• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Preface
 Alphabet: Capitals
 Alphabet: Small capitals
 Alphabet: Small letters - Italick...
 Combinations of letters - Dipthongs...
 English primer: Lessons 1-44
 Multiplication table
 Back Cover






Group Title: Chambers' primer, or, First book for children : in which every word has a direct signification
Title: Chambers' primer, or, First book for children
CITATION PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00002968/00001
 Material Information
Title: Chambers' primer, or, First book for children in which every word has a direct signification
Alternate Title: First book for children in which every words has dirct signification
Physical Description: 32 p. : ill. ; 15 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Chambers, Reuben
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Bethania Pa
Publication Date: 1852
 Subjects
Subject: Language and languages -- Orthography and spelling -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Primers (Instructional books) -- 1852   ( rbgenr )
Textbooks -- 1852   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' paper bindings (Binding) -- 1852   ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1852
Genre: Primers (Instructional books)   ( rbgenr )
Textbooks   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' paper bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Bethania
 Notes
Funding: Brittle Books Program
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00002968
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002250558
oclc - 45834978
notis - ALK2305
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Preface
        Page 2
    Alphabet: Capitals
        Page 3
    Alphabet: Small capitals
        Page 4
    Alphabet: Small letters - Italick small letters - Italick capital letters
        Page 5
    Combinations of letters - Dipthongs - Tripthongs - Figures
        Page 6
    English primer: Lessons 1-44
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Multiplication table
        Page 31
        Page 32
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text












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CHAMBERS' P


PRIMER,
OR
FIRST BOOK FOR CHILDREN;
IN WHICH ,
EVRY WORD HAS A
DIRECT SIGNIFICATION.
i':"-' > ""


BY REUBEN CHAMBERS
BETHANIA, PA..

1852.


0.i








2 CHAMBERS' PRIMER. C

0 PREFACE.
I have long been disgusted with the nonsensical
trash that I have met with, in all the books design- '
ed for the.instruction of young children. It seemed
as if they were expected to obtain a knowledge of"
words of one syllable, by placing before them, lesr
sons formed of mere syllables, or parts of syllable ;I
as b a, [for bay ;] d a, [fbr day;] a r, [for are;] i z,
[tor is;] y a, [fur yea;] y i, [which is worse than non.
sensical;] y u, [for you ;] m a, [for may;] n a, [ior
nay;] w a, [.fr way;] a z, [for as;] and so forth J
For words of three letters, I have seen given in one
column, swa, swe, swi, swo, swu; and if another,
scu; andt inanother,. swy. Sush mangling and mur-'
deritn i.syllables and.words, are not only a hin-i
dranceain acquiring the artof spelling, bfiare quite
disgusting, and retard, rather than instruft, by puz-
zling and bewildering the learner.
The practice ot introducing such;masses of non-
sense in the first lessons for learning children to
'spell, is, therefore too absurd to require comment.
I have avoided all such incongruities; being con-
vinced by experience in teaching children,.that when
they are emerging from their alphabet, the next
thing is, to let them know that the rgnes or sounds
ef the letters are the materials with Which we make
words; and that these words, however short, re-
present things and actions ; as c o w, o x, g o.
In the spelling lessons which consist of words o
two, and of three letters, I have partly disregarded
the arrangement of those words together, in which.
the vowel assumes the same sound, believing that
unimportant. As the learners progress, they may
be taught the different sounds of the vowels,
where they will find lessons adapted thereto. And
throughout the' whole work, I have observed
an easy, natural gradatioan whiGh will be pleasing
and inhrructive. R. C. ,
"\x<


.. ., l '... ... .. .. .


1
urerrY~I~E~j~-..~E; I~:




w ii i


CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 3
ALPHABET :-CAPITALS.

A B C D






MNI OP

.ar; ,

U YV

Y .


k'


I ~ ,
j :
'' -'"'
.I





4 CHAMBERS' PRIMER.


THE ALPHABET.
Small Capitals.

.ABODE

FG H I J

.K L M. N 0

P RS T


,Z & .x

z &_..... '






CHAMBERS' PRIMER 5
ALPHABET:-SMALL LETTERS.

abedeg g

i j k mnuo p

q r st u v wx

yz&.

Italick Small Letters.
a b c d ef g h i"j k I ml
n o p q r s t u u s y z

Italick Capital Letters.
A B CDE P 'H H II ..f
L X 0 o P Q A I 4 t r *j
w X r 7 's




rI


6 CHAMBERS' PRIMERI.

COMBINATIONS OF LETTERS.
fi fl ff ffi ffl


'DIPTHONGS.
jE e C E UE ce
ae. ai ao au aw ay ea c
ei eo eu ew ey ia ie ic
oa oe oi oo ou ow oy u
ue ui uo uy

TRIPTHONGS.
aye eau eou ewe eye ei
iew iou ti oeu uoy


FIGURES.


23456.7890
2 3 4 5 6 7 1 0


e

a




u


I


4


I.

4


I


I I I Yil I






CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 7

LESSON 1.
am el in do

San em is on,


en
ef


if ir
it of


es me ox
ex go og
LESSON 2.
he K te pi
be ve by


ar
as
at
ah

SO
10
lo
no
ho
to
wo


ye my
' z :' ja
us ka
up kun


ce
de
me
we


..l.~_~,~,~ia~-~Y--~-~;----~-'iYI"I"~- -r-l~q







8

S Rn


Is he in it?
He is to go in.
S So am I to go.
I to go in.


3SSON 3.
I am to go in.
He-is to go in it.
So we go in to it.
So is he to go up.


LESSON 4.
l am to go up, as he is to go.
If we do go in, so is he to go.
"Go on, by us, to it, if ye can.
Now we may go for the cow.
John may go for the sow and pigs.
The big boys may go for the colt.
LESSON 5
A fine Colt for a good
boy to ride. He can ride.
The boy is not on it now.
My son do no ill.
Go not in the way ofbad boys.
Be a good boy, and try to do well.


CHAMBERS' PRIMER.

ading Lessons of two, three, and four
Letters.


,-




IF


CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 9


lad
sad
pad
bad
had
mad
dad
gad
cat
rat
vat
mat

dog
S hog
log
fog
bog
hot
box
dol
dot
S fob
fop
for,


LE880N 6.
sat van
bat Itp
fat lap
hat tap
nap sap
can nap
fan pap
tan hap
pan cap
an gap
man map
ran asp
LESSON 7.
fox pop
got pot
hod pox
hop rob
hot rod
lop rot
lot sol
not sod
nor sop
nod sot
Snob cot
pod top


lag
nag
rag
bag
fag
gag
hag
wag
par
mar
far
tar

yon
wot
-oft I
bid
did
hid
kid
lid
mid
rid
big
d. ig


A


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10 CHAMBERS' PRIMER.
LESSD a.
fig win fit ill
pig dim hit inn
wig him kit ink
bin rim lit rig
din dip nit six
fin hip pit bed
gin ..kip sit beg
ki lip tit bet
li4 nip wit ben
pin a1 rip fix den
sin sip rib fen
tin tip his lien
LESSON 9.
men set bug hut
pen get dug nut 4
ten jet hug put ;
wen yet mug rut
ken yes rug rub
fen web tug tub
leg wed gun hub
let wen fun sup
net end tun fus
pet elm sun gum
mnet elk run mud
Sweet ebb pun hwau







CHAMBERS' PRIMEft.


bar
tar
3ar
are-
art
ark
arm
jam
ham
dam
ram
and

tub
tin
but
cut
run
cub
cob
cog
coy
boy
loy
toy


LESSON 101
ash ale
ask age
adz ape
has ace.
gab ate
rab ake
dab bay,
abb. day
ann gay
lax hay *
tax lay'
wax jay
LESSON 11.
mob ode
mop low.
one won
ore was
mow wad
tow war
bow saw
own raw
doe gaw
woe naw
oak. law
oar maw


9Ii ;c


s


40r


11


nay
may
pay
ray.
sa.
way
yea
aill
aid
aim
ake
ale

jaw.
wad
wan
awl
awe
raw
haw
kaw
new
hew
dew
pew .







1 OHIAMDBER'8 &fMER.
---- -,._- .. -- -
LESSOL 2
A new hat for a good boy;
The best boy is to get it. He
will take the most care of it.
SThe pig is to be fed.
S It rns at our call.
SA hive of Bees. We were ,
at the hive and saw the
bees. i How fast they fly
A fat Steer, for beef.
See how he holds up his
head, and looks at us.
A grand House to live in.
it is our home. We live
hap-py in it. ;Sweet home!i
A new rush seat Chair,
for one of us to sit on, by the
fire. Here it is. Sit down
nOri it, and be still.
T he Cow can eat hay,
and I can give it to her.
She gives us good milk.
k The Plow is to eut-
and turn the sod. ,


A.








CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 1.

Stage Coach.






The Stage coach is drawn by hors-
es. It runs ve-ry fast, and we can
ride in it, if we wish to. t
S17BFI'T"ON 1 2


dry dye ire pea
ply rye ice tea
pry fie use fee
eye lie due see.
T.WLANMt Ia


Best
rest
jest
west
fist

rist
S. rust
must
dust


belt
pelt
felt
wel
wilt
milt
Ini&i
dint
lint,
Qit


bale
dale
sale
t male
tale
line
L fine
M. mine
sine
wine


V


trot
trap
eend

mend
tead,

?i.;'ii


r


. .. .. ..- .. ._i i ...~r~3lq ;.;;i L.*l .. ...~ ~ ... .. ..... .. .....;lliil L ~







14 CHAMBERS' PRIMER.
LESSON 15.
hand pole bare cork
abad hole fare fork
sad rose mare cord
Jand nose dare 'lock
lamp hose hare dock
damp bone ware rock
camp cone tare mock
vamp zone bake bond
fang hone lake fond
hang pope make from
pang pore rake frog
gang pose sake shop
LESSON 16.
Salt reel boon cook
halt : feel soon nook
malt keel noon rook
want meek boot roof
fall meet root rood
tall feet noon mood
ball' deep foot room
call deer tool coom
hall' teed fool coop
maall N seed soot sood
pall seen pool cool
wall seem doom loom
L







CHAMBERS' PRIMER.


LESSON 17.
slug chin
snug grin
smug shin
slut spin
snub twin
club brim
drub skim
stub trim
drum swim
grum shim
scum milk


rust
lust
bust
must
gust
busk
dusk
husk
rusk
mush
drug
plug


wing


15

this
with
fist
mist
list
slip
trip
ship,
clip
ship
thin
wilt


brace
brave
blade
spade
space
trace
chase
grade
grave
trade
stage
S chafe


LESSON 18&
drake blame
flake flame
slake frame
snake shame,
spake crane
shake crape
frame shape
blame flare
flame scare
shame share
stale nare
scale spare


crum


state
skate
brace
shave
shade
share
slave
waste
blaze
glaze
graze
paste


'7W






16 CHAMBERS' PRIMER.
LEOt 19,
Boy.


A good boy will hurt no one in his
play, if he caa help it; no, he will
not try to vex any one. He wiUl go
Sand do as he was bid.
B oysanust cut and saw wood, and
Sget chi for the fire. They must
k tri the Cow, and give her salt,
Snd and then go to school
S Boys n*tst learn to plow ajd hoe, to
plait nd sow, to reap and now, and
L "y.up graiti and fruit, and stuff to
and wear, in the tume of need.

A nice Saddle for. the
b to put ouwis colt, o0
Sago eay, when be rides out.
K>:-^- ta go say r


i`
PII"-







CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 17
i5 -' .. --
L LESSON S0.
Girls must swelp the floor, and
fix the fire, brush the dust, milk the
cow, set the table, wash the dishes,
and go to school, and learn to read.
Girls must learn to spin, and sew,
and knit, and wash And iron, and
make beds, and brash down spider
webs i and to W4: .n cook, and
take care ofthe ie.
Girls must pick peas and beans for
din-ner; they must save the seeds of .
plants to raise more, next year s
A new Bonnet fbr the
best girl. She may put te
C a to go to school, and
when she oes to see her aunt.
The sweet Rose.
It grows in the gar-
den, and at the sides
of the walks and al-
leys. It is oft-en
used in a wroth
kIhas a good 8mell,
even after it is deq.

-KP ^.-^; .....




.I w.


18 CHAMBERS' PRIMER.

LESSON 21.


brick
chick
stick
thick
trick
drink
flint
stint
print
stink
clink
think


split
quilt
swift
shift
drift
crisp
strip
scrip
brisk
sprig
sling
sting


cling
bring
thing
which
midst
twist
slink
cling
chink
smith
fling
twink


chum
spurn
plump
stump
burnt
burst
blunt
stunt
stuff
blush
brush
crush


LESSON 22.

A new Shoe. ,

A Book to read. We
must take it and go to
school, and learn to read.

A Watch to tell
the time of day,
A smart boy can ,
tell zhe time by it.




Ir


CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 19
LESSON 23.
SOW.






The Sow feeds on corn, slop, and
grass. Hogs also feed on nuts and
roots. They are- also fond of flesh,
and have been known to de-vour
lambs and fowls, and e-ven babes.
Their flesh is call-ed pork. Their
fat is call-ed lard.

Steam Car.



The steam car which goes be-fore,
is called a lo-co-mo-tive; because it
has with-in it-self, that which moves
it. The two cars tat are be-hind,'
are for peo-ple to rie in, and mayor
be drawn by horses or by steam,


..........







20 CHAMBERS' PRIMER.
=_--L-- .
LESSON 24.
thou sound change throne
shout mound strange breath
loud growl strand health
flour noise stripe smooth
sour voice stride shroud
cloud moist strike whence
found spoil strife prince
house broil bright George
mouse boil praise throat
pound soil please should
round coil charge caught
around louse cheese taualht


LEON 25.
ny
po et
su et
in to
ti ny
va ry
re al
dy er
ai ry
fn my
pi ca
al ua


bi as
he ro
so fa
ti dy
ba by
ma zy
w& ry
fu ry
pu ny
du ly
la va
ox en


El'I
pr


I'

ff


Sdi et
di al
Sdu ty
fu el
holy
la dy
la zy

fi ar

n ot
vui a


m_ _..i V I._ -- -.: -.-- --- -i~r-.11 ----. r~







CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 21
LESSON 26.
Two Sheep.



The Sheep Jave wool on their
backs. And men take sharp shears,
made for that use, and clip it off.
Then it is spun, and wove, and dyed,
and fulled; then it is called cloth.
After this be all done, it must be
made into clothes for us to wear.
LESSON 27.
Cow and Calf.







Father has bought a good milk cow,.
And she has a fine young calf, now:
She is tame, she is mild and kind ;
And soon the calf, her milk will find.


44.C


**-_^ .. .......,. .. ^ .^.. .**HMBi.a ,.*.>....,,, ,. .**j.^.:^







22 CHAMBERS' PRIMER.


pi lot
ri der
vi tat
fi nal.
vi pen
vi per
ti ger
bi ped'
li bd
ri val .
vi tal
tu lip

bri er
cri er
for ty
Mto ny
sto ry
tri al
glo ry
sol id
fol ly
nev er
riv cr
gi g er


LESSON 28.
le gal
re gal
fe ver
ba ker
ca peg
pa per
ta per
ra ker
ma ker
fa tal
to tal
ja cob,
LESSON 29.
sha dy
cra zy
cru el
gru el
mtel otn
dra ma
tri al
smo ky
sto ny
sto ry
glo ry
sat in.


am ber
ad der
ac tor
an gle
anr ger
af ter
en ter
el der
ex ist
ru ler
so ber
to ken

cam el
cab in
cav il
hab it
rab id
rap id
liv id
lim it
civ if
vis ta
vii la
viv id


. .. .. ... ." .. r . . .. .. ""


*i^ ..i







CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 23

LESSON 30.
A Well. A Pump.






To build a well, we first have to
dig a great, round hole, in the earth,
till the wat-er springs up. This hole
is made a-bout six feet wide. Then
we build a wall round, in-side of it, to
keep the bank up. Next, we place
on the curb, stlds, wind-lass, rope and |
buck-et, to draw wat-er with.
We have to dig wells in the earth,
when we want wat-er where there
are no springs.
Wat-er may be had in al-most ev-
ery place, by dig-ging deep e-nough; A
as there are many springs run-ning .
un-der the sur-face of the earth, like
the lit-tie streams we see." j




WVwR


i
4 CHAMBERS' PRFMER

Some wells have pumps in them.
With the pump we grce wat-er out
of the well There are ma-ny kinds
of pumps and oth-cr en-gines or
rais-ing wat-er. The pump is saf-
er and eas-i-er to raise wat-er with
than a draw-well.
LESSON 31.
bon net bar rel car pet
bor der bar ter better
S corbier bas ket fen der
cop per bat ter fen nel
de art ful fes ter
fed ded ban ter mel Ion
L.SSSON 32.
SSteam Boat.




Steam Boats are large ves-sels, built to
Sply on akes, riv-ers, and sea coasts. Their
speed is e-qual to that of a swift horse. Some
of them ply day and night, and make voy-
a-ges of ma-ny hun-tireds of miles. Grain,
Sand flour, and all kinds of goods and wares,
are tak-en from one port to an-other, in them.
"+"+.' .


L f







CHAMBERS' PRIMER 25
LESSON 33
fif ty per ry man ly
fit iv pet ty fan cy
sil Jy fer ry an dy
tip sy ral ly hap py
wit ty tally pli er
dit ty riv et car ry
dim ly bet ty car go
fun ny nev er ber ry
hur ry sev er pen ny
mus ty mer ry pet ty
per ry fer ry reb el
pup py gip sy dit to
LESSON 34.
fet ter mas ter tru ant
lit ter tan ner tru ly
lin net car rot hor net
bat ten pen cil fro zen
car rot mil ler bun die
hap py mit ten can die
mal let pil fer era die
doc tor for age con fer
differ ches nut fLa ael
bit ter bt ton gallop
hal lad but ter gal ion
par rot dam sel galley


Mr.----


Ow 1 vP







26 CHAMBERS' PRIMER.
wb_-


fam ish
far mer
cur her
sum mer
mus ter
mut ter
mur der
gun ner
num ber
din ner
hap pen
ren der

fath er
har vest
man date
in mate
tes tate
ser vant
cur rent
ur gent
in stant
dis tant
ful gent
ten dril


LESSON 35.
mar ket
buf fet
hin der
cor net
tur nip
sil ver
fin ish
lad der
lin net
lim ber
mod est
ren net
LESSON 36
seg ment
flip pant
chap ter
chap let
um pire
flan nel
gray el
stag nate
stag nant
em blem
tram el
shel ter


ter per
rud der
nuf meg
lum ber
mem ber
pan nel
ham let
hel met
ram mer
ran dom
gen der
pep per

tan gent
clem ent
turn pike
shil ling
bles sing
her ring
slen der
spav in
slum ber
but ment
clus ter
shat ter


~YIIL~-IIILCll~a~








CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 27
LESSON 37.
Bees collect wax and honey;
Men collect wealth in money.
Birds collect and build their nests on trees,
While Fish live in the rivers and seas.
The candle's to give us light,
While we do our work at night.
a corn e ven e gress i vy
,| dorn e vil i tem i cy
aJoft e dith i ron o val
are e diet i dle o ral
a gent e gret i ris o ver


a go
a bode
a dore
a lone
a tone
a fore
a rose
a quose
a woke
a slope
a row
a lope


LESSON 38.
a base
a bate
a maze
a % ake
a way
a pace
a gain
a against
a main
a mate
a wait
a ware


a muse
a buse
e lude
e vade
e late'
e rase
e duce
a bide
a like
a rise
e dile
o pine


... ..L.i. .




71


S28 CHAMBERS' PRLMER.
= = _


'. am i ty
..- ag o ny
di a ry
en e my
l' ee gy
fo li o
i ro ny
Si vo ry
o pi um
pi e ty


mete or
Sse ni or
Ssa vo ry
pa ci fy
rt ri ty
sa vo ry
ca pi as
ca ve at
la i ty
Swa ri ly
pa pa cy
o di ac


LESSON 39
an nu al
ac tu al
ar te ry
bo re as
cu po la
cu ra cy
ge ni al
ge ni us
ju ni or
la bi al
LESSON 40.
vi o let
vi o lent
vi o late
va can cy
di a per
to tal ty
li a ble
lu na tic
li a ble
local ly
fu ner al
tu te lar


no ta ry
no ti fy
oc cu py
pu ri fy
pu ri ty
lu na cy
pi ra cy
po et r
in ju
vo tat


de cen cy
sla ve ry
so her ly
fi nal ly
to tal ly
cu ri ous
lo ri fy
du ti ful
va ri owt
va can cy
sa pi ent
pa tri ot


S


L- I




SU -I


C

bo tan ic
co hab it
ap par el
in hab it
or gan ic
to bac co
un hap py
a ban don
ex am ine
'4ab lish
sttan ick
a quat ick

in jury
id i ot
id i om
in di go
in te ger
in ju ry
in fi del
in fan cy
in fa my
im pe tus
im pe ous
in do lent


1
CHAMBERS' PRIMER. 29
LESSON 41.
di rect ly un wil ling
of fend er vin die tive
of fen sive con sid er
sur render in sip id
ta mtf+ o n hib it f


LUJL lIII.LA VIA
for get ful
dis cred it
di lem ma
al ter natp
pa ter na
pa thet ick
ap pen dix
LESSON 42.
im i tate
in ter val
im i tate
in di cate
in di gent
in no cent
in so lent
it er ant
it er ate
in vo cate
in ti mate
in fi nite


de liv er
dis til ler
im bit ter
dis fig ure
di min ish
im pris on
e nig ma

ir ri tate
ir ri gate
in no vate
his to ry
dim i ty
dig ni ty
dig ni fy
fiftieth
fish e ry
pit i ful
vin e gar
vis it or -


,. .. ... ... r u .. . ..i.~~~.- i. :






<101


LESSON 43.


ad mon ish
al lot ment
re sol vent
re spon sive
re spon dent
im mod est
in con stant
un com mo .
un con stani
un trod den
un spot ted
de mon state


a base ment"
a bate ment
dis grace ful
trans pa rent
un grate ful
po ma turn
ap pa rent
trans la tor-
tin sta ble K
ver ba tim
ad ja cent
nar ra tor.


14 4 lev en
12 Twelve
13 Thir teen
14 Four teen
15 Fifteen
16 Six teen
17 Sev en teen;
18 Eigh teen
19 Nine teen
20 Twenty


CHAMBERS' PRIMER.


LESSON 44.


One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
Sev en
Eight
Nine
Ten


E"11~ _de~








SMUL'

Twice three times
1 make 2 1 make S
2. 4 2 6
S 63 '9
4 8 4 1-2
5, 10 5 15
6. 12 6. 18
7 14 7 21
8 16 & 24
9 18 9 27
10 20 10 St
11 22 11. S3
12 24 12 s6


TIPIUCATION TABLE.
V
four timesjfive times six times seven times c
1 make 1 make 5 1 make C 1 make 7
2 8 10 2 12L 2 14
3 12 3 15 3 18 3 a21 l
4 16 4 20 4 24 4 28
5 20 5 25 5 30 5 35
6 24 6 S,0 6 56 6 42
S 28 7 7 42i 7 49
8 $S 8 40 8 48 8 56
9 36 9 45 9 54 9 63
10 40 10 5010 6010 70
11 4411 5511 6611 77
12 48112 60 12 72 12 84 .


a


- ,,






-. ;
i'


MULTIPLICATION TABLE.


eight times nine times ten times eleven times twelve times
1 diiake 8 1 make 9 1 make 10 1 make 11 1 make 12
9 16 2 18 2 20 2 22 2 24
3 24 3 27 3 3 533 3 36
4 89 4 36 4 40 4 44 4 48
5 40 5 45 5 50 5 55 5 60
6 48 6 54 6 60 6 66 6 72
7 56 7 63 7 70 7 77 7 84
8 64 8 T 8 80 8 88 8 96
9 72 9 819 90 9 99 9 108
10 8010 9010 10010 11010 120
11 8811 99111011 12111 132
12 96l12 10812 12012 13212 144


I







vlo
IAMB





ll,












lit 7 W
'i IJIF47




Yl






A" RA


yj

if



mo, V


j"41
Mz, 4?
_;7, '21
6T





Z
44- 4
77
7-1 v
4T

Akl -
X

XN

q,-* '41 -'L




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