Group Title: House document / 63d Congress, 1st session ;, Document no. 135.
Title: Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla. Letter from the secretary of war, transmitting, with a letter from the chief of engineers, reports on examination and survey of Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla., with a view to securing a channel from the 8-foot contour near Point Pinelos and Maximo Point to the existing channel to Clearwater Harbor at a point near Gulfport for the purpose of shortening said channel to Clearwater Harbor
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 Material Information
Title: Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla. Letter from the secretary of war, transmitting, with a letter from the chief of engineers, reports on examination and survey of Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla., with a view to securing a channel from the 8-foot contour near Point Pinelos and Maximo Point to the existing channel to Clearwater Harbor at a point near Gulfport for the purpose of shortening said channel to Clearwater Harbor
Series Title: House document 63d Congress, 1st session
Physical Description: 9 p. : fold. map ;
Language: English
Publisher: U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication: Washington
Publication Date: 1913
 Subjects
Subject: Clearwater Harbor (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Boca Ciega Bay (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Pinellas -- Boca Ciega Bay
United States -- Florida -- Pinellas -- Clearwater Harbor
 Notes
General Note: July 12, 1913 -- Referred to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered to be printed, with illustration.
Funding: House document (United States. Congress. House) ;
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Bibliographic ID: UF00004587
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAA5807
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63D CONGRESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. DOCUMENT
1st Session. No. 135.




BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA.



LETTER
FROM

THE SECRETARY OF WAR,

TRANSMITTING,

WITH A LETTER FROM THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, REPORTS ON
EXAMINATION AND SURVEY OF BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA., WITH
A VIEW TO SECURING A CHANNEL FROM THE 8-FOOT CONTOUR
NEAR POINT PINELOS AND MAXIMO POINT TO THE EXISTING
CHANNEL TO CLEARWATER HARBOR AT A POINT NEAR GULF-
PORT FOR THE PURPOSE OF SHORTENING SAID CHANNEL TO
CLEARWATER HARBOR.


JULY 12, 1913.-Referred to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered to be
printed, with illustration.


WAR DEPARTMENT,
Washington, July 10, 1913.
SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith a letter from the Chief
of Engineers, United States Army, dated 9th instant, together with
copies of reports from Capt. J. R. Slattery, Corps of Engineers, dated
September 23, 1912, and February 21, 1913, with map, on preliminary
examination and survey, respectively, of Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla., made
by him in compliance with the provisions of the river and harbor act
approved July 25, 1912.
Very respectfully, LINDLEY M. GARRISON,
Secretary of War.
The SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.


WAR DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS,
Washington, July 9, 1913.
From: The Chief of Engineers, United States Army.
To: The Secretary of War.
Subject: Improvement of Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla.
1. There are submitted herewith for transmission to Congress re-
ports dated September 23, 1912, and February 21, 1913, with map,
H D-63-1-vol 9--9






2 BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA.

by Capt. J. R. Slattery, Corps of Engineers, on preliminary exami-
nation and survey, respectively, of Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla., with a view
to securing a channel from the 8-foot contout near Point Pinelos and
Maximo Point to the existing channel to Clearwater Harbor at a
point near Gulfport, for the purpose of shortening said channel to
Clearwater Harbor, authorized by the river and harbor act approved
July 25, 1912.
2. Boca Ceiga Bay is a tidal sound lying between the western coast
of Florida and the keys bordering said coast. Under the approved
project for improvement of this locality, adopted June 25, 1910 (see
H. Doc. No. 1190, 60th Cong., 2d sess.), a channel 7 feet deep and 100
feet wide has been dredged through the lower part of Boca Ceiga Bay,
and the plan contemplates the dredging of a channel of similar di-
mensions to connect with Tampa Bay, indicated on the accompanying
map as Al. In lieu of this channel, for which funds are not available,
the district officer now proposes to make the cut indicated as A2,
which will not only shorten the distance between Boca Ceiga Bay and
St. Petersburg and Tampa, but will effect a material saving in original
outlay. The estimated cost of dredging a channel 8 feet deep and 100
feet wide through A2 is $10,700, as compared with $19,000 for a
channel of similar dimensions through Al. He recommends that the
approved project for improvement of Clearwater Harbor and Boca
Ceiga Bay be modified to include the channel via A2. With reference
to the proposed cut near Maximo Point, the district officer finds no
commercial demand for such a channel, and for reasons stated does
not recommend it. The division engineer concurs with the views of
the district officer.
3. These reports have been referred, as required by law, to the
Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, and attention is invited
to the board's report herewith, dated April 7, 1913, concurring with
the views of the district officer and the division engineer.
4. After due consideration of the above-mentioned reports I concur
in general with the views of the district officer, the division engineer,
and the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, and therefore in
carrying out the instructions of Congress I report as follows: That
the improvement by the United States of Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla., is
deemed advisable so far as to secure an available channel depth
of 8 feet and a channel width of 100 feet, increased at entrances,
from Tampa Bay to Boca Ceiga Bay, in lieu of the channel contem-
plated by the existing project, following in general the methods
described in the report of the district officer, at an estimated cost
of $10,700 for first construction and $1,000 annually for maintenance,
these estimates being based on the supposition that the construction
work will, as now seems desirable and advantageous, be prosecuted
under a first appropriation of the entire estimated cost of the im-
provement.
W. H. BIXBY,
Chief of Engineers, United States Army.







BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA. 8

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF ENGINEERS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS
ON SURVEY.
(Third indorsement.]
BOARD OF ENGINEERS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS,
April 7, 1913.
To the CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY:
1. Estimates are presented by the district officer for a channel
8 feet deep and 100 feet wide between Tampa Bay and Boca Ceiga
Bay following two routes-Al, coincident with the route proposed in
the report on Clearwater Harbor and Boca Ceiga Bay to Tampa Bay,
and A2, farther north, near Point Pinelos, the respective estimates
being $19,000 and $10,700, the estimate for maintenance for either
channel being $1,000 per year. As A2 is less expensive and is pre-
ferred for other reasons, the district officer recommends that this
route be selected, and in this view the division engineer concurs.
2. This improvement would be useful principally for vessels passing
between Tampa Bay and Passagrille, near the eastern end of Boca
Ceiga Bay. There is a large hotel at Passagrille, and many pas-
sengers are carried to and from that point. The vessels now engaged
in this traffic are of insufficient capacity to meet the demands of this
business, and the improvement desired is with a view of utilizing
vessels drawing 7 to 7 feet. The commerce involved, aside from the
passenger business, amounts to about 5,000 tons of a miscellaneous
character.
3. From the facts presented it appears that a channel by route A2
wouid cost but little more than one-half the amount required for the
adopted route, Al, and that it would serve the needs of commerce
better. As nothing has been done on this section of the waterway,
it is believed that the existing project should be modified by the
adoption of route A2 instead of Al, and the board concurs in the
opinion of the district officer and the division engineer that it is
advisable for the United States to undertake this work, at an esti-
mated first cost of $10,700, which should be made available in one
appropriation, and $1,000 annually for maintenance.
4. In compliance with law, the board reports that there are no
questions of terminal facilities, water power, or other subjects so
related to the project proposed that they may be coordinated there-
with to lessen the cost and compensate the Government for expendi-
tures made in the interests of navigation.
For the board:
WM. T. ROSSELL,
Colonel, Corps of Engineers,
Senior Member of the Board.

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION OF BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA.
WAR DEPARTMENT,
UNITED STATES ENGINEER OFFICE,
Jacksonville, Fla., September 23, 191.
From: The District Engineer Officer.
To: The Chief of Engineers, United States Army
(Through the Division Engineer).
Subject: Preliminary examination of Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla.
1. In compliance with department letter dated August 3, 1912, I
submit report on preliminary examination authorized by the river








4 BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA.

and harbor act approved July 25, 1912, of Boca Ceiga Bay, Fla.,
with a view to securing a channel from the 8-foot contour near Point
Pinelos and Maximo Point, to the existing channel to Clearwater
Harbor at a point near Gulfport for the purpose of shortening said
channel to Clearwater Harbor.
2. Boca Ceiga Bay is a tidal sound lying between the western
coast of the State of Florida and the keys bordering said coast. The
sound extends north from Tampa Bay, and is connected with Clear-
water Harbor by a narrow waterway known as the narrows. Boca
Ceiga Bay and Clearwater Harbor, and the channel connecting them
form an intracoastal waterway along the west coast of Florida for a
distance of 25 miles, providing for the towns along its course an all-
water route to Tampa Bay and the cities of St. Petersburg and
Tampa. Originally there was no well-defined channel through this
waterway, and limiting depths of 2 feet at mean low water were
encountered in Boca Ceiga Bay and one-half foot in the narrows. A
channel 7 feet deep and 100 feet wide has been dredged through the
lower part of Boca Ceiga Bay and a channel 5 feet deep and 50 feet
wide through the upper portion to the narrows. Rock encountered
in the narrows has prevented the completion of the channel through
this stretch. A channel 5 feet deep and 50 feet wide has been dredged
from the northern end of the narrows through Clearwater Harbor as
far as Clearwater. According to the approved project a cut 7 feet
deep and 100 feet wide, indicated on attached map as "A," is to be
,dredged connecting the Boca Ceiga Channel proper with Tampa Bay.
"The cut "A" has a natural depth of 6 feet in it, and owing to the
limited funds no work has yet been done in it. The maximum draft
that can be carried at the present time at low water is 1 feet. The
mean range of tide is 1.8 feet.
3. Reports on previous examinations and surveys may be found
in the Annual Reports of the Chief of Engineers for 1884, pages 1220-
1221; 1885, pages 1323-1329; 1887, pages 1259-1260; 1897, pages
1578-1580, and in House Document No. 249, Fifty-fourth Congress,
second session.
4. The commerce for the calendar year 1911 was as follows:

Article. Tons. Valuation.

Fish............ ............................................................. 395 $27,150
Gasoline ............... .. ........... ........ ......................................... 472 15,750
Ice......... ............ ........--.. ...................................... 400 4,000
Merchandise..... ....................... ......... ......... .... 3,552 220,650
Sponges ........ .. ............. ........ ............................ 100 86,000
W ood, fuel................ ... ....................................... ........... 256 780

Total amount of commerce, 5,175 tons.
Total valuation, $354,318.

5. At Passagrille Inlet is located a hotel, which is a summer resort
for the people of Tampa, and a winter resort for many people from
the North. From 600 to 1,000 people are at Passagrille the year
round. The St. Petersburg Transportation Co. makes three trips
per week to Passagrille and carries a very large number of pas-
sengers. In the past three months 150,000 passengers were carried.
The Mary Boat & Transportation Co. makes one round trip per day
1 Not printed.






BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA.

between Passagrille and Gulfport. Its principal article of freight is
ice. In Boca Ceiga Bay and Clearwater Harbor and the inlets connect-
ing this waterway -with the Gulf, an extensive fishing business is car-
ried on. There are numerous fish camps along the bay. In six
months 388 tons of fish were carried from these camps to the Hibbs
Fish Co. at St. Petersburg, and 582 tons of ice were supplied from
St. Petersburg to these camps. The Gypsy Line runs a daily boat
service between Tampa, St. Petersburg, and Passagrille. Their
boat draws 4 feet.
6. The St. Petersburg Transportation Co. is at the present time
compelled to use a boat drawing 4 feet for the trips between Tampa
and Passagrille. They are very anxious that an 8-foot channel be pro-
vided, so that they can use one of their larger boats. The boat tbat
they now use is the Manatee, which draws 4 feet. The boat that they
desire to use is the Favorite, which draws 71 feet. They state that if
8 feet of water were available, the Favorite would make daily trips
between Passagrille, St. Petersburg, and Tampa. At the present
time the Manatee uses the route to Passagrille by way of the channel
indicated on accompanying map as Al. It is their desire that the
channel indicated as A2 be dredged so as to shorten the route to
Passagrille, The people of St. Petersburg who were represented at
an informal hearing held by me in the city of Tampa in connection
with this matter also desire this channel in lieu of the channel Al
contemplated in the approved project for the improvement of Boca
Ceiga Bay.
7. The channel in the approved project follows the natural deep
water from the northern end of channel Al, over to the inner end of
Passagrille Inlet, and thence northward along Long Key. It is the
desire of the St. Petersburg people that a cut should be made as in-
dicated on the map close to Maximo Point. Such a cut would shorten
the distance from St. Petersburg and Tampa to points on Clearwater
Harbor by about 3 miles. Objection is also made to the natural
deep-water channel because of the strong tides that are encountered
in it. It is stated that a strong tidal current sets through Passagrille
Inlet, dividing at the inner end and flowing to the north and to the
south in the natural deep-water channel indicated. It is stated that
these tidal currents are so strong as to frequently make it next
to impossible for most of the fishing boats to make any headway
against them, and this condition is one argument advanced in favor
of the cut-off channel close to Maximo Point. The land along
Maximo Point is considered very fine for winter residences and can
not be purchased at the present time for less than $200 per acre.
"The land is laid out in tracts of from 2 to 20 acres. The Maximo
Point cut-off is also desired in order to furnish an outlet for this land.
The people of St. Petersburg believe that a rapid development would
take place along this shore if such a channel were constructed.
8. At Passagrille there is a public wharf free for all who desire to
use it. There is also a wharf at Gulfport free for all. The Gulfport
wharf connects with the street-car line which runs to St. Petersburg.
Along Boca Ceiga Bay and Clearwater Harbor there are no true
wharves, but there are a few long piers suitable for handling passen-
gers and light freight at one or two points. No connection exists
between these piers and the railroad. They are free to all, but are
suitable only for passengers and the lightest kind of freight. They






6 BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA.

are intended rather for the convenience of winter tourists and fishing
boats than for any commercial purpose.
9. No water power can be developed in connection with the pro-
posed improvement, and there are no other subjects than can be
properly considered with it.
"10. The channel A2 could be dredged probably for a very small
sum of money and seems to be a somewhat better location than the
proposed cut Al. The Maximo Point channel would cost a con-
siderable sum of money. Its construction is desired rather by the
real estate interests than by the fishing or navigation interests.
I do not believe that the difficulties of the natural channel are suffi-
ciently great to necessitate the dredging of this cut-off. At the
informal hearing held by me no person actually engaged in the fishing
business was present.
11. I do not believe that the difficulties of navigation that would
be avoided by the construction of the Maximo Point channel, nor
the time that would be saved by the cut-off, are sufficiently great to
warrant the construction of this channel at the present time, con-
sidering the commerce that would be benefited, the natural channel
being sufficiently good for all practical purposes. I believe the local-
ity is worthy of .further improvement to the extent of the cut-off
marked A2, providing the cost of same is not excessive. It is rec-
ommended that a survey be made of the cut A2.
12. Interested parties have been notified of the adverse recom-
mendation in case of the Maximo Point cut. A list 1 of the persons
to whom this notice has been sent, together with a copy of said
notice, are attached hereto.
J. R. SLATTERY.
[First indorsement.]
OFFICE OF DIVISION ENGINEER, SOUTHEAST DIVISION,
October 3, 1912.
To the CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY:
I agree with the district officer that the locality is worthy of
such improvement as would result from the excavation of channel
A2, provided the cost is not excessive, and I believe that this route
is worthy of a survey in order to determine what the cost would be.
DAN C. KINGMAN,
Colonel, Corps of Engineers.
[Third indorsement.]
THE BOARD OF ENGINEERS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS,
Washington, November 4, 1912.
To the CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY:
1. This is a report on preliminary examination of Boca Ceiga
Bay, Fla., with a view to securing a channel from the 8-foot con-
tour near Point Pinelos and Maximo Point to the existing channel
to Clearwater Harbor at a point near Gulfport, for the purpose of
shortening said channel to Clearwater Harbor, as called for by the
act of July 25, 1912. The improvement desired involves two cuts
through shoal water, one of about half a mile at Point Pinelos and
SNot printed.






BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA. 7

one of about 2 miles at Maximo Point. Both would shorten the
channel to Clearwater Harbor. The former is also urged as a sub-
stitute for the route along the natural channel, located farther
from the shore, with a view to shortening the distance for vessels
passing between St. Petersburg and Passagrille, while the cut near
Maximo Point is also desired with a view to assisting in the develop-
ment of the land along this shore and to avoid the strong tidal
currents in the present channel.
2. The district officer reports unfavorably on the Maximo Point
cut, as he considers the natural channel sufficiently good for all
practical purposes. He notified interested parties that they might
submit their views to the board regarding this channel. He believes
that the cut near Point Pinelos is advisable if the cost is reasonable,
and he recommends a survey, which is also approved by the division
engineer. Two communications have been received by the board,
urging an improvement in the route to Passagrille.
3. There seems to be no urgent demand or necessity for the Max-
imo Point cut in the interests of navigation, and the board concurs
with the view of the district officer that this improvement is not
advisable at the present time.
4. With reference to the cut at Point Pinelos, it seems that navi-
gation interests would be better served by the cut now desired
than by enlarging the natural channel, as proposed in the project
for the Boca Ceiga and Clearwater Harbor channel. The question
of the location of the channel entering Boca Ceiga Bay should be
decided by the relative advantages of the two cuts, including the
cost of construction, probable permanence, and cost of maintenance
in each case, and to determine these questions the board recommends
that a survey and estimate of both locations be authorized.
For the board:
LANSING H. BEACH,
Lieutenant Colonel, Corps of Engineers,
Senior Member Present.

SURVEY OF BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA.

WAR DEPARTMENT,
UNITED STATES ENGINEER OFFICE,
Jacksonville, Fla., February 21, 1913.
From: The District Engineer Officer.
To: The Chief of Engineers, United States Army
(Through the Division Engineer).
Subject: Estimated cost of 8-foot channels between Tampa Bay and
Boca Ceiga Bay.
1. In compliance with department letter dated November 8, 1912,
I submit the following report on the survey authorized thereby and
made with a view to securing an 8-foot channel between Tampa Bay
and Boca Ceiga Bay.
2. The areas covered by the survey are shown on the accompanying
map and are designated, respectively, as Al and A2. The survey
consisted in taking soundings over these areas and then taking
1 Not printed.






8 BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA.

borings and current observations along the best lines for channels
through these areas. Numerous borings were taken in both of the
proposed cuts to a depth of 10 feet without encountering rock.
The material in both cuts is soft sand and mud with some shell
mixed in it.
3. The currents in Tampa Bay are influenced very extensively by
the wind. The observations taken, however, seem to indicate more
or less regular currents through the partially defined channels in these
areas. These currents have a velocity of from 0.5 to 0.6 miles per
hour. On the flats bordering these partially defined channels there
is practically no current. From these conditions it is believed that
dredged channels along either of these cuts could be maintained at
small cost.
4. The estimated cost of an 8-foot channel 100 feet wide through
cut Al would be as follows:
Dredging 115,000 cubic yards, at 15 cents.................................. $17, 250
Engineering and contingencies, about 10 per cent.............17.......... 1, 750
Total..................................... ....................... 19,000
The length of the dredged channel along this line would be about
8,000 feet.
The estimated cost of an 8-foot channel 100 feet wide through cut
A2 would be as follows:
Dredging 65,000 cubic yards, at 15 cents............................. $9, 750
Engineering and contingencies, about 10 per cent........................ 950
Total.............................................................. 10,700
The length of this dredged channel would be about 6,350 feet,
The estimated cost of maintaining either of these channels is $1,000
per year.
5. From the above estimates it will be seen that the cost of a chan-
nel along the route designated as A2 is only a little more than half
what a channel along Al would cost.
6. As will be seen from the index map, a channel along the route
A2 would be somewhat more convenient for boats bound for or com-
ing from Passagrille and other points in Boca Ceiga Bay and Clear-
water Harbor, particularly if such boats also called or intend to call
at St. Petersburg. The channel through cut Al was part of the ap-
proved project for the improvement of Boca Ceiga Bay and Clear-
water Harbor, adopted by Congress June 25, 1910. Neither of these
channels could be dredged within the original estimated cost of
improving Boca Ceiga Bay and Clearwater Harbor.
7. It is recommended that the original project be modified so as to
provide a channel from Boca Ceiga Bay to Tampa Bay, by way of
the cut indicated on accompanying map as A2, and that the esti-
mated cost of the improvement be increased by $10,700. The
locality is believed to be worthy of additional improvement to the
extent necessary to secure the above channel. On account of the
relatively small amount of work involved, the entire sum necessary for
the execution of this work should be appropriated at one time.
J. R. SLATTERY.






BOCA CEIGA BAY, FLA. 9
[First indorsement.]
OFFICE OF DIVISION ENGINEER, SOUTHEAST DIVISION,
February 25, 1913.
To the CHIEF OF ENGINEERS:
I agree with the district officer that the Boca Ceiga Bay Channel is
worthy of improvement to the extent which he proposes, and I would
recommend that the increased amount required, viz, $10,700, be
appropriated when the proper time comes in the full amount.
DAN C. KINGMAN,
Colonel, Corps of Engineers.
[For Report of the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors
see p. 3.]
O





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