick Crews' review, "The Unknown
Freud," in The New York Review of Books.

IPSA co-sponsors the ELEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON
LITERATURE AND PSYCHOLOGY to be held June 24-28, 1994 in
Sandbjerg, Denmark, hosted by Professor Cay Dollerup of the
University of Copenhagen. The conference will present over forty
papers with scholars coming from China, France, Germany, Hungary,
Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, the U.K.,
and the U.S.
IPSA also maintains PSYART, an online list-conference on
BITNET and INTERNET. This list-conference offers discussion and
announcements dealing with literature-and-psychology, the
psychological study of the arts, and psychoanalysis in general.
Its 270 subscribers span the globe, and topics range from
recommended introductory texts to the discrepancies between
psychological research and literary theory. Information on how
to subscribe to this free service will be found in the
Announcements section, page 91 below.
IPSA is the research component of the Graduate Program in
Literature and Psychology in the Department of English. The
program is eclectic and clinically grounded. It provides Ph.D.
candidates with a background in various schools of psychological
theory and criticism. Currently, the program offers instruction
and dissertation direction in psychoanalytic psychology, third-
force psychology, reader-response criticism, psycholinguistics,
and cognitive psychology. We offer the following graduate
courses under the general heading:

Psychological Approaches to Literature

Psychoanalytic Psychology and Criticism Andrew Gordon
Norman Holland
Peter L. Rudnytsky

Third-Force Psychology and Criticism Bernard Paris


Reader-Response Criticism


Norman Holland












Lacanian Psychoanalysis and Criticism


Feminist Theory and Criticism Peter L. Rudnytsky
Maureen Turim

Cognitive Psychology and Criticism Norman Holland

Finally, with the assistance of Professor Norman Holland's
Marston-Milbauer Chair, the Literature and Psychology Program
offers fellowships to qualified Ph.D. students.

a Research Assistantship, the Marston-Milbauer Fellowship
in Literature and Psychology, with a stipend of $12,000,
including the teaching of one summer course.

several Teaching Assistantships with stipends up to
$11,000, including the teaching of one summer course.

There is also the possibility of a Research Assistantship
appointments for the position of Managing Editor of IPSA
ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Instructions for applying for a Marston-Milbauer Fellowship
will be found in the Announcements section, pp. 91-2. Applicants
for other kinds of support should write to Professor Andrew
Gordon for information.


IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

IN LITERATURE AND PSYCHOLOGY


Managing Editor: Catherine Bean
Associate Editor: Julie Nix
Editorial Supervisor: Norman N. Holland
Production Asssistant: Sonja Moreno


We intend IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY to provide as
comprehensive a covering of recent work done in literature-and-
psychology as possible. To that end, each annual issue of IPSA
ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY includes the following:

Abstracts of forthcoming work. (Number 9 includes
abstracts of work accepted for publication as of 1 April 1994
but not yet published.)

A Bibliography of books published during the previous year.
(Number 9 includes books published between 1 January 1994 and 1
March 1994, with a few extras.)

A Bibliography of articles published during the previous
year. (Number 9 includes articles published between 1 January
1994 and 1 March 1994, with a few extras.)


Indexes to the bibliographies.


Maureen Turim












Announcements of conferences, publications, and other
matters of interest to the profession.

This year, we have prepared IPSABIB almost entirely by computer
searches. While we have been able to glean many more entries,
1552 as against last year's 997, the indexing is necessarily less
reliable. Verb. sap.
The objective of IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY is to speed
the dissemination of current research in literature and
psychology, to facilitate correspondence and the exchange of
manuscripts among ourselves, and in general to promote our field
of study within the profession and among our students. Thus, we
urge you to submit abstracts of your forthcoming works in
psychoanalytic, Lacanian, Third Force, psycholinguistic,
cognitive, and reader-response criticism or in any other
psychological or psychology-related criticism. In an effort to
make our bibliography comprehensive, we also urge you to submit
your bibliographic entries of work published in the current year.
We shall be publishing issue number 10 of IPSA ABSTRACTS AND
BIBLIOGRAPHY in May 1995. For this forthcoming issue, we ask
you to submit (1) abstracts of works that will have been accepted
for publication by 1 March 1994 but not yet published by that
date, (2) bibliography entries for articles and books that have
appeared in print between 1 January 1993 and 1 March 1994,
including several index terms and (3) announcements of
interest to the profession. We look forward to your
participation. In sending us abstracts and bibliographies,
please help us in our indexing by including the names of relevant
literary and psychological authors and key psychological and
aesthetic terms. *Please send your entries and abstracts to Mrs.
Sonja Moreno, Department of English, University of Florida,
Gainesville, Florida 32611-2036.*
The editors of IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY and the
members of the Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts are
grateful to the Office of Graduate Research of the University of
Florida for financial support. We also thank Ms. Sonja Moreno











for her valuable secretarial assistance and Dr. John Van Hook of
the University of Florida Libraries.
IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY IN LITERATURE AND PSYCHOLOGY
is published with the generous support of the Division of
Sponsored Research of the University of Florida and Norman
Holland's Marston-Milbauer Chair. Though that support initially
allowed us to distribute this publication free of charge to
members of the Psychological Approaches to Literature Division of
the MLA and to other MLA members who requested it, the size and
complexity of the IPSA ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY has grown
dramatically since its inception, and we are now incurring a
significant deficit. As a result, we must now request recipients
to help defray our costs by contributing $8.00, the amount that
we are charging institutions and those who are not members of
MLA. Please make your check payable to GAP-IPSA and send it to
Andrew Gordon, Director, IPSA, Department of English, University
of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-2036 If you cannot
contribute $8.00, we shall keep you on our mailing list as long
as possible; but if you do not find this publication useful,
please let us know so that we can reduce costs by trimming our
list. One solution to our problem of costs will be to distribute
the bibliography only electronically, over PSYART. We would
appreciate your opinion of this plan.

ABBREVIATIONS
U = University or Universities
P = Press or Presses
Names of the United States are abbreviated according to the two-
letter U. S. Postal Service system: AL = Alabama; AK = Alaska; AZ
= Arizona; CA = California, and so on.





ABSTRACTS

Articles and Books Forthcoming after 1 May 1994

APPEL, STEPHEN WILLIAM DANIEL. Psychoanalysis and 'New'
Sociology of Education: Positioning Subjects. Dissertation
Abstracts International 54-01A. 1993.
'New' sociology of education (NSOE) has thoroughly critiqued
the liberal notion that the school is the great social equalizer.
Rather, NSOE has shown, schools play a part in reproducing social
inequalities, such reproduction being contested and resisted. In
the process of developing these views, however, NSOE has become
split into reproduction analyses and descriptions of resistance.
An area of analysis not developed by the discipline is that of
the actual processes of identity or subject formation.
Psychoanalysis, with its emphasis on the unconscious, will
therefore be introduced into NSOE to address this problem. In
order to maintain the materialist tradition of NSOE,
psychoanalytic concepts will be inserted by using them to
elaborate Louis Althusser's theory of ideology-in-general.
Althusser's theory is, then, proposed as a useful way to
conceptualize socialization in educational settings. Sigmund
Freud's structural psychic model, Melanie Klein's notion of











projective identification, and Jacques Lacan's theory of
subjectivity are built onto Althusser's axiom: ideology
interpellates individuals as subjects. The dissertation is an
instance of theory building by the integration of diverse writers
from within and without psychoanalysis. The dissertation will
thereby produce a novel model of how it is that subject formation
occurs. It will conclude by considering the place of education
in social change. This theory of identity or subject formation
has theoretical, empirical and political implications. It links
structural and individual agency levels of analysis through the
focus on the unconscious, thereby proposing a way out of the NSOE
agency/structure dilemma. Researchers in the field can use this
psychoanalytic theory of subject formation to counteract the
acceptance of educational behavior at face value, to study
educational group dynamics, and further develop psychodynamic
social theory. Finally, an understanding of unconscious
processes will help activist educators to move between the
pessimism of systemic totality and the naive optimism of
volitional agency.

BAUMANIS, KYLE. Temporality, Mirror Phenomena and the Concrete
Ego Dissertation Abstracts International 54-08B, 1993.
This study is a phenomenological exploration of the genetic
origins of mirror phenomena in the structures and operations of
the living present, and of the role that a 'consciousness of'
being reflected plays in a concrete ego's self-typification and
sense of identity. Mirror phenomena are subjected to intentional
analysis by recourse to post-Husserlian research in the genetic
phenomenology of innertime-consciousness. The central feature of
appearance common to all mirror phenomena is the capacity to
share partially and, therefore, to reflect the live kinesthetic
tension of the perceiving agent who constitutes them. The
overarching theme of these analyses is the intrication of mirror
phenomena in the temporal dialectic of permanence and change,
that Husserl was the first to touch on when he described the
living present as "stehend-stromend" (standing-streaming). In
view of the above concerns, the place of the present study,
within phenomenological research, is in the area of inner time-
consciousness and intersubjectivity. The primary method of
investigation is genetic and deals with the eidetic description
of the performance ('behaviour'), i.e., the phenomenology of
action. The formal results of this procedure are brought to bear
on the structuralist psychoanalysis pioneered by Jacques Lacan,
and his reformulation of the Freudian ego as a 'mirror self.'
This critical juxtaposition shows marked parallels between a
phenomenological and a psychoanalytic approach to mirroring, but
also indicates that a major shortcoming of Freudian probes of
subjectivity is the total absence of format account of temporal
constitution. This problem is approached by a phenomenological
analysis of the temporal foundation of the Lacanian 'mirror
self,' and of narcissism, idealization, identification,
projection and transference, all of which are crucial to the
formation of the psychoanalytic ego. Perhaps most important is
the finding that the Freudian instinctual dualism--ultimately
Eros and Thanatos--may be founded in the dialectic of permanence
and change, and that the unconscious, as postulated by
psychoanalysis, is clearly involved in organizing lived time.











Rather than being merely an aspect of a mundane psychological
self, the unconscious appears to be similar, in essence, to a
transcendental "sphere or owness" as first described by Husserl.

BERMAN, JEFFREY. Diaries to an English Professor: Pain and
Growth in the Classroom U of MA P, 1994.
This book is a study of the diaries that students have written
in Jeffrey Berman's college class on literature and
psychoanalysis over the course of fifteen years. Introspective
and ungraded, the diaries offer a unique glimpse into the
personal world of students' lives. Again and again, they turn to
similar struggles, including parental divorce, eating disorders,
suicide, and sexual conflicts. The power of the book lies in the
students' voices: articulate, honest, often eloquent. Berman's
thesis is that by writing weekly diaries and hearing a few of
these entries read anonymously to the class, students are often
able to experience breakthroughs in aspects of their own lives
they rarely discuss. Contrary to the fears expressed by a number
of educators, the author demonstrates how, with proper
safeguards, the classroom can be an appropriate opportunity for
personal as well as intellectual growth and self-discovery.

CAPELLE, ELIZABETH LAWRENCE. Analyzing the "Modern Woman":
Psychoanalytic Debates about Feminism Dissertation Abstracts
International 54-07A 1993.
The first wave of feminism in Europe and America served as
both challenge and inspiration to the creators of psychoanalytic
theories about women. These theories were shaped in professional
debates that focused on the professionally accomplished and
sexually emancipated "modern woman" who seemed to be the product
of feminism. In the years between the world wars, despite the
decline of the women's movement, psychoanalysts considering the
question of female psychosexual development were in conversation
with each other and with what they believed to be the assertions
and goals of feminism. By the 1940's, this ferment had produced
three distinct variants of psychoanalytic theory about women by
writers who made explicit the implications of their ideas for the
debate over women's status. The larger societal controversy over
women's rights and capacities had fostered the debate within sis.
In the books and articles of Sigmund Freud, Helene Deutsch and
Clara Thompson, psychoanalysis in turn contributed to the public
debate that revived in the postwar era--offering as scientific
findings their views of woman as thwarted man (Freud), woman as
female (Deutsch), and woman as human being (Thompson). Each of
these three brought to the psychoanalytic debates a viewpoint
affected by personal experience and emotional bias, but
influenced also by very specific intellectual and political
orientations. The psychoanalytic controversies were not a simple
matter of "Freud versus women." They were shaped by Freud's
engagement with Darwinian evolutionary biology and 19th-century
liberalism, by Deutsch's involvement in turn-of-the-century
Austro-German socialist-feminism, and by Thompson's discovery of
20th-century American cultural anthropology. These were the
major intellectual resources brought to bear on the analysis of
the "modern woman." This analysis assumed a feminism of
unwavering liberal-individualist outlook. Ironically, in the
early years of psychoanalysis feminists did not universally share











this outlook. By the 1940's, however, the remnant of the
American women's movement had embraced liberal individualism, so
that the psychoanalytic analysis of the "modern woman" was
directly relevant to postwar discussions of women's status.

DUNCAN, MARTHA GRACE. "In Slime and Darkness: The Metaphor of
Filth in Criminal Justice ." In Tulane Law Review 68, May
1994.
From Shakespeare's gruel, "thick and slab," which the witches
stir in Macbeth to Arthur Cowan Doyle's Great Mire, where the
villainous hound makes his home, classical literature portrays a
close association between criminals and slime. This article
explores that association, tracing its vicissitudes in literature
and legal history. Throughout this exploration, the article
draws on psychoanalytic theory to suggest that slime
simultaneously exerts an allure and evokes a powerful disgust.
This capacity to call forth a profoundly ambivalent response
renders slime an ideal metaphor for criminals; in particular, the
metaphor functions to defend against our unconscious attraction
to lawbreakers. Having laid the foundation with literature and
psychoanalysis, the article applies its vision to an important
episode in legal history: the "Botany Bay venture," Britain's
eighteenth-century decision to solve its penal crisis by
banishing hundreds of thousands of criminals to Australia.
Through an analysis of the anal language that pervaded the
literature about this undertaking, the article maintains that the
Botany Bay venture was partially determined by unconscious
meanings; among them, the expulsion of waste from the human body,
the projection of unwanted feelings about the self onto a
devalued group, and the re-enactment of an age-old story, the
Fall.

GORDON, LEWIS RICARDO. Bad Faith and Antiblack Racism: A Study
in the Philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. Dissertation Abstracts
International 54-07A, 1993.
Bad faith is defined as the attempt to hide from ourselves as
free and responsible agents. Antiblack racism is shown to be the
self-deceiving choice to believe that black people are inferior
to all other races and that black people are not fully human
beings; as such, it is shown to be not only a form of denial, but
also a form of self-denial. The possibility of self-denial is
developed through an examination of Sartre's theory of pre-
reflective consciousness, the imagination, and the contradictory
and ironic "nature" of human reality. Using Sartre's
interpretive method of existential psychoanalysis--where human
reality is guided by an "original choice" to achieve what Sartre
calls the "in-itself-for-itself," the self- contradictory
object of all desire--I provide a description of a number of
antiblack attitudes, among which is the notion of white supremacy
out of which the ascription of an identity relation of blackness
with absence and hunger is shown. I argue that the
interpretation of blackness as absence and hunger in an antiblack
world entails the convergence and conflation of race and gender
since femininity is also traditionally interpreted as absence and
hunger. I further argue that the existential-theological problem
of whether human reality can exist without the desire to be the
in-itself-for-itself is transformed in an antiblack world into











the question of whether blacks and whites are human in virtue of
a white object of desire. An antiblack world calls for blacks to
justify their right to exist, which suggests a group--whites--
whose existence is self-justified, which is tantamount to whites
being the in-itself-for-itself. I then discuss the various
challenges posed by a Sartrean treatment of antiblack racism,
among which are that Sartre does not have a social philosophy in
Being and Nothingness and that Sartre's categories of subject and
object militate against the egalitarian goal of a world in which
both blacks and whites are subjects.

HILLENAAR, HENK and WALTER SCHOENAU, eds. Fathers and Mothers
in Literature Amsterdam, Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1994.
This publication gives an account of the colloquium on the
subject, Fathers and Mothers in Literature November 1992 at
Groningen University, The Netherlands. Marthe Robert's book on
the Origins of the Novel (Paris, Grasset, 1972; Brighton,
Harvester Press, 1980) offers such a convincing and lively proof
of Freud's views of the family romance that now, more than twenty
years after its first appearance, this book was chosen as the
basis of the Groningen conference. Marthe Robert tried to do two
things at the same time. Developing Freud's idea of the family
romance, she gave us a new method to analyse the novel and also
presented the results of her research as a contribution to the
history of the genre. The papers of this conference, given in
English, French and Geran, seek to verify the lasting fecundity
of her views. The authors endeavor to investigate in what sense
Freud's theory of the family romance, as developed by Robert, is
suitable for additions, elaboration, and perhaps, corrections.
The historical or mythical figures Mary, Medea, Electra, Kaspar
Hauser and Sir Gawain are subjects of articles. Other
contributions are devoted to the following authors: Barthes,
Beckett, Camus Drieu la Rochelle, Faulkner, Flaubert, Goethe,
Claire Goll, Gombrowicz, Graham Greene, Kafka, Bernhard-Henri
Levy, Thomas Mann, Modiano, Petronius, Sartre, and Vigny.

HILLENAAR, HENK. Le Secret de Telemaque Paris: Presses
Universitaires de France, 1994.

HILTON, NELSON. Lexis Complexes: Literary Interventions.
Forthcoming, 1994. U of GA P.
The first chapter, "Lexis Complexes and Intensions in
Tension," offers a way of reading grounded in the notion of the
Knotenpunkt or nodall word": key puns which can serve to collect
aspects of response to a work or even suggest psychodynamics that
structure a life and its articulation. After an illustrated
chapter on pre-oedipal imagery, "Before the Milk of the Word:
Nipple-Eyes," and its later expression in language, the book
takes up "Restless Wrestling: Johnson's Rasselas ," "Mary
Godwin's Remonstrance" (on Frankenstein "Keats, Teats, and the
Fane of Poesy," "Tears, Ay, Dull Tears: Tennyson's Idle Idol-
Idyl," "Brontean Thunder," Hypograms, Hypocrites, and Hippos" (on
Heart of Darkness ), and "Sylvia on Aurelia Plath."

HOLLAND, NORMAN N. "Eliza Meets the Postmodern." EJOURNAL 4.1
(May 1994). Electronic journal available from
EJOURNAL@albany.bitnet.











Norman Holland's essay asks, "What *do* the new computer
genres imply about the postmodern and literary theory?" Holland
disagrees with the idea that hypertext and multimedia demonstrate
postmodern notions of literature. He defines postmodernism as
artists' using for their material *our* ideas. On this
definition the fashionable notion of hypermedia as a postmodern
phenomenon "seems exaggerated," derived from Lacan's mistaken
application of Saussure to problems of meaning and the
psychological tendency of literary critics to credit words with
magical powers. "Hypermedia simply use a computer to assist in
tasks that have always been open to readers." Holland describes
the ELIZA interactive computer programs, by contrast, as allowing
the reader to insert in the completed work an "infinity of
possible responses." He argues that Eliza programs in principle
come closer to postmodern postulates than do hypertext and
multimedia. In new experimental forms they go even beyond the
postmodern.

JOHNSTONE, PEGGY FITZHUGH. The Transformation of Rage: Mourning
and Creativity in George Eliot's Fiction Forthcoming NYUP,
Fall, 1994.
This book focuses on aggression in George Eliot's fiction: how
it is portrayed in the characters, how it is denied by the
author, and how it affects the author's creative process. The
book argues that Eliot's apparently high level of aggression
derived from her sense of loss of loved ones; it demonstrates the
way in which Eliot's creative works reflect the process of
release from her state of mourning. The theories of Otto
Kernberg and Heinz Kohut, the research of Margaret S. Mahler and
John Bowlby, and the insights of George H. Pollock, author of
The Mourning-Liberation Process are used to support the
author's observations regarding Eliot's reactions to deaths in
her family.

KASSANOFF, JENNIE ANN. The Fetishized Family: The Modernism of
Edith Wharton Dissertation Abstracts International 53-12A.
1993.
This study locates Edith Wharton in the genealogy of early
modernism by examining her career-long enquiry into the ideology
of kinship and the discursive construction of the American
family. Wharton, I argue, defamiliarized kinship to such an
extent that the Family became, in her words, "a huge voracious
Fetish"--at once an icon of reverence and a mark of absence.
Operating within a theoretical framework informed by
anthropology, psychoanalysis and social history, this study
traces the developing implications of the "fetishized family" in
Wharton's major fictions and argues that Wharton's critique
formed a ground-breaking modernist analysis of American kinship.
Her inquiry into the roles of politics, gender, class, and the
body within the fragmenting matrix of the American family
influenced a generation of younger modernists who, in turn,
exploited and experimented with the formal connotations of
Wharton's genealogical critique. Chapters 1 and 2 situate Wharton
both biographically and theoretically within the context of early
twentieth-century modernism. Chapter 3 pursues Wharton's
anthropological and psychoanalytic theory of the "fetishized
family" in her late fictions, The Age of Innocence (1920) and











Old New York (1924). In Chapter 4, the dissertation returns to
Wharton's early career, and begins tracing her theoretical
development by briefly sketching the social history of the turn-
of-the-century American family in conjunction with Wharton's
early modernist achievement, The House of Mirth (1905).
Chapter 5 explores the impact of Wharton's kinship theories on
the larger turn-of-the-century American population by
deconstructing her elaborately encoded critique of reproduction,
class, mechanization and individual agency in her little-known
1907 work, The Fruit of the Tree Wharton's fascination with
the dialectical human impulses to enervate and transgress
familial law occupies the consideration of The Reef (1912) in
Chapter 6, while Chapter 7 attends to the linguistic foundation
of kinship in The Custom of the Country (1913). Finally,
Chapters 8 and 9 consider the family in extremis, concentrating
on Wharton's overlapping themes of incest, familial and narrative
fragmentation and the post-war erotics of home in Summer (1917)
and The Mother's Recompense (1926).

KRIMS, MARVIN. "Hotspur's Antifeminine Prejudice in
Shakespeare's I Henry IV ." 1994.
Feminist psychoanalytic literary criticism of Shakespeare has
called attention to the distorting timbre of the masculine voice
in representing femininity and the female body. Even though
Shakespeare did at times fall victim to this kind of intuitive
opacity, it is thesis of this paper that Shakespeare also
provides commentary in the subtext that reveals the unconscious
sources of phallocentricic misrepresentation of women. To
support this, I examine the character of Hotspur in Shakespeare's
I Henry IV I argue that commentary appears in the subtext of
his words that discloses that Hotspur's phallocentric attitude is
the result of neurotic distortion induced by anxiety about his
"...feminine attitude towards his own sex" (Freud), as well as
other childhood developmental factors unrelated to gender issues.
I concluded that although gender prejudice appears in the works
of Shakespeare, the man, his discourse is also informed by
Shakespeare, the artist.

LAUGRUND, RAFE. The Country Road to the Unconscious: Early
Childhood Conflict in the Songs of Jerry Jeff Walker.
Dissertation Abstracts International 54-07B, 1993.
Country music, a form of popular culture, rapidly becoming
more popular, relies for much of its material on the theme of
lost love. This study asks what makes such a theme so universal.
The purpose of this work is to explore the connections between
what takes place in a country music song and what goes on in
psychoanalysis. The paper suggests that evidence of
developmental conflicts, especially in the narrow straits of
passage from oneness with the mother to separation, formed before
the infant acquires language, will be found in country music.
Analyzing the songs reveals an urge in the singer-songwriter, in
this case Jerry Jeff Walker, to repeat this early experience. In
addition, this discussion considers the range of ways which the
unconscious has devised to deal with these remnants of early
unmet needs. Ten of Jerry Jeff Walker's more than one hundred
creations are examined. The "Review of Literature" explains
Freud's theoretical foundation for the study of psychoanalysis











and literature. The point is made that dreams, symptoms, and
works of art all arise from the same source in the unconscious.
There is a discussion of relevant literature on dreams and early
childhood development. This study finds evidence in nearly all
the songs of a wish to return to a state of oneness with the
mother and a corresponding fear of abandonment, sometimes seen in
a reaction formation as a need to leave the object of love. The
data suggest that the perennial country theme of lost love may be
connected to the sense of loss of the earliest love--the mother.
The sense of yearning experienced in these songs may be a
repetition of that drama. Recommendations for further
exploration of other songwriters and of related genres are made.

MARGARET, MARY. The Comic Oedipus: Humor and Irony in "La
Coscienza di Zeno." Dissertation Abstracts International 54-
07A,1993.
The study focuses on the psychoanalytic subtext in Italo
Svevo's La coscienza di Zeno (1930) and the manner in which the
humor and irony of the text are linked to the subversive
representation of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis, in fact,is not
championed as a medical science, but rather as a powerful
hermeneutic tool which, curiously enough, can also produce
wonderful cures. A close reading of the text, in light of its
psychoanalytic subtext, illuminates the humor and irony which
permeates the details of the narrative, even the names of the
protagonists themselves. The historical analysis of the
reception of the novel reveals that attitudes towards
psychoanalysis itself have greatly influenced the readings of the
text.

MAZZUCCO, CECIL ANNETTE. The Gender of Fiction: The Art(ist) as
Embroidery/Frame in Henry James's Critical Writings.
Dissertation Abstracts International 54-06A 1993.
Henry James, conscious of himself as a artist, agonized over
his artistic technique in his non-fictional prose, especially a
series of prefaces to his works. These prefaces most clearly
demonstrate the agon of self-commentary in James; for they are
examples of his desire for self-mastery, an attempt to contain
the conflict which produced his art: namely his own gendered
representations of writing as masculine or feminine. His
internal struggle manifests itself in two gendered sets of
metaphors: fiction as building and dominance, and fiction as
embroidery or nurturing, respectively. Since this is as much a
linguistic conflict as it is a creative or psychological one, I
will refer to Harold Bloom's theory of the agon as well as
Lacan's application of linguistics to psychoanalysis and
Bachelard's trope of the double's double--the self divided as
anima/animus seeking its perfect (yet mutually and necessarily
antagonistic) complement. Through the act of writing the
prefaces, James is in fact his own over-anxious precursor through
time, as well as his own engendered, perfect Other. He
approaches his texts as (re)writer/(re)reader in a way that is
both a struggle for mastery over his own works and a search for
complementary in his competing artistic drives. The prefaces
present a James perpetually poised between masculine and
feminine, precursor and ephebe, Imaginary and Symbolic, in an
agon that is never ending yet always generative.












PARIS, BERNARD J. Karen Homey: A Psychoanalyst's Search for
Self-Understanding Yale UP, Fall 1994.
Karen Homey (1885-1952) is regarded by many as one of the
most important psychoanalytic thinkers of the twentieth century.
Her early work, in which she quarreled with Freud's version of
female psychology, established her as the first great
psychoanalytic feminist. In her later years, she developed a
sophisticated theory of her own that provided powerful
explanations of human behavior that have proved to be widely
applicable. Yet through these years of intellectual achievement,
Homey struggled with emotional problems. This study of Homey's
life and work draws on newly discovered materials to explore the
relation between her personal history and the evolution of her
ideas. It argues that Homey's inner struggles--in particular,
her compulsive need for men--induced her to embark on a search
for self-understanding, which she recorded first in her diaries
and then in her covertly autobiographical psychoanalytic
writings. Although this search brought Homey only partial
relief from her problems, it led her to profound and original
insights into the human psyche. The book describes Homey's
life--her childhood and adolescence in Germany, marriage to Oskar
Homey, motherhood, analysis and self-analysis, emigration to the
United States, founding of the American Institute for
Psychoanalysis, ostracism by the psychoanalytic establishment,
and her many romantic liaisons. At the same time, it examines
the various stages of Homey's thought, showing how her
experiences influenced her ideas. Focusing particularly on
Homey's later work, it shows her mature theory to be an
important contribution to the study of literature, biography,
gender, and culture, as well as to psychoanalysis and psychology.

PARIS, BERNARD J. "Petruchio's Taming of Kate: A Horneyan
Perspective." Forthcoming in The American Journal of
Psychoanalysis 1994.
This is a response to an essay by Roger Sealy that will appear
in the same journal entitled "The Psychology of the Shrew and
Shrew Taming." Sealy argues that there are parallels between the
way in which Petruchio "tames" Kate and the techniques employed
by object relations therapists to treat preoedipal personality
disorders. I argue that from a Horneyan point of view, Kate does
not achieve a healthy integration of the conflicting components
of her personality, as Sealy contends, nor can Petruchio's taming
techniques be seen as comparable to psychotherapy. Rather than
being like a good therapist, Petruchio is like a bad parent who
abuses a child while proclaiming that everything done is for the
child's good. He does not aim at Kate's growth; rather, he seeks
to train her as he would an animal, subjecting her completely to
his will. Ruthless trainer that he is, Petruchio makes Kate
aware that she is completely in his power and depends on him for
the necessities of life, like food and sleep. In Horneyan terms,
he is trying to arouse in Kate a basic anxiety, against which she
can find no defense except submission. Once Petruchio crushes
Kate's pride and brings out her submerged self-effacing side, she
becomes "Conformable as other household Kates" and is fit for her
social role. One could argue that Kate is better off at the end
than she was at the beginning, given the possibilities open to











her in society; and if so, Petruchio's treatment may have been
good for her. That is not the same thing as calling it
therapeutic, however, since the method of therapy is not physical
and psychological abuse, and its object, I trust, is not adaption
to a pathological culture in which women are treated as property.

PRICE, MARIAN. Cat on a Hot Tin Roof: The Uneasy Marriage of
Success and Idealism Forthcoming in Modern Drama 1994.
This psychobiographical reading links Skipper with Williams'
homosexuality, Brick with Williams' inability to incorporate his
sexual orientation fully into his plays, and Maggie with his
drive for success. As Brick and Maggie evolve from their first
appearance in "Three Players of a Summer Game" through the
original and Broadway productions of Cat Williams can be seen
grappling with moral paralysis, a condition brought on by denying
his lifestyle and lovers in order to meet the stringent
censorship of the 1940s and 50s. His insistence on publishing
the original Cat indicates his discomfort over his choice of
success with denial.

RANCOUR-LAFERRIERE, DANIEL. Self-Analysis in Literary Study:
Exploring Hidden Agendas NYUP, December 1994.
These various essays demonstrate that self-analysis can be a
boon to other-analysis. Literary analysis informed by self-
analysis is in principle superior to literary analysis not so
informed. Because of her self-analytic activity, for example,
Barbara Schapiro is better attuned to issues of boundaries,
narcissism, narcissistic rage, and related problems in the works
of Virginia Woolf. Bernard Paris has a better grip on
Raskolnikov's inner conflicts as a result of having brought to
consciousness his own highly conflicted relationship with his
mother. Michael Steig's self-analytic work brought an
understanding of why he had repeatedly read a novel by James Hogg
in a certain way (although Steig questions the possibility of
'objective' understanding of texts, it is obvious that he
improved his grasp of the psychology of justified sinning
depicted by Hogg). Upon recalling certain details of his
personal and ethnic background David Bleich discovered that he
understood more of Kafka than he had previously realized.
Jeffrey Berman, in the aftermath of a revered literature
teacher's suicide, achieved insights into literary works dealing
with suicide in part by analyzing his own response to his
teacher's suicide. Norman Holland's thinly disguised self-
character Norwood is able to deal more productively with
Paradise Lost after taking some self-analytic "shrink time" to
overcome his anxiety about the castratory "Lacanian." Self-
analysis helped Steven Rosen get beyond an homoerotic, and to
achieve insight into their equally important function as
enhancers of masculinity and facilitators of male-male
interaction in Dostoevsky's work. Finally, Daniel Rancour-
Laferiere's awareness of a personal preoccupation with head
injuries helped him avoid attaching any undue significance to the
fact that Natasha accidently bumped her head toward the end of
Tolstoy's War and Peace.

ROSSIGNOL, ROSALYN. The Symbolic as Milieu and Image in Four
Grail Romances: Chretien de Troyes, Malory Thomas, Wolfram von











Eschenbach Dissertation Abstracts International: 54-08A, 1993.
In the past, various theories of the grail legend's origin
have heavily influenced the analysis and criticism of medieval
grail texts. My own analysis reverses this approach by allowing
the narrative structure and symbolic configuration of four grail
romances to speak for themselves, while using psychoanalysis as a
theoretical framework to discuss the Oedipal themes that appear
throughout Chretien de Troyes' Conte du Graal Wolfram von
Eschenbach's Parzival the Old French Vulgate Queste del saint
Graal and Thomas Malory's Tale of the Sankgreal My
interpretation of narrative sequencing, plus the metaphorical and
metonymical associations of the symbols, lance and grail,
parallel recent findings in social anthropology regarding the
dynamics of kinship relations and incest prohibition. Romances,
like fairy tales, folktales, and a number of myths, traditionally
center on familial and societal relationships, and Freud himself
pointed out the relevance of psychoanalysis to understanding such
traditional narratives. From a psychoanalytic and structural
point of view, these four romances of the grail suggest that the
grail was a symbol through which certain medieval writers
attempted to articulate and mediate desire. Lacan's application
of Saussure's linguistic theory to psychoanalysis provides the
paradigm for my reading of desire as the drive to seek the
ultimate, ineffable signified by achieving the grail.

SANDER, FRED. Oscar Wilde's Salome: A Female Hamlet The
Interpersonal vs. Intraphyschic Controversy. Forthcoming,
International UP, 1994.
This paper addresses the ongoing controversy regarding the
degree to which environmental factors and drive derivatives are
significant in psychoanalytic psychology. These complementary
determinants are emphasized differently in the literature
depending on 1) the pathology of the patient and his or her
family, 2) the methods of gathering data, and 3) the theoretical
biases of the observers. In this study of Salome the patterns
of interaction and the intrapsychic determinants are shown to
reinforce one another. The author also discusses the previously
unrecognized similarity between Salome and Hamlet namely the
murders of the fathers by their uncles. An examination of their
differing Oedipal reactions emphasizes Salome's negative Oedipal
resolution.

SOCOR, BARBARA J. A Comparative-Integrative Study of the Self-
concept in the American, French, and British Schools of
Psychoanalytic Thought Dissertation Abstracts International
54-07A, 1993.
This study undertakes a systematic critical assessment of the
concept of the self within the psychoanalytic tradition. It
begins by observing that the concept, though not directly
engaged, is implied in the very nature of the psychoanalytic
inquiry itself. A schematic recounting of the symptom picture
presented in the founding case of Anna O. illustrates the latent
concern with the self. The discussion pursues the emergence and
evolution of the concept in the literature associated with the
American ego psychologists, the French psychoanalysts, and the
British object relations theorists. Among those whose work is
appraised are Heinz Hartmann, Paul Federn, Leo Spiegel, Otto











Kernberg, Jacques Lacan, Didier Anzieu, Melanie Klein, Michael
Balint, Harry Guntrip, and Christopher Bollas. One of the
principal outcomes of this evaluative reading suggests that there
are two distinct epistemologies which differentially organize the
three schools of thought, characterized as the self of presence
and the self of absence. The former, associated with the
American ego psychologists and, to a lesser extent the British
object relations theorists, formulates the self as a
psychological experience subject to representationo, or copy; as
the notion of the internal image or object constancy suggests.
The latter, principally affiliated with the work of J. Lacan,
conceives of a self which is most authentically realized in the
experience of anticipation, or desire, for what is absent. The
project concludes by proposing a dialectical modification of the
self concept such that the thesis of presence and the antithesis
of absence produce the idea of an allusive self, a concept which
expresses the dual nature of the self as the present trace of the
absent. The introduction of the supplemental object is designed
to underscore the dual role of the internalized object as the
agent of psychic presencing and the persistent indicator of
desire. This work observes that the self as it has been
elaborated within psychoanalysis stands as a particularly
illustrative instance of the post-Cartesian pursuit of the split
subject, asserting that at least since Freud's exposition on The
Unconscious theorists have sought to reconcile the knowing
subject with the absent unconscious.

STEEL, GAYLA R. Sexual Tyranny in Wessex: Hardy's Witches and
Demons of Folklore. New York: Peter Lang, 1993.
This study traces the witch and the demon figures from
folklore through Thomas Hardy's fiction and poetry, exploring the
possible meanings behind the figures and explaining the figures'
relationships to sexual conflicts in the works. It also explores
how the figures are bound tropologically into Hardy's long
love/hate relationship with the feminine in his language. Seeing
the figures as manifest expressions of human sexual aggression or
as projections from the unconscious in what Jung terms
anima/animus archetypes, the study discusses the tyrannical
action perceived by the character who is the figure's sexual
counterpart. Whether or not the witch and the demon are actual
archetypes, as Jung and his followers contend, or erupt from the
mirror stage in human development, as Lacanians might posit, and
have traveled through history via the oral tradition explored by
folklorists, these figures exist for humankind universally as
hobgoblins of all size, shape, and inclination. Hardy's
understanding that the tyrants and goblins emanate from the human
psyche helps make him one of the most forward looking writers of
the late Victorian era.

SUSSMAN, HENRY. Psyche and Text: The Sublime and the Grandiose
in Literature, Psychopathology, and Culture SUNY P, 1993.
Sussman here explores the relevance and value of object-
relations theory to literature and literary studies. His study
of character treats literature as a medium in which important
relationships to conceptualized others--artifacts, mentors,
activities, and schools of thought--are being worked through.
Although rooted in the psychoanalytical model, this book is











ultimately a study of character and the conditions of
subjectivity in the contemporary world...Beginning his study of
character with Sophocles' Antigone and Shakespeare's Othello
Sussman then goes on to locate the underpinnings of twentieth-
century notions of the grandoise and of subjective emptiness in
the Romantic exploration of the sublime. Discussions of
characterization in Kafka, Joyce, and Beckett lead to an extended
reading of Musil's A Man Without Qualities To show the
increasing awareness of narcissistic psychopathology in
contemporary popular culture. Sussman also includes readings of
Citizen Kane and The Silence of the Lambs.

TSUR, REUVEN. "Droodles, and Cognitive Poetics." Humor 1994.
This paper is a contribution to the aesthetics of
disorientation. It conceives of aesthetic effects as of the
effects of adaption and other cognitive mechanisms turned to an
aesthetic end. The "emotional disorientation" associated with
the grotesque and related phenomena is hypothesized to be the
unique conscious quality of consciousness turning upon itself to
check whether cognitive and adaptive mechanisms are appropriately
tuned in an environment that seems to evade handling by other
adaption mechanisms. This may explain Thomson's (1972)
observation, "that the grotesque mode in art and literature tends
to be prevalent in societies and eras marked by strife, radical
change or disorientation." It is claimed here that droodles at
their best aren't just witty riddles in the visual mode; they
display a "shocking" quality characteristic of the grotesque,
which is achieved through the drastic disruption of the working
of cognitive mechanisms. The scribbling; as a result, a
"complicated feeling is replaced by a single feeling of greater
intensity." Hypothesis substitutes, for a complicated tangle of
predicates attached to one subject, a single conception," Pierce
says. Orenstein's (1969-96) experiments with the experiencing of
time indicate, there is a sequence of drastic reduction of mental
space required for the processing of the same visual stimulus
when unencoded, or when submitted to iconic or verbal coding.

WOODARD, GRANT MARTIN. The Phenomenology of the Third Ear: An
Empirical Investigation of the Psychoanalytic Inference Process.
Dissertation Abstracts International 54-03B. 1993.
The clinical inference process is one of the most crucial, yet
least studied elements in the psychoanalytic situation. Through
it clinicians formulate numerous partial and tentative
conjectures about a patient's intrapsychic and interpersonal
functioning. The present study explored characteristics of this
process by asking a sample of expert psychoanalytically oriented
clinicians (N = 72: 36 analysts;36 therapists) to formulate and
report inferences in response to two very different clinical
vignettes taken from two patients in psychoanalysis. The
clinicians then responded to a series of questions designed to
explore their unique inference processes. The study also
measured intimate parts of the inner worlds of the clinicians,
including variables associated with fantasies and daydreaming
(measured by the Short Imaginal Processes Inventory), potential
for constructive ego regression (measured by the Experience
Inquiry), and normal personality traits according to four bipolar
indices of perception and judgment preferences (measured by the











Myers-Briggs Type Indicator). The study yielded both quantitative
and qualitative findings. The former were characterized by
satisfactorily reliable ratings, but by few significant
differences between subject groups. While only a few between-
group hypotheses were supported, there were statistically
significant differences between the two vignettes, indicating
that subjects' inferences were tailored to the individual
patient. Two of the most important qualitative findings,
however, while based only on anecdotal evidence, were that these
experienced clinicians achieved strong consensus about complex
clinical phenomena, and their inferences were multi-dimensional.
Subjects expressed expectable inferences for each of the
vignettes, yet went further and expressed others characteristic
of schools of analytic thought outside their clinical
orientations. Such widespread agreement partially explains the
paucity of statistical differences between clinician groups. The
data suggest that experienced psychoanalytic clinicians view
patients holistically and infer accordingly without resorting to
stereotypic, or formulaic interpretations. The findings suggest
we may continue to be optimistic about the evolution of
psychoanalytic research and practice, that we have come far from
"the consensus problem in psychoanalytic research."


BIBLIOGRAPHY: BOOKS

1. Aaron, Jane. A Double Singleness: Gender and the Writings
of Charles and Mary Lamb Oxford UP, 1993.


2. Ablow, Keith R. Anatomy of a Psychiatric Illness: Healing
the Mind and the Brain American Psychiatric P,
1993.
3. Adams-Schneider, Laurie. Art and Psychoanalysis Harper-
Collins Publishing, 1993.
4. Alcorn, Marshall. Narcissism and the Literary Libido:
Rhetoric, Text, and Subjectivity NYUP, 1994.

5. Allan, Keith and Kate Burridge. Euphemism and Dysphemism:
Language Used as Shield and Weapon Oxford UP,
1993.

6. Allen, Dennis W. Sexuality in Victorian Fiction U of OK
P, 1993. literature>
7. Allmendinger, Blake. The Cowboy: Representations of Labor
in an American Work Culture Oxford UP, 1993.


8. Altamba, Jeanette, ed. Cognition and Culture: A Cross-
Cultural Approach to Cognitive Psychology NYUP,
1993.
9. Alston, Toni. Dream Reader: Psychoanalytic Articles on
Dreams International UP, 1993.
10. Amati-Mehler, Jacqueline. The Babel of Unconscious: Mother
Tongues and Foreign Tongues in the Analytic Dimension.
IUP, 1993.












repressiono>
11. Aron, Lewis, and Adrienne Harris, eds. The Legacy of
Sandor Ferenczi Analytic P, 1993.

12. Baldwin, Louis. Loves of Their Lives: Enduring Romantic
Relationships from Antony and Cleopatra to Today Carol P,
1993.
13. Balint, Enid. Before I Was I: Psychoanalysis and the
Imagination Guilford P, 1993.

14. Ballesteros, Soledad. Cognitive Approaches to Human
Perception L. Erlbaum P, 1993.

15. Barnstone, Willis. The Poetics of Translation: History,
Theory, Practice Yale UP, 1993.

16. Barratt, Barnaby. Psychoanalysis and the Postmodern
Impulse: Knowing and Being Since Freud's Psychology Johns
Hopkins UP, 1993.
17. Baron, Beth. The Women's Awakening in Egypt: Culture,
Society, and the Press Yale UP, 1994.

18. Barrell, John, ed. Painting and the Politics of Culture:
New Essays on British Art, 1700-1850 Oxford UP,
1993.

19. Barron, James. Self-Analysis: Critical Inquiries, Personal
Visions Analytic P, 1993.
20. Bassin, Donna, Margaret Honey, and Meryle Mahrer Kaplan.
Representations of Motherhood Yale UP, 1994.

21. Bate, Jonathan. Shakespeare and Ovid Oxford UP,
1993.

22. Beall, Anne E., and Robert J. Sternberg., eds. The
Psychology of Gender Forward by Ellen Berscheid.
Guilford P, 1993.
23. Bem and Sandra Lipstitz. The Lenses of Gender:
Transforming the Debate on Sexual Inequality Yale UP,
1993.
24. Berger, Milton M. Women Beyond Freud: New Concepts of
Feminine Psychology Ed. Milton M. Berger, M.D.
Brunner/Mazel Publishers. New York, 1994.


25. Bergler, Edmund. Curable and Incurable Neurotics: Problems
of "Neurotic" versus "Malignant" Psychic Masochism.
International UP, 1993 (rpt.).
26. Berman, Emanuel. Essential Papers on Literature and
Psychoanalysis NYUP, 1993. See IPSA Bibliography 1993.
27. Bernstein, Doris. Female Identity Conflict in Clinical
Practice Eds. Norbert Freedman and Betsy Distler. Intro.
Christopher Bollas. Jason Aronson P, 1993.

28. Bettelheim, Bruno and Alvin A. Rosenfeld. The Art of the
Obvious: Developing Insight for Psychotherapy and Everyday











Life A.A. Knopf: Distributed by Random House,
1993.< psychotherapy >
29. Birksted-Breen, Dana, ed. The Gender Conundrum:
Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Masculinity and Femininity.
Routledge P, 1993.
30. Blanck, Gertrude, and Rubin Blanck. Ego Psychology: Theory
and Practice Columbia UP, 1993. 2nd ed.
31. Boetcher Joeres, Ruth-Ellen and Elizabeth Mittman, eds.
The Politics of the Essay: Feminist Perspectives Indiana
UP, 1993.
32. Bonaparte, Marie. Topsy: The Story of a Golden Haired
Chow Transaction P, 1993 (rpt.).< dog >
33. Borch-Jacobsen, Mikkel. The Emotional Tie: Psychoanalysis,
Mimesis and Affect. Stanford UP, 1993. mimesiss>

34. Bouchard, Claire. La Jouissance Feminine Edimag P,
1993.
35. Bouson, J. Brooks. Brutal Choreographies: Oppositional
Strategies and Narrative Design in the Novels of Margaret
Atwood U of MA P, 1993.
M.>
36. Bowie, Malcolm. Psychoanalysis and the Future of Theory.
Blackwell P, 1993.

37. Brabant, Eva, et al. The Complete Correspondence of
Sigmund Freud and Sandor Ferenczi Harvard UP,
1994.

38. Bracher, Mark. Lacan, Discourse, and Social Change: A
Psychoanalytic Cultural Criticism Cornell UP,
1993.
39. Brenkman, John. Straight Male Modern: A Cultural Critique
of Psychoanalysis Routledge, 1993.
40. Bronfen, Elisabeth. Over Her Dead Body: Death, Femininity
and the Aesthetic Routledge, 1992.

41. Bronte, Branwell. The Hand of the Arch-Sinner: Two Angrian
Chronicles of Branwell Bronte Oxford UP, 1993. B.>
42. Brooks, Peter. Psychoanalysis and Narrative Blackwell
P, 1994.
43. Brown, Andrew. Roland Barthes: The Figures of Writing.
Oxford UP, 1993. art>
44. Budick, Emily Miller. Engendering Romance: Women Writers
and the Hawthorne Tradition, 1850-1990 Yale UP,
1994.

45. Burack, Cynthia. The Problem of the Passions: Feminism,
Psychoanalysis, and Social Theory NYUP,
1993.


46. Caesar, Adrian. Taking It Like a Man: Suffering,
Sexuality, and the War Poets NYUP, 1993.












47. Caldwell, Richard S. The Origin of the Gods: A
Psychoanalytic Study of Greek Theogonic Myth Oxford UP,
1993.

48. Calinescu, Matei. Rereading Yale UP, 1993. response>
49. Cavell, Marcia. The Psychoanalytic Mind: From Freud to
Philosophy Harvard UP, 1993.

50. Chawla, Louise. In the First Country of Places: Nature,
Poetry, and Childhood Memory SUNY P, 1994.

51. Chertok, Leon, and Isabelle Stengers. A Critique of
Psychoanalytic Reason: Hypnosis as a Scientific Problem from
Lavoisier to Lacan Stanford UP, 1992.

52. Chessick, Richard. Psychology of the Self and the
Treatment of Narcissism J. Aronson, 1993.

53. Clayton, Jay. The Pleasures of Babel: Contemporary
American Literature and Theory Oxford UP,
1993.


54. Coen, Stanley J. Between Author and Reader: A
Psychoanalytic Approach to Writing and Reading Columbia
UP, 1994. response>
55. Cohen, Ed. Talk on the Wilde Side: Toward a Genealogy of a
Discourse on Male Sexualities Routledge P, 1993. O.>
56. Cohen, Gillian. Memory: Current Issues Open Up,
1993. psychology>
57. Dallery, Arleen B. Transitions in Continental Philosophy.
SUNY P, 1994.
58. Davis, Russell. Freud's Concept of Passivity.
International UP, 1993. complex>
59. Davis, Walter A. Get the Guests: Psychoanalysis, Modern
American Drama, and the Audience U of WI P,
1994.

60. Dedola, Rossana. La Via dei Simboli: Psicologia Analitica
e Letteratura Italiana F. Angeli, 1992.

61. Deleuze, Gilles. The Deleuze Reader Ed. & Intro.
Constantin V. Boundas. Columbia UP, 1993.

62. Deutsch, Helene. A Psychoanalytic Study of the Myth of
Dionysus and Apollo IUP, 1994.

63. Diehl, Joanne Feit. Elizabeth Bishop and Marianne Moore:
The Psychodynamics of Creativity Princeton UP,
1993.

64. Dougherty, Carol. The Poetics of Colonization: From City











to Text in Archaic Greece Oxford UP, 1993.

assimilationo>

65. Douglas, Claire. Translate This Darkness: The Life of
Christiana Morgan Simon & Schuster, 1993. C.>
66. Driscoll, James. The Unfolding God of Jung and Milton U
of KY P, 1993.
67. Earl, James Whitby. Thinking About Beowulf Stanford UP,
1994.
68. El Saffar, Ruth S. Quixotic Desire: Psychoanalytic
Perspectives on Cervantes Cornell UP, 1993.

69. Ellmann, Maud, ed. Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism.
Longman P, 1994.
70. Esterson, Allen. Seductive Mirage: An Exploration of the
Work of Sigmund Freud Open Court, 1993. study>
71. Faber, Melvyn D. Modern Witchcraft and Psychoanalysis.
NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1993.

72. Farrell, B. A. Philosophy and Psychoanalysis Macmillan
Publishing Co., 1994.
73. Fisch, Audrey, Anne K. Mellor and Esther H. Schor, eds.
The Other Mary Shelley: Beyond Frankenstein Oxford UP,
1993.

74. Feder, Stuart, Richard L. Karmel and George H. Pollock, eds.
Psychoanalytic Explorations in Music: Second Series IUP,
1993.
A.>
75. Felman, Shoshana. What Does a Woman Want?: Reading and
Sexual Difference Johns Hopkins UP, 1993.


76. Fiscalini, John, and Alan Grey, eds. Narcissism and the
Interpersonal Self Columbia UP, 1993.

77. Flanders, Sara. The Dream Discourse Today Routledge,
1993.
78. Flax, Jane. Disputed Subjects: Essays on Psychoanalysis,
Politics, and Philosophy Routledge, 1993.

79. Forman, Ellice A., Norris Minick, and C. Addison Stone, eds.
Contexts for Learning: Sociocultural Dynamics in Children's
Development Oxford UP, 1993.

80. Foster, Hal. Compulsive Beauty MIT P, 1993.

81. Franklin, Caroline. Byron's Heroines Oxford UP,
1993.


82. Friday, Nancy. Dirty Looks: Women, Pornography, Power.
BFI P, 1993.











83. Friday, Nancy. Nashim me-' al: Fantazyot Miniyot Shel
Nashim Tel Aviv: Sifriyat Ma'ariv, 1993.

84. Friedman, Susan, ed. Joyce: the Return of the Repressed.
Cornell UP, 1993.
85. Frye, Susan. Elizabeth I: The Competition for
Representation Oxford UP, 1993.


86. Galatzer-Levy, Robert, and Bertram Cohler. The Essential
Other: A Developmental Psychology of Self Harper P,
1993.
87. Gallistl, Maria Fortunata. Die Narzissmusproblematik im
Werk Italo Svevos G. Olms, 1993.
88. Garson, Marjorie. Hardy's Fables of Integrity Oxford
UP, 1993.
89. Gateux, Kevin. The Recovery of Self: Regression and
Redemption in Religious Experience Paulist P, 1994.

90. Gelpi, Barbara Charlesworth. Shelley's Goddess: Maternity,
Language, Subjectivity. Oxford UP, 1993.

91. Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred from The Bourgeois
Experience: Victoria to Freud Vol. 3 W.W. Norton P,
1993.
92. Gerrig, Richard J. Experiencing Narrative Worlds: On the
Psychological Activities of Reading Yale UP, 1993. response>

93. Gilman, Sander L. Freud, Race and Gender Princeton UP,
1993.

94. Gilman, Sander L., et al., eds. Reading Freud's Reading.
NYUP, 1993.
95. Gilman, Sander L. The Case of Sigmund Freud: Medicine and
Identity at the Fin de Siecle Johns Hopkins UP,
1993.

96. Giora, Zvi. The Unconscious and Its Narratives NYUP,
1993.
97. Girard, Rene. A Theatre of Envy: William Shakespeare.
Oxford UP, 1993.
98. Glass, James M. Shattered Selves: Multiple Personality in
a Postmodern World Cornell UP, 1993. personality>
99. Glick, Robert and Steven Roose, eds. Rage, Power, and
Aggression: The Role of Affect in Motivation, Development,
and Adaptation Vol. 2. Yale UP, 1993.


100. Goldberg, Arnold et al, eds. The Psychology of the Self: A
Casebook International UP, 1993. Reprint.

101. Goldenberg, Naomi R. Returning Words to Flesh:
Resurrecting the Body: Feminism, Religion, and
Psychoanalysis Crossroad P, 1993.












102. Goldman, Dodi, ed. In One's Bones: The Clinical Genius of
Winnicott J. Aronson, 1993. analysis>
103. Goldman, Dodi. In Search of the Real: The Origins and
Originality of D. W. Winnicott J. Aronson,
1993.
104. Goodwin, James. Autobiography: The Self Made Text.
Twayne P, 1993.
105. Greenberg, Harvey R. Screen Memories: Hollywood Cinema on
the Psychoanalytic Couch Columbia UP, 1993.



106. Greenberg, Mitchell. Canonical States, Canonical Stages:
Oedipus, Othering, and Seventeenth-Century Drama U of MN
P, 1994.

107. Grinstein, Alexander. Conrad Ferdinand Meyer and Freud:
The Beginnings of Applied Psychoanalysis. IUP,
1994.
108. Grunbaum, Adolf. Validation in the Clinical Theory of
Psychoanalysis: A Study in the Philosophy of
Psychoanalysis Foreword by Philip S. Holzman.
International UP, 1993. Sequel to: Foundations of
Psychoanalysis . < philosophy >

109. Guerin, Wilfred L., et al. A Handbook of Critical
Approaches to Literature Oxford UP, 1993. historicism>
110. Haineault, Doris-Louise and Jean-Yves Roy. Unconscious for
Sale: Advertising, Psychoanalysis, and the Public 1984.
Trans. Kimball Lockhart with Barbara Kerslake. U of MN P,
1993. v. 86.
111. Hanly, Charles, and Morris Lazerowitz. Psychoanalysis and
Philosophy IUP, 1994 (rpt.).
112. Harpold, Terence. "Conclusions: Hyper/Text/Theory." In
The Digital Word: Text-Based Computing in the Humanities..
Ed. George Landow and Paul Delany. Cambridge MA: MIT P,
1993.
113. Harris, Miriam Kalman, ed. The Unpredictable Adventure: A
Comedy of Woman's Independence Foreword by Claire Myers
Spotswood Owens. Syracuse UP, 1993. Reprint.

114. Hart, Stephen M. The Other Scene: Psychoanalytic Readings
in Modern Spanish and Latin-American Literature Society
of Spanish and Spanish-American Studies, 1992. literature>
115. Hayman, Ronald. Tennessee Williams: Everyone Else Is an
Audience Yale UP, 1994.
compulsivenesss>
116. Haynal, Andre. Psychoanalysis and the Sciences:
Epistemology--History U of CA P, 1993.

117. Heiman, Julia. Atteindre l'orgasme Foreword by Louise
Savard. Outremont, Quebec 1993.

118. Hein, Hilde and Carolyn Korsmeyer, eds. Aesthetics in











Feminist Perspective Indiana UP, 1993.

119. Herbert, T. Walter. Dearest Beloved: The Hawthornes and
the Making of a Middle-class Family U of CA P,
1993.

120. Hestetun, Oyunn. A Prison-House of Myth?: Symptomal
Readings in Virgin Land Uppsala UP, 1993.

121. Hillenaar, Henk. Le Secret de Telemaque Ed. Jean
Bellemin-Noel. Presses Universitaires de France,
1994.
122. Hillenaar, Henk and Walter Schonau, eds. Fathers and
Mothers in Literature Amsterdam, Atlanta, GA: Rodopi,
1994.
123. Hirschfeld, Lawrence A., and Susan A. Gelman, eds. Mapping
the Mind Cambridge UP, 1994.
124. Holland, Eugene W. Baudelaire and Schizoanalysis: The
Socio-Poetics of Modernism Cambridge UP,
1993.
125. Hopkins, Jim and Anthony Savile. Psychoanalysis, Mind, and
Art: Perspectives on Richard Wolheim Blackwell, 1992. v.
11. Aristotelian Society Series. R.>
126. Horowitz, Mardi, et al., eds. Psychic Structure and
Psychic Change International UP, 1993. psychic>
127. Ian, Marcia. Remembering the Phallic Mother:
Psychoanalysis, Modernism, and the Fetish Cornell UP,
1993. H.> fetishismm> J.>

128. Irigaray, Luce. Marine Lover of Friedrich Nietzsche.
Columbia UP, 1993.
129. Janan, Michaela Makil. When the Lamp is Shattered: Desire
and Narrative in Catullus Southern IL UP, 1994.

130. Jasnow, Alexander. Freud and Cezanne: Psychotherapy as
Modern Art Ablex P, 1993.

131. Jeffs, William Patrick. Feminism, Manhood, and
Homosexuality: Intersections in Psychoanalysis and American
Poetry Lang P, 1993.

132. Johansen, Jorgen Dines. Dialogic Semiosis: An Essay on
Signs and Meaning Indiana UP, 1993.

133. Jones, Anne Hudson, ed. Literature and Medicine Johns
Hopkins UP, 1993.

134. Joudry, Patricia, and Maurie Pressman. Twin Souls: Eternal
Feminine and Eternal Masculine Somerville House P,
1993.
135. Kadar, Marlene, ed. Reading Life Writing: An Anthology.
Oxford UP, 1993. response>











136. Kahney, Hank. Problem Solving: Current Issues Open UP,
1993.
137. Kahr, Brett. Donald Winnicott Sage, 1993. W.>
138. KAPLAN, E. ANN. MOTHERHOOD AND REPRESENTATION: THE MOTHER
IN POPULAR CULTURE AND MELODRAMA ROUTLEDGE P,
1992.

139. Karasu, Toksoz B. and Charles W. Socarides. On Sexuality.
1979 Reprint. IUP, 1994.

140. Kaufmann, Vincent. Post Scripts: The Writer's Workshop.
Trans. by Deborah Triesman. Harvard UP, 1994.

141. Kennedy, Roger. Freedom to Relate: Psychoanalytic
Explorations Free Association, 1993.

142. Kiell, Norman. Varieties of Sexual Experience:
Psychosexuality in Literature. 1976 Reprint. IUP,
1994.
143. Kiell, Norman, ed. Blood Brothers: Siblings as Writers.
1983 Reprint. IUP, 1994.
144. Kim, Jaegwon. Supervenience and Mind Cambridge UP,
1993.
145. Kleinbard, David. The Beginning of Terror: A Psychological
Study of Rainer Maria Rilke's Life Work NYUP,
1993.
146. Knafo, Danielle. A Self in Creation: A Psychoanalytic
Study of the Artist's Self-Portraits Fairleigh Dickinson
UP, 1993.
147. Kochhar-Lindgren, Gray. Narcissus Transformed: The Textual
Subject in Psychoanalysis and Literature Pennsylvania SU
P, 1993.

148. Kowaleski-Wallace, Elizabeth. Their Fathers' Daughters:
Hannah More, Maria Edgeworth, and Patriarchal Complicity.
Oxford UP, 1993.

149. Krasner, James. The Entangled Eye: Visual Perception and
the Representation of Nature in Post-Darwinian Narrative.
Oxford UP, 1993. psychology>

150. Kris, Ernst. Psychoanalytic Explorations in Art.
Reprint. IUP, 1994. Henry IV>
151. Kristeva, Julia. Les Nouvelles Maladies de L'ame.
Fayard, 1993.
152. Kristeva, Julia. Proust and the Sense of Time Columbia
UP, 1993.