Reynard the fox in South Africa, or, Hottentot fables and tales

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Title:
Reynard the fox in South Africa, or, Hottentot fables and tales chiefly translated from original manuscripts in the library of his Excellency Sir George Krey, K. C. B.
Series Title:
Reynard the fox in South Africa, or, Hottentot fables and tales
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Bleek, W. H. I. ( Translator )
Publisher:
Trübner and Co.
Place of Publication:
London
Manufacturer:
William Stevens, printer
Publication Date:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
ltqf - AAA4701
ltuf - AFA7740
oclc - 00504357
alephbibnum - 001025785
System ID:
UF00003437:00001

Full Text


iv90























RYNAIMD THE FOX IN SOUTH AFRICA:

on.

flHOTTENW FiABLES AND TAML.










REYNARD THE FOX


SOUTH AFRICA;
0 ,

~ettntott $abWts aud 8ja1tL



LIBRARY

HIm 2xOmmLLamC MI R1BO10 GUIT, ]LO.B.


W. H. I. BLEEK, PN.D.







LONDONr
TKitNft AND 00., 60, PATUNEH09T3R BOW.
isk


























































WED-,
mans -nun,~ nie,* n 's
Is. Sn

























TMa 9=01 BROM To

CUXLDRUN IN SOUMT AEIMCA AMD ZUIAWmz.


AWD TO T InUIfl


SIM GROiGE ORY. OC.B..
low i s W9 AL&N.



















CONTENTS.



L JACKAL FtmA .
1. TheU a'lDemfe .
2. ae Hunt of he u aa akal 8
3. ihe 1idm's Uo a . .
4. The Jackl'Bride 9
5. The White KMuda the SBak 11
6. Another Venio of the e Fble . 18
7. OICd-.Btig 14
8. &Ih.btelii 16
9. Which wa theTie 18
10. The 1a'I Illne 19
11. TheDove ad the Hr 21
12 TheOok .



IL Tosnoim FPUJL.
1. Te Eepihant nd the Trtie 27
1. The Gir&e nd the Torti . 80
16. The Tortois Hunting the Oricee .388







vli cormTM.


ILn BAoomw maU.
17. T ahdpe Jam dth sb 8
L8.Te IAo mdl t ooh 37
19. The'abSm k S0
90. TheIL Chld (aTl) 42
1. The Bbom Sbphd (a Tle) 44


IV. Io4N PAua.
22 lt ingLion 45
2. The Lia who thought himdlf Wir tha his
Koter 47
2i. The iodn wo took a Woman' hape . 0
25. A Woman tradormed into a Lion (a Tle) 57
2. The Io uad the Bushmn (a Te) 9


V. VARIOUB AmLU.
27. How a NHmaWomma ouitwi the Uophants 61
28. A Bd Sa 65


VL SBe An Moox ram.xu
29. Why ha the Jacal a log black Stripe n his
Bak 6
o. The Hroa ed by the un 68
1. The OriginatDea .
88. Anoth Vr ia e the me labl 71
S A Third Vaion o the sme able 72








oowrmm iz

84. Arou.rVth rofthemhle 78
8. A Zuhl Veian o the Legend d o theOril
Death" 74


VIL Hnm Bm L on) na Laonm.
Hetai Eibip 76
87. The Victory of Hitbip 77
AnotherVerio of the sme Legend 78
80. The Beiin-Ea 80
40. Origin of the Diffrene in Modes of Life between
Hottentote and Bushmen 88


VI. NovenoLD TAL.U.

41. The Little Wise Wom.an.. 8.
42. The Unreaonable Child to whom the Dog gave
its Deeert; or, a eceipt for getting ny one
to ep. 90















PREFACE.


MY DnAn Six Gaomos,

In insribing to you thi little book, I do no
more than ofer that which i your due, a its ap-
pearance is mainly owing to you. It was by your
desire that I wrote, in 1861, to different Misionaris
in South Afia, reqserting them to make collections
of Native Literature, similar in nature to those
which, through your instrumentality, had been s
abundantly rested from oblivion in New Zealand.
I then wrote, among others, to the Bev. G. Kranlein,
Rhenish isionary at Beerebs, Great Naaqua-
land; but it was not till after you had left u, on a
new mission of honour and duty, that I received
fom him (at five different periods) the original manu-
scripts from which most of the Fables given here
are translated. He sent us, altogether, twenty-four







Un P2A7Ko
Fables, le, and Legnd, bede twelve Songs of
Prlse thirty-two Proverbs, and twelve Riddle; i11
in Hottentot (a taken down by him from the mouth
of the Natives) nd German, partly ooompanied by
explanatory notes, including fagnesat of the / *es
Buhman language. Mr. Krnlein's manusoripts
fill sixty-ve pages, mostly in qarto, with double
column.
You ar aware that the existence of Fables among
theHottentota was already known to us through Sir
James Alexander's "Expedition of Discovery into
the Interior of Africa" (8vo., two vol., London,
1888), and that nome interesting specimens of their
literature had been given by him in that work; but
that Fables form so extensive a mas of traditionary
Native literature amongst the Namaqua, ha first
Been brought to light by Mr. Kronlein's communica.
tion. The fct of such a literary capacity exiting
among a nation whose mental qualihcations it has
been usual to estimate at the lowest standard, is of
the greatest importance; and that their literary
activity (in contradistinction to the general character


**Oigripia, fom the Namns point of view, e, to the
North of the Orange river.








of Native litertatre mong Negro atin) ha bee
employed almost in the ma dietio as that whih
had been taken by or own earlet literature i i
itself of great sig anoe.
Bome questions of no tiring importance and in.
tert ar raised by the appearoe of such an an.
looked-for mine of literary loe, particularly a to the
originality of them Fables. Whether they e indeed
the real of-pring of the desert, and can be coidered
a truly indigenous Native litenture, or whether they
have been either purloined from the superior white
race, or at least brought into existence by the stim.
ulus which contact with the latter gave to the Native
mind (like that resulting in the intention of the
Tahiroki and Vei slphabeth) may be matters of die.
pate for some time to come, and it may require
m much reaesrh aa was expanded upon the aol.
ing of the riddle of the originality of the O iio
poemr
But whatever maybe the ultimate rmslt of mse
inquiries, whether it will confirm our idea of the
originality and atiquity of the main portion of the
Hottentot Fables, and consequently tamp them with
the character of the oldet and mot primitive literary
remains of the old mother tongue of the Seadenoting







ZI PWsar4a

atics, or whthr they hve only irng up renstly
mog the Hotetots fom foreign m d-in either
T- the dispodsit of the Hottentots to the enjoy-
ment of such Fable, and their eas growth an this
ard soil, be it their native or adopted on e-how
a meoo greater congeniality between the Hottentot
ul European mind than we find between the ltter
and anyof the black races of Aftio.
This similarity in the dispoition of nations an
in itef indeed hardly be considered as a vlid proof
of common ancestry; but if there be other grounds
to make as believe that the nations in question, or at
least their languages, are of common origin, it may
ender au more inclined to asume that such a s i-n
lurity in their literary taste is derived also from the
mme source.
The great ethnological difference between the Hot-
tentots and the black nations of South Africa has
been a marked fact from almost the earliest acquaint-
ance of Europeans with these parts, and occasional
stray guess (for example, in R. Mott's Miasin-
ary labours and Scenes in Southern Africa," 1842,
p. 6), have already for some time pointed to a North
Amican origin for the Hottentots.
It is, however, only within the last down years









that this has bees salishd as a poed, ad, I be.
hlie to most observers, on, t firt, astomisig hsa
I well nmamber still the fsaling of md ouriou
interest with which I regarded Knadm' trandaton
of Luke' Gospel (oL i, No. 15 of your Library),
when, in April 1850, it was seMt m by the then
Inspector of the Rhenieh Miion House, the Rev J.
O. Walman., for the purpose of aoertaiing whether
the language was in any way akin to those of the
surrounding black nations, and whether, on that a-
oount, an already oaquired acquaintance with any of
the Hottentot dialects would render it easier for a
Miionary to muter one of the Negro or Kfir
tongue *


*I give e ere ome extractss m Mr. Wamu n' letter,
dated Bereo, 1th April 18M, which wa the ony help
of a grammtical or leical natuethm a ilaie for me in
my study of this Nlm taslation of LAke's Oompel-
"I trnmit hereby lake's Gospel in Namqu .
which I an lend yoa, however, only for fear week, as I
have already ipreioly promised it to some one dse
shouldd your labours permit it, I wish to request you to
make a little trial whether the Namaqu ia omewhat
related to the South Arican fiauly of Itaguage For
the preset a mere segJie decision on this point is ll
that is wanted, and I should like to have very soo the
opinion of some good philologit regarding it. ofat







Zvi P FACS.

I hld however, at t t ot thae ea t t ide of
th. remits to which a knowledge this kl uge

rieta that whe he ga pelme of Namaqu to a
Syrima who came fm gyp, be wue told that he (the
BFSy ) bad alm da in the market of airo who wer of
lighter lour tha other Ablasu and whoM language
resembled that of the Namaqu Moat also mray that
some adut athot have mentioned a nation in the
intaior of Afrio who were very aimiar to the Hotttot.
Moht scm himne however, to aurbe little value to
theue aooount* for his guems hll at onoe upoa the
Ohinmm Acording to comnmunioationa fom our Mis.
doary Knuden, the Namaqua language seems wel
formed He meatious u pareal promoun.-
t 'l)ta -a sb eada o _ko
I thou be we you the7
(Ala) (//fip) (//a.)
but to ahow the modidetions which the pronoum undergo
according to the geder, and whether the peon (spokento)
is included or eluded (in the brnt peron plun), the fol.
lowing examples ofinmeluvereorluasieforms m given
"We are eptain."
(iol.) 8rsh meme., .._
(esmd) Bih kasm h ---
(ina.) Bue be "miFa ,

(iuL) Beds h temsMide so
(eal.) id he gms.kAeis )
(inoL) &BelAm h ass l' Ms
(eoL) &di be aahleOe ,_










wal lIed me; md being thea madly ecoeihd wit
the study of the ietahdiua and kind leguig-
which rnemsd to me o paramount intanot fdr om-
perative philology-I did ac at at ft give ndivided
attetion to the perual of this curious v me. I
rnurked ery soon, however, a striking similrity
between the Hottentot ign of goder and those of
the Coptic language; but for some time I considered
it purely usidental, which may be an rom a
letter of mine regarding this subject, published by
Mr. Walmann, in "Berichten der Rheinichen Mis-


(idol.) &s A.s katar m .
(ezcL) Simh he ketem -
(inl.) &.s e t Ar-~. ma ul
(eixl.) &im h tew-k-Hoima
"The emod person of the plural is aidto have not more
than half a many diatione; and the third pean plural
ha only the following:-
xykt k Me kwea --ma ,me L
X.t e hb staie-fem.
xyms ke (e-Hieine-com.
xyt he a-asakk-dual. masouL
xr. he he bier-duaL oena
xym k aee.keirs-.dual. corn.
"You will therefore oblige me by looking into the
Namaqua lake, and by having the kindune to write me
your opinic regarding it."









dmioaes-a e (Reparts of the Roish Misdn-
ay Society, 1860, No. 24 if I am not mitaken in
the number).
Soon, hower, what were at first mere isolated
fots, became links, in a chin of evidence, showing
that all those Swdenoting Languages which wre than
hanwn ton in Afica, Asi, and Europe, are member
of one large family, of which the primitive type ha,
in moet respects, been bet preserved to us in the
Hiatentot language.
It was even a early a the end of 1850 that I
could write to Mr. Walmann--"Thi language (the
Hottentot) is to me at this moment of greater interest
than any other. The facts, of which once before I
have given you some account, have now so increased
upon me, and offer such strong analogies, that there
is no further doubt in my own mind that not only
the Coptic but also the Semitic, and all other lan.
guages of Africa (as Berber, the Galls dialect, c.,
&c.) in which the distinction of the masculine and
feminine gender pervades the whole grammar, are
of common origin."
Part of the result of these researches was then pub-
lished in my dissertation, "De Nominum Generibus
Linguarum Africa, Australia, Copticw, Semiticarum









sliarumque -ausun (ST., Bonn, fth AugAt,
1851, Yo. i, No. of your IAbrry).
I was at that time not awre-nor has it ome to
my knowledge till within the last few wee -tht
on the 10th June, 1851, Dr. J. 0. ADAus in cam-
municating to the Byro-Egyptian Society some obser-
vation0 on the snali of language, with special
reference to those of South Africa, had stated "That
the signs of gender were almost identical in the
Namaqua and the Egyptian, and the feminine affx
might be considered as being the smie in all three"*
(Namequa, Galla, and Old Egyptian).
Another curious agreement on this point, by an
apparently independent observer (Mr. J. LooAL),t



Report of the Coorespondenoe and Paper read at the
General Meeting of the SyroEgptian Society, Seion of
1851 and 1852. Read at the Anniverary Meeting, held
April 20th, 1852, 8o. pp. 6,8.
t Ethnology of the Indo-Pacife IIanda." By J. L
Logan, Esq., Hon. Fellow of the Ethnological society. Ian.
guage Part ii. "The Baem and Languagee of E. Axia,
considered in relation to those of the Indo-Pacio ielands,"
Chapter v., sections i. to i. [From the Journal of the In.
dian Archipelago and Eastern Aia, Jue and December,
1853, to December, 184.] Singapore: Printed by Jakob
Baptist, 8vo., pp. 229, 294, see. 6. The Semitioo-Afrien
62







zx rP~UAC
wa pointed os to me by your hsalency. You
aso sggeed this name of "Sedeoting I guages."
But It is super for me to my any thing of what
you have done for the advancement of Afican, -
well as Austraian and Polyneian, philology.
It ha been justly marked by our learned fend,
Mr. Jviane WATmnarxn, that the natural propen-
tie of animals in all parts of the world being so
much slie, Fable intended to portray them must
als be expected to resemble each other greatly, even
to their very details.
But we may well ask why it is that, so far as we
know, the Kafir imagination seems not at all inclined
to the formation of this ela of fictitious tales, though
they have otherwise a prolific Native literature of a
more or lea historic and legendary character. This
ontrast to what we find among the Hottentots ap-
pears not to be accidental, but merely a natural con-
sequence of that difference of structure which dis-
tinguishe these two lasses of language embracing
respectively the dialects of the Hottentota on the one


langes vi s. General Charactero p. 229; r2 Egyptin
p. 248; 8. Bottetat, p. 28; 4 Shmo-Hasitio, or Assyro.
Beraber, p.250.







PtrUACS. ad
hand, and those of the Kair and their minded nu-
tions on the other; in thp foIer (the Hottentot),
a in all other really Sezdenoting Language, the
grammatical division ofthenouns into gender, which
do not tally exactly with any distinction observed in
nature, has been brought into a certain reference to
the difference of sex; and on that account this dis-
tinction of aex meem in some way to extend even to
inanimate beings, whereby a tendency to the per-
sonification of impersonal objects is produced, which
in itself is likely to lead the mind towards ascribing
reason and other human attributes to irrational beings.
This is the real orgin of almost all those poetical
conceptions which we call Fables and Myths.
Both are based on the personification of imper-
sonal beingt-the former by ascribing speech and
reason to the lower animal, whilst the latter sub.
etitute human-like agencies in explanation of celes-
tial and other elementary phenomena in place of
their real cause.
Mythology is, in its origin, mot generally either
a mere figure of speech or a poetical explanation
suggested by the grammatical form or etymological
meaning of words, indicating certain striking natural
phenomena. In the primary stage of their produo.








-n Pm oACS.
tin, Myths may be supposed to hare been always
understood in their true riginl character; and it
i only when in the course of generations their real
origin ha been obsoured, and they have become
merely the petrifed excresces of a traditionary
reed, that their apparent absurdity make them at
int eight almost inexplicable, prticulary when
found among nations of a high intelligence.
The humbler sisters of the Myths, the Fables based
on the natural propensities of animals, are not obscured
in their real character so easily as the former, and
have, on that account, more generally retained their
simple usefulness as moral teachers; so, though they
may have preceded even Myths as to the date of their
first conception, they yet outlive them as real and
salutary elements of the beat nationalliteratures: not
that Myths had not their own beneficial sphere in the
education of mankind, as leading them on to higher
abstract ideas, and even deeper religious thoughts,
but their very power of exerting a much deeper in.
fluence on the destinies of our race, made it essential
that they should have a more transitory existence in
the civilizing process of the Sexdenoting nations-
wlo have to give up mythologies so soon as through
them they have gained higher religious ideas-while









Fles, which m r dlaim so high a pler among the
elements of feathering the liminatin g proem of or
species, remain always welcome to most clads-
readers at certain period of their intelleotpl deve.
lopment.
Children, and also mple-minded grown-up people,
whose taste has not been spoled by the poison of
over-exciting reading, will always be mused by the
quaintly expressed moral lessons which they receive
through every good Fable; and the more thorough
student of literature will also regard with pleasure
these first innocent plays of awakening human imagi-
nation. To all these the Hottentot Fables offered
here may not be unwelcome as a fresh store of
original compositions or even as old acquaintance
who gain a new interest in different clothing and
scenery.
To make these Hottentot Fables readable for the
general public, a few slight omissions and alterations
of what would otherwise have been too naked for the
English eye were necessary, but they do not in any
essential way affect the spirit of the Fables. Other-
wise, the translation is faithful to the original, though
not exactly literal.
It would of course be presumptuous to believe that








we could her diow fully the oignality or dateof
composition of these Fables, and all the many ques-
tioe involved therein.
The modern origin of some of the Fables, a, for
instance, that of The Cock (12), Fsh-tealing (8),
The Judgment of the Baboon (17), and The Ours
of the Hore (30), is very evident other, e.g., The
White Man and the Snake (5 & 6), indicate clearly
a European origin. Othe, however, have strong
claims to be regarded not merely as genuine products
of the Hottentot mind, but even as portions of a tra-
ditionary Native literature, anterior in its origin to
the advent of Europeans.
That the latter is a true view of the subject
becomes perhaps the more conclusive by the inti-
mate relations in which, among the Hottentots,
Myths still stand to Fables; in fact, a true mytho-
logy an hardly be said to exist among them; for
Myths (as that of The Origin of Death) are in
reality as much Fables as Myths; but we may
wonder these as analogous to the irt germs whence
prung those splendid mythologies which have lled
with deep devotional feelings the hearts of many
million among the most intelligent rae of the
euth.


xziv


urPA0z.








MWACIs. MI
This higher light of the imaginative faculty
which the Beadenoting natius poear (through the
stimulus of this pesiniaation of impersoal things,
comequent upon the gnmmatical struotue of their
languages), and what it had been to them, be-
comes the more evident if we compare their lite-
rature with that of the Kafnr and other black tribe
of South Africa.
As the grammatical structure of language spoken
by the latter does not in itself suggest personifca-
tion, these nations are almost, as a matter of core,
destitute of Myths a well as Fables. Their literary
efforts are, as a general rule, restricted to narrating the
doings of men in a more or lea historical manner-
whence we have a ninmber of household tales, and
portions of a fabulous history of these tribes and na-
tions; or their ancestor worship and belief in the
supernatural give rise to horrible ghost stories and
tales of witchcraft, which would be exciting if they
were not generally told in such a long-winded,
prosy manner, a must make the best'ory lose
its interest
Of course for the comparative philologist, and for
any one who takes an interest in observing the work.
ing of the human mind in its mot primitive stages,







xxii PFArCE

thee pieces of gar and Negro native literature
will aIo have their own interest; it i theraore to
be hoped that time and circunaacos may moa
allow us to public alo the other portions of South
Afrian native literature extant in manu ript in
yor library.
Among thee we have principally to mention, u
new contributions (received after your departure),
twenty-three pieces in o Tyi-herer6, or the Damara
language, as written down by native themselves,
copied by the Rev. J. LRAT (Rhenish Misionary, for-
merly in Damara Land, now at Sarepta Knilt River),
and accompanied with a German translation by
him.*


Mr. Rath's Manucript consists of ixty-one pag, with
double columsu, foolsap folio. It ontains the following
pieces:
1. The Spectre Sweetbearte, pp. 1, 2
2 The Lion Husbands pp. 2, 5.
Tacity ofa Loving Moher's Ca, pp. 5, 6.
4. The Girl who ran after her Father' Bird, pp. 6,12.
5. The Handome Gil, pp. 2, 15.
6. The Little Bushman Woman, pp. 17, 1&
7. Punishment of Imposition, pp. 19, 21.
8. The pectre who Fell in Love with his on's Wife,
pp. 22, 2
9. The Loantic, p. 28.









naVAr. zzn
Among then pies there an aseve g t dori,
four accounts of truan rmation of me or animals,
eleven other household taes, one legend, ad ane lbb.
This last piece (No. 11, pp. 27, 29) is probably of
Hottentot orgin. I have therefore thought it best
to give it a place in this little book (No. 14), where
it precedes that Hottentot Fableto which its conclud-


10. The Girls who eaped from the Hill Dmar. pp.
24, 98.
11. The Elephant ad the Tortode, pp. 7, 2.
12. The Two Wives, pp, 99, 38.
18. The Lion who took difent Shapes, pp. 84, 5.
14. The Little Girl left in the Well by her wicked Com.
panions, pp. 3, 8
15. The Unreaonble'Child to whom the Dog gave its
Deserts, pp. 89, 43.
16. utangs, p. 44.
17. The Ghost of the Man who wa Killed by a shinooer
in consequence of his Father's Curms, pp. 45, 47.
18. The Trials of Hambeks a Spirit risen from the Dead.
pp. 47, 50.
19. The Little Girl who wa teaed by a Insect, p. 1.
20. The sams as 16 (Butang) p. 52.
21. Congal Love after Death, p. 53.
22. The Bad gajngu and the Good Kahaundye, pp.
4, 57.
2. The Wife who west after her Hsuhd, pp. 87, 59.
24. The Little Girl Murdered by the Hill Damnr, pp.
859,1.









ing portions bear such a strildng resemblance. It
is not unlikely that the beginning of this Hottentot
Fable of The Giraff and the Tortoie is missing. It
may have been similar to the beginning of the corre
ponding one in Damars. As far asit goe the Hot-
tentot Fable is however evidently more original than
the o Tyi-herer6 text. As a specimen of o Tyi-
herer6 household tales, I have given Bath's fif-
teenth. piece, the story of The Unreasonable Child
to whom the Dog gave its Deserts.
You will also approve of my having added the Zulu
legend of the Origin of Death, which in its mixture
of Fable and Myth, and even in several details of its
composition, shows a great analogy to the Hottentot
treatment of the same subject, of which I am able to
give here four different versions.
A second version of two or three other fables,
and of one legend, has also been given from one
of the two important manuscripts in German, re-
garding the Hottentots and their language, pre-
pared for you by Mr. Knudsen.' The sme mann-


'he title of Mr. Kaudma's Arst manuscript is, Sl
sfrie: Da Hottteot-Volk; Notissm (Manusript) H. O.
Knadaen." 4to., p. 12. Its contents ae, Buhma Land,


axxiii


PSrWAo








P1.3403. fIu

vsript supplied al a legend d ThI Origin Dif-
frsen.e in Xodes of lfe betwe Hoantots and
Bushmen, which we do not yet poso in the Hot-
tentot language.
To make our available stock o Naun Hottentot
literature quite complete, three fables and four tals



p. 8; the diferet kinds of Bi p. 8; Bethany (in Great
Namaqu-lad), p. 3; the Duame p. 4; the Grssy Pin.
p. 4; the Diseases, pp. 4, 5; Birdanets, p. 5; Marrisge
and Wedding among the Namaqus, p.5; Extent of Autho-
rity among the Namaqua, p. ; Similarity with the Jewish
manner of Thinking Counting, Eating, Drinkig, Praying
Mode of Speech, and manner of Reckoning Relationship,
p. 6; Heiti Eibip or Kabip, p. 7; Origin of the Mode of
Life of the Namaqua-ud Bushmea, pp. 7, 8; Coming of
Age among the Hottentots, p. 8; Names of Hottentot
Tribes sd their probable Etymology, pp. 8, 9; Are the
Hottentote of Egyptian or Phanician OriginP p.9; Are
the Hottentote of Jewish or Mobitio Origin P pp., 10;
Appendix, pp. 11, 12.
Mr. Knudsn's second Manuscript as the following
title, "to s einer Orammatik in der Nmaquasprsche
(Manusoript), H. . Knuden." 4to. pp. 20. After a few
general introductory remarks, and a short explanation of
the Hottentot Alphabet, Mr. KnudMs trent of the dit-
farmt Parts of Speech -L Nouns, pp.8, 4; I. Ajectives,
pp.4,5; II. Pronoun, pp. 5, 10; IV. Numbers, p. 11;
V. Verhb, pp. 12, 24; Interroative Sentences, pp. 25, 2;
Concluding Bemarks, pp. 6, 29.







m PaVACs.
have been takn fom Sir Jame Alemxader' Eqp
ditioa," to., and inserted here, with oaly fw inigni-
dofat verbl alterations.
The "Songp of Praise," given as notes to some of
the Fables in this volume, are erely intended a
specimes of Hottentot poetry. They can hardly be
expected to amuse or interest the general reader-
at least, not in the form in which they appear
here, though a Longfellow might be able to render
some of them in a way that would make them at-
tractive.
In the sme manner the materials contained in
these Hottentot Fables might be worked out similarly
to Goethe's einecke Fuchs;" and we should hereby
probably gain an epial composition, which, though
not ranking so high as the latter poem, would yet,
as regards the interest of its subject-matter, far ex-
eed Longfellow's Hiawatha in adaptation to the
general tate.
How much Native productions gain when repre-
ented skilfully and properly, your admirable work
on "Polynesian Mythology has shown. But you
had sterner and more important work on hand,
and so I have had to do this without you. That it
does not appear in a still more imperfect form, I owe







ParCS. zzzi
mainly to the help of oe who naturally taks the
greatest interest in all my puruits.
In writing the lat lines of this Pre&e, the interest
which I feel for then Hottentot Fable i almost
fEding way before thoee rich treaure of your library
which have jut arrived fom England; and u all
our present efforts are of course given to the proper
settling of them jewels of our library, I can merely
send, with grateful acknowledgments, our most fer-
vent wishes for your well-doing, and our sincere hope
of seeing you, at no distant day, again in the midst
ofus.

Believe me,
My dear Sir George,
Yours most faithfully,

W. H. I BLEEK.




OCAaTow, FAy., 163.
















I.

JACKAL FABLES.



1. THE LION'S DEFEAT.
(The original, in the Hottent*t langag, i. in Sir G. GOey'.
Library, 0. Kronlein's mnuript pp. 19, 10.)

THE wild animals, it is said, were once assembled
at the Lion's. When tle Lion was asleep, the Jackal
persuaded the little Fox* to twist a rope of ostrich
sinews, in order to play the Lion a trick. They took
ostrich news, twisted them, and fastened the rope to
the Lion's tail, and the other end of the rope they
tied to a shrub. When the Lion awoke, and saw that
he was tied up, he became angry, and called the
animals together. When they had assembled, he
said (using this form of conjuration)-
The little Fox, in Nama the I/sra a small kind of
Jackal, who is a swift runner. The Jackal's name is
/Oirip. (The / is the dental and the I the cerebral click;
vdd Note to Fables 23 and 27, pp. 47, 62.)








9 JAOr.L FAdLN

SWhat child of his mother and father's love,
Whoe mother and father's love has tied me r"
Then answered the animal to whom the question
was first put-
I, child of my mother and father's love,
I, mother and father's love, I have not done it."
All answered the same; but when he asked the
little Fox, the little Fox said-
"I, child of my mother and father's love,
I, mother and father's love, have tied thee I"
Then the Lion tore the rope made of sinews, and
ran after the little Fox. But the Jackal said-

My boy, thou son of the lean Mrs. Fox, thou wilt
never be caught."
Truly the Lion was thus beaten in running by the
little Fox.















2. THE HUNT OF THE LION AND JACKAL.

(Tan ortulg in the Hoettoat lauap is in ir G. GOe'
Libea, G. XsiUa's Manaueipt, pp. 1S, .)

THE Lion and the Jackal, it is said, were one day
lying in wait for elands. The Lion shot (with the
bow) and minced, but the Jackal hit and sag out,
" Hah Hahi" The Lion said, "No, you did not
shoot anything. It was I who hit." The Jackal
answered, "Yea, my father, thou hast hit" Then
they went home in order to return when the eland
was dead, and cut it up. The Jackal, however, turned
back, unknown to the Lion, hit his nose so that the
blood ran on the spoor of the eland, and followed
their track thus, in order to cheat the Lion. When
he had gone ome distance, he returned by another
way to the dead eland, and creeping into its caruse,
cut out all the fat.
Meanwhile the Lion followed the bloodstained spoor
of the Jackal, thinking that it wai eland' blood, and
only when he had gone some distance did he find out
that he hd been deceived. He then returned on the







4 J.oCIA, piaL.
Jackal's Ipoor, and rchd the dad glmd, whv
dading the Jackal in its cres, he sind him by
his til and drew him out with a wing.
The Lian upbraided the Jackal with thee words:
"Why do you cheat me?' The Isokl answered:
" No, my father, I do not cheat yo; you may know
it, I think. I prepared this fat for you, father." The
Lion mid: Then take the fat and bring it to your
mother (the Lioner); and he gave him the lungs
to take to his own wife and children.
When the Jackal arrived, he did not give the fat
to the Lion's wife, but to his own wife and children;
he gave, however, the lungs to the Lion's wife, and
he pelted the Lion's little children with the lungs,
saying:
"You children of the big-pawed one!
You big-pawed ones "
He said to the Liones, "I go to help my father"
(the Lion); but he went quite away with his wife
and children.














3. THE LION'S SHARE.

(7m a German orgihal Muserips ina B G. Ow,7 IiAHry,
Tis., BL ndmai's *Noto m otthe ," pp. 11, IL.)

THE Lion and the Jackal went together a-hunting.
They shot with arrows. The Lion shot frst, bnt
his arrow fell short of its aim; but the Jackal hit the
game, and joyfully cried out, "It has hit." The
Lion looked at him with his two large eyee; the
Jackal, however, did not loae his countenance, but
said, No, Uncle, I mean to ay that you have hit."
Then they followed the game, and the Jackal paied
the arrow of the Lion without drawing the latter's
attention to it. When they arrived at a crzsway, the
Jackal said, "Dear Uncle, you are old and tired; stay
here." The Jackal went then on a wrong track, beat
his nose, and, in returning, let the blood drop from it
like traoe of game. "I could not fnd anything," he
aid, "but I met with traces of blood. You had better
go yourself to look for it. In the meantime I shall go
this other way." The Jackal soon found the killed
animal, crept inside of it, and devoured the best por-







o rAOtAL JP IU&
tion; hut his tail remained outside, and when the
ion arrived, he got hold of it, pulled the Jackal out,
and threw him on the ground with these words:
"You rascal" The Jackal rse quickly again,
complainedof the rough handling, and asked, "What
have I then now done, dear Unole I was busy
cuttingout the bet part." "Now let go and
fetch our wives," said the Iion; but the Jackal en-
treated his dear Uncle to remain at the place because
he wasold. The Jackal went then away, taking with
him two portions of the flesh, one for his own wife,
but the best part for the wie of the Lion. Whenthe
Jackal arrived with the flesh, the children of the Lion
saw him,began tojump, and clapping their hands, cried
out, "There comes Uncle with flesh!" The Jackal
threw, grumbling, the worst portion to them, and
said, "There, you brood of the big-eyed one Then
he went to his own house and told his wife im-
mediately to break up the house, and to go where the
killed game waa. The Lionets wished to do the same,
but he forbade her, and aid that the Lion would
himself come to fetch her.
When the Jackal, with his wife and children, had
arrived in the neighbourhood of the killed animal, he
ran into a thorn bush, scratched his face so that it
bled, and thus made his appearance before the Lion,








rT ZiDor IAK x 7
to whom he sid, "Ah! what a wife you have got
Look he, how she somtoed my fee when I told
her that she should come with us. You mut
fetch her yourself; I canot bring her." The Lion
wnt home very angry. Then the Jackal id,
quick let us build a tower." They heaped stone
upon stone, stone upon stone, stone upon stone;
and when it was high enough, everything was carried
to the top of it. Whenthe Jackl aw theLion ap.
preaching with his wife and children, he cried out to
him, Uncle, whilst you were away we have built a
tower, in order to be better able to see game."
"All right," said the Lion; but let me come up to
you." "Certainly, dear Uncle; but how will you
manage to come up P We must let down a thong for
you." The Lion ties himself to the thong, and i
drawn up; but when he is nearly at the top the thong
i out by the Jackal, who exclaim, as if frightened,
"Oh, how heavy you are, Uncle Go, wife. fetch me
a new thong." (" An old one," he said aside to her.)
The Lion is again drawn up, but come of course
down in the same manner. "No," said the Jackal,
"that will never do; you must, however, manage to
come up high enough, so that you may get a mouth-
fl at least. Then aloud he orders his wife to pre-
pare a good piece, but aside he tells her to make a






8 MOZALds A LU
ito hot, ad to oorr it with AL Thm he dmrw
up the IA amoe m nd, ompwming that
he is Try hey to hd,A he tl him to opm hi
moith, wrepon he thrm the hot stoe doi his
thrt. Whe the Lion h devoured it, he entreta
and request him to ran u quickly as poible to the
water.














4. THE JACKAL'S BIDE.
(k ariul, in ta Hottantt .iapge, i. in Wr G. O'I
IUby, a. X6Mwn'. M-ramipt, pp. T, )

THE Jaal, it i aid, married the Hyen, and carried
off a cow belonging to ants, to slaughter her for the
wedding; and when he had slaughtered her, he put
the cow-skin over his bride; and when he had fixed
a pole (on which to hang the fleh), he placed on the
top of the pole (which was forked) the hearth for
cooking, in order to cook.upon it all sorts of dellious
food. There came also the Lion to the spot, and
wished to go up. The Jackal, therefore, asked his
little daughter for a thong with which he could pull
the Lion up, and he began to pull him up; and when
his face came near to the cooking-pot, he cut the
thong in two, so that the Lion tumbled down. Then
the Jackal upbraided his little daughter with these
words: "Why do you give me such an old thong P"
And he added, "Give me a fresh thong." She gave
him a new thong, and he pulled the Lion up again,
and when his face came near the pot, which stood on







10 JACrL fA L.J
the Ae, he said, "Open your mouth-. Then he put
into his mouth a hot piece of quart which had been
boiled together with the fat, and the tone went don,
burning his throat. Thus died the Lion.
There came alo the ato running after the cow,
and when the Jackal saw them he led. Then they
beat the bride in her brookarom dress. The Hyena,
believing that it was the Jackal, said-
"You tawny roguel have you not played at beating
long enough F
Have you no more loving game than this P"
But when she had bitten a hole through the cow-
akin, she saw that they were other people; then she
led, falling here and there, yet she made her escape.












8. THE WHITE MAN AND THE SNAKE.

(The origis, in the Hottetot Inu(pe, is in Sir G. G '.
Libmry, G. Xsra4in' sm.n p pp. I .)

A WHrr Man, it is aid, met a Snake upon whom a
large tone had fallen and covered her, so that she
could not rise. The White Man lifted the stone of
the Snake, but when he had done so, she wanted to
bitehim. TheWhite Man aid, Stop let u both
go firt to amme wie people." They went to the
Hyena, and the White Man asked him, Is it right
that the Snake should want to bite me, though I
helped her, when she lay under a stone and could not
rimse P'1
The Hyena (who thought he would get his share of
the White Man's body) aid: "If you were bitten
what would it matter P"
Then the Snake wanted to bite him, but the White
Man said again: "Wait a little, and let us go to
other wise people, that I may hear whether this i
right."
They went and met the Jackal The White Man
aid to the Jackal: Is it right that the Snake wants







s19 JAOeZ 4FAZIM
to bitme, though I lifted up thetoe whichlay upo
her'
The Jlkal replied: "I do not believe that the
ake could be covered by a atone and could not rie.
Unless I aw it with my two eye, Iwould not believe
it. Therefore,come let s go and see at the place
where yon sy it happened whether it esn be true."
They went, and arrived at the place where it had
happened. The Jackal aid: "Snake, lie down, and
let thyself be covered."
The Snake did so, and the White Man covered
her with the stone; but although she exerted herself
very much, she could not rise. Then the White Man
wanted again to release the Snake, but the Jackal in-
terfered, and said: "Do not lift the stone. She
wanted to bite you; therefore she may rise by her-
self."
Then they both went away and left the Snake
under the stone.












6. ANOTHER VERSION OF THE SAME
FABLE.

(Prero a Ge-. a orWiina Mawlpt in ir G. Grey. Liby,
H. 0. KaudWn's Notes o the Hottentot," 11.)

A Dnrcicu was walking by himself, and saw a
Snake lying under a large tone. The Snake implored
his help; but when she had become free, she said,
"Now I shall eat you."
The Man answered, "That is not right. Let u
first go to the Hare."
When the Hare had heard the affair, he aid, It
i right." "No," aid the Man, "let us ask the
Hyena."
The Hyena declared the same, saying, It is right."
"Now let us at last ask the Jackal," mid the Man
in his despair.
The Jackal answered very slowly and considerately,
doubting the whole affair, and demanding to see first
the place, and whether the Man was able to lift the
stone. The Snake lay down, and the Man, to prove
the truth of his account, put the stone again over her.
When she was fast, the Jackal said, "Now let her
lie there."














7. CLOUD-EATING.

(Tr oriil, in the Hottetot luaes, in air G. Glr'.
LiUbr, G. Kainm's Manusript, pp. 10, 1.)


THE HYTEA.
Thou who market thy escape from the tumult I
Thou wide, roomy tree!
Thou who gettest thy share (though with trouble!)
Thou cow who art strained at the hocks 1
Thou who hat a plump round knee
Thou the nape of whde neck in clothed with hair!
Thou with the skin dripping aa if half-tanned I
Thou who hast a round, distended neck!
Thou eater of the Namaqua,
Thou big-toothed one

THE Jackal and the Hyena were together, it is aid,
when a white cloud rose. The Jackal eaen.ded upon
it, and ate of the cloud as if it were fat.
When he wanted to come down, he said to the
Hyena, "My sister, as I am going to divide with

S"When the Hyena first start, it appears to be lame
on the hind legs, or gone in the loins, a one would Lay of
a horne."-L. IATAD.








CLOvua.ANe. 18
thee, catch me wll." o bse caught him, and bke
his fl. Then he also went up and ate thn, high
up on the top of the loud.
When she was eatisted, she sid, "My grayish
brother, now catch me wde" The grayish rogue id
to his friend, "My sister, I sh catch thee well
Come therefore down."
He held up his hands, and she came down from the
cloud, and when she was near, the Jackal cried out
(painfully jumping to one side), "My sister, do not
takeitill. Ohmelohmel Athorn haprickedme,
and sticks in me." Thus ahe fell down from above,
and was sadly hurt.
Since that day, it i said, that the Hyena's left hind
foot is shorter and smaller than the right one.














8. FISH-TEALING.

(rom Sir J I.me. Alende' *xpeditionof Disovm7 into the
Interior of A ," voL Li pp. 54, 27.)


THE HTENA.
(Addremsing her young one, on her return from a
marauding expedition, with regard to the peris she had
eacomtered).
The fire threatens,
The atone threatens,
The segai threaten,
The gunm threaten,
Yet you seek food from me.
My children,
Do I get anything easily?


ONCE upon a time a Jackal, who lived on the borders
of the colony, saw a waggon returning from the sea-
side laden with fish. He tried to get into the waggon
from behind, but he could not; he then ran on be-
fore, and lay in the road as if dead. The waggon
came up to him, and the leader cried to the driver,
"Here i a fine karo for your wife!"







maurwe. 17
"Throw it into the waggoa," id the driver, ad
the Jackl wa thrown in.
Thewaggomtravelledonthroughamoonmlightnight
and all the hie thJackal was throwing the &h out
into the road; he then jumped out himel, and a-
eued a great pris. But a tupidold Hyena coming
by, ate more than her ahare for which the Jackl
owed her a grdge; so he mid to her, "You can
get plenty of fh, too, if you lie in the way of a wag-
gon as I did, and keep quite still whatever happen."
"8So mumbled the Hyen.
Accordingly, when the next waggn came from the
sea, the Hyena stretched heelf out in the road.
"What ugly thing is this P' cried the leader, and
kicked the Hyena. He then took a stick and thrhed
her within an inch of her life. The Hyena, acord-
ing to the directions of the Jackal, lay quiet as long
as she could; she then got up and hobbled off to tell
her misfortune to the Jackal, who pretended to com-
fort her.
What a pity," aid the Hyena, that I have not
such a handsome skin as you !"







18






9. WHICH WAS THE THIEF P
(Frn kr Jm Aklasdns.* Epido o Dif o ino ae the
Intrioh Ab oL U p g0o.)

A JACKAL and a Hyenawent and hired themselvesto
amanto behiserants. In the middle of the night
the Jackal rose and meared the Hyena's tail with some
ft, and then ate all the rest of it which was in
the house. In the morning the man missed his fat,
and he immediately accused the Jackal of having
eaten it.
"Look at the Hyena's tail," said the rogue, and
you will see who is the thief." The man did so, and
then thrashed the Hyena till she was nearly dead.














10. THE LION'S ILLNE
(The oriint, a the Hoot Iste ag La, h In Sir OGre
Libry, G. Kalejin. Mausoript, pp. W0.)

THE Lion, it is said, was ill, and they all went to ee
him in his suffering. But the Jackal did not go,
because the traces of the people who went to see him
did not turn back. Thereupon, he was aocosed by
the Hyena, who aid, Though Igo to look, yet the
Jackal does not want to come and look at the man's
suferings."
Then the Lion let the Hyena go, in order that she
might catch the Jackal; and she did so, and brought
him.
The Lion asked the Jackal: Why did you not
come here to see meP" The Jackal said, "Oh no!
when I heard that my uncle was so very ill, I went
to the witch (doctor), to consult him, whether and
what medicine would be good for my uncle against
the pain. The doctor said to me, 'Go and tell your
uncle to take hold of the Hyena and draw off her
skin, and put it on while it is still warm. Then he
c2







90 JACUL r AS t .
will reor.' The Hyn is one who doe not ee
for my unace's iErings."
The L A followed his advoe, got hold of the
Hyeea, drew the kin over her ea whilst she howled
with all her might, and put it on.













11. THE DOVE AND THE HEBON.

(Tsl crgine, in ths Hose WItuag, b is in Br GOw,'
Libs, o. Klr6i'W. M.r-mi, pp. I, 1.)

THE Jackal, it i Uid, came once to the Dove, who
lived on the top of a rok, and sid, "Give me one
of your little children." The Dove answered: "I
hall not do anything of the kind." The Jackal aid
" Give it me at once! Otherwise, I shall ly up to
you." Then she threw one down to him.
He came back another day, and demanded another
little child, and she gave it to him. After the Jackal
had gone, the Heron came, and asked, Dove, why
do you cryP" The dove answered him: "The
Jackal has taken awayymy little children; it i for this
that I cry." He asked her, "In what manner can
he take them She answered him: "When he
asked me I refused him; but when he aid, 'I shall
at once fly up, therefore give it me,' I threw it down
to him." The Heron id, Are you such a fool as to
give your children to the Jackals, who cannot fly "
Then, with the admonition to give no more, he went
away.






wI -rAJArAL YAJILZ
The Joaa came again, ad id, "Dore, give
me a little child" The Dore refused, and told him
tht the Heon had told her that he could not ly up.
The Jacl said, "I shal watch him."
So when the on cmetothe banks of the water,
the Jackal asked him: "Brother Heron, when the
wind comw from this side, how will you stand P" He
turned his neck toward him and aid, "I stand
thus, bending my neck on one ide." 'The Jackal
asked him again, When a storm comes and when
train, how do you stand He aid to him: I
stand thus, indeed, bending my neck down."
Then the Jackal beat him on his neck, and broke
his neck in the middle.
Since that day the Heron's neck is bent.







S8







12. THE 0001O
(Tn. odrbl, in the oantMot Ilaguap, b In eb G. QGi
Ulum7, G. Xil.on's Muurip p. s.)

THE Cook, it is aid, wu once overtaken by the
Jackal nd caught. The Cock mid to the Jckal,
"Pleae, pry fist (before you ill me) u the white
man does." The Jackal saked, "In what manner
doe he pray Tell me." "He folds hi hands in
praying," mid the Cook. The Jackal folded his
hands and prayed. Then the Cook spoke again:
" You ought not to look about you you do. TYou
had better shut your eyes." He did so; and the
Cok flew away, upbraiding at the ame time the
Jackal with theme words: "You rogue! do you also
pray Pr
There sat the Jackl, peechless, because he had
been outdone.














18. TE LEOPABD AND THE RAM.
(Irm Sir Jlam. Almdee. ipeditioa d DPi.Wr into
ti Iinteimor odAb roL ii. pp. 7, so.)

A LEOPARD was returning home from hunting on
me occasion, when he lighted on the kral of a Bam.
Now the Leoprd had never een a Rom before, and
accordingly, approaching ubmisively, he id, "Good
day, friend! what may your name be P'
The other, in his gruf voice, and striking his breast
with his forefoot, aid, "I am a Bam. Who are
youP"
"A Leopard," answered the other, more dead than
alive; and then, taking leave of the Ram, he ran
home as fast as he could.
A Jackal lived at the wme place as the Leopard
did, and the latter going to him, aid, Friend Jackal,
I am quite out of breath, and am half dead with fright,
for I have just sen a terrible-looking fellow, with a
large ad thick head, and, on my asking him what
his name waa, he answered roughly, "I am a Ram!"
"What a foolish Leopard you are!" cried the







mn Zaorian AD" rl ax so
JaLka, to let h sb an epecine ld ehlsemd! Why
did ya do so But w e ll go to-mnrrow ad at
it together "
Nest day the two sat for the kaal of the Bam,
and u they appeared over hill, the amn, who had
turned out to look about him, and was calculating
where he should that day crop a tender alad, saw
them, and he immediately went to his wife, and aid,
"I fear this is our lat day, for the Jackal and Leopard
are both coming against us. What hall we do P"
Don't be afraid," aid the wife, "but take up the
child in your arms; go out with it, and pinch it to
make it cry as if it were hungry." The Bam did so
as the confederates came on.
No sooner did the Leopard cast his eyes on the
Ram, than fear again took posesion of him, and he
wished to turn back. The Jackal had provided against
this, and made the Leopard fast to himself with a
leather thong, and aid, "Come on I" when the Ram
cried in a loud voice, and pinching his child at the
ame time, "You have done well, friend Jackal, to
have brought us the Leopard to eat, for you hear
how my child is crying for food I"
On hearing these dreadful words, the Leopard,
notwithstanding the entreaties of the Jackal to let
him loose, set of in the greatest alam, dragging the







g6 rAcwd P4UU

Jackl after bim ava IM ad valsy. 1hroug I
and over rooka, and m we doppe tD "o behind~bbb~~~bb him
tin he bmoht back himasi and the hlf.ddJchal
tohisplam spin. AndsotheRlome a ped.














II.

TORTOISE FABLES.



THE SPRINGBOK (GAZELLE).
Woe is me! He is one who goes
Where his mother would not lt him!
Who rolls off (the rocks),
rolling himself together like a book.



14. THE ELEPHANT AND THE TORTOISE.

(TCh origil, in the o Tyi-bhenre or Dmam langI-ge i. in the
Librtr of Sir G. Grey, J. Rsth' Muaoript, pp. 7, 9.)

TWO things, the Elephant and the Rain, had a dis-
pate. The Elephant aid, "If you say that you
nourish me, in what way is it that youdo oP' The
Rain answered," If you ay that I do not nourih you,
when I go away, will you not die ? And the Rain
then departed
The Elephant sid, "Vulture! cat lots to make






38 TOROI3 FTALUL
rainor me P The Vulture sid, "I will not ast

Then the Elephant sid to the Crow, Out lots!"
who aswered, "Give the things with which I may
adt lots." The Orow cat loos and sain fell. It
rained at the lagoons, but they dried up, and only
one lagoon remained.
The Elephant went a-hunting. There was, however,
the Tortoise, to whom the Elephant said," Tortoise,
remain at the water I" Thus the Tortoie was left
behind when the Elephant went a-hunting.
There came the Girae, and said to the Tortoise,
"Give me water The Tortoise answered, "The
water belongs to the Elephant."
There came the Zebra, who said to the Tortoise,
"Give me waterI" The Tortoise answered, "The
water belongs to the Elephant."
There came the Gemsbok, and said to the Tortoise,
"Give me water!" The Tortoise answered, "The
water belongs to the Elephant."
There came the Wildebeest, and said, Give me
water I" The Tortoise said, The water belongs to
the Elephant."
Therecame the Roodebok, and said to the Tortoise,
"Give me water !" The Tortoise answered, "The
water belongs to the Elephant."







m szrapzdr A a rt ronroms 20
Theb eme the Springboh and maid to the Tortoeie,
"Give me water The Tortoise sid, "The water
belong to the Elepht."
There eame the ackal, and said to the Tortois
"Give me water" The Tortoise id, "The water
belongs to the Elephant."
There came the Lion, and mid, "Little Tortoie,
give me water I" When the little Tortoise was about
today srmething,the Lion got hold of it and beat it;
the Lion drank of the water, and since then the ani-
mals drink water.
When the Elephant came back from the hunting,
he aid, "Little Tortoie, is there water F" The Tor-
toise answered, "The animal have drunk the water."
The Elephant asked, "Little Tortoise, shall I chew
you or swallow you down ?" The little Tortoise sid,
"Swallow me, if you pleae;" and the Elephant
swallowed it whole.
After the Elephant had swallowed the little Tor-
toise, and it had entered his body, it tore of his liver,
heart, and kidneys. The Elephant aid, "Little Tor.
toise, you kill me."
So the Elephant died; but the little Tortoise came
out of his dead body, and went wherever it liked.













16. TEB GIRAFFE AND THE TORTOISE.

(The orginl, in the Hontteatt ln gs, is in ir G. oray'
MIway, G. Kert', Manus4pt, p. S.)


THE GIRAFFB.
Thou who decendest river by river,
Thou burnt thorabuah (~ar)!
Thou blue one,*
Who appearest like a distant thornhill
ftll of people sitting down.


THE Giraffe and the Tortoise, they say, met one day.
The Giraffe said to the Tortoise, "At once I could
trample you to death." The Tortoise, being afraid,
remained ailment. Then the Giraffe id, "At once I
oould wallow you." The Tortoise said, in answer to
this Well, I just belongto the family of thoee whom
it ha always been customary to wallow." Then the
Girafe swallowed the Tortoise; but when the latter
was being gulped down, it stnck in the iraffe's throat
"Beease the Gire is aid to gire blue ashes wh
buiat"--gKirxxn.







rm iZiAM AND Sa !OBIORu 81
and a th letter cold not gt it dowra.wah abold
to death.
When the Gir6s was ded, the Tortoise cnrwled
outnd wenttothe Oanb (who is couidened the
mother of the Tortois), and told her what had hap-
pened. Then the Orab md-
"The little Crab I could sprinkle it under its
arm with boohoo,
The crooked-legged little one, I could spinkle
under its arm."
The Tortoise answered its mother and said-

"Have you not always sprinkled me,
That you want to sprinkle me now P"
Then they went and fed for a whole year on the
remains of the Girafe.

In token of approval, oording to a Hottentot uston.















18. THE TORTOISES HUNTING THE
OSTRICHES.
(Thoe aiil, a hd R Honmen satt sq, i. inar OnG'.
Liery, G. Keadla'. xauuript, p a)

ONE day, it i said, the Tortoie held a council how
they might hunt Ostriche, and they said, Let us,
on both sides, stand in rows near each other, and let
one go to hunt the Ostriches, so that they must flee
along through the midst of us." They did so, and as
they were many, the Ostriches were obliged to run
along through the midst of them. During this they
did not move, but, remaining always in the ame
plaoe, called each to the other, "Are you there P"
and each one answered, "I am here." The Ostriches
hearing this, ran so tremendously that they quite
exhausted their strength, and fell down. Then the
Tortoises ambled by-and-by at the place where
the Ostriches had fallen, and devoured them.













IIL

BABOON FABLES.


H av el
Hereisel
Thou thim-arme one,
Who hut thin hndl I
Thou smooth bulush mat,
Thou whoe neck is beat.
Thou who art made so a to be lifted up (upon a tree),
Who liet thyself up.
Thou who wilt not dim even behind LW hill
Which is yet beyond those hill,
That lie on the other side of this farditt hilL.



17. THE JUDGMENT OF THE BABOON.
(The orignl, in the Hottentot lagp o thi little Nsaqus-
land Fble, is in ir G. OGry'. Li'brr, G. EK lin'a Mnarit,
pp. 8.)
ONE day, it i id, the following story happened
The Mouse had torn the clothe, of Itkler (the tailor),

With reference to the Baboon's great power of dis-
tacing his puuner.







4 BABOON FDABL' .
who then went to the Baboon, and aooned the KMom
with these words -
"In this manner I come to thee:-The ouse has
torn my clothe, but will not know anything of it,
and meeou the Oat; the at protests likewise her
innocence, sad say the Dog must have done it; but
the Dog denies it amo, and declares the Wood has
done it; and the Wood throws the blame on the
Fire, and sys, 'The Fire did it;' the Fire says, 'I
have not, the Water did it;' the Water say, 'The
Elephant tore the clothe.;' and the Elephant says,
'The Ant tore them.' Thus a dispute has arena
among them. Therefore I, Itler, come to thee with
this proposition: Assemble the people and try them,
in order that I may get satisfaction "
Thus he spake, and the Baboon assembled them for
trial. Then they made the same excuses which had
been mentioned by Itkler, each one putting the blame
upon the other.
So the Baboon did not see any other way of punish-
ing them, save through making them punish each
other; he therefore aid-
Mose, give Itkler satisfaction "
TheMouse, however, pleaded not guilty. But the
Baboon said, "Cat, bite the Mouse." She did so.
He then put the same question to the Cat, and when







rm i rajrw oP a BA woo. U
she eolpated est the B bomn to t D og,
"Here, mbt the Ot."
In this manner the Baboon qustioned thm all, e
afterthe other, but they each deiethed arge Then
he added the allowing worid to them, end mid-
"Woo, beat the Dog.
Fire, burn the Wood.
Water, quench the Fire.
Elephant, drink the Water.
Ant, bite the Elephant in his most tender parts."
They did so, and since that.day they cannot any
longer agree with each other.
The Ant enters into the Elephant's most tender
parts, and bites him.
The Elephant swallows the Water.
The Water quenches the Fire.
The Fire consumes the Wood.
The Wood beats the Dog.
The Dog bites the Cat.
And the Cat the Mouse.
Through this judgment Itkler got satisfaction, and
addressed the Baboon in the following manner:-
"Yes! Now I am content, since I have received
satisfaction, and with all my heart I thank thee,
Baboon, because thou hat exercised justice on my
behalf, and given me redress."






as ADmoo mPAss
Th the Behoon mid, Pm to-day I wrin not
any loIe be Ded Jan, bout Bahoom 1ll be my

Sine that time the Baboon walks on all fours,
having probably lost the privilege of walking erect
through this oolish judgment.(?)














18. THE LION AND THE BABON.
(The oriiul, in the Hoettntt l a a is in ir G. OGr.'s
Lihaiy, G. Krmil's s umseript, pp 14 I.)


THE BABOON.
Thou hollow-cheeked aen
Of a hollow-heeked one,
My hollow-cheeked one
Who hat two hip-bones.
High hip-bone,
With which thou aittet on the ge of the rook,
Tlou whose fae apleak like edge o a rock.


THE Baboon, it is uaid, once worked bamboos, hitting
on the edge of a precipice, and the Lin stole upon
him. The Baboon, however, had ized ace rond,
glitening, eye-like plates on the bhck of his hd.
When, therefore, the Lion crept upon him, he
thought, when the Baboon wu looking at him, that
he mat with his beak towards him, nd rept with all
his might upon him. When, however, the Baboon
turned hi back towards him, the Lion thought that
he wau en, and hid himaell Tihu, when the






88 R001N FAlLR~E
Baboon looked at him, he capt upon him. Whilt
the Bboon did h~ he Ua cm e dele upon hia.
Whim he was nar him the Baboon looked up, nad
the lion entined to oeep upon him. The Baboon
mid (ade)." Whilt I am looking at him he tuea
upon m=, whit my hollow ye ar on him."
When at las the Lion sprung at him, he lay
(quickly) down upon his aoe, and the Lion jumped
over him, falling down the precipice, and was daahed
to pisecs.
















19. THE ZEBRA STALLION.

(The oriinl, in the Hoentot Iusnip, in Sir G. Gr 7.
Lib.~n, AdeWin .s K.~ai ri, p. .)


THE ZEBBL
Thou who art thrown t by the great (sheped) boys,
Thou whom had the (hirins) throw mins I
Thou dappled fy,
Thou prtj-oeloured oe,
Who spiest for thow
That spy for thee
Thou who, womanlike
Art ful of jelomy.


THE Baboons, it is said, used to disturb the Zebra
Mares in drinking. But one of the Mare became
the mother of a foal The others then helped her
to suckle (the young stallion), that he might oon
grow up.
When he was grown up, and they were in want of
water, they brought him to the water. The Baboos,








40 SABOON TFALs.
seeing th, eame, a they former were med to do,
into their way, and kept them bn the water.
While the Manr stood thus, the Stallion stepped
forward, and spoke to one o the Baboons, "Thou
gum-ete' ohild I"
The Baboon aid to the Stallion, "Pleae open thy
mouth, that I may see what thou livest on." The
Stallion opened his mouth, and it was milky.
Then the Stallion said to the Baboon, "Please open
thy mouth aso, that I may see." The Baboon did
so, and there was some gum in it. But the Baboon
quickly licked some milk off the Stallion's tongue.
The Stallion on this became angry, took the Baboon
byhis shoulders, and pressed him upon a hot, flat rock.
Since that day the Baboon has a bald place on his
back.
The Baboon said, lamenting, "I, my mother's child,
I, the gum-eater, am outdone by this milk-eater I"


THE ZEBRA.
Thou //ari shrub (i. e., tough shrub, Dutch,
"critdorn "),
Thou who art of strong smell,
Thou who rollest always in soft ground,
SWhoes body retains the dust,







rT zfS J TALLrOU 41
Thon split hirrie of te Isepherd boy,
Thou split knob of irrie.
Thou who driest amy by thy neighing
The hunter who aeeketh thee.
Thou who cromeet all rivers
As if they were but one.














20. THE LOST CHILD.-[A TALL.]
(Fnm B&S Jams Aemade' Elpdition od DisMrr iito
the Inteerior Am.s," voL iLi p .)

THE children belonging to a kraal were playing at
some little distance from the huts with bows and
arrows; in the evening they all returned home, ove
one, a boy of five or six years old, who lingered be-
hind, and was soon surrounded by a troop of baboons,
who carried him up a mountain.
The people turned out to recover the boy, and for
days they hunted after him in vain; he was nowhere
to be een; the baboons also had left the neighbour-
hood.
A year after this had occurred, a mounted hunter
came to the kraal from a distance, and told the people
that he had crossed at such a place the spoor of
baboons, along with the footmarks of a child. The
people went to the place which the hunter had indi-
cated,and they soon saw what they were in search
of, via., the boy, sitting on a pinnacle of rock, in com-
pany with a large baboon. The moment the people







rm zow oaIa 48
approached, the babomo took up the boy, and ron-
perldf with him; but, ft a cloe purit, the boy
u noovred He e m ed quite wild, d tried to
run away to the baboon again; however, he was
hmoght beck to the bral, and when be recovered his
peech, he aid that the baboons had been ery kind
to him; that they ate morpions and piders them-
selve, but bomght him root, gdm, and wild raid
seeing that he did not touch the two firt-amed deli-
oacies, and tat hey always allowed him to drink frat
at the.wate.








44






21. THE BABOON SHEPHERD.-[A TAr.]

(Orm aIr JmU AbmdWe' ERpditon of D lveOjy into
th Inteiaore AMia" voL ii. Wp 9, sW.)

THE Namaquu say that, not long ago, a man had
brought up a young Baboon, and had made it his
shepherd. It remained by the lock all day in the
field, and at night drove them home to the kraal,
riding on the beck of one of the goats, which brought
up the rear. The Baboon had the milk of one goat
allowed to it, andit sucked that one only, and guarded
them t m o the other from the children. Italsogot
a little meat from its master. It held the ofioe of
shepherd for twelve moons, and then was unfortu-
nately killed in a tree by a Leoprd.















LION FABLES.




22. THE FLYING LION.
(The origisui, i. the Hoattot I iss, is i. Sir G. Grns
Libry, G. EKOalmu'. Maasu.rip pp. 4.)

THE Lion, it is said, used once to fy, and at that
time nothing could live before him As he was un-
willing that the bones of what he caught should be
broken into pieces, he made a pair of White Crows
watch the bones, leaving them behind at the krul
whilst he went a-hunting. But one day the great
Frog came there, broke the bones in pieces, and aid,
"Why can men and animal live no longer P" And
he added thee words," When he omes, tell him that
Ilive at yonder pool; if he wishe to se me, he must
come there."
The Lion, lying in wait (for game), wanted to fly
up, but found he could not fly. Then he got angry,








0 LION PXUJJ&
thinking that at the M l something was wrong, and
retaM ed ho When he arrived, he asked, "What
hae you done that I cannot yir' Then they an-
we1d and said, "Some oe cme hre, broke the
bomn into pies, and mid, 'If he wants me, he may
look for me at yonder pool '" The Lion ent, and
carried while the Frog was sittingat the water' edge,
and he tried to creep stealthily upon him. When he
was about to get hold of him, the Frog said, "Ho!"
and, diving, went to the other side of the pool, and
at there. The Lion purned him; bt as he could
not catch him he returned home.
From that day, it is said, the Lion walked on his
feet, and alo began to creep upon (his game); aad
the White Crown became entirely dumb since the day
that they aid, "Nothing can be saidof that matter."















28. THE LION WHO THOUGHT HIMSELF
WISER THAN HIS MOTHER.
(The original, in the Hoantetot bIsgue, i in Sir G. Gry'.
Liha7y, Xtealinm. MNuerip, pp. 81,. )

IT is aid that when the Lion and / rigMeu (the
Only man), together with the Baboon, the Buffalo,
and other friends, were playing one day at a certain
game, there was a thunderstorm and rain at lure-
naum.t The Lion. and /pwikAosip began to
quarrel. "I shall run to the rain-feld," said the Lion.
/Gurikhoisp id also," I hall run to the rain-ield."
As neither would concede this to the other, they
separated (angrily). After they had parted, the
Lion went to tell his Mother those things which they
had both said

The / is the mental cliio,which is soudedby pressing
the tip of the tongue against the frot teeth of the upper
jaw, and then suddenly and forcibly withdrawing it."-
TIJDALL.
t The # is the palatllick, described in noteto F ble .4,
p. 85, and x is the German ed.







48 zIaM FrALZ
Hi Mother said to him, "My Father I that Man
whom head is in a line with his shoulders and beat,
who ha. pinching weapon, who keeps white dogs,
who goes about wearing the tuft of a tiger's tail, be-
wre of himI" The Lion, however, aid, "Why need
I be on my guard against those whom I know P" The
Lionss amered, "My Son, take care of him who
ha pinching weapons I" But the Lion would not
follow his Mother's advice, and the ame morning,
when it was still pitch dark, he went to -ereaaum,
and laid himself in ambush. /GIrik oiip went also
that morning to the same place. When he had arrived
he let his dogs drink, and then bathe. After they
had finished they wallowed. Then also the man
drank; and, when he had done drinking, the Lion
came out of the bush. The dogs surrounded him, u
his mother had foretold, and he was speared by
/purikhoirp. Just as he became aware that he was
speared, the dogs drew him down again. In this
manner he grew faint. While he was in this state,
/grikhoiip aid to the dogs, "Let him alone now,
that he may go and be taught by his Mother." 8o
the dogs let him go. They left him, and went home
As ha lay there. The same night he walked towards
home, but whilst he was on the way his strength
failed him, and he lamented:








Tr MONr AS msm orfM 49
"Mother! tekhme upI
Gndmother takeeoup! Ohme! Alas!"
At the dwn of day his other heard hi willing,
and sid-
"My Son, this is the thing which I have told
thee:-
Bewre of the one who has pinching weapons,
Who wean a tuft of tiger's tail,
Of him who has white dog I
Al as Thou son of her who is short-eared,
Thou, my short-eaed child!
Bon of her who eats raw fleh,
Thou flesh-devourer;
Son of her whose nostrils are red from the
prey,
Thou with blood-stained nostril I
Son of her who drinks pit-water,
Thou water-drinker I"












4. THE LION WHO TOOK A WOMAN'S
8HAPB
(T. mariiW, is tsb Boolte Jmig h in hSr G. Omy'.
Lit.T, G. xKikAmun'. Mamuip, p. O, eL)

SOME women, it is id, went out to seek root and
herbs ad other wild food. On their way home they
at down and aid, "Let us taste the food of the feld."
Now they found that the food picked by one of them
was sweet, while that of the others wabitter. The latter
aid to each other, "Look here I this woman's herbs
are sweet Then they said to the owner of the sweet
food, "Throw it away and seek for other "-(sweet-
tasted herbs being apparently unpalatable to the Hot-
tentot). So she threw away the food, and went to
gather more. When she had collected a sufcient
supply, she returned to join the other women, but
could not ind them. She wet therefore down to the
river, where the Hare at lading water, and maid to
him, Hare, give me mome water that I may drink"
But p replied, "This is the cup out of which my
uncle (the Lion) and I alone may drink."
She asked again: Hare, draw water for me that








r uZmox rro toor A roAUr I aP 01U
I my drisk" But tlMe Ha mams the m ly.
Them she mateed the eup sem hia mad drank, ut
he M haoe to tell hiM uale the oakg which
had been committed.
The Woman meanwhile replaced the ep and went
away. After she had departed the I asme dowa,
and, seeing her in the diutanc, purned her on the
red. When he turned round and maw him coming,
she sang in the fodowing manner:-
"My another, she would not let me meek herb,
Herbt of the id, food from the field. Hoo'"
When the Lion at hat came up with the Woman,
they hunted each other round a Ihrub. 8he wore
many beads and arm-rings, and the Lion mid, Let
me putthem ont" 8o he lent them to him, but he
afterwards refuied to return them to her.
They then hunted each other again roundthe shrb,
till the Lion fell down, and the Woman jumped upon
him, and kept him there. The Lion (uttering a form
of oonjuration) aid:
"My Aunt I it is morning, and time to rise;
Pray, rie from me !"
She then rose from him, and they hunted again after
each other round the shrub, till the Woman fell down,
S E2









ad the UIiamped upm her. She then addesed
him:
"MyUncle it s morning, and time to rLe;
Pray, rise from me!"

He roe, o cone, and they hunted eahe other gain,
till the Lion fell a second time. When she jumped
upon him, he aid:

"My Aunt I it is morning, and time to rise;
Pray, rie from me I"
They roe again and hunted after each other. The
Woman at lat fell down. But this time, when she
repeated the above conjuration, the Lion said:
"HA Kha I it morning, and time to rise F"
He then ate her, taking care, however, to leave her
kin whole, which he put on, together with her dress
and ornament, so that he looked quite like a woman,
and then went home to her kraL
When this counterfeit woman arrived, her little
sister, crying, said, "My sister, pour some milk out
for me." She anwered, I shall not pour you out
any." Then the child addressed their Mother:
"amns, do pour out some for me." The Mother of
the kraal aid, "Go to your sister, and let her give







iS aloro Wo roor A WolArs ari.P US
it to you I" The little child said agin to her sater,
"Pleae, pour out for me I" She, however, repeated
her refusal, saying, I will not do it." Then the
Mother of the al aid to the little one, "I nArde
to leather (the elder ster) eek herbe in the ed, and
I do not know what may have happened; go thee-
fore to the Hare, and ask him to pour out for yo."
So the Hare gave her some milk; but her elder
sister aid, "Come and share it with me." The little
child then went to her sister with her bamboo (cup),
and they both sucked the milk out of it. Whilst
they were doing this, some milk was spilt on the little
one's hand, and the elder sister licked it up with her
tongue, the roughness of which drew blood; this, too,
the Woman licked-up.
The little child complained to her Mother: "Mama,
sister pricks holes in me, and neks the blood." The
Mother said, "With what lion's nature your sister
went the way that I forbade her, and returned, I do
not know."
Now the cows arrived, and the elder sister landed
the pails in order to milk them. But when she ap-
proached the oows with a thong (in order to tie their
fore-legs), they all refused to be milked by her.
The Hare aid, "Why do not you stand before the
oow She replied, "Hare, call your brother, and






04 mIOr NaLs
doyatwosandbdheb thecow." Hl* huashdmrdl,
What Mhs ne over br that the cows reP her
Thee ae the s owa sh always milk." The
Naher ( the kael) said, Wht has happened thi
evening P Thes ar cow which she always milks
without asitane. What can have afoted her that
she come hoe as a w onan with a lion's nature
The elder daughter then mid to her Mother, "I
hall no milk the ows." With those words she at
down. The Mother aid therefore to the Hae,
"Bring me the bamboo, that I may milk. I do not
know what has come over the girl."
8o the Mother herself milked the cows, and when
she had done so, the Hare brought the bamboo to the
young wife'shouse, where her husband was, but she
(the wife) did not give him (her husband) anything
to et. But when at night time she fell asleep,they
saw rme of the Lion's hair, which was hanging out
where he had lipped on the woman's skin, and they
cried, Verily this quite another being. Itisfor
this reason that the cows refused to be milked."
Then the people of the kral began to break up
the hut in which the Lion lay aleep. When
they took off the mats, they mid (conjuring them),
If thou art favourably inclined to me, 0 mat, give
thesound 'am'" (meaning, making no noise).








raM LN roF Wro roOK4 rA WOr axL0U
To the poles (On whih the hut eiNed) thy Uid,
"I tho ar t favobly inclined to m, 0 poe, thom
aut give the mend *re.""
They add ed also the bamboo sad the bed-hls
in similar nr.
Thus graduallyand noielealy theyremoved the hut
nd al its contents. Then they took bunhea of grans,
put them over the Lionad lighting them, laid, "If
thou art favourably inclined to me, O fire, thou must
flare up, 'boo boo,' before thou comet to the heart."
So the fire flared up when it came towards the
heart, and the heart of the Woman jumped upon the
ground. The Mother (of the kra) p edit up, and
put it into a calabash.
The Lion, from his place in the fire, mid to the
Mother (of the kraal), "How nicely I have eaten
your daughter." The Woman answered," You have
also now a comfortable place I" *
Now the Woman took the first milk of as many
cows as calved, and put it into the calabash where her
daughter's heart was; the calabash increased in sme,
and in proportion to th the girl grew again inside it.

# Indicates the palatal lick, which i sounded by
pressing the tip of the tongue, with s fiat surface as
possible, agint the termination of the palate at the gams,
sad withdrawing it suddenly and foroibl7.








One day, when the Mother (of the khal) went out
to ftoh wood, she aid to the Hare, "By the time
that I come back you must have everything nice and
clean But during her Mother's absence, the girl
crept out of the oalabash, and put the hut in good
order, as she had been used to do in former days, and
said to the Hare, "When mother comes back and
sWk,' Who has done these things P you must My, I,
the Hare, did them.'" After she had done all, she
hid herself on the stage.*
When the Mother (of the kraal) came home, she
said, "Hare, who has done these things They look
just as they eued when my daughter did them." The
Hare said, "I did the things." But the Mother
would not believe it, and looked at the calabash.
Seeing it was empty, she searched the stage and found
her daughter. Then she embraced and kined her,
and from that day the girl stayed with her mother,
and did everything as she was wont in former time;
but she now remained unmarried.

The stage is that pparatu in the background of the
hut (built of at) opposite the door, upon which the
Hoottentts bang their bamboos, bags of skins, md other
things and under which the women general keep their
mate.















25. A WOMAN TRANSFORMED ITO A IUON.
[A TAL,.]
(Fmm Sir Jsam E. Alezeda l "Expeditio of Disaoey into
the Interior of Abie," ol L pp. 197, 1R.)

ONCE upon a time a certain Hottentot was traelling
in company with a Bushwoman, carrying a child on
her back. They had proceeded some distance on their
journey, when a troop of wild horse appeared, and the
Man said to the Woman, "I am hungry; and as I
know you can turn yourself into a Lion, do so now,
and catch us a wild horse, that we may est."
The Woman answered, "You will be afraid."
"No, no," aid the Man; "I am afraid of dying of
hunger, but not of you."
Whilst he was yet speaking, hair began to appear
at the back of the Woman's neck; her nails gradually
assumed the appearance of claw, and her features
altered. She t down the child.
The Man, alarmed at the change, climbed a tree
olae by. The Woman glared at him fearfully, and
going to one side, he threw of her skin pettioat, when









a perfect Lion roed into he plain. It bonded and
arpt am g the b tb oward the wmil bIse, ad
pringig oan e of tbhm, it fl, and the Im lapped
it blood. The Iao then am back to where the
child was trying, nd the mn alld fre the tre,
" Enough, eough don't hurt me. Pus of your lion'f
shape, I'll never ask to we thi again."
The Lion looked at him and growled. Illreain
here till I die," sid the Man, if you don't become
a woman again." The mane and tail then began to
disappear, the Lion went towards the bush where the
skin petticoat lay; it wau slipped on, and the woman,
in her proper shape, took up the child. The Man
descended and partook of the home's fleeh, but never
again asked the Woman to catch gamune for him.















26. THE LION AND THE BUSHMAN.
[A TmA]

(From Sir Jume E. AIxandes. Epedition of Dbisoer into
the lhtriw of Aioe," vol ii. p. 51.)

A BUSHMAN was, on one occasion, following troop
of sebra, and had just succeeded in wounding one
with his rrows, when a Lion sprang out from a
thicket opposite, and showed every inclination to dis
pute the prime with him. The Bushman being near
a convenient tree, threw down his arms, and climbed
for safety to an upper branch. The Lion, allowing
the wounded sebr to pam on, now turned his whole
attention toward the Bushman, and walking round
and round the tree, he ever and anon growled and
looked up at him. At length the Lion lay down at
the foot of the tree, and kept watch all night. To.
ward morning sleep overcome the hitherto wakeful
Bushman, and he dreamt that he had fallen into the
Lion's mouth. Starting from the effects of his dream,
he lst his hold, and, falling from the branch, he







60 wAON arBL

lighted heavily a th* LiM; a0 whic the smotr,
thus unexpectedly lnted, r off with a load aw,
-ad the Bluhmn, alo taking to h h belin a dif-
ferent direction, eaped in safety.











V.

VARIOUS FABLES.


TmDI ELEPHANT.
Thon tall 5sa ftl of breaches
Thou ebon tree rith leaves spread rod about


27. HOW A NAMA WOMAN OUTWITTED
THE ELEPHANTS.

(The origi4 in the Hotteatot langume, iin SBir G. Gre's
Libay, G. Krolin's Man.ript, pp. 1, .)

AN Elephant, it is said, ws married to a Nram Hot-
tentot woman, whose two brothers came to her sorely,
because they wer afraid of her husband. Then she
went out a if to fetch wood, and putting them within
the wood, he laid thm on the ge.* Then she id,
"Since I married into ths brul, has a wether been
daughtered also for me P" And her blind mothr-

F Note to Fable S p. &.







Cr IRPOVA PiAUz&
inlaw aswaed, "Umph! tn are mid by the
wios amy eld s so, which she m r id bfoe."
Threnpol th Elephant, who had bae in the elid,
wived, =ad malling .m.ething, rubbed against the
house. "H" id hiwif, "what I should not hre
doe formerly, I do now. On what day did you
laughter a wether for me?" Then the mother-in-
law Mid to him: "A n she ys things which she did
not my (before), do it now."
In this manner a ether was slaughtered (for her),
which she roasted whole, and then, in the rme night
(after supper), asked her mother-in-law the following
questions :-"How do you breathe when you sleep
the sleep of lifeP (light sleep, half-oonsious.) And
how when you deep the sleep of death P" (deep sleep.)
Then the mother-in-law aid, "Umph, an evening
full of oonvermation When we deep the sleep of
death, we breathe thue: 'aii ui and when we sleep
the leepof life we breathe thus: X Idwe I Xa
!dWoo/ '"
Thus the wife made everything right whilst they
fell asleep. Then she listened to their scoring, and

X is the German an d I the cerebral e lick of the
ottentot language, which is wounded by Mending up the
tip of the tongue against the roof of the palate, and with-
drawing it forcibly and eddenly."-TtxN&Lu.








ram irAj roxir AD rN ara xwAm 68
when they spt thnm, aii she rose ad d id to hrw
two brthes, "The sleep of death is oer thi, let
s make ready." They r o and went out, a d d
broke up the hnt (to carry away al that s could),
and took the necemary things, ad oid, That thing
which make any noe wills my death." So they
kept altogether quiet.
When her two brothers had peked up, he wnt
with them between the cattle, but she left at home
one cow, e ewe, and one goat, and dipetd than,
mying to the cow, You must not low as if you were
by yourself alone, if you do not wish for my death;"
and she taught the ewe and the goat the ame.
Then they departed with all the other cattle, and
those who were left behind lowed during the night as
if they were many, and as they lowed a if they were
still all there, the Elephant thought, "They are all
there." But when he rose in the morning, he saw
that his wife and all the cattle were gone. Taking
his stick into his hands, he mid to his mother, If I
fall the earth will tremble." With thee words he
followed them. When they saw him approaching,
they ran fut to the side, against a piece of ck (at a

Hottentot hut being merely made of skins stretch
over a sme, are carried about by the people in their
wanderings






61 rAtorva ai L
aror sot), ad she aid, "We are people, behind
whom a lge trailingg) party omns Smtoe my
sawetom divide thylf for M." Then the rook
divided itI a when they had posswd though it,
it dold again (behind them).
Then wcaM the Elephant, and said to the rook,
"Stone of my ancestors divide thyelf also for me."
The rook divided italf again, but when he had
entered, it closed upon him. Thus died the Elephant,
and the earth trembled. The mother at her hut aid
then, "As my eldest on sid, it happened. The
arth hak."
















28. A BAD BISTEB
(Th. evia, ia he Boelot t eo is g I ir G. Gnte's
Lih.qY, G. XK i relso Mlsm. eipk, pp, 16.)

OOPPER andWeathe, it i aid, were man wife,
and begat a daughter, who married amongst other
people.
Her three brother came to vist her; and she did
not know them (a such), though the people sid, "Do
not you see they are your brothers She deter-
mined to kill them at night. They had, however, a
Guinea-fowl to watch them.
When the Copper-Weather relative crept near, in
order to kill the men, the Guinea-fowl made a noe
to put thm on their guad. They ere thu warned
of the danger; but afterwards they fell asleep again.
Then she stole again upon them The Guineafowl
made a noise, but broke the rope by which it had
been f tened, and ran home. She then killed her
brothers. When the Guinea-fowl came near home
it wept:-







S ralsm flAmJ&.
"The OopeWeth nrti ve hm kled her
broA uIthe
Ala! she has ms her fothni"
The wif hed it, and si to her husoand-
"Do n y hear wht the bird weeps for P
You who sit here upon the ground working
bombow"
The man mid, Come and turn yourself into a
mighty thundentorm, and I will be a strong wind."
So they tn~ ormed themslves accordingly, and
when they came near to the kraal (where their son
had been killed), they combined and became a fire,
and a a fiery rain they burnt the krmal and all its
inhabitants












VL

SUN AND MOON FABLES.



29. WHY HAS THE JACKAL A LOG
BLACK STRIPE ON HIS BACK
(The ori in te aHottetot Lue ogo, is il Sir 0. GrY.
I.aUy, G. Kmiaen', Mm.ript p. a)
THE an, it i said, was one day on earth, ad the
me who wre travelling swhim sitting by the way-
ade, but paed him without notice. The Jackl,
however, who came after them, and aw him a
sitting, wnt to him and aid, "Such a fne little
child i left behind by the men." He then took the
Snm up, and put it into his awa-sin (on hi hbck).
When it burnt him, he aid," Get down," and hook
himself; but the Sun stuck ft to hi back, and burnt
the Jackal's back black from that day.



r2