Group Title: House document / 63d Congress, 1st session ; Document no. 18.
Title: Anclote River, Fla. Letter from the secretary of war, transmitting, with a letter from the chief of engineers, reports on examination and survey of Anclote River, Fla
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 Material Information
Title: Anclote River, Fla. Letter from the secretary of war, transmitting, with a letter from the chief of engineers, reports on examination and survey of Anclote River, Fla
Series Title: House document 63d Congress, 1st session
Physical Description: 6 p. : fold. map ;
Publisher: U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication: Washington
Publication Date: 1913
 Subjects
Subject: Anclote River (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Pasco -- Anclote River
 Notes
General Note: April 14, 1913 -- Referred to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered to be printed with the accompanying illustration.
Funding: House document (United States. Congress. House) ;
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Bibliographic ID: UF00004584
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAA5804
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63D CONGRESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. DOCUMENT
1st Session. No. 18.




ANCLOTE RIVER, FLA.



LETTER

FROM

THE SECRETARY OF WAR,
TRANSMITTING,

WITH A LETTER FROM THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, REPORTS ON
EXAMINATION AND SURVEY OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLA.


April 14, 1913.--Referred to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered to
be printed, with illustration.


WAR DEPARTMENT,
Washington, April 11, 1913.
SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith a letter from the Chief
of Engineers, United States Army, dated 19th ultimo, together with
copies of reports from Capt. J. R. Slattery, Corps of Engineers, dated
November 15, 1912, and February 17, 1913, with map, on preliminary
examination and survey, respectively, of Anclote River, Fla., made
by him in compliance with the provisions of the river and harbor act
approved July 25, 1912.
Very respectfully, LINDLEY M. GARRISON,
Secretary of War.
The SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.


WAR DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS,
Washington, March 19, 1918.
From: The Chief of Engineers, United States Army.
To: The Secretary of War.
Subject: Preliminary examination and survey of Anclote River, Fla.
1. There are submitted herewith, for transmission to Congress,
reports dated November 15, 1912, and February 17, 1913, rith map,
by Capt. J. R. Slattery, Corps: of Engineers, on preliminary examina-
tion and survey, respectively, of Anclote River, Fla., authorized by
the river and harbor act approved July 25, 1912.







2 ANOLOTE RIVE,R FLA.

2. The Anclote River empties into th Gulf of Mexico about 35
miles north of the entrance of Tampa Bay. The present project for
its improvement provides for a channel 6 feet deep and 100 feet wide
to Sponge Harbor and 4 feet deep and 100 feet wide thence to the
county bridge at Tarpon Springs. The principal item of commerce is
sponges, and the district officer reports that there are some 70 boats
engaged in this trade. There is a tendency to use larger boats in the
sponge-fishing industry, and on account of the importance of this
business he believes the locality to be worthy of improvement to the
extent of dredging a channel 6 feet deep and 100 feet wide up tW
Tarpon Springs, following the existing channel, except at one pointi
where a slight change in location is proposed in order to avoid rock,
The estimated cost of the improvement is $22,000. The division
engineer concurs with the district officer in believing that this river
is worthy of improvement to the extent proposed.
S3. These reports have been referred, as required by law, to thi
Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, and attention is invited
to the board's accompanying report, dated March 10, 1913, concurring
with the views of the district officer and the division engineer.
4. After due consideration of the above-mentioned reports, I concur
in general with the views of the district officer, the division engineer,
and the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, and therefore,
in'carrying out the instructions of Congress, I report as follows: That
the improvement by the United States of Anclote River, Fla., is
deemed advisable so' far as to secure an available channel depth of 6
feet and a channel width of 100 feet, increased at entrances and on
curves, following in general the methods described in the report of
the district officer, at an estimated cost of $22,000 for first construc-
tion and $500 annually for maintenance, these estimates being based
on the supposition that the construction work will, as now seems
desirable and advantageous, be prosecuted under a first appropriation
of the full amount of the estimated cost.
W. H. BIXBY,
Chief of Engineers, United States Army.


REPORT OF THE BOARD OF ENGINEERS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS
ON SURVEY.
[Third indorsement.]
BOARD OF ENGINEERS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS,
March 10, 1913.
To the CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY:
1. The Anclote River, about 20 miles in length, empties into the
Gulf of Mexico about 35 miles north of the entrance to Tampa Bay.
The river has been improved under a project which provides for a
channel 100 feet wide and 6 feet deep at mean low water to Sponge
Harbor, a short distance inside the mouth, and thence 4 feet deep
to the County Bridge at Tarpon Springs, at an estimated cost of
$51,500. There has been expended on this improvexment to June
30, 1912,1 $56,500. The pr6ject is completed. The mean rise of
tide is 2 feet. The commerce of the river amounts to about 14,000
tons annially, having a value of about $1,000,000, the principal







ANCLOTE RIVER, FLA. 8

items being merchandise, fruit, and sponges, the latter amounting to
700 tons, having a valuation of $686,000. There are about 70 boats
engaged in the sponge-fishing industry. These boats draw 2 to 31
feet and utilize the available depth in the upper section of the river.
There is a desire to use larger vessels, and the improvement sought
is an increase in the upper section from the 4-foot project depth
to 6 feet.
2. A survey having been made, the district officer presents an esti-
mate for redredging the existing channel where necessary in order to
restore the 6-foot depth and to extend that depth with a width of
100 feet up to Tarpon Springs, widening the upper 500 feet to 200
feet to form a basin. The estimated cost of this work is $22,000.
No estimate for maintenance is given in the report of the district
officer, but it appears from the experience had in the maintenance
of the existing project that this item should not exceed about $500
per annum. The district officer is of opinion that the improvement
:outlined above is worthy of being undertaken by the General Gov-
ernment, and in this view the division engineer concurs.
3. While the tonnage of the commerce involved is not large, it is
quite valuable, and it appears that navigation and commercial
interests would receive considerable advantage from the proposed
improvement. The cost of the work appears reasonable when
compared with prospective benefits, and therefore the board con-
curs with the district officer and the division engineer and reports
that in its opinion it is advisable to modify the existing project by
increasing the 4-foot depth between Sponge Harbor and Tarpon
Springs to 6 feet, widening'at the upper end to 200 feet, as proposed
by the district officer, at an estimated cost of $22,000, and such
reasonable amount for maintenance as may be necessary, not to
exceed about $500 per year. The whole amount should be made
available in one appropriation.
4. In compliance with the law the board reports that there are
no questions of terminal facilities, waterpower, or other subjects so
related to the project proposed that they may be coordinated there-
with to lessen the cost and compensate the Government for expendi-
tures made in the interests of navigation.
SFor the board:
WM. T. ROSSELL,
Colonel, Corps of Engineers,
Senior Member of the Board.

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLA.
"WAR DEPARTMENT,
UNITED STATES ENGINEER OFFICE,
Jacksonville, Fla., November15, 191.
From: Capt. J. R. Slattery, Corps of Engineers.
To: The Chief of Engineers, United States Army
(Through the Division Engineer).
Subject: Preliminary examination of Anclote River, Fla.
1. In accordance with department letter dated August 3, 1912,
the following report on the preliminary examination of the Anclote
River, "authorized by act of Congress approved July 25, 1912, is
submitted:
H D--63-1-vol 8-8
4








4 ANCLOTE RIVER, FLA.

2. The Anclote River rises in swamps in western Florida and flows
in a general southwesterly direction, emptying into the Gulf of
Mexico about 35 miles north of the entrance of Tampa Bay. The
total length of the river is about 20 miles. From its source to Tar-
pon Springs, about 24 miles above the mouth, it flows through
swamps and marshes and is narrow and crooked. At Tarpon Springs
the volume is augmented by the flow from Tarpon Springs, which
enters the river through Tarpon Bayou. From here to the mouth
the stream partakes of the character of a tidal estuary. There is no
demand for the improvement of this river above Tarpon Springs,
and the examination was, therefore, limited to that portion of the
river between Tarpon Springs and the Gulf of Mexico. A map is
submitted showing this portion of the river. The bottom of the
river is apparently sand and shell.
3. A channel 6 feet deep and 100 feet wide has been dredged from
the 6-foot curve in the Gulf of Mexico to Sponge Harbor. A chan-
nel 4 feet deep and 100 feet wide has been dredged from Sponge
Harbor to the County Bridge at Tarpon Springs. The channels are
shown on the accompanying map. Some shoaling has occurred in
these channels, so that the maximum draft at mean low water is 3j
feet. The mean range of the tide is 2 feet. The total length of the
improved channel is about 3.8 miles.
4. Previous examinations and surveys have been made, as follows:

Annual report
Congressional documents. of Chief of
Engineers.
Section covered.
"House or Num- Congress. Session. Year, Page.

Tarpon Springs to mouth............... House... 71 Forty-eighth.... Second.. 1885 1280-1281
Anelote River .... ................. ...do..... 160 Fifty-third........ Third.. 1895 1573-1576

No maps.

5. The commerce for the calendar year of 1911 was as follows:

Amount Amount
Articles. o Amount Valuation. Average distance Rate per
Articles. custom- (short Valuation. caried. ton-mile.
ary units. tons).

Fish ........................ barrels. 1,600 160 $9,600 Local............. No rate.
Gasoline........................do.... 2,100 472 15,750 85 miles........... 2.5 cents.
Logs, pine-....--..... ...... feet b. m.. 2, 000, 000 9,844 14,760 Local.............. No rate.
Lumber, pine..................do.... 100,000 248 488 .....do............ Do.
Merchandise and fruit........... tons.. 2,850 2,850 273,000 85 miles........... 2.5 cents.
Sponges.....................-bunches.. 202, 845 700 686,000 Local............. No rate.
Total ........................ .......... 14,274 1,000,598

6. While the tonnage of this stream is relatively small, the prin-
cipal item being sponges, the value of the commerce is rather large,
and on account of the character of the commerce the importance of
the improvement should be judged, in this case, by the value rather
than by the tonnage. There are some 70 boats engaged in the
sponge-fishery business, drawing from 2 feet to 3 feet.







ANCLOTE RIVER, FLA. 5

7. There is a tendency to use larger boats in the sponge-fishing
industry and it is the desire of those interested in this industry
that a 6-foot channel should be carried to the wharves at Tarpon
Springs.
8. The only wharves of the river are those at Tarpon Springs,
which are owned by the Sponge Exchange. These wharves are
open to the free use of all desiring to use them. There is no con-
nection between these wharves and the railroad, and there are no
mechanical appliances for handling freight. The existing wharves
are sufficient to handle the commerce of the river.
9. This portion of the river being in fact a tidal estuary, no water
power could be developed in connection with its improvemeht. No
projects for reclamation of land could be coordinated with the
improvement in the interests of navigation.
10. The locality is believed to be worthy of improvement to the
extent of providing a 6-foot channel to the wharves at Tarpon
Springs and a turning basin of equal depth at this point, providing
rock is not encountered in such quantities as to make such an improve-
ment unduly expensive.
11. It is recommended that borings be made to make certain as
to whether or not rock would be encountered.
J. R. SLATTERY.
[First indorsement.]
OFFICE OF DIVISION ENGINEER, SOUTHEAST DIVISION,
November 16, 1912.
The CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY:
I agree with the district officer that the above showing is sufficient
to justify a moderate expenditure for the improvement of this river
as far up as Tarpon Springs, and I would recommend that a survey
be made in order to ascertain whether an improvement for a 6-foot
navigation is practicable and how much it will cost.
DAN C. KINGMAN,
Colonel, Corps of Engineers.
[Third indorsement.]
BOARD OF ENGINEERS- FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS,
December 5, 1912.
The CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY:
For reasons stated herein the board concurs with the district officer
and the division engineer in recommending a survey in order to deter-
mine the extent and advisability of the improvement. It is requested
that the district officer give additional information concerning the
shipment of sponges, as it appears from the Annual Report of the
Chief of Engineers for 1898, page 1363, that these were mainly deliv-
ered at that time at Anclote and Sponge Harbor.
For the board:
WM. T. ROSSELL,
Colonel, Corps of Engineers,
Senior Member of the Board.






6 ANCLOTE RIVER, FLA.
SURVEY OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLA.
WAR DEPARTMENT,
UNITED STATES ENGINEER OFFICE,
Jacksonville, Fla., February 17, 1913.
From: Capt. J. R. Slattery, Corps of Engineers.
To: The Chief of Engineers, United States Army.
(Through the Division Engineer.)
Subject: Survey of Anclote River, Fla.
1. In compliance with department letter dated December 12, 1912,
I submit below report on survey of Anclote River.
2. The survey consisted in re-sounding the channel previously
dredged and taking borings in cuts where less than a 6-foot depth was.
obtained. The map submitted herewith shows the depths now avail-
able in and near the channels previously dredged.
3. It is proposed to redredge the channels formerly dredged, where
necessary, in order to restore them to a depth of 6 feet, and to deepen
the 4-foot channels formerly dredged to a depth of 6 feet. It is pro-
posed to make the channel 100 feet wide and to follow the channels
previously constructed except at one point, where a slight change in
location has been made to avoid rock-the only rock discovered by
the borings taken.
4. It is proposed to widen the channel at Tarpon Springs to a width
of 200 feet for a length of 500 feet, so as to form a basin. The mate-
rial to be dredged is sand and shell. The estimated cost of the work
outlined above is as follows:
Dredging 100,000 cubic yards of sand and shell, at 20 cents................. $20, 000
Engineering and contingencies, 10 per cent................. ......... 2, 000
Total..... .................. ........ ........... ...... .......... 22, 000
5. At the present time the sponge exchange and practically all the
sponge packing houses are located at Tarpon Springs, and by far the
greater part of the sponges are brought to Tarpon Springs to be packed
there and forwarded thence to market by rail. There is no railroad
touching at Anclote or Sponge Harbor. Not a single boat was seen
at either of these points at the time of the preliminary examination,
whereas there were a dozen or more boats noticed at Tarpon Springs and
several noticed on their way to that point heavily laden with sponges.
6. The improvement of the stream to the extent proposed herein is
believed to be warranted by the commerce of the locality, and its
undertaking by the Federal Government is therefore recommended.
7. As the amount of work to be done is small, it should be let in a
single contract; and the entire amount necessary for the work should,
therefore, be appropriated at one time.
J. R. SLATTERY.
[First indorsement.]
OFFICE OF DIVISION ENGINEER, SOUTHEAST DIVISION,
February 19, 1913.
The CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY:
I agree with the district officer that this river is worthy of improve-
ment to the extent proposed.
DAN C. KINGMAN,
Colonel, Corps ef Engineers.
[For Report of the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors on
survey, see p. 2.]
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