Title: Geographical, statistical, and historical map of Jamaica
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00003682/00001
 Material Information
Title: Geographical, statistical, and historical map of Jamaica
Alternate Title: Complete historical, chronological, and geographical American atlas being a guide to the history of North and South America,and the West Indies:...to the year 1822 according to the plan of Le Sage's atlas, and intennded as a companion to Lavoisne's improvemnt of that celebrated work.
Physical Description: 1 map. : col ; 29 x 31.5 cm. on sheet 45.4 x 55.6 cm.
Language: English
Creator: H.C. Carey & I. Lea (Firm)
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Publication Date: 1822
Subject: Maps -- Early works 1800 to 1900 -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Early Maps -- Jamaica -- 1822   ( local )
Early Maps -- Jamaica -- 1822   ( local )
Genre: single map   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
General Note: "no.41"
General Note: Drawn by J. Finlayson.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Florida Heritage Project of the State University Libraries of Florida, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and the U.S. Department of Education's TICFIA granting program.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00003682
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002854915
notis - ANY6009

Full Text



Jamaica lies about 30 leagues south of Cuba, and the same distance west
of St. Domingo, between 17 45', and 18 34 N. lat. and between 760 3', andHISTORICAL SKETCH, (Cntued.
780 33' W. long, It is of an oval form, about 150 miles long, and, on an
average, 40 broad, containing 6400 square miles, or 4,080,000 acres.
The inhabitants fought with great gallantry in a pitched battle at Passage-
fort; but the British, being regular troops, obtained the advantage, and en-
FACE OF THE COUNTY, SOL, AND PRODUCTIONS. tered St. Jago de la Vega, now Spanish town, sword in hand. Here they
renewed the scene of pillage and rapine, sparing nothing that could gratify
their avarice and ferocity; and, having plundered the town of every thing
A range of lofty mountains, called the Blue Mountains, runs through the valuable, they carried off the booty in their ships.
whole island, from east to west, and rises, in some of its most elevated I B Jamaica was finally conquered by the English during the administration
peaks, to the height of more than 7000 feet above the level of the sea. The o| Oliver Cromwell An armament had been fitted out for the conquest of
aspect of the country on the opposite sides of this range is widely differ- __n __ Hispaniola, but the fleet was badly equipped, and, the commanders being at
ent. On the north side of the island, the land rises from the shore into --- variance, the attempt proved abortive. Fearing, however, to return to
hills and swells, which are remarkable for their beauty, being all of gentle England without effecting e enterprise, they resolved to make an at-
acclivity, and commonly separated from each other by spacious vales, and temp on Jamaica, before the ihabitants could receive information of their
romantic rivulets. In proceeding towards the interior, the land becomes defeating Hspaola. The whole number of whites at this time in Jamaica,
more elevated, and is clothed with almost boundless forests; and, in the d ot exceed 1500 nd numberof negroes wasabout the same. The
centre of the island, it rises into lofty mountains, whose heads are lost in whites e represented b the English as destitute of the luxuries and re
the clouds. The southern front of the main ridge of the Blue Mountains,ements of life, and but a ttle removed in character beyond the natives
is generally rough and craggy ; but, in the descent on the south side, there wom they had exterminated. The truth of this representation may be
are several lower ridges running parallel with the principal one, the doubted. It was natural for the English to depreciate the character of the
summits of which are more round and smooth, and, at the foot of the lowest Spaniards, as their own detestable cruelty to this unfortunate people would
ridge, lie vast plains or savannahs, bounded only by the ocean, and display- I thus appear less strongly in relief. They obtained possession of the island
ing all the pride of the richest cultivation. A large portion of the soil in bytheir superior strength, and followed up their advantage with a barbarity
this island is unfit for cultivation. Out of 4,080,000 acres which the island button common m theistory an sh victories. They required the
contains, only about 2,000,000 have been granted to individuals, by patent settlers to deliver up their slaves and e ects, and to quit the island for ever.
from the crown, and even all these are not improved. In 1791, the lands- It was m vain that these remonstrated, and urged the ties by which they
in cultivation were distributed nearly as follows: were bound to the soil, and the cruelty of reduce them to beg in a for-
.. -- __--_ : .-.- -I .. z eign land. The conquerors were inexorable, and employed force to effect

Plantations of cotton, coffee, pimento, ginger, &c. 350,000The aim of Cromwell was not merely conquest, but the establishment of
1,740,000 e Th e Spai ant re conrdesperate b mission,
-v. -"and a cnasd eritabnue and foror colome the peurs p onsed. I
Edwardss orthee theusoldipersns whhabene lye in theaisland atr thel cn-
1740rs, at700 to 2,340,000 are 4 ' --^--:-'.--.----------_------.-- ---,"-i- -o- -J-a---- ac--n--agde.gain

chiefly unfit for cultivation, not on account of the barrenness of the soil, cm a dm t bdssisfed w h ation.e y I a sth
but principally on account of its mountainous situation. Indeed almost al ( R nEnis o ient t i Jamaica for e e osss
the waste land is c covered y strg gro ofuime. T h e uel a d w both from Great esire to the other colors becm the West Indes. Two
Actually cultivated whas a deep and very fertile soil. ca uses exited disconen t. s Wit the bimecaoe the ilter
Sugar, indigo, cotton, and coffee, are the most important k natualprd uc ey n had esoy le wtd e catu l e ofn the ioursyand t efse
ons of Jamaica. There are also various other vegetables cultivate theee to e the ationhea proving t

island, sucth as maize or Indian corn, which commonly produces two crops .it.wstbevstedTi an thef l gthans unceo suceh o the mn itf wesn
in the year, and sometimes three Guin the aous vario of t In anost ds of chances, m i tennis e ad t

f or f peawhich aor foodt f the negr oes; and lastly rioe, 3b utlns. (' V RInBn"Ehwever, a s as rhe hetad ostahen te of at ieu slarn d eixigerntehmselithr his
as qatit y, 9 fe f h b the situation prpe foottrwhben emduheal .ou sa cvingou toe nafef m to conse n t ne c toe sac rie ; andl kinds wers
ty rbe-rtriherohrse into. s ied witho ut deirayane, retuhan tey bodoecde myutheo. Overn

d ascd bythe exertios c ofvSr Josep Boankesh, stog oer. The iln as nds with rosen co se.qu....t .ew metwsfdiitee ihc
difeeta innds ofas elen liatl exitedicntreenti Winso the Giminato o the mly tr

an hv benpatl in trd cIed from other cou ntr th n ie grass I T he wasTni rods, the wo rrhwad rsed tth emcat of th sand woit ge lao s
haybismadesbt note iln great abundance; and inplacge ofceit hre bare .,.tI as twton devtermineduponattemptint oehpe osesit and iot ncnl subets op the be
kinds official gras, s bo th extremely valuable,st and lnaturlable o urean the p orfpgeat atn t onavolner the 8h ay 6s5i8 Te ad confu-
tsions od for cattle. There sev weral kinds of kitchen garden produce, namely, siderIal thes f eled to the ntheanid of the sai. carnised wirthevacer

tor November boate s d cano, abut ,, _i.ecooles. r m I B B "x A ; N t [e--- =hr, Atecengthe ne8 co mprom wit efdected. the assemS
those edible roots and pulse which are in use throughout Europe, thrive b coldind a sie thee i ctoeene b tfhe wese a te aprah
well in the mountainous parts. There are also excellent vegetables eofnte tropms-t, ondthain. H nit n i, aea thei their entrvmensue andcople
growth, which ar e d eemed fully equal to those ofonsequence of such as the ho- the ar the it
ncho, ora, Lima bean, and I ndian kale. The other indigenous productions ue Ath th e a the asse
are plantains, bananas, yams of several varieties, calalue, a species of spin- e the e asr o o eat o as
nage, eddoes, cassavi, and sweet potatoes. Fruits are found wcin equal per. f"aoieabuthsimor the stlmntebnl gbe omn the rsot
fection and variety, and no country s afford magnificen at s t ies seonrt ief andhe twei
the mountains are generally covered with extensive woods, containing excelled nto ance and enich united the the wcnaits of Jamaica re i the space
timbers, some of which are of prodigious growth and solidity, sxuch mnthe. ho e itora t olelf atha, in Jmi bac aie waeroes eo refde. The
letto, and bullythe reas. These are pof greatspei at a secenet n ares, and t O n of ter ons, of wo the firnos meaesuresu the ma puede e ti
they mostly sink in water. Many of those trees rise to a prodigious he ight, Tat the ret ar n thi n the island r the
Westndiandsubects.uHe onfAtetinued dtoyhey ofiest, and authoerire the
as dthe papaw and the palmeto royal, the landtter of which is frearquently fou ndect of o n c and ainasnsebyo ler en the byth popl e. aThs

also, ofteen measure 90 feet from the aubase to the brand mches. Of other sor eftsr The b er w o l reei the rat assen o
nof wood for boards and ss th e ie s igae uab mrles ar iel e; di and thereoKng- a lw saaret o E a h be e aw
many beautiful varieties adapted for cabinet-work, among others the bread the sl and, d onte end e he wit
onut, the wild-lemon, and the mahogany. e eveudl Thlof kathen s hwvr driduesntl con e A ewr
The island is well watered. There are about 100 rivers, which take. me of waotn eed fen rme Tae een and hse i t fe commo ine
their rise in the mountains, and pe run commonly y with reat rapidity to thve sea, w plans sfgetegantd b te ofacengs Onme .n1e6t7o the c apr-ot
on both sides of the island. Non e b-of them arble ,navigable except for boats.fn h w of the and, a d cinses the govenes c oi en she tast tbe o aniof at
Belackrive whc 1nt empies itse inere the asou estpart ano the ia natie -=---______-_____,___-',____ -'rI _'"_'__- _________' "__________---_king, theiryea. as thein n oatta oerd fuctins t heha thoeo t adoopeting o

la n o e r,, as cud indue t e m cnisent o e h ee d o thet E ioud ats

Coesvi weeS.o at e~Fr ilt aredTt fouiisrnyi J wa dsvrb C m o the 3 of M 1 in e el l feindingitimpract icable ,, colcaty.abnd ond te oernmeasure bn d e
2moniens wesgeerl covfores nvres aroseiv icnqeef s oh wis of ean m .. eo r s r m ola an ,. an nx to _s the monarh, to pr ent It ime nae in care ristic etra

Surrrs son of which are ofpfd aro eauotes a, iniiy such aese of c r and c ps o sfht h ia tes se nt nounn wa gtam.I Junoe3 b e o th an overm f te reore adh nomos ahem wl megar
The climat e of the coast is hot and sultry. This is particularly true of ofh
the plains on the southern coast, where the averan geon then-hart brail t t in re h .ine u p wards te nth, had the ruti rhor temperature from Junet th o laed the cost great the hif ma ond cto
to November, inclusive, is 800, and but little cooler in the other six months,.I sion. Intisetldsa the a ffais of ica e main for the se
In December n and Januth a of ary, however, the of un the eight air is sometimes very cold; s. -ever a er the d th a ne untn a e se d the aer
and, in the town of K ingston, Edwards mentions ihego o of the erce that he has seen t heither ,--ec- -en o the of o thete montr, bu sell for their antisvi o a hs
mometer as low as 69- before sunrise; but, in the hottesti0b roas months, the nndifertainH condtosohthned follwing
ference between the towntemperature of noon-day and midnight, is not moreund Tha t 'v by h fater a onr th .n the qec uitnren a rosn g waitahe oe reshi they pt aoetoe re Teis-
.a 5 o- 6 s ws avinu ( at heen beod of thee r law shoidl reev thek pryalc aefnet aThe
the heiohtofowv feetd abovsh les the lpevel ofate seamitnaveragles fromn5d toree II -tytht-pusd ns ,a l d inse the wisd sthoed toi n es al uac hn.ces the inte y r-
STtandhe r s it of l, and ert gen w e e ivea sw te toe I- e th ee ad t e in e of th
wetand bthe sdryseasonthepisla. Thne sort wethsemasonavcomnencesinAptforilou n e ant S l Ni pthro adexe ofs thate governmidta e b uandso fugi the whiounder of its

Maonds in n ahelfr ni eeths sits is fol t of the soutwed by the dry landh month ofslimtnce ents r the eyterm o icyton d the Indaaes of Amrsica, h a e heorted to on ieor ndethpne and sutaey th omunitan ienthea
Jue Jultoyn aIntdh a n excus housestemer, itn wich lmeronadoveemtbeo d ss ca iarlh The berhishor of L pccnatu ryis ned qthe otfer arts oy OIncil noisanod te intdi of cnilit tho derhs teind s at the droveriy of om the is led unusn tev rrps ed ind eti the sx nsdeid wese Taseomblyd

1and t inti on w Sothat thde i s lan ise lia blv so watt id la, ttedhre souutl sot, hasbdoos tenhr se, afrarm os, It was ti ca sa contain 18 coet hea he m i sbee dthe, otanisnd e goeno s rea cth or e hi try f t h scerdin t gn to te l le r hos N o si, er an o the
f attthe huri ae Dbr e ee, Janu milesbr ua ry 0 cp m a Mesah the ia e athe 4,00,ds almostestroi by a d odre idn, in ne ndi dmttiotnof the st defu 1 scher ;katnown Merwhod, emledy tnreeshoersA binll bamote ses. er Enlsql, unde predngthatofy thiley, cnvqes the island bd mete ngwith litn mhaby fiews. Thus
tissrn and delihtfu. thrcefors. hernmbesrwreooninullyinceasd rebucdit an tid yctinrm 0to0 hepofubsh. Though ytecsio a nplacehftw o n the gorsat-ntheobiddlebofthero7thcenturyiiseinvolvedinobscurity.rsItisknownchow
t alt abotaein est estn i wertn g c t b t Sa mnvad b y gov ero m tec erd aarsinds conserc wp nek pth wisth the wohrtest
CHIEF T OWS abot a ontainuedn CM R .SO A S ET o whic the e wmere the prin sudc a ferterinsane the 1, anscmm tod tri-
f namaica ond assck f a former was reffeced seies ofdepfenen c to g tuted of these hard ye os.
was d e by Coubs thearkably 3drong aof May, 1494, in hxcellent secod l, a, hd thure ncelsa f theie government bfe enirethed iyulandity
C L V O ND A KinsteoB is n the south-coast pa of the island, 1mies easty f soutshoS s T cosimrate rsae impoanru m oa ssesancofeeannettotheeitdtente word;bui as not e ntilh fouthe ndlans t o yage, that any the mighanmens. The
town, onithen aorthsi 23 tofe cabeu tif1l7harb, in w hc vesst elsto the laeb n o, tton do pimentoiandoginger fthe amount of uar exporteda ga in action of sthe thur pe ofa the ounr y Cwasogained.Iuun 3, bing a ne oun, sacrficnati chower, intoleme tha nomn ina urea mchie tyand oreaed
the plins on or coast werema yr anchor infrom safet y.hItiwas foundedoin o afterrthe sru ctogf ion sselPo rtR yas by e dualcreased fomsistng 1,0002h hds.in 1, t10 n82 n 19,hcf rt urn from orant as to Hispanmolae the was dentu by tempestuousaweatherds upn this th other with spionand dislike At length, in 1795, op hosties
h eevembr 6 a y how t he nt ir sh oetm s ad rist es w a greadual scae ant t dtheo of the Lisnanea M on tains a and, in a187,oe electd of bthe wholerva lueA b eexots, iwsn 14,as 6fv gover- Egshr erty, vr Siet Aof hship.eAterthedeaho thi istrious man, his son, makerany aces thuntrytand to holds of t
omteo abow as "9 beor sunise ; t, ingte~aottest m onthMidtesex- 1Tprincipaltinhabt, and w s u e st 60 to 70 thes. Th e u latn fofoshe town is 33,000,
urdry 2 h 8 negro eos. mndmwe 2 tg o it atie and sheroi eonrnceo sufen and pvi dft the at.
cii rendered, the speles a)-nndei en into thbye po fheird e

CIVIL DIVISIONS AND POPULATION. Kint-ton is on the south coast of the island, 13 miles east by south of Spanish- The most important exports are suear, rum, the Iis mol Jadas a, that oae eeymet h epusi of ttihave and unh traed wse dteizns e
town, on the north side of a beautifwt harbour, in which vessels of the largest burden cocoa, cotton, indigo, pimento, and ginger. The amount of sugar exported, has gra- information of the nature of the c entry w ained. a hlaer 15 96, an to tcoldcatnd bleak ashoes of Noan Sotina, w Ere m an y oearied
The island is divided as follows : may anchor in safety. It was founded in 1693, after the destruction of Port Royal by dually increased from w h,000 hhds. in 1742, to 140,000, in 1802. In 1791, the coffee return from Veragua to Hispaniola, he iade d the si s aetinguwithi t- miser w eac sus restore d t Jamaic, hu with a volatio o
the shore, and rises, with a gradual ascent, to the foot of the Liguanea Mountains, a and, in 1807, to u8,500,000nbs. The whole value of the exports, in 1744, was 600,000o. suffered every variety of hardship. Aneere it up to illa otyieas aa rds, hoou and humanity sh asuit is the manknd ma never in
Counties. Totns. Parishes. Villages. distance of about six miles. This plain is covered with the country residences of the in 1810, 2,303,179Jk Theso wilue tne mountainss. were ib to thi enemies. Their obtainty and seinl

north coyastnab s east of the vldtreity of the owhni of te in wich

withconenince Itonc cotaied 000houesbut in une 162, dradfl erth ofhisdioese; bt hi juisdctin i reouned y te lws f Jmaia. he gver de hi adinitraionproes he isdm, s wel a thmorl popretyof hissys honds on hunredof hic wee ipored romCub, ad, nde t-

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs