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Group Title: Bulletin
Title: Florida crops
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00002942/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida crops what and when to plant
Series Title: Bulletin
Alternate Title: What and when to plant
Physical Description: 73 p., 3 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.), map ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Brooks, T. J ( Thomas Joseph ), b. 1870
Publisher: State of Florida, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1950
 Subjects
Subject: Crops -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Horticulture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Vegetable gardening -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by T.J. Brooks.
General Note: "January, 1950."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00002942
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA3330
ltuf - AMR5555
oclc - 44069477
alephbibnum - 002549358
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Frontispiece
        Frontispiece
    Main
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 8a
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 14a
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 22a
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
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        Page 58
        Page 59
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        Page 62
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        Page 64
        Page 65
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        Page 73
Full Text

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bulletin No. I New Series .Jafluar~'. 1950


FLORIDA CROPS




Wdat and *hea

to Pnto

By T. J. BROOKS











STATE OF FLORIDA
D)EI'AlRTMENT OFI AGIIIC IT('IT RE
TALLIAHASSEI', FLORIIDA


NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner


ulletin No. 1


New Series


January. 1950




- I' ,
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SHADE TOBACCO


/


3












FLORIDA CROPS

WHAT AND WHEN TO PLANT


SEASONS OF HEARING

The harvesting seasons for the various crops vary so greatly owing to
varying seasons as to temperature and rainfall that no definite length ol
harvesting dates can be given. The same crop will last much longer when
planted on different dates. Different varieties of the same crop differ as
to length of gathering days. Bunch beans do not bear as long as pole
beans, and pole butter beans bear longest of all.

It will be noted that the number of days from planting to maturity
varies much more in some crops than in others. Weather and soil condi-
tions are the cause in the main of these variations.

CROPS GROWN IN NORTH FLORIDA, WHEN PLANTED
ANI HARVESTED

North Florida comprises Alachua. Baker. Bay. Bradford. Calhoun. Clay.
Columbia. Dixie. Duval. Escambia. Franklin. Flagler. Gadsden. Gilchrist.
Gulf. Hamilton. lHolmes. Jackson. Jefferson, Lafayette, I.eon. liberty. Madi-
son, Nassau, Okaloosa, Putnam, Santa Rosa, St. Johns, Suwamnee, Taylor,
Union, Walton, Washington, Wakulla Counties. Area, 14,414,560 acres.

The number after crop indicates the number of days required to reach
edible maturity. or gathering maturity if non-edible.


V'egetablem
BEANS .......
BEETS
BRIVSSE:I. SI'RT01 TIt
CABBA114'i
CARROTSiI
CA SS AVA

CAt1,1t-T(M ERt


EI(;(;I'11.%NI ......



KLET~
KESIA Ll
K0111--tkl
L.EEK







PEAS (EmI k)Ikl...


When Planted
. . .Mar.. ,AIril. May, AIIug., Sept... .
.. l. ., Mar.. Aug.. Sept .t.. Nov.
S.Jail I-',. Sept. i N. v.
l It 1lh ....
. el ., M ar. .... ,A .
. .Mir.i, \pril -a ro l e'p. No definilh h r-
vt,,t d.te
J an S ,pt (Oct. .
.Ja l"., .Mar.. N.,%.
Fe Mar., April
.. Fe .. Mar., April, .hIly Aug .......
.. .. l'l, M ar., April. .\A g, Sept., O lc..
... Mar.. S 1pt.. Oct., N v. .
Mar.. \ml. .. .
.Mar. \pril.. Au .
....an.. l", ,., .Sept., 01-1.
.....l n., l"t' ,, Sept., O .l,, Nov., Dec.......
..Sepl., Orl., Feb., M ar .......
.Mar. \pril. May. AIg
.Jan Fb. h. Aug.. h-pt Irt.. Nov.. D)-
.. l-h, Mar... April ..
lch., Mar., April, Ort., Nov.. . .
.. Svild., O l., Feb ... .. .. . .


Wl'heii Hlurvcsted
6i5


i,5 I,~ ,
160




liii
liiiI 11
101 1.',II

I1H)) I1.


IlII IIlr
Ii) II :
Noo

liii

1m, Io '121
Q2 It 141(
0115 1
1011










Vegetables
RADI)ISHIIES.....

RUTABAGA. .
SPINACH ... .
SQIASH .. ...
SWEET POTATOES.
TI'RNIPS ... .....
TO.ATOI ES........


DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


When Planted
Jan., Feb., Mar., April, Sept.. Oct., Nov.,
D ec. .. ............... ......... ..
Feb., Mar., April, Aug., Sept., Oct........
.. Feb., Aug., Sept., Oct..... .... .
. Mar., April, May. Aug.......... .
April, M ay, June .. ..................
. ..... Jan., Feb., Mar., April, Aug., Sept., Oct..
Mar., April, May, June, July. Aug.. .


When Harvested

27
50 to 80
50 to (60
60 to 80
100
45
73 to 82


Fruits
PEACH.\( . ... .
PEAR ...
PI' lM .... ..
PERSIIMMON.........
FIG ............ .......
SATI'S.M A.......... .....
.V'ATERMEON .....
GRAPES .......... .
CANTALO IES.... .


Field Crops
CO RN ............ .
COTTON...........
PEANUTS... ...
SUGARCANE...
HA.Y.......... ...
TOBACCO ....... .. .
JAPAN CLOVER.... ..
(CARPET GRASS.......
VEI'.VET BEANS........
RYE............... ..


When Planted


Jan., Feb.
" "


....Mar., Apr.
"


. Feb., M ar., April............... ...
S M ar., April ......... ....... ....
SMar., April, May, June, July........
. .Feb., Mar.............. ........


. Mar., April. ...


When Harvested
.. 2 to 3 years
3 to 4 years
3 to 4 years
3 to 4 years
.. 2 to 4 years
3 to 5 years
... 3 to 93 days
...... 1 to 2 years
..... 85 (days


Days
75 to 90
180
120 to 150
210


..... .. 100 to 120


.....M ay, June, July .. ...................
..... M ar. to July...........................
..... Mar., April. M ay .. .... ............
.....Jan., Feb., Oct., Nov., Dec...............


RAPE......................... Jan., Feb., Oct., Nov., Dec...............
SORGHUIM ...... ... ....... Mar., April, May, June................
VETCII ....................... Oct., Nov., Dec........................
COW PEAS ........... ....... M ar. to July..........................
BEGGARW EED ...... ....... M ay to July...........................
K I D ZI ................... . D ec., Jan., Feb.........................
CROTAIARIA ................. May, June ............................
BERM IDA GRASS........ ...Mar., April, May, June, July ...........
SOY BEANS ................... M ar., April, M ay.....................


Berries
BILUEBERRIES ............... Dec. to Mar.......................
BLACKBERRIES ............. Jan., Feb., Mar.......... .............
DEWI IBERRIES ................ Jan., Feb., M ar ...................... .
STRAWBERRIES... .......... May and June, Sept. and Oct..........
YOUNG BERRIES............ Nov. to May........... ... .......

Nuts
PECANS...................... Dee. to Feb ................... ......
T'NG NIUT ......... ........ Dec. to Feb.................. .....


160

90 to 120





90 to 100


2 to 3 years
1 to 2 years
1 to 2 years
Mar. to June
1 to 2 years



4 to 6 years
4 to 6 years




Ire
:* ";*".- p) w


4


PRODUCTS OF NORTH FLORIDA


.11


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14



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~~'I ' ~

2
,Ce i.
~ ,~ i
,I~



r~e 1


IRISH POTATOES
















































Ir


























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40'. i





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FLORIDA CROPS


CROPS GROWN IN CENTRAL FLORIIA, WHEN PLANTED
AND HARVESTED:

Central Florida comprises Brevard, Citrus, Hernando, Hillsborough.
Lake, Levy, Marion. Orange, Osceola, Pasco. Pinellas, Polk, Seminole.
Sumter, Volusia Counties. Area, 9,16.1,800 acres.

The number after each crop indicates the number of days required to
reach edible maturity, or gathering maturity if non-edible.


Vegetables
BR It 1. US 'L PRO I "'S.
BEANS .....
BEETS .....
CAIMA(;'... _
CANIALIl l'ES.
CASSAVA,
CA U I. 1W ER.

CUCU MBER
COLIlARDSl

CE LE RY
DA$IIEENS4..
EGG PLANT ..
SCAI. OILI......


ENGL- SII PEAS.I

hAI11HAIl ..

LEEK



ONIONS..

OK II

PA I ZSN I I'S.
L'UM P1\INS.



RI 'lXII X;A...

'II RN I'S..


When Planted
.lii., cli., .Mar., Sept.. Ocl., Nv. .
Fll.. 11Mar., Sept.
.ai. Felb.. Mar., l-pt., ()ct.. Nov.
Jaii .. Feb., ()ct.. Nov., I)ec.
Fleli. Mar.
Mar., April .
.jin. (weil); Mi:r., Ini (ieed): July, .\nl.,
Sept.. Oct....
Sept. to Mar..
eabi., eb.. Malr.. April May, .\Al., Sept..
\Nv., Dec..
.IJuIu (Seed): July (eteIl): Sept. to lF4lb.
.Mar., April ..
lan.. F'i. spring g cropi): .Ily. (t';ll erp)
()ct. oIn :l...
Sepit. to Mar..
Sept. falll crop): Nov. Ito Mar..
(,pri.ng r.op)
Mar., April. Aug.
Fbli., Mar.. .\ng., Sept.. (Oct.. Nov., Dec.
.ani.. Flh.. Mar., Sept.. lct.. DI r.
.lai., F'e.. 'pt., Oct., Nov., I)cr.
.Jain.. Feb.. Mar., \pril, .\Aig., Septl., (Ot..
N .o \ .... .. . .
.I.n.. lFb., Mar., .April, A.\u., SVpl. Ocl.
Nov.._ .
l'ch.. Mar.
IFel Mar... April, .IIIme..Inly
lFe''b, Mar.. April, Sepl.. (Ot., Nov.
Ma y, .hn1, .filly v
.lI., Fel..h Mar. (-prilng crop): .JInly to
(Oclt. (fall crop)
Jlan.. Fel,.. Mar., April, S'pt., (Ort.
FVh., 1lar.. Sept. Io De,...
Scpt. to Mar., .1Ily. ...
,han., I'l.. Mar., .\April. Aug.. Sept.,
\ovv.. D)c. ..


WVhen Harvested
90l to 120
65
60
65 to YI
s:.
10 t 200)

55



120 to 151)

SI

t;2
1110 lo 120l




00 II SO








-In1
11)t I"S 120
125 1 o) IfA

5115 to ISO







15

















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'q




































Tw~n






FLORIDA CROPS


Fruits
)RANGiES. .. .
TANG;ERINE'S...

LEMONS.
LIM ES
MANGOES~
A VOC ADOt S

PAPAY ll
GiUAVAS~
CAN'I'ALIt ItPES
G(;1A VII! .


Ilerries



Field Crops

CORN~tI
('OH NZ

O.VGAW.\


~IlII'FFAS.
cowriII: kl

PEA NI 'I'S
VVEIX'YI ii BENI*N

SOY ITEANS
RYE




KUIZI .
NAPI'ER GIMH Ss
MEEKER I;H ;Hk*S-
BEHMNI ) k 11;RA;S


When Planted Years to Production


Dec., ain., Feb.





Sept. and lOct.. .
Sept. aiid Oct.. .
.aii. to March .
Feb. to ,Ullne
Oct.. Nov., Feb.
. FeD. to Mair..
ln. anel FIelb. .


12 to 15 mIl'.
2 to I \r.

I tf) 2 yr,.


M '1 ; .\ l .l "-pt. :-nl Or.,..



FIh.. Mar., A\pril
.il. (e:irl ) : Felb., \lar.., April.
.lan.. Nov.. Dee.
Jan. and Fell.

Mar., April. May.
April to .uly .
\prI, M;la|, Junei
Aprill May, Jinie
Mar., April, May'
Mar., April ..
Mar., April, May
Jan.. Feb.. IOct. to Dec.
.lan.. Feb., Oct. to Dec.
Oct. to al. .
*April. May. Julte
Nov., Dec., Iall.
.lan. to Mar.. .
Janu. to Mar.
Mar., April, May, .liunme..I,, Ail\ .,
1Sept., ( Oct...


When Harvested
(etoler to June
October to March
October to May
I)epend, on Variety
l)epeil, on Variety
Junei, JuIly
IJuly to .Jtllary
S3 to 93




Juill :ne l .a l lyl



Deceinher to April



150 11In 1O
75 to, 9

(ctoler :mI Nov
July aIn .\iAug ,t
ONl., Nov., Dec.

Jul. A.\ ., Sept.
.July, Ag., Sept.
'Sept., Orl., Nov.
June, IJuly
WX) to 1iX)


October ;inid Nov.
October aIndl Nov.


D~ee. and Ja.ti.


4 to I; Yar
I to 6i Year,






FLORIDA CROPS


CROPS GROWN IN SOUTH FLORIDA, WHEN PLANTED
AND HARVESTED:.

South Florida comprises Broward, Charlotte, Collier, Dade, DeSoto,
Glades, Hardee, Hendry, Highlands, Indian River, Lee, Manatee, Martin,
Monroe, Okeechobee, Palm Beach, Sarasota, St. Lucie. Area, 11,376,680
acres.


Vegetables
BEANS..............
BEETS ........... .
BROCCOLI.........
BR('SSI.S 1.SI'ROITS .
(t I'MU EIRS ..
CA.\iBBA E ......
CORN .....
(ARROTS.......
CA('l.IFI.OWER .
COLLA.\I )S ......
(ANTALOITES ......
I)ASIEIENI . ....
E(;GGPlANT......

ENGLISH PA.\S..
IRISH POTATOES .

KALE......
KOlIL-RABI ....
LETTUCE ....
MI'ST'ARI) .
OKRA ...
ONIONS.,

PEPPERS .

PI'1M KINGS .
RADISHES .
RU'TABAGAS
SQI'ASI1 .

SPINACII ...
SWEET POTATOES.
TOMATOES...... .
TI RNIl'S


When Planted
SSept. to April: Jume, butter heanu .......
..Jan., Fel.. M ar., Sept., )ct., Nov........

..Jan., Feb., Mar.. Sept.. Oct.. Nov. ..
S.Sept. to Mar... .
.Oct. to Feb. .. .
Jain. to Mar. . .
.an.. Feb., Aiiu.. Sept., Oct., Nov.
..Jan. .(sed); Feb., Mar., Aug. ('eeid): Sept..
.JIan. Feb., A.ug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec..
Feb., M ar........ ......... .
Jan. to April . ... . . .
.Jan.. Febl. (spring crop): .Ily, .\ ug.
(fall crop) . .. ....
Sept. to M ar... .. .. ...... .
.Nov. to Mar. springg crop); Sept.
(fall crop) .. .. .......
n., Feb., Mar., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov.
an.. A pril. Aug....... . .. ....
.Sept. to .an. .. . . . ....
Jan., Mar., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., )ec.. .
Feb.. Mar., Sept.. ..... ...... .. .
.Jan. (eeil): Feb., Mar., April, Aug., Sept.,
Oct.. N ov., D ec........... ......
SJan.. Feb. (spring crop): July to Oct.
(fall crop) ........... . . . ..
Mar., April, May. June, July ......... .
. .Jn., Feb., Mar., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec..
Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov.. .. . . ..
Feb., April, May. June. July. Aug.,
S ep t ...... .. .. . . .. .
an., Feb., Aug., Sept.. Oct., Nov....
April, May. June, J ly. . . . .
Sept. to Fell.; July for fall crop.. ...
Jan. to Oct ...


When Harvested
65
60

90 to 1201
(il
i65 to SO
75 to 9)l

55
S5

S5

S4
62

100) to 1210
90 to 120
Gt0 to 80
75 to S3

60

100

100) to 1 0t
150 to ISO
2S
50 to SO

60 to SO
50 to 6(i
100
73 to S2
45






DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Fruits When Planted
TANGERINES .............. Dec., Jan., Feb., ............. ..........
OR AN G ES .................... ...... .........
GRAPEFRUIT ............. . .........
LEM ONS.....................
LIM ES. ................. ......
BANANAS .................... Any Time ............ .... ..........
PAPAYAS ..................... Feb. to June .....................
MANGOES.................. Sept., Oct., Nov.....................
AVOCADO PEARS............. ........
SAPODILLAS............... ...... .........
GUAVAS ...................... Oct., Nov., Feb........................
CHAYOTE..................... Nov. to Feb..........................
COCOANUTS................... Any Time ............. ..........
CANTALOUPES-
WATERMELONS............. Jan.ad Feb... ....................

Field Crops
SORGHUM FORAGE ......... Mar. to June .........................
PAR\A GRASS ................. Any Time ..........................
NATAL GRASS.............
NAPIER GRASS............ .Any Time ..........................
BERMUDA GRASS ...........(Seed) Oct. to Feb...................
CARPET GRASS............. (Seed) Oct. to Feb...................
ST. AIUGUSTINE GRASS.......(Seed) Any Time ...... ..........
COW PEAS ................ Mar. to July ........ ..........
MILLET .......................Feb. to June ........................
SUGARCANE ................ Nov. to April ............. .. ......
PINEAPPI.ES ................ .ug. and Sept .........................


When Harvested
4 to 6 years
4 to 6 years
4 to 6 years
3 to 5 years
3 to 5 years
12 to 18 months
12 to 15 months
4 to 6 years
4 to 6 years
6 to 10 years
2 to 4 years
4 to 5 months
5 to 8 years

3 months



3 to 4 months









Nov. to April
18 to 20 months


L PlanTI nq Harvestinq

PLANTING AND HARVESTING



























'.4


''.~"r"?`~'"~-~7~"~~:


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PRODUCTS1 OF CENTRAL1 FLORIDAl

















































































,Ohl






I '4 -p






16 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

TIME TABLE OF FLORIDA FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SHIPMENTS
In the following table is shown names of some of Florida's most im-
portant products and the months that they are available for market.


July Aug. Sept. Oct. Ntv. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June


Avocados
IBeauns
Beans limai>
Broccoli
Cabbage
carrotss
(Clery
Celery-('ab;bag
('lcumnbers
(orn--(revn
(ollards
I)asheens
Mangoes
Eggplant
Escarole
( Ira pes
(Greens
(Grapefruit
(ranges
Mixed Citrus
I A'11011S
Iiines
IAettuce
Tangerines
Salsumnlas
M.ixed-Decidluolus
Mixed \ egetablle
Okra
I'eas-(Greenll
Peppers
Potatoes
Hadishes
Strawlherries
Squash
Sweet Potatoes
lTomatloes
Watenrmelon


x x


x

X XX X X
X
x
x x x x x
x
x
x x x x x


xX
x

x x
XX X


x
x


XX X
x X
x x
x

x
x x
x
1
SSSSX


x
x
XX X


X X X
x
x
SX


X X X
x xx

x x


x
x x x


x
x x
x

x


x
X X


X X X
x
NS


x x
x x
x
x x


X X


x x
x x


x x
x x

x
x
x x
x x
x x

X X


x x
































Vrt '
,.J ^


PA PAYA


7


~1








18 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


SEASON AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FARMERS FOR

SPECIFIED COMMODITIES *


(..t,,,n T.h,..,, oaoe NIhionc P ('--lrn I\hIal lI, 4 ton.>'I
( ent. ,I '. ('n (e* I len I' nt. ( ..nt l D llar. l).llar Il r. k
I r11p r per Il- pi-r Ih. per Iu. per I lht p-r hliil pi.r ll I.r I..n |-r t n <'r,).
.ir '-Jul. J ,-Ju-Jun J i-Jun. Jl .J.J -Jun .J


I92 22 i I ,is 4 I V 11 I ll IK 121 7 12 1;'i 33 25
1925 19 Ii Il 170 5 Ii5 1 47 4i 113 7 12 77 :1 57
2 12 5 17 131 117 71 12 177 13 21 22 H1
1127 20 I2 21 7 14I1 9 I1> 11 5 I 1141 0 I4II 34 S3
1.2, 14 1) 2' > 53 2 4 411 0 NJ> 99 7 11 22 34 17
192'I 4 9 3 131 '*1 117 719 1113 6 III 'II 31) 92
1!3: 5 12 '91 2 I'l 5 '9 l7 1 II 1,I 22 I4
193'1 5 7 I2 -> 72 : 32 :: 39 ()1 N 47-
3142 i 5 1I 5 :3 ) n 5 2 31 31 I, .I 1 0 33
1933 11 2 13 I 12 I ii 5 2 7-1 1I Ikr 12 s
1931 12 1 21 3 4-1 t; 79 I i 513 21) 33 I)
19:35, 1 I IS I 59 3 71 3 5 i5 3.2 7 52 31 54
1944i 12 1 23 114 9' 2 !> I9 I 12 5 II 211 33 31;
S37 1 241 ,| 52 i9 N2 51 9i 2 1 7 9i 51
93 1l 1 55 7 73 I 5ii 2 i 7 21 7
"15 '9I 13 -,I7 7 -29 7 ;s 0 i1 7 -. 21 17
1'4ii '9i l .'1 54 1 55 fil 1 s 2 7 5 21 73
1i11 17 I 24. I 7 >I )I 75 91 4 ,7 47 i5
4942 19 3 :i I 117 II l II i f 'l 7 1II Iof sM) 15 ll4
1P 43 1 19 I 114 5 131 .1 2111 1 1412 6 13 14 14 1 l 52 114
11114.. 211 7 42 149.1 ) 1112 1 1l)9 II I 4 14 Il 52 71
1915 22 5 31l; 143 I 2011 I 127 1 1 51 0 15 II) 51 1ii
'11t 3:2 i :3s 2 122 2419 1.4 54 1 1 f1 11 ; 711 71 ti9
1447 31 3 :3 l 1.5; I 215 1 23.5 21 17 310 45 11
4iIs Jun- .5 2"2 41 7 i17 I 21. 'l 21. 211 17 '" 92 21
Jull 2 1, 14. 11 II I l;' >II2 L 1) 12 :4 2113 4 IN .111 ti (
A.lukgu 31i I4 1 7 4 15. 0 21.5 1 1 191 II 17 si l 7*6 iA>
Se tl.. :30 914 i; 7 153 II 232 I 17II 1'I7 0 IX IK) 6I 1l
IOl'hlir. :31 07 511 i 14-2 1 207 4 13h I l1 S 49 I 1 ll 4 i3 71
N.v. 3: 1 52 12 1 1 4I I 19s I) 121 2(I1 4 Is II) i19 04A
DIrc. 29 :13 1. 7 151 ) 21I II 123 2115 (1 1 1II li4 Ni
1949 Jal.nn r 2'i 27 12 I li (I 23:i 2 ) 125 > 2442 I 190 1i5 71
fel2rluar. 2 14 2.' 5 72 II 24 I 4 112 '191 I 21 53 40
Mr*lh 2' 74 31 171 Il 25I i l is 1941 I 4 214 51 41
2.r! 2* il>l 21 7 l f .'275 II 122 21 1M I'0 19 5i S1 34
I L"l 197 332 5 1I I)1 273 I) 122 1 2M 0 17 71 50. 40

Inlex Number Aug.. 1909 July. 1914 :100)


1921 s 5 190 9S
I'125 151 I.1' 215
1l4'>2 141 117l '
.927 1.5 24 7 1 I.

419- 135 I I N9i
1934 77 12 131
131 -i N92 (ili
1932 52 Il5 55
1933 I2 131) 11
193 K) 213 fit
'1:f> 71 9 13i 1>4

1947 "*9 14 7-6
31." i.; Iil M1
1939 73 I.I 1 )ll
19 ll I ill 7i
1911 .. 137 'il I11 li
191'2 153 :i IGNs
1913 51 I5> I9N
191I Il;7 I1 214
1945 11 :l3, 21.5
i. ,; 21.3 3: 2 175
1947 252 3 i2 221
1',4 .l un 2 t 'I l I-, 2s,
,ll" '2tii 13 ;i 23S1
.Xu'k4,it 245 171 227
optf. 250 1li7 220)
-l. .l.r. 251 5li0; 2011
N.\ 2Ili 121 207
IN)>. 2'4 17 2')1
1409 .lIuno>r> 23'" 42 .493
Fbruar. .435 ."*3 2-49
M.ari 232 31! 251)
i lr 2411 217 24I)il
Ma>v 2. -2 3:25 2 26)


1799 Il61 111 107>
I sl ll' 1 1,3 Ill4 ,
134 1 11 13 112
12-' 13:2 135 17
134 131 11:3 '
133 121 117 'I2
111 5:1 II 793
Ii3 .'ill 14 73
wi2 51) 13 52
79 94 9l >s
9!1 127 i; I I
No 1712 1 li3
llli I'; 1 'i I
',3 71 it 71

9S5 9 791 67
97 964 77 G I
1417 117 107 S1
:136 1:1 12-1 91
23:2 171 154 125
219 1-71 14)i 1:13
2 19 171) 127
S 212 L4 l' 111
215 3il'. 273 I ItI
-LN 3:36 239 It 1l
29S> 315 23115 153
4>2- 29>s 222 It'1
:2>4 277 223 152
2531 215 224 155
22.' I 231 155
2: 1 '2 2 2 ,1,1

27', 171 2194 17:3
.' nt I41 2241 1ih
31 1 1!=11 1; IIiG I
312 190 '2264 I 1
:442 10>> 2214 4474


1 17 113
11H 113


152 151
137 137
to' I>4


57 91
135 11Il
IIs> l'Il

11 1014
17 11.1
1s7 ]
an i.l
2111
211 11
2i2 1 i:l
23:1 215
234 212
227 22"1
375' 219'
41,1 213
425 213






22s L'1.
3(12 150
2,2 171i



23-2 2o3
-.4 2:4>
221 213








FLORIDA CROPS 19


WHOLESALE PRICES OF AMMONIATES

Fisl 'erap, Tankage Iligh grade
dried 11% ground
11-12% nmmonia, iloold,
nmmonia, 15/;, hone Ii6-17'
Nitrate Sulplhat ('Cottonseed 15%", hone Ilhophate, amnionia.
of ,olla of ammonia meal pI)hophatv, f.o.. (Cli- Chicago,
bulk per bulk per S. E. Mill, f.o.b factory rago, bulk bulk,
unit N PITit N Ir unit N bulk prr unit N ptr unit N per unit N
19111-11.. ......... $2.(iS $2.S5 .3.50 Z3.53 $3.37 $3.52
1921............... 2.1.9 2..1.1 5.7 5.1)2 3.0 .1.25
11i25 ............... 3.11 2.47 5.11 5.31 3.97 1.75
1926 ................ 3.011 2.,11 4.40 4.95 .1.36 1 .9
1927................ 3.01 2.21 5.07 5.S7 ,1.32 5.70
1928... ............. 2.117 2.30 7.06 i.3 I.92 .0
1929 ................ 2.57 2.4 5.1 5.00 ..61 5.72
1930... .......... 2.17 1.Is 4.7s 4.!i 3.79 4 5S
1931... .......... 2.31 .1 3.10 3.95 2.11 2. .1
1932............. I.S7 1.0- 2.1S 2.18 1.21 1.3
1933... ......... 1 .52 1.12 2.95 2.$ 2.(1 2.I
19:1 ........... ... 1..52 1.211 4.4 3.15 2.167 3.27
1935............... 1.47 1.15 .1.59 3.10 3.011 3.65
193:1.. .......... 1.53 1.23 4.17 3.42 3.5S 1.25
1937.. ............ .1.3 1.32 4.91 4.66 .1.04 I .80
193S ............. 1.69 1.3 3.19 3.71 3.15 3.53
193 ....... ....... 1.69 1.35 4.02 4.-1 3.S7 13 I0
1910 .. .......... .. I i6 1.36 4.64 1.36t 3.33 3.39
1941 ............. 1 .9 1 .41 5.50 5.32 3.741 4.43
191112............. 1.71 1.41 11 5.77 5. 1 ti.7l
1913 ......... 1.75 1.42 6.30 5.77 .I 6 i .(12
1911 ............. 1.75 1 .42 7.68 5.77 4I.Si 6,71
1945. .... ...... 1.75 1.42 7.81 5.77 I.li 6.71
19161 .............. 1.97 1.4 11.04 7.3S (.(60 1.33
1917............... 2, 1.60 12.7 10.6( 12.13 111.41
19 S lne ........ 2.78 1.90 14.69 .11 S.23 S.24
July ......... 2 7 2.07 1 .56 9.22 S. S.73
A.uguI t ....... 2.91 2.10 10.91 9.76 S.92 S. ,s
Sep ......... 3.110 2.20 10.70 9.S7 9.s 9.03
IltolIr ....... :I3. ) 2.20 9.31 9.98s .41 .IS
Nov .......... 3.(1) 2,20 11.00 10.31 10(.14 10.6iS
D)re. ......... 3 II0 2.20 11.52 11.15 11.39 11..1i
19199 .lnuary ...... 3 15 2 23 10.29 S.S 11 53 11.53
FeIrulry ....... 3 19 2.27 9..44 12.36 111.7S 10.70
March ....... 19 2.27 (.i27 12 31; 9 II 19 71
April ......... 3. 11 2.27 9.22 1236 (t 71 1 S7
M1ay ........ 3.19 2.27 9.43 !2.36 9.71 9 11

Index Numbers 1910-14=100)

19241 ............... I 1 SG Ils 1.12 107 121
1925........... ... 115 87 155 151 117 135
1926. ........... 113 S 126 110) 129 139
1927.. ............ 112 79 145 li16 12S 1112
192S... ........... 111 SI 202 1S 116 17
1929 ... ....... 9i 72 Iil 142 137 162
1930 ............... 92 (1 137 1 I 12 130
1931 ..... ......... 51 9 112 113 70
1932 .............. 71 31 62 62 3f( 39
1933 ............. 59 311 84 81 97 71
1931 ............... 59 42 127 S9 719 93
1935 ...... ........ 57 40 131 SS 91 10l
1936.. ........... 591 13 119 97 106 131
1937 ......... il 4ti 140 132 1211 122
193 . ........... . i3 Is 105 101 93 100
193 9.. ......... 6i3 47 115 125 115 111
111)........ ..... 6i3 4. 133 121 99 (6G
1941... . ....... 63 49 157 151 112 1261
11(12 .............. 5 .11 175 163 1511 192
1943.. .......... (. 5 50 151 1113 I14 ISO
1911 ..... ..... 65 511 219 163 1.14 191
1945 ... ......... 15 51 223 1613 111 191
1911 ... ........... 741 51 315 20( 191 ; 2t5
1947.... .......... 93 51 3613 302 :371 297
I9 S .1i" ne........ 101 (7 420 25S 24. 234
July .......... 1 1 73 411. 261 21il 21S
A.\igut ....... 100 71 312 276 265 255
Sept .......... 112 77 306 2SO 272 257
(Otolbrr....... 112 77 266 2S3 279 269
Nov. ......... 112 77 31.1 292 310 303
Dl c. ......... 112 77 329 330 33s :121
19111 .lauary ... 11S 7S 29.1 246 312 32S
Felruarv, ...... 119 sI( 270 350 320 304
March .... 119 SO 265 350 2sG 27li
April ......... 110 bO 263 350 2 (S 250
.May ......... 119 NO 269 350 28b 259







20 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


WHOLESALE PRICES OF PHOSPHATES AND POTASH

I rnnnenrI Mlil.r Sulphtlr 'ulmphatr Mianr,
I.pniph.nte ,If I lh i of potia.i of potiith nllt
Sll wr. Florin rlI.k, ulk, in hliuis, mIIIsll ia. lillL,
ph hatlr land pr.bIbl 75'; L.o.b. prr unit. per unit. wr Iton. Iwr unit,
lhi. t l'} f.ot. mlln.. r. I At. cr.. At. I.. i At- e 1 41.
mor. moie. bulk. t)JLL Ilantr and lantr aiNd l*t aind laIfu *.rd
prwo naI per to. pr tlo (.If p-art.t (Blf port.1 fcJf port (rself pr*.I
1910-11 SI .,. 3 361 i 7*11t 0 953 $2U 1 *il 7S?
1924 Mr2 2 31 ; fVa 423 '1W 23 72 472
1925 .. il 2 44 I 4 ft*l I I 2' 3 72 43
1926-1 .. 511 3.2 A 67 mill hMl :1 58 5:17
11127. ... .. 2' 3. Oil A 511 11(1 1121 2 5 nKit
192S A5l 3 12 A M.I ilt 1 97 2111 46 l u?
1929 int 3 I1 .3 So *."*2 9 4i 1 59 1 l11
1930 .'1 3 1' 31 : '. 973 J 92 iIl
1931 1. 3 1* 3 Si *.' 973 J. 92 lit
*1932 t. 3 1' 5. ** .. 9J JA 90 Mi4
1933 i. 3 II .1 Si .2 I4 25 10 till
1934 1 ,7 3 14 5 #.7 I'. 751 2 49 1r3
1935 .. Ili2 3.311 A5 Ill IS 6.1 21 44 Il
1930 . 1711 1.85 5 5l 11Ill .711 22.114 Atll,
1937 tll I .S A 5 t .11 757 2I 70 5Atl
193 S 112 1 5 3 551 .U'3 771 15 17 517
1939 47' I t90 5 So .V1 751 14 52 7.1i
i-9j S.*I, I 9i 51 I7 7"t> 2I 75 M57
1941 67 I 4 64 a.V 7-1 2 55 *I,7i
19-42 l1 2 13 1. ,o ..- *'I1 23 74 .3n
1913 1.11 2. t 3 913 52.'2 7h 25 35 195
1944 .. ll 2.101 1 III '22 .777 25.35 195
11145 .. (t 2.21) II 231 12 .777 2t. 35 Ill
1946 1 t17 2.41 Ii MI ftin .7111 21 70 n1111
19472 7pi 3 015 i i l0' 71116 Iso 93 11S1
J. 7..l 61 mi It 4 t341 1 76: 17T'
July 77i, 4 .6 e. dl LI 67. I 13 1 I
Alr* 77 4 i l L1 67% 13 G3 I%
.Septlmr 77i 4 61 Ii ill L.1 6;7% 13 a3 I'
Octo),,Ir 711:1 4.1 i Ilt ;175 7211 II .0 M111
N nvrlisll r . 770 4 .1l 11 111 ;175 .72( I.I 1 2111
Deirraiirr 7711 4 111 II HI :17t 7211 14 50 '111
1949
Jan.ar, 77. 4 *; m 175 7211 14 II 1 'l
Fr4hrmasr 77. 4 *il *. *d 1 475 7.1 1I s0 .li
Martor 77i. 3 '5 7 175 Tll II so50
\prl 7 3 .5 7 ; .175 71i II SO .s11I
3Ma 77I 3 5 7 I; "175 7"11 II o30 .si
Indn Numlber 11910-14 1001
1924 ... Il I lt N 11i1 s18 72
1925 lit I' 1241 '2 91I IS 71
1926 11&; % I 14 0t 4a 9SQ '2
19" II, i 113 'oI 97 li ***,
19.- l 8. 113. li 1109 '3
109 H III 113 *** InI 110 ".
19-30 1 1 1113 11 111 0 1
1931 nil s 113 Il.t 11 Ill II
1932 . .1 h 11:1 li 1111 111 111
1933 ... I Il 11:1 11:1 111 104 III
1934 II1 s7 I III i 7 !13 74
1935 *2 91 117 2 tA 71 'l I.
1936 B- 51 113 1 7 95 77
1937g m* 31 113 71 : 7 102 ,a
193' *' 51 1 7t1 'I 1O5 .7
1939 .l 53 11. 71 7. 101 '7
1940 ol, 53 113 7. 77 102 17
1941 111' 54 IIII 7:1 '2 1016 h7
11142 .. 112 511 1211 7:1 M 1116 KI
1943 117 55 121' 7:1 h2 115 13
1944 12Ii S I l23 71 2 105 %3
1945 1271 12 15 l
194?, 21 r.7 I.1 71 1 102 '2
1947 It 4 1.1P5 7,4 71 7. 1-I
194'
Juner 1I 12' 13:5 ii67 53 Nsi
July III 12 135:l li 71 64 42
AuIg il I1.1 12S 13l l(i 71 56 M2
sptemlriri III 12%s 11(5 it 71 56 42
Ort.lor 11.' 12 135 I., 71n 10 %3
No\,mt-r III 12' '13 m.% 76; 60 43
Dermi. III 121 1.133 7 r. 60 1
Februir III 12' 13.5 7mi 60 43
March l11 107 115 Il. 7l lO6 M:
April .. 111 107 1.1ft l 711 (10 :I
May III 107 I 15 IN 711 CIO S:l






FLORIDA CROPS 21


COMBINED INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES OF FERTILIZER
MATERIALS, FARM PRODUCTS AND ALL COMMODITIES
Prices paid
by farmers Wholesale
for cor- prices
Farm modities of all com- Fertilizer Chemical Organic Superphos-
prices* bought* moditires material: ammoniates ammoniates phate Potash**
1924....... 143 152 1.3 103 97 125 94 79
1925 .. 156 156 151 112 100 131 109 80
1926. ....... 14i6 155 146 119 94 135 112 86
1927. ........ 142 153 139 116( S9 150 100 94
1928 ........ 151 155 141 121 87 177 108 97
1929 ....... 149 154 13) 114 79 1.6 114 97
1930. ....... .128 14 126 105 72 131 101 99
1931....... 90 126 107 8 3 2 83 90 99
1932.. .... 68 108 95 71 46 48 85 99
1933........ 72 108 96 70 45 71 81 95
1934..... .. 90 122 109 72 .17 91 72
1935......... 109 125 117 70 15 97 92 63
1936 ........ 114 124 118 73 47 107 89 69
1937. ....... 122 131 126 81 50 129 95 75
1938. ....... 97 123 115 78 52 101 92 77
1939....... 95 121 112 79 51 119 89 77
1940.......... 1X) 122 115 80 52 114 96 77
1941 ........ 121 131 127 S6 56 130 102 77
1942......... 159 152 144 93 57 161 112 77
1943. ... ... 192 167 151 9-1 57 160 117 77
194.1 ..... 195 176i 152 96 57 174 120 76
1945 ........ 202 181 154 97 57 175 121 76
194. ....... 233 202 177 107 62 240 125 75
1917 .... .. 278 246 222 130 74 362 139 72
1948
June ...... 295 266 241 128 85 3109 142 65
July..... 301 266 247 231 s, 317 144 68
August.. 293 266 247 129 91 2S5 114 1(8
September. 290 265 247 131 94 287 144 68
October... 277 263 243 130 94 277 142 72
November. 271 262 239 131 91 311 144 72
December.. 2(6 262 237 137 94 336 114 72
1949
January .. 268 260 233 136 97 313 144 72
February.. 258 257 231 136 99 309 1441 72
March ..... 261 258 231 134 99 290 144 72
April.... 260 258 229 13- 99 291 144 72
Ma...... 256 257 228 134 99 293 144 72

*U. S. I). A. figures. Beginning January 194f farm prices and index numbers of specific
farm products revised from a calendar year to a crop-year basis. Truck crops index adjusted
to the 1924 level of the all-commodity index.
t Department of Labor index converted to 1910-14 base.
SThe Index numbers of prices of fertilizer materials are based on original study made by
the Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management. Cornell University, Ithaca,
New York. These indexes are complete since 1897. The series was revised and reweighted
as of March 1940 and November 1942.
SAll potash salts now quoted F.O.B. mines only: manure salts since June 1941, other
carriers since June 1947.
** The weighted average of prices actually paid for potash is lower than the annual average
because since 1926 over 90e; of the potash used in agriculture has been contracted for during
the discount period. Since 1937. the maximum discount has been 12c. Applied to muriate of
potash, a price slightly above S.471 per unit KO0 thus more nearly approximates the annual
average than do prices based on arithmetical averages of monthly quotations.








22 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


THE FOLLOWING IS FROM THE BULLETIN. "FOR SALE. WANT AND EXCHANGE"
ISSUED BY THE FLORIDA STATE MARKETING BUREAU
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
FLORIDA HOME MARKET VEGETABLE QUOTATIONS
Many Florida growers, particularly those who sell their vegetables in I.c.I. express or truck lots on
the larger Florida home markets, have requested Information showing average prices prevailing throughout
the shipping season on vegetables for a number of years. The following tabulation of simple, unweighted
jobbing price averages by months, beginning with January, 1926. and running to July 1. 1947, covering the
principal Florida vegetables. top quotations. in containers as shown. so:d on the Jacksonville market, will
it is hoped, meet the requirements of those interested in the data presented. This compilation of quotations
should be filed for future study and reference. NEILL RHODES, Marketing Commissioner.
GREEN BEANS (Bushel Ilmapers)
YEAR JAN. FEll. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. (OCT. NOV. DEC.
11121 $5.15 S 0 S7.30 $3 Ill S2.97 S1.81 $2.11 $3.73 83.51 $2.165 $2.23 $2.36
11127 5.36 1 22 3.61i 2 11; 1.63 2.41 2.51 2 36 2.5 240 1 63 1.7S
112S 4.40 5 07 3.59 2 61 1.57 1 ) 2.17 3 61 4.23 3.50 3 32 2.52
1!1.9 354 2 612 2 51 2 20 1.10 1 27 2.33 3 02 2.8 255 2 74 2 2S
1930 2.93 3 02 4.10 3 5 I.15 24 2.7 2 37 2.71 I 5 1.55 2 S5
11131 4.82 4.15 3911 2.55 1.52 1.33 2.9 5 1 5 1.93 1.93 1.51 1.50*
11132 1.60( 2.29 3.05 3.111 1.50 .70 1.27 2.01 2.01 1.36 1.8 2.99
11193 2.05 1.51 1.70 1.29 1.71 2.11 2.8S 1.05 1.41 2.24 1.1S .99
1931 1.51 1.111 2.1)1 1.85 .9Sr ,Sir 2.07r 2.4Ir 1.78r 1. 36r 2.12 2.31
1115 5.33 2.36 1.60 1.Si .78 1.08 1.5 1.59 1.93 2.35 1. 15 3.12
1911 2.28 1.111 1.01 1 92 1.25 1.19 1.59 1 1. 1.24 1.00 1.27 1.25
1937 1.24 2 32 2.62 2 11 1.46 1.1I 1.34 1.511 1.67 1.76 1. 1 1.95
1931 I. O 1.S3 1.37 .S .61 1 10 .8 1 65 2 01 1.55 .M 9S
1939 1.31 1 67 2.60 1.43 .67 .96r 1.64r 1.41r 1.19r 1.59r 1.79 1 95
19111 1.98 3.91 5.22 I SS 1.15 .IS 1.21r 2.19r 2.03r 1.29 1.01 1.32
1911 2.04 2.64 3.31 2.113 1.36r 1.67r 1.92r 2.37r 2.15r 2.35 2.36; 1.55
11142 1.99 2.18 3.15 3.0S 1.43 .93r 1.91r 2.22r 2.26r 2.99r 2.411 2.71
11113 2.80 3.2.1 5.60 .1.29 1.55 1.9l4r 3.18r :3. 1r 3.53r 3.50r 3.23 2.82
19.11 4.70 3.011 2.57 2.S9 3.57 2.i3r 2.92r 2.73r 3.11r 2.81 3.441 4.34
1915 4.21 3.111 3.70 3.32 1.94r 2.92r 3. 1Ir 3.25r 3.66r 3.96r 3.34 .1.08
9!11 4.5 3. 3. 3.29 3.16 1.70 2.76r 3.37r 3.42r 3. Or 2.SS 3.48 3.50
19117 2.97 4.615 6.57 4 IS 2.38 3.27r
SPart month. r Southern offerings.
CELERY (Crates)
1921) 4.55* $5.03 $5.041 3.611 $5.07* $ 0 0 3 0 S 0 3 0 $ 09 0
1927 3.25* 2.55 2.73 2.51 2.841* 0 0 0 0 0 II 0
1928 2.63* 2.25 2.61 2.7 420 0 0 0 II 0 0 0
111L11 0 1.190 1.85 2.24 2.85 0 0I 0 0 0 0
1930 3.01 2.15 2.43 3 14 4.4 3.69* 0 0 0 0 0 0
1931 2.SS 2.9S 2.62 2 30 2.76 :3 S,5* 0 o ( 0 0 0
11132 2.4 2.59 2.92 :1 3 2.20 2.17 0 0 0 0 0 0
1933 2.17 1.37 1.41 1.20 2.24 0 0 II 0I 0 ( 0
1931 1.92 1.37 1.42 1.74 2.09 3.(68* 0 0 0 0 0
19315 2.82* 2,17 2.2S 2.34 2.91 3,35* 0 0 II 0 0 0
11131 2.81 2.22 1.91 2.58 2.91 3.113* I 0 0 0 II 0
111:7 2.12 1.91 2.71 2 00 1.90 2 116 0 0 I 0I 0 0
191S3 2.13 1.51 1.47 1.59 1.89 2.117* 0 0 0 I0 0 2 53*
1939 2.11 1.45 1.77 2.16S 1.S3 2 21* 0 0 0 0 0 2.42*
1911 2.02 2 111 2.14 1 52 2.92 21 115* II0 I 0 0 2 30
1911 2.2S 2.72 3.02 2.15 2.60 :3.16 0 0 I) 0 0 0
19112 3.561 3 21 2.11 i 162 2.31 4.02* II 0 0 0 0 5.67
1913 3.8. 3.77 4.60 1.93 6.51 7.75 0 0 0 I 0 I 41.70
1911 4.55 3.20 2.72 2.81 7.17 1.27 0 0 o II 0 5.80
11115 4.00 L.010 3.35 5.17 5.58 1,70 0 0 0 0 0 5.20
111111 3.07 2.115 2.8S 2.10 3.5(1 5.22 I0 0 0 0 0 3.13
1917 3.62 5.39 6.IS 5.S1 5.73 7 21 0 0 0 0 0 0
Part month.
OKRA (Bushel Hampers)
1926 S 0 0 8 0 I $ 0 53.96 $1.S6 $1.95 S1.80 $2.02 $3.05 S1.6S
1927 0 0 I 7.19* 4.70 2,06 1.33 1.13 1.12 1.35 1.91 2.01
192S 0 0 0 5.10 4.616 2,76 1.29 1.77 1.40 2.28 2.72 4.02
19219 0 I 0 1.34I 2.79 1.15 1.35 1.08 1.31 2.21 2.S01 3.05
1930 0 0 4.05 4.70 5.20 2.95 1.29 1.26 1.17 1.14 2.25 1.34
1931 3.76* 31.42 3.93 ..14 -1.3S 3.01 1.42 I IS 1.37 1.53 2.42 2.46
1932 2.97 3.2S 4.01 3 95 3.31 1.50 .01 .94 .99 1.41 1.73 1.45
1933 3.10 3 .5S 3.54 3 37 2.6S 1.91 83 .71 .90 1.22 2.11 2. 0
1934 2.75 ) 95 3.19 3.111 3.10 1.53 1.101 .91 .9i .91 2.11 2.77
1935 00 0 0 2.20 1.01 .S6 .S1 1.11 1.75 1.S2 2.35
1931 3.30 3.13 3.54 3.01 3.21 1.74 1.00 1.02 1.03 1.1S 1.69 2.91
1W137 2.53 2.90 0 3.52 3.47 1,9. 1 1.03 1.01 1.39 1.84 2,74 0
19131S 0 0I 3.33* 2.10 1.15 .81 .197 1.19 1.49 1.42 1.71i
1:139! 0 1 3.33 3.47 1.82 1.04 .87 .93r .90r 1.14 2.1S 2.50
11111 2.68 3.39 4.(13 3.111 3.57 2.40 .95 .80 .97 1.47 1.52 3.42
1! 11 3.3 3 4.31 3.1 3.09 2 1i 1.O r Sr 1.30r 1.75r 2.42 2 21
19)12 3.56i 4 39 4.09 0 4.17* 2 91 1.40r .6ilr 2.01r 2,54 3.11 0
1!113 0I) 0 I 6.62 3.95 2.24r 3.05r 4 13r I.7r 5.75* 7.22'
1911 6.75* 6. 75' 0 ) II ..9 3.5S 2.20r 1.95r 2.716r 3.33 i6 01 0
19115 0 0 II I S.62 5 Sir 3.s2r 3.17r 3.41r :1.72 5. 09 I
1l1lti 1 0 0 0 6.41 3.09r 2.ISr 3.33r 3.73r 1,21 5.03 5.111*
11117 0 0 0 0 7.72 3.S0r
Part month. r Southernt offerings. Generally Florida produce where not otherwise specified.




"~p~a~~-
,


PRODUCTS OF SOUTH FlORIDA


~pwIE~vl~Yl"a~






FLORIDA CROPS 23


LIMA BEANS (Bushel Hampers)
YEAR JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC.
1926 $ 0 $ 0 0 $ (0 0 $2.73 $2.10 82.24 $2.37* S 0 S 0 $ 0
1927 0 0 0 0 (I 0 2.15* 1.92 2.09 0 0 0
1028 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.09* 1.87* 0 0 0 0
1929 0 0 0 0 2.25* 1.69 1.75 2.78* 0 0 0 0
1930 6.19* 5.17* 3.59* 5.11 .1 33* 2.92 1.83 2.61 2.18 1.87 2.25 4.87
1931 5.55* 6.58 6.12 4.96 4.16 2.22 2.18 1.80 1.S.l 2.01 3.12 3.19
1932 3.70 3.09 4.19 4.94 3.32 1.33 1.19 2.10 2.02 0 3.10* 4.57*
1933 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.06 .99 1.51 1.93 2.12* 0
1934 2.90 2.98 2.45 2.44 2.73 1.37 1.77 1.85 1.61 1.34 2.22* 4.98*
1935 4.16* 0 0 3.53 2.78 1.16 1.04 1.15 1.65 1.68 2.44 4t3
1936 4.21 3.92 3.02 2.97 2.61 1.43 1.54 1.60 2.03 0 3.39 3.48
1937 3.10 3.37 3.92 3.31 3.21 2.06 1.29 0 0 0 0 3.36
1938 3.53 3.51 2.30 2.16 1.60 1.45 1.07 2.42* 3.01 3.72* 3.29* 3.50
1939 2.56 2.06 2.52 2.32 1.39 1.08 2.03r 2.31r 2.99r 0 4.90* 3.86
1910 3.23 1.53 5.19 3.92 2.75 1.411 1.51r 1.Sir 3.04r 2.29r 2.36r* 3.02
1941 3.10 1.,21 3,59 3.57 3.04 1.97 1.38 2.42r 2.92r 3.02rt* 4.17* 3.43
1942 3.04 4.05 3.99 3.58 4.47 1.69r 2.14r 2.96r 3.43r 1.77r 0 .1.59
1943 4.26 4.52 7.40 7.33 4.12 3.01* 3.02r 3.33r 4.18r 3.33r 3.11*r 6.73*
1944 5.02 5.45 .1.63 4.52 4.61 3.60 3.23r 1.99r 2.75r 2.57r 7.25* 7.22*
1945 6.05 4.83 4.34 5.80 5.02 3.66* 4.41r 4.32r 4.50*r 0 0 8.22*
1946 5.48 5.05 .I.66 4.66 3.96 2.45r 3.84r 3.56r ..51r 4.94r 7.35* 6.04
1947 5.17 .544 8.08. 6.63 3.91 2.61r
Part month.
r Southern offerings.
GREEN CORN (Crates or Dozen Ears)
1926c S 0 S 0 8 0 S 0 $ 0 S2.37* S1.62* $ 0 8 I 8 0 S 0
1927c 0 0 0 0 2.55 2.23 1.38 1.25 0 0 0 0
192S 0 0 0 0 2.94*c 1.39c .18d .25d 0 0 0 0
1929d 0 0 0 .33 .23 .21 .10 .18 0 0 0 0
1930 0 ( 0 0 5.24e 2.58r .29d 19d .23d 0 0 0
1931d 0 0 0 .39 .23 .17 .21 .24 0 0 0 I
1932d 0 0 0 0 .36 .16 .10 .13 0 0 0 0
1033d 0 0 0 .32 .25 .18 .14 0 0 0 0 0
1934d 0 0 0 .33 .27 .18 0 0 0 0 0 0
1935d 0 0 0 .32* .20.; .10 .12 .17 0 0 0 0
1936d 0 0 0 .27* 25 .5 .16 .20 0 0 I 0
1937d 0 0 0 0 .21 .21 .14 .18 0 0 0 0
1938d 0 0 0 28 .21 .11 .13 .161 .18 0 0 0
1939d .28 .25 .29 .34 .22 .11 .1ir .19r .20r* 0 0 0
1940d .25 0 I0 0 .27' .14 .10l r .1Ir .2.1r .25*r .26 ,26
1941d 0 0 0 0 .32 .18 .14r .1Sr .21*r 0 .26 .21
1942d 0 0 0 0 .37* .23 .19r 0 0 0 .34 .35
1943d .34 .38 0 0 .51 .25 .30 .37r .39*r 0 .45 .42
1914-d 0 0 0 0 .52 .39 .31r 3.r .40r 0 0 .25*
1945d 0 0 .56 .65 .27 .35r ..2r .40r .40r .31*r .50 .51
1946d 0 0 0 .70* .44 .32 .3ir .38r .42r 0 .19 0
1947d 0 0 0 .48 .51 .30
c Crates, 4 dozen, white.
d Dozen, White, since 1943 a considerable volume of yellow sweet corn.
Part month.
r Southern offerings.
CUCUMBERS (Bushel Baskets and Bushel Crates)
1926 $5.22 $ 0 S 0 S5.76 $2.86 81.21 SI.609 0 8 0 S2.51 $3.48 S3.67
1927 4.20 0 5.67* 3.06 1.13 1.67 1.36 1.91 2.56 2.06 2.50 2.54
1028 0 0 .1.06* 4.44 2.82 1.28 1.15 0 0 3.14 2.75 3.42
1929 0 0 3.50 2.15 1.42 1.73 2.73 3.10 2.70 2.51 2,F0 2.76
1930 3.79 2.90 5.98 5.08 2.60 1.01 2.19 2.79 3.38 2.39 2.24 2.84
1931 3.62 4.14 4.54 .171 2.03 1.03 2.00 1.87 2.27 0 0 0
1932 4.80 5.23 3.59 4.58* 1.93" .70 0 0 0 1.60 2.29r 3.46
1933 0 0 3.78 2.34 1.69 0 1.50r 1.62r 1.92r 1.62r 1.39 1.77
1934 1.99* 3.19* 4.68 3.76 1.97 .82r 1.54r 2.21r 2.58r 2.05r 2.26 2.56
1935 0 0 3.85 2.93 .89 .7.1 1.32 1.87 2.41 2.66 2.07 2.12
1936 2.10 2.19* 4,25 3.31 1.57 1.08 1.41 1.60 1.56 1.20 1.48 2.58
1937 3.04 4.29 3.S7 2.45 2.38 .97 1.06 1.55 2.C8 2.15 2.27 2.60
1938 3.33 4.66 4.30 1.62 1.21 1.00 1.13 1.51 2.80 1.78 1.48 2.09
1930 3.11 3.77 3.73 2.26 1.06 1.09r 1.57r 1.79r 2.24r l.57r 1.90 2.59
1940 3.31 3.97 3.85 3.62 2.13 1.22 1.11 1.75 2.10r 2.05 1.50 2.54
1941 4.08 4.54 4.55 3.97 1.77 1.09 1.37r 2.16r 2.12r 2.10r 3.82 3.34
1942 5.13 5.85 6.08 5.45 2.39 1.62 1.03*r 0 2.91* 3.76* 3.06 5.54
1943 0 0 0 6.23 4.79 3.63r 3.17r 3.73r 3.77r 4.16r 4.32 5.53
1944 6.97 0 0 4.50 4.52 2.S9r 2.78r 2.34r 0 2.60* 6.79 6.07*
1945 7.23* 7.75* 5.80 4.57 2.57 2.47r 2.78r 3.17r 4.05r 4.34r 3.65 6.18
1946 7.37* 9.16* 10.18 41.95 2.21 2.28r 3.77r 3.93r 3.48r 3.39 4.93 4.29
1947 6.82 9.02 12.30* 9.14 3.64 2.41r
Part month.
r Southern offerings.




























BEANS


Iw






FLORIDA CROPS 25


EGGPLANT (1 ; Bushel Crates and Bushel Ilampers)
YEAR JAN. FEll. MAR. APR. MAY. JUNE JULY AUG. SElP. OCT. NOV. DEC.

1926ic 53:..5 S 0 $5.50 85.52 S 0 81.39 $1.91 $1.9S $2.28 S2.41 S2.00 $3.31
1927, 3.81sS .77 .1.18 3..16 2.68 2.28 0 1.7- 1.71 1.ili 2.01 1.7(1
1928v 2,19 2.167 2.78 2.11 2.06 2.25 1.52 2.08 1.81 3.16 3.21 3.03
1929. 1.38 .1.31 2.61 2.35 2 15 1.88 1.74 1.87 2.15 1.73 2.03 2.72
1930.' 2.8 2.l66 2.60 2.(i5 2.56 2.12 1.91 1.65 1.63 1.69 1.77 2.17
1931z 2.22c 2.07, 2.71c 2.72c 1.94c 1.83 1.03z .SIz 1.03z 1.30z 1.'29 1.1:;
1932, 4 1.27 1.3t 1.20 1.13 .NS 0 0 .85 .71 .95 1.2S
1933/ 1.33 1.66i 1.45 .9S .71 .7.1 .63 .59 .SS 1.28 1.31 1.1l
193.1 1.21 1.22- 1.25 1.09 .97 .7S .77 .90r 1.17r .Sir 1.03 1.42
1935, 2.25 2.71 1 .;5 1..10 1.03 1.11 .i15 .615 1.23 1. 1 1.84 1. 1li
1936( 1.3(1 1.31 1.71 1.31 1. 92 .80 .57 7 7 80 .85 1.01
1937z .92 1.01 1.10 1.21 1.20 .95 .13 .71 1.54 1.70 1.86 1,75
19387 1.15 1.71 1.53 1.33 1.0106 I W19 .52 .91 1,11 .97 .97
1939; .99 .99 1.1I .97 .S1 .7S .72 .90 .96r 1.01 1.37 1.11;
19401 1 35z 2.32, 1.29*c 3.55'*. 2.35'e 2.311. .9rz .7irz 1. 20z 1.007 1.1l1 2.21e
1941 2.25c 2.51c 2.53e 2.1G S 2.19c 1.32e .86rz L.0ri 1.1 .ir .97rz .91z 1. iz
19427 1.35 2.NS 3.11 2.bS5 2.79 2.41 1. 41 l.i5r 1.73r 2.20r 2.50 2.35
1943, -. 2.2 2..I 3. 33 2.35 2. s 1.8I 2.119r 2.98r 2.55r 2.9i 2.85
19147 2.81 2.6 2.79 1.89 2.31; 1.35 1.20r 1.5,Sr 1.7 4r 1.79 2.10 2.73
19.15 2.8.5 2.79 2.1i5 2.27 2.21 2.31 2.16r 2,30r 2.13r 2.8r 3.00 2.5
1946z 2.13 3.07 3.12 2.78 2.40 1.i13 1.28r 2.21r 2 .11r 2.52 2.20 2.32
1947z 2.30 3.0h 3.55 3.77 2.72 2 71;
c Crates.
r Southern offerings
z Bu. Hampers.
Part month.

REI)[BLISS POTATOES (Ilushel Ilnmpers or Crates)
192t1 8 0 $ 0 8 0 $ 0 $.3.31 $2.510 $ 0 8 0 40 $ 0 $ 0 3 0
1927 0 ( 1.07* 2.62 1.10 2.35 0 I0 0 0 0
192s 0) 2.50 3.O8 3.04 2.20 1.3. 0 I 0 0 0
1929 0 0 2.92 1I 1.23 1.51 1.75* 0 0 0 2.149 2.33
1930 233 2.9 2.7 2. 2.1 2.15 1 S 1 59 1.47 1 0 0 0
1931 2.2 2.01 2.2S 2.s 1.27 .97 .7 0 0 0 0
1932 I 71 1.92 1.,7 1.9 1.9 1 1 1.22 1.3 1 .38 .47r 129 1.35
1933 1 .17 1.641 1.49 1.52 1.05 .99 1.9r 2.33r 2 ..ISr 1.92r 1.85 1.78
193-1 1.70 1.7.1 1.17 1.501 1.21 ,7r .83r .Stir .90r .90r 1 .63 I .-
1935 1.51 1.61 1.43 2.02 1.1.1 .9 .99 1.01 1.31 1.39 1.75 2.14
1934 2.17 1.81 1.53 1.116 1.27 1.3 1.76 I 0 0 0 2 14 1.71
1937 1.77 1.65 1.72 1.77 1.17 .91 1.06 1.13 1.15 1.35 2.12 1.81
1938 1.75 1..1 1.12 1.17 .S4 .2 1.17 1.10 1.00* 1 59 1.612
1939 1.3s 1.31 1 61 1 .2 1.01 .91 1.12r I 87r 2.09r 2.17r 1 .3 2.O1
19141 1.is 1.163 1.11S 1.85 .!97 .91 .92r I 09r 1.07r 1.32 1.35
1941 1.31 1.2 2 1.21 1.3S 1.11 .91r 1 Ilr 1.OSr 1.25r* 1.29r 2.02* 1.76
1912 1.59 1.5S 1.72 2.21 1.511 1.33 1. 15r 1.(7*r 1.79r 1.86r 2.15* 2.37
1943 2.25 2.31 2.53 2.58* 2.13 3.,0(n 3.11ar 3.51hr 3.20ar 3,22nr 3.14ar 2.27*
19111, 2.33 2.47 2.919 2.51i 1.53 1.412 3.S2r 4.43ar 3.S:a.r 3.12n3r 3.15ar 3.32r
19451, 2.59 2.60 2.58 2.50 2.27 2.75 I..1r -I..15r" 0 ( 0 3.41
19461 3.35 3.13 2.54 2.31 1.24 1.ii r I.29r 2 15, 2.3Sr* 0 0 3.10
19471 3.17 3.25 2.17 2.80 2 341 2.51'
a 100 lb. sacks.
b Bu. hampers, bu. crates, 50 lb. paper or cloth sacks.
Part month.
r Southern offerings.

PEPPERS (1) Butushel Crates and Bushel II:mpers)
19261 81. Is ,5.2S $S6.33 S1.83 SI 1 r, 3.-7 S. S3 $1. 15 $1.76 82.53 $2.42 S3 19
1927c I 361 4.97 3.59 2.2s 2 15 1.8i 2.1S 2.01 1.63 1.65 1.66 1.49
1928c 2.29 3.53 3.20 2.71 2.52 2.1 1.90* 2.51 2.75 2.55 4.22 7.21
1929z i; 17 2.S9 2.0(; 2.10 2.27 1 .5s 1.(I 1.91, 2.17 2.78 3.24 4.61
1930; 4.75 4.63 .10 3.31 2.73 2.27 1.75 .S2 1.95 1.81 1.70 2.07
1931 2.16e 2.401, 3.01e 297e 2.75 2. 110 1.17z .79, .89z 1.35c 2.10c 2.21c
1932 1. 8; 2.0SS 2.37, 3.36c 1) 0 0 0 0 1.04 1.08 1.61
1933' I 28 1.07 .83 .81 .76i .7 .35 .52 1.07 1.0 1.47 1.82"
19347 1.42 2.00 2.11 1.75 1.51 .,3 1.11 1.09r 1.10r 1.05r 1.21 1.55"
1935z 2.28 3.37 1.72 2.37 1.61 .91 .,1 .79 1.32 1.61 1.72 2.26 *
1936z 2.38 1.7s 2.16 1.20 1.01 .1 .S7 .,3 1.01 1.01 1.11 1.52
1937z I 31 1.11 1.164 1.162 2.19 1.70 .74 .S3 1.09 1.10 1.55 2.03
19387 1.93 1.98 1.56 1.11 1.02 .S0 .45 .SS .97 .91 1.02 1.19
1939 1,17 1.26 2.06 1.82 .87 1.3S 1.35 .99r 1.1Or 1.22r 1.95 1.85
1910z I.lil 4.11 S,44 41.41 5.34 1.1 7 .114 .77r 1.09r 1.10r 1.22 1.50
1941z 1 ..9 2.51 1.90 2.47 2..11 1.11 .65 1.02r 1,3ir 1.73r 1.93 1.6i3
1942z I. 6s 3.75 3,585 4.32 .1.11 2.37 1.28 1.59 1.53 1.95 2.35 2.31
1943z 2.50 3. 5.3 5.2 3.7 2.3 1.90r 2.0r 2.7r 2 3.75 5.5 2 7 2. 1 .0 2.r .3r 3. 3.01;
19447 3.36 3.55 2.50 2. iSI 2.91 1.71 1.48r 1.92r 1.74r 1 .Sir 3.44r 3.77
1945z 1.39 3. s 3.1 .11 2.S2 2.71lr 2.-(1r 2.6ir 2.36r 2.S7r 3.97 3.13
1946,7 1.5; 5.22 3.S5 3.511 2 34 2.163 2 32r 2.1;3r 2.10r 2 69r 2.90 2.92
1947z :3.25 5.75 1; 146 7.71 7 0 : 3.13
B. hampers or baskets.
e Crates.
** lI. hampers for years 1929-1930.







26 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


SQUASH (Yellow. Crates and Bushel Hampers)
YEAR JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC.
1926 35.31C S 0 S7.36c $5.55c 84.05e St.17z Sl.77z $1.89z 81.98z 2.06z $2.00z $1.71Z
1927 2.13z 6.87c 5.77c 3.45c 1.22*c 0 0 2.25c* 2.02c 1.29c 1.73e 1.41c
1928 5.05c 5.50c 4.46c 1.39z 1.30z 1.43z 1.63z 0 0 3.15z 2.21z 2.30z
1929 2.88 2.93 2.99 1.36 1.21 1.35 2.42 2.61 1.54 1.99 2,62 2.59**
1930 2.64 3.71 3.62 3.48 1.72 .84 2.45 1.76 1.23 1.30 1 42 2.71**
1931 4.14 4.32 4.14 2.75 1.40 1.36 2.46 1.61 1.48 2.24 2.60 2.64
19322 3.07 3.11 3.28 1.85 .95 .73 1.90 1.78 2.04 .99 1.49 2.37
1933z 2.40 1.73 1.86 1.30 1.69 1.28 .89 1.20 1.88 1.98 1.25 1.30
1934z 1.88 2.30 2.70 1.96 .78 .94 2.36 2.16 1.19 1.11 2.54 2.63
1935z 6.48 4.33 1.45 1.21 .68 .76 1.13 2.08 2.53 2.92 2.33 3.35
1936z 3.27 2.78 3.26 3.31 1.65 1.35 1.61 1.35 1.20 1.52 2.10 2.70
1937z 1.99 3.27 3.42 2.20 1.36 .82 1.36 2.28 2.30 1.59 1.60 2.66
1938z 2.80 2.35 1.45 .79 .57 .71 .99 1.56 1.88 1.06 1.43 2.98
1939z 2.08 2.96 3.17 1.45 .72 1.12 1.40r 1.79r 1.04r .81 1.95 1.47
1940z 2.36 5.40 5.13 1.48 .74 .70 .82r 1.86r 1.69r .85r 1.35 2.29
1941z 4.11 4.21 4.41 3.27 1,61 1.22 1.90 2.32r 2.13r 1.85r 2.62 3.05
1942z 4.34 4.69 4.10 2.71 1.16 1.02 2.15r 2.74r 2.03r 1.75r 2.35 3.13
1943z 4.30 5.09 8.13 4.66 1.12 1.70r 2.85r 3.02r 2.73r 1.72r 3.57 2.97
1941.4z 5.47 3.78 3.07 3.77 4.35 3.00r 2.22r 2.05r 2.68r 2.34 3.03 4.24
1945z 4.78 3.46 4.24 2.83 1.22 2.18r 3.86r 5.40r 4.69r 2.48r 1.84 5.44
1946z 5.35 4.78 3.55 2.30 1.6.1 1.95r 3.22r 3.52r 3.04r 3.03 4.34 5.01
1947z 5.05 8.54* 8.96 3.63 2.79 2.45r
z Bushel hampers or baskets.
r Southern offerings.
Part month.
** Bu. hampers for years 1929-1930.
c Crates.
GREEN PEAS (Bushel Hampers or Bushel Baskets)

1926 $4.36 $4.72 $3.94 $3.10 S 0 8 0 S 0 S 0 S 0 $ 0 $ 0 $2.33
1927 3.36* 0 2.82 2.08 1.21 .92 .90 .90 .98 1.03 0 1.87
1928 3.49 3.91 2.84 2.80 0 2.37 0 0 0 0 3.43* 2.83
1929 3.03 1.65 2.23 2.02 2.23 0 1.03* .97 0 0 0 2.88
1030 2.75 2.54 3.23 2.95 2.21* 0 0 0 0 0 2.72* 2.72
1931 3.69 2.06 2.77 1.74 1.54 0 0 0 0 0 3.09 2.42
1932 2.53 2.36 2.30 2.07 1.61 0 0 0 0 0 2.54r 2.42
1933 1.68 2.10 2.18 1.03 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 31 1.39
1934 1.38 1.60 1.41 1.51 1.33 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.26
1935 2.99 1.90 1.70 2.21 1.55 0 0 0 0 0 2.67 2.83
1936 1.90 1.40 1.81 1.82 1.39 0 0 0 0 0 1.77 1.38
1937 1.26 2.43 3.30 1.89 1.41 1.63* 0 0 0 0 3.18* 2.34
1938 1.80 1.60 1.75 1.67 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.86r 3.11r
1939 2.00 1.85 2.19 196. .81* 0 0 0 0 0 2.53 1.82
1940 1.45 3.25 2.49 1.88 1.19 0 0 0 0 0 1 85 2.23
19,11 2.76 2.69 2.10 1.76 1.12r 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.32
1942 2.09 1.92 2.22 1.78 1.23* 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.29
1943 3.14 3.05* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 73* 4.37
1944 4.41 3.34 2.41 2.00r 2.57*r 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.28*
1945 4.19 3.28 2.79* 235* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.00
1946 3.66 3.37 3.43 2, .0 2.16* 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.79*
1947 3.04 0 3.85 3.36 3.28* 0
Part month.
r Southern offerings.
STRAWBERRIES (Pints or Quarts)

1926q $ .73 S .58 IS .41i \ .35 $ .22 S 0 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0
1027q .65 .51 .23' 27 .13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1928q 0 0 .35 .18 .12 .09 0 0 0 0 0 0
1029 .45* .29 .18 .18 .07 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1930q .34 .32 .21 .18 .08 .09 0 0 0 0 0 0
1931q .35* .33 .31 .19 .09 .07* 0 0 0 0 0 0
1932q .18 .18 .24 .21 .08 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1933q .16% .11 .15 .11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1934q .23 .233 .21 .12%3 .08* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1935p .18 .11 .13 .08 .05 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1936p 0 .14 .12 .08 .05 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1937p .09* .09 .12% .09% .05% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1938p 0 .10 .10 .08 .05 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1039p .12 .09* .12 .07 .05* 0 0 0 0 0 0
1940p .18 0 .14* .08 .06 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1941p .10 0 .10 .12 0 .10 .053 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1942p 0 .14 .13 .10 .08 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1943p .15* 0 0 .20 .16 0 0 0 0 0 (I 0
1944p 0 0 .26* .27* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1945p 0 .33* .29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (0
1946p .3034 .30 .29 .25% .18* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1947p .26 0 0 .20 .16* 0
q Quarts,-Prior to 1935 mostly in 24 qt. crates.
p Pints,-Beginning in 1935 mostly in 36 pt. crates.
SPart month.







FLORIDA CROPS 27


CABIAGE( iContainers. see footnote
YEAR JAN. FE.B. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC.
1920 $3 02x .2 .5s $2.2(i' s1. Sx 2'.aSe $3,25.' S$1.(Ic 0 S $ 0 $ 0 S 0
1927 1 .ix I ll 1 21x 2.22"' 2 15 I) 0 I 0) I0 ) II
192, 1 I 15N I 19 I1. I S55X I lx 1O I II II 0 II 0
19:2 I1 lS I Imix 5x 75x 2 15e 2 xi,- II II If 0 i 0
193ii 1 It 1\ i ix 1 39 1 ;kI I 12x I 27I I0 11 0 11 l (I 1l.,0
1931 1 "Ix 12%\ '.5x .'Mix .71 I Il;\ II 0 0 0 1 57\ .99X'
1932 70,1 ii1. 75,1 .N,2 .id .3d 51 l- 13d 33.1 1 53a 12.1 .45.d
1933 27d 2'd A .lil .72d I II 3 22. 2 IS: 1 91;a 0 90i .'3d
1931 .Isd MlId 31Idl .7.1 .59d .171 )1 2(0ar I h r IS.nr 1. War I .75n 1 .5'ia
193!5 1 13n 2,S7a 3.39a 3:.211a 1 ita I 21a 1.3,5nr 1 12ar 1 22ar 1.2'lar 1 .5ia 1 .7(z
193111 70)n I VIa., sa 1.13. I 00: 2 ila I ,ia 3. .a 2 S6Ia 1.78,a 1.,53a I .A55
1937 77a 711, .97a .7.5a I 65ia I 13a 1 21I 1.12 1 26:a I 53a 2.15a 2.2Sa
193' I 7.a I 92a 971 .797 7S ., I 7 7 1 i la 10Ia 1 17n I 1'a. 1.31a, I 21a 1.21a
1939 9t;. 5! 1 l2a 2 :3)a 'I9 1 32r I 72r I .3r I :1r I 57r 1 9ia 1 39:a
19llla 1 33. 1 11a 1*'a 1 07a 1 15a I 3:13a I WIlar 1 IIlar I Isar I. War 1.1 ar .73a
1941 2' il 91 I 39.i 51 'St 27 221 !' 121 32 .I-ir 19 32tr 59 179tr 55 2'lir 52.111r 49 MIt 50 silt
19 12 135 lI 21 17lt I .551 11 75t 21 91it 32 9 l1' 3 33ra -2 lira 2 13ra 2.52ra 2 99ra 3.191a
19-13, 2 7:13a 3 39i 5 77:* 5.S* S ,i .35i i.A.93ra I lilira 1 79ra 3.7I-ra 3.-Ilra 3.29r. a 3, (1il
W9llla 3 21a 1 (921t I (lia 2. 02a 2 .5ilri :1. I ran 3.92ra 3.73ra :3.7.1rn 3.13ra :1.l69r: I.S2:.
19Il5 3 77a 2 -la I .ila 2.03a I .S7ra 3.,S7ria :3 90ra 3.lra 3.0lIri 2.S7ra 2 .1;;. 2.111 .(n
191ilf; I 30 I 31 1 S-4 1 76 1.22 I 107r 1. 17r 1.91ra 1 91r I.7Sr 1.22r 1.01;
1917 1 22 1 17 1 01 .91 1 17 2 Ilr
a 100 lbs.
g 50 lb. sack,.
r Southern offerings.
t Ton.
c Crates.
x 1 1, b. hanmpersl
Part month.
IIEETS ,Per Dozen lutnchesm
1932 $ 1i $ ti' S Go" $ 17 $ II $S 1 $ t $ .i'2 S .67 $ .73 $ ;1.,"
1933 15 .11 I11 35 3:i' 0 II II 0 II 0
1931 73 ,.1l 1lI .5 .15 3 .55 .s3 .77* .IS* .SO 75
193 73 .7 .11 5 .19 .12 .14* 0 1 )1 0 0 .6I*
1936 .63 5s .11 .12 .,12* 10 0 0 0 0 0
19317 .12 15 .15 48 ,.41 .,53 II I 0 )0 I
193.S I .53: ..53 15 10 .11 0 0 II 0 0 .76*
1939 1 ,ll. ; .50 li .45 .Hi I I II II 0 II .i12
1911) 7. ; ill .51 15 li'r li II ii I) II 71
1941 72 71 '3 110 .5.r .55'r II II II 0 10 .-7
1912 S' 77 7S .71 .75 II I I II 0 0) 0
1943 7'" '2 1 01 .'19 II II 0 1I 0 0 II
191'1 1 17 1 1.5 1 05 1 I1) II II II II Ii 1 I) 0
19'1,5 l.i 1,2ii 1.1`5 1.21' 0 0 0I i i 0 0 0 0
1I.9 I 1 1 .2 1 1,1 1 .21 ) II II 0 ) 0 0 I) 0
19'ifii ) ) 0 0 11 0 ) 0 0 0 ()
19 17 1) 1 .9 1.25 1 25* 0 I1
Part month.
r Southern offerings.
CARROTS iPer )Dozen Bunches)
1932 i. $ i 75' $ .71 $ .511 $ .511 $ .75* $S 9 .ll $ .17 $ .112* $ .59
193I 3 13 3's .37 33 32 .3S' .515 .111 .115 .113 .612 fi.s
1931 .70 .110 .501 19 .12 .37 11 .51 57 .54 .50 .119
19:35 ;I il 153 15 ill ,12 .19 .55 .S .`51 .57 illI
193tl .I ".1 17 3:l 3: II'* .1; .I .011 .5 .51 17
1937 17 15 1 13 .11 57 75 .55 .50 .51 .53 55
193S ,.: 13 12 39 31 3 .17 .51 .52 .5 .I 5S
19319 5 II 13 10 Ill II II I i 0 II
1911) 5. 35'r 37r .41r IlI 3 0' 0 I I II 1 0
19,12 i i .5' .51 .59 I Il II II tl } 0
1941 42* .17 .410 .11 r .55'r I0 I II 1 II 0
101,3 0I II .9 .!i .12 .12 7 0 I 0 0 I I
1913 I0 .3* 82 1., i70 1 0 0 )
1911 1 21 1 I' 71* .73*' 0 I II II II II I
1945 ,i II II I II II II I) II I) 1
191 I II II i ii i I li 0
li9 47 II II i I II 0 I) I I

Part month.
r Southern offerings.







28 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


TOMATOES (Crates)
(Loose puck or bushel lbakets loose pack 50-55 Ibs.)
YEAR JAN. FEll. MAR. AIPR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG;. SEPT. C(;T. NOV. DE:C.
19211 $5.31 5.25 31 $1.519 $2 *.3 S2 24 $ 0 S 0) $2 'I $2.75" ;1 50'-
1927 5.65 3.711 3.13 2 24 2.01; 1 is 2 10.1 2 2; 1.9 1 90 II 3 x*
192s. 3.03 2..3 4.45 3 2. 2.2I. 1 2 I 's 2 %1 2 l' (l 3 25* 2 92
1929 2.07 1.73 2.52 2 .s 2 45 I ', 2 3; 2 46 2.17 2 H1 3 43' 3 74*
1930 4.24; 3. 15 2.59 2 112 3.13 2 35 1.91 2 00 2.591 2 2 2 111 2.9
1931 2.3t1 2.31 2.57 3.111 2.SI 1.31) 1.50 0 I 0 3.0( 3 4S
11132 2.51 1.911 1.S7 I.51) 2.12 2.03 .01/ .47/ / ,1/ .01 O/ .01/ .05/
11133 .05/ .OI / .0)/ 1111 1.71 1.711r 1.51r l.Hr 2.01r 2.40r 2.1 r 2.37
19134 2.35 2.02 1.82 2 5.4 2.21 .15r 1.72r 2.0lr I. lr 2.12r 2 75 2.119
1035 3.33 1.25 3.S3 2.1.3 1..7 32 1 41 .41 1.3 2 53 2.31, 3 13
1931f 2.21 2.75 33' 3119 251 1 34 1 62 1.7 I.S7 1 S3 I91 19 I
1937 1.9? 1.9S 2.401 2 .S 2.45 2 11; 1.23 1.40 2.14 2 31 3 011 3.40
193. 2.44 2 25 1 49 1 619 1.31 I (il 91 1 21 1.73 1 66 2 i.l 3 25
1939 3.6 s 2.S., 3. 26 3 51 2.95 I 7,s l.i Or 1.42r l.fir 2.13r 3 36 3 13
1111k 3.GI I.06c I.IX 5.3s 3.74 .00 1.12r 1.28r 1.52r 1.62 2.17 2.5,'
IllIlk 2.92 3.13 3.94 1.31 3.05 2.10 1.113 2.16r 2.311r 2.Si r 3.i11 :1.31
1112k 3.011 4.711 3.02 .1,1 3.01 2.11 2.22r 2.76r 3.15r I.52r 5 l. r 1.71r
11113k 5.5 5.91 6i,52 7 39 3.95 3,. r 3 flor 1.112r 3.5,r 3.7fir 5 3S 5.S1
1ll4k 6.01 5.75 5.fi 1.75 4.S9 I 5Sr 4.27r 1.13r 4.12r I 90r 1.31 7.115
1915m 5 5.94 I..,l 4.40 5 21 4.I3L I #4r 4 .9r 5 04r 3.92 r I 7tr 7.53r 7.5Or
1lllim 5.91 7.16 f, 96; 7 74 3 77 1 22r 3 3'r 3 Ilr 3 43r 3 52r 4.52 1 37
1917m 5.51 (1.7S 7.0I1 9 0; 1.Ill) I 37r
/ Lugs.
k Crates or Ilushel Baskets 50-.15 lbs.
Il 40-50 lb. crates, mostly 40 IllI. during past three years.
Part month.
r Southern offerings.

SWEET POITAIOES (100 lb. S;acks)
1921 53.0( $3.10 S3.163 $1.10S $1.91 I) $ II 1t..47* $3.41 $2.114 $2.211 $1.113
1127 2.118 2.4 2.202 1.9.1 11.01 0 2 1. 2..19 1.03 2,02 1.511 1,55
11128 1..8 I. 88 2.31 2.32 2.113 3110 3.32 ..14 3.07 2.45 2,00 2.01
11111 2.59 2.75 2.73 275 2.75 0I 3 Is 2.35 2.01 2.13 1.112 1.75
1930 1.77 2.00 2.00 2 26 2 35 2 47 3 31 3 4 2.74 1.56 1 91i I 89
1931 2.15 2.37 2.5S 3 27 3 69 1 15 3 s3 275 I .7 1.f2 1 5; I 59
1932 1.73 1.75 1 '.. 2 (IL 2 17? I 95 2 07 I 22 .97 .,7 .77 .70
1933 .73 .74 ..) .7(i s7 961 1 91 2 20 1.31 1.07 .94 .94
1931 1.13 1.311 1.41 162 2 21 3 2'. 3 32 2.11 1.35 1.00 .9is 1.03
1935 1.0 1.25 1.55 ..53 1.I62 1.S9 I 3 I.40 1.01 .ls .1; I 1.09
111311 1.17 ,1.i 0 1.50 2.001 1.11 2.33 3.92 3,25 2.05 I. 1 1.31 1.28
11137 1.37 1.40 2.05 2..S1 3.111 3:1. 1.913 2.(0 1..111 1.20 1.13 I .10
1113X 1.57 1,115 1.72 1.91 I .i 1.9111 2.31 I3S .97 .91) .11 .911
31939 1.11 1.0S 1.0. I 55 1.1.S 1 72 1.M5 1 .0 1.22 1 09 I1 1t 1 17
19110. 1.2ir 1.50r 1.55r I ilt 1 )*r I 73r I 0'*r 74 1 77 I 19 1 39 1.51
19114 1.73r 1.94r 1.91r 2 Ilr I51r I 1;2r 1 75 1.20 1 35 1 39 1 1l 1 2N
1942 1.50N 1.55< 1.51, I 50, 1.2S, I 1l;2 3 -'Sr, 4 45r, 3.35r. 2 50rs 2 01, 2 39rs
1913 2.Siri 2.75ri 2. 11rO 2.99rz 4.1Iri! I 0l*rz 4 91ir, 5 ,S3ri 4.95r, 3.55rs 3.13r, 31 67r-
1014 4.33 I.n114s 3.974 2.,SSz 3.03( 1.13 3.25; 5.0i06 3.82< 3.(66s 2. 1111.I, :, l
1115 2.05r, 2.74rz 2.75rz 2.76rz 2.117rz 3.0t1rz 5.70/ 1I,91i 3.hI 31.13s 3.02, 2.82z
11111 2.840 2.92s 3.llMi r :.70rz 3.09Irz I. lrir .71r 2.r 2.01r 2.10 2 .lr/ 2 1l)rt 2.3,5r 2. 1'5r7
111t7 2.4Srz 2.52rz 2. rlri 3:.(lIl0 r 3. lllr 3.12r/
Part month.
r Southern offerings.
s 100 lb. sacks.
z Bushel hampers or baskets.







FLORIDA CROPS 29


SPINACH (Bushel Iampers)
YEAR JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG(. SEP'. OCT. NOV. DEC.
1933 $ .73 $ .56 S ,63 .(65 S .66 li0* 8 .57 $ 0 $1. 04* 1.45 .1.32 61.09!
1934 .75 .78 .M5 .7s 61 .Si 1 0 .9! .911 1.1.1
1935 1.19 1.07 .89 .82 .55 .50 .71 1.2 1.53* 1.48 1.22 1.27
1936 1.16 .82 .63 .7S .96 .01 1.016 .1* 1. .37* I.19* 1,03 1.22
1937 .82 .68 1.13 1.03 .73 ..1 .65 1.01 1.10 1.27 1,17 1.26
1938 .05 1.01 .3 ,6 .71 .7 70 .15 1. Is 1.1 1 ..Os I.12 1.08
1939 .94 .80 .85 .78 .72 .S2r I.OOr .90r 1.02 1.2r 1, 1r 1.04
1940 1.03 1.16 1.04 .7S .77 .75 0 0 n .75* .97
1941 1.12 1.15 1.02 .92 .90r .'97r I 0 0 I 1.27 1.14
1942 1.02 1,00 1.00 111 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.11* 1.38
1943 1.34 1.31 1,i1 1.78 1.6il r i.62*r I0 0 I 1 0 2,13*
1944 2.08 1.72 1.59 1.5i 1.73 1.7(6 1.63 I) 2 0.1* 2 04
1945 1.83 1.39 1.37 1.44* I) 0 0 0 II I 1.75*
1946 1.64 1.51 1.52 1.(7 1. 13 1 .11 0 0 I I 50 1. .4
1947 1.69 0 2.26* 2.K00 0
Part month.
r Southern offerings.

TURNIPS (Per Dozen Bunches)
1932 S 0 8 0 $ .66* S .57 $ .43 S .44 $. 0( 0 I .il $ 52 $ .31l 39
1933 .32 .36 ..10 34 .33* 0 0 0 0 .67 .56 .42
1934 .3.1 .57 .59 .46 .29 .34* 0I 0 .55" ..16 .42 .5,
1935 .50 .55 .4.1 .40 .41 .-1 .55 .55 .5 .75 .51 .53
1936 .55 .56 ,47 .41 .1 .42 .53 .60i ,511 .0 .52 .51
1937 .26 .40 ..1 .56 .5; .59 0 .70* .85 *3 .60 64
193S .59 .60 .4S .37 .31 .5il* .53* .65 .s2 .71 .55 .Il
1939 .69 .63 .75 .71 .61 .45 0 Sir* .6lr liOr .51 .412
1940 .53 .78 ,72 .47 .0r 13r .44*r .6lWr s5r .59 .59 .62
1941 .70 .77 .56 .37 .55r .67*r I .9*r .99r 99r .67 .51
1942 .66 .68 ,67 .69 0 0 0 0 0 .77 64 .169
1913 .74 .82 1.23 1.34 .91 .85* 0 II II 1 53r 1.16l 1.110
1944 1.32 1.01 .94 1.11. 1.35* 0 0 0 0 0 1.21 1.19
1945 1.16 .99 1.07 1.52 0 0 I) 0 1.6i1* 1 .03 I.1s
1946 1.21 1.62 142 122 1 .13* I) 0 0 I 12 1.1 I.S 1.17
1947 1.08 1.48* 1.76 1.71 1.74 0
Part month.
r Southern offerings.

CAULIFLOWER (Crltes or 1 Dozen)
1933 61.49* S1.60'* S 0 080 0 0 $ 0 s Is 0 $
1934 2.00 2.19 2.43* 0 0 0I 0 (0 0 0 0 2.01*
1935 1.92 2.01 0 0 0 II 0I 11 I I1 II II
1936 1.25* 2.05* (o I 0 0 II() 0 0 0 0
1937 1.81 2.15* 1.69* 1.5S* 0 II I II 0 I I) 1.35*
1938 1.10 1.22 1.1( 0 0 0 0 0 0I I I1 2.29*
1939 1.52 1.18 1.61* 0 0 I 0 0 0 ( 0 0 1.50*
1940 1.55 1.81* 1.66* 1.33* 0 II 0 0 I 0 0 1.34
1941 1.61 1.51 1.7.1 1.S9* I I) I o 0 0 I 98*
1942 1.63 1.85 2.00 2.08* 11) l 0 0 0 0 3.31*
1943 2.32 2.07* 0 0 0 II I ) 0 0 0 2.77
1944 2.65 2.44 0 0 0 0( II G )0 0 4.14*
1915 3.73 2.76* 2.33* 0 I) 0 I l) 0 i0 0
1946 2.85 3.02 3.57 0 I 0 1I 0 o I II II
1947 2.32* 2.78 2.98* 0 I I I I0 0 I I 11
Part month.
r Southern offerings.
Various size crates, including 1/' bushel hampers, from 1933 to 1940. Mostly in crates holding 12-18
heads, or per dozen loose for large heads since 1940.





DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Units of Measure

The following Standard Units of Measurement are used in ascertaining
the value of each product as listed below:

Acre-All crops listed as Feed.

Bushel-Alyce Clover Seed, Corn, Chayotes, Chufas, Dasheens, Irish Po-
tatoes, Oats, Peanuts, Peaches, Pop Corn, Rice, Rutabaga, Sweet Po-
tatoes, Soy Beans, Velvet Beans, Wheat.

Gallon-Milk, Sugar Cane Syrup, Sorghum Syrup.

Quart-Strawberries, Blueberries.

Pound-Cheese, Chestnuts, Black Walnuts, Beeswax, Butter, Deer Tung,
Frogs, Grapes, Honey, Papayas, Pecans, Tung Oil, Wool.

Barrel-Pears.

Crate-Avocado Pears, Assorted Berries, Beets, Beans (string), Bread-
fruit, Broccoli, Cabbage, Celery, Cucumbers, Carrots, Collards, Cher-
ries, Cantaloupes, English Peas, Eggplant, Ferns, Grapefruit, Guavas,
Japanese Persimmons, Kumquats, Lettuce, Lima Beans, Lemons,
Limes, Loquats, Mangoes, Mustard, Pepper., Parsley, Plums, Pine-
apples, Pomegranates, Radishes, Rhubarb, Rape, Romaine, Okra,
Oranges, Sapodillas, Sugar Apples, Spinach, Squashes, Tomatoes, Tur-
nips, Tangerines, Young Berries, Onions.

Per Head or Each-All Livestock and Poultry, Pet Animals and Birds,
Pumpkins and Cocoanuts.

Per Ton-Hay and Forage, Kaffir Corn, Cassava, Sugar (short ton),
Broom Corn, Silage.

Per Bunch-Bananas.

Per Bale-Cotton.

Per Carload-Watermelons.

Per Dozen-Eggs, Cut Flowers, Flowering Bulbs.

Per Lot-Farm Machinery.

Per Stand-Bees.

Per Tree-All Fruit- and Nut-Bearing Trees (Nursery Stock and Non-
Bearing Trees have not been valued).





FLORIDA CROPS 31




Summary of Production by Tears



Below is given a summary by years of the agricultural production as
received through its enumerators by this Department. By comparison
they serve to show the general trend of the farming, trucking, horticul-
tural, and livestock interests of the State.


YEAR 1913 14


Field Crop. (r( ............. ...........
Vegetal e 11(and (rdeen PrIduilc~, acres....


.......... ... 1. 1S 1.434
. ..... .. .... ....... 93 .. 13

S 1.274..847


TOTAl. VALUE OF AI.L FARM PRODUCTS


Fielt Crop. ............................
Vegetahle iad mGarden IProduts ............
Fruit Product. ........... .... .
I.ive Stock nII IInd ..... .
Ioultry an dl 'rluct. ..... ...
I)airy Product .......... ......
.Apiary Irodun .......... ... .......

'T otil ............. .... . .


. S Is,S(il,3S9
.. 13, 185.,904
13.117.435
I. 29.511,931
I i. i;5.001
.. 1.130.925
1041,550

.. 8 3.937,135


YEAR 1915 16
TOTAL ACREAGE OF CROPS

field Crops e, Ires.............................................
Vegetable iand (Garden Product'. acres. .. .. ...... ....


Total .


I .47.423
Gs.955


... 1.517.3S3


TOTAL VALUE OF ALL FARM PRODUCTS


Field Crops ................. ..........
Vegetable and 1 ;arden Product ..........
Fruit Product ......... .. .. .......
Live Stock on Iland........ .............
Poultry 11nd Iroducts.......... .. ......
D)liry PIrodut ls ..........................
Mliscellallou I'Product .............. ...

Total Values... .......


... 21.1il3.390
10.72-1.519
13.511.950
... 29.56(.9S.2
.1... ,559,876
... 3,S81,452
17.1.225

S.. Sl1.335.164


YEAR 1917-18
TOTAL ACREAGE OF CROPS

Field Crop,. acrec.......... ...... ...... . .
Vegetable and (;arden Prolduti ........ .... ........ . ...

To'l l.............................. ..................


1,531.33S
105,.615

1.3(i(i,893


.........

. . . . . . I . . .
. . . . . .






DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


TOTAL VALUE OF ALL FARM PRODUCTS
Field Crops .................................................. S 31,145.901
Vegetable and Garden Products.................. .............. 18,838,149
Fruit Products ............................................... 16,381,818

LIVESTOCK ON HAND JULY 1, 1918

H orses.................................................... S 5.764,451
M ules ....................................................... 7,782 ,483
M ilch C ow s ........................ .. ....................... 2,542.44, 1
*All Other Cattle ............................................ 23,670.239
Other Cattle Shipped.......................................... 2,075.552
*Hogs on Hand ............................................... . 8,767.353
O their ogs .................................................. 11,478.002
Sheep and Goats............. ................................ 494.847

Total .......... ............ ..... ........ ...... S 62,573.373

Poultry and Product .......................................... S 5.993.213
Dairy and Products .......................................... 6,017.296
Miscellaneous Product.. ..................................... .. 312.993

Grand Total.................... .................... $141.262.776
*Total number of hogs for the twelve (12) months would have been 2,164,722, if we
could have included the 477,500 butchered and the 591,651 that were shipped out of the
counties and the State for market by packers and others. The value of hogs butchered
and shipped was, for the butchered, $6.069,841, and for those shipped. $5.408,161, or a
total of $20,245,355 for hogs alone, including those on hand July 1. 1918.

YEAR 1919-20

Field Crops ................................................. 27.671.320
Fruits ............................. ..................... 26,788.500
Stock Cattle on Hand..lulv, 1920 ............................... 21,444.525
Truck Products ...................................... ......... 15,818,297
Horses and Mules on llind, July. 1921 .......................... 12,282.604
Poultry and Eggs .. ................................... ...... 7,768,195
Milk and Butter ............................................. 6.427.30-
Hogs on land, July, 1920)..................... .. ......... ... 5.076.851
Milch Cows on Hand, .uly 1, 1920 .............................. 2,204.186
Thoroughbred Cattle on Hand. July. 1920. ....................... 1,454.154
Sheep, Wool, and Goats ....................................... 5'5.298
Honey and Beeswax ........................................... 98,515

Total........................................ $124,559 749

Nineteen per cent of the State is not represented in the above because ten counties
did not report.
The aggregate value of all soil products actually marketed in the State during 1920
was approximately $80.000,000.
YEAR 1921-22
The counties reporting for 1922 showed approximately the following values:

Fruit Crops ................................................. 8 27.804.478
Field Crops.................................................. 20.231.412
Truck Crops .................................................... 17,378,323
M ilk ........................................................ 6 ,490,493
Eggs ....................................................... 4.379.753
Poultry .................................... .................. 3.045.00X
Live Stock on Hand. All Kinds................................. 56i,000.00(

Total ............................................... $135.329,459
It is impossible to state just how much of the live stock is turned into cash and that
represents a year's growth. When production is stated in terms of dollars a comparison
should be made of the general level of prices for a series of years. Prices of farm
products went down during the general deflation from war prices.






FLORIDA CROPS 33


YEAR 1923-24
Fruit Crops.................................................. 21,637.762
Field Crops ........................................... 14.765.738
Truck Crops.................... ......... ................... 11,019.626
Ioot Crops.................... ............................. 3,999.921
Miscellaneous Crops ........................ ... ............... 2,661,168
Live Stock Marketed, Alive or Slaughtered ..................... 3.212.375
Poultry and Eggs................. ............. ..... ...... 7.650.729
M ilk and Butter....... .. .. ........ . ........... . 7.089.819

Total ............................................... 72.037,138


YEAR 1926-27
Field Crops ..... ............ ..... ................ .. .... 25,355,235
Truck Crops............................. ...... ...... 12,549,45
Fruits and N uts .......................................... 31.325.033
Live Stock Sold .. ......................................... 5.350,540
P'olt rv Sold .............................................. 4,208,014
Elgs. .............. .... .................................. 6,446,11
Milk. Butter, and Cheese ...................................... 11,472.109
Miscellaneous Crop .......................................... 5,842.745

Totl ...................................... 102,547.746


YEAR 1931-32
Field Crops........................... .... .................. S 10.189,843
Truck Crops................................................. 15,534.189
Fruit and Nuts ............................................. 33.156.031
Live Stock Sold, Alive or Slaughtered ........................... 2,662,234
Poultry..................................... .............. 2,480.840
E ggs ............. ............................ ........... 4 ,079 .519
Milk. Cheese and utter ...................................... 8.552.785
Miscellaneous ................................................ 3.158.462

Total ............ .................... 79.813.903


YEAR 1936-37
FISCAL FACTS
Number of Acres in Farms ....................... ............ 6,220.787
Number of Acres in Merchanltale Timber ....................... 571.755
Number of Acres in Pasture....... ........................... 3,780.59
Number of Acres Cultivated to Fiild and Truck Crops.............. 1,571371
Number of Acres in Groves .................................. 428,424
Number of Farins Listed .......... ............................. 92.681
'Number of Non-Farms Listed ................... ................ 36,67

SNon-Farmers are persons listed that grow Livestock, Bees, and Poultry but do not
farm.

AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENTS
Citrus Fruit Trees ....... .................... ...... .. 158,007,368
Other Fruit Trees ..... ................................... 2.270,918
N ut Bearin Trees ............................................ 3.413,434

Total Fixed Investments ........................ 163.691.720






34 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Movable Investments Exclusive of Household Furniture,
Automobiles, and Trucks
Farm Machinery...... ................................ 11,792,431)
W ork Stock........................ ............... 6,395,259
Stock Cattle ... ... ............. ................. .... 18,663,024
Dairy Cattle.......................... ... ............... 5,105,073
Hogs............ ...................................... 3,774,239
Sheep................... ................................. 110,24
G oats ....................................................... 62,203
Bees. ..... ............................ ................. 211,535
Poultry.................. ................................ 3,356,178

Total Movable Investments... .............. .... ..... 49,470,189
Total Fixed Investments......................... .. 163,691,720

*Total Investments ......... ..................... $213,161,909

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
Field Crops........ ...................... .... 8 3 30.543.412
Truck Crops....... ....................................... 25,255,507
Citrus Fruit Crops ........................................ 42,877,622
Other Fruit Crops .... ..................................... 1,078,937
N ut Crops. ............................................. ... 580,173
Beef Products .......................... ... ....... ........ 2,184,632
Pork Products......................... ................... 4,524.531
M utton and W ool ... .............................. ... 15.49S
Dairy Products ................................ .............. 10,539,511
Poultry.......................... .................... .... 1,419,670
Eggs ....................................................... 5,782,255
H money .. .................................................. 151,343
B eesw ax.................... ............................... 5,198
Floriculture. ........................... ... .............. 1,396,151
D eer Tung. ................................................... 17,130

Total Production ................................. $126,372,164
These figures do not include investments in FLORICULTURE and VITRICULTURE.

YEAR 1941
FISCAL FACTS
Number of Acres in Farms ........... .. .. ............ .... 7,444,423
Number of Farms Listed.................. .................... 68,800
*Numiber of Non-Farms Listed .................. .............. 24,344
Non-Farmers are persons listed that grow Livestock, Bees, and Poultry but do not
farm.

AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENTS
Fixed Investment Exclusive of Land
Citrus Fruit Trees................ ....... ............ $172,204,560
Other Fruit Trees .......... .. ...... .................... 2,687,952
Nut-Bearing Trees ................... ... .............. 3,652,800
*Farm Improvements ..... ................................ 84,340,72S

Total Fixed Investments................. .......... $261,886,040
Includes Buildings. Fencing, Wells, etc.

Movable Investments Exclusive of Household Furniture,
Automobiles, and Trucks
Farm M achinery..... ................................. . 10,176,446
Work Stock... .......................................... 6,595,680
Stock Cattle ... .............. ......... .. ................ 21,590,510
Dairy Cattle............................ ................ 8,114,460






FLORIDA CROPS


HIogs........................................................
Sheep........ ........................................
(;oats ...................................................
Bees.....................................................
Poultry..................................... ................

Total Fixed Investmenots........................
Total Movable Investments ......................

Total Investments ............. .....................

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION VALUE
Citrus Fruits...............................................
Vegetables.................................................
Live Stock and Dairy Products......... ...................
Field Crops................................................
Poultry Products.............................................
Miscellaneous................................................
Other Fruits and Nuts................. ...................
Bee Products............................................... .

Total ............... .. ........ ..........


3,120,672
101,720
22,435
322,680
3,163,255

$262,886,010
53,207,848

8316,093,888


$ 35,062.399
31.611,558
25,294,266
23.925.691
11,990,131
5,884,715
1,571,068
166,479

8135,506.307


The Following Was Compiled and Published by
The Florida State Chamber of Commerce


Number of farms .........................................
Land in farms, acres................... ...................
Percent of total area of state..................... .......
Average size of farms, acres ............. .. ..... ......
Land in farms according to use, acres:
Used for crops ......................................
Cropland fallow ....................................
1/ Cropland used for pasture....... .....................
1/ Total cropland ......................................
Total land pastured ..................................
Woodlands and all other. .................................
1/ 1940 not comparable with 1945.


1940
62,248
8,337,708
24
133.9

1.751,275
462,248
643,065
2,856,588
not available
5,481,120


Livestock Census, January 1, 1947
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Preliminary
Number
Cattle ............................................................... 1,265,000
Hogs .................................................... 630,000
Sheep ....... .......................................... 14,000
Horses.......... ......... ..................... 27.000
Mules.................................... ................. 33,000
Chickens.................................... .. ............ 2,864,000
Turkeys..................................... .......... 30,000

Total .............. .. ..........................................


Ca nn ed
Grapefruit
Juice
12,205,09


1944-45 SEASON
Cases (Basis 24 No. 2 cans)
Canned
Orange
Juice
9 13,935,381


'Canned
Blended
Juice

7.744,505


1945
61,159
13,083,501
37.7
213.9

1,840,264
474,367
562,563
2,877,194
9,095,740
1,110,567


Farmn Value
868,310,000
10,206,000
98,000
3,024,000
5,280,000
4.640,000
207,000

$91,765,000




Total
Cases

34,116,130


1945-46 SEASON
2,350,000 15,000,000 18.700,000 12,270,000 48,845,000*
Last season tangerine juice was on the market for the fint time. 525,000* cases
were picked.






36 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

RECORD OF INTERSTATE CITRUS SHIPMENTS BY CARS
SEASON 1948-1949


WEEK
ENDING

Septem ber ................... 3
10
17
25
October ................... 2
9
16
23
30
November ................. 6
13
20
27
December ................. 4
11
18
25
January .................. 1
8
15
22
29
February................. 5
12
19
26
March... ................ 5
12
19
26
April ..................... 2
9
16
23
30
May ..................... 7
14
21
28
June ....................... 4
11
18
25
July...................... 2
9
16
23
30
August .................. 6
13


TOTA S ................... .

SEASONS

1947-8......................
1946-47.......................
1945-16......... .........
1944-45 ......................
1943-44........ ..........


ORGS.



35
14
72
307
845
1.105
943
1,181
1,286
1,275
1,196
1,773
2,279
3,069
1.617
56
2,467
2,212
1,761
1,414
1,552
2,118
1.758
1.955
2.152
2,044
1,793
1,710
1,680
1,737
1.914
1,727
1,637
1.627
1.700
1,544
1,321
1.064
892
715
374
111
60
39
27
14
1


58.174


51,715
62.118
57.656
53,429
67.095


NOTE: Interstate shipments compiled from records
indicate the approximate cars if shipped as fresh.


GRFT.

72
380
268
276
394
634
745
730
547
380
444
498
478
567
439
626
503
24
498
674
749
606
642
769
854
1,098
1,085
970
1,074
1.118
936
872
958
893
702
614
610
476
326
179
174
170
92
29
11
3
5
5


25,450


TANGS.






5
11
121
301
367
520
417
460
66(
884
574
17
500
430
244
155
83
48
30
52
91
94
121
79
8(
47
63
26
22
16
9
10
5

5
1








6.546


17,744 5,449
19.505 5.346
17,642 6,988
12,822 7,693
19,129 7,066
of Florida Citrus Exchange. Cars






FLORIDA CROPS 37


RECORD OF CITRUS CANNED BY BOXES AND CARS
SEASON 1948-1949
ORANGES GRAPEFRUIT TANGERINES


IBoxes Cars hoxes


September..... 3 ... ..
10 ...... .....
17 . .. . . . . .
25 502 1
October....... 2 1.894 4
9 16,917 33
16 21,016 159
23 253,636 497
30 282.212 553
November.... 6 439,899 863
13 559,164 1,096
20 568,731 1.115
27 463,947 910
December..... 4 608.749 1,194
11 679,175 1.332
18 882,945 1,731
25 756,979 1,484
January. ...... 736,767 1,445
8 1,034.252 2,028
15 1,029,200 2,018
22 1,127,870 2,212
29 1,197,003 2,347
February...... 5 1,055,243 2,069
12 1,174,815 2.304
19 1,311,029 2,571
26 1,166.283 2,287
March............. 5 1,028.271 2,016
12 1,050,913 2,061
19 977.535 1,917
26 854,059 1,675
April.......... 2 849.055 1,665
9 711.878 1,396
16 657.894 1,290
23 625,338 1.226
30 728,647 1,429
Sayl .......... 7 734584 1,440
14 693.724 1,360
21 616.605 1,209
28 543.520 1,066
June ......... 4 467,919 917
11 389.697 764
18 284.027 557
25 121.550 238
July.......... .2 27,881 55
9 6.745 13
16 8.901 17
23 4.473 9
30 880 1
Augu-, ........ 6 43 .....
13 99 .....


3.260
44.656
37, 886
41,121
71,271
89,447
254,945
373.085
422,614
480,727
604.830
503,633
555,254
605.780
571,054
409,914
511,086
746,200
695,926
772,645
839,613
811,053
738,646
686,715
706,255
606.236
595,591
653,182
537,769
453,684
367.345
331,512
210,700
179,431
127.650
114,242
96,875
86,455
74,650
73.960
61.621
51.125
48.706
14.922
21.103
15,116
4.501
1.486
340


Cars Boxes


7 ........
89 .. ....
76 ........
82 ...
143 ...
179 ........
510 ........
746 18,463
845 65,148
961 73,846
1,210 77,483
1,007 53,880
1,111 65,747
1,212 73,187
1.142 108,479
820 89,723
1,022 10.952
1,496 82.822
1,392 91,733
1,545 85,071
1.679 45,598
1,622 28,840
1,477 5,389
1,373 8,652
1,412 2,807
1,212 1,357
1,191 1,918
1,306 2,408
1,076 1,799
907 228
735 778
663 569
421 1,910
359 378
255 ...
228 50
194 27
173 112
149 ...
148 ...
123 ....
102 ...
97 ........
30 .
42
30
9
3
I


TOTr. ............. 26.812.496 52,575 16.305,820 32,612 999,354 2,172

SEASONS
1947-48 .......... 30,376.340 63,284 19,448,586 39,691 598,505 1,273
194647............ 19.825.485 41,303 15,864,346 32,376 930,751 1,980
194546........... 19.183.860 39,965 22,124,436 44,177 515,606 1,072
1944-45............ 14,223,889 27,730 15.133,817 29,684 2,728 5
194344............ 10.912.352 22,270 20,429,173 41.692 ........
NOTE: Canning data from Florida Citrus Commission records.


40
142
161
168
117
143
159
236
195
24
180
199
185
99
63
12
19
6
3
4
5
4

2
1
4
1






38 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


THE FOLLOWING STATISTICS ARE FROM 1947-48 REPORTS:
AGRICULTURE


Fruits..................................................
Live Stock...............................................
Vegetables.............................................. .

MANUFACTURING
Forest Products..........................................
Food Products ............. ...............................

NAVAL STORES
270,000 (Barrels)

FISH
Fish caught for food, (pounds) ..........................
Non-food fish, (pounds) ... ............ .... ......

MINERALS
Minerals of all kinds......................... .........

AIRPLANE
Airplane freight to the value of..........................


EXPORTS by waterports and IMPORTS
10 Waterports handle, (tons)................. ........


8126,000,000
53,000,000
95,000,000



8140,000,000
150,000,000


91,600,000
137,000,000



8 25,000,000



;$ 60,000,000


20,000,000






FLORIDA CROPS 39


SOME FLORIDA DAIRY FACTS
N um ber of dalir.vm en ............... ............. 1,10 )
Number of cows milked ................................... 1501.030
Gallons of milk produced in 19 IS........ .............. 75,100).000
Number of milk plant....... ... ....... .. 223
Number of wholesale frozen deserts plant ..... S2
Number of retail ice cream plant ...... . ... 2.5
(;Gallons of frozen dessert, iimade in 193S.. ...... . 10 ).20 353
gallonss of milk imported- ()ct. 1. 194S to Mar. 31, 194!1....... 2.15,273
Gallons of 4,1% cream imiported- -Oct. 1, 194IS to Mar. 31, 11)19, Si!1,795
Pounds or colttgechleesc iimported-Oct. 1. 191S to Mar. 31, 1949 1,317,729
(On basis of national average, there are over 20,000 people in Florida employed in
the production, processing and distribution of dairy products.)
Cmnii ilhi by Milk li electionn Diviioni. Fla. Stitt Ii. of Agr;ciltii John M. S il,. Chief Dairy
Supervisor, May 23, 1919.


FARMERS' SHARE OF CONSUMERS' DOLLAR

F. W. RISHER, Director
Poultry and Egg Division
The U. S. Bureau of Agricultural Economics reports the farmers of
the U. S. received 49% of the consumers' dollar in April, 1949. the lowest
in six years. The farmers' share of the consumers' dollar reached a peak
of 55 cents several times between November, 1945 and January, 1948.
The farmers received an average of 40c of the consumers' dollar for the
five-year period, 1935 to 1939.
The price spreads between the farmers and the consumers for special
selected food products, compared with the 1935-1939 average in April,
1948 and March and April, 1949:

Period April March April
Product 1935-49 1941 1949 19I19
... ..... 77 74 73 74
hickens... .... 56; 5S 6f2 67
Ileef....... ....... ... 56 71 6(7 liS
Pork...................... 52 63 67 li2
Oranges... ........ 37 32 33 .11
Fluid Milk. .. ........ 55 612 59 5
Irish lotatoe.. .. 29 37 2S 45
Sueet Potati e .. ..... 41 51 49 46t
Snap Bean ........... .4) 43 47 .11
Lettuce, Ilea ............. 41 47 51 36


From this report egg producers received the largest share of the con-
sumers' dollar. The reason for this may be because the egg is one of
nature's products that can be served in the original container. Then the
beef cattlemen and poultry meat Iroducers seem tied for the second
place for the greater share of the consumers' dollar followed by the dairy-
men when they sell whole milk. Since the above are all important agricul-
tural products produced in Florida and gaining ground as a source of
revenue for the state, this is very encouraging.
The great orange crop does not show up so well, for the growers re-
ceived only a little more than one-third of the consumers' dollar.





DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Competitive Markets
By NEILL RHODES
Of the State Marketing Bureau
BEAN COMPETITION
Competition.-The competition given by other States to Florida bean
shipments is the greatest in the early fall and late spring period of the
Florida shipping season. Domestic competition is the least in the period
December, January, February and March, and latter November and early
April might be included since normally bean shipments from other States
are comparatively light in these part months. Bean shipments are made
from Louisiana and Texas in more months of the Florida season than
from other states, but Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and
Virginia ship beans in October ahead of initial shipments from Florida. and
shipments from Arkansas, Georgia, Maryland, New Jersey and Tennessee
continue after the Florida season closes in June. Consequently, early Flor-
ida fall shipments if made before killing frost largely eliminates shipments
from other States, and the late Florida spring shipments if continued
after a number of other States are shipping heavily, must bring propor-
tionately lower prices.
Import competition of beans, principally Limas, to Florida offerings
comes mainly from Cuba in the period of the Florida shipping season.
December through March, the total volume annually amounting normally to
4-5% of the Florida rail and boat shipments. Mexico with less on the
average than a dozen cars annually, gives negligible competition in the
eastern territory. The few cars from Puerto Rico are less in volume than
the Mexican imports. The Lima bean import competition in the months
of December, January, February and March is considerably greater to
Florida shipments than the domestic volume supplied by other States, and
being placed largely on a few eastern port markets is still more competitive
than if distributed to a number of inland markets.
Competition.-The Florida Lima bean shipping season extends from
November with I.c.l. lots, and December through June in carlot volume.
Georgia and the Carolinas offer competition to Florida shipments except
in the winter and early spring months, but Cuban competition offered
from latter October through April is more severe, especially since the
shipments are made chiefly to New York and eastern port markets. Mexico
and Puerto Rico also offer import competition, but the volume is negligible
compared to that from Cuba. The trade agreement with Cuba, reducing
the duty from December through May, tends to encourage competition
from that source in the Florida shipping season. Information showing
the Florida rail and boat shipments, the U. S. shipments and imports in
each of the months of the Florida shipping season, is unavailable. Cuban
shipments very light during war and up to date.

TOMATO COMPETITION
Competition.- While only a few cars of tomatoes are shipped from
Florida as the season begins in October, they must meet competition with
offerings from California, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, and other
States. In November and December the fresh domestic competition comes





FLORIDA CROPS


mainly from California and Texas carlot shipments. By January the
domestic competition has practically faded out, Texas and California
shipping out a few cars in this month some seasons. In February and
March Florida continues to supply most of the domestic tomato shipments.
In April, Texas is shipping fresh tomatoes in fair carlot volume. In May,
Texas shipments increase tremendously and reach their peak. Mississippi,
Georgia, Louisiana and South Carolina begin carlot shipments in May,
reaching peak volume in June. In June, Arkansas, California, Maryland,
North Carolina, Tennessee and other States are also shipping out tomatoes,
the total U. S. shipments reaching the heaviest volume of all months in
June, and second heaviest in May.
Import competition is very pronounced on tomatoes. Cuba and Mexico
are the chief sources of import competition-Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Virgin
Islands and other countries shipping in only a few cars each season. The
import season runs with that of Florida beginning in November, continuing
in each following month until the import season ends in May. The Cuban
imports are heaviest in December, January and February, those from
Mexico usually after the Cuban peak has passed, in March and April. Cuban
shipments very light during the war but picking up in 1946-47 season.
POTATO COMPETITION
Competition.-A good many years ago the Florida potato shipping
season began in the latter part of March and extended well into June.
With the opening up of and increase in the production of Bliss potatoes
in South Florida, the Florida shipping season now begins in November
and continues through June. Florida potato shipments have heavy com-
petition with old stock from late, and with new crop potatoes from early
producing States. The two largest potato shipping States, Maine and
Idaho, place potatoes on the market in carlot volume every month in the
year, and so do the States of California, Michigan, Minnesota, New York,
Wisconsin and other States. While the old crop competition extends
throughout the Florida shipping season, the new crop competition comes
mostly in May and June. New crop potatoes are shipped from Texas in
about the same months of the Florida season,-November through June,
peak in April. Louisiana ships new stock from March to July, reaching
peak shipments in May. Alabama and Mississippi ship from April to July,
and South Carolina mostly in May and June. Georgia and North Carolina
ship out new stock in May, June and July. Alabama, Louisiana and South
Carolina shipments reach peak in May, and North Carolina in June.
In the eight years, 1933-40, April was the peak month of Florida
shipments with two exceptions,-May ranked first in 1935 and again in
1940. California, since 1942, has been giving increasing competition in
May and June.
STRAWBERRY COMPETITION
Competition.-The Florida strawberry carlot shipping season begins
in December, and in the period from the latter part of November through
the following February, Florida strawberry shipments have little competi-
tion. In March and sometimes in February, Louisiana begins its carlot
shipping season, and this State gives Florida strawberries the strongest
competition. Louisiana ranks first among all the States in carlot shipments
of strawberries. The shipping season usually reaches peak in April, and








FLORIDA CROPS 43

Louisiana ships as much volume in April as Florida ships the entire season.
Shipments from Louisiana continue heavy into May. Texas ships out a
relatively few cars also in Mai ch and April. The Alabama shipping season
begins in the latter part of March and continues through April and into
May. Mississippi and North Carolina begin their season in April, and
ship also in May. In some seasons Tennessee also ships out a few cars
in April, and moves out a heavy volume in May. In addition to the States
above named, Arkansas, California, Delaware, Illinois, Kentucky, Mary-
land, Missouri and Virginia are all shipping strawberries in carlot volume
in May.
PEPPER COMPETITION
Competitive Shipments.-August and September are the two months
of the twelve in which the lightest total United States shipments are made.
The importing sections ordinarily place no carlots of peppers on the U. S.
markets until November. The Florida carlot shipping season begins
with considerable carlot competition in October, California, New Jersey
and Texas shipping; in November, California, Georgia, New Jersey, and
Texas are shipping; and in December supplies are more limited, mainly
from Texas. Imports begin from Cuba, Mexico and Puerto Rico in De-
cember. Texas has few cars out in January, but with that exception
Florida supplies the total carlot domestic pepper shipments from January
through February, March and April, to May in which month shipments
begin from Louisiana which give Florida peppers the only domestic com-
petition in this month. In June the season is under way in several States
-Georgia, Louisiana (peak shipments), Mississippi, North Carolina, South
Carolina-which States ship in July and the New Jersey season starts in
July. The imports increase in January, February. and reach peak in March.
then start declining in April, in May, about fade out in June, seldom any
imports in July. Thus in the first four months of the year Florida supplies
its own domestic competition, and has only the imports to offer competi-
tion, which are timed to meet the least competition in the eastern markets.
In the five years 1932-36 Florida shipments averaged the heaviest in May,
in 1934, 1935, 1936 increasing March over February, April over March
and May over April. No State, nor any section from which peppers are
brought into the United States, has a shipping season common entirely
to that of Florida. Mexico and Cuba are our principal foreign competitors.

GREEN PEA COMPETITION
Competitive Shipments.-Shipments of green peas from California far
exceed the shipments from any other State, about 58'; of the total United
States shipments moving from California. This competition continues
with Florida during every month of its shipping season, and with other
States every month of the year. Mentioned in the order of the quantity
of green peas they ship, the States of the South and East competitive
to Florida are North Carolina, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas.
Florida has import competition. Mexico principally, shipping December
through March, January and February the peak months. Puerto Rico
averages about 2 cars per month in January, February and March, be-
ginning shipments in November. Mississippi ships in April and May,
North Carolina April and principally May, South Carolina April and May,
Texas from December through March, Alabama and Georgia occasionally









?1' 1 '


EGGPLANT





FLORIDA CROPS 45

have carlots out in April. Virginia carlot shipments do not begin until May.
In the season proper Florida competition comes therefore mostly from
California, Texas and Mexico, at least until April. Florida production is
less and less, of little importance in 1946-47 season.

LETTUCE COMPETITION
,Competitive Shipments.-Florida is outranked in lettuce shipments by
several states, and has very strong competition. California, shipping more
than 70% of the total U. S. lettuce, is the strongest competitor, and moves
more lettuce in every month of the year than Florida ships in the entire
season. Arizona has about the same shipping season as Florida, but much
heavier volume. The Iceberg type of lettuce shipped by California and
Arizona is well established, and preferred by most of the trade. Georgia
occasionally ships a few cars in March or April and May. North Carolina
and South Carolina ship in March, April and May in good carlot volume.
and Texas has a few cars in January or February. Most of the southern
states ship the Big Boston type, Romaine and some Iceberg type.

EGGPLANT COMPETITION
Competitive Shipments.-Since Florida has in the five years 1932-1936
shipped more than nine-tenths of the total U. S. rail and boat supplies, it
appears that Florida eggplant, especially during its shipping season, con-
trols the market. Domestic carlot competition is negligible until Virginia
shipments begin in June and July, as the few cars from Texas, Louisiana
or South Carolina are not serious. However, imports account for about
45% (in the yearly average 1932-1936) of the total rail and boat supply,
the total U. S. shipments amounting to only 55% of the total. Cuba is
the chief competitor. Mexico next and occasionally Puerto Rico places
eggplant on the U. S. markets. Cuban shipments usually begin in De-
cember, or latter November, increase in January, and in February, to
reach the peak in March. The Cuban receipts drop off sharply in April,
and end in May. Mexico ships mostly in the period January to May in-
clusive, but in much less volume than Cuba. Cuban shipments have been
light since 1942 on account of war and the lack of boat transportation.

CELERY COMPETITION
Competition.-Florida celery shipments in the first months of the sea-
son must compete with new crop, and also storage shipments, though in
far more limited proportions. Celery shipments from California are placed
on the markets from either the northern, southern or central districts of
of that State in not only every month of the Florida shipping season, but in
every month of the calendar year. Florida celery is shipped in carlot
volume from December through June with no carlot shipments out in the
five months July through November. California shipments are the heaviest
in December, and second largest in November, so that Florida shipments
are placed on markets well supplied with California November shipments,
and must meet the heaviest month's shipments of the entire California
season in December. California celery shipments reach peak in the month
in which the Florida celery shipping season begins. California ships out
its lowest monthly volume in April, and the United States total celery
shipments are the lowest in order, in July and August. Louisiana ships








\V























Ij


CABBAGE





FLORIDA CROPS


comparatively few cars of celery in May and June, and Virginia less than
75 cars in June in recent seasons.
Competition from old crop or late celery comes chiefly from New York,
and secondly from Michigan in December and January. The imports are
of little consequence. Bermuda occasionally ships out a few cars to the
United States.

CABBAGE COMPETITION
Competitive Shipments.-Many of the Florida vegetables have oniy
the new crop competition, but cabbage has not only the new crop, but
the shipments from the late States and storage stock with which it must
compete. Cabbage from Louisiana, South Carolina and Texas is shipped
in almost every month of the Florida season, and storage stock from
New York and Wisconsin competes with Florida offerings practically every
month from December through April. Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and
North Carolina place new cabbage on the market in April and May, and
Tennessee and Virginia in May. There are shipments from other States
that at some time during the Florida shipping season give competition,
for instance, Arizona, California, Minnesota, etc. Import competition is
not serious. Cuba occasionally exports one or two cars to the United
States, usually in February. Less than 30 cars per season have come in
from the Netherlands, usually in the period January to April. Arizona
and California are increasingly important although the large volume in
Texas generally makes the market.

WATERMELON COMPETITION
Competitive Shipments.-There are no domestic carlot shipments of
watermelons in the United States in the months of November, December,
January, February, and March. Very few cars are reported in October.
occasionally cars from Colorado or California, Illinois, or others, but only
scattering cars. In April, Florida is the only State shipping watermelons,
does not itself ship in April every season, and has no competition from
domestic sources, and only few cars from imports from Cuba. In May,
California starts shipping in volume, and Texas, a more serious competitor,
begins the melon season. Cuba and Mexico account for few scattering
cars in May though the volume is limited. June is the peak month of Flor-
ida shipments, and shipments begin in June. continue through July, and
into August from Alabama, Georgia, the largest producing States, Louisi-
ana, Mississippi, South Carolina and California and Texas continue. In
addition to these designated States in July, Arkansas. Missouri, North
Carolina, and others are shipping melons in good carlot volume. In August
practically every watermelon producing state north of Florida is in season.
CUCUMBER COMPETITION
Competitive Shipments.-If the Florida cucumber season starts in Oc-
tober, growers have fall domestic competition with Louisiana, Georgia,
New York and northern home-grown local supplies. In November supplies
fade out from these sources and Florida ships in December practically
all of the domestic volume. Import competition from Cuba and Puerto
Rico begins in a limited way in November and by the end of December
reaches good volume, December imports ranging in the last four years










4k
'i~ v ,i
. ti'
~ A~ & b I P


WFMBEf!





FLORIDA CROPS


1933-36, from 24 to 62 carlot equivalents. Florida has competition in
January, February and March with hothouse supplies mainly from Illinois,
Indiana and Ohio, and the Cuban and Puerto Rican imports, which are
heaviest of the season in January and second in February declining in
March with an average of about 23 cars, ending in April, but largely
dominating the market in the first three months of the year. April marks
the beginning of the early domestic shipments from Texas, the peak move-
ment from which State is reached in May. During May, Alabama, South
Carolina and Georgia cucumbers roll in carlot volume, and the Florida
cucumber season ending in June must meet competitive shipments from
Arkansas. Maryland, Mississippi, Texas, Virginia, and heavy shipments
from Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina, and a few
scattering cars from other States.

ORANGE COMPETITION
The principal varieties of oranges in Florida are divided into Early,
Mid-season and Late. The early varieties are Hamlin, season October,
November and later; Parson Brown, season October and November. The
outstanding mid-season varieties are Seedlings, the Pineapple and Homo-
sassa, season December to February. The principal late variety is the
Valencia, season March to June.
Florida oranges have been shipped in several different types of con-
tainers. For instance, the two-bushel Bruce box, the 4/5-bushel box, the
one-bushel box, the 1A box bag, the 8-pound bag, the 5-pound bag. The
standard container is the 1 3/5 bushel box 12x12x24. It is estimated
that the 1936-37 Florida citrus crop was shipped in the following contain-
ers, in about the percentage shown:

Standard 1-3/5 bushel ......................67.00%
Two-bushel Bruce box .....................22.50%
4/5 bushel box ......................... 9.00%
Bushel box
1/2 strap
1/, box bag
8 box bag .......................... 1.50 7
8-pound bag
5-pound bag

100.00%

The cost of producing a season's orange crop in Florida on the tree
up to picking, such as cultivation, fertilizing, spraying and pruning, not
including proportionate cost of property taxes, rental, depreciation or
interest, ranges from 42c-44c per box (1936-37 season). Delivered f.o.b.
shipping point from 81.18-1.22 per box: picking 7c-8c, hauling 6c-7c,
packing house cost 63c, (box 19c, paper, etc., 9c; labor in packing, grading,
etc., 15c; miscellaneous 20c). Selling charges 15c box (shipping agencies
10c, auction charges 5c)-included, 81.33-1.37 box. These charges do not
include commission assessments of advertising, pre-cooling, color-added
royalties, etc., which would, roughly speaking, amount to 6c-10c per box.









































































A\VOCA DO





FLORIDA CROPS 51


CONSUMPTION OF IMPORTANT FOODS IN THE UNITED STATES
(Per Capita Civilian Consumption)
FRANK H. SCRUGGS, Morket News Speciolist,
Florida State Marketing Bureou, August 13, 1947

The consumption of food statistics may appear very dull reading ex-
:ept for those who really desire to study and have need for them. These
lata are assembled from various sources but mostly from the U. S. De-
3artment of Agricultural Statistical Year Books.
It may be noted that the per capital consumption of red meat has
:hanged very little since 1910.
The increase in chicken meat has been about 25%, while turkey meat
:onsumed shows a marked increase, and may increase even more. Con-
sumption of eggs has increased about 30%.
Margarine has not shown any marked increase and probably would
nave decreased except that butter supplies were short in 1945.
Lard shows little change, but other edible fats showed about 1/3 in-
:rease in 1940 prior to the war in 1941.

lBet Pork Lamb Lard
and except and Total Chickens ITurkey. Eggs for
cars Veal Lard Mlutton Meats )re, ed Dressed Number Margarine Butter Food
LIs. Lbs. Lb.. Lbs. Lbs. .is. Lh.s. Lbs. Lbs.
10.... 77.6 62.3 6.5 146.4 20.6 (a) 300 (a) (a) (a)
20.... 67.1 63. 5.4 136.1 18.3 (a) 299 2.0 14.8 12.0
925... 68.0 66.8 5.2 110.0 10.8 1.7 318 1.7 18.0 12.2
30.... 55.1 66.6 6.6 128.3 21.5 1.S 329 2.2 17.2 12.6
935.... 61.0 69.6 6.8 115.9 18.1 2.1 27S 2.4 17.1 9.5
940.... 62.0 72.4 6.6 141.0 18.O 3.6 316 1.9 111.9 14.7
945... 70.3 60.2 7.2 137.7 25.3 4.3 392 3.3 10.9 12.0

Condensed and evaporated milk, cheese and ice cream show about a
50% increase.
The per capital consumption of grains and cereals shows a marked de-
:rease.
Sugar consumption showed a considerable increase from 1910 to 1940.

All Canned Total Cane
Edible Fluid and Milk for and
Fats Milk Evaporated Human Wheat Corn Beet
and and Milk and Ice Co'nsump. and and Other (1) Sugar
fears Oils Cream Cream Cheese Cream tion Products Products Cereals defined
Lbs. Lbs. ,lhs. Lbs. Lbs. s. Lbs. Lbs. .Lbs. Lbs.
10.... 38.5 320 (a) 3. 5 (a) (a) 214.9 71.0 16.5 75.4
920.... 3 1 () 12.3 3.50 (a) (a) 185.5 48.6 19.0 85.6
25.... 46.4 353.5 11.7 4.6 9.4 801.6 170.9 45.0 17.1 104.2
930.... 47.7 350.9 13.5 4.6 9.1 814.8 172.4 46.7 19.6 109.1
935.... 464 335.4 16,1 5.2 7.3 799.0 153.8 36.7 13.8 96.4
940.... 50.0 343.1 19.2 6.0 11.3 820.0 150.2 38.2 12.6 95.2
945.... 42.2 438.0 18.3 5.9 13.8 799.0 164.2 39.2 10.0 73.2

Per capital consumption shows a decided decrease for potatoes and a
lown-trend for sweet potatoes, while dried beans show a moderate in-
,rease.
Apples are losing in popularity, but the figures for 1910 and 1935 are
lot comparable, as commercial production only was considered after 1933.
Citrus fruits per capital show a remarkable increase, being more than
1/ times what it was in 1910.






52 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

T.l.I otalal (5)
Svrr I)ri'l 2l I I r. Fr..h i All T'onlat. Leafy Freh
\,.r. P l.lat.r- iPtto e lrn.ll. A.pplr, Fre'.h Frill Mrll Fr h Mr Vegetabhlr Vegetablej
Lbl. 1,h,. I.h. Lb,. lI.i. l.,. l.b LI... Lb.. I.ll.
IlO... 197.0 21.O ;0 i 59.41 17 S 137 i na) ii) (a) 191.0
190... 11.1,1 31.4 .' 7 (63.11 211 (I 145 3 1.5 27 I S2.9 l 220.0
1925... 153.0 IS.4 7 3 41; 3 2 !9 131; 2 32.1; 2"5.'. 71.0 202.0
1930... 136.0 207 i 41 .l :i1 I 134 2 35.2 23 1 76.9 213.0
1935... 141.0 2N 6 I 32 I 4I 3 135 :13. ."7 2 6 li 230.0
1910... 131.10 191 1 3 i 3 112 7 3 5 2, 3 N9. 239.0
Ili .. 0 11 23 I I 1 7 Ii 7 37.bs 32 3 115 0 26L5.0

Fresh vegetables show a moderate increase. Tomatoes fresh and
tomatoes canned, popular for decades show no material change. Other
canned vegetables show a remarkable increase since 1910, and about a
50; increase since 1930.
The consumption of corn meal, which is included with the corn and
corn products consumption figures, shows a marked decrease. Rice is
just about as popular as in 1920. The same holds for dried fruits.

(iren .All All Fruit Fruiil
C'rn Peas Ilcaun TIomatoc., ('Innii. Fruit, Jiicei(3) (4) Dried Rice Corn (6)
cearl Canned Cannned Cnle ('Canned l\',getlaile Cannel banned d Frozen Fruits Milled Meal
I.I,. Lbs. Lh. Lbs. 1.h.. I... I.bs. L. I. bs. Ih. I.bs.
110U..... 3.2 1.4 (c) 4.S I1 i; 3.5 (c) (c) 3.3 (a) 62.8
1921..... 42 3.4 I ) 5.1 Il.2 9.4 (c) (c i .5 5.2 35.0
1925..... 4. 4.1 re) 7.9 2s 11 I) (c) 2 1.2 5 2 29.4
1930..... ..1 .1.7 I 9 6.1 .1 (I 12 II .3 .5 5.3 5.7 2S.0
1935 ..... 1 4.8 1 6.4 30 2 13 I 2.0 .5 4.7 5 2 24.5
1910..... 1.1 5.7 2 2 6.3 35 II 17 5 7.1 1.2 6.3 6.1) 23.7
1915.... 113 7.4 : 1 3.2 11 5 111.11 10.0 2 5.9 1.7 19.0

Any person over 50 years of age who was raised in the country or
in a small city can recollect the changes in eating habits since 1910. We
had plenty of red meat and chicken in 1910. Butter and lard were plenti-
ful. Lots of home made bread, biscuits, and corn meal were available at
a low price. Oatmeal was the principal cereal in 1910. Sugar was a lit-
tle high priced for some. The cheap American cheese made up most of
the cheese consumption. A slice of cheese and some crackers made a
meal for the more thrifty farmers and workers in town for the day.
Potatoes were required in large quantities in the North; sweet potatoes,
rice and grits in the South. A lot of hard work with long hours was done
in those days and the worker needed plenty of solid, nourishing foods.
In late years no one works much over 40 hours a week, but people still
eat a lot of meat but less potatoes and bread. The doctors have recom-
mended cereals, citrus, fruit juices, etc. Many women are working in
offices and eating out of cans at night, having fruit or vegetable salads
for lunch. Many manual workers now eat a lighter breakfast and lighter
lunch.
The per capital consumption of red meats, wheat, corn, potatoes, sweet
potatoes, dried beans and lard was approximately 696.7 pounds in 1910
as compared to 509.0 pounds in 1945, while for a group of foods includ-
ing milk, butter, eggs, fresh and canned fruits and juices, and vegetables





FLORIDA CROPS


the per capital consumption was approximately 716.0 pounds in 1910
and 970.8 pounds in 1945. The total of these two groups was 1412.7
pounds in 1910 and 1480.7 pounds in 1945. This shows that we eat more
volume, get less calories, but get more minerals, etc.

The physical condition of the inhabitants is considered much better
in 1945 than in 1910, but this is not entirely due to a better balanced
diet. Much of this improvement is due to better health and medical care,
and perhaps to the lighter physical work of many.

(a) Not available to writer at present, probably not available at all.
(b) Not immediately available.
(c) Not immediately available, probably little or no production or consumption.
(1) Includes rye, oats, barley, and milled rice products.
(2) Excludes non-commercial apples after 1933.
(3) Single strength or converted to single strength. Includes all citrus, apples, grapes, prunes.
pineapples, and fruit nectar juices.
(41) Principally cherries, strawberries, and other berries.
15) Except potatoes, sweet potatoes, and dried beans.
t6) Included in corn and corn products.











PACKS OF CERTAIN FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTS-19M35 to 14748
Caned Canned Canned Canned Canned
Grpefruil Citrus Grpefruit Orange landed
Sections Salad Juice luice Jhice


11836-M. ............................ 3,232
I989437,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,""." 4,938
0I0 7.18... ................ ........ 1,418
1018...... ............ ..... 111. 4 ,196
19883 9 ................ ..... ......... 1,148
1040-2....,,,,........................ ,611
..... I....II.........I......... 388
11134 ........... .................. 04
MW45.46, ........................ 3,487
19841- ,,,... ................ I 9,098
'101718 ....,... ........ .......... 1,168
t9oeitiinAry,


-1,000 cases (llBis 24 No. 2 Cnns)-
65 1,758 162 85
88 3,918 408 272
85 3,370 809 547
131 6,190 926 699
85 4,682 2,861 1,403
330 10,647 3,078 2,307
274 6,180 3,466 2,305
None li,193 2,429 3,676
None 16,778 7,070 6,176
None 12,025 13,093 7,745
None 15,080 18,21 12,267
300 8,583 17,M8l 10,034
1,158 7,987 25,503 11,894


FLORIDA PRODUCTION OF CERTAIN CITRUS PRODUCTS AND BY.PRODUCTS-140I4 to 19474
Concentrated Cir Oils
Orange "Botlels Citrus
Season Jioce Base" Fedl Molasse Orange Gr(pfrnit Tnngerin e liic limnnEne
(gillons) (gllons) (tos) (tons) (pond) (ponds) pondsi) (pounds) (ponds)
194041,........... 5,00a 32,731 N.A. NA. NA, NA, N, NA,
194142 ............. 94,300.n NA, 29,97 N.A. NA N,A, NA, NA,
14243 .............. 1,882,246b NA, 47,376 NA, 170,150 51,060 5,000 ..
14344............. 1,282,74, NA 67,130 14,400 198,0 53,460 2,086 1,000 18,77
19444.......... .. 240,0001n N.A, 68,725 19,261 244553 29,100 2,730 475 13249
19446....... ... 469,689d 60,000 108,470 44,160 281,991 73,769 10,415 100 5,31
14647,,..........,... 2,0,1501f 2,487 00,225 58034 N.A N.A, NA, NA N,,
19474 ,,............ 3,690,O74. NA, 194,182 5,887 NA. N, NA N, NA,
Note: "N,A," Data not available,
a, Estimated on basis of recovery of .588 gallons of concentrate per field box of oranges,
b, Govenmnt purchases, 1,812,24 gallons; civilian alie, 50,000 gallons (ltimatd),
c, Government purchases, 1,232,4 gallons; civilian als, 0,900 gallons (etimate),
d. 60 Brix-244,05 gallons; 42 Brix-225,84 gallons,
e, 61 Brix-1,79,66 gallons; Fromen 1,10,409 gallons,
L 66 Brix-1,44,841 gallons Frozen-4-fold-58,8 gallons; .fold-Fnozn-40,l 1 gallons,
g, Preliminary,
U, S, Department of Agriculturnl Economies, J, C, Townsend, Jr,, Stattitiinn, Orlando, Florida,


Canned
Tangerine Total
Jle Cases


4,322
8,834
8,227
12,052
13,15
..... 19,1732
..... 16,836
.... 22,186
30,973
34,11l
525 48,70
1,260 42,560
715 50,M63





FLORIDA CROPS


FRUITS GROWN

Avocado
Ambarella
Akee
Banana
Custard Apple
Canistel
Coco Plum
Citrus
Ceriman
Cereus (Pitayz)
Carob Plum
Cashew
Carissa
Carambol
Cacao
Fig
Granadilla
Grapes
Guava
Ilama
Jaboticaba
Jackfruit
Jujube
Ketembilla
Litchi
Loquat


IN SOUTH FLORIDA

Mamey
Mamoncill
Mango
Papaya
Para Guava
Peach
Persimmon (Japanese)
Pineapple
Pitaya
Pomegranate
Prickly Pear
Rhubarb
Rose Apple
Roselle
Sapodilla
Sapote
Seagrape
Sour Sop
Star Apple
Sugar Apple
Surinam Cherry
Tamarind
Umkokolo
Watermelon
White Sapote


VEGETABLES GROWN IN SOUTH FLORIDA


Beans (Limas)
Beans (String)
Beets (Roots)
Beets (Greens)
Broccoli
Brussels Sprouts
Cabbage
Cabbage (Chinese)
Carrots
Cassava
Cauliflower
Chayote
Collards
Corn (Sweet)
Cucumber
Dasheen
Eggplant
Endive
Escarole
Greens (Turnips)
Kale
Kohl-Rabi


Lettuce
Mustard (Greens)
Mustard (Chinese)
Parsley
Peas (English) (Field) (Pigeon)
Pepper (Sweet)
Pepper (Red)
Potato (White or Red) (Sweet)
(Yam)
Okra
Onion
Rape
Radish
Rutabaga
Sorrel
Spinach
Squash (Chinese)
Squash
Swiss Chard
Turnips (Roots)
Tomatoes
Watercress


55






56 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

IMPORTANT CONSTITUENTS AND PROPERTIES OF PLANTS IN
PRIMARY LIST

No. of
Plant* Constituents
1. Oil, sein, bitters ........... Diuretic, emmenagogue
2. Methyl Salicylate and derivatives Flavor, antiseptic, analgesic
3. Oil, Resin ...................Internal-stimulant; external-vesi-
cant
4. Oil .......................... Internal-stimulant, condiment, dia-
phoretic; external-rebufacient
5. Oil ......................... Anthelmintic, vermifuge
6. Camphor .................. Internal-antiseptic
7. Oil ....................... .Carminative, stimulant
8. Oil ......................... Flavor
9. Oil ......................... Flavor
10. Oil and atropine .............Narcotic, anodyne, mydriatic
11. Hairs; oil ...................Absorbent, protective; demulcent
12. Balsam .................... Stimulant, expectorant, diuretic, anti-
septic
13. Oil ............... ........... Carminative, flavor
14. Oil ....................... Carminative, flavor
15. Thymol .....................Antiseptic, anthelmintic
16. Rosin ........................Base in plasters, etc.
Turpentine ..................Antiseptic, anthelmintic; terpin hy-
drate, expectorant, antiseptic, tere-
bene, inhalant
17. Resin ............. ...... Cathartic, cholagogue
18. Amygdalin, emulsin, bitters,
prussic acid .................. Pectoral, tonic
19. Pelletereine tannates ..........Anthelmintic
20. Tannin ................... Astringent, diuretic
21. Castor oil ................... Purgative
22. Oils, resins, sugars ........... Sedative, diuretic
23. Bitters, oil, resins .............Anthelmintic
24. Oil, resin, glucoside ............ Expectorant, emetic, laxative
25. Vanillin ..................... Perfumery, flavor

*No. of Plant on this list corresponds to the one on the following
Primary List.






FLORIDA CROPS


PRIMARY LIST OF MEDICINAL PLANTS GROWING IN FLORIDA
Symbols A, B, C, D, E, F, G after the name of the plant refer to the
region of the State in which this plant occurs, as indicated on the accom-
panying map (Page 58).
Name of Plant Common Name Locality Official


1. Aristolochia Serpentaria
2. Betula lenta
3. Capsicum frutescens
4. Brassica nigra
5. Chenopodium ambrosioides
var. anthelminticum
6. Cinnamomum camphora
7. Cinnamomum cassia
8. Citrus medical, var.
Limonum
9. Citrus aurantium
10. Datura Stramonium
11. Gossypium herbaceum
12. Liquidambar styraciflua
13. Mentha spicata
14. Mentha piperita
15. Monarda punctata
16. Pinus palustris and other
species
17. Podophyllum peltatum
18. Prunus serotina
19. Punica granatum
20. Rhus galbra
21. Ricinus communis
22. Serenoa serrulata
23. Spigelia marilandica
24. Stillingia sylvatica
25. Vanilla planifolia
26. Vera aloe


Snake Root
Sweet birch
Cayenne pepper
Black mustard

American wormseed
Camphor
Cassia cinnamon

Lemon
Sweet orange
Jimson weed
Cotton
Sweet gum
Spearmint
Peppermint
Horsemint
Long leaved pine, lob-
lolly pine, etc.
Mandrake
Wild cherry
Pomegranate
Sumac berries
Castor bean
Saw palmetto, Sabal
Pink root
Queen's root
Vanilla bean


D
A
F, G
E

F, G
D,E
E


U.S.P.*
U.S.P.
U.S.P.
U.S.P.

U.S.P.
U.S.P.
U.S.P.


E, F, G U.S.P.
D, E, F, G U.S.P.
E. G U.S.P.
A, B, C, D U.S.P.
A, B, C, D, E U.S.P.
E U.S.P.
E U.S.P.
B, C, D, E ......
A, B, C, D, E U.S.P.

D, E U.S.P.
A, B U.S.P.
E, F, G U.S.P.
B U.S.P.
A, B, D, E U.S.P.
A,B, C, D,E N.F.t
.. ...... ......
A, B, D, E N.F.
D, E N.F.


*U.S.P.-United States Pharmacopoeia.
$N.F.-National Formulary.





58 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


(Fig. 191 Map of Florida





FLORIDA CROPS


59


ANNONA RETICULATA (Bullock's Heart)


SECONDARY LIST OF MEDICINAL PLANTS GROWING IN FLORIDA

Symbols A, B, C, D, E, F, G, after the name of the plant means that this plant is
found in the region of the State in which the plant occurs, as indicated on the accom-
panying map (See Fig. 19).


Name of Plant
1. Amniaita muscaria
2. Aletris farinosa
3. Apocynurm Caniabinumi
4. Aralia spinosa
5. Asclepias tubcrosa
6. Baptisin tinctoria
7. Caricai papaya
8. Chionanthtus virginica
9. Cocos nucifera
10. Conocarpus erect
11. Cornus Florida
12. Cyminopogon citratus
13. Delphinium consolilda
14. Dioscorea villosa
15. Drosera rotundifolia
16. Eupatorium perfoliatum
17. Eryngiuni aquaticunl

18. Gelsemium semnpervircns
19. Gentiana elliottii
20. Guaiacum officinalis

21. Hamanmelis Virginiana


Common Name Official Localit


Fly Agari
Star Grass
Canadian He:mp
Spignet
Pleurisy root
Wild Indigo
Papaya
Fringe tree
Coco palm
Button-wood
Dogwood
Lemon grass
Larkspur
Wild Yamn
Sundew
Boneset
Watcr ernygo,
Button snakeroot
.Jasmine
Gentian
(uaiac


Witch Hazel


A.B,C,D,E
B.C,D,E

E,F,G
A.BD



A,Bl,C,I)
B,E

B
A,,B
E
li


y Properties
Antispasmodic
Uterine tonic
Diuretic, diaphoretic
Stimulant, diaphoretic
Diaphoretic, expectorant
Stimulant
Digestant
Altcrative, germicide
Demulcent
Charcoal absorbent
Astringent, tonic
Perfume
Parasiticide
Diaphoretic
Expectorant
Stimulant, tonic


... E Diaphoretic
.F. A,B,C,D,E Nervine
.... I) Tonic
I'.S.I'. E Alterative, antiseptic.
astringent
N.F. A,B,D Astringent






DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


BELL PEPPER


22. Hedeoma pulegoides
23. Ilydrangea arborescens
24. Ipomoea pandurata
25. Iris versicolor
26. Lobelia cardinalis
27. Marrubium vulgare
23. Myrica cerifera
29. Papaver somniferum
30. Panax quinquefolium
31. Phytolacca decandra
32. IPolygala polygama
33. Rumex crispus
34. Salix nigra
35. Sambucus canadensis

36. Sanguinaria canadensis
37. Sassafras variifoliumr
38. Scutellaria lateriafolia
39. Senecio aureus
40. Solanum carolinense
41. Tamarindus indica
42. Trilisa odoratissima
43. I'lnus fulva
41. Verbascum Thapsus
45. Xanthoxylum Clava-
Hercules


Pennyroyal
Seven barks
Ipomoea
Blue flag
Cardinal flower
Iorehound
Wax Myrtle
Opium Poppy
Ginseng
Pokeroot
Bitter Polyg.la
Dock
Pussy willow
Elder flowers

Blood root
Sassafras
Skullcap
Life root plant
Horse nettle berry
Tamarind
Deer tongue
Slippery Elm Bark
Mullein


N.F.


N.F.



N.F.
..S.P.


N.F.


N.F.
U.S.P.
N.F.

N.F.
N.F.
N.F.


X.F.
N.F.


U.S.P.
N.F.


E
A
B,D
A,B,C,D,E
B,D,E


A,B,C,D,E
A,B,C,D,E

B


E


A,B,D,E,F

A.B
A,B,C,D,E
E
E
B,E
E,F
BI)
A
B


Stimulant, emmenagogue
Diuretic
Diuretic, cathartic
Cholagogue
Antlieliintic
Stimulant
Alterative, cholagogue
Analgesic, somniferent
Stimulant, stomachic
Alternative
Tonic, laxative
Astringent
Clharcal
Carminative, diaphor-
etic
Stimulating expectorant
Alternative
Tonic Nervine
Stimulant, diuretic
Tonic. antitetanic
Refrigerant
Perfume, flavor
Demulcent
Pectoral, demulcent


N.F. B,C,D.E Alterative. sialogogue


""-


Prickly ash






FLORIDA CROPS 61

Florida crops can be classified as fruits, vegetables, field crops, berries
and nuts. They can also be classified geographically as the crops of North,
Central and South Florida. The temperatures and seasons vary so much
that the seasons for gathering and marketing crops are as important as
the kind of crops to be grown.
The following are crops that can be grown in all parts of Florida: Corn,
sugarcane, peanuts, potatoes, hay and pasture crops.
From the Division of Forage Crops and Diseases of the State Experi-
ment Station comes the following list:
Alyseclover (Alysicarpus vaginalis)
Narrowleaf lupine (Lupinus angustifolius)
Crotalaria-(C. spectabilis)
(C. striata)
(C. intermedia)
Austrian winter field pea (Pisum arvense)
Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum)
Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum)
Centipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides)
Para grass (Panicum barbinode)
Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum)
From the Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases comes the suggestion
that most cereals are not active in Florida but that Victory and Bond oats,
brought in respectively from South America and Australia, have "some
possibility for use in themselves in Florida and are being used successfully
in breeding better oats for Florida conditions. These two varieties are
highly resistant to crown rust and smut, the first of which is a serious
limiting factor in growing the crop in the State."

ORIGIN OF LEADING WORLD CROPS
EDIBLE INDIGENES OF ASIA
Spices Soy Bean
Coffee Yam
Tea Lychee
Cinnamon Citrus
Apricot Rice
Rhubarb Cotton
Buck Wheat Eggplant
Radish Black Pepper
Pistachio Dasheen
Licorice Mangosteen
Peach Endive
Cucumber Barley
Almond Shallot
Olive Fig
Aerixhoke Date
Garlic English Walnut
Mango Wheat
Pomegranate Rye
Grape








































SWEET POTATOES





FLORIDA CROPS


EDIBLE INDIGENES OF AFRICA


Coffee
Spinach
Cantaloupe


Carissa
Watermelon


EDIBLE INDIGENES OF EUROPE


Apple
Fennel (Parsley Family)
Current
Gooseberry
Mustard
Cabbage
Turnips
Cauliflower
Rutabaga
Kohl-rabi
Broccoli
Brussels Sprouts


EDIBLE INDIGENES OF OCEANICA


Cocoanut
Breadfruit
Nutmeg


EDIBLE INDIGENES OF NORTH AMERICA


Sweet Potato
Chayote
Blueberry
Blackberry
Dewberry
Chestnut
Hazelnut
Papaya (West Indies)
Monistera Deliciosa
(West Indies)


EDIBILE INDIGENES OF SOUTH AMERICA


Corn
Irish Potatoes
Tomatoes
Peanut
Cocoa
Cassava
Pineapple


Lima Beans
Mate
Herbaceous Pepper
Natal Plum
Cashew
Surinam Cherry


Quince
Pear
Plum
Asparagus
Parsnips
Celery
Lee
Chestnut
Filbert
Carrot
Lettuce


Grapefruit
Cinnamon
Banana


Corn
Bean
Pumpkin
Cranberry
Pecan
Hickory
Guava
Avocado
Allspice
Vanilla
Sapodilla







64 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE



VINES FOR SOUTH


COMMON NAME


American Bittersweet

Japanese Evergreen
Bittersweet
Clematis

Purplebell Cohaea

Dutchmans Pipe
(rape (various)

Hall Honeysuckle
Japanese Hop

English Ivy

Japanese or Boston Ivy

Kudzu-vine

Moonflower

Morning-glory

Sllverfleece-vine

Trumpetcreeper

Virginia Creeper

Wisteria

Bloodred Bignonia

Bougainvillea

Ilowervine (Pandorea)
(atsclaw



Climbing Fig

Cup-of-Gold

Distictis

Hardenbergia

Primrose Jasmine

Spanish Jasmine

Star Jasmine

Orange Glory
(Thumbergia)
Paradise-flower
Rosn-de-Monannn


HEIGHT


10'

15-20'

8-20'

tall

tall
tall

tall
tall

tall

tall

tall

tall

tall

10-20'

tall

tall

tall

tall

tall

10-15'
tall



tall

tall

20'

10-15'

8'

10-15'

10-15'

7-10'

15'
15'


FLOWER


inconspicuous

inconspicuous

white, purple, pink,
red
rosy purple

chocolate, not showy
inconspicuous

white turns yellow
inconspicuous

inconspicuous

inconspicuous

inconspicuous

white

blue. purple, and
white
white

orange-scarlet

inconspicuous

purple, lavender.
white
blood-red


METHOD OF
CLIMBING

twining on wire or
trellis
rootlets cling to
masonry
twining on trellis

tendrils cling to wire
or trellis
twining on wire
tendrils on trellis

twining
twining on wire

clings by rootlets to
masonry or wood
clings to masonry or
wood
twining

twining on trellis
or wire
twining

twining

ties on stems help it
cling to masonry
tendrils cling to
masonry and wood
twining on trellis

tendrils


purple, crimson, rose must he tied to
supports
white, purple blotch twining
bright yellow twining



inconspicuous clings to masonry

yellow must be tied to
support
purple to white tendrils

pea-like, violet twining on wire

soft yellow tie to support

white, very fragrant tie to support

fragrant, white twining

orange twining

pale blue twining
soft rose tendrils


USES


grown for showy orange
fruits
popular hardy evergreen

many kinds grown for
quisite flowers
grown from seeds sown I
pots in March
covers large area quickly
excellent foliage: Crimso
Gloryvine is best
covers unsightliness
very rapid; useful to covy
unsightly places
BaliUc Ivy is hardiest for

shining foliage, turns re
and purple in fall
one of the most rapid c
all vines
treated as annual, sow
each year in pots in Marc
popular annuals sown eac
spring
earlier and showier tha
Japanese Clematis
gay, large flowers

gorgeous red and yellow
fall
buy grafted plants to ge
bloom on young plants
good on roofs and higl
walls
plant newer varieties ra
other than old magenta sor
full sun and fertile soil
give full sun: wants t,
bloom high up so kee;
pruning to make it bloor
low
evergreen, close cllngii
foliage
large flowers: will cover ;
large area
likes some shade; best ii
summer
tiny flowers in great pro
fusion
prune to keep them fron
becoming straggly shrubs
prune to keep them fron
becoming straggly shrubs
excellent lustrous foliage
give a little shade
likes sun: best in sprint
and summer
full sun: prune vigorously.
flowers look like begonias
dies to soil each year





FLORIDA CROPS


LATIN AMERICAN PRODUCTS
MEXICO-Mining industries: Petroleum and its products, silver, gold,
antimony, mercury, copper, lead and zinc; also, coffee, rubber, chicle,
chic-peas, guayule henequen, ixtle, mahogany, ebony, hides and skins, raw
cotton, corn and bananas.
The following articles are produced in Latin America; many of which
are also produced, and all of which are consumed in both North and
South America:
(All the countries have various kinds of fruits and vegetables.)
GUATAMALA-Coffee, bananas, chicle, gold. lumber, honey, sugar
and hides.
EL SALVADOR-Coffee, bullion, sugar, henequen, balsam, rice and
indigo.
HONDURAS-Bananas, gold and silver, coffee, cocoanuts, livestock,
tobacco and hides.
NICARAGUA-Coffee, bananas, gold, cotton, lumber, hides and skins,
sugar, cacao and dyewood.
COSTA RICO-Coffee, bananas, cacao, gold, mineral earths, lumber,
honey, tuna fish, hides and skins.
PANAMA Bananas, cacao, gold. cocoanuts, meats, cattle hides.
mother-of-pearl shell, coffee and rubber.
CUBA-Sugar and molasses, tobacco and cigars, bananas, copper,
manganese, cattle hides, rum and sponges.
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC-Sugar, cacao, coffee, molasses, tobacco, corn
and gold.
HAITI-Coffee, cotton, sugar, sisal, bananas, cacao, molasses, goat-
skins, cottonseed cake and logwood.
ARGENTINA-Almost entirely products of the agricultural and meat-
producing industries: of the first, wheat, corn. linseed, oats, barley, flour,
)ran and pollard; of the second, frozen and chilled meats, hides, skins.
wool, residuary animal-products of all kinds, meat extract, butter; in ad-
dition, quebracho wood and extract.
BOLIVIA-Tin, silver bismuth, copper, lead, zinc, gold, wolfram, an-
timony, rubber, hides and skins, cocoa leaves and cassava.
BRAZIL-Coffee, hides, rubber, mate. cacao, tobacco, skins, citrus,
peanuts, sugar, cotton, gold, nuts, carnauba wax, monazite sand, oilseeds.
vanilla, cassava, corn and kernels, rotenone, and chilled and frozen beef.
CHILE-Minerals, mainly; copper, sodium, sodium nitrate in the nat-
ural form, iodine and borax, bar silver, and iron and copper ore. Hides,
wool, wax, fruits, grains, and fresh and frozen meats.
COLOMBIA-Coffee, petroleum, bananas, hides and skins, tobacco, tagua
nuts (vegetable ivory), cacao, rubber, dividivi, platinum, gold and emeralds.
ECUADOR-Cacao, ivory, nuts, straw hats, rubber, coffee, petroleum.
gold, hides, raw cotton and bananas.
PARAGUAY-Hides, quebracho extract, cotton, cattle, mate, hard-
woods, tobacco, oranges and tangerines, oil of petit grain, canned meats.
PERU-Products of the mining industries, mainly copper and petroleum
and its products; gold, lead, rubber, sugar, coffee, cotton, quinine (made

















.4


PRPNTIT PIPIRT IN. OP.ENAII


1;.9; ,
b


?r.





FLORIDA CROPS


from the bark of the cinchona tree), wool, hides, and skins, guano and
:ottonseed oil.
URUGUAY-Wool, hides, skins, meat extract, preserved meats, frozen
and chilled meats, tallow and beef fat, residuary animal products, wheat,
flour, linseed, sand and stone.
VENEZUELA-Petroleum, coffee, gold, cacao, rubber, balata, goat-
skins, asphalt, cattle hides, live cattle, heron plumes, dividivi, fruits and
pearls.
FOODS THE AMERICAS BUY AND SELL
AGRICULTURE IN THE AMERICAS
Published monthly by the Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations of the
United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
By F. H. RAWLS
Latin America is both an important market for the food products of the
United States and one of this country's chief suppliers of foodstuffs.
rhe Latin American Republics sell one kind of food products to the United
States, buy another.
In the past 15 years from 20 to 25 percent of all the foods the United
States has sold for export have gone to Latin America. During the war
period it has become even more important as a market for us. There is
every prospect-if both North and South Americans approach the problem
with understanding-that its value to United States producers will con-
tinue to increase.
In 1940 our total exports to Latin America amounted to about 719
million dollars, with iron- and steel-mill manufacturers as the largest
single item. In the same year our food exports to Latin America were
valued at 64 million dollars, or well over one-fourth of our total shipments
)f food to all countries of the world. We did business in food with every
mne of the other 20 American Republics, selling them some 75 separate
products.
Of course, it should be recognized that Latin America is not a major
market for the chief export crops of the United States, since, in general,
production of wheat, meat products, corn, cotton, and tobacco in Latin
America fills local requirements. Greatest returns to United States farmers
will come indirectly through the stimulation of United States industry that
will result from increased trade with Latin America. The American worker,
steadily employed, has always been the American farmer's best customer.
At the same time, our foodstuffs trade with Latin America is not to
je regarded lightly. While in large part it consists of specialty products
that range from cornstarch and rolled oats to chewing gum and walnuts,
such staple products as wheat and wheat flour, lard, and rice accounted
for two-fifths of our Latin American food trade in 1940. Some of the
nost notable increases in exports to Latin America in recent years have
)een in soybean oil, malt liquors, milled rice, malted milk and infants'
Food, dried whole milk, yeast, and hops.
In foodstuffs trade, Latin America is even more important as a source
;han as a market for the United States. It furnishes roughly 50 percent
)f all the foods we use that we do not produce on our own farms, and
Foodstuffs account for nearly half of all the products we import from
Latin America.






68 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


But when you come to analyzing this flow of foodstuffs into the United
States from the forests and fields of its southern neighbors, you quickly
discover two major faults: First, we buy from too few countries; and
second, we purchase too few commodities. In 1939, the last pre-war year
5 of the 20 Republics and 5 products represented five-sixths of our fooc
imports from Latin America.
This lack of diversity is no one's fault especially. Other products simply
haven't been available, nor have other Latin American countries been irl
the market for our trade. The war and the great concern of all of us fol
more Western Hemisphere solidarity have changed all that. Products thal
once went to the European market are accumulating in Latin America
Former sources of United States supply in the Far East have been cut of
by the shipping shortage caused by the war. Diversification of our trade
with Latin America may in a sense have been forced upon us, but, now
that it is here, we are finding that it is to the mutual advantage of all
countries concerned.
Look at it like this. We buy five-sixths of our Latin American food
products from Cuba, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and Guatemala, in that
order. Yet among the countries that are our best foodstuffs customer,
are several which enjoy relatively little of our business and are accordingly
hard pressed to find the foreign exchange they need to continue trading
with us.
Five-sixths of our food budget in Latin America is being spent for coffee
sugar, bananas, cocoa beans, and canned beef.

MINERAL PRODUCTS-STATES THEY COME FROM
(Data from the U. S. Bureau of Mines)

MINEIIAL CHIEF STATES MINERAL CHIEF STATES
Aluminum ............. N.Y., N.C., Tenn. Magneilte (crude) .... Cal., Wash.
Antimony ore ........ Idaho Magnesium ............ N.Y.. Mich.
Arsenious oxide ......: Nev. Utah. Mont.. S.I). Magnesium chloride ..... Mich.. Cal.
Aetos ............... Md.. Cal., Ca. Ariz. Magnesium sulphate .... Mich.. Wash. Cal.
Asphalt ................ Cal.. Tex.. Ill, Ky. Ltah, Manganese ore ......... Mont. Ark., Va. Col.
Okla. Manganiferous ore ..... Minn., Wi.. Mich., Col.
Itarytex (crude) ....... Ga., o., Tenn., Va. Manganiferous zinc .... N.J.
louxite ............. Ark., (;a., Tenn., Ala. Mica ....... ....... NC., N.H., N.M., Va.
Illrles ................ Cal., Nev. Millstones ............. N.Y., Va., N.C., N.II.
llnrmlne ............... Mi.. W.Va., Ocio Mineral paints .......P.. Ill., Col.. Ohio
Cadmium .............. Not separable by Stales Mineral waters ........ Wi.. N.Y., Cal., Me.
Calcium magnes chloride. Mich., W.Va. Ohio Natural as ............ W.Va., Pa..Okla..Cal.. Tex
Cement ................ Pa., Cal.. Ind, Mich. Natural gas gasoline .... Okla.. Cal. Tex.. W. Va.
Chromite ............... Md.. Cal.. Ore. .Clstones. etc. ......... Ark.. Ind., Ohio. N.I.
(lay products .......... Ohio, Pa., NJ., III. Peat .................. Ill.. NJ., Cal. Ind.
lay, raw .............. .J, Pa, Mo. Ga. Petroleum ............ Okla., l. Tex.. Ark.. Ka
Coal: Phosphate rock .. ...i... l, Tenn., Idaho, Ky.
lltuminou ........... Pa., W.Va., Ill., Ky. Platinum & nlllcd metals Cal., Ore., Alanka, Iltni
Anthracite .......... Pa. Potash (K20) .......... (ul., Md., Pa., Ind.
oke .................. Pa.. Ind., Ohio. Ill.. Ala. Pumice ................ Kan. Neb., Cal. Utah
Copper .... ...... Ariz., Mont.. Utah, Mich. Pyrites ................ Cal.. Va.. N.Y.. Win.
)iatomaceous Earth .... Cal.. Okla., Ill Mo. Quicksilver ............ Cal.. Tex. Nev. Ore.
Emery ................ Va.. N.Y. Salt .................. Mich.. N.Y.. Ohio. Kan.
Feldspar (crude) ....... N.C., M., N.H.. N.Y. Sand and gravel ....... Ill.. N.Y.. Ind. Mich.
Ferroalloys ............ Pa., N.Y., Md., Ohio Sand lime rick ........ Mich., Mass., Wis.. N.J.
Fluospar .............. Ill.,, Ky., Col., N.M. Silicia (quartz) ........ Win., Md., Cal., Nev.
l'uller's earth ... ... Fa. a .. Tex., Ill. Silver .................. I1Itah, Mont., Nev., Idnho
(Garntet, ahraslve ........ N.Y., N.II.. N.C. Slate .................. Pn., Vt., N.Y.. Me.
old ................... Cal., Col., S.D., Alaska Stone ................ a. Ind., Ohio, N.Y.
Graphite ............... Ala.. Tex., R.I., Mich. Sulphur ................ Tex.. La., Nev., Utah
(;rindstones and Talc and soapstone ..... N.Y.. Va.. Vt., Cal.
pulpstones ........... Ohio. W.Va.. Mich.. Wash. Tin ................... Alaska
Gypsum ................ N.Y., Iowa. Ohio, Mich. Titanium ore: Iutile .... Fla., Va.
Iron Ore ... ......... Minn. Mich., Ala., NY. Tungsten .............. Nev., Cal., Col., S.).
Iron, pig .......... .. a.. ., Ohio, Ill., Ind., Ala. Uranium, valnalium crea Utah, Col.
Lead ........ I ... Zinc ... M Idnho, Utah, (Oki. Zinc ................... Okla., Kan., N.J., Mont.
linle ................... Ohio, Ia., Mass., Mo.







FLORIDA CROPS


AREA AND POPULATION OF FLORIDA BY COUNTIES
SHOWING TOTAL AND RURAL POPULATION
PER SQUARE MILE

(Note-1n this table all incorporated towns are classed as urban.)


Area
COUNTIES Square Mile
1945

Total for Stale .............. 51.861

lachl a ...................... 90 i
aker ................... .... 593
lay ......................... 7. SI
Iradford. .................. 2911
irevard ........... ....... 1, 25
lroward .............. ... 1,212
'allioun ................. ..... 531
'harlotte ..................... 6097
l'itrus................... ..... 620
a .................. . 615
olier... ..... .. 2,042
aolumbia ...................... 792
)ade .................... ...... 2,019
-)e Soto ...................... 6410
)ixie .................... ...... 7141
lival ......................... 782
Escambia ...................... 657
!Ilaglvr ........................ 49 1
franklinn .................. 5. 11
iadsden ................. ... 5441
ilchlrist ................. .... .. 351
nlades....................... .. 764
lulf ........................... 558
Hamilton ...................... 532s
ardec ........................ 632
Hlendry .... ................... 1,171
Herand ............ ........... .197
lighlands ...................... 1,021
Hillsborough................... 1036
[Iolmes ................... 473
ondian River ............... . 197
nackson.................. ...... 939
reffliron ..................... 53(0
,afayette................... 553
,ake .......................... 1,017
.ee. ....................... .. 818
Aon.. .................. ...... 715
,evy ......................... 1,148
"iberty......................... 823
Madison ....... 77.1
anatee ....................... 823
M arion ....................... 1, 47
M martin ........................ 598
NS onro ......................... 1,100
Nassau ........................ 630
0kaloosa....................... 956
Okeechobee .................... 747
Orange ........................ 929
sc o .................. ... 1,356
Palm Beachi .................... 1,9-10
!Pasco ......................... 767
Pinellas ...................... 293
Polk ............. .............. 1,907
Putnam.................. ... 752
t. Johns..................... .. 608
it. Lucie....................... .. 580
anta Rosa ..................... 1,025
Sarasota..................... .. 51.
iem inole ....................... 321
umtler ........................ 5383
suwanner............ ........ .U2
ray-lor .............. ... 1,015

Voluia. ...................... 1,123
W akulla .....................602
W alton ................... ..... 1,095
Washington .................... 620


Tota!
Total Population
Population per Sq. Mile
1945 1945

2,250,061 11.01
38,245 42.2
6.326 10.6
43,ISS 55.2
10,730 36.8
10,339 18.S
50,.142 .1.6
8,225 15.4
1.220 6.0
5.427 S.7
10,03s 16.3
4,957 2.4I
17,139 21.
315,13S 156.0
6,854 10.7
4,926 7.0
273,843 362.9
105,262 160.2
2,652 5, 4
8,026 14.S
992 57.3
3.166 9.8
2,281 2.9
7,010 13.2
8,731 16.5
S,585 13.5
5,066 4.3
5,:172 11.4
16,220 15.8
207,84. 2011.6
14.627 30.9
9.079 IS.2
34,509 36.7
11,0166 20.8
3,995 7.2
27,946 26.6
23.593 28.8
35,451 .19.5
9,902 S.S
3,193 3.8
15,537 20.0
26,803 32.5
35,132 21.3
6,094 10.3
19.018 17.2
10,859 17.2
16,155 16.7
2,910 3.9
86,782 93.4
10.562 7.S
112.311 57.S
13,720 17.8
130,268 .4-14.6
112,429 58.9
17,837 23.7
21,596 35.5
12,958 22.3
16,986 16.7
19,202 37.3
24,500 67.0
10,417 17.8
17,602 25.4
10,738 10.2
6,051 24.3
58,492 52.0
5,059 8.4
13,871 12.6
11,SS9 10.1


Rural
Population
19.15


813,635

16,990
5,0.4
16,073
7,619
5,172
16,918
61,203
2.136
3,2.17
5,917
3,352
10,532
56.963
2,398
3,1117
5S.290
61 ,58
1. 452
1. 56
16,464
2,571
1,682
3,404
5,SS6
4,.(95
2.301
3.917
5,i02
73.725
12,165
3.812
24,720
8.7SS
3,118
9,826
7,404
17,346
5.905
3,1(03
11,6141
10,891
21,973
3,578
4,772
6.421
7,910
1,48.1
26,219
5,350
38,576
8,116
16,434
10.081
9,008
8,020
3,476
13,828
4,501
0,854
5.331
12,865
7,139
5,046
13.359
5.059
11,247
S,676


Rural
Population
per Sq. Mile
194.5

1.1.7

IS.7
S.5
21.7
26.2
5.0
5.7
11.6
3.0
5.2
9.6
1.6
13.2
28.2
3.7

74.4
91.3
2.)
3..
30.4
7.3
2.2
6.1
11.1
7.4
1.9
7.8
5.4
71.1
25.6
7,.6
26.3
16.5
5.6
0.3
9.1
24.2
5.1
3.8
15.3
13.2
13.3
5.9
4.3
10.2
8.2
1.9
28.2
3.9
19.8
10.6
56.0
21.0
11.9
13.1
5.1
12.5
S.7
30.6
9.1
18.5
6.S
20.3
11.8
II.S
8.4
10.2
13.0







70 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE




URBAN POPULATION FOR EACH CENSUS YEAR 1915 TO 1945




COUNTIES I'BAII N URBAN I'fRBAN r URBAN UR'lBAN IRBAN
1915 1935 1930 1925 1920 1915

Total for Sta le 1.440.103 9S9.743 900,932 724.702 466.3NS 406,457

Al.liua 21,255 18,6611 16.534 15.105 12,351 12.745
Baker. 1,282 111; 519 355 350 368
Bay .. 26.215 10.0 11 6.330 6,27 2.596 0,877
Bradford 3,0,1 2.059 2,2H1 1.759 2.849 3,452
Brevard... 11.167 9,821l S.352 6i.(680 4,206 3,191
Br-ward. 43.45S 20.2,85 16,635 8.848 3,-4(3 3.643
Calhoun... 2.022 1 ,87 1,270 1,815 'i;3 1,227
Chlarlotte 2.0184 1.673 1.928 1 ,35 *
Citru. .... 2,1S0 1.S41 2,084 1.919 2.076 9000
Clay 1.121 2.969 3.312 2,062 2,126 2,625
(oilier 1 ,605 1.986 812 422 .
Coluimlia. 6,607 5.1136 4,6188 4,279 3.701 3,422
Dade 25s,.175 161.031 130.620 90,155 31.877 16.681
De Sol 1. 156 4,077 4,0,2 4.1S5 9,505 8,951
Dixi. I 1,19 1,097 1,071 710 *
DIval 215,553 148,202 136,9(0 i 103.039 95.559 70.442
Ecamnhia 43.304 311,262 31,579 25,305 31.035 23.219
FaIier 1.200 1 .26 869 505 682 *
Franklin i.170 4.75 4,070 4,587 4.121 41.350
GadIden 11.528 8.037 10.931 5,648 -1039 4,365
(ilrlrist 95 677 706 ....... .....
Gladh'- 5091 800 612 788 *
Gulf .. 3.60 1.553 1,435 ..... ....
lanmilto 2.s45 2,911 2,927 3.221 2,926 3,213
Hlardee .. 3.,90 .1.237 3.871 3.788 ...........
Hendry ... 2.75 1.20 397 459 *
Iherna.o 1,755 1.517 1,405 1,745 1,011 1,385
Higldands l,tilb 8.1124 6.849 3.519 *
IlillsI',roougl 131.114 108,517 1009203 102,436 56,367 60.297
Iolmei 2,462 1,505 1,292 2,250 2,548 2,510
Indian Iiver 5.267 3,923 3,310 *
Jack.on 9.871 8.21.1 6,999 6,672 .5.049 5,521
Jeffersrn. 2,278 2.042 1,901 2,829 1,704 2,040
Lafayette 877 708 555 397 531 1,769
Lake... 8,120 16 ,102 13,942 9,569 5.218 4,060
Lee.. ... 16.189 10,588 9,397 8,050 4,055 3,484
Leon .. 18,105 11,725 10.700 6,415 5.637 5,193
Levy .3.997 4.298 3.278 3,206 1,518 1,6(X0
Liberty. All Itural All Rural ........ .........
Madison 3.893 3,590 3,278 3,214 2,819 2,597
Manage 15.912 13,453 12,325 15,958 9. 807 ,596
Marion. 13.159 1 10.538 9,847 10,282 7,919 7,734
Martin.. 2,516 2,1f6 2.343 *
Mo.nroe 14,24016 12.317 12,S31 13.701 18.749 18,495
Nassau 4,43S 3,3(11) 3.660 3.685 3,658 4,026
Okaloo,a .215 1,827 1,232 1,168 1,313
Okeechober 1,435 1.914 1.795 1,920 *
Orange.. 60.563 41,601 35,895 31,272 12,874 9,214
Occola... 5,212 5.399 5,026 5,758 4,732 6,301
Palm Beaclh 77,331 48,014 13,240 27,536 12,729 6,253
Paeco.... 5,583 5,402 4,028 3,953 2.216 3.400
Pin'llas. 113,34 58.014 56.439 39.502 20,115 17,805
Plk.. .. 72,348 51.491 48.151 39.817 1S,986 17,161
Putnami.... 8,829 8.853 8,812 9,691 6,859 8.100
St. .loln. .13576 10.630 12.111 11,230 6,853 7,973
St. Lu.ic 9,482 6,376 4,803 4,761 2,241 3,822
Santa Rosa 3.158 1.537 1,466 2,190 1.591 1,415
Saraota .. 14,7106 10.136 8,707 6,680 ......
Seminole 14,700 12.858 11,741 7,922 5.694 4,998
Sumtcr. 5,086 3,696 4,026 3.288 2.455 1.919
Suwa,,nee 4,737 3,486 3,232 3,639 4,104 4.046
Taylor. 3,599 2,400 2,741 2,700 1,956 1,941
1n.ion.. .1,05 1,400 1,316 768 ......
Volusia. 45,133 37,663 31,935 28,867 15.784 14,358
Wakulla .I ll Rural All Rural ...... .
Walton 2,62 2.646 2,63 2,359 2.311 3,199
Washlington 3213 3.242 3,231 2,170 2.246 1,571


'Counties not created at this time.





FLORIDA CROPS 71



Census
U. S. FARM CENSUS 1945 of
1915
(Jan. 1)


FARMS, ACREAGE AND LAND AREA

arms.............. .................................... number.. 61,159

pproximate land area ......................................... acres.. 34,727,680
Proportion in farms .......... .. ................... percent.. 37.7

and in farms ................................................... acres.. 13,083,501
Owned by operator................ ........................ acres.. 10,141,552
Rented by operator ..........................................acres.. 2,941,949

average size of farm ...........................................acres.. 213.9

,and in farms according to use:
Cropland harvested.............. .................. farms reporting.. 52,855
acres. 1,809,430
Farms reporting by acres harvested:
1 to 9 acres .............. ... ..............number.. 18,370
10 to 19 acres................. .. ............. number. 9,805
20 to 29 acres ................................. number.. 6,853
30 to 49 acres ..................................... number. 8,599
50 to 99 acres......... ..................... number. 6,255
100 to 199 acres............ ................ number.. 2,023
200 acres and over ................ ............ number.. 950
200 to 499 acres.. .......... ............ number. 757
500 to 999 acres...............................number.. 119
1,000 acres and over ........................... number.. 74
Crop failure............ ..... .............. farms reporting.. 1,803
acres.. 30,834
Cropland idle or fallow............................. farms reporting.. 12.908
acres. 474,367
Cropland used only for pasture...................... farms reporting.. 8,045
acres.. 562,563
Woodland pastured.............. ............. farms reporting.. 13,731
acres.. 4,527,462
Other land pastured .................................farms reporting.. 8,093
acres.. 4,005,715
Woodland not pastured....... ..... ...........farms reporting.. 19,026
acres.. 1,274,398
All other land........... .... ............... farms reporting.. 45,084
acres. 398,732
:ropland, total............................. ..........farms reporting. 56,479
acres.. 2,877,194
,and used for crops (harvested and failure)................ farms reporting. 53,161
acres.. 1,840,264
.land pastured, total ............. ... ................ farms reporting.. 25,410
acres.. 9,095,740
Woodland, total............. ....................... farms reporting.. 29,831
acres.. 5,801,8i0






72 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE




I. S. FAIM CENSUS 1945 (CONTIN.Ei) of
1945
S (.Jn. I)

VALUE OF FARM PROPERTY

Value of farms (Iandi and buildings) ........ .... .... dollars. 498.399.1i12
Average per farin:
All Iar im ........ ... .. ... .. . ...... dollars. 8, 149
Far of 30 acre, and over .. .... .. ... dollars. 114(9
averagee per acre, all farms. . .. ... .. .. dollars, 3S (K0

Vauie of implement, and niacihinery... ....... farm, reporting. 41, OS2
dollars. 3(,t675.9 ii
Farnis reporting Ily value of inpllcnenits and machinery:
$1 to $99 ...... ....... . . ...... num ber. 15, 70
$1 to $49 ...... . . ........ number. 9.355
$50 toW ... .................... .number. 6,315
$100 to 8249. ........ number. 9,59
$250 to 4 . . . .... ..... .. ................ number. 4,605
500) to $749 .. ......... ... ... ................ num ber. 3,818
$750 to $99 .. ...... ... .. ........ .. ........ ... . number. 1.491
81.000 to24l. ....... ... ........... . number 5,772
$1,(XX) to $1.499 .. ..... .number. 2.76f4
$1,500 to $2,499. ....... ...... ....... number. 3.IXN
52.500 and over ... ... ......... ....... ..... number 3.137
S2,i5(X to $4.999 ... ... ...... number. 1.930
85,X)0 to 89,999 .... ....................... ...... number. 748
S10,000 and over ... ................ ....... number. 459

Value of livestock on farm .... .. .. .. .dollars. 67,951i,07


FARM DWELLINGS AND POPULATION

Dwellings on larnsi ...... ... .farimn reporting. 55.4 SO
number. 76.55S
O(kcupied. ... .... ....... farm reporting. 54.239
number. 67,415
UInoccupied ..... ................. ..... farlns reporting.. fi,23(i
number. 9,113
Occupied dwellings on farm, wuith 2 or more occupied
dwellings. ..... ........ .... farm reporting. .513
number. 19.739
Farmn population (persons living in occupied dwellings on farms) .... persons.. 244,3361
Average per occupied dwelling .......................... persons.. 3.(62
Under 14 years old ....... ....................... .... persons.. 81,245
Boys. ..... .. .. persons. 41 5. )7
Girli ....... ..... .. persons. 39.,738
14 years old :and over .. ........ . . persons. 163.091
Men all bos .. ..... persons.. 79.660
W omen and girls ................................... persons.. 3.431
For farms wit h 2 or more occupied dwellings. .......... persons. (ii(02
Average per occupied dwelling.......... ........ .. persons.. 3 12
UInder 14 year, old.. ............................ .... persons. 20.094
S . persons. 1)0.22(i
(Girls ...... .. persons. 9.SfI
14 years old and over ... ........ ... .. persons.. 1,50
Men and boys.. ....... persons. 20.534
W omen and girls........... ................. ..... .. person 20.974






FLORIDA CROPS


U. S. FARM CENSUS 1945-CONTINUED


FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes (nurseries excluded):
Grapes. ......................................... farms reporting..
Vines of all ages.................................... number..
Quantity harvested ..................................... pounds. .
Value............... ........................ .... dollars..
Pecans (improved and seedling) .....................farms reporting..
Trees of all ages .................................... number. .
Quantity harvested .................................... pounds. .
Value ................. .............................. dollars. .
Tung nuts......................................... farms reporting..
Trees of all ages..................................... number.
Quantity harvested ............................. ... pounds. .
Value ................. ...............................dollars..
Oranges.. ................................... .farms reporting..
Trees of all ages..................................... number..
Quantity harvested field boxes, 1945, 1940 and 1935;
boxes, other years............................. ........
Value.......... ............... . ................. dollars..
Tangerines and mandarins ................... .... farms reporting. .
Trees of all ages................................ .... number..
Quantity harvested- field boxes, 1945 and 1940; boxes, otler years.
Value.................. ............................. dollars.
Grapefruit ...................................... farms reporting.
Trees of all ages................... ............... number..
Quantity harvested-field boxes, 1945, 1940 and 1935:
boxes, other years ................... ..................... .
\alue ................. ............................. dollars. .
Limes .............. .......................... farms reporting. .
Trees of all ages.................................... number. .
Quantity harvested- pounds, 1945 and 1940; boxes, other years.....
Value ................................................ dollars. .
Land in fruit orchards, vineyards and planted nut trees......farms reporting..
acres. .
Value of specified fruits and nuts harvested........................ dollars..
Value of all fruits and nuts sold............................ ... .dollars.
Value of vegetables grown for farm honsehold(s') use........farms reporting..
dollars..
Vegetables harvested for sale:
Fresh beans (snap, string, or wax).................... farms reporting..
acres. .
Cabbbage ............... .................. .. farms reporting.
acres..
Celery ................... .. ................ farms reporting.
acres. .
Tomatoes ................... .......... ......... ...farms reporting.
acres..
Green peas (Engli.h) .............................. farms reporting..
acres..
All other vegetables and melons ...................... farms reporting..
acres. .
Value of vegetables sold .............................. farms reporting. .
dollars..
Value of all horticultural specialties sold .......................... dollars. .


Census
of
1945
(.lan. 1)


6.963
104.294
486,774
53,545
16.622
324,540
4.441.2841
998.90-4
575
2.291.232
11,796.572
566.236
18,721
15,502.216

40.216,013
85.540.389
6,295
1,114,872
2,965,407
6.834.905
12,066
5.199,927

21,699,269
35.018,569
1.073
321,102
8,578,189
557.798
19,663
403.475
131.204.251
114.865.917
40,460
4.413.412

4.331
91.206
2.349
17, 19
320
10,474
4.976
27,707
1,238
4,625
12,633
79,312
15,316
42,420,557
9.603.590




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