Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Memoir of Dean Swift
 Part I. A voyage to Lilliput
 Part II. A voyage to Brobdingn...
 Part III. A voyage to Laputa,...
 Part IV. A voyage to the country...

Title: Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00003464/00001
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Title: Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world
Series Title: Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Swift, Jonathan
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Bibliographic ID: UF00003464
Volume ID: VID00001
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alephbibnum - 002238246

Table of Contents
        Page i
    Title Page
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
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    Memoir of Dean Swift
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    Part I. A voyage to Lilliput
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    Part II. A voyage to Brobdingnag
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    Part III. A voyage to Laputa, etc.
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    Part IV. A voyage to the country of the Houyhnhnms
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Full Text
V wi r P,


Remote Nations of
the World.


1'S-. I










MEMOIR OF DEAN SWIFT . . . . . . ... i



The author gives some account of himself and family-His first inducements to
travel-He is shipwrecked, and swims for his life-Gets safe on shore in the
country of Lilliput-Is made a prisoner, and carried up the country ... 3
The emperor of Lilliput, attended by several of the nobility, comes to se the author
in his confinement-The emperor's person and habit decribed-Learned men
appointed to teach the author their language-He gains favour by his mild
disposition-His pockets are searched and his sword and pistols taken from him. 15
The author diverts the emperor, and his nobility of both sexes, in a very uncommon
manner-The diversions of the court of Lilliput deseribed-The author has his
liberty granted him upon certain conditions . . . . . . 26
Mildendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, together with the emperor's palsee-
A conversation between the author and the principal secretary, concerning the
affairs of that empire-The author cffers to serve the emperor in his wan . 36
The author, by an extraordinary stratagem, prevents an invasion-A high title of
honour is conferred upon him-Ambassadors arrive from the emperor of Blefusom
and sue for peace-The empress's apartments on fire by accident; the author in.
btrumental in saving the rest of the palace . . . . . 4
Of the inhabitants of Lilliput; their learning, laws, and customs; the manner of
educating their children-The author's way of living in that country-His vindi-
cation of a great lady ... . . . . . . . . 52
The author, being informed of a design to accuse him of high treason, makes his
escape to Blefuseu-His reception there . . . . . . 6
The author, by a lucky accident, finds means to leave Blefusu ; and, after some
difficulties, returns to his native country . . . . . . 78
To Quinbus Flestrin, the man-mountain. An ode by Titty Tit, Esq., poet laureate
to his majesty of Lilliput, translated into English . . . . 82



A pr stom de sibed; the loog-o sent to feth water; the author goe with it
t disnver the aoontry--e is left on shore, is seied by one of the natives, and
seied to a fbarer's honse-His reception, with several accidents that happened
ther-A description of the inhabitants ............. 8

A deription of the farmer's daughter-The author carried to a market town and
then to the metropoli-The particulars of his journey . . ... .101

he author sent for to court-The queen buys him of his master the farmer, and
presents him to the king-He disputes with his majesty's great scholars-An
artmen at court provided for the author-He is in high favour with the queen
-Be tands up for the honour of his own country- His quarrels with the queen's
dwarf ....... ................ 110

Ihe entry desribed-A proposal for correcting modern maps-The king's palace,
and some amount of the metropoli-The author's way of travelling-The chief
tmple described . . . . . . . . . . 12

eevdal adventures that happened to the author-The execution of a criminal-The
sathor sowis his ill in navigation . . . . . . . 131
Several contrivances of the author to please the king and queen-He shows his skill
in muals-The king inquires into the state of England, which the author relates
to him-The king's observations thereon . . . . . .. 14

So author's love of his country-He makes a proposal of much advantage to the
Itkig, which is rejected-The king's great ignorance in politics-The learning of
tha country very imperfect and conined-The laws, and military affairs, and
parties n th state . .......... .... 153

SL king and queen make a progress to the frontiers-The author attends them-
e manner in which he leaves the country very particularly related-He returns
to nglad .. .................. I..
M lamentation of Glumdalolitch for the loss of Grildrig; a pastoral . .. 172



TrM eathor et* out on his third voyaTg-Is taken by pirates-The malice of a
DRtMi -His arrival at an islad-He is received into Iapta ..... 17

r/> {

Th humomur sad dispoeidlm of the lptisaM d aerad-A aemoagt dof t
learan -Of tlhe ka ad his cort-Te athe' reeemtioa ther-The Ual-
tbta subject to ear sad d lquletde --A eoase t of thoe . . 1
A phenomenon solved by modern philosophy sad astronomy-The lapatisma rat
improvement in the latter-The kinog' method of suppreng iniuretio . 197
The author leaves Laputs; i onveyed to Balnibarbl; arrives at the metrdopf-A
description of the metropolis and the country adjoining-The author hepitabl
received by a great lord--lHs convrention with that lord ... .P(
he author permitted to me the grand academy of Legado-The sademy rely
decribed-The arte wherein the profemors employ themselves . . .
A farther account of the academy-The author proposes some improvement, whike
are honourably received . . . . . . . . . 1
The author leaves legado, arrives at Maldonads-No ship ready-He take a short
voyage to Glubbdubdribr-His reception by the governor . . . .. .S
A further account of Glubbdubdrib-Ancient and modern history corrected m.
The author returns to Maldonada-Sails to the kingdom of Luggnagg-The author
confined-He is sent for to court-The manner of his adinitance-The king'
great lenity to his subject . . . . . . . . .
The Luggnaggias commended-A particular description of the Struldbrag, with
many conversations between the author and some eminent persons upon that
cubject....................... ;4

The author leaves Luggnagg and sails to Japan-From thence he return ina Dute
mhip to Amsterdam, and from Amsterdam to England . . . .. .SA
A ballad on the South Sea Scheme-- Booth Sea ballad; or, merry remarks upen
Rxehange-alley bubbles, to a new tune, called "The Grand. Eliir" or, the
philosopher's stone disoovered-Upon the horrid plot discovered by Hlequi,
the Bishop of Bocheeter's French dog, in a dialogue between Whig and de Ml

The author sets out as captain of a ship-Hil men onspire apinat him, emal
him along time to his cabin, and et him on shore in an unknown land-He travel
up into the country-The Yahooe, a atrang t of animal, dearibd--lt
author meet. two Houybnhnms . . . . . . . '.


Te athor conduoetl by a Hooyhnhyb to his house-The home desribed-Tbe
I lautrs eption-The food of the Houyhnhnms-The author in distress fg
waat of m t-Is at ast relieved- is manner of feeding in this country. 27
The author studies to learn the language-The Houyhnhnm, his master, assists in
teaching him the language described--Several Houyhnhnms of quality come out
of ourisity to see the author-He gives his master a short account of his voyage 286
The Houyhnhnm's notion of truth and falsehood-The author's discourse disap-
proved by him master-The author gives a more particular account of himself,
andtheaccidentsof hisvoyage .. . . ............. 292
The author, at his master's command, informs him of the state of England-The
causes of war among the princes of Europe-The author begins to explain the
English constitution . . . . . . . . .. 298
A continuation of the state of England under queen Anne-The character of a first
minister of state in European courts . . . . . .... 30
The author's geat love of his native country-His master's observations upon the
constitution and administration of England, as described by the author, with
parallel case and comparisons-His master's observations upon human nature 312
The author relates several particulars of the Yahoos-The great virtues of the
Houyhnhums-The education and exercise of their youth-Their general assembly 329
A grand debate at the general assembly of the Houyhnhnma, and how it wai deter-
mined-The learning of the Houyhnhnms-Their buildings-Their manner of
burials-The defectiveness of their language . . . ... 32-
The author's economy, and happy life among the Houyhnhnms--Iis great improve-
ment in virtue by convening with them-Their conversations-The author has
notice given him by his master that he must depart from the country-He falls
into a swoon for grief, but submits-He contrives and finishes a canoe by the
help of a fellow servant, and puts to sea at a venture . . . .. 333
The author's dangerous voyage-He arrives at New Holland, hoping to settle there
-Is wounded with an arrow by one of the natives-Is seized and carried by force
into a Portuguese ship-The great civilities of the captain-The author arrives at
England ....................... 32
The author's veracity-His design in publishing this work-His censure of those
travellers who swerve from the truth-The author clears himself from any sinister
ads in writing-An objection answered-The method of planting colonies-His
native country commended-The right of the crown to those countries described
by the author, is justified-The difficulty of conquering them-The author takes
hi last lve of the reader; proposes his manner of living for the future; gives
good advice and coenludes . . . . . . . .. 35
Kpostulatory epistle from Mary Gulliver to Captain Lemuel Gulliver .. 368


ONATHAN SWIFT was born on St. Andrew's Day, November 30th,
1667. An account, written according to some authorities by Swift
himself states that he was the son of a Dublin attorney; by another aooonat
he is represented as the son of a Herefordshire cleryman. His youth wr
passed in Ireland: at the age of six he was sent to school at Kilksnmy,and
in his fifteenth year entered the University of Dablin.
As a student at the University, Jonathan Swift was mark naithe by


talent nor diligence, and he only obtained his degree as Bachelor of Arts by
spelW jmw, which, in other terms, means total want of merit. This
disgrace ppars to have aroused him from his idle and careless habits, as
he henceforth became a laborious scholar, and for seven years devoted
eight hours each day to study. "This part of his story," says Dr.
Johnson, "well deserves to be remembered; as it may afford useful ad-
monition, and powerful encouragement to men whose abilities have been
made for a time useless by their passions or pleasures, and who, having lost
one part of life in idleness, are tempted to throw away the remainder in

King William III showing Swift how to cut asparagus.

While Swift was sedulously endeavouring to retrieve neglected opportu-
nities he still found leisure to sketch th*4 jough draft of his famous
"Tale of a Tub." To the authorship of this work, however, he never
confessed, and its publication debarred him for some time from Church
At the age of one-and-twenty, Swift was left without any provision by
the death of an une, on whose help he had chiefly depended. But he
un a good friend in Sir William Temple, who received him into his

JoxNA Aur swa i. J

family-as a poor relation-with great kindness and introduced aM to
King William I. By that monarch he was treated with omoidrble
familiarity, shown how to cut asparagus in the Dutch way, aad, what was
more to the purpose to a young man seeking his fortune, offered a captaincy
of horse. For the military profession the young student had no great
favour, and as this was the only road on which he could look for royal
patronage, he preferred remaining with his kinsman, Temple-learning
politics, writing poetry, and waiting for something to "turn up."


Swift studying at Moor House.

To Sir William Temple he dedicated an ode, in which he exhibited an
attribute very essential to poets in those days-the power of flattery:-

"Virtue the greatest of all monarchie !
Till firt emperor, rebellious man,
Depoe'd from off his seat,
It fell and broke with its own weight
Into small states and principalities,
By many a petty lord possessed,
But ne'er since heated in one single breast I
Tis you who must this law subdue."
&c. &c. &c.

71 ~~rT

moMtO OF

S t while it is certain he could write clever rhymes, he was no great
poet; ad Dryden offended him highly by saying, "Cousin Swift, thou
wilt never be a poet r"
At Moor Park, the residence of Sir William Temple, Swift was much
oppressed by giddiness, accompanied by deafness- a disease which troubled
him all his life, and at last sent him to the grave. He always attributed its
origin to having, as a boy, eaten too much fruit-a "caution" to those
young gentlemen who are too fond of pippins. In order to obtain relief
from the malady, he retired for a few months to Ireland, but finding
himself no better, once again took up his residence with Sir William, and,
in July, 1692, obtained his degree as Master of Arts at Oxford-a degree
this time fairly won.
Wearied with waiting for some official appointment, on which he had
relied through the interest of Sir William, Swift resolved on entering the
Church, and was fortunate enough to be made Prebend of Kilroot, which
gave him an income of a hundred pounds a year. But he had rendered
his society neessariyW mple, and at his suggestion, resigned his office
and returned to Moor Park. There he continued until the decease of Sir
William (1699)-shortly after which, he was invited by the Earl of
Berkeley to accompany him as private secretary to Ireland. This arrange-
ment was of very brief duration; the Earl was persuaded, by one who
sought the place for himself, that a clergyman was no fit secretary for a
nobleman. Swift was in consequence dismissed, with no better reward
than the livings of Laracor and Rathbeggin, in the diocese of Meath. He
was disappointed; for the duties were heavy and the remuneration small.
Swift composed a humorous inventory of his goods while holding the
Vicarage of Laracor-" On lending his House to the Bishop of Meath,"
during the rebuilding of the episcopal palace.
"An oaken broken elbow chair;
A candle-cup without an ear;
A battered, shattered ah bedstead;
A box of deal without a lid;

7. -r

"Sra MaS"MOM 1%

A pair of toQngs, but out etjelat;
Abeakword poker without point;
An irm look without a ky;
A wig, with hanging grown quite gy;
A curtain worn to half a ripe;
A pair of bellows without pipe;
A dish which might good meat afford once;
An Ovid and an old concordance';
A bottle bosten, wooden platter,
One is for meat, and one for water;
There likewise is a copper millet,
Which rune as fast as you can fill it;
A candlqtick, snuff-dish, and save-all;
And then his household goods you have all."



Swift'a house at Laraoor.

His acquaintance with hard duty was also considered, and it is not
unlikely that he sketches his own experiences in the Complaint t RBg r
Hewit. .
"I march'd three miles through scorching san,
With seal in heart and notes in hand;
I rode four more to Great Saint Mary,
Using four legs when two were weary;
To three fair virgin I did tie men,
In the close bands of pleasing Hymen:
I dipped two bales in holy water,
And then I 'churched' their mothers after.
S4 '
;' i

or, ,Klq

xmsm o0 :

Within n hber sad she a half,
I peah'd th ee ogregatios deaf;
Where thunderng out with lngp long-winded,
I ehopp'd feet that few there minded.
My emblem, the laborious sn,
Saw all thee mighty labour done,
Before one race of his was run.
All this performed by Robert Hewit:
What mortal else could e'er go through it?"

To the credit of Swift, it is stated that he performed all the offices of his
profession with great decency and exactness. Dividing his time between
these duties and. literary pursuits, he in 1701 published his Dissensions
in Athens and Rome. It was a political pamphlet, displaying so much
ability as to be generally ascribed to Burnet, and the real author was
sharply reproved for presuming to doubt that prelate's right to the com-
The next work which Swift issued was the "Tale of a Tub," a work
which Smalridge declared to Sacheverell, "Not all that you and I have in
the world, nor all that ever we shall have, should hire me to write."
Next followed the Battle of the Books," bearing a strong resemblance
to a French work known as "Combat des Livres," but all plagiarism
was peremptorily disowned by the author.
In 1708 Swift published "The Sentiments of a Church of England
Man," the Defence of the Sacramental Test," and the Argument against
abolishing Christianity." The argument is a fine piece of irony, in which
the author shows that if Christianity were abolished, the free-thinkers,
the strong reasoners, and the men of profound learning," would have no
suaect left whereon to display their ability. What wonderful produc-
tions of wit," says he, should we be deprived of from those whose genius,
by continual practice, hath been wholly turned upon railing and invective
against religion, and would therefore never be able to shine or to distinguish
thamlves upon any other subject r He issued during the same year a
ridicule of astrology, under the name of "Bickerstaff," a name afterwards

adopted by Steee in the "Tatler." Hit rdg o the Iuppe dietf
Partridge, the almanok-maker, whose ahmd pretso u. had dMSdsi N
" Bickes ta" is amusing. Partridge had been a ehoemashK md ib
Some wits have wondered what analogy
There is twixtt oobing and aatrolgy:
How Partridge made his optics rim
From a shoeole to reach the skiem.
A list the cobbler' temples ties,
To keep the hair out of his eyes;
From whence 'tin plain the diadem
That princes wear descend. from them:
And therefore cromea are now-a-days
Adorn'd with golden star and rays,
Which plainly shows the near alliaros
Twixt cobbing and the planet siene.
Besides, that slow-paced sign B~otes,
As 'tis miscalled, we know not who 'ti,
But Partridge ended all disputes;.
He knew his trade, and called it boots.
The horned moon, which heretofore
Upon their shoes the Bomans wore,
Whose wideness kept their toes from corns,
And whence we claim our shoeing-horns,
Shows how the art of cobbling bears
A near resemblance to the spheres.
A scrap of parchment hung by geometry,
(A great refinement in barometry),
Can like the stars fortell the weather;
And what to purchase else but leather
Which an astrologer might use
Either for almanacks or shoe."

But Swift was soon occupied in more important labours than in ridiculing
astrology or fencing with free-thinkers. He was employed (1710) by the
primate of Ireland to solicit the Queen for a remission of the First fruits and
Twentieth part to the Irish clergy. With this purpose he had recorme to
Harley, to whom he was mentioned a a man neglected nd oppressed by
the late Ministry because he had refused to cooperate with m of trsir
schemes What he had refused has never been told, what he had mfered

itM WMEOI 01.

w the ezduse frh a bihopr. By Haley, Swift was received with
pMi kidasus, &ad hi msuco was gmapfal to himself that he oompoed

Swifts first interview with Harley.

a poem on it, where he contrasts former slights which had been put on
him with his aeubequent exaltation:-

"By ---pursued
A crus prelate,* and a royal prcde,f
By dull divines, who look with envious eyes
On every genius that attempts to rise;
And pausing o'er a pipe with doubtful nod,
Give hints that poets ne'er believe in God:
So clowns on scholars a on wizards look,
And take a folio for a conjuring-book.
Swift had the sin of wit-no venial crime:
Stay, 'ti afirmed he sometimes dealt in rhyme:
Humor and mirth had place in all he writ,
He reconciled divinity and wit;
He mov'd and bow'd and talked with too much grace,
Nor showed tbeperseo in his gait or face;
Deqi'd lunurious wine and costly meat,
Yet till wa at the table of the great:

* Dr. Sharp Archbishop of York.

t Queen Anne.


Frequented lords, see thems Mthse the gwe:
At Child's or Truby's* never ooe had been,
Where town and country vice Sock in tribes,
Secur'd by numbers from the layman's gibes,
And deal in vices of the graver sort-
Tobacco, censure, coffee, pride, and port.
But after age monitions from his friends,
His talents to employ for nobler ends;
To better judgments willing to submit,
He turns to politics his dangerous wit.
And now the public interest to support,
By Harley, Swift invited comes to court;
In favour grnws with ministers of State;
Admitted private when superiors wait:
And Harley, not ashamed his choice to own,
Takes him to Windsor in his coach alone.
At Windsor Swift no sooner can appear,
Than St. John comes and whispers in his ear:
The waiters stand in rank, the yeomen cry,
Make room as if a duke were passing by."

Swift-however egotistical the verses may appear-has not overstated
the honour with which he was received, and the rapidity with which he
rose into political importance. The reign of the Marlboroughs was at an end,
and the Tories were anxious to enlist as many able aseitants, shrewd and
not over-scrupulous men, in their interests. To Harley and St. John the
services of Swift were invaluable, for he spared no one, and was especially
hard on the Duchess of Marlborough, who retorted by saying he hath
" thought fit to represent me in print as a pickpocket all over England, and
for that honest service, and some others, her Mjesty has lately made
him a dean." He went to take possession of this preferment, the Deanery
of St. Patrick's, as soon as he had obtained it, but was recalled before he
had been absent a fortnight, so important was he to the very existem o f
the Cabinet. His pamphlets and political skits, all admirably pointed,
were of immense service to the Tories and but for that unfortunate Tale
of a Tub" he would certainly have been raised to the epocopal beao.

* Cofee-houes frequented by the Clergy.

XIM0M 01

W str a Hthiary tool-fer Swift was nothing more, excepting some per-
al amtt---was worthy of the distinction or fitted for the duty, is
scarely doubtful.
When circumstances permitted of his return to Ireland-inated by the
honour which had been shown him, but disappointed at the result of his
work so far as he was personally concerned-he settled down very un-
willingly to a quiet life. He kept open house twice a week, and his table
was frequented by the best people in the neighbourhood. The lady who
presided at his table, and to whom he was privately married, was known
as Mrs. Johnson, who lived in a separate house, and only appeared as a
guest at the Deanery. The lady to whom, doubtless, Swift wac as much
attached as his cold nature would allow, is the Stella of his poems.
It was soon after his settlement at Laracor that he invited to Ireland
this lady, who was the daughter of the steward of Sir William Temple.
"With her came Mrs. Dingley, whose whole fortune was twenty-seven
pounds a year for her life. With these ladies he passed his hours of
relaxation, and to them he opened his bosom; but they never resided in
the same house, neither did he see either without a witness." This sort of
platonic friendship went on for a long time, but Swift's verses to Stella
breathe more than friendship, notwithstanding his assertion:-

"When first for thee my harp was strung,
Without one word of Cupid's darts,
Or killing eyes, or bleeding hearts,
With friendship and esteem possessed,
I ne'er admitted love a guest."

Poor Stella, whose whole life was devoted to him, and of whose beauty
and virtue he wrote in the most earnest terms, was allured, or rather com-
pelled,to keep secret her union with him. Beauty and the power of
plsing' says Dr. Johnson, "the greatest external advantages that woman
can desire or possess were fatal to the unfortunate Stella. The man whom
Ase had the misfortune to love was fond of singularity, and desirous of


making a mode of happiness for himself diftm ,t hom the. gsmNl msm
of things and order of Providence. From the time of her arrival in Irnk
he seemed reolzed to keep her in his power, and therefore hind d a
match uffciently advantageous by accumulating unreasonab die a
and prescribing conditions that could not be performed. While she was at


Bwift Stella and Mrs Dingley at Larsoor.

her own disposal he did not consider his possession as secure; resentment,
ambition, caprice, might separate them; he was therefore resolved to make
Assurance doubly sure,' and to appropriate her by a private marriage, to
which he had annexed the expectations of all the pleasures of pure
friendship without the uneasiness of conjugal restraint. But with tik
state poor Stella was not satisfied; she never was treated as a ife aad

mm or,

to th wuM de had the appe e of a mistress. She lived sullenly on,
a hope that in time, he would own and ren ive her; but the time did
net come till the change of hi manners and deprivation of his mind made
her tell him, when he offered to acknowledge her, that 'it was too late.'
Se then gave herself up to sorrowful resentment, and died under the
tyranny of him, by whom she was in the highest degree loved and
Swift lived frugally. In early life he had but little to spend, and
frugality was necessary; in after life he practised it for pleasure. Of his
own mode of living, he says:-

"On rainy days alone I dine,
Upon a chick and a pint of wine;
On rainy days I dine alone,
And pick my chicken to the bone;
But this my servant much enrages,
No scraps remain to save board-wages.
In weather fine I nothing spend,
But often sponge upon a friend;
Yet where he's not so rich as I,
I pay my club, and so good-bye."

He was always, says Johnson, careful of his money, and was therefore
no liberal entertainer, but was less frugal of his wine than of his meat.
When his friends of either sex came to him in expectation of a dinner, his
custom was to give every one a shilling, that they might please themselves
with their provision. At last his avarice grew too powerful for his kindness;
he would refuse a bottle of wine to a friend.
In a letter of Alexander Pope we find a passing reference to Swift's
eccentric practice of giving money to his guests. "Dean Swift," he says,
" has an odd, blunt way, which is mistaken by strangers for ill nature. . .
One evening Gay and I went to see him. You know how intimately we
were all acquainted. On our coming in: Heyday, gentlemen,' says the
doctor, what's the meaning of this visit 1 How came you to leave all the
eat lords that you are so fond of, to come and see a poor dean t' 'Because

JONw au swaI.

we would rather you thanay of thmr 'Ay, aay e th did st
know you so well as I do, might believe yo But sines you have co
I must get some supper for you, I suppose No, door, we he
supped already.' Spped already I That's impossible: why, it is not
eight o'clock yet I That's very storage: but if you ~ad not supped I muat
have got something for you. Let me see, what should I have had I A
couple of lobsters Ay, that would have done very well-two shillings;
tarts a shilling. But you will drink a glass of wine with me, though you

Swift gives a support to Gay and Pope.

supped so much before your usual time only to spare my pocket.' 'No,
we would rather talk with you than drink with you.' But if you had
supped with me, as in all reason you ought to have done, you must then
have drunk with me. A bottle of wine, two shillings. Two and two are
four, and one is five; just two and sixpence a-piece. There, Pope, there's
half-a-crown for you; and there's another for you, sir; for I won't save
anything by you, I am determined.' This was all said and done with his
usual seriousness on such occasions; and in spite of everything we could
say to the contrary, he actually obliged us to take the money."



UMtoM oF

S wh~ l DIun.wift wa penurious in his own way, he was unsparing
an thos who wee equally parsimonious. Having dined with a wealthy
nier, he is reported to have pronounced the following grace after dinner:-

"Thanks for this miracle: it is no less
Than finding manna in the wilderness.
In midst of famine we have found relief,
And seen the wonders of a chine of beef!
Chimneys have smok'd that never smok'd before,
And we have dined where we shall dine no more."

Swift saying grace at the Misers table.

The dean, however, was no epicure. When a gentleman who was
trying to persuade him to dine at his house, said, "I will send you my
bill of fare," he replied, end me your bill of company." It is also
related concerning him, that calling one day at a hospitable house, the lady
of the mansion, rejoicing to have so distinguished a guest, with great
eagerness and flippancy inquired what pastry he would take at dinner.
"Will you have an apple-pie, air I Will you have a gooseberry-pie, air
Will you have a cherry-pie, air Will you have a currant-pie, sir Will
you have a plum-pie, air 1" received for answer, Any pie, madam, but a

~Jox* .tn r. s.@ -

From the quiet life which he was leading at his deanery-qut net by
any means congenial to his taste-Swift was recalled to activity by an at
of the British Government in regard to the Irish coinage; an at whih
Swift resented as a wanton outrage, and in which he was joined by all the
violent partizans in the land.


wilt choosing pie lor dinner

"There had long been," says Mr. William Howitt, "a great deficiency of
copper coin in Ireland. Probably this coinage had never been fully re-
stored since James II. exhausted it in payment of his forces, and en-
deavoured to supply its place by halfpence minted from old pans and
kettles. The deficiency was so great that manufacturers and shopkeepers
were compelled to pay their workmen and give change to their customers
in bite of cardboard bearing their seal and signature. The Government
undertook to remove this pressing want of so useful a medium, and they
set about it in an honest and honourable manner as it regarded the quality
of the coin. Tenders were issued, and various offers received for the
coining of farthings and halfpence to the value of a hundred and eight
thousand pounds. The proposal of Mr. William Wood, an iron and
copper founder, of Wolverhampton, was accepted; but the quality of the

KMOIu or

ala, both a to weight and InMen was determined by the advice of Sir
Imao Newton, then master of the Mint, and Wood was bound under heavy
p)alties to urnish it according to this stipulation. Every means were
ued by the ministers and the solicitor and attorney-general to ensure the
supply of a much better copper coinage than Ireland had ever pomsesed
"There were some circumstances, however, which came out that created
considerable suspicion and displeasure in Ireland. Wood had given a
bribe to the king's mistress, the Duchess of Kendal, to procure him the
contract, and the Government had ordered the coinage without paying the
Irish privy council and lord-lieutenant the compliment of consulting them
on this occasion. Swift saw these errors, and seized on them for his own
purpose. He did not stop to inquire whether, after all, the proposed
coinage would not, under any circumstances, be much better than the
present distressing scarcity of copper money, and whether the farthings
and halfpence might not turn out as good, though they were contracted for.

Wood's Halfpenny

It was enough for him that there was a cause of discontent which he
could fan into a flame against the English Government. He threw all his
spiteful soul into it. The public mind was inflamed by the industrious
circulation of representations that the English were going to enrich a
stranger at the expense of the whole of Ireland, and that a universal
robbery was about to be committed on the nation by means of a base and
worttl coin. The irritation grew; the Irish parliament met full of


eentment, and both house paed addrose to the thing, dolri tht
Wood had not kept to the terms of the patent; that een if he had, the lo
to the country by the coinage would be a hundred and fifty per ent. I that
now it would be still more monstrous. The lord-lieutenant, the Duke of
Grafton, was a man wholly incompetent to direct such a crisis; 'a fair-
weather pilot,' as Walpole called him, 'who knew not what he had to do
when first the storm arose;' and the lord-chancellor, Allan Broderick,
Viscount Middleton, was an enemy both to Grafton and Walpole, and
secretly fomented, by his son, his secretary, and other connections and de-
pendents, the discontent. Walpole received the addresses to present to the
king, and he did not hesitate to declare that the assertion, that the copper
coinage would cause a loss to the nation of a hundred and fifty per cent.,
was equally monstrous and untrue. lHe showed that it was an excellent
coin, and of a due value.
"Still, by Walpole's advice, a mild answer was returned by the king to
the addresses. It declared the king's concern at the idea entertained by
his Irish subjects of the inferior character of the coinage; and that, to
ascertain whether it really deserved the suspicion, a strict inquiry should be
instituted. Accordingly a committee of the Privy Council was appointed
to make a strict scrutiny into the matter, and Sir Isaac Newton was ordered
to assay the new coin with,all care. He returned for answer as the result
'of his assay, that the coins in goodness and fineness, so far from falling
short, even exceeded the conditions of the contract; that although, on
account of the difference of exchange betwixt the two countries, it was
necessary to make the Irish halfpence rather less in weight, yet that this
difference was more than made up in fineness, which was superior to that
of the English.
"This report would have been enough to allay all irritation, but it did
not in the least deter Swift. He continued his onslaught on the coin, the
patentee, and the English Government with only the greater virulame aad
audacity; he attacked Wood and his halfpence in poetry and pss; he

JMdn d soth ballads ad apome of the m t popular and at the ammt e
tine puolous oMracter; he represented Ireland a bot to be
plinderedd d rined by a system of the most impudent robber."

Singing Swif's ballads in the streets of Dublin

As a sample of the ballads which Swift issued, and which were received
with immense applause by the excited populace, we may furnish the
Here we some verses from "Will Wood's Petition to the People of
Ireland;" being "an excellent new song," supposed to be made and sung in
the streets of Dublin by William Wood, ironmonger and Halfpenny-
monger :-
My dear Irish folks,
Come leave off your jokes,
And buy up my halfpence so fine;
So fair and so bright,
They will give you delight;
Observe how they glisten and shine.
They'll sell to my grief,
As cheap as neck beef,
For counters at cards to your wife;
And every day
Your children may play
Span-farthing, or toss in the knife.



r '~"~ -

swwaise ears. dnin

"Cow hther and try,
Ill teachyou to boy
A pot of good le for a farthing;
Come, thdepence a more;
I ask you no more,
And a fig for the Drapier and Harding.
"When tradesmen have gold,
The thief will be bold
By night and by day for to rob him;
My copper is such
No robber will touch,
And so you may daintily bob him."

Swift wrote another New Song" on Wood's halfpence to the tune of
"Nobody Can Deny," one veree of which sets forth-

The halfpence are coming, the nation's undoing;
There's an end of your ploughing, and baking, and brewing;
In short, you must all go to rack and to ruin,
Which nobody can deny."

He wrote also "A Serious Poem upon William Wood, Bran er, Tinker,
Hardwareman, Coiner, Founder, and Esquire;" in which he says-

When foes are o'ercome we preserve them from slaughter,
To be hewers of wood and drawers of water.
Now, although to draw water is not very good,
Yet we all should require to be iewere of Wood.
I own it has often provoked me to mutter,
That a rogue so obscure should make'such a clutter:
But ancient philosophers wisely remark,
That old rotten wood will shine in the dark.
The Heathen, we read, had gods made of wood,
Which could do them no harm if they did them no good;
But their idol wood may do no great evil,
Their gods were of wood, but our Wood is the devil."

On an ignorant and excitable people the effect of this style ef, a~ i
was amazing. It was followed up by a series of letters called "1't
Drapier's Letters." This draper," says the writer before quoted, arapre
sented himself as a poor but independent-spirited man, who did not mean
to be ruined without a good hearty outcry; 'a poor ignorant alopkepw,

,.r r~ :r r:~:(]rr-

fil am -or L

li e unilled ia law.' la 1 Ig admirdI Adoapted to uch a
Iui he uttered the mot riw fl oods, quite am that hi hot-
blooded rede.r would never gi thanelves the trouble to inire into the
troth of h allegations. He told them that the patent was iniquitous, that
wicked as its conditions were, they had been till more wickedly violated
by the patentee, whom he degraded from an iron-founder into a hardware-
man and tinker-his copper was bras, himself was a wood-loose. No
terms were too violent or too scurrilous for his use. If' mid he,' Mr.
Wood's project should take place, it would ruin even our beggars. Do you
think I will sell you a yard of tenpenny stuff for twenty of Mr. Wood's
halfpence no, not under two hundred, at least. Neither will I be at the
trouble of counting, but weigh them in the lump.'
"When the Government published the result of the examination at the
Mint, he boldly treated it as a farce. When it declared that no one should
be compelled to take this money unle' he liked, that the Government's
object was not compulsion but accommodation, he more than insinuated
that this was all pretence, that Government and its officers would find
means of compelling its acceptance in payment. Government, to remove
the clamour, reduced the amount to be issued from a hundred and eight
thousand pounds to forty thousand pounds, and proposed that no more than
Avepe e-halfpenny should be a legal tender at one payment. No matter;
the unscrupulous Dean raised an alarm lest the king should agree to take his
Irish taxes in this copper so as to bring it into circulation. Now the taxes
amounted to four hundred thousand pounds, and only fwty thousand
pounds worth of copper was to be minted; so that the folly of such a sug-
getion as forty thousand pounds paying ten times that mount was too
palpaie to scape any but the most frantic faetiond It escaped the
Irish, andz e raved saginst this design a if it had been the most possible
thing in the Wortl
"Swift wat vey 6on, known to be the author of 'The Drapier's
LetI ,' and was hailed as the public deliverer. In the letters he had

Jo1MAMU Swis. dlW

ald on the public to issue a dearation bliding themselv not to tab
Wood's money; and many persons of station and property did ao, 4d
called on their tenants also to refuse it. The new lord-lieutenant, Cteret,
landed amid this tempest. The fury and tumult were indearibable. All
parties, Catholics and Protestants, Whigs, Tories, Orangemen, and Bappees,
were equally frantic. The merchants to whom the coin had been assigned
would not receive it, and publicly announced that they had nothing to do
with it. The shopkeepers refused it; the very hawkers and link-boys
rejected it, declaring that such wretched stuff would neither procure them
news, ale, tobacco, nor brandy. Wood's effigy was dragged through the
streets of Dublin, and then burned."


N. -

BurninA Wood's effigy in the streets of Dublin.
Lord Carteret and the Privy Council published a proclamation offering a
reward of 300 for the discovery of the author of The Drapier's Letters."
Swift, according to Dr. Johnson, had concealed himself from his printers,
and trusted only his butler, who transcribed the paper. The mann,
immediately after the appearance of the proclamation, strled from the
d 26

e ,

molm or

kas, us was asent the whole of the night and put of the next day.
Thre was reason enough to fear that he had betrayed his master for the
reward; but he came home, and the Dean ordered him to pull off his
livery and leave the house; "for," sid he, "I know that my life is in your
power, and I will not bear out of fear either your insolence or negligence."

Swift discharging his butler.

The man excused his fault with quiet submission, and begged that he
might be confined to the house while it was in his power to endanger his
master; but the Dean resolutely turned him out without taking further
notice of him till the term of information had expired, and then again
received him. Soon afterwards he ordered him and the rest of his
servants into his presence, without telling his intentions, and bade them
take notice that their fellow-servant was no longer Robert the butler, but
that his integrity had made him Mr. Blakeney, verger of St. Patrick's
So far from shrinking from society while the reward was offered for his
apprehension, it is related of Swift that he presented himself at Carteret's
ew &, though the viceroy could have no manner of doubt that he was the
author, and demanded of Carteret the meaning of the poor printer of these
letters, Harding, being arrested in default of the discovery of the author. He


declared that the poor man had only printed a few papers designed fr the
good of his country. As Carteret had no legal proof of Swift' authorship,
he could not charge him with it. He therefore eluded the query by a quota-
tion from Virgil, and Swift returned in triumph, having thus bearded the
king's representative in his audacity. When he was subsequently charged

Robert, Swift's butler, made verger of' St. Patrick's.

by Archbishop Boulter, one of the justices, with having excited the people,
he answered-" If I had lifted up my finger they would have torn you to
pieces." The upshot was that the Government was compelled to withdraw
the copper coinage. Wood was indemnified to the extent of three thousand,
pounds a year for twelve years, and Swift gained unbounded popularity..
His portrait was engraved, placed on signs, woven in handkerchief, struck
on medals; he was followed by multitudes in the streets, received with.
every expression of admiration, his health quaffed at every banquet as the
saviour of his country.
But the political pamphlets and party ballads of Swift, his jealous
support of Harley, his halfpenny patriotism and defeat of Wood, are
matters less interesting to the present age than the work which, after those

AM -Uneis or

labom wee ovr, he planned, wrote, and published. We allde to
SGQliver's Trels."

Drinking Swift's health in Ireland.

This remarkable book appeared in 1727, and was received with such
avidity that the first edition was exhausted before the second could be got
ready. It was a book read by high and low, rich and poor, and believed
by all; a book so thoroughly novel in its construction, so boldly imaginative,
as to set criticism at defiance. We moderns have the acquaintance of
Major Longbow, into whose eye you remember a comet fell as he went
down Cheapside; we also number on our list of friends the Baron Monk-
house, both delectable companions for the spinning of yarns to be told to the
marines. But Lemuel Gulliver stands apart from these. He is no common
liar, no mere concocter of impossible adventures; he is a philosopher, a
cynic, deeply profound, and cruelly stinging. Who shall say to Lemuel,
"Thou sayest the thing that is not-thou didst never set foot on shores of
Brobdingnag or Lilliput; you never walked on the Flying Island or con-
sorted with the Houyhnhnms. Confess to the lie I" Lemuel is not a man
so to be addressed. He is all truth and candour. His tale is plain and
unvarnished. He neither heightens beauties nor softens defects. Can this
transparent creature lie Critics, who would have buttered or cut up their

joxAWAS rOwr.

own fathers, sighed over the book It was impreegnable-- awsfl sh,
that no critic could grap, except he saw-which is painflly evident in
these latter days-that the brilliant creature was marred by many a filthy
allusion and coarse expression, which, say what we may of the grossne
of those times, neither Pope nor Addison would have employed.
With this exception-an exception the more to be regretted as it added
neither point nor power to the Travels-this book of Gulliver was an
astonishing success. Its author had not written a clever book-he had
consummated a creation!
In this book Swift lives: his humour-his satire-his cynicism-his
grossness-all survive. Nowhere shall we look so clearly into the mind of
the Dean as in this marvellous, stupendous fancy. Neither in his poems,
which want poetry; nor his pamphlets, which need honesty; nor his
sermons, which lack piety; nor his singular life, which wanted consistency,
can we find so much of Jonathan Swift. By this work he achieved an

Swilts manner of helping the poor.

immortality: through this work he is known to all ages, all conditions all
over the world-and he was half a century old when he wrote it; so was


IoIM of



"i. Lest it may more quarrels breed,
I will never hear you read.
"1. By disputing I will never
To convince you once endeavour.
"in. When a paradox you stick to,
I will never contradict you.
"iv. When I talk, and you are heedless,
I will show no anger needless.
"v. When your speeches are absurd,
I will ne'er object a word.
"vi. When you, furious, argue wrong,
I will grieve and hold my tongue.
" Yv. Not a jest or humorous story
Will I ever tell before ye,
To be chidden for explaining
When you quite mistake my meaning.

Omeatr when he wrote "Don Quxote, and Milton when he wrote his
"a PmdiLt."

It seem as though to write Gulliver's Travels" was the work of this
man, Swift. All he had done before prepared him for it; all that came
afterwards was of little moment. He was a greater man after having written
it than he ever had been before, with all his lordly friends and brilliant
prospects of promotion; he was better known and better liked than he
ever had been by those who had hired his pen or felt its smart. He spent
most of his time in Ireland, doing many a kind action with an asperity
that robbed it of half its worth; gathering many friends around him, only to
disappoint them with his fretfulness, or offend them by his parsimony. He
endeavoured to make all who were about him feel his superiority,-a con-
dition never obtained by any effort, but often without an effort at all. To
keep a friend he chose to represent that it was necessary to humour him,
and penned the following lines to show how it was to be done:-



yi. Nvw mo wil I oppose
You can taste my verse or prose.

x. You no more at me shall fret,
While I teach and you forget.

"x. You shall never hear me thunder,
When you blunder on and blunder.
L Show your poverty of spirit,
And in dress place all your merit;
Give yourself ten thousand airs,
That with me shall break no squares.

"xn. Never will I give advice,
Till you please to ask me thrice:
Which if you in scorn reject,
'Twill be just as I expect.

"Thus we both shall have our ends,
And continue special friends."

At length came* the end. The fits of giddiness and deafness which had
often troubled him were renewed with increased violence. He describes
his own condition at this period of his life with quaint bitterness:-

"Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone.
"AiBm .
"Except the first, the fault's your own.
"To all my friends a burden grown.
"Because to few you will be shown.
Give them good wine and meat to stun
You may have company enough.
"No more I hear my church's bell,
Than if it rang out for my knell.
Then write and read, 'twill do as well."

His mental powers gradually declined, and in 1741 it was found aieamy
that legal guardians should be appointed for his person and fortoa. Ia


1741 he had an afammation in his left eye, and was not easily retained
by fye attendants from plucking it out. From this attack he recovered,
but his reason only partially returned. He kept silence for a whole year;
and being reminded, on the 30th of November, that the usual rejoicings
were being made for his birthday, he answered-" It is all folly."
Ho died in the month of October, 1744.

/ | .

"It is all folly"




'' .




The author gives some areount of himself and family-His first inducements to travel-He
is shipwrecked, and swims for his life-Gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput-Is
made a prisoner, and carried up the country.

Y father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire; I was the third of
five sons. He sent me to Emanuel College in Cambridge, at fourteen
years old, where I resided three years, and applied myself close to my studies;
but the charge of maintaining me, although I had a very scanty allowance,
being too great for a narrow fortune, I was bound apprentice to Mr. James
Bates, an eminent surgeon in London, with whom I continued four years;
and my father now and then sending me small sums of money, I laid them
out in learning navigation, and other parts of the mathematics, useful to
those who intend to travel, as I always believed it would be, some time or
other, my fortune to do. When I left Mr. Bates, I went down to my
father; where, by the assistance of him and my uncle John, and some


relation, I got forty pounds, and a promise of thirty pounds a year to
maintain me at Leyden; there I studied physio two years and seven
months, knowing it would be useful in long voyages.
Soon after my return from Leyden, I was recommended by my good
master, Mr. Bates, to be surgeon to the Swallow, Captain Abraham Pan-
nell, commander: with whom I continued three years and a half, making
a voyage or two into the Levant, and some other parts. When I came
back I resolved to settle in London; to which Mr. Bates, my master, en-
couraged me, and by him I was recommended to several patients. I took
part of a small house in the Old Jewry; and being advised to alter my
condition, I married Mrs. Mary Burton, second daughter to Mr. Edmund
Burton, hosier, in Newgate-street, with whom I received four hundred
pounds for a portion.
But my good master Bates dying in two years after, and I having few
friends, my business began to fail; for my conscience would not suffer me
to imitate the bad practice of too many among my brethren. Having
therefore consulted with my wife, and some of my acquaintance, I deter-
mined to go again to sea. I was surgeon successively in two ships, and
made several voyages, for six years, to the East and West Indies, by which
I got some addition to my fortune. My hours of leisure I spent in reading
the beet authors, ancient and modern, being always provided with a good
number of books; and when I was ashore, in observing the manners and
dispositions of the people, as well as learning their language; wherein I
had a great facility, by the strength of my memory.
The last of these voyages not proving very fortunate, I grew weary of
the sea, and intended to stay at home with my wife and family. I re-
moved from the Old Jewry to Fetter-lane, and from thence to Wapping,
hoping to get business among the sailors, but it would not turn to account.
After three years' expectation that things would mend, I accepted an
advantageous offer from Captain William Prichard, master of the Antelope,
who was making a voyage to the South Sea. We set sail from Bristol,
May 4, 1699, and our voyage at first was very prosperous.
It would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble the reader with the
particulars of our adventures in those seas; let it suffice to inform him,
that in our passage from thence to the East Indies, we were driven by a
violent storm to the north-west of Van Diemen's Land. By an observa-
tion, we found ourselves in the latitude of 30 degrees 2 minutes south.
Twelve of our crew were dead by immoderate labour and ill food; the rest


were in a very weak condition. On the 5th of November, which was tm
beginning of summer in those parts, the weather being very hazy, the

seaman spied a rock within half a cable's length of the ship ; but the wind
was so strong, that we were driven directly upon it, and split. Six of
the crew, of whom I was one, having let down the boat into the,sea,
made a shift to get clear of the ship and the rock. We rowed, by my
computation, about three leagues, till we were able to work no longer,
being already spent with labour while we were in the ship. We therefore
trusted ourselves to the mercy of the waves, and in about half an hour the
boat was overset by a sudden flurry from the north. What became of
my companions in the boat, as well of those who escaped on the rock, or
were left in the vessel, I cannot tell; but conclude they were all lost.
For my own part, I swam as fortune directed me, and was pushed forward
by the wind and tide. I often let my legs drop, and could feel no
bottom; but when I was almost gone, and able to struggle'- longer, I
found myself within my depth; and by this time the storm was much
abated. The declivity was so small, that I walked near a mile before I
got to the shore which I conjectured was about eight o'clock in the even-


lag. I then advanced forward near half a mile, but could not discover
any sign of houses or inhabitants; at least I was in so weak a condition,
that I did not observe them. I was extremely tired, and with that, and
the heat of the weather, and about half a pint of brandy that I drank as I
left the ship, I felt myself much inclined to sleep. I lay down on the

grass, which was very short and soft, where I slept sounder than over I
remembered to have done in my life, and, as I reckoned, about nine hours;
for when I awaked, it was just daylight. I attempted to rise, but was not
able to stir : for as I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and
legs were strongly fastened on each side to the ground; and my hair,
whfch was long and thick, tied down in the same manner. I likewise felt
several slender ligatures across my body, from my arm-pits to my thighs.
I could only look upwards, the sun began to grow hot, and the light
offended my eyes. I heard a confused noise about me; but in the posture
I lay, could see nothing except the sky. In a little time I felt something
alive moving on my left leg, which advancing gently forward over my
breast came almost up to my chin; when bending my eyes downward as
much as I could, I perceived it to be a human creature not six inches
high, with a bow and arrow in his hands, and a quiver at his back. In
the mean time, I felt at least forty more of the same kind (as I conjec-
tured) following the first. I was in the utmost astonishment, and roared
so loud, that they all ran back in a fright; and some of them, as I was
afterwards told, were hurt with the falls they got by leaping from my
sides upon the ground. However, they soon returned, and one of them,


who ventured so far as to get a fll sight of my face, lifting up hi hsab
and eyes by way of admiration, cried out in a shrill but distinct voice,
HeAnah degu : the others repeated the same words several times, but I
then knew not what they meant. I lay all this while, as the reader may
believe, in great uneasiness; at length, struggling to get loose, I had the
fortune to break the strings, and wrench out the pegs that fastened my
left arm to the ground; for, by lifting it to my face, I discovered the
methods they had taken to bind me, and at the same time with a violent
pull, which gave me excessive pain, I a little loosened the strings that tied

down my hair on the left side, so that I was just able to turn my head
about two inches. But the creatures ran off a second time, before I could
seize them; whereupon there was a great shout in a very shrill accent, and
after it ceased I heard one of them cry aloud, tolgo phonac; when in an
instant I felt above a hundred arrows discharged on my left hand, which
pricked me like so many needles; and besides, they shot another flight
into the air, as we do bombs in Europe, whereof many, I suppose, fell on
my body, (though I felt them not) and some on my face, which I imme-
diately covered with my left hand. When this shower of arrows was over,
I fell a groaning with grief and pain, and then striving again to get loose,
they discharged another volley larger than the first, and some of them
attempted with spears to stick me in the sides; but by good luck I had
on me a buff jbrkin, which they could not pierce. I thought it the moet
prudent method to lie still, and my design was to continue so till night,
when, my left hand being already loose, I could easily free myself: and as
for the inhabitants, I had reason to believe I might be a match for the
greatest army they could bring against me, if they were all of the same


do with him that I saw. But fortune disposed otherwise of m. When
the people observed I was quiet they discharged no more arrows; but, by the
noise I heard I knew their numbers increased; and about four yards from
me, over-against my right ear, I heard a knocking for above an hour, like that
of people at work; when turning my head that way, as well as the pegs and
strings would permit
me, I saw a stage
erected about a foot
and a half from the

I holding four of the in-
habitants, with two or

it: from whence one of
them, who seemed to
be a person of quality,
made me a long speech,
whereof I understood
not one syllable. But
I should have mentioned, that before the principal person began his
oration, he cried out three times, Langro dehtd san (these words and
the former were afterwards repeated and explained to me). Whereupon,
immediately about fifty of the inhabitants came and cut the strings
that fastened the left side of my head, which gave me the liberty
of turning it to the right, and of observing the person and gesture of
him that was to speak. He appeared to be of a middle age, and taller
than any of the other three who attended him, whereof one was a page
that held up his train, and seemed to be somewhat longer than my middle
finger; the other two stood one on each side to support him. He acted every
part of an orator, and I could observe many periods of threatening, and
others of promises, pity, and kindness. I answered in a few words, but in
the most submissive manner, lifting up my left hand and both my eyes to.
the un, as calling him for a witness; and being almost famished with
hunger, having not eaten a morsel for some hours before I left the ship, I
found the demands of nature so strong upon me that I could not forbear
showing my impatience (perhaps against the strict rules of decency) by
putting my finger frequently to my mouth, to signify that I wanted food.
The kugo (for so they call a great lord, as I afterwards learnt) understood


me very wel He descended from the stage, and commanded that sevral-
ladders should be applied to my sides, on which above a hundred of the
inhabitants mounted, and walked towards my mouth, laden with baskets
full of meat, which had been provided and sent thither by the king's orders
upon the first intelligence he received of me. I observed there was the
flesh of several animals, but I could not distinguish them by the taste.
There were shoulders, legs, and loins, shaped like those of mutton, and
very well dressed, but smaller than the wings of a lark. I eat them by
two or three at a mouthful, and took three loaves at a time, about the
bigness of musket bullets. They supplied me as fast as they could,
showing a thousand marks of wonder and astonishment at my bulk and
appetite. I then made another sign, that I wanted drink. They found by
my eating that a small quantity would not suffice me; and being a most
ingenious people, they slung up, with great dexterity, one of their largest
hogsheads, then rolled it towards my hand, and beat out the top; I drank

: --

it off at a draught, which I might well do, for it did not hold half a pint
and tasted like a small wine of Burgundy, but much more delicious. Tey
brought me a second hogshead, which I drank in the same manner, ml
made signs for more: but they had none to give me. When I had pa..
formed these wonders, they shouted for joy, and danoed upon my bra
repeating several times as they did at first, fekina degu. They made
me a sign that I should throw down the two hogsheads but fr warning
the people below to stand out of the way, crying alodd, B2or #SM;
and when they saw the vessels in the air, there was a unial shoot of


Heiah degul. I confess I was often tempted, while they were passing
backwards and forwards on my body, to seize forty or fifty of the first that
came in my reach, and dash them against the ground. But the remem-
brance of what I had felt, which probably might not be the worst they

could do, and the promise of honour I made them, for so I interpreted my
submissive behaviour, soon drove out these imaginations. Besides, I now
considered myself as bound by the laws of hospitality, to a people who had
treated me with so much expense and magnificence. However, in my
thoughts I could not sufficiently wonder at the intrepidity of these
diminutive mortals, who durst venture to mount and walk upon my body,
while one of my hands was at liberty, without trembling at the very sight
of so prodigious a creature as I must appear to them. After some time,
when they observed that I made no more demands for meat, there
appeared before me a person of high rank from his imperial majesty. His
excellency having mounted on the small of my right leg, advanced forwards
up to my face, with about a dozen of his retinue; and producing his cre-
dentials under the signet royal, which he applied close to my eyes, spoke
about ten minutes without any signs of anger, but with a kind of
determinate resolution; often pointing forwards, which, as I afterwards
found, was towards the capital city, about half a mile distant; whither it
was agreed by his majesty, in council, that I must be conveyed. I
answered in few words, but to no purpose, and made a sign with my hand
that was loose, putting it to the other, (but over his excellency's head for
fear of hurting him or his train) and then to my own head and body, to


signify that I desired my liberty. It appeared that he understood me well
enough, for he shook his head by way of disapprobation, and held his hand
in a posture to show that I must be carried as a prisoner. However, he
made other signs to let me understand that I should have meat and drink
enough, and very good treatment. Whereupon I once more thought of
attempting to break my bonds, but again, when I felt the smart of their
arrows upon my face and hands, which were all in blisters, and many of
the darts still sticking in them, and observing likewise that the number of
my enemies increased, I gave tokens to let them know that they might do
with me what they pleased. Upon this, the hurgo and his train withdrew,
with much civility and cheerful countenances. Soon after I heard a
general shout, with frequent repetitions of the words, Peplom elan; and I
felt great numbers of people on my left side relaxing the cords to such a
degree, that I was able to turn upon my right, and to ease myself with
making water; which I very plentifully did, to the great astonishment of
the people; who, on conjecturing by my motion what I was going to do,
immediately opened to my right and left on that side, to avoid the torrent,
which fell with such noise and violence from me. But before this, they
had daubed my face and both my hands with a sort of ointment, very
pleasant to the smell, which, in a few minutes, removed all the smart of
their arrows. These circumstances, added to the refreshment A had
received by their victuals and drink, which were very nourishing, dieed
me to sleep. I slept about eight hours, as I was afterwards assured; and
it was no wonder, for the physicians, by the emperor's order, had mingled
a sleepy potion in the hogsheads of wine.
It seems, that upon the first moment I was discovered sleeping on the
ground, after my landing, the emperor had early notice of it by an
express; and determined, in council, that I should be tied in the manner
I have related (which was done in the night while I slept); that plenty of
meat and drink should be sent me, and a machine prepared to carry me to
the capital city.
This resolution, perhaps, may appear very bold and dangerous, and I
am confident would not be imitated by any prince in Europe on the like
occasion. However, in my opinion, it was extremely prudent, as well as
generous: for, supposing these people had endeavoured to kill me with
their spears and arrows, while I was asleep, I should certainly have awaked
with the first sense of smart, which might so far have roused my rage and
strength, as to have enabled me to break the strings wherewith I was tied;


after which, as they were not able to make resistance, so they could expect
no mercy.
These people are most excellent mathematicians, and arrived to a great
perfection in mechanics by the countenance and encouragement of the
emperor, who is a renowned patron of learning. This prince has several
machines fixed on wheels, for the carriage of trees and other great weights.
He often builds his largest men of war, whereof some are nine feet long,
in the woods where the timber grows, and has them carried on these
engines three or four hundred yards to the sea. Five hundred carpenters
and engineers were immediately set at work to prepare the greatest engine
they had. It was a frame of wood, raised three inches from the ground,
about seven feet long, and four wide, moving upon twenty-two wheels.
The shout I heard was upon the arrival of this engine, which it seems set

out in four hours after my landing. It was brought parallel to me as
I lay. But the principal difficulty was to raise and place me in this
vehicle. Eighty poles, each of one foot high, were erected for this purpose,
and very strong cords, of the bigness of pack-thread, were fastened b
hooks to many bandages, which the workmen had girt round my neck,
hands, my body, and my legs. Nine hundred of the strongest men were
employed to draw up these cords, by many pulleys fastened on the pols,
and thus, in less than three hours, I was raised and slung into the engine,
and there tied fast. All this I was told; for, while the operation was
performing, I lay in a profound sleep, by the force of that soporiferous
medicine infused into my liquor. Fifteen hundred of the emperor's
largest horses, each about four inches and a half high, were employed to
draw me towards the metropolis, which, as I said, was half a mile distant.


About four hours after we began our journey, I awaked by a vry
ridiculous accident; for the carriage being stopped awhile, to adjust ome-
thing that was out of order, two or
three of the young natives had
the curiosity to see how I looked
when I was asleep: they climbed up
into the engine, and advancing very
softly to my face, one of them, an
officer in the guards, put the sharp '
end of his half-pike a good way up /
into my left nostril, which tickled -
my nose like a straw, and made me
sneeze violently; whereupon they
stole off unperceived, and it was three weeks before I knew the cause of my
waking so suddenly. We made a long march the remaining part of the
day, and rested at night with five hundred guards on each side of me, half
with torches, and half with bows and arrows, ready to shoot me if I
should offer to stir. The next morning at sunrise we continued our march,
and arrived within two hundred yards of the city gates about noon. The
emperor and all his court came out to meet us; but his great officer
would by no means suffer his majesty to endanger his person by mounting
on my body.
At the place where the carriage stopped there stood an ancient temple,
esteemed to be the largest in the whole kingdom; which, having been
polluted some years before by an unnatural murder, was, according to the
seal of those people, looked upon as profane, and therefore had been
applied to common use, and all the ornaments and furniture carried away.
In this edifice it was determined I should lodge. The great gate fronting
to the north was about four feet high, and almost two feet wide, through
which I could easily creep. On each side of the gate was a small window,
not above six inches from the ground; into that on the left side, the king's
smith conveyed four-score and eleven chains, like those that hang to a
lady's watch in Europe, and almost as large, which were locked to my left
leg with six-and-thirty padlocks. Over-against this temple, on the other
side of the great highway, at twenty feet distance, there was a turret, at
least five feet high. Here the emperor ascended, with many principal
lords of his court, to have an opportunity of viewing me, as I was told,
for I could not see them. It was reckoned that above a hundred thousand

1 GmaU'VEl n TRAVEL.

inhabitants came out of the town upon the same errand; and, in spite of
my guards, I believe there could not be fewer than ten thousand, at several
times, who mounted my body, by the help
of ladders. But a proclamation was soon
issued to forbid it, upon pain of death.
When the workmen found it was impos-
sible for me to break loose, they cut all
the strings that bound me; whereupon
I rose up, with as melancholy a dispo-
sition as ever I had in my life. But
the noise and astonishment of tha people
at seeing me rise and walk, are not to
be expressed. The chain that held my
left leg was about two yards long, and


gave me not only the liberty of walking backwards and forwards in a
semicircle; but, being fixed within four inches of the gate allowed me
to creep in, and lie at my full length in the temple.


The emperor of Lilliput, attended by several of the nobility, comes to so the author in his
confinement-The emperor's person and habit decribed-Learned men appointed to
teach the author their language-He gains favour by his mild disposition-His pockets
are searched, and his sword and pistols taken from him.

W IIEN I found myself on my feet, I looked about me, and must
confess I never beheld a more entertaining prospect. The country
around appeared like a continued garden, and the enclosed fields, which
were generally forty feet square, resembled so many beds of flowers. These
fields were intermingled with woods of half a stang,* and the tallest trees,
as I could judge, appeared to be seven feet high. I viewed the town
on my left hand, which looked like the painted scenes of a city in a
I had been for some hours extremely pressed by the necessities at
nature; which was no wonder, it being almost two days since I had lia
disburdened myself. I was under great difficulties between urgency and
shame. The best expedient I could think on, was to creep into my
house, which I accordingly did; and shutting the gate after me, I went
as far as the length of my chain would suffer, and discharged my belly
of that uneasy load. But this was the only time I was ever guilty of so
uncleanly an action; for which I cannot but hope the candid reader will
give some allowance, after he has maturely and impartially considered
my case, and the distress I was in. From this time my constant practice
was, as soon as I rose, to perform that business in open air, at the full
extent of my chain; and due care was taken every morning, before com-
pany came, that the offensive matter should be carried of in wheelbarrows,
by two servants, appointed for that purpose. I would not have dwelt so
long upon a circumstance that, perhaps, at first sight, may appear not vpry
momentous, if I had not thought it necessary to justify my character in
point of cleanliness, to the world; which, I am told, some of my maligners
have been pleased, upon this and other oooasions, to call in question.

A stang is a pole or perch ; iten feet and a halt


When this adventure was at an end, I came back out of my house,
having occasion for fresh air. The emperor was already descended from
the tower, and advancing on horseback towards me, which had like to
have cost him dear; for the beast, though very well trained, yet wholly
unused to such a sight, which appeared as if a mountain moved before
him, reared up on his hinder feet: but that prince, who is an excellent
horseman, kept his seat till his attendants ran in, and held the bridle, while
his majesty had time to dismount.
When he alighted, he surveyed me
round with great admiration; but
kept beyond the length of my chain.

He ordered his cooks and butlers, who were already prepared, to give me
victuals and drink, which they pushed forward in a sort of vehicle upon
wheels, till I could reach them. I took these vehicles, and soon emptied
them all; twenty of them were filled with meat, and ten with liquor;
each of the former afforded me two or three good mouthfuls; and I.
emptied the liquor of ten vessels, which was contained in earthen vials,
into one vehicle, drinking it off at a draught; and so I did with the rest.
The empress, and young princes of the blood of both sexes, attended by
many ladies, sat at some distance in their chairs; but upon the accident
that happened to the emperor's horse they alighted, and came near his
person, which I am now going to describe. He is taller, by almost the


breadth of my ml, than any of his court; which alone i eoogh to stto
an awe into the beholders. His features are strong and masuline, with
an Austrian lip and arched nose, his complexion olive, his countuoam
erect, his body and limbs well proportioned, all his motions graefl, and
his deportment majestic. He was then past his prime, being twenty-eight
years and three quarters old, of which he had reigned about seven in great
felicity, and generally victorious. For the better convenience of beholding
him, I lay on my side, so that my face was parallel to his, and he stood
but three yards off: however, I have had him since many times in my
hand, and therefore cannot be deceived in the description. His dress was
very plain and simple, and the fashion of it between the Asiatic and the
European: but he had on his head a light helmet of gold, adorned with
jewels, and a plume on the crest. He held his sword drawn in his hand
to defend himself, if I should happen to break loose; it was almost three
inches long; the hilt and scabbard were gold enriched with diamon
His voice was shrill, but very clear and articulate; and I could distinctly
hear it when I stood up. The ladies and courtiers were all most mag
nificently clad; so that the spot they stood upon seemed to resemble a
petticoat spread on the ground, embroidered with figures of gold and
silver. His imperial majesty spoke often to me, and I returned answes;
but neither of us could understand a syllable. There were several of his
priests and lawyers present (as I conjectured by their habits), who wer
commanded to address themselves to me; and I spoke to them in as
many languages as I had the least smattering of which were High and
Low Dutch, Latin, French, Spanish, Italian, and Lingua Franca, but all
to no purpose. After about two hours the court retired, and I was left
with a strong guard, to prevent the impertinence, and probably the malice
of the rabble, who were very impatient to crowd about me as near as they
durst; and some of them had the impudence to shoot their arrows at me,
as I sat on the ground by the door of my house, whereof one very narrowly
missed my left eye. But the colonel ordered six of the ringleaders to be
seized, and thought no punishment so proper as to deliver them bound
into my hands; which some of his soldiers accordingly did, pushing them
forward with the butt-ends of their pikes into my reach. I took them
all in my right hand, put five of them into my coat-pocket, and as to the
sixth, I made a countenance as if I would eat him alive. The poor mas
equalled terribly, and the colonel and his officers were in much paia,
especially when they saw me take out my piukife: but I soon pat thLm


oat of fear; for, looking mildly, and immediately cutting the strings he
was bound with, I mt him gently on the ground, and away he ran. I
treated the rest in the same manner, taking them one by one out of my

pocket; and I observed both the soldiers and the people were highly
delighted at this mark of my clemency, which was represented very much
to my advantage at court.
Towards night I got with some difficulty into my house, where I lay
on the ground, and continued to do so about a fortnight; during which
time the emperor gave orders to have a bed prepared for me. Six hundred
beds* of the common measure were brought in carriages, and worked up
in my house; a hundred and fifty of their beds, sewn together, make up
the breadth and length; and these were four double; which, however,
kept me but very indifferently from the hardness of the floor, that was of
smooth stone. By the same computation, they provided me with sheets,

Gllivr ha oberved great ekacta in the jut proportion and appearmo ot
tb objecMt thus lmmd.

A VOTAGON O U0 un 19

blankets, and coverlets, tolerable enough for one who had been so
inured to hardships. *
As the news of my arrival spread through the kingdom, it brought
prodigious numbers, rich, idle, and curious people, to see me; s that the
villages were almost emptied; and great neglect of tillage and household
affairs must have ensued, if his imperial majesty had not provided, by
several proclamations and orders of state, against this inconveniency. He
directed that those who had already beheld me should return home, and
not presume to come within fifty yards of my house, without licence from
the court; whereby the secretary of state got considerable fees.
In the meantime the emperor held frequent councils, to debate what
course should be taken with me; and I was afterwards assured, by a
particular friend, a person of great quality, who was as much in the secret
as any, that the court was under many difficulties concerning me. They
apprehended my breaking loose; that my diet would be very expensive,
and might cause a famine. Sometimes they determined to starve me, or
at least to shoot me in the face and hands with poisonous arrows, which
would soon despatch me; but again they considered that the stench of
so large a carcase might produce a plague in the metropolis, and probably
spread through the whole kingdom. In the midst of these oeaathtioe,
several officers of the army went to the door of the great council-chamber,
and two of them being admitted, gave an account of my behaviour to the
six criminals above-mentioned; which made so favourable an impression
in the breast of his majesty, and the whole board, in my behalf, that a
imperial commission was issued out, obliging all the villagers, nine hundred
yards round the city, to deliver in every morning six beeves, forty sheep,
and other victuals, for my sustenance; together with a proportionable
quantity of bread, and wine, and other liquors; for the due payment of
which his majesty gave assignments upon his treasury: for this priae
lives chiefly upon his own demesnes; seldom, except upon great-oocailos
raising any subsidies upon his subjects, who are bound to attend him in
his wars at their own expense. An establishment was also made of ix
hundred persons to be my domestics, who had board-wages allowed for
their maintenance, and tents built for them, very conveniently, on each
side of my door. It was likewise ordered, that three hundred tailors
should make me a suit of clothes, after the fashion of the country; that ix
of hismajesty's greatest scholars should be employed to instruct me in their
latgnage; and lastly, that the emperor's horses and those of the nubiit


ad troops of guards, hiold be frequently exercised in my ght, to
accustom themselves to me. All these orders were duly put in execution;
and in about three weeks I made a great progress in learning their
language; during which time the emperor frequently honoured me with
his visits, and was pleased to assist my masters in teaching me. We
began already to converse together in some sort; and the first words I
learnt, were to express my desire "that he would be pleased to give me
my liberty;" which I every day repeated on my knees. His answer, as I
could apprehend it, was, that this must be a work of time, not to be
thought on without the advice of his council, and that first I must lumro
ke min paes dmnar Ion empoa;" that is, swear a peace with him and his
kingdom. However, that I should be used with all kindness. And he
advised me to "acquire by my patience and discreet behaviour the good
opinion of himself and his subjects." He desired, I would not take it
ill if he gave orders to certain proper officers to search me; for probably
I might carry about me several weapons, which must needs be dangerous
things, if they answered the bulk of so prodigious a person." I said,
"His majesty should be satisfied! for I was ready to strip myself, and
turn out my pockets before him." This I delivered, part in words, and
put in signs. He replied, "that by the laws of the kingdom, I must be
searched by two of his officers; that he knew this could not be done
without my consent and assistance; and he had so good an opinion of
my generosity and justice as to trust their persons in my hands; that
whatever they took from me should be returned when I left the country,
or paid for, at the rate which I would set upon them." I took up the two
officers in my hands, put them first into my coat-pockets, and then into
every other pocket about me, except my two fobs, and another secret
pocket, which I had no mind should be searched, wherein I had some
little necessaries that were of no consequence to any but myself In one
of my fobs there was a silver watch, and in the other a small quantity of
gold in a purse. These gentlemen, having pens, ink, and paper about
them, made an exact inventory of every thing they saw; and when
they had done, desired I would set them down, that they might deliver
it to the emperor. This inventory I afterwards translated into English,
and is word for word as follows:
Imprimi, In the right coat-pocket of the great man-mountain (for so
I interpret the words quinbw#Jfl ria), after the strictest search, we found
oly one great piece of coarse cloth, larg enough to be a foot cloth for your


majesty's chief room of stat. In the left pocket we sw a huge silver
chest, with a cover of the same metal, which we, the searcer, were not
able to lift. We desired it should be opened, and one of us stepping into
it, found himself up to the mid-leg in a sort of dust, some part whereof
flying up to our faces, set us both a-sneering for several times together.


In his right waistcoat-pocket we found a prodigious bundle of white thin
substance, folded one over another, about the bigness of three men, tied
with a strong cable, and marked with black figures; which we humbly
conceive to be writings, every letter almost half as large as the palm of
our hands. In the left there was a sort of engine, from the back of which
were extended twenty long poles, resembling the palisadoes before your
majesty's court: wherewith we conjecture the man-mountain combs his
head; for we did not always trouble him with questions, because we
found it a great difficulty to make him understand us. In the large
pocket on the right side of his middle cover (so I translate the word
ranf-lo, by which they meant my breeches), we saw a hollow pillar of
iron, about the length of a man, fastened to a strong piece of timber larger
than the pillar; and upon one side of the pillar were huge pieces of iron
sticking out, cut into strange figures, which we know not what to make of
In the left pocket, another engine of the same kind. In the smaller pocket
on the right side, were several round flat pieces of white and red metal, of
different bulk ; some of the white, which seemed to be silver, were so large
and heavy, that my comrade and I could hardly lift them. In the lft
pocket were two black pillars irregularly shaped: we could not, without


difficulty, reach the top of them, as we stood at the bottom of his pocket.
One of them was covered, and seemed all of a piece: but at the upper end
of the other there appeared a white round substance, about twice the
bigness of our heads. Within each of these was enclosed a prodigious

plate of steel; which, by our orders, we obliged him to show us, because
we apprehended they might be dangerous engines. He took them out of
their cases, and told us, that in his own country his practice was to shave
his beard with one of these, and cut his meat with the other. There were
two pockets which we could not enter: these he called his fobs; they
were two large slits cut into the tops of his middle cover, but squeezed
close by the pressure of his belly. Out of the right fob hung a great
silver chain, with a wonderful kind of engine at the bottom. We directed
him to draw out whatever was at the end of that chain; which appeared
to be a globe, half silver, and half of some transparent metal; for, on
the transparent side we saw certain strange figures circularly drawn, and
thought we could touch them, till we found our fingers stopped by that
lucid substance. He put this engine to our ears, which made an incessat


noise, like that of a water-mill: and we oajecture it Is dther me
unknown animal, or the god that he worships: but we ar more inelned
to the latter opinion, because he assured us (if we understand him right,
for he expressed himself very imperfectly), that he seldom did anything
without consulting it. He called it his oracle, and aid it pointed out the
time for every action of his life.* From the left fob he took out a net
almost large enough for a fisherman, but contrived to open and shut like a
purse, and served him for the same use: we found therein several masy
pieces of yellow metal, which, if they be real gold, must be of immense

"Having thus, in obedience to your majesty's commands, diligently
searched all his pockets, we observed a girdle about his waist made of the
hide of some prodigious animal, from which, on the left side, hung a sword
of the length of five men; and on the right, a bag or pouch divided into
two cells, each cell capable of holding three of your majesty's subjects. In
one of these cells were several globes, or balls, of a most ponderous metal,
about the bigness of our heads, and required a strong hand to lift them:
the other cell contained a heap of certain black grains, but of no great
bulk or weight, for we could hold above fifty of them in the palms of our
"This is an exact inventory of what we found about the body of the
man-mountain, who used us with great civility, and due respect to your
majesty's commission. Signed and sealed on the fourth day of the eighty-
ninth moon of your majesty's auspicious reign:
"CL ranr FZaOx,
MiaI FaIuocx."

SThe author seem to intend to show the probable fley of opinions derived ms
the reports of travellers, by showing how litte truth ned be prepneted to lr
flsehood speoous.


When this inventory was read over to the emperor, he directed me,
although in very gentle terms, to deliver up the several particulars. He
first called for my scimitar, which I took out, scabbard and all In the
mean time, he ordered three thousand of the choicest troops (who then
attended him) to surround me at a distance, with their bows and arrows
just ready to discharge; but I did not observe it, for mine eyes were
wholly fixed upon his majesty. He then desired me to draw my scimitar,
which, shlough it had got some rust by the sea-water, was in most parts
exceedingly bright. I did so, and immediately all the troops gave a shout
between terror and surprise; for the sun shone clear, and the reflection
dazzled their eyes, as I waved the scimitar to and fro in my hand. His
majesty, who is a most magnanimous prince, was less daunted than I could
expect; he ordered me to return it into the scabbard, and cast it on the
ground as gently as I could, about six feet from the end of my chain.
The next thing he demanded was one of the hollow iron pillars; by which
he meant my pocket pistols. I drew it out, and at his desire, as well as I
could, expressed to him the use of it; and charging it only with powder,
which by the closeness of my pouch, happened to escape wetting in the
sea (an inconvenience against which all prudent mariners take special care
to provide), I first cautioned the emperor not to be afraid, and then I let
it off in the air. The astonishment here was much greater than at the
sight of the scimitar. Hundreds fell down as if they had been struck
dead; and even the emperor, although he stood his ground, could not
recover himself for some time. I delivered up both my pistols in the same
manner as I had done my scimitar, and then my pouch of powder and
bullets; begging him that the former might be kept from fire, for it would
kindle with the smallest spark, and blow up his imperial palace into the
air. I likewise delivered up my watch, which the emperor was very
curious to see, and commanded two of his tallest yeomen of the guards to
bear it on a pole upon their shoulders, as draymen in England do a barrel
of ale. He was amazed at the continual noise it made, and the motion of
the minute-hand, which he could easily discern; for their sight is much
more acute than ours : he asked the opinions of his learned men about it;
which were various and remote, as the reader may well imagine without
my repeating; although indeed I could not very perfectly understand
them. I then gave up my silver and copper money, my purse with nine
large pieces of gold and some smaller ones; my knife and razor, my comb
and silver snuff-box, my handkerchief and journal-book. My scimitar


pistols and pouch, were conveyed in carriages to his majesty' tom; bat
the rest of my goods werereeturned me.
I had, a I before observed, one private pocket, which eeesped their
search, wherein there was a pair of spectacles (which I sometime use for
the weakness of mine eyes), a pocket perspective, and some other little
conveniences; which, being of no consequence to the emperor, I did not
think myself bound in honour to discover, and I apprehended they might
be lost or spoiled, if I ventured them out of my possoaion.



The athor divert the empro, and his nobility of both sexe, in a very uncommon manner.
-The diversion of the court of Lilliput described-The author has his liberty granted
bh upon certain condition.

M Y gentleness and good behaviour had gained so far on the emperor
and his court, and indeed upon the army and people in general,
that I began to conceive hopes of getting my liberty in a short time. I
took all possible methods to cultivate this favourable disposition. The
natives came, by degrees, to be less apprehensive of any danger from me;
I would sometimes lie down, and let five or six of them dance on my head;
and at last the boys and girls would venture
o come and play at hide and seek in my
hair. I had now made a good progress in
understanding and speaking their language.
The emperor had a mind one day to enter-
tain me with several of the country shows,
wherein they exceeded all nations I have
known, both for dexterity and magnificence.
I was diverted with none so much as that
of the rope-dancers, performed upon a slender
.-white thread extended about two feet, and
S twelve inches from the ground : upon which
I shall desire liberty, with the reader's
patience, to enlarge a little.
This diversion is only practised by those persons who are candidates for
great employment, and high favour at court. They are trained in this art
from their youth, and are not always of noble birth or liberal education.
When a great office is vacant, either by death or disgrace (which often
happens), five or six of those candidates petition the emperor to entertain
his majesty and the court with a dance on the rope; and whoever jumps
the highest, without falling, succeeds in the office. Very often the chief


ministers themselves re commanded to show their sill, and to aomsd
the emperor that they have not lost their faculty. Flimap, t e ksmrer,
is allowed to cut a caper on the straight rope, at least an inch higher than
any other lord in the whole empire. I have seen him do the summerset
several times together, upon a trencher fixed on a rope which is no thicker
than a common packthread in England. My friend Beldrsal, principal
secretary for private affairs, is in my opinion, if I am not partial, the
second after the treasurer : the rest of the great offers are much upon a
These diversions are often attended with fatal accidents, whereof great
numbers are on record. I myself have seen two or three candidates break
a limb. But the danger'is much greater when the ministers themselves
are commanded to show their dexterity; for, by contending to excel them-
selves and their fellows, they strain so far that there is hardly one of them
who has not received a fall, and some of them two or three. I was assured
that, a year or two before my arrival, Flimnap would infallibly have broken
his neck, if one of the king's cushions, that accidentally lay on the ground,
had not weakened the force of his fall

There is likewise another diersion, which s only shown before the
emperor and empress and rst minister, upon particular occasions The
&uM we or 8ummerms, a gambol of a tmbl, in whish he spqlgs u tons
heeb over head in the air, and oomU down upon his fet.--Oaseuar.


emperor lays on the table three fine silken threads of six inches long; one
is blNu the other red, and the third green. These threads are proposed as
prizes for those persons whom the emperor has a mind to distinguish by a
peculiar mark of his favour. The ceremony is performed in his majesty's
great chamber of state, where the candidates are to undergo a trial of
dexterity, very different from the former, and such as I have not observed
the least resemblance of in any other country of the new or old world. The
emperor holds a stick in his hands, both ends parallel to the horizon, while
the candidates advancing, one by one, sometimes leap over the stick, some-
times creep under it, backward and forward, several times, according
as the stick is advanced or depressed. Sometimes the emperor holds one
end of the stick, and his first minister the other; sometimes the minister
has it entirely to himself Whoever performs his part with most agility
and holds out the longest in leaping and creeping, is rewarded with the
blue-coloured silk; the red is given to the next,
and the green to the third, which they all wear
girt twice round about the middle; and you
see few great persons about this court who are
not adorned with one of these girdles.
The horses of the army and those of the
royal stables having been daily led before me,
were no longer shy,
but would come up
to my very feet
without starting.
The riders would
leap them over my
hand, as I held it
on the ground;
and one of the
emperor's hunts-
men, upon a large
courser, took my
foot, shoe and all;
which was indeed "-
a prodigious leap.
I had the good fortune to divert the emperor one day after a very
extraordinary manner. I desired he would order several sticks of
two feet high, and the thickness of an ordinary cane, to be brought me;


whereupon his majesty commanded the master of his woods to give direo
tions accordingly; and the next morning six woodmen arrived with many
carriages drawn by eight hones to each. I took nine of these sticks
and fixing them firmly in the ground in a quadrangular figure two feet
and a-haf square, I took four other sticks and tied them parallel at each
corner about two feet from the ground; then I fastened my handkerchief
to the nine sticks, that stood erect; and extended it on all sides till it
was tight as the top of a drum; and the four parallel sticks, rising about
five inches higher than the handkerchief, served as ledges on each side
When I had finished my work, I desired the emperor to let a troop of his
best horses, twenty-four in number, come and exercise upon this plain.
His majesty approved of the proposal, and I took them up, one by one, in
my hands, ready mounted and armed with the proper officers to exercise
them. As soon as they got into order, they divided into two parties
performed mock skirmishes, discharged blunt arrows, drew their sword
fled and pursued, attacked and retired, and in short, discovered the beat
military discipline I ever beheld. The
parallel sticks secured them and their
horses from falling over the stage; and
the emperor was so much delighted, that
he ordered this entertainment to be re-
peated several days, and once was pleased
to be lifted up, and give the word of
command; and with great difficulty
persuaded even the empress herself to
I /


It me hold her in her close chair within two yards of the stage, when she
was able to take a full view of the whole performance. It was my good
fortune, that no ill accident happened in these entertainments; only once,
a Aery horse that belonged to one of the captains, pawing with his hoof
struck a hole in my handkerchief, and his foot slipping, he overthrew his
rider and himself; but I immediately relieved them both, and covering
the hole with one hand, I set down the troop with the other, in the same
manner as I took them up. The horse that fell was strained in the left
shoulder, but the rider got no hurt; and I repaired my handkerchief as
well as I could: however, I would not trust the strength of it any more,
in such dangerous enterprises.
About two or three days before I was set at liberty, as I was enter-
taining the court with this kind of feats, there arrived an express to

inform his majesty, that some of his subjects, riding near the place where
I was fist taken up, had seen a great black substance lying on the ground,
very oddly shaped, extending its edges round, as wide as his majesty's
bedchamber, and rising up in the middle as high as a man: that it was
no living creature, as they at first aJprehended, for it lay on the grass
without motion; and some of them had walked round it several times;
that, by mounting upon each other's shoulders, they had got to the top,
which was at and even, and stamping upon it, they found that it was
hollow within; that they humbly conceived it might be something be-
longing to the man-mountain; and if his majesty pleased, they would
undertake to bring it with only five horse. I pimmtly knew what they
meant, and was glad at heart to receive this intelligence. It mems, upon
my reaching the shore after our shipwreck, I was in such confusion, that
before I came to the place where I went to sleep, my hat, which I had


fastened with a string to my head, while I was rowing and had stuck om
all the time I was swimming, fell off after I came to land; the string, a
I conjecture, breaking by some accident, which I never observed, bat
thought my hat had been lost at sea. I entreated his imperial majesty
to give orders it might be brought to me as soon as possible, describing to
him the use and nature of it; and the next day the wagoners arrived
with it, but not in a very good condition; they had bored two holes in
the brim, within an inch and a-half of the edge, and fastened two hooks in
the holes; these hooks were tied by a long cord to the harness, and thus,

my hat was diagged along for above half an English mile; but, the ground
in that country being extremely smooth and level, it received le dauwn
than I expected.


Two days after this adventure, the emperor, having ordered that part of
his army which quarters in and about his metropolis, to be in readiness,
took a fancy of diverting himself in a very singular manner. He desired I
would stand like a Colossus, with my legs as far asunder as I conveniently
could. He then commanded his general (who was an old experienced
leader and a great patron of mine,) to draw up the troops in close order,
and march them under me; the foot by twenty-four abreast, and the
hore by sixteen, with drums beating, colours flying, and pikes advanced.
This body consisted of three thousand foot, and a thousand horse. His
majesty gave orders, upon pain of death, that every soldier in his march
should observe the strictest decency with regard to my person; which
however could not prevent some of the younger officers from turning up
their eyes as they passed under me; and, to confess the truth, my breeches
were at that time in so ill a condition, that they afforded some oppor-
tunities for laughter and admiration.
I had sent so many memorials and petitions for my liberty, that his majesty
at length mentioned the matter, first in the cabinet, and then in a full
council; where it was opposed by none, except Skyresh Bolgolam, who
was pleased, without any provocation, to be my mortal enemy. Bat it
was carried against him by the whole board, and confirmed by the emperor.
That minister was galie, or admiral of the realm, very much in his master's

confidence, and a person well versed in affairs, but of a morose and sour
complexion. However, he was at length persuaded to comply; but pre-
veiled that the articles and conditions upon which I should be set free, and
tu which I must swear, should be drawn up by himsel These article

A TOTASi io uDri*. *w

we$ brought to me by Skyresh Bolgolam in person, attended by two
under-ecretaries, and several perons of distinction. After they were r4
I was demanded to swear to the performance of them: rst in the manner
of my own country, and afterwards in the method prescribed by their law;
which was, to hold my right foot in my left hand, and to place the middle
finger of my right hand on the crown of my head, and my thumb on the
tip of my right ear. But because the reader may be curious to have some
idea of the style and manner of expression peculiar to that people a well
as to know the articles upon which I recovered my liberty, I have made a
translation of the whole instrument, word for word, as near as I was able,
which I here offer to the public :

"Golbasto Momarem Evlame Gurdilo Shefin Mully lly G most
mighty emperor of Lilliput, delight and terror of the universe, whose
dominions extend five thousand blustrug (about twelve miles in drcum-
ference) to the extremities of the globe; monarch of all monarchs, taller
than the sons of men; whose feet press down to the centre, and whoe
head strikes against the sun; at whose nod the princes of the earth shake
their knees; pleasant as the spring, comfortable as the summer, fruitful a
autumn, dreadful as the winter. His most sublime majesty proposes to
the man-mountain, lately arrived at our celestial dominions, the following
articles, which, by a solemn oath, he shall be obliged to perform:
L The man-mountain shall not depart from our dominions without our
license under our great seal
"II He shall not presume to come into our metropolis, without or
express order; at which time, the inhabitants shall have two hours'warning
to keep within doors.
II The said man-mountain shall confine his walks to our principal
high roads, and not offer to walk, or lie down, in a meadow or eld ofeon.
IV. As he walks the said roads he shall take the utmost cae not to
trample upon the bodies of any of our loving subjects, their hores or their
carriages, nor take any of our subjects into his hands without their own
"V. If an express requires extraordinary despatch, the man-momnta
shall be obliged to carry, in his pocket, the messenger and horse a six da
journey, once in every moon, and return the aid messenger bdk (it a
required), safe to our imperial preenOe.


"VI He shl be our aly against our enemiein the land of Blefausn,
and do his utmost to destroy their fleet, which is now preparing to invade us.
U VII That the said man-mountain shall, at his time of leisure, be aiding
and asisting to our workmen, in helping to raise certain great stones,
towards covering the wall of the principal park, and other our royal
a II. That the said man-mountain shall, in two moons' time, deliver in
an exact survey of the circumference of our dominions, by a computation
of his own paces round the coast.
a Lastly. That, upon his solemn oath to observe all the above articles, the
mid man-mountain shall have a daily allowance of meat and drink suff-
cient for the support of 1728 of our subjects, with free access to our royal
person, and other marks of our favour. Given at our palace at Belfabora,
the twelfth day of the ninety-first moon of our reign."
I swore and subscribed to these articles with great cheerfulness and con-
tent, although some of them were not so honourable as I could have
wished; which proceeded wholly from the malice of Skyresh Bolgolam,
the high-admiral; whereupon my chains were immediately unlocked, and
I was at full liberty. The emperor himself in person, did me the honour

LL .

\'\` \ ~ -.--------- 4''

to be by at the whole ceremony. I made my acknowledgments by pros-
tating myself at his majesty's feet: but he commanded me to rise; and
In hib descripton of iipu*, he seems to have had Z nd more mmediaely
to vew. In hi description of BfiuM, e ms to instead the people and kbegdo
at FWhus.-Onw.

A vaTrisM'o u nm .

after many graous expreions, wih, to avod the onsnr of aty, I *
shall not repeat, he added, "that he hoped I should prove a useful mervm
and well deserve all the favour he had already conferred upon or
might do for the future.
The reader may please to observe, that in the lat article of the recovery
of my liberty, the emperor stipulates to allow me a quantity of meat and
drink sufficient for the support of 1728 Lilliputians. ome time aft*,
asking a friend at court how they came to fix on that determinate number,
he told me that his majesty's mathematicians, having taken the height ao

my body by the help of a quadrant and finding it to exceed theirs in pro-
portion of twelve to one, they concluded, from the similarity of their
bodies, that mine must contain at least 1728 of theirs, and consequstly
would require as much food as was necessary to support that number of
Lilliputians. By which the reader may conceive an idea of the hegnuity
of this people, as well as the prudent and exact so0omwy d so gnat a


3ildemd, the metropole of Lilliput, deribed, together with the emperor's palace-A
converation between the author and the principal secretary, concerning the ffair of
that empire-The author offers to sere the emperor in his war.

T HE first request I made, after I had obtained my liberty, was, that I
might have license to see Mildendo, the metropolis; which the
emperor easily granted me, but with a special charge to do no hurt either
to the inhabitants or their houses. The people had notice, by proclama-
tion, of my design to visit the town. The wall which encompassed it is
two feet and a half high, and at least eleven inches broad, so that a coach
and horses may be driven very safely round it; and it is flanked with

rbong tower at ten feet distance. I stepped over the great western gate,
sad pased very gently and sideling through the two principal streets only
in my short waistoot, for fear of damaging the roofs and eaves of the


houses with the skirts of my coat. I walked with the most cseomUep
tion, to avoid treading on any stragglers who might remain in the sreets;
although the orders were very strict, that all people should keep in their
houses, at their own peril The garret windows and tops of houses were s
crowded with spectators, that I though in all my travels I had not seen a
more populous place. The city is an exact square, each side of the wall
being five hundred feet long. The two great streets, which run across and
divide it into four quarters, are five feet wide. The lanes and alley, which
I could not enter, but only viewed them as I passed, are from twelve to
eighteen inches. The town is capable of holding five hundred thousand
souls: the houses are'fronm three to five stories: the shops and markets
well provided.
The emperor's palace is in the centre of the city, where the two great
streets meet. It is enclosed by a wall of two feet high, and twenty feet
distant from the building. I had his majesty's permission to step over
this wall; and the space
being so wide between
that and the palace, I -.
could easily view it on
every side. The outward
court is a square of forty I
feet, and includes two
other courts: in the in-
most are the royal apart-
nents, which I was very -*
desirous to see, but found
it extremely difficult; for
the great gates, from one square into another, were but eighteen inches
high, and seven inches wide. Now the buildings of the outer ooaut wer
at least five feet high, and it was impossible for me to stride over hem
without infinite damage to the pile, though the walls were strongly bult
of hewn stone, and four inches thick. At the same time, the emperor had
a great desire that I should see the magnificence of his palace; but this I
was not able to do till three days after, which I spent in cutting down,.
with my knife, some of the largest trees in the royal park, about a hun-
dred yards' distance from the city. Of these trees I made two stools, mea
about three feet high, and strong enough to bear my weight The pesp
having received notice a second time, I went again through the odtyto toh

GulxtuBe T MIA a.

palae, with my two tools in my hands. When I came to the side of the
other court, I stood upon one stool, and took the other in my hand; this
I lifted over the roof, and gently set it down on the space between the fnt
end second court, which was eight feet wide. I then stepped over the

building very conveniently from one stool to the other, and drew up the
first after me with a hooked stick. By this contrivance I got into the
inner court; and lying down upon my side, I applied my face to the
windows of the middle stories, which were left open on purpose, and dis
covered the most splendid apartments that could be imagined. There I
saw the empress and the young princes, in their several lodgings, with their
chief attendants about them. Her imperial majesty was pleased to smile
very graciously upon me, and gave me out of the window her hand to kiss.
SBut I shall not anticipate the reader with further descriptions of this
kind, because I reserve them for a greater work, which is now almost ready
fo the press; containing a general description of this empire, from its fst
section, through a long series of princes; with a particular account of their
wae and politic, lawe, learning and religion; their plants and animals;
their peculiar manner and customs, with other matters very curious and

A vOA= TO IwaUMi.

ueal; my chief design at parent being only to relate menh m to ad
transactions happened to the public or to myself during a residence t
about nine months in that empire

One morning, about a fortnight after I had obtained my liberty,
Reldresal, principal secretary (as they style him) for private affirs came
to my house, attended only by one servant. He ordered his coach to wait
at a distance, and desired I would give him an hour's audience; which
I readily consented to, on account of his quality and personal merits, as
well as of the many good offices he had done me during my solicitations
at court. I offered to lie down, that he might the more conveniently
reach my ear; but he chose rather to let me hold him in my hand during
our conversation. He began with compliments on my liberty, said "he
might pretend to some merit in it ;" but however added, "that if it had
not been for the present situation of things at court, perhaps I might not
have obtained it so soon. For," said he, "s flourishing a condition we
may appear to be in to foreigners, we labour under two mighty evils: a
violent faction at home, and the danger of an invasion by a most potent
enemy from abroad. As to the rst, you are to understand, that fa
above seventy moons past there have been two struggling parties in t
empire, under the name Tras ea and Sawseehi, from the high ad
low heels of their shoes, by which they distinguish themselves It i
alleged, indeed, that the high heels are most agreeable to oar anlet
constitution; but, however this be, his majesty has determined to asd


as only of low heels in the administration of the government, and al
office in the gift of the crown, as you cannot but observe; and particu-
rldy that his majesty's imperial heels ae lower by at least a drr than
say of his court (drwr is a measure about the fourteenth part of an inch).

The animosities between these two parties run so high, that they will
neither eat, nor drink, nor talk with each other. We compute the
Tramed~l or high heels, to exceed us in number; but the power is
wholly on our side. We apprehend his imperial highness, the heir to the
crown, to have some tendency towards the high heels; at least we can
plainly discover that one of his heels is higher than the other, which gives
him a hobble, in his gait. Now, in the midst of these intestine disquiets
we are threatened with an invasion from the island of Blefuscu, which is
the other great empire of the universe, almost as large and powerful as
this of his majesty. For as to what we have heard you affirm, that there
ae other kingdoms and states in the world inhabited by human creatures
a large as yourself, our. philosophers are in much doubt, and would rather
conjecture that you dropped from the moon or one of the stars; because
it is certain, that a hundred mortals of your bulk would in a short time
destroy all the fruits and cattle of his majesty's dominions: besides, our
histories of six thousand moons make no mention of any other regions
than the two great empires of Lilliput and Blefuscu. Which two mighty
powers have, as I was going to tell you, been engaged in a most obstinate
war for six-and-thirty moons past. It began upon the following occasion:
4 is allowed on all hands, that the primitive way of breaking eggs before


we eat them, was upon the larger end; but his maesty's grandfitha, whils
he was a boy, going to eat an egg, and breaking it according to the ameeiA
practice, happened to cut one of his fingers; whereupon the emperor, Ls

father, published an edict, commanding all his subjects, upon great penalties,
to break the smaller end of their eggs. The people so highly resented
this law, that our histories tell us, there have been six rebellions raised on
that account; wherein one emperor lost his life, and another Ms crown.
These civil commotions were constantly fomented by the monarch of
Blefuscu; and when they were quelled, the exiles always fled for refuge to
that empire. It is computed that eleven thousand persons have at several
times suffered death rather than submit to break their eggs at the smaller
end. Many hundred large volumes have been published upon this con-
troversy: but the books of the Big-endians have been long forbidden, and
the whole party rendered incapable by law of holding employment.
During the course of these troubles, the emperors of Blefusc did frequently
expostulate by their ambassadors, accusing us of making a schism in
religion, by offending against a fundamental doctrine of our great prophet
Lustrog, in the fifty-fourth chapter of the Blundecral, which is their
Alcoran. This however is thought to be a mere strain upon the text; for
the words are these: that all true believers break their eggs at the con-
venient end; and which is the convenient end, seems, in my humble
opinion, to be left to every man's conscience, or at least in the power of
the chief magistrate to determine. Now, the Big-endian exile have foand

tt oOum'al TKTU.

- mh medit in the emperor of Blefamn' court, and so much private
m teams and encouragement from their private party here at home, that
a bloody war has been carried on between the two empires for six-and-
thirty moons, with varied success; during which time we have lost forty
capital hipe, and a much greater number of smaller vessel, together with
thirty thousand of our best seamen and soldiers; and the damage received
by the enemy is reckoned to be somewhat greater than ours. However,
they have now equipped a numerous fleet, and are just preparing to make
a descent upon us; and his imperial majesty, placing great confidence in
your valour and strength, has commanded me to lay this account of his
affaire before you."
I desired the secretary to present my humble duty to the emperor; and
to let him know," that I thought it would not become me, who was a
foreigner, to interfere with parties; but I was ready, with the hazard of
my life, to defend his person and state against all invaders."

author, by n trordin ra m, prevents an invasion-A high tle of honer Is
conferred upon him-Amb-edon arrive from th emperor BWlusou, and su f peame
-The empress's apartments on fire by ooidat t th author intrumntal in saving th
ret of the palace.

THE empire of Blefuscu is an island situated to the north-east of Lilli-
put, from which it is parted only by a channel of eight hundred yards
wide. I had not yet seen it, and upon this notice of an intended invasion,
I avoided appearing on that aide of the coast, for fear of being discovered
by some of the enemy's ships, who had received no intelligence of me; all
intercourse between the two empires having been strictly forbidden during
the war, upon pain of death, and an embargo laid by our emperor upon all
vessels whatsoever. I communicated to his majesty a project I had formed,
of seizing the enemy's whole fleet; which, as our scots assured us, lay at
anchor in the harbour, ready to sail with the first fair wind. I consulted
the most experienced seamen upon the depth of the channel, which they
had often plumbed; who told me, that in the middle at high water it was
seventy glumglufa deep, which is about six feet of European mea e; and

the rest of it fifty glunglufe at most. I walked towards the north-"
coast, over against Blefuscu; where, lying down behind a hillock, I took
out my small perspective glass, and viewed the enemy's eet at a chor, eon.
sating of about ffty men of war, and a great number of treamsuot I


then came back to my house, and gave orders (for which I had a warrant)
for a great quantity of the strongest cable and bars of iron. The cable was
about as thick as packthread, and the bars of the length and sie ofa
knitting-needle. I trebled the cable to make it stronger, and for the same
reason I twisted three of the iron bars together, bending the extremities
into a hook. Having thus fixed
fifty hooks to as many cables, I
went back to the north-east coast,
and putting off my coat, shoes,
and stockings, walked into the
sea, in my leather jerkin, about
half an hour before high water; I
waded with what haste I could,
and swam in the middle about
thirty yards, till I felt ground.
I arrived at the fleet in less than
half an hour. The enemy were
so frightened when they saw me,
that they leaped out of their ships
and swam to shore, where there
could not be fewer than thirty
thousand souls: I then took my
tackling, and fastening a hook
to the hole at the prow of each,
I tied all the cords together at
the end. While I was thus em-
ployed, the enemy discharged
several thousand arrows, many
of which stuck in my hands and
face; and, besides the excessive
smart, gave me much disturbance
in my work My greatest appre-
hension was for mine eyes, which
I should have infallibly lost, if I
3 2 had not suddenly thought of am
expedient. I kept, among other
little necessaries, a par of spectacles, in a private pocket, which, as I
oberved.before, had escaped the emperor's searchers. These I took out,


and fastened a strongly a I could upon my nos, add thabs umed, wr
on boldly with my work, in spite of the enemy's arrows, many of whih
struck against the glasses of my spectacles, but without any other
effect than a little to discompose their. I had now fastened all the
hooks, and taking the knot in my hand, began to pull; but not a ship
would stir, for they were all too fast held by their anchors; so that
the boldest part of my enterprise remained. I therefore let go the cord,
and leaving the hooks fixed to the ships, I resolutely cut with my knife
the cables that fastened the anchors, receiving about two hundred shots
in my face and hands; then I took up the knotted end of the cables, to
which my hooks were tied, and with the greatest ease drew fifty of the
enemy's largest men of war after me.
The Blefuscudians, who had not the least imagination of what I intended,
were at first confounded with astonishment. They had seen me cut the
cables, and thought my design was only to let the ships run adrift, or fall
foul of each other: but when they perceived the whole fleet moving in
order, and saw me pulling at the end, they set up such a scream of grief


and despair as it is almost impossible to describe or conceive. When I
had got out of danger, I stopped awhile to pick out the arrows that stu*
in my hands and face; and rubbed on some of the same ointment that mw


gin me oa my ft arrival, u I have formerly mentioned. I then took
off my spectacles, and waiting about an hour, till the tide was a little
fall, I waded through the middle with my cargo, and arrived safe at the
royal port of Lilliput.
The emperor and his whole court stood on the shore, expecting the issne
of this great adventure. They saw the ships move forward in a large half-
moon, but could not discern me, who was up to my breast in water. When
I advanced to the middle of the channel, they were yet in pain, because I
was under water to my neck. The emperor concluded me to be drowned,
and that the enemy's fleet was approaching in a hostile manner: but he
was soon eased of his fears; for the channel growing shallower every step
I made, I came in a short time within hearing, and holding up the end of
the cable, by which the fleet was fastened, I cried in a loud voice, "Long
live the puissant king of Lilliput I" This great prince received me at my
landing with all possible encomiume, and created me a nardac upon the
spot, which is the highest title of honour among them.
His majesty desired I would take some other opportunity of bringing
all the rest of his enemy's ships into his ports. And so immeasurable is
the ambition of princes, that he seemed to think of nothing less than re-
ducing the whole empire of Blefuscu into a province, and governing it by a
viceroy; of destroying the Big-endian exiles, and compelling that people to
break the smaller end of their eggs, by which he would remain the sole
monarch of the whole world. But I endeavoured to divert him from this



dedgn, by many arguments drawn from the toples of policy a well
from justice; and I plainly protested, *that I would never be an instrmest


of bring a fie sad brave people into slavery y w ad,r ue itb
was debated in council, the wisest put of the ministry we ot my copimin.
This open bold declaration of mine was so opposite to the cheams and
polities of his imperial majesty, that he could never forgive m. He en-
tioned it in a very artful manner at council, where I wa told that ome of
the wisest appeared at least, by their silence, to be of my opinion; but
others, who were my enemies, could not forbear some expressions which by
a side wind reflected on me; and from this time began an intrigue between
his majesty and a junto of ministers, maliciously bent against me, which
broke out in less than two months, and had like to have ended in my utte
destruction. Of so little weight are the greatest services to prince, when
put into the balanc-with a refusal to gratify their pasions
About three weeks after this exploit, there arrived a solemn embassy
from Blefuecu, with humble offers of a peace; which was soon concluded
upon conditions very advantageous to our emperor, wherewith I shall not
trouble the reader. There were six ambassadors, with a train of about five
hundred persons: and their entry was very magnificent, suitable to the
grandeur of their master, and the importance of their business When
their treaty was
finished, wherein
I did them several
good offices by the
credit I now had,
or at least ap-
peared to have, at
court, their excel-
lencies, who were
privately told how
much I had been
their friend, made
me a visit in form.
They began with
many compli-
ments upon my
valour and genero-
sity, invited me to that kingdom, in the emperor their madaer unam
and desired me to show them some proofs of my prodigious dtmt of
which they had heard so many wonders; wherein I readily obliged the,
but shall not trouble the reader with the partionlars.


* WhV a had or some time entertained their exoellencies to their infinit
ilshtim and surprise, I desired they would do me the honour to
prent my most humble respects to the emperor their master, the renown
of whose virtues had so justly filled the whole world with admiration, and
whoa royal person I resolved to attend, before I returned to my own
country. Accordingly, the next time I had the honour to see the emperor,
I desired his general license to wait on the Blefuscudian monarch, which
he was pleased to grant me, as I could perceive, in a very cold manner; but
could not guess the reason, till I had a whisper from a certain person, "that
Tlimnap and Bolgolam had represented my intercourse with those ambas-
adors as a mark of disaffection;" from which I am sure my heart was
wholly free. And this was the first time I began to conceive some
Imperfect idea of courts and ministers.
It is to be observed, that these ambassadors spoke to me by an inter-
preter, the languages of both empires differing as much from each other as
any two in Europe, and each nation priding itself upon the antiquity,
beauty, and energy of their own tongue, with an avowed contempt of that
of their neighbour: yet our emperor, standing upon the advantage he had
got by the seizure of their fleet, obliged them to deliver their credentials,
and make their speech, in the Lilliputian tongue. And it must be
confused, that from the great intercourse of trade and commerce between
both realms; from the continual reception of exiles which is mutual among

them; and from the custom, in each empire, to send their young nobli
and rhder gentry to the other, in order to polish themselves by seein(


world, and understanding men and manner; there an few peiss of
distinction, or merchants or seamen, who dwel in the maritime part, but
what can hold conversation in both tongues; as I found some weeks after,
when I went to pay my respects to the emperor of Blefuseu, which, in the
midst of great misfortunes through the malice of my enemies proved a
very happy adventure to me, as I shall relate in its proper place.
The reader may remember, that when I signed those articles upon which
I recovered my liberty, there were some which I disliked, upon account of
their being too servile : neither could anything but an extreme necessity
have forced me to submit. But being now a nardac of the highest rank in
that empire, such offices were looked upon as below my dignity, and the
emperor (to do him justice) never once mentioned them to me. However,
it was not long before I had an opportunity of doing his majesty, at least
as I then thought, a most signal service. I was alarmed at midnight by
the cries of many hundred people at the door; by which, being suddenly
awaked, I was in some kind of terror. I heard the word burglum repeated
incessantly: several of the emperor's court, making their way through the
crowd, entreated me to come immediately to the palace, where her imperial
majesty's apartment was on fire, by the carelessness of a maid of honour,
who fell asleep while she was reading a romance. I got up in an instant;
and orders were given
to clear the way before
me, and it being like-
wise a moonlight night,
I made a shift to get
to the palace without
trampling on any of
the people. I found
they had already ap-
plied ladders to the
walls of the apartment,
and were well provided
with buckets, but the
water was at some distance. These buckets were about the size of a large
thimble, and the poor people supplied me with them as fast as they could; but
the flame was so violent that they did little good. I might easily have stifed
it with my coat, which I unfortunately left behind me for haste, and came
away only in my leather jerkin. The case seemed wholly depqe and

MuntItS~ TIaJ.

ldlrb,; ai nd this miagno pdal wld have infallibly been ibrned
Amw to the gond, i by a presence of mind unusual to me, I had
not saddnly thought of an expedient

I had the evening before drunk plentifully of a most delicious wine
called glimigri (the Blefuscudians call it.lunec, but ours is esteemed the
better sort), which is very diuretic. By the luckiest chance in the world,
I had not discharged myself of any part of it. The heat I had contracted
by coming very near the flames, and by labouring to quench them, made
the wine begin to operate by urine; which I voided in such a quantity,
and applied so well to the proper places, that in three minutes the fire was
wholly extinguished, and the rest of that noble pile, which had cost so
many ages in erecting, preserved from destruction.
It was now daylight, and I returned to my house without waiting to
congratulate the emperor; because, although I had done a very eminent
pieee of service, yet I could not tell how his majesty might resent the
manner by which I had performed it: for, by the fundamental laws of the
realm, it is capital in any person, of what quality soever, to make water
within the precinct of the palace. But I was a little comfstad by

5 C

A WA eTO o-mAI.Y

a* mmp om his mA*t, at he wiM give Si.ab to aM
jutialary for paing my pardon in form which, how r, I esaMd so
obtain; and I was privately assured, that thae mp(ra, oam auh s
greatest abborrence of what I had done, removed to the most ditakt d
of the oart firmly resolved that those buildings should never be rpaied
for her se; and, in the presence of her chief confidant could t forbear
vowing revenge"

3- dQtC



Of the inhabitants of illipt; their lining, law, and customs; the manner of educating
their hildren-The authr' way of living in that country-His vindication of a great

ALTHOUGH I intend to leave the description of this empire to a
particular treatise, yet, in the meantime, I am content to gratify the
curious reader with some general ideas. As the common size of the natives
is somewhat under six inches high, so there is an exact proportion in all
other animals, as well as plants and trees: for instance, the tallest horses
and oxen are between four and five inches in height, the sheep an inch and
a-half, more or less; their geese about the bigness of a sparrow, and so the
several gradations downwards, till you come to the smallest, which, to my
sight, were almost invisible; but nature has adapted the eyes of the Lilli-
putians to all objects proper for their view: they see with great exactness,
but at no great distance. And to show the sharpness of their sight towards
objects that are near, I have been much pleased with observing a cook pull-
ing a lark which
was not aslarge as
the common fly;
and a young girl
threading an invi-
sible needle with
invisible silk.
Their tallest trees
are about seven
feet high : I mean
some of those in
the great royal
park, the tops whereof I could but just reach with my fist clenched. The
other vegetables are in the same proportion ; but this I leave to the reader's
I shall my but little at present of their learning which, for many a4,

A VOTAG 0 O uiS .

has floarihed in all its branches amog them : but their m erf ad i
i very peoulir, being neither from the left to the right, lik the BEaopmM;
nor from the right to the left, like the rabians; nor from up to doan,
like the Chinese; but aslant, from one corner of the paper to the other,
like ladies in England.
They bury their dead with their heads directly downwards because they
hold in opinion, that in eleven thousand moons they ae all to rime again;
in which period the earth (which they conceive to be flat), will turn upside
down, and by this means they shall, at their r erection, be found redy
standing on their feet. The learned among them confess the absurdity
of this doctrine; but the practice still continues, in compliance to the
There are some laws and customs in this empire very peculiar; and if
they were not so directly contrary to those of my own dear country, I
should be tempted to say a little in their justification. It is only to be
wished they were as well executed. The first I shall mention relate to
informers. All crimes against the state are punished here with the utmost
severity; but, if the person accused makes his innocence plainly to appear
upon his trial, the accuser is immediately put to an ignominious death;
and out of his goods or lands the innocent per-
son is quadruply recompensed for the loss of his
time, for the danger he underwent, for the
hardship of his imprisonment, and for all the
charges he has been at in making his defence;
or, if that fund be insufficient, it is largely
supplied by the crown. The emperor also
confers on him some public mark of his favour,
and proclamation of his innocence is made
throughout the whole city.
They look upon fraud as a greater crime than
theft, and therefore seldom fail to punish it with -
death; for they allege, that care and vigilance,
with a very common understanding, may pre-
serve a man's goods from thieves, but honesty
has no fence against superior cunning; and since it is eeseary thi
there should be a perpetual intercourse of buying and selling,
dealing upon credit; where fraud is permitted and connived at, or has so
law to punish it, the honest dealer is always undone, and the knave gt


" :;"' '""~ """''""'I ''~."`;';7~:ls~:j~r:.~r~l~F

tI arvarti I remember, when I was once interceding with the kig
fr criminal who had wronged his master of a great sum of money, which
he had received by order, and ran away with; and happened to tell his
majesty, by way of extenuation,
liI* 1 1 that it was only a breach of trust,
ii the emperor thought it monstrous
in me to offer as a defence the
greatest aggravation of the crime;
S and truly I had little to say in re-
S turn, further than the common an-
swer, that different nations had
different customs; for, I confess, I
was heartily ashamed.*
S Although we usually call reward
and punishment the two hinges
S upon which all government turns,
yet I could never observe this
maxim to be put in practice by any nation, except that of Lilliput. Whoever
can there bring sufficient proof that he has strictly observed the laws of his
country for seventy-three moons, has a claim to certain privileges, according
to his quality or condition in life, with a proportionate sum of money out
of a fund appropriated for that use : he likewise acquires the title of uilpall,
or legal, which is added to his name, but does not descend to his posterity.
And these people thought it a prodigious defect of policy among us, when
I told them that our laws were enforced only by penalties, without any
mention of reward. It is upon this account that the image of Justice, in
their courts of judicature, is formed with six eyes, two before, as many
behind, and on each side one, to signify circumspection; with a bag of
gold open in her right hand, and a sword sheathed in her left, to show she
is more disposed to reward than to punish.
In choosing persons for all employment, they have more regard to good
morals than to great abilities; for, since government is necessary to mankind,
they belief that the common size of human understanding is fitted to
some station or other; and that Providence never intended to make the
management of public affair a mystery to be comprehended only by a few
persons of sublime genius, of which there are seldom three born in an age:
An at of parliament hs been since puwd, by which some breaks of trust
have bee made apltal.-OamomrA

A wT eA 30 DAIIMT.

but they SappoS tnth, jtes, tempsoame, ad the l2e, to be he.
man's power; the practice of which virtues, asisto by qd et rill
good intention, would quality any man for the service of his eutry,.o pt
where a course of study is required. But they thought the waIt'd moaM
virtues was so far from being supplied by superior endowmantsf dt
mind, that employment could never be put into asch dangerous hands a
those of persons so qualified; and at least, that the mistakes committed by
ignorance, in a virtuous disposition, would never be of such ftal con-
sequence to the public weal as the practices of a man whose inlina-
tions led him to be corrupt, and who had great abilities to manage, to
multiply and defend his corruption.
In like manner, the disbelief of a Divine Providence renders a man
incapable of holding any public station: for since kings avow themselves
to be the deputies of Providence, the Lilliputians think nothing catbe
more absurd than for a prince to employ such men as disown the authority
under which he acts.
In relating these and the following laws, I would only be understood
to mean the original institutions, and not the most scandalous corruptioms,
into which these people are fallen by the degenerate nature of man. For,
as to that infamous practice of acquiring great employment by dancing ao
the ropes, or badges of favour and distinction by leaping over sticks and
creeping under them, the reader is to observe, that they were fiat introduced
by the grandfather of the emperor now reigning, and grew to the present
height by the gradual increase of party and faction.
Ingratitude is among them a capital crime, as we read it to have been in
some other countries: for they reason thus: that whoever makes ill return
to his benefactor, must needs be a common enemy to the rest of mankind,
from whom he has received no obligation, and therefore such a ma s not
fit to live.
Their notions relating to the duties of parents and children differ
extremely from ours. For since the cojumntin of male saUd mLe is
founded upon the great law of nature, in order to propag li i ootinsm e
the species the Lilliputians will needs have it, that men 'UP em am
joined together, like other animals, by the motives of ai ca
tht their tndernes towards their young prseeds m mthe likeM
principle: for which reason, they will never allow that a child is ader
any obligation to his father for betting him,aor to i mother or brq
him into the world: which, considering the miusaee h man I kM

oujumra mavaUs.

Wi bsr a benefit in itelg nor intended so by his parents, whose thghts,
in their love encounters, wre otherwise employed. Upon these, and the
lke reasoning, their opinion is, that parents ae the last of all others to
be trusted with the education of their own children; and therefore they
have in every town public nurseries, where all parents, except cottagers
and labourers, are obliged to send their infants of both sexes to be reared
and educated, when they come to the age of twenty moons, at which time
they are supposed to have some rudiments of docility. These schools are
of several kinds, suited to different qualities, and both sexes. They have cer-
tain professors well skilled in preparing children for such a condition of life
as befits the ranks of their parents, and their own caprices as well as inclina-
tions. I shall first say something of the male nurseries, and then of the female.
The nurseries for males of noble or eminent birth, are provided with
grave and learned professors and their several deputies. The clothes and
food of the children are plain and simple. They are bred up in the prin-
ciples of honour, justice, courage, modesty, clemency, religion, and love of
their country; they are always employed in some business, except in the
times of eating and sleeping, which are very short, and two hours for
diversions, consisting of bodily exercises. They are dressed by men till
four years of age, and then are obliged to dress themselves, although their
quality be ever so great; and the women attendants, who are aged pro-
portionably to ours at
fifty, perform only the
most menial offices.
They are never suffered
Sto converse with ser-
vants, but go together
in smaller or greater
numbers to take their
diversions, and always
in the presence of a
professor, or one of his
deputies; whereby they
avoid those early bad
impressions of folly and
vice, to which our chil-
dren are subject. Their parents are suffered to see them only twice a year:
the visit is to last but an hour; they are.allowed to kins the child at meeting

A VOTAM W 15 1


and pating; but a pno or, who ahay staads b tho eassel M, di
not safer them to whisper, or use any fodling expresion, or bring aM
presents of toys weetmeats, ad the like.
The pension from each family for the education and entertainment of a
child, upon failure of due payment, is levied by the emperor's offioet.
The nurseries for children of ordinary gentlemen, merchants traders
and handicrafts, are managed proportionably after the same manner; only
those designed for trades are put out apprentices at eleven years old:
whereas, those of persons of quality continue in their exercises till fifteen,
which answers to twenty-one with us; but the confinement is gradually
lessened for the last three years.
In the female nurseries the young girls of quality are educated much
like the males, only they are dressed by orderly servants of their own sex;
but always in the presence of a professor or deputy, till they come to dress
themselves, which is at five years old. And if it be found that these
nurses ever presume to entertain the girls with frightful or foolish stories,
or the common fol-
lies practised by
among us, they are
publicly whipped
thrice about the
city, imprisoned for
year, and banished
for life to the most
desolate part of the
country. Thus, the
young ladies there
are as much
ashamed of being cowards and fools as the men; and despise i per-
sonal ornaments, -beyond decency and cleanliness: neither did I perceive
any difference in their education made by their diferms atof sas,
only that the exercises of the females were.not altogether so robust:
and that some rules were given them relating to domte life, and a
smaller compass of learning was enjoined them: for their maxim is, td
among people of quality, a wife should always be a reasonable and agrs-
able companion, because she cannot always be young. When the grl ae
twelve years old, which among them is the marriageable age, their panat



er SmU take them home, with great express of gratitudeto the pro-
ham and eldom without the tear of the young lady and her companions.
In the nurseries of females of the meaner ort, the children are instructed
in all kinds of works proper for their sex, and their several degrees; those
intended for apprentices are dimissed at seven years old; the rest are kept
to even.
The meaner families who have children at these nurseries, are obliged,
beside their annual pension, which is as low as possible, to return to the
steward of the nursery a small monthly share of their getting, to be a
portion for the child; and therefore all parents are limited in their expenses
by the law. For the Lilliputians think nothing can be more unjust, than
for people, in subservience to their own appetites, to bring children into
the world, and leave the burden of supporting them on the public. As to
perons of quality, they give security to appropriate a certain sum for each
child, suitable to their condition: and these funds are always managed
with good husbandry and the most exact justice.
The cottagers and labourers keep their children at home, their business
being only to till and cultivate the earth, and therefore their education is
of little consequence to the public: but the old and diseased among them
are supported by hospitals; for begging is a trade unknown in this empire.
SAnd here it may, perhaps, divert
the curious reader, to give some ac-
count of my dometics, and my manner
of living in this country, during a resi-
dence of nine months and thirteen days.
Having a head mechanically turned, and
being likewise forced by necessity, I had
made for myself a table and chair con-
venient enough, out of the largest trees
in the royal park. Two hundred semp-
j Hbstreses were employed to make me
shirts, and linen, for my bed and table,
all of the strongest and coarest kind
they oould. get; which however, they
were forced to quilt together in several
folds, for the thickest was some degrees
finer than lawn. Their linen is usually
three inches wide, and three feet make a piece. The sempstraees

A "OU3 VO 10 'UMT.

took my measure I lay on the ground, obe standing at By A 11l
another'at my middle, with a strong oord extended, that eah hM byd t
end, while a third measured the length of the cord with the rule of aa iNk
long.. Then they measured my right thumb, ad desired no more; for Ib
a mathematical computation, that twice round the thumb is once round
the wrist, and so on to the nek and waist, and by the help of my old
shirt, which I displayed on the ground before them for a pattern, they
fitted me exactly. Three hundred tailors were employed in the same
manner to make me clothes; but they had another contrivane for taikag
Smy measure. I kneeled down and they raised a ladder from the ground
to my neck; upon this
ladder one of them
mounted, and let fall
a plumbline from my
collar to the floor,
which just answered
the length of my coat ;
but my waist and arms
I measured myself
When my clothes were
finished, which was
done in my house (for -
the largest of theirs n
would not have been
able to hold them),
they looked like the
patch-work made by
ladies in England, only
that mine were all of a
I had three hundred
cooks to dress my vi-
tuals, in little conve-
nient huts, built about my house, where they and their families 14 ad
prepared two dishes a-piece. I took up twenty waiters in my hand omd
them on the table: a hundred more attended below on the ground,m
with dishes of meat and somine with barrels of wine and other liquea
on their shoulders: all which the waiters above drew up, as I vaid, in a

.- osumbL nvIaU.

vry lgaiou s maer, by certain eords, s we draw the bucket up a well
in Eope. A dish of their meat was a good mouthful, and a barrel of

I, i I

their liquor a reasonable draught. Their mutton yields to ours, but their
bccf is excellent. I have had a sirloin so large that I have been forced to
make three bites of it; but this is rare. My
servants were astonished to see me eat it
bones and all, as in our country we do the
leg of a lark. Their geese and turkeys I
usually ate at a mouthful, and I confess they
far exceed ours. Of their smaller fowl I could
take up twenty or thirty at the end of my
One day his imperial majesty, being in-
formed of my way of living, desired "that
himself and his royal consort, with the young
princes of the blood of both sexes, might
have the happiness," as he was pleased to
call it, "of dining with me." They came
accordingly, and I placed them in chairs of
state, upon my table, just over against me,
with their guards about them. Flimnap,
the lord high treasurer, attended there like-
wise with his white staff; and I observed
he often looked on me with a sour counte-
nance, which I would tot seem to regard,
but ate more than uMual j honour to my
dear country, as well as I the court with
admiration. I have smme pelvate reason

A ToTA G O u5' u.O

to believe, tat this visit frm his maje ty Pve him ep afts U
of dng meill omiom to his mater. thit aminite d hamd alwy b m
secret enemy, though he outwardly aressed me more than wa umsl to

the moroseness of his nature. He represented to the emperor "the low
condition of his treasury; that he was forced to take up money at a
great discount; that exchequer bills would not circulate under nine per
cent. below par; that I had cost his majesty above a million and a half
of sprugs (their greatest gold coin, about the bigness of a spangle); and,
upon the whole, that it would be advisable in the emperor to take the fist
fair occasion of dismissing me."
I am here obliged to vindicate the reputation of an excellent lady, who
was an innocent sufferer upon my account. The treasurer took a fancy to
be jealous of his wife, from the malice of some evil tongues, who informed
him that her grace had taken a violent affection for my person; and the
court scandal ran for some time, that she once came privately to my lodg
ing. This I solemnly declare to be a most infamous falsehood, without
any grounds, further than that her grace was pleased to treat me with a
innocent marks of freedom and friendship. I own she came oaft tomy
house, but always publicly, nor ever without three more in t& ooa, wh6
were usually her sister and young daughter, and some partledar pM t-


am but tis was oammo to ma other ladies of the court: and I will
Iapp to my servants around, whether they at any time aw a coach at
my door without their knowing what persons were in it. On those ooca-
don, when a errvant had given me notice, my custom was to go imme-
ditely to the door; and, after paying my respect, to take up the coach
and two horses very cardebly in my hands (for, if there were six horses,
the postillion always unharnessed four), and place them on a table, where

I had fixed a moveable rim quite round, of five inches high, to prevent
accidents; and I have often had four coaches and horses at once on my
table, full of company, while I sat in my chair leaning my face towards
them; and while I was engaged with one set, the coachmen would gently
drive the others round my table. I have passed many an afternoon very
agreeably in these conversations. But I defy the treasurer, or his two
informers (I will name them, and let them make the best of it), Clustril
and Drunlo, to prove that any person ever came to me incognito, except
the secretary Reldresal, who was sent by express command of his imperial
majesty, as I have before related. I should not have dwelt so long upon
this particular, if it had not been a point wherein the reputation of a great
lady is so nearly conerned, to say nothing of my own; though I then had

A TOTAM SO mUirt. .

the honour to be a nare, which th mr Leu ith s a; ftr alt
world knos that h t only a i sgem, title in ib e dp a
that of a maquis i to a dae in Engld; yet I allow 1 pemded me
right of his post. These false iaformaiom, w"ah I afdrwmard ems t
the knowledge of by an eacident not proper to mention, made the trem-r
show his lady for some time an ill countenance, and me a woras; ea
although he was at lat undeceived and reconciled to her, yet I lot all
credit with him, and found my interest decline very fet with the emperor
himself, who was, indeed, too much governed by that favourite.

^Sf^^S ta s



The author, baing inemed of a design to soones him of high treon, makes his escape
to luefuso-HiE reception there.

BEFORE I proceed to give an account of my leaving this kingdom,
it may be proper to inform the. reader of a private intrigue, which
had been for two months forming against me.
I had been hitherto, all my life, a stranger to courts, for which I was
unqualified by the meanness of my condition. I had, indeed, heard and
read enough of the dispositions of great princes and ministers; but never
expected to have found such terrible effects of them in so remote a country,
governed, as I thought, by very different maxims from those in Europe.
While I was just preparing to pay my attendance on the emperor of
Blefuscu, a considerable person at court (to whom I had been very service-
able, at a time when he lay under the highest displeasure of his imperial
majesty) came to my house very privately at night, in a close chair; and,
without sending in
his name, desired
S admittance. The
chairmen 'were dis-
missed; I put the
chair, with his lord-
ship in it, into.my
ea coat-pocket; and,
giving orders to a
trusty servant to say
I was indisposed and
gone to sleep, I fast-
ened the door of my
hose, placed the chair on the table, according to my usual custom, and
Est down by it. After the common salutations were over, observing his

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