Connecticut Courant 7/29/1817 3:1
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Title: Connecticut Courant 7/29/1817 3:1
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Article Title: "Amelia Island. 'The capture of Amelia Island by Gen. McGregor is confirmed.'"
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Published in: Connecticut Courant
Place of Publication: Hartford, CT
Publication Date: 7/29/1817




Amelia Island.The capture of Amelia Island by Gen M'Gregor is confirmed. His proclamation, dated
San Fernandina, July 1, 1817has been received. It is intended to quiet the apprehensions of the
islanders.
ST. MARY'S JULY 5th.Last Sunday the Patriot force, (as I wrote you was expected) took possession
of Amelia Island under Sir Gregor M'Gregor, their commander. Though there were in all about two
hundred men on board the transport and a schooner, (the only vessels that were engaged in this
service) yet Amelia was taken by the small force of sixty-five or seventy men. Their commander
landed with this small party from the brig that had come to anchor between the points of Cumberland
and Amelia, on Amelia beach, immediately opposite to the vessel, from whence they marched to
Fernandina, a distance of five or six miles. Fernandina, the name of the town on Amelia Island, is
defended in front by a fort mounting seven carriage guns six of the them long eighteensand by two
block houses in the rear, which command the only way by which an enemy can approach ; and when
it was taken there were at least forty men in the place under arms. The Patriot party were obliged to
cross a creek in which every man was up to his waist in mud, and which was immediately under the
fire of the block houses. Though they might have been cut all to pieces, yet not a single gun was
fired. Such was the panic of the people within the town, they did not even discharge their guns before
they surrendered. I have been down to Amelia to view the new order of things, that place being only
nine miles from St. Mary's where I had the pleasure of seeing the celebrated Patriotic General Sir
Gregor M'Gregor. He appears to be about 35 years of age, his height is about five feet eight inches,
and he is somewhat inclined to corpulency. His appearance is such, that to meet him even in
ordinary life, with ordinary people, one would still fancy there was something uncommon about him.
A flag has been hoisted in Florida, the field of which is white with a blue cross. I wish it was in my
power to send you copies of the proclamations which have been issued, but I cannot obtain them : the
purport of the first was, I understand, to endeavor to establish some discipline among the seamen
and soldiers, of which at present there is very little, and induce them by bounties to enter the service
for a certain time, as now they are nothing more than volunteers : of the second, to quiet the minds of
the inhabitants, and allow them six months to declare themselves in. By the latter proclamation, as I
have understood, the Floridas are taken possession of as Territories, dependent on the Republic of
Buenos Ayres. It is generally supposed that as soon as a sufficient force is collected, they will march
to St. Augustine, from whence, if they are successful, which is extremely doubtful, they will
immediately enter West Florida.
The inhabitants of the adjacent province, at present, are generally not favourable to the new order of
things (having been surfeited with revolutions) more particularly as almost every person is attached
to the present Governor of St. Augustine, whose character cannot be extolled too highly. Yet they
have been agreeably disappointed in the object of the visit : they feared it was for plunder, yet not a
single individual has been molested in person or property. Every one speaks in the highest terms of
the character of the commander, who is accessible and affable to all, and also of the officers
generally, among whom are some young men of the finest appearance I ever saw, though order and
method (without which no great undertaking can prove fortunate) are not so well observed among
them as ought, and perhaps may be after they have been regulated by time. There appeared to me
to be about forty young men attached to this expedition as officers, or who expected to be made
officers. Sir Gregor Macgregor states himself in his proclamations a Brigadier General,
commissioned by the highest republican authorities in South America.Nat. Intel.






Extract of a letter from an officer in the Patriot Army to his friend in Charleston dated
"AMELIA, JULY 3, 1817
" We arrived here on the memorable 26th of June, and after a march of ten miles through the
swamps, breast deep we stormed the garrison, which surrendered to us with 70 prisoners. We are
now in peaceable possession, and the inhabitants are well pleased. In a few days we move forward
to strorm St. Augustine, where there are 500 men in a strong garrison, and are determined to drive
them out of it. Our 22 gun frigate, with two hundred and fify men, from N. York, is off the bar. We
took two valuable schooners at Fernandina.
The Floridas.Our advices from East Florida are to the 6th instant. At that time general Macgregor
was on Amelia Island, but one of his parties had advanced to, and taken post at Cowford, a block
house about 40 miles from St. Augustine. The general was preparing to move for St. John's, and
expected to reach it in a few days ; by which time his forces, it was believed, will be adequate to the
completion of their object. As Augustine was short of provisions, the garrison not able to mount half
the guns in the fortress, and the patriot fleet before it so strong as to preclude the possibility of any
assistance being rendered by the armament which sailed from Havanna on the 11th ult. for its relief,
no doubt was entertained for it speedy surrender.
After having garrisoned Amelia, St. Johns and Augustine, the main body of the independent army
(whose number and resources will be greater than most people imagine) will, it is supposed, move
westerly, and attempt the reduction of Pensacola.
Charleston Paper.




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