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Title: Continental Shelf Boundary : Greece - Italy
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 Material Information
Title: Continental Shelf Boundary : Greece - Italy
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: United States. Department of State. Bureua of Inte
Publisher: Office of the Geographer, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, United States Department of State
Place of Publication: Washington, D. C.
Publication Date: 1982
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: Europe -- Greece
Europe -- Italy
Mediterranean
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00003792
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Main
        Page 1
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        Page 3
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Full Text
I / // I )
United States Department of State
Bureau of Intelligence and Research


At;
\ ,,!


Limits in the Seas

No. 96
CONTINENTAL SHELF BOUNDARY:


GREECE



'A


-ITALY










r44















This paper is one of a series issued by The Geographer,
Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the Department of
State. The aim of the series is to set forth the basis
for national arrangements for the measurement of the
territorial sea or the division of the maritime areas
of coastal nations.

Intended for background use only, this research document
does not represent an official acceptance of the
United States Government of the line or lines represented
on the charts or, necessarily, of the specific principles
involved, if any, in the original drafting of the lines.
Principal analyst for this study: Daniel J. Dzurck.
Additional copies may be requested by mail from
The Geographer, Department of State, Washington, D.C. 20520.




LIMITS IN THE SEAS

No. 96

CONTINENTAL SHELF BOUNDARY:


GREECE ITALY

June 6, 1982


















Office of The Geographer
Bureau of Intelligence and Research










CONTINENTAL SHELF BOUNDARY: GREECE-ITALY

On May 24, 1977, the Governments of the Hellenic
Republic and the Italian Republic signed an agreement on tne
delimitation of their respective continental shelves in the
Ionian Sea between the two states. Upon the exchange of
instruments of ratification, the agreement entered into force
on November 12, 1980. The full text of tnis accord is as
follows:


AGREEMENT
BETWEEN THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC
AND THE dELLENIC REPUBLIC
ON THE DELIMITATION OF ZONES
OF THE CONTINENTAL SHELF
BELONGING TO EACH OF THE TWO STATES

Having decided to establish the dividing line
between the zones of the continental shelf belonging to
each of the two States on the basis of the principle of
the median line, the two Contracting Parties have
agreed as follows:

Article I

1. In order to apply the principle of the median line
mentioned in the preamble of this agreement, and taking
into consideration any mutually approved minor
adjustments, the dividing line between the zones of the
continental shelf belonging to each of the two States
shall be defined by the arcs of the great circle
connecting the following points:

Point North Latitude East Longitude

1 3957'.7 18*57'.5
2 3957'.4 1856'.1
3 39*49'.0 18i54'.9
4 3917'.3 18"55'.6
5 3902'.0 1854'.0
6 3830'.0 18*43'.9
7 37'52'.0 18*28'.6
6 3721'.3 1d17l'.0
9 3659'.5 1819'.1
10 3654'.4 1819'.2
11 3645'.0 18'18'.6
12 36'26'.5 1818'.0
13 3624'.1 i8"17'.7
14 36'11'.0 1815'.7
15 3609'.0 1815'.7
16 3534'.2 1820'.7










2. The aforementioned dividing line is drawn on the
following charts annexed to this agreement:

(a) Hellenic nautical chart No. II, 1956 edition,
on a scale of 1:1,000,000 at 38";

(b) Italian nautical chart No. 436 L(C), 1975
edition, on a scale of 1:1,000,000 at 41'.

3. The Contracting Parties have agreed that for the
moment such delimitation shall not extend northward
beyond point 1 or southward beyond point 16.

Tnis delimitation shall subsequently extend in
both directions to the points of intersection with the
zones of the continental shelf belonging to the
respective neighboring countries.

Article II

If the dividing line runs through a deposit of
some mineral substance, including sand and gravel, and
if the part of the deposit which is located on one side
of the dividing line is wholly or partially minable by
equipment located on the other side, the two
Governments, in liaison with any holders of mining
rights, shall attempt to reach an agreement on the
conditions for mining the deposit so that such mining
may be as profitable as possible and each of the
Parties may retain all its rights to the mineral
resources of the soil and subsoil of its continental
shelf.

In the event that the natural resources of a
deposit located on both sides of the dividing line have
been mined, the Contracting Parties, after consultation
with any holders of mining rights, shall make every
effort to reach an agreement on equitable compensation.

Article III

The Contracting Parties shall adopt all possible
measures to ensure that the exploration of their
respective zones of the continental shelf and the
mining of its natural resources do not adversely affect
the ecological balance or other legitimate uses of the
sea.











Article IV

The Contracting Parties shall endeavor to resolve
through diplomatic channels any dispute which may arise
concerning the interpretation or application of this
agreement.

If the dispute is not resolved within a period of
four months after one of the Contracting Parties has
made known its intention of undertaking the procedure
set forth in the preceding paragraph, it shall be
submitted to the International Court of Justice at the
request of one of the Contracting Parties, or to any
other international authority chosen by common
agreement.

Article V

None of the provisions of this agreement shall
affect the regime for the superjacent water and
airspace.

Article VI

1. This agreement shall be subject to ratification.

The instruments of ratification shall be exchanged
as soon as possible at Rome.

2. This agreement shall enter into force on the day
that the instruments of ratification are exchanged.

Done at Athens on May 24, 1977, in two original
copies in the French language, both texts being equally
authentic.


For the Government For the Government
of the Italian of the Hellenic
Republic Republic


[s] Bitsios


[s] Forlani











Analysis

The Greece Italy continental shelf boundary is
illustrated on the attached page-size map which is based on
DMAHTC chart 310. Official maps depicting the dividing line
were annexed to the original agreement. On the attached map
the boundary line segments are rhumb lines, whereas the
agreement states the use of segments of great circle arcs.
Measurements used in this study are based on charts and
geodetic parameters different from those used by the parties
to the agreement. Slight discrepancies may, therefore,
appear in any comparison.

The continental shelf boundary consists of fifteen
segments, fourteen turning points, and two terminal points
and runs in a general north-south direction for 268.0
nautical miles. The depth of water in the boundary region
varies from less than 800 meters to nearly 4,000 meters.
The northern terminus of the boundary is the point of
closest approach to the coasts of Greece and Italy, situated
22.0 and 20.1 nautical miles from the respective coasts.
The southern terminus lies 168.9 nautical miles from the
coast of Sicily and 163.4 nautical miles from the Greek
island of Stamnfani.

According to the agreement, a median line was used
"taking into consideration any mutually approved minor
adjustments." Significant adjustments appear to have been
negotiated at turning points 1, 2, and 3, where the boundary
line is 1.9 to 3.3 nautical miles closer to the Greek island
of Otnoni than to the coast of Italy; at point 8, where the
boundary point is 6.1 nautical miles closer to the Italian
coast than the Greek island of Kefallinia; and at points 15
and 16, where the boundary lies 1.8 to 5.5 nautical miles
nearer to the Greek island of Stamfanil than to the coast
of Sicily (see table). The rest of the turning points are
calculated to be within 1.5 nautical miles of the apparent
median line. The agreement makes provision for the eventual
extension of the boundary line northward from point I and
southward from point 16. Point 1 is situated 28.0 nautical
miles from the coast of Albania. Point 16 lies 185.0
nautical miles from Malta and 212.6 nautical miles from
Libya.





1. One of the Nisoi Strofadhes (incorrectly labeled Nisoi
Stofadhes on the attached map).








-5-


As in earlier agreements between Italy and its
neighbors,2 the problem of the exploitation of shared
resources extending on both sides of the boundary is
addressed (Article II). Dispute settlement by the
International Court of Justice at the request of one of the
parties, "or to any other international authority chosen by
common agreement," is provided under Article IV.





































2. Limits in the Seas No. 9 "Continental Shelf Boundary:
Italy Yugoslavia," February 20, 1970; Limits in the
Seas No. 89, "Continental Shelf Boundary: Italy -
Tunisia," January 7, 1980; Limits in the Seas No. 90,
"Continental Shelf Boundary: Italy Spain," May 14,
1980.





Continental Shelf Boundary: GREECE-ITALY
4 ap oui '.l v' Ie I I I l l I I I I I I I I ll- L ,,l ,Jst t, I J



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SICILY '^ ./ i^^
- Cflunfl (

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2-g^ MALTA ^,



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s, 200


LIBYA |

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504860 (547033) 6S81


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jjMEDITERRANEAN

F +4 4
Points Noth East
1 3967 7' 18's7 '
\ 2 39e524' 18561
a3 39490' 18.549.
S4 39 -.73 l855
5 39020' 19S540
6 38300' 143 9
7 37?510' 18n 26' 1


37213' 18170s
/','" 3659 5' 1819'
0 36:54:4' 18192'
11 3645 18'186'
12 36.265' 18'180'
13 36241' 18177'
15 36090' 18157'
16 35a 4a' 18207
Mercator Projection
Scale I 4,000 000 at 40N latitude


Al



~Iv


0


->?0

6"


Base DMAHTC 310, 18tb eollion June 4 1973 /


k "t'J
SI R


I GREECE
t V














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< 4 4$i h 4*Z
Vt_- y^ ^ ^

K<-, ^^ I l1 ] \ e..e


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SEA


S2 -I BY -


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1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I ll, I I I I _
i~qni *\~2I~ I F l


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I





Greece Italy
Continental Shelf Boundary


Turning/Terminal
Point


Distance Between
Boundary Pts. (n.m.)


Nearest Italian
Territory

Capo d'Otranto



West ooast near
Torre Saracena


Distance Land to
Boundary Pt. (n.m.)*


Nearest Greek
Territory**

Northwest Coast of
Nisos Othoni


West coast of
Nisos Othoni


West coast near
Torre di Specchia
Grande


Capo Santa Maria
di Leuca


Capo Santa Maria
di Leuca



Capo Colonne


21.2


West moast of
Nisos Othoni



Nisis Platia


Akra Gardhiki
on Nisos Kerkira
(Corfu)


Akra Ortholithia
on Nisos Kefallinia


South of Akra
Yerogombos on
Nisos Kefallinia


South of Akra
YerogomDos on
Nlsos Kefallinia


Capo Rizzuto




Coast south of
Punta Stilo


31.7


32.0


21.8




-2-


Greece Italy
Continental Shelf Boundary


- Continued


Turning/Terminal
Point


Distance between
boundary Pts. (n.m.)


18.5


35.0


Total


Nearest Itallan
Territory

Coast south of
Punta Stiio



Coast south of
Punta Stilo


Distance Land to
Boundary Pt. (n.m.)*


Scoglio Monistili



Capo Spartivento


Capo Spartivento


Capo Spartivento


Capo Spartivento


Capo Passero on
Sicily


Nearest Greek
Territory**

South of Akra
Yerogombos on
Nisos Kefallinia


South of Akra
Yerogombos on
Nisos Kefallinia


Nisis Ayios loannis
near Nisos Zakinthos


Nisis Ayios Ioannis


Nisi Stamfani


Nisi Stamfani


Nisi Stamfani


Nisi Stamfani


268.0


* Measurements used in this study are based on charts and geodetic parameters different from those used
by tne parties to the agreement. Slight discrepancies may, therefore, appear in any comparison.


** akra = cape, point; nisi = islet, island; nisos = island, islet; nisis = islet.




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