GEOGRAPHICAL, STATISTICAL, AND HISTORICAL MAP OF HISPANIOLA, OR ST. D MINGO. 042.
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Hispaniola is situated between the islands of Jamaica and Cuba, on the west, and Porto Rico on the The climate is moist and hot, the thermometer, in the plains, rising as high as 99 : but the heat is 6ape Haytien, or Henry, formerly Cape Franguis, is situated on the north side of the island, about 30
east, and extends from 17 54', to 20 N. lat. and from 68 26', to 74 21' W. long. It is about 290 At the north-western extremity of the island is Cape St. Nicholas, or the Mole; at the north-eastern,| mode rated by the regular sea and land breezes, which blow in succession. On some of the highest leagues east of cape St. Nicholas, on a cape at the edge of a -large plain, 60 miles long, and 12 broad.
miles long from east to west; about 160 in breadth; and contains about 30,000 square miles. Old Cape Francois; at the south-eastern, Cape Engano; and at the south-western, Cape Tiburon. On mountains in the interior, the heat is not oppressive, and a fire is even at times found necessary. The Its harbour is one of the most secure and convenient in the whole island. Before the revolution, it was
,, ~the eastern side of the island, the most prominent points are Cape Cabron, Cape Samana, Espada, and ,heaviest rains fall in May and June. Hurricanes are seldom experienced. The climate is frequently the largest town in the French part of the island, containing between 8 and 900 houses, of stone or
Cape Raphael. On the south side, are Cape Mongon, the most southern point of the island, and Point fatal to Europeans, particularly on the sea coast, and has proved a powerfull ally to the blacks when brick, 8000 free inhabitants, and 12,000 slaves. The plain, on which the town is situated, is well water-
Abacou, a little south-east of Cape Tiburon. On the western coast, are Cape Donna Maria, a little they have been invaded. ed ;ind highly cul'it terl. :
FACE OP THE COUNTRY, SOIL, AND PRODUCTIONS, north of Cape Tiburon, and Cape St. Marc, near lat. 19 N. Point Isabella, on the northern coast, is Pur. i..'. /*rnce is at the head of the large bay which sets up on the west side of the island. It has ''
the most northern extremity of the island- an -.\cl lent harbour, but the situation is low and marshy, and the climate unhealthy. To the north
Samana bay sets up at the east end of the island, between Cape Samana, on the north, and Cape Ra- 'CIVIL DIVISIONS AND POPULATION. east of to" town is the noble plain of Cul de Sac, from 30 to 40 miles in length, by 9 in breadth, and
An elevated chain of mountains, called the Cibao mountains, commences near Cape St. Nicholas, phael, on the south. It is 45 miles long, and, on an average, 12 broad. A large triangular bay, called contaiiang- numerous siigar plantations. In 1790, the population consisted of 2754 whites, and 12,000
;". ~and, pursuing a south-east direction across the island, terminates near Cape Espada. Three summits, Scot's bay, lies north of Samana bay, between Cape Cabron and Old Cape Francois. The gulf of Gona- 'negrues. in i<"0, a great part of the town was destroyed by an earthquake, and, in 1791, during the
near the centre of the range, are said to be about six thousand feet above the level of the sea. A chain ives is a very large inland sea, at the west end of the island, situated between Cape Donna Maria, On Hispaniola was formerly divided between the French and Spaniards, the French occupying the west- revolution, .* was burnt.
in the north-east, called Monte Christi, commences at the bay of the same name, and terminates at the south, and Cape Nicholas on the north. These capes are not less than forty leagues apart, arid ern, and the Spaniards the eastern part. In 1791, an alarming insurrection broke, out among the ne- Si. isswnirf, the capital of the Spanish part of the island, is on the west bank of Ozama river, and
the bai\ of Samalna. In the eastern part of' the island, are extensive plum? or savainnas, occupied by the length of the bay 13 tit'i leagues. At the head of uhe gulf 13 situated thie important b~ay of Port groes in (the Frenchd part of the i-laind. which issued in tin: '-oirse or :i lew uears in the complete <:\- i.~ tur-rreri, a flounishling Citt, but is now .na :slate 0o'declne. The cathedral is a noble fcotiic pile,
immense herds of swine, horses, and horned cattle. KEistu-ard from the city ol' St. Domingo, the; au Prince. Ipiil~on of thec French. Th>: negros,,o; declared ithn--emlies independent, and gale to tlieir pant ol lhe- in ulinch the nailes ol Columbua resteii 1.ll ,I;96, w h
stretch out to the extent of elglht milci in length, b\ '.'u or *'5 in breadth.' The soil, in general, is Tlhe rmer riiii flows upwards of 70 miles through the beaut il'l arid fertile rvilley of lega Real, in ',isLjnd the name o!' Hif ti. Haul uwi r.:ccnTly divided into two distinct goicriiin.-:nlt, und>;r two rii-dl u-..r is large-, but iiot vell secure. P~piulail.on about 1 ?,00.".
a ell watered, and I'ertile in tlie highest degree, producing eiery variety of vegetable for use and an E. S. E. direction, ind falls into the ba\ of' R*umiina. It is naigiable thirteen leagues to Cotuy. ichiel's, pre-;
beauty. The plains alone, according to Edwirds, are cripable ol' prodcing more sugar and other ia. The .1f'inrv C/ in,'. or the 7./u', hierds near thte luna, and run-- north-e-l bout the same di'tainc,j island, andi the litter, the niirth.western part. These chiel's .ire now both Je-^'1, anid thii island has be- iiilernor in malii respectl- to c;pe H>.nry and Port iiu Piince, it is the sjlest hiirbcour on the island in1
liable commnitiieislhan- all thie British l\ est Indies put tog-eiher, and nothing li want'lin to render these to llhe bns or Miiienille. TIhe tl:ainu runs in a southi-south-ea-lt direct'.on, und flischairgtes itself just come tlhe thicatr' of newi revolutions. umni ol' \.ar. being *>trongl\ lortifi
I'ertile districts scene ol' succes-frlen ultituition, but a -uitable deg-ree of ndusirn andl enterprise among below the city ol' St. Domingo. It i-> nangible about 3.'1. nules, andl relis a \larpc volume of ivater to | The Freiich partot'the idel. i-nnta~ine,S31 white-. remarkable he'Jtli.
the Spn~islh colonists. "I rev are sunk, however, into a stale ol' s*uchi deplorable indolence, thit a great the sea. The \'.1
part ol' the caniiitr i. n"r-'-i ai beaut.kIl ulldertuss. The pr'incipil productions are sugar, coree.itnd ties itiflf irito a bay or the same n.ime, a little north-':lt of C pe Mongen. .1rti,.>nil'e river rises near to census, lj.''.640; in ItyS, according to .Micedo, 1.5,00W, ot' whomn 110,0<.U iiicr. Irei. andl 1j3,ii f'ormerl\ a plance olcoun'iderable commerce. A.S. J/i<, fit the htaid o'l assesti hul ol the samse name,
cotton, \hich'" .r- nroduiced in a~bundiance, and ol' a 6ine quality. The woods abound With nithogany the centre ol' tlhe i land; and, lioning west, discharges itscll' nto the gull' ol' Gonaites, a. lttle north ,slai-es: in 1510. aecrrding to IVodton, 104,0)U. "1he population, in both pairts ol the I'land, appf-irA i~ H ple.i.inl~ to *4U nilIe s north-uest ol Port au Prii.ce. Muoni- (Ahvii. nei The notnh coast, n>-ar a
and other valuable timber, of Caspe St. Mare. to haive declined wi'hini tlie last JO \i:afi. c..pe and island ofl llhe samen namie, in the a p..n~sh part of thn isl-ard. fts sonmeits a rnoted resort of
.1 smugglrs. (Se \ ifk-iidijr l<, thu sheet.
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SIUTIN AND: EXTENT CAES BAYS, A.;ND RIVRS CLIMATE-t rt_,.. '=/ ",, ".. ..
Hispaniola ~~~~ is siuae b.etween' the- islands of Jamaica,- and.K Cuba on the' wet an Pot ioo h Teciaei ostadht h hemmtr nteplis iiga
east,:- an extnd fro-m 17- 541 to 20 N. lat and fro 6' 26, to7"21W ln.I saou 9 tte ot-etreteiyo teiln.sCaeS.N rteMle ttenrt-atr, oe ae vte eua e ndln ree, whc blo in succssio
mie lon fro eas to wet about 160 -in bradh an contain abu 3000 sqar miles. Ol Cape ,=ngisa th....asen ae n nda h ouhwsen'Cp iurn n mo.a ,i teitror"h et sntoprsie ndafr s vna
.th. eatr side of th .is.l.a ,,, the, mos promnen points are Cape_ Ca n Cap Sa,,.a .,pa and h s rains fali.a n ue urcae r edmeprecd
, ~~ ~ Cp Rahal O..- th sot .. .i,"s.-.E ide ar Cape _o n th most souher point.. of the islnd a-'n- Poin fatalII to: '-E -.,ns, paricuarl on the ..... cost and/- 'as prve a poi-.==.,
".au a litl sot-es of. Cape T.ib-uron",-..' O-- th weser coast, are Cape Don Maia a-g .. litl the hav Inv'a-d-e.d.,,-
VAV.P, ,P IMP .TWrV -nTT- ..' ,RTUT11q north of Can Tinrn .,n, .C.,e -.t- Mac-eaa- 9 n:,,h.ontenrtene .i