Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Half Title
 List of Illustrations
 Chapter I: Uncle Thomas tells about...
 Chapter II: Uncle Thomas continues...
 Chapter III: Uncle Thomas tells...
 Chapter IV: Uncle Thomas tells...
 Chapter V: Uncle Thomas tells about...
 Chapter VI: Uncle Thomas tells...
 Chapter VII: Uncle Thomas tells...
 Chapter VIII: Uncle Thomas tells...
 Chapter IX: Uncle Thomas tells...
 Chapter X: Uncle Thomas tells about...
 Chapter XI: Uncle Thomas tells...
 Back Cover

Title: Tales of shipwrecks and other disasters at sea
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00003117/00001
 Material Information
Title: Tales of shipwrecks and other disasters at sea
Physical Description: xiv, 191 p., <3> leaves of plates : ill. 15 cm. ;
Language: English
Creator: Bingley, Thomas
Harrild, Thomas ( Printer )
W. Kent and Co ( Publisher )
Publisher: W. Kent & Co.
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Thomas Harrild
Publication Date: 1861
Edition: 6th ed.
Subject: Voyages and travels -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Children and death -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Seafaring life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Glory of God -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Robinsonades -- 1861   ( rbgenr )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1861   ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1861
Genre: Robinsonades   ( rbgenr )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Summary: Factual information about the wreck of the Vryheid, the loss of the Royal George and the explorations of Captain Richard Falconer, Captain Bligh, General Lefebvre-Desnouettes, Captain Dundas, etc ... within a fictional framework.
Statement of Responsibility: by Thomas Bingley.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00003117
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002222242
oclc - 48011203
notis - ALG2479
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
    Half Title
        Page xv
    List of Illustrations
        Page xvi
    Chapter I: Uncle Thomas tells about the adventures of captain Richard Falconer
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
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        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
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        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    Chapter II: Uncle Thomas continues his narrative of captain Falconer's adventures
        Page 18
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    Chapter III: Uncle Thomas tells about the wreck of the Vryheid
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    Chapter IV: Uncle Thomas tells about the Mutiny of the Bounty
        Page 56
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    Chapter V: Uncle Thomas tells about the loss of the Kent East Indiaman
        Page 80
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    Chapter VI: Uncle Thomas tells about the wreck of the Medusa
        Page 98
        Page 99
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        Page 101
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        Page 108
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    Chapter VII: Uncle Thomas tells about the loss of the Winterton East Indiaman
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
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    Chapter VIII: Uncle Thomas tells about the loss of the Royal George
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
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    Chapter IX: Uncle Thomas tells about the wreck of the steamers Killarney and Forfarshire
        Page 133
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        Page 135
        Page 136
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    Chapter X: Uncle Thomas tells about the wreck of the Albion New York Packet
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    Chapter XI: Uncle Thomas tells of the loss of the Doddington East Indiaman
        Page 171
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    Back Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
Full Text



The Baldwin Libray

Grace Darling and her father proceeding to the rescue of the survivors.







"A set of Books which, professing only to amuse,
instruct and edifyin no common degree."-QUARTERLY

Thomas Harrild, Printer, Shoe Lane, Fleet Street, London.


IN presenting to my young readers. another
volume of Tales, I Iam happy to be able to do
so with the assurance that they will find it not
inferior in interest to any of its predecessors.

The vicissitudes incident to the life of a
Sailor have always been a favourite theme for
the youthful imagination. I am, therefore,
induced to hope that Tales of Shipwrecks
and other Disasters at Sea" will form not
the least acceptable of the series.


The embellishments in this volume are from
the pencil of Mr. LANDELLS, whose qualifica-
tions for the task will be best appreciated by an
inspection of the plates.



His ardent desire to be a sailor-embarkation-sea-sickness-a
storm-loss of a pirate ship-preservation of part of the
crew-arrival in the West Indies-sails for the Bay of
Campeachy-thu~nder-storm-falls overboard-is thrown
on a desolate island-is in danger of starving-mode of
life which he adopted-loneliness of his situation .



Is visitedby companions in misfortune-their mode of fishing-
they resolve to launch the wreck-Falconer is carried out
to sea-reaches land-sails in search of his companions-
pirates-their story-a mutiny-counterplot--is seized by
the mutineers-is about to be turned adrift-death of the
leader of'the mutineers-Falconer's escape . 1.



SFreighted by the Dutch Government to convey troops toc
Batavia-encounters a storm-distress and consternation-
of the passengers-storm increases to a hurricane-loss of
her mainmast-shows signals of distress-a leak-parts-


from her best bower-anchor-the captain refuses a pilot-
drifts towards Dymchurch wall-strikes-foremast goes.
overboard-breaks in pieces-destruction of the jolly-
boat-melancholy fate of the captain and his wife-
attempts of the passengers and crew to reach the shore-
escape of two seamen-part of the survivors reach land on
a raft-niumber of lives lost by the wreck .' .... .3



Objects of the voyage-stormy weather-arrival at Otaheite-
kindness of the natives-completes her cargo-seizure of
Captain Bligh-is with some of the crew forced into the
launch, and cast cdrift-they direct their course to Tafoa-
hostile reception-one of the crew killed by the native--
sufferings of Bligh and his companions-arrive at Timor-
fate ofthe mutineers . . . 56



Sails from the Downs-progress arrested by a violent gale-
takes fire-cause of the calamity-precautions to prevent
the spreading of the flames-distressing situation of the
crew-a sail discovered on the lee-bow-it hastens to their
relief-distressing accidents-explosion of the powder
magazine--miraculous escape of the remains of the crew 80



Runs aground on the Arguin bank- the crew construct a raft-
abandon the wreck-boats refuse to tow the raft-miserable
and helpless situation of those on board-a storm-twenty
of the crew perish-fallacious hopes of rescue-insurrec-
tion of the soldiers-and sailors-scenes of intoxication and


madness-a scuffle-restoration of tranquillity-provisions
.run short-dreadful distress-renewed revolt-the sick
and weakly thrown overboard-the raft discovered by a
brig-rescue of the survivors. . .. 98



Arrival at the Cape of Good Iope-bears away for the
Mozambique channel-strikes on a sunken reef-the guns
thrown overboard-the masts cut away-the captain ad-
dresses the crew-the storm increases-part of the crew
reach the land-the ship breaks up-death of the captain
-the survivors meet together on the shore-their arrival
at the court of the king of Baba-the yawl despatched in
search of assistance-the party made prisoners-they
escape-proceed to the rescue of their companions-their
embarkation-are taken by a French privateer-their re-
capture and arrival .. . . 112



Arrives from a cruise in a leaky condition--is heeled-upset
by a sudden squall-goes to the bottom-numbers on board
-narrow escapes-attempts to weigh the ship-monunent
in Portsea churchyard .. . 123



The Killarney encounters a gale-alarm of the passengers-
prevail on the captain to put back-resumes her voyage-
storm againrises-the pumps choked-the engine fire ex-
tinguished-drifts towards the rocks-strikes-escape of

some of the passengers and crew-affecting incident--
perilous situation of those' on the. rocks- attempts for


their rescue-escape of the survivors-the Forfarshire
sails from Hiull-leaks observed in the boilers-storm-
is ,in danger of running ashore-becomes unmanage-

able-strikes on Longstone Island-narrow escape of one
of the passengers-part of the crew take to the boat-the
ship breaks up-destruction of part of the passengers
and crew-heroic conduct of Grace Darling 133



Crosses the Atlantic in safety-encounters a gale-is struck by

a tremendous sea-becomes unmanageable-is forced ashore
on the Irish coast-part of the crew escape-the ship
breaks up-perilous retreat of some of the passengers-are
swept away one after another-one only escapes-General
Lefebvre-Desnouettes one of the sufferers .. .. .155

xiv doNTENTs.


Sails from England--strikes on a rock-goes in pieces-part
of the crew reach the rock-their privations-resolve -to

build a vessel and put to sea-obtain materials from the
wreck-they despatch a party in search of assistance-
their boat is npset-taken prisoners by the Indians-their
escape and return to the island-the vessel completed-they
put to sea-adverse circumstalices--severe storm-inter-
course with the natives-arrival at Delagoa-Conclusion 171



lOSS OF TH'E FORTARSHIRBE ... Fronispiece.










"SHIPWRECKS, Uncle Thomas! oh yes, we
shall be delighted," exclaimed three or four
voices, as the boys crowded round the fire,
each striving who should sit nearest their dear
old uncle, who delighted to amuse them by
telling them the nicest little stories in the world,
of which, in the course of his reading, he had
gathered together a great store. He had al-
ready related to them "Stories about Dogs,"
as well as "Stories about the Instinct of Ani,
males and now proposed to commence a series


of narratives, Tales of Shipwrecks, and other
Disasters at Sea," a proposal which his little
audience received with unbounded delight.
"I am glad you have chosen shipwrecks,
Uncle Thomas, I am so very fond of such
stories. I have just finished Robinson Crusoe,
and wish that, like him, I had an island all
to myself, and a man Friday, and a goat, and
a gun !-It would be delightful."
"I auflifrid, Frank, you would not find it
so delightful as you seem to think. However,
as you like the idea so much, I will begin
by relating the adventures of Captain Richard
Falconer, who was cast away on a desert island,
and show you how he fared.
"Falconer was a native of Bruton, a market
town in Somersetshire. His mother died when
he was very young, and being thus thrown on
his father's care, he was his constant companion.
Having been a great traveller in his youth, the
elder Falconer delighted to recount his adven-


tures, and thus his son acquired an ardent
desire to follow in his steps. With this view,
as he grew up, he often begged that his father
would allow him to become a sailor. His
father knew better, however, and always re-
plied to his solicitations by saying, Stay where
you are; you know not the hazards and dangers
that attend the life of a sailor: and if I were
to give you leave, one week's experience would
make you wish you were at home again!'
Young Falconer, however, was far from being
satisfied, and again and again b]oi-iught his
father to- comply with his request. All his
entreaties were, however, unavailing, till at
length an event happened, which put an end to
his father's scruples.
"The -elder Falconer held an important
situation in one of the branches of Excise,
and having collected a large amount of revenue,
he was unfortunately robbed of it, before he
could pay it over to government. Fejrful that


some negligence, of which he had been guilty,
would expose him to punishment, and being
thus a ruined man, he'resolved to retire to some
place where he was unknown, and thus escape
the vigilance of his superiors.
One morning he called his son to him, and
said, Richard, you have often expressed a.
desire to go to sea, and I have always endea-
voured to dissuade you from it, but as what
has happened makes it impossible for me to
remain any longer in the place of my birth, I
must now recommend you to the way of life
which I should never have chosen for you, but
that my circumstances will not now allow me
to provide for you in any other way. Here,'
he continued, 'take this money, whii-h I car.;ill
spare out of the little that remains; but since it
is all I can give you, take it, and may Heaven
prosper you May the blessing of a father,
whose prayers shall ever ascend to.. the Almighty
Creator for your welfare, always 'be with you.


Here is a letter to Captain Pultney, of Bristol,
whose friendship, I am sure, will be of service
to you.' Then, with tears in his eyes, hle em-
braced his son, once more gave him his blessing,
and took leave of him for ever. They never saw
each other again!
"Having packed up a few things in a port-
manteau, Falconer set out accompanied by an
old servant of his father's, who, to show his
gratitude in the only way he had in his power,
determined to see him as far as Bristol.
." Captain Pultney received him with great
cordiality, and promised to do everything in his
power to promote his views, and when, by his
advice, Falconer had studied the mathematics,
and thus rendered himself capable of performing
the duties of mate, he appointed him to that
office on board the Albion frigate, commanded
by. Captain Wise; and on the 2nd of May they
set sail for Jamaica, with a fair wind.
As soon. as they lost sight of land, Falconer


became extremely sea-sick; and.J1he bore the
rough jokes of the sailors very. indiffelently.
One cried out, 'There's an excellent iin:,-ter'
mate; he'll hit Jamaica to a hairi, it' the island,
was no bigger than the bunghole of a cask!'
However, in a day or two he perfectly reco-
vered, and was never afterwards troubled with
"Nothing material happened till they entered
the Bay of Biscay, when they encountered a
dreadful storm; the billows ran mountains
high, and the vessel seemed to be the sport of
the waves. So high did these rise, that a ship
that overtook the Albion the day before, and
accompanied it, was sometimes altogether lost
sight of, though they were not Lalt -a fiulong
distant from each other: this continued for
three days, when the storm abated something of
its fierceness, though the wind still blew very
hard. The other vessel, by firing- a giu and
showing a signal, showed that she was in


distress; but the sea ran so high, that it was
impossible to afford her any assistance, yet, the
Albion being to windward, bore down- upon
her, coming as near as possible without en-
dangering her own safety. They. found that
she had sprung a leak, and though all hands
were working by turns at the pump, yet the
water gained upon them. They begged the
crew of the Albion to hoist out a boat, as their
own was stove. They accordingly sent out
their long boat, with two men, but the rope
that held her to the ship unfortunately broke,
and she drove away with the two men in her,
who were never afterwards -heard of. They
undoubtedly were either swallowed up by the
sea, or perished of hunger, as they were then
twenty leagues from shore. The ship sunk in
less than ten minutes afterwards, with fifty-
seven men on board, of whom four only were
saved by clinging to the ropes which had been
thrown out to them by the crew of the Albion.


"From the four men who were thus saved,
they learned that the vessel, which had sunk,
was a pirate, which, but a short time before,
had attacked a French ship, murdered the cap-
tain, and such of the crew as would not agree
to join them, and that they were only waiting
till the storm ceased in order to attack the
Albion. They also said they were forced, with
several others, to become pirates; but whether
this was true or false, they behaved with great
propriety during the remainder of the voyage.
"On the 28th of May they reached the Ca-
naries, and saw the Peak of Teneriffe. On the
4th of July they anchored in Carlisle Bay,
Barbadoes, after a desperate action with a
pirate, who boarded them, but was beaten off.
On the 20th of July they sailed for Jamaica,
on the 1st of August anchored at Nevis, and
on the 7th of September arrived in Port Royal
"Finding that the affairs of the ship would


detain it about half a year in Jamaica, Falconer
obtained leave of the captain to go in a sloop,
with some of the crew, to obtain logwood, at
the Bay of Campeachy, on the South American
coast; and on the 25th of September they set
out on this expedition. For six days they
sailed merrily on their course with a fair wind,
towards the Bay; but on the seventh the clouds
darkened, the sky seemed all on fire with light-
ning, and the thunder roared with frightful
violence. In short a dreadful hurricane ap-
proached.- The sailors furled the sails and
lowered the topmasts, waiting for it under a
double-reefed foresail. At length it came on
with extreme violence, which lasted three hours,
until, as if exhausted, it insensibly abated, and
was followed by a complete calm.
On the 6th of October they anchored at
Trist Island, in the Bay of Campeachy, and a
party went ashore at Logwood Creek, to seek
for the logwood cutters, who soon came on


board. A bargain was speedily struck; and, in
exchange for rum and sugar, and a small sum
of money, they got in their cargo in eight days,
and again set sail for Jamaica,
During- the homeward voyage, Falconer
one day went down into the boat astern, which
had been hoisted out in the morning to look
after a wreck. Having sat for some time read-
ing in the boat, before he was aware, a storm
began to rise, and finding that he could not, on
account of the heaving of the waves, get up at
the ship's side as usual, he called for the ladder
of ropes that hangs over the ship's quarter, in
order to get up that way. Whether it broke
through rottenness, it being seldom used, is
uncertain, but down he fell into the sea; and
though the ship immediately tacked about to
take him up, yet, as the evening was now coming
on, and the storm had considerably increased,
they soon lost sight of him. For some time he
swam boldly in the direction in which he ex'


pected to see the vessel, but at length he was
forced to drive with the wind, which, fortu-
nately, set in with the current; and having
managed to keep himself above water for about
four hours, he felt his feet touch the ground;
and at last, by a great wave, he was thrown
upon the sand.
It being now quite dark, he knew not
what to do; but got up and walked as well as
his benumbed limbs would allow him, and every
now and then was overtaken by the waves,
which were not so high, however, to wash
him away. When he had got far enough, as
he thought, to be out of danger, he began to
examine what sort of place it was upon which
-he had been thrown; he could not, however,
discover anything of land, and conjectured that
it was but some bank of sand, which the sea
would overflow at high tide. He now sat down
to rest his weary limbs, and prepare himself for
death, which it was evident was now staring


him in the face. At last he fell asleep, although
he did all he could to prevent it, by getting up
and walking, till he was obliged, through weari-
ness, to lie down again.
When he awoke in the morning, the day-
light enabled him to see that he was on a
low sandy island, surrounded by several others
of the same description, separated from each
other, about half a mile or more, by the sea.
Finding that things were thus not quite so bad
as he had anticipated, he became a little cheer-
ful, and walked about to see if he could dis-
cover anything "that was eatable, as he now
began to get very hungry. To his great grief
he found nothing but a few eggs, which he
was obliged to eat raw. The fear of starva-
tion seemed now to be worse than that of
drowning; and often did he wish that the sea
had swallowed him, rather than thrown him on
this desolate island; for he could perceive, from
their flatness, that neither it nor those, by which


it was surrounded, was inhabited by .man or
beast, being only resorted to by sea-fowl. To.
complete his misery, there was not to be found
one drop of fresh water on the island, so that
he was forced to drink sea-water for two or
three days, which caused his skin topeel off,
and made him very ill. At last his misery so
increased, that he frequently resolved to termi-
nate his existence, but desisted, in the vague
hope that some alligator, or other voracious
creature, would come and swallow him.
I One day he discovered a bird, called a
booby, sitting upon the beach, and ran imme-
diately, as fast as he could, and knocked it down
with a stick. Without for a moment considering
whether it was proper for food, he sucked the
blood and ate the flesh with. such pleasure, as
none can experience but those who have felt the
pain of hunger to the same degree. He after-
wards discovered many more of these birds,
,which he killed. Being now pretty well off for


food, he began to consider whether he could not
with two sticks make a fire, as he had seen the
.blacks do in Jamaica, and at last, after many
trials, happily accomplished it. He then plucked
several of the boobies which he had caught, and
broiled them as well as he could.
"At night, he was exposed to a great storm
of rain and thunder, with the reddest lightning
he had ever seen, and was completely drenched;
his cl-,thes, which consisted of a pair of thin
shoes and thread stockings, and a canvas waist-
coat and trousers, were thoroughly wet; butt
he had the happiness to find in the morning
several cavities of rain-water. Having already
suffered so much from using sea-water, he now
thought of making a deep well, that he might
have water continually by him. He took a
piece of wood, and pitched upon a spot under a
bush, where, with his hbnds and the stick to.
gather, he dug a hole, big enough to contniu a
hogshead of water; then he put in stones and


paved it, and .got in and stamped them down
hard all around, and, with his stick, beat the
sides close, so as to make it completely water-
tight. But the great difficulty was how to get
the water there: this, however, he at length
effected, by means of a sort of bucket made
from a part of his clothing. Having been so
successful in this matter, he now felt greatly
elated, and thought he should not be very badly
Soff for a long while; for, besides the store of
water, he had, ready broiled, forty boobies,
*designing to allow himself half a one a day.
Fortunately he remained in good health, being
only a little troubled with headache, from the
sun beating on his head, having lost his hat in
the water, in falling down from the vessel's side.
For a time he remedied this as well as he could,
by gathering a parcel of chicken-weed, which
grew in plenty around, and strewing it over the
bushes under which he sat; but, at last, fearing
that he might be longer there than he expected,


he tore off one of the sleeves of his shirt, and
made himself a cap, which he covered with green
sprigs, twisted with bark.
"By the time he had been a month on the
island, his skin became as brown, by constant
exposure, as if it had been rubbed over with
walnut-shells. He several times thought of
swimming to one of the other islands; but as
they looked only like heaps of sand, he felt
convinced that he had got the best berth, so
contented himself with his station. He began,
however, to feel very lonely, and was so wickedly 7
as to wish to have companions in his misfortune,
and every day hoped either to see some vessel
come that way, or a wreck, where, perhaps, he-
might find some necessaries which he wanted.
He used to fancy that if he should be forced to
stay there long, he should lose his speech, so he
used to talk aloud, asking himself questions,
and answering them. If anybody had been
by to have heard him, they would certainly have


thought him bewitched, he often asked himself
such strange questions. He was destined to
be visited by companions in misfortune sooner
than he expected; but I must tell you how
this happened on some other occasion. I am
afraid I have already detained you too long this
"Oh no, Uncle Thomas !"
"Very well, boys, to-morrow evening 'I will
go on with Captain Falconer's adventures, and
we will see how Frank likes this sort of life on
a desert island."
"Ah, but, Uncle Thomas, this was not a nice
island, like Robinson Crusoe's There were
no large trees to make a canoe of, or any goats;
and I don't see very well where Friday is to
come from !"
I understand you,, Frank; you would like
it only if you had the choosing'of your place,
with plenty of conveniences of every kind.-
Good night."
a, C


'ONE morning, during Falconer's residence on
the sandy island of which I told you last even-
ing, a violent storm arose, which continued till
noon. In the meantime, Falconer discovered
a bark labouring with the waves, and having
watched it earnestly for several hours, he at
last saw it tossed by the violence of the tempest
completely out of the water upon the shore..
He ran to see if there were anybody whom he
could assist, when he found four men (being all
there were in the vessel) busy saving what they
could. When he hailed- them in English, they
seemed mightily surprised: and asked him how


he came there, and how long he had been on
the island. When he told them his story, and
described the barrenness of the place; they were
very much concerned for themselves, for they
feared there was no possibility of getting their
bark off the sands, the wind having forced her
so far; and began to bemoan each other's mis-
fortunes. To Falconer, however, their mishap
afforded a source of secret satisfaction, for he
soon found that they had on board plenty of
"They now set to work in order to secure
such provisions as were in the ship, as well
as such utensils as they would find useful,
including a fowling-piece and some gun-
powder. They then took off the sails from
the yards, and, with some pieces of timber,
raised a htlt big enough to hold twenty men,
under which they put the beds which- they
got from the bark. It is true they had no
shelter from the wind, for the bushes were


so low they were of no use; but for all this,
Falconer now thought himself in a palace, and
was as merry as if he had been bnce more at
Jamaica, or even at home in his own country.
In short, when they had been there some time,
they began to be very easy, and having plenty
of food, were content to wait patiently till
Providence should send them assistance.
Though they had plenty of fishing-tackle,
they found it of little use, as they had no boat
to go a little way from shore to catch fish;
they therefore set their wits to work, in order
to make a float, and at last they hit upon this
odd project: they took six casks, and tarred
them all over, then stopped up the bungholes
with corks and nailed them close down with a
piece of tarred canvas. These six casks they
tied together with some of the cordage of the
vessel, and upon them they placed the move-
able hatches from the deck, and fixed them,
and made the float so strong, that two men


might sit upon it; but for fear a sudden storm
should arise, while they happened to be at sea,
they tied to onle end of it a coil or two of small
rope of 500 fathoms long, which, they fixed
to a stake on the shore. Two of the party
then went out, in order to see what success
they should have; but returned with only one
fish, about two feet long, something like a
shark. Next day, however, they were more
successful, returning with two of the same
kind of fish, and a young shark about two
feet long, which was dressed for dinner,, and
found it excellent eating.
"They now began to consider what could
be done to enable them to escape from their
confinement. On examining their bark care-
fully, they found that it was all sound; and
though the violence of the storm had carried it
considerably beyond the reach of ordinary tides,
and though nearly buried by the drifting of the
sand, that there was nothing to prevent their


being able to launch it into deep water once
more. They therefore set determinedly to
1okA, and after sixteen days' hard labour, they
at last succeeded.
At length, on the 31st December, they
launched their vessel, and designing to set sail
on the following day, they resolved to cele-
brate their deliverance by a carousal. They
accordingly got very merry, and when their
punch was all done, they went to bed. Instead
of sleeping in the tent, however, Falconer -re-
mained on board the bark, while his c"Qn-
panions, as usual, slept on shore. During the
night, one of the sudden storms so common
in those latitudes arose, and tore the bark from
its Imoorihngs, and carried it out to sea, Falcon4
all' the time sleeping soundly below, quite un-
conscious of the danger to which he. was ex-
By lie time he awoke in the morning, tile .
storm had so much abated, that he remained


unconscious of what had happened, till, going on
deck to call his companions, he found that he
was in the middle of the ocean, far out of stht
of land.
For fourteen days he continued tossed
about at the mercy of the winds and waves.
During the whole time he saw but one ship,
which was at such a distance, and bore a\\ny
so fast, that no succour could be expected. At
length, to his great joy, his bark was driven
close in shore. It was soon boarded by two
canoes, containing one Spaniard and six In-
dians, to whom, by means of broken French,
Falconer explained his condition. They car-
ried him on shore, and introduced him to the
governor, by whom he was kindly received.
The place happened to be a Spanish settle-
ment on the coast-of South America.
By the kindness of the governor, the bark
was once more fitted out and manned, to go ip
search of Falconer's companions, who had been


left on the island. In fifteen days they reached
the island, where they found them in a most
pitiable condition. They had consumed all their
provisions, and had no means of getting more:
indeed, for some days they had subsisted on the
most filthy and revolting food.
* -' Having received them on board, they again
set'sail; and it now occurred to Falconer that,
in order to complete his equipment, five of the
men who composed his crew had been released
from prison, where they had been confined on
suspicion of piracy. A thought came into his
head which had escaped him before. He con-
sidered if these were really pirates, being five
to four, they might be too powerful for him and
the rest of his crew, and perhaps murder them.
One day, as they all dined together upon deck,
under an awning, he asked the five men what
cause the Spaniards had to suspect them of
being pirates. At first they seemed confused,
but one of them, named Warren, soon recovered


himself, and answered for the others, saying
that they embarked on board the ship Bonaven-
ture, in the Thames, bound for Jamaica, whither
they made a prosperous voyage; but after
taking in their cargo, on their way home, they
were overtaken by a storm, in which their ship
was lost, and all the men perished, except him-
self and four companions, who were saved in
the long-boat. And that as they were making
to shore to save themselves, they saw a bark
lying at anchor outside of the harbour of Cam-
peachy, which they approached in ordor to in-
quire where they were, and to beg some pro-
visions, their own being exhausted. On get-
ting aboard the vessel, however, they found
but two people in it; the third, jumping into
the water, swam on shore, and brought three
boats filled with Spanish soldiers, which came
on board before they could make off. Make
off!' said Falconer, 'did you intend to run
awfay with the vessel?'. No,' answered War-

ren, with some confusion, 'we only intended
to weigh anchor and go farther in shore, that
we might land in the morning, it being late at
The f.et of the fellow being thus confused
now and then, Falconer did not at all like, but,
upon consideration, he thought it might be for
want of words to express himself better; so he
took no more notice of it. In the evening, how-
ever, Middleton, one of his own crew, came to
him with a face of concern, and told him that
he did not 'like these fellows at all. Why so ?'
said Falconer. Because they herd together,'
answered he, and are always whispering and
speaking low to one another. If a foreboding
heart may speak, I am sure we shall suffer
something from them, that will be of danger
to us.'
This rather shook Falconer in his opinion: .
of their honesty, and therefore he and his friend
resolved to be upon their guard. In the mean-


time they took no notice of their conversa-
tion to their two other companions, but resolved
to wait till night, having a better opportunity
then, as they slept together in the cabin. When
supper-time arrived, the five sailors excused
themselves from joining the rest of the crew, by
saying they had dined so late that they were
not hungry, which gave the others an oppor-
tunity to converse together sooner than they
expected. They all agreed that they were in
great danger; so they resolved in the middle
watch of the night to seize the others in their
sleep. It had been previously arranged: that
Falconer and his friends were to have the first
watch, which was at eight o'clock; the others
were to watch till twelve; and then, in the
third watch, between one and two, Falconer
and his companions had determined to seize
:upon the pirates as they slept. As one of the
pirates formed part of the captain's watch,
they agreed, before commencing operations, to

: *,* -4Z


seize and bind him fast, and to threaten him
with death if he offered to make the least
"As soon as the first watch was set, one of
the party proceeded to prepare their arms. In
about half an hour, Warren, who had acted as
spokesman, called to Hood, the man who had
joined the captain's watch, to get him a little
water, whereupon he went down immediately
with some water to him. As soon as he was
gone below, Falconer drew as near the hatch-
way as he could, to hear their conversation .
Hood having been employed that day looking
over the provisions, that he might know how
long they would last, the others had not an op-
portunity to disclose their design to him. As
soon as he was gone down, he could hear
Warren say to him,' Hark ye, Frank, we had
liked to have been smoked to-day; and though
we had contrived the story that I told you, yet
I was a little surprised at their asking me,


because then I did not expect it; but we intend
to be even with them, in a very little time: for,
hark ye-' said he, and spoke so low that he
could not be overheard. Upon which, the other
said, There is no difficulty in the matter; but
we need not be in such haste, for you know, as
we ply it to windward, a day or two can break
no squares, and we can soon bear down to lee-
ward to our comrades that we left on shore;
for I fancy,' added he, 'that they have some
small suspicion of you now, which in time will
sleep, and may be on their guard: therefore it
is better to wait a day or two.'
"' No; we'll do it to-night when they are
asleep,' replied Warren whereupon there were
many arguments for and against both plans. A
little while afterwards, Hood came on deck
again; and after walking up and down for some
time, fixing his eyes upon Falconer, he said
rery softly, If you please, Mr. Falconer, I
have a word or two to say to you, that much


concerns you all.' 'What is it ?' asked he.
'Why,' answered the other, 'let us retire as far
from the scuttle as we can, that we may not be
heard by those below.' So they went into the
cabin, and opened the hatchway above, that
Musgrave, who steered, might hear what was
said. Hood began as follows :-' My four com-
panions,' said he, 'have a wicked design upon
you; that is, to seize you and set you adrift in
the boat, and run away with. the vessel; but as
I think it is an inhuman action, not only to
any one, but to you in particular, who have
been the means of their freedom, I have thought
it best to give you warning.' Finding from this
conversation that he was sincere, Falconer told
him that he was provided against it already,
and informed him of their design to seize his
companions in the third watch. 'But,' said
he, 'they intend to put their project in practice
next watch; therefore I think it will be neces-
sary to counterplot them, and seize them at


once. As they have no arms,' said Falconer,
'and we have, we need not fear them.'
They had several debates about the proper
time to carry their scheme into effect, which,
unfortunately, took up so much time, that War-
ren, distrusting Hood, it seems, got up, and
stealing softly, came so close, that he overheard
everything that was said: as soon as he under-
stood what was going forward, he went and
informed his companions, upon which they ,re-
solved to attack the crew at once. In the midst
of this consultation, Falconer and his compa-
nions were, therefore, surprised by the pirates,
who seized them, which they did' with such
quickness, that they were all confounded and
overpowered before they had .time to make the
least resistance. They then handcuffed them,
and tied their legs together, so as to completely
prevent their moving.
In this state the mutineers left them till
it was broad day, when they came and unbound


their legs, and gave them leave to walk upon
deck; whereupon Falconer began to expostu-
late with them, particularly with Warren, as he
seemed. to have a sort of command over the
others. And what,'.asked he, 'do you intend
to do with us?' 'Do with you? why, by-and-
bye, we intend to put you into the boat, and
turn you adrift; but for that villain Hood, we'll
murder him without mercy I The scoundrel, to
betray us but as you have not so much in-
jured us, we'll put you immediately into the
.boat with a week's provisions and a small sail,
and you shall seek your fortune, as I suppose
you would have done by us.' .'No,' answered
Falconer, 'we only designed to confine you till
we came to Jamaica, and there to have given
you your liberty to go where you had thought
fit. Put us ashore on any land that belongs to
the English, and we will think you have not
done us an injury.' 'No,' said he,' we must
go to meet our captain and fifty men upon the


a pistol to shoot him through the head."


mainland of Yucatan, where our vessel was
stranded. Our first design,' continued he,
'when we were taken in our boat, was to get a
vessel to go buccaneering, which we would have
done at Campeachy, if it had not been for the
Indian who swam on shore, unknown to us, and
brought help too soon.'
"When the conspirators had got ev.irvtlhing
ready, that is- 1i Say, a barrel of biscuit, anid:ier.
of water, about half a dozen pieces of beef, and
as much pork, a small kettle, and a tiinder-box,
..iad \.: lbJut to commit to com heir unirti.nte
ofuil..-ni,:ins tu- tih mercy of the .c-,, a sudde-.
acc .lic lit ciih:i i~ t he faice of :itlir's.
B ftr'i thli,:\ .q:p. iitvt t L t it i c- e 'deter-
Iniin-il to lt tlilu i. itne::.s tlh.i death of Hooid.
Waei-i-, thlic Irito' crdlireid hiin t.:i be tied to the
ila.st .fI' tlih \:s-e and loaded a pistol. to: sh..,jt
him thul i [:,l, tie head, i,:t. k]iiviiiig tliat ir was
cli,-.': i-t':i 'They all entreated for theb poor
fell:i.'. i ind lie liliii-elf f1l: upon his knees, and


begged them to spare him; but Warren swore
bitterly that nothing should save him: with
these words he cocked his pistol and levelled it
at Hood, but in firing, it split into several pieces,
one of which struck himself on the skull, and
inflicted so severe a wound that he fell upon
deck. One of the bullets grazed the side of
Falconer's temple,. and did but just break the
skin. Hood, however, escaped unhurt, but he
was so alarmed at the noise of the pistol, that he
burst the cords which tied him. Finding him-
self at liberty, he ran to Falconer and his com-
panion, and unbound their arms unperceived by
the other two, who were busy about their unfor-
tunate leader. Before the man that steered
could come to their assistance, Hood had un-
bound Falconer, and stopped the interference of
the steersman by giving him a blow with his fist
that knocked him down.' In the meantime, the
rest of the crew were released, and they speedily
secured the other two pirates.


After they had bound them in turn, they
went to see what assistance could be given to
Warren, when they found that a piece of the
barrel of the pistol had sunk into his skull, and
that he was just expiring. 'You have over-
powered us,' said he, and I see the hand of
Heaven is in it. I was born of good- honest
parents whose steps if I had followed, it would
have made my conscience easy at this time; but
I forsook all religion, and now, too late, I find
that to dally with Heaven is fooling one's self
-with' my latest breath I heartily repent of all my
past crimes.' He' had scarcely uttered these
words when he expired.
"Falconer and his companions now made
sail for Jamaica, where, after a variety of ad-
ventures, and being again taken by pirates,
they at length arrived. From thence they
"sailed for England, Which they reached in


TTO,-IGT, boys, I am going to give you
an account of perhaps one of the most heart-
rending shipwrecks with which I am acquainted;
the more so, that upwards of four hundred
and fifty lives were lost, in all probability en-
tirely in consequence of the obstinacy of the
Four hundred and fifty lives, Uncle Tho-
mas That is a very large number."
"It is, indeed, John; but it is nevertheless
true; and if the captain had taken the advice of
those who warned him of the danger into which
he was running, he and his crew might have
escaped, as you shall hear. The sh1ipwreck I
refer to is that of the Vryheid, which took place


near Dover, in the beginning of the present
The Melville Castle, a British East India-
man, after having performed the usual number
of voyages, was sold by the East India Com-
pany to an agent of the merchants of Amster-
dam trading to the East Indies. She was car-
ried to Holland, where she underwent a tole-
rable repair in her upper works, and was new
sheathed and coppered, but her knees and tim-
bers remained in a very decayed state. Thus
patched up, the Company tendered her to the
Dutch Government, which was then in want of
a vessel to carry out troops and stores to Ba-
tavia. A surveyor was immediately ordered on
board, who reported that the ship was in perfect
repair, and wanted nothing but the necessary
stores to equip her for'the intended voyage.
She was accordingly furnished with all the
requisite stores, was painted throughout, and
received the name of Vryheid.


"The troops, consisting of three hundred
and twenty men, the flower of the regiment,
who. were selected out of nearly one thousand,
to form the second, battalion of marines in the
service of the Batavian Republic, having em-:
barked, the ship got under weigh on the morn-
ing of the 21st November, 1802, and proceeded
with a favourable breeze till early in the morn-
ing of the following day, when it began to blow
a heavy gale from a- contrary direction. The
captain immediately ordered the top-gallant
masts and yards to be struck, when the vessel
appeared to ride easier than before. As the
day opened, however, the wind blew with
increased violence, and every exertion of the
crew to render the ship manageable proved
The most serious apprehensions soon began
to be entertained for the safety of the vessel8i
and the state of the ladies on board was
particularly distressing. Some embraced their


helpless offspring and wept over them in speech-
less agony, while others in vain implored their
husbands to procure the means of landing them
in safety on their native shore, and to give up
the voyage. .The commander, Captain Scher-
man was himself in a very trying situation.
His wife was on board with an infant only
three months old; and her affliction was aggra-
vated by being surrounded with so many females
fondly weeping over their little ones, and ear-
nestly entreating assistance of the captain, .who
had the utmost difficulty to -prevail on them to
leave him, so that he. might attend to the duties
of his station.
"The ship continued to drive before the wind
till about three o'clock in the afternoon, when
the storm increased to a perfect hurricane.
Soon after that. hour, the mainmast went by
the board with a tremendous crash, and in its
fall swept overboard several of the crew,


besides wounding four or five others. This
disaster greatly augmented the fears of all on
board. The captain himself, the admiral, and
the other officers, now seemed to consider their
lives in the most imminent danger; for though
they were so near the Kentish shore that they
could discern objects on land, yet the waves,
which then rolled mountains high, totally pre-
cluded the possibility of their receiving assist-
They hoisted a signal of distress, and after
: very great exertion "tey managed to bring the
ship to anchor at the entrance of Hythe Bay;
but, as it was now quite dark, they could obtain
no assistance from the shore, though the wind
was not quite so tempestuous. By the captain's
orders the crew were plentifully regaled, and a
beam of hope illumined every countenance;
but, alas! it was only of momentary duration.
The ship was found to have sprung a leak: all-


hailds were ordered to the pumps; and while
they were thus employed the storm again came
on with redoubled violence.
Universal consternation now prevailed, and
the piercing shrieks of the women and children
at each successive blast of wind were sufficient
to unman the stoutest heart. Every relief that
circumstances would admit was afforded by the
ship's company and the troops to the unfor-
tunate ladies, many of whom were, by this time,
clinging round their husbands, and fainting in,:'
their arms.
"They remained in this dismal situatiUn for
several hours, during which the greatest order
and sobriety reigned on board, till about six
o'clock on the succeeding morning, when the
vessel parted from her best bower anchor, and
drifted towards Dymchurch Wall, about three
miles to the westward of Hythe. They con-
tinned to fire guns of distress, and kept the
signal flying during the whole of the morning.


At daybreak a pilot-boat put off from Dover,
and coming near, recommended the captain to
put back to Deal or Hythe, and to remain till
the weather became more moderate. If you
proceed,' said the boatman, all hands will be
lost; you are evidently unacquainted with the
coast, and if the gale should continue, no power
on earth can save you.' The captain, however,
conceiving the danger to be less imminent than
was represented, neglected this advice, hoping
that, as .the day opened, the wind would abate,
when he should be enabled, to put into some bay
or port, without being obliged to comply with
the demands of the Dover pilots, or to pay the
Downs fees for coming to anchor there.
"The pilot-boat had scarcely departed, when
the commodore at Deal despatched two boats
to endeavour to board the ship, when the un-
accountable and fatal obstinacy of the captain:
was again strikingly displayed; the crew were
ordered .to let the vessel drive before the wind


and to pay no attention to the recommendations
of the commodore. The boats then fired several.
shots as a farther signal to bring-to, but these
were equally disregarded. A few minutes after-
wards, one of the boats passed close under the
stern, and as the ship had lost her mainmast,
desired she would immediately put about and
stand for the first port. But to this, like the
former solicitations, they gave no reply, and the
gale increasing, they soon lost sight of both the
boats. The ill-fated captain was now in a state
of the greatest agitation, and bitterly repented
having neglected to take a pilot on board, but
it was now too late; the roar of the sea was
terrific, and such a tremendous swell that the
chance of any relief being afforded from the shore.
was hopeless.
"The wind now blew a perfect hurricane:
from the south and south-west; the signal-
guns they continued to fire incessantly, and
the captain twice attempted to put the ship


about, but all his exertions proved fruitless.
She was now near Dymchurch Wall, where
the coast, for the space of above two miles,
is protected from the encroachments of the sea
by overlaths and immense piles, and is further
secured by large wooden jetties stretching far
into the sea. On the first of these jetties the
unfortunate vessel struck.
In this desperate situation, with the wind
becoming more and more boisterous, the cap-
tain ordered the mizen-mast to be cut away,
and all the water in the hold to be started, by
staving the casks; while a part of the crew,
under the direction of the officers, were inces-
santly employed at the pumps. They also
threw nearly the whole of the ballast over-
board; but, in spite of all their exertions, the
danger seemed every moment to increase. So
maddening was the reflection of what might
have been their situation had a pilot not been
refused, that the officers could not refrain from


reproaching the captain with having slighted the
advice of the English in the boats: he appeared
to be deeply sensible of his error, but it was
now too late.
The admiral recommended the sheet-anchor
to be cut away, which was accordingly done;
but notwithstanding this precaution, the unfor-
tunate ship continued to beat upon the piles,
and the sea to break over her with such vio-
lence, that the men were no longer able to
remain in the hold. The pumps had now
become so completely choked with sand and
mud, that they were rendered useless, and the
speedy destruction of the vessel and all on
board appeared to be inevitable. The fore-
mast soon afterwards went over the ship's side,
carrying along with it about twelve of the crew,
who were soon swallowed up by the waves.
The ladies now began to prepare for the worst,
and several of them, for greater security, were
handed to the bowsprit, attended by their hus-


bands. The others chose to wait their fate
on the quarter-deck, where stood the miserable
Captain Scherman, in silent despair, at the
unavailing cries for assistance of those around
him, while his unfortunate wife, in all the
bitterness of maternal anguish, was clinging to
his feet.
About eight o'clock it was discovered that
the rudder was unshipped, while the tiller was
tearing up the gun-deck, and the water rushing
in with fearful rapidity at the port-holes. At
this moment most of the passengers and crew
joined in solemn prayer to the Almighty, and
while engaged in this act of devotion, the sea
foaming dreadfully made a breach completely
over them, so that they were obliged to exert
every effort to prevent their being swept out
of the ship. From the uncommon fury and
roaring of the waves, the signal-guns, which
they continued to fire from time to time, could
scarcely be heard even on board; and no hope


remained of their obtaining assistance from the
shore. As a last expedient, the captain gave
orders to cut away the anchors from the bows,
when a- violent swell immediately parted them
and the ship drifted with irresistible force farther
on the piles.
The morning was unusually dark, and, to
aggravate the horrors of the terrific scene, the
ship was not more than four or five cables'
lengths from the shore; so that the crew could
see that there were several people on the Wall,
but who were unable to afford them any assist]
ance. It was now half-past eight, when a
tremendous sea dashed with such force against
the ill-fated vessel, that, after rocking like a
cradle for two or three seconds, her timbers
split, and she immediately broke in pieces,
About one hundred and seventy persons were
instantly overwhelmed by the furious element,
and not one of them ever reached the land.
the wreck, thus torn asunder, still presented


nearly three hundred miserable objects clinging
to the various parts that remained above water;
while the tremendous noise of the foaming bil-
lows was drowned by the piercing shrieks and
cries of the hapless women and children.
"At the earnest request of the admiral the
jolly-boat, which was hanging over the stern, was
now launched; and he, together with the colonel
and eight females, embarked in it. They had
not, however, proceeded far when a dreadful sea
broke over them, and the boat instantly disap-
peared. In a few moments the colonel was
observed endeavouring to support his wife above
water, when a wave overwhelmed them, and
they also sank to rise no more.
As the ship was now settling rapidly, each
determined to risk some experiment to reach
the 'shore. The captain proposed to his wife
that they should make themselves fast to a
large hencoop, and commit their lives to the
mercy of the waves. A few of the crew having


cut away the coop, they with great difficulty
made fast the captain and Mrs. Scherman, and,
after an affectionate parting, lowered them down
over the stern. They had nearly reached the
Wall, followed by the anxious looks of those
who'had remained on board the wreck, when a
large piece which had been detached from it was
violently dashed against them, and they were
never seen to rise again.
Painful as this spectacle must necessarily
have been to those who still clung to the wreck,
their attention was completely absorbed in con-
triving means for their own preservation. A
lieutenant, his wife, and two or three female
domestics of the unfortunate admiral, still re-
mained on the wreck, and the men agreed to
make one effort more to save them. Seizing
one of the hatches which had been torn asunder,
they fastened it to a piece of the quarter-gallery,
and lashed the females to the planks, while the
lieutenant, who was a good swimmer, stripped


himself, and having taken a rope: round his
waist, the raft was lowered. They had scarcely
been a few seconds upon the water, when a
violent gust of wind overset the raft, and every
one of them perished.
-"About this time the bowsprit was torn
ashunder from the other parts of the wreck. I
have, already told you that many of the females
and officers had taken refuge on it, and the
number of persons about the rigging and various
parts of the bows was now above a hundred,
who were driven towards the Wall by the vio-
lence of the surf. Those who were upon the
stern watched the progress of their companions
with the utmost solicitude, and just as they
supposed them to be beyond the reach of farther
danger, a tremendous sea broke over them, and
whelmed them all in one general destruction.
The surface of the ocean was instantly
covered with their bodies, and many of the un-
happy creatures had almost reached the shore;


but wave upon wave succeeded each other with
fearful rapidity, and finally triumphed over all
their exertions. Among the most distressing
instances of individual suffering was that of a
captain of the marines, who was swimming
with.one hand, and with the other endeavouring
to support his wife by the hair of her head; till,
overcome by cold and fatigue, he turned round,
clasped her in his arms, and both sank amid the
The wreck, meanwhile, was gradually dis-
appearing, and many of the seamen and marines:
successively seizing on various timbers, precipi-
tated themselves into the water in the hope ot
being drifted ashore; but as may naturally be
supposed, after so many dreadful examples, most
of those who still remained were unwilling to
attempt similar experiments. Of these there
were now not more than forty-five on both
parts of the wreck, which frequently became
so entangled that the men were near enough. to


hold a conversation with each other. Their
fate, however, was now rapidly approaching
to a crisis; from all parts, the planks were
being torn away, and each succeeding wave
was fatal to two or three of the wretched sur-
vivors. At length, two of the seamen deter-
mined to lash themselves to a large hog-trough
and endeavour to reach the land; they were
handed over the larboard side, and after a mi-
raculous escape from coming in contact with a
fragment of the drifting wreck, they fortunately
succeeded in reaching the shore in safety, being
the first out of all the adventurers who had
quitted the ship that were successful.
"Their success greatly contributed to ani-
mate the exertions of those whom they had left
behind, and who instantly fell to work to con-
strqct a raft, which, in a few minutes, was suf-
ficiently compact for them to make the attempt.
To this frail structure did the survivors commit
their lives, and they had scarcely got clear of


the wreck, when a heavy sea struck it with
such violence that it was dashed into a thou-
sand pieces. The situation of those on the raft
was now peculiarly awful, from the numerous
fragments of the wreck which were floating
about in every direction, and by the violence of
their motions threatening instant destruction.
They continued, however, to drift nearer the
Wall, when they were run foul of by a piece of
the wreck which swept off eighteen out of the
thirty-three who were upon the raft, and wounded
most of the others in a greater or less degree;
at the same time they were driven forward with
such velocity that it was impossible to afford
any relief to those who were struck off. About
ten minutes after this fatal accident, the sur-
vivors succeeded in reaching the long-wished-for
shore, half dead with fatigue and the severe
bruises which they had received.
Thus of four hundred and seventy-two
persons, who, but a few days before, had left the


city of Amsterdam, and who were but a few
hours before on board the Vryheid, in all the
confidence of security, not more than eighteen
escaped. This wretched remnant of the crew
of that ill-fated vessel received from the inhabit-
ants of the adjacent coast such generous at-
tention as not only contributed to their recovery
but amply relieved all their necessities. The
bodies of the unfortunate sufferers, which were
scattered along the coast for many miles, were
collected, 'and decently interred. The bodies
of Captain Scherman and his wife, and many
of the officers and their ladies were com-
mitted to the grave with every mark of re-
"Oh dreadful, Uncle Thomas Poor lCap-
tain Scherman! how heartrending must his
feelings have been when he saw the fearful
effects which were resulting from his obsti-
nacy !"
Most appalling they must have been, Frank.


Let us gather wisdom from his experience,
dreadful as it was, and learn from it that an
obstinate and self-willed adherence to our own
opinions, in opposition to those whose know-
ledge and judgment are superior to our own,
is not only culpable but highly dangerous-
how dangerous in this instance, may perhaps
be gathered from the fact that a small mer-
chant vessel, which left the Texel on the same
day as the Yryheid, took a pilot on board off
MVlargate, and was brought safe into port, with-
out losing a single man during the storm.
Good night, boys, to-morrow I'have a long
and interesting tale to tell you about the Mutiny
of the Bounty."
Good night, Uncle Thomas."


GoOD evening, Uncle Thomas! we are come
to hear about the Mutiny of the Bounty." '
"Very well, boys. It is a long story, so I
shall begin at once.
"In the year 1787, it having been repre-
sented to the British Government that the in-
troduction of the bread-fruit tree into the West
India Islands would be of essential benefit to
the inhabitants, a vessel was fitted up in the
most commodious manner for the reception of
the plants, and placed under the command of
Lieutenant Bligh, who had previously sailed
with Captain Cook in his voyage round the-
world. Her crew consisted of thirty-four per-


sons, besides, two intelligent botanists, who
were added to the expedition for the purpose of
managing the plants during the voyage, as well
as undertaking their transplantation on board
the vessel, and on their arrival at the place of
On the 23rd December the- Bounty sailed
from Spithead, and on the 26th encountered a
severe storm from the eastward, which continued
for three days, during which the ship suffered
considerably. They therefore found it necessary
to touch at Teneriffe, in order to refit. Having
put everything to rights, they again sailed on
.the 10th January, 1788.
"For nearly a month they struggled hard
against the tempestuous weather which they
encountered in their attempts to reach, by the
route of Cape Horn, the Society Islands, where
the plants were to be procured; but finding all
?tAheir efforts to advance by this route ineffectual,
they bore away for the Cape of Good Hope,


where they once more found it necessary to re-
plenish their stock of provisions and water.
"At length, on the 26th of October, they
came to 'anchor in Matavai Bay, in the Island
of Otaheite. The ship was soon crowded by
natives, and two messengers arrived from Otoo,
the chi-f of Matavia, each bringing a small pig
and a young plantain tree as a token of friend-
,ship. Captain Bligh now went on shore, ac-
companied by a chief named Poeenoo, and
was everywhere received in the most friendly
manner, the women clothing him in the Ota-
heitean fashion, and afterwards accompanying
him to the boat. In a few days the most friendly
relations were established with the natives, and
presents of small articles were bestowed on the
chief, who was told that the king of England
had sent him these on account of the kindness
of his people to Captain Cook, as well as from
a desire to serve him and his countrymen: at.
the same time he was asked if there was no-


thing he would like to send-to the king in re-
turn. Yes,' said he, 'I will send him anything
SI have,' and immediately began enumerating
Such articles as the island afforded, and among
others mentioned the bread-fruit. He was im-
mediately told that this was what would please
the king very much, and a number of young
trees were promised to be sent on board.
"For upwards of five months. the Bounty
remained at Matavai, when having at length
obtained upwards of one thousand plants, she-set
sail on the 4th of April, after bidding a -most
affectionate farewell to these kind and simple-
hearted islanders.
"On the 23rd they reached the island of
Annamooka, where they remained till the ~2ith,
carrying on a brisk trade with the natives in
yams, plantains, hogs, fruit, &c. From thence
the ship stood northward all night, and at noon
on the following day 'they were between- the
islands Tofoa and Kotoo.


So far the voyage had been one of uninter-
rupted prosperity. They had hitherto succeeded
in the object. of their mission, and to all appear-
ance it was likely to result in the most complete
success. These fair prospects were, however,
destined to be suddenly overclouded by one of
the most systematic, as well as cautious and
deliberate mutinies upon record.
"About sunrise of the morning of the 28th
April, Captain Bligh was awoke by Fletcher
Christian, one of the mates, and three others,
who tied his hands behind his back, and
threatened him with instant death if he spoke
or made the least resistance. They then pulled
him out of bed, forced him on deck in his shirt,
and placed him under a guard with Christian,
who seemed to be the ringleader, at their head.
To all- his entreaties and inquiries as to tre
reason for this violence, their only answer was
a command to hold his tongue, with threats of


having his brains blown out if he did not
instantly comply;
"The mutineers then ordered the boatswain
to hoist the launch out, and several of the
officers were ordered into it. As Captain Bligh
now saw the fate that awaited him and the
obnoxious members of his crew, he once more
made an effort to reason with those around him,
but was immediately checked, and again threat-
ened with instant death. When they had suc-
ceeded in getting rid of such of the crew as
they disliked, the mutineers forced. the captain
over the ship's side into the boat, and after
subjecting their victims to much ridicule, and
making sport of their situation, they at length
cast them adrift on the open sea. As the vessel
sailed away they could hear the mutineers
shouting Huzza for Otaheite !' It was there-
fore supposed that the enticements of a de-
,lightful climate, and. the allurements of a life of


unrestrained indulgence such as they had re-
cently led on that island, had tempted them to
the commission of the crime of which they had
been guilty.
"The launch (a boat twenty-three feet in
length) contained nineteen persons; and the,
quantity of provisions with which they had been
furnished amounted to only one hundred and
fifty pounds weight of bread, about thirty pounds
of-pork, six quarts of rum, six bottles of wine,
and twenty-eight gallons of water.
"Bligh and his companions directed their
course to Tofoa, in the hope of their obtaining
a supply of bread-fruit and water. They had
at first great difficulty in finding any of the
natives; at length, however, having discovered
two. of them, several others soon collected, from.
whom they obtained a small supply of such
articles as they wanted. By degrees the num-
ber of natives increased, and they began to
show symptoms of some hostile design; but


they were, for the time, overawed by the un-
daunted behaviour of Captain Bligh. As the
evening advanced, however, they continued to
congregate, each carrying a couple of stones in
his hand, which they continued knocking to-
gether in token of attack, as it afterwards ap-
peared; and on the party proceeding to embark
with the provisions which they had accumu-
lated, the attack. commenced. They had all
got in safety into the boat, and one of the men
jumped on shore in order to untie the rope by-
which it was fastened, when he was instantly:
knocked down and murdered in the most inhu-
man manner. Finding that there was no hope
of lending assistance to their unfortunate com-
panion, those in the boat hastily pushed off.
Some of the natives got into their canoes, and
gave chase, throwing the stones with which
they were armed with such power and effect as
,nearly to. disable every person on board. For-
Stunately, it occurred to Captain Bligh to drop


some clothes overboard, when the canoes stop-
ping to pick them up, the boat was allowed to
get a little ahead of its pursuers; and being now
almost dark, they gave up the chase.
There was now no hope of relief for Bligh
and his companions until they reached Timor,
a distance of full twelve hundred leagues, where
th6re was a Dutch settlement; they therefore
intrepidly determined to seek their course across
an ocean whose navigation was then little
known, exposed as well to the dangers of the
.deep as to famine, their little store only allowing
them to serve out to each one ounce of bread
and a quarter of a pint of water per day.
Captain Bligh has left a very interesting
journal of their sufferings during this long and
hazardous voyage, from which I will read you
a few of the daily entries. It was about eight
o'clock at night. on the 2nd of May that they
bore away from Tofoa, and having divided
the people into watches, and put the boat


somewhat into order, they returned thanks to
God for .their miraculous preservation.
On the 3rd it blew a violent storm, and
the sea ran so high that they were obliged
to keep constantly throwing out the water
which washed into the boat, and were in great
apprehension that the bread, which was in
bags would be spoiled; to prevent this they
threw overboard all superfluous clothes, with
some spare sails and ropes, and, emptying the
carpenter's chest, stowed the tools at the bot-
tom of the boat, and put the bread into the
"On the morning of the 5th the gale had
abated, and the boat was running among some
islands; but, after their reception at Tofoa,
they did not venture to land. Upon examining
the state of their bread, they found that a great
part of it was damaged; but even this was
carefully preserved for use. The next day they
still continued to see islands at a distance;


and for the first time, to their great joy, they
hooked a fish, but were miserably disappointed
by losing it, as they were lifting it into the boat.
Being dreadfully cramped from the want of room,
they endeavoured to remedy the inconvenience
by putting themselves at watch and watch ; one-
hitlf sitting up, while the others lay down in the
bottom of the boat, Unfortunately, even this
afforded but little relief, there being nothing to
cover them, and they were so constantly wet.
that after a few hours' sleep they were scarcely
able to move.
"On the 7th they passed close to some
rocky isles, from which,they were pursued by
two large sailing canoes, but being unable to
come up witi them, in the afternoon they gave
over the cliase. Soon after it began to anin
heavily, when every person on board did his
utmost to catch some water, by which they
increased their stock to thirty-four gallons, be-
sides plentifully quenching their thirst for the


first time since they had been in the boat. The
following day they had an allowance of an ounce
and a half of pork, a teaspoonful of rum, half a
pint of cocoa-nut milk, and an ounce of bread.
The afternoon was employed in cleaning out the
boat, and getting everything dry and in order.
Hitherto Bligh had issued~ the allowance by
guess, but he now made a pair of scales with
two cocoa-nut shells, and finding some pistol
balls in the boat, which weighed twenty-five
to the pound, he adopted one of them as the:
weight of bread to be served to each person at
one time.
"On the 9th they experienced a violent
storm of. thunder and lightning. They col-
lected about twenty gallons of water, but were
so miserably wet and cold that a teaspoonful
of rum was served out to each. The weather
continued extremely bad, and the wind so in-
creased that hardly any of them slept that
night. The morning of the 10th brought no


relief except its light. The sea broke over the
boat so much that two men were kept con-
stantly bailing; and it was necessary to keep
the boat before the wind to prevent its filling.
The allowance was now one bullet-weight of
bread, and a quarter of a pint of water, at
eight in the morning, at noon, and at sunset,
with the addition of half an ounce of pork for
The weather had not at all improved on
the following day, and their situation was be-
coming extremely precarious from the constant
running of the sea over the stern; but at noon
they were cheered by a glimpse of sunshine,
which seemed to inspire the whole crew with
fresh vigour.
"On the 12th it rained towards the evening,
and they experienced another dreadful night.
When the day came, they were in no way re-
.freshed by the little sleep they had, as they
were constantly drenched by the sea and rain


and though the men were shivering with wet
and cold, the captain was under the disagree-
able necessity of informing them that he could
no longer afford them the scanty pittance of a
teaspoonful of rum.
"The stormy weather and heavy seas con-
tinued unabated on the 13th and 14th, and on
these days they saw distant land, and passed
several islands, the sight of which increased
rather than alleviated the misery of their situ-
ation; and to attempt to seek relief there was
considered to be attended with so much danger,
that it was thought advisable to remain as they
were rather than encounter the risk.
The 15th it was still rainy, and at night
it was so dark that not a star could be seen by
which steerage could be directed, while the sea
was continually breaking over the boat; this con-
tinued on the 16th, when they passed another
truly horrible night, with storms of thunder,
lightning, and rain. The dawn of the 17th


brought no relief;- and the suffering from wet
and cold had been so severe that the captain was
obliged to break their rule, and serve a teaspoon-
ful of rum to each. The night was again dark
and dismal.
On the 18th the rain abated, when they
stripped and wrung their clothes, which greatly
refreshed them; but every one of them com-
plained of violent pains in his bones. At
night the rain recommended, with thunder and
lightning, which continued without intermission
till the 21st, when they were so drenched with
rain and salt-water during the whole of the
afternoon that they could scarcely see; and on
the following day their situation was extremely
calamitous. They were obliged to run right
before the storm, and to keep a strict watch,
as the slightest error in the steersman would
have instantly caused their destruction. During
the night the misery they endured was so ex-
.cessive, that they expected another such night


would put an end to the sufferings of several
of them ; but, on the 24th, the wind moderated
towards the evening, and the night was fair.
In the morning, they experienced relief from
the warmth of the sun, for the first time during
fifteen days.
As the sea now began to run fair, Captain
Bligh took the opportunity to examine their stock
of bread, and found there was sufficient, accord-
ing to their present rate of allowance, to last
twenty-nine days, which was about the time
they expected to be able to reach Timor; but
as this was uncertain, and it was possible they
might be obliged to go to Java, they determined
to reduce their present scanty rate, so as to make
.the stock hold out six weeks. This was effected
by continuing the same quantity for breakfast
and dinner as usual, and discontinuing the supper
At noon of the 25th some sea-birds, called
noddies, came so near to the boat that they


caught one of them, about the size of a small
pigeon. This was divided, with its entrails,
into eighteen portions, and distributed by-the
following method :-One man stood with his
back to the object, while another, pointing se-
parately to each portion, asked aloud, "Who
shall have this ?' to which the first answered by
naming somebody, until the whole number had
been served. By this impartial method each
man stood the same chance of obtaining an
equal share. They had also an allowance of
bread and water. In the evening they were
fortunate enough to catch another bird about as
large as a duck. This they killed for supper,
and giving the blood to three of the people who
were most distressed, the body, with entrails,
feet, and beak, were divided into eighteen shares
and distributed as before.
"; On the 28th, at one o'clock in the morn-
ing; the man at the helm heard the sound of
breakers. It was the barrier-reef which runs


along the eastern coast of New Holland, through
which it now became their anxious object to
discover a passage. The sea broke furiously
over the reef, but within all was smooth and
calm. At length they discovered a break in the
reef, about a quarter of a mile in width, through
which they passed rapidly with a strong stream
running to the westward, and came almost imme-
-diately into smooth water.
"They offered up their thanks to the Al-
mighty for his merciful protection of them,
and then, with more contentment than they
had yet been able to feel, took their miserable
allowance of a bullet-weight of bread, and a
quarter of a pint of water for dinner. They
could now see the coast very distinctly, and in
the evening they landed on the sandy point of an
island, where they soon discovered that there
were oysters: they also found plenty of fresh
water. By the help of a small magnifying
glass a fire was made; and they discovered


among the things that had been thrown into
the boat a tinder-box and piece of brimstone,
so that in future they had the ready means of
making a fire. One of the men had been
provident enough to bring with him from the
ship a copper pot, in which they made a stew
of oysters, bread, and pork, and each person
received a full pint.
"They now enjoyed a few luxurious meals
of oysters and palm-tops stewed, without con-
suming any of their bread. They also collected
a quantity of oysters, which they put on board
the boat, and filled their vessels with 'fresh
water, to the amount of nearly sixty gallons:
On examining the bread, they found about
thirty-eight days' allowance remaining.
Being now ready for sea, every person was
ordered to attend prayers, and just as they
were on the point of embarking, about twenty
naked savages made their appearance, and
beckoned them to come near, but as they were


armed with spears and lances, it was thought
advisable to decline the invitation, and proceed
on their voyage.
"At length, after a variety of adventures,
and the endurance of privations almost unex-
ampled, on the 11th of June, Captain Bligh
announced the pleasing intelligence to his
companions that an observation of longitude
appeared to indicate that they had passed the
meridian of the eastern part of Timor. This
joyful news filled every heart with exultation,
and all eyes were intently directed to the quar-
ter in which land was expected to appear.
Evening fell, however, without their being able
to discover any trace of it; but by daybreak on
the following morning a cultivated coast, finely
diversified;,with hill and dale, appeared, stretch-
ing in a wide extent before them. This was
Timor !
"It is almost impossible to describe the
wild tumult of joy, the intense and inexpressible


delight, which filled their hearts at the sight of
land Their thoughts rapidly reverted to the
varied events of their fearful passage, till it ap-
peared scarcely credible even to themselves,
that in an open boat so poorly provided, and
under circumstances every way so calamitous,
they should have been able to reach the coast
of Timor in forty-one days after leaving Tofoa,
having in that time run, by their log, a distance
of three thousand six hundred and eighteen
nautical miles; and this, notwithstanding their
extreme distress, without the loss of a single
The governor of the island received them
with the greatest hospitality. After remaining
a short time at Timor, they proceeded to Ba-
tavia. Here Captain Bligh was attacked by a
fever; and as his life was in danger from the
heat of the climate, he was obliged to leave the
island without loss of time. He accordingly
sailed in a packet, and arrived in England in


March, 1790. The crew were accommodated
with passages home as opportunity offered, but
though apparently all in good health when Cap-
tain Bligh left, they did not all live to quit
Batavia. The hardships which they had en-
dured had so undermined the constitutions of
several of them as rendered them unable to with-
stand the- evil influence of such an unhealthy
climate; but of the nineteen who were forced
into the launch by the mutineers, it pleased God
that twelve should surmount the difficulties and
dangers of this unparalleled voyage, and live to
visit their native land."
But, Uncle Thomas, what became of the
mutineers ?"
A vessel, boys, was fitted out by the
British Government to proceed in search of
them. Several of them were taken and brought
to England, where they were put upon their
trial, and three of the ringleaders were exe-
cuted. :The others, who had been forced to


join the mutiny, were pardoned. From the
statements of these men it appeared that
quarrels soon spraug up among them after
Captain Bligh's departure, and several of them
suffered violent deaths; among the rest, Chris-
tian--who you will recollect was the most
active among them-was murdered by one of
the natives. The death of Christian was the
signal for a general rising among the natives,
who by this time had become tired of the
English: some of them were killed, and others,
among whom was a man named John Adams,
escaped, wounded, to the woods. They were
joined by several females, to whom they
had formed- attachuents, with whom they
escaped and established themselves on what
has ,4&lce been called Pitcairn's Island. For
twenty years nothing was heard of them,.
till two British vessels happening to touch
at the island, the crews were astonished t o-
find it inhabited, and more so when they':'


were accosted in their native tongue by the
Matters were soon explained. They found
Adams, a fine-looking old man of nearly sixty
years of age. He was revered as the father of
the colony, and ruled with a paternal sway over
his little kingdom. He died in 1829.
"But I must stop. I fear I have already
detained you too long to-night, boys,-so good
night !"
Good night, Uncle Thomas !"

\ i-




"Goi0D evening, Uncle Thomas! We were
very much interested with the account you
gave us of the Mutiny of the Bounty. As we
came along we were thinking what a shocking
thing it would be for a ship to take fire at sea
Do such misfortunes ever take place, Uncle
Yes, boys, they do, though much less
frequently ly than one would expect. The sailors
nre very careful, and are prohibited from using
lights after certain hours. I can tell you about
the loss of a large East Indiaman which caught
fire in the Bay of Biscay, and was completely


Oh! do let us hear it, Uncle Thomas !"
On the 19th February, 1825, the Kent, a
fine new vessel, commanded by Captain Henry
Cobb, bound for Bengal and China, left the
Downs. She had on board a crew of one hun-
dred and forty-eight men including officers, with
twenty military officers, three hundred and forty-
four soldiers, forty-three women, and sixty-six
children, belonging to the 31st regiment, and
twenty private passengers; making in all six
hundred and forty-one persons.
The Kent proceeded prosperously on her
voyage until the night of the 28th February,
when her progress was arrested by a violent
gale from the west, which gradually increased
during the following morning. So violent was
the storm, that at every lurch the main-chains of
the vessel were considerably under water, and the
various articles of furniture were dashed about
the cabin with such violence as to excite the
liveliest apprehensions of danger.

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