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HE purpose of this folder is to give as accurate an idea as is pos-
j sible in the limited space, of the advantages offered by Clay
County as a desirable place in which to live. We have endeav-
ored to picture some of its natural beauties and attractions, to show
some of the crops that are grown here to good advantage by those who
are really interested in doing something along the line of farming and
trucking, and to set forth the advantages in location enjoyed by residents
here who are interested either in marketing their crops or in getting
quick and easy transportation to all parts of the state a.s well as to all
northern points. Clay County is unusually blessed in the matter of
transportation facilities, having the St. Johns river along its entire
eastern boundary, being crossed from north to south by the Atlantic
SCoast Line Railroad and in the western section by the Southern Rail
% way, being crossed from north to south i!v State Road No. 3, and from
ea to st wet by Road No. 48, which connects St. Augustine, Green Cove
:Springs, Penney Farms and Starke. As this highway is soon to be
completed through to Lake City. those wishing to travel north by way
of Valdosta and Atlanta will find this one of the most direct routes and K
those coming south over the same route will find it a direct route to
the East Coast as well as to the central part of the state. At Starke this
route connects with State Highway No. 13, which affords quick access
to Gainesville, Ocala and other central and west coast sections. The
accessibility of all points in Clay County are factors that greatly en-
hance its attractiveness as a home-site. Its farm lands are unusually
fertile. Its natural attractions are such as appeal very strongly to those
interested in locating winter homes, while these natural advantages en-
hance its attractiveness for those who wish to locate for the year round.
We should say that State Highway No. 3, which crosses Clay County,
passing through Green Cove Springs, is the principal highway leading
from Jacksonville through Palatka, Crescent City, DeLand, Sanford,
Orlando, Kissimmee, Lakeland and Plant City, and to Tampa.
It is sincerely hoped that those interested in having further information about
I any section of the county will not hesitate to write to The Clay County Chamber
of Commerce, Green Cove Springs, Florida. stating as nearly as possible the
information they desire.
CLAY COUNTY HIGH SCHOOL, GREEN COVE SPRINGS
If-yHE famous Greeni o\e Springs Miineral
SSpring has been known since Ponce de Leon
discoveredd Florida. It is visited yearly by
thousands seeking its plurilv and healthfulness. Its
even temperature of 78 degrees at all times makes
bathing a real treat to those who take advantage
of Green Cove Springs. It is also equipped with
private pools covered with \iolet Ray Glass which
enables one to take a real Florida sun-bath along
with his swim.
Made at the Laborator' of Carl H. Schultz,
In 100,000 Parts.
Chlorine ...............1.515 Magnesium Carb. ....0.221
Sodium Chloride ..... .2.500 Organic lind Volatile
Free Ammonia ...... 0.004 Matter loss on igni-
Albuminoid Ammonia. .0.002 tion not replaced .,.5.103
Total Sulph ......... .4.229 Mineral Matter .. .15.003
Calcium Carb, .. .. . .2,070 Total Solids ......... 20.100
Owing to the absence r.f nitrates, nitrates and
other impurities, this water can be highly recom-
mended as a drinking water of exceptional purity.
A. P. HALLOLK, Ph. D., Chemist.
1. Chamber of Commerce Office, Qui-Si-Sana Hotel.
2. Green Cove Spring and Casino.
3. River at Magnolia Springs, with a Day's Catch of Fish,
4. Street Scene, Orange Park, Showing River in Distance.
5. An Orange Park Home.
6. Orange Park, Beautifully Oak-Lined Boulevard.
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FARMING AND TRUCIING
C LAY COUNTY contain. a little less than half a
million acres of land. se\enty-five per cent
of which is suitable for some form of Agri-
culture. Perhaps twenty per cent of the area has
been farmed within the last ten years and about
ten per cent has been under cultivation the past
The land varies in altitude from 15 feet above
sea level to 200 feet. On the lower areas are found
many artesian wells, which make the land particu- .'-4i4 '
larl suited for the growing of celery, Irish pota-
toes. onions and the heavier truck crops. In other 4'rAIN1 A-
sections of the county the land is medium high Iffgh tI
with good drainage where a more general type of .
farming can be practiced. Dairying, poultry rais-
ing, hog raising and general farming are proving o -.. ,,,,
successful. Crops such as cucumbers. beans, toma-
toes. cabbage. potatoes, onions. peppers, sugar .
cane, strawberries. peanuts. cowpeas. velvet beans,
oats and orn are growIn on the mediumli heavy
1. Corner of Potato Farm, Showing Farm Home, Penney Farms. 4. Cucumbers, Squash, Beans, Corn, at Penney Farms in May.
2. Japanese Persimmon Orchard Near Green Cove Springs. 5. Blackberries and Corn-Picture Taken in May.
3. Flower Garden Surrounding a Poultry Farm. 6. Tung Oil Grove, Penney Farms.
land. Other sections of the county are still higher
with soil of a lighter nature. These areas are best
suited for the growing of Satsuma oranges, grapes,
persimmons, pears. sweet potatoes, chufas, peanuts,
light garden crops and poultry raising in particu-
Anyone interested in Florida should look this
county over, for we have exerv type of soil avail-
able in the state, together with a large amount of
first-class farming, which may be observed by the
visitor. The St. Johns River, the Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad. the Seaboard Railwayv and the City
of Jacksonville afford us the best possible market-
The price of cleared land that is really suitable
for farming varies from $25 to $250 per acre, de-
pending upon roads, location and general com-
munity development. Good roads extend into
nearly every section of the county and the power
lines traverse several sections.
Modern homes on modern farms make Clay
County attractive to the progressive farmer.
1. Potato Digging, Walkill Section, 5. Beans in Immediate Foreground, With Corn, Oats and Squash in Sur-
2. Corn Field in West Tocoi Section, Taken in May. rounding Fields, Taken in May, Penney Farms.
3. Pepper Field Near Green Cove Springs. 6. Dairy Herd of Penney Farms.
4. Part of 20-acre Oat Field, on Sutherland Farm. Near Walkill.
t .^ ^^
WN W NO". -&8t~~8~g~ ~ 44
REEN CO\VE SPRINGS, the count\ seat of (tCla\
County. Florida, is one of the lest and
best known year-round resorts in the .-tate.
Its population is about 2,000. It ha excellenti
ipulic schools, the Florida Militar\ Atcademn\ and
:\six churches, one bank, and stores and busines,-_
housces that would be a credit to a Imucl larei
place. It has many miles of w ell-paved trevet-.
modern drainage and sewer systemrn d nd a Imodern
municipallx o ied electric light and water -sslem.
Its Ilnunet ous hotels and rooming houses 1 compare
ta\I ora:,lt with those to be found in the bei.t Vninter
and summer resorts. Its location upon the ianks
o, f the beautiful St. joli-, river, vliich at thiN point
a ...... is h-e miles wide. gives it advantage, not n o t b
had in man vplae?. T[he southeast trade j)inls.
wlichl in the summer sweep ovet the water, of tlet
St. Johns for many miiles to the south, rnlake f:.f it
ia ideal place in -which to spend the suninier. 'The
excellent bathing facilities alforded ,by the twonder-
ful spring and casino, shown elsewhere in this cirt
cular. lend it attractiveness both as a winter and-
tsunm er resort. It is a progressive little :itv of
I:eeaiutiful sear-round and winter homes, ,,i excel
lent people, and modern advantages. Its
Visitors each -,ear come fr.u
practicallY ever state
in tlhe LUnion.
1. A St. Johns River View from a Home on Its Banks. 4. Entrance Qui-Si-Sana Hotel, Green .Cole Sprin-.
2. The Vominis Club Building. .ren Cove Spring5. Main Building, Florida Military Academ.
3. A Street Stcner. Green Cv Spris Winter Ho Green Cove spriz.
tlhe sportsman these are plentiful. The
iSt. Johns. Black Creek. Doctor's Lake and
X [ the inay large inland lakes afford a ready
response for the fishermlanl's desire.
For the hunter the nan \irgin forests nearby
and the lar ge ac'rages of partly cleared lands
yield all native game !birds, as well as a plentiful
supply of small game. () Occasionally (eer are
found.(, as well as i:ear.
N achlting, canoeing. sailing. swinruning, etc.,
S allord 1man attractions, fo,r the lover of water
-lotoring over lthe bleaulifully shaded highways,
along the rixer and lake whoires, which each moment
display beautiful ,istIas. aff'orlds pleasure for all
members of the family. Nngq and ol,.
1. Beautifully Wooded Lake Shore, Keystone Heights. 4. Looking Across St. Johns River from Black Creek Bridge, Route No 3.
. Looking Across No. 2 Fairway of Green Cove Springs Golf Cor 5. Street Scene with Hotel Keystone Heights
3. Entering Green Cove Springs from Shands Bridge 6. Bank of Green Cove Springs and Business Street, Green Cove Springs.
I LO(. CTED in the extreme nortlhern- part of Clay
1County, on the banks of the St. Johns river.
and it is an ideal home community. It has
miles of paved streets, electric lights, a community\
building. garages, churches. good schools alnd
business houses. Its location is excellent for truck-
ing and poultry raising. It is only 12 miles from
the heart of Jacksonville. The Atlantic Coast Line
Railroad and State Road No. 3 pass through the
town. One of its principal charms is its wonder-
ful oak-lined streets. and another is its beautiful
S river drive. It is the home of MIoosehaven. main-
tained by tie Loyal Order of Iloose. This organ-
ization owns excellent property here, and is plan-
ning many costly improvements.
1. A Green Cove Springs Apartment House.
2. River Drive, Orange Park.
3. State Road No. 3, Entering Orange Park.
4. One of Green Cove Springs' Attractive Boarding Houses.
5. View of the River from an Orange Park Bluff.
6. Two of the Buildings of Moosehaven in Orange Park.
T HREE miles west of Green Cove Springs the
farm properties of the J. C. Penney-Gwinn
Corporation begin and 8' miles west of the
city is the incorporated town of Penney Farms
which is the center of the farm settlement and
A paved highway, that mentioned elsewhere as
connecting St. Augustine and Starke, passes directly
through the 120,000-acre tract, more than 25,000
acres of which are under cultivation at present.
Penney Farms is also the site of the J. C. Penney-
Gwinn Institute of Applied Agriculture and of the
Memorial Community (Penney Foundation I for
retired married ministers and other Christian
The Penney-Gwinn Corlpo:ation has adopted the plan of
co-operation for farmers which tMr. Peinney has so success-
fully carried out in his more than 1,000 stores located
throughout the country This co-operation invAlves all
matters which concern the farmer--soil preparation, crop
planning, purchasing of seeds. fertilizers, etc., and the
marketing of the crops. The plan has proven very satisfac-
tory and to the present time farms can not be made ready
as rapidly as they are desired- ly prospective purchasers
who are carefully selected.
5. N *' -
1. Black Creek Bridge on State Road No. 3.
2. The Memorial Group of Apartments, Penney Farms.
3. Showing Roadway, Entering Penney Farms from East.
4. Street Scene in Penney Farms.
5. Main Highway Through Penney Farms.
6. Dairy Scene at Bordenville, Near Penney Farms.
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Msir off.~ s~~r
1. A Doctor's Inlet Home.
2. M. E. Church, Middleburg.
in the United States.
3. Beautiful Street Scene in
S IDDLEBURG is almost in the geographical
/II center of the county. It is situated( on
the banks of Black Creek which is navi-
S gable to and even beyond the town. It is surround-
ed by some of the most fertile lands in the county
and even in the state. Doubtless there is not a sec-
tion to be found in which the land is more univer-
sally well adapted for all kinds of farm crops
grown in the state. The town has good schools,
churches, business houses. It is connected directly
with Jacksonville by a good hardsurfaced road,
Those looking for homes where they can work with
profit will find it to their advantage to investigate
this section, as well as its neighbor, the DocTonR'S
INLET section. which is one of the finest Irish potato
sections in the state. The soil here is also adrnir-
ably adapted to the growth of bulbs, grapes, and
general farm crops. It is also the location of one
of the largest brick plants in the South.
4Said to be Oldest Metorth Fork of Black Creek Near Middleburg-An Excellent Fishing
Said to be Oldest Methodist Church Ground.
5. StocktonGamble Brick Plant, Doctor's Inlet.
Middleburg Lee Corner, Which Is the Center of the Fertile Farming District of
-, . . . . . . . . .
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1. First Tee, Keystone Heights Golf Course.
2. Looking Out Over Lake Geneva from Park in Keystone Heights.
3. Outboard Motorboat Racing on Lake Geneva.
4. Result of a Day's Duck Shooting Near Keystone Heights.
5. One of Keystone Heights' Beautiful Homes.
6. Water Sports on and in Lake Geneva at Keystone Heights.
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I T7fOURIST, homnesreker, investor, farmer
and grower, all of you will appreciate
the natural advantages of Keystone
Heights: altitude, pure air, fine drinking
water, perl)'ect drainage, beautiful scenery,
equalble all-year-round climate, picturesque
home-sites, rich soil, opportunities for all
kind of land and water sports, freedom from
The well-planned and rapid development
of the town-site has added these attractive
features: a commodious and hospitable inn,
apartments, schools, beautiful homes, a com-
munity church, improved streets, water and
light systems, golf, complete facilities for rec-
reation, Florida Chautauqua Assembly, cul-
tured and energetic citizens, rising property
values. Keystone Heights is located in the
extreme southwestern section of the county.
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SONTI ELLO ASPEIL.
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