Group Title: House document / 55th Congress, 2d session ; Document no. 200.
Title: Survey of Anclote River. Letter from the secretary of war, transmitting, with a letter from the chief of engineers, report of survey of Anclote River, Florida.
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 Material Information
Title: Survey of Anclote River. Letter from the secretary of war, transmitting, with a letter from the chief of engineers, report of survey of Anclote River, Florida.
Series Title: House document 55th Congress, 2d session
Physical Description: 4 p. : fold. map ;
Language: English
Publisher: U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication: Washington
Publication Date: 1898
 Subjects
Subject: Anclote River (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Pasco -- Anclote River
 Notes
General Note: January 7, 1898 -- Referred to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered to be printed.
Funding: House document (United States. Congress. House) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004583
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAA5803
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55TH CONGRESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. DOCUMENT
2d Session. No. 200.





SURVEY OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLORIDA.



LETT E'R

FROM

THE ACTING SECRETARY OF WAR,
TRANSMITTING,
WITH A LETTER FROM THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, REPORT OF
SURVEY OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLORIDA.


JANUARY 7, 1898.-Referred to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered
to be printed.


WAR DEPARTMENT,
Washington, D. C., January 6, 1898.
SIm: I have the honor to inclose herewith a letter from the Chief
of Engineers dated January 4, 1898, together with a copy of a report
from Lieut. Col. W. H. H. Benyaurd, Corps of Engineers, dated Decem-
ber 27, 1897, of a survey made by him in compliance with the provi-
sions of the river and harbor act of June 3, 1896, of Anclote River,
Florida.
Very respectfully, G. D. MEIKLEJOHN,
Acting Secretary of War.
The SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.



OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS,
UNITED STATES ARMY,
Washington, D. C., January 4, 1898.
SIR: I have the honor to submit the accompanying report of Decem-
ber 27, 1897, with map, by Lieut. Col. W. H. H. Benyaurd, Corps of
Engineers, of results of survey of Anclote River, Florida, made to com-
ply with provisions of the river and harbor act of June 3, 1896.
The project presented by Colonel Benyaurd contemplates securing a
channel 100 feet wide and 6 feet deep at mean low water from Anclote
Anchorage to Sponge Harbor, and thence 4 feet deep at mean low water
to the county bridge at Tarpon Springs. The cost, he estimates, will be







2 SURVEY OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLORIDA.

$51,500, and he expresses the opinion that the improvement is well
worthy of being undertaken.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JOHN M. WILSON,
Brig. Gen., Chief of Engineers,
U. S. Army.
Hon. R. A. ALGER,
Secretary of War.

SURVEY OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLORIDA.
UNITED STATES ENGINEER OFFICE,
St. Augustine, Fla., December 27, 1897.
GENERAL: I have the honor to present the following report on a
survey of Anclote River, Florida, made in compliance with the river
and harbor act of June 3, 1896:
The preliminary examination of the river was made in October, 1894,
and the report thereon will be found in the Report of the Chief of Engi-
neers, United States Army, for 1895, page 1574. This preliminary
examination developed the fact that the improvement of the river
would be of great value to the sponge industry, which, although in a
thriving condition, is greatly hampered by the obstructed condition of
the river.
The river has a total length of about 20 miles, and is a small stream
until it reaches a point about 3 miles from the mouth, where it receives
the water flowing from a large spring called Tarpon Springs, situated at
the head of Tarpon Bayou, through which it flows into the Anclote
River. The thriving town of Tarpon Springs is located about the head
of the bayou and between it and the river. The river below Tarpon
Springs is badly obstructed by sand shoals and oyster bars, through
which the channel pursues a narrow and tortuous way, with a depth
varying from 2 to 14 feet at mean low water.
Nineteen vessels from Tarpon Springs are engaged in gathering
sponges from the sponge bars located off the Gulf coast of Florida,
mostly northward from the Anclote River. These vessels, together
with about 100 hailing from Key West, bring their sponges to the mouth
of Anclote River to be prepared for market and sold. With the river
in its present condition, most of these vessels are unable to get into the
river at all, and the transfer of sponges and supplies for the boats is
carried on under considerable difficulty. The principal reason that this
place is made the rendezvous for sponging vessels is on account of the
excellent harbor just off the mouth of the river, known as Anclote
Anchorage, which is protected.from the Gulf of Mexico by the islands
known as Anclote Keys and the outlying shoals.
It is believed that a channel 100 feet wide and 6 feet deep at mean
low water from Anclote Anchorage to Sponge Harbor, about 1- miles
above the mouth of the river, and 4 feet deep at mean low water from
Sponge Harbor to the county bridge at Tarpon Springs, would answer
the present needs of the commerce of the river.
The following is the estimate of cost of such a channel, based upon
the results of the survey made in May and June, 1897, by the field
party in local charge of Mr. O. N. Bie, whose report is appended:
175,000 cubic yards dredging, at 25 cents .......---.........---......--....-....... $43, 750
Engineering and contingencies, about 15 per cent of total cost............. 7, 750
Total ...................................................51,500







SURVEY OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLORIDA. 3

This improvement, in my opinion, is well worthy of being undertaken,
and is earnestly recommended.
The map of the survey is respectfully submitted herewith.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
W. H. H. BENYAURD,
Lieut. Col., Corps of Engineers.
Brig. Gen. JOHN M. WILSON,
Chief of Engineers, U. A.





REPORT OF MR. 0. N. BIE.

UNITED STATES DREDGE SUWANEE,
Tampa, Fla., July 14, 1897.
COLONEL: I have the honor to submit my report on survey of Anclote River,
Florida.
From Maj. Thomas H. Handbury's report to the Chief of Engineers, United States
Army, on the preliminary examination of this river, dated December 21, 1894, I would
respectfully quote:
Anclote River is on the west coast of Florida, has its source in the swamps about
20 miles inland, and empties into the Gulf of Mexico about 35 miles to the northward
of the entrance to Tampa Bay. At a point 2j miles from its mouth a branch known
as Tarpon Bayou comes in from the south. This is aboiut 1 mile in length and 500
feet wide. Between this bayou and the river is situated the town of Tarpon Springs,
a thriving place of about 700 inhabitants, which number is very much increased
during the winter season. The place is on the line of the Sanford and St. Petersburg
Railroad."
The improvement contemplated is an available channel with a mean low-water
depth of 6 feet from the Anclote Anchorage outside of the bar to the town of Tarpon
Springs.
Assisted by a transitman, recorder, and crew of the U. S. snag boat Suwanee, I
began the survey May 25, 1897, and completed the fieldwork June 1, 1897.
A line 2,999.5 feet was measured on the north side of the river near its mouth,
and, with this as a base, a series of triangles was extended from the mouth of the
river to Anclote. From this point to the upper end of our survey (about 1,300
feet above the county bridge) the shore line was located by stadia and transit;
soundings from the bar to the county bridge were located by two transits, and
reduced to mean low water at Anclote, as determined from gauge readings extending
over a period of eight days. The mean rise and fall of tide is 2.7 feet.
From the bar to station "Bulkhead," near the mouth of the river, is a tortuous
but well-defined channel, having a mean low-water depth of 6 feet and over, except
at its outer end and near stakes Nos. 2, 4, and 5. From station "Bulkhead" to
Sponge Harbor the channel is very narrow and crooked, varying in depth from 3
to 6 feet, and is of little practical use except for small launches and sailboats. From
Sponge Harbor to Tarpon Springs the river is badly obstructed by sand and shell
bars, extending from either side of the river and overlapping, so there is no practical
channel, though it is possible for a person thoroughly conversant with the shoals to
bring a 2k-foot draft up to the town.
At Anclote, on the north side of the river and 2 miles inside the bar, and at Sponge
Harbor, on the opposite shore, are large warehouses, where nearly all of the sponges
are clipped and baled for shipment. As there is insufficient water in the river to
bring the sponging vessels to these points, the fleet anchors about 1 mile north of
the river at Bailey Point and discharges its cargo by the use of rowboats into large
kraals near the shore. From this point the sponges are towed in lighters to the
above-mentioned warehouses, which, necessarily, is a slow and expensive arrange-
ment.
The improvement at present required for the benefit of commerce is, in my judg-
ment, an available channel at lqast 100 feet wide and 6 feet deep from the bar to
Anclote. To obtain this the line of the present natural channel could be followed
as far as station Bulkhead." From this point to Anclote it should be dredged on an
almost straight line.







4 SURVEY OF ANCLOTE RIVER, FLORIDA.

The following estimates, based on the results of our survey, have been made:
For a channel 100 feet wide and 6 feet deep from the bar to the county bridge on
the east side of Tarpon Springs- -
285,000 cubic yards sand and shell, at 25 cents per yard..................-.. $71, 250
Engineering and contingencies .-.........-................................. 10,250
Total ........................................ ..................... 81, 500
For a similar channel from the bar to Anclote-
106,000 cubic yards sand and shell, at 25 cents per yard ......-............. $26,500
Engineering and contingencies ........---..--..... -...........--............ 4,000
Total................................ -...........--- ......--- .... 30,500

The depth is computed to 7 feet, allowing 1 foot for back fill, as customary.
Borings were taken along the river from Tarpon Springs to the bar and no rock
found at a less depth than 9 feet. Some loose bowlders were found at a 9-foot depth,
but in every instance a boring taken a few feet away would go below that depth.
Nineteen vessels from Tarpon Springs and 100 from Key West bring their sponges
to Anclote for shipment. Total value of sponges sold at Tarpon Springs for the
twelve months ending May 31 is $64,004.66.
A map on a scale of ,h, partly completed, and a plotting sheet showing the pro-
posed lines of dredging, are submitted herewith.
I am indebted to Capt. Samuel E. Hope, deputy collector of customs at Anclote,
for information furnished in regard to the commerce of this port.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
O. N. BIE.
Lieut. Col. W. H. H. BENYAURD,
Corps of Engineers, U. S. A.

SOnly one map printed.

O





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